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Avant-Propos

5 0% , 8 , +
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, ( ( % ( = ,- 1 ( : : (
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

> ( % ( ,( 0 , 4 ,- +:
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005
Table des matières

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# $%

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$ * $"

<-< --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <'


<-& . ( @ %( 0 ( 0 ( " -------------------------------------------------- &)

+ , %
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

&-< $ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- &E


&-& $ 0 ( " ---------------------------------------------------------- &*
&-F = ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- &G
&-E . + ( + --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- &H
&-E-< 5 ( ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- &;
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&-E-F I -------------------------------------------------------------------------- F)

- & . -

F-< 50 + . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- F&


F-& 50 + ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- F&
F-F . ( @ ( ----------------------------- FE

% * / * . 0 -1

E-< 3 @ --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- FG
E-<-< @ %( +-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- FG
E-<-& + " J 0 ( 0(" ------------------------------------------------------- F'
E-<-F @ 57 ---------------------------------- E)
E-& 50 + J -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- E<
E-F ( 0 ------------------------------------------------------------ EH
E-E 50 + @ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- E'
E-* ( ( 0 (" 57 0 ----------------------------------------------- *<

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<-< 5 . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- *'


<-& . ( ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- G<
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<-&-& 1 ( ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ GE
<-&-F 1 ( 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- GE
<-F 1 ( -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- G*

( 0 1)

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&-& 3 0 (" ( " ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- G;
&-F ( ( " ( ( --------------------------------------------------------------------------- H)

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F-< ( ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HF
F-& 3 0 (" ( " ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HE
F-&-< ------------------------------------------------------------------------ H*
F-&-& , . ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HH
F-&-F 5 " ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ H;
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

F-&-E . ( " ( ( -------------------------- H'


F-&-* . ( " ( ( < 0 " -------------------- H'
F-&-G . ( " & ( ( ------------------------ ;<
F-&-H . ( " & ( ( ------------------------- ;<
F-&-; 1 ( ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ;F
F-&-' 0 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ;E
F-&-<) 3 ( ---------------------------------------------------------------- ;*
F-&-<< 50 ( . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ;*

%3 * 0

E-< @ ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ;;
E-<-< > 6@ ( ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ;'
E-<-& > 6@ ( > ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 'E
E-<-F ( ( B ------------------------------------------- 'G
E-& ( ( @ (" @ %( --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 'H
E-&-< ( ( = ( " ( @ ------------------------------------- 'H
E-&-& ( ( " --------------------------------------------------- ';
E-&-F 3 ( ( 0 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- ''
E-F 5 0 ( . -------------------------------------- <))
E-E . ( " ( @ %( ---------------------------------------------------------------- <)&

# $4

& ' +. * ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! $4"


$ * $$$

<-< 5 < --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <<<


<-& 5 & --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <<F
<-F 0 " @ %( <------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ <<G
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# . . $$"

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F-< ( ( % ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <F&


F-<-< ( ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <F&
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F-<-F 5 .. 0 ( .6 0 # --------------------------------------- <FF
F-<-E ( & ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <FF
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

F-<-G 50 ( . ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <FE


F-& ( -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <F*
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F-&-& ( -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- <FH

%5 * $-"

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 . $$' ? 0 6 $ & 0

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E
Nomenclature
5<L5& 5 < &
57 5 .. ( . 0 869
57 5 .. . ( 869
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5 50 ( = 8>L8( -D99
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D (% 8(9
<L & < &
+ 8>9
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M + (
+ + 8 ( . 9
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

4
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∆ 0 8>L( 9
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

évolution relative de la consommation mensuelle (-)

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1.4

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0.8
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0 ( -

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Références

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( (: > . , . : EH: &'G</&'H): &))E-

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 -: -: 4 >-6$-: ( 5-: >-: ( 3-: $ MM %( % :


. + : @ ." 0 " = :,
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$ -: , ,-: 4 -: 5 - + (
: 0 ( : &< 8<&9: <&*<6<&GF: &))<-

$ >-: 4 -: . . ( 0 ( 0(" ! + (
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7 -: , -: 0 0 @ ( (. 6 ! .. . 0
0 0 0 ( @: , : EF 8&9: FHH6F'E: &))<-

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7-: $ ( R ( 0 :5 " \$
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3-: ,-: -: @. # @ # 0 6 .. 0
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-: $ >-: 3-: 6 .. @ .0 . ( ( +( ( #
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

<;
1 Cycle et procédé de base
$ ( 0 0 (" = 4 ( K . L
0 - 5 ( 0 : ( 0 ( : 0 (" ((
( : ( +( 0 0 ( " ( " :
. V = 8 : 0 ( 9 B 0
- $ @ %( = 4. B A -

$$
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4 8 " 9 !
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

<8 @ 0% 0(" 6 4
6 6 9: 4 .+ <- 5 0 (% + 0 ("
% " 0 ∆ - & 8 (
( 9: & % 4 -5 0 (% 0 ("
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$ 0(" 6 48 0( 9 ( -
" : 0 ( @ (" @ %( . ( ( R
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ , * 7 & & 0
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$ . ( J " 0 : Q J
48 + ( : ( 9 V = 0
= 0 (" - (A( 0 : Q J ((
48 : : @ 0% 9 V = + 0
+ 0 (" ( - 0 : V =
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$ " ( @ %( + 0 (A( : J
. K - 0 8 9: 0 &: (
( . . ( " <- $ . (
+ ( K " . ( 0(" -
0 8 9 : " : @ %( =
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

- : . ( : 0
& ( : ( = (A( ( " 0 8 9-

+ 0 .. = .. : + (
( .. -$ J . (( ( = 0
. 0 ( . ( 8 0 9-

( 8. F9: 0 8 9 .. =0 -$
0 = ( 0- $ .. = ( ( @ (<:
( = ( ( )- $ 0 8 9 .. = -$ .
<: . = -$ @ %( B 0 =
(&: = )- " (<` (& ` (-

, % + - %
" & '& #

&<
@ %( . : 0 0 8 9- :
.. . ( @ %( 857 9 . !
. = ∆
57 = = 8F9
0 = 0 ∆

. ( ( = 0 : @ %( (A( . (
0 8. F9: ( ( ( = ( ( -
$ 0 0 0 <
0 &- $ + 0
8 9 8 9 . ( @ %( . 5 ..
7 ( . 857 9 !
0 = ∆ +∆
57 = (
= 8E9
0 = 0 ∆

( . ( 0 ( . ( 8. E9: 0 8 9
.. = -$ 0 = ( (- $
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

.. = ( - $ 0 8 9 .. = 0 - $ .
<= ( ( @ ( : R 4
& 0 = 0- 5 ( 0
( 0 (" (= 0 0 8 9-

$ .. @ %( 0 ( . ( . !
0 = ∆
ξ= 0
= 8*9
0 . = ( ∆ +∆

. % + %
" & '& #

$ J 0 ( 0(" + +
.. ! = -$ < %
J " = (( -

&&
. : J . F @
: ( . ( ( .. ! 0 P :
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0 (" ( " : . ( ( " = (
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6 9: ( X + J 0 ( 0(" " - $
0 ( < J 8 9 0 ∆ <
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0 . ( - : " 0 J 8 9 J
8 9 ( " ( : . ∆ <≥∆ &-

6 9: 0 ( F J 8 9 0
( & J 8 9 0 ! + J
0 - : " 0 J 8 9 J 8 9
∆ F≥∆
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( : . &-

$ ( X Q ( ( . (
@ %( ! 0 @ %( : + ?.. . ." =
( - : 57 A ( % *)a 82 : <'''9- 5 :
( . ( . ( ( @ %( (
P ( -

: ( . :
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/ #( " - $ 0 " - 0 $ 0

&F
2 Etat de l’art de la production de froid par énergie
solaire
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0 (% (( : " 6 4:
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$;
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

+ J . ( ( -

$ @ %( " 8. G9 !
6 & . ( 0 4 -5
0 .. . 4 = 0 8 0 8 9 . F9-
6 < . ( 0 4 - 5
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6 " . = ( (: ∆ :
6 " . 0 ∆ = -

5 " J
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$ 8 @ # : &))F &))E9 0(" 6 4
8N # -: &))<9 U + 0 8 9 8 9 J
( ( -5 P . " Q ( (A(
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ .. + @
. ! : ( . = .
. @ N 8 N : &))<9 " 0("
( " . : @ " : . (
0(" ( 8 ( 0@ -: &))F9-

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( M: . (( + 0 ( 4 -
M )8 ( % ( 0 9 <8 4 9-

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8 ( : <''; W @ # : &))E9 F) = <))a ( "
0 0 ( 0 . - 5 0
( B ( . : (( . ." :
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K>LK 4 . 8 : <''H W$ 0( : &))*9 F) = F))a
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6 " ( 0 .. = 0
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6 " . = ( (: ∆ :
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&*
3 #( %

5 . . ( R 0
. ( - $ @ %( ( . (
A ( ( - . (
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( . . Y : " ( @
( 0 (" ( : ( 57 @ %( 82 : <'''9- :
K . ." - . = : +
@ %( 0 A . "
0 = 0 -

, ( @ %( . (% .
( 0 -$ : (( 0 .: 4 0
6 . 0 (" . 8 @ # : &))F9-
$ . ( 8 : <''F9- 5 . . %
( B R ( % 57
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0 (" 8 @ # : &))F9-

5 @ %( = 0(" : , 7,
<';F ( X 85 -: <';F WN : <''G9
0 ( 0(" ( + ( = 0 +
8 9: , M 7$ M8 . 0 " ( . ( 9- 5 (
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= : =
0 : 0 .. =0 ( A K
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$ . ( " . + @ 57 ! 57 ?57
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$ 57 @ %( . (( !
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57 @ = 8G9
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ 57 . (( !
.
57 = 8H9

5 57 ( : . " 57 @ %( -

%( . .
$ B= . = (
( 8* = <)T59 . 8) = *T59 ( <'%( % -
F): A : P (
@ %( = ( 57 - : =
A + % : ..
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6 . V = " ( 0 ("
(( .. @ 8 : 0 (" S9
6
6 . . % 6=6 ( -

5 : @ %( ( ( " =
( .. P ( -

7 + + ( : 0
0 (" ( : + % :
( . -
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%$

