College Success Guide | Study Skills | Grading (Education)

study groups

Students who study together own succeed at a level higher than those who study alone...IF the study group focuses on learning. Try using this handout when you are setting up a study group to ensure greater success!

freshman success guide

fun fact

Whether it’s an internship at Stuff Magazine in New York or one for the Seoul Broadcasting System in Seoul South Korea, Iowa State students literally have a

Making the most of your study group
 Making the most of your study group  Include only students who are fully willing to participate  Keep the group small (3-6 students is most effective)  Plan to meet regularly—not just before exams  Find a good location (classroom, meeting room at library, etc.) with helpful resources such a chalkboards and moveable furniture  Hold each member accountable to prepare for study sessions ahead of time (assign each person to review certain material to teach)  Make a list of questions your group has and meet with instructor for clarification  Review of what you have learned at conclusion of study session  end of each study group, determine what you will review next session At and assign each member a specific task to complete

world of possibilities at their
disposal. Our students’ adventures in interning have lead them out of the classroom and into some of the coolest businesses and locations around the world.

6

a letter from the president

Welcome!
Dear New Iowa State University Students: We are delighted that you have chosen to attend Iowa State University and become a part of our university community and family! This is a great place to spend your college years, and I hope you will take advantage of the many learning opportunitives, activities and helpful services that Iowa State offers. Your success at Iowa State is our highest priority. It is especially important to get off to a good start at the beginning of your freshman year. Making the transition from high school to a university is a big step, and one that can be challenging at times. The sooner you become actively involved in the life of the university and get connected with others, the smoother and more enjoyable that transition will be.

Iowa State has many services, staffed by top professional staff, to help with this transition. Many of these services are in the Dean of Students Office, providing help with time management, study habits, coursework, stress, relationships, and other areas. This new resource, the Freshman Guide to College Success, organizes and describes these services, and literally puts them at your fingertips. I want to thank student Ankit Patel, who compiled this excellent resource for a class project. Keep this resource handy, and refer to it often. It will help you connect with people at Iowa State, and that’s the best way to begin your path to success at Iowa State! Have a great year! Sincerely,

Gregory L. Geoffroy President

CONTENTS
Inside Cover 1 2 9 11 12 13 14 15 | | | | | | | | | Letter From The President ABOUT the Guide Study Skills Time Management Listening & Note-Taking Reading Writing Test Preparation Suggested Readings


In you happen to lose this guide or don’t have it handy, a electronic copy is will be made available through the Academic Success Center webpage

About The Guide

SUCCESS
F
reshmen Success Guide was created with a intention to aid new students in their transition from high school to college. If you need to know where to find academic resources or want a quick reference to effective study skills, you’re got the right guide. However, note that this guide should not be a substitute to seeking help from an academic advisor or couselor. If you are struggling in a course or just need some counseling, get in touch with an advisor within your college as soon as possible. It is important that you get help right away because unlike you are use to, courses in college move by fast! Time management is a skill that will need to be mastered quickly in order to get the most of your Iowa State experience. There are many tips and tricks contained within this guide to help you realize the hazards that can lead to certain academic problems and what you can do to prevent it. Keep them in mind and you will be off to a great start!

`,,

It will be a challenging year, but one that will present you will many opportunities. Seize them as they come!

www.dso.iastate .edu/asc

et involved! Have f un! dy hard! G Stu

1

study groups High SChOOl vS. COllEgE
Students who study together own succeed at a level higher than those who study alone...IF the study group focuses on learning. Try using this handout when ... INyou are setting up a study group to ensure greater success! HIGH SCHOOL ... IN COLLEGE
PERSONAL FREEDOM High School is mandatory and free (unless you choose other options). Your time is usually structured by others (parents and/or teachers). You need permission to participate in co-curricular activities. You need money for special purchases or events. You can depend on your parents and teachers to remind you of your responsibilities and help you set priorities. All correspondence is addressed to your parents. They read it and tell you what you need to know. Guiding Principle: You will usually be told what your responsibilities are and corrected if your behavior is out of line. College is voluntary and expensive. You manage your own time. You must decide whether to participate in co-curricular activities. You need money to pay for basic necessities. You will be faced with many moral and ethical decisions you have not previously had to face. Youmust Whether it’s an internship balance your responsibilites and set priorities. All correspondence will beat Stuff Magazine in New addressed to you. You must read all your mail, as you will be responYork or one for the Seoul sible for its content. Guiding Principle: You are now responsible for what Broadcasting System in you do and what you don’t do, as well as for the Seoul consequences of your decisions. South Korea, Iowa

