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III). It runs on the HP 9000 PA-RISC-based range of processors and HP Integrity systems that are based on Intel's Itanium-processors. HP-UX was also available for later Apollo/D omain systems, and earlier versions ran on the HP 9000 Series 200, 300, and 400 computer systems based on the Motorola 68000 series of processors, as well as th e HP 9000 Series 500 computers based on HP's proprietary FOCUS processor archite cture. HP-UX was the first Unix to offer access control lists for file access permissio ns as an alternative to the standard Unix permissions system. HP-UX was also amo ng the first Unix systems to include a built-in logical volume manager. HP has h ad a long partnership with Veritas Software, and integrates VxFS as the primary file system. HP-UX 11i is currently credited with leadership in integrated missi on-critical virtualization , observed performance, high availability and mana geability. The current shipping release is HP-UX 11i v3 (11.31) with the September 2010 upd ate release (the 7th update for HP-UX 11i v3). HP-UX 11i v3 now ships on the industry's only 8-socket UNIX blade system. Contents [hide] * 1 Characteristics * 2 Release history o 2.1 Versions * 3 Earlier history * 4 Operating environments o 4.1 See also * 5 References * 6 External links  Characteristics Since about 2000 the focus of HP-UX has increasingly been on enhanced reliabilit y, security, workload management, and partitioning. The reliability is provided through single-system quality and self-healing, and in multi-system installation s, clustering technology and application failover on a system outage, as well as error monitoring and correction. HP-UX 11i offers a common root disk for its cl ustered file system. HP Serviceguard is the cluster solution for HP-UX. HP Globa l Workload Management adjusts workloads to optimize performance, and integrates with Instant Capacity on Demand so installed resources can be paid for in 30-min ute increments as needed for peak workload demands. Security is integrated in HP-UX, with full 'trusted mode' shipping with v3. F eatures significantly increased with 11i v2, with the addition of kernel-based i ntrusion detection, strong random number generation, stack buffer overflow prote ction, security partitioning, role-based access management, and various open sou rce security tools. System partitioning (virtualization) ranges from hardware partitions to isolated OS virtual partitions on cell-based servers, and HP Virtual Machines (VMs) on a ll Integrity servers. HP VMs support guests running on HP-UX 11i v3 hosts - gues ts can run Linux, Windows, OpenVMS 8.4 or HP-UX. HP supports online VM guest mig ration, where encryption can secure the guest contents during migration. HP-UX 11i v3 scales as follows: * 128 processor cores * 2 TB main memory
9. so that series 800 jumped from 3.09 (s700).08 (s700).x (1988) Series 600/800 only. a method of allowing a fileserver to serve different configurations and binaries ( and even architectures) to different client machines in a heterogeneous environm ent.x (January 1991) Support for 300/400 600/700/800 HP systems.5 to 7. Such a scheme was someti mes exploited by hackers to hide exploits.x version fo r series 200 at an earlier date. The easiest was to determine the platform that a version of HP-UX 9.02.1 to 7. Even numbers ran on servers.01.0 (1987) First release for series 800.0 for the HP Integral PC. od d numbers ran on workstations. tog ether with TruCluster software. Supported series 200.0 (1984) Support for the HP Integral PC (embedded ROM version)basic kernel runs from ROM. With 11.05.  Versions 1. CDFs and the CDF filesystem were d ropped with release 10. but the effective result was a dual version-numbering scheme. HP used a decimal version numbering scheme with the first number giving the major release and the number following the decimal showing the minor release. The i was intended to indicate the OS is Internet-enabled. 3.00. 3.x was really contempor ary with 6. 2.x) also introduced a feature of context dependent files (CDF). 10.0 (1985) Updated and renamed HP-UX 1. 9. t he Tru64 for AlphaServer hardware platform.x/6.03.  Release history Prior to the release of HP-UX version 11. A directory containing such files had its suid bit set and was made hidden from both ordinary and root processes under normal use. The two lines were united at 7. 7. There may have been a different 2.09+ (s700).x/3.03) /800 HP systems. 8. Introduced SAM.0.11.0 and series 300 fro m 6. These provided support for the series 300. but discontinued AlphaServer manufacturing in 20 07.x would run on was by the last digit. 9. so. HP obtained another Unix-based system.x (with different minor numbers for different series). e. 9.The Logical Volume M anager (LVM) was presented at 9. 6.04 (s600/s800).* 32 TB maximum file system * 16 TB maximum file size * 100 million ZB storage With the acquisition of Compaq in 2001. Introduced sockets from 4.10 (s300/s400 only). HP continues to sell Tru64 UNIX. other commands are disk based. 600/700 (in 7. 5. 9. 300 and 500. 9. 700 and 800 HP systems. HP made a marketing decision to name their releases 11i followed by a v(decimal-number) for the version.x (1988) Support for 300 series only.00 for s800 as a replacement for the older metho ds of disk management. This version (t ogether with 3. 9. 9.x (1990) Support for 300/400. 9.3BSD.x (July 1992?1995) 9. Shared libraries introduced.g.x (for series 200/300/400). (The OS no longer support ed the older series.11.x (for series 600/800) were developed in pa rallel with 5.) There was also a significant change in the layout in the s .0 (1995) This major release saw a convergence of the operating system between the ser ies 700 (workstation) and series 800 (server) systems.01. Provided OSF/Moti f. Note: 2.x.07 (s300/s400/s700). 9. 9..
