This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
DRIVERS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
What is an airport city?
Dr John Kasarda explains
In the spotlight:
Hong Kong’s vision of the future Incheon’s Fashion Island
Dubai’s ambitions Doha making waves
All the way USA:
Denver developments DFW strives for more
Amsterdam Schiphol, Atlanta, Düsseldorf, Kuala Lumpur, Moscow Domodedovo, Munich
Complete Airport Cities Hong Kong Conference & Exhibitor Guide Inside
elcome to the first edition of Global Airport Cities magazine, an exciting new quarterly publication focused on the transformation of airports into airport cities. Brought to you by Insight Media – publishers of Airport World and Routes News – in association with the Kenan Institute for Private Enterprise, University of North Carolina, Global Airport Cities magazine aims to be your one-stop shop for everything airport cities. Our experienced editorial team will use their expert knowledge of the industry to report on the hot topics, issues, trends, studies, latest technologies and successful business practices that contribute toward the planning and development of an airport city. It is the only magazine dedicated to serving all parties actively engaged in the planning and development of an airport city, from the airport operators and their business
a new era
Alex Kirby, managing director of Insight Media and publisher of Global Airport Cities magazine. partners to national and regional planners and economic development agencies. Whether it is business management articles, stories on ‘best’ practices, industry case-studies or benchmarking performance, readers can rely on Global Airport Cities magazine to provide the news and advice needed to retain their competitive edge in today’s rapidly changing environment. Global Airport Cities magazine will have a controlled circulation of 5,000 copies with distribution across Europe and Russia (1,500), North America (1,250), Asia Pacific (1,250), the Middle East (500), Latin America and the Caribbean (250), and Africa (250). Our monthly subscription based e-newsletter, Global Airport Cities Today, and our web-site www.globalairportcities.com will keep you informed of all the latest developments in the v world of airport cities..
Global Airport Cities
Publisher Alex Kirby D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7502 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial Editor Joe Bates D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7507 E-mail: email@example.com Deputy Editor Jane Austin D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7514 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Editorial Consultant Dr John Kasarda D/line: +1 919 962 8201 E-mail: email@example.com Sales Sales Director Jonathan Lee D/line + 44(0) 20 8831 7563 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Sales Manager Andrew Hazell D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7518 E-mail: email@example.com Marketing Executive Melissa Hall D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7517 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Production Design & Production Manager Andrew Montgomery D/line: + 44(0) 20 8831 7564 E-mail: email@example.com Layout Mark Grassick Subscriptions Subscriptions Manager Bal Sanghera D/line: +44 (0) 20 8831 7506 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Published by Insight Media Ltd Sovereign House, 26-30 London Road, Twickenham, TW1 3RW, UK Tel: +44 (0) 20 8831 7500 Fax: +44 (0) 20 8891 0123 Printed in the UK The Magazine Printing Co www.magprint.co.uk All information contained in Global Airport Cities is correct at the time of going to press. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without the expressed permission of the publishers.
Cover images from left to right: Hong Kong, Frankfurt, Incheon & Doha.
A tale of airport cities
Airport Authority Hong Kong CEO, Dr David Pang, shares his views on the airport city phenomenon.
n recent years, the global airport business has been undergoing rapid and fundamental changes. Today’s airports are no longer simply an infrastructure for passengers to embark and disembark. Major airports are evolving from merely an aviation infrastructure into a diversified city with an airport being the centre of people activities and business development. And these new city-around-airport developments are generally being regarded as airport cities or ‘aerotroplises’. While airports in Schiphol and Frankfurt have been vigorously building their own airport cities, airports in Hong Kong, Dubai and Incheon are also at the forefront of this global trend of development. So what is an airport city? There is no definitive answer to this question as the development of an airport city depends very much on the geographical, cultural and socio-political environments in which the airport is situated. That said, almost all airport city developments share a common thread of creating a city out of the people, cargo, capital and information flows the airport generates. In essence, the thinking is to transform a city’s airport into an airport’s city. What one finds in a city can and will be found at an airport and its surrounding metropolitan areas. A similar vision is fast turning into reality at Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA). To achieve long-term, sustainable growth for HKIA, we redefined our business, market and product several years ago. As a result of this strategic repositioning, we developed and executed a growth strategy to reach out to our enlarged home market, which comprises Hong Kong and the 50 million people in the Pearl River Delta region in the Chinese mainland. The re-examination also makes us see the airport as a business management experience bringing people
long-lasting memories and fond dreams. A major component of this strategy is to transform HKIA into an airport city and a travellers’ destination in its own right. It was against this background that HKIA’s SkyCity development was conceived. SkyCity’s robust developments saw AsiaWorld-Expo, Hong Kong’s largest exhibition centre, opened its doors last year. Our new Terminal 2 − an integrated multi-modal transportation centre where rail, road, air and sea transport converge seamlessly − is scheduled for opening at the end of 2006. SkyPlaza, a shopping, dining and entertainment mecca, will also be housed at Terminal 2. Over the next two years, other SkyCity projects including two office buildings namely the HKIA Tower and Airport World Trade Centre, a nine-hole golf course, a permanent SkyPier ferry terminal and a second airport hotel will come on stream. And these only constitute phase one of our SkyCity development. More developments are to follow. Currently, we are working on a wide-ranging study that re-examines our growth strategies by critically assessing the demand, supply and competition/co-operation dynamics that HKIA will face over the next two decades. We have set our sight afar and aim to make HKIA one of China’s most important multi-modal transport hubs and a centre of regional and international aviation. Being the world’s fifth busiest airport in terms of international traveller throughput and the busiest international cargo airport for the last 10 years, I am confident that HKIA is strategically positioned for sustainable growth and our SkyCity development will continue to be a cornerstone in our v long-term growth.
SMARTER Dubai’s planned new airport city at Jebel Ali is expected to set the standards that others will follow. writes Joe Bates. shares his views on the airport city phenomenon. 40 TEXAS STAR Becoming an airport city is high on the agenda of the world’s sixth busiest gateway. writes Brian Murnahan. managing director of Insight Media and publisher of Global Airport Cities magazine. C O M . G L O B A L A I R P O R T C I T I E S . Loyalty programjmes are the new 8 THE NEW BUSINESS MODEL Dr John Kasarda explains why the development of an ‘airport city’ or‘aerotropolis’ is the way forward for the world’s major gateways. 5 A TALE OF AIRPORT CITIES Airport Authority Hong Kong CEO. 32 MAKING WAVES Doha’s dream of creating one of the world’s top gateways and a leading airport city is about to become reality. 34 BUILDING FOR THE FUTURE 14 SKY HIGH AMBITION Joe Bates reports on the transformation of Hong Kong International Airport into one of the world’s leading airport cities. 24 EVOLUTION NOT REVOLUTION Mark Chivers explores the philosophy of the Schiphol Group. 29 A RUNWAY FOR BUSINESS Mark Chivers explores the airport city development plans of Germany’s third largest gateway. writes Jane Austin. BETTER. writes Henry Canaday. Robin Stone reports on Moscow Domodedovo’s plans to complete its transformation into Eastern Europe’s leading airport city. 21 HEIGHT OF FASHION Incheon International Airport is set to open its own Fashion Island as part of its airport city development programme. 46 THINKING BIG ACI’s saChris Kjelgaard reports on the airport city development plans of the world’s busiest gateway. 49 AIRPORT CITIES HONG KONG CONFERENCE AND EXHIBITION GUIDE W W W.18 21 34 24 36 40 CONTENTS 3 DAWN OF A NEW ERA Alex Kirby. 43 BAVARIAN BRILLIANCE Offering passengers everything from a microbrewery to the kitchen sink. 18 BIGGER. Dr David Pang. Erica Gingerich describes how Munich has grown from a city airport to an airport city. one of the originators of the airport city concept and still blazing a trail today. 36 FORMULA FOR SUCCESS Ritesh Gupta reports on ambitious plans to make Kuala Lumpur International Airport a ‘destination in its own right’. 26 GROWING PLACES Henry Canaday reports on Denver’s airport city development plans.
many airports today receive greater percentages of their revenues from non-aeronautical sources than from aeronautical sources (eg. specialty retail and upscale restaurants along with entertainment and cultural attractions. In the past. but this historic understanding is fast giving way to a much broader. management and development impact. services and revenue streams. Consequently. gate leases and passenger service charges). conference and exhibition centres. hosts more than 30 high-end designer clothing shops. upgrading and expanding their terminal retail. The new model recognises the fact that in addition to their core aeronautical infrastructure and services. it is not surprising that retail sales per square metre average three to four times greater than shopping malls and downtown shops. major airports have developed significant non-aeronautical commercial facilities. as well as being cost-competitive in attracting and retaining airlines.8 AIRPORT CITIES The new business model Picture courtesy of Munich Airport. for instance. All major airports. office and retail complexes. airports were simply a place where aircraft. more encompassing concept. Given the significantly higher incomes of airline passengers (typically three to five times higher than national averages) and the huge volumes of passengers flowing through the terminals (often in the tens of millions annually). In addition to incorporating a variety of commercial functions into passenger terminals. passenger terminals now feature brand name boutiques. Beijing Capital Airport’s tenants include a handful of banks while Stockholm Arlanda’s intensively utilised chapel carried out over 450 weddings in 2005. logistics and free trade zones and facilities for processing time-sensitive goods. passengers and cargo arrived and departed. As a result. airports are developing their landside areas with hotels.000 patients yearly – and Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County’s 420 room hotel is located on its main concourse. A s they transform in function. of course. terminal commercial lease rates tend to be the highest in the metropolitan area. saunas and a swimming pool and Munich boasts its own hospital while both Las Vegas McCarran and Amsterdam Schiphol have cultural attractions in the shape of a museum and a Dutch master’s gallery. The non-aeronautical boom No longer restricted to magazine shops and fast food outlets. the traditional definition of an airport is being reshaped and redefined. Others doing something a little different include Frankfurt – which has the world’s largest airport clinic serving over 36. financing. Dr John Kasarda explains why the development of an ‘airport city’ or ‘aerotropolis’ is the way forward for the world’s major gateways. These non-aeronautical revenues have become critical to airports meeting their facility modernisation and infrastructure expansion needs. At the same time they are extending their formal reach and impact well beyond airport boundaries. Hong Kong International Airport. landing fees. Singapore Changi offers cinemas. The rapid expansion of airport-centric commercial development also makes today’s gateways leading urban growth generators as they . are diversifying.
Aéroports de Paris (ADP). Figure 1 • Beijing is rapidly proceeding with its highly ambitious Capital Airport City. international conference and exhibition complex. shopping. Its Masterplan includes the development of an airport city within airport boundaries to include an international business centre. factory outlet stores and personal and family services such as health and child daycare. Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). business office complexes. entertainment. convention and exhibition centres. The first major phase will be in full operation by the end of 2006. cultural attractions. shopping and tourism districts. Such activities include: duty free shops. recreation and fitness. a mega-mall. business meeting and leisure destinations in their own right. business office. Frankfurt Airport (Fraport). The new Bangkok International Airport (Suvarnabhumi) is expected to open in late 2006. as well as housing and services (eg. Airports from Amsterdam to Zurich and from Beijing to Seoul have embraced this planning model to develop their terminals and landside areas as a pivotal means to financing airport operations and contributing to their own competitiveness. Further extending their reach. commercial and residential zones will be connected by an internal light rail system. shopping. medical) for airport city workers and residents. shopping mall. golf course. includes motor sports. restaurants and specialty retail. light manufacturing and assembly. Dubai World Central is a $32 billion airport city under development 25 miles south of downtown Dubai. sports and leisure. airports are altering their operational management. in addition to retail and office development. BAA. hotel and entertainment complex near its passenger terminal.000 on-site workers. office buildings. Incheon’s ‘Winged City’ encompasses international business areas. finance. trade and housing. among others.AIRPORT CITIES 9 Graphic courtesy of Dr John Kasarda. become significant employment. some airports are even buying and/or operating other airports through special investment management divisions. entertainment centre and an international resident community. education. hotels. the airport city model might appear to be a deviation from the norm. light manufacturing. Its airport. Amsterdam Schiphol and Singapore Changi. the airport city will include office towers. exhibition. leisure. Free Trade Zones and Customs Free Zones: golf courses. perishables and cold storage. Cornerstoned by a massive multi-modal air logistics hub. To note just a handful: • • • • • • • . leasing land to commercial tenants. whose Masterplan takes an expansive definition of appropriate functions including. The evolution of these non-aeronautical functions and commercial land uses has transformed numerous city airports into airport cities. hospitals. Kuala Lumpur International Airport’s new airport city will be commercially anchored by its large Gateway Park that. trading. The current trend in airport management is therefore to complement traditional technical airport functions with terminal and landside commercial activities. ADP established a real estate division in 2003 to act as the developer. catering and other food services. but it is in fact becoming the way forward for international airports. restaurants. To many not familiar with the new realities of airports. logistics zones. hotels. hotels and accommodation. Airport Evolution Consistent with their growing non-aeronautical roles and functions. logistics and distribution. general contractor and construction project owner and manager of landside commercial properties at Paris Charles de Gaulle and Orly international airports. a automotive hypermarket and leisure venues drawing on the local as well as aviation-induced market. and housing for 40. DFW’s management has been in the real estate development business for three decades. These new operational structures offer testimony that airports are evolving from basic aeronautical infrastructures into complex multi-functional enterprises serving both aeronautical needs and commercial development. Hong Kong International Airport’s SkyCity is opening a one million square metre retail. They include UK airport operator. Numerous airports (both public and private sector operated) have established real estate or property divisions to develop their landside commercial areas as well as foster development beyond airport boundaries.
