A UTO PIPE ®

Pipe Stress Analysis
DAA023000-1/0001

A UTO PIPE ®

P I P E S T R E S S AN AL Y S I S
Version 6.3

BENTLEY SYSTEMS INC.
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DAA023000-1/0001

.............................................................................................1-7 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS........................1-11 DOCUMENTATION CONVENTIONS .............................................................1-10 BENTLEY CONSULTING.............1-3 DYNAMIC ANALYSIS............................................30 .......................................................................................1-9 SELECT SERVICES ONLINE ........1-8 RELEASE NOTES .....................................................................................................................................1-5 ADVANCED CAPABILITIES FOR VARIED PIPING ENVIRONMENTS ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1-10 PRODUCT UPDATES AND UPGRADES ..................................................1-10 DISCOUNTS ON TRAINING AND CONSULTING SERVICES....1-2 PROPERTIES AND COMPONENT LIBRARIES .........1-10 BENTLEY INSTITUTE......................1-2 FEATURE SUMMARY ................................................................................................1-4 PIPING CODE COMPLIANCE......................................1-11 THE BENTLEY INTEGRATION NETWORK ..................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW .........................................1-9 SELECT PRIVILEGES ................................1-5 NEW FEATURES IN AUTOPIPE 6............1-4 CAD INTERFACES ............................1-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial i .....................1-9 TECHNICAL SUPPORT ..............................................1-2 NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS OPTIONS ........................................................ AUTOPIPE PLUS ........................................................................................................1-10 AROUND-THE-CLOCK TECHNICAL SUPPORT ..........1-4 POST PROCESSING ............................................................................................................................................................1-8 TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND SERVICES ......................1-3 FINITE ELEMENT THEORY .....................................................................................1-3 LOCAL STRESS CALCULATIONS ...............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................1-10 EXCLUSIVE LICENSING OPTIONS......................................................................................1-2 HANGER DESIGN............................................1-2 STRUCTURAL MODELING IN AUTOPIPE.............................1-5 AUTOPIPE VS.........................

................................................................................................ 2-19 SELECTING A RANGE (CREATING A SELECTION SET) ..................................................... 2-9 UNITS FORMAT..................... 2-15 UNDERSTANDING THE ACTIVE POINT............ 2-17 SELECTING POINTS AND COMPONENTS ........................................ 2-11 UNDERSTANDING PIPE SEGMENTS..................... 2-7 INTERFACE ........... 2-11 TOOLBARS ...................................... 2-16 BASIC TASKS ..................................................................................................................... 2-11 HOTKEYS........................... 2-11 AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS.......................... 2-19 ii AutoPIPE® Tutorial ......... 2-17 EXECUTING A COMMAND.................................................................................................................................................... 2-5 DEFINING A NEW MODEL ................................................................................................................................................. 2-4 LOADING A MODEL ......................... 2-5 LOADING AN EXISTING MODEL ............................................................................................................................................ 2-15 CONTROLLING THE ACTIVE POINT WITH THE KEYBOARD............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 2-18 INSERTING A POINT OR COMPONENT............................................ 2-10 MENU STRUCTURE ................................................. 2-18 MODIFYING POINTS OR COMPONENTS .................................................................................................................................... 2-12 RULES FOR DEFINING SEGMENTS .. 2-2 BASIC CONCEPTS OVERVIEW...............................................................................................................................................................TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 2: BASIC CONCEPTS USING THE ON-LINE HELP ........................................................................................... 2-8 SCREEN LAYOUT.... 2-3 STARTING AUTOPIPE ............ 2-8 DIALOGS ................................................ 2-14 GRAPHICAL TEE ELEMENT ............................................................ 2-9 KEYBOARD EQUIVALENTS....................................................................... 2-18 DELETING POINTS OR COMPONENTS....................................................................... 2-16 MODIFICATION OF PIPING GEOMETRY .......................................................................................

3-7 ADDING A TEE ........................................3-18 ROUTING SEGMENT B...............................................................................................................................................3-2 CREATING A NEW SYSTEM ......................................................................................3-40 WHAT’S NEXT? ...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................4-2 SELECTING A RANGE BY PIPE IDENTIFIER .......................................................4-10 CHAPTER REVIEW ........................................................................3-3 ROUTING SEGMENT A..............................................................................................................................................3-25 CREATING NEW POINTS AND USING THE COPY/PASTE COMMANDS ..............................................3-15 ADJUSTING THE VIEW AND COMPLETING THE SEGMENT ..........................................................................................4-4 MODIFYING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE LOADS..............................3-22 EDITING CONTROLS .................................... AND STRETCHING.............................3-41 CHAPTER 4: MODIFYING PROPERTIES OVERVIEW ...........3-22 ROUTING FROM THE BRANCH AND CONVERTING A POINT...................................................................................................4-3 MODIFYING PIPE PROPERTIES ACROSS A RANGE.......................4-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial iii ..................................... MOVING............................................3-36 CHAPTER REVIEW ...........................................4-7 REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES.................................TABLE OF CONTENTS PART I: CREATING THE FIRST AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL CHAPTER 3: CREATING A NEW MODEL OVERVIEW .............3-29 SCALING.................4-2 MODIFYING AN EXISTING PIPE IDENTIFIER ..............................................................................................................3-32 INSERTING A SUPPORT ............................3-7 ROUTING FROM THE ANCHOR TO THE TEE.................................................4-5 GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS..............................................4-14 WHAT’S NEXT? ...........................

..................................................... 6-4 iv AutoPIPE® Tutorial .................................. 6-2 GENERATING THE REPORT........................................................................ 6-3 REVIEWING THE REPORT ........................................... 5-2 DRAG & DROP INSERTION OF CONCENTRATED LOAD...................... 5-6 GRAPHICAL REVIEW OF CODE STRESSES..................................................................................................................... 6-2 SELECTION OF OUTPUT RESULTS ............................................................................................................... 5-10 USER DEFINED LOAD COMBINATIONS......................................................... 5-18 CHAPTER REVIEW .................................................. 5-2 ASSIGNING THERMAL DISPLACEMENTS TO THE ANCHORS.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 5-6 PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS....................................................................................................... 5-8 DISPLAYING LOAD COMBINATIONS............... 5-22 CHAPTER 6: OUTPUT REPORTS OVERVIEW .. 5-12 INTERACTIVE REVIEW........................................ 5-21 WHAT’S NEXT?.................................................................. 6-4 CHAPTER REVIEW ................................ 6-4 WHAT’S NEXT?.......................................................................... 5-11 MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS......................................................................................................................................................................... 5-2 ASSIGNING LOADS..........................................TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 5: LOADS............. 5-15 DESIGN CHANGE............................................... 6-4 CLOSING THE REPORT ........................................ ANALYSIS.......... AND RESULTS OVERVIEW .................................................................. 5-5 ASSIGNING STATIC EARTHQUAKE LOADS................

.................................7-15 CHAPTER 8: VIEWING OPTIONS VIEW CONTROLS OVERVIEW .........................................................................................................................8-3 CHAPTER REVIEW ..........................................9-13 CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE ............................7-15 WHAT’S NEXT? .............................................................................................................................................................................8-2 VECTOR VIEW ..........................9-15 CHAPTER REVIEW ..........9-9 OPENING THE PIPING SYSTEM .........................................9-19 WHAT’S NEXT? .............................8-4 CHAPTER 9: CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL FRAME OVERVIEW .....................................................................9-12 SELECTING SUPPORT POINTS.........9-8 INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL..........................................TABLE OF CONTENTS PART II: CREATING THE SECOND AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL CHAPTER 7: CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS IMPORTING A PXF FILE ..............7-9 CONNECTING TO ANOTHER SEGMENT ..............................................................................8-2 SOLID MODEL VIEW........9-7 VIEWING THE FRAME MODEL ........................9-2 CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL..................................................................................................................................................7-7 NOZZLE/VESSEL FLEXIBILITY ............................................................................9-10 AUTOMATIC RENUMBERING.......................................................................................................................................................9-19 AutoPIPE® Tutorial v ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................7-13 CHAPTER REVIEW ................................................................................7-2 REVIEWING AUTOPLANT DATA........................................................................................................................................................................................................8-4 WHAT’S NEXT? ....................................9-12 INSERTING AN AUTOPIPE MODEL ..........................................9-2 ADDING ANCHORS TO THE FRAME.................................................................................................7-8 CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT.................................................................................................9-9 INSERTING MULTIPLE RUN POINTS...............7-5 CONVERTING A RUN POINT TO A TEE ...............................................................................

.........TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 10: ANALYSIS AND RESULTS CODE COMBINATIONS OVERVIEW .................................................................... 10-9 REVIEWING CODE STRESS RESULTS ................... 10-6 SELECTING COMBINATIONS................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-2 DEFINING RESULT MODEL OPTIONS................................................................................................................................................................................................... 10-2 PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS.. 10-12 vi AutoPIPE® Tutorial .. 10-3 INTERACTIVE RESULTS REVIEW ...................................... 10-7 ROTATING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE ............. 10-11 CHAPTER REVIEW ............................................................................................... 10-5 APPLYING RESULT FILTER CRITERIA.......................

ASCE. AutoPIPE incorporates ASME. A KHK2 add-on option is also available for the Plus version that allows use of the Japanese KHK Level 2 piping code in addition to all the features of the Plus version. There are two versions of AutoPIPE: Plus and Standard. European. UBC. pipe support design. flange analysis.1 INTRODUCTION AutoPIPE is a stand-alone computer aided engineering (CAE) program for calculation of piping stresses. API. OVERVIEW FEATURE SUMMARY NEW FEATURES IN AUTOPIPE 6. well-established program that has been commercially available since 1986. AISC. and WRC guidelines and design limits to provide a comprehensive analysis of the entire system. AutoPIPE is a proven.30 is available for Windows 95/98/NT/2000/XP and supports networked environments. making AutoPIPE one of the few PC based piping programs approved for use in nuclear safety applications. British Standard. AUTOPIPE PLUS SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS RELEASE NOTES TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND SERVICES DOCUMENTATION CONVENTIONS 1-2 1-2 1-5 1-7 1-8 1-8 1-9 1-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 1-1 . AutoPIPE’s rigorous quality assurance practices have withstood numerous on-site audits. and equipment nozzle loading analysis under static and dynamic loading conditions. NEMA. The Plus version offers several advanced analysis capabilities not available in the standard version which are detailed later in this chapter. ANSI. In addition to 22 piping codes.30 AUTOPIPE VS. Version 6.

and review piping and structural models and their results quickly and easily. Graphical selection of ranges is also used for cut. object oriented graphics technology. NPS. Supports include: anchors. AutoPIPE performs extensive error checking as the data is being entered and alerts the user if the model does not comply with the regulatory standards of piping design. delete. flexible connectors and other items. spring and constant force hangers. and others. Refer to the on-line help for a complete reference of features and functionality. modify. The program selects hangers from a customizable manufacturer's library. reducers. JIS. FEATURE SUMMARY The following is a partial list of the features and capabilities of AutoPIPE. flanges. DIN. valves. rigid end lengths to account for the connectivity of end points to other members in the structural system. Using AutoPIPE’s object oriented graphical select options. AutoPIPE’s unique two point support elements allow the user to define the connection between pipe and structural steel using gaps and friction at the same point if required. AutoPIPE utilizes Windows-standard commands. and Nordic standards. and end releases to model pinned connections. copy. A graphical representation of the model is displayed as it is being developed. PROPERTIES AND COMPONENT LIBRARIES AutoPIPE contains a comprehensive and extensible library of material properties and piping & structural components including pipes. limit stops. providing instant visual feedback. which includes: Grinnell. or modify pipe properties. or offsets across an entire range of points with one command. beams. 1-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Lisega. one-way restraints. BergenPatterson. supports.INTRODUCTION OVERVIEW OVERVIEW Developed to meet the needs of companies involved in industrial piping system design. users can insert. HANGER DESIGN AutoPIPE performs spring hanger design for one or more operating conditions. and CAD interfaces to enable users to create. tees. The material library includes temperature dependent properties and code dependent allowables. AutoPIPE provides structural modeling options for user specified beta angles to orient beam local cross-section axes with global axes. guides. & paste operations. AutoPIPE provides component libraries for ASME/ANSI. snubbers and tie-rods. STRUCTURAL MODELING IN AUTOPIPE AutoPIPE provides built-in structural analysis with frame elements to enable users to consider the mass and flexibility of structural supports as part of their piping analysis.

Frame structures are created and modified in interactive mode using AutoPIPE’s graphical interface. 297. AutoPIPE provides 2-point restraint functionality to define tie rods with gaps. In this manner. Use of intelligent defaults allows the user to analyze complex systems without in-depth knowledge of finite element theory. users can accurately calculate loads and stresses for occasional loads acting on the operating position of the piping or the ambient position of the piping. Users can. and torispheres. Div. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 1-3 . paste. specify that wind. users can graphically copy. AutoPIPE provides unique capabilities for nonlinear load sequencing. Users can easily define their own frame elements and steel materials to model frame elements not included in the AutoPIPE’s database. Welding Research Council bulletin 107. LOCAL STRESS CALCULATIONS AutoPIPE provides a link to WinNOZL for calculations of local shell stresses per British Standard 5500. seismic. and 368.INTRODUCTION FEATURE SUMMARY The AISC structural library with cross sectional properties and a database of properties of commonly used structural steel materials is included within AutoPIPE. AutoPIPE provides unique options for hillside nozzles and reinforcing pad calculations. semi-ellipses. for example. Further. VIII. pipe/structure interaction. and other connectivity between any 2 points in the system. cones. using stress allowables and load combinations as specified by ASME Sec. gaps. These are available for cylinders. The automatic importing of AutoPIPE piping loads saves time and minimizes user errors. Various piping load combinations on tanks can be examined in accordance with the API 650 code. or other occasional loads are analyzed in sequence immediately after the gravity load or specify that the occasional loads are analyzed after thermal. friction. FINITE ELEMENT THEORY AutoPIPE is a finite element program used to analyze piping and structural systems subjected to static and dynamic loads. or modify structures with one operation using AutoPIPE’s graphical select options or by clicking on a particular frame element. Users can specify both gaps and friction at a support point to simulate real world boundary conditions. spheres. Load sequencing options also allow the user to calculate gravity and thermal loads using nonlinear analysis and seismic loads using linear analysis (as recommended by UBC and other design standards) in the same run. NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS OPTIONS AutoPIPE provides directional supports. 1 and 2. bilinear spring supports and nonlinear buried pipeline analysis. In this manner.

3. AutoPIPE satisfies NUREG/CR1677 benchmark problems and provides built-in NRC spectra. phased harmonic load analysis. AutoPIPE can automatically insert mass points along elements. and relief valve forces. a user could generate an output report for only 2 points in a 1. Using AutoPIPE’s graphical select options. B31. AutoPIPE provides built-in fluid transient synthesizers for calculation of waterhammer. steamhammer. Utilizing the Bentley PULS program. B31. Color coded stresses. PIPING CODE COMPLIANCE AutoPIPE checks and generates code compliance reports for the following piping codes:       ASME B31. Unique filter options allow the user to generate custom output reports based on user-defined stress. wind. and pop-up windows enable the engineer to more quickly identify and investigate critical areas without having to review a voluminous amount of batch output data. seismic anchor movements.4.8 ASME Section III Class 2 & 3 European EN13480 Canadian CAN/CSA – Z662 British Standards BS 806 and BS 7159 (GRP Piping Code) Swedish Piping Code (SPC). with or without filters. and code case N411 capability. B31. or mode shapes at any point. deflections. Missing mass and zero period acceleration may be applied in dynamic analysis. for on-screen review or printing. Code stress combinations are performed automatically. For modal analysis. Method 2 1-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . users can graphically select points to be included in the output report. response spectra. As an example. wave. deflection. Output report options allow users to pick and choose which reports to generate. seismic. or pulsations associated with reciprocating equipment. and dynamic loads all in one analysis with Min/Max load summaries. loads. POST PROCESSING After analyzing a system.INTRODUCTION FEATURE SUMMARY DYNAMIC ANALYSIS Dynamic analysis capabilities include mode shapes and natural frequencies. users can calculate flow induced vibrations. AutoPIPE enables users to analyze multiple thermal.1. and automatically transfer those harmonic loads directly into AutoPIPE to calculate dynamic piping responses. or load criteria.000 point model. users can click on the graphics model to instantly view stresses. time history dynamic analysis and force spectra analysis. which are integrated with time history dynamic analysis. animated vibrations.

calculation of local stresses.ASME B31. Import and export of piping models between CAD and AutoPIPE can save man-hours in the creation and checking of piping and structural models and prevent errors associated with manual entry of piping models. and PASCE plant design systems.30     Norwegian Det Norske Veritas (DNV) and TBK 5-6 Dutch Stoomwezen D1101 Japanese MITI 501.3-2002 edition ASME Code Update . Japanese General Fire Protection code and Japanese KHK French RCC-M and SNCT CAD INTERFACES AutoPIPE 6. pipe/structure interaction.30 can import CAD piping models from AutoPLANT. FRP/GRP pipe analysis. Intergraph PDS.INTRODUCTION NEW FEATURES IN AUTOPIPE 6. NEW FEATURES IN AUTOPIPE 6.30 Major features and enhancements implemented in this version include:         European piping code standard EN 13480-2002 ASME Code Update . nonlinear restraints. 22 piping codes.ASME BPV-III-1-NC-2001 edition ASME Code Update . AutoPLANT Designer/Isometrics. and orthotropic piping analysis. relief valve load calculator.8a-2000 addenda ASME Code Update .ASME B31. jacketed piping. bend or tee point Increase number of spring hanger ranges from 4 to 5 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 1-5 .ASME BPV-III-1-ND-2001 edition Update CSA-Z662 piping code (Oil and Gas pipeline systems) to 1999 edition Edit length field when modifying run. time history dynamic analysis. AutoPIPE can export models back into AutoPLANT or export models in DXF format into AutoCAD or MicroStation. dynamic loading. ProPIPE. Class 3 piping. fluid transient synthesizers. Cadcentre PDMS. Following is a summary of advanced AutoPIPE capabilities: Built-in wave loading. buried pipeline analysis. gaps & friction. ADVANCED CAPABILITIES FOR VARIED PIPING ENVIRONMENTS AutoPIPE provides unique capabilities for underground and subsea pipeline analysis.