- 8&))F9 ( ((
0 :" ( ( (
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(( - $ ( ( ( (
( : ( A =
%( - @ %( = B . (
8 . = ( * = <)T59: ( 0
= ;)T5 .. -

. R0 , +" :. (
0 (6 ( ( 57 @ %( )-*F = )-HF (
H) = ')T5 83 7 : <'''9-

(( : ( 0@ - 8&))&9 @ . R0 = +
: A . V = 0
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( . ( ( - $ @ %( =
. $ 3 6 &7- $ (
G* = ;)T5: . = 'T5 = F&T5- $ 57 @ %(
)-F< = )-F' . ( -5 : @
. :( " ( V = 0 =
( J 8 9-

% ( : 0 - 8&))<9 . R0
@ = + 8 . ;9: 6 -
$ 57 @ )-FG ( . ;T5:
0 **T5 F)T5: ( (( @ %( : @
" ( . 0 = ( J -

40
deux étages
100%
un étage eau
35
30% 20% 10% 2.5%
eau (°C)

température du condenseur
30
température de la vapeur d'

25 I

20

15
II

10 température de l'évaporateur

5
température de l'eau
de refroidissement température de l'eau chaude
0
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
température du silicagel (°C)

4 #( - 0 % *

&;
% #

. 8 . = ( . = *T59:
( 0 = ')T5-

0 % H) . 4 0 6
8 @ # : &))F9- $ 57 @ %( )-<*- $ (
. ( <&)T5 FT5
. = )-))E 0 -5 ( @ ( + :
(( + ( , 8<'H' = <';G9: 3 K : 8<';* =
<';H9 5 0 8<';G = <''F9 8 N : &))<9-

B 8<''H9 .
-5 = @ 0(" . 5 5 &6 F- $
( 0 ;) = <))T5
. ( - 5 @ %( ( 57
+ ( B " = )-)G-
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

@ = 0(" 6 4 5& F Y
(( 8 # 0 9 83 -: <''H9- $ . . (
, M- 5 @ ( ( . 6ET5 %
FB . ( 0 ( . : (
( <)) <F)T5- $ 57 @ )-);
B -

$ = . B ( %
50 - 5 @ .. " .
( " P 0 @
- ( + @ @ - @ %(
0@ . 0
: = 0 .6( 0 0 .6 0
0 ( <))T5- $ 57 + ( + @
)-)G )-<* 8$ -: &))& &))& WN : &))<: $ N : &))& W$ -:
&))E &))E W$ -: &))*9-

(( : @ # 4 K# 8&))F9 @
0 .6( 0 - = (
-$ @ ( " ( .
<T5 ( ( ;) <))T5- $ 57
@ )-)*G = )-)'F 57 )-))H = )-)<* B -

@ = . (A( . (A( @
( 3 K 6. 83 0 -: &))F9- (
57 + ( + &) B )-);H
)-<F<-

: @ 0 . ( . 6
( -$ (
" ( " 8
. % 9 . (

&'
. . ( -5 @ %(
K . . ( : 57 )-<G
8 -: &))E9-

: = . ( B A -5 :
" ( Q ( . = 6*T5:
( = 0 6 . R0 ( :
( -5 :" 6
. = ( . I

%- , A

+ ( = . = % ( =
( - .. : " + (
. = ( . = 6<)T5 (
0 = ( <))T5 ( ( (- 5 : " "
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

(( " ( -

( 5 0 8<''H9 . = 0
.6 (( - $ @ %( ( . = ( B " = /<'T5:
( ( 0 ( <)* <<)T5-

0 0 8<''H 0 - <'';9 =
0(" (( 0 ( 5 &- $ 57 @ %(
)-)E* )-);& ( . B " = /<)T5: (
= ( ( <))T5 -

3 4 - 8<'';9 . . (( 6 -$
( . /&)T5: ( @ %( (
0 = &))T5-

3 # K@ 8<'';9
" + ( 5 . . =
( /&) /<)T5: V + 0 6 ((
(( 6 0 (: ( 0 ( = ( (
') <F)T5- 5 (A( " ( , +" 0
6 (( -5 @ %(
( ( /E)T5: ( 0 = <*)6
<G)T5 = " -

N 8&))<9: . : . . = @ %( . 0 .6
( 0 ( ( 6<F-* = 6<*-*T5:
0 = ( ') = <))T5-

$ ( ( 0 B (
( . . '- 5 %( :
. : 0 + - : .
: + . : = (
<* = F)T5 . ( - . = (
0 : @ %( 0 .+ " " L 4 .
F)
0 : = &- % + < &: &:
& = ( A ( <
. = - $ ( ( (
. <L <( : = - " :
( . . : (
8 0&b 0<9 " 0 ( 8 09 ( .+ (
+ -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 %
"

7: ( 0 " . = ( . =6
<)T5 ( + (
- .. : ( = ( = (
( = 0 ( 8= H)T59 . (
0 (" : = ( + -D
8&))E9 ( . ( ( @ (
( F) ;)T5- : 0 ( +
8 @ = @ 6 " : " : @
9 ( ( : *) = &))T5 (
P ( % ! &))<: P
+ 0 E8 ( : &))&9-

0 0 ( 0(" . =
( ( ( =
0 : 0 0
( 8 G) = H)T59 . = + (
. = /<;T5 ( +-

F<
3 Choix du couple réactif

-$ & . 6
@ %( . 0(" : ( (
A 0 : (( N # - 8&))<9- (A( :
( : ( " ( . = E)
= &)) 8 K0 -: &))<9- $ A
. 4 0 - ( . : .
. % ( 0 : (( 8 : <''H9-

$ ( 0 85 F7 9 4 " 0 .-
( . % -5 : (
( 0 = ( = <*)T5 (
-
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ A (( ( :
0 : A 6=6 (
+" -5 : % . : (
0 - : ( . (
% ( -

$ (( (( = . 0 .. ((
. - 5 . (( ( :
0 6HHT5- :
( P ( -5 :=0 ( :
(( : . : +" .8 : <'''9- 6 6
: 6 (( 0 .6 (( . " ((
( - = 0 ( " : (( (
( + ( : . @ 0 -

$ ( 0@ ( 85 F &9: . (( : ( @
0 : (( 5 5& $ 5 85 4 -: <';E <';*9 A (
" (( 8 G = E)T5 + ( <G
(( 9- 5 : % (
( 0@ ( (( . -

$ . (( 8 + &9: " "


0 ( 0 " 6 4 !
− &FFGG <'F-F
8 9= + 8;9
) R. R

- & .
$ % 0 + ( B !
F&
6 " : ( " "
0 ( @ (" %
6 " 8 ( 0 ( γ . 0
( 0 0 ( 0 . 9
6 0(" ( " : " @ %( ( =.
( @
6 + : : + . ((
6 P (
6 ( ( -

( : .. 0 + 8
+ &9: : 6 4
. ! 0 @ (6 (( :" " !
<
8'9
3 5&_; F 3 5 &6; F _;∆
&
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

% " 0 ( @ (" = ..
8 + F9: " " 0 ( @ (" ( @ 3 5 &L F
" 8. <)9 !
− F;&*) &F&-E
8 9= + 8<)9
) R. R

10

9
BaCl2/NH3
8 NH3

7
6.4
pression (bar)

2
1.3
1

0
-28 12 42.5
-30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
température (°C)

& -6 " % # #
-'* 7& 8 & *'9:,

.: @ .
. ( .. 0 -7: (( . <): (
" = 8<-F : = "
FF
" 6 4 (( = 6&;T59: <&T5- 7 : ( + (
: ( ( U A
: ( = <&T5 ( B
: " @ %( . -
( . = ( .. ((
B . . - (
. ( @ ( P 0 -

--
*
5 ( . ( B 8" 0 &9:
. 0 P . (
( + - $
@ ( . A ((
@ ( = F = E D- $ ( .
( 0% - = . :
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

.: ( 0% ( (( -

. ( . : ( U
(( -

$ @ . " . 63 4( !
O =ε -σ- E
8<<9

(( : ( ε `<-

% ( : @ ( ( 0% .
A % 8<&9: K @ - 8&))<9 !
O =ε -ε -σ- E
+ 8<&9
U + ( ( (( :
( = 8ε `<9-

:ε A % !
;
ε =ε ) + -8< − ε ) − 9 8<F9
+

ε ) = )-H& + )-))*-8 + − &HF9 8<E9

+ : ) <-

( + + <&T5:
( O FHE N L(&- $ Y ( 0%
&'& FGE N L(& ( ( % ( 8 `)9 ( % (
8 `<9-

FE
$ .= . ( " . ( .
<) = ;& N L(&: (( -

7: 0 B : @ ( ( @ Y
H)) = ;)) N L(& B 83 : &))E9- % " 0
( @ 0% (A( : 0
B A (A( " ( 0 -7: (
( Y + 0 ( " . ( 0
0 A <) = ;) . ( " . = -
5 : ( -

: ( @ ( F ( : 6 " =
.. ( B ( . + 8" )-<; F ( 9
. + 6 ( 8 F *) ( = H)T59 (( . <<-
5 : @ U ( <&T5: (
( F-* G) ( ! % . ( ( -
" : ( (
( .. (( 0 : (
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. ( B . .
-

1.E+08

1.E+07 12°C (T capteur nuit)


6000°C (T soleil)
1.E+06
puissance radiative monochromatique

70°C (Tcapteur jour)


1.E+05

1.E+04
(W/(m2.micron))

1.E+03

1.E+02

1.E+01

1.E+00

1.E-01

1.E-02

1.E-03
0.1 1 10 100
longueur d'onde (microns)

5 !
'

" : ( 3 5 &6 F: (
. = 6F)T5 = 0 (
- = ( + : ( J
0 ( 0(" : . B ..+ - + " @
. = % ( = 0
( -

F*
4 Identification de cycles possibles par l'analyse
exergétique

+ " @ ( J : . @
. ( " = . ( =
0 ( -

0 " : -$ "
Y ( @ :
: 0(" 0 ( 0 -

5 + " + (
( B - ( . : % 0
J " " "
( - $ + (
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( X . -

+ 0 0 (( ( 7, ( =
@ + " +- 5
( 0 . 57 + + = <: & F8 -: &))*9:
( ( . 0 = + (
( = 57 ` )-* . 0
= 8 -: &))& &))F9- : @
( . . =
( 86F)T59 = 0 ( 8H)T59-

%$ = , *

%$ $ + * 7 .

