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CHEMISTRY 102 Fall 2010

Hour Exam III Page 1

1. My answers for this Chemistry 102 exam should be graded with the answer sheet associated
with:

a) Form A b) Form B c) Form C d) Form D e) Form E

Consider the titration of 30.0 mL of 0.30 M HCN by 0.10 M KOH for the next five questions.
Ka for HCN = 6.2 × 10–10.

2. Calculate the pH when 0.0 mL of KOH has been added.

a) 9.73 b) 4.27 c) 3.61 d) 4.87 e) 5.29

3. Calculate the pH after 10.0 mL of KOH has been added.

a) 8.30 b) 10.11 c) 9.09 d) 4.79 e) 9.21

4. Calculate the pH after 45.0 mL of KOH has been added.

a) 8.30 b) 10.11 c) 9.09 d) 4.79 e) 9.21

5. Calculate the pH after 120.0 mL of KOH has been added.

a) 12.00 b) 12.30 c) 12.50 d) 12.70 e) 13.00

6. Calculate the pH at the equivalence point in this titration.

a) 11.04 b) 10.33 c) 12.08 d) 8.83 e) 7.00


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Hour Exam III Page 2

7. H2CO3 and H2SO4 are both diprotic acids. For H2CO3, K a1 = 4.3 × 10–7 and K a 2 =
5.6 × 10–11. For H2SO4, K a1 >> 1 and K a 2 = 1.2 × 10–2. Which of the following
statements concerning a 0.10 M H2CO3 solution and a 0.10 M H2SO4 solution is true?

a) The [H+] in the 0.10 M H2CO3 solution will be greater than the [H+] in the 0.10 M
H2SO4 solution.
b) The [H+] in the 0.10 M H2SO4 solution will be less than 0.10 M ([H+] < 0.10 M).
c) At equilibrium, the [SO42–] will be greater than the [CO32–] ([SO42–] > [CO32–]).
d) The pH of the 0.10 M H2CO3 solution will be less than 1.0 (pH < 1.0).
e) At equilibrium, [H2SO4] > [HSO4−] in the 0.10 M H2SO4 solution.

8 Consider a 0.10 M solution of a weak acid HA. If pH = 3.00 for this solution, determine the
equilibrium concentration of the conjugate base ([A–] = ?).

a) 1.0 × 10–4 M b) 1.0 × 10–3 M c) 1.0 × 10–2 M d) 1.0 M e) 1.0 × 10–5 M

9. Which of the following statements is false?

a) The pH of a 0.10 M solution of HClO4 solution is 1.00.


b) The pH of a 10. M solution of KOH is 15.00.
c) The pH of a 1.0 × 10−12 M solution of HCl is 7.00.
d) The pH of a 0.20 M solution of Ba(OH)2 is 13.30.
e) The pH of a 10. M solution of HCl is −1.00.

10. What is the pH of a 0.015 M solution of aniline, C6H5NH2? Kb for C6H5NH2 is


3.8 × 10−10.

a) 11.24 b) 7.00 c) 8.38 d) 2.76 e) 5.62

11. A weak acid, HA, is dissolved in water and no other substance is added. Which of these
statements (to a close approximation) is true?

a) [H3O+] = [OH−] b) [HA] = [A−] c) [A−] = [OH−]

d) [HA] = [OH−] e) [H3O+] = [A−]


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Hour Exam III Page 3

12. A sample of S8(g) is placed in an otherwise empty rigid container at 1325 K at an initial
concentration of 1.000 M. The S8(g) decomposes to S2(g) by the reaction:
S8(g) 4 S2(g)

At equilibrium, the concentration of S8 is 0.250 M. Calculate the value of K for this


reaction at 1325 K.

a. 324 b. 12.0 c. 1.27 d. 0.750 e. 0.100

13. Four different bases all with the same initial concentration and volume are each titrated
with 0.1 M HNO3. Which base titration has the highest pH at the halfway point to
equivalence?

a) CH3NH2 (Kb = 4.4 × 10–4) b) NH3 (Kb = 1.8 × 10–5)

c) C5H5N (Kb = 1.7 × 10–9) d) C6H5NH2 (Kb = 3.8 × 10–10)

