You are on page 1of 62

c

Ê Ê
 

   
      

’ ’


   
 
 



’

× 

      
× 


   
 
    
    

           
    
 
   
 
 
     

! "   
 
   
       

 

   #$ %

&'   
(    

!   ) *

’ ×
   

  
  
     
  

 
   
+   (

   
   

 
   "  

   
    !  
 
    
 

,   (   
       
    -  
   

 
#$.%

  


 

 
   

      
      
    

   
  
 
)
 

  
   


 
 

    

  # $ ./%

i‘      

i‘ ÿ 
Ô

i‘    
 


i‘ -  


i‘ 
 

 

i‘  

i‘ [ 

i‘ ÿ 


!
 
       "
 
 #
’   -

 0     
  
  
      
    1   (


(
  
    

   


(


      
  -

    
 

 
  

    
-


 0      
   2

  



 
    
  
      
  

 
#/3%
$ 
 "   
 
    

    
 4  
 
  

 
 
(  

  

   
  


 
(

(  
(
 
  
 
      


                
÷

       


 
 
 
   !×       
  !

   
#//%
$$  

  #  

   
  
’


 !
-   
 
 (  
(

   
   ( 
   
 


       

    
 
 
        
 #3 %
%  

×  
(    
 
  
( 
    
    
 
 
 
      


        
    
    #3 %



Ê 

 
   


   
     
 
Ê 

    
  
       
    
          



  
 #.5%
  ! &
6  
  ( 
       (     
,     
          
-


 ! '(  )' ( *
( +   ,#-.*-/     
            
#.5%

!  )   


  
  
  
  
  
£

A-  
   
&
 - 
   
  ( " (
     
  (
  

       

  
  
 
  
$  
  
    


   (


     7
   
 

"


    
 

  


 
 
   
 
   
    !

 

 "-  
 - 
 
  
   
  ×   
  
   
 



  
     
 
    
  
     1  &ÿ 
1     
   
   
         
    


  
-’      
 ’ #
  ×      
    
       8 


 

 
  
 0  
8 
 
 
  
    0 

-"

   "  9
:
+  
#5;$%       
        *


      

×
(    
        
   

   


 "0 

    
      

#
< %
&  
    

 
   
  *
  - 
   
 !   
    (        
(
   
#<$%
 

-   


 

  ,  ( 
(   

   
  
2 
    
       
    
 
 ,
 ##<;%
·  
      
 


 *’

"$

 
    
 

     
       


 ×Ê        
  
   
  
 
 Ê

   
  
       
        #<;%
$ 
    
  #
$ 
   
 

     ! 
      7!
    
         
  



 
  
   
'  (

   
    
 
   

   (   


 
#; %
- + 
=2 
    
 

   
   
    ! 
   ,   (   
    !
  
     
 
   -
"     
       !
     

 #; %
&    
 *
$
 
  
    
 
  7    
      
 

×    
   
   
  
   
 
      



 ##;%
º

 


    
  
   
    ( 
  


   
- 

 

   
    
 

Ê
   
0
 -
2
Ô  #;.;%   (&   
  

 
 
 
  >×  
   *
      


 

  
   


"6

"    
(


 
  
       

  
 
 
  
 
        #;$%
$ 
’

  
  

  
  
           


  
     
     

  

 
   ?1'

"    

      0   

 

    
  
  -
9   ×
  
  0 
  
(  
         
  
  
 
    
  

'  
   ’ 
&× 
 
 
     


 
          #; %
$ 
   
  
    

 
    
 
  8 
 


2×     

   
   
 
    

   


 
 
 
Ê  
   
 
  




, 
?01   
     
      
     
  
  



  
"? 
=  #;3%
X

 
$ 
&      
     (
(   


   
 
      
 Ê  
   
     
 

     


      
  

 #;/%
- 

     


   
     

 

 

   

  
ÿ 
     
 
 
  
 #
’    
$ ÿ2  
 

      
  
  
-
"(
   ( 
 
          '  
 
    " 
      
       
× 
  ("

    

  



  




   
    

  
   
    
  


         
   
 

( 
   
   
 
       @ Ê    6
2 1
    
 




      #;<%
1
 ’ 2-
‘ 4  -
  
  
†

  
#5.%



$‘ 4 
 2A
 
    
  
 
  
#5%

*

‘ 4

 4     
 #<5%


.‘ 4 
@ =  14     !  (
&  
(  
( 
(
  
 *
#<5%


3‘ 9 &  
*  3 
 
  
  -

 
   
4 
  
  
 
 Ê
 "

/‘ 4 
2 +    

  
 
  #3.%

<‘ - 

 
#<%


;‘ 4     


#<<%
å

’ 23


  

   4


 

 

 
   

  ×     




  
 
 7  
 
6  
    

 
      


   

 


’  
,-/5.'  

 #
%
     7
 " × 

     
  
   "
 
 
  

  9
 
 

7   -×  

  
 × 
      

 

       


   
× 
   5/  
  

 ,-657×
  
"0 

( 9 
 
 × 
 
  "   

  

 
  8
 -6.6 
? -6   #  ×+?%   
 

  9      
 
 


[
 '
*&
 ' ’ 
 *A

  
  
  
     ( 
 
          

 
      
    


 
 
       

   *    #

$ 
 ,  0* $ 
    

 


   
(   ( 
 
(
      
-

 0 
      -
 
 

×Ê 
      
   
,    
c

    
  

(         
,  
       
 



  
     

               Ê



   

 


   
+   (Ê       
  
  
    '    
  2 
+ +  B , #$%

$     
   
 


-
       

          # <%

   
 

 
 7    
             
  ×  9 
"

 
   


!   


