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gnvbwei (m.

) hy‡M gw`bvi mgvR


gnvbwei mv. hy‡M gw`bvi mgvR (2q LÐ)
(2q LÐ) g~j : W. AvKivg wRqv Avj Dgwi
Abyev` : Gg iæûj Avwgb

ISBN : 984-8203-51-2
W. AvKivg wRqv Avj Dgwi cÖKvkK
evsjv‡`k Bbw÷wUDU Ae BmjvwgK _¨U (weAvBAvBwU)
evwo # 04, †ivW # 02, †m±i # 09, DËiv g‡Wj UvDb, XvKv 1230
†dvb : 02-58957509, 02-58954256
Email : biit_org@yahoo.com

© evsjv‡`k Bbw÷wUDU Ae BmjvwgK _¨U (weAvBAvBwU)

Abyev` cÖKvkKvj: 2020


Gg iæûj Avwgb
cÖ”Q`: Gg G AvKvk

gy`ªY
Gg. G. MÖvwd· K¨v¤úvm
gMevRvi, XvKv

g~j¨ : 170.00 UvKv gvÎ US $ 12

Mohanobir Sm. Zuge Madinar Samaj (Medinan Society at the Time of


the Prophet- Zihad against the Mushriks Vol. 2) originally written by
Akram Diya al Umari. Translated by M Ruhul Amin. Published by
Bangladesh Institute of Islamic Thought (BIIT), House # 04, Road # 02,
Sector # 09, Uttara Model Town, Dhaka-1230, Phone: 02-58957509,
02-58954256, Email : biit_org@yahoo.com, publicationbiit@gmail.com,
evsjv‡`k Bbw÷wUDU Ae BmjvwgK _¨U (weAvBAvBwU) www.iiitbd.org. Price : Tk. 170.00, US$ 12.00
wemwgjøvwni ivngvwbi ivwng

mg¯Í cÖksmv gnvwe‡k¦i ie Avjøvni Rb¨ Ges


Zuvi †kl bwe I imyj mv.-Gi cÖwZ mvjvg I `yiƒ`|
vi imy‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M gw`bvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

m~wPcÎ Aa¨vq 12
gyÕZv Awfhvb........................................................ 140
f‚wgKv ................................................................ vii
Aa¨vq 13
Aa¨vq 1 hvZ Avj mvjvwmj Awfhvb...................................... 144
wRnv‡`i wewa-weavb ............................................... 17
Aa¨vq 14
Aa¨vq 2 g°v weRq............................................................ 146
wRnv‡`i m~Pbv ...................................................... 22
Aa¨vq 15
Aa¨vq 3 ûbvB‡bi hy×......................................................... 163
wKejv cwieZ©b..................................................... 26
Aa¨vq 16
Aa¨vq 4 Zv‡qd hy×........................................................ 181
e`‡ii gnvAwfhvb .............................................. 30
Aa¨vq 17
Aa¨vq 5 ZveyK Awfhvb......................................................... 197
Iû‡`i hy× ........................................................ 53
Aa¨vq 18
Aa¨vq 6 cÖwZwbwa`‡ji eQi ............................................... 214
eby gy¯ÍvwjK Awfhvb ............................................ 79
Aa¨vq 19
Aa¨vq 7 Avey eK‡ii †bZ…‡Z¡ n¾ ........................................... 218
L›`K hy× ......................................................... 92 Aa¨vq 20
Aa¨vq 8 we`vq n¾ ............................................................ 221
û`vqweqv Awfhvb ............................................... 108 Aa¨vq 21
Aa¨vq 9 Dmvgv Be‡b hvB` Be‡b nvwimvi evwnbx mw¾ZKiY......... 224
ivRv-ev`kvn‡`i gnvbwei cÎvw` ............................ 129 Aa¨vq 22
gnvbwei mv. B‡šÍKvj............................................. 225
Aa¨vq 10
†e`yCb ekxKiY.................................................... 136
KziAv‡bi Avqv‡Zi cwiwkó
Aa¨vq 11
K¡vhv Dgivn ......................................................... 138
viii ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