5a-1998. 320 & 400 Added ANSI B16. Group 1. 160. Sanwa Tekki & Yamashita Updated Lisega hanger data to Standard Supports 2010 Catalog (10/2001) Option to specify relative offset of suction or discharge nozzle Option to delete rotating equipment data Option to delete wave loading data Added new sub-reports to model input list report Added flange DIN pressure ratings for 6. 64.30              Added variable spring supports from British manufacturer QPS Added HYDRA variable spring supports from German manufacture Witzenmann Added Bergen-Power variable catalog 2V spring supports Added Grinnell hanger ranges triple & quadruple and sizes 00 & 000 Added hanger data from Mitsubishi.INTRODUCTION NEW FEATURES IN AUTOPIPE 6. 250. NHK.15 to the ANSI flange material library Updated hardware security to software security (RSSL/RSCM) 1-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . 100.

ASCE.8 ASME Class II and ASME Class III ASME B31. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 1-7 . B31. Feature Hanger Static Linear Static Nonlinear Modal Response Spectrum (SRSS combination method only) Harmonic Force Spectrum Time History SAM Buried pipe NUREG combinations and Code case 411 spectrum Static correction Missing mass correction and ZPA 10 Response Spectrum load cases Static earthquake Wind . UBC and User Profile Wave loading and buoyancy Fluid Transient Loads Relief Valve Loads ASME B31.INTRODUCTION AUTOPIPE VS. and B31.4.1-1967 Canadian piping codes International piping codes & European EN13480 AutoPIPE AutoPIPE Plus ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Note 1 ' ' ' Japanese KHK Level 2 piping code General piping code Rotating Equipment reports Large model size Beam elements for modeling frames and supports Library utilities ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' Note1: A KHK2 add-on option is required to access this feature. AUTOPIPE PLUS AUTOPIPE VS.3.1. AUTOPIPE PLUS The following is a list of features available in AutoPIPE and AutoPIPE Plus. B31.

the amount of RAM required by AutoPIPE depends on the RAM requirements of the environment in which you will be working: .Windows NT 4.0 . At a minimum. minimum requirements:  Platform: AutoPIPE is designed to run on the following platforms/operating systems. be sure your computer meets the following. your computer should meet the requirements for that system. This file can be opened from the AutoPIPE Readme option in AutoPIPE for Windows menu in the taskbar.30. for example.Windows 98 .Windows 2000 .INTRODUCTION SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS Before installing AutoPIPE Version 6. 1-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .Windows XP   Hard disk space: Approximately 52 MB RAM: minimum 128MB RELEASE NOTES The latest program release information and changes to the program that are not included in the manual are listed in the README file located in the AutoPIPE program directory.

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They include SELECTserver licensing. faster and with higher quality results. DISCOUNTS ON TRAINING AND CONSULTING SERVICES Bentley SELECT also offers discounts on Bentley Institute courses and Bentley Consulting services. AROUND-THE-CLOCK TECHNICAL SUPPORT Priority telephone. Email: support@bentley. BENTLEY CONSULTING Bentley Consulting specializes in assisting organizations in: S S S Exploiting technology Optimizing workflow Helping project team members be their most productive With the know-how that only comes from years of practical experience.com Phone: U. subscription licensing and home-use licensing. methods and technology. and E-mail ensure member access to support anytime. anywhere--with a guaranteed response in under four hours. and Africa (+31) 023 5560555 EXCLUSIVE LICENSING OPTIONS SELECT licensing offers several automatic options that lower the total cost of technology ownership. The result for you: your project team will work smarter.S. and Canada 1-800-BENTLEY Europe. 1-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .INTRODUCTION TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND SERVICES SELECT PRIVILEGES PRODUCT UPDATES AND UPGRADES Bentley SELECT members receive free updates and upgrades for all Bentley products covered by SELECT as soon as they are available. via Web downloads and MySELECT CD. Bentley Consulting team members--located around the globe--work with firms to determine best practice standards and assist in implementing a plan to guide their people. Middle East.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial 1-11 . partners.000 professionals dedicated to accelerating the e-transformation of the engineering industry. THE BENTLEY INTEGRATION NETWORK The Bentley Integration Network comprises more than 1. This global network: S S S Implements the most advanced engineering information creation and management tools Utilizes best practices to deliver bottom-line. engineers.INTRODUCTION TECHNICAL SUPPORT AND SERVICES BENTLEY INSTITUTE The Bentley Institute provides ongoing training courses to help organizations achieve maximum productivity through professional growth. S S Training courses are delivered at authorized Bentley Institute Centers worldwide. clients and owners. implementation. These courses are delivered at Bentley facilities and taught by qualified faculty members who have industry as well as application expertise. training and support. business benefits Extends the power of engineering intelligence to architects. Its comprehensive suite of services ranges from high-level consulting to improve business process to customized development. Professional Series courses focus on training on Bentley's Engineering Configurations.

AUTOEXEC. Directory paths and file names are italicized. !?>F5>D9?> >?D5* "5C3B9@D9?> Precedes information of general importance. Examples: L. Menu commands and dialog buttons appear in a sans serif font that stands out from normal body text. press the OK button in the dialog. Throughout this Tutorial. the menu command sequence required to execute a command will be explicitly defined in the text.INTRODUCTION DOCUMENTATION CONVENTIONS DOCUMENTATION CONVENTIONS A number of conventions are maintained throughout this Tutorial to make the information presented easier to identify and understand. Commands or information that must be manually entered is bolded in the font shown. 89>D* G1B>9>7* FILENAMES 3URJUDP &RGH INPUT Menu & Buttons N Dialogs Field_Name Select Pick 1-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .BAT file. Example: After selecting the File menu. Example: \AT-EQP directory. Precedes information about actions that should not be performed under normal operating conditions. Individual keyboard keys. are graphically represented. N. Indicates that the command must be executed from a menu or dialog. Example: The Preferences dialog. or key combinations. Precedes optional time-saving information. while the associated toolbar button is presented in the left margin. J+ Dialog and database table names are italicized. Indicates an item (component or point) that may be picked on a drawing. Excerpts from text or basic script files and script variables and statements appear in the font shown.

USING THE ON-LINE HELP BASIC CONCEPTS OVERVIEW STARTING AUTOPIPE LOADING A MODEL INTERFACE AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS BASIC TASKS 2-2 2-3 2-4 2-5 2-8 2-11 2-17 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-1 .2 BASIC CONCEPTS This section introduces you to some of the basic concepts and modeling practices employed by AutoPIPE. You are also introduced to the interface and guided through some basic procedures.

through the table of contents. You can highlight any of the AutoPIPE menu commands then press F1 to jump directly to command-specific help.  Dialog and Context-sensitive Help: From within a dialog.        2-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . refer to the extensive on-line help system that has been provided with your software. then click on the Index tab and type in a topic in the field provided. These features explain additional design considerations and requirements of which you should be aware. Bentley Help has been designed to provide you access to a variety of different types of help. then select any of the fields in the dialog. Considerations and Notes: Some topics have supplemental considerations and notes available. You can also press the ? key in the title bar of the dialog. etc. from within a dialog you can always press the Help button to access overview information related to that dialog. Related Topics: Some Help Topics are logically linked. you have a variety of help available. It is not a comprehensive User’s Guide or Command Reference. available component and material libraries. After reviewing general help for a particular topic. For a complete listing of all AutoPIPE commands and features. Highlight a selection in this list to open a related topic. Examples: An extensive on-line workbook has been provided which contains procedures for many common AutoPIPE tasks. For information on a particular field. check if there are additional links displayed at the bottom of the main topic window. Relationship between Command Reference and Reference Information: A link exists between many of the help topics in the Menu Command Reference section and supplemental reference information which explains code compliance calculations. You can get to this area from the main help page.BASIC CONCEPTS USING THE ON-LINE HELP USING THE ON-LINE HELP The intent of this document is to familiarize you with the features and interface of AutoPIPE. Menu Level Help: A variety of techniques are provided for gaining access to menu command help. Additionally. as well as for a list of reference topics and other useful information. Index: An extensive index of help topics has been provided. The index list will filter as you type. or by links provided within one of the topics themselves. pressing a Related Topics button will present a list of topics related to the open item. Help Topics: You can view a “book layout” of the help system at any time by pressing the Help Topics button in the top bar of the help topic. Press the Help Topics button. you can right-click in the field to obtain field-specific information. You can also interactively navigate through the help system by selecting the Help/Menu command. This second method has the advantage of being able to access help related to grayed-out (disabled) items. In these instances. The suggestions below will make the help system more useful.

Navigating the interface: This section covers basic interface navigation techniques and introduces you to the program interface. Chapter 3 of this Getting Started manual includes a walk-through tutorial of AutoPIPE features for the novice user. menu structure.   Each of these topics is covered briefly in this chapter. specifying ranges. go the Contents tab and highlight a book. which contains specific information on maximizing the power of windows help systems. Bookmark sections that you access frequently. The intention is to give you a general understanding of these concepts. including:   Starting AutoPIPE: Double-click on the AutoPIPE icon (or select it from a taskbar) Loading a system model: The first step in every AutoPIPE session is either to define a new system model or load an existing one. This section briefly describes modeling concepts and principles.   BASIC CONCEPTS OVERVIEW This chapter provides you with a tour of the AutoPIPE interface. and walks you through several of the most basic tasks from opening a model and defining a new system to placing a few components. For more detailed information regarding a particular command or activity. AutoPIPE Modeling Concepts: When modeling in AutoPIPE it is important to understand some of the concepts and techniques the designers have built into the interface. To print a range of topics. All the books and topics that are nested beneath that book will be sent to the printer. and command techniques. The Windows Help file is opened. Veteran users who are switching from DOS to the Windows edition of AutoPIPE should also note that the new interface allows for many tasks to be performed graphically rather than through a series of keystrokes. This Chapter introduces you to the most basic AutoPIPE tasks. To print the current topic. and inserting components. Bookmarks: Bookmarks can be very useful when using a help file. press F1 while in any help topic. and a paper clip icon appears on the topic title. A dialog is displayed allowing you to define the bookmark. Select Bookmark from the Help Topic menu. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-3 . you should carefully review the discussions of selecting points.BASIC CONCEPTS BASIC CONCEPTS OVERVIEW  Printing: It is very easy to produce hard copies of help documentation. refer to the appropriate section of the AutoPIPE on-line help. Additional information on Help: For more information on using Windows Help Systems. simply press Print from the topic window. If you are a new user. Bentley Help will send the topic to the default Windows printer. or attach notes to them using the Annotate command.

select the AutoPIPE 6. " 2-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .BASIC CONCEPTS STARTING AUTOPIPE >_dU Before you can begin working with AutoPIPE. STARTING AUTOPIPE The procedure for starting AutoPIPE is provided below: ! From the Windows’ Start menu. The AutoPIPE application opens. The starting screen is shown below. the software must be installed and configured for your system.3 icon from the AutoPIPE program group.

e. you can also refer to the on-line help for comprehensive dialog information. the next step is to either create/define a new system or to load an existing one. In the next chapter we’ll take a closer look at the definition of model properties. # >_dU The next several steps will present a series of dialogs for the definition of the model and its operating parameters. DEFINING A NEW MODEL The first step in creating a new model is to name and define the model as described below: ! Select File/New to open the New dialog shown below. then the directory where the file will be stored). Each of these dialogs is discussed briefly below for the purpose of demonstrating the sequence of steps required to create a new model. then press Save. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-5 . Both procedures are provided below. highlight the appropriate drive. " Indicate the path where the file will be stored using standard Windows file selection techniques (i. After the path information is specified. type the name of the model in the File name field.. As always.BASIC CONCEPTS LOADING A MODEL LOADING A MODEL After opening AutoPIPE.

BASIC CONCEPTS
LOADING A MODEL
$

The General Model Options dialog is displayed as shown below.

Complete each of the fields to adequately describe your model. Of particular note is the Piping Code selection list, which allows you to choose from a variety of pre-defined piping codes. After completing the dialog, press OK.
%

The Segment dialog is displayed for the definition of the initial segment that will be used as the starting point of your model. Define the starting point name, any offset values, and a pipe identifier that will be associated with all components that belong to that segment. As components are placed on the line, point names are generated. The default point names always begin with the segment name (“A” in the example below) to which they belong. After completing the dialog, press OK.

&

The Pipe Properties dialog is displayed. From this location you define the initial pipe properties of the model. This dialog will be explained in the next chapter. After completing the dialog, press OK. The Pressure & Temperature dialog is displayed for the definition of operating loads. Enter values in each of the fields as required by the demands of your system, then press OK to close the dialog.

'

2-6

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

BASIC CONCEPTS
LOADING A MODEL

(

The setup of the new model is complete. You can now add a component to the first point (A00) in the system (or insert an offset distance from this point). In the next chapter, we’ll create a new model and demonstrate methods for placing and connecting components.

LOADING AN EXISTING MODEL
!

Select File/Open/AutoPIPE Database (*.dat). A dialog like the one shown below is displayed.

"

Navigate to the directory where the file is stored. Select the desired filename from the Files list, then press OK. The previously saved model and its data are now available for editing or report generation.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

2-7

BASIC CONCEPTS
INTERFACE

INTERFACE
The AutoPIPE interface is designed to simplify the task of creating, modifying, and reviewing models of any complexity.

SCREEN LAYOUT
Take some time to familiarize yourself with AutoPIPE’s interface by examining the areas of the screen annotated below.

2-8

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

. there is a limited set of piping codes.   Press OK to accept the values in a dialog Some fields have an associated list of options from which the user can select. To advance from field to field in a dialog. Pressing Enter from the dialog is the equivalent of pressing OK. Right-click on any dialog field to obtain help on a particular field or parameter. Positioning the cursor in that field and then pressing the left mouse button toggles the ON/OFF state. D1C.5I2?1B4 Advance to next field Return to previous field Accept values and close dialog Cancel values and close dialog v u+v x } AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-9 . you’ll soon become familiar with AutoPIPE’s use of dialogs to gather information from the user. The units that apply to a particular field are displayed in the status bar in the bottom right hand corner of the screen. many users prefer the keyboard alternatives. and is opened by pressing on the Ø adjacent to that field. For example. Options which are toggled ON are indicated by a 9. press the Tab key. and the user can always select the appropriate code from a list when the cursor is in the Piping Code field. To obtain “big picture” dialog help. Refer to the table below. press the Help button. This list is contained inside the dialog itself. Although the mouse can be used to navigate through the fields of a dialog.     KEYBOARD EQUIVALENTS As you begin creating a model.BASIC CONCEPTS INTERFACE DIALOGS Dialogs present and request information. You can also advance the cursor by simply using the mouse to select the desired location.

You can have AutoPIPE display ft-in units by setting “Use feet-inches display format” in Tools/Model Options/Edit 2-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial ..BASIC CONCEPTS INTERFACE UNITS FORMAT As you move from field to field in a dialog.2708 2’3.75 0’0”3/4 0-0. AutoPIPE allows special characters to be used to decipher the field format and convert these to decimal equivalents.“DX/DY/DZ”) use architectural units.0625 0.5” 1’.0833 1’1” 1’1 13” 0’13 1-1 1-1-0 >_dU Only the coordinates in “Offset” fields (i. “Length”.75 0-0-3/4 1. To accommodate the varied needs of our users.25” 2’3. the units that apply to that field are listed in the status bar in the bottom right hand corner of your screen. The types of input which are allowed when inputting English units are illustrated in the table below: 4539=1< 655D 655D9>385C 2.0417 1’.25 2’3”1/4 2-3-1/4 1.75” 0’.5 1’0”1/2 1-0.5 1-0-1/2 0.e.

Note that each of these menus has a toolbar associated with it. The component toolbar. which displays a model’s data in spreadsheet format. on the other hand. Command toolbars are always docked directly beneath the main menu. it is important to understand some basic concepts of the program. data-rich models can be created. Note that these hotkeys are displayed in the AutoPIPE pull-down menus next to the item it executes. For a detailed description of the capabilities and functionality of a specific command. A ToolTip description is displayed beneath the button. To reposition it. and cannot be moved from this location. modified. position your cursor over it and wait a second or two. AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS Experienced users of AutoPIPE have come to appreciate the speed and efficiency with which detailed. can be moved from its position along the right side of the screen and positioned as a “floating toolbar” in the modeling area of the screen. and reviewed. If you are a novice user. AutoPIPE also uses the function keys for some operations.    Models are created from individual pipe segments Components are attached to the active point (cursor location) The piping system geometry and properties can be modified AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-11 . The top menu that is displayed above the drawing area depends on the current mode of the program:   The standard Menu is displayed when building or editing a model AutoPIPE can be placed in a Worksheet Mode. TOOLBARS AutoPIPE has two types of toolbars: command and components. Additionally.BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS MENU STRUCTURE All AutoPIPE commands can be accessed from the menu system. The toolbar will resize. simply “drag” the title bar of the toolbar into the screen area. In AutoPIPE hotkeys are executed by holding down the control and then pressing a letter key. refer to the AutoPIPE On-line Help Menu Reference. HOTKEYS A number of AutoPIPE commands can be accessed directly from the keyboard using hotkeys. 8Y^d If you forget the use of a particular button.

