Chemical Elements Crossword

Chemical Elements Crossword.doc

Down: 1. An unreactive, gaseous element that is a product of the nuclear reaction (fusion) of hydrogen atoms. This reaction occurred at the beginning of time and occurs today in stars such as our sun. The second most abundant element in the universe, it is quite rare on Earth. Small concentrations are found in some gas natural deposits. It is used in blimps because of its low density. (Only hydrogen, which is highly flammable, has a lower density). It is also used in cryogenic (low-temperature) work because it can be compressed to a liquid that has a temperature of -269° C. 2. 4. 6. 9. A reactive, metallic element. Its compounds are used as a medical "cocktail" to outline the stomach and intestines for X-ray examination. Its compounds also give green colors to fireworks. A highly reactive metal. It is used in the manufacture synthetic rubber and drugs. Recently one of its compounds has been used to successfully treat a certain type of mental illness. It finds limited use in nuclear bombs. A widely distributed nonmetal which is never found in its free, elemental state. It is an essential component in all cell protoplasm, DNA, and various animal tissues and bones. It is also one of the three main elements in fertilizers. An unreactive gas. In the comic book world, a mineral containing this element could weaken Superman. In the real world, a radioactive form of this element is a byproduct of most nuclear explosions and its presence in the atmosphere can indicate which nations are testing nuclear weapons. 10. Reactive metal with high melting point. It is used in the manufacture of rocket nose cones because it is very strong for its low density. 12. A reactive, silver-white metal that is second in abundance to sodium in ocean water. Due to its low density and high strength, its alloys are often used for structural purposes in the transportation industry, as in "mag" wheels. It is also used in photo flash cubes, fireworks and incendiary bombs because it ignites very readily. Some of its compounds, such as Epsom salt and milk of magnesia, serve medicinal purposes. 14. A component of all living matter and fossil fuels; the black material on a charred candlewick. 18. Nicknamed quicksilver, it is the only metal which is a liquid at room temperature. It is used in thermometers because it expands significantly and regularly when heated. Its high density makes it a practical substance to use in barometers. (Note: A barometer is used to measure atmospheric air pressure). It is a toxic "heavy" metal. 19. The lightest and most abundant element; the fuel of the universe. It is believed that all other elements were originally formed from a series of stellar nuclear reactions beginning with this one. It is found in numerous compounds such as water and most compounds containing carbon. 20. A highly reactive metal of low density. It is one of the three main elements found in fertilizer. Its compounds are quite similar to those of sodium, though typically more expensive. 22. A soft, dense metal used in bullets and car batteries. It was once used extensively both in plumbing and in paints. Concern over its biological effects has caused a ban on its use for these purposes. It is being slowly phased out as a gasoline additive for the same reason. 25. With the highest melting point of any pure element, it is the filament in ordinary (incandescent) light bulbs. Its one-letter symbol comes from the name wolfram. 27. A metallic element. It is added to steel to increase its strength. 28. A metallic element which serves as the negative pole (electrode) in the common flashlight battery. It is used to plate a protective film on iron objects (as in galvanized buckets). Melted with copper it becomes brass. 29. A metal that is used to make stainless steel. Combined with nickel, it forms nichrome wire which is used in toasters and other devices where high electrical resistance (to produce heat) is desired. 30. This metal has a relatively low melting point and it is used in fire detection and extinguishing devices as well as in electrical fuses.

Its compounds are added to some toothpastes and many urban water supplies to prevent tooth decay. radioactive metal. 17. which have far greater accuracy than our mechanical or electric clocks. 24. highly reactive. A compound of the element is added to sodium chloride (table salt) to prevent goiter. fertilizers. and other substances. A metallic element used in control rods in nuclear power plants and in Ni-Cad rechargeable batteries. this silver-white element is characterized by its low density. 21. greenish-yellow gas used a bleach. gaseous element used in advertising signs for the bright reddish-orange glow it produces when an electric current is passed through it. and cars. and high strength. It is used with lead in car batteries. Other uses include electrical wiring. An alcohol solution of this element serves as an effective skin disinfectant. 5. 26. non-reactive. it is used in some photoelectric cells and in atomic clocks. A highly reactive. caulking materials. A silver-white. An unreactive. Used as fuel in nuclear power plants and in atomic warheads. but has become too expensive. lustrous. and in nichrome wire. 34. and the bones and teeth of animals. . fuming liquid with a foul smell. 11. oil. metallic element that has been highly valued for its beauty and durability since ancient times. Though it is quite rare. A reddish. One of its compounds is a component of leaded gasoline. and baking soda. 40. A solid purple -black nonmetal which changes to deep purple gas upon heating. highly reactive metal whose compounds include table salt. An expensive. It is the principal component of sand and quartz and finds use in the solar cells. 30. 10. and control rods in nuclear power plants. A gaseous nonmetal that makes up 78% of our atmosphere. 35. silver-white metal used in jewelry. One of the three magnetic elements. 39. gaseous non-metal.31. A hard. Milk is a good nutritional source of this element. this metal is used in 5-cent pieces and other coins. and abrasives. Used in borosilicate (pyrex) glass. It is also used in some industrial processes to speed up chemical reactions. 38. It is used for a variety of structural purposes. 14. 7. 32. Some of its compounds are sensitive enough to light to be used in photographic film. lye. Outdoor stair railings at home may be made of this element. chalk. 37. cement. The most chemically reactive metal. computer chips. The most abundant metal in the earth's crust. A soft. This metal is the best conductor of heat and electricity. An element whose symbol comes from its Latin name. Across 3. The second most abundant element in the Earth's crust. It forms the body of the Statue of Liberty. Its presence in coal leads to acid (sulfuric acid) rain if it is not removed before the coal is burned. unreactive gas used in most incandescent lightbulbs. such as in airplanes. Boraxo soap. drill bits. resistance to corrosion. A highly reactive. 16. Its scarcity prevents it from being commonly used for such purposes. A red. A radioactive form of this element is used in cancer treatment. An odorless. 23. colorless. pennies. and many explosives. It is used today for fine eating utensils and decorative objects. Its compounds are important components of protein. metallic element used extensively for structural purposes. gunpowder. A yellow. 8. A gaseous nonmetal. ductile. and vulcanized rubber. It makes up some 21% of the earth's atmosphere and is essential to most forms of life for the conversion of food into energy. A yellow nonmetal that occurs in both the free and combined states. A magnetic. 15. boats. and decorative objects. It is used in making match tips. A metallic element that is used as a corrosion-resistant coating on the inside of cans used for packaging food. the most abundant element on earth. magnetic metal used in the production of steel. lustrous. It was used extensively in the past in the manufacture of coins. 13. It finds limited use as a disinfectant. and as a poison gas. malleable metal that occurs in nature in both free and combined states. A reactive metal whose compounds make up limestone. in electroplanting. 36. as a disinfectant (in the purification of water). 33.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful