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Overhung Centrifugal Compressors
D Series Single-Stage
Our team provides complete solutions to all segments of the industry.000 machines installed worldwide. reliable service in heavy-duty industrial applications. A long history of innovation and service Technology is the backbone of this industry and GE is well known as a leader in the field – with more than 100 years of experience in compression solutions for oil and gas applications. These extended capabilities. Whether controlled by adjustable inlet guide vanes or by variable speed operation. tough performance For over 40 years. Our Oil & Gas business includes manufacturing plants. the compressor can meet a wide range of varying flow and pressure requirements. • Axial. distributors and representatives. high volume applications. we are keenly aware of the impact that new technology can and does have on our customers’ operations – so we are continually searching for innovative ways to help improve the performance and efficiency of our equipment. chlorine. Time-tested. wide-ranging flexibility and long service life. We continually invest the time and resources to develop more efficient products and processes. For low pressure. last longer and meet or exceed every customer’s specifications. incorporating a single overhung impeller with a shaft mounted on two tilting-pad radial bearings. With different combinations of materials. universities and other industry leaders. GE technology developers work closely with other GE Technology Centers of Excellence. With a variety of models and seal options. Recent initiatives include the establishment of ISO 9000 design and production consistency. high volume applications. including mechanical vapor recompression. reciprocating. single-stage centrifugal compressors are designed for lower pressure.500 dedicated employees worldwide who are backed by an extensive network of partners. How they work Gas enters the compressor axially and is accelerated by the rotating impeller.D Series Single-Stage Compressors Overhung. Packages can be tailored to meet specific customer specifications as well as API and other industry standards. Modifications and Uprates (CM&Us) that enable customers to introduce the latest technology into their installed equipment 3 . This simple compressor design. we have assembled a world-class team of oil and gas specialists and provided them with the most sophisticated engineering tools available. Products and Solutions GE offers complete solutions from initial project conception through installation. and customer-focused processes designed to meet special job data and submittal requirements. To date. and impeller configurations. from production to transmission and processing. Our Six Sigma quality management system helps ensure trouble-free operation and short lead times. service facilities and technical support offices in 48 countries. Our products include a full line of compression equipment: No matter what the sector or the challenge. process gas boosters and many more. sulfuric acid plants. the kinetic energy of the gas is converted into pressure energy in the parallel wall diffuser and the compressor volute or collecting ring. with a broad and expanding portfolio of high-tech products and services. we can tailor a system to meet your specific needs. and 5. form a unique resource that our customers are able to leverage to their advantage. centrifugal. combined with longstanding experience and a history of innovation. power generation and cogeneration applications • Expanders for energy recovery • Pumps • Static equipment from heavy-wall reactors to valves and metering equipment Service solutions include full turnkey plant capabilities from conceptual design to installation and start-up: • Complete aftermarket services for rotating equipment including machinery uprating • Life extension and Contractual Service Agreements (CSAs) • Complete pipeline integrity and optimization services • Conversions. In order to achieve this goal. life-cycle support and decommissioning. we have more than 40. At the impeller exit. We offer shared technology strengths from across the global GE organization and regularly partner with customers to develop innovative solutions to the most demanding applications. focused objective: to manufacture and service top-quality compressors that work better. we have built single-stage compressors that deliver consistent. D Series compressors are capable of handling a wide range of gases and processes. our single-stage overhung compressors offer a compact design. combustion air. seal designs. provides many years of dependable service. screw and rotary vane compressors • Gas and steam turbines for mechanical drive. processes for expanding flow and head capabilities. This success is the result of a single.
electric or manual operators • Variety of housing materials to suit customer needs • Standard vanes made of 316 stainless steel 4 Efficient impellers • Milled. broadening operating range • Pneumatic. other materials available depending on application • Low point drain on all casings 5 5 2 Inlet nozzles • Removable • Cast iron standard. double-acting thrust bearings • Interchangeable shoes for each bearing size • Horizontal split housing and bearing eases inspection and maintenance 10 High speed couplings • Unlubricated couplings • Include spacers and guards 5 5 1 5 6 2 10 9 8 7 4 3 Outstanding features designed for top performance and minimal maintenance 5 4 . simplify maintenance • Shaft and impeller assembled and balanced as a unit • Entire element can normally be removed and installed without removing impeller from shaft • Integral thrust collars 9 Selection of bearings • Full line of pivoted-shoe radial bearing packages • Tilt-pad. fabricated or cast • Available in a variety of materials and configurations • Absence of shroud ring reduces particle accumulation 5 O-rings • Ensure tight fit to avoid contamination or leakage • Ease disassembly and reassembly of compressor 6 Exclusive balance ring on back of impeller • Permits trim balancing while compressor remains in place • No removal of process piping or inlet nozzle required • Reduces downtime 7 Variety of shaft seals • Configurations available to suit specific applications including: – multiple labyrinth type – segmented carbon ring type – dry gas seals 8 Rotating elements • Designed to boost uptime. other materials available depending on application 3 Optional inlet guide vanes • Creates infinite array of performance characteristics • Maximizes efficiency in variable operating conditions • Power savings of up to 15% possible • Increases turndown.1 Heavy-duty casings • Cast iron standard.
000 fps) .611 kW Air blower in fertilizer plant Model: D48JR Volume: 124.Milled titanium (above 1. forged hub/welded blades or cast impeller • Material options . if specified • Coupling fit to meet specific requirements – Keyed cylindrical fit – Tapered hydraulic fit • Renewable stainless sleeve in seal area Casing • Cast iron for lower working pressure • Smaller machines go to 200 psig/13.540 rpm Inlet: 14.760 m3/hr Speed: 3.400 m3/hr Speed: 3. steel and stainless steel available • Nickel plated housing for steam applications • One-piece 316 stainless steel vanes • Teflon bushings at vane shafts • Other materials available for specific applications Typical installations Sulfuric acid production Model D42JR Volume: 100.915 rpm Inlet: 11.500 hp / 5.AISI 4140 alloy steel .506 kW Mechanical vapor recompression Model: D42JR Volume: 90.65 bar a Driver: 6.452 rpm Inlet: 15.45 psia / 1.500 hp / 2.49 bar a Driver: 3.03 bar a Discharge: 21.000 to 20.Other materials available for specific applications • Speeds: 2. no key required or hydraulic removal.400 fps) .040 ICFM / 210.750 m3/hr Speed: 3.300 ICFM / 170.595 kW 6 7 .17-4 stainless steel (to 1.98 bar a Discharge: 24.Single-stage compressor details Frame sizes • Backplate support: D8 to D36 • Centerline support: D42 to D72 Impeller options • 12-78” diameter • One-piece milled impeller.600 rpm Inlet: 8.900 m3/hr Speed: 4.03 bar a Driver: 7.000 rpm Shaft • Single-piece bar stock or forging • Integral thrust collar • Tapered impeller fit.0 psia / 1.3 psia / 0.700 hp / 3.000 ICFM / 152.6 psia / 1.410 stainless steel (to 1.8 bar g with steel casing • Other materials available for specific applications Inlet nozzle • Cast iron • Nickel plated for steam applications • Other materials available Backplate • Fabricated steel or cast iron • Other materials available Inlet guide vane assembly • Cast iron housing.25 psia / 0.400 fps) .000 ICFM / 407.0 psia / 1.8 bar a Discharge: 20.41 bar a Driver: 4.63 psia / 0.57 bar a Discharge: 14.745 kW Main air supply for wind tunnel facility Model: D54JR Volume: 240.360 hp / 4.9 psia / 1.
Control panels Panel enclosures typically include instrumentation designed to integrate the compressor into the specific installation’s operating philosophy. the bearings and housing are split. these segmented carbon rings are held in position by two garter springs and antirotation stops. only the affected parts must be replaced. The bearing can be removed without disturbing the shaft. pivoted-shoe radial bearings and tilt-pad. these seals contain a buffering port for gas or steam. Other seal arrangements are available. Carbon ring Used where more positive sealing is required and only a small amount of buffering gas usage is acceptable. Each shoe is self-aligning to compensate for shaft angularity. Carbon rings are stacked in the chamber and fastened in place by an end plate bolted to the seal housing. Each segment of the blanket is comprised of a heavy lead sheet surrounded by layers of fiberglass mat encased in an oil-resistant covering. gas turbines. providing accessibility for inspection or removal of the seal. double-acting thrust bearings are used exclusively on all heavy-duty. Shoes for each bearing size are completely interchangeable. a lubrication console provides clean. Drivers Most drivers are electric motors or steam turbines. A stainless steel wire hook-and-loop system facilitates installation and removal. For easy inspection and maintenance. Sound attenuation A custom designed sound attenuation blanket can be affixed to the exterior of the compressor casing. Bearing packages To ensure reliable service. Lubrication Console Designed to exacting standards as an integral part of each component. cool. Monitoring equipment measures shaft vibration and bearing temperature to provide continuous protection. Seal packages Buffered labyrinth Designed for corrosive. For special applications. The seal is horizontally split and bolted to the backplate from the bearing side. GE offers a variety of factory assembled accessory packages. This design eliminates shaft instability caused by “oil whirl”. dirty and toxic gas or steam use where some buffer gas consumption is permitted. Bearing package 8 Buffered labyrinth seal package Carbon ring seal package 9 . a common problem with lightly loaded sleeve bearings. Push-button controls govern local start and emergency stop. Other seal options For applications requiring zero leakage of buffer gas to the process. Sealing touchpoints located on either side of the buffering port prevent the process gas from leaking into the atmosphere. Segments are individually marked and form-fitted around the casing. pressurized lubricant to the equipment bearings. equally spaced around the base of a horizontally split bearing body. gas expanders or reciprocating engines are available. not the entire bearing. The oil-flooded radial bearings feature five pivoted-shoe pads. The entire seal housing is horizontally split and bolted to the backplate from the bearing side. This design reduces the calculated sound level by as much as 25 dB from the compressor’s unprotected sound pressure levels and can dramatically reduce the exposed temperatures in hot applications such as vapor recompression. A separate oil wedge is formed between each shoe and the shaft journal. Other options may include antisurge and performance controllers or other specific components to meet customer specifications. shoe-to-shoe. providing accessibility for inspection or removal of the seal. Should parts replacement become necessary. dry gas seals with a buffer system can be provided.Support systems manufactured to meet specific requirements Because each system’s operation depends upon unique requirements. single-stage centrifugal compressors. with or without speed change gears.