The Pipe identifier can be any name that the user wishes to use. Whenever a tee/branch is inserted. Each new segment begins with a different alpha character. as shown in Figure 2-1 on the facing page. Although most of the piping segment definition is handled automatically with AutoPIPE. For example. The segments are labeled automatically (A through E in the example). making it easier for node numbering and easier to keep track of segments when reviewing input listings or output results. In this screen. the additional ones are labeled AA. wherever it was used) or by graphical selection of a range of points and Modify/Pipe Properties Over Range. AutoPIPE automatically assigns a new segment identifier. then all following components will default to those same properties until the user types in a new Pipe identifier name on a component dialogue. if you define a Pipe identifier as a 4-inch line. at point D02. A Pipe identifier is used to assign properties. >_dU AutoPIPE makes extensive use of dialogs to obtain user input. As an example. If more than twenty-six segments are entered. They may be extended or modified at any time by either adding more segments or changing existing ones. It is a good idea to choose a meaningful name such as the first few letters of a line ID or something like 8”std (indicating 8” nominal diameter. When defining a new system. the sample model shown below contains five segments labeled A through E. AC and so on. AB. Typically.BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS UNDERSTANDING PIPE SEGMENTS Each piping system is divided into a number of segments. in some circumstances it is advantageous to plan the model in advance and divide it into logical “segments” before creating the system (see ‘Rules for defining Pipe Segments’). A segment can be made up of multiple pipe identifiers. Existing Pipe properties can be easily modified using either Modify/Properties of Pipe Identifier (which modifies that Pipe Identifier throughout the entire model. segment by segment. 2-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . the user must specify starting X. AutoPIPE automatically displays the first Segment screen (the first segment is segment A).Y. Piping models are entered into the program. A discussion of techniques for navigating throughout the fields of a dialog is provided later in this chapter. a pipeline may be divided into two or more contiguous segments. Z coordinates of the Segment and input a Pipe identifier name. a segment would begin and end at anchor points or a branch connection. the Pipe properties dialogue screen will automatically be displayed for input. standard schedule wall thickness) to help you keep track of pipe properties when reviewing the model. However. After inputting a new Pipe identifier name. These properties will be applied to all components attached to that pipe identifier until otherwise specified by inputting a new pipe identifier name in one of the component dialogue screens.

BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS Figure 2-1: Pipe Segments AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-13 .

and B05 in the Figure 2-1) such as a tee or cross. making it convenient to insert intermediate points or components using the Length field. Since these points have already been defined. AutoPIPE provides options to view the model. Also. Wind loads and Hydrotest can be turned on and off on a segment by segment basis. B02. Also. make sure that the name of the first point on the segment is not the name of a previously defined point).g. typing in the name of the first point (in this case. B01. they are listed as follows: ! Each segment has a forward and backward direction and is entered as a sequence of points. each point along the segment is typically located by offsets from the preceding point. delete. A tee branch connection point is any point which joins two or more pipe segments. Global coordinates must be entered for the first point of the first segment (default global coordinates of Segment A is 0.Y. Then. or view output results on a segment by segment basis. B04. AutoPIPE automatically keeps track of the local axis of the segment. with a maximum of four characters each. These points are automatically assigned alphanumeric names (which the user can override). and assigning the starting X. It is often more convenient to start a disconnected segment in space using Insert/Segment or clicking on the Segment button. until the whole segment has been defined (e. A continuation point is established when a new segment is defined to begin at the end point of an existing segment (see point D02 in the Figure 2-1). segment B is defined by points A03. it may be more convenient to define suction and discharge sections as disconnected segments without having to model the equipment (see Pump Modeling Example in AutoPIPE on-line help). B03. all of which have default names. " # $ % & ' 2-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . the ability to handle disconnected segments is a big advantage when importing sections from a CAD model.0).Z coordinates of that new Segment. Subsequent segments typically begin at points which have been defined previously (point A03 in segment B is an example). in Figure 2-1. This increment can be changed under Tools/Model Options/Edit. graphically select. Although Subsequent segments typically begin or end at an existing point. and requires a multiple pipe connection (see points A03. A continuation point can be made into a branch point using Modify/Convert Point to/Tee.BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS RULES FOR DEFINING SEGMENTS A number of rules govern the definition of piping segments.0. this is not necessary for the program to function correctly. points A00 to A06 for segment A). For example. For example. AutoPIPE automatically displays the first segment screen for the user. These points are either branch points or continuation points (see #6 below). AutoPIPE can automatically renumber point names after editing using the Renumber button or Edit/Renumber. This is point A00 in the example. The default increment in point names is 1. so keep that in mind when creating your model. This is typically done to divide a long length of pipe into shorter segments or to turn on and off wind loads or hydrotest on a segment by segment basis. and B05. entering coordinate data for them is not necessary.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-15 . he clicks on the Tee button or Insert/Tee and inputs an offset of 5 feet as well as the tee type information for stress intensification purposes. AutoPIPE will automatically assume that you want the starting point of the component to be inserted at the active point. the Run Point dialog will contain the value A01 in the Name of Point field. if you are inserting a run point on Segment A that contains nothing but an anchor point. When defining a segment. The Tee element will automatically assign a new segment once the user begins to input the branch. UNDERSTANDING THE ACTIVE POINT After defining and inserting a segment. Users can also click on Tee arrows to easily switch between the header and branch side of the tee. When placing components. proceed from point to point along the segment. this procedure is no longer required (although users can still input a tee branch by inserting a segment at a run point if desired). if a user wishes to insert a tee point on a header 5 feet away from his current point (active point). Check that everything at the current point has been specified before moving on to the next point.BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS ( Cut and paste automatically creates a new segment. With the new Tee element. you’ll notice that a small crosshair appears in the drawing area. users would have to insert a new segment at an existing run point in order to insert a tee branch connection. In some cases. The Tee element automates the insertion of tees and includes the offset distance from the previous point. This crosshair represents the currently active point. For example. AutoPIPE will increment the point to the next value and concatenate this with the letter that defines the current segment. GRAPHICAL TEE ELEMENT In previous versions of AutoPIPE. After selecting a component type for insertion. users may choose not to input small diameter vent or drain pipe branches. For example. By default. AutoPIPE displays a graphical symbol at Tee points enabling users to visually review tee locations. Users can convert an existing run point to a Tee using Modify/Convert point to/Tee command. even if the user does not create a branch. but still want the stress intensification factor at the tee connection point. you should remain aware of the active point. AutoPIPE will keep this point a tee for stress intensification. The active point is also displayed in the status area immediately below the drawing area.

Move to the last point of the previous segment. It is important to note that a given point may have two or more different segments. Move to the previous point in the current segment (backward segment direction). # 2-16 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . point A03 is a tee connection point. deletions. because AutoPIPE allows a wide variety of additions. In order to toggle between multiple segments on the same Point location. Move to the next intermediate soil point for the current soil region. simply click on it with the mouse. The active point name and segment location is displayed in the bottom right hand corner of your screen. . Move to the previous intermediate soil point for the current soil region. In particular: New segments can be added at any time. The crosshairs should redisplay over that point and the Active Point status area should reflect the new point as well. the “Active Point” crosshairs can be controlled using the keyboard. You can also use the arrow keys to control the location of the active point as described below. In a complex model. Move to the next point in the current segment (forward segment direction). Existing segments can be modified. move to the next segment that connects to the current point (more than 2 segments are possible).5I Ö Õ × Ø D1C. you can click on the Go To Point button and type in your desired active point location. in Figure 2-1. it is usually more convenient to use the up and down arrow keys (see following section on keyboard commands). and changes to be made. When at a segment junction. and is made up of point A03 segment A and point A03 segment B. Previously defined segments can be extended at any time. move to the previous segment that connects to the current point (more than 2 segments are possible).BASIC CONCEPTS AUTOPIPE MODELING CONCEPTS To designate an existing point as the active point. Move to the first point of the next segment. When at a segment junction. For example. or can be deleted and replaced. CONTROLLING THE ACTIVE POINT WITH THE KEYBOARD As an alternative to the mouse. ^ ` WW V + ! " MODIFICATION OF PIPING GEOMETRY It is not necessary for a piping system to be defined completely in a single AutoPIPE session.

can be copied within the same job or between separate jobs with automatic renumbering. or modified at any time. Components can be inserted. then B. simply type I to go into insert mode.BASIC CONCEPTS BASIC TASKS $ A complete system. and must review the changes carefully. AutoPIPE may not detect all of the possible inconsistencies. changes in data can lead to a variety of inconsistencies. and will display warning or error messages. Select a command from the menu system Key-in the command. As an example. deleted. The hotkey for each command is underlined in the menu system. but is an extremely efficient method of input. to insure that the modified geometry and properties are correct. AutoPIPE will detect most inconsistencies. or sections of a system. to insert a bend. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 2-17 . BASIC TASKS This section lists simple techniques for accomplishing the following:       Executing a command Selecting a component Inserting a component Modifying a component Deleting a component Selecting a range of components (creating a selection set) EXECUTING A COMMAND Commands can be executed in one of three ways:    Click on one of the buttons in a toolbar. However. Users must take care in making changes. % GQb^Y^W As noted in the following sections. The key-in command option requires memorization of certain hotkeys.

the component turns red to indicate that it is selected. Position the cursor on the insertion point. then select the component name from the Modify menu.BASIC CONCEPTS BASIC TASKS SELECTING POINTS AND COMPONENTS  Click on it with the mouse. double click on the graphical representation of the component to open its associated dialog. or select a range of points.     MODIFYING POINTS OR COMPONENTS Use one of the techniques below to modify points or components. If it is a two-point component such as a valve or flexible joint. Double click on a point to modify point offsets. Users can graphically select a range to modify across a range of points with one command (see ‘Selecting a Range’)    2-18 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Users can graphically select a range to insert across ranges of points with one command (see ‘Selecting a Range’) Place the cursor on the desired point. then “drag” the button off the toolbar and “drop” it onto the desired point by releasing the mouse button. click on the pipe run button. then select the desired component from the Insert menu. the red indicates that the beginning point and end point of a two-point component have been selected. Click on one of the points associated with the component. press and hold the left mouse button. To insert an intermediate run point. By clicking on the outer edge of a component. Position the cursor on one of the points. then click on one of the component buttons from the toolbar. then use the keyboard equivalent menu commands to key-in the insertion Position the cursor over the desired button. This is known as the “drag and drop” technique. or multiple run points. Graphically select a range of points (see following ‘Selecting a Range of Points’ section)  INSERTING A POINT OR COMPONENT  Position the cursor on the desired point by clicking on it. then right-click the component to be modified from the toolbar.  Using the mouse.

BASIC CONCEPTS
BASIC TASKS

DELETING POINTS OR COMPONENTS
Use one of the techniques below to delete existing points or components: 
 

Select the unwanted component with the mouse then press the Del key on the keyboard. Select the unwanted component then press the Delete button on the command toolbar. Position the cursor on one of the points, or select a range of points, then hold down the [Shift] and right-click the component to be deleted from the toolbar. Graphically select a range, then select the corresponding component name from the Delete menu to delete across an entire range of points with one command (see Selecting a Range). Select the unwanted component then select the Edit/Delete menu command. Select it with the mouse or position the active point at that location, then select the corresponding component name from the Delete menu.  



SELECTING A RANGE (CREATING A SELECTION SET)
Selection of ranges is a powerful tool within AutoPIPE that users should become familiar with. By graphically selecting ranges of points, users can insert, modify, or delete components, properties, loads, and other data across ranges of points with one command or graphically select points to be included in the output reports. Also, selection of ranges is required in order to graphically cut, copy, or paste. There are several methods available to graphically select ranges of points. By using buttons or the Select menu, users can select by a number of different criteria such as by segment, point names, component type, pipe diameter and other parameters. In addition, users can create a mouse zoom box Window and click on the Select all points in Window button to select a range. Another common method used to select a range is to click on the first point in the range, press and hold the [Shift] key, then click on the last point in the range. The selection set will highlight in red. This is the same technique used to select ranges in Word, Excel, and other popular Windows programs. To create a selection set that includes components that are not part of a contiguous run, use the [Ctrl] key as follows: To add more components to this set, or delete points from this set press and hold the [Ctrl] key and select additional elements. The [Ctrl] selection method allows you to select a set of components that are not continuous. Alternatively, Select/Point enables buttons that can add or subtract from the selection set on a point by point basis. The Select/Range command, another method of creating a selection set, allows the user to input “From” and “To” points inside a dialog.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

2-19

BASIC CONCEPTS
BASIC TASKS

2-20

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

I

CREATING THE FIRST AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL

The following chapters in this Tutorial guide you through the creation of a sample AutoPIPE model. After the model is created, you will learn how to define loads, analyze the system, and produce output reports. CHAPTER 3: CREATING A NEW MODEL CHAPTER 4: MODIFYING PROPERTIES CHAPTER 5: LOADS, ANALYSIS, AND RESULTS CHAPTER 6: OUTPUT REPORTS

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

CREATING THE FIRST AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

OVERVIEW CREATING A NEW SYSTEM ROUTING SEGMENT A ROUTING SEGMENT B CHAPTER REVIEW 3-2 3-3 3-7 3-22 3-40 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-1 . After the model properties are defined. These values are used after the model is constructed in the analysis of stress. you will route two segments and experiment with AutoPIPE’s Undo and Redo features. operating loads. and other factors. etc. Before placing components in a model. code compliance. starting coordinates. pressure and temperature loads.3 CREATING A NEW MODEL In this chapter you will create the first tutorial model. you must define the associated piping code.

and various model construction techniques are introduced. Each step of the model creation process is discussed. you will have built the model shown below: 3-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . At the completion of this chapter.CREATING A NEW MODEL OVERVIEW OVERVIEW In this chapter we’ll build the first of our two tutorial models.

the file is saved in the same directory where AutoPIPE is installed. input the following values:   Project ID: AutoPIPE Tutorial 1 Prepared by: {your initials} The values you input in these two fields will appear in the headers of reports that are generated on the system. The New dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. " >_dU # By default. If you’d prefer. >_dU AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-3 . This section guides you through the completion of each of these dialogs. First. and other factors. you may want to create a directory on your local drive where the tutorial model can be saved. For the first tutorial model. The General Model Options dialog is automatically displayed. pipe materials. AutoPIPE automatically presents a series of dialogs that allow you to establish the piping code. >_dU Before beginning this exercise. then press Save. save the tutorial model in a separate directory.CREATING A NEW MODEL CREATING A NEW SYSTEM CREATING A NEW SYSTEM When a new system is created.  TO CREATE A NEW SYSTEM ! Select File/New. let’s discuss some of these areas in detail. pressure and temperature loads. Type TUTOR1 in the File Name field.

The lower right hand corner will always display the units associated with the active field. After this field is highlighted. AutoPIPE models are constructed in three-dimensional space. which means that you must be aware of three direction vectors. accept the Y-axis default. press [Tab] now to jump to the Ambient Temperature field. you could change this value. if you’d like to customize the vector that is considered to run in the vertical plane. the status field reads deg F. In this case. In order to define two thermal/pressure cases for analysis.CREATING A NEW MODEL CREATING A NEW SYSTEM $ AutoPIPE filters many of its dialogs based on the Piping Code to ensure code compliance and to help you properly identify various elements of the system. which contains a value of 70. the vertical axis will be set to the Y-axis. A brief glance at the Units area of the status bar will always help you to confirm the units associated with the active field. You can use the mouse to position the cursor in a field. The Segment dialog is automatically displayed. For our model. Press OK to close the General Model Options dialog. or press [Tab] to jump to the next field in sequence. examine the status bar at the bottom of the AutoPIPE application window. There are several methods for navigating within AutoPIPE dialogs. The next field of interest is the Number of Thermal/Pressure Cases. By default. However. Accept the default Ambient Temperature value of 70. input a value of 2 in this field.3 from the Piping Code selection list (press the down arrow next to the field to open a list of the available codes). Select B31. For example. % & ' ( 3-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Note the Vertical Axis field.

In our example. It is a good idea to choose a meaningful pipe identifier name such as the first few letters of a line ID or a descriptive name. The next step is to assign a Pipe Identifier to this segment. Doing so will re-display the Pipe Properties dialog for the definition of the new pipe.0.0) global coordinate default for the first segment (A). >_dU During creation of the model. we will use 12”STD to indicate a 12" nominal. Input 12"STD in the Pipe data identifier field. Note that 12”STD appears automatically in the Pipe Identifier field of this dialog. standard schedule wall thickness.CREATING A NEW MODEL CREATING A NEW SYSTEM ) The Segment dialog allows you to assign a name and starting location for the first pipe segment that will be placed in the model. then press OK. A set of pipe properties can be defined and associated with a named ID. These properties will be associated with all components associated with the 12”STD line. Accept the (0. you can define a new segment and give it a new Pipe Identifier. !  The Pipe Properties dialog is displayed. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-5 .

then define the material property values manually. the dialog is automatically populated with insulation density values. !& When the dialog appears as shown above. Note that a marker ( + ) has been placed at the (0. AutoPIPE contains a list of these definitions in its default libraries. After the Case 1 Pressure/Temperature values have been specified. the procedure would be to select NS (for Non-Standard). The Pressure and Temperature dialog is automatically displayed.0. Enter 1 in the Insulation Thickness field. !" !# !$ >_dU !% If a material is requested which is not in the library. This is because we entered “2” in the Number of Thermal/Pressure cases field (from the General Model Options dialog). Input a Case 2 Pressure of 350 and a temperature of 550. From the Pipe Material field. After the insulation material is selected. then [Tab] to the Case 1 temperature and input 20 (deg F). you can override these values manually. select Calc for calcium silicate. If desired. [Tab] twice to define the values for Case 2. As with the Insulation Material.CREATING A NEW MODEL CREATING A NEW SYSTEM !! Specify the size of the pipe by selecting 12.0) starting point named A00. The properties of the system and starting segment have now been defined. press OK. Input 350 (psi) in the Case 1 Pressure field. AutoPIPE will automatically populate the material properties and stress allowables based on the definitions in the library. Note that two columns are available for input in this dialog. !' 3-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .000 from the Nominal Diameter selection list. select A106-B carbon steel type. Press OK to close the Pipe Properties dialog. From the Insulation Material field.

you will have created the section of the model shown below. An elbow (bend) is a unique component in AutoPIPE because it must be offset a specified distance from an existing point. ! Select Insert/Anchor to display the Anchor dialog. and because the orientation of the bend is determined by the location of the next component placed in the model. After completing this section.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A ROUTING SEGMENT A Now that the system and pipe properties have been defined. we can begin placing components on Segment A. The next component will be an elbow. ROUTING FROM THE ANCHOR TO THE TEE We will begin this system by inserting an anchor element. the orientation of the elbow is determined by the subsequent component. The user specifies the distance from the previous point to the tangent intersection point (TIP) of the bend (see graphic below). Press OK to accept the defaults and place a rigid anchor with no thermal movements. After the TIP is known. " AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-7 . An anchor restrains the pipe in all 3 translational and all 3 rotational directions.