f‚wgKv hy‡Mi HwZnvwmKMY wewfbœ weei‡Yi wePvi Ki‡Z m¶g wQ‡jb| Z‡e wewfbœ
ivex I mb‡`i welqwU cieZx© kZvãx‡Z ï×Zv wePv‡ii gvcKvwV wnmv‡e
Avjnvg`ywjjøvn| Avjøvû¤§v QvwjøAvjv mvBwq¨w`bv gynv¤§v`, IqvAvwjnx Iqv
we‡ePbv Kiv nqwb| ZvQvov eY©bvi I eqvbKvix‡`i wk¶v m¤ú‡K© ZLb †Kvb
Avmnvwenx AvRgvCb|
we‡ePbv Kiv nqwb weavq eY©bv I eqvbKvix m¤ú‡K© wkw¶Z e¨w³i mÜvb
Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g hy‡MB imyj mv.-Gi Rxebx mxivn wjLvi welqwU wPšÍv-fvebv †Zgb GKUv cvIqv hvq bv| Gi Kvi‡Y mgmvgwqK †jLK I HwZnvwmKM‡Yi
Kiv n‡qwQj| G j‡¶¨ Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g w`‡Ki kZvãx¸‡jv‡Z BwZnvm I nvw`m wewfbœ weei‡Yi g‡a¨ nvw`‡mi †kÖwY wefvMKiY I h‡_vchy³ wk‡ivYvg
wel‡qi AwfÁ cwÐZMY Z_¨-DcvË msMÖn I web¨v‡m AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡ib| e¨env‡ii e¨vcv‡i †Zgb †Kvb wefw³i D‡jøL cvIqv hvq bv| MZ `yÕkZvãx‡Z
IqvwK`x I evjvRyixÕi b¨vq HwZnvwmKM‡Yi wjLvi ˆewkó¨ gwÐZ w`K¸‡jv wQj cvðv‡Z¨i HwZnvwmK‡`i g‡a¨ M‡o IVv gZvgZB Avgv‡`i eZ©gvb mg‡qi
imyj mv.-Gi Rxe‡bi NUbv¸‡jv‡K welqIqvix I KvjvbyµwgK fv‡e myweb¨¯Í weL¨vZ HwZnvwmKMY AbymiY K‡i hv‡”Qb| cwðgv‡`i HwZnvwmK †jLv‡jwLi
Kiv| Aciw`‡K, gynvwÏmM‡Yi nvw`m MÖš’¸‡jvi HwZnvwmK Dcv‡Ëi †Kvb Ici wfwË K‡i M‡o IVv c×wZi gva¨‡g cÖPwjZ wmivZ eY©bv¸‡jv‡K AvaywbK
†Kvb¸‡jv KL‡bv KL‡bv Dëvcvëv Ae¯’vq web¨¯Í Kiv n‡qwQj| Gi Kvi‡Y †jLKMY g~j¨vqb K‡i‡Qb| cwðgv c×wZ HwZnvwmK weei‡Yi wfwˇZ
gynvwÏmMY, nvw`m eY©bvKvixM‡Yi g‡Z, wewfbœ Kvi‡Y wfbœZvi m„wó K‡iwQ‡jb| AbymiY Kiv n‡Zv bv| Gme weei‡Yi wbR¯^ ˆewk‡ó¨i Kvi‡YB G¸‡jv cwðgv
†mRb¨ gynvwÏmMY †Kvb eY©bvi GK Ask GK¯’v‡b, Aci Ask Rxeb e„Ëv‡šÍi c×wZi mv‡_ wgj‡Zv bv| G ˆewkó¨m¤úbœ mb` ¸‡jv‡K gynvwÏmMY †Kvb †Kvb
wbqg Abyhvqx Ab¨Î hy³ K‡i w`‡q‡Qb| mwnn eyLvwii gvMvhx (mvgwiK Awfhvb) nvw`‡mi mwVKZv hvPvB‡q e¨env‡ii †¶‡Î Drmvnx wQ‡jb|
Aa¨v‡q welqwU ¯úó eySv hvq hv mwnn gymwj‡g †ZgbwU ¯úó cÖZxqgvb nq bv| nvw`m eY©bvKvix‡`i Rxebe„ËvšÍ I gh©v`vi Ici A‡bK MÖš’ wjLv n‡q‡Q| G
Gi KviY, mwnn gymwj‡g welqwU‡K `xN© K‡i Dc¯’vcb Kiv n‡q‡Q Avi nvw`‡mi me cy¯Í‡Ki †Kvb †KvbwU‡Z eY©bvKvix‡`i c`gh©v`v eY©bv Kiv n‡Zv Avi †Kvb
eY©bvi Dci gZvgZ ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| Bgvg gymwjg Rxeb e„ËvšÍ eY©bvq Ges †KvbwU‡Z n‡Zv bv| Gme c` gh©v`vi Ici wfwË K‡iB Zv‡`i eY©bvi h_v_©Zv