"

 

 
       
  
>

i‘      


  



 

i‘ ,
    
   
 



 
i‘ 7       
i‘      

i‘ " 
  
      

Ô         


          
        
     


  ×
 
  

 
 
 

    
    
    

 
  

cc

     (   


 
   (      
  ( ( )      

(
       

   "  


"

  
    
       
#>CC C%Ô
  !

  $     "

 



 
 - 
 
(    
  # % 
   
( 
  
   ( 
 
 
  

  7    
    
 " "
    




    

 
    
      
 #< %

 $
 

   
   
 
 
 


, 
(8  (
9 

   
 (     

   
             
 

    ×   
 

   
 (  
  
 

    

  [
 +,-./6*-599"
 Ê  (6 
2 
! (
+ ×
  

 

 
  + ,      

     !    


  
   
0 

    


  (  0 
   
  
 

2 
! 

     


    
    
       
  ( 
 ()
-
 Ô " 
 # 


 
 
    



    
 
     

   
      # %

$  :  
  

7   
6
8 
  
6
@ 
6


;:  
   

7   
6
8 
  
6
@ 
6


 ! ,-9//*-.56, 


   
  
  (   

 
( 
  
   (




 

  
 ,     
     

 
         
#  

      
 , 
 
 


      



, 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 0 
 0 

     
  
   
 # 5%

(  ),-.<3*-57=8  #9


% 
 

   

    
  

   
    

  

  
 
(  
 

  
8  (
  

 1   (  

      
   
 
       
  
  


    -
(0 
 
  
  

8          
 
       
     # 5%

( *( +   ,-5-3*-55/9 


Ê



  
  
     , 
           
 


    !

&2
  D     

*

,          )  


4 
8      

A 9 

   
A
A    0 
  
 
 

( 
 
[ ,-/7.*-/5<   

  
            
   
        
  ,

 
 #  
     
 
 
    

     
   

× 

 
 
      
  ×
    
 
   
 
   
2

     

     



 
       
  
  $    
        $  


& [   ,-=.6*-935-


   


  Ô %   
 
  
   

  
    2 


 
 
  
      



  


 
 
  

 

 (  


   

%
,-.6=*-55/+ 7   (


(

    

  
  
(
        , 
 
 
   

  (
 
 



 
 

   

             




 A      


 

  
         -    

  
  
   
  
 
  
 
#

0  %     


 

$ 
    

 -6

 
#

    0* -  -    


< 
  
1 6       
  
    
 
     

 ’ 
  
  
9   

 

  6      

 
   
  6
 
  (


  (
       

        
 0
 

  
 

 (  0   (

  ( 


      
(  
  
0 
  
9   
    
  
  #  
%( (  
( 

      

×

   
     
   

     
×    
  
    


 ! 
  
 
 

 ×  9 


(      



 8
  
   
 
 
   
   &

  *# $%

[
"

 
   
        
    
  
-
9      0   
  
  

   
      
 
      
   
  !  

      



        
 
  
 !     
 
 
×  
  ( 
   55 
-  8 '0 
  #33%

      


    

        
  

$ 
    

    
 


 
   "





     


     
         
  
     "   
      

 (
  
  
# $%

A 0
  

    
  
  #

$  $ 
       

 



   

 
-
  


    
    

 
      

(    
       
 
 
 -
  
    
  
 
  

     #
#. %

- ),-536*-5656     


 
×Ê

 
,      

 
  + 9   (    
  
 6    
  ! 
  
      
  


·      


  

76    
 

 + 
  ×  6 ( 
   !
    
    
    
   
    
1   
     

     
#. %

    $      & 
      

  


   (    
 

(   

       
 
  

4 
  
 +
 
    
      
 

× 




0 
    

   
 Ê 

 )   
   !
 

 


 




 
   
 
 
    

 0  
             

;
  
 E 
   
  
            

 
     
      
  
    


       
  # .%


  ,-55-*-/9/    
 
 

0  
   ' 

cX

 
       
    
    , 

 


? 
8 
  
      

       ×? 8     
       
 × 


('   

  


   

 
           
  -

9   # .%

†  [  ,-/-/*-//<[   2

    


(    
     
2(
 

 

 
 -
9   (

 
    


    #  

%
   
 #  
%,  0    



        


     

2(   + 7 


(   
 -
  ('†(2   
  
    
 
 
         

    
 
    
 0
    
 
  # 
% 

   
 
       

$ -      ( 


 

        



  
 
 
  
   
 -
    
(    
 
 
 
 
   ? 


"(   EÊÊ9,  
? =    
     
  
# <%




             
      !    
        

 F
 Ê

  

   (
 
c*


 0      (!
  
    
×


61   


8  $ 
 



 

  ! 


 
 

   0 
 

       

 ×

(





    0   

   
    

    
  




 

 
      
  
    
    

-

  

  


 
 
×  (




  
   
     

 
    
#. %

4  
 
  

     



 

 )
         
 
    
   


- 
         
  
  #

[ -   
 
   
    
 
     
    
×   


   $ $
  
   






     

 
6
   
@ 
Ê2, 
 

    
 -

9        
     
    ×         !(  
   

 

2 
  
 

  
  

 
  
 
  ×
       

 Ê 


[   -         



    
 
  ÿ
A  ×






      


 

!
   1  

 
   

           
 
#.3%

ÿ
A    
 
     


     
 5 
6   


   
 '  $5(5$5( 1  

 

 0       
 
 

   

   
     


 1  

 
    
4 4--5 5

†   -  >A *-  ×


 5 

   (  

  
 6
7  
(( 
[  †  #;; 5./%(         
,          
    
= 
 ?