fun fact

CLASSES have a Every day you proceedthe most class directly to group often have hours between classes; class times You Making from one of your study another. vary throughout the day and evening. at their You spend 6 hours a day-30 hours per week-in class. You spend 12 to 16 hours each week in class. disposal. Our students’ The The academic year is divided into two separate 14 school year is 26 weeks long; some classes exMaking the most of your study group tend week  over both semesters and some do not. to participate semesters, plus a week after each semester for Include only students who are fully willing adventures in interning  Keep the group small (3-6 students is most effective) exams. have lead them out of  Plan to meet regularly—not just for you. Most of your classes are arranged before exams You arrange your own schedule in consultation withthe  Find a good location (classroom, meeting room at library, etc.) with adviser. Schedules may seem lighter your academic classroom and into some of helpful resources such a chalkboards and moveable furniture are. than they  Hold each member accountable to prepare for study sessions ahead ofmay not formally take attendance and Teachers carefully monitor attendance. Some professors the coolest businesses time (assign each person to review certain material to(most will), but they are still likely to know whether teach) locations around the world.  Make a list of questions your group has and meet with instructorattend. or not you for clarification Classes generally have no more than 35. Some classes may have 75-100 students.  Review of what you have learned at conclusion of study session You are of each study textbooks at little or no exYou must budget substancial money for textbooks  end provided with group, determine what you will review next session At pense. and assign each member a specific task to complete that usually will cost more than $200 per semester.

world of possibilities

State students literally

STUDY SKILLS

2 6

“Procrastination is the fear of success. People procrastinate because they are afraid of the success that they know will result if they move ahead now. Because success is heavy, carries a responsibility 4. “But I Specific About Each”Piece of Work. Make your steps specific and your 4. Be like to study in bed. STUDYING goals realistic (Don’t promise yourself that you will pages with it, itoutside of class as little asRecall2ismore realistic goal).study at least 2 to 3 get 10outsidedone if you is Context. 0 to a better when study Make Lists of Things to Be Done. Keep your as You may study You need to context (physical location, as wellof menhours know 5 is tal, emotional, and check thingsevery similar to the test context.to cross somehours week, and this class list handy and physical for off ashour do class. Being able The you in them. much aeasier to may be mostly last-minuteinspire youstate) areand thething setting, the greatergreater the similarity between the study setting the likelipreparation. thing off will to do another test on your list. hood that material You often need to read or You will be review during the and text procrastinate need hear presentations only studied need torecalled class notes test.they material ways 5. Avoid Distractions.regularly. Think about really just once to learn all you to know. going to stay up all night untilyour distractions. Are 5. “I’m delaying yourself from studying further? Identify when and for how long I get this.” You are expected to read amounts of reading and live on and oftenshort assignments take your studyare assignedmayoftenit!when studying. Before a test, the re-taught,ofmentalthat are YouTake shortandsubstantial directly addressed in you will breaks, stick to Avoidin class. exhaustion. writing that breaks not be then discussed, and haveReassess Your Goals. Do you have a habit of dismissingbefore you goprofesclass. 6. a rested mind. When you take a study break, and just your classes, to “someday I’ll” sleep at night,even entire areas of study by saying and unwind, mentallyso, try don’t think about academics. Relax they are irrelevant? If and sors, in class Guiding Principle: You will usually be toldand Guiding Principle: It’s up to you to read and underphysically. Otherwise, your break won’t refresh you, and yourself that each class find yourself to motivate yourself for those classes by reminding you’lland assign- lyphilosophy.”to learn from ing awakereadings. It’s more important careerever to take care of yourself before what you needed assigned stand the assigned material. Lectures at brings you passnight. you closer to your than goals.
3 5

You are not responsible for knowing what it takes to Graduation requirements are complex and differ by graduate. major. Get and keep a copy of the Undergraduate Buttetin in effect when you matriculate (become a fully accepted student). It spells out the requirements that apply to you. TEACHERS Can you put Teachers check your completed homework. this off any longer? NOPE! You check completed home- keep Professors may not always made it this far...now going. Determine why you even collect it, but theyand assume you can work or are procrastinating, will use the following advices perform the same tasks on tests. to develop strategies for succeeding! Teachers remind you of your incomplete work. Professors may not remind you of incomplete work. Teachers approach you if they believe you need help Professors are usually open and helpful, but most People procrastinate for all sorts of reasons. Which of the below are reasons that or tutoring. expect you to ask for help or tutoring. you procrastinate? Teachers are often available for conversation before, Professors want and expect you to attend their during, or after class. scheduled 1. “I don’t know where to begin.” office hours. Teachers have been trained in teaching methods to that a project is too trained intackle” in their parProfessors have been huge to experts “I a list Take control. Makefeel of all the things you have to do. Break your workload assist imparting knowledge. ticular area of seems too difficult” “The assignmentspecialization. down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use Teachers provide you with information you missed enough time slot you to getto complete theany hours in between classes to review notes. Interrupt from time with project” “I do not have a big Professors expect in which study classmatesplanned when you were absent. notes early, with study breaks. Begin studying from classes you missed. per day, and slowly “The work doesn’tan hour or two seem relevant” Teachers present material to help you understandapproaches. may not follow the textbook. Instead, Professors build as the exam the material in the textbook. they may give illustrations, provide background 2. “I’ve got so much to study…and so little time.” information, or discuss research about the topic you are studying. Or, they may expect you to relate the Survey your syllabus, reading material, and notes.you procrastinate, identify 1. Once you have determined the reasons that Identify the most important topics emphasized andclasses to the textbook readings.a grasp of yet and conthe topics you don’t need to implement to conquer the which of the following suggestions you quite have Teachers often write information onbeast! those.be remember, may lecture is not a substitute for reading. the on board to But Professors previewing nonstop, expecting you to centrate copied into your notes.` identify the important points in your notes. When 3. “This stuff is so dry, I Ask yourself what is the board ityou from action. What can’t even stay awake reading it.” 2. Pinpoint the Fear. professors write on preventing may be to amplify is it that you fear? Determine ifnot tofear is irrationalGood notes,If you fear the lecture, your summarize it. or illogical. and, Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is failure as a student, you can build your confidence a must. by honing your therefore, good attendence, are in school important skills and getting extra assistance Take noteswhen you need it. to remember about this section?” in courses or underline key constudy Teachers often take time to remind you of assign- material with others in you to read, save,together. Stay on the Professors expect your class. Study and consult cepts. Discuss the ments and due dates. the course that Manageable interesting, try to do offensive,the Projectwith material Moreyou(outline); the syllabus spells out the 3. Slice especially Into Smaller, syllabus don’t findPieces. Don’trather than exactly in the expected Remember, not due, and reading passively andonce. Getimportant points. of you,the first few parts of a whole project at missing what ishabit of dividing when it’s everything can how be interesting to such small steps that you can’t possible justify not doing it. project into everybody!you will be graded.

