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Winter Issue 2019/2020, Volume 45, Issue 4

VNLA 2019 Year in Review page 4

2019 Industry Award Winners page 9

The VNLA Industry-wide

1 Survey page 12
Horsford Gardens & Nursery
Ashley Robinson 2111 Greenbush Road BUDGET AND FINANCE
Ashley Robinson Landscape Designer Charlotte, VT 05445 COMMITTEE CHAIR
PO Box 28 802-425-2811 Nate Carr - Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Charlotte, VT 05445 802.425.5222
21 Densmore Drive #21 Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer
VICE-PRESIDENT Essex Junction, VT 05452 802.922.1924
Fairfax Perennial Farm, Inc. Gabriel Bushey - Crafted Landscapes, LLC
7 Blackberry Hill Road Sarah Salatino 802.233.8551
Fairfax, VT 05454 Full Circle Gardens
802.849.2775 68 Brigham Hill Road MARKETING & EDUCATION Essex, VT 05452 COMMITTEE CHAIR
802-879-1919 Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer


Nate Carr
VT Urban & Community Forestry Program Hannah Decker - Fairfax Perennial Farm
Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Department of Forests, Parks & Recreation 802.849.2775
287 Church Hill Road
Program Manager
Charlotte, VT 05445
Essex Junction, VT 05452 Sarah Salatino - Full Circle Gardens
802-522-6015 802.879.1919
Crafted Landscapes, LLC Marlys Eddy - Vermont Technical College
176 South Maple Street Kristina MacKulin 802.728.1207
Vergennes, VT 05491 VNLA/Green Works
Toll Free: 888.518.6484 Nate Carr - Church Hill Landscapes, Inc.
Marlys Eddy 802.425.5222
Vermont Technical College P: 802.425.5117; F: 802.425.5122
PO Box 500
Randolph Center, VT 05061

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PRESIDENT’S LETTER Ashley Robinson, Landscape Designer

this issue
Board of Directors 2

The President’s Letter 3

Dear Fellow VNLA Members & Friends,
The Buzz 4
Happy 2020 Everyone! VNLA/Green Works
2019 Year in Review
So here we are in a new decade. Moving out of our teens, into our 20s is BIG! Remember?...
2019 VNLA Industry Award
…OK maybe not, well, here’s a hint…It is memorable, it’s exciting, it’s scary and new, but most
importantly it’s about the here and now. We spend a lot of time focused on things in the past, Welcome New VNLA
and worried about things in the future, but comparatively little time being in the present. It’s Members
something I find most helpful when I look down the rabbit hole of rumination. Take the VNLA Survey!

The other thing I find helpful is community. Being a part of something bigger than myself Calendar of Events
makes me feel lucky, proud, engaged, and curious. To me, that’s being a part of the VNLA
community. There’s a lot of good energy to go around when we allow it, and we’ve proved that!! Leonard’s Clippings 14
Not only have we allowed it, we’ve embraced and encouraged it. That community is about The Lab 16
connectivity. It’s about making a difference, growing and learning. Coming together for our Observations from
recent Strategic Planning meeting proved the very thing. You will see a write-up of this in the UVM Diagnostic Lab
Spring Issue of The Dirt. We are working toward tackling the challenging issues of membership
and leadership and are developing planning strategies to address them and put those strategies News from the VT Agency of
into ACTION.
The Idea Factory 21
Throwing ourselves out there is exciting to some, intimidating to others, but no matter what, it’s Garden Design Mag. Top
the action that results in the discovery. Action is important. Seems there’s a lot of talk and Trends for 2020
urgency around how and why from politics to personal, environmental to business. Regardless,
smart action involves preparation and planning. Something YOU all know well. Something else VT Tree Steward Awards
you know well is how much we depend on your support for our very existence and success. It
CMBG Advanced Studies
goes beyond you to your community. So encourage someone new to join our VNLA!! You all
know well know the benefits so help us grow and continue to serve, support, and strengthen our
impactful industry throughout the state and beyond. Book Reviews

A Garden for All Seasons

There is no better way to kick off your 20’s than by promoting connection and community by
way of the VNLA! Strictly Business 28
5 Top Reasons Your Team
Here’s to our roaring 20’s! Isn’t Engaged

Enjoy and be well, The Plant Lounge 35

The PPA’s 2020 Perennial
of the Year

Cover Photo: by Dick Conrad.

Ilex verticillata - Winterberry in
it’s full winter glory!
the low down on what’s up!

VNLA/Green Works 2019 Year in Review

Following are the VNLA/Green Works Besides the public outreach accomplished review bylaws of the Association and
Committee Reports summarizing the “2019 by the Flower Show another program that recommend changes as needed. The bylaws
Year in Review”. At the annual business the VNLA organized was the second are available for view on the VNLA website.
meeting held on February 13, 2020 copies collaboration with Green Mountain Habitat
of the 2019 balance sheet and 2020 budget for Humanity. Participating in 2019 were The annual review of our Executive
were made available and copies are Landscape Contracting students from Director, Kristina Mackulin took place at
available upon request. Please take the Vermont Technical Institute, many of our January 2019 board meeting. It was
time to read up on the VNLA committee whom helped design the landscape and also agreed that Kristina’s performance as
work that has occurred this past year as participated in its installation. Amazingly Executive Director has been stellar. Her
we look forward to what comes next in the installation of hardscape and plantings tremendous commitment to the
2020! was accomplished in a single day, proving organization has been proven time and
that our members are generous with their again. She has fulfilled and exceeded
Treasurer’s Report
time and resources and share the value that expectations of the board. An increase in
In 2019 the VNLA worked to promote the doing something big in service to their her contracted compensation was approved
Nursery and Landscape industry in Vermont community is important professionally and unanimously.
by offering programming for our members, personally.
by promoting the green industry to the Ashley Robinson, Committee Chair
public and by offering opportunities for Our membership is what the VNLA is all
professional development and networking. about. Individuals are the heart of the Flower Show Committee Report
The organization also supported research organization. The number of members
that expands the knowledge base of participating in the VNLA has been holding The 2019 Vermont Flower Show was held on
horticulture in VT. Additionally the steady, but is somewhat low compared to March 3-5, 2019 at the Champlain Valley
industry continued programming to the number of people operating in the Expo. Our theme, Wonder – A Garden
promote ethical business practices and Green Industry in Vermont. This is due to Adventure for All Ages proved to be a
professionalism. demographics, the “graying” of the industry magical walk through of our nearly 20,000
as a whole and also a lack of enthusiasm for square foot landscaped display. In
Of the efforts to promote the Green being involved in our trade organization. addition there were a variety of other
Industry the organization undertook in This needs to be addressed and corrected happenings at the show over the course of
2019 none was greater than the Flower and an effort is underway to survey the the three days, which are highlighted
Show. This year’s show featured beautiful people operating in the industry. With this below. One thing is for sure – there is no
displays of horticulture and hardscapes information we will be able to target an other flower show like ours. We are
created from thousands of volunteer hours effort to increase membership, because fortunate to have a group of people willing
and generous donations of plants for the with low membership comes low revenue in to come together and collaborate on every
display. This Flower Show was attended by membership dues. Those funds combined aspect of the show. This group effort truly
upwards of eleven thousand people who’s with the revenues from the Flower Show speaks to what Vermont is all about and
admission tickets pays for the VNLA to put allow the VNLA to fulfill its purpose. why we are all a part of the Vermont
on member gatherings like the Winter and Nursery & Landscape Association!
Summer meetings, continue to publish The Nate Carr, Secretary/Treasurer
Dirt and allow us to promote the industry in Here are some attendee comments:
state wide advertising and in running the Evaluation and Planning Committee
Industry Awards Program. Continued Report “It was a great show and much needed uplift
success with the Flower Show equates to of spring color! Thank you for all the hard
It is the duty of the evaluation and planning
continued success for the Green Industry in work and energy that goes into creating an
committee to review the role of the
Vermont. event like this!”
Executive Director, recommend changes to
the description of responsibilities, and