G¸‡jvi wefvR‡bi †ejvq Bgvg eyLvwii †P‡q †ewk hZœkxj wQ‡jb| wePvi Kiv n‡Zv| Zv Qvov eY©bvKvix‡`i e¨vcv‡i mgmvgwqK‡`i gZvgZI
†Kvb †Kvb †jLK Rxebx wjLvi †ejvq gynvwÏm I HwZnvwmK‡`i c×wZ‡K Rxebx MÖ‡š’ D‡jøL Kiv n‡Zv| Bmjv‡gi BwZnvm eY©bvq eZ©gv‡b GZ wekvj
mgwš^Z K‡i †jLwbi Kv‡R AvZ¥wb‡qvM K‡iwQ‡jb| G‡`i g‡a¨ D‡jøL‡hvM¨ Z_¨ fvÐvi I g~j¨evb MÖš’ivwR ev wmivZ MÖš’vejx e¨envi Kiv nq bv| Avgiv
n‡jv gynv¤§` Be‡b BmnvK, Lwjdv Be‡b LvBqvZ, BqvKze Be‡b mywdqvb hw` gnvb cwÐZM‡Yi M‡elYvi dmj‡K e¨envi bv Kwi, Zv‡`i weL¨vZ
dvmvex, gynv¤§` Be‡b Rixi Avj Zvevix cÖgyL| mb` eY©bvq Zuviv HwZnvwmK eY©bv‡K g~j¨vqb bv Kwi Avi ïay gvÎ HwZnvwmK mgv‡jvPbvi
gynvwÏmM‡Yi bxwZ AbymiY K‡iwQ‡jb Ges †Kvb NUbvi eY©bvq mb‡`i AvkÖq cwðgv c×wZ‡KB e¨envi Kwi Zv n‡j Avgv‡`i mg~n ¶wZ n‡q hv‡e|
MÖnY Ki‡Zb| Bmjv‡gi HwZnvwmK weei‡Yi mgv‡jvPbv D‡c¶v K‡i ïaygvÎ g~j cvV¨vs‡ki
†jLKMY mxivn wjLvi †ejvq hZUv m¤¢e wewfbœ cÖwZ‡e`b msMÖn K‡i †m¸‡jv mgv‡jvPbvi Ici wbf©i K‡i wmivZ cÖYqb Kiv n‡j ci¯úi we‡ivax A‡bK
wjwce× K‡iwQ‡jb| G e¨vcv‡i †Kvb&Uv mwnn& Avi †Kvb&Uv mwnn& bq †m wel‡q weei‡Yi Kvi‡Y weåvwšÍi m„wó n‡e| we‡kl K‡i Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g hy‡Mi
Zviv GZUv wPwšÍZ wQ‡jb bv| Zuviv †Kvb&Uv mwnn& Avi †Kvb&Uv mwnn& bq mb‡`i weei‡Yi mv‡_ mswkøó HwZnvwmK NUbvmg~‡ni e¨vcv‡i Ggb weåvwšÍi m„wó
Dci wfwË K‡i Zv wbY©‡qi `vwqZ¡ cvVK‡`i Dci †Q‡o w`‡q‡Qb| Gi n‡qwQj| M‡elKMY mb‡`i Av‡jvPbvi Rb¨ gynvwÏmM‡Yi g~j¨vqb c×wZ
e¨wZµg N‡U‡Q ïaygvÎ eyLvwi I gymwj‡gi †ejvq| Zuviv hv wj‡L‡Qb Zv mwnn& e¨envi K‡ib| Ab¨_vq †Kvb& eY©bv¸‡jvi mwVK nIqvi m¤¢vebv †ewk Zv
wn‡m‡eB wj‡L‡Qb| †jLKMYI G `yÕ‡Uv‡K Zuv‡`i eY©bvq mwnn& e‡j eY©bv wbY©‡q Zviv AbwZµg¨ mgm¨vi m¤§yLxb n‡eb|
K‡i‡Qb| Ab¨vqfv‡e cwðgv mgv‡jvPbvi c×wZ‡K Avgiv AeÁv ev †nq KiwQ bv, ev
Bmjv‡gi cÖ_g w`‡Ki kZvãx¸‡jvi we‡klÁMY nvw`‡mi eY©bvKvix I Zv‡`i GKZidv Zv‡`i c×wZ‡K wePvi we‡kølY KiwQ bv| cwðgv mgv‡jvPbvi
gh©v`v Ges mb` I Zvi ï× Zvi kZ©vw` m¤ú‡K© AewnZ wQ‡jb| †mRb¨ †m c×wZ¸‡jv eo eo cwÐZ‡`i kÖg mvabvi dj hviv AwfÁZv I e¨vcK
ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ) ix x ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

