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WHH Renaissance and Reformation Test

1. Laity refers to the regular members of the Catholic Church while clergy refers to… a. b. c. d. The pope The church leaders The church founders The 12 apostles

2. Which of the following is not considered a cause of the Protestant Reformation? a. b. c. d. Northern Renaissance scholars interest in early biblical texts The reform decrees of the Council of Trent The taxing policies of the Roman Catholic Church Nationalist movements of the German states in the Holy Roman Empire

3. In what year did Luther publish his 95 Thesis? a. b. c. d. 1513 1492 1517 1527

4. The Black Death was brought to the island of Sicily by Italian merchants from the besieged city of… a. b. c. d. Palermo Antioch Nicea Caffa

5. Writing in the vernacular during the Renaissance was the practice of writing… a. b. c. d. On subjects rather then religion About classical Greece In languages of the people rather than Latin or Greek In a more realistic fashion

6. The early bishops of Rome eventually became… a. b. c. d. The Popes The Papal States The Vatican City The Catholic Church

7. What is a monk? a. b. c. d. A man who pursues a life of total dedication to God A woman who pursues a life of total dedication to God An intellectual and religious leader of the early Church A powerful feudal vassal of the Pope

8. The High Renaissance, between 1490 and 1520, is most commonly associated with all of the following except… a. b. c. d. Raphael van Eyck da Vinci Michelangelo

9. One of the earliest achievements of the Catholic Church was the creation of the institution of… a. b. c. d. Feudalism Monasticism Vassalage Catholicism

10. What was the major goal of Christian Humanism? a. b. c. d. Reform the Catholic Church Spread the Italian Renaissance Form a new Christian Church Translate the bible into vernacular languages

11. The territory in central Italy controlled by the pope is called the… a. b. c. d. The Crusader States The Vatican City The Roman States The Papal States

12. The recovery and translation of many Latin/Greeks texts brought to Europe after contact with Islamic culture contributed greatly to…

a. The Renaissance of the 12th century
b. c. d. The Crusades The creation of Gothic architecture Establishment of public schools during the later part of the Middle Ages

13. What is an indulgence? a. b. c. d. The release of a person from hell into purgatory The release from all or part of the punishment for sin The money paid to live longer The collection of relic to donate to the church.

14. As a result of the Peace of Augsburg, the German people… a. b. c. d. Remained Catholics Remained Lutherans Were able to practice the religion of their choice Became either Catholic or Lutheran, depending upon the choice of their prince

15. Who was the Holy Roman Emperor while Luther lead his reform movement? a. b. c. d. Charles V Frederick the Wise Leo X Maximilian II

16. In following Greek ideals of “a sound mind in a sound body”, humanist educators also… a. b. c. d. Stressed the development of rhetorical skills Stressed the development of political skills Stressed the development of physical education Stressed the development of mathematical skills

17. The chief teaching of the protestant reformation, an idea formulated by Luther was called… a. b. c. d. Justification through good deeds Justification through salvation Justification through faith Justification through penance

18. Baldassar Castiglione wrote a manual on how to… a. b. c. d. Be a successful monarch Be a gentleman Form a democracy Save yourself from sin

19. The invention of oil paint and the development of perspective occurred during the… a. b. c. d. Baroque period Rococo period Renaissance era Romantic Age

20. Central to John Calvin’s beliefs is the principle of… a. b. c. d. Predestination Free will Christian liberty Communion

21. Where did Luther turn to for support once he was declared an enemy of the Catholic Church? a. b. c. d. The peasants of Germany The bishops of Germany The Pope The princes of Germany

22. Martin Luther and John Wycliffe both… a. b. c. d. Were English Lived at the same time Translated the Bible into the vernacular Won immediate success as religious reformers

23. Which English monarch turned to his own bishops to grant a divorce with his wife to start the English Reformation? a. b. c. d. Elizabeth I James VI Henry VIII Henry II

24. One of the English king’s first acts against the Catholic Church after the reformation began was to… a. b. c. d. Dissolve Catholic monasteries and abbeys to confiscate their land and wealth Persecute and burn Catholics as heretics Declare war on the Pope and other Catholic kingdoms Completely remove Latin from the Eucharist

