Inter Mechanical Engineering Examination, 2006
Kinematics of Machines
Full Marks 100 Answer any five questions Assume relevant data if necessary 1. Design a 4-link mechanism when the motions of the input and the output links are governed by a function y = 21ogl0 x and x varies from 2 to 4 with an interval of 1. Assume θ to vary from 30° to 70° and φ from 40° to 100°. Draw the mechanism you just designed. 2. A Whitworth quick return mechanism has been shown in fig. Q 2. Given that, • • • • • • OP (crank) = 480, OA = 300, AR = 330 and RS = 860 ωOP = 2.5rad/ s αop = 20rad/s2 20 Time three hours
When the crank makes an angle of 45° with the vertical, calculate
[ Turn over
Tpinion' = 13. 8
(b) For the linkages shown in fig 4b (i) & (ii). 5 5 10
What should be the helix angles of the gear and pinion so that they can drive each © A pair of bevel gears is mounted on two intersecting shafts whose shaft angle is 4. (a) Following data are given for a pair of involute spur gears:
Check whether interference would occur if they drive each other. The numbers indicate link lengths. (a) For the position of the mechanism shown in fig Q 4(a). module = 10.( 2 )
(i) (ii) • • • • •
the acceleration of the slider S the angular acceleration of links AR and RS. identify the cases in which the input link can make a complete rotation. Centre distance = 370. Tgear = 50. find the velocity of the slider B if the velocity of the slider A is 3 m/s. Velocity ratio = 0. full depth tooth. 20
3. pressure angle = 20º.5. to what value should the pressure angle be changed to eliminate interference? (b) Two helical gears connect two shafts at 60° apart. 3+3
. Module in the normal plane = 6. Given that • • • • • other? 72°. Find also the angular velocity of the link AB. If the velocity ratio is 2. Gears are left handed. find the pitch angles. If interference occurs at all. Tgear = 70.
Also draw the displacement velocity acceleration and jerk curve.
© Determine the degrees of freedom of the linkages shown in fig 4c (i) & (ii).velocity and acceleration of the block B by loop closure equations and complex variables. Q 5.( 3 )
5. Answer any three questions: (a) Explain: for a 4R linkage transmissibn angle should not be less than 30°. establish the equations for determining θ3. (b) Deuce the expression for maximum pressure angle of a cam drive with translating roller follower. 20
6.. The dimensions O2A. BC and O2C are knowFor the given Inputs of ω2 and α2. (e) What is cusp? Why it should be avoided in a cam drive? [ Turn over
. (c) Find out the expression for tooth thickness of an involute profile. 3+3 A linkage is shown in fig. AB. (d) For a cycloidal motion of a follower find the jerk equation. ω3 and α3 and also the position .
It then returns to its starting position in a total cycle time of 6 seconds. Determine the numbers of teeth of gears 1. Determine the ratio of speed of gear B to that of gear D if the shaft E rotates at 10 rpm. Q 8. Q 8(b) shows a gear train in which shaft A rotates at 550 rpm. (b) Fig. Draw the displacement diagram. Also determine the minimum width of the follower if an allowance of 5 mm 8.( 4 ) (f) Deduce the parametric equation of a cam profile for a roller follower. link 4 is the driver and gear 3 is the
driven. 0 ≤ θ ≤ θ 2π. (a) For a cam drive with translating flat face follower. Gear 1 is an annular gear that cannot rotate. (b) For a cam drive with translating flat face follower the displacement function is y(θ)= 100(1 – cos θ) mm. • Pressure angle of gears is 20° and • Module is 4. Given that • PCD of 1 is 320. Also find out the angular velocity of cam. Link 4 carries three gears 2. The
Speed of gear 3 is 2. the follower is moving with a constant velocity 100 m/s for 3 seconds. If the minimum radius of curvature should not be less than 150 mm anywhere from stress considerations and the eccentricity of driving effort should not exceed 60 mm find the minimum permissible base circle radius and the minimum required offset. (a) 12+8 In the planetary gear train shown in Fig.5 times that of gear 4. 7. 2 and 3. What will be the vallie of the ratio if the direction of shaft Eat 10 rpm is reversed?
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