“The teamwork apparent among the recognize our cash and supporting sponsors Leslie Pelch & Elise Pecue, Delaney
participants as opposed to a feeling of who enabled us to implement and “grow” Meeting & Event Management, Carl Kokes,
competition at every turn” the show. Our presenting sponsors were VT Garden Railway Society, Cheryl
Market 32 and the DoubleTree by Hilton, Dorschner, Dr. Leonard Perry, UVM
“The first time I attended was 2 yrs ago, right
S. Burlington. Our media sponsors were Extension – Seminar Coordinator, Janet
after the death of my son. I experienced such
WCAX and Seven Days. We were once again Dufrane & Marilyn VanHouten, Art Gallery
comfort from being there and I’m very grateful
able to produce a beautiful, reusable VT Coordinators, John Joy and Dave Cozzens,
to have found you. At the end of the show, I
Flower Show cotton bag thanks to the VT Garden Railway Society, Kathy Perkins
was able to purchase his favorite hyacinths
following bag sponsors: Bartlett Tree and Wendy Howard, Federated Garden Clubs
which re-bloomed last spring and my heart
Experts, Bristol Electronics, diStefano of VT Display Coordinators, Marijke Niles,
was glad”.
Landscaping, Inc. and Gardener’s Supply Perennial Gardens Plus - Plant Sale
“Best flower show our group has gone to in 3 Company. The VT Agency of Agriculture Coordinator, Melita Bass, VCH, Shari
years! Thanks for having us”. sponsored the VT Specialty Food/Spirits Johnson - UVM Master Gardener &
section. Our seminar sponsors were: Volunteer Coordinator, and Terry Skorstad -
“Fabulous display garden! Thank you!” American Meadows, Marijke’s Perennial Family Room Coordinator
Gardens Plus, and Gardener’s Supply.
The 2019 show broke attendance records Supporting/Contributing sponsors were: Bringing Plants to Bloom Committee:
with approximately 11,500 people in Hanson & Doremus Financial Brett Wilbur, Chris Conant, Mark Storch,
attendance and the show netted $41,219. Management, Branch Out Burlington, and and Staff, Claussen’s Florist, Greenhouse,
This spectacular net is due in part to record North Country Organics. Other sponsors and Perennial Farm , Center for Technology
attendance and a raise in our ticket prices. included UVM Extension/Master Gardeners Students, Essex, David Loysen, Hannah
This money goes back in the coffers and and CW Stageworks. Lastly, our equipment Decker, Fairfax Perennial Farm, Inc., Kelly
continues to make the events, programs, sponsors were: Milton CAT, United Wakefield, Green Feet Gardening, John
research grants and student merit awards Rentals, Got That Rental, Harvest Padua, Cobble Creek Nursery, Dr. Mark
not only possible but increasingly better. Equipment, Essex Equipment, and J. Starrett & UVM Horticulture Club, and Nate
These proceeds also build up the VNLA Labrecque Land Management. Carr, Church Hill Landscapes.
reserves and help fund the next flower
show. Below is a list of committee members who Highlights of the 2019 Vermont Flower
help bring about the Flower Show Show:
Our secret formula in creating a successful collaboration and without them we would
show is the many wonderful people have no show: • The Grand Garden Display, with
participating in bringing the show to the theme Wonder, A Garden
fruition. The Flower Show Committees The Grand Garden Display Committee Adventure for All Ages was
spent hundreds of hours organizing and Members: Melita J. Bass, VCH, and Gabe complete with a urban courtyard, a
planning our signature event. VNLA Bushey, Crafted Landscapes, LLC, breathing room, a woodland walk
members, master gardeners, students, and Committee Co-Chairs; Marie Limoge, Design of wonder, a mandala filled with
community members – literally hundreds of Coordinator; Aaron Smith, S & D flowers and a standing stone glen,
volunteers offer their time to build and staff Landscapes, Ashley Robinson, Landscape a sensory maze, and more!
the show and, of course, we cannot forget Designer, Ed Burke, Rocky Dale Gardens, • Local artists painting live in the
the amazing clean up crew when it is all Hannah Decker, Fairfax Perennial Farm, garden each day.
over. Association members and supporters Jamie Masefield, Masefield Dry Stone • 95 vendors offering their products/
also donate most of the plant material, Masonry. John Padua, Cobble Creek services.
hardscaping materials, provide labor, Nursery, Kelly Wakefield, Green Feet • VT Specialty Food and Spirits
trucks, tools, gasoline, and expertise. There Gardening, Liam Murphy, Murphy Pavilion.
were also many students involved in the Landscape Design & Siteworks, Michelle • Phoenix Books – a local bookstore.
show’s implementation from the Center for Blow, Greenhaven Gardens & Nursery, Nate • 44 seminars and workshops, many
Technology at Essex, UVM Hort Club, Carr, Church Hill Landscapes, Rick Villamil, of which were presented by VNLA
Vermont Technical College and the Aquarius Landscape Sprinklers, Inc., Sam members.
Northland Job Corp. We are also extremely Chicaderis, SJC Garden Services, Sarah • NEW THIS YEAR: an Art Gallery/
grateful to the many in-kind sponsors who Holland, River’s Bend Design, LLC., and VJ Exhibition featuring local artists.
donated their time, labor, equipment, Comai, Burlington City Arborist. • The Federated Garden Clubs of
plants and materials. We could not Vermont’s “National Garden
continue to produce the Flower Show Vermont Flower Show Committee: Standard Flower Show” display.
without all this support. Kristina MacKulin, VNLA/Green Works, • A Family Room complete with
Flower Show Committee Chair, entertainment and hands-on
We are ever grateful and would like to activities.

