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Original Title: Math Worksheet-Evaluation and Composition Function

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Math Worksheet-Evaluation and Composition Function

Math worksheet on Evaluation and Composition of Function. The worksheet includes notes, solved problems and practice problems.

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Evaluation:

• The letter f in the function notation f(x) as the name of the function. Instead of

using the equation to describe the function,

• we can write . Here, f is the name of the function and f(x) is the

value of the function at x. So is the value of the

function at 2.

• The notation affords a convenient way of prompting the evaluation of a function

for a particular value of x.

• Any letter can be used as the independent variable in a function. So the above

function could be written .

• The independent variable in a function is just a place holder. The function could

be written without a variable as follows

• In addition to plugging numbers into functions, we can plug expressions into

functions. Plugging y + 1 into the function yields

• Plug other expressions in terms of x into a function. Plugging 2x into the function

yield

• The variable x in the function is being replaced by the same variable. But the x in

function is just a placeholder. If the placeholder were removed from the function,

the substitution would appear more natural. In , we plug 2x into

the left side f(2x) and it returns the right side

Composition

• We have plugged numbers into functions and expressions into functions; now

let’s plug in other functions. Since a function is identified with its expression.

• In the example above with and 2x, let’s call 2x by the name g(x).

In other words, g(x) = 2x. Then the composition of f with g (that is plugging g into

f) is

• The notation f(g(x)) on the test. But you probably will see one or more problems

that ask you perform the substitution. For another example, let and

let . Then

and

• The composition of functions merely substitutes one function into another, these

problems can become routine. Notice that the composition operation f(g(x)) is

performed from the inner parentheses out, not from left to right. In the operation

f(g(2)), the number 2 is first plugged into the function g and then that result is

plugged in the function f.

• A function can also be composed with itself. That is, substituted into itself. Let

. Then

Example:1

A) –2x2 + 13

B) 2x2 + 13

C) –2x2 – 13

D) 2x2 – 13

Solution:

plugging the formula for g(x) into the formula for f(x)

( f o g)(x) = f (g(x))

= f (–x2 + 5)

= 2( )+3 ... setting up to insert the input formula

= 2(–x2 + 5) + 3

= –2x2 + 10 + 3

= –2x2 + 13

Example:2

(A) 11

(B) -11

(C) 12

(D) -12

(E) 13

Solution:

( f o g)(1) = f (g(1))

= f (–( )2 + 5) ... setting up to insert the original input

= f (–(1)2 + 5)

= f (–1 + 5)

= f (4)

= 2( ) + 3 ... setting up to insert the new input

= 2(4) + 3

=8+3

= 11

Practice Questions

1) The graph of y = f(x) is shown to the right. If f(-1) = v, then which one of the

following could be the value of f(v) ?

(A) 0

(B) 1

(C) 2

(D) 2.5

(E) 3

2) In the function above, if f(k) = 2, then which one of the following could be a value

of k ?

(A) -1

(B) 0

(C) 0.5

(D) 2.5

(E) 4

3) Given f(x) = 2x + 3 and g(x) = –x2 + 5, find (g o f )(x).

(A) 4x2 + 12x – 4

(B) –4x2 – 12x – 4

(C) –4x2 – 12x + 4

(D) 4x2 + 12x + 4

(E) –4x2 + 12x + 4

4) Given f(x) = 2x + 3 and g(x) = –x2 + 5, find ( f o f )(x)

(A) 4x – 9

(B) 4x + 7

(C) 4x + 9

(D) -4x + 9

(E) -4x - 9

5) Given f(x) = 2x + 3 and g(x) = –x2 + 5, find (g o f )(1)

(A) 20

(B) 18

(C) 19

(D) -20

(E) 21

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