Aerotropolises are emerging because of the advantages airports provide to businesses in the fast-paced. Such firms build agile production systems that connect them to their suppliers and customers. a ground-to-air shipping network allows manufacturers to minimise their inventories. trucks and rail together with air infrastructure at the multi-modal commercial core (the airport city). taking on many of the commercial functions of a metropolitan Central Business District (CBD). This more dispersed airport-linked development is giving rise to a new urban-form – the ‘aerotropolis’. Aviation-linked business clusters and associated residential developments radiate outward from the airport city. The rise of the ‘aerotropolis’ Even greater aviation-oriented commercial development is occurring well beyond airport boundaries. • Amsterdam Schiphol. knowledge networks and air travel networks increasingly reinforce each other. wholesale merchandise marts and residential developments are forming along airport arteries up to 20 kilometres outward. through its Schiphol Real Estate Group. Like time-sensitive goods processing industries. trade representative offices and information-intensive firms that require executives and staff to undertake frequent long-distance travel. Brisbane. trucking companies. industrial parks. retail. forming the greater aerotropolis. use advanced information technology and high-speed transportation to provide fast and flexible responses to customers’ unique needs. freight forwarders and logistics providers. for example. With the airport itself serving as a region-wide multi-modal transportation and commercial nexus. Airport expressway links (aero-lanes) complemented by airport express trains (aero-trains) bring cars. the service sector has increasingly found airport areas to be an attractive location. either explicitly or implicitly. Today’s most competitive manufacturers. . Reflecting the new economy’s demands for connectivity. logistics parks. form follows function. This is reinforcing their new roles as drivers of business location and urban development over an extended area. Zurich and Stockholm-Arlanda). These developments include business office complexes. In this sense. The majority of these have embraced the airport city concept in their strategic development models. strings and clusters of airport-linked business parks. conference centres. wide lanes and fast movements. A synthesised model of the aerotropolis based on development features around major international hub airports is illustrated in Figure 1.10 AIRPORT CITIES Picture courtesy of Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport. the aerotropolis consists of an airport city core and extensive outlying areas of aviation-oriented businesses and their associated residential developments. hotels. globally networked economy. allowing them to source parts and ship assembled products as needed. Made possible primarily by proximity to an airport. has been involved for well over a decade in landside commercial development. Raleigh-Durham and San Jose. logistics parks. The upshot is that airports are undergoing a metamorphosis. meeting facilities and entertainment and cultural attractions. Similar in shape to the traditional metropolis. restaurants. which offer a greater choice of flights and destinations and more flexibility in rescheduling as well as often avoiding the costs of overnight stays. shopping and other commercial activities branded under the AirportCity name. giving rise to the term ‘nerd birds’ in the US for commercial aircraft connecting ‘techie’ capitals such as Austin. not quite the scale of Amsterdam Schiphol or Seoul’s Incheon. Calgary. High-tech professionals travel by air at least 60% more frequently than other professionals. information and communications technology complexes. This network has been strengthened as demand for time-sensitive manufacturing and distribution grows. In other words. buses. have given commercial development a high priority in their master planning (eg. Business travellers benefit considerably from quick access to hub airports. such as those along the Washington-Dulles Airport access corridor in Northern Virginia and the expressways leading to Chicago’s O’Hare International Airport. Firms specialising in information and communications technology and other high-tech industries consider air accessibility especially crucial. Many high tech firms are locating along major airport corridors. Many airports also have the density of highway and rail connections that are usually associated with CBDs. taxis. speed and agility. Other international airports. A manufacturer’s ability to meet customer demand also depends on the existence of a comprehensive ground-to-air shipping network of air cargo carriers. Boston. With the growing number of boutiques. the aerotropolis is optimised by corridor and cluster development. passenger terminals resemble parts of downtown. Vienna. made up of a central city and its commuter-linked suburbs. meeting and entertainment facilities. shorten production-cycle times and quickly access novel inputs for custom products that create additional value. hotel and entertainment centres. Airports have become magnets for regional corporate headquarters.
areas within five kilometres of major airports are adding jobs considerably faster than suburbs located at similar distances from downtown city centres. generate additional passengers and cargo for the airports. aesthetically pleasing and v environmentally sustainable. To date. the broader Aerotropolis is emerging most vividly around Asia’s newer international gateway airports. The principal determinant of land value. Companies that require the fastest possible networking will thus have an additional reason to locate in the aerotropolis. This can be seen in developments at and near Hong Kong. accessibility – will become the critical component of the three Ls – location. speed. but not near an airport. For example. Aerotropolis businesses. via the airport. Constructing appropriate multi-modal ground transit and locating commercial facilities consistent with the form and function of the aerotropolis will contribute substantially to the emerging needs of business.AIRPORT CITIES 13 Figure 2 Graphic courtesy of Dr John Kasarda. Although airport cities initially evolved in western countries. To put it another way. . accessibility. a site 10 kilometres away. The future aerotropolis To serve the economic demands of connectivity. the three As – accessibility. About the author John Kasarda is a distinguished professor of management and a director of the Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise at the University of North Carolina’s Kenan-Flagler Business School. This ICT infrastructure is appearing not only around major passenger airports like Incheon and Washington-Dulles but also around US air express hubs such as Memphis (which serves global shipper FedEx) and Louisville (which serves United Parcel Service). but one stop on a high-speed train line from the airport. These outcomes will not occur spontaneously. however. examples of which include ‘the DFW Area’ and ‘the O’Hare Area’. one might misconstrue aerotropolis land uses as simply additional sprawl along main airport transportation corridors. Regional marketing through informative and tasteful public art should likewise characterise the airport’s terminals. history and economic assets of the region the airport serves. most have evolved largely spontaneously. Special truck-only lanes should be added to airport expressways. And airports regions are even developing their own brand image to promote themselves. restaurants. as should improved highway interchanges to reduce congestion. with existing nearby development often creating arterial bottlenecks. commercial services of all types have begun relocating to airport areas in order to attract a dual customer base of travellers and locals. In reality. and not necessarily of spatial distance. Incheon and Beijing Capital airports and others planned for Bangkok’s new Suvarnabhumi gateway. Airports now offer on-site or nearby hotels. In summary. instantly connecting companies to their global suppliers. Such job growth stimulates residential projects – further fuelling aerotropolis development. Dedicated expressway links and high-speed rail should efficiently connect airports to business and residential clusters near and far. by offering speedy distant market connectivity to aerotropolis businesses. the aerotropolis will require localised infrastructure planning on an unprecedented scale. resulting in reciprocal benefits. Global information and communications technology (ICT) networks will also help shape the aerotropolis. As these offerings grow. the aerotropolis grows according to a rational system based on time-cost access gradients radiating outward from the airport. By setting both the first and final impressions for many air travellers. distributors. the airport provides important value to these businesses. fitness centres and entertainment facilities. and agility. urban planning and business site planning in a synergistic manner so that development is economically efficient. shopping. In the future. lease rates. location. businesses will have even more reason to move to an aerotropolis. and the type of commercial use on a given property will be the cost of moving people and products to and from the airport and. Advanced information processing technologies and multi-media telecommunications systems served by high-density fibre-optic rings and satellite uplinks and downlinks will evolve around airports. the airport and its flights represent an area’s official welcome and send-off. As multi-modal transportation and advanced communications infrastructure develops at and near airports. strategic infrastructure planning could reduce this congestion. Aerotropolis optimisation will require bringing together airport planning. customers and branch offices and partners. in turn. location – in aerotropolis real estate value. to distant markets. This value/cost proposition will be measured primarily in time to the airport – a function of the site’s place on local transportation arteries. will be worth more than a site five kilometres away with poor road and rail connections. Multi-media technologies should produce themed electronic public art along airport transportation corridors that highlight the culture. Lastly. At first glance. more efficient cargo and passenger flows and the future competitiveness of urban areas. Figure 2 illustrates these reciprocal benefits for Amsterdam Schiphol’s airport city and its greater Aerotropolis.
has no doubts that the creation of an airport city.” . Scheduled to open by the year end. targeted to commence services in 2008. Terminal 2 – linked to the existing terminal by Automated People Mover system – will be located on top of an air-conditioned cross-boundary coach station. They will later be joined by two office extensive range of retail and entertainment outlets. will lay the foundation for future traffic growth. and in particular the opening of SkyPlaza with its “I believe the creation of an airport city is important for any airport business and not just Hong Kong” facilities and services for passengers and 55.14 HONG KONG Sky high ambition Joe Bates reports on the transformation of Hong Kong International Airport into one of the world’s leading airport cities. Other first-phase SkyCity developments include AsiaWorld-Expo (an international exhibition centre). will provide a range of new I blocks with a total floor space of 30. “It can become the focal point of all activities and provide a unique experience for customers. which will house AAHK’s new headquarters and a new Airport World Trade Centre. “I believe that the creation of an airport city is important for any airport business and not just Hong Kong. Terminal 2 is possibly the most high-profile part of AAHK’s colossal 57-hectare SkyCity development project that aims to appeal to locals and capture business from Hong Kong’s 12 million visitors a year. a second five-star airport hotel and SkyPier (a cross border ferry terminal). but a fierce determination to make maximum use of its available land has led to Hong Kong International Airport becoming one of the world’s first truly global airport cities. catering and entertainment facilities that include Asia largest “4D extreme screen”. operator Airport Authority Hong Kong (AAHK).000sqm.000 airport workers. Dr David Pang. SkyPlaza will boast 38. ts site may be only a fraction of the size of Denver or Dallas/FortWorth (DFW). For in addition to continually upgrading its key infrastructure.000sqm of retail. one of the major components of the new Terminal 2 at Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA). AAHK CEO. SkyPlaza. has set about transforming the gateway into an airport city that will help make the hub a ‘destination’ in its own right for both locals and visitors whether on business or pleasure. a nine-hole golf course.” enthuses Pang.
Others will show the world’s best products to an increasingly sophisticated and substantial market in the mainland. He says: "As part of our ongoing commitment to maintaining . and for mainland companies to launch themselves into the international marketplace. Scheduled to open by early 2007. mainland China companies to manage their business operations in East Asia. is responsible for investing in and operating the golf course at HKIA’s Lantau Island site. the HK$100 million development project is set within an aesthetically attractive environment with a landscape of undulating greens. a wholly owned subsidiary of the King Power Group (Hong Kong). Its own railway station means that visitors can literally walk straight from the exhibition halls to the platform of the Airport Express train and connect to anywhere in Hong Kong served by the Mass Transit Railway (MTR). “A complementary role is to serve as a two-way springboard for companies from around the world wishing to access the mainland.500-seat AsiaWorld-Arena. Adds Pang: “The golf course will prove another magnificent new addition to the airport infrastructure designed to serve the ever growing number of people living in and visiting Hong Kong.HONG KONG 15 AsiaWorld-Expo boasts 70.000 square metres of rentable space with 10 state-of-the-art ground level. artificial lake and extensive sand bunkers. with Airport Authority Hong Kong contributing the land. increasingly. It is also Hong Kong's first nine-hole golf course featuring an ‘island green’. Hans Bakker. in particular the Pearl River Delta. Airport Management Services (AMS).3 billion state-of-the-art facility is designed to host sophisticated world-class events ranging from major conferences and exhibitions to concerts and large-scale sporting and entertainment extravaganzas. the biggest purpose-built seated indoor entertainment arena in Hong Kong. the HK$2. is certainly in agreement about the value of the new golf course to the airport. It is exactly the type of facility we want as we aim to create a unique and memorable experience for all our passengers. “One major role of Hong Kong is to serve as a regional hub and a base for international and.” The new facility – one of the world’s largest and most high-tech expo centres – was funded by a combination of public and private sector investment. column free exhibition halls and the 13.” says Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR) chief executive. The popularity of golf across Asia seems certain to ensure the success of the airport’s new SkyCity Nine Eagles Golf Course. Opened in December 2005. “It is no coincidence that many of the exhibitions to be held here in the coming years are to show off Chinese goods and services to the world.” AAHK's commercial director. Donald Tsang.