• The Vermont Garden Railway strengthen the horticulture industry in Looking to the future there are potential
Society landscaped train display Vermont. changes coming to Act 250. A commission
• Plant sale at the close of the show. of six legislators are preparing a report to
Every spring we feature the award winners suggest changes to govern the next 50 years
While some of our members might wonder in a full color insert in Seven Days of development in the state. Currently it
what they get out of a flower show when newspaper. They will also be featured on applies to developments over 10 acres or
they don’t live in Chittenden County or WCAX’s Across the Fence TV show in over 10 residential units. One potential
nearby, I would say that all our members March, 2020 and at the 2021 Vermont change would be to identify areas where
statewide and beyond benefit from our Flower Show. We will continue to reach out development will not be allowed. There is,
show. The Vermont Flower Show promotes to all types of publications to further the of course, a lot of push back from
our members, our Association, and the opportunities for exposure. Suggestions developers. Time will tell what the end
green industry in Vermont through the and connections are always welcome! result is and what the effects may be on the
creation of an elaborate event that businesses in our industry.
inspires, educates, and entertains the Participation in this program is key to its
Gabe Bushey, Committee Chair
people who attend. We market our continued growth and success. We are
Association and the show statewide and constantly reviewing and examining the Marketing Committee Report
beyond through television, radio, print and process, considering changes for
social media platforms. It continues to be improvements and welcome feedback. We Marketing efforts in 2019 included:
our mission to enhance and support the believe the program has value to our
horticulture industry of Vermont as well as members and our industry but it is • A Vermont Public Radio
to promote a greater awareness to the dependent on member participation, so we underwriter message plugging
public of YOU – our green industry encourage everyone to consider entering Vermont Certified Horticulturists
professionals and the plants, products and and voicing your opinions! and VNLA members. The
services you offer. The Vermont Flower sponsorship ran for 5 weeks mid-
Show offers us a spectacular way bring to Ashley Robinson, Committee Chair May through mid-June.
that message to life. • Our annual insert in Seven Days
Legislative Committee Report featuring the winners of the 2018
The planning for the 2021 show has begun Industry Awards and the VNLA
In the previous year we have been working Annual Awards winners. Also
and all our members are invited and
to tackle the sales and use tax issue that included is information about the
encouraged to participate. Mark your
several of our members have been forced to VNLA and Vermont Certified
calendars for February 26-28, 2021 and the
deal with. It is a complicated issue. We as a Horticulturist Program, drawing
theme is Passport to Spring!. New
group have been in touch with several attention to our website. Seven
committee members and new ideas are
legislators and state employees. The way to Days offered discounted ad space
always welcome. In the meantime, we will
solve the issue appears to be working to get to our members with a VNLA
be brainstorming what comes next and
the language in the tax code clarified. As identifier.
seeking your participation!
many of you know, we are working on a • The Dirt continues to be produced
survey of the industry and we are hoping in full color with improved
Kristina MacKulin,
that having the information we will be graphics, layout & content setting
Flower Show Committee Chair
gathering will help us in this and other this newsletter apart from the rest.
Industry Awards Committee Program endeavors. Contributions are welcome!
Report • Social Media avenues are
On March 3, 2019 an Act was signed that
The Industry Awards Program began in regulates the use of neonicotinoids. It constantly changing and
2008. It has grown to include a variety of requires registration of certain products challenging to keep up! But we can
projects from both the public and private intended for outdoor use that contain the all do our part by sharing posts,
sector and continues to serve as a vehicle neonicotinoids. It also requires registration inviting members to follow us and
for members to learn, challenge themselves by the owners of bees, apiary, colony, or contribute content pertinent to our
and showcase their work. It is an hive. Annual reports are then to be membership. The collective voice
impressive demonstration of work by the submitted to track several indicators of is a strong one!
• Our VNLA website is updated and
applicants, award winners and the judges pollinator health. This Act also creates an
who dedicate their day to review, evaluate education program for owners of bees, hosted by webmaster Jackson
and award these projects. We thank apiaries, etc. It will use some of the Whelan. We hire him periodically
everyone for participating in the program, collected registration money to establish to make changes and updates to
showing support of the organization and this program. stay current with operations,
valuing the VNLA mission to help security needs, and ensuring
optimal use.
• The Flower Show kicked off March held the Winter Meeting and Trade Show at In September the Twilight Gathering was a
1st- 3rd proving record attendance the Davis Center at UVM. The keynote tour of Green Mountain Compost. On
thanks to an abundance of talent, speaker was Daniel Winterbottom, September 16, the VNLA helped to sponsor
creativity, contribution and Professor of Landscape Architecture at the another bus tour to the Montreal Botanic
resulting media coverage and University of Washington who spoke about Garden led by Dr. Leonard Perry. In
sponsorship. The usual avenues of
his work in designing healing gardens. Also December, we braved a snowy evening for
exposure included posters, press
speaking were Bill Landesman of Green “cheers and beers” at Zero Gravity Brewery.
releases, TV & radio ad
Mountain College on the importance and
campaigns, Vermont Public Thanks to those of you who have suggested
Radio among them. It was a impacts of soil microbes, Cheryl Sullivan of
ideas for twilight gatherings. Please keep
tremendous success! UVM Entomology on her research on how
them coming.
• We continue to grow our to attract and keep beneficial insects in the
relationship with Green Mountain field and the greenhouse, and Natasha Sarah Salatino, Chair
Habitat For Humanity having Duarte, director of the Composting
completed our second design & Association of Vermont on a variety of Research and Awards Committee Report
installation project in October, topics concerning compost. Back by Awards:
2019. Press releases and mention popular demand was the well-attended
on the local news broadcast were The following 2018 awards were presented
business roundtable in the afternoon. The
among the highlights. at our 2019 Annual Winter Meeting and
2018 Industry Award winners presentation
Trade Show at the UVM Davis Center:
Ashley Robinson, Committee Chair of projects was held just after lunch.
Horticultural Achievement Award
In March, the VNLA created and held the Ed Burke, Rocky Dale Gardens
Membership Committee Report
wildly successful Vermont Flower Show. Bristol, VT
!"#$%&'#()*#+,-.#)/0#/#(1(/2#13#&4%# The theme was “Wonder”. Also, in March,
5*56*789#:*#)/0#4#"*;#5*56*78#/"0#&&# Ralph Fitz-Gerald taught a pruning Environmental Awareness Award
5*56*78#;)1#0<0#"1(#7*"*;9#=)<8#0*>7*/8*# workshop at Horsford’s Nursery. April’s Green Mountain Compost/Chittenden
<"#5*56*78)<?#<8#/#>1"(<"@*0#>1">*7"#13# Solid Wast District
Twilight was a “beers and cheers” get
()*#61/70#/"0#;<22#6*>15*#/#31>@8#317#()*# Jen Baer and Dan Goossen
together at the Growler Garage in
61/70#/"0#1@7#5*56*78)<?#<"#$%$%9 Williston, VT
Burlington. Since May is such a busy time
in our industry, the Program Committee Retailer of the Year Award
Gardener’s Supply Company Stores
17B/"<C/(<1"D#=)*#+,-.#)/8#>1"(<"@*0#<(8# elected to wait until June for the next
Burlington & Williston, VT
E@/2<(F#13#?71B7/55<"B#/"0#;<()#)<B)*7# Twilight Gathering. June’s was a tour of the
G<8<6<2<(F#*G*"(8#2<H*#()*#+*751"(#I21;*7# Vermont Zen Center gardens. In July, John Allen B. Crane Horticultural Employee
J)1;#/"0#()*#!"0@8(7F#.;/708#?71B7/5K# Acknowledgement Award
Padua of Cobble Creek Nursery held a plant
;*#/7*#>1"L<0*"(#()/(#517*#6@8<"*88*8#;<22# Geoff Swanson
ID refresher at the nursery.
8**#()*#G/2@*#<"#1@7#17B/"<C/(<1"#D#!"# diStefano Landscaping, Inc.
In August a very fun and informative Essex Junction, VT
Summer Meeting was held at Fairfax
1()*78#(1#M1<"#@8#<"#1@7#*"0*/G178#(1# Young Nursery Professional of the Year
8@??17(#/"0#*")/">*#()*#)17(<>@2(@7/2# Perennial Farm with Larry Weaner as
<"0@8(7F#<"#+*751"(#/"0#6*F1"09## keynote speaker. He gave two
Kristen Sprenkle
presentations, one on ecological design and
Horsford Gardens & Nursery
:*#;1@20#2<H*#(1#()/"H#/22#1@7#"*;# management and another on how to take Charlotte, VT
advantage of plants’ abilities to create
1()*7#5*56*78#;)1#>1"(<"@*#(1#8@??17(# A VNLA/Green Works student merit award
dynamic and ecologically sustainable
@8D of $500 was given to Paul Saaman of
systems in gardens. The successful annual
Newport, VT. Paul was a senior in the
!"##"$%&'()'*+%,-../00''%,$"/*% silent auction with our favorite auctioneer,
Sustainable Landscape Horticulture
David Loysen, allowed the VNLA to raise
program and has worked as a landscape
Program Committee Report money for education awards. Ralph Fitz- foreman for Jay Landscaping.
Gerald shared his passion and prowess for
Our busy year started in January with a
beekeeping and at the end of the day we A VNLA/Green Works student merit award
“Tunes and Tacos” night at the Double E in
enjoyed the Amazing Race of greenhouse of $500 was given to Hannah Kilburn of
Essex with VNLA member Jamie Masefield
skills. S. Royalton, VT. Hannah was a second year
and his cohort, Doug Perkins regaling us all
student in the Landscape Design and
with their beautiful music. In February, we