M‡elYvi gva¨‡g G mKj c×wZi D™¢e NwU‡q‡Qb| cwðgv mgv‡jvPbv c×wZ DËi‡Y cÖ‡qvRb AvšÍR©vwZK HwZnvwmK M‡elYvi gv‡b GwU‡K DbœxZ Kiv|
eZ©gvb ch©v‡qi e¨vcKZv I MfxiZv AR©‡bi c~e© ch©šÍ cÖ‡Z¨K cwÐZ e¨w³B D`vniY¯^iƒc D‡jøL Ki‡Z nq, mxiv‡Zi AvaywbK †Kvb MÖš’ cvV‡Ki Kv‡Q
Zuvi c~e©m~ix‡`i Kv‡Ri mv‡_ bZzb wKQy †hvM K‡iwQ‡jb| †Kvb AvaywbK MÖš’ I Be‡b wnkv‡gi wmivZ ev Be‡b Avj KvBwq¨‡gi hv` Avj
A‡bK bxwZ I c×wZi e¨vcv‡i gymwjg cwÐZ‡`i cÖwZwôZ M‡elYv‡K cwðgv gvÕAv` Gi g‡a¨ †Kvb Avjv`v wKQy g‡b n‡e bv| eZ©gvb kZvãxi mgvR
cwÐZMY LÐb K‡i‡Qb| cwðgv cwÐZ‡`i Giƒc LÐb cÖwµqv BD‡iv‡ci wPšÍv weÁvb M‡elYvq wekvj DbœwZ mvwaZ n‡jI G ai‡bi MÖ‡š’i c×wZMZ
RM‡Zi g~‡j bvov w`‡qwQj| BD‡iv‡ci cwðgv wek¦ I gymwjg we‡k¦i mwZ¨Kvi e¨e¯’vcbvq †Zgb †Kvb cÖfve †dj‡Z cv‡iwb| `yf©vM¨RbK n‡jI mwZ¨ †h,
mgm¨vq G NUbvwU N‡UwQj| gymwjg ˆeÁvwbK‡`i M‡elYv c×wZ gynvwÏmM‡Yi Avgiv GL‡bv AvaywbK wk¶v RM‡Zi ØvicÖv‡šÍ `uvwo‡q AvwQ| `ytLRbK fv‡e,
wbqg c×wZi gZ wQj bv| Ab¨vb¨ wbqg c×wZ¸‡jv Dm~‡j wdKvni cwÐZMY Aaybv Ávb-fvÐv‡ii ˆewPΨc~Y© m¤ú`ivwRi †fZ‡i Avgiv GL‡bv cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z
cÖYqb K‡iwQ‡jb| wPwKrmv, †R¨vwZwe©Ávb, AsKkv‡¯¿i cwÐZMY we‡kl we‡kl cvwiwb, ïay ZvB bq Avgv‡`i c~e© cyiælMY HwZnvwmK M‡elYvq †h Ae`vb
wbqg Kvbyb cÖYqb K‡iwQ‡jb| †i‡L‡Qb Zvi g‡a¨I Avgiv cÖ‡ek Ki‡Z cvwiwb| Avgv‡`i c~e© cyiæl‡`i
iRvi †eK‡bi g‡Z, G wbqg ev M‡elYv c×wZ¸‡jv cwðgv BwZnvmZ‡Ë¡i ÁvbfvÐvi cwðgv HwZnvwmK‡`i Zv‡`i c~e© cyiæl‡`i KvQ †_‡K cÖvß
mv‡_ mswkøó| ¸¯Íve †je‡bi g‡Zv1 iRvi †eKZ Zuvi M‡elYvi Kv‡R Aviwe ÁvbfvÐv‡ii †P‡qI †ewk mg„×kvjx|
m~‡Îi MÖš’vewj e¨envi K‡i‡Qb| M‡elYvi G c×wZ¸‡jv cÖhyw³i DuPz ¯Í‡i M‡elYv †¶‡Î Avgv‡`i HwZnvwmK mgv‡jvPbv `ye©j wn‡m‡e cÖZxqgvb,
†cŠuQv‡Z cwð‡gi e¯‘ev`x mf¨Zv‡K mvnvh¨ K‡iwQj| G f‚wgKvi welqwU n‡jv Avgv‡`i weei‡Yi e¨vL¨v we‡kølY AviI †ewk `ye©j| wewfbœ weei‡Yi †¶‡Î
gynvwÏmM‡Yi Abym„Z c×wZ| G c×wZ mivmwi nvw`m eY©©bvi mv‡_ RwoZ| G Avgv‡`i fvmvfvmv Dc¯’vcbv, NUbvcwÄ m¤úK© msKxY© `„wó‡KvY, Kvh© I
eY©bv¸‡jv Avgiv cieZx©‡Z HwZnvwmK weei‡Yi †ÿ‡Î e¨envi Ki‡Zcvwi| Kvi‡Yi wfwˇZ wewfbœ NUbvejxi we‡kølY Ki‡Z bv cviv, Bmjv‡gi
gynvwÏmM‡Yi Abym„Z c×wZ HwZnvwmK M‡elYvi c×wZi Abyiƒc| BwZnv‡mi A¯úó cwieZ©‡bi wPÎ I Bmjvwg mgv‡R e¨w³i f‚wgKv cwieZ©‡bi