@  (    
   
  
      
  & * 





= 
7  


        
   
 

‘ 8  - 
9
#2   %
$‘ 8   


‘ - 
   
 #  
%


 
 
          
    
   
 
 
 
    

= 
7  


      
  
   
 
Ô

‘ 9
- 
9
#2   %
$‘ 9
 


‘ 8     
 #  
%


 
           

    
   
 
  
        


    

 
    
& 
*

 


"'   
= 
   

 
      

 

   
#.<%

= 

    
  8  

 
    

(      



 
  
       




        

      




 #     %  


 
     
        

  
  

 
     
  (  

       

      # 
  & *%(
  
   
    #&
*  

 %


Ôc

&A +  9


 
 
 

  

       
     4 
9
 
   5   
&?  *  
     
 
   
  
 
    
 × 
 

            ' 

 
  %'  % 

(

      '   

  $$$'
$  $ 
 $(   
        
 
9
 

   
  

 
     

   
    


  

 

9
 
?  


  
 
 
 '' #9       (   
   

 (       

     


  

Ô 
          
         

   [    

$ $
          




 
    

 
     
 " "   


        





"    


  
 
  
 0
 
    4 " "   

 

    

0
 

     


 







        &
 *= 





  

   



  
ÔÔ

"

 


×Ê2 + 



  
 



  





  
     

;  !
$ 
     
 
 (
 

  (  !

  
 

  
  E 
  
       

    

  

$   8  



   


   
"

 "(7  -
 (
, " ( "" 

  
 -+ 0
 ÿ
   
   
 
  (    
( 
&, * 


× ( &, ? * 


[ 
   
 
     
  
  

 
      
 
     
   
    
 

   )$  4  

 
       
   (

 
  4  

 (
 
   
       
 
  



= 
   
    


     
  
     
 #

 
% 
0      

 #
   %   2   
  
     

 

ÿ 

       
 
  
 0 
    
 
- EÊ× 6 9
  
0 

 "
 "  9
+  
(
  "
× 5;$  
  
 

 

Ô÷

$

>
 
G  G      
     
      

 ( 

 
       
 

 
     " 

  

  
     
G   
G   
  



 

HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH

  
            !

 
-
 -
9     
   
 
     
  

  ×      



    
 

       4  


 

  
 
      
!

’   
 

4
      #



    
   
 )  
 
   
#%

#  %6 

  
         

   
    
      
 
   0 

#/<%

          
  

  
        ) 
  

 
  
-
    
  

   
    


 
   

  -
 
#/<%

 
 
       ,   ( 

  
    0 
  
    !×    

    
  
    
-


#/<%
Ô£

   
; 
  
  


 

  


27 
    



 2  9

   5<     



  
 
   !

Read pages 168 to 171 and describe the political, economic and
social conditions of Russia before 1917 that lead to the rejection of
classical liberalism.

  
  
   9

 +

4 4×      
6 
    
B-8      9

   


'  5<  


      
  
   E 8 (9

   ; 


       


8  6 
 
        

    
9

8 

  
&8(  (6 *
      9

(

   



  : -    


 
    EÊÊ9
8    

      
8 
$  #    

    
           
   
    
 
        

Ô 

 
 E 
  

    4 
 
   
   Ê    

-   
     8    

 
 5$  &-  ,&-# ?7
   

  EÊÊ9-
   

      

 
    Ê 



     

 
  
 ?7  EÊÊ9      

   


  † ) # 


  
%   
  2

 
  


  !#;%


 :         
 
 
)    
   
(Ê  
      EÊÊ9 8  5$. 

8    ?7
!   
 0     
  EÊÊ9   
 

 (Ê    
 
A  
 
0   $ I   + A 

   0   ! 
 
 
   
×  + A 

0 
 EÊÊ9    
 
  


-     



       
Ê

       
 
0
 #×
    
    (     

 

          


              

      


   + 
 

 

  
  
  


    
    
   


   $  E  (  


  
Ê  E 
Ôº

ÿ
     ( 
 
0 (
 
       (
 
  0 
   
 Ê7   
     
" 
  
  
(   
Ê×

 Ê     

    
 
1    
 0       
  
  Ê

      

 ?=B 

×   0    


   =
2

 =
    
 
    8 
?7×   

 
 
      
       (

 
=
(  
 (   ( 
    

 
ÿ  #; %

" 

  


 
  2

A
  A 

> 
 Ê
   
    
   
   
 Ê  
E   

 

  
  


    (
  
   
)(
 =


’ 

  " 
 Ê

      0 
   
 
 2
"0 
  
)      
     Ê 

 
 
         

    0 
   
Ê
  
 
 EÊÊ9    A 
  #

,   ’    99

       



  
 )    
1 

  



 

ÔX

%   

   1    
  44-  
 8   1 
 (  9 
(
  4 
9 
      
B 




1 
  
  
   


 
  

-  
  44- 1    

 
E Ê
  


1     

  A   A    
   
-5$ ( 1             


 0 

 



,  ? Ê 


#?×-Ê%   

  
   