Sustainable Horticulture Program and suggesting that there will be new members from design to installation. The committee
planned to work in the in the landscape joining these elite ranks. An additional met to review the student’s work,
industry in Woodstock, VT. milestone was passed this year- our collaborate on the final design details and
contract with Maine Nursery and Landscape began securing materials and volunteers.
Research: Association has been fulfilled and we no The project was promoted within the
longer have to pay royalties for the right to membership and marketed to the public via
In 2019 the VNLA awarded a research grant reprint the study manual that we revised press release and GMHFH advertising. It
of $1,000 to Margaret Skinner, Bruce Parker and adopted 5 years ago. was completed in one day with help from 50
and Cheryl Sullivan, UVM Entomology volunteers including 12 students, GMHFH
Research Laboratory for their continued Nate Carr, Committee Chair volunteers, homeowners and donors.
research on “”Bringing in Un-Bee-lieveable
Beneficials to Greenhouse & Nursery Volunteer Project Outreach Committee Another exciting, successful project
Settings”. (VPOC) collaboration with GMHFH proved valuable
and rewarding for both organizations with
VCH Committee Report Our second VPOC project was completed partnering missions, strengthening and
October 4, 2019 for residents of a Green supporting community. A BIG
The VNLA continues to promote continuing Mountain Habitat For Humanity (GMHFH) accomplishment!
education and professional development built duplex in Milton. The project
through the administration of the VCH involved site planning, design and Ashley Robinson, Committee Chair
program. This year there were 5 test takers installation of landscaping at 24 Railroad
and 10 new program members bringing our Street. We solicited help from students
total participation to 68 individuals or 40% enrolled in related classes at Vermont
of the total VNLA membership. The Technical College (spring & fall semesters)
program sold nine study manuals this year to assist in all components of the project

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2019 VNLA Industry Award Winners

