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ADVANTAGE & DISADVANTAGE -TRANSITIONS
A… TO
INTRODUCE OR LIST ADVANTAGES:

The main advantage of ….. One advantage of.. One major advantage of…. It is often believed that..., Examples:

The most important advantage of …. An additional advantage of… It is often suggested that … A further advantage of ….

• • •

One advantage to/of having parents arrange a marriage is financial security. One of the main advantages of using a computer is the fact that you can save time. One major advantage of living in a foreign country is that you have better economic conditions. ADVANTANGES of USING CELL PHONES The most important advantage of cell phones is that you can use them almost everywhere without cables or electricity. By using mobile phones, you can communicate with everyone whenever you want and wherever you are. Beside this, if there is an urgent situation, such as an accident or a meeting with someone, you certainly need a mobile phone. Furthermore, you can access the internet by using a cell phone. Recently, the most common way of communication in the world has been the SMS. Cell phones include this system; in this way you can communicate with someone for cheaper than a normal call. ADVANTANGES of USING CELL PHONES The biggest advantage of using a cell phone is that you can reach people easily. Also, when somebody wants to reach you, he can get in touch with you by touching a few buttons. In addition, you can carry a cell phone easily. Furthermore, cell phones are not only used for communication, but they can also be used for taking pictures, listening to music, playing games, getting onto the internet, and so on.

Practice: Now write your own paragraph using the introduced transition signals. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________

B…

TO INTRODUCE OR LIST DISADVANTAGES:

The main disadvantage of One disadvantage of..., Another disadvantage of..., Examples:

The most important drawback of...,
One major disadvantage of…..

An additional disadvantage of...

One of the major / main disadvantages of using computers is that staring at a screen for long periods of time can be harmful to the eyes DISADVANTAGES of HAVING A CAR There are certain disadvantages to having your own car. Firstly, you have to maintain and repair your
car regularly. Therefore, you need to spend a considerable amount of money to keep the car in good condition. Moreover, driving can sometimes be extremely stressful. For example, being caught in a traffic jam is not only irritating but also time-consuming. As a result, if you want to have a car, you should consider all the disadvantages.

DISADVANTAGES of USING A COMPUTER

1

and change the cannel or turn off the TV set when something unpleasant comes on. computers draw one’s attention away from social interactions* such as conversation. Second. people who stay at home to use their computers can become anti-social. richer than fossil fuels. Thirdly. In addition. or even go shopping. boats are usually more comfortable than planes or cars. nuclear power is environmentally a lot friendlier than other alternative types of energy. you can go for a walk on the deck. There are fewer accidents at sea than in the air or on the roads. In addition to this/that Apart from this/that ADVANTAGES of NUCLEAR POWER The advantages of nuclear power are numerous. sometimes characters in movies get hurt or killed. TV VIOLENCE 2. and it releases less radiation into the atmosphere than coal-burning power plants. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ D… TO ADD MORE POINTS TO THE SAME TOPIC: What is more. boats are often cheaper than other forms of travel. a boat ticket usually costs less than a plane ticket. For example. boats are a safer alternative to cars and planes. Furthermore. Having more space to move around makes a long journey much more pleasant. Furthermore.The main disadvantages of using a computer is that staring at a screen for long periods can be harmful to the eyes. It produces hardly any air pollution. computers do many jobs and people do the less. Traveling by a boat is rather old-fashioned. the risks of a meltdown or a radiation leak are 2 . Also. it has certain advantages. Moreover. Parents can protect children from too much TV violence in the following ways: First of all. Besides Finally. it is cheaper. and easier to transport. To begin with Secondly. In addition. For example. plenty of people lose their jobs. and they only need refueling approximately once every three years. they can set limits on the amount of time their children spend in front of the television. In addition (to this) Moreover. Moreover. However. Moreover. Secondly. they can watch some of the programs with them. Therefore. Secondly. they should not let the children see violent shows. Besides. sitting on a chair for hours at a time is certainly not healthy. Finally. Furthermore. Finally. it is better to explain what is wrong and what is right about the programs the children watch. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ C… TO LIST AND ADD POINTS: In the first place. Practice: Now write your own paragraph. Practice: Now write your own paragraph in a similar way. Parents should point out that this does not always reflect reality. eat in a restaurant. Instead of staying in your seat the whole journey. To begin with. Furthermore. they should be careful about the programs their children are watching. Sample paragraphs: TRAVELING BY A BOAT 1. First of all. Finally. nuclear reactors need little fuel. To start with.