$ + ( " . ( " :
( ( " ( 80 (" : 0(" : ( " S 9- $ +
" O " .. ( . (
( " - + ( " : (A( :
<))a- : " 0 0(" A
( . ( ( " -

$ + " " 0 O= ( ( !
= θ-O 8<*9
Uc . 5 . !

θ = <− )
8<G9

FG
: " ( " 0 O ( =
" ( - $ + " 0 =
( ( " " ( 5 .
( . ( = )- 0 = 0
( : " + ( - (
. = ): ( . : + " 0
( -

$ @ + " ( @ + . ( :
.. .. + " -$ ( + " . ( 8<'*)9
(( ( + +
@ %( 8. <&9 !
QQ
η = = <− 8<H9
Q Q
U + ( X
@ %( -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

* ! #( ; #( ;; #(

. : + 3 @ K - 8<''E9: +
! + " . ( "
@ %( - : + A . = . +
+ - " 0 : +
@ %( . = . 5 . 8
9- : ( %" η : .. @ %( : . ((
8 - <''H9 !
Q Q−
η = 8<;9
Q−

5 ( ( + ( (( @ %( (
= . ( " ( - : + (
0 " & . 0 " 0 :
` ` - η `< ( η `)- $ ( ( < ( " "
. 0 ( @ (" ( : " @ %( ( J .
0 : " ( ( %" -

FH
+
, ! #( ; #( ;; #(
;;; #( < # !0

. : .. + " 8 + " @ 9 " .


8 -: &))&9 + : " @ %(
( Y : + !
QQ
η` 8<'9
Q
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

: @ %( 8 . <& <F9 " . + !


6 + . " @ %( : = +
. 3 @ K - 8<''E9-
6 + " .. ( A . ( @ %( 6 -

$ .. + . 8&)9: " @ %( =
. ( + : A ( +( -
Q− Q
+ = 8&)9
Q

@ %( 8 . <F9: + : + % +
+ + " @ %( (
Y -7 . @ %( : " " . @ %( =
+ ( !
QQ + + QQ
# ` 8&<9
Q

$ .. + " @ %( . (( !
QQ
η` `+ 6 6 # 8&&9
Q

U `
Q

8 `)9: .. + " 8&&9 @ %( : η : " (


.. @ %( (( !
η `+ / # 8&F9

F;
. ( +( .. @ %( : 0 0
" ( ( +( .. + =< ( (
# = )-

%$ + . 0 B & & 0

$ J 0 ( 0(" 8 . <E9 A
+ " ( V (( . 5 6 0 c6O . <E -
(( : 0 J J A 0 4 :
Q = ( : = " 0
B ∆ - : . ( 0 4 +
+ B J 0 -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. = + $ %# ' % *
" 5 & '& # % #
+ 0 %
5 θ'> 0 >θ ?
-θ" - % -θ%

$ " % J ( : @ . +
J -$ " 0 . = 0 ( X
+ 0 (% - 5 (( % 0 :
0 4 + - : " ( X
( ( J 0 - : .% 0
8 9 8 9 . <E 0 (" 0 =
(< J 0 8 9 ( 0 (" = (&
J 0 8 9- 5 J 8 9 ( (
J 8 9 8 9 0
. ( -

: Q + = Q + - .. : ( 0
: + = !
∆ <-θ _∆ &-θ0 `∆ <-θ(< _∆ &-θ(& 8&E9

: 0 (" J = (
0 !
F'
∆ &-θ0 6∆ <-θ(< `∆ &-θ(& 6∆ <-θ 8&*9

$ . + ∆ -8θ06θ(<9 ` ∆ -8θ(&6θ 9 "


. <E -

% @ %( + 0 E-<-<: 0 A = (
- : + 0 ( +
=< % 8&)9- 5 . " 0 =. A =
( - : A . 0
. - : @ + + % +- $ (
. A - . : (< (& A = )-$
( B 0 J . ( =
( ( - : B 0 . = θ ` )- $ + +
( - % 8<'9 8&<9: " : ..
+ " =< -$ . ( J
. <*-
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

/ " 5 & '& #


θ'> % #
+ 0 %

( .. + " . :
B ( % ( + ( ..
J . Q -5 " (
+: (( (( - $
. @ -

%$ - 5 * :

5 (( " 8F9: 57 @ %( . 0 ∆ <


∆ & ( < & J 8. <*9: U <
. 0 . ( - % 8<*9:
( ∆ &-θ0 ∆ <-θ - $ 57 @ %( A = ..
+ " η: !
E)
∆ θ0
57 ` <
` η 8&G9
∆ & θ

R " Q 0 . = ` /&;T5 )`
<*T5 .. + " η =< 57 < 0 A
( = HGT5 8 0 < & 9- : @
0 ( @ (" ( (
+ . ( 8 : &))*9- 0 0
57 = <: ( ( 0 = H) ;)T5 ( : (
-

. ( 0 57 . = <- 5
57 P A 0 .. (( ) <- ((
" ( +( 0 57 . + = )-*- :
. = 6&;T5 ) ` <*T5: ( 0 E&T5- 5 ( 0
( . H) = ;)T5 "
( % " -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

% & . B
% 8&G9: 57 )-* .. + " = <:
+. 0 " . - 5 ( " "
. 5 θ θ0- $ . ( ( J
. . <G (( 8 9- $ +
J & F J <: . 8 _ 9 8 9 ((
θ6O: - $ .. + " <-

$ + J 8 9 8 9 . ( ( ( -
0@ 6 0(" . ( 0 :
(( . <G -
. <H- : J ( (
. ( - $ . .. 0 J <
8 . ( 9 + 0 : J & F
8 J & . ( J F
. ( 9- $ ( (
J -$ . -

. : ( J <: . <;- V =
( : . ( 0 +
8 0 . <; 9 @ %( . . Y : (
J & 8. <; 9 F 8. <; 9- " : . "
< 0 ( 0 : ( ( " = ( )
J < J < 0 . -

E<
1 5 θ@ > & '& # "
A - % "
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

3 B $ + A 1
% " + * + ,

B $ + A 1 $
" +
% ! *
" $ ! ,

. : %( . ( X J
. <'- 5 % . ( ( J :( ( =
0 . . Y 8 J < .
<' J <. <' 9-

E&
B $ + A 1 $
" , +
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

% !
" %

$ . <G . 8 9 J ( B . .+
. ( = 0 ( -5 :
0 0 ( . J 57 `
)-* = B ..+ -$ . "
8= 0 E-F9-

5 ( + " . 8 9 ( X
+ 0 (" J ( ( + J - 5 @
+ 0 (" ( + J + J : %
+ 0 (" : 0 (" - 5 ( ( .
: (( θ6O . &) 8 . 839 =
8D99- $ .
8η `<9-

7 ( . = + 0 (" = + (
+=dθ &θ : = &θ0: ( 6 =- .. : . 0
@ (" ( X
: ( " + (
J J -

7 ( " @ %( ( " + . 0 ("


J - .. : : . ( ( = "
0 ( @ (" " ( ( +( H) = ;)T5 0
A ( - <)T5 = " 8 J
" 9 0 ( " " : + .
0 (" ( E)T5 8. &<9- 5 (
;)T5 0 " (
0 E&T5: (( (( -

EF
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

* 4 θ'> 0 8 -C
" - % " $ &D @ /

* * 7& % % +
* ! -! " 7& % +
EE
$ (( 5 65 @ . 839
= 8D9 + ( " . &&-
(( 5 @ . ( ((
θ6O: ( 0 = + ( ( "
" - : . . 0 4
(( θ6O: . 0 0 : @ (( " (
. " 0 " J A B 8 9"
8 9: " ( " @ - $ " ..
% . (( θ6O-

7 0 0 ( . ( ( (
( (
0 (% 0@ 6 0(" .. - . ( ( = &
: . 839- . F !
. 8 9: 859 8>9- $ . ( ( E = *
.. -$ . 859 A F. Y : 85<9 = 85F9
8. &&9: ( X " F -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 @ (( 5 @ ( (
X - 7 ( ( ( + 0 " @ -
5 : : . 0 (" ((
. : ( X 0 - : %
Q + " ( (( -
( X : . " 0@ 6
0(" 0 ( B -

. : + 0 (" ( ( (
@ - 5 : ( + 0 (" ( :
( : .. + " " .
= <- 5 ( A ( ( (
" . ( -

: @ ( ( = .. (
X - 5 : + " ( ( @ ( " (
. ( B . : ( ((
(( -

E*
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

EG
** 5
0 +
&
8 -C
'&
#
*
%- &

@ %( +: "
(( % : ( " Q 0 ( -
" : 0 . . B :
(( 5 65 @ - : 0
0 ( 0 . . % . " 0 - $
0 <LF- : . ( ..
@ 0 : (% =
0 -

: = + ( : 0 (% 0(" ( "
(( 8 6 . Q B . Q . = 6&;T59-
.. . 0 . ( .
( X 8$ : <''E9- 7 !
6 8<9 L (( 8∆ e&F K>L( 9:
6 8&9 3 5 & L )6; 8∆ eF; K>L( F9
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

6 8F9 5 & L <6; F 8∆ eE& K>L( F9

6 8E9 , 5 & L &6G F 8∆ eE' K>L( F9

6 8*9 5 & L &6G F 8∆ eG& K>L( F9-

$ ( 0 ( @ !
.. : : . 0 (" 6 .. J
( " ( :
" 0 ( X + 0 (" 6
(( -7: : 0 B ( . ( X
J + 0 (" .. J 0 (" - =
. ( " 0 (" A .. 0 " @ - : ( X
. Q % ( 8 8 9: 8 9: 819: 8 9: 8 99-

. : " 0 + %
J + 0 (" A B ( 8 89 8>99- $
. &F- . :
( " . 0
: ( . -7 " 0
( 8∆ *b∆ Eb∆ Fb∆ &b∆ <9- 5 .
+ ( : ( 8 ( 0@ -: &))F W$ 0( : &))* W :
<''H9-