The Industry Awards Program is coming up on its 12th year. Congratulations to the 2019 Industry Award Winners!!
We received a variety of submissions for the 2019 Industry
Awards Program. A panel of professionals met in early Church Hill Landscapes, Inc. – Graham MacHarg
Charlotte, VT
January for a full day to judge the entries. The judges
Fanny Allen Learning Garden
included a landscape architect, an educator, a nursery
Excellence Award
grower, professional landscape designers, and hardscaping
experts. As always, the judges’ identities remain diStefano Landscaping, Inc. – David Burton
anonymous. Essex Junction, VT
Cliff With a View
A big thank you to all who took the time to share and submit Excellence Award
their work!! We always welcome more entries and this
program is a fantastic avenue to showcase the outstanding Landshapes – Caroline Dudek
work many of our members accomplish each year. On that Richmond, VT
Hillside Stabilization Makes Space for Outdoor Living
note, keep track of your projects in 2020 and consider
Honor Award
making a submission later this year. We are looking for a
variety of projects of all shapes and sizes.
Distinctive Landscaping – Miles Weston & Brian Pellerin
Charlotte, VT
Please view the winning project photos on pages 10-11, as Family Matters
well as full slide show on the VNLA/Green Works website. Honor Award
Presentation boards of the winning projects go on display at
the Annual Winter and Summer Meetings as well as at the Earthscapes - Rick Rice
upcoming 2021 Vermont Flower Show on February 26-28, Shelburne, VT
2021. Spear Street Retreat
Merit Award
In addition, winners presented their projects at the Annual
Distinctive Landscaping – Charlie Proutt and
Winter Meeting & Trade Show held on February 13, 2020 and
Christian D’Andrea
will be featured on WCAX’s Across the Fence, with Dr. Charlotte, VT
Leonard Perry and in a Seven Days newspaper insert in April. A New Approach
Merit Award

Participate in the
2020 Industry Awards Program

Start Planning Now and scope

out your projects!

Church Hill Landscapes, Inc. - Graham MacHarg

Fanny Allen Learning Garden
Excellence Award

diStefano Landscaping, Inc. - David Burton

Cliff With a View
Excellence Award

Advertise in 2017! Landshapes - Caroline Dudek

Hillside Stabilization Makes Space for Outdoor Living
Honor Award


Distinctive Landscaping - Miles Weston & Brian Pellerin

Family Matters
Honor Award

Earthscapes - Rick Rice

Spear Street Retreat
Merit Award

Distinctive Landscaping - Charlie Proutt & Christian D’Andrea

A New Approach
Merit Award

Welcome New VNLA/Green Works Members!

Andrew MacKinnon Siple Property Maintenance

PO Box 323 William Siple
Shelburne, VT 05482 5 Lyon Lane
802-779-2547 Essex, VT 05452
Active Member 802-999-8660
Category: Garden Care, Landscape Gardener,
Active Member
Flying Mammoths Landscape Design Category: Consultation, Garden Care, Landscape
Lizabeth Moniz Design/Build, Landscape Gardener, Landscape
101 Frazier Road Installation/Maintenance
Worcester, VT 05682
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Take the VLNA Survey Today!

BE HEARD and to complete; please respond
take the Vermont by March 30, 2020!
Nursery & • This survey is being
Landscape conducted by Dr. Leonard
Association Perry, UVM Extension Professor
industry-wide Emeritus on behalf of the
survey for VNLA; all responses will remain
Vermont. anonymous and confidential.
• Complete the survey online
SURVEY? The results
of this survey will
promote and bring • It’s fast and EASY!
awareness to our industry and give us a stronger
voice in Montpelier.! This is the only survey that
counts all of our VT green industry professionals This survey is for Vermont businesses only. If you
together—plants, hard goods, & services. did not receive a postcard please contact the
VNLA office for a code # so you can complete
EVERY survey submitted is important and your the survey.

March 24, 2020 April 30, 2020 August 3-6, 2020
VNLA Twilight Gathering Vermont Arbor Day Conference Perennial Plant Association National
Oliver Seed Company Tour VT College of Fine Arts Symposium
6pm-7:30pm Montpelier, VT Lancaster, PA
Milton, VT
August 25, 2020
March 30 - April 3, 2020 June 23, 2020 Perennial Plant Association’s
ELA National Green Infrastructure Northeast Regional Symposium
VNLA Twilight Gathering @
Certification Program
Vermont Zen Center Garden Tour
E.J. Prescott 6-8pm December 4, 2020
Gardiner, ME Shelburne, VT Ecological Plant Conference www/ Ecological Landscaping Alliance
July 11-14, 2020 Brooklyn Botanic Garden
April 28, 2020 Brooklyn, NY
VNLA Twilight Gathering @ Cultivate ’20
Greater Columbus Convention Center
Zero Gravity Brewing
6pm-8pm Columbus, OH February 26-28, 2021
Burlington, VT
Vermont Flower Show

by Dr. Leonard Perry, UVM Horticulture Professor Emeritus

In PSS Department News:

Here’s your biannual snapshot of Fence (
atfence) she discusses and shows
the PSS department focus and
! A University of photos of her work there, as well as the
student interest, as shown by courses
Vermont team, cultural aspects.
being offered this Spring (and faculty
led by food
or lecturers teaching them, with their
systems professor ! “Who gets to
current enrollments). As of this
(and department go to
writing, with courses begun, they
chair) Ernesto Superbowl
include: Intro to Agroecology (Izzo,
Méndez, has been LIV and walk
46), A Bug’s Life (Lewins, 102),
awarded a the famous
Drawing and Painting Botanicals
$660,000 grant from the McKnight field? PSS
(Masseau, 16), Plant Pathology
Foundation to advance research and alum Lee
(Delaney, 9), Greenhouse Operations
sustainable practices across its Keller '84 and
(White, 16), Commercial Plant
global!Collaborative Crop Research Katie Deppen
Propagation (Starrett, 32),
Program (CCRP), which “works to ENVS/PSS '12
Composting Ecology (Neher, 38),
ensure a world where all have access to do! Lee
Permaculture (White, 17), Soil Fertility
nutritious food that is sustainably contacted Katie after graduation and
and Conservation (Gorres, 14),
produced by local people.” asked her to join his 'honor' team of
Agroecology of Vegetable Crops
sports turf folks from across the
(DeSantis, 9),
• Extension country. This is Lee's 21st year helping
Bees and Beekeeping (Alger, 37),
Professor!Dr. Sid the NFL achieve a perfect playing
Diversified Farm Planning (Bradshaw,
Bosworth, will field.” (photo and mention courtesy
17), Biological Control (Chen, 11),
retire effective UVM PSS Facebook). “Keller is a
Ecological Landscape Design (White
April 30, 2020. groundskeeper for the Milton (VT)
for Hurley who is on leave, 19), Soil/
For more than 30 School District, with a resume that just
Water Pollution (Faulkner, 21),
years Sid happens to also include an impressive
Professional Development (Neher,
developed areas list of professional and international
11), Agricultural Policy and Ethics
of specialty in!forage and pasture venues far from Vermont. He started
(Bradshaw, 6). Delaney is from Plant
management for dairy and livestock; his career working the fields for the
Biology, and lecturers hired for these
forage quality; crop and soil nutrient Kansas City Royals, and has gone on to
courses (not full time faculty) include
management; pest management for join the grounds crew for the last
Izzo, Masseau, White, Lewins,
crops and turf; organic wheat twenty Super Bowls.” (courtesy VPR,
DeSantis, and myself.
production; and agricultural biomass where you can hear his July 7, 2019
energy production. He has taught interview). You can read more about
One of my main projects in retirement
several courses a year for the PSS his background in the Milton
is continued teaching of my online
department, was the!major advisor for Independent
courses for PSS which include for this
ten graduate students and a committee (,
Spring: Pollinators and Perennials—
advisor for dozens more. 3/6/19).
winter session, completed (23), Home
Vegetable Growing (99), Indoor Plants
• Professor Ann The latest UVM annual report
(25), Garden Flowers (25), Flowers and
Hazelrigg spent a highlighted some significant funding at
Foliage (25), Perennial Garden Design
couple weeks this UVM from 2012 to 2019. The Move
(26). With a record number of
fall in Nepal with Mountains Capital Campaign had a goal of
students last spring in my courses, I’m
USAID $500 million, and to date has
now respecting the max limits more
consulting with commitments of $560 million including a
closely to keep these more
farmers. In a historic gift of $100 million. Of this total,
couple of shows $318M is earmarked for academic
on Across the programs, $93M for facilities, $83M for