plus state-of-the-art product uprates. This same expertise can also be called upon for the repair. a system for tracking availability and outage documentation • Reliability Engineering. Casings Each casing undergoes hydrostatic testing to 150% of maximum application pressure.Comprehensive testing Every single-stage centrifugal compressor we manufacture must pass stringent testing and inspection procedures. dimensional checks. These complement our traditional offerings of OEM-quality spare parts. as well as oil flows and pressures are checked and confirmed. Mechanical integrity is assured through over-speed tests. repair and field service. Modifications & Uprates (CM&Us). Condition-based Maintenance and Contractual Service Agreements (CSAs). full magnetic particle inspection or dye-penetrant tests are run. then the entire assembled compressor goes through a comprehensive testing and inspection process. Impellers Hub-disc forgings undergo complete sonic inspection. bearing performance. Assembled units are also bench tested. repairs and field services. followed by final magnetic particle inspection or dye-penetrant tests and dimensional checks. Inlet guide vanes Dye-penetrant tests are conducted on all vanes. design experience and manufacturing capabilities that ensure our customers the highest quality engineering know-how. Physical and chemical properties are verified as well. All impellers are statically and dynamically balanced. After preliminary machining. We support the entire product value chain from large gas and steam turbines to pumps and valves for both our own and multi-vendor equipment. a process using field experience for continuous product improvement Finally. Our unique position gives us access to the world-class GE engineering organization and the advanced technology. and tests for electrical and mechanical run-out and concentricity. to simplify and streamline the way we serve our customers. Both static and dynamic balancing are conducted. Each component is thoroughly tested individually. spare parts. To protect our customers’ investment in equipment. vibration. Physical and chemical properties are verified as well. Other tests include complete sonic inspection. Rotating elements To ensure top performance at installation. Fully welded impellers pass magnetic particle inspection or dye-penetrant tests of all welds. Shafts Full magnetic particle inspection is conducted on the shaft. refurbishment and upgrading of third-party equipment. A full radiograph inspection is conducted on cast impellers. Impeller blades undergo full magnetic particle inspection or dye-penetrant tests. Assembled compressors Every compressor is fully assembled and mechanically tested with the same clearances required for field operation. and physical and chemical properties are verified. Global Services offers an extensive portfolio of proactive and interactive service products such as Conversions. we have developed the following set of Reliability. Maintainability (RAM) solutions. oil temperatures. To confirm that design standards have been met. Availability. we have implemented a Customer Service Center and a series of e-Service solutions. all of which play an important role in optimizing plant operations and maintenance: • Remote Monitoring & Diagnostics for proactive maintenance planning • PILOT. Oil & Gas Global Services Our Global Services teams provide a complete spectrum of services for the oil and gas industry – from installation to maintenance. All operational data is recorded for future reference. refurbishment and uprates. Industries Global Services has acquired a broad range of expertise through meeting the varied needs of such diverse industries as: • • • • • • • Chemical and petrochemical Petroleum Refining and production Food processing Pulp and paper Military Natural gas Applications We have a proven record of performance in applications as tough as: • • • • • • • • • • • • Sulfuric acid production Brine concentration Mechanical vapor recompression Chlorinated hydrocarbons Sulfur removal/recovery Chlorine Combustion air Tail gas Exhauster Cogeneration Synthetic fuels production Fluidized bed Environmental GE takes great pride in helping meet environmental challenges through processes such as: • • • • Water purification Sewage treatment Recompression evaporation Solvent recovery Peak performance 10 . the shaft and impeller are assembled and balanced as a unit in our facility.
Wisconsin 54902 USA T +1 920 237 6000 F +1 920 237 6013 GE Oil & Gas Operations. LLC 3300 Medalist Drive Oshkosh. ©2005 General Electric Company All Rights Reserved D_Series_NA_093005 . GE reserves the right to make changes in specifications or add improvements at any time without notice or obligation. LLC . installation or application purposes.A.p. Via Felice Matteucci. 2 50127 Florence. California 90248 USA T +1 310 329 8447 F +1 310 329 8502 www.Nuovo Pignone S. Suite 800 Houston.geoilandgas.Rotoflow 540 East Rosecrans Avenue Gardena. Italy T +39 055 423 211 F +39 055 423 2800 GE Oil & Gas 1333 West Loop South. Texas 77027-9116 USA T +1 713 803 0900 F +1 713 803 0499 GE Oil & Gas Operations.com Customer support 1 800 577 5155 1 920 237 2200 24-hour emergency service 1 920 380 8000 The information contained herein is general in nature and is not intended for specific construction.
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