Building Community, Restoring Trust

Town Hall Meeting 1 Education
Presented by Valerie F. Leonard Guest Presenters: Willie Cole Gatanya Arnic

What We’ll Cover
• Education Environment • Reading and Math Scores • Graduation and Dropout Rates • School Finances and Facilities • Restorative Justice • Benefits and Wraparound Services • Valerie’s Agenda

Education Environment
Presenter: Valerie F. Leonard

The Education Environment
• Demographics
▫ There are 33 public schools in the 24th Ward, including 3 high schools and 30 elementary schools ▫ Approximately 2/3 of the students in 24th Ward public schools are living in poverty ▫ Depending on the school, 8%-31% of the students are enrolled in the special education curriculum ▫ Student-to teacher ratios range from 12-1 to 19-1, which could put them in danger of being classified as underutilized ▫ Over 90% of the students qualify for free or reduced lunches ▫ The local 24th Ward school budgets range from approximately $2.2 million to $6.3 million

• Performance
▫ With notable exceptions, most 24th Ward schools underperform City Averages in math and reading ▫ Most communities in the 24th Ward tend to be among those with the highest dropout rates and lowest graduation rates in the City of Chicago ▫ Schools tend to be the schools of last resort rather than the schools of choice

• After School and Extra-Curricular Activities and
▫ There are very few opportunities for ongoing recreational and extracurricular activities ▫ There are several youth and after school programs. Some programs are high quality, while others are not

• Youth Employment and Mentoring

▫ There is a shortage of mentoring and job training programs for our children
▫ Compared to other communities, parents, community based organizations and churches tend to be less engaged in the education of our children ▫ There is not enough school funding available to provide the necessary supports

• Parental Involvement and Civic Engagement

• School Policies ▫ Renaissance 2010-A number of schools have been closed, phased out or turned around, with very little evidence that school quality has improved ▫ Chicago Educational Facilities Task Force  Comprised of representatives from State Legislature, CPS, Chicago Teacher’s Union and Community Based Organizations  Review policies regarding school openings, closings, turnarounds and boundaries ▫ Emphasis on Tests, Focus on College Preparatory Curriculum vs. Vocational and Technical Education  The current curriculum could be improved to be more relevant for students as well as employers  Little alignment between curriculum in feeder schools, high schools, colleges and employers

▫ There is a tendency to involve the police and Juvenile Detention Center in the discipline of students, which could lead to expulsion from school or incarceration

Reading and Math Scores
Presenter: Valerie F. Leonard

Elementary Math Scores: 24th Ward vs. City Average
Percent of Students meeting or exceeding ISAT math targets 75.0%

72.0% 64.75% 61.4% 51.1% 47.84% 36.98%
North Lawndale 24th Ward Citywide

65.0%

55.0%

45.0%

35.0%

29.9%
25.0%

20.7%

15.0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Elementary Reading Scores: 24th Ward vs. City Average
Percent of students meeting or exceeding ISAT reading targets 75.0%

64.91%
65.0% 54.2%

55.0%

45.0%

24th Lawndale NorthWard

40.33%

Citywide

35.0% 25.7% 25.0%

15.0% 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Graduation and Dropout Rates
Presenter: Valerie F. Leonard

The State of Affairs in 2004
• The communities in the 24th Ward ranked 37, 57, 65, 67 and 69 out of 77 of Chicago’s Community Areas with respect to graduation rates for high school students. • The city average at the time was 56.6%.

• The national graduation rate was 70%

24th Ward Graduation Rates
24th Ward Graduation Rates by Age 19 Broken Out by Community Area
Rank 37 57 65 67 69 19 Years Old in: 13 Years Old in: South Lawndale Austin East Garfield West Garfield North Lawndale 2001 1995 50.7% 936 44.6% 1,541 43.6% 330 42.4% 403 44.2% 719 2002 1996 48.7% 917 41.2% 1,513 46.1% 332 41.1% 375 43.0% 693 2003 1997 53.0% 876 44.4% 1,478 49.8% 297 37.5% 400 41.4% 696 2004 1998 56.4% 871 47.0% 1,490 43.2% 331 41.1% 331 38.8% 616

4-Year Graduation Rates: North Lawndale vs. City and Nearby Communities
60.0%
56.6%

55.0% 50.0% 45.0% 40.0% 35.0% 30.0% 2000 2001 2002 2003

56.4%
South Lawndale Lower West Side

48.5% 46.9% 43.4% 43.2% 38.8%

Humboldt Park Near West Side East Garfield North Lawndale Citywide

2004

In 2004, North Lawndale had a lower graduation rate than all of the neighboring communities.
Source: Chicago Public Schools

1-Year DropOut Rates: North Lawndale vs. City and Nearby Communities
25.0% 23.0% 21.0% 19.7% 19.0%
Humboldt Park

23.1%
22.1% 21.3% 19.4%
South Lawndale Lower West Side

17.0% 15.0% 13.0% 11.0% 9.0% 2000 2001 2002 2003 15.7% 15.6% 13.2% 13.1% 12.5% 12.4% 9.9% 2004

Near West Side East Garfield North Lawndale Citywide

In 2004, North Lawndale had a higher high school dropout rate than all other neighboring communities
Source: Chicago Public Schools

Getting Behind the Numbers
• Voices of Youth in Chicago Education (VOYCE), a collaborative of youth from around the city used youth researchers to survey youth on the reasons why they drop out.