procr astination

C H A L L E N G E

ments are based on the assumption that you have an exam. Eat well, sleep, and get enough exercise. done this.

STUDY SKILLS

TESTS Testing is frequent and usually covers small amounts Testing is usually infrequent and may be cumulative, of material. covering large amounts of material. You, not the professor, need to organize the material to prepare for the test. A particular course may only have 2 or 3 tests in a semester. Students who study together own succeed at a level are seldom an those who study you Makeup tests are often available. Makeup tests higher than option; if they are, alone...IF the study group focuses on must request one. learning. Try using this handout when you are setting up avoid Teachers frequently rearrange test dates to a study group to ensure greater success! schedule tests Professors in different courses usually conflict with school events. without regard to the demands of other courses or outside activities. Teachers frequently conduct review sessions, point- Professors rarely offer review sessions, and when ing out the most important concepts. they do, they expect you to be an active participant, one who comes prepared with questions. Mastery is usually seen as the ability to reproduce Mastery is often seen as the ability to apply what you’ve learned to new situations or to solve new what you were taught in the form in which it was presented to you, or to solve the kinds of problems kinds of problems. you were shown how to solve. GRADES Grades are given for most assigned work. Consistently good homework grades may help raise your overall grade when test grades are low. Extra credit projects are often available to help you raise your grade. Initial test grades, especially when they are low, may not have an adverse effect on your final grade.

study groups

fun fact

Grades may not be provided for all assigned work. at Stuff Magazine in Grades on tests and major papers usually provide New most of the course grade. York or one for the Seoul Extra credit projects, generally speaking, cannot be used to raise a grade in a college course. System in Broadcasting Watch out for your first tests. These are usually Seoul South Korea, Iowa “wake-up calls” to let you know what is expectedbut they also may account for a substantial part of State students literally your course grade. have a You may graduate as long asmost of your study group may graduate only if your average in classes You Making the you have passed all required courses with a grade of D or higher. meets the standard for your major. Most majors deat partments require a student to maintain a 2.25 GPA their in the major and a 2.0 cumulative average. students’ disposal. Our  Making the most of your study group Guiding Principle: “Effort counts.” Guided Principle: “Results count.”  Include only students who are fully willing to participate adventures regard to Courses the group small (3-6 students is most effective) Though “good faith effort” is important inin interning  Keep are usually structured to reward a “good faith to meet regularly—not just before exams the professor’s willingness to helpleadachievegood the have you them out of  effort.” Plan results, in with  Find a good location (classroom, meeting room at library, etc.)the grading process, it will not substiclassroom and into some of helpful resources such a chalkboards and moveabletute for results. furniture

Whether it’s an internship

world of possibilities

 Hold each member accountable to prepare for study sessions ahead of time (assign each person to review certain material to teach)  Make a list of questions your group has and meet with instructor for clarification  Review of what you have learned at conclusion of study session  end of each study group, determine what you will review next session At and assign Southern Methodist University’s web page *Adapted fromeach member a specific task to complete

the coolest businesses and locations around the world.

STUDY SKILLS

4 6

“Procrastination is the fear of success. People DiD you know...? procrastinate because they over 1700 isu are afraid of students the success that receive a tutor eachknow will they semester. result if they move ahead now. Because success is heavy, things The threecarries athat are most responsibility with it, itto essential is much easier to achievement are procrastinate common sense, and work the hardlive onand “someday I’ll” stick-to-it-iv-ness. philosophy.”
5

5 Traps and How procr astination to ESCAPE THEM!
apathetic traps. We encourage you to check your attitude, and do something to get yourself back on track! People procrastinate for all sorts of reasons. Which of the below are reasons that
you procrastinate? 1. “I don’t know where to begin.”

