Type KAVS 100

Synchronism Check Relay

Service Manual
R8506F

HANDLING OF ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
A person’s normal movements can easily generate electrostatic potentials of several thousand volts. Discharge of these voltages into semiconductor devices when handling circuits can cause serious damage, which often may not be immediately apparent but the reliability of the circuit will have been reduced. The electronic circuits of AREVA T&D products are immune to the relevant levels of electrostatic discharge when housed in their cases. Do not expose them to the risk of damage by withdrawing modules unnecessarily. Each module incorporates the highest practicable protection for its semiconductor devices. However, if it becomes necessary to withdraw a module, the following precautions should be taken to preserve the high reliability and long life for which the equipment has been designed and manufactured. 1. 2. Before removing a module, ensure that you are a same electrostatic potential as the equipment by touching the case. Handle the module by its front-plate, frame, or edges of the printed circuit board. Avoid touching the electronic components, printed circuit track or connectors. Do not pass the module to any person without first ensuring that you are both at the same electrostatic potential. Shaking hands achieves equipotential. Place the module on an antistatic surface, or on a conducting surface which is at the same potential as yourself. Store or transport the module in a conductive bag.

3. 4. 5.

More information on safe working procedures for all electronic equipment can be found in BS5783 and IEC 60147-0F. If you are making measurements on the internal electronic circuitry of an equipment in service, it is preferable that you are earthed to the case with a conductive wrist strap. Wrist straps should have a resistance to ground between 500k – 10M ohms. If a wrist strap is not available you should maintain regular contact with the case to prevent the build up of static. Instrumentation which may be used for making measurements should be earthed to the case whenever possible. AREVA T&D strongly recommends that detailed investigations on the electronic circuitry, or modification work, should be carried out in a Special Handling Area such as described in BS5783 or IEC 60147-0F.

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$.$96  5( 3DJH  Ladder Diagram Symbols (Columns 1 – 6) N/O Software "contact" which is closed when the named relay input is energised.  6KHHW  . Node "R" is energised when node "L" changes from dead to live and remains energised for specified period irrespective of node "L".6HUYLFH 0DQXDO . "L" T DPU "L" T DDU "L" T PLS "R" "R" "R" Node "R" is energised when node "L" has been energised for specified time and deenergised when "L" is de-energised. N/O software "contact" which is closed when line VT and bus VT inputs meet the selected "system angle" measurement criteria. N/C Software "contact" which is open when the named relay input is energised. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the line VT and bus VT inputs are both dead. N/C Software "link" which is open when the named software "FNCT" is set to 1. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the line VT input is dead and the bus VT input is live. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the named counter register is less than or equal to the specified reference value. Node "R" is energised when node "L" is energised and remains energised for specified time after node "L" is de-energised. N/O software "contact" which is closed when line VT and bus VT inputs meet the selected "phase angle" measurement criteria. N/O Software "contact" which is closed when the named software "relay" is operated. Logic is "one way only" (left to right) in horizontal contacts and links. Logic flow is both up and down in vertical links. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the named counter register is greater than or equal to the specified reference value. Software "contact". Permanently closed software "links" Note 1. which operates when voltage magnitude difference between line VT and bus VT is above the selected "differential voltage" setting. N/C Software "contact" which is open when the named software "relay" is operated. N/O Software "link" which is closed when the named software "FNCT" is set to 1. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the bus VT input is dead and the line VT input is live. N/O software "contact" which is closed when line VT and bus VT inputs meet the selected "system split" measurement criteria. N/O software "contact" which is closed when the named counter register is equal to the specified reference value. N/o or N/C depending on setting of CSS FN link C. P2126ENA == >= <= DEADLINE LIVE BUS MONITOR LIVELINE DEAD BUS MONITOR DEADLINE DEAD BUS MONITOR PHASE ANGLE SYSTEM ANGLE SYSTEM SPLIT UNDER VOLTAGE DIFF VOLTAGE )LJXUH   . N/O or N/C depending on setting of CSS FN link E. Software "contact". which operates when either line VT or bus VT volts is below the selected "undervoltage" setting..

Named counter register decrements by 1 when node "L" changes from dead to live. M "L" Software "Relay" with power off memory: Recalls its previous status when dc auxiliary supply is restored after interruption.  6KHHW  . Software "relay" with LED indicator. Named counter register resets to zero when node "L" changes from dead to live. Named counter register increments by 1 when node "L" changes from live to dead.5( 3DJH  Ladder Diagram Symbols (Column 7) "L" 6HUYLFH 0DQXDO . Named counter register decrements by 1 when node "L" changes from live to dead. Output contacts shown on extrtnal connections diagram)..$. Named counter register resets to zero when node "L" changes from live to dead. "L" "L" B "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" "L" INC+ INC– RES+ RES– DEC+ DEC– Named counter register increments by 1 when node "L" changes from dead to live. )LJXUH   .$96  Software "relay": Operates when node "L" is energised. Software "relay" with output element having contacts wired to relay terminals (relay number RL – given in brackets. Software "relay" blocks access to the named function of the user interface when live.

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