[Tab] twice to the DZ field. 3-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The Bend dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. and converts the feet/inches format to decimal units. AutoPIPE allows you to input architectural units. then input 10’3”1/2 as shown above. (An equivalent entry would be 10-3-1/2). Press OK to close the dialog. The model appears as shown in the following figure. Notice that the Length field is updated automatically. [Tab] to advance the cursor to the next field.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A # Select Insert/Bend to place the elbow. $ We’ll place this elbow 10’ 3 ½” from the anchor point in the Z-direction.

AutoPIPE automatically placed a run of pipe between the anchor and the first bend. & [Tab] twice to the DY-Offsets field and enter 10 feet to indicate a 10 foot vertical offset dimension to the tangent intersection point. Press OK to close the dialog.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A The TIP (tanget intersect point) of the bend is routed from the anchor. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-9 . Note that the first elbow is now drawn. Also. % Select Insert/Bend to place a second elbow in the model. while the second elbow is not. This is because the second elbow is still awaiting the definition of a new point in order to properly orient the elbow in three-dimensional space. The model appears as shown in the following figure. The Bend dialog is re-displayed as shown in the following figure.

Press OK to close the dialog. The Run Point dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure.3 to create a new run point 3 feet from the TIP of the second bend in the -X direction. 3-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . ' Let’s change the view of the current model. Select Insert/Run. Note that a pipe segment exists between the anchor and the bend at point A01.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A Now that the downstream point has been placed. ) [Tab] once to the DX-Offsets field and enter . ( Let’s create a new run point. The drawing appears as shown in the following figure. The model appears as shown in the following figure. Select View/Solid Model to display a threedimensional view of the model. AutoPIPE can draw the elbow at point A01.

Input 8"STD in the Pipe Identifier field.75). saving the user from having to type DX. DY. !" !# AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-11 . DZ offsets. !! Enter 9" (note the use of the inch symbol here) in the Length field. Again. we need to input a new pipe identifier name for which we will assign properties. Since a reducer always has a different pipe property on the other end. Select Insert/Reducer to display the dialog shown below. AutoPIPE automatically converts the Imperial units (9”) to the decimal equivalent (0. Note that the length field keeps track of the local axis.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A !  The next step is to insert a reducer at point A03. once you [Tab] to advance the cursor. then press OK to close the dialog. The Pipe Properties dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure.

The model appears as shown in the following figure.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A !$ Select 8.00 from the Nominal Diameter selection list. !% Next. 3-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Select Insert/Valve to open the Valve dialog shown below. we will insert a valve beginning at node A04 at the far point of the reducer. then press OK to accept the remaining pipe property values.

Press the Windowed Zoom button on the toolbar (or right-click with the mouse) to zoom into the defined area. then press and hold the mouse window and “drag” the cursor to define the opposite corner (PT2 in the figure above). Press OK to close the dialog. we will allow the weight and length of the valve to be extracted from AutoPIPE's valve database. Note that valve length and weight is automatically filled in from the database (the valve properties from the AutoPIPE database can be overridden). Accept the default Gate-F valve and select a Pressure Rating of 300 as shown. The model appears as shown in the following figure. select PT1 in the figure above. To view a windowed area. A dotted line defines the perimeter of the viewing window.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A !& In this example. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-13 . There are several zooming controls provided by AutoPIPE. The model appears as shown in the following figure. PT1 PT2 !' Let’s zoom into the valve to examine it in detail.

CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A !( Note that the valve requires a flange connection. Select Insert/Flange. Press OK to accept the remaining defaults. select SO for slip-on connection. select 300. 3-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . we will first select the entire component. To add flanges to both ends of the valve with one command. Flanges are placed on both sides of the valve as shown in the graphic below. !) "  Accept the default SLIP-ON flange type. From the Pressure Rating field. Click along the outer edge of the valve to select and highlight it. AutoPIPE's flange database is used for the definition of flange weights. In the Connection to pipe. The Flange dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure.

The extents of the model are displayed as shown in the following figure. We will now specify new pressure/temperature loading conditions starting at point A05. ADDING A TEE Now let’s add a tee to this section of the line and finish Segment A. ! Click on point A05 at the open end of the valve/flange combination to make it the active point.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A "! Select View/All. " AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-15 . The Pressure & Temperature dialog is displayed. Select Insert/Pressure & Temperature. Later in this chapter we’ll create a second segment that begins at the branch of the tee.

A note is displayed to inform you that the load range includes a flange and a valve at A05. Select Other from the tee-type list to input user-specified in-plane and out-of-plane SIF's for nonstandard branch connections. 3-16 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Disable the Consider crotch radius and thickness to use 4. Next you will insert a tee from this point. The Tee Point dialog is displayed. ) >_dU The tee types that appear in this list are filtered by AutoPIPE according to the piping code associated with the model. Select Welding from Type of Tee selection list.4*T/r option.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A # Input the following values: Case 1 Pressure Temperature 300 10 Case 2 300 250 $ [Tab] once and notice that the stress allowable is updated automatically. The crotch fields are displayed for the welding tee. AutoPIPE will automatically compute stress intensification factors (SIF) for each type based on values stored in the component libraries. The Tee element automatically inserts a 4 foot run of pipe and prompts the user to input tee information for stress intensification purposes. Press OK to accept the note (this note is meant to alert you to the fact that the pressure rating of the valve and flange may need to be updated). Select Insert/Tee. Press OK to close the dialog. % & ' ( Click the Length field and enter 4 feet.

Later in this chapter we’ll route components off this branch to create Segment B. Like the Bend symbol. The model appears as shown in the following figure. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-17 . users may want to input a tee symbol for SIF purposes without specifying the branch. The model appears as shown in the following figure.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A !  Press OK to accept the values and close the dialog. which required a downstream point to orient the elbow. !! Select View/Redraw to clean up the display. >_dU !" In some cases. Note that a graphic represents the placement of the tee without completing it. the tee can only be oriented after its branch location is specified. Select View/ All to view the extents of the model.

press Rotate+Vertical three times. and “dragging” the model to the desired view. When the graphic is displayed as shown in the following figure. The graphic representation appears as shown in the following figure. a variety of viewing controls has been provided to allow you to view the model from different perspectives. release the mouse button. 3-18 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . " Note the control panel on the bottom of the model window. select a point and drag it to the right to “pan” the model. As an alternative to the icons. ! Because AutoPIPE models are three-dimensional. Rotate .Vertical Pan Draw All Windowed Zoom Zoom Out Rotate + Horiz. Next. holding the mouse button down. One method of changing the view includes the set of controls shown below. Rotate + Vertical Press the Rotate+Horizontal icon three times.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A ADJUSTING THE VIEW AND COMPLETING THE SEGMENT In this section AutoPIPE’s custom view controls are demonstrated. and a pipe run and anchor are added to the model to complete Segment A. Redraw Zoom Former Zoom In Rotate . you can interactively pan the model by selecting a point in the modeling area.Horiz. For example.

The 3D model now appears as shown in the following figure. you can gain quick access to the PAN feature by right-clicking in the model area. The PAN icon appears. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-19 .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A 8Y^d As with the rotation technique mentioned above. Click and hold the left mouse button to drag the model to a new area of the screen. # Press OK to close the Zoom panel (or double-click with the mouse).

CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A $ Now let’s complete the pipe segment. The Run Point dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. and then press OK. Select Insert/Run. The Anchor dialog is displayed. ( 3-20 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Press OK to accept the defaults and close the dialog. The model appears as shown in the following figure. ' Select Insert/Anchor. % & Input 17 in the Length field.

then select File/Save. The completed view of Segment A is shown below. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-21 .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT A ) Select View/Default to return to the initial view of the model.

we’ll demonstrate some of the techniques that can be used as alternatives to some of the traditional placement methods discussed previously. ROUTING FROM THE BRANCH AND CONVERTING A POINT ! Select the branch arrow near point A06 to indicate that you want to begin routing components off of this branch. which branches off the tee at point A06. " Select Insert/Run. Select this branch arrow near tee point A06. Point A06 and the branch arrow are highlighted. We’ll also review the use of AutoPIPE’s powerful Undo and Redo commands. During the creation of this segment. Input 8”STD53 in the Pipe data Identifier field. % 3-22 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B ROUTING SEGMENT B In this section of the tutorial we’ll create a second segment (B).10 in the DZ offset field. Press OK to close the dialog. The Run Point dialog is displayed. # $ Input .

CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B & AutoPIPE recognizes that 8”STD53 has not been previously defined and automatically displays the Pipe Properties dialog. Select Insert/Run. and then press OK to close the dialog. This method is demonstrated below.  ! The Run Point dialog is displayed. An alternative method is to simply route two perpendicular pipe runs. ( ) Earlier in this chapter we placed an elbow using the Insert/Bend command. Press OK to accept the default values. AutoPIPE automatically updates the Cold Allowable and pipe properties for the newly selected material. then convert the intersecting point to an elbow. ' Select A53-B as the Pipe Material. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-23 . The model appears as shown in the following figure. The Pressure and Temperature dialog is displayed.

The model appears as shown in the following figure. Select Modify/Convert Point to/Bend. An elbow is placed at the junction between the two pipe runs as shown in the graphic below. 3-24 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B !! Enter 6 in the DY-offset field and 0 in the DZ-offset field. !" !# Select point B01 to make it active. !$ The junction has been converted to a bend point. a bend is required at this location. Obviously. Note how the two pipe runs are connected at point B01. Press OK to close the dialog.

etc. Select Insert/Run. ! Pick point B02 to continue routing Segment B from that point. in order to demonstrate the powerful editing commands in your toolbox.. The model appears as shown in the following figure. then delete the point using one of the following methods:     Select the Delete button on the toolbar Press the [Del] key on the keyboard Select Delete/Point Select Delete/Run AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-25 .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B EDITING CONTROLS In this section we’ll review some of AutoPIPE’s editing controls. Select point B02 to make it active. " # $ Since a straight pipe run exists between B01 and B03. Press OK to accept the defaults and create a new run point 6 feet from B02 in the +Y direction. During this section of the tutorial we will purposefully create and delete points. modify coordinates. we really don’t need point B02.

The deleted segment is restored as shown in the following figure.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B % A confirmation dialog is displayed. & Now let’s delete the entire segment. then select Delete/Segment. When the confirmation dialog appears. press Yes to remove it. The model appears as shown in the following figure. Ensure that Segment B is displayed in the status bar. ' Because AutoPIPE retains a history of the commands you have performed. you can choose to Undo or Redo certain actions. 3-26 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The model appears as shown in the following figure. select Edit/Undo. For example. Press Yes to delete the point.

CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B ( Select Edit/Undo again and the intermediate point B02 is restored as shown in the following figure AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-27 .

3-28 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B ) Select Edit/Undo twice more to remove point B03. !  Select Edit/Redo to re-convert the point to an elbow. then to undo the Convert to Bend command we performed earlier. The model appears as shown in the following figure. !! Select View/All to view the extents of the model as shown in the following figure. The graphic appears as shown in the following figure.

AutoPIPE will generate equally spaced intermediate points. [Tab] to the next field and notice that AutoPIPE automatically updates the length and offset fields. ! Select the tee arrow near point A06 that lies between the tee and the anchor at point A07. Two points are inserted in the model between the tee at point A06 and the anchor at point A07.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B CREATING NEW POINTS AND USING THE COPY/PASTE COMMANDS In this section we’ll create intermediate points on Segment A. input 2. To renumber the points. we defined new points in this dialog. In this case. Press OK. Previously. Select this tee arrow near point A06 " Select Insert/Run. # >_dU $ By default. and use AutoPIPE’s Copy and Paste commands to place copies of Segment B at the new points. This is because the intermediate points were generated after the anchor point. we’ll generate 2 new points along the existing run. In the Generate Points field. select Edit/Renumber/All Points. Notice that the points from the tee to the anchor are no longer numbered sequentially. The Run Point dialog is displayed. You can override the default by specifying a value in the Offsets field. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-29 . The points are now numbered sequentially as shown in the following figure.

The next step is to specify the point(s) where the copied segment should be placed. & ' Select Edit/Copy. Select the tee at point A06 then press OK to close the control bar. Pick any point on Segment B and note that “B” now appears in the Select segments to add field. where it is stored in memory for Paste operations. then “drag” to point PT2 and release. The control dialog now prompts for the base point as shown in the following figure. The first step is to select the components to copy. and that Segment B is highlighted.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B % Now that we have two intermediate points along Segment A. Pick point PT1 shown in the graphic below. press and hold the mouse button. The control dialog shown below is displayed. Choose Select/Clear to clear the selected points. In this exercise we’re going to demonstrate the ability to copy entire component assemblies. ( ) Segment B has now been copied to the clipboard. 8Y^d !  You can also clear a range by picking any single point in the model. A dotted box should appear around points A08 and A07 as shown in the graphic below. 3-30 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Choose Select/Segment. we can place new components at those locations.

CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B PT1 PT2 Create a window around points A08 and A07 !! Choose Select/Range. Notice that the copied segments were assigned unique Segment names (C and D). Press OK to accept the default and place the copied segment directly on points A07 and A08. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-31 . and that all the points in the model are unique. The Paste dialog is displayed. The section of pipe between A07 and A08 is highlighted. Select View/All to view the extents of the model as shown in the following figure. Select Edit/Paste. !" !# !$ Select File/Save.

You can also manually select a segment by selecting a range that encompasses all the points. Segment C is highlighted as shown in the following figure. The Scale dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. ! Earlier we demonstrated how to use the Select Segment command.1 to specify that the selected range should be moved to the opposite Z-axis. then hold down the [Shift] key and pick point C02. MOVING. AND STRETCHING In this section we’ll demonstrate a method for re-positioning and re-scaling existing segments. After selecting the points. $ 3-32 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Press OK to close the dialog. Pick point A07.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B SCALING. # [Tab] twice to the Z Factor field and enter . The model appears as shown in the following figure. Segment C is highlighted (in red on color monitors) " Select Edit/Scale.

& Segments A and C should now be highlighted. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-33 . With Segment C still highlighted. Segments A and C should now be highlighted as shown in the following figure. Segment C should still be highlighted. Doing so will automatically cause the length of the connecting segments to stretch. After selecting the point. press the [Shift] key and select the anchor at the opposite end of the segment at point A09.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B % Select View/Redraw to clean up the display. press the [Ctrl] button on the keyboard and select the anchor at point A00. We’re now going to add Segment A to the selection set and move Segments A and C in the Z direction.

Note that the cutlengths along segments B and D automatically stretched along with the selection that was moved. Press OK to close the dialog.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B ' Select Edit/Move/Stretch. !  The cutlength of these two runs is increased automatically after segments A and C are moved. The Move/Stretch dialog is displayed. ( ) In this dialog we’ll specify that the selected range is to be moved 6 feet in the Z direction. Select View/Redraw to clean up the display. 3-34 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . [Tab] twice to the DZ field and input 6 as shown above. The model appears as shown in the following figure.

Now we’ll demonstrate how selection sets can be used to insert multiple components simultaneously. we created a selection set that defined a range of components. Select Insert/Anchor. !" Select Select/Clear to clear the selection set. C02. In this exercise.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B !! Select Edit/Undo to return the selected range to the previous position. we’ll create a selection set of points. !# !$ With the control dialog displayed. Previously. B02. The model appears as shown in the following figure. The Anchor dialog is displayed. All three point names are highlighted. !% !& AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-35 . The model appears as shown in the following figure. select the following points: D02. Press OK three times to accept the defaults and place an anchor at each of the selected points. The control dialog shown below is displayed. then press Edit/Undo again return Segment C to the opposite side of the main pipe run. Select Select/Point.

Create a zoom window by picking PT1 as shown in the graphic below. then drag the mouse to point PT2 and release. zoom into the area around the bend at point A02.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B INSERTING A SUPPORT In this exercise we’ll add a run point near the bend at point A02 and insert a support at that location. PT1 Create a window around the bend at point A02. ! First. PT2 3-36 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

select View/Zoom. The model appears as shown in the following figure. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-37 . $ % Input 2 feet in the Length field. then select Insert/Run. The Run Point dialog is displayed.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B " After the dotted line appears around the bend. # Before adding a support. Pick point A02 to make it the active point. we need to add a run point where the support will be placed. The new point A10 is inserted in the model as shown in the following figure. and then press OK to accept the remaining defaults.

