ENGLISH PAPER I Language and Writing Three hours and a quarter

(The first fifteen minutes of the examination are for reading the paper only. Candidates must NOT start writing during this time.)

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Instructions: 1. This paper has two sections, Section A for Writing and Section B for Language .Section B is further divided into nature of language and grammar. 2. All the questions are compulsory. 3. The intended marks for each question is given in brackets. 4. You are recommended to spend 2 hours on Section A and 1 hour on Section B. 5. You should begin each answer on a fresh page. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION A: Writing

Question 1.

[30]

Write an essay using the features of an argumentative essay on any ONE of the following topics and write an original essay on it. (You are reminded that you will be awarded marks for orderly and correct presentation of material, use of appropriate style and general accuracy of spelling, punctuation and grammar.) (a) Death penalty is mandatory for people who kill other people. (b) Advertising: Information or Manipulation? (c) The mass media, including TV, radio and newspapers, have great influence in shaping people's ideas. (d) Damage of the environment is an inevitable consequence of worldwide improvements in the standard of living.

Question 2.

[30]

Write an original short story with the title “The turning point” employing all the elements of a short story with special emphasis on plot development. You are reminded that in the above task, you will also be assessed on expression, style and mechanics.

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SECTION B: Language

I

NATURE OF LANGUAGE

[10]

Question 3. Direction: Read the following questions carefully, for each question choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write it in your answer sheet. [1x4] i) The raw material of language is A. word B. phrase C. syllable D. sound

ii) English is descended from the A. Germanic family of languages B. Scandinavian family of languages C. Gothic family of languages D. American family of languages iii) ………………… is the smallest meaningful element in a language A. Phoneme B. Morpheme C. Syntax D. Diphthong iv) Abbreviation IPA stands for A. International Phonetic association B. International Phonetic acronym
C. D.

Intra Phonetic acronym International Phonetic alphabet

Question 4. Answer the following questions briefly. i) Why is language primarily something that is spoken not written? [2x3]

ii) Write any two features of human language and explain it in your own words? iii) Explain the following terms in a sentence or two: a) Phonetics b) Accent

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II

GRAMMAR

[30]

Question 5. Directions: In the following questions four alternatives are given for the idiom/phrase italicised and underlined in the sentence. Choose the alternative which best expresses the meaning of idiom/phrase. [1x5] i) The thief could be easily arrested because the police were tipped off in advance. A. Toppled over B. Bribed C. Given advance information D. Threatened

ii) I met him after a long time, but he gave me the cold shoulder. A. scolded me B. insulted me C. abused me D. ignored me iii) He passed himself off as a noble man. A. Was regarded as B. Pretended to be C. Was thought to be D. Was looked upon iv) In the armed forces, it is considered a great privilege to die in harness. A. die on a horse back B. die in the battlefield C. die while still working D. die with honour v) Although he has failed in the written examination, he is using backstairs influence to get the job. A. Political influence B. Backing influence C. Deserving and proper influence D. Secret and unfair influence Question 6. Direction: Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate prepositions to complete the following sentences correctly. [1x5] i) Don‟t worry, the exam will be over…………in a couple of hours.

ii) I generally get my salary…………the fifth of the month. iii) I‟ve given myself…………the end of September to finish the book . iv) The publishers have told me I have to finish the book…………the end of December. v) He told to leave…………a quarter to six this morning to catch the train.

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Question 7. Direction: Read the following sentences carefully and rewrite as directed. i) The boy was too clever to be taught. [Use: so … that] [1x5]

ii) Hercules was stronger than any other man. [Change into superlative degree] iii) „What do you want?‟ she asked him. [Change into indirect speech] iv) I know her. [Change the voice] v) I'm clever, …………? [Complete the sentence with the correct question tag.]

Question 8. Direction: For each of the sentences below rewrite a new sentence as similar as possible in meaning to the original sentence, using the words given in the brackets. [1x5] i) She didn't accept his marriage proposal. [down]

ii) He acts like a poor man even if he has a lot of money. [fact] iii) Dorji says Karma is responsible. [according] iv) He didn't want to join in the celebrations.

[take]
v) She let her son go to New York for the weekend. [allowed] Question 9. Directions: Read the following passage carefully, edit it and rewrite it correctly in your answer sheet. Underline the edited part. [1x10]

During a media manipulation workshop held last year students complain about and criticized the “perfect bodies” displayed in magazines, flims, TV commercials, and rock music videos ironically when asked to draw the body shapes they considered the most desirable, the student reproduced exact duplicates of the popular media images – the female figure were thin, long- legged and fullbreast while the male figures are big-muscled, broad-shouldered and narrow- hipped.
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