   (  
  
1    



,     


(
    

0    ?×-Ê


 
      
 
       B 


?×-

    1 


 ? 
Ê 
( × , (
     9 

5 #<3%

   0    


   
  
  
 - 
   44-
44--×     
  
  
   
6


  
       


   
   
 -
    
    

-

   
 6  2

#  %× , 


#+ %   (2 =

   ?0     


1 
  
   (× 
  
  ?0
 

  )
  
 
Ô*

1  ,  
  @ 
  






  

  
   
  1  #<<%

$  
   (   1    



     4 9 ( ?0
  
      9 
(1 
 (

 
       


- ?      
 5 $( ?0      
   
@ 5 (, 
 
"   1 × , 
 "  ( 
   4 9 (B , 

 

  1 

×     


 
   9 

, 

 
    


1  
  

   9 


+ 
 #5 % -   
#5 %
 
  
 
1 

× 
  , 
       1 
 Ê×(
  
   4   
  Ê×  0 



, (       

  
  ?0,         
Ê×
  
 @  (5 .    
 
 
  

     
 ?&


  †  #@

+( 
 ,  5 .(,   
  
 "  
   
+ (
  #;<%

!
 
ÿ -   


    ?0( 1       
Ê   
  9
  ?  ( 
?0
  ) 
 ×   
Ôå

      1 (



    B 

(

 
 
  ×
(,   
   

 


,   (       


 
    


 ×
(    

      

   #;;%

A
  A 

> 
 ,  
? Ê 
#?0
%
       

     
    
 1   
 
      
     
  1    
 
    
@ 
#   
  
 
%( 2
 
 

(   B 

 4 9 

 
 
(     
   

  ( ?0
     


   
 @ 
    
   
×
 
5 (
 ?0
  


   @ 
 1 
 
' 

  ?   
#5 3%
 @ 
  
(        
  ×  

     
@ 

1 
       

 
   × #;5%

'?   5(5 ;(?0 


   @ 
+ 
  
 

 
@ 
 

 1    ,
0
 *

 
+ #×  
  
    

        

 
 
  
 
@ 
Ê 
,       
 
†  ( ?&

) ÿ #@


 
        

  ?0
    @ 
    
 
  
÷

   @ 
  

   

  
 
   
 



×
0 ×
 / @ 
  
!  


 ?0
)
  ,  
 @ 
 
  1  ×
  &

 *,  



     2 
=

’ 

  ? Ê 
 , 

      0 
   
 
  ?0
 



  
1    2
    
@
1  
"0 
  
)      
     , 
 
     
     
   
 0 
  , 
     

 
?01     !
A
#

,   ’’     96

ÿ’    


   

 
  

88’’#

$ 8 *-


         
   
EÊÊ9# 
8   
% EÊ×# 

& %  44--  Ê  4 4 
              × 
44--   
   EÊÊ9 EÊ×  
  
   
 " 4 
  5.3 
55  
7
 7  # Ê  6 % 

A
$  *×  Ê(9
 (
",
+  5.3 




  
( 
  E? Ê     

@-
      
÷c

1  =0  


 7   6 

  .0 

      7

4
1 A


  

  
 
     #$ /%


 *Ê(("  × #6%   6
 ( @ 5.3 


   
 
1     @D  


    Ê      
1  
  

   

   
#$ 5%

-             


     
  


 
 
   
 
   6  EÊÊ9 EÊ× 
       " 4#$. %

 A
 -5.<(  " 4(#EÊ

 % 0    
  1  
   6
        
    
  
  Ê  

  


       -
  
  
EÊ×F

 
 
-
    EÊ×F
 

 


   


   EÊ×   × 
     
   


[    ×     ×× 


#5.; 53$%       
  
4
 7  
 

 
   
 EÊ×
  4
 7   

  
    



 0
 -
       
 F
    EÊÊ9     
÷Ô

   

 ( 2

  
 
  #$.$%

 
    EÊÊ9
    
7   
  ×     Ê  


     
 
       
  2


$ [-$ &>
[ 
  "  27  
×


 #5.5%

    
 
  2

    EÊÊ9  
 
 

 
   

’ $
 ×   4
 "5./ 

      Ê      
7
 
7    
 4
 7  - × 
Ê  
 
   

   ) > 


-5.;( Ê  
      
4
  6 -        4
 
0 
   1       EÊ×(
+ (1 6Ê   

 
 4
6   

    4
 
    D   
  4

1 
   4
 × 
 6

 

       
-   7

4
   44--    
 -
  
    #$..%

6      


  " 4 
 
   6 4 5/ 
  
   
   $  $)
$  

  8  ×
$(5/(
 
  
    Ê     7
6  
    7

6  
      4
6 -
 

     
 7
1    
÷÷

)
  
   7
1 
 4
 

       




"   " 

 ) >×     


 

   
  G G      
   
 EÊ×
     Ê  
   
  
 "5/$×    
 6 "

 

 5/

$ [  $  > EÊÊ9( =


 #5/$%  

? 4  
"    × F

 
=  ( EÊ
 (
    Ê  


  "( Ê  F
    
    


-
    ) 

 
 


  
 ×G,  G  = 
4  

         

$    


  " Ê  E  
535 + "
     "   "
 Ê  

 

      




   
  "    EÊ×
    
 "
 
     

     
  "
    -5/$"JJ
( 
  × " -   × #"-×%(
    
 "  
 "
 
  
    
  

  6 


 " 
(  "-×(   6 

       
   
