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Name ______________________________

Portable Electricity Investigation

Part 1: Batteries

An electrical cell or battery has chemicals

inside which store energy. The chemicals
react to generate electrical energy when the
battery is part of a complete circuit.

The energy transfer can be shown like this:

………….. Electrical
energy Energy

1 Which type of energy should go in the blank?

A Electrical
B GPE (gravitational potential energy)
C Chemical
D Kinetic

Voltage (measured in volts, V) is a measure of how much energy a battery produces.

2. What is the maximum (nominal) voltage written on the side of a battery? ………………

voltmeter

battery

actual voltage produced by battery

×100 %
nominal voltage of battery
6. Can this type of battery be recharged? Yes / No

7. What energy change happens when a battery is being charged?

………….. ……….
Energy Energy

8. Measure the voltage in the set up shown below and complete the table.

voltmeter

This is larger / smaller

than the voltage in Q3.

The push of each battery is in

the same / a different direction

9. Measure the voltage in the set up shown below and complete the table.

voltmeter

This is larger / smaller

than the voltage in Q8.

The push of each battery is in the

the same / a different direction
10. Measure the voltage in the set up shown below and complete the table.

voltmeter

This is larger / smaller

than the voltage in Q8.

The push of each battery is in the

the same / a different direction

Part 2: Investigating Generators

A generator or dynamo is a small machine that produces electricity when you turn it.

11. What energy change happens when a generator is

working?

………….. Electrical
energy Energy

12. What energy changes happen when a diesel or

petrol generator is working?

………….. ………….. Electrical

energy energy Energy
13. Measure the voltage in the set up shown below and complete the table.

voltmeter

spindle
generator

Turn the spindle clockwise as quickly as

possible. The voltage is ………….

Turn the spindle anticlockwise as quickly as The energy change happening here is:
possible. The voltage is ………….
………….. …………..
To get the maximum voltage you should turn energy energy
the spindle fast / slow.

from sunlight.

14 What kind of energy change is going on?

………….. Electrical
energy Energy

15. Measure the voltage in the set up shown below and complete the table.

Picture of set up Circuit Diagram

voltmeter

solar cell
The energy change happening here is:
The voltage produced under normal
conditions is ................V ………….. …………..
energy energy
The voltage produced near the window is
………V How many solar cells would it take to
replace one battery?
The voltage produced with the desk lamp on
is …………. V ……………………………..