Says Pang: “It’s all about how we define our business. we continue to introduce new innovation and elements in airport services so as to amuse all visitors to the airport island. information and money.4 billion people will board flights in China in 2020. The airport handled 40.” In the face of such prolific anticipated growth. We believe that an airport is the centre of flow of people.16 HONG KONG service excellence. the giant on its doorstep with a population of 1. slightly more than in the US today. The new golf course is destined to be another signature facility which will further enhance HKIA's positioning as a destination in its own right. facilities and extensive route network means that it can become China’s equivalent of Chicago O’Hare in the US in terms of a domestic hub.” Mainland China.7km cable car journey between Tung Chung town centre and Ngong Ping. Hong Kong’s business strategy is to remain one of the world’s leading financial and business centres and such a facility would certainly help. The facility would help feed rising demand from mainland China. “With the Civil Aviation Administration of China predicting that 1.4 million tonnes of cargo (+10%) in 2005 and throughput is expected to rise by 5% per annum for the next 20 years as the Chinese economy develops and more Chinese travel abroad." Other Lantau Island located tourist attractions include Hong Kong Disneyland. we need look no further than mainland China for the main source of future traffic.7%) and 3. “In 20 years time Hong Kong has to be doing what Chicago is doing for the US today. the gateway is also looking to become a major trading hub for one of the world’s most precious metals if the Hong Kong Government gives the go-ahead for the opening of an on-site gold depository. the importance of SkyCity to Hong Kong International Airport cannot be underestimated. which now accounts for more than 400 tonnes of gold per year or 12% of the world supply. a spectacular 5. As if to prove that there is no end to Hong Kong International Airport’s versatility. Pang believes that Hong Kong’s strategic location. v . the giant Buddha at Po Lin Monastery and the soon to be opened Ngong Ping Skyrail. is reason enough for HKIA to feel confident about future traffic growth. goods.7 million passengers (+9.3 billion people. Chicago serves the whole United States and we have to serve the whole of mainland China by offering a comprehensive domestic network. We already handle a lot of gold and other precious metals so why not take the next step and establish a gold logistics centre on-site? This can take the form of a centralised gold depository for the storage of gold and a place for the physical trade and settlement of deals.” enthuses Pang.
Its location makes Dubai a natural hub for business travellers to the Gulf. expects Dubai’s airport and airline connections to play the same role in developing the Middle East that railroads played in the development of the American West. a continuing education programme for practicing doctors.4 billion people. nurses and other health professionals. and Dubailand will offer extraordinary tourist attractions to visitors. Symbolising its ambition. Sharaf says his instructions are: “Let's do it bigger. there is plenty of room for airport expansion and other related developments. Knowledge Village. connecting to markets totalling over 1. The site will be surrounded by 140 square kilometres of entirely new businesses. aviation and accommodating policies have boosted Dubai’s gross domestic product by 45% in just four years. Tatweer. no restrictions on transferring funds. Harvard Medical School will help Dubai develop Healthcare City as a global centre for treatment. its largest shopping mall. As an Arab state. which was launched in November of 2004.better. Healthcare City The bulk of investment has so far come from the Persian Gulf. Furthermore. let's do it better. Dubai is offering very attractive terms: no profit taxes.smarter Dubai’s planned new airport city at Jebel Ali is expected to set the standards that others will follow. The fastest growing airport in the Middle East. But Dubai is seeking access to wider resources. a senior executive with Tatweer. and let's do it smarter. while Tatweer will invest a further $1. leisure centres. Dubai appeals to investors from other oil-producing states. and a Free Zone offers special incentives to businesses. was launched by parent corporation. as well as connecting travellers from Europe. with plentiful funds flowing from higher-priced oil. the Dubai Techno Park and a Biotechnology and Research Park. Dubai International Airport will soon have three terminals. Also planned or underway are Media City. This combination of real assets and a unique approach is encouraging the development of a truly extraordinary airport city. and very little red tape to tangle up the growth. Ahmad Sharaf. For foreign investors. And plans are now in place to build a new gateway – Dubai World Central International Airport – and airport city on a 140 square kilometre site in nearby Jebel Ali. last December to realise these gigantic plans. Specialist management firm. no customs. A rail system is also scheduled to connect the gateway with the rest of metropolitan Dubai by 2012. There is Dubai Industrial City. Internet City. writes Henry Canaday. Oil. and its largest man-made marina on – of course – the world’s biggest artificial island. Having recently improved its other transportation infrastructure. a third faster than Rotterdam. Healthcare City will build on this to include the Harvard Medical School Dubai Centre (HMSDC) Institute for Postgraduate . D ubai’s substantial oil reserves matched with a modest number of citizens give it financial strength. Dubai also wins awards for the quality of its service. which is expected to open in 2009. Dubai Holding. three concourses and a separate cargo terminal. Healthcare City is a joint project with Harvard Medical School.” Dubai’s airport city will be an ensemble of special-purpose cities. Dubai ports unload ships in just 24 hours. commercial areas and various other facilities. More than a hundred airlines carried nearly 25 million passengers in 2005. as well as medical education and research. The collaboration between Harvard and Dubai began in December 2003 with Practi-Med Dubai. Dubai plans to have the world's tallest skyscraper.8 billion into the project. Africa and Asia.18 DUBAI Bigger. or ‘neighbourhoods’.
the Trump Organization. firms licensed to operate in DIFC can enjoy advantages such as no tax on profits. of which Tatweer will invest $11 billion. a 110-acre free financial zone. The project will cost $27 billion. Trump Towers The centrepiece will be the world's largest hotel. no limits on foreign ownership and free movement of funds in and out of Dubai. up more than a third from the prior year. Mercantile Exchange Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC). it's good for Dubai.500 rooms. theatre and cuisine from across the globe. These premium premises will be themed to reflect the variety of visitors expected and will include the Desert Gate. nearly $10 billion of Dubailand construction is now under way. Hotel revenue topped $2 billion in 2005. The tiny principality received six million tourists in 2005. Within the DIFC will be Dubai’s Mercantile Exchange (DME). A Snowdome. One such party. Africa World and even a Pirate's Cove Hotel. most of whose designs and names are still to be designated by third-party developers. Emphasises Sharif: “The hope is that we propagate change for v good for Dubai and the surrounding region. dance.DUBAI 19 Education and Research – the first time Harvard Med has established a postgraduate institution outside the US. Sports will be well represented with a 60. Dubailand will be the world’s largest amusement and sports parks. The DME will offer the first energy futures exchange in the Middle East. arts. “If it's good for business. Tatweer predicts that tourism will more than double to 15 million visitors by 2010. And with so many new facilities. with private investors expected to front the rest. a sum that is expected to rise to $18 billion by the end of 2007. With three billion square feet of facilities spread over an area larger than Manhattan. This new Trump Tower’s 48 floors will have 300 hotel rooms and 360 apartments. while another 12. offering skiing and other winter exercise not naturally available in the Gulf. and CEO Saeed Al Muntafiq has announced plans to build 31 new hotels and other tourism facilities over the next eight years. In all. and is expected to open in 2009. Asia-Asia. Dubai must expand its accommodation facilities for both visitors and residents. which is scheduled to open in 2006. the Land of Arabia. Dubailand will include a Global Village that showcases music.” . and more than 90% of its hotel space was filled. began operations in September 2005. About 17. and authorities promise it will provide price transparency and market liquidity. shaped like the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur and offering 6. has already announced a partnership with Nakheel Hotel and Resorts to build the Trump International Hotel and Tower.000 rooms will be available in 12 luxury hotels.000 rooms will be available in 19 other hotels. also began construction in February of 2006. Accommodating several financial sectors. the Wild Wild West.000-seat stadium.” says Sharaf.This will be the largest single development project in history to be financed largely with private funds.
The bulk of the construction for the Fashion Island will be carried out by Prêt à Porter Island Fashion Inc.INCHEON 21 Height of Fashion Incheon International Airport is set to open its own Fashion Island as part of its airport city development programme. writes Joe Bates. claims that the project will offer an “exciting new experience for everyone”. nder the terms of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed earlier this year. Incheon International Airport is to oversee the creation of its very own Fashion Island between 2007 and 2010. The airport. U To be built on a 180-acre site next to the airport. shopping mall and a host of other haute couture facilities. which is joining forces with the Fédération Française du Prêt à Porter Féminin and the fashion company Prêt à Porter Island Fashion Inc. based on designs drafted by international architectural firm for the airport authority. fashion academy. which wants the facility to become a fashion centre for Asia and a world-class fashion hub. Fashion Island comes with a $750 million price tag and will comprise a fashion convention centre. .
Prêt à Porter Island Fashion Inc will also play a part in the second phase development of Air City’s International Business Centre (IBC) and the development of a second airport railway station adjacent to the terminal building. Rapid growth since its opening. The two million square metre facility includes a Cargo Terminal and Airport Logispark – a new logistics centre – that will provide tenants with benefits such as tax-free storage and the possibility for light manufacture to add value to goods. Tax free The airport provided further proof of its ambitions earlier this year when it opened Korea’s first Free Trade Zone. v however. Work is currently underway on a new 30-gate concourse and third runway (4. Its Air City development programme. fashion specialists and those in search of culture. Stretching 12. The planned new facilities. And IIAC has given the green-light for the construction of a new 1. Establishing itself as the ‘world-class’ logistics hub for Northeast Asia is certainly one of the main aims of IIAC. Incheon International Airport needs additional facilities to cope with future demand. and Incheon’s growing reputation as one of the world’s most passenger friendly gateways – it was rated the best gateway in the world in ACI’s annual customer satisfaction survey – ensure that Incheon International Airport has come a long way in just five years.7 million to 4. says: “Fashion Island represents the start of our giant Air City project that will transform Incheon from just an airport into one of Asia’s premier tourist attractions and an engine that will drive renewed growth for the Korean economy.5 million tonnes.000m) as part of its planned $4. the six-lane Incheon Grand Bridge will be the longest bridge in Korea and sixth longest in the world when it opens in early 2009. Incheon is currently the third busiest airport in the world for international cargo traffic. The Fédération Française du Prêt à Porter Féminin boasts a membership that includes over 500 famous names and has joined with Korean investors to form Prêt à Porter Island Fashion Inc. Trans-shipments account for 46. Picture courtesy of Fentress Bradburn. four concourses and four runways.3km over seawater. almost certainly means that the best is yet to come.000sqm by 2008 to allow for the addition of more offices and hotels.22 INCHEON IIAC’s president & CEO. Other Air City projects currently being considered by IIAC include the construction of a water park. which believes that the Korea-China-Japan triangle will prove the centre of North East Asian growth over the coming decades. and a predicted annual increase in passengers of at least 4.8 billion second phase development. golf course and additional hotels close to those at the existing International Business Centre.8% for the next 15 years. In the meantime.” He expects the development to have a “far ranging impact on Korea’s textiles and related industries” as it appeals to a combination of shoppers.5km railway linking Incheon with downtown Seoul Station and the construction of a second bridge linking the Yongjong Island located airport with the mainland. Other local companies with an interest in the Fashion Island project include Lotte Shopping and Kyobo Securities. .5% of the cargo handled with the bulk of consignments made up of high-end goods such as semi-conductors and wireless communication devices. ensure that despite its comparatively recent opening. There are also plans to almost double the size of today’s International Business Centre to 330. They will later be joined by an intra-airport transit system. Jaehee Lee. exporting nearly $19 billion worth of goods yearly. access is to be improved with the March 2007 completion of a 61. The airport could ultimately have two passenger terminals.8 million tonnes per annum capacity cargo terminal that will increase the airport’s total capacity from today’s 2. The airport authority is confident that the creation of Air City along with the continued expansion of its core aviation facilities – forecasts predict it could be handling up to 100mppa and seven million tonnes of cargo yearly by 2020 – will help it fulfill its goal of becoming a global top five hub by 2010.
