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ORGANIC CHEMISTRY – REVISION

1. Explain the following terms:

a) Structural formula

b) Molecular formula

c) Empirical formula

2. Give the molecular formula of:

a) Methane

b) Propane

c) Ethene

d) Ethanol

e) Propanol

f) Ethanoic acid

3. Write formula equations to complete the following reactions:

a) Ethene + steam

b) Propene + bromine

c) Hex-1-ene + hydrogen

(Write the catalyst and reaction conditions where required)

d) What is special about the second reaction given?

e) How is an ester formed? What is the catalyst for this reaction?

4. Give the compounds from which the following esters were made.

a) Methyl ethanoate

b) Ethyl ethanoate

c) Ethyl propanoate

d) What substance is used to hydrolyse these esters?

5. A compound has the molecular formula C4H8. Write the structural formulae of the
possible isomers for this compound and hence explain what is meant by isomerism.

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6. Write the various products formed when methane reacts with chlorine. What is
the catalyst for this reaction?

7. Write an equation for the conversion of glucose into ethanol. Why is this equation
of great importance especially in this age of alternative fuels?

8. Explain what you mean by the statement ‘ethanoic acid is a weak acid’

9. The given diagram represents the process used to separate crude oil into
different fractions.

a) Name this process ____________________

b) It makes use of the fact that different compounds have different


_________________

c) Is naphtha one compound or a group of compounds? Explain.

d) Give one use for each fraction obtained.

e) The different fractions contain many saturated hydrocarbons. Explain the


terms saturated and hydrocarbon.

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f) Long chain alkanes contained in these fractions are normally cracked to get
synthetically useful short chain alkanes. Complete the following reaction to
show the products formed when decane, C10H22 is cracked.

_____________________ + ________________________

C10H22 _____________________ + ________________________

______________ + ______________ + _________________

g) How can you say that C10H22 is an alkane by just looking at the formula?

h) When you burn decane in excess of air, what are the two products obtained?
Write a balanced equation to represent this reaction.

i) What is the danger of burning decane in insufficient supply of oxygen?

j) Write the test and the result for the test to differentiate between decane and
decene.

10. Write the polymers formed from the following monomers.

(a) (b) (c)

11. What monomers produce the following polymers?

(a) (b)

(c) What type of polymerization produced these polymers?

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(d)Will ethane undergo this polymerization? Why / Why not?

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