 
  

    


  @ 
=  #        %



 

 0       EÊ×
    
 " 45/$ $ [  $  ##$3.%

 


   
 
    
 EÊÊ9        *

  
÷£

, 
E

 53/  
 
 

       
 EÊÊ9  

 

$0  ) -5/;(×    (    


"0 
  ( & 
 *
  ?  @    

  ,   ( 6 0 ( 
 
=
 5/.
 Ê    (   Ê

   Ê  
  
$3 (  
( 

 
    
   0 A
 
   Ê  

      
   
  
   

A   44--(A


    

    
Ê@
 (    
A
( )  
    EÊÊ9  Ê

           & *  
[
A
         
 
  4


A

 

  
 
  
   
-

 0      
 " 4
×  
  "2

 "

J    -

 0  
(
 
(    
  

 , 8    J  
  
 
  
 ? (" (+   EÊ×
   
 6 0 F
   EÊÊ9 J    
  Ê  E  ×
5<5#$3<%

Ê   
 J   >

i‘ Ê×8-:-->
i‘ Ê×9>
i‘ -?+ >
i‘ ?      >
i‘ , 8   >
÷ 

[
  A

 ,[A2× 
  
 
 
   

     4  
 
 
   
      
 
 
  -
  
       
 
  
2×        
 
   


 
   
 " 4
#$3%

A
 
   
 

   
         
? 


-? =     

      
   #$3%

44--  
 &    *  EÊ×   
 
 @
      
   

  $  >& *  



  
 " 
4    
     
  EÊ×  
EÊÊ92 
   
   
   
          *

 # 
6"    ( @(- 
533(
 

       
   




    & *  [
,&[#
   
     
 E ? 

    
   
 " 4

 


     EÊ× EÊÊ9#$3 %


 [
  
   
    
    " 4   
  #
 
  
     
  
 
     
     

 " 4( 
   
 
  
  
 #$3;%
ּ

    


      
 
=  4( B 4( Ê  
  
×

 
 
  ×   
  

[$ 
 "$ 8 
  
; 


 
 " 4           
 
   
   
     
   (
  EÊ×

× 44--(× 


      
 

 

   
     ×   
 

 
 9 
 
 @
2", 
 
  

   
(      
2"



       
 
  


    


! 
  
 
    #

 
  
  
 
 
×     

 
 
 
 


-   
 1"0 ×
     
 
   
 
 -
    


  +


? 
×+
? 
  

-Ê
   
   
 


’  
,-/5.'  

 #
%
     7
 " × 

     
  
   "
 
 
  

  9
 
 

7   -×  

  
 × 
      

÷X

 

       


   
× 
   5/  
  

 ,-657×
  
"0 

( 9 
 
 × 
 
  "   

  

 
  8
 -6.6 
? -6   #  ×+?%   
 

  9      
 
 
#  %

$
 
     #

’      


  
  


 
       

 

 

 
(

     
 
 
  

 

(

     
 
 

  



%    × 
 4  4



    

     B 




    4 9 (   (
  
    
  

 1 

 
 ?  
'@( (
      EÊ×(
 
   


-         
  

(
  
(

×
-!(  
  
 
          

 EÊ×("6( ×
$  
              

 K (   




 
   


 E Ê
# $ %

’ +$  EÊ× -!  



   EÊ   
-! 
8[A 
  
 
    -!(Ê,

(

÷*

 

  

 
  
=
-!

E  ×


( -!      

 
     ; 
&
   
  -(+ (      

$  (   
 

  
  
  +  EÊ×# $%

’ 
    ! 
   


    

       

(
     
  


i‘  EÊ×
      
"

 5/  

    


 
#  % 
 "
i‘  
  ×
-!

 

  

 
 

 
       
,

  


  
 0 


![       





#

’ 


       4
#

  


   
  × 

        '  



    4  

    
( 
 
       
     - 
  
 
0 
  
#$5.%

-  
  5< 
( 0 



1    

    
 

 
    
           

   

    
        
   
        -6"( 
֌

    




     
  
 

 
#$; %

"

 
( * 
 (     


          
 
  




   


 
   
 
(

 
   
 , 
(    
   
 

        


   Ê    
 

"(


 2

( 

  
   
  

 
     )
 
   
"     "  
9
       !#$;;%

&* 
   

 
   

 
  

 
-  
53 
 " 4
  
     
   & *×     (

  
      " 4( EÊÊ9
 EÊ×   
    
  


     
   ?  





       
 
   
 


?  

        
   9 9 2      

 

 #  
%    

    

 = 
   
( 5< 

  
    
?  

      
  
 
# 

 
%
    
         
    ?  

   
 
= 
   
   
 

 

£

2 + + B ,    


  

  
(0 (    
        
  ( 

 (

 

      

  
 (    

       
    
  
     
  




4  
    
#= 
%
 0  
     
  (

    


 0 


0  

[     


   
    


(

  2   

       
 
 
×
   

       
 

 
   
       


 
      

   


9  (  
   
 2  
(
                  

 

   
 


  
 )     

   
    
×
   
  
  


 
   


  

    

     

 0 
 

           
 

    
    
  #.%

-
   
   

 
 
  
 
 7 
   
 

   &7 
(*   (  
   
 
     
 
(

K  
 
  
(  
    

,      
 
 
7 

      

   +8K"*


 

 
          


   
£c

 

   
 
   

#. %

’ ’’’


 
        




   
 

 
 



   
   
+ 




  
 
  
   

  

      

 
 
   
   
  
  

    
  

 
      
 


A , 


      
  

      
  0 

   
    
        

 
  
     

  
>     
   #
3%

'        &    
          

A
       
 
  
 ×

   !   
  