“The company creates and develops AirportCities on the basis of a well-thought out.” comments the Schiphol Group’s consumer products. At first sight the Dutch gateway’s ‘Creating AirportCities’ initiative – established more than a decade ago – appeared to be a truly radical departure from the more tried and trusted methods of airport management. multi-modal hub – combining air. Amsterdam Airport is the company’s flagship enterprise and is positioned as such. who actively decide to come back time and again to travel via Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The AirportCity concept revolved around Schiphol functioning as a dynamic hub. but a unique experience. integrating people and businesses. with many international companies establishing offices at the airport or in its immediate vicinity. On the one hand it results in satisfied passengers. But for the Schiphol Group the development was really more a process of evolution than revolution. one of the originators of the airport city concept and still blazing a trail today. visitor-driven perspective. “It led to the idea that this concept could be further developed and enhanced. . which assumes that an airport should not only be a perfect stop in the travel process. While the Schpihol Group’s mission is to generate sustainable value for its stakeholders by creating and developing AirportCities worldwide. The Schiphol Group decided an excellent airport could be distinguished from its more conventional competitors by offering visitors something over and above the ‘run-of-the-mill’. For Autar. msterdam Airport Schiphol – operating under the auspices of the Schiphol Group – was arguably the first airport in the world to develop the city concept. A It was also deemed vital that the gateway operated as an efficient. Autar points out the concept has generated significant increases in business activity. logistics and shops.24 SCHIPHOL Evolution not revolution Mark Chivers explores the philosophy of the Schiphol Group. Effective operations allowed these activities to seamlessly combine with the airport’s core transport and logistics functions. Suredj Autar. rail and road transport – and as a location offered its visitors and locally-based international businesses all the support services required on a 24/7 basis. senior manager. resulting in a cluster of awards for excellence – and a substantial increase in non-aviation revenues. information and entertainment. Amsterdam had long been a prime European transit point and was already offering round-the-clock services and amenities for its many transfer passengers. On the other hand. Schiphol benefits from increased revenues from non-aviation activities such as retail and F&B progammes and improved returns to the balance sheet.” notes Autar. there are two prime advantages to the AirportCity project. This not only enhances local employment and economic activity but also drives additional air traffic to and from the airport. By making the gateway their hub of choice.
“The experience and expertise acquired here is used in applying the concept or parts of the concept to other international airports. Terminal 4 at New York JFK. both partially owned and operated by Schiphol Group – such as Rotterdam and Eindhoven airports in Holland. Via a laptop docking station. in-terminal hotel and communications centres. is a complex process and requires extensive and flexible planning. A conference centre – to be called the Schiphol Forum – and a 220-room ‘lifestyle hotel’ are also on the agenda. Passenger traffic for the first half of 2006 has already exhibited growth of around 4% over the previous year. and will always be. this allows passengers to download films. Further development of the AirportCity concept is an integral part of the Masterplan.” Autar informs. As we say. all reveal positive feedback. For example. recommends an extensive route network – Schiphol has around 90 passenger airlines serving more than 240 destinations. and Brisbane. the Schiphol Group is constantly reviewing possible enhancements to the AirportCity experience. or the meditation centre. Sukarno Hatta Airport. Australia. so in this respect land use is not an issue.1 million travellers passed through the facility. “But much of the land is already in our possession. which although continually updated as the AirportCity concept has matured. Amsterdam’s one terminal layout. Milan Malpensa (real estate) and Hong Kong (real estate). Autar first and foremost. “Also you must have a good basic infrastructure.SCHIPHOL 25 “It is here that the development and implementation of the AirportCity concept is most advanced. “We also see it in the comments of passengers who have visited facilities such as the Amsterdam Schiphol Rijksmuseum.” The Schiphol Group also has commercial ties with Stockholm Arlanda Airport (retail). Jakarta (automated border passage service programme).” reveals Autar. you must have influence on or the ability to control retail and real estate developments and to develop these in relation to the aviation activities. Schiphol has a long-standing Masterplan. still retains a valid framework. music and tourist information of the city or country that they are travelling to prior to their flight. as well as passenger polls from other organisations and business travel magazines. Certainly Amsterdam’s own quarterly passenger surveys. How to plan For other airports looking to build a city concept. the main driver for the further development of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Schiphol Group’s AirportCity concept. In June 2006 alone.” .” And of course. These unique areas feature reception rooms similar to business-class lounges where companies can welcome their most important clients before they board the aircraft. cargo and air traffic is. “The growth of passengers. In the short to medium term. catering both for passengers in transit and the Schiphol business community. It is this type of innovative offering that has successfully drawn passengers into the AirportCity concept – and helped to boost passenger numbers. casinos. “Furthermore. Amsterdam recently opened the first of two ‘Airport Lobbies’. of course. The airport has also embarked on a two-month trial of a new passenger information service called Fuel for Travel. we will never lose sight of the necessity to further develop air traffic as v our core business. The Masterplan currently reaches out to 2020 and beyond. “Thus. with piers arching off.” adds Autar. City planning Creating an airport city along the lines of Amsterdam. “We will need space for an additional terminal and maybe even runways. with Schiphol handling over 21 million passengers. Autar stresses the airport must never lose sight of its core activity – facilitating efficient passenger travel. “Only when the basic infrastructure and processes are available and well organised can the passenger have quality time to spend on shopping and other forms of entertainment or experience the airport’s wide range of services and facilities. is an efficient use of space and ideal for passenger wayfinding.” he says.” says Autar.” concludes Autar. which houses 10 paintings by Dutch masters on permanent display and regular temporary exhibitions. 4. there are also plans to develop a golf course and hotel/club house adjacent to the airport. and we also work closely with the local authorities who are essential contacts for land use planning. the AirportCity concept may also be described as the ‘Don’t Worry – Be Happy’ concept. The hotel is to be built by a third party on leased land.” Aiming to stay ahead of the curve.
and two closed military facilities ended up presenting Denver with some big development opportunities to help lay its foundation as an airport city.000 homes. 80 retail outlets and three new schools on-site. The City will eventually be the site of the new Colorado Rapids Stadium for Colorado’s football team. and similar work is also underway at the old Stapleton Airport. nature trails. The new Rocky Mountain Arsenal Wildlife Refuge will offer 27 square miles of natural beauty populated by eagles.000 people. The 52-acre Reunion Park. with 3. coyotes and deer right alongside Pena Boulevard. the connecting road between Denver and DIA. as well as a 1. This is a 40 to 50-year project. hawks. retail outlets and residential townhouses are also in the pipeline. Therefore.” Yet Denver has faced challenges in making the most of this asset. some of them local.26 DENVER Growing places Henry Canaday reports on Denver’s airport city development plans.4 million-square-foot veterans' medical centre. a 12-screen cinema and a variety of restaurants have now opened. T h e 10-year-old Denver International Airport (DIA) north-east of downtown Denver has begun to accumulate the business. the plans and progress at Denver have been impressive. Meanwhile. not a ten-year project. nearly 600 acres of a US military medical centre is being regenerated in order to become the centre of the University of Colorado’s health science and biotechnology facilities. The area has a current population of slightly more than 300. a 2. the new medical centre will occupy 15 million square feet and employ 32. offices. the DIA Partnership has been founded to guide and support growth by bringing together elected officials. The development of less than 50 square miles is already contributing $15 billion to metropolitan Denver's economy. Another former military facility. Lowry Air Force Base. as nearly a third of all employment growth in the Denver area will occur in DIA’s airport city. Nearby Commerce City will offer a visitors' centre. In Aurora. the availability of Denver’s old airport. following around $138 million worth of investments.600 homes. while also setting a new national redevelopment model for projects of this type. infrastructure leaders and businesses.000 people. 100 businesses and 10 schools already in place there. “Over the last ten years. lodge and conference facility. says Denver’s number-one asset is that: “DIA is the first major new airport built in the United States in the last 25 years. businesses.” Bender notes. To the north in nearby Brighton. lakes and waterfalls. Julie Bender. is now half-way to being completed. and additional eateries. Aurora will also be the site of a new children's hospital. is also being redeveloped. All pictures courtesy of Denver International Airport. with large tracts of land available. projected to nearly double by 2030.500-acre development of residences. where there are now 1. schools and recreation facilities. “International companies understood the significance of a new international airport much better than local companies. DIA Partnership president. athletic fields. a facility that will be devoted to the health of Native Americans. When completed.” To date. But we are still in the very early stages of growth and development. Extending development into the remaining 250 square miles should lift that figure to well over $90 billion by 2030. Stapleton. . and the newly expanded medical centre at Platte Valley will open its doors by 2007. property owners. residential and retail developments that will ultimately make 300 square miles of the Colorado prairie a true airport city. the growth around DIA has exceeded initial expectations of the region’s planners. and work has also already begun on Reunion. environmental education campus. which will include an amphitheatre.
but now we are seeing some new builds in the million-and-a-half range. as well as the airport. Involving the construction of 119 miles of light and commuter rail throughout the Denver area.” He adds. including Boulder. “Dulles is only now talking about adding a Metro line. but we have already approved a 119-mile rail system that will cost around the same as just one Metro line to Dulles. Jeff Willis. and its property was conveniently concentrated.” he says.DENVER 27 However.” She is certainly confident the positives greatly outweigh any so-called negatives. “Now we will have FasTracks. This region is spacious.000 acres from one owner. but the new transportation system will eventually have a great impact. People are sometimes disappointed in the short term. until the work is done. The economic impact of the airport allows you to attract higher-wage employment because many people a n dv . connecting all the developments within Denver’s airport city. “The day DIA opened. “We started out five years ago with starter homes in the mid-100s. we built Reunion on 3. according to Bender. most of the construction work close to DIA has been residential.” she remembers. and retail development will become more important as the region grows. which is constrained to the West by the Rocky Mountains. according to DIA Partnership chairman. the most impressive of all will be the $4. So far. but over the longer term the impact is greater than anyone expects. the community expected hotels and other developments to spring up like a new downtown. “When we build the FasTracks. allowing the complete hub-and-spoke rail system to be finished by 2015. offering executive homes for the leaders of new companies. “For example.7 billion FasTracks project. “Building any kind of infrastructure is much cheaper when it is done early. but Denver wanted to ensure it actually improved upon these models by planning thoroughly.” Denver expects the federal government to approve its share of FasTracks funding. Following Dulles’s example.” Willis confirms that Washington Dulles and Dallas-Ft Worth airports acted as the models for DIA’s development. This system will not only connect DIA to its natural markets. with nine corridors to tie together the entire metropolitan region. “But hotels are also now being added near the airport. they will also expect rapid development at every station. before the land fills up. “One advantage we had in building master-planned residential communities is that the land was owned by large property owners. rather than being fragmented. Denver must manage people’s expectations.” The DIA region is the natural path of growth for Denver. 30 miles to the north. That clearly will not happen.” Willis notes. “When the airport was first built we hoped for a rail connection from downtown Denver to the airport. “Dulles and DFW showed that having an airport neighbour is very beneficial. the Partnership is compiling a homebuyer’s guide that gives people moving into the area all the facts about noise in plain English so they can make informed buying choices.” Bender recalls.” Denver has worked hard to allay airport-noise fears by giving DIA a 53-square-mile footprint and banning any development within two miles of its runways. FasTracks is something that local voters actually agreed to pay higher taxes for last year in order to help fund its development. Moreover. but will also help limit sprawl and congestion throughout the entire airport city.