this release of HP-UX introduced the concept of Operating Environments.20 (1996) This release included support for PA-RISC processors that support PA2.30 (1997) This was primarily a developer release with various incremental enhancements .20 (2001) Also known as 11i v1. Pluggable Authentication Modules (PAM) were introd uced for use within CDE. (The last two were intended for HP 9000 workstations.23. 10.04 Virtual Vault release. kernel event Notifications. It also included tools and d ocumentation to convert 32-bit code to 64-bit. Loadable Kernel Modules.08 (1996) 10. based on the AT&T SVR4 UNIX standard. sym metric multiprocessing.5. Various changes to system calls were also made. 10. Other versions supported the V-class server in a single cabinet configuration. inc luding 64-bit data registers.d. interconnected by a hyperplane crossbar. and protected stacks. NFS over TCP/IP. providing enhanced security featur es. These are bundled groups of la yered applications intended for use with a general category of usage. 11.10 (1996) 10. This OS also provided the first support for Kernel Threads.24 This is a Virtual Vault release of HP-UX. and removed via the Software Distri butor (SD) tools.0. The root file system could be configured to use the Ver itas File System (VxFS).3. dynamic kernel tunable p arameters. The availa ble types were the Mission Critical. It was not availab le separately. giga bit ethernet.10 also added JFS 3. and a new ftpd. this release of HP-UX was the first to support the n . It was released in December. shipped. AutoFS. previous releases had been 32-bit only.02 (1995) 10. a variant o f UFS) until version 11. 11.10 ran on the SCA versions where two servers are stacked on top of each other.00 (1997) The first HP-UX release to also support 64-bit addressing.16 (1996) 10. Technical Computing. Virtual Vault is a compartmentalised operating system in which each file is assigned a compartment and processes only have access to files in the appropriat e compartment and unlike most other UNIX systems the superuser (or root) does no t have complete access to the system without following correct procedures. with a 1x1 thread model (each user thread is bound to one ke rnel thread). installed. and support by HP ended on June 30. Applications were removed from /usr and moved under /opt. It supported 1×1 kernel threads. the file syste m used for the boot kernel remained Hi Performance FileSystem (HPFS. Enterprise. startup configuration files were pl aced under /etc/rc. users were moved to /home from /users. 2000. fibre channel. The use of PAM continued to expand in the system security components.20 also supported 32-bit user and group identifie rs. 11. This and earlier releases of HP-UX ar e now effectively obsolete. Software for HP-UX was now packaged. 11. too. The prior limit was 60.30 was also the first release of HP-UX that was fully year 2000 compliant.01 (1995) 10. 10. 128-CPU support. Internet. 2003.11 (2000) Also known as 11i. and NFS PV3.03 (1996) 10. 11. ) The main enhancements with this release were support for hard partitions. 10. For legacy as well as technical reasons. 11. or 16-bit. It could still run 32-bit applications on a 64-bit system .000.10 This was a limited release to support the V2500 SCA (Scalable Computing Arch itecture) and V2600 SCA servers. 11.config. LVM was made available for s700.ystem files and directories. This release was also deemed Y2K-compliant.09 (1996) 10. and Minimal Technical OEs. 10.
Updates for the 11iv3 are released periodoc ally. This release supports both PA-RISC and IA-64. released in September 2010 . and supported HP's Logical Volume Manager on IA-64. added more dynami c kernel tunable parameters. 11. IPv6 and a strong random number generation. this release includes support for ccNUMA. it was designated 11 i v1. 11. MxN threads. This version achieved 64-way scalability. Be sides running on IA-64 systems.ew line of Itanium-based (IA-64) systems. This version is also identified as 11i v2. Major new feature s include native multipathing support. NFS v4. It was built from the 11i v1 source code stream. It did provide support for running PA-RISC compiled applications on IA-64 syst ems.1. with the latest being update 7 . In September 200 4 the OS was updated to provide support for both Itanium and PA-RISC systems. 2007.6.23 (2003) The original release of this version was in September 2003 to support the It anium-based systems. HP-UX 11i v3 conforms to The Open Group's UNIX 03 standard. and for Veritas Volume Manager 3. a unified file cache.. 11. web-ba sed kernel and device configuration. multi-volume VxFS. Hyperthreading is supp orted on Itanium systems with Montecito processors. Veritas Clu sterFS.22 (2002) An incremental release of the Itanium version of HP-UX. It was released on February 15. It was not intended for mission critic al computing environments and did not support HP's ServiceGuard cluster software . and integrated virtualization.31 (2007) This release is also identified as HP-UX 11i v3.