What VOYCE Found
• Finding #1: Students in Chicago Public Schools believe that they are the ones to blame for the failures of the school system.
• Finding #2: Dropping out is not something that students plan or anticipate. It is something that happens slowly over time. • Finding #3: Teachers, parents, and students agree that relevance in curriculum is critical to students’ engagement in school.
▫ Students often don’t find the curriculum to be relevant

• Finding #4: The curriculum needs to explicitly make the connection that school is a stepping stone to college and future careers.
▫ One way to do this is by taking students to visit college campuses
Source: Student- Led Solutions to the Nation’s Dropout Crisis, A Report by Voices of Youth in Chicago’s Education, November, 2008

School Finances and Facilities
Presenter: Valerie F. Leonard

FY 2010 Budget Summary
FY 2010 Proposed Budget for All Funds (In Millions)
Fund Type Special Fund Special Revenue Operating Total Debt Service Capital Projects Total Appropriation FY 2008 Expense $3,280.9 1,113.7 $4,394.7 260.4 463.1 $5,118.2 FY 2009 Adopted $3,550.3 1,304.6 $4,854.9 288.1 1,014.4 $6,157.4 FY 2010 Proposed $3,666.0 1,661.9 $5,327.9 499.7 1,035.4 $6,863.0 FY 09-FY 10 $Change $ 115.7 357.3 $ 473.0 211.6 21.0 $ 705.6 FY 09-FY 10 % Change 3.3% 27.4% 9.7% 73.4% 2.1% 11.5%

City of Chicago Local School Expenditures 2002-2009
• Approximately one half of CPS’s budget has been spent on Instruction
Instruction
Year Fiscal Year

General
(%)

Support
(%)
1 1.6 1.7 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 41.2 38.5 39.3 36.7 39.7 38.6 37 38.4

Other
(%)
8.5 9.2 8.8 10.2 9.6 8.2 11.3 9.9

(%)
49.3 50.7 50.3 51.8 49.6 52 50.5 50.5

Administration Services Expenditures

20022000 - 01 20032001 - 02 20042002 - 03 20052003 - 04 20062004 - 05 20072005 - 06 20082006 - 07 20092007 - 08

Source: Illinois Board of Education (ISBE) Interactive Report Card

FY 2011 Budget Status
• CPS has been holding regular and special board meetings to address a potential $700 million deficit • Potential methods of closing the budget gaps include
▫ Borrowing up to $800 million ▫ Laying off 2,700 teachers ▫ Increasing individual class sizes to 35 pupils

• Chicago Teachers Union opposed the layoffs
▫ Newly elected CTU President believes the budget process should be more transparent.

The Relationship Between Chicago Public Schools and TIFs
• Over $58.5 million in TIF funds have been used to secure general obligation bonds issued by CPS between 2002 and 2004. (1) • According to a study carried out by Robert Ginsburg and Don Wiener on behalf of SEIU's Illinois Council, Chicago's TIF system absorbed $552 million in property tax revenue in 2008. ▫ Considering that over half of every property tax dollar goes toward schools, it's fair to assume that roughly $300 million of the revenue generated in TIF districts each year would otherwise end up in CPS's coffers. ▫ Instead, that money is stashed away for the Daley administration to use as it saw fit. (2)
(1) CPS FY2010 Budget 2)Adam Doster, ―A Teacher's Fight To Open Up Chicago's TIF Budget‖, Progress Illinois, May 19,2010

Worth Noting
• The City of Chicago’s budget allowed for costs covering up to 30 charter schools.
• The State Legislature recently lifted the cap on the number of charter schools allowed in the State. • It is expected that the number of charter schools will increase over time.

• The Chicago Public Schools 2010 budget allowed for over $310 million in payments to charter schools, yet
▫ the CPS financials do not provide individual financial summaries for Charter Schools ▫ The CPS capital assessments do not include capital plans for charter schools ▫ CPS has a history of increasing capital expenditures in certain failing traditional schools, closing them and effectively re-opening them as charters
 This action effectively transfers assets from traditional schools to charter schools with almost no accountability to the public.

Restorative Justice
Presenter: Willie Cole

What We Found
• Between 1999 and 2003, over 10,000 youth were arrested and referred to Juvenile Court from the 24th Ward Community. • There were 720 24th Ward cases pending in Juvenile court, the largest number of cases from any community in Chicago. The Chicago Tribune exposed the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center as a ―warehouse for kids‖.

