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Parts of Research

1. Title Page
Oftentimes referred to as the cover page, this section is where you indicate the title of your research, your name,
institutional information and a few other relevant information prescribed by your instructor.

2. Introduction
Introduce to your reader the “problem” by providing a brief background of your research. Include the basic reasons how
and why you came-up with the problem, and the probable solutions that you can offer. In general, the introduction
summarizes the purpose of the research paper.

3. Literature Review
This section is where you will be providing all the relevant readings from previous works. Provide brief summaries or
descriptions of the works of other authors. Make sure that your research materials are from credible sources such as
academic books and peer-reviewed journals. Also, make sure that your reading materials are directly relevant to the topic
of your research paper. The literature review typically includes the names of the authors, the titles of their works and the
year of the publication of these works.

4. Methodology
This section is where you will be providing the methods that you will be using in your research. Typical methodologies
include laboratory experiments, statistical or mathematical calculations/computations, and comparison of existing

5. Data Analysis
This section is where you will be analyzing the data that you have obtained from the methodological operation that you
have chosen. Depending on the type of your research paper, data analysis instruments and operations may vary.
Common data analysis methods include but are not limited to SWOT Analysis (Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities and
Threats) which is a form of a qualitative data analysis.

6. Results
This section is where you will be presenting the actual results of the analysis that you have made based on your chosen

7. Discussion
This is where you will be discussing more of the results of your research, its implications on other fields as well as the
possible improvements that can be made in order to further develop the concerns of your research. This is also the
section where you need to present the importance of your study and how it will be able to contribute to the field.

8. Conclusion
Provide the conclusion to your research paper. While it is important to restate your general thesis in this section, it is also
important to include a brief restatement of the other parts of the research paper such as the methodology, data analysis
and results.

9. Reference Page
This section is where you list down all the academic materials you have used as sources of information in your research
paper. Typical reference formats/styles include but are not limited to APA 5th, Harvard, MLA and Chicago/Turabian.