14. The Ka value for acetic acid (HC2H3O2) is 1.8 × 10–5 and the Kb value for ammonia
(NH3) is 1.8 × 10–5. Which of the following statements is true?

a) A 1.0 M solution of NaC2H3O2 would have a lower pH than a 1.0 M solution of


NH4Cl.
b) C2H3O2– is a stronger base than NH3.
c) A 1.0 M solution of HC2H3O2 would have a higher pH than a 1.0 M solution of
NH4Cl.
d) NH4+ is a stronger acid than HC2H3O2.
e) A 1.0 M solution of NH3 would have a higher pH than a 1.0 M solution of NaC2H3O2.

15. Phosphate buffers are important in regulating the pH of intracellular fluids at pH = 7.10.
The equilibrium reaction utilized in this buffer system is:
H2PO4–(aq) + H2O ⇌ HPO42–(aq) + H3O+ (aq) Ka = 6.2 × 10–8

At pH = 7.10, calculate the concentration ratio of HPO42– to H2PO4– in intracellular fluids


⎛ [HPO 4 2− ] ⎞
⎜ = ? ⎟.
⎜ [H PO − ] ⎟
⎝ 2 4 ⎠

a) 0.78 b) 0.11 c) 1.0 d) 9.1 e) 1.3


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Hour Exam III Page 4

16. Calculate the [H3O+] in a solution containing 0.50 M HNO2 and 0.10 M NaNO2.
Ka for HNO2 = 4.0 × 10–4

a) 2.0 × 10–3 M b) 8.0 × 10–4 M c) 4.0 × 10–4 M

d) 8.0 × 10–5 M e) 1.0 × 10–5 M

17. Consider 1.0 L of a solution containing 0.50 M HNO2 and 0.10 M NaNO2. How many
moles of KOH must be added so that the resulting solution has pH = pKa for HNO2?
Ka for HNO2 = 4.0 × 10–4.

a) 0.50 mol b) 0.40 mol c) 0.25 mol d) 0.20 mol e) 0.10 mol

18. Consider the following reaction at 250°C:

N2(g) + 3 H2(g) 2 NH3(g) K = 0.278

Initially 1.00 mol of N2, 1.00 mol of H2, and 1.00 mol of NH3 are placed in a 2.00 L
container. Which way will the reaction shift to reach equilibrium and which reagent will
have the smallest concentration at equilibrium?

a. Reaction will shift right; [NH3] will be smallest.


b. Reaction will shift left; [H2] will be smallest.
c. Reaction will shift left; [NH3] will be smallest.
d. Reaction will shift right; [N2] will be smallest.
e. Reaction will shift right; [H2] will be smallest.

19. How many of the following statements (I-IV) about a 1.0 M solution of weak acid is/are
true?

I. As the Ka value increases, the pH of the solution decreases.


II. As the Ka value increases, the percent dissociation of the acid increases.
III. As the Ka value increases, the Kb value of the conjugate base decreases.
IV. As the Ka value increases, the [H3O+] in solution increases.

a) 0 (none; all are false) b) 1 c) 2 d) 3 e) 4 (All are true)


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Hour Exam III Page 5

20. Arrange 0.10 M solutions of the following compounds by increasing pH:

HC2H3O2 HF NH3 C5H5N


(Ka = 1.8x10-5) (Ka = 7.2x10-4) (Kb = 1.8x10-5) (Kb = 1.7x10-9)

a) HF < HC2H3O2 < NH3 < C5H5N


b) HF < HC2H3O2 < C5H5N < NH3
c) HC2H3O2 < HF < NH3 < C5H5N
d) HC2H3O2 < HF < C5H5N < NH3
e) NH3 < C5H5N < HF < HC2H3O2

21. Which of the following reactions is correctly identified with the appropriate equilibrium
constant?

a) C5H5N(aq) + H2O(l) C5H5NH+(aq) + OH−(aq)


