HISTORY OF THE OS 360/370/390 FAMILY

When IBM first showed the IBM 360 family of computers to the world in April of 1964, they made history. Until this point, the majority of the computers on the market in that day were ³designed independently´ and sometimes even built and designed specifically for the customer ordering them. (A) The 360 family of computers was one of the first of its time that was created for multiple settings, such as scientific and commercial. They were also unique in that there were many different models of the IBM 360 made, ranging from low to high performance, and ³all using the same instruction set.´ (H) For this new line of computers, IBM also design a new operating system to go with it, which they titled the IBM OS/360. There were three distinct versions of this operating system made, the OS/360-PCP, the OS/360-MFT, and the OS/360MVT. The PCP utilized a Principle Control Program, and hence could run only one program at a time. The MFT stood for Multi programming with a Fixed number of Tasks, and could run multiple programs at the same time, but only if the memory was divided into a partition for each running program. The MVT stood for Multi programming with a Variable number of Tasks, and similar to the MFT this was capable of running multiple programs at once. However, memory partitions were created and deleted µon the fly¶ instead of set aside in advance. After the great success of the IBM 360, the IBM 370 family of machines was created in 1970. These new systems were designed with features similar to those found on the 360, but with the addition of virtualized hardware. The IBM 370 also used silicon chips instead of magnetic cores to store data and instructions, which was revolutionary technology for its time. For this new system, the MVS/OS 370 operating system was created in 1979. The OS/370 was renamed from the MVS (Multiple Virtual Storage) operating system that was created in 1975 for the 370

open. This new operating system was a ³network ready.system. midrange computers to powerful scientific machines. open.´ It was a departure from the MVS based operating systems of the previous IBM 370 system and OS. when they released the eServer z900. The IBM 390 was announced in 1990 as a replacement for the 370 systems that were in use at the time. DESIGN PRINCIPLES The IBM OS/390 was designed as a ³network ready. the 390 family included multiple systems that ranged from the personal. They ³featured enhanced functionality and capability to manage information systems. integrated large server operating system that can run both MVS and UNIX application. The OS/390 operating system was introduced in 1996 as the flagship operating system for IBM mainframe computers. The MVS and later the OS/370 utilized the virtualized hardware available in the new system. As with the previous systems. .´ IBM continued to manufacture the System/390 and create new versions of these systems up until 2000. integrated large server operating system that can run both MVS and UNIX applications.

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