 

 
   
 

Ê  
 

    
 
   

 

    
# <%

 

  
  
0  
 
  
( 
   
 -


 (
0 
#     %     
  

 
  
 
   

7   
 
&
 *   

 
 
 

  #   

% 
-"  
£Ô

  ; 
 
  EÊ×   . 37   
 

   
      
  
 

  

 
 #

7 
   
    
   , 
 
"  
  , 
 9 



    *


 
   

  -

 
   
 

*
*
*
 -
   

  
  
 
 

  
    



 
        

Ô ()   

 
 
  %

6 K   
 .5   I
" 
  .  </I
1   /;I
-    $ <I
8  << $/$I
?  < ;$I


"0 
   
    
 
 
    
   
  
 
  


   #"%( 
  #EÊ×%    
 #Ê  
1 %

$  :    
A "
    

(
    (  
       
  
  
 
      

         



 
    


-     



(

  (

 
    
 (     


 
 
   2
 
  *
    # 5%
£÷

  A       " 


E Ê


    

  6
  × 
 
   

     ! 9 

     
 
 
 
 
  
 

 
-

    

      
      # .%


  

 
    
  
     
      #   %
-   
     
      
     
     


  
  
 #9
Ê  %

  


 
  


   

     
  



   
 

 
      
 

     




  
 
           

 
 
(   
   
 
            # . %


 
 
 

  
  

  
      (   
       
7 
  




   

    
 

 4
  + 
      
    D

i‘      
>   
i‘ 2 

 >
i‘ '
 
>
i‘ + 

>
i‘ Ê     
>
i‘ 9  >
i‘ -   )>
££

i‘ 8  
#0   
%>
i‘  " 
 >


%


        

 
           - $ ;   ( 
35I "
  

     


  
       
 
 
   -       

 
          # .<%

-×
( 
    
 
   5.I
 533

Ô           &  


   &         
 

   


  
    ) 
0 

 

  

     
  

       
Ê  
 
    
      

 

  
        ×
    
           

  
   # 3$%

$      )   



 
  

 
 
    
  
        
 ?
 ? 
  
  


   
× 


 
   


(  
 
 
         


 

BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB



  

        


   -

 0   
 
 ) 
 
  

    
£ 

 
      × , Ê 
  
   
       
 
        

Ô         Ô    


      

 A

  )
  
   
(  
 
  



i‘ 
 >    

     

    
  ë
i‘  ×        
         
2

 

  
+   ( 
      EÊÊ9
    
 
    
i‘ [ 4
 >×   
   ) 

   
   
   

    )  
i‘ [ 
A

 >4    
 
    +   (,
   

×F F F#         %

      
  
 

 
 )


 +  * 


 
   




  !
 
    

i‘ %  

  
  

 
  
  
     0 
 
  

 , Ê 

  
  0 
    
  )  
i‘    
      
  
 
0 



 
    
i‘ $
  

 0 
    
   
     
 
£º

   ?  


?01    



 
     
 0
 1 0 


2   


    

"9   2    

  
 

 
  

   
 



 
   "

i‘ A
  A 

> 
 
i‘  
  (
 (
 

 
   
 
      



 
  

, 

   
i‘            
  
 
     


6

 





, Ê(   


      
   ' 
 
 
2
   "     †


   
         

       ×     

  = 9       2  $
       
   


 
  
     
 &†    *

HHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHHH

-  
    
   

 
    
  × 

    
 
  

  
  


 
  

       

 

   
    >
     
      
   
 
  


2    
#  


%      
     
   
"    
#  
  
%       
    
£X

 
 -  
     
 
         
 
        
   
    
  ×
  0
-
 -( .        
    
-(   (  
 
 
 
    
#$ %

 )
    

    


  
    
 ×Ê  Ô 
·  *(
  

  

   
 

 (    


     

  
, = (  "(  



4 2 1    EÊÊ9   


   
 
 
)  ÿ 
(


  
   
     




$          



   

          
 
  × 2
    


!
 (


 

     

       

 !
 
  

   EÊÊ9"(  


 
 


 (  
      
   

    
   


[ -      



   
 
  

 
 
 
   
  



  


2      


#  

%  

 

        
  
£*



  

   5< 
,   ( 


 
 0 
 
  




     
  

 
 


 
  
  
 

   
  




   

   
 




        

$  $ 

   "× 
" 
 × 5;$
     

  
      Ê  
"  "#)%
    
     " 

 
     
   E Ê

<5  
   
    

&
*#
 @ 8  % 0 

 ( (       

1$ 
! 
  

 


  


 ? 


×

 K  5<3-



  "  9

+  
# < %

[
 '
&
 ' ’ 

 
  -  

 

      

  "   

 E ? 



 $ /   

× 
- "  9
+  
× 

  
   # ;/%

  
 
      
    7
   
   '
8
×6 #    ) K  %
£å

  
 
    

   


    K  # ;$%

-    


 
  
 
   
  
 0 
     
  
 
  


i‘ 8 [  




5.( 
    
 

  
  
 

4 
 ( 42×
      1   1  
- 
          



   "   (   

(    
  

 4
2 

×
   7  
×5;;
i‘ ’
 
 44-44--
 &  
 
*  
   
    
       
 @(1 
 E      

   
42×# 5;%
i‘   
    

  
 ×

   
       (  
     
  

-  
( Ê×9Ê
   ×- 0#% 
 
  
    
(



  
    
   #. %
i‘ &*  
   "
 EÊ×
 


 


 
 ("( &Ê 
 

*



       

      
-
      
   
  "
 EÊ


 0  
  .. 
  