” he says. CEO. Christoph Blume. the airport developed the city concept in conjunction with architectural firm JSK. With these 23 hectares at its disposal. North-Rhine Westphalia (NRW). the airport is always interested in new business segments that supplement its core activities. served by no fewer than 70 airlines. actually owns the property and has been made responsible for the planning and development phases. Its region. it didn’t hesitate.5 million passengers annually. There will be 250. which also designed Düsseldorf’s new terminal building. T he Düsseldorf Airport City project is being built on strong foundations. the airport had the opportunity to purchase an adjoining barracks compound formerly used by the British army. “As the process of globalisation continues. “As a response to this. Plans call for a state-of-the-art business and office centre complex with easy access to the airport terminal. Property development is an obvious component of this strategy so when.000sqm of office space with buildings ranging in size from . in 2003. mobility will become an even more crucial factor in successfully doing business.is one of Europe’s most important economically – an industrial heartland of 18 million inhabitants within a 100km catchment area. Flughafen Düsseldorf Immobilien GmbH & Co KG. The first is the direct connection to the area’s powerful economy and the second is the easy accesibility of flights to anywhere in the world. European and international destinations.” Blume notes that as a commercial enterprise. The airport itself is Germany’s third largest and handles approximately 16. a subsidiary of Flughafen Düsseldorf GmbH. The departure boards light up over 170 domestic. believes the gateway’s plans will emphasise the role of Düsseldorf International as the runway for business in the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region. Düsseldorf Airport City offers attractive mobility solutions in two dimensions.DÜSSELDORF 29 A runway for business Mark Chivers explores the airport city development plans of Germany’s third largest gateway.
” he explains.” The airport may once have been simply a traffic interchange but a steadily growing number of top-rank businesses from the retail and service sectors have already set up operations in the vicinity. Indicative of Düsseldorf’s ambition and the allure of the city concept. Feedback from companies has been strong and making full use of the office space and amenities on offer shouldn’t prove a problem. The airport city development makes Düsseldorf not only a major hub for international air traffic but also a hub for international business. “The building will enhance the quality of the entire location. “The airport city project endorses and enriches the importance of v the airport. too. it will offer the usual mod cons of a top quality hotel such as a restaurant. Such transport links will further the movement of both goods and people into and out of the city site.” adds Blume. It is scheduled to be completed in November 2007. the Maritim hotel will be the largest in the whole of NRW. congenial flair. trading and transportation companies – is known as the ‘desktop of the Ruhr valley’.” informs Blume. In addition to hosting conferences. The external façade will make use of aluminium. developing the business park site should make sound financial sense.” says Blume. mayor of Düsseldorf.000 conference guests. “There are already 240 companies operating [at the airport]. “We realise a direct profit by selling the plots. The venture is proceeding apace. there is a huge and increasing interest in Düsseldorf Airport City as the signed contracts. Last but not least. “We expect synergies between the airport and ‘airport city’. “Therefore. It should allow room for positive development and be able to profit from its economic surroundings. Düsseldorf Airport also offers multi-modal links into its hinterland. The city has the second-largest Japanese expatriate community in the world and – not surprisingly. among them many brand-name merchandisers. It should offer room for individuality while already being structurally fully developed. meaning both it and the Airport City are easily reached by car from all directions.000sqm headquarters. NRW is the world’s seventh-largest economic region with Düsseldorf alone hosting more than 40. an asset that will allow both entities to grow. it may be tempting to concentrate efforts away from the gateway’s core activities. Instead.30 DÜSSELDORF 3. A competition to enhance the scenic quality of the Airport City and landscape the free spaces was won by Vogts of Zurich. Trains stop at the airport 400 times a day and the gateway has direct access to the motorway. well-connected locally and internationally accessible. but Blume assures this will never happen. “It fits perfectly into the airport’s infrastructure including the terminal building and the railway station. and Joachim Erwin. The anchor project – a conference hotel by the Maritim hotel group – is already underway. “Companies often place extremely high demands on their choice of location. minister for traffic in North Rhine Westphalia.000 people will have employment. so about 5.” It’s certainly true that business draws in yet more business in a virtuous cycle.” The hotel will have a striking triangular pedestal design with a passage linking it to the terminal building’s departure level.800 parking spaces on three levels is already in use on the site and option contracts have been signed on many other plots. the construction underlines the interest in Düsseldorf’s development. who will then carry out the construction work themselves.000 companies. Building plots are being sold to investors. 14. the Verein Deutscher Ingenieure (VDI – Association of German Engineers) will also establish its new.000sqm. it should have a dynamic. glass and natural stone to further underline its dynamic appearance.” notes the airport CEO. given the proximity of international industrial. Crucially. As the airport city grows the economic impact of the airport will grow. Situated next door to the conference facility. The company will integrate ‘park-like’ green areas into the site using old tree stocks. Full development of the business park is expected some time around 2013. While the hotel is being built.” enthuses Blume. “Düsseldorf is North-Rhine Westphalia’s largest airport and the gateway to Germany’s most populated state. “It must be equally presentable. The perfect fit will have a perfect look. An underground parking facility with around 1. bar.” With a project of such potential. The foundation stone for the building was laid in January 2006 in the presence of Oliver Wittke. he sees the airport city as complementary to the airport’s ambitions. As befits the city concept. fitness centre and swimming pool. “It has 533 rooms and capacity for more than 5. the completed underground parking facility and the current projects prove.000-30.” .
we extracted around six million cubic metres of waste. ‘Doha’. also continues the aquatic theme. Says Vercelli: “In what turned out to be one of the biggest remediation projects ever to take place in the Middle East. the $5. Even the mosque has been designed to look like a droplet of water. “There was naturally a strong link with the ocean as the peninsula is surrounded by water. writes Jane Austin. And with its name. “Passengers must travel on a causeway over the water to get to the airport. then partially filled in so that work on the new airport city could begin. With its layered. a significant part of the New Doha site was previously the city rubbish dump and much of the household and construction waste was dumped in the water. enhancing the feeling of movement. Alongside the main terminal. “So the entire airport has been designed to look and act like a wave.” But the aquatic theme also runs even deeper than it may first appear.” The roof of the main passenger terminal undulates like a series of waves. which we then treated and moved to a new landfill site. urrounded on three sides by the glittering Indian Ocean and partly built over the sea itself. Built on a piece of land that is equal in size to one quarter of the current city of Doha. The terminal is a large. which houses luxurious facilities for royalty.32 DOHA Making S waves Doha’s dream of creating one of the world’s top gateways and a leading airport city is about to become reality. “Being somewhere that temperatures frequently soar to over 50 degrees centigrade in the summer. and there are also various water features through the airport. high government officials and other VIP passengers. the company that has designed and is building the new Doha gateway.” explains Rudy Vercelli. According to Vercelli. We i d e n t i f i e d specific reclamation areas from the seabed and took careful steps to ensure we maintained the ecological balance in these areas throughout the . with big open areas to give passengers a sense of space but without creating a sterile. light. and passengers will be able to access it using a bridge. the exclusive Emiri Terminal. hangar-like atmosphere. In order to prepare the site for construction. resembling yachts floating on the surrounding sea. it made sense to use the cooling water theme at Doha. It is set in a pool of water in the middle of a leafy garden. the vice president for aviation at Bechtel. curved walls and high triangular sections. All passenger processing areas will be located at the lowest point of the roof’s undulations – a decision that is expected to create a ‘cosy’ feel for passengers – and Vercelli says that natural materials such as wood will be utilised in these areas to enhance the feeling of warmth.” Vercelli continues.5 billion New Doha International Airport promises to be an airport city unlike any other. including a large saltwater lagoon by the main entrance. with its glass exterior shell and a gently domed roof. it had to be dredged and cleaned up. part of the terminal rises up like three big sails. literally translating from Arabic as ‘bay’. airy facility. the brand new gateway will be three times the size of Doha’s existing airport and will be able to handle around six times as many passengers. and slots in the roof let the daylight in while also casting shadows that run across the terminal floor as the day progresses. the water theme chosen for its design perfectly compliments its location on the east coast of the Qatar Penninsula.
the same year that host airline Qatar Airways is scheduled to take delivery of the first of its four orders with Airbus for A380s. making them twelve times bigger than at the old Doha Airport. providing seamless connections between land. As well as offering passengers an automated people mover to help them get around the new airport with ease. New Doha’s capacity will also allow for about 50 million passengers and two million tonnes of cargo each year. Moreover. cargo terminal and aircraft maintenance hangar. In fact. “If a gateway is designed with this in mind but with the airport itself acting as a central anchor for the whole project. airports are fast becoming centres for generating and developing new businesses. “The existing site will continue to expand in order to generate more and more new business there. providing the ability to park up to 100 aircraft at any one time. by aircraft or via the causeway. as well as other new-generation large wide-bodied aircraft. There will be 80 contact gates available. the passenger terminal will be the biggest building in Doha.” Construction work is being conducted in a series of phases. In order to ensure that walking times are minimised for passengers wanting to get to their gates. and all the local plant and sea life have a much cleaner habitat. offices and a business park. seeing an annual total of around 360. and various different things such as hotels. pollution levels are now much lower than before. the new airport’s check-in and retail areas alone will be big enough to fit ten wide-bodied aircraft. In addition to the mosque.” he explains. covering the equivalent of around 50 full size football pitches. and the gates and passenger processing facilities will also be positioned to help minimise this further. passengers will be able to connect with New Doha International Airport whichever way suits them best – whether it be on a ship. but it will also have quite a few surprises too. Vercelli confirms that New Doha will also act as a multi-modal transportation centre. hotels and a retail mall.000 square metres.000 landings and take-offs. New Doha’s ‘airport city’ status will be assured by its impressive array of extra facilities. air and sea. “As part of our plan. side-by-side. amongst other things. Thanks to our efforts to clean up the area.” says Vercelli. with the first due for completion during 2009. New Doha International Airport is also one of the first international gateways ever to be designed and built specifically to accommodate the double-decker A380. On opening. Far from operating a runway. at which point the terminal building will cover a total of 650. moving walkways will be strategically placed around the terminal in order to shorten the distance as much as possible. a bridge will also be built in order to provide a connection with the nearby port. which is situated around 8km offshore. and people go there for v . around 100 hectares of land alongside the new gateway have been reserved for commercial development. so it will have all of the amenities and facilities that a passenger would expect from such a place. “New Doha was designed to be a world class airport.DOHA 33 construction process. conference centres and retail zones are now commonplace. The New Doha development will be completed in its entirety sometime during 2015. Once this is up and running. where passengers will find a free trade zone.
solarium. Other major projects include an upgrade to the cargo terminal and the installation of a new baggage system with state-of-the-art security. where facilities include a fitness gym with modern work-out facilities.” says Sergey Gorbunov. operating most of the domestic flights (apart from Aeroflot) and hosts a growing number of major international carriers. deputy chairman of Eastline. It’s clearly an airport that has never believed in waiting around for things to happen. ore than 40 years ago. Domodedovo can justifiably claim to be an airport city in its own right. and the group provides a range of other services to airlines including cargo. Iberia. Eastline’s reconstruction work breathed a new lease of life into Moscow’s ‘infant’ airport – and no one at Domodedovo is taking their foot off the accelerator. and the launch of international services to Ankara – has seldom let up. beauty parlour and snooker room. Domodedovo. fuelling. now services around 50 airlines. in March 1964. It also operates the 294-room Domodedovo Aerohotel. Although the construction of the main terminal building was still in progress (it was not officially opened for a further 14 months) Domodedovo was soon flying passengers to all corners of Russia. “Domodedovo’s outstanding growth is due largely to Eastline’s ongoing investment in the most sophisticated technology. maintenance and catering. Thai Airways. M Its Eastline Handling arm was established as the single operator responsible for all ground services handling at Domodedovo. and the rapid progress which followed – including the first non-stop flight of the supersonic Tu-144 to Alma-Ata 11 years later. “We’re committed to making Domodedovo a leading international hub connecting the east and west.000sqm passenger terminal being doubled in size.34 DOMODEDOVO Building for the future Robin Stone reports on Moscow Domodedovo’s plans to complete its transformation into Eastern Europe’s leading airport city. including Swiss. China Eastern. for plans are now well under way to bring the airport into line with the most modern in Europe. fuelled by an ongoing reconstruction programme carried out by the Eastline Group over the last 11 years. Today. Singapore Airways. saunas. Emirates and British Airways. a Tupelov 104 took off eastbound from Domodedovo to Sverdlovsk marking the birth of a new airport in Moscow.” . Its recently-announced ‘Building for the Future’ development programme represents an investment of around $500 million over the next five years and will result in the existing 120. which lies 22km south-east of Moscow. which switched all its Moscow flights from Sheremetyevo in July 2003.