4 Gap Right: 0.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B & Select Insert/Support.3 (pipe friction on the support) ) Press OK to close the dialog. The Support dialog is displayed.6 Friction Coefficient: 0. The support is inserted into the model as shown in the following figure. Select Guide from the Support Type field. ' ( Input the following values:    Gap Left: 0. 3-38 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The dialog is filtered to provide fields related to the definition of a Guide Support.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-39 . !! !" Select File/Save.CREATING A NEW MODEL ROUTING SEGMENT B !  Select Edit/Renumber/All Points to renumber the points sequentially. Select View/All to view the extents of the model as shown in the following figure.

a run point or component must be routed off the branch end of the tee. After completing the dialog. Pipe Properties: Every object placed in a model is associated with a particular set of pipe properties. These properties are initially defined during the creation of a new system. The process is to first route the pipe runs.e. Use the commands in the menu or toolbar. The code is also used in code compliance calculations. Existing points can also be converted to run points using the Modify/Convert Point to/Run command. and on a special set of toolbar buttons. and the model is displayed as a wireframe graphic. then select Insert/Flange. Converting a Point: Intersecting points on pipe runs can be converted to a bend or a tee. After the TIP is specified. Bend Placement: Bends require a unique placement procedure. To route off a tee branch. select the arrow graphic associated with the tee.  Piping Codes: Each model in AutoPIPE must be associated with a specific Piping Code. and does not indicate an actual physical point on the bend itself. Highlight the desired component. Tee Insertion: Like elbows.CREATING A NEW MODEL CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter we introduced several modeling techniques which were used in the construction of a model. The downstream/next point helps to orient the elbow in three-dimensional space. A zoom control panel appears on the bottom of the application window. AutoPIPE will automatically generate component and material options during operation of the program based on the selected piping code. or interactively pan. Zoom Controls: AutoPIPE provides a variety of commands for controlling the display of the model. Before the branch can be oriented.       3-40 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The Zoom controls are available in the View pull-down menu. This is the location where two perpendicular pipe runs would intersect. then select the desired point or component placement command. First. and rotate the model using the keyboard commands listed on the control bar. but can be modified at any point during the design process. then select the intersection point and execute the appropriate Modify/Convert Point to command. Flange Insertion: Flanges may be inserted on both sides of a component (i. flanges will be placed on both sides of the selected component. which were introduced in this chapter. the user must specify the location of the next component or point. Before continuing. zoom. tees rely on the placement of a connecting component in order to orient it properly.. the user specifies a tangent intersect point (TIP). a valve) with a single command. please review the following concepts.

The selected range is copied to the Windows clipboard. Input the new coordinates in the dialog. AutoPIPE will automatically assign unique point names to the copied component set. Moving/Stretching: AutoPIPE allows you to easily re-position components in the model. and learn how to interactively review the pressure and temperature values assigned to different parts of the model. use the Edit/Renumber commands. The process is to first select a starting point. then select Insert/Run. Renumbering Points: When inserting new points along an existing run.    WHAT’S NEXT? In the next chapter we will modify the pipe properties of existing elements. the point names will no longer be numbered sequentially along the segment (assuming the default naming scheme was utilized). AutoPIPE® Tutorial 3-41 . By default. then select Edit/Copy. You can now select a point in the model and paste the copied elements to a new location. When the Run Point dialog appears. To correct this. specify the desired quantity of intermediate points in the Generate Points field. First select the range. the new point(s) will be equally spaced between the active point and the next downstream point. The cutlengths of components attached to the re-positioned range will be updated automatically and all connections will remain intact.CREATING A NEW MODEL CHAPTER REVIEW  Intermediate Points: Points can be added along an existing pipe run. then select Edit/Move/Stretch. Select the range. Copy/Pasting a Range: Ranges of components can be copied and pasted to facilitate the modeling process.

CREATING A NEW MODEL CHAPTER REVIEW 3-42 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

OVERVIEW MODIFYING AN EXISTING PIPE IDENTIFIER SELECTING A RANGE BY PIPE IDENTIFIER MODIFYING PIPE PROPERTIES ACROSS A RANGE MODIFYING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE LOADS GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES CHAPTER REVIEW 4-2 4-2 4-3 4-4 4-5 4-7 4-10 4-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-1 .4 MODIFYING PROPERTIES In this chapter we’ll modify some of the existing pipe properties. You will learn how to modify the properties of an existing identifier and how to select a range of components based on the associated Pipe ID. you will interactively review pressure and temperature loads and demonstrate the use of the Point Properties information dialog. Later in the chapter.

" # From the Pipe Identifier field. After executing this command. 4-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . By typing in a new name.MODIFYING PROPERTIES OVERVIEW OVERVIEW In this chapter you will learn how to modify existing pipe properties. you can modify the attributes of all components associated with that ID. The Pipe Identifier dialog is displayed. ! Select Modify/Properties of Pipe Identifier. The procedure is provided below. then press OK to close the dialog. simply select the desired Pipe ID then modify values in the Pipe Properties dialog. select 12"STD. $ The Pipe Properties dialog is displayed. By editing the properties associated with a Pipe ID. the properties of 10"STD will be used in all locations where the 12"STD pipe identifier was previously defined. MODIFYING AN EXISTING PIPE IDENTIFIER The properties of an existing pipe identifier can be modified with the Modify/Properties of Pipe Identifier command. Input a new Pipe Identifier name of 10"STD.

Schedule. Wall Thickness or Pipe Material.000. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-3 . or by using the [Shift] and [Ctrl] keys to manually select a range of components. & SELECTING A RANGE BY PIPE IDENTIFIER In the previous chapter you learned several techniques for selecting a range by segment. In this section you'll learn how to create a selection set of components which share user-defined pipe properties. % From the Nominal Diameter field. then press OK to close the dialog. Press OK to retain the remaining properties. ! Select Select/Pipe Property Points. However. but it is often helpful to do so in order to remember pipe properties of a given identifier. The ability to select components based on pipe properties allows the user to quickly implement design changes. The Select Pipe Property Points dialog is displayed. >_dU In this example a Pipe ID was specified to create the selection set. " # From the Pipe Identifier field. select a new pipe size of 10. select 8"STD53.MODIFYING PROPERTIES SELECTING A RANGE BY PIPE IDENTIFIER 8Y^d Users do not necessarily have to change the name of a pipe identifier in order to change the properties. note that options are available for creating a selection set based on Diameter.

MODIFYING PIPE PROPERTIES ACROSS A RANGE Now that you have created a selection set. we can modify the pipe properties of every component in the range. ! Select Modify/Pipe Properties Over Range. The Pipe Properties dialog is displayed. " 4-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . C. and D are all highlighted because they share the 8”STD53 Pipe Identifier that was specified to create the selection set.MODIFYING PROPERTIES MODIFYING PIPE PROPERTIES ACROSS A RANGE Segments B.

first select the anchor at point A00. The range is highlighted as shown in the following figure. Press OK to close the dialog and apply the changes. select 8"STD. A confirmation dialog is displayed. $ MODIFYING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE LOADS In previous exercises you modified the pipe properties of selected components. hold down the [Shift] key. and then select point A05. # AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-5 . Press No to accept the default updating of allowables. " Select Modify/Pressure & Temperature. you are telling AutoPIPE that you want to replace the properties of the selection set with those defined in the 8”STD Pipe Identifier. hold down the [Shift] key. Pick point A00. ! Manually create a selection set from A00 to A05. In this section you will learn how to modify pressure and temperature loads.MODIFYING PROPERTIES MODIFYING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE LOADS # From the Pipe Identifier field. The Pressure & Temperature dialog is displayed. then select point A05. An alert dialog is immediately displayed. By specifying an existing Pipe ID. To highlight this range.

MODIFYING PROPERTIES MODIFYING PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE LOADS $ Click in the Case 2/Pressure field to highlight the 350 value. Press OK to accept the note (this note is meant to alert you to the fact that the pressure rating of the valve and flange may need to be updated). A note is displayed to inform you that the load range includes a flange and a valve at A05. When the dialog appears as shown above. press OK. Modify this value by inputting 370 (psi). % & 4-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

Note the legend that appears in the left margin of the drawing area. A color-coded representation of the model is displayed. let's graphically review the existing temperature and pressure loads. Select operating loadcase 1 and press OK. Select View/Show/Pressure again to review the second set of pressure cases. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-7 . The model appears as shown in the following figure. ! Select View/Show/Pressure. The Show Pressure dialog comes up. The Show Pressure dialog comes up. Select operating loadcase 2 and press OK.MODIFYING PROPERTIES GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS Now that you've modified the Case 2 pressure value along the A00 to A05 range. Two P1 load cases are defined as shown in the following figure: " Now let’s take a look at Pressure Case P2.

it is displayed next to the associated menu command.MODIFYING PROPERTIES GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS # When a keyboard shortcut is available. (All) for operating loadcase and (All) for temperature value as shown in the following figure: 4-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . For example. The show temperature dialog will come up. Select the defaults. the shortcut for the View/Show/Temperature command is [Ctrl] + T. $ Press [Ctrl] + T now to view the T1 loads defined in the model.

AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-9 . the temperature case 1 will be shown as follows: % Press [Ctrl] + T again to review T2.MODIFYING PROPERTIES GRAPHICALLY REVIEWING PRESSURE AND TEMPERATURE LOADS This will allow you to scroll to other temperature cases by repeating [Ctrl] + T When you press OK.

then press and hold the mouse button and “drag” it outside the main modeling area as shown in the following figure. Place the cursor in the title bar of the dialog. In this section. We’re going to leave this window open to view additional point information. loads. 4-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . # The Point Properties information dialog can be left open while working with a model to provide continuous feedback on the selected point.MODIFYING PROPERTIES REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES In the previous section we reviewed ways to view the model’s pressure and temperature load values. The Point Properties information window appears as shown in the following figure. 8Y^d " To quickly access the Point Properties window. you will learn how to view information about a specific point in the model. ! Select View/Point Properties. and coordinates for a selected point. This dialog can also move outside the main application window (provided the AutoPIPE application is not maximized to full window size). press [F3] on the keyboard. You can toggle through the points while leaving the information window open. An information dialog may be opened which displays properties.

MODIFYING PROPERTIES REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES $ Pick point A08 to display its point properties % Pick point A01N to display its point properties AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-11 .

Bends also have two other points defined for the near (N) and far (F) sides of the bend. press the left arrow to review the data associated with point A00. you can also use the cursor keys to move from point to point. For example. ' Press the right arrow cursor key several times and note how the information dialog is updated for each of the points. A01 N is the near point of the bend on the side closest to the anchor at point A00.MODIFYING PROPERTIES REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES >_dU The TIP of the bend is A01. 4-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The information dialog will update as the cursor advances to each new point. Thus. & In addition to picking points in the model for review.

Press [Page Up] and note that the starting point of Segment B. The left and right arrow keys can now be used to review the properties of points along Segment B.MODIFYING PROPERTIES REVIEWING POINT PROPERTIES ( You can also use the keyboard to “jump” the cursor to a different segment.  ) ! Select File/Save to save the model. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 4-13 . A07. is now highlighted. Press [F3] to close the information dialog.

You can view other point information by selecting a new point with the keyboard or by using the cursor keys to scroll through the points on a selected segment. and interactively review the results. A dialog is presented from which you can select one of the predefined IDs. Modifying Pipe Properties Across Range: Pipe properties can be modified across a selected range. To “jump” between segments. Selecting a Range by Pipe Identifier: The Select/Pipe Property Points command allows you to create a selection set of components assigned to a particular Pipe ID. 4-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . After selecting the ID. run an analysis. and a color-coded plot of the loads is produced. select the desired ID from the dialog. AutoPIPE will recall the associated Pipe Properties dialog.MODIFYING PROPERTIES CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW  Modifying an Existing Pipe Identifier: Use the Modify/Pipe ID command to modify the properties of an existing pipe identifier. Reviewing Point Properties: A Point Properties information dialog may be displayed by selecting View/Point Properties. First select the range using one of several available methods. You will then modify the design to satisfy code compliance. All components assigned to that ID are highlighted.     WHAT’S NEXT? In the next chapter we’ll assign loads to the model. and then press OK. and then execute the Modify/Pipe Properties over Range command. use the [Pg Up] and [Pg Dn] keys. A legend will appear to the left of the main modeling area. then press OK to close the dialog and update the properties of all components assigned to this ID. Graphically Reviewing Loads: The View/Show commands allow you to interactively review various load information in your model. After the command is executed. A floating information window opens to display information about the selected (active) point. Modify values inside this dialog. and re-run the analysis to confirm the final design is in range.

5 LOADS. AND RESULTS In this chapter you will assign various loads to the system. we’ll run a static analysis and review the results. OVERVIEW ASSIGNING LOADS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS GRAPHICAL REVIEW OF CODE STRESSES DISPLAYING LOAD COMBINATIONS USER DEFINED LOAD COMBINATIONS MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS INTERACTIVE REVIEW DESIGN CHANGE CHAPTER REVIEW 5-2 5-2 5-6 5-8 5-10 5-11 5-12 5-15 5-18 5-21 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-1 . You will learn how to graphically review code stress and user load combinations results. At the end of the chapter we’ll implement a design change to satisfy code compliance requirements. ANALYSIS. After the loads are defined.

AND RESULTS OVERVIEW OVERVIEW AutoPIPE provides powerful analysis tools to help you analyze the effects of different loads on your system. Use View/Show/Reset to disable showing temperature plot. 5-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .LOADS. The third step is to review the results in order to determine compliance. as well as the process of revising the model after the analysis in order to satisfy code compliance. The model appears as shown in the following figure. create the zoom window shown below. Secondly. ! Using the techniques described in previous chapters. you must perform the analysis and specify which loads are to be considered during the analysis. thermal. ASSIGNING LOADS A variety of different loads can be specified in a model. PT1 PT2 " After the zoom area is defined. and earthquake loads. This section demonstrates how to insert concentrated. you must assign the loads in your system. This chapter covers all three steps in the stress analysis process. ANALYSIS. Analysis is a three-step process: First. DRAG & DROP INSERTION OF CONCENTRATED LOAD In this section we'll add a concentrated force at bend point A02 N. press the Windowed Zoom icon.

You could just as easily have selected A02 N to make it the active point. AND RESULTS ASSIGNING LOADS # The Concentrated Force icon is located in the Component toolbar to the right of the modeling area. Position the cursor over this icon. “Drag” this icon and “drop” it on point A02 N >_dU The use of the "drag and drop" technique is not compulsory. then “drag” it over to point A02 N. or simply clicked once on the icon. hold down the mouse button. Finally. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-3 . $ The Concentrated Force dialog is displayed.LOADS. release the mouse button and "drop" it to assign the load to that point. then selected Insert Insert/Xtra data/Concentrated Force. ANALYSIS.

e. Select View/All to view the extents of the model as shown below.250 lb. Select U1 from the Load case to combine with field. we will assume the load to be an occasional load (i.. A concentrated force symbol is placed at point A02 N to indicate that a load has been applied at that point. ANALYSIS. from a relief valve opening) so that AutoPIPE will automatically combine it properly for piping code stress calculations. in the Z Forces field. AND RESULTS ASSIGNING LOADS % We must associate the concentrated load with a load case. & ' ( Concentrated Force symbol 5-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .LOADS. Press OK to accept the values and close the dialog. Input . In this example.

simply double-click any component to open its associated modification dialog. we will specify thermal displacements for each thermal load case in the Anchor dialog. ANALYSIS. >_dU In most cases. Input the following values in the Thermal Anchor Movement section of the dialog: T1 DY T2 DY T2 RZ . This feature enables the user to simulate anchor and support displacements for equipment settlement or displacement due to wind. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-5 .0. " We will assume that the anchor at A00 represents a connection to a vessel that experiences thermal growth.LOADS. seismic. or fluid transient loads.6 2 (inches) (inches) (degrees rotation) >_dU Imposed displacements associated with load cases other than thermal can be input using the Insert/Xtra Data/Imposed Support Displacement command. AND RESULTS ASSIGNING LOADS ASSIGNING THERMAL DISPLACEMENTS TO THE ANCHORS ! Double click the Anchor at point A00 to modify it. # Press OK to close the dialog and apply the loads. Another method would be to select the component. Instead of building the entire vessel using pipe elements.1 0. then select the associated command from the Modify menu.

PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS Now that the model contains defined loads. AND RESULTS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS ASSIGNING STATIC EARTHQUAKE LOADS ! Select Load/Static Earthquake. Input the following values: Case E1 X Case E2 Z 0. 5-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . >_dU AutoPIPE also has options to analyze earthquake loads using response spectrum or time history dynamic analysis. ! Select Analyze/Static. we can perform a static analysis on the system. Input 2 in the Number of earthquake load cases field. The Static Earthquake dialog is displayed. " The Static Load Cases dialog is displayed. there is a slight difference between using the menu command Analyze/Static.25 0.25 g g $ % Press OK to close the dialog. The icon will run the analysis using the last settings established in the Static Load Cases dialog. ANALYSIS. and its accompanying toolbar icon . To ensure that your settings match those required by this tutorial. GQb^Y^W In this instance. it is generally accepted practice to analyze loads coming from at least two different horizontal directions. select Analyze/Static from the menu rather than using the toolbar icon.LOADS. " # Since we do not know what direction the earthquake may come from.

Enabling this field will allow us to analyze the concentrated load U1.LOADS. while "disabled" fields have no check mark. The Nonlinear Analysis dialog is displayed. the Nonlinear Analysis dialog (see Step 7) will not be displayed. AND RESULTS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS # Enable Earthquake cases E1 and E2. If this option is disabled. "Enabled" fields contain a checkmark. AutoPIPE must run a nonlinear analysis. the term "enable" is used to denote instances where you should place a check mark in an option field. ANALYSIS. which you previously defined at point A02 N. % & ' AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-7 . press OK. >_dU Throughout this tutorial. When the dialog appears as shown above. Ensure that the Gaps/Friction/Soil option is enabled. Since gaps and friction values were input for the guide support. $ Enable User load case U1.

press OK to close the status dialog. " # Press OK to accept the defaults. After the analysis is complete. making it easy to quickly identify ranges of values along a piping system. The Code Stresses dialog is displayed. A Static Analysis progress dialog is displayed (times vary depending on the processing speed of your system). As with the other interactive options in the Result menu.LOADS. the crosshairs can also be positioned at any point to calculate the code stress data associated with an individual point. AND RESULTS GRAPHICAL REVIEW OF CODE STRESSES ( Press OK to accept the defaults and close the dialog. A color-coded plot of stress ratios between piping points is displayed. ) GRAPHICAL REVIEW OF CODE STRESSES AutoPIPE provides a number of options for reviewing code stresses. ! Select Result/Code Compliance. $ 5-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . A legend appears to the left of the model area. ANALYSIS. The most commonly used option is the default stress ratio comparing the calculated stress to the stress allowable.