C K H N A O L W L “E L E N D G G E ” E”

Can you put this off any longer? NOPE! You made it this far...now keep going. Determine why you are procrastinating, and use the following Some students inhibitto develop strategies for succeeding! advices their own success by maintaining

“I a list of all project is too huge to tackle” Take control. Makefeel that a the things you have to do. Break your workload “The assignment seems too difficult” down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use hours in between classes to review notes. Interrupt study time with planned “I do not have a big enough time slot in which to complete the project” study breaks. Begin studying early, with an hour or two per day, and slowly “The work doesn’t seem relevant” build as the exam approaches.
2. “I’ve got so much to study…and so little time.” Survey your syllabus, reading material, and notes.you procrastinate, identify 1. Once you have determined the reasons that Identify the most important topics emphasized and the suggestions you quite have a grasp of yet and conwhich of the following topics you don’t need to implement to conquer the centrate on those. But remember, previewing is not a substitute for reading. beast! 3. “This stuff is so dry, I Ask yourself what is preventing you from action. What 2. Pinpoint the Fear. can’t even stay awake reading it.” is it that you fear? Determine if your fear is irrational or illogical. If you fear Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is failure as a student, you can build your confidence in school by honing your important skills and getting extra assistance Take noteswhen you need it. study to remember about this section?” in courses or underline key concepts. Discuss the material with others in your class. Study together. Stay on the offensive,the Projectwith material Moreyou don’t findPieces. Don’trather than 3. Slice especially Into Smaller, that Manageable interesting, try to do the reading passively andonce. Getimportant points. Remember, not everythinga whole project at missing in the habit of dividing the first few parts of can be interesting to such small steps that you can’t possible justify not doing it. project into everybody! 4. “But I Specific About Each”Piece of Work. Make your steps specific and your 4. Be like to study in bed. goals realistic (Don’t promise yourself that you will get 10 pages done if you Context. Recallais better when goal). Make Lists of Things to Be Done. Keep your know 5 is more realistic study context (physical location, as well as mental, emotional, and check things off assimilar to the test context.to cross somelist handy and physical state) are you do them. Being able The greater the similarity between the study setting and the test setting, the greater the likelithing off will inspire you to do another thing on your list. hood that material studied will be recalled during the test. 5. Avoid Distractions. Think about your distractions. Are they really just ways 5. “I’m going to stay up all night until I get this.” Identify when and for how long of delaying yourself from studying further? you will take your study breaks, and stick to it! Avoid mental exhaustion. Take short breaks often when studying. Before a test, haveReassess Your Goals. Do you have a habit of dismissingbefore you goprofes6. a rested mind. When you take a study break, and just your classes, to sleep at night,even entire areas of study by saying and unwind, mentallyso, try sors, and don’t think about academics. Relax they are irrelevant? If and physically. Otherwise, your break won’t refresh you, and yourself that each class to motivate yourself for those classes by reminding you’ll find yourself lying awake at night. It’s more important career goals. take care of yourself before you pass brings you closer to your than ever to an exam. Eat well, sleep, and get enough exercise.

STUDY SKILLS

study groups Controlling your environment!
Students who study together own succeed at a level higher than those who study alone...IF the study group focuses on learning. Try using this handout when you are setting up a study group to ensure greater success!

Are you trying to find a way to improve your study space and use of the space? Try these strategies!
 aside a fixed place only for studying. Set  When you are going to study, try to study in the same place each time. After a while, study becomes the appropriate behavior in that particular environment. Then, whenever you sit down in that particular place, you’ll feel like going right to work.  Before you begin an assignment, write down on a sheet of paper the time you expect to finish. Doing this may put just the slightest bit of pressure on you, enough so that your study behavior will become instantly more efficient.  Strengthen your ability to concentrate by selecting a social symbol that is related to study.  Select one particular article of clothing, like a scarf or hat, or a new little figurine. Just before you start to study, put on the piece of clothing or set the figurine on your desk. Use this item only for studying. If your ` item gets associated with anything elsestudy group Making the most of your besides studying, like daydreaming, get a new one. This item will be a regular ritual that will help you get down to work, plus it will cue others that you are studying and shouldn’t be disturbed.  Making the most of your study group   If youronly students who areup and don’tto participatebooks. Include mind wanders, stand fully willing look at your  Keep the group small (3-6 students is most effective)  to sit at regularly—not just before exams  Don’t meet your desk staring into a book, mumbling about your poor Plan will power. If you do, your book becomes associated with daydream Find a good location (classroom, meeting room at library, etc.) with ing and guilt. If you must daydream, and we all do it occasionally, stand helpful resources such a chalkboards and moveable furniture up, but don’t leave the room. Continue your daydream and then when  Hold each member accountable to prepare for study sessions ahead of you’re ready to study, sit back down and resume studying. time (assign each person to review certain material to teach)  Certain behavior is usually habitual at and meet with instructorIf you can Make  a list of questions your group has certain times of the day. for clarification make studying – or at least some of your studying – habitual, it will be  a lot easier to start. Andlearned at conclusion of study session time, you Review of what you have if the behavior is started at a habitual  will findeach it is easier to get going without daydreaming.next session At end of that study group, determine what you will review and assign each member a specific task to complete

choosing fun fact a major...
Whether it’s know exactly Whether youan internship at Stuff Magazine in New what major you want to York or one for theyou need pursue or still feel Seoul Broadcasting System in to explore, Iowa State Seoul South Korea, Iowa University has over State students literally majors for you to choose have a from.