$ < 0 " . : .. (
. - $ 57 : : (( 0
" . &F 8. = 9 (( 0
" 8 0 . @ %( = 09-

7 " 6 @ . . Y
57 = )-*- $
% *)a: (( 3: 5&: > D-

EH
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

E;
"
*, &

$
%
"

?
%
%

!
-
0(
(
+ 57 57 57 57
0 ("
) <L &L F )-F' &L FL E )-E) FL EL * )-F;
3 < <L & )-&F &L F )-EF FL E )-F' EL * )-F*
5< < <L &L F )-FE & L FL E )-E) FL EL * )-E<
5& < <L FL E )-&' &L E * )-EF
5F < <L &L E )-E; &L FL * )-F*
< <L &L FL E )-&G &L FL EL * )-FG
> & <L &L F )-&' &L FL E )-E& FL EL * )-F;
D & <L &L FL E )-&; &L FL EL * )-E)
E " &D $ + $ $

$ . ( X 0 ( 0 " 6 4 (( 8<9
8 (% 9 57 ( . +
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. : . 5F " . (
" 8<9- .. : 0 ∆ (( &=F. . "
0 -$ J &.
" . : " ((
0 - ( " J
. ( 57 -5 :
( . = 6<*T5: @ J . = %
: " 8&9 " . = % (
" &*) ( = 6<*T5- : (( 0
&-&: . ( . (
. " .. ( @ %( - 5 =
-

" 6 @ %( - @ %( :
. P ( ( 0 :( (
% 0 ." . :
0 ( X . 57 " -

%% & . *
$ . J . =( =
0 ( ( : (( .
&F- $ 0 +
. 0 ( 0 ( ( 57 (
. J =( X - " : (
( X . 0 (" : " (( -
: . 0 (" A = + (
( - " : ( = . 0 (" = θ0 θ L&- 5
. 8 9: 839 8 9- 5 : . 89
( X E - " : ..
Q " 0 ( @ (" ( : "
0 F-&-
E'
$ . 8 9 839 ( X
+ ( - . B J 8, 4 -: &))EW$ % -:
&))E9- 5 : . ( . 8 9: 0 E-&: (
0 !
6 + 0 8. <H9 .
0 :
6 8. <; <'9: . 0
+ -

7: : 0 . Y :
: ( 0 : ( @
( @ -

$ . 839 . &E " % (


( X " + 0@ 6 0(" + J . !
6 0 : + 0 (" :
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

6 0 . : + 0 (" -

$ J 0 +: .
0 ( ( -

*. 5 & '& #
" F$ 8 F$ 0 +

+ 0 F-& (( . 839
" + : ( B + 0 ( 0
(( (( < 0(" 6 4 (( 0
@ ( (( &- $ (( 5 @ . &*-
( + <*T5 = " <)T5:
( 0 0 G&T5: " (
( - 0 : . 0 (" + J
.. ( ; 6<&T5 ( . 6&&T5:
" ( B . -$ . 839 ( X . 3 5 &6 F
( @ .
0 ( ( -

*)
16
BaCl2/NH3
NH3
14 T froid produit
T ext = 15°C
T source chaude nécessaire
12
transfert de chaleur
10
pression (bar)

0
-32 -22 -12 8 15 25 52 62
-40 -20 0 20 40 60
T0
température (°C)
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

*/ 5 & # 8
F$ 8 & *'9:,

% & 0 : &
0 E-F: (% 6
@ + " -$ 0 0 " .. : @
( " ( = .
( " 0 (" 0 " J - @ 8. &F9: 57
8 <9- . J 0
3 5 &L F: 57 8 57 0 " 9 )-&F-

5 : ( 0 .. "
@ - ( %
@ (" - 0 .. . .
(( 0 " @ - @ 8. &G9 "
0 = J ∆ :( O : " 8 :
<''*9 !
O =∆ + 5 -8 − @ 9 8&H9

(A( !
O@ =∆ +5 -8 − @ 9−5 -8 @ − 9
8&;9
O =∆ + 5 -8 − 9
8&'9
O =∆ −5 " -8 − 9 8F)9

U5 0 (" 0 . .: 5 . :5
. 0 4 5 " . 0 " : 0 "
= ( . -
*<
$ 0 (" 5 ( . . ( M
0 8M`<9 8M`)9 -
+ 8 : <''*9!
5 `5 _ γ-M-5 " 8F<9
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

*1 &# " ! + % ?

7 . 57 8 57 0 ( @ (" 9 @ !
O ∆ 65 -8 6 9
=
"
57 0 ( ` 8F&9
O ∆ + 5 -8 6 @ 9

!
6 0 0 ( 0 (( .
( 8, : <''*9:
6 0 (" (( 4 + "
8$ : <''E9:
6 ( .. 0 3 5&
(( 8. &*9:
57 0 ( @ (" 0 )-<H-

5 57 0 ( @ (" ( 0 . ( B -
5 : % @ %( ( 0 .. .
( : S " :
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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2 1-: ( . . 0 ( @ (:
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

&
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

*;
1 Principe de fonctionnement du procédé
= ( 0 " J : (
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+" ( -

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+ J : ( 8 9 8 9 . ( + 0
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( : 0 B V = (
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. ( + J : " ( 0 (" !
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

* & $ +
5 $ &

@ %( : + + !
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. ( : . (
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@ %( : + = ( + : (
8. &'9-

Condensation à Text BaCl2/NH3 Ln(P)


NH3 L/G
Ln(P) NH3 L/G
Phase nocturne BaCl2/NH3
C1 R1
14 bar 14 bar
C2 R2
Chauffage solaire

Evaporation dans la E2 Réaction à Text


R2
Phase diurne chambre froide

1 bar 1 bar E1 R1 Tranfert de chaleur


de R1 vers E2
25°C 60°C --1/T -33°C -5°C 5°C 25°C -1/T

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

: %( 0 B - .. : ( ((
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( B " = + 4 ( - 0 :
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$ 3 0 : " & @ 0% - :
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$ -C &

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( : (( -

0 : ( (( & & "


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$ " ( .. ( (
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

3
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= ( . ( @ %( 0 + .:
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$ B . @ %( . =
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

" -5 ( ( ( . . ( B -5 :
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GH
puissance solaire incidente
20 température extérieure

18 1000

16

puissance solaire incidente (W/m2)


800
température extérieure (°C)
14

12
600
phase phase
10
transitoire transitoire
8
400
6

4 200

0 0
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heures de la journée
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

,. 5 0 !$ -

= & 0 0
$ 0 ( . - . ( (
0 ( . : % ( @ = *) N .
( B : " <&)) N 0 EF&) K> B
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7 ( " (( = @ 0 " B ! E-& K + ( (


8 (( = FFT5 = 6FFT5 @ ( 9- 7
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( : " (( = '0 H-; K - $


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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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3 Modélisation dynamique du procédé

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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. 8 %

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@ ( -5 ( ( ( η (
= 0 " ( . ( (
+ : (( . E<- 5 : +(
( : . ( 83 : &))E9 !

η = Ψ−Θ
+
8FH9

U!
6 ψ: ( " : .. (
.. . ( "
6 Θ .. 0 (" . : %
( Q .. -

$ .. ( V + (
(( + 87 : &))*9-
: i ` )-H* Θ ` )-)EF N L8(&-D9-

H*
0.8

0.7

rendement du capteur (-)


0.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1

0
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14
deltaT/I (K.m2/W)

. 5
E ! 0

$ ( α-0 - -8 6 9 0 . + -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( ( +( (
= 0 ( - $ .. 0 = 0 " ( .
( := , 8<''*9
+ *-

$ .. α . + = )-< ( - :
( .. B L ! . + = )-< B = <) - .. !
6 0 ! " 0 & :
( % &
% : . ( 6 -5 ( "
( . . 0 . & +
0 -$ . 8" A < (
<) ( . F (& 9
*) (&: <) . " . -j . + = <)
& -
6 0 B &: . ( " ( B
- & : % ..
0 (% " ( ( η
- .. : ( + " =
: = ( " @ : "
( ( % . ( . B " (
( " 0 (" 0 - : B ..
= (
+ :( .. 0 = "
8" ( (( X @ %( 9- $
α 0 B . + = )-< + -

$ ( 0 #- : -8 6 9 . 0 ("
( . L - 8$ : <';; W5 6$ : <''E W
: <''G WN : <''G W$ : <'';9 ( " .. 0#
. E)) N L8(&-D9-
HG
- 2

$ 0 (" ( . 3 5 &6 @ %( 8.
E&9 !

8(-5 9 - = 0 #- : -8 6 9_∆ - 8F;9

F &G

2
F# ∆> # #<

.* 8 % 8 & *'I9 #(
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ ( ∆ - 0 P8 9 = 0("
. (( -5 ( . 0 @ 0% 8 + 0 (" 9
. 0 ( 8 0 ( " 9- $ ( .
" ( ( (( @
( 8 . @ 0% . ( 9- ∆ 0 (
B 0(" : (( = F;&*) >L(
F 8 " 8<)99-

$ 0 ( " 5 ( . . ( M
- = 0 " ( + 8 : <''*9!
8(-5 9 ` ( 0-5 0 _ -85 _ γ-M-5 "9 8F'9

5 ( : 0 (" . ( 8. EF9 !