 

    
[ 
 (" 
    



  ? A   
 "
 
 


K , 
    Ê   

  #. %
i‘ ;’ 
,377-EÊ   
×   ×   
9 !  
-  '
  
×  ×

 
 
 
 
      
 
   
 
 
     
    
   


 
  

    

"



   
  
 "
×   
×-
 0 
 
 
" ,   ( 
 
 
  $ <
BBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBBB

 
     
      
   
 
   
! 
 
  
 D

i‘ -  
$  
 
     
  " 4        

        


    

  
 
 


     

i‘  
 
  
     
 

  


K , 0  
   


   



’ ’%


   
   
0 
  


 
     
  
 #

8  


  
   
  
-
  
  
   
  

   
     
  ( 
    
     
   

 c

       


(    (  
  
+   (      

(
× 
(  

(
 

8      


   

        ×+ " +

? 
          
 
 
 "

’        



0 #

’  $


0    
(0 



      
   

  
    

-"(    

     

i‘ $ 
 
,   $  
    

 " 
  × 
#  9  % 

 

  
(

 
 ( 


     

0 +    

     

 

 


i‘   
,ÿ
  ;/<( 

 

  
 

  

 
    

 
  
   
     
 
 
i‘ &A       
  

 #   %        
  
   
   
   
"

i‘  1 
K     K  

   

   


  
 Ô

i‘ ÿ  

      


      



×  1 
  
 (
             ! 
  

$ 
 

'      
 

    
 
#

 
   0 
   
 
 
 

4 
 
 
   

   
 4 
  
 




 (
   

  
 

 
 

A 
0 
   
   
 
 


  
 
     ×

 



  
 "
   
  


  0 
 
   
 )

 
    

$ 
  
   
 
  
 "
     

 

 

  

6 
     

 

   
Ê ×#.; %

 
  

   
 
    

 ,   
  A )  
 
        @
 
 
   
     ) 
  
  


A
'  '    
 
   

   
#
 ÷

-’        



   #

! 
   
 
   

 

     ,

    


 
(
( 
    

 
 


  9 "


?1'

 
 
  
 



 

'6   $ .(


 
   
  
 
-(- 
    

  <  


$ 
[
    
# 3 
/ 
%
     
 0 
  
  
 
 -× ( 
   


   9   28 =    
    
  
#
%   
 
  

    






* 
   

   
 

  
 

  
B 4  

   
  
    

 


    
  
          

(  
 
           
 EÊ×
  -!×


  
   
#.;/%

*A 
  
    

   ×    
 
  
     
(

? =   (
 
         
Ê  
 
  EÊÊ9  55 
(      

 
  7
 7  

7      
    
Ê     5;     
 
 £

 E  $ .


      
   
#.<<%



 
    '
 '     




    
   #

ÿA

 
    
0 

    
 
 #

         0 

 

 


     7 ,×   





Ê×   
 
 

 

 



  
   1 
2  
(  Ô Ô "  (

 
 
 
 
×


 

 


 #3 3%

4 0     


        
 
     

  
(
 
   955.7 
 
   
 
!    

@ 
  
 (?1' 
 
 


  ( 

   (  


   








  

  ’!
   
;  

 
  ; & ’’,-/6=C-6-5

i‘ ;5.L
? 
--  D       
      

i‘ ;5;L9

Ê   8 #9Ê 8%


  2
D  


   
i‘ 5 L9Ê 8  
8  D8  
 

 6 
  #) %2 
  # % 

i‘ 5 .L5 3L9

L@
4D9

   
i‘ 5 3L9   9

D&6 Ê*L   


    
    
Ê  
( 
   D  

 ( 



D

 

   
  
  



 
 # %
i‘ 5.L5<L9

  
44-D


   
  
i‘ + 25<L9   D  
 
 
D
 
      D
? 
--   
 
i‘ ×5<L8  
 9

D 
 1   
 
   9


    
i‘ @5<L6 
    
 

  
 
1   
i‘ '  ?   5<L6 
   
   
 
 1   D8  
Ê     
9


i‘   5<LÊ      0

(


",7=×#
   %      =16


 ;    ,-6-5C-63=

i‘ 5;L5$ "D     DÊ  


    
4" 
D 0  
 º


(   !
 