nvw`‡mi †kÖwYwefvRb I wk‡ivbvgKi‡Y gynvwÏmMY †h c×wZ e¨envi wPÎ G me¸‡jv HwZnvwmK mgv‡jvPbvi Dc¯’vcbvi K_vB Avgv‡`i g‡b Kwi‡q
K‡iwQ‡jb cÂvk wnRwi‡Z LwZe Avj evM`v`x Zv P~ovšÍ K‡ib| Gici G †`q| †Kvb HwZnvwmK MÖš’B Avgv‡`i‡K wePvi we‡køl‡Yi ¯úó aviYv w`‡Z
e¨vcv‡i Avi †Zgb †Kvb cwieZ©b N‡Uwb| wk¶v`v‡bi j‡¶¨ Be‡b Avj mvjvn cv‡iwb| Gi KviY cÖ_g hy‡Mi HwZnvwmK c×wZ‡Z ïaygvÎ eY©bv Dc¯’vc‡bi
I Avj-Kvhx Avqvh nvw`‡mi †kÖwY wefvR‡bi c×wZ‡Z ms‡kvab I ms¯‹vi IciB wbf©i Kiv n‡Zv| cÖvPxb hy‡Mi gymwjg HwZnvwmKMY Lye KgB
K‡iwQ‡jb gvÎ| Avj nvwdh Avj hvnvex, Avj nvwdh Be‡b Kvwmi I Avj BwZnv‡mi PvwjKv kw³ mvgvwRK aviYvi w`‡K `„wó w`‡qwQj, hw`I KziAvb
nvwdh Be‡b nvRvi Zuv‡`i MÖš’vejx‡Z mvgvb¨ cwieZ©b G‡bwQ‡jb| Z‡e cÖ_g †_‡KB mvgvwRK aviYvi w`‡K `„wó wbeÜ K‡iwQj| †Kvb gymwjg
wefvR‡bi G c×wZ‡Z †Zgb †Kvb cwieZ©b Avbv nqwb| Gi KviY Avj HwZnvwmKB KziAv‡bi HwZnvwmK aviYv MV‡bi †Póv K‡ibwb| NUbv, Bw½Z,
hvnvex Be‡b Kvwmi I Be‡b nvRvi mvaviY wbqgvejx‡Z mvgvb¨B cwieZ©b HwZnvwmK mv¶xi Ici wfwË K‡i †Kvb HwZnvwmKB BwZnvm cÖYq‡b †Póv
G‡bwQ‡jb| mvgvb¨ n‡jI G ms‡kvab¸‡jvi gva¨‡g Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi K‡ib wb| Be‡b Lvj`y‡bi ÔgyKvÏvgvÕ cÖYq‡bi c~e© ch©šÍ G Ae¯’v Pj‡Z
Kxfv‡e G c×wZ m¤ú~Y© I e¨vcK wfwËK n‡Z cv‡i, gymwjg we‡k¦ wk¶v _v‡K| Z‡e gymwjg eyw×RxexMY cÖ_g hyM †_‡KB `k©b I ZK©kv‡¯¿i DbœwZ
Av‡›`vjb Gi gva¨‡g mwµq hvi d‡j G cwieZ©b eûw`b ch©šÍ Ae‡njvi mvab K‡iwQ‡jb| Gi d‡j fvlvwe`¨v I Dmy‡j wdKvnÕi M‡elYvq Zviv
Kvi‡Y †Kvb PgrKvwi‡Z¡i m„wó K‡iwb| DcK…Z n‡qwQ‡jb| mZK©Zvi mv‡_ Ges Bmjvwg `k©b I wek¦v‡mi mv‡_
gynvwÏm Ges cwðgv Av‡jvPK‡`i c×wZ¸‡jv‡K mgš^q Kiv †M‡j me‡P‡q mvsNwl©K welq¸‡jv cwinvi K‡i Zviv `k©b I ZK©kv¯¿ †_‡K Kj¨vYKi
fvj djvdj cvIqv †hZ| Z‡e cwðgv c×wZ‡K Bmjvwg wPšÍvi gvb`‡Ð wRwbm¸‡jv MÖnY Ki‡Z mg_© n‡qwQ‡jb| G Kv‡R Zviv h‡_ó mdjKvg
we‡ePbv Kiv n‡jB †Kej Zv m¤¢e n‡e| Aaybv BmjvwgK HwZnvwmK M‡elYv n‡qwQ‡jb| Bmjv‡g Bgv‡bi IciB Zv‡`i mdjZv wbf©i K‡iwQj| AvwK`vB
I wmivZ M‡elYv GLv‡b ej‡Z †M‡j wkï Ae¯’v‡ZB i‡q‡Q| G Ae¯’vi wQj mdjZvi PvweKvwV|
ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ) xi xii ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