25. What is a Fresco? a. b. c. d. A sculpture done with plaster A painting done in oil A painting done on wet plaster A painting done on a ceiling

26. In 1545, a group of Catholic cardinals, bishops, and other church leaders met to reform the Catholic Church in the city of.. a. b. c. d. Rome Florence Augsburg Trent

27. In 1540, the Pope formally recognized Ignatius of Loyola and his followers and established the.. a. b. c. d. Society of Rome Society of Jesus Society of Christ Society of God

28. Rich merchants and bankers in Italian city-states were responsible for the Renaissance arts because they… a. b. c. d. Were trained and became some of the great artists themselves Patronized artists for huge artworks Made artist a legal profession within their cities Pushed the clergy out of power

29. In which city from Switzerland was Ulrich Zwingli a priest at the start of the Reformation? a. b. c. d. Geneva Florence Augsburg Zurich

30. When the German peasants revolted in the year 1524, how did Luther react? a. b. c. d. He supported the peasants on the justification that all men are equal He supported the princes, stating that God designated the lords to maintain peace He supported no one and did not comment on the revolt He supported the peasants and their right to own property because he was a peasant

31. The Anabaptists differed from Catholics and other Protestants who baptized children in that they baptized.. a. b. c. d. Women Teenagers Adults Men

32. Anabaptists were considered a dangerous political threat because of their firm belief in… a. b. c. d. Freedom of Religion Separation of Church and State Complete equality Federalism

33. England and Parliament formally split from the Catholic Church in the year 1534 with the passing of… a. b. c. d. The Act of Catholicism The Act of Reformation The Act of Supremacy The Act of Protestantism

34. By the mid-16th century Calvinism was firmly established in all of the following regions of Europe except... a. b. c. d. Switzerland France Italy Germany

35. Who wrote The Prince? a. b. c. d. Da Vinci Raphael Machiavelli Cosimo de’ Medici

36. All of the following were powerful Italian city-states except… a. b. c. d. Florence Milan Venice Corsica

37. Which of the following did Martin Luther disagree with? a. b. c. d. The priesthood of all believers Financial payment for the remission of sins The Bible as the final authority of God’s word The spiritual life as superior to the secular life

38. The Book of the Courtier, discussing the ideals a noble was expected to fulfill, was written by… a. b. c. d. Da Vinci Castiglione Raphael Medici

39. In 1527, which city was sacked by Spanish soldiers led by Charles I? a. b. c. d. Rome Milan Genoe Venice

40. The city of Florence was ruled by which powerful family during the Renaissance? a. b. c. d. The Sforza’s The Viconti’s The Medici’s The Vatican

41. What does secular mean? a. b. c. d. Worldly Religious Political Wealthy

42. The dissolution of the English monasteries… a. b. c. d. Resulted from Henry VIII’s desire to confiscate their wealth Resulted in a more equitable distribution of land Deeply disturbed the English upper classes Was the result of rebellious activities by the monks

43. What were mercenaries? a. b. c. d. Soldiers who sold their services to the highest bidder Soldiers who fought for the church Soldiers who went on crusades Merchants who went city to city selling art

44. Who is often called the father of the Italian Renaissance? a. b. c. d. Da Vinci Raphael Erasmus Petrarch

45. What is the study of the classics during the Renaissance called? a. b. c. d. Humanism Christian Humanism Realism Liberal Arts

46. Painters developed the technical side of painting- understanding perspective, lighting, and space- as well as… a. c. The investigation of movement and human anatomy The investigation of religion and new languages The investigation of landscaping and abstract art

b. The investigation of color and shading d.

47. What was the purpose of a liberal education? a. b. c. d. To produce virtuous citizens To produce governmental workers To produce individuals who follow virtue and wisdom To produce individuals who follow god and the pope

48. Leonardo Da Vinci was active as all of the following except as a… a. b. c. d. Writer Politician Painter Architect

49. Early in the Protestant Reformation, Luther and the Swiss reformers met to discuss their views and determined that they had different opinions on… a. b. c. d. The role of man in nature Confession The Eucharist The Trinity

50. The statement Cuius regio, eius religio translates to… a. b. c. d. “whose realm, his religion” “whose prince, the pope’s religion” “freedom of religion” “Lutheran or Catholic”