  

(   
  (

  
    

i‘ 25$L 
  

D8  
 
? 7   #?7%
i‘ 5$L5$;L? 7    
    (
 
 


 
( 
  
 !
    


i‘ @5$.L8 
D  
   Ê
 
 


; 
 ,-63=C-69<

i‘ 5$.L5$<   
   Ê 
D
 
          " 


i‘ 5$;L5.L9
0 D?7 
D+ A 
('  5$;D
     
 
Ê  + A #5 L5 <%+ A 
#5 ;L5.%
i‘ 5$5L5 LÊ
    0 D 

 


 (   (     Ê D 

  E  =0 

i‘ 5 /L5 5L&1  *L 

  D
 
  

 
   

Ê D    
    DÊ
  

   
i‘ 5 /L&Ê" 
 *  D
  



i‘ 5.L5.3L1 
@ 5.DÊ  E   

44--#1  4%DÊ   
 6 2
5.3D1 
  

i‘ 5./L53 L9  
     
i‘ 5./L" 4 
DÊ  E  
 


" 
1   
7
 7  
i‘ 253 LÊ

 X


;   

 ,-69<C-6/9; † 
,-69<C-6.=

i‘ 53 L=
   
  
i‘ 53.L=
  
  
    



i‘ + 53/L=
   
Ê
 
 
  D& Ê0 * 
D

 
,D  

 Ê   

i‘ 53<LÊ  E 

Ê Ê  =
 
 






    

i‘ '  5/.L=
         


     


; 0 ,-6.=C-6/3

i‘ '  5/.L6 0   


   
i‘ 5/3L7    


 


i‘ 5//L6 0 
 & Ê0  L
Ê0 * 

i‘ 5/;   Ê

 Ê   
6 0 
  
 
i‘ 5< L5; L1   
  

 
D
 

 
    

i‘ 5;L× 
 9 

   
 


Ê  E 
i‘ ?   5;$L6 0 


;   $  ),-6/3*-6/9

i‘ ?   5;$L×    
  
i‘ + 5;.L×  

  "    

25;3


 *


A  

;  ,-6/9C-66-; ÿ 
,-6/9C-66-

i‘ 25;3L1    


   
i‘ + 25;/L" 
 
1  

    
 aerestroika#
%Glasnost
#  

%
i‘ + 5;;L7 
× ×0 0
i‘ @ @5;;L?  "    D1  

   0  Ê   

 ( 
   
 
 (    
(     
    0 

i‘ 25;5L7  
 " 

   
 
D
" 

   DA 
Ê     
 ) 

i‘ Ê      5;5L" 
 " 

7
 7  DÊ  E 
    
i‘ 255 L8 
     Ê  
E 
i‘ @ 55 L" 4    
i‘ ×
55 L&3  *       
9

9   D1    



'  
i‘ @ 55LA 
   
  9

9 
i‘ ×
55L×   
1  D1  


 " 

i‘   55LE 
      Ê  E D
"    -   Ê
#"-Ê%  D1  




  Ê  E 
i‘ @(55$LÊ  E   "-Ê


 å

  ’’!
   & 0ÿ 

’-  8-,-6-6*-6<3

i‘ 55L× ,  


 1 4  
# ×%(

   ? Ê 
1 4  

#?Ê ×( ?0%5$ 

i‘ 5$ ,   


   ?Ê ×

i‘ 5$  ?   5(26 ,


# %
D
, 
  
   
(   

 †+"  %

i‘ 5$3L×   
 
(,  0
 ?Ê ×

i‘ 5$;L9 
   
D?0$

$/I  
  

i‘ 5 L9 
   
D?0
 <

; I 
   

i‘ 5 $L, 
  D

 
 
,  
   #-  
    
( 
?0   
 
 9 
%

$ & ’A’ &  8-,-6<<

i‘ @ L
 ,  
, "  

i‘ + $;L
 , 

     


   
    9 
 

i‘ 23L9 
   
D?0
$;;

. 5I
   

i‘ 2$  7×

D,   


  
5 <
º

i‘ ×L?     @ 






D, 


    )


 
 
?0  

i‘ 2/L1 8 +   


  


i‘ 2 L?0     &


1 " *

i‘ @.L?Ê×       D1   



 

i‘ ?   $L9 
   
D ?0
  
 D?Ê× 


53.I    -
 
 (  
 1 
  8  
? 


i‘   L1   
 
 

i‘   L1   
 
 

’A-’& 8-,-6<=*-6<6

-6<=

i‘ 2 L×  



  D
  
 ?0      

i‘ @  L&? 8 =


*D, 
Ê  

#Ê×%  
 
  ?Ê ×

i‘ ×
$L
 , 


i‘ ×
5L,  

+  "  

-6<9
ºc

i‘ 2<L2
        
B 



i‘ Ê   3L?  8

0 
 
 
&1     *#1 
3  @ 

 
0 

      
(


       2 
  @ 
  @ 
     D

           
#2@ 
 
1 %

-6<.

i‘ 2<L1  


 9 D1 6(
+ (8   ? 
 
     
B 



i‘ ×
L'1
  6 D@ 



       
#@

' 
(×
× (    

  )
  (
 , 
 ×
 %

i‘ '  5L+ A 


  D
  
1 
  

i‘ ?   $3L1 @
 × "  
 
 
 Ê  E 

-6<5

i‘ @ L7×       




i‘ ?    L-) 
 × "  
1 @
   
   
 Ê  E 

-6</
ºÔ

i‘ 2 L1  


 ×


i‘ 2$5L- 
 (1 ×
  

    #55;I%×

 
1 #×

%

i‘ Ê   $5L8  
 1 6(+ (-
1    1    Ê  

 "0 
  

i‘ '  L1  


Ê  

i‘ ?   5L?  6 1

( 
@ 
(
ÊÊ 
 @ 
 
(
 
(
 
(
 @ 

 

    

#           ?0
 
  @ 
(    


 

(
Ê   
  
%

-6<6

i‘ ×
$ L1 Ê  E 
? L

 
  
   Ê     
6Ê


i‘ Ê   L1 
 

i‘ Ê    L1 6+    


1 

i‘ Ê    L" 


 1 

i‘ Ê   <LÊ  E 


7
  

i‘ '  L,