100

world of possibilities at their
disposal. Our students’ that So, if it just so happens adventures in interning the major you’re pursuing have lead to notout your turns out them be of the classroom and into some of thing, you’ve got the coolest businesses and others to choose from. locationsmajor, another Another around the world. potential adventure waiting for you to explore.

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STUDY SKILLS

6

procr astination procr astination
“Procrastination Procrastination is is the fear of the fear of success. success. People People procrasprocrastinate tinate because because they they are afraid are afraid of of the success the success that that they know they know will will result if they result if they move ahead now. move ahead now. Because success Because success is heavy, carries is heavy, carries a responsibility a responsibility with it, it is with it, it is much easier to much easier to procrastinate procrastinate and live on the and live on the “someday I’ll” “someday I’ll” philosophy. philosophy.”
7 5

C H A L L E N G E

Can you put this off any longer? NOPE! You made it this far...now keep going. Determine why you are procrastinating, and use the following advices to develop strategies for succeeding!
People procrastinate for all sorts of reasons. Which of the below are reasons that you procrastinate? 1. “I don’t know where to begin.”

“I a list of all project is too huge to tackle” Take control. Makefeel that a the things you have to do. Break your workload “The assignment seems too difficult” down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use hours in between classes to review notes. Interrupt study time with planned “I do not have a big enough time slot in which to complete the project” study breaks. Begin studying early, with an hour or two per day, and slowly “The work doesn’t seem relevant” build as the exam approaches.
2. “I’ve got so much to study…and so little time.” Survey your syllabus, reading material, and notes.you procrastinate, identify 1. Once you have determined the reasons that Identify the most important topics emphasized and the suggestions you quite have a grasp of yet and conwhich of the following topics you don’t need to implement to conquer the centrate on those. But remember, previewing is not a substitute for reading. beast! 3. “This stuff is so dry, I Ask yourself what is preventing you from action. What 2. Pinpoint the Fear. can’t even stay awake reading it.” is it that you fear? Determine if your fear is irrational or illogical. If you fear Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is failure as a student, you can build your confidence in school by honing your important skills and getting extra assistance Take noteswhen you need it. study to remember about this section?” in courses or underline key concepts. Discuss the material with others in your class. Study together. Stay on the offensive,the Projectwith material Moreyou don’t findPieces. Don’trather than 3. Slice especially Into Smaller, that Manageable interesting, try to do the reading passively andonce. Getimportant points. Remember, not everythinga whole project at missing in the habit of dividing the first few parts of can be interesting to such small steps that you can’t possible justify not doing it. project into everybody! 4. “But I Specific About Each”Piece of Work. Make your steps specific and your 4. Be like to study in bed. goals realistic (Don’t promise yourself that you will get 10 pages done if you Context. Recallais better when goal). Make Lists of Things to Be Done. Keep your know 5 is more realistic study context (physical location, as well as mental, emotional, and check things off assimilar to the test context.to cross somelist handy and physical state) are you do them. Being able The greater the similarity between the study setting and the test setting, the greater the likelithing off will inspire you to do another thing on your list. hood that material studied will be recalled during the test. 5. Avoid Distractions. Think about your distractions. Are they really just ways 5. “I’m going to stay up all night until I get this.” Identify when and for how long of delaying yourself from studying further? you will take your study breaks, and stick to it! Avoid mental exhaustion. Take short breaks often when studying. Before a test, haveReassess Your Goals. Do you have a habit of dismissingbefore you goprofes6. a rested mind. When you take a study break, and just your classes, to sleep at night,even entire areas of study by saying and unwind, mentallyso, try sors, and don’t think about academics. Relax they are irrelevant? If and physically. Otherwise, your break won’t refresh you, and yourself that each class to motivate yourself for those classes by reminding you’ll find yourself lying awake at night. It’s more important career goals. take care of yourself before you pass brings you closer to your than ever to an exam. Eat well, sleep, and get enough exercise.

STUDY SKILLS

study groups
Students who study together own succeed at a level higher than those who study alone...IF the study group focuses on learning. Try using this handout when you are setting up a study group to ensure greater success!

fun fact
Whether it’s an internship at Stuff Magazine in New York or one for the Seoul Broadcasting System in Seoul South Korea, Iowa State students literally have a

Making the most of your study group
 Making the most of your study group  Include only students who are fully willing to participate  Keep the group small (3-6 students is most effective)  Plan to meet regularly—not just before exams  Find a good location (classroom, meeting room at library, etc.) with helpful resources such a chalkboards and moveable furniture  Hold each member accountable to prepare for study sessions ahead of time (assign each person to review certain material to teach)  Make a list of questions your group has and meet with instructor for clarification  Review of what you have learned at conclusion of study session  end of each study group, determine what you will review next session At and assign each member a specific task to complete

world of possibilities at their
disposal. Our students’ adventures in interning have lead them out of the classroom and into some of the coolest businesses and locations around the world.

