You are on page 1of 2

Q: Write a note on Big Five Model of Personality Traits?

A: Introduction;
In psychology, the "Big Five" personality traits are five broad factors or dimensions
of personality developed through lexical analysis. This is the rational and statistical
analysis of words related to personality as found in natural-language dictionaries. The
traits are also referred to as the "Five Factor Model" (FFM).
The model is considered to be the most comprehensive empirical or data-driven
enquiry into personality.
The five factors are Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and
Neuroticism (OCEAN, or CANOE if rearranged). The Neuroticism factor is sometimes
referred to as Emotional Stability. Some disagreement remains about how to interpret
the Openness factor, which is sometimes called "Intellect".
Each factor consists of a cluster of more specific traits that correlate together. For
example, extraversion includes such related qualities as sociability, excitement
seeking, impulsiveness, and positive emotions.
The Five Factor Model is a purely descriptive model of personality, but psychologists
have developed a number of theories to account for the Big Five.
1. Overview
The Big Five factors and their constituent traits can be summarized as follows:
• Openness - appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas, curiosity,
and variety of experience.
• Conscientiousness - a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim
for achievement; planned rather than spontaneous behavior.
• Extraversion - energy, positive emotions, surgency, and the tendency to seek
stimulation and the company of others.
• Agreeableness - a tendency to be compassionate and cooperative rather than
suspicious and antagonistic towards others.
• Neuroticism - a tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily, such as
anger, anxiety, depression, or vulnerability; sometimes called emotional
Openness to Experience
Openness is a general appreciation for art, emotion, adventure, unusual ideas,
imagination, curiosity, and variety of experience. The trait distinguishes imaginative
people from down-to-earth, conventional people. People who are open to experience
are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. They tend to be,
compared to closed people, more creative and more aware of their feelings. They are
more likely to hold unconventional beliefs.
People with low scores on openness tend to have more conventional, traditional
interests. They prefer the plain, straightforward, and obvious over the complex,
ambiguous, and subtle. They may regard the arts and sciences with suspicion,
regarding these endeavors as abstruse or of no practical use. Closed people prefer
familiarity over novelty. They are conservative and resistant to change.
Conscientiousness is a tendency to show self-discipline, act dutifully, and aim for
achievement. The trait shows a preference for planned rather than spontaneous
behavior. It influences the way in which we control, regulate, and direct our impulses.
Conscientiousness includes the factor known as Need for Achievement (NAch).
The benefits of high conscientiousness are obvious. Conscientious individuals avoid
REG#: 1432-209054