scholarships (272 new scholarships), by more than 50%. The greatest losses
and $65M for endowed faculty came from our most common birds. Even
positions (i.e those dedicated to the paper’s authors say they were shocked
specific areas and paid from a special at the findings.
fund and not the general budget;
resulting in 67 new positions). To What’s up? Habitat loss is the driving
date during this period, 21 building factor, according to the paper. Waterfowl,
projects were completed or are in which has benefited from billions of
progress, from STEM to business to dollars in wetlands conservation, actually
arts and humanities to athletics. The increased. And so, going forward, expect to
huge athletics construction, reviewed see more conservation measures to protect
in the last Dirt, is underway and you birds. And expect that at retail, consumers
can find more images and description might be more motivated to create bird
online ( habitats and hang up bird feeders.

The pollinator issue rocked the green Cornell Lab of Ornithology has created a
industry—creating both problems and simple landing page, detailing the study
many opportunities for our products and offering seven tips for helping birds,
to be part of the solution. But as well as providing graphics and social
lost 2.9 billion birds from 1970 to 2017—a
according to!recent research published 29% decline in the breeding bird media tools. And—you guessed it—native
in!Science!, birds may be the next big population. plants are among the
crisis. The study, led by Ken solutions.” (
Rosenberg at the Cornell Lab of Forests have lost 1 billion birds. And home/bring-birds-back.) (from Jennifer
Ornithology, says!the U.S. and Canada grassland bird populations have declined and GreenTalks)

putting it under the lens . . .

Observations from the UVM Plant Diagnostic Lab

by Ann Hazelrigg, Phd.
It seems as though our trees are 200 plants affected including
strawberry, chrysanthemum,
under attack by insects and
phlox, verbena, zinnia, carnation,
diseases on many fronts: Emerald
impatiens, begonia, fern and
Ash Borer, Asian Long-horned
African violet. This would be the
Beetle, Hemlock Wooly Adelgid
first diagnosis of foliar nematodes
and Oak Wilt are all problems
on forest trees in North America.
Vermonters may have to contend
with. We can now add another to
There is still debate among
the list. There is new threat to
researchers as to whether the
northeastern trees called Beech
nematode is the true pathogen.
Leaf Disease. The disease has
One research group has performed
been found on American,
“Koch’s postulates” with the beech
European and Oriental beech and
leaves. This technique is used by
was first noted in Ohio in 2012
plant pathologists to verify the
and has since been found in
cause of a disease and involves
several more counties in Ohio,
extracting the pathogen from
Pennsylvania and Ontario in
infected tissue and re-infecting a
addition to one county in New
new healthy tree with the same
York by 2018.
pathogen to see if you get the
same symptoms. The research
Symptoms start as dark
group did get the same symptoms
interveinal banding in the
and are convinced the nematode
foliage. The banding is often a
is the causal agent. However,
common symptom of foliar
another research group macerated
nematodes because they are
healthy and diseased beech
typically limited by leaf veins.
leaves, found the genetic material
These leaves can become
for the nematode in both samples
thickened and leathery with
but also found three bacteria and
curled edges as the season
three fungi only in the diseased
progresses. The symptoms move
leaves. Their theory is the
into the crown of the tree
nematode may be the delivery
resulting in leaf drop, thinning
method, and the actual pathogen is
crowns, poor vigor and over a matter
the bacteria or fungi. What is not
of a few years, death.
debatable however, is that whatever
the pathogen is, it is moving quickly.
An Asian foliar nematode (Litylenchus
Symptomatic trees were found this
crenatae), has been associated with
past fall in three towns in Connecticut
symptomatic trees. Nematodes are
and on Long Island. There is current
microscopic worms that can be
research looking at the movement of
beneficial or harmful to plants,
the disease and considering birds or
depending on the species. Most
mites as the possible vector.
nematodes we are typically concerned with are soil dwelling,
but there are species of nematodes that are foliar pathogens. In If you see any symptoms that resemble those of beech leaf
the Clinic, we have identified foliar nematodes on peony and disease, please contact the UVM Plant Diagnostic Clinic
hosta, but the host range of foliar nematodes is wide with over