For more study skills resources, head over to http://www.dso.iastate.edu/asc/academic/study.html

8 6

scheduling

You can do so much in 10 minutes’ time. Ten minutes, once gone, are gone for good.. Divide your life into 10-minute units and sacrifice as few of them as possible in meaningless activity

A “D V E N T U R E”

What are you willing to give up temporarily in order to be a successful college student? Learn to complete tasks in less time and make use of time that was previously wasted.

1. “I don’t knowinciples Pr where to begin.”

of Scheduling

Take control. Make a list of all the things you have to do. Break your workload  Make use of daylight hours. Research shows that each hour used down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use for between classes to review notes. Interrupt study time night. hours instudy during the day is equal to one and a half hours atwith planned study breaks. Begin studying early, with an hour or two per day, and slowly build as the exam approaches.  Study immediately after lecture classes. Retention and understanding are enhanced so little time.” 2. “I’ve got so much to study…andby studying right after class. You will be able to complete your assignments faster and more efficiently because you don’t Survey your syllabus, your concentration notes. Identify the most important have to re-focus reading material, and topics emphasized and the topics you don’t quite have a grasp of yet and concentrate on those. But remember, previewing is not a substitute for reading.  Study at the same time every day. A student should have 3. “This stuffhoursdry, Iaside for studying that are treated the same as class. certain is so set can’t even stay awake reading it.” Having the same study time five days a week will soon become habit and Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is therefore easier to follow. important to remember about this section?” Take notes or underline key concepts. Discuss the material with others in your class. Study together. Stay on the offensive, especially with material study. The rule ofinteresting, rather than  enough time to that you don’t find thumb that you should Plan reading passively andfor every importantare in class is only a guide. Adjust ascan study two hours missing hour you points. Remember, not everything be interesting to everybody! necessary. 4. “But I like to study in bed.”

 activities according to priorities. By putting first things List Context. Recall is better when study context (physical location, as well as menfirst, you will get the most important things done on time. tal, emotional, and physical state) are similar to the test context. The greater the similarity between the study setting and the test setting, the greater the likeli Leave unscheduled time for flexibility. hood that material studied will be recalled during the test.Packing your schedule with too many details will almost assure your failure. Lack of flexibility is the 5. “I’m going to stay up students until I follow schedules. major reason why all night don’t get this.”
Avoid mental exhaustion. Take short breaks often when studying. Before a test, haveAnalyze your use of time. One cause of getting behind in college a  rested mind. When you take a study break, and just before you go to sleep at night, don’t think of short periods ofRelax andkeeping amentally and is failure to make use about academics. time. By unwind, time log, you physically. Otherwise, your break won’t refresh you, and you’ll find yourself lycan see where you are currently wasting time. ing awake at night. It’s more important than ever to take care of yourself before an exam. Eat well, sleep, and get enough exercise.

9

TIME MANAGEMENT

7 Char acteristics of study groups Effective Planners
These are not secrets...use this following guidelines to understand how the best students make the most of their time!

1. They break projects into realistic tasks with manageable deadlines. They establish steps that will lead them
toward the completion of complicated projects, generate realistic deadlines, and work to meet these deadlines.

campus artwork

2. They operate in two time horizons.

They utilize an assortment of short term and long term planning aids. They use calendars and have daily objectives to move them toward the completion of multiple tasks and they continually review long term goals so they don’t “lose sight of the forest for the trees.

3. They begin projects early. Starting early on task

gives people the opportunity to gather information, ruminate over the matter, collaborate with others for assistance, and modify plans for convenience or effectiveness.

Iowa State University is home to one of the

4. They seek advice from others. They eagerly accept

input from anyone in a position to assist them or offer them information.

largest campus

public art programs in the United States. Over

5. They delegate whenever possible. Effective planners

2000

delegate tasks to those they can trust to get things done and inform people involved as much in advance as possible about any role they may have in the activity to allow them time to plan ahead as well.

400 by significant national
and international artists, are located across campus in buildings, courtyards, open spaces and offices.

works of public art, including

6. They have a plan “B.” They remain flexible and persistent, 7. They realize that “No” is sometimes the appropriate response to a request. An effective planner has

anticipate obstacles, are proactive rather than reactive, and thus can shift to other plans to ensure that the overall goal is accomplished.

the ability to say, “I will get back to you on that, let me think about it overnight” or “No, I cannot do that” if there is uncertainty about whether or not the request can be fulfilled.

time management

10

completely, attentively, then you are listening not only to the words, but also to the feeling of what is being conveyed, to the whole of it, not part of it.