Even though he's 24 now. Moreover. Electromagnetic waves cause important health problems like cancer. especially to the young and the old. ADVANTANGES of USING CELL PHONES On the other hand. Take. 3 . but Bach and Vivaldi in particular are her favorites.. It especially has bad effects on children and old people. This produces some harmful effects. Wagner was a Nazi supporter. Lastly. Nevertheless. As was previously stated. your ABS system or some electrical equipment in your car can be blocked by cell phone signals. especially those with young children. He refused to help me. Mary loves most classical music.. Taking everything into account. it is a lot safer than most people think. Furthermore. For example. We need to rethink the way we consume energy. using a cell phone has some disadvantages. the search party still went on the search. despite the fact that I had always helped him whenever needed. radiation from cell phones is not good for humans’ health. Pollution has become an unavoidable result of industrial development. ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ F. Despite the fact that there was almost no hope of finding the missing boy. Finally. TO INTRODUCE CONCLUSION To sum up. he is still an important figure in the history of music. he still behaves like a little child. Furthermore. if you have a full system working car. Kelly loves her husband in spite of the fact that he has some bad habits.extremely small. (Bilal Chukuyev 2003 C-4) E… TO MAKE CONTRASTING POINTS On the other hand In spite of Nevertheless Even though In spite of (the fact that). In conclusion. it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city. All in all. All things considered. it is a very expensive way of communication. Practice: Now write own your paragraph. benefit from the programs offered by the local authorities. On the whole. However While Despite Although. Despite the fact that Examples: • • • • • • • Despite big crowds. particularly in big cities. for instance. TO INTRODUCE EXAMPLES For example Especially Particularly For instance Such as Like In particular Examples: • • • • • G… Families. There are many safety features which make nuclear power one of the safest electricity sources. our approach to transport. She went to Spain despite the fact that her doctor had told her to rest at home.

Overall. all students / learn / foreign language ………… have better career opportunities _________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 1.. Then he can marry the girl he loves because he has prepared well enough for the marriage.... he. When/if we do this. 1. My opinion is that.. but they also have disadvantages. in order to reduce / pollution / government / ban the trucks / enter / city centre _________________________________________________________________________________________ 2. To my mind.. The way I see it... teenagers / get / part-time jobs …………. Journeys may take longer. but on the other hand. 2.... I (completely) agree that/with. Mobile phones make our life easier... you can take advantage of the many facilities that boats offer.Sample paragraphs: 1... Sample: in order to / protect / environment / people / stop use / plastic bags It seems to me that in order to protect the environment.. It seems/appears to me (that). they may cause some serious health problems.. but if you have time to spare. Sample: All things considered... I strongly believe it can be a very enjoyable experience. cell phones not only have advantages. but later on many things may proceed badly.. PRACTICE H/1 Use the word groups below to write sentences. _________________________________________________________________________________________ Summary: PRACTICE 1 : Classify the following linking words / phrases according to list below.. I (do not) agree that/with . In conclusion. despite some disadvantages of traveling by boat. organic vegetables / be / much / healthy / than / vegetables / grown with chemical fertilizer.. people / give up smoking …………… have fewer health problems _________________________________________________________________________________________ 4.. and enjoy a pleasant tour.. as in the example.. marriage can be very wonderful. In my opinion/view.. Sample: we / help / elderly …………. To sum up. their lives be easier e. in the first place also for example to sum up moreover firstly although to begin with all things considered such as therefore on the other hand however apart from this in other words in particular for instance in addition because 4 . should have a good job. I strongly believe. As far as I am concerned. as in the example. I couldn't agree more that/with. Use appropriate expressions to expand the prompts below to make sentences expressing an opinion. I believe that if a man wants to marry a woman.. I (strongly) disagree that/with. I am totally against... H… EXPRESSIONS FOR GIVING OPINIONS I believe/think/feel (that). learn to be more responsible _________________________________________________________________________________________ PRACTICE H/2 Use the word groups below to write sentences. and an adequate income.g I strongly believe that we should help the elderly. their lives will be easier.. at the beginning. people should stop using plastic bags. first of all. as in the example. a house.

To add more points: _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 3. First of all .Furthermore So. To List Points: in the first place.Firstly In addition . To introduce opposing viewpoints _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 4. 5 .As a result – Therefore However – On the other hand – In contrast In conclusion – To sum up – On the whole – Overall THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF LIVING IN THE COUNTRY.while taking everything into account furthermore for one thing since lastly secondly 1. _________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 2. To conclude _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ PRACTICE 2: Fill in the blanks with the given words. To introduce examples / reasons _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ 5.Moreover .

