-

LONDON:

0' I'

The c Izotat ' is .rendered by , -i- '.

and published by the Oriental Translation. Committee of

v c ~ --~ -~----./-

He then entrusted the task to Mu'tamad Khan, the aubhor

of the famous Roman ~re~ ~ li~ _ d,i~appointin$1 and

PREPACE.

kings have yielded to the common impulse. Central Asia has given us the Memoirs of Tamarlane, Bihar, and I.Iaidl:r, aDd the chronicle of Abu-l-ghazi; Persia. has given us t~e Memoirs of Shah Tahmasp, and India the Memoirs of the Princess Gulbadan and Jahangir. In modern times we see the same impulse at ~·ork, for we have the biography of the late Ameer of Afghanistan and the diary of the Shah of Persia.

f< The contributions to Iiteraturo hy Royal authors which come to us from the East form a department by themt'f8lves, and 011e which is of great value, Nearly all Eastern histories are disfigured by adulation. Even when the author has had no special reason for flattery and £01' suppression of truth. he has been dazzled by the greatness of his subject, and giw~s us a picture which no more reveals the real king than does a telescope the real constitution of the 1\forning Star. But when EastcIfl monarchs give us ehronieles, the ease is different. They have IlO occasion for' f~ar or Favour, and mercilesslyexpm;e the iaiH~gs of their contemporaries. Not that they are

• to be trusted any more than other Orientals when speaking of themselvea. Babar has suppressed the story of his vassalage to Shah Isma'I], of his defeat at Ghajdo.wii,ll, and his treatment of '.AlaIn Lodi; and

1 J ahii.ngir has glossed OVt"\1' his rebellion against his father~ Ja.nd the eireumatanees of Shir-t"tfgan'l:i death. But when they have to speak of others-whether kings or nobles-c-.they give us the whole truth, and perhaps a little more. An amiable Princess like Gulbadan Begam may veil the fa.u]t~ and weaknesses of her brothers Humaytm a~«!

. ~

Hindal ; but Babl)'!" strips the gilt off nearly everyone

whom he mentions, and spares no one-not even his

own father. •

.~ The Memoirs of Babar, Haidar, and Gulbadan have been translated into English, a9.d those of 'rahmasp have ~n transl.&d into Germl\u; but unfortunately.u~hinglrJs

c

alive to share with him the delicious mangoes of India.

~ .L

desir~ .to give them redress and to' punish M~ha1;>at for

Jaha.ngir. Cory~t(P:urc~asJ reprinb..iv, 47~),th1;lB ,describes

.... .. _ _ J" .~ ~ • n A. ... ... '.

YOlUlg in I~4!5~ ,':My "hi,end !Mr~_'~T.-',yv.: ~riol~J ,or the.

Y__....:J!_ ,....,m,_ _ I._ " '_ ••...• \ •... , ,'''' ...... .. ~ •• .... ..... I·

"'UI.Le;~, UU,U JY.UQ,L,L.r... UUE;tII.L.L \I.L.LQ ,LQY,LJ;;1.Lv ............ ,1\& .L.L"''' _ ......... , ..............

Sa.yyid Ahmad's text was so incorrect. It will be seen

clearly wrong, as Akba.r did not die till 13th Juma.d.ii·fl-llw. Evidently the cop:yists ho.veJ as is so often. the case, :misread bistam as hculh~am.· See

- Q

pleasant places, attractive to the heart. After the conquest

... _ ~

II ~ • _I ... 10

.... v~ -"'---tJ .... -- _.... ---- ------ -- r ......... s:-- - ...... -- ...... 0- ----, ------

moving about in the lanes and bszars is difficult, It is on

> 1 The Sanskrit Ka.linda..

"

1 Erskine's mo.nuscript tJ.·anal~tion of the Tuzuk.i.JahiingirI, B.M~ MS., Add. ,26,611, and the B.M. MS. have cTtini, not qn,bsM. But

also the- desoriptioxi: of the sewtl, Bloehmann, p. 82. (Pel'haps there tire

two sewtiB. one fo.mOUB for uB.ln'o.nas. the Ot.'hA1' fn,. 'h .. n_"+..... 1:2.... 1,: ....

i Dn .JaJ'ric. who gob his informa.tion from mfssiona.rv renorts. seems

house.