T A “ K you So when are listening E to somebody,

effective listening & note-taking
Note-taking enhances your thinking and listening, but you cannot write as fast as you think. Keep these strategies in mind to maximize your note-taking to capture most of what you hear in class
You can think about 4 TIMES FASTER than a lecturer can speak. Effective LISTENING requires the expenditure of energy; to compensate for the rate of presentation, you have to actively intenddon’t know where to begin.” 1. “I to listen. NOTE-TAKING is one way to enhance listening, and using a systematic approach to the taking and reviewing of your notes can add immeasurably to your understanding and remembering the content of lectures. to do. Break your workload Take control. Make a list of all the things you have

down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use hours in between classes to review notes. Interrupt study time with planned Before breaks. Begin studying early, with an hour or two per day, and slowly study Class  as the exam approaches. build Develop a mind-set geared toward listening. 2.  Skim relevant reading assignments to acquaint ” “I’ve got so much to study…and so little time.yourself with main ideas.
 Test yourself over the previous lecture while waiting for the next one to begin.

C O N T R O” L

Survey your center of the room, material, and notes. Identify the most important and/or syllabus, reading & focus your attention on the speaker. topics emphasized and the topics you don’t quite have a grasp of yet and con INTEND TO LISTEN. centrate on those. But remember, previewing is not a substitute for reading.

 Enhance your physical and mental alertness: eat a snack before class, sit in the front

During Classis so dry, I can’t even stay awake reading it.” 3. “This stuff

 Resist distractions, emotional reactions or boredom.  Pay attention to the speaker for verbal, postural, and visual clues to what’s Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is important. important to remember about this section?” Take notes or underline key con When possible, translate the lecture into your own words, but if you can’t, don’t let cepts. Discuss the material with others in your class. Study together. Stay on the it worry you into inattention! offensive, especially with material that you don’t find interesting, rather than  Be consistent in your use of form, abbreviation, etc. reading passively and missing important points. Remember, not everything can  Ask questions if you don’t understand.

be interesting to everybody!

After Class to study in bed.” 4. “But I like

Context. Recall is better when study context (physical location, as well as menclassmates.  Fill in missing points or misunderstood terms from test context. The greater the tal, emotional, and physical state) are similar to the text or other sources.  Edit between labeling main points, adding recall clues the greater to likelisimilarity your notes,the study setting and the test setting,and questionsthebe hood answered. that material studied will be recalled during the test. 5.  Make note stay upideas and reflections, this.” them separate from those of the “I’m going to of your all night until I get keeping Avoid mental exhaustion. Take short breaks often when studying. Before a test, have a rested Periodically mind. When you take a study break, and just before you go to sleep Review your notes: glance at your recall clues andand how muchmentallyremember  at night, don’t think about academics. Relax see unwind, you can and physically. Otherwise, your break won’t refresh you, and you’ll find yourself lybefore rereading the notes. ing awakefor night. It’s more important than ever tomethods ofof yourself before  Look at the emergence of themes, main concepts, take care presentation over an exam.course of several and get enough exercise. the Eat well, sleep, lectures.
 Make up and answer possible test questions. speaker.  Key points in the notes can be highlighted with different colors of ink.

 Clear up any questions raised by the lecture by asking either the teacher or

11

listening & notetaking

effective reading study groups
Have you ever read for awhile, and caught yourself wondering why you have no idea what you just read? Use the strategy presented below to help keep yourself engaged in what you are reading!

veishea

Goals
 Understand the material  number of pages Set  Time dedicated reading  Focus on one thing

VEISHEA is an annual week long

Time and Space
 Distraction free  Options – Lounge, library, empty classroom

celebration held
each spring. The celebration features an annual parade and many open-house demonstrations of the university facilities and departments. In addition, VEISHEA brings speakers, lecturers, and entertainers to Iowa State. VEISHEA is the

Steps to effective Reading
1. Overview 2. Read portion of assignment, 3 to 4 pages 3. Mark section read a. Underline b. Write terms in your own words c. Write down any questions 4. Write or recite a. Write notes and/or speak what learned from section 5. Repeat Steps 2, 3 and 4 for next 3-4 pages 6. Review periodically

largest student

run festival in the nation!

READING

12

three steps to better writing
Come to the Writing and Media Help Center to get individual help and specific resources from the Iowa State University Writing and Media Help Center!

When one door closes another opens. But often we look so long so regretfully upon the closed door that we fail to see the one that has opened for us.

I “N S P I R E”