The controls are shown below. Least Stressed Previous Stressed Next Stressed Most Stressed & In addition to the VCR-type controls shown above. Toolbar buttons are available for navigating from the least stressed to the most stressed points. ANALYSIS. Experiment with these buttons and note how the information dialog is updated with the new point information. The information dialog is updated. Select File/Save. Press Cancel to close the information dialog and complete the stress review. ' ( AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-9 . Pick point C01 N (the near point of the bend on Segment C). you can also pick on a point to display its associated stress data. AND RESULTS GRAPHICAL REVIEW OF CODE STRESSES 8Y^d % Drag the information dialog to the side of the modeling area.LOADS. Doing so will allow you to view both the model and the data associated with selected points.

AutoPIPE has automatically combined loads for calculation of piping code stresses. also known as user-defined non-code combinations. 5-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Press OK to close the dialog. The Other category is for operating combinations to analyze nozzle loads. AND RESULTS DISPLAYING LOAD COMBINATIONS DISPLAYING LOAD COMBINATIONS In this section we'll review the load combinations that were defined in the previous chapter. are the focus of the next section. The information dialog is re-displayed. support loads. ANALYSIS. The default is for the user to combine these loads manually since different users have different requirements. this time containing point information related to loads and load combinations. etc.LOADS. AutoPIPE provides an option to automatically combine Other loads under Tools/Model options/Results command. " # As you can see. >_dU $ The “Other” combination sets. deflections. ! Select Tools/Display Combinations.

and you can input any identifier you wish. the structural department may require that piping loads be factored before they can be used as part of the structural analysis. then enter 1. 8Y^d & Another application for the load factor may be to consider the earthquake load coming from the opposite direction. This area permits load factoring while defining user-defined combinations. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-11 . " 8Y^d The combination name is not specific. ANALYSIS. After the dialog appears as shown above. [Tab] once to the Factor field adjacent to the E1 Case/Comb. press OK button to accept the values. AND RESULTS USER DEFINED LOAD COMBINATIONS USER DEFINED LOAD COMBINATIONS ! Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code. # Select 1 Sum from the Combination method field. In some cases. Input GR+T1+E1 in the Combination name field (be sure the input does not contain spaces between characters). Select the following to create an operating load combination to consider Gravity (dead weight) combined with thermal and earthquake loads: (first) (second) (third) Case/Comb: Case/Comb: Case/Comb: GR T1 E1 $ % Note the Factor area of the dialog. The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed.4. you should choose a meaningful name since the combination name in this field is how the combination will be listed in the output reports.LOADS. However. Entering a negative value can do this.

The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed.LOADS. " # Input the following: Combination Name Combination Method Case/Comb (1) Case/Comb (2) GR+T1 1 Sum GR T1 Factor Factor 1. press OK. ANALYSIS. ! Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code.0 $ When the dialog appears as shown above. % & 5-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .0 1. Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code. AND RESULTS MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS In this section we will define several additional user-defined non-code combinations to be included in the output results. Each combination is specified in the User Non-Code Combinations dialog. The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed.

!! Input the following: Combination Name Combination Method Case/Comb (1) Case/Comb (2) Case/Comb (3) GR+T1+E2 1 Sum GR T1 E2 Factor Factor Factor 1.0 1.4 !" When the dialog appears as shown above.0 ( When the dialog appears as shown above.0 1.  ) ! The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed. Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code. The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed. ANALYSIS. !# !$ AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-13 .LOADS. press OK. Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code.0 1. press OK. AND RESULTS MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS ' Input the following: Combination Name Combination Method Case/Comb (1) Case/Comb (2) GR+T2 1 Sum GR T2 Factor Factor 1.

AND RESULTS MORE NON-CODE COMBINATIONS !% Input the following: Combination Name Combination Method Case/Comb (1) Case/Comb (2) Case/Comb (3) GR+T2+E1 1 Sum GR T2 E1 Factor Factor Factor 1.0 1.0 1. !' !( !) Enter the following: Combination Name Combination Method Case/Comb (1) Case/Comb (2) Case/Comb (3) GR+T2+E2 1 Sum GR T2 E2 Factor Factor Factor 1. The User Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed.LOADS. ANALYSIS. Select Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code.4 5-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .4 !& When the dialog appears as shown above.0 1.0 1. press OK.

let’s re-open the Non-Code Combinations dialog and confirm the set. AND RESULTS INTERACTIVE REVIEW "  When the dialog appears as shown above. ANALYSIS. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-15 . "! "" The user-defined non-code combinations are listed here. Confirm that your dialog contains the same set of combinations as shown in the dialog below. press OK. As already demonstrated. Now that the user-defined non-code combinations are defined. The Combinations dialog is displayed. forces & moments. we can view the results for varying code combinations. "# Press OK to close this dialog. Select Tools/Display Combinations. The model appears as shown below. Select View/Single Line. INTERACTIVE REVIEW Now that we have a number of user-defined loads in the model.LOADS. ! A Single Line view of the model is ideal for viewing point related information. This ability also applies to viewing displacement. AutoPIPE allows you to view information about any point in the drawing. and other types of results.

The red line is a scaled representation of the deflections. % Pick point A01 N to review actual deflections at that point. ANALYSIS. AND RESULTS INTERACTIVE REVIEW " Select Result/Displacement. This line can be used to illustrate points of concern in the design. Note the level of information available in the dialog. A deflected shape plot of the model is displayed as shown below. and then press OK to accept the remaining defaults. # $ Select GR+T2 from the Load Combination field. Press the [Pg Up] key several times to scroll through displacement results from different loads and load combinations. Once the Point A01N is selected.LOADS. The Deflected Shape dialog is displayed. these keys emulate the Page Up and Page Down keys. & >_dU The toolbar buttons that look like “VCR” controls can also be used to navigate through the load combinations. 5-16 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Move the displacement dialog to the side of the modeling area so that you can see both the point information and the model. These buttons can be used to see deflected shapes of other loads prior to clicking on a point. ' Select Result/Force & Moment.

!  Press the Cancel button to terminate the Forces and Moments review. you can use the [Pg Up] and [Pg Dn] keys (or the toolbar equivalents) to scroll through the different load combinations. AND RESULTS INTERACTIVE REVIEW ( The information window now displays Forces and Moments information about the selected point. ) 8Y^d As with the Displacement results. !! AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-17 .LOADS. Use of the interactive review options can often be a more efficient way of reviewing output results as compared to searching for data in batch reports. Select File/Save. ANALYSIS. Pick point A00 to view the forces and moments at that anchor point.

! Pick point A01 N. deflections. ANALYSIS. The Guide is placed in the model as shown in the following figure. " # Select Guide from the Support type field. Press OK to accept the defaults and close the dialog. $ A guide is placed at A01 N % Select View/Solid Model to display a 3D representation of the model. AND RESULTS DESIGN CHANGE DESIGN CHANGE Having already reviewed stresses.LOADS. Select Insert/Support. we will now iterate through a design change. 5-18 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . AutoPIPE facilitates this process by helping you to quickly re-run an analysis to determine whether a design change produced the desired effect. and loads.

( Press OK to accept the defaults and review the stress ratios. otherwise. 8Y^d As mentioned previously. ) Press Cancel to exit interactive stress review. ' Select Result/Code Compliance to check the piping code stress results.LOADS. the Static Analysis toolbar button runs a static analysis using the last set of options defined in the dialog. we have to re-run the static analysis. Select the Static Analysis button on the toolbar. !! AutoPIPE® Tutorial 5-19 . The Guide is removed from the model.  ! The Guide support did not solve the stress problem. AND RESULTS DESIGN CHANGE & After adding the new component. Use the menu command to define new analysis criteria. A color-coded stress plot of the model is displayed. "Undo" the design change by selecting Edit/Undo. the results (based on the addition of the guide support) will not reflect the properties of the design change. Use the toolbar button when re-running an analysis. Pick point A01 to make it active. ANALYSIS. We will now try another design change in which we add length to the first elbow in order to add flexibility. Note that the red areas help you to quickly determine where the system is still overstressed.

LOADS, ANALYSIS, AND RESULTS
DESIGN CHANGE
!"

Select Modify/Bend, or double-click on point A01.

!#

In the Length field, enter 14 feet. Enable the Apply offsets to all following points field. Note that the DZ value is updated. Press OK to close the dialog. The model is redrawn as shown in the following figure.

!$

!%

The length of this run was extended.

!&

Let's see if the new design change helps to alleviate the points of high stress in the system. Press the Static Analysis toolbar button to re-analyze the system. Select Result/Code Compliance. The Code Stresses dialog is displayed. Press OK to accept the defaults. The stress plot of the system is shown below. Move the information dialog to the right and review the new results. Note that the model no longer exceeds code stress allowables. The maximum stress ratio is now 0.92 at A01 N+ (inside the bend) and thus there are no longer any red areas in the model.

!'

!(

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LOADS, ANALYSIS, AND RESULTS
CHAPTER REVIEW

!)

Press the Cancel button to exit the interactive stress review. Select File/Save.

" 

CHAPTER REVIEW 

Assigning Loads: There are different methods for assigning loads depending on whether the load is being assigned to a point or to an entire system. For example, in this chapter you learned how to assign a Concentrated Force to a specific point in the model using the Loads/Concentrated Force command. A thermal load was also applied to an anchor point by inputting the load value inside the Anchor dialog. An earthquake load was assigned to the entire system by selecting Loads/Static Earthquake. From the dialog, you may define the number of earthquake load cases and input values as multiples of gravity. Performing a Static Analysis: The Static Analysis command analyzes the effects of different loads on your system. A dialog is presented in which you may select which loads to include in the analysis. Obviously, loads must be defined in the model before they can be analyzed. To include a non-linear analysis, ensure that the Gaps/Friction/Yielding option has been enabled in the Static Load Cases dialog. To re-run a static analysis with the previous set of load options, use the Static Analysis toolbar button. To run an analysis with new options, use the Analyze/Static menu command. Graphical Review of Code Stresses: After loads have been assigned and a static analysis performed, you can review the results of code stresses. Many of these commands are available in the Result menu. For example, select Result/Code Compliance to produce a color-coded plot of stresses in the model. A legend will appear to the left of the modeling area to help you to quickly identify areas of concern in the system.  

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

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CHAPTER REVIEW 

Displaying Load Combinations: The Tools/Display Combinations command helps you to identify the loads that have been defined in the system. Of particular note in this dialog is the “Other” column, which lists user-defined non-code combinations. By default, AutoPIPE will assume that you want to define these combination sets manually, as different users and systems have different requirements. User Defined Load Combinations: Use the Tools/User-Defined Combinations/Non-Code command to input “Other” combination sets. A dialog allows you to name the code for identification in reports, and to assign multiple Case/Combinations and associated Factors. Interactive Review: A variety of graphical and point information is available for reviewing code results. A deflected shape plot of the model can be produced with the Result/Displacement command. The Result/Force & Moment command helps to review the Forces and Moments loads associated with a selected point. Design Changes: Use the Result/Code Compliance command to check the piping code stress results. AutoPIPE will highlight high stress areas in red that may be out of range. You can then make a design change, re-run the Static Analysis command, and confirm the results using the Result/Code Compliance command again. This technique allows you to quickly confirm the success/failure of a design change implemented to satisfy code compliance requirements.   

WHAT’S NEXT?
In the next chapter we will generate output reports from the model. After the report is generated, we will spend some time examining specific sections of the report in detail.

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generated and viewed from within AutoPIPE. and then review individual sections of the output results.6 OUTPUT REPORTS In this chapter you will generate a report on the model constructed in the previous chapters. In this example. or directed to a printer. Reports can be opened. we will specify the loads to be included. OVERVIEW SELECTION OF OUTPUT RESULTS GENERATING THE REPORT REVIEWING THE REPORT CLOSING THE REPORT CHAPTER REVIEW 6-2 6-2 6-3 6-4 6-4 6-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 6-1 .

T2. SELECTION OF OUTPUT RESULTS In order to minimize the size of the batch output report. E2. The Select Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed. press OK. When the dialog appears as shown above. For this tutorial report. # Note that by default all of the combinations are enabled. E1. " Disable these options. disable the following individual load cases: T1. and briefly discuss individual sections. ! Select Tools/Non-Code Combinations/Select. We’ll review how to limit the type of information provided on these reports. and U1. AutoPIPE provides options to select which loads and load combinations are to be included.OUTPUT REPORTS OVERVIEW OVERVIEW In this chapter you will learn how to output an AutoPIPE report. $ 6-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

the toolbar command will run the command based on the most recent settings. The menu command will display a dialog in which various report parameters may be set. and options to filter output results based on user-specified criteria. As with the Static Analysis option. Select Result/Output Report. Refer to Chapter 10 for more information on Result Filters. GQb^Y^W The Result/Output Report menu command and its associated toolbar command do not behave identically. Support. " The Batch Report dialog is displayed.OUTPUT REPORTS GENERATING THE REPORT GENERATING THE REPORT ! Now let's generate the report based on the new options. $ Press OK to generate the report. 8Y^d AutoPIPE provides options to graphically select the points to be included in the output report. bypassing the dialog. # Disable the Displacement. and Force and Moments options. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 6-3 .

The second tutorial demonstrates how to import models and systems. Select File/Save. how to copy multiple instances of a system into a model. case by case. 6-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . CLOSING THE REPORT ! Press the "close" button (the X in the upper-right corner of the window) to close the report. Notice that the report is divided into sections. Code Compliance. and reviews additional modeling techniques.OUTPUT REPORTS REVIEWING THE REPORT REVIEWING THE REPORT The report opens in a separate window. Use the scroll bars to the right of the main text area to review each section of the report. Note that AutoPIPE conveniently summarizes all load cases and load combinations at each point. Scroll to the Restraint Reactions. 8Y^d " You can easily print this report from either the viewing window or the main AutoPIPE Print dialog by selecting "Printer" as the output type. and System Summary sub-reports. Press the button to maximize the report window. saving the user from having to search. CHAPTER REVIEW This completes the first AutoPIPE tutorial. for the highest loads at a given point. In this chapter you learned how to generate and review an output report. WHAT’S NEXT? In the next chapter you will begin the second of the two tutorial models.

II CREATING THE SECOND AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL The second tutorial begins by importing an existing AutoPLANT CAD model in PXF format into AutoPIPE. While the second tutorial does not assume you have completed Part I of this manual. it is assumed that you are familiar with some of the terms and concepts introduced previously. The Result Filter options are also discussed. new components are added and the model is saved in AutoPIPE. CHAPTER 7: CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CHAPTER 8: VIEWING OPTIONS CHAPTER 9: CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CHAPTER 10: ANALYSIS AND RESULTS AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Even if you do not use the AutoPLANT plant design CAD system. The exercises also cover the insertion of multiple copies of a frame model in order to construct a pipe rack/vessel/piping interaction. After the model is imported. this tutorial covers a number of important AutoPIPE features and capabilities.

CREATING THE SECOND AUTOPIPE TUTORIAL MODEL AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

An AutoPLANT PXF file will be imported into AutoPIPE for use in stress analysis. we’ll connect a new segment and add a vessel to the system.7 CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS In this Chapter you will begin the second tutorial. After the model is imported. IMPORTING A PXF FILE REVIEWING AUTOPLANT DATA CONVERTING A RUN POINT TO A TEE NOZZLE/VESSEL FLEXIBILITY CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT CONNECTING TO ANOTHER SEGMENT CHAPTER REVIEW 7-2 7-5 7-7 7-8 7-9 7-13 7-15 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-1 .

1 from the list. and saved in the PXF file format. >_dU AutoPIPE can open files from a number of different plant design CAD packages on the market. enter designer initials. Of particular note on this dialog is the Piping Code. " Double-click on the TUTOR2. press the OK button to close the dialog.PXF file. Note that once a Piping Code is specified. etc. The procedure involves specifying the file type from the Open dialog. but the same principle applies to importing other file types. From this dialog you can name the system for use in reports.pxf) to display the dialog shown below. [Tab] three times to the Vertical axis direction and select Y-axis from the list.  TO OPEN/CONVERT A PXF FILE ! Select File/Open/AutoPLANT (*. [Tab] twice to the Piping Code and select B31. Type Second Tutorial in the Project ID field. The model was exported from PIPING using the Import/Export function. then saving the model. First let’s name the model for identification in reports. then enter your initials in the Prepared by field.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS IMPORTING A PXF FILE IMPORTING A PXF FILE In this section you will learn how to import a model saved in the PXF file format into AutoPIPE. For this tutorial we are using a Bentley AutoPLANT 97 model. When the dialog appears as shown in the following figure. Each of these steps is described below. the remaining fields in the dialog are updated to reflect the defaults for that code. defining initial system values and the piping code. >_dU The model used in this exercise was created using Bentley' AutoPLANT PIPING application. The General Model Options dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. as this field can determine which options are available in other areas of the system. # 7-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

txt. then press OK. In this case AutoPIPE uses the operating data entered above for the whole model. 450 in the Temperature field. is missing.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS IMPORTING A PXF FILE $ The Import AutoPLANT dialog is displayed. From this location you specify the temperature and pressure loads of the imported system. The note shows the assumed PXF import options which can be edited in the CADAP. which contains operating data for every line number. The warning message indicates that the file linelist.MAP file. One note and one warning message appear when you click Yes to display the errors and warnings messages. Enter 300 in the Pressure field. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-3 .

and you can now perform stress analysis on the system.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS IMPORTING A PXF FILE Press the close button (the X in the control menu at the upper-right corner of the window) to close the Errors and Warnings window. You can also add components and modify the model as described in the remaining sections of this chapter. 7-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The imported model now appears within the AutoPIPE modeling window (as shown below).

material properties and operating temperature and pressure data. and insulation and material properties. These commands are as follows: ! Select/Line number will highlight the line number for editing. Press OK and notice how segment A (L100) is highlighted in red. Tools/Model Input Listing will show model data in addition to AutoPLANT specific data. The following window will show valve data in addition to data of attached components such as gaskets and bolts. You can use the left and right arrow keys to traverse through the model.MAP. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-5 . This is useful for updating data pertinent to the line such as pressure/temperature data or pipe material properties. Pipe material is often not set properly during import. " # $ % & The first two commands are only applicable to imported AutoPLANT PXF models and will be discussed below:  TO SELECT LINE NUMBER L100 Use Select/Line number and then select L100 from the dropdown list as shown. weight. The pipe insulation is not imported and need to be set in AutoPIPE. such as line number and supports mark and tag numbers Result/Output report will show the analysis results including line numbers and support mark and tag numbers. View/Point Properties (also F3) displays the line number at the current point and distance from the previous point.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS REVIEWING AUTOPLANT DATA REVIEWING AUTOPLANT DATA In this section you will review the imported AutoPLANT data.  TO VIEW AUTOPLANT VALVE DATA Click on point A04 (far point of the valve) and then select View/AutoPLANT PXF Data. AutoPIPE has several tools to perform this review. This PXF data is very useful for verifying component size. View/Show/Pipe Properties/(All) will show a color-coded display of all pipe identifiers. type. View/AutoPLANT PXF Data shows the AutoPLANT data related to the current point. due to limited mapping options in CADAP. It will also show pipe properties.

it is recommended that vertical axis be set as Z during import and the origin shift flag in CADAP.MAP be set to ‘N’.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS REVIEWING AUTOPLANT DATA For easier comparison of coordinates data. 7-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Press the close button (the X in the upper-right corner of the window) to close the PXF Data window.