- -

.Akbarnama., Ii, 344)J b\lt it was the 17th Rabj1uvl-awwIl.I. See ¥ul,lammad

Hli.di's nrefa.ce. '0. 2. and Beale. and J aha.n£rir's own statement a few

also be oonsutteu, 'J.'here Jo.hlLngir says he released 7;000 men from Q'W(l,Uor alone, . It may be remembered that most of' tbes~: were political

- - -

I Erskine's MS. has i:l!art for 'nil!r.I9·t. a.nd akktolr-i·qriMll instead of

•• -<;I --.-- .----- •• ---- --

ehronogrean-eomposera, is the first letter of the word, that is, aJif, which

stands for one (\) in a))j'ad. and so the date IOU. 111 mAriA " .... ~ ~i'ih;'h-

It is not mentioned in his biography in the Ma.'iifir, ii, 403. Perhaps the word (nisbat) doss not here mean affinity by marri8£e.

and not AJIlinu-d-da.ulo.. See .A.kbarna.ma, iii, 474, etc.

J Shn.rif Kllan had been Bent by AkblJ,l' to recall J ahiLnQ'ir to his dub.

1 r.o. MS. 181 and Mu~ammad Hiidi have Sul~an Ni~itr Begam.

Khan Khan. i. 245. has Sultan Bezam, and savs she was born in 994.

-- -.I. ----- - ---- ----

b~khBhi a;d Mukhtar Beg, A.~a£ Khan's pate~ uncle,

1 Should be Shaikhawat ..

· 1 Probably here lib means bobh water and the water of the sword.

Ind., iii, 608. Later on, a. great point. was made ·of his ho.'Vi.ng been born in a millennium. The date is 5th January, 1592.

bohn born o.bout the time of Akba.r,s dea.th.

a In MS. No. 310 of Ethe'e Oat. of 1.0. MSS. So.'in Khltn ;R riAAnl·il'll'ld

.I.

mention it as an excuse for killing Abu-l-fa~l. Of, the -account· of ,MiL'an ~a.dr. Jahitn in Price, p, 24. The" Forty SayinlZs" is l\ book bv

- - v

ambassacior-n.o agent of u. people-used certainly not. in this sense, and

anna.l'enhlv toO mean, a. nnmbee of horses. It is. howe.vA]'. doubtfnl if

- -- -----, ---

p. 173: Bloehmann suggests to read DuldiiIJI for -Dil,li, but I think it mol'S 'Probable that; the word Dihli Rh011ld be 'ali. M'"ll'zi 'Ali was

... . -----.;.,;;;, o----- ..... ~- -- -.---- ... ..- 4_ ------1-

(once) the ruler of, Badakhshan, who was nearly related to

..

According" to Bad~Yllni, iii,' 98, it w;· N~ibJ;-f;th~r:-~Abd~:l:L~~if~

. with whom Akbar rend (sea AkharnRmA._ iL len fA brll1_LT.afoi-l! n ... ,!1 1,';"

-- -.I; -- - --- ---

- I -_._--

.. c;':I , ,

thickness. .. If the purpose is the manifestation of the Light

rendered by him, but his version is avowedly a paraphrase, and it appears incorrect in this naBS(1.ElO.

.ueCCUiIl 1lo11U ~Ol1UWt:lU mID nnnserr, vv nen my revere a raener was besieeine .lair (Asir~arh) he. with a large bodv of

1 Price tra.Dslates-

· arter me, to thiS sister, who in Hindi phrase is my darling

cnuren, ana ooservea tneir own rorms or worShIp.-

I~

.... v

a. rew brave men came up to the elephant on which was the

- - --- ~ - -

.... - -- -- ----" - ----s:'

he consulted with those who were loyal to him' Some

· _ . _ - - _. I -.,L- -- - _.-

horse into the river with a few chosen men whom he had

~ ----- -- --._ ... -_ .... _;J ,. --- --0 .... ., .... \00110 ...... J

v..... ...

won by a small number of men.

- ---

. .,

--_. --0 .1:--------

-------·-0- . -0

/i:-----

1 The word 'Jat28h iB omitted in text. but occurs in the MSS.'

....