8(-5 9 - = 0 #- : -8 6 9 + 0 #- : + -8 : 6 9_∆ - 8E)9

F &G

2
F# ∆ ># #<

,6 F E 6 &G

., 8 % 8 & *'I9 #(
HH
5 " ( = : ( ( (
0 #- : + -8 : 6 9 ( 0 0 (" ( .
( " : ( 0 -

- - 0

$ ( = 0 " ( + "
, 4 - 8<''<9- $ " (
8E<9 0 ( 8E&9 0 @ 0% -
M −
= K -M-
"
8E<9

M −
= K -8< 6 M9-
"
8E&9
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 ( % ( 8 ( M 8<6M99 . " :
( " 4 ((
-

$ .. " K 0 = F-F⋅<)6F 6<


:
( @ ( @ %( 6 (( 8, 4 ( +: <''<9-

$ 8. EE9 ( 4 +< & -


4 . !
-R -
( = ( (
= 8EF9
(
U ( !
6 ( + ( ( <8 ( ( @
0 ( . : + 9
6 ( + ( ( &5
6 ( ( ( &
6 ( . ( ( & -

$ " ": " = ( = "


" 0 ( @ (" L 4 : ( " "
0 ( @ ( " ( . 8EE9-

∆ < <
=− −
"
-8 9 8EE9
+ +

+`)-GGG +`&HF D " 6 43 5 &6 F-

− "
$ ( +

" : (( . EE- .. : + ( :
( . ( = " 8, 4 : <';;9-
H;
$ 8 9 $L
3 5 &L F

"
= "
` (

8
( 9

6<L
.. ; & '& # ! -! "

- %F 0 6
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ 4 0 ( ( 8 ( ( ( < &
< &9 ( " = 0 " ( % 8E*9 !
M
= -γ- =− (
8E*9

( ( F @ ?. + 6 : γ
.. X0 ( " 8γ`; 9 ( (
8 % ( ( " : ;) (
E) ( ( 9-

.. : (( 4 + B . (
B = " " 0 " 8 :
9- 5 (( 4 + = (
( ( :" 6(A(
0 " -$ " 8E*9 ( .
0 " : ( " (( 0 - + @ %( :
" @ ( " ( - @ %( : =
.. . ( 0 "
0 F-&-; F-&-'-

- F 0 6 $ & 0

$ ( ( < 0 (" ( " F 0 " = (


.. 8. F'9 !
6 = ( +
6 " 6 "
6 -

H'
$ 0 0 " ( = 0 " ( : V =
" 5 65 @ 8&9: (( " " L 4= (
+ = ( " -

$ . 0 (( ? ( -5
. " " .. (( ( .
0 " 0 ( (( .. ( "
( = ( + -

: A = ( . = "
: ( .. B " =
( ((: 0 <-&-<- : ( =
( . = 0 8 0 9-
: . 0 (" . " (
( . - -

$ " ( ( < = (
0 " : @ (( 4 + B " =
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

( ( 0 " . - 5 0 " B
(( + " 6 - : " (( 8
% 8EG99 B = " (
": -

= ⋅8 9=−
( ":
": ( ( 8EG9
(

= ( . = ( + :
( = . " 6 4 - $ 0 (
( (( " -$ (
6 A % 8EH9 !

": ⋅5 8 ": 9- ":


= ":
⋅∆ 8 ": 9 8EH9

: : = ( = ( + :
0 ( - $ "
" ( 0 = (( " -$
( . !

= ⋅5 8 9⋅8 −
": ":
": -5 8 ": 9- + + ": 9 8E;9

$ " ( ( . " "


: @ (( +6 : . (
0 " " ( - .. !
6 6 " :
( ( ( :
6 0 (( ( ( :
0 ( 0 % ( . 0 " = (
-

;)
$ " (( 0 . Y (
8 " 8EG99 . 0 + 0 " 8 9"
( !

= ⋅8 9=−
( ": 0
": 0 ( ( 8E'9
(

U 0 0 " 8 <9 0 ( -

: ( 0 " !

": 0 ⋅5 8 ": 0 9-
": 0
= ": 0
⋅∆ 8 ": 09 8*)9

5 . 0 ( " ( + <<-

- 1F 0 6
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ . ( &6 & ( ( &5 ( = +


@ %( < - ( ( &5
= " " 6 4= ( + 8 " 8&99: @
" (( ( % " 8EG9 " = 5&- $
( . & = " 8E;9- $ (
. ( + -

@ 5&- $ (( ( &
. 0 ( & . ( < ((
0 <-&-F-

- )F 0 ,6 6

$ & " . + @ %( 8. F'9-


( + . + @ %( = . !
6 . 0 (" < " :
6 . (( " & ( 0 5
6 . (( 4 + & ( -

$ ( % ( - & F 8.
E*9 !
6 ( " ( . < (( " &
6 (( " &
6 (( 4 + ( ( &-

;<
2 #$
5 . +
&G
,6 +

5 0 +
F# & 6
( +
F E 6 F 0E 6
./ 8 % *

: 0 (" & !

:
8(-5 9 : -

= 0 #- 9+0 -
":
: + -8 6 : : - -8 ": 6 : 9 8*<9
": :( +
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ ( ( 0 #- : + -8 6 : 9 . 0 (" &
( . L <-

":
$ ( 0 - : - -8 ": 6 : 9 . 0 ("
": :( +

" 6 - : . 0 ( +( (
" : .. (
":
" -
": :( +

0 .. 0 (" . (( " 0
- . + = <))) N L8D-(&9: ( @ . ( ((
0 8, : <''*9- $ . . . . ( 4
+ . ( B -

. " (( 4 +: " " (


" : @ %( E " !

6 3 ( " " . !

(:
=− ":
8*&9

6 $ 4 . " ( . " 4 +
": = (: !


= (: (:
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(:
R ⋅ ":

6 3 0 (" " " !


;&
": ⋅5 8 ": 9⋅ ":

=^ 9⋅ +0 ⋅ ⋅ ⋅8 −
": ":
8 ": : : ": 9 8*E9
": :( +

6 " " 0 ( @ (" " L 4!


∆ 8 9 < <
9=− −
(: +
8 8 9 8**9
+ R ": +

" 8*E9: ( ( 0 "


":
" . - $ ( 0
0 (" " -

$ " 8*&9 8*F9 ( . @ %( "


: : - 5 "
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

": (: ":

" ": -5 6 ( 0
B " = ( -$ + @ %(
F " -

- C

$ & ( !
6 " " L 4= ( ": " "
- 5 ( " "
0 ( @ (" 8*G9-
∆ 8 9 < <
=− +
-8 − 9 8*G9
+ R ": +

+`E-&'E +`&HF D " " L 4 (( -

6 ( 4 : -5
( 4 . 8*H9 = ( : -

(: - (: = (: -R. : 8*H9

$ & : (A( : ( !
6 " " L 4= ( " "
-
6 ( ( &5: -

. : & ( ( &: 4
. 8*;9 !

;F
⋅R ⋅
=
(: & (: &
(: & 8*;9
(: &

$ 0 + (
8 . ( 9- $ " 4 :
= 0 " ( : = " 4 = (
. ( - 5 A
( @ : (( . EG + ( 3- $ " (( 0 :
V = 4 . " + _ : !

(: & −8 ( :5 & + 9
= &
( :5 & (: &- 8*'9
(: &

8 9

&b 5&_∆
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

&

∆ &8 _ 9` 5&8 _ 9` 5&8 9_∆ L&

5&

_ 89
.1 8 5* &*

- "3 &

$ 0 0 ( ∆ L . + (
" J = 0 - : =
( (( (( (% ( ( -

$ " " . " .


6 !
DE ⋅π⋅∆
L .
= L .
8G)9
<&; ⋅ , " ⋅ l L . ⋅υ "

UD (% 0 :l :, ( ( (( 8<H
L( 9 υ ( " (( " = ( 6 -

;E
- $4= ,6

$ ( + ( (( 8. EH9!
:
8(-5 9 :

=0 - : + -8 0 ( 6 : 9_0 - : -8 ": 6 : 9 8G<9

&6 F&

,6
F6 &6

;0 ,6
F
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

E 6

.3 8 % !$

$ ( 0 - : + -8 0 ( 6 : 9 0 .
= 0 ( . -$ .. 0 = 0 "
( " 8 + *9-

$ ( 0 - : -8 ": 6 : 9 . 0 ("
< (( 6 - $ .. 0 :
&
<))) N L8( -D9 8, : <''*9-

- $$ &

0 ( : . . : R
0 ( ( .. 0 ( -5
8 G-<: &))&6&))E9- 5 : ( % : 0 ( .
(( X ( . ( - :
" : ( " -
$ ( = 0 ( . -
( ( : ( ( H)a ( 0 ( . :
F') - ( 5, K . 8B " = ;,>9-

;*
I

F &
O 5, F
F E 6 7

,6 F
& 6 HF D
5 & 3 K 2

. 8 % ! % "

$ ( ( 0 ( Q .. 8. E;9!

8 -ρ ⋅5 + -ρ ⋅5 9- 0 (
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

= D-8 6 0 ( 9_0 - : + -8 : 6 0 ( 9 + ∆O 5, 8G&9

$ 0 ( . .. 0 ("
D8 = )-;H N LD % ( + H: E) N
9 % " -$ ( % : :
(( : = &)T5-

$ 5, 0 ( . 0 " 6&<T5- " : +


. " . " %( . 0 (
= = " & = *T5 0 ( 0 8 @: <';< W
7K # -: &))< W 0( ( -: &))F W 0: &))E9- $ 0@ 0%
( " ( 0 ( . A . = 6&*T5 "
( . : = 6<;T5 " 5, (( =. 8. E'9-
( : ( B = 0 ( 0
(( 8 ( : ( " . 9- :
∆ O 5, = ) -

$ " ( ( 86<; 6&*T59: 0 ( 0


(( K K ∆O 5, = .
( ( 0 ( . = 6&*T5 = 6<;T5 ( -
$ " 5, % ( 8O 5,`; ,>9: ( 0 ( .
6&*T5- (A( " 5, % ( . 8O 5,`)9:
( 0 ( ( 6<;T5 8. E'9-

;G
0 ( 5, % ( " ! ∆O 5, `)

5, ! K . . (
( 0 ( . = 6<;T5

6<;T5 5, _FT5

∆O 5,`)

5,

6&*T5 5, 6ET5

5, " ! K . .
( ( 0 ( . = 6&*T5
5, % ( !∆ O 5,`7

. $ J &B
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

% " - % % &B

;H
4 Simulations et dimensionnement dynamique

%$ 5 *
+ ( ( . *< = *E *G = *'
B @ ( B - $ ( "
. *) **- $ 0 0 . , 61 +
8<''G <''H9 ( @ ( ( . ?B 6@
( " ( @ 0 " ( -

5 B 6@ . +
%( B : @ %(
- + .. % B :
= %( B : - $ (
( )-< : ( ( +( ( ( -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ ( @ %( =H0 ( =*0 B :
0 .. ( - 5 ( (
+ 0 . ( ! 0 0
. -