1. Prewrite for ideas (85% of time spent)
1. “I don’ta. Freewriting is a good starting point and one way to deal with writer’s know where to begin.” block. Don’t worry about spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Write for Take control. Make a list of all the things you have to do. Break your workload at least five to seven minutes. down into manageable chunks. Prioritize! Schedule your time realistically. Use b. Make lists or outlines of what you may decide to say. hours in between classes to review notes. Interrupt study time with planned c. This is a time to compare ideas and question things that seem study breaks. Begin studying early, with an hour or two per day, and slowly illogical. build as the exam approaches. d. Find a topic. Is it appropriate? Too narrow? Too broad? Test your topic 2. “I’ve got soby completing the following sentence: “The purpose of this paper is to much to study…and so little time.” convince my instructor that…”If the completed sentence is clear and Survey your syllabus,is doable, the topic is probably right. the most important the task reading material, and notes. Identify topics emphasized and the topics you don’t quite have a grasp of yet and concentrate on those. But remember, previewing is not a substitute for reading. 3. “This stuff is so dry, I can’t even stay awake reading it.” e. Write in larger chunks, building your paper around your topic, and Attack! Get actively involved with the text as you read. Ask yourself, “What is putting things in a suitable order. important toPay attention to the flow of ideas from one sentence to another and f. remember about this section?” Take notes or underline key concepts. Discuss the one paragraphothers in your class. Study together. Stay on the from material with to the next offensive, especially with material that you don’t find interesting, rather than it g. Put your first draft away for a couple of days and then read it. Does reading passively and you wantimportant Are the Remember, not everything can say what missing it to say? points. ideas organized? What changes be interesting to everybody!make? do you need to 4. “But I like to study in bed.”

2. Writing for organization (1%)

3. Rewriting for polish (14%) location, as well as menContext. Recall is better when study context (physical

tal, emotional, and physical state) are similar“to the test context. The greater the h. Read again and correct: replace to be” words with strong active verbs similarityi. Add smoother transitions: use words setting, the greater the likelibetween the study setting and the test and phrases to show hood that material studied will be recalled during the test. relationships between sentences j. to stay up all sentences I get this.” 5. “I’m going Delete wordy night until or paragraphs that add nothing k. Vary the structure and length of your sentences Avoid mental exhaustion. Take shortverb tense when studying. Before a test, l. Be consistent with your breaks often have a rested mind. When you takeand grammar and just before you go to m. Double-check spelling a study break, sleep at night, don’t think about academics. Relax and unwind, mentally and n. Continue to revise until you’re satisfied physically. Otherwise, your break won’ta look and give suggestions yourself lyo. Have a second reader take refresh you, and you’ll find ing awake at night. It’s more important than ever to take care of yourself before an exam. Eat well, sleep, and get enough exercise.

13

writing

barriers to exam success study groups
Stress and test performance are related to each other. For most people, test performance falls off because they are over-stimulated by stress in their lives. These life stressed can be divided into physical barriers (body) & cognitive barriers (thoughts).

Physical Barriers to Test Performance

cyride
The CyRide bus system serves the Iowa State University campus and the city of Ames. Rides on campus are

 plenty of sleep the night before the test. If you are sleepy, Get

your ability to think clearly and to remember will be affected. Cramming is an ineffective study strategy that inhibits recall.

 Avoid stimulus like coffee or sugar prior to test. Skip your
morning coffee and don’t eat the sweet roll. These substances add chemical stress. Don’t take stimulants or drink coffee to stay awake the night before the test. your body has all the nutrients it requires. Eat foods from all four food groups and don’t skip meals.

 a balanced diet. It is important for optimal functioning that Eat  Learn to relax. Take time to learn about relaxation process and

free.

what works for you. One technique is to breathe deeply but slowly for 30 seconds. Breathe in through your nose and out through your mouth.

CyRide stops are plentiful on the campus. Look for the Cy bus stop sign (at right). Routes are designated by color, and the popular on-campus routes are the “orange,” “brown” and “gold” routes. Students are familiar with the routes and can help you find the best bus for your

Cognitive Barriers to Test Performance

 Overgeneralizations: “I can never get math,” or “I always do poorly
on essay tests.”

 Catastrophizing: “Taking a test in a horrible experience,” or “If I do
poorly on this test, I’ll ruin my whole life.”

 Using an Inappropriate Example: “My uncle Larry flunked

this course when he was in college,” or “This guy in my Spanish class told me that Professor Johnson gives horrible tests.” on tests.”

 Improper Inference: “I just have to accept that I will never do well  Conflicting Goals: “I want to do well on this test, but I just have to
make the party on the night before.”

destination.

test preperation

14

suggested readings

Complete Idiot’s Guide to Choosing a College Major: Future-Focused Strategies for Finding a Field Where You’ll Excel by Randall S. Hansen Major in Success: Make College Easier, Fire Up Your Dreams, and Get a Very Cool Job by Patrick Combs 101 Things a College Girl Should Know by Stephanie Edwards Been There, Should’ve Done That II: More Tips for Making the Most of College by Suzette Tyler College and Career Success for Students with Learning Disabilities by Roslyn Dobler College Rules! How to Study, Survive, and Succeed in College by Sherrie L. Nist and Jodi Patrick Holschuh The Complete Idiot’s Guide to College Survival by Laurie Rozakis The Everything College Survival Book: From Social Life to Study Skills -- Everything You Need to Know to Fit Right In -- Before You’re a Senior! Jason R. Rich How to Earn Straight A’s in College: 75 Tips for Academic Success by Andrew Chapman The Latino Student’s Guide to College Success Leonard A. Valverde The Secret to Your College Success: 101 Ways to Make the Most of Your College Experience by Toni Buxton

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visit www.dso.iastate.edu/asc for more services and programs to help you reach your academic goals

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