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Report on Indian Banking Industry

The Indian Banking system has managed to successfully sail through the financial
tornado witnessed by the global economy on the back of sound policies of our apex bank
and fiscal stimulus packages implemented by the Government. Strict regulations relating
to the exposure to derivative instruments, relatively tighter norms on capital adequacy
based on risk-weighted assets and timely intervention by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
prevented the severe contagion of the global financial crisis to the Indian banking system.

During the recessionary phase in October 2008–March 2009 period, the RBI was swift to
reduce the policy rates, both repo and reverse repo and provide liquidity to the economy
by reducing the reserve ratios and offering adequate support to the banking system.
Couple of fiscal stimulus packages by the Government, relaxation of norms for certain
sectors like real estate and allowing the banks to restructure its advances too contributed
to the sailing of Indian banks through the rough phase with minimal impact.

According to CARE Research, the Indian Banking Sector is poised for significant growth
in the coming years driven by:

Healthy outlook on GDP

Under penetrated financial system
Borrowings from infrastructure and mortgage finance (home loans)

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without prior written permission from CARE

Table of Contents :


Outlook on credit off-take
Outlook on deposits
Outlook on net interest margins
Outlook on non-performing assets
Outlook on profitability


1. History of the Banking Sector in India
History of State Bank of India (SBI) and
History of other banks in India
Post Independence tNationalisation
Nationalisation tLiberalisation
- Arguments for Nationalisation
Liberalisation tcurrent date
- Interest rate liberalisation
- Privatisation
- Entry of foreign banks
Various Banking Groups
Regional Distribution of Branches
History of other banks in India

2. Role of Reserve Bank of India

RBI monetary and credit policy
Developments since the global economic
Liquidity Adjustment Facility (LAF)
Cash Reserve Rati(CRR)

3. Deposits
Sources of Funds for Banks
Distribution of deposits of Scheduled
Commercial banks (SCB)
Distribution of deposits by Ownership
Deposits mobilisation from Households
Types of Deposits
Current deposits
Saving deposits
Term deposits
Bank group-wise deposit performance
SBI and Associates
Nationalised Banks
Private Sector Banks
Foreign Banks

4. Advances
Type-wise break-up of total advances
Security-wise break-up of total advances
Credit off take in FY09, FY10 and FY11
Sectoral Bank Credit

5. Investments
Break-up of Investments
Statutory Liquidity Rati(SLR) Investment
Non-SLR Investments

6. Total Income
Break-up of total income
Interest on Advances and Investments
Other Income
Fee income
Non-fee income
Profit on sale/revaluation of Investments

7. Total Expenses
Break-up of total expenses
Operating cost – bank group-wise
Staff cost
Non-staff cost

8. Spread and Net Interest Margin (NIM)

Analysis of Spread and Net Interest
Margin (NIM) for SCB
Bank group-wise performance
Public Sector Banks (PSBs)
Old Private Sector Banks
New Private Sector Banks
Foreign Banks

9. Profitability
Profitability of SCB
Bank group-wise performance
SBI and Associates
Nationalized Banks
Private Sector Banks
Foreign Banks

10. Non Performing Assets (NPA)

Classification of assets
Provision requirement for assets based on
their classification category
Trend in NPAs for SCB
NPAs, Provisions and Write-back for
banking groups
Sector-wise NPA break-up
Recovery of NPA
Recovery of Debts Due tBanks and
Financial Institutions Act, 1993
SARFAESI Act, 2002
Bank group-wise performance
Public Sector Banks (PSBs)
Old Private Sector Banks
New Private Sector Banks
Foreign Banks

11. Capital Adequacy Rati(CAR)

Trend in CAR
Bank group-wise trend in CAR over the
Distribution of banks by CAR

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