$ ( ( (( 8( ( : .:
. 0 S9 ( ( " 0 &-
5 : V = ( ( (
. ( @ %( G( 8 = ( 9- $ ( 0
( ( 0 E-&- $ +
( ( :" ( : ( &- $
(% ( ( + G-

, 7$ M 83 5 &_ 9 @ %( < <&-H K


( ( 3 5 & @ %( < *)
. < & (&
, ( < E* K
. < ' (&
. < * (&
, 7$ M 83 5 &_ 9 @ %( & &*-E K
( ( 3 5 & @ %( < <))
. & F-; (&
, ( & ;* K
. & && (&
. & 8= <9 < (&
3 )-F
( . ( 0 )-)&
( 0 ( . *GG
( 0 ( . F'G
O . K 5, ; ,>
E " * K

;;
%$ $ L * ,6

30 900

insolation 800
température (°C) ou vitesse de vent

puissance solaire incidente (W/m2)


25 température extérieure
vitesse du vent 700

20 600

500
(m/s)

15
400

10 300

200
5
100
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0 0
0 5 10 15 20
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)
/ 4 !$

50 1
Text
40 T R1 0.9
T res 1
30 T liq evap 2 0.8
T liq evap 1
20 T chambre 0.7
X1
températures (°C)

avancement (-)
10 0.6

0 0.5

-10 0.4

-20 0.3

-30 0.2

-40 0.1

-50 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps à partir du lever du soleil (h)

/ $ #(
? '# !$

;'
8

6
pressions d'équilibre (bar)

5
Peq R1
4 Peq C1
Peq res1
3

1
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/* $ ! " #(
? '# !$

$ . *< *& + (
@ %( ( B @ -

B : ( < ( ( V =
- 0 ( ( :
( . & 80 & = F9- 5 P
. ( 0 . ( ( ! 0 :
@ %( & ( . ( 8. *E9: . ( 5
R " @ %( 0
" ( 0 ( " -$ .
& & R . ( 0 .. ( . : "
? . + ( B " = "
@ %( .. (( . " . "
+ ( -

$ 0 = % ( . 8B " = 6<*T59 0 .
" ( . " (( &- " :
. R ( ( (
" -

% " ( < &*T5 80 F9: ( % (


( & ( <- 0
( ( : ( ( M<- $ ( <
: (( ( ( (
@ %( < 8. *&9 = ( -$

')
< " . : ( . " <- $
" + " 8. *&9-

$ " ( < E*T5 80 *9: !


( 0 (" " ( = " 0 ( @ (" . = 5< =
( + <HT5- $ " < % ( =
5< 8. *&9- 7 ( 8. *<9 "
( -5 ( : " ( B
Y @ %( 0(" (
. ( : B " = 0 << -

80 <<9: ( <: . 8 =
( ( 9: = 0 <&- 5
= ( & (( = ( +
&- $ ( . % ( =
( + - ( = (
. ( <: ( !
6 ( " (( = ( + &
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

6 (( &! & .. 0 @ 0% 8. *F9


R (( & . ( -
6 . 0 (" <: " = 0 .. &-

0 <F: . " < ( 0 ( + :


( . & < % ( ( : V =
&- < ( V . 0 (" &:
B " = )T5 = 0 <G- 0 : 8
M<9 ( " - 0 : " < %
% ( . = 8. *&9-

0 <H: ( M< <- " : + 0 (" <


( -7 ( < & ) = 6;T5 6F
= 6<&T5 ( - .. : 0 (( &
" ( = ( <- $ @ 0% <
( : " 0 " (
@ %( : = 8. *&9-

0 <;: < 0 .. 0(" .


&- " : ( ( ( (
+ : . . + -7 0 <'
( " &- 5 P= ( % . "
(( 5& &: " (( ( -

> " = 0 <F: ( 0 ( . < :


( 0 (" 0 ( . -5 ( : .
0 ( . ( : = H)a (
- $ ." 0 ( - : % 0 &:
( ( ( B " = ( + - .. :
( : (( .
( ( @ %( ( :" . " 6 4 <- .
" < ( + : 5< ((
'<
" - $ ( 6 = (
+ -

$ < ( ( B 8 /E)T5 =
_<*T5: ( ( + 9- 5
( ( . ( (( 0
<-&-< " . " 6 0 ..
0 ( . 0 B -

0 @ 0% : ( < ( : V =
(( - .. : . . ( = U
" 0 : (( 0 F-&-*- . " (
< <: + ( = (A( ( -
. B " = 6E)T5 : ( % =
" . B " = 6&T5 = 0 <H-

0 @ 0% : ( 0 ( . B " = 6&*T5
-$ ( 0 ( <*T5 -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

5 " 0 . ( <
0 ( :( . 0 ( * (& ! .. . &=E
N L8D-(&9 ( ( -

$ ( 0 ( . = 6&*T5 V = 5, ! = 6
&*T5: 5, . " ( . : .
0 ( . = 0 ( 0 -

0 <H: < < ( - $


( < ( B " = 0 ( . :
% : (( 0 ) = <&-

$ . *F *E @ %( (A( B
( @ - 0 B : + @ %( 0 (" 8 .
" @ %( & 5&9: . ( % -$
( & ( ( B " = E*T5 80 E9:
( - 7 < 0
( ( < = & 0 0 .. - 5 P=
0 (" - .. : < = . ( . @ %(
. ( &: U (( : 0 " B" =
0 F- 0 B : & 0 0 8. *E9-
5 P . ( :" . (
)-)& )-F " " " &-

0 : + @ %( 0 (" ( - :
@ 0% & " (( 5& &- > " = " (
< ( + " & (( = ( 80
<F9: ( & = E&T5- : % ( = (
& B" = F)T5 U 80 <E9- .. : & " (
. + - . " ( .
+ <*T5: 0 . 0 ( @ 0%
+ 0 (" B = " ( -
'&
0 8. *E9: & ( : :=
% ( = )-F " &-

0 <H 8. *F9: " ( M& < " @ 0% ( :


0 .. + (
&B " = ( + -

60 1

50 Text 0.9
T R2
T liq evap 2 0.8
40
X2
0.7
30
températures (°C)

avancement (-)
0.6
20
0.5
10
0.4
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0
0.3

-10
0.2

-20 0.1

-30 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/, $ #( ? '# !$

6
pression (bar)

3 Peq R2
Peq C2
2 Peq E2

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/. $ #( ? '# !$
'F
%$ L * L

30 900

800
température (°C) ou vitesse de vent

puissance solaire incidente (W/m2)


25
700

20 600

insolation 500
(m/s)

15
température extérieure
400
vitesse du vent
10 300

200
5
100
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0 0
0 5 10 15 20
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

// 4 ?

90 Text 1
T R1
T res 1 0.9
70 T liq evap 2
T liq evap 1 0.8
T chambre
50 X1 0.7
températures (°C)

avancement (-)
0.6
30
0.5
10
0.4

-10 0.3

0.2
-30
0.1

-50 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/1 $ #( ? '# ?

'E
35

30
pressions d'équilibre (bar)

25

Peq R1
20 Peq C1
Peq res 1
15

10

5
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps à partir du lever du soleil (h)

/3 $ ! " #(
? '# ?
120 1

0.9
100
0.8

80 0.7
Text
températures (°C)

avancement (-)
T R2 0.6
60
T liq evap 2
X2 0.5
40
0.4

20 0.3

0.2
0
0.1

-20 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/ $ #( ? '# ?

'*
90

80

70

60
Peq R2
pression (bar)

50 Peq C2
Peq E2
40

30

20

10
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
temps depuis le lever du soleil (h)

/ $ ! " #(
? '# ?

( B 8. *G = *'9: + @ %( ( =
( - 5 : ( + = *& = **T5
( - .. : ( +
" : " 8 " 5< . *H *&9 (
( -

: = 0 ; : + ( ( ( :
B " = ;)T5 < (A( <)*T5 &- 5 P . " (
+ @ %( ( 8 ( M< M& 9:
Y 0 ) 0 ; 8. **9 @ .. -
$ ( Y " 0 .. ( - :
" 0 " . ( @ %( 8
0 " 0 ( @ (" 9 ( . ( 8. *H *'9-

: ( " ( ( &= 0 <E- 5


0 ( ( P= 0
& " ( Y . = &) N L(&- 5 R
@ 0% &: ( (( &
. ( . <- $ . ( = . 0 (
( B -

%$ - 56 ,6 M

( : .. ( ^M @ +
@ %( )-H < . -
'G
: @ 0% ( % ! ( M < 0 -$
. ( .. B 0 @ 0% : V +.
( + 0 - : ( ( % : "
( . ( ( )-F )-< + -$
" 0 0 B .. -

B : .. ! ( ( % 8M`) =
. 0 B 9: ( @ 0% & 8 B " = 0 &&
" ( = 0 <;9 < ( % 8M` )-;& ( + ( (9- :
@ %( ( 6 ( @ %( ( 0 :
" . ( < .. @ 0% ( % -

5 .. . + (
0 ( ( : 0 -

% ( * 0 * 7
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

% $( @ ,6 0 *

$ ( ( @ (" @ %( : ((
" : . 0 ( . -$ " .
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

8. H;9 . ( .. @ -5
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35 1000
T air ext
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30
800

puissance solaire reçue (W/m2)


25 700
température (°C)

600
20
500
15
400

10 300

200
5
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0 0
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journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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A
60
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40

20

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

: : ( -5 " <
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60 T R2 moy
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0.6 X1 1000
X2
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0.5 800

puissance solaire incidente (W/m2)


A A A
0.4 600
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0 -200
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

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- " : 0 .. ( &" R . (
(( 5&-

<&E
6 . ;) ( ( & . ( = (
+ . " 8 % 9 B"
- 7: . ( (( & & .
( ( 6 : " " & =
( *T5 . -

" : & . FB = @ 0%
& = . ( 5- $ (
( . &- $ ( B (( " ..
8. HG9 .
6(A( - " : % . 0
( ( : " " :
(A( 0 . M&
8. ;E9- $ ( ..
( ( + -$ "
∆M& 0 " B 8 .
( ( 9: ( -