Indeed. It will be the central hub of a much broader Eastline development. both in terms of passenger and cargo traffic.7% increase on 2004. is not restricted purely to rising passenger and cargo figures. passenger traffic is forecast to reach 16. and there are plans to open a museum within the airport showcasing Domodedovo’s achievements and history. and capacity rises proportionately. as well as drugs. The new interchange enables rail and air transfers to be operated under one roof. It is also installing a voice-analysis system developed by the Israeli company Newesysco. Express buses depart the airport every hour from 6am until 1am (every half-hour at peak times). says Eastline’s Group director for government and public affairs. The service departs Paveletsky railway station every hour between 7am and 10pm. passenger traffic was 12. is the perfect place to set up this culture centre. as a transportation hub which links countries and peoples of different cultures. and by 2015 about 30mppa are expected to be using Moscow’s leading gateway. as the airport has achieved swift and steady growth in line with reconstruction. Domodedovo is now ranked 14th in a list of the world’s most dynamically developing airports. For while Domodedovo is principally a transport hub – the needs of its passengers remain paramount – it is also aiming to position itself as a place where people can spend their free time. as the terminal extension programme continues. Religious beliefs are also catered for (an Orthodox chapel and a mosque were opened in the terminal in 2001 and 2002 respectively). During the first six months of 2006. And last year Domodedovo also launched a new 24-hour bus service for travellers transferring between Domodedovo and Sheremetyevo. where film buffs can watch their chosen film on a large LCD TV and dolby-surround earphones. This year. integrated transport system which ferries all airport users in and out of Moscow smoothly and efficiently. restaurants and sport facilities. It’s a wide-ranging.2m – a year-on-year increase of 16%. a 15. “Our task is to create an atmosphere and build facilities that will make our passengers feel as comfortable as possible while they are waiting for their flights or just visiting Domodedovo in their spare time – they can watch a movie. As a result.DOMODEDOVO 35 The result is the largest and fastest-growing airport in Russia with the country’s most modern passenger terminal. And there seems little sign of any slow-down. Anna Krasnova. In 2010 it is projected to top 22 million. Almost 14 million passengers passed through Domodedovo last year. The airport’s continuing growth. developing a far broader usage of the airport. the airport will open a ‘mini-hotel’ for transfer passengers as well as a trade and entertainment centre – the Domodedovo Plaza – including the cinema complex and roof-top café.” The passenger figures would seem to support him. and is protected by a state-of the art security system. retail outlets. When the expansion programme is completed. a 40-minute ride which terminates at Domodedovskaya metro. Its growing importance to Russian aviation is reflected in the fact that it now carries a third of Russia’s total passengers. Key to the success of this vision is a modern. It is much more complicated than that. mirroring the so-called ‘aerotropolis’ concept that is already well established at the likes of Dubai and Hong Kong. The terminal has a special department for disabled travellers. improving passenger flow. Other Eastline companies operating around the airport complex handle cargo. or simply relax at a café on the airport roof with marvellous views of the airfield. head of international relations. The airport." . go shopping in a mall. Konstantin Tyurkin. The route is served by a dedicated highway and a non-stop Aeroexpress train linking the airport to the centre of the capital. chemicals or explosives that have been swallowed. There is also a 24-hour mother and child facility for children under eight accompanied by a parent. “The challenge Domodedovo faces at the moment is far beyond a simple increase in capacity. Sheremetyevo and Vnukovo. Its cargo terminal is the largest in Moscow with a capacity of 800 tonnes per day.” she says. Domodedovo already handles over half of the country’s entire cargo. This year. vending machines. imaginative programme which is transforming Domodedovo and is stealing a considerable march on Moscow’s other two airports. employing skilled professionals to accompany disabled passengers during their stay. cafés. “We would also like to offer passengers and guests an opportunity to visit exhibitions in Domodedovo. It is the most advanced and comfortable airport in the country. says: “Moscow Domodedovo International Airport is number one in Russia. the Aerohotel gym plus a swimming pool will move to the terminal building. There is already a ‘personal cinema’ complex in operation. introducing the country’s first domestic flight X-ray scanner capable of tracking plastic explosives and non-metal weapons. which will be used in passenger security screening at all customs and border control points. inflight catering and a business jet service. Among other features of the development are logistic centres and a new educational and training centre on the first floor of the terminal. and is ranked 88th overall according to the latest ACI figures (2005).5% up on the same period in 2005. A unique project linking the passenger terminal to the airport railway station and the adjoining square has also been developed. “All these projects are incorporated in the airport city concept that is v being developed and implemented in Domodedovo. The project includes business parks. and take care of all their transportation needs from the moment they arrive until boarding the plane. Domodedovo led Russian aviation’s push towards improved security.
.36 KUALA LUMPUR Formula for success Ritesh Gupta reports on ambitious plans to make Kuala Lumpur International Airport a ‘destination in its own right’.
300sqm location has been identified outside the LCCT to develop a food court offering low-priced food and beverage options to budget airline passengers and customers. A new budget hotel close to the Low Cost Carrier Terminal (LCCT) is also in the pipeline.000 hectares. Today’s retail and F&B offering in the main passenger terminal covers just 5% of the total terminal floor area. leaving huge room v for expansion.KUALA LUMPUR 37 een on making maximum use of Kuala Lumpur International Airport’s active land bank of 10. Says Bustamam: “Projects in the pipeline include the construction and management of a standalone food court. the first of which is expected to be built within the next couple of years. and an Airside Transit Hotel located in the Satellite Building. .500sqm to 6. operator Malaysia Airports Holdings Berhad (MAHB). “The study will address space planning. a 2. The idea is to convert vacant space into retail outlets and transform promotional areas into full-fledge outlets (retail and F&B).2 million passengers per annum. a small lake for fishing and a shooting range. Thirdly. shopping malls and an amusement park. mainly aimed at increasing commercial value and addressing needs of landside passengers and customers. MAHB’s general manager of commercial services. Its plan centres around the creation of Gateway Park – a huge new commercial and recreational area devoted to non-aeronautical activity – that MAHB believes will be unique in Malaysia and establish Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) as a leading airport city. The plan entails increasing K retail space from present 4. is focusing on making the airport a ‘destination in its own right’. For KLIA. a retail optimisation study and retail facelift is being planned for KLIA’s Main Terminal Building (MTB) and Contact Pier (CP). which now accounts for four million of the gateway’s 23. plus technology-based services for passengers’ ease and convenience. a golf course. six retail outlets and five F&B outlets. product configuration and outlet size. target income achievable – approximately $54 million over seven years from the present and target implementation by 2008. operational since the airport’s 1998 inception. MAHB’s ambitious plans to transform KLIA into an airport city are in line with its desire to earn more money from non-aeronautical sources. more variety of retail products and services. MAHB’s commercial services division is currently involved in several major projects centering on retail space planning and product differentiation at major airports in the country. Gateway Park will be divided into a number of different ‘zones’ that will include today’s Formula One racing circuit and a new Business Park. It also has plans for cinemas.” says Umar Bustamam. The project is expected to be completed by the first quarter of 2007 and will complement today’s commercial facilities in the terminal building which comprise two duty free outlets.” The opening of the $30 million LCCT in March earlier this year has ensured that KLIA is better equipped to handle budget airline traffic. the organisation recently setting itself the target of making 50% of its revenue from non-aviation related activity by 2008. KLIA already has one five-star hotel – the 440-room Pan Pacific Hotel opposite the main terminal building – and MAHB’s airport city Masterplan calls for the addition of four more top-ranking hotels.300 acres. a horse riding centre. Covering an area of 2.000 vehicles. the first initiative is a Retail Optimisation Plan which aims to change the ambience and look and feel of the retail and F&B offering in the Satellite Building. The complex has parking for 30 aircraft and 72 check-in counters and a parking lot for up to 1. along with a host of other facilities ranging from corporate bungalows and hotels to hypermarkets. Travellers on a budget can today chose from either the Concorde Inn. Secondly. The other aspects are product placement reconfiguration to ensure that the right products are on sale at the right location with the highest visibility going to items typically purchased on impulse.200sqm within one year from 1 April 2007.
Becoming an airport city is high on the agenda of the world’s sixth busiest gateway. distribution facilities and merchandise marts. The airport’s core infrastructure of seven runways and five terminals combined with 38 its airlines. ith over 18. few gateways on the planet have more potential to develop into an airport city than Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). workforce and assortment of support facilities. office buildings. “Aerotropolises are corner-stoned by a muti-modal terminal or terminals containing a wide variety of commercial products and services plus a range of airport-linked businesses on airport property and immediately adjacent to it – hotels. writes Brian Murnahan. DFW is not just an emerging airport city. it is the core of an emerging Dallas-Fort Worth ‘aerotropolis’. Moving out up to 15 miles from the airport city . the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “Over the next ten years DFW will become a major airport city as the gateway effectively develops its 18. including ambitions – it is striving for more and wants to develop into a true airport city that offers airport and city resources and services ‘under one big roof’. But in Texas – where everything is big. Kenan-Flagler Business School.000 acres.000 acres of land at its disposal. W “In short.40 DALLAS/FORT WORTH Texas star Picture courtesy of Corgan Associates/Craig Blackmon. already ensure that it a ‘mini-city’ in its own right acting as a place of commerce and culture.” says John Kasarda.
” The landscape at DFW has certainly changed over the past last year with the addition of the new International Terminal D. is just minutes from the city centres of both Dallas and Fort Worth. a 600-acre retail. public works facilities. most recently. “The initial payment will likely be used to help pay down some debt.” according to Dan Petty. Our neighbour cities support the DFW’s employees and concessionaires. which jointly own it. Grand Hyatt Hotel and Skylink automated people mover system as the gateway has diligently worked to upgrade its facilities to best serve nearly 60mppa. “But DFW accelerated the process and has proved to be ‘the’ economic engine that drives this regional economy.” enthuses Kevin Cox. Oklahoma in September. but it is also the responsibility of DFW to contribute to the economic vitality of the region. “With the addition of Terminal D.” DFW. provides the basic essentials including law enforcement. with the addition of one flight coming to the market in August. we’re working to generate not just better economic conditions for airlines. An impressive 298-room Grand Hyatt Hotel with rooftop pool and spa and a $6 million art programme that opened in July 2005 have made DFW a cultural destination.” “North Texas would have probably become an economic powerhouse eventually.” says DFW’s CEO. “In May. logistic centres and. utilities and other central services.” says Fegan.000 per acre for a one-time bonus of $181 million. Jeff Fegan.” In addition. DFW’s chairman of the Board.” Inter-local agreements between DFW and surrounding cities allows for the distribution of taxes collected on the airport with the greater community. paid each year out of the airport’s $632 million budget. . office. natural gas drilling and retail developments. DFW has worked particularly hard to increase its non-airline revenue with expanded land leases for warehousing. DFW incorporated 33 pieces of original art in the design of the terminal. “DFW has sought non-airline revenue to supplement our budget since the airport opened in 1974. “DFW expects to sign a lucrative natural gas deal with Chesapeake Energy Corporation of Oklahoma City. Chesapeake is expected to turn over its first payment worth $181 million. “DFW works every day to improve the quality of air service out of North Texas with better facilities and greater selection. Of that $632 million. hotel and entertainment complexes and associated residential developments which make up the greater aerotropolis. “DFW anticipates this new non-airline revenue source will become one of our top four non-airline based sources of income. capital development projects. DFW is now proud to give tours of our art and we expect to begin rotating in new art to display throughout the airport. A restaurant plaza is expected to fill a void left five years ago after the 9-11 attacks. “The property would benefit the more than 50.” reveals Terrell.” comments Joe Lopano.” DFW. Cathay Pacific Cargo now flies four weekly flights to DFW. This new venture would provide DFW with more than just land lease revenue as we anticipate entering into a development deal where DFW can share the project’s success. “These cities are in part located adjacent to DFW in an effort to move a highly qualified workforce and supporting businesses closer to an employment focal point. chief operating officer for DFW. And in the past four years.” DFW has long been home to hotels and a golf course.” DFW is constantly working to provide the best opportunities for business. “The airport supports 268. namely the availability of dining space outside of security.5 million a year in economic impact. DFW staff presented updated plans for a 600-acre parcel of land known as Passport Park where we anticipate we can bring in both big and small box stores in an upscale environment. Drilling for natural gas. executive vice president of marketing and terminal management. bringing a market leading airline to DFW along with at least $8. president and CEO of the North Texas Commission.” says Cox.DALLAS/FORT WORTH 41 along expressways and interstate highways are stings and clusters of business and logistics parks. Chesapeake has brought DFW a unique and valuable resource we plan to take full advantage of from day one. Indeed. concessionaires and passengers but also the surrounding community.” admits Jan Collmer.000 men and women who work on DFW every day as well as the residents of our neighbouring communities. but recent developments have added unique architectural beauty and culture. like a city. more than $400 million annually are collected from sources v other than landing fees. In our effort to continue to improve DFW. which is larger in area than New York’s Manhattan Island. the gateway bound the two cities together in a rare joint venture 38 years ago.000 jobs and brings the region more than $14 billion annually. In addition. developing first class hotel and leisure activities as well as retail developments are on DFW’s menu of services benefiting the citizens and businesses of North Texas. “Upon signing the contract. Chesapeake and is partners will have two years to begin drilling for natural gas and will pay DFW annually a sum equal to 25% of their gross sales. light industrial and low-rise development is expected to be built on the airport’s southern edge. The first tenants are expected to be in place within three years. DFW is looking for other ways to leverage its land holdings to improve the airport’s bottom line. and other investment opportunities. “Inter-local agreements are not something for nothing. DFW has worked with the Nasher Sculpture Museum in Dallas to display four stunning sculptures at the new terminal. The new facility is expected to house flight information devices in addition to signage along the roadway indicating wait times at the restaurants. In addition.” The natural gas lease was bid at five times the minimum of $2. “Culture is unique to every community and at DFW we want to be the world’s front door to Texas. “Passport Park will include an upscale 125 to 150 acre retail development with plans to have light commercial and low rise elements adding to the already rich retail and business market along the south side of DFW. The airport successfully sold the North Texas marketplace to Cathay Pacific Cargo.