• Most of the youth confined are low-level, nonviolent offenders, mainly drug offenders • Research cited by the Illinois Juvenile Justice Initiative reports: • Cook County has the highest rate of drug arrests in the state • From 2005 to 2007 Cook County annually committed more than 100 youth to juvenile prisons for drug offenses. Some counties did not commit any youth for drug offenses

• Data from the Cook County Juvenile Detention Alternatives Initiative for the 2nd quarter of 2009 revealed that 83% of the admissions to detention from April to June of 2009 were Black, while only 3% were White, and • Chicago’s West Side continues to be disproportionately represented—as the city is the only significant jailer of drug offenders in the state

Juvenile Arrests
Number of Juvenile Arrests by District, 2008

Source: Chicago Police Department, Juvenile Justice Volume 4 Issue 1 Juvenile Arrest Trends 2003-2008

• In 2008, 10 of the 25 Police districts accounted for 64% of the juvenile arrests.
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 District District 8 District 11 (24th Ward) District 3 District 6 District 15 District 4 District 5 District 7 District 25 District 9

Juvenile Arrests by Offense Type
Source: Chicago Police Department, Juvenile Justice Volume 4 Issue 1 Juvenile Arrest Trends 2003-2008

• The top two offenses were drug abuse violation and simple battery. • The offenses with the largest increases between 2003 and 2008 were
▫ Robbery ▫ Miscellaneous non-index offenses, ▫ Vandalism and warrant arrests

• The offenses with the greatest decreases include
▫ Drug abuse violations ▫ Simple battery ▫ Motor vehicle theft
24th Ward Schools: Gaining Ground or on Shaky Ground/June 16, 2010

For the nonviolent offenders, does incarceration do more harm than good?
Some recent research shows

• Incarceration can have severe detrimental effects on youth: their own economic productivity and their community’s economic health; disrupt families, introduce them to delinquent peers, expose them to traumatic experiences • Higher recidivism rate than youth allowed to remain in community: education suspended, disruption to normal process of aging–out of crime • 50 percent of released youth return to juvenile prison within three years

What is the cost and impact?
• Incarceration can cost over $85,000 per youth per bed annually.
• 10 years of research show that an increase in incarceration does not correlate to decrease in crime during same time period

What are the alternatives?
• Alternatives: Invest in more community-based programs. Shown to be more cost effective and some programs shown to reduce recidivism by 22 percent 1. Implement more Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ) practices (accountability, community safety, competency development) • Peer Juries at schools • Community Panels for Youth • Circles • Expungement Info/Support • Victim Impact Panels • Community Service • Competency Development Programs (education, job training, drug abuse treatment, parenting classes, anger management)

• 2. Ensure Cook County participates in Redeploy Illinois Initiative (Began in 2004 in rural counties and St. Clair, Peoria, Macon counties, made permanent in 2009; saved $18.7 million and lowered commitments by 51 percent):
• Agree to cut number of youths sentenced top secure facilities by 25 percent over previous three years

• State reimburses county for funds spent to adjudicate youth locally

• 3. Fund holistic, family focused programs such as: Functional Family Therapy (FFT) and MultiSystemic Therapy (MST) • 4. Implement models such as Aggression Replacement Training (ART) • 5. Support Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care (MTFC) – one youth-one family placement versus group placement/detention center

Public Benefits and Wraparound Services
Presenter: Gatanya Arnic

Valerie’s Agenda

1. Develop 24th Ward Master Educational Facilities Planning Task Force
• Comprised of stakeholders from CPS, CTU, business community, nonprofits

• Provide input into facilities and curriculum planning for 24th Ward Schools
• Encourage alignment of curriculum of feeder schools with high schools, and alignment of high school curriculum with employers and colleges • Evaluate impact of school openings, closings, turnarounds and attendance boundaries

2. Encourage Stronger Collaboration & Partnerships Between Chicago Public Schools and Community
• Advocate for CPS Board meetings to be on different dates from City Council meetings • Broker relationships between Schools, community based organizations and churches • Replace negative competition with spirit of partnership

• Put community in a better position to seek federal funds for education and after school programming
• Provide more cohesive delivery of services

3. Make Schools the Center of Community
• Encourage CPS to expand Community Schools programming in the 24th Ward • Schools open for extended hours to be used by the entire community • • • • • Supportive Services Adult Learning Job Training After School Programs Recreational Activities

4. Reduce Criminalization of Our Children
• Advocate for funding for proven crime prevention programs and strategies
▫ Restorative Justice Programming ▫ Afterschool programs with mentoring and job training components ▫ Summer employment ▫ Service Learning and Unpaid Internships ▫ Greater access to and coordination of supportive services and benefits

5. Increase Parental Involvement
• Work with LSC’s and parent advocacy groups to reach out to foster greater involvement of parents in their children’s education
▫ Advocate for more funding to support programs that promote parental involvement through education and training ▫ Broker partnerships between CPS, parent groups, churches and other community based organizations

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