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Course Number

Section 1.3 Shifting, Reflecting, and Stretching Graphs

Instructor

Objective: In this lesson you learned how to identify and graph shifts,

reflections, and nonrigid transformations of functions. Date

in which the graph is shifted upward or downward c units respectively (c is a positive

real number).

Horizontal shift A transformation of the graph of y = f(x), represented by

h(x) = f(x ± c), in which the graph is shifted to the left or to the right c units

respectively (c is a positive real number).

Rigid transformations Transformations in which the basic shape of the graph is

unchanged.

Nonrigid transformations Transformations that cause a distortion (a change in the

original shape of the graph).

I. Summary of Graphs of Common Functions (Page 100) What you should learn

How to recognize graphs

Sketch an example of each of the six most commonly used of common functions

functions in algebra.

y y

x x

y y

x x

Larson/Hostetler/Edwards Precalculus: Functions and Graphs, A Graphing Approach, 3rd Edition Student Success Organizer IAE

Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

30 Chapter 1 Functions and Their Graphs

y y

x x

II. Vertical and Horizontal Shifts (Pages 101−102) What you should learn

How to use vertical and

Let c be a positive real number. Complete the following horizontal shifts to sketch

representations of shifts in the graph of y = f (x) : the graphs of functions

1) Vertical shift c units upward: h(x) = f(x) + c

2) Vertical shift c units downward: h(x) = f(x) − c

3) Horizontal shift c units to the right: h(x) = f(x − c)

4) Horizontal shift c units to the left: h(x) = f(x + c)

function resulting from a vertical shift of 3 units

downward and a horizontal shift of 2 units to the

right of the graph of f (x ) .

f(x) = | x − 2 | − 3

How to use reflections to

A reflection in the x-axis is a type of transformation of the graph sketch the graphs of

of y = f(x) represented by h(x) = − f(x) . A reflection in functions

represented by h(x) = f(− x) .

in terms of f .

The graph of g is a reflection of the graph of f in

the x-axis.

Larson/Hostetler/Edwards Precalculus: Functions and Graphs, A Graphing Approach, 3rd Edition Student Success Organizer IAE

Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Section 1.3 Shifting, Reflecting, and Stretching Graphs 31

How to use nonrigid

Name three types of rigid transformations: transformations to sketch

1) Horizontal shifts graphs of functions

2) Vertical shifts

3) Reflections

graph in the xy-plane.

1) Vertical stretch

2) Vertical shrink

a vertical stretch if c > 1 or a vertical shrink if

0 < c < 1.

Additional notes

y y y

x x x

Larson/Hostetler/Edwards Precalculus: Functions and Graphs, A Graphing Approach, 3rd Edition Student Success Organizer IAE

Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

32 Chapter 1 Functions and Their Graphs

Additional notes

y y y

x x x

y y y

x x x

Homework Assignment

Page(s)

Exercises

Larson/Hostetler/Edwards Precalculus: Functions and Graphs, A Graphing Approach, 3rd Edition Student Success Organizer IAE

Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

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