Commercial Division
Brian Mitchell, Chris Remsen & Lezlee Sprenger

Spring/Summer Commercial Hours

Weekdays 7:00am–6:00pm, Sat. 8:00am–5:00pm, Sun. 9:00am–4:00pm

472 Marshall Avenue, Wiliston, VT

802-658-2433 •

News from the VT Agency of Agriculture, Foods & Markets
By: Judy Rosovsky, VT State Entomologist
New Tomato Virus, Cannabis fruit, leaves may crumple or narrow,
Aphids, Asiatic Bittersweet and mosaic patterns and mottling
appear. Rugose patches on fruit,
The USDA recently found a new and chlorosis and necrotic calyxes are other
unpleasant tomato virus called tomato
brown rugose fruit virus (TBRFV or Management of this virus is similar to
ToBRFV) in Florida. It is a tobamovirus that used for other tobamo viruses,
that is in the tobacco and tomato virus though this is a stable virus that can
family,and it is able to overcome survive for a long time on tools,
genetic resistance in tomatoes, benches, trellises and other
particularly those with the Tm-2 virus equipment. Bumblebees may be able to
gene. This is a relatively new virus transmit this virus, too. Use rigorous
which was first discovered in 2014 in sanitation practices and disinfectants
Israel, and again in Jordan in 2015. It to avoid contaminating new areas.
Clean all tools and equipment, and
has since spread to several other
ideally clean hands and change outer
countries, including Italy,
clothing before moving
Mexico, China, Greece,
between greenhouses.
Netherlands, Turkey, Solutions of 0.5% bleach,
England, China, Spain Virkon S or non-fat
and the U.S. (Florida and skimmed milk have been
New Jersey; it was shown to be effective for
eradicated from cleaning. This virus
California in 2018). appears to thrive more in
Germany was successful the greenhouse
in eradicating the virus. environment than in
Since Canada imports fields.
fruit from Mexico to send Figure 2: Symptoms of tomato brown rugose fruit virus. Photo courtesy Dr. Aviv
Dombrovsky; used with permission. For a quick overview of
to the US, Canada will be
this virus, please see
required to conduct
inspections of any tomato and pepper resources/cultivation-insights/
exports. tomato-brown-rugose-fruit-virus.html
As of November 2019, all life stages were
being regulated (seeds, seedlings and fruit) Another relatively new pest on the
but it is likely that the fruit may be scene is the cannabis aphid, Phorodon
deregulated, given that they are an end cannabis. First discovered in the US in
product. Pepper plants in Mexico were 2015, it has moved from one side of
found to be infected with this virus, so the country to the other faster than
agricultural regulations will apply to it’s wings can beat. To most people, an
Capsicum spp. too. No other peppers with aphid is an aphid, and few distinguish
this disease have been found in other between the species. This pest might
countries. Good imagery of symptoms can be worth trying to identify, as it may
be seen at cause more harm than native species
files/docs/eventos/Seminario%20Tomato/ Figure 3: Cannabis aphid, (Phorodon cannabis,) because it is a vector of viruses.
AntecedentesTomato.pdf, a Spanish identification, courtesy of the Oregon
language site. Department of Agriculture. If you are a hemp grower and are
trying to control insects on your
Symptoms are similar to tobacco and tomato viruses, though plants, please make sure that the
they can become more extreme. Brown lesions form on the products that you are using are registered for use in VT and are

being applied on legal targets and in areas where the product is an alternate host for a bacteria that carries several diseases,
label states that it is acceptable for use. Certain Spinosad- including Pierce’s grapevine disease and variegated chlorosis of
containing products and oaks, elms, sycamores, mulberries and
insecticidal soaps can be used on citrus. It hybridizes with its native
aphids found on hemp and counterpart, American bittersweet,
cannabis plants. There are natural Celastrus scandens, which may
enemies that can be released to ultimately drive that native plant into
assist in aphid control, like rarity or local extinction. And hybrid
lacewings, ladybugs, aphid midge bittersweet have been shown to have
larvae, parasitic wasps and others. lower pollen viability, which is not good
Ensuring good airflow is always a for bee pollinators. For more
good practice. information on the biology of Asiatic
bittersweet, please see the US Forest
Invasive species like the cannabis Service’s article in its Fire Effects
aphid can proliferate because they Information System, Celastrus
left their natural enemies behind orbiculatus, online at https://
when they left their native
countries and can thrive and plants/vine/celorb/all.html.
expand aggressively in their Above: Celastrus scandens - American Bittersweet.
new home. In the plant world, Below: Winterberry decorates this window box. The native bittersweet has pretty
invasive species can though less spectacular berries
eventually become more than the invasive, but is better
integrated into the local suited to local wildlife and
ecosystem, but they are not pollinators. There is another lovely
likely to provide local fauna native plant, abundant in wet
with the same resources that a areas, called winterberry, Ilex
native plant would provide. verticillata, a deciduous holly. Both
winterberry and the native
Which brings us to Asiatic bittersweet can be used in
bittersweet, Celastrus beautiful displays, and they don’t
orbiculatus, sometimes known wreak as much environmental
as Chinese bittersweet or havoc as the invasive form. The
round-leaved bittersweet. It is invasive bittersweet is on the State
abundant in southern Vermont of Vermont’s noxious weed list,
and has very eye-catching big and we continue to regulate its
red and yellow berries. use. Asiatic bittersweet is highly
Because it is pretty, it is often abundant in many areas, but not
used to make decorative items like wreaths. Unfortunately, as everywhere, so please consider using the native alternatives
with many invasive species, this invasive plant does not when you are creating your seasonal decorative objects and
provide local wildlife with adequate nutrition. It kills trees by slow the spread of this noxious weed.
twining around them and cutting off water and nutrient flow. It


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Each! year the Vermont Urban & Community no spring skips its turn”.
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- Hal Borland
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Book Reviews
By: Dr. Leonard Perry, UVM Horticulture Professor Emeritus

A couple of books came out recently habitat that includes!pollinator

that I felt really worthy of mentioning nutrition, larval host plants for
a few details about and perhaps, in all butterflies and moths, and areas for
your free time before the busy season, egg laying, nesting, sheltering,
you might have a chance to get and overwintering, resting, and warming.
even read them (I often can do the Find a wealth of information
former but seem to not get to the to!support pollinators while improving
latter). the environment around you:
• The importance of pollinators and
At our last Vermont Flower Show this the specific threats to their survival
past year, one of our keynote speakers • How to provide food for pollinators
was Kim Eierman from EcoBeneficial using native perennials, trees, and
( One of her shrubs that bloom in succession
presentations was on the title of her • Detailed profiles of the major
just released book, The Pollinator pollinator types and how to attract and
Victory Garden. This has received support each one
several accolades, from the likes of Bill • Tips for creating and growing a
McKibben (a Vermonter you may know Pollinator Victory Garden, including
as founder of and the well- site assessment, planning, and
known Dr. Doug Tallamy (author and planting goals
previous VNLA winter meeting • Project ideas like pollinator islands,
speaker). From her website: enriched landscape edges, revamped
foundation plantings, meadowscapes,
“Pollinators are critical to our food and other pollinator-friendly!lawn
supply and responsible for the alternatives”
pollination of the vast majority of all
flowering plants on our planet. The second book is by an author who
Pollinators include not just bees, but has spoken in Vermont as well to our
many different types of animals, industry, and is known to most any
including insects and mammals. growing trees or shrubs—Dr. Michael
Beetles, bats, birds, Dirr, and co-author Keith Warren. Dirr
butterflies,!moths,!flies, and!wasps!can is a Professor Emeritus from the
be pollinators. The Pollinator Victory Garden!offers University of Georgia, lectures widely, and has
practical solutions for winning the war against the introduced over 200 woody plants to cultivation and
demise of these essential animals”. holds 29 plant patents. Warren is a tree breeder and
nurseryman who has spent his career introducing and
Many pollinators are in trouble, and the reality is that promotion improved tree cultivars. “As Director of
most of!our landscapes have little to offer them. Our Product Development for J. Frank Schmidt and Son Co.,
residential and commercial landscapes are filled with one of the world’s largest nurseries, he created an
vast green pollinator deserts, better known as lawns. extensive tree evaluation program testing virtually
These monotonous green expanses are ecological every new deciduous cultivar during his 40-year
wastelands for bees and other pollinators. career.” (Timber Press).