55 restaurants. Munich Airport also features a full-service grocery store and two bakeries. Munich Airport and Lufthansa decided in the late 1990s to jointly plan. . Spread out over a lush and verdant 1. Dr Michael Kerkloh: "Our goal is to become the most attractive and most efficient hub in Europe by 2010 – something we’re well on the way to achieving as we develop both Munich’s airside and landside offerings into an airport city that’s got everything from its own microbrewery to a full-service hospital. Just 14 years after the Munich Airport operator. Realising early on the benefits that closer cooperation would bring. With over 30 million passengers expected for the first time in the airport’s history in 2006." brilliance Offering passengers everything from a microbrewery to the kitchen sink. hairdresser. shoe-repair shop and multi-denominational chapel too. Munich Airport has doubled its passenger levels and tripled its cargo traffic to become Germany’s second biggest international gateway and Europe’s seventh busiest hub airport. national and travel banks. FMG. Erica Gingerich describes how Munich has grown from a city airport to an airport city. and then 56mppa by 2020. Since opening in May 1992. build. bars and cafes. that Munich can thank for its rapid transformation into such a cosmopolitan airport. dry cleaning services and an internet café – not to mention a swimming pool and spa. With an ideal location at the heart of the expanded European Union and serving one of Germany’s most dynamic cities and states – Munich and Bavaria – the gateway has developed into a modern and urbane small town with the accoutrement of an international capital. It’s the unique relationship with its hub partner. Lufthansa. Munich picked up the ‘Best Airport in Europe’ award for the second year running and was chosen third best worldwide in the Skytrax ‘Airport Awards 2006’ survey of over seven million passengers from around the world. a post office. branches of local. It’s this kind of diversity that makes this airport city popular with passengers. says CEO. In April 2006. Munich is one of the fastest growing hubs in Europe. over 215 retail outlets. finance and operate a new hub terminal. But it isn’t size alone that matters. Munich Airport boasts a size and economic importance that belies its youth.600 hectares and 38 kilometres northeast of downtown Munich. Munich Airport has gone from being a relatively small city airport to a large airport city.MUNICH 43 Bavarian D rivers approaching Munich from the north at night think they’ve already reached the city limits when they first see the mini-metropolis glow cast by Munich Airport. relocated from its Riem location close to downtown Munich to its new greenfield site.
The spacious and airy atmosphere is deliberate. our plans for a third runway to avoid capacity bottlenecks in the near future – to ensure that airlines and passengers are actually using its airport. Terminal 2 is the latest infrastructural addition to the Munich airport city. one of Germany’s best-equipped radiology clinics. as the original greenfield site facility opened in 1992 was built to blend in as harmoniously as possible with the surrounding countryside. Despite the 30 million-plus passengers annually and the 25." notes Kerkloh. he believes their existence is today still very much tied to the success of the airport as an aviation facility.000sqm glass and high-tech polymer roof.and events that include an annual traditional Christmas market replete with its own ice-skating rink in the 10.000sqm central forum. Pictures courtesy of Munich Airport. two main bars and two restaurants as well as pool/spa and fitness centre. Kerkloh is confident that Munich Airport’s transition from a city airport to an airport city is an example of how the ‘airport city’ has already begun to redefine the purpose and function of airports and. Terminal 1 was built to hug rather than dominate the landscape. Munich Airport has just about everything but the kitchen sink. that the majority of people coming to an airport aren’t there primarily to shop. and its six-level. while the slender. it was still missing a ‘city centre’ back then – a problem that was remedied by the opening of the Munich Airport Centre (MAC) in the autumn of the same year. digital and wireless network connectivity. ‘air brew’). which is literally steps away from the Terminal 2 arrivals area and a short walk from Terminal 1. the Munich airport city feels amazingly uncrowded. and rounded out its service spectrum to include a facility tailor-made to the needs of transferring passengers. thus earning it the moniker of ‘the white airport in the country’. the purpose of airports as part of a rapidly changing aviation v industry overall. then the airport city will also suffer. It was. modular pier construction got passengers from check-in to their gate in a jiffy. though. Terminal 1. depending on seating configuration. however. but as Kerkloh likes to emphasise. bars and cafes. together with the Central Area offers around 60 shops and eateries/cafes. go out to eat or enjoy leisure activities – they’re at an airport because they need to fly somewhere. a consortium of independent medical practices (including a dentist. Terminal 1 and the adjoining Central Area didn’t leave much room at all for retail or restaurants. which in 2004 also got a massive facelift to update its retail and restaurant outlets." says Kerkloh. . Municon can accommodate a total of 554 guests. 31. Nevertheless. the MAC is an enormous venue for concerts. "If the airport operator doesn’t take necessary steps such as infrastructural expansion – for example. The five-star Kempinski Airport Hotel. Nowadays. might have discovered had he landed (and been stranded) in Bavaria. an opthamologist and a laser-eye surgery centre) and Municon. “It’s not just the individual elements that make Munich such a dynamic airport city – it’s the way these elements work together as they would in a ‘real’ city.” As the Tom Hanks character (based on a real passenger stranded in transit at Paris CDG) in the Steven Spielberg film. also designed and constructed in the era before airport operators got wise to the enormous revenue potential of non-aviation offerings. That changed starting in 1999 with the complete remodelling of the Central Area to add more shops. The MAC is also the home of the world’s first airport microbrewery and outdoor ‘biergarten’. And even access to that could probably be arranged by befriending the cook at one of the airport’s numerous restaurants. and allows companies to avoid costly airport/conference to city centre taxi transfers with its convenient ‘fly-meet-fly’ concept. a business centre with analogue. While he thinks an airport city is vital to the success of the airport of the 21st century. Kerkloh admits. With 28 conferencing rooms. restaurants and service areas. in a larger context. Terminal 2 doubled Munich’s then-existing capacity to over 50 million passengers annually. A huge. open-air forum covered with a 22. has 343 rooms and 46 suites. and although airport cities might one day become viable entities in and of themselves once they reach a certain size. ‘The Terminal’. a full-service conference centre.MUNICH 45 This airport-airline ‘marriage’ has been a successful one so far. So. a physiotherapist.000sqm area also houses offices. That said. Airbräu (literally. When it opened in June 2003. and rounds out the airport’s conferencing facilities with 30 conference and banquet rooms. "That’s why airports – including Munich – have to remain competitive transport centres first and foremost.000 employees working on the airport campus.
The gateway has also begun another $1 billion project – the construction of a new international terminal.1 billion. Hartsfield-Jackson expects its passenger figures to grow to more than 125mppa by 2020. And its 85. residential and recreational development projects that will tie them more strongly to the airport economically. the environmentally friendly new terminal will have 14 gates. located east of the existing 28-gate international Concourse E on land formerly occupied by maintenance buildings. not only will increase its capacity but will help Atlanta to blossom into a true airport city.46 ATLANTA Thinking big Chris Kjelgaard reports on the airport city development plans of the world’s busiest gateway. 10 of them international gates for widebody aircraft. this would then need to be enlarged and its roadway access expanded. which owns and operates it.000. Last year its payroll totalled $2. Meanwhile. according to DeCosta. Growth after 2020 will require additional terminal capacity. says DeCosta. and eventually it could grow to serve up to 155mppa. when completed by 2012. a newly completed 9. and the airport is now four years into a $6 billion-plus development programme that. To ensure the airport can handle the growth. Since all the southern concourses’ passengers would obtain access via the main terminal. Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the biggest single-site employer in the south-eastern USA. Atlanta’s workforce and its activities are already city-sized.5 million cubic yards of earth to build the site up 40ft to the same level as the existing taxiways. the seven communities surrounding the gateway have launched a variety of commercial. and already has increased the airport’s movement rate at times to over 120 aircraft an hour.4 billion and its total regional economic impact was $18. it has already become important in minimising bad-weather delays “along the eastern seaboard” of the USA. as well as new roadways to connect the terminal directly to the nearby highway to the east. while also supporting its growth as an urban centre. says Ben DeCosta. The project also includes construction of a 2.7 billion. named after former Atlanta mayor Maynard H Jackson Jr. The first phase would have 15-30 gates. Runway 10-28 will increase Atlanta’s hourly aircraft movement capacity by 50% from 90 to 135. The runway eventually will handle take-offs too. launched a ten-year development plan in 2002. that will be connected to the main terminal by an underground people-mover.000-space parking structure. Used initially for landings. . says DeCosta.000ft southern runway that cost over $1.9 million passengers and 981. the city of Atlanta. W ith a workforce of 55. The plan’s first major construction project. Atlanta is now planning southern terminal concourses. Consequently. is the airport’s fifth and probably the last that will be built on the site. Hartsfield-Jackson’s aviation general manager.000 aircraft movements last year made it the world’s busiest airport – a title it hopes to win again for 2006. Due for completion by 2011. The airport has already spent $200 million on razing these buildings and moving 1.
The second. providing more space on the main terminal floor by removing existing checked-baggage screening areas. Forest Park wants to provide frequent transport links between the airport and a revitalised farmers’ market to make it a major attraction for passengers. the attractive old community of Hapeville.v . highways and the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) bus network directly by road to the new international terminal – similar to the existing line connecting the main terminal with downtown Atlanta. because Atlanta has established maximum allowable concentrations of both ozone and particulate matter. she says. is the $46 million construction of a new ‘end-around’ taxiway to allow aircraft arriving on the landing runway 8L-26R to taxi to the midfield terminal ramps without having to cross the take-off runway. the fewer ground-hold delays that arriving and departing aircraft face. due to the cost. Given the fast pace of on and off-airport development. Although much roadway construction would be needed to give the site access to the airport and major highways.” Atlanta has also embarked upon two other big projects. nearly completed and involving the installation of nearly four miles of baggage conveyor belts. Nearby. whose restaurants have long been frequented by airport employees. where the airport purchased residential land years ago and demolished the housing for noise mitigation reasons. These will allow passengers to check in their luggage at airline ticket desks without having to drag it to screening areas. is the $170 million construction of two automated. The gateway has far-sightedly reserved a right of way for an automated people-mover line from Mountain View to the international terminal. Shelley Lamar. beginning this September. and CONRAC will serve them as well as the airport. North of the airport. is the $92 million refurbishment of Runway 8R-26L and its associated taxiways. Other communities surrounding Hartsfield-Jackson are also pursuing airport-related developments. Second is the $480 million construction of a consolidated rental car facility (called CONRAC). South of the airport. One. “It’s all about delay reduction. College Park and Clayton County are making better use of their proximity to it by re-zoning land for warehousing and commercial activities. Both the end-around taxiway and the new southern runway are particularly important in terms of improving environmental quality for Hartsfield-Jackson and its surrounds. if plans mature for a regional railway line linking Atlanta with Macon – and potentially even with Hilton Head in South Carolina – it could go through the Mountain View development. Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson looks set to become even more economically im. the airport’s director of environmental services. Four miles from the airport. due for completion within the next six months.” he explains. says plans call for the development of an office.000 rental car parking spaces. Additionally. planning manager. Atlanta hopes to develop an intermodal transport hub there to connect rail. One. An exciting opportunity for airport city development lies to the east of Hartsfield-Jackson in the community of Mountain View. the city of East Point has built warehousing and is now in the second phase of developing a big retail centre that features a huge sports facility. office complexes and restaurants to serve the convention centre. which will hold all ten car rental agencies serving the airport and provide about 9. located nearby in the city of College Park. is looking at ways to boost airport-related growth. says Tom Nissalke. “We’re very much focusing on air quality. warehousing and retail centre that also will feature ‘white tablecloth’ restaurants and 9. in-line screening facilities for checked baggage under the main terminal building.000 new off-airport parking spaces for airport users. residential development has been rapid recently in all the communities surrounding it. Plans are afoot also to expand the venerable College Park golf course and build a golf-cart bridge to provide easy access from the hotels to the course. the city of Forest Park is planning extensive refurbishment of its state farmers’ market. CONRAC will be connected to the gateway’s main terminal by an elevated people-mover that will feature an intermediate stop at the Georgia International Convention Center. College Park plans to build four hotels. which is presently open-air. In pace with Hartsfield-Jackson growth. and two major hospitals located a few minutes’ drive from the airport also are expanding accordingly.ATLANTA 47 Two important on-airport projects involve Hartsfield-Jackson’s northern runway-taxiway complex. though Lamar concedes traffic demand would need to be high to build it. the less fuel their engines burn idling.