Before doing so. Select the Insert/Run. you must convert the run point at A07 on the model to a tee so that we can begin routing components off this point. The Run Point dialog is displayed. Note that A07 appears in the “Active Point” area of the status bar to indicate that it is selected. We will now define a run to the nozzle/vessel connection point so that the local flexibilities at the nozzle/vessel connection can be specified. thus. Click the arrowhead at point A07 (refer to the graphic below) which allows the branch to extend perpendicular to the header (in the +X direction). AutoPIPE displays the tee with arrows to indicate the direction of each of the legs and the branch. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-7 . $ After the selected arrowhead is highlighted.  TO CONVERT A RUN POINT TO A TEE ! Click on point A07 in the model. however. only the plane on which the branch is oriented. In the next step we will insert a run point that will extend in the +X direction. you can build the branch pipe from point A07. Note that the leg for the branch points in an arbitrary direction. " # >_dU The arrowhead does not indicate the direction of the run you will be inserting.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CONVERTING A RUN POINT TO A TEE CONVERTING A RUN POINT TO A TEE In this section you will build a branch from point A07 along the X-axis and connect this branch to a vertical vessel. Select Modify/Convert Point to/Tee. the branch will be placed on the opposite side of the pipe run shown above.

CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS NOZZLE/VESSEL FLEXIBILITY % Input 32 (feet) in the DX-offset field. The dialog allows you to define the properties of the 7-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . the procedure is to create a nozzle flexibility element with a length equivalent to the wall thickness of the vessel. " Now you must input information about the vessel so that AutoPIPE can automatically compute the nozzle/vessel connection flexibilities. NOZZLE/VESSEL FLEXIBILITY To add the nozzle flexibility.  TO DEFINE NOZZLE FLEXIBILITY ! Select Insert/Nozzle. then press the OK button to close the dialog.

& ' CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT In the second part we’ll build a pressure vessel by defining it as a new segment of pipe disconnected from the current piping.Y. [Tab] again to the Offset from which point field and enter the name B02. Select File/Save. Specify the distance from the nozzle to the closest stiffening ring.5" (note the use of the inch symbol). Enter a nozzle Length of 0.0. " When inserting a new segment. In the DY offset field. In order to create a new disconnected point in space. [Tab] to the DX offset and enter 2 feet. We are inputting coordinates offsets to the base of the vessel. AutoPIPE assumes you want the first point to be the current active point (in this case: B02). the dialog provides the additional fields shown above. From the Flexibility Method list. The default is to offset from the origin (0. we must override the Name of first point from B02 to C00. which is a point name not previously defined. [Tab] once to the Name of first point field and enter the name C00.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT vessel used in computing these flexibilities. or end of the vessel. # $ AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-9 . enter . the thickness of the vessel wall is entered as the nozzle length for local flexibility of the nozzle/vessel connection.0). We will start the segment at the base of the vessel and input X. Generally.Z offsets of the new segment from the point B01.8. Once the Flexibility Method is specified. Note that the Nozzle stiffnesses have been automatically computed based on the values we entered in previous steps. Input the following values: L1: 2 L2: 8 $ % Place the cursor in the Direction of vessel axis field. Press OK to close the dialog. choose the Global Y option. Before continuing you should save your work up to this point.5. From the Direction of vessel axis field. ! Select Insert/Segment to open the dialog shown below. in each vessel axis direction. # The flexibility method we will be using for this tutorial is the Welding Research Council Bulletin 297 Nozzle Flexibility Method. select WRC 297. and a Thickness of 0. a Vessel Radius of 2.

Replace the default cold allowable stress of 12000 psi. & ' From the Nominal diameter selection list. and then input 50000 in the Cold allowable (ambient allowable) field. with an actual O. choose the CS option. Press OK to close the dialog. A warning message will be displayed to indicate that CS is a generic material with no allowable stresses defined. Highlight this value. The Pipe Properties dialog is automatically displayed. Press OK to close the dialog. Input 0.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT % [Tab] twice to the Pipe data identifier field and type vessel. [Tab] once to the Actual O. We will define the vessel as having non-standard nominal diameter. The pressure vessel will be modeled as a large diameter pipe with a new Pipe identifier name and different properties from the current 6XSTD.5 inches in the Wall thickness field. The Pressure & Temperature dialog is displayed.D. field and enter 48 inches. !! !" 7-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . of 48 inches and a ½” wall thickness. By typing in a new Pipe data identifier name.  ( ) ! From the Pipe Material selection list.D. choose the NS option. Press OK to close the message. AutoPIPE will automatically display the Pipe Properties dialog so that we can assign properties to the vessel.

Press OK to close the dialog. Select Insert/Run to display the Run Point dialog shown in the following figure. !$ !% Click the OK button to accept defaults for the anchor We will now build the vertical vessel using our newly defined large diameter Vessel pipe identifier. !& AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-11 . This step allows us to anchor the base of the vessel. Select Insert/Anchor to display the Anchor dialog shown below.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT !# Input 40000 in the Hot allow field.

Select Insert/Run again. !( !) "  Press OK to close the dialog. In the DY offset field. It is not always necessary to specify offsets. enter 8 feet. When the dialog appears. Since we will later connect a nozzle to this vessel. 7-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CREATING A NEW DISCONNECTED SEGMENT !' We now define the critical points of the vessel. The model appears as shown in the following figure. we need to enter only the length to the top of the vessel. Press OK to close the dialog. We will now input a run point to define the top of the vessel. input a value of 2 feet in the Length field. Since AutoPIPE keeps track of the segment direction. we need to create a point at the same elevation where the nozzle will be placed.

The next step is to join B02 to C01 using a tee element. Pick point B02. Select Insert/Tee to display the Tee dialog. This is done so that the movement of the vessel due to thermal loads is transferred directly to the nozzle at the vessel surface. " AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-13 .  TO CONNECT TO ANOTHER SEGMENT ! We will now connect B02 to the vessel centerline at point C01. (Note you can also use Insert/Run). Ensure that B02 is listed as the active point in the status area (Bottom line of the screen).CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CONNECTING TO ANOTHER SEGMENT CONNECTING TO ANOTHER SEGMENT All that remains to complete the vessel is to connect the nozzle with the vessel using a weightless rigid element.

AutoPIPE automatically connects the two segments. To connect point B02 to C01 we must override the Name of point field and enter C01. AutoPIPE uses the material expansion associated with the pipe identifier material. ( ) 7-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The rigid pipe section will change color to distinguish it as a rigid pipe. Accounting for thermal expansion this way relieves you from entering the vessel thermal movements. [Tab] once and you will notice that most fields are grayed out because we are connecting to an existing point. set the Type of tee to Unreinfor. Input C01 in the Name of point field. Select Insert/Rigid Options Over Range to convert this pipe into a rigid pipe $ % & ' Select the default options as shown above to ignore the weight of the pipe and account for thermal expansion. press OK to accept the values and close the dialog. When the dialog appears as shown above. [Tab] once more to the Type of tee field. Press OK to accept the rigid options. Select the pipe joining B02 to C01 by clicking at the middle of this pipe section to highlight it in red. Select File/Save to save the model and its data. When an existing point is specified. Since the pipe connecting the nozzle to the center of the pipe is not real.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CONNECTING TO ANOTHER SEGMENT # By default AutoPIPE assumes that the tee point will be a new point. it is best that we set it to have rigid properties.

The vessel and the piping line were then connected with a rigid element placed between the two segments. we created a vessel using a new. we were able to assign pipe properties unique to the vessel. Converting a Run Point: Points can be converted to new point types. In this chapter we selected an existing run point in the imported model and converted it using the Modify/Convert Point to/Tee command. users can select the file type of the model to be imported. then double-click on the file. We modeled this vessel as a large diameter pipe.     WHAT’S NEXT? In the next chapter you will review some of the available viewing options. By assigning it a new Pipe Identifier name. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 7-15 . however. From this dialog. the user is required to specify certain properties of the system such as the desired piping code and pressure and temperature conditions. disconnected segment of pipe. We used this imported model as a starting point on which to attach new components. Creating a New Disconnected Segment: A pressure vessel was constructed by defining it as a new.CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter you learned how to convert an AutoPLANT 97-generated PXF file to an AutoPIPE piping stress model. review the following concepts/techniques that were introduced in this chapter:  Importing a PXF File: Models are imported into AutoPIPE using the File/Open command. disconnected segment and defined unique pipe properties for the vessel. we converted a run point on the imported model into a tee point. Finally. Before we could do this. Nozzle/Vessel Flexibility: To define the flexibility of the nozzle connection. After specifying the branch direction. As part of the conversion process. Before continuing. This was accomplished using the Insert/Xtra Data/Nozzle Flexibility command. we were able to route a new run point off the branch and define the local flexbilities at the nozzle/vessel connection. Connecting Segments: In the last section of this chapter we connected the vessel to a nozzle using a rigid element. This was done so that the movement of the vessel due to thermal loads is transferred directly to the nozzle at the vessel surface. we create a nozzle flexibility element with a length equivalent to the wall thickness of the vessel.

CREATING AND CONNECTING SEGMENTS CHAPTER REVIEW 7-16 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

Y. or 3D representations. Options are available for viewing the components as single.8 VIEWING OPTIONS This chapter illustrates how to use AutoPIPE’s view controls to obtain different views of your model. or view along the X. You can also zoom to the extents of the model. double. VIEW CONTROLS OVERVIEW SOLID MODEL VIEW VECTOR VIEW CHAPTER REVIEW 8-2 8-2 8-3 8-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 8-1 . or Z axis. view a windowed area.

This command fits the extents of the model within the current viewing window as shown below. " Select View/Solid Model. In this section we’ll use the viewing controls to review and verify the geometry of the entire model. and zoom into particular areas of your model. In AutoPIPE. and 3D modes. ! Select View/All. pan. you can toggle between single line. 8-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .VIEWING OPTIONS VIEW CONTROLS OVERVIEW VIEW CONTROLS OVERVIEW AutoPIPE provides a variety of viewing controls that allow you to view. You can also apply viewing filters to view components/systems that match user-defined criteria. The model is re-displayed as a three-dimensional representation of the components in the system as shown in the following figure. SOLID MODEL VIEW The Solid Model view allows you to view the model as a three-dimensional graphic. double-line.

The Z view command allows you to view an elevation view of the model as shown below. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 8-3 .VIEWING OPTIONS VECTOR VIEW VECTOR VIEW ! To verify that our nozzle is located properly we will select a Z-axis view of the model. select the Z view option. Your model appears as shown in the following figure. # Restore the previous view of the model by selecting View/Default. then press OK to close the dialog. The View Vector dialog is displayed as shown below. Note that point B02 lies right at the vessel wall as desired. Select View/Vector. The model appears as shown below. " From the View Direction field.

In AutoPIPE. 8-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . and solid model views.VIEWING OPTIONS CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter we reviewed some of the viewing capabilities of AutoPIPE.  View/Solid Model allows you to view a three-dimensional representation of your model. which allows you to specify a viewing plane. you will create a pipe rack model from frame members. you can toggle between single line.  WHAT’S NEXT? In the next chapter. Vector View: Another useful viewing command is View/Vector. you will learn how to import the model and insert it at multiple points to support the piping system. After the model is created and saved. double line.

Finally. Afterwards.9 CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL In this chapter a simple frame structure is constructed to support the piping elements created in previous chapters. To do this. we’ll first create the structure as a new AutoPIPE model and save it. we’ll attach the piping to the frames using supports. we’ll re-open the previous model and import the frame. FRAME OVERVIEW CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL ADDING ANCHORS TO THE FRAME VIEWING THE FRAME MODEL INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE CHAPTER REVIEW 9-2 9-2 9-7 9-8 9-9 9-15 9-19 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-1 .

we’ll import two instances of this frame and connect them to the piping using supports. we can create libraries of support structures. To accomplish this. we’ll create a portal frame. CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL In this section we’ll create a portal frame as a separate model so that it may be inserted in other models as well. ! Select File/Save (if you haven’t already done so) to save the current state of the active model. So that it can be easily identified. Enter supz8x18 as the new File name. " # We will build the portal frame using W8x18 beams. $ 9-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . We use frames in this example to consider mass and flexibilities of the support structure as part of the piping analysis. Select File/New to create the new AutoPIPE model. let’s create a unique name for the frame to be included in a library. Later in the chapter. The New dialog shown below is displayed. then press Save to create the new model file. In this manner. We will be creating a new model in the next step and then connecting it to this one. The General Model Options dialog shown in the following figure is displayed.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL FRAME OVERVIEW FRAME OVERVIEW The long horizontal run of pipe from A6 to B01 requires support.

Normally. The Beam dialog shown below is displayed. Project ID: w8x18 portal frame Prepared by: {your initials} Piping code: B31.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL % Input the following values. since this model will contain only frames and no pipe segments.1. No starting segment will be defined. ' AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-3 . you would want to name and define the origin points for the first segment in the model. However. & The Segment dialog is displayed. and then press OK to close the dialog. press Cancel to close the dialog. Select Insert/Frame to begin creating the portal frame.

In this example. Input the following values: From Point I: 1 To Point J: 2 Point J/ DY offset: 8 (feet) Table name: W Section ID: W8x18 Material ID: A36 >_dU ) The Section and Material values are completed automatically based on default values established in material libraries. This will give us a midpoint on the beam at which to place the support. A single. Click on Point 2 to make it the current point and re-select Insert/Frame to open the Beam dialog. and Material ID automatically default to the values defined for M1. Section ID. We will now define the name and position of the endpoints defining this beam.  ! We will now build the beam forming the top of the frame.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL ( AutoPIPE creates the default beam name M1. 9-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . so we’ll define the horizontal portion of the pipe rack using two beams of equal distance. Accept the default Beam ID (M2) and From Point I(2). we will want to place a support in the center of the top beam. Press OK to accept the values and close the dialog. then input the following values to build the second frame member: >_dU Note that the Table Name. vertical frame member is inserted in the model.

Click on Point 3 to make it the current point and select Insert/Frame to open the M3 beam dialog. The model appears as shown below. then press OK when done: To Point J: 4 Point J/ DZ offset: 4 (feet) 9-5 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . !" Point 3 will be the midpoint on the horizontal section of this frame. Input the following values. The next step is to create the second beam to complete this horizontal section.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL To Point J: 3 Point J/ DZ offset: 4 (feet) !! Press OK to accept the values and close the dialog.

CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CREATING A NEW AUTOPIPE FRAME MODEL !# To complete the frame we’ll define a second vertical beam. and then press OK when done. To Point J: 5 Point J/ DY offset: . 9-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .8 (feet) !$ The model now appears as shown below. Input the following values. Click on Point 4 to make it the current point and select Insert/Frame to open the M4 beam dialog.

! Pick point 1 in the model to make it the active point. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-7 .CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL ADDING ANCHORS TO THE FRAME ADDING ANCHORS TO THE FRAME In this section anchors are added to base of the frame. Pick point 5 to make it the active point. " # Press OK to accept the default anchor properties. Select Insert/Anchor. Select Insert/Anchor to re-display the Anchor dialog. $ % Anchors are positioned at the bottom of the frame structure. then press OK to accept the defaults. Anchors are now defined at each of the bottom legs of the frame as shown in the following figure. The Anchor dialog is displayed as shown below.

VIEWING THE FRAME MODEL Now that the frame members are defined. >_dU AutoPIPE automatically remembers the active point when a model is saved. 9-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . then save the model (File/Save). pick point 3 to designate it as the active point. and support the horizontal forces from the pipe in the X-axis.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL VIEWING THE FRAME MODEL & Since we know that point 3 will be the supporting location. this will become the default reference point when inserting the frame later in this chapter. you should visually check whether the local axis of the frame is correctly positioned in order to support a vertical load downward at point 3. By making point 3 active and then saving the model. ! Select View/Solid Model to display the 3D graphical representation of the model shown below. " Note that the beta angles are properly defined and that the strong axis of the beams is being loaded.

then press Open (you can also double-click on this file to open it directly). OPENING THE PIPING SYSTEM GQb^Y^W ! Ensure that you have properly saved the Frame model before beginning this step. you can save it as a separate AutoPIPE model and insert it at a specified point in the piping system you created in previous chapters. Select File/Open/AutoPIPE Database (*. " Highlight the Tutor2. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-9 .dat file in the list. Use View/Vector and select Iso (180 deg) for the view direction as follows: # $ The model we saved previously is rotated and displayed as shown in the following figure.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL Now that the frame is defined.dat) to display the Open dialog shown below.

CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL
INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL

INSERTING MULTIPLE RUN POINTS
In this section we will define two equally spaced points along segment B where the support structures are to be placed.
!

At point A07, click the arrow for the tee lying on segment B so that the inserted run points are added along the branch and not the header.

"

Inserting a single run point or multiple run points is performed in the Run dialog. Select Insert/Run.

9-10

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL
INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL

#

By default AutoPIPE inserts one point B04 at one-half the distance to B01. We will instead have AutoPIPE insert two equally spaced points between A07 and B01. These points will automatically be named B04 and B05. In the Generate points field input 2 to generate two new points. [Tab] once to leave the Generate Points field, and AutoPIPE recalculates the length to 10.67 feet (which is 1/3 the distance to point B01). Press OK to accept the values and close the Run Point dialog. Two equally spaced points are generated along segment B as shown below.

$

%

&

AutoPIPE® Tutorial

9-11

CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL
INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL

AUTOMATIC RENUMBERING
After the new points are generated, notice that segment B is now numbered out of sequence, i.e. A07, B04, B05, and B01, B02. Fortunately, AutoPIPE provides a convenient tool for correcting this. Select Edit/Renumber/All Points.

SELECTING SUPPORT POINTS
Hold the Ctrl key and while holding, click on points B01 and B02. The point names will be highlighted in red together with the connecting pipe.

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AutoPIPE® Tutorial

By default AutoPIPE assumes that we will connect the centerlines of the frame to the pipe and thus share the same point name. frame point 3 will be renamed B01.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL INSERTING AN AUTOPIPE MODEL You now have selected two points in the model (B01 and B02) where the frame structures can be inserted. i.dat file. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-13 . The Paste dialog is displayed as shown below.e. >_dU $ The reason point 3 is the default reference point is because it was designated as the active point the last time the model was saved. However. Press OK to accept the default and use point 3 as the reference point when placing the frame structure. When the Open dialog appears. " # The default base point of the inserted model is set to 3. double-click the supz8x18. since we wish to rest the pipe on the top of the frame. The connection between pipe and frame will then be defined using a two-point support. The frame structure model we created earlier is displayed as shown below. In this section we will define the pipe as resting on the frame without being rigidly connected to the frame centerline. ! Select Insert/AutoPIPE Model. disable the Connect to selected points field.

Another confirmation dialog appears.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL INSERTING THE FRAME INTO A MODEL % Once the Connect to selected points field is disabled. ' 9-14 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . We can now specify the offset distances from point B01 where the base point of the frame (point 3) will be placed. Using the Point Properties information window. the offset fields become available. Note that the inserted frame is located properly. distance between the pipe and frame centerlines) & Press OK to close the Paste dialog. Later we will come back and connect this frame to the piping. these values can easily be determined.9” (note the use of the inch mark. press Yes to this Confirm dialog. Input the following values: DY: .

AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-15 . then select the Windowed Zoom toolbar button shown at left.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE In this section we’ll insert 2-point supports in order to define the connection between the piping and the structural frames. Your model view should appear similar to the one shown in the following figure. Understanding the capabilities of a 2-point support is an important concept when defining pipe/structure interaction since pipes may liftoff a support rack or have gaps and/or exert friction forces on the support structure. " Pick the two points shown in the graphic above to define the perimeter of the zoom window. ! Sometimes it is easier to select points that are placed close together in the model by switching to a line mode view of the model. Select View/Single Line to obtain the view of the model shown below.

First. $ % 9-16 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Select Guide from the Support Type field. The U-bolt will have gaps of . Since the pipe is sitting on the frame we will also model the friction between the pipe and frame. Select Insert/Support.25 inch to the left and right of the pipe. The Support dialog is displayed as shown below.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE # We will now add a support at B02. Since the U-bolt supports perpendicular directions to the pipe. A U-bolt will attach the pipe to the frame. pick point B02 to make it the active point. we use AutoPIPE's Guide support.

then select Insert/Support to re-open the Support dialog.25 (inches). AutoPIPE makes frequent use of these “filtered” dialogs to request only the information pertinent to the type of component that you have selected. Pick point B01 to make it active. This will specify the gap on both the left and right sides to allow for movement of the pipe between the U-bolt. When the dialog appears as shown below. Note that all defaults are correct and the only required input is to specify a new Connected to point of 1003. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-17 . input a value of 0. This is the frame point just below piping point B02. press OK to define the second support. !! Both supports have been added to connect the frame to the piping as shown in the graphic below. We instead wish to connect the guide to the center of the top beam of the support structure at point 1008.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE >_dU Note that additional fields are presented once you enter Guide as the Support Type and the cursor advances to the next field. In the Gap left and Gap right fields. Press OK to close the dialog. Input a Friction coefficient of 0.  ' ( ) ! We will add an identical support at B01. & By default the guide is connected to the ground.4 to consider pipe friction on the support frame. Input 1008 in the Connected to field.

then View/Solid Model. !# Select File/Save to save the model.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CONNECTING THE FRAME TO PIPE !" Let’s complete this section by zooming to the extents of the model and restoring the 3D view. The model appears as shown below. Select View/All. 9-18 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

Models are inserted with respect to a reference point.. If no points are selected. A frame is constructed of several beams. Finally. review the results. Saving the Active Point: When a model is saved. then inputs offset distances from the previous point. In this chapter. Points were generated along the piping line and a frame was inserted at these points. Section ID (i. you can specify the coordinates required to either connect to. The Beam dialog allows you to specify the Table Name (i. You will assign loads. Using this technique.. After these values are defined. The user specifies the From and To points. W8X18).e.CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter you learned how to create a frame structure and import two instances of it into the piping model. the frames were connected to the piping system using Guide supports. the offset is assumed from the origin. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 9-19 . perform a static analysis. or place a known distance from. a known point in the piping system. W). Before continuing. Importing an AutoPIPE model: Models may be inserted into a current system with the Insert/AutoPIPE model command. you can create libraries of frequently used configurations for insertion into new models. we purposefully placed the frames slightly below the piping line and then connected the frame to the pipe using a support. This is useful when inserting the model because the saved active point on the model becomes the default reference point for placement. and can either be connected to an existing point(s). review the following concepts/techniques that were introduced in this chapter. Connecting Frame to Pipe: When inserting a frame. subsequent instances of the Beam dialog will default to the same values. and implement a design change. you can use the Point Properties information window to view coordinate information about a selected point. Using this info.e. or placed an offset distance from a selected point(s). AutoPIPE remembers the active point.    WHAT’S NEXT? In the last chapter you will learn analyze the second tutorial model. A36) associated with a frame member. and Material ID (i.  Constructing a Frame: Use the Insert/Frame command to define beams in a model..e.

CREATING AND INSERTING A FRAME MODEL CHAPTER REVIEW 9-20 AutoPIPE® Tutorial .

CODE COMBINATIONS OVERVIEW DEFINING RESULT MODEL OPTIONS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS INTERACTIVE RESULTS REVIEW APPLYING RESULT FILTER CRITERIA SELECTING COMBINATIONS ROTATING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE REVIEWING CODE STRESS RESULTS CHAPTER REVIEW 10-2 10-2 10-3 10-5 10-6 10-7 10-9 10-11 10-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-1 . We’ll also review displacement results and apply a filter to analyze the load cases and combinations.10 ANALYSIS AND RESULTS In this section we’ll perform a non-linear analysis on the second tutorial model.

the AutoPIPE default is not to combine these non-code (operating) loads automatically.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS CODE COMBINATIONS OVERVIEW CODE COMBINATIONS OVERVIEW AutoPIPE allows you to automatically create operating load combinations. AutoPIPE does not combine non-code (operating loads). we will use AutoPIPE's default load combinations. $ 10-2 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . Press OK to close the dialog. By default. " # Enable the Add def. These operating combinations are referred to as "Non-code" since they will not be used for calculation of piping code stresses . since users have a variety of preferences in creating operating load combinations. Instead of creating non-code combinations manually. DEFINING RESULT MODEL OPTIONS By default. We can now perform an analysis of the model and have the default non-code combinations included in the results.only for calculation of deflections and loads. The Result Model Options dialog is displayed as shown below.Noncode comb field to utilize AutoPIPE’s default load combinations. However. AutoPIPE automatically performs the load combinations required for calculation of piping code stresses. ! Select Tools/Model Options/Result.

there is a slight difference between using the menu command. By enabling this field AutoPIPE considers these non-linear boundary conditions during the static analysis. and verify code stress compliance of the piping system. To ensure that your settings match those required by this tutorial. AutoPIPE displays the Nonlinear Analysis dialog to allow customization of how the non-linear analysis is performed. Press OK to accept the remaining defaults and close the Static Load Cases dialog. we will need to enable Gaps/Friction/Soil field. The icon will run the analysis using the last settings established in the Static Load Cases dialog. Since we have defined gaps and friction on the guide supports that connect to the frames. Analyze/Static. & AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-3 . check for equipment compliance. $ 8Y^d % To perform a non-linear analysis.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS In this section you will calculate deflections.  TO PERFORM A STATIC ANALYSIS ! Select Analyze/Static. you must always enable the Gaps/Friction/Soil option in the Static Load Cases dialog as described above. Customization is only required if convergence problems occur during the analysis or a special load sequence is required. GQb^Y^W In this instance. " The Static Load Cases dialog is displayed as shown below. The first step in this process is to perform a static analysis. and its accompanying toolbar icon. # Enable the Gravity and Thermal Cases T1 options to check for these loads. Since we have enabled Gaps/Friction/Soil field. select Analyze/Static from the menu rather than using the toolbar icon.

Now that the model has been analyzed. you can interactively review the results as described below. Note that the Cancel button can be pressed at any time to discontinue the analysis.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS PERFORMING A STATIC ANALYSIS ' Press OK to accept the default Nonlinear Analysis settings. AutoPIPE reports a status summary of the time taken to perform the analysis. 10-4 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . ( ) Press OK from the status dialog after the analysis has completed successfully.

The information window details additional information about the selected point. $ % Note the large displacements at point A07. but exaggerated for identification purposes. To view the numeric values associated with this displacement. Note that this was one of the default combinations created. which may lead to high stresses.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS INTERACTIVE RESULTS REVIEW INTERACTIVE RESULTS REVIEW We will now interactively review displacements to see regions of large displacement. Note that the deflected shape is not the actual deflection. From the Load Combination selection list. " # We wish to review the deflected shape for the operating combination GR+T1 (Gravity plus thermal case 1). then press OK. AutoPIPE graphically displays the deflected shape for this combination as shown in the graphic below. choose the GR+T1 option. The Deflected Shape dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. ! Select Result/Displacement. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-5 . pick point A07 to make it the active point.

$ 10-6 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . AutoPIPE automatically highlights the section of the model that satisfies the filter condition. and DZ fields. In order to identify all points meeting these criteria. DY. >_dU ! By selecting the Filter option (or any other menu option). " # By using the filter option. we will utilize AutoPIPE's Result filter option. Enable the DX.8 in the numeric field for each of the offsets as shown in the dialog above. AutoPIPE will automatically highlight all points on the model that satisfy the filter condition for visual checking.8 inches. Press OK to close the dialog. Furthermore. The model appears as shown below.8 inches at point A07. The Displacement Result Filter dialog is displayed as shown below. we note deflections exceeding our design criteria of 0. we wish to report only displacements greater than . AutoPIPE automatically closes the displacement review windows. Note that these points are added to the existing selection set. then enter 0. we can use this same filter condition to generate a report that contains only those points that meet the filter criteria. In this case. Select Result/Filter Criteria/Displacement.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS APPLYING RESULT FILTER CRITERIA APPLYING RESULT FILTER CRITERIA After examining the point information for A07.

In effect. The default is to include all load cases and combinations. The Batch Report dialog is displayed as shown in the following figure. we will be generating a report that contains only those points that met the filter criteria specified for combination GR+T1. Accept the default report file name. then make the following changes to the dialog.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS SELECTING COMBINATIONS SELECTING COMBINATIONS AutoPIPE provides an option to select which load cases and combinations will be included in an output report. The Select Non-Code Combinations dialog is displayed as shown below. Disable the following fields by clicking in the box adjacent to the field (ensure there is NOT a checkmark in the box next to the GR and T1 fields): Disable GR Disable T1 " # Press OK to close the dialog. these changes allow you to produce a report which includes only those points which satisfy the displacement criteria defined previously: $ % AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-7 . We will now disable all load cases but the GR+T1 load combination in order to further minimize our output report. By default AutoPIPE enables all combinations. Select Result/Output Report. The next step is to generate the output report. We will now disable the GR and T1 load cases in order to isolate results only for the GR+T1 load combination. ! Select Tools/Non-code Combinations/Select.

& When the dialog appears as shown above. Select File/Exit to close the report window (you can also click the “X” in the upper-right corner of the window). press OK to accept the values and close it. 10-8 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . the output report can be re-sized. etc. scrolled. ' Note that only the points which met the user-specified filter criteria (exceed . Refer to your Windows’ documentation for more information on windows and their properties. printed.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS SELECTING COMBINATIONS Enable the Apply filter criteria field. Enable the Displacement field.8" deflection) for combination GR+T1 are reported. maximized. minimized. We will now close this window and return to our model. The output report is displayed in a separate window. 8Y^d Like any window.

turbines. etc. In the Equipment ID field. From the Type selection list. Specify unique equipment ID to identify this element. compressors. Keep this field checked to enable reporting of this equipment in the generation of a compliance report. After the type is selected. Press [Tab] to the Generate Report field. >_dU ! During this exercise AutoPIPE automatically uses the forces and moments at the userspecified points to perform the compliance check. # $ AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-9 . " AutoPIPE allows for multiple rotating equipments to be defined including pumps. choose Compress for an API 617 compressor. a compressor). Select Tools/Rotating Equipment.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS ROTATING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE ROTATING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE We will now perform a rotating equipment compliance check for an API 617 compressor attached to inlet point A00 and outlet point A14. The Rotating Equipment dialog is displayed. input compr1. the Rotating Equipment dialog is filtered to provide additional fields related specifically to the equipment type (in this case.

Note that an asterisk indicates that an API 617 allowable was exceeded. Select Result/Output Report. saving the user from manually inputting loads for each load case. ) 10-10 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . close the window (File/Exit) to return to the model. After viewing the report results. When the Batch Report dialog appears. AutoPIPE’s rotating equipment modules automatically extract the forces and moments from the piping analysis. When the dialog appears as shown below. we can review the results of the equipment compliance check. This report displays the loads automatically extracted from the analysis and equations required by the API 617 compliance. press OK to accept the values and close the dialog. DISABLE the Apply Filter Criteria and Displacement options. ' ( The Rotating Equipment report is displayed.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS ROTATING EQUIPMENT COMPLIANCE % Define the properties of the compressor by entering the following values in the appropriate fields: Suction point: A00 Discharge point: A14 Shaft axis: Global X Override Nozzle Coordinates: Unchecked & After the dialog appears as shown above. press OK to generate the report. Now that the rotating equipment is defined. and ENABLE the Equipment option.

Press OK to accept the defaults. We see that calculated stress exceeds the allowable for the Cold to T1 combination by a ratio of 1. The Code Stresses dialog is displayed as shown below. Note that this occurs in our region of large displacement as shown earlier in our deflected shape.ANALYSIS AND RESULTS REVIEWING CODE STRESS RESULTS REVIEWING CODE STRESS RESULTS As a last step we will interactively review the piping code stress results.29 at point A07 (branch side). ! Select Result/Code Compliance. " # The Stresses information window is displayed. AutoPIPE® Tutorial 10-11 . AutoPIPE displays a color-coded display of the stress results by stress ratio.

ANALYSIS AND RESULTS CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER REVIEW In this chapter we interactively reviewed displacements and output model results. When this command is selected. Code stress information for specific points is displayed in a separate pop-up window. To perform a non-linear analysis. using the Tools/Non-code Combinations/Select command. you must enable the Gaps/Friction/Yielding option in the Static Analysis dialog. An asterisk (*) next to a value in the Equipment section of the report indicates an allowable that was exceeded. We also defined filter criteria so that we could view specific areas of interest related to the GR+T1 load combinations.       10-12 AutoPIPE® Tutorial . The next step is to run the Result/Output Report command and enable the Equipment option from the Batch Report dialog. Reviewing code stress results: Code Stress results can be reviewed with the Result/Code Compliance command. Before continuing. use the Tools/Model Options/Result command. Finally. the model is re-drawn to show an exaggerated view of areas of displacement. Performing a Static Analysis: In this chapter we performed a Static Analysis on the model using the Analyze/Static command. From this display. After the command is executed the model is color-coded and a legend appears in the margin of the model area. Reviewing Displacements: The Result/Displacement command provides detailed information about the displacements in a model. Rotating equipment compliance: To produce an equipment compliance report. select File/Save to save the changes you’ve made to the model. This capability is associated with the Result/Filter Criteria/Displacement command. the user must enable the Generate Report option in the Rotating Equipment dialog. including the ability to automatically include default combinations. The Result Model Options dialog allows you to establish preferences. then review the following concepts/techniques that were introduced in this chapter:  Defining result model options: To establish defaults for viewing results. Applying result filter criteria: In this chapter we defined a displacement filter to highlight the areas in the model which exceeded a user-specified displacement value. however. users can select individual points to display a pop-up window that details specific displacement data at the active point. we performed a rotating equipment compliance check and interactively reviewed the point stress information. By default. Selecting combinations: AutoPIPE allows the user to select which load cases and combinations will be included in output reports. all load combinations are considered. the users can enable/disable available combinations.

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