A‡bK M‡elK we‡kl K‡i cÖv‡P¨i M‡elKM‡Yi aviYv n‡jv gymwjg cwÐZMY G welq¸‡jv G MÖ‡š’ D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| Gi KviY, D`vniY¸‡jv MÖš’wU n‡Z
ïay eY©bvi avivevwnKZv cix¶v‡ZB e¨¯Í, Zviv g~j welq¸‡jvi cÖwZ hZœevb †bqv n‡q‡Q| Giƒc AviI eû D`vni‡Yi K_v GLv‡b eY©bv Kiv hv‡e| Z‡e
wQ‡jb bv| †KD †KD g‡b Ki‡Z cv‡ib †h, G RvZxq AbymwÜrmy cÖ_g wZb kZ‡Ki HwZnvwmKMY welq wbe©vPb K‡i‡Qb I BwZnvm wj‡L‡Qb|
gbgvbwmKZvi Kvi‡YB BwZnv‡mi g~j wel‡qi cix¶v wbix¶vi welqwU HwZnvwmKM‡Yi welq wbe©vP‡bi welqwU ¯úó n‡q D‡V hLb †Kvb Kv‡Ri mv‡_
Ae‡nwjZ †_‡K hvq| jÿ¨bxq‡h, G RvZxq gZvgZ‡K †Kv‡bv e³e¨ wn‡m‡e Gi m~‡Îi welqwU Avgiv wgwj‡q †`wL| †Kvb †Kvb MÖ‡š’ †Kvb AZxZ eY©bv ev`
a‡i †bqv hv‡e bv| gymwjg cwÐZMY mb` cix¶vi Kv‡R A‡bK `~i AMÖmi c‡o †h‡Z cv‡i| GiƒcwU Be‡b wnkvg Be‡b Bmnv‡Ki †ejvq K‡iwQ‡jb Ges
n‡qwQ‡jb, Z‡e Zviv g~j wel‡qi cix¶v wbix¶vi welqwU‡K Ae‡njv K‡ib Avj Zvevix Zuvi A‡bK Z_¨ m~‡Îi †ejvq K‡iwQ‡jb|
wb| Zviv G e¨vcv‡i †ek hZœkxj wQ‡jb| Zv‡`i mv¶¨ cÖgv‡Yi welq¸‡jv GiciI Z_¨ evQvB GKwU `y®‹i KvR| BwZnvm wjLv I Z_¨ msi¶‡Yi Kv‡R
GZB wekvj wQj †h, Zvi wnmve m¤¢e bq| Z‡e Avgiv wKQy HwZnvwmK NUbvi Av‡MKvi BwZnvmwe`MY h‡_ó kÖg I †gav e¨q K‡i‡Qb| c‡ii w`‡Ki
K_v D‡jøL Ki‡ev †h¸‡jvi gva¨‡g g~j cvV cix¶vi welqwU Rvbv hv‡e| BwZnvmwe`MY Av‡MKvi BwZnvmwe`‡`i KvR¸‡jv‡K ms‡¶c K‡i wb‡q‡Qb|
A‡bK m~‡Î ewY©Z Iû` hy‡×i ˆmb¨ msL¨vi welqwU Be‡b nvhg cÖZ¨vL¨vb Avi G¸‡jvi mv‡_ fvl¨ ms‡hvRb K‡i‡Qb| c‡ii w`‡K †hme KvR n‡q‡Q
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K‡iwQ‡jb| gymv Be‡b DKev eby gy¯Ívwj‡Ki weiæ‡× cwiPvwjZ Awfhvb‡K Avj wbnvqv ev Be‡b nvRviÕi dZûj evix Aa¨qb Ki‡j †h Kv‡iv Kv‡Q
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Be‡b DKevi mv‡_ GK gZ †cvlY K‡ib| g~j welqwU cix¶vi ciB Zuviv welq¸‡jv‡K Dbwesk I wesk kZvãx‡Z BD‡ivcxq BwZnv‡mi g~j wel‡qi
DKevi mv‡_ GKgZ n‡qwQ‡jb| mvÕ` Be‡b gyqvh G Awfhv‡b AskMÖnY b¨vq cix¶v wbix¶v Kiv n‡qwQj Ggb g‡b nq bv| eû kZK a‡i wkÿvMZ I
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K‡ib| Avj eyLvwi ZvwiL wba©vi‡Yi e¨vcv‡i Lvqevi Gi weRq‡K AbymiY c~e©eZx© gymwjg cwÐZ‡`i gbbkxjZv‡K GKgvÎ Zv‡`i BwZnvm m¤úwK©Z
K‡ib| Zuvi mv‡_ Beb Avj KvBwq¨g, Be‡b Kvwmi I Be‡b nvRvi GKB gZ MÖš’vejx we‡ePbv K‡iB g~j¨vqb Ki‡Z cvwi bv| Zv‡`i‡K g~j¨vq‡bi Rb¨
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†cvlY K‡ib| GKwU NUbv GRb¨ `vqx wQj| Avey gymv Avj AvkAvix I Avey eyw×e„wËK Ae`vb‡K we‡ePbvq Avb‡Z n‡e| GUv mZ¨ †h, wdKnÕi MÖš’¸‡jv‡Z
ûivqiv G Awfhv‡b AskMÖnY K‡iwQ‡jb| Gici Zuviv Lvqevi R‡qi ci imyj BwZnv‡mi g~j welq, g~j wel‡qi Av‡jvPbv, G¸‡jvi ˆeqvKiwYK we‡kølY I
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mvjvZ Avj LvIdÕi wewai e¨vcv‡i A‡bK Av‡jvPbv n‡qwQj| g~j e³e¨ †h, gynvwÏm I wdKnwe`‡`i Kvh©vejx ci¯ú‡ii cwic~iK| GLv‡b GK_vB
wba©viY‡K wfwË K‡iB e¨vcv‡iB G Av‡jvPbv¸‡jv n‡qwQj| ejv me‡P‡q mwVK n‡e †h, imyj mv.-Gi nvw`‡mi e¨vcv‡i gymwjg cwÐZMY
Iqvw` D¾ Zv‡q‡di bv‡gi †h GKwU cweÎ ¯’vb wQj Ggb †NvlYv evwZj‡K fvimvg¨c~Y© AvPiY K‡i‡Qb|
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†NvlYvwUi e¨vL¨v K‡iwQ‡jb| Kivi welqwU ¯úó cÖZxqgvb nq| G¸‡jv‡Z Zv‡`i GK Abb¨ mgv‡jvPbvg~jK
ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ) xiii xiv ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