With!The Pollinator Victory Garden, you can!give Michael Dirr has a couple major references you may
pollinators a fighting chance. Learn how to!transition already have-- Dirr’s Manual of Woody Landscape Plants
your landscape into a pollinator haven!by creating a Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture,

Propagation and Uses (revised edition, 1005pp, Stipes such lists in other books, and online, and search engines
1990); and more recently (Timber Press, 2011, 952pp) for such online). The authors addressed this in their
Dirr’s Encyclopedia of Trees and Shrubs. If not familiar introductory pages, stating “…that the planting of each
with these, the title of the first says it all. It covers details tree is unique to the location and situation. No formula
of these, very extensive cultivar and species listings, but or list can prescribe the best tree for each site. This has
is text with drawings (such as leaves or twigs and buds) to be done on location, at the site.” So, my approach
but no photos. The second (Encyclopedia) has more would be to use lists or recommendations elsewhere to
landscape focus, again covers both trees and shrubs, but narrow the choices, then use their descriptions in this
is light on the details of the Manual, focusing on key book to choose the best among them for your/client
landscape traits and foregoes details such as needs, and site adaptability.
propagation, observations and cultivar histories that
you’ll find in the Manual. A few facts such as hardiness Factors you’ll find covered in their descriptions include
zones, and name changes, have been updated. A few such key ones as pest resistance, environmental
main cultivars are described in the Encyclopedia, with the tolerance, longevity, strength, and compatibility to
focus again on their landscape traits and uses, and lots of various sites. Since invasiveness is “difficult to predict
color photos of individual specimens, uses in landscapes, and can haunt new plant introductions”, they place an
closeup photos of bark, flowers, and leaves. emphasis on “plant selection within our own native
species, as invasiveness from natives is much less likely.”
This latest tome, The Tree Book (Timber Press, 2019, In addition, the criteria the authors used in selecting
900pp) is more a hybrid of the above, but with the focus which trees to include were that they were either
solely on trees. It covers a bit more detail, such as more “available in the trade and used in landscaping; new,
descriptive traits as found in his Manual (leaves, flowers, promising, and entering the trade; or unknown or
seeds, fruits, cones), and more cultivars than the overlooked…” that deserve wider use (rarity and hard-to-
Encyclopedia but fewer than the Manual, and with similar find is noted as appropriate).
extensive color photos as found in the Encyclopedia—a
real eye-candy book if you like trees. Photos in both The bottom line: if you want a beautifully illustrated and
books are of fine quality. Botanical names that may have comprehensive tree reference, arguably among the best
been changed recently have been updated. and most extensive, make sure you add this to your
collection. You’ll find more trees than in Dirr’s
All three references are A-Z listings which makes it easy Encyclopedia, with a few more details… and color photos
to find a particular plant. If there is a downside, it is that you won’t find in his original Manual. You’ll tap the vast
if you don’t know just what you’re looking for or are knowledge and experience of two of the top experts on
looking for a plant or choices for particular set of landscape trees, their details, and proper uses in
conditions, these won’t be your best resource (there are landscapes.

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A Garden for All Seasons
By: Judith Irven, VCH; Photographs: Dick Conrad
A Designer’s Notebook Windows Create the Frames for our Winter
Garden Pictures.
It goes without saying that, in the
Typically, when I first meet any new wintertime, we predominantly experience
clients, they start the conversation by telling our gardens from the warmth of our homes!
me about their dream garden in summer—
On a cold winter morning I like nothing
the special colors and flowers they enjoy,
better than looking out of my kitchen
and maybe their desire to create an inviting
window, absorbing the image of my snow-
entertaining space that will be screened
covered garden while off in the distance, a
from the neighboring property.
dramatic mountain sparkles in the low-
And of course, like everyone else, I love our angled sunshine.
summer gardens, with an abundance of
Close at hand I watch as the chickadees,
flowers to delight the eye is complemented
sheltering in a closely planted trio of Miss
by serene and carefully positioned places to
Kim lilacs, peck open sunflower seeds they
sit and enjoy the scene. But I also love our
have just foraged at our feeders. Further
gardens in winter which offer an abstract
away the various garden benches,
beauty that, in its own way, can be
each adorned with a puffy cushion
just as special.
of snow, are like ‘ghosts of summer’.
And, as a designer, I strive to share
From my study window the scene
this perspective with all my clients
changes. Here I look out at the
—unless, like a few couples I recall,
arbor and gazebo in perfect
they only come to Vermont in the
alignment, while off in the distance
I can see the frozen pond where a
Let’s take a look at how we can tall heron, beautiful crafted from
create a garden that will be lovely in scrap metal, patiently waits for his
EVERY season. fish, while, at the far end, a large
‘All gardening is landscape river birch shades a decorative
painting’. bench.

This is of my favorite quotations, Likewise, if you want to visualize

and it was penned about 300 years ago by different ways of making your client’s garden
William Kent, a well known English architect more appealing in winter, ask them if you
and landscape designer. can view the garden from their favorite
windows. Make a sketch of what you see,
Certainly, for me, designing a gorgeous and then experiment on paper with different
garden is all about creating beautiful ways you might enhance that picture.
pictures, incorporating both living plants like
trees and flowers, as well as non-living Perhaps something as easy as adding a small
elements such as arbors and benches, to tree and a bench would complete the image.
create a pleasing whole. And this ideal is as Or maybe planting a cluster of shrubs near
true for winter as it is for summer. the house would not only provide a safe
place for small birds to congregate when
In summer our garden pictures will be they visit their feeders , but also create an
dominated by the ever-changing palette of elegant silhouette in the snow.
colorful flowers. However, by contrast, our
winter garden pictures tend to be essentially
Winter Reveals the ‘Garden’s Skeleton.