In the dress of a, £aqir he made many journeys, and he

U-I..I.JllIL"a.lIL "".l.lU ULWULl~U UU UO \.lI:JO .... O~J.UOU ..LJ;UU!. lIJ..LC .L 1..I.J.I;j,LO V..L

that country lifted up the head or disturbance and attacked

\ ULJ.Q t:.IIVU.L" 0 ~t"U}, .Ll1U ugJ1 11t1 W i1Ilj HI suuorumace ~ f) servant and had an artificer's disposition «(falCI.tClChi rruLs}urab).

for the title of Khan. Of. his praise of him at p, 71 (Blochmann, p, 49~). He wns culled PiRhrau probably from his going on ahead with the

_ ._. -- -- .. ~- . --J

much annoyed with him, and that in consequence of the

bold him that nobhing he did against, ~{hllSrt\U would be wrong. Clearly Jo.hii.n£!:Ir'g fellr W'l\S that his fuvourite should be destroyed by Khusl'tl.u,

CI

c:::> - - .J_- ----- ---_ -_.-- --- -'--

.fortune is greater than when a son, thl'ough the impropriety

-- .. ---------" - ----1:)----- --- -_--~ .. --;}. ---- --- --------"

at Farid~~~~._;. on Friday, the 13th, I reached Delhi.

----" -- ¥.~ "' n UUI:)LJ. J.ll lJUt: LllStiOnea or {'llC tune.

captured, The fact is that their talents (him'lncbt) were

8 The text has dast u 8~na (hand and bosom), but the correct words, os is shown in the r.o. MS .. No. 181. R.l'A R.h(1,Rt 'II. SlJmJ.9J" •. n .. J.hnJ,n7, an,l

1 Text, pl7j or pilch, but the manuscript rending lille is preferable.

Erskine's MS. has lrd. naked.

that he came with a loyal intention and that they should

------ - -- ----0---- ------ ------ -~------->----=..;;.-------- , ..• ---.---~

mall), and £01" his good news he obtained the title of

to various hiding-places.

., ........... _-_ ... _ --- ...... --e .., ...... - 1'1' _ ......... -, 0"'" y..., "".I:' .......... .L'4 .,;1V"..,UUU .... 1J\..L UU.LVC.&I\".L

About 400 Aimaqs became

this State.

·

At this juncture arrived Kila,n,2 son-in-law of Kamal

~ -

month, people on elephants and in boats captured Khusrau,

- -. _...... --

It is on the right bank of the Biah (Belts) all the road from Jalandhal'to Amritsl1.1', See Bloohmann, 11, 414, note,

.., "

outbreak of Khusrau might put an edge on their design,

...

wore to accmnpany Mirza Ghazi.

- -. - ... . ....

- ~_.

I determined to stay at

. t... J" ., J ..

- 'v ' - - - - -- - - - -- --- - --

- -

that Fortune had turned her face toward himself; that

o ----- ------ - --- -- -----J_--------

Khan) who had been sent to Burhanpur to bring the

1 Akhlll'-llibna, iii, 748, and Bloehmnnn, p, .140. He was u. man of piety and lenminz, and Ja.hiinJrTl' means that he restored him to his

.......... "' ...... .... __ __ ....... "'" ...., .., ..... "'.... .... .... ~II~.a......... ....~CAI.L.L, .. ~V~ \.,14 ~CUD.&.,A.,I.I.

KhanJ who is one of the house-born of the State, and

---- ----- - - .. " --- ------ --._.~--- ...... _ - - .. ......, ............. "0'" l ........ v...,""" ...... u \ .... LN"".U''''~J

£01' the daughter of Pahari (his brother Mured), who had

1 Perhaps the meaning' is that he was introduced ltloll2' with Diilli~n.l's

v - ..

carl, one make at an original nature and innate disposition?

. . - - --

bestowed on Bahadur 2 Khan Qurbegi the rank of 1,500

"

I ordered one of the largest of the he-goats to be weighed;

- - --

In spite of his old age, I continued Qilij Khan in his

fall into their hands, and without waiting for an order

.I!_.__ Ctl .. :::.1. t '\l..1...=_ 1..._...l __ 11 __ .1._...1 .1. .1.1. ...l _

,

consequence of thia any unpleasantness should

.

remain

-

As he was an old man, adorned with inward and outward

,. ,

,

__ ~.......... .... .... v""u VL U.U.t;; ~tIIU~l:lolltt.lll:l Vl.tJIJUr161:J were galnea. through Daulat Khan's valour and manliness," When mv

.&4.&J IN ...... ~\J .. ')"' ... LU'A. ..... "" ......... .& ... L.LV ...... t.:J.

I despatched Parwiz to dri ve back the Rana, and intended

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