gvbwmKZvi cwiPq cvIqv hvq| Av‡MKvi A‡bK BwZnvmwe` Ávb weÁv‡bi e¨w³ I mgv‡Ri MwZwewa G MÖ‡š’ Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| BwZnv‡mi MwZwewai
Ab¨vb¨ †¶‡Î Ae`vb ivL‡jI Gme BwZnvmwe‡`i g~j¨vq‡bi mgq Zv‡`i ˆewkó¨ I †cÖ¶vcU †Kvb †Kvb e¨w³ I Zv‡`i cÖfv‡ei MwZkxj Kg© ZrciZvi
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BwZnvmwe`‡`i we‡ePbvq mgq‡K Avgv‡`i wnmve Ki‡Z n‡e hv‡Z Zv‡`i‡K BwZnvm-L¨vZ exi‡`i NUbvejx‡K D‡c¶v Kiv hvq bv| †Kvb †Kvb e¨w³
Aeg~j¨vqb Kiv bv nq (Zv‡`i c~e©Kvi Ae`vb we‡ePbvq) A_©¨vr, Zv‡`i Zv‡`i wbR¯^ cÖwZfv, Kvh©¶gZvi Kvi‡Y mgy¾¡j| e¨w³i Gme ¸Yvejx Zv‡`i
c~‡e©Kvi| ü`q¯úkx© AvKx`vi Kvi‡YB m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| Zv‡`i AvKx`v Zv‡`i Kíbv kw³‡Z
Avgv‡`i‡K welqwU ¯úó K‡i fve‡Z n‡e †h, g~j wel‡qi ZvwË¡K Av‡jvPbv cwieZ©b G‡b w`‡q‡Q| G AvKx`v Avie mgvR I e¨w³i Rxe‡b weivU
†ewkifvM †¶‡Î kZvwãi cÖ_g w`‡K nvw`m MÖ‡š’i Av‡jvPbv Ges c×wZi cwieZ©b mvab K‡i| G AvKx`vi Kvi‡Y e¨w³i ¸YMv‡bi AwZevovevwo †_‡K
MÖš’vejx‡Z gy`viivR, gyqvjøvj, gyhZvwie, kv`vn, gybKvi, gvIh~ (†h cvwifvwlK `~‡i _vKv m¤¢e n‡q‡Q| imyj mv. wQ‡jb mKj exi‡`i g‡a¨ gnvexi| wZwb
kã¸wj †Kvb we‡kl nvw`‡mi gh©v`vi mv‡_ m¤ú„³ mb` Øviv I g~j wel‡qi wb‡RB Avjøvni wmR`vq iZ _vK‡Zb, Zuvi Avivabvq gMœ n‡Zb, mKj weR‡q
mgv‡jvPbvi mv‡_ RwoZ) Gi b¨vq kãvejx‡Z ch©v‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| mgm¨v Avjøvni ïKwiqv Av`vq Ki‡Zb|
n‡jv, HwZnvwmK eY©bv¸‡jv nvw`‡mi b¨vq †Zgbfv‡e cix¶v wbix¶v Kiv nq wb| wmiv‡Zi wKQy wKQy AvaywbK cÖvP¨ M‡elKM‡Yi M‡elYvq hyw³ LÐb Kivi wbwgË
BwZnvm eY©bvq imyj mv.-Gi A‡jŠwKK NUbvejx Ges Gi mv¶¨ cÖgvYvw` we‡klZ: †h AeZviYv K‡i‡Qb cvVKMY †Kvb cÖ‡Póvi cwiPq GLv‡b cv‡eb
Avgv‡`i‡K eY©bv Ki‡Z n‡e| A‡bK¸‡jv A‡jŠwKK Kg©KvÐB imyj mv.-Gi mg‡q bv| cÖv‡P¨i wmivZ cÖ‡YZvMY B”Qv K‡iB mxiv‡Zi g~j wel‡qi Ges
msNwUZ nq hw`I KziAvbB Zuvi mg‡qi wPišÍb A‡jŠwKK NUbv| NUbvmg~‡ni fyj e¨vL¨v Dc¯’vcb K‡i‡Qb| Aviwe fvlv Bmjvg wKsev Bmjvg
KziAv‡bi A‡jŠwKKZv‡K ¯^xKvi K‡i wb‡q Ab¨ †Kvb wKQyi A‡jŠwKKZv‡K I Bmjvwg AvBbmg~n Abyave‡b `~e©jZvi Kvi‡b GUv n‡q _vK‡Z cv‡i|
A¯^xKvi Kivi A_© n‡jv e¯‘ev`x I ag© wbi‡c¶ `k©‡bi Kv‡Q AvZ¥mgc©Y bv mxiv‡Zi Avmj GKwU wPÎ Dc¯’vcbB G MÖ‡š’i D‡Ïk¨| mxiv‡Zi Ici
Kiv| mwnn m~θ‡jvi gva¨‡g ZvB cÖgvwYZ n‡q‡Q| gymjgvb‡`i‡K M‡elYv Ki‡Z n‡j Gi K‡jei cy‡iv GKwU MÖ‡š’i welq n‡q hv‡e| c~‡e©K„Z
m¤ú~Y©fv‡e we‡`kx n¯Í‡¶cgy³ n‡q Aa¨qb Ki‡Z n‡e I wk¶vwelqK KvR¸‡jvi ms‡kva‡bi weiæ‡× Avwg ej‡ev bv Z‡e Gi Ici Ab¨ MÖš’¸‡jvi
M‡elYvi KvR Pvwj‡q †h‡Z n‡e| G MÖ‡š’ mwnn m~θ‡jvi gva¨‡g cÖgvwYZ ms‡kva‡bi welqwU GLv‡b m¤úbœ Kiv n‡q‡Q| Avgvi wek¦vm eo eo hyw³
A‡jŠwKK NUbv¸‡jv hvPvB Kiv n‡e| Dc¯’vc‡bi Av‡M Bmjv‡gi BwZnv‡mi cÖwZ AvMÖnUvB me© cÖ_g we‡eP¨ welq
G MÖ‡š’ AvBb kv¯¿ (Avj AvnKvg Avj wdKnq¨vn&) I G¸‡jv‡K AvBb wnmv‡e n‡Z n‡e|
MÖn‡Yi welqwU Av‡jvwPZ n‡q‡Q| Gi KviY wmivZ MÖ‡š’i BwZnvm eY©bv Ki‡Z Avgvi g‡bi Avmj B”QvUv G MÖ‡š’ cÖKvk Kiv hv‡e bv| BwZnvm welqK
†M‡j mv‡_ Gi weavwbK w`KwUi IciI Av‡jvPbv Ki‡Z n‡e| MÖ‡š’i ˆbwZK eY©bv¸‡jvi mgv‡jvPbvq gynvwÏmM‡Yi c×wZ AbymiY K‡i Gi gva¨‡g DcK…Z
I AvBb welqK Av‡jvPbvq weav‡bi welqwUI ¯úó Kiv `iKvi| Gi KviY nIqvi †Póv Kiv n‡e| G MÖ‡š’ mb` I eY©bvKvix‡`i e¨vcv‡i Av‡jvPbv Kiv
GwU e¨w³ I mgv‡Ri Av‡›`vjb‡K cwiPvwjZ K‡i| ˆbwZK I weavbMZ welq n‡e| †h c×wZ‡Z A‡bK eo cwim‡i eY©bv evQvB Kiv n‡q‡Q, Zv‡Z c~‡e©Kvi
n‡Z ivR‰bwZK I mvgwiK welq Avjv`v Kiv m¤¢e bq| we‡kl K‡i Bmjvwg wmivZ MÖš’ iPwqZv‡`i weei‡Yi welqwU GLv‡b Av‡jvPbv Kiv n‡q‡Q| GB
BwZnv‡mi cÖ_g w`‡K GUv †gv‡UI m¤¢e wQj bv| Gi KviY ZLb AvKx`v I M‡elYv Kg©wU cÖ_g w`‡Ki mgv‡jvPK‡`i mZ¨vqbK…Z weei‡Yi Ici wfwË
AvB‡bi welq¸‡jv mvgvwRK, A_©‰bwZK, ivR‰bwZK I mvgwiK m¤ú‡K©i mv‡_ K‡i cwiPvwjZ n‡q‡Q| Gi cÖavb D‡Ïk¨ wQj eY©bv g~j¨vq‡b Zviv †h c×wZ
ci¯úi A½vw½fv‡e Rwo‡q wQj | G¸‡jv GKwUi mv‡_ Av‡iKwU Ggbfv‡e cÖ‡qvM K‡iwQ‡jb Zv †_‡K fvj wKQy †ei K‡i DcK…Z nIqv| †h eY©bv¸‡jv
Rwo‡q wQj †h, IB mgq Bmjv‡gi †PZbv I bxwZ bv ey‡S BwZnv‡mi MwZwewa Zviv cix¶v wbix¶v K‡ib wb †m c×wZ¸‡jv †_‡KB DcK…Z nIqvi cÖwµqv
eySv wQj KóKi| Kiv n‡qwQj| Avgvi wek¦vm cvVKMY Gi †_‡K DcK…Z n‡eb Avi Gi gva¨‡g
mxiv‡Zi GKwU mvwe©K wPÎ cv‡eb|
ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ) xv xvi ivm~‡ji mv.-Gi hy‡M g`xbvi mgvR (2q LÐ)