∆M&
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

: " (
(( 8 0 . ;<9- 7 " ((
(( " " & 8. 0 9: "
" -7: 0 ( & F-* = E-* 0 8 0 9 FB
: . " & 8 0 39 ' = '-* 0-
$ ( -

" M& . - 5
6 = : *)a-
%( R ( ( &: . ( (
(( " &-

20

18

16

14
fin de remplissage de
volume evap 2 (l)

l'évaporateur et remplissage du
12
réservoir: variation de volume
important pour une faible
10 variation de lecture du capteur

8
remplissage
6 du collecteur remplissage des tubes de
bas l'évaporateur: variation de
4 volume faible pour une variation
importante de lecture du capteur
2

0
4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20
lecture capteur de niveau 2 (mA)

. $ ! !$ *
$ $ *
<&*
$ 57 + ( + (( - $ 57 + (
B . )-)F; )-)EF: " . +
+ " 0 E-<- 57 @ %( : "
(( = 0 " ( A " 8
V = ( :" 0 F9-
$ 57 @ B )-)*G )-)GE-

# 0 6
$ ( <) <& B . ;G ;H- $
. ;* ( ( " - 5 B
( -$ %( B " % (
( @ Y &;) N L(& <& 0 ( **)
&
N L( (% B : " " " " +
( -5 ( 0 ( . ? : 5,
-
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

30 1100
T air ext
T pièce
insolation
25 900

puissance solaire incidente (W/m2)


20 700
température (°C)

15 500

10 300

5 100

0 -100
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

/ 4 ? *? * /

$ ( @ %( < 8. ;G9 ( = 0 &-<


<) B - << B 8 % 9: ( ( ( :
( ( (% B : ( " (
.. " ( ( ( : " ( (
B " = <)*T5 . B -5 . ( . ;;: ( ∆M<`)-EF
B ∆M<`)-*) <) B : ( ..
( <*a ( -
<&G
:
<& B 8 % 3 . ;G9: . ( R
( < B : (
( " ( " . ! ( + (
" 8 ** = G)T59 B " 0 -5 " " (
( % - .. 8. ;;9: ( B ∆M<`)-F&:
F*a ( " B -

@ %( 8. ;H9: (A( <) B "


B . ;)- 5 : % << B 8 % 9: (
.. = ( : " ( & .
B - 5 ( . = < = (
( - (A( <& B 8 % 39: (
+ ( " - : .. (
( <& B ! ( ( ∆M& &)a
<) << B : ( ( ;Ha ∆M& <) <& B -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

140 air ext


res 1
120
Evap 2
R1 moy
100
air CF
80 Evap 1 moy
A B
température (°C)

60

40 D

20

0
C
-20
E
-40
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

1 4 0 #( *? * /

<&H
90 air ext
Evap 2
80
cond 2
70 res cond 2
A B R2 moy
60
ailettes moy
température (°C)

50

40

30
D
20

10 C
C
0
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

-10
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

3 4 0 #( *? * /

0.6

0.5 ∆X1=0.43

0.4
∆X1
avancement (-)

∆X1 =0.32
=0.50
0.3

0.2

0.1 X1
X2

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

$ $ L L* *? * /

<&;
7 ( " . ;H: + (% B : 0 (
& ( + 8 % 59- 5 ( . (
(( &= . & (
5- 5 . ;': %
&= . + 8 % 9: . " .. %
( -7 <& B : .. &
. 8 % 3. ;'9- " : " (
( << B ( :( ((
( (( " . & .
B - " : ( ∆M& &)a ( <<
B A . ( -

5 ( : ( @ %( < 8. ;G9 =
0 &-< & (% B -$ ..
0 ( < & (% - 5 P
( &B " . ( (( &- 7
? 0 8 % 59 ( < = & &%(
-5 P= & :
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. " (( B 8 % 3. ;'9-

$ <& B : % . " (( @ %( & 8. ;;9 (


. ( < 8. ;G9- 7 .
( ( &: B " = )T5 F%( -5 : .
( + <: (
( = HT5 ( + 8 % 9- 5 P
= % . ( &8 % 5. ;'9- : U
0 ( ( &: ( (( " =
( :( % ( . -
: < " ( . + :
( " . : < J
: -

" : ( <8 % . ;G9= 6<)T5


: = ( " (( = F :" 6
(A( " 3 5 &6 F = &*T5 8 + F9- $ "
(( < . 8. ;;9:
.. = 0 @ 0% ( -$
( & 0 % ( ( + : "
0 @ 0% 8 % . ;H9-

: 57 + ( )-)EF )-)EE <) <& B : ( )-)*;


<< B - (A( : 57 @ %( )-)GF <): )-);H << )-)H) <&
B - : 57 . B % ( "
% ( - .. : (( B= 0 E-E 0 &:
( : 0 Y @ %( % . ( 8
( 9 @ %( : " ( 57 -
(A( : ( % . 8<& B 9: 57 . (
0 (" @ %( " % 0 .. -$ .
<< B : ( B .. = ( ( .. (( .
" @ %( % . ( = .
0 B -
<&'
100 1100

remplissage Evap 2
insolation
80 900

puissance solaire reçue (W/m2)


A
60 700
remplissage de E2 (%)

A
B
C
40 500

20 300

0 100
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

-20 -100
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

$ * % ! - %
*? * /

- 2
$ ( . .. ( 0 ( . "
.. B 0 . -
. : ( . = 6&*T5 <
8. ')9: R ( 0 ( . . = 6&)T5- 5 :
( " 0 !
*0 6&*T5 + ( B E: * G. ')-
. 0 " = ( 0 ( . : "
6 ( B B " = & = <) T5-

" : K . . (
0 ( . = . = 6<;T5- $ . ( 0 ( (
( ." ( - : 5,
( 0 ( 0 6&<T5- $
&* &' > &))*: 0 ( 0 E ,> 5, ( . :
. '<-

$ . 5, ( 0 ( .
: " " ( <)T5 0 ( .
<*T5 : &* F)T5 (
5,- 5 : ( 0 ( . ( ( *
B - .. : (( 0 E-&:
. ( + 0 ( . - (

<F)
@ %( ( 0 ( . 0 ("
. . " . ( . ( 5,-

40 evap1 moy
air ext
air CF moy
30

20
température (°C)

10

-10
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

-20

-30
0 2 4 6 8 10 12
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

$ % " / 3? * / &B

40

30

20
air ext
température (°C)

10 Evap 1 moy
air CF moy

-10

-20

-30
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 5
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 25 juin 2005

$ % " */ * ? * / $ &B

<F<
3 Amélioration et validation du modèle dynamique
5 (( : ( % ( . ( " . :
" + ( ( (A( " ( -
5 : .. " .- (
( " ( "
( ( ( + -

-$5 7

-$$#

( " ( ( :
ψ: ( " Θ: ..
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0 (" : " 8FH9 0 &- $ ( (


( ( " )-;*- 5 (
( + : 0 <-<- $ .. 0 (" (
( ( &- $ ( = -

$ .. ( j .. " 8FG9
( ( -$ ( !
6 < (
6 & 0 B - 5 =
< . ( &-
6 G 0 -5 . = :
( " "
-5 A ( . ( ( (
" -

-$ = & 0

+ ( ( : ( ( : . . Y ( :
0 B 8. ;H9- $ ( = +
( @ *T5 <)T5- $ :" (
( ( % .. ( - (
( 0 ( -

<: " " 0 ( :


0 (( . ( = - $
0 (" !

8(-5 9 =6 -∆ _0 - -8 + 6 9 8GE9

<F&
$ " 0 @ 0% : ( 6 -∆
" ( B = + - @
( " <: " 6 (
<-

$ @ %( < 8 0 &9: ( ( (
= ( < = ( + -

5 &: (( @ K " &:


.. = . ( " 8 " G*9 8 "
GG9-

=6 -∆
":
8 -5 9 ": _0 - -8 : 6 ": 9 8G*9
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

:
8(-5 9

=0 - -8 ": 6 : 9_0 - : + -8 + 6 : 9 8GG9

5 (( <: 0 @ 0% : ( ?6 -∆ 8G*9 -

$ &: ( ( ( &5 =
( & = ( + - :
. ( 0 : ( . (
( "
( . ( -

-$- , & &G

5 (( ( : ( " (
.. ( 7$ M- 5
= E)) N L(& ( ( ( -5 := . 0
B ( ( ( 0
. ( & < &: ( -
( = ( &)) N L(& <: <)) N L(&
&- 5 ((
85 6$ : <''E W$ : <'';9-

- $ %# ,6

$ ( : ( & (
" . . 0 (" " " &:
" 8*<9 8*E9- 5 ( . "
(( - 7 : (( . ;E: (

<FF
- " : (
( . + ( ( -

-$ 0 K

$ ( ( " (
+ ( ( 8 + ( ∆M`)-* ( ∆M`)-;
. *<: *F ;F + ( 9- ( " (
.. " K ( 8E<9 8E&9- $
( )-<⋅<) 6F 6<
- 5 ( . " : (
( + ( ( -5
, 4 8<';;9 0 -

-$1 &

$ ( 0 ( . < (
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

6 + + ( 8. *< *G
( . ') '< + ( 9- (%
( 0 ( . .. -

: ( + % " 0 (
. ..% ( 8. H; ;*9: 0 : (
( 0 B ( B : ( % -
$ + ( ( % -

$ .. 0 (" 0 ( D " 0 (
0 ( " 8G&9 . ( ( +
- $ .. 5, " + (
( B U 0 ( . -$
D ( ( " <-E N LD )-;H N LD %
8 + H9- 5 ( " = ( +
. !
6 : .. 0 ( ( % ( . (
( - .. :
( <: P "
( : R % 0 ("
( -
6 : ( <: (
(( : ( " <L& PA
0 ( < 8. ;&9: R
0 (" ( -
6 : 0 ( . =0 ( %
" 0 (" ( A = ( -
6 . : . ( 8 . (
( 9: 0 ( . B
( 6 . + 0 ( -