countryside. 2) To conclude/Secondly. land not in towns. . young parents can relate to their children and 3) therefore/nevertheless understand them better. one has a smaller number of friends. There are many advantages to living in the country.(9). ………………. A further advantage is that there is much less traffic. There are many advantages to having children at an early age. it is often the best place for those who are retired or who have young children.Living in the country is often the secret dream of certain city-dwellers. when you become a parent at an early age.(5). you are still young enough to enjoy life when your child becomes independent. and as a result it is much safer place to bring up young children. is difficult to find. ………………. 4) Yet/Finally.(2). it can be seen that the country is more suitable for some than others. citizen Drawback: disadvantage PRACTICE 2: Read the paragraph below and underline the correct linking word/ phrase. …………(3). PRACTICE –4: Replace the words underlined with the one of the following.(6) entertainment. ………………. single people who are following a career and who want some excitement are better provided for by life in the city. ………………. you are much closer to nature and can enjoy more peace and quiet. ………………. In spite of Another point is that All things consider To sum up Moreover On disadvantage is that On the other hand In addition pros and cons one advantage is that for instance In my opinion especially finally additionally lastly 6 . Furthermore. when you are young. in reality it has both its advantages and disadvantages.(4). ………………. the fact that there are fewer shops and services often means that there are fewer employment opportunities. you have a lot of energy. there are certain drawbacks to life outside the city. Some may have more than one alternative. ………………. You can constantly care for them and give them your attention. one may have to travel long distances to work elsewhere. This means you can cope quite easily with children's demands. life in the country is much slower and people tend to be more open and friendly.(8). young. ………………. and this can be extremely expensive.(10). because there are fewer people. 1) To begin with/In addition to this. (Success at First Certificate-Robert O’Neill) Country: countryside. cities or industrial areas which is either used for farming or left in its natural condition Related words Dweller: resident. particularly in the evening.(7). ……………(1).

learning a foreign language 2. What is more. 7. visit museums. interest) young people. (Success at First Certificate-Robert O’Neill) ADVANTAGES and DISADVANTAGES WRITING TOPICS 1. Nevertheless. /___________ you can eat in a good restaurant. and particularly when they have young children. when they get older. 5. it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city. and there is usually a choice of public transport. particularly/___________ in the rush hour. 8. However. it is often easier to find work. However/___________. I think that city life can be particularly appealing to (attract. living in a big city 7 . 12. In conclusion/___________. but unless it is very well paid. 4. because living in a city is often very expensive. 6. technology 10. so you do not need to own a car. 1. All in all/___________.For example. 8. you might have a job. owning a car 11. who like the excitement of the city and do not mind the noise and pollution. there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. /___________ public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty. city life is full of bustle (hurry. Also______________. despite all the crowds. 3. 6. 13.For one thing/___________. using mobile phones tourism being wealthy being single computers in the workplace being a famous person getting married 9. 10. when you want relax. many people. 3. 4. What is more/___________. especially on Sundays when it seems that every city-dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. Last of all. 9. haste) and variety and you need never feel bored. It is particularly difficult to find food and cheap accommodation. often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside. you can usually find a park where you can feed the ducks or just sit on a park bench and read a book. 7. advantages and disadvantages /___________. it has both its 2.However LIVING in the CITY Living in a big or small city is usually a hidden dream of certain village-dwellers. 5. you will not be able to afford many of the things that there are to do. for every ever plus there is a minus. and go to the theatres and to concerts.On the plus side/___________. 11. and even the parks can become very crowded.

for whatever reason you have i hope it is good one. having a job while attending college 16. 2003 Academic Term C-4 Students Homework 6. it should not be taken lightly. benefits of being young 20. we should wait until the right time comes. right time means you are emotionally and financially ready. marriage is a very sacred thing.pl/prace/praca/15587. where divorce is not legalize it is abosolutely hard for young married couple to start a new life. 2. Exam Questions to me. benefits of watching TV Sources: 1.12. attending summer courses. many men and women finds fulfillment..sciaga.strolling in the park.listen to your complaints go to movies with. Cambridge International Dictionary of English (CD) Longman Dictionary Contemporary English (CD) Success at First Certificate-Robert O’Neill Virginia Evans Books – Express Publishing a. shopping by TV. clip your bracelet and your necklace when you go to functions. credit cards 13. Successful Writing Intermediate Page: 83 5. In this.htm 7. 14. some wants to get married because they are tired of being single and want a companion. Beingmarried come s&#12288. 17. marriage is for keeps and there is no turning back. they are attached to their partner for life even if they can't get along. when young people rush to get married they have no idea how big is the responsibility. using nuclear energy. some get married for a wrong reason. pull your chair when in public(morag wala na ni ron) you have somewhere to put your head when you watch tv( and this is usually his/her shoulders ot 8 . 18. http://slimak. in the philippines. 3. they'd rather stay single than having a partner for life and children they cannot support. Your freedom is curtailed and your plans no longer focus on your own but includes your family. marriage don't work you have no choice but to get a divorce. some get married because they found the right one. Being married :lighter side you have someone to walk with you. sometimes though. having a boyfriend or girlfriend. some people remain single because they are not emotionally and financially ready. go shopping talk to when you are down. custom union 15. Fatih Universitesi Prep School . 4. 19.with great responsibility.