ag© I ˆbwZK Av`‡k© wek¦vmx A‡bK¸‡jv eY©bv‡K ïaygvÎ `ye©j wfwËi Kvi‡Y Bmjvwg eyw×e„wËK RM‡Zi GB cðv`gywLZvi Kvi‡Y bZzb cÖRb¥ Zv‡`i
Avwg ev` w`‡qwQ| mwnn I nvmvb weei‡Yi wfwˇZ mxiv‡Zi HwZnvwmK AvwZ¥K mg„w×i Rb¨ cwðgv eyw×e„wËi Ici wbf©ikxj n‡q c‡o| Gfv‡e
†cÖ¶vc‡Ui GKwU mvgwóK wPÎ GLv‡b cvIqv hv‡e| Gi Rb¨ `ye©j nvw`‡mi kZvãxi ci kZvãx bZzb cÖRb¥ cÖvYnxb Roev‡` Avweó nq| G Roevw`Zv
Øvi¯’ n‡Z n‡e bv| AvjøvnfxiæZv †_‡K cÖRb¥‡K A‡bK `~‡i mwi‡q wb‡q †M‡Q, Ava¨vwZ¥K
`ye©j nvw`m¸‡jv‡K GLv‡b G‡Kev‡i ev` w`‡q †`qv n‡e bv| Avwg G g~j¨‡ev‡ai weiæ‡× hy×s‡`nx K‡i Zz‡j‡Q Ges eZ©gv‡b Zv‡`i‡K ag©wbi‡c¶
nvw`m¸‡jv‡K Bmjvwg ZË¡ I AvB‡bi (AvKx`v I kixqv) wePvi bv K‡iB MÖnY `k©‡b Avm³ K‡i Zzj‡Q| AvR‡Ki mvgvwRK I Ava¨vwZ¥K SzuwK hv cwðgv
K‡iwQ| gynvwÏmM‡Yi wba©vwiZ gv‡b Avwg hLb mwnn nvw`m cvBwb ZLbB mgvR Avgv‡`i gv‡S M‡o Zzj‡Q Zv Avi wKQyB bq, ag©wbi‡c¶Zvev‡`i †m
†Kej `ye©j nvw`m¸‡jv MÖn‡Y Zrci n‡qwQ| HwZnvwmK mgv‡jvPbvi wfwˇZ wele„¶B Zv‡K cyó K‡i Zzj‡Q| BD‡iv‡ci KzcÖfve †_‡K Avgv‡`i cÖRb¥‡K
G eY©bv¸‡jv‡K hvPvB evQvB Kiv n‡q‡Q| euvPv‡bvi Rb¨ Avgv‡`i eyw×RxexMY‡K GwM‡q Avm‡Z n‡e| eZ©gvb cÖRb¥‡K
evM`v` wek¦vwe`¨vj‡qi Kjv Abyl‡`i mœvZ‡KvËi wefvM Ges gw`bv Bmjvwg Avgiv Bmjvg Avi Bmjvwg `k©‡bi gva¨‡g i¶v Ki‡Z cvwi| Gi gva¨‡gB
wek¦we`¨vj‡q c‡bi erm‡iiI †ewk mgq a‡i wmivZ wel‡q Avwg wk¶v `vb e¯‘ev‡`i wec` †_‡K cÖRb¥‡K myi¶v m¤¢e|
K‡iwQ| wek¦we`¨vjq Qv·`i Rb¨ Avwg Avgvi †jLv eûevi ms‡kvab K‡iwQ| Avjøvni Kv‡Q Avgvi KvR¸‡jv‡K fvj KvR wn‡m‡e G Rxe‡b Ges g„Zz¨i
†jLv¸‡jvi †ewkifvMB cÖKvwkZ n‡q‡Q2| c‡iI Aweivg mydj jv‡fi Drm wn‡m‡e mePvB‡Z eo fimv Key‡ji Rb¨
Avkv Kwi, fwel¨‡Z G¸‡jv ms‡kvab K‡i cÖKvk Kiv n‡e| gw`bv †`vqv KiwQ e¯‘Z: AvjøvnB Avgv‡`i Avkv, Zuvi Kv‡QB Avgv‡`i me Avivabv|
wek¦we`¨vj‡qi QvÎQvÎx‡`i mœvZ‡KvËi I wcGBPwWi w_wmm †`Lvi ci Avwg Avgv‡`i Avivabv n‡jv: Avj nvg`ywjjøvwn ivweŸj Avjvwgb|
Avgvi mxiv‡Zi Ici †jLv Aa¨v‡qi ms‡kvab K‡iwQ| Avwg QvÎ-QvÎx‡`i‡K W. AvKivg wRqv Avj Dgix
mxiv‡Zi Ici cÖKvwkZ eY©bv¸‡jv‡K cix¶v-wbix¶v K‡i †`L‡Z e‡jwQ Ges gw`bv g‡bvqviv
gynvwÏmM‡Yi mgv‡jvPbvg~jK c×wZ Abymv‡i †m¸‡jv‡K hvPvB Ki‡Z e‡jwQ|
mxiv‡Zi me weei‡Yi †ejv‡ZB G wbqg cÖ‡qvM Kiv n‡q‡Q| nvw`m, BwZnvm,
RxebxMÖš’ I mvwn‡Z¨i MÖš’¸‡jv‡Z G c×wZi K_v D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| G me
cv`UxKv
wbqg Kvbyb Awfm›`‡f©i cuvP nvRv‡iiI †ewk c„ôvq ewY©Z n‡q‡Q|
1. ¸¯Ívf wjeb, Hadarat al Arab (The Civilization of the Arabs) p. 26
G Awfm›`f©¸‡jv Avgvi AwfÁZv‡K mg„× K‡i| Gi Rb¨ MZ Qq eQ‡i Avwg
2. They include: Awwal Dustur A’Lanahual Islam, Dirasah Kitabahu
wmivZ MÖš’¸‡jv Aa¨qb K‡iwQ| G¸‡jv‡K hvPvB evQvB Kivi KvR¸ K‡iwQ| (SAAS) bayna al Muhajirun waa l Ansar wa al Yahud fi al Madinah,
B‡Zvg‡a¨ Avgvi ZË¡veav‡b A‡bK¸‡jv Awfm›`f© cÖ¯‘Z n‡q‡Q| Avkv Kwi (The first constitution announced by Islam, a study of the Prophet’s
wmivZ †jLKMY AviI ¸iæZ¡c~Y© I we‡kølYg~jK M‡elYvi KvR Ki‡Z document between the Muhajirun, the Ansar and the Jews in
Madinah), published in Majallat Kuliyat al Imam al A’zam (the
cvi‡eb| eyw×RxexMY I G welqwUi Ici KvR Ki‡Z cv‡ib| bZzb cÖR‡b¥i magazine of the college of the Great Imam), 1972
Rb¨ mxiv‡Zi Dbœq‡b Ges cÖR‡b¥i Kj¨vY mva‡b eZ©gvb cÖhyw³i mv‡_ Zvj Ahl al Suffah, publ. in Majallat Kuliyat al Dirasat al Islamiyah (the
wgwj‡q Pj‡Z mxiv‡Zi Kvh©µg h‡_ó mnvqK f‚wgKv cvjb Ki‡Q| AvZ¥v Avi magazine of the College of Islamic Studies), 1968.
eyw×e„wË ØvivB gvby‡li ˆewkó¨ dz‡U D‡V hv aviYv Øviv cwicyó nq †hgb Lv`¨ Musa ibn ‘Uqbah, one of the early pioneers of Majallat Kuliyat al
gvby‡li †`nveqe‡K cwicyó K‡i| GwU Qvov AvMvgxi gvbyl n‡e AvZ¥v wenxb Dirasat al Islamiyah, 1967.
†`n me©¯^ gvbyl| Nazrah fi Masadir wa Dirasat al Sirah al Nabawiyyah, (A Glimpse at
the Sources and Study of al Sirah al Nabawiyyah), publ. in Majallat
Kuliyat al Dirasat al Islamiyah, 1970.