EXHIBITION GUIDE 49 .
Tianjin Binhai International Airport.50 FLOORPLAN Floorplan C5 & C6 C7 & C8 C20-C22 & C26-C28 C28 C27 C26 C22 C21 C20 A54 A53 A52 A51 A50 A49 A48 A47 A46 A45 A44 A43 A42 A41 A40 A39 A38 A37 A36 A35 A34 Hangzhou Xiaoshan Airport Authority Hong Kong Beijing Capital Airports Holding Company. Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport. Wuhan Tianhe International Airport A4 & A13 A5 & A14 A9 A17 A24 A25 & A33 A29 A30 & A31 A32 A34 A35 A36 A37 & A38 Kingsmen Airport World Internet Café Sponsor Ove Arup Dallas/Fort Worth SSP ThyssenKrupp Airport Systems Ingersoll Rand Nuance-Watson Cafe de Coral Fast Food Ltd LaRossa NEC Travelex This floorplan and exhibitor list may be subject to change .
Hong Kong International Airport All delegates and partners are invited to attend from 6pm onwards A17 A14 A13 A11 A10 A9 A8 A5 A4 A2 A1 A3 A39 A41 A42 A43 A44 A45 & A50 A46 A47 A48 A49 A51 A52 A53 & A54 Plaza Premium Lounge Meinhardt Asian Aerospace 2007 Chu Kong Passenger Transport Co Ltd International Currency Exchange JCDecaux Pearl & Dean Kwoon Chung Bus Holdings Mott Connell Ltd GE Security TurboJet Landrum & Brown BAA International Worldwide Flight Services September 13 2006 Airport & SkyCity Tour Guided tour around Hong Kong International Airport e .FLOORPLAN 51 C11 C8 C7 C6 C5 C3 C2 A33 A32 A31 A30 A29 A28 A27 A26 A25 A24 A23 A22 A21 A20 A19 A18 September 11 2006 Gala Dinner. Reception & Entertainment East Meets West at AsiaWorld-Expo.
Zhao Feng Plaza No 1027 Changning Road Shanghai.email@example.com +8610 6456 3947 President’s Office Capital Airports Holding Company Beijing International Airport Chaoyang District Beijing 100621 CHINA A29 ThyssenKrupp Airport Systems Julie Sun firstname.lastname@example.org +852 2261 0856 5N029 Level 5 Passenger Terminal Building Hong Kong International Airport Lantau HONG KONG Exhibitors C20 –C22 & C26 –C28 Capital Airports Holding Peng Fan email@example.com EXHIBITORS C5 & C6 Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Xu Xin Hua xxh@hzairport. Box 619428 DFW Airport.firstname.lastname@example.org +86 76 0333 9682 Chengnan 5 Road.O. Festival Walk 80 Tat Chee Avenue Kowloon Tong.hk + 852 2870 6798 Suite 601-604.com + 86 21 5410 1110 Room 801-802. HONG KONG . 20050 CHINA A17 Ove Arup & Partners Hong Kong Ltd Grant Robertson grant.com +852 2183 3035 1 Cheong Yip Road Hong Kong International Airport Lantau HONG KONG A25 & A33 Select Service Partner Asia Pacific Antonio Persson antonio.com +972 574 8063 Commercial Development P.com. Tung Chung Lantau.wong@hkairport. Texas 75261 USA C7 & C8 Airport Authority Hong Kong Henry Wong henry. Kowloon HONG KONG A32 Nuance-Watson (HK) Ltd Alessandra Piovesana email@example.com +852 2268 3518 Level 5. South District Zhongshan 528455 Guangdong Providence CHINA A5 & A14 Airport World Jonathan Lee firstname.lastname@example.org. Middlesex TW1 3RW UNITED KINGDOM A30 & A31 Ingersoll Rand Jun Du email@example.com. One Citygate 20 Tat Tung Road.com +86 0571 8666 1123 Hangzhou Xiaoshan International Airport Hangzhou CHINA A24 Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Doug Bryan firstname.lastname@example.org + 44 208 831 7563 Sovereign House 26/30 London Road Twickenham.
hk +852 23070880 83. Shating HONG KONG A42 Asian Aerospace 2007 Annie Ma Annie.email@example.com. Hopewell Centre 183 Queens Road East Wanchai HONG KONG .2 Building.hk + 852 2733 5546 NEC Hong Kong Limited 25th Floor. 52200 MALAYSIA A51 Landrum & Brown Worldwide Services Elizabeth Bosher elandb@netvigator.EXHIBITORS 53 A34 Cafe de Coral Group Mandy Ho firstname.lastname@example.org + 852 2693 6218 No 5 –13.com.com + 6017 688 9884 5 Jalan Meranti SD 13/7 Bandar Sri Damansarg Kuala Lumpur. Chen Hua email@example.com@reedexpo.com +86 21 2307 1888 Homeland Protection Asia No.com + 852 3150 8810 6T512 Passenger Terminal Building Hong Kong International Airport Lantau HONG KONG A46 Kwoon Chung Bus Holdings Tiffany Yuen tiffany_yuen@hotelink. General Post Office 2. Ltd.hk +852 28285757 40th Floor.com.com. Tower 1 Millennium City 1 388 Kwun Tong Road.hk + 852 2853 9888 Unit 2210-2218.com.com +44 12 9350 5541 London Gatwick Airport Gatwick RH6 0NP UNITED KINGDOM A39 Plaza Premium Lounge Linda Song linda@plaza-asia. Level 22.com. The Metropolis Tower. Wo Shui Street Fo Tan.hk +852 2862 7230 22/F Admiralty Centre.com +852 9188 4225 PO Box 5931.com.. Kwun Tong Kowloon HONG KONG A45 & A50 JCDecaux Pearl & Dean Teresa Fung teresa. The Center 99 Queen's Road Central HONG KONG A48 GE Security Vicki Ho vicki. Connaught Place. Wah Ming Centre 421 Queen's Road West HONG KONG A47 Mott Connell Limited David Mepham david.com +852 2238 1129 23/F China Merchants Tower Shun Tak Centre 168 Connaught Road Central Sheung Wan HONG KONG A43 Chu Kong Passenger Transport Co.hk +852 28591593 10/F Chu Kong Shipping Tower 143 Connaught Road Central HONG KONG A49 TurboJET Eva Ho evah@turbojet. 8 Chong Fu Road Chai Wan HONG KONG A53 & A54 Worldwide Flight Services Debbie Toledanes firstname.lastname@example.org@mottconnell. Hing Wah Street West Lai Chi Kok Kowloon HONG KONG A36 NEC Joanna Siu email@example.com@hkri. Tower 2 18 Harcourt Road HONG KONG A52 BAA International Clive Cranwell Clive_cranwell@baa.com + 852 2859 5661 4/F.firstname.lastname@example.org XinZha Road Shanghai 200040 CHINA A35 La Rossa Violet Lam violet.hk +852 2965 1680 Unit 3011.hk +852 2985 0138 Worldwide House 1501A 19 Des Voeux Road Central District HONG KONG All exhibitor details correct at the time of going to press A41 Meinhardt Aviation Prudence Lai aviation@meinhardtgroup. 30/F. Central District HONG KONG A37 & A38 Travelex plc Claudia Cheung email@example.com +852 3193-9333 3/F No. Hunghom Kowloon HONG KONG A44 International Currency Exchange Victor Jee firstname.lastname@example.org.
54 SPONSORS AND EVENTS & would like to thank the following companies that made this event possible: host venue official airline platinum sponsors platinum gala dinner sponsors gold sponsors silver sponsors bronze sponsor organiser welcome reception hosts gold gala dinner sponsors media sponsors Airport Cities International Gateways To Regional Economic Development Our next event: Frankfurt. 2007 Alex Kirby Sponsorship Enquiries Managing Director Phone: +44 (0) 20 8831 7502 email@example.com Andrew Hazell Sponsorship/Exhibition Enquiries Conference & Exhibition Manager Phone: +44 (0) 20 8831 7518 firstname.lastname@example.org .com for more info visit: www.airportconference.com Melissa Hall General/Delegate Enquiries Marketing Executive Phone: +44 (0) 20 8831 7517 melissa@airportconference. Germany – April 25-26.
When the company started trading at Hong Kong International Airport in 1998.’ Daren shares Ms Tsang’s belief that the bars and restaurants chosen for SkyPlaza will be a hit with visitors. as Daren explains: ‘All our employees are ambassadors for the airport as well as for SSP. this number has risen. the grand scheme is important. Our marketing manager. and with the opening of SkyPlaza.’ SkyPlaza required concepts that set it apart and catered for a wide variety of demands – from passengers as well as local visitors. but they also help passengers by other tasks such as finding their way to the gates. Over the years. Daren Lau. Managing Director of SSP’s Asia Pacific region says that SSP’s unrivalled knowledge of the airport gained over many years was instrumental in helping it to win the new contracts at SkyPlaza. Ms Eva Tsang. We were also impressed with the originality of the concepts they proposed. and will play a key role in driving our business forward over the coming months. SSP’s relationship with the Hong Kong Airport Authority was forged long before plans for the SkyPlaza development began.’ As the business matures. and Daren’s team in Hong Kong is well qualified to meet this challenge.’ For more information contact: Daren Lau. ‘Our experience in the main terminals meant that we knew what would work for passengers. General Manager of Retail and Advertising Business at Airport Authority Hong Kong commented: ‘We have had a long and successful partnership with SSP. and are able to manage the complexities of airport life such as working in many languages or dealing with foreign currency. They serve food. However the solid on-going relationship between Airport Authority Hong Kong and SSP gave the Authority the confidence in SSP’s ability to deliver the quality and creativity demanded at such a high profile project.’ But skills and knowledge are not just important at management level. Thomas Lui. They also know how to deal with customers who may find themselves in stressful situations such as when facing delays. growth is a primary objective. it had just three units. But the smaller details are also equally important. and how we could run a profitable operation at the new development. However. SSP Asia Pacific Tel: +852 2136 0691 Tian Xia is a new dumpling concept that will feature at Hong Kong’s SkyPlaza terminal . has much experience in marketing to increase penetration. When working on an ambitious project like SkyPlaza. for example. it will operate 24.SSP all set for SkyPlaza Food and beverage specialist SSP outlines its plans for Hong Kong’s SkyPlaza and explains the reasons why it was chosen to help turn the vision for Sky City into a reality A mong the eagerly awaited new facilities at the prestigious new SkyPlaza terminal will be a range of bars and restaurants created by SSP. ‘We have a strong blend of international brands such as a Burger King and Famous Famiglia. and we were confident that it would be able to continue to meet our exacting standards at SkyPlaza. There is something to suit all tastes. Managing Director. ‘We have assembled an impressive management group that is ideally suited to achieve our current objectives. along with newly created concepts such as our Vietnamese restaurant Green Cottage and our dumpling outlet Tian Xia.