..... family budget. You can pursue your career to the fullest you can travel and go anywhere you want You have no kids to feed at home that will prompt you to cut your outing short You have no jealous husband to worry about You don't have to thinkof your husband dating his secrtary or colleague You don't have any sick children to worry about You don't have to worry about children lagging behind at school Don't have to worry about children taking drugs Don't have to worry about daughters getting pregnant before marriage You can do volunteer jobs without sacrificing the needs of the family You have the better chance to help other less privilege children You can go back to school and pursue another degree You have less financial problem....attend to their needs.. plan for birthdays with their friends ensure that they have balanced diets. a face to see when you wake up in the morning a voice to hear when you call home someone to hug and kiss who would respond A love one to make love with Someone to grow old together... designer shoes and bags and clothes..... you can sleep longer on your off days..... So you can buy jewelries.. Wine and dine in style Go to beauty salon without feeling guilty of the price of the facials You have no curfew. Sacrifice your times for the kids. get your own apartment without having to worry about family food.. wake up in the middle of the night to make their milk train them.. ida Posted: Mon Aug 30.. 2004 6:47 pm subject: Post Joined: 11 Feb 2004 Posts: 714 PS. When you have kids. plan for vacations. PTAs.. take care when they are sick listen to their complaints and school stories advantages of being single: You are a free agent...lap) .family laundry. tutor them..... plan for future together Someone who would laugh at your old jokes Thats for the couple.... 9 ..

many things that make life as a Bowling Green single very difficult. the freedom that Bowling Green women and men who are single enjoy comes at somewhat of a cost. you may not have your husband take your breakfast to bed. There are. As a single person. It can be difficult to tell if it is easier to be a Bowling Green single or to be part of a Bowling Green couple. There are many aspects of being in a relationship that provide other kinds of safety and freedom that are difficult if not impossible to achieve outside of a committed romantic couple. you may not talk about that romantic film you just saw.. You do not have to engage in the kind of careful negotiation that couples need to work through when they are making plans. One thing that makes being a Bowling Green single great is the fact that as a single person you are the master of your own time.. you'll choose the right guy when appears.. you'll get enough sex. Many single people are afraid that 10 . you may not fit in some social reunions. it is perfectly easy to spend a day hanging around the house without worrying about meeting a partner at a specific place. single life has its benefits and its problems. and many single people in this Kentucky town wish that they had the sometimes enviable lifestyle that people in couples enjoy. Kentucky is as exciting as you make it. For example. of course. you'll meet very interesting people. there are many homes and having children will NOT guarantee that they will take care of you when you are old. However.. you may have to spend many nights alone. you may not be attended like a Queen at home. But it all depends on what you want.. and it is equally easy to head out of town on a spontaneous trip. you'll be economically independet.. For the residents of Bowling Green. or anywhere else in Kentucky. Being single means that you have a certain level of freedom that even people who are part of the most secure and ideal couples do not enjoy. you'll travel a lot.. Advantages: you'll grow faster. Wow! This is an interesting question..Single blessedness. you'll manage your time. Disadvantages: you may not have kids. Growing old. Life in Bowling Green. and many people who are in committed romantic relationships long for the freedom that single Bowling Green women and men take for granted. you may not find anyone to give your love and passion to. and many single people find that they have an easier time making their lives interesting and varied than they would have if they were linked with a partner and needed to consider their partner's needs and desires all of the time. you'll be an example to many other girls. many single people worry that they will never meet a love match in Bowling Green. There are many advantages to being a Bowling Green single.

People who are part of Bowling Green relationships do not have to worry about this aspect of life. support of their mate. they are set for the rest of their lives together and never need to feel lonely again. However. and sometimes financial. 11 . not everybody agrees. This can be a very frightening prospect to face. Once a Bowling Green single has met their ideal match. most people feel that the security and stability of being in a committed romantic partnership more than makes up for the loss of freedom that sometimes comes with settling down with a mate or spouse. and some people decide to remain single for the duration of their lives in order to avoid compromising their freedom.they will spend their entire lives alone and will never find a partner with whom they are emotionally and sexually compatible. and a lot of single people find themselves in this potentially scary position. This can inspire people to have more self-confidence and higher self-esteem than they would have if they did not have the daily emotional. Often. Kentucky has a lot of advantages. Although being single in Bowling Green. people really begin to blossom once they meet their long-term romantic partner.

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