Ka reaction for C5H5N

b) NH3(aq) + H3O+(aq) NH4+(aq) + H2O(l)


Kb reaction for NH3

c) H3O+(aq) + OH−(aq) H2O(l) + H2O(l)


Kb reaction for H3O+

d) HC3H5O2(aq) + H2O(l) C3H5O2−(aq) + H3O+(aq)


Ka reaction for HC3H5O2

22. How many of the following 0.25 M solutions are acidic?

NaCN KI NH4Cl Ca(NO3)2 Na2O

a. 0 (none of these solutions are acidic) b. 1 c. 3

d. 4 e. 5 (all of these solutions are acidic)


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Hour Exam III Page 6

Consider the titration of 50.0 mL of 0.20 M ascorbic acid (H2C6H6O6) by 0.20 M NaOH for the
next two questions. For H2C6H6O6, K a1 = 7.9 × 10−5 and K a 2 = 1.6 × 10−12.

23. At what volume of NaOH added does the resulting solution have [HC6H6O6−] =
[C6H6O62−]?

a) 0.0 mL NaOH added b) 25.0 mL NaOH added

c) 50.0 mL NaOH added d) 75.0 mL NaOH added

e) 100.0 mL NaOH added

24. Calculate the pH after 50.0 mL of NaOH has been added.

a) 4.10 b) 6.71 c) 7.95 d) 9.23 e) 11.80

______________________________________________________________________________

25. The pOH of a sample of baking soda dissolved in water is 5.74 at 25oC. Calculate the
[H3O+] in this baking soda solution.

a) 1.0 × 10–7 M b) 5.5 × 10–9 M c) 1.8 × 10–6 M

d) 1.9 × 10–9 M e) 6.2 × 10–6 M

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Consider the titration of 200.0 mL of 0.10 M HNO3 titrated by 0.10 M Ca(OH)2 for the next two
questions.

26. Determine the [H+] of the resulting solution after 50.0 mL of 0.10 M Ca(OH)2 has been
added.

a) 0.10 M b) 0.050 M c) 0.040 M d) 0.020 M e) 0.010 M

27. At what volume of Ca(OH)2 added does the resulting solution have [H+] = 1.0 × 10–7 M?

a) 100.0 mL b) 125.0 mL c) 150.0 mL d) 175.0 mL e) 200.0 mL


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Hour Exam III Page 7

28. A 0.10 M solution of the salt NaX has a pH of 11.50. Calculate the pH of a 1.0 M
solution of HX.

a) 3.00 b) 4.00 c) 5.00 d) 6.00 e) 11.00

29. A chemist wishes to prepare a buffer at pH = 3.5 and has the following acids available,
along with the potassium salts of their conjugate bases. Which acid/salt combination is
the best choice for preparing the buffer?

a) HC2H3O2 (Ka = 1.8 × 10−5)/KC2H3O2 b) HOCl (Ka = 3.5 × 10−8)/KOCl

c) HNO2 (Ka = 4.0 × 10−4)/KNO2 d) HCN (Ka = 6.2 × 10−10)/KCN

e) HClO2 (Ka = 1.2 × 10−2)/KClO2

30. Consider a buffer solution containing NaF and HF. Which of the following statements is
false?

a) If [F−] = [HF], then the pH of the solution equals the pKa value for HF.

b) If [F−] > [HF], then the pH of the solution is greater than the pKa value for HF.

c) If [HF] > [F−], then the [H3O+] of the solution is greater than the Ka value for HF.

d) If HCl is added to the buffer, then the [F−] of the resulting solution should increase.

e) If NaOH is added to the buffer, then the pH of the resulting solution should increase.

31. Consider the following endothermic reaction at equilibrium:

SiHCl3(g) + 3 H2O(l) SiH(OH)3(s) + 3 HCl(g) ΔH = +450 kJ

How many of the following changes will cause the amount of SiH(OH)3(s) to increase?

I. Increase the volume of the reaction container.


II. Increase the temperature.
III. Add H2O(l).
IV. Remove HCl(g).

a. 0 (none) b. 1 c. 2 d. 3 e. 4 (all)