<FE
. . ( ( 8 + <)9: "
( . ( -

$ 0 ( . : B : 0 5,: ((
+ " (( -5 : ( ( (
0 ( " = *) -5 A P . "
0 ( . = 8 6 ( :
+ <)9- *) 0 <-& ( (
. 0 ( - 5 % : ( (
-

- D

- $ & 0

= ( ( % : ( G
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

B (( 8 * HB <) <& B &))*9 . '& 'F-

$ ( .% -$ ( @ GB
H-;T5 < E-FT5 ( &: ( ( +( (
+ ( ( F&T5 < <;T5 &
8 ( +( ( ( = . 0 B 9-

. 'F ( ( " :
.. <: = .
( + ( 0 8 % 9- 5 P= ..
( ( @ %( :" + " 0 F-&-&-

140 air ext


R2 SIMUL
120 R1 SIMUL
R1 EXP
100 R2 EXP
température (°C)

80

60

40

20

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

* K ;BM= 0 L
? / 3? * /
<F*
140
air ext
R2 SIMUL
120
R1 SIMUL
R2 EXP
100
R1 EXP
température (°C)

80

60

A
40
A

20

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

, K 0 ? *? * /
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ 0 ( . G B .
'E '*- 5 . : . & B = ( "
. . '* 8 % 9- << B : .. = ( M&
B 6= . ( . :" + " 0
F-&-&- <& B ( : . . ( 0 (
( ( 6<)T5- : + ( (
( " ( ( (
)T5: " -5 P " = 0
0 ( . 8 *) (( 0
F-<-G9- $ ( % ( . : (
( ( " ( -

40 pièce air CF SIMUL Evap 1 SIMUL Res 1 SIMUL


air ext air CF EXP Evap 1 EXP Res 1 EXP
30

20
température (°C)

10

-10

-20

-30
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

. 5 " % " ? / 3? * /
<FG
pièce air CF SIMUL Evap 1 SIMUL Res 1 SIMUL
40
air ext air CF EXP Evap 1 EXP Res 1 EXP
30

20
température (°C)

10 A

0
A
-10

-20

-30

-40
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

/ 5 " % " ? *? * /

- 56

$ ( . 'G 'H B * HB
<) <& B &))*- M<: (
+ ( ( : = M + ( %- $
+ ( ( ( @ )-)* ( +( ( )-<H G B
8 ( +( ( ( : "
:. 'H9-

5 M&: + ( (
( ? ( 8 (( 0 &-<-&9: (
( " = + ( -
( : ( ∆M& ( _*)a- 5
: (( 0 &-<-&-

5 : &%( B . 'H: ( ∆M& ( (


8 % 9- 7 " 6 - " :
: ( % . ( . < & 0 .. (
< B " = ( + (( . 'F 8 % 9-
" : " ( (( " ( B
<< B : K &- .. : (( . ;;:
: (( . & . 0 -

$ ( ( @ %( ( -, (
( + ( : ( B
. -

<FH
0.8 X1 SIMUL X2 SIMUL X1 EXP X2 EXP

0.7

0.6

0.5
avancement (-)

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 5 juin 2005

1 A$ ? / 3? * /

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5
avancement (-)

0.4

0.3
A

0.2
X1 SIMUL
X2 SIMUL
0.1
X1 EXP
X2 EXP
0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3
journées à partir du lever du soleil du 10 juin 2005

3 A$ ? *? * /

<F;
4 Analyse des performances simulées

%$ :
$ ( " . . ( (
- $ 57 @ %( B @ 0 " ( : ((
0 &- $Q @ . ( Q 57 0 " @ %( :
57 -

$ 57 0 " @ %( . " . = "


0 Y - $ 57 @ %( 57
. ( : " .
< 0 Y ( + -$
57 8. '; ''9 .% + ( ( 0
&-< &-&: )-)* = )-)' 57 @ )-)E = )-)G 57 -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

0.3 COPsys 1

COPsys 2
0.25 COPsys global

0.2
COP

0.15

0.1
0.090
0.067 0.077 0.075
0.064
0.074
0.071 0.067 0.065 0.069
0.05
0.012
0.0
0
e
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se

&D #( # * !

$ 57 @ %( & " 0 : =
- .. : @ %( J ( 0 ..
@ %( ( :" " . Y % ( & 0
: ( &- $ 57 @ %( & "
@ %( = ( ( . J"
. ( : 0 .. ( : (( + " 0 &-

$ 57 @ %( <: : ( ( -
5 (( 0 E-E 0 &: P . ( @ %( < @ %(
& 0 : .. " . -$ @ %( < ..
<F'
( 0 .. ( ( .. . ( @ %(
. ( -

$ 57 @ %( (A( " " 57 @ <:


. ( . ( 57 +( (
-$ " "
( 8. G*9 !
6 & ( " ( "
( ? : .
. ( @ %( (
6 : " .. ( (
. ( ( " @ %( 0
B
6 . 0 (" ( ( " + @ %( 8 0 #9:
( ( .. " &
6 " ( ( " :" (
" (( @ 0 " B -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

$ 57 ( @ @ %( <) ( )-)H<: )-)G< -


5 = H)a . ( @ %( : " 57 (
)-);;- : ( + . ( @ %( . =
+ ( ( . 6<)T5 ( ( ( 8
N : &))<W K0 -: &))<9-

$ 57 . ''- 57
@ %( : ( ( -$ 57
57 @ %( G) = H)a . ( 8 =
( 9: " = ( : "
( ( 6 -

0.2 COPsol 1
COPsol 2
0.18
COPsol global
0.16

0.14

0.12
COP

0.1

0.08
0.060
0.06 0.052
0.044 0.046 0.045 0.047
0.051 0.049 0.050
0.04 0.041

0.02
0.007 0.000
0
er

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se

&D # * !
<E)
% 6
$ + ( . = ( ! .. = .
@ %( 0 ( . . ( ( = -$
. ( " + ( ( : E)
N = G* N 0 ( . - $ " @ %(
. ( ( . <)): .
<)<-

@ %( . ( ( @ 0 (
. " &( -5 : 0 ( . . (
: H( : (( . <)<: " .. .
G)) N 0 B -$ ( @
0 ( . + ( G)-'a: ;H-;a G (
-

5 ( B % K
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

. ( " ( ( : (( 0 & 0 E-F- $


( G( <''H 8 <
F) ( 9 . <)&: = ( = . G<- $
( ." -5 : (( 6 : 0 ( . .. :
A ( .. -
bilan énergétique moyen quotidien de la production de froid (Wh)

500
261
107

-109 e
er

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-267
pt

no


se

-354
-500 -415
-541
-640
-810
-1000

-1129

-1500
-1494
-1559

-2000

8 # ? # * !

<E<
Chambre Froide expérimentale Chambre Froide perdant 40W
100
94 94
90
84
80 79
80 74
couverture des besoins (%)

70 67

60 58

49
50

40 35

30
21
20 16
10
10
0 0
0

ût
in

e
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ai
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tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

ja

ve
oc

c
pt

no


se
& $ # " % " 0
! % " . N

2500
froid stockable/à déstocker par le PCM (Wh)

2000

1500

1000

500

-500

-1000

-1500
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180
nombre de jour à partir du 1er avril 1997

* $ $
$ $ ? ? - $ 3 1
% " 0

<E&
%- 5 * . 0
$ @ + " @ %( +-
.. ( @ %( 57 )-* !
6 57 @ 0 " )-&F ( 0
:
6 57 @ 0 ( @ (" )-<H ( 0 .
:
6 57 @ ( @ (" : )-);;:
6 . 57 @ + ( )-)G<-

$ ( X R ( H&a 57
0 " - 5 : " : 0
( : . 57 0 : ( @ %(
(( = . + " - $
. ( .. :
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

B 0 (" -

+ " ( Y " .
( B " - % ( = 57 : ..
+ " <8 . " 8<'99 !
6 .. 0 " )-&*: ( 0
0 = " 8 0 < 0 E-E . &*9
6 .. 0 ( @ (" )-<': ( (
( 0 (" . . 8 0 < 0 E-*9-

@ %( + ( : ( + " : ( %"
.. + " : . 0 < 0 E-<-< "
8<H9: 8<;9 8<'9 !
QQ
η = = <− 8<H9
Q Q
Q Q−
η = 8<;9
Q−
QQ
η` 8<'9
Q

$ ( + " ( 8 " 8<H99 . (( +


+ 0 + = 0
( - : ( + " ( ((
( . B : 0 B @ %(
. ( 0 B : " +6 =
( = ( 0 -5 .. 0
B @ %( + + 8. <)F9-

$ ( %" 8 " 8<;99 . (( +


0 + + ( - :
<EF
( . . B 0 B :
+ ( : ( -5 : B (
+ B 0 @ 0% & = ( =
( 8 + + 9: " + + % = ( . =6
<;T5-

" : ( .. @ + " 8 " 8<'99:


" . (( + . = 6<;T5 8 + ( 9
+ 0 Y -

$ .. + . 6 . <)F -
( . . " 0 :
" " - : + (( .
+ J 0 - ( + 8
9 .. 0 .. 0 (% -
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

, 5 θ'> 0 0
0( 8

B ( @ ( : + @ %(
. <)E- + : ( ) + =
: (( $ .. - 8&)))9 3 K
8&))E9-

( : ( . B( . = 6<;T5:
+ + % - : ( %
0 ( + : + B :
. -5 : + @ %( : .. + Y @ %(
( ( 8 + :< :&9
( -5 P + ( ( = 0 .. B - :
(( ( & 4 : + +
( ( -

<EE
250
E solaire reçue 1
E solaire reçue 2
E utilisée 1
200
E utilisée 2
E''tr,2 E cond 1 + 2
E rejet R2
150 E Evap 1
E''tr,1
exergie (W)

100

50
E''in
E''u

0
0 5 10 15 20
tel-00011253, version 1 - 21 Dec 2005

E''tr,cond
-50
heure à partir du lever du soleil

. M ? !0 #(
! ? # !$

B ( B 6@ 0 " ( : (
" 8<H9 = 8<'9 " .. + #
@ %( 8 . " 8&)9 8&<9 0 <9 . <)*-

0.9

0.8
Grassman
rendement ou coefficient (-)

intrinseque
0.7
yield
xe
0.6
ew
0.5

0.4

0.3

0.2

0.1
0.043 0.054 0.057 0.061 0.067 0.065 0.057 0.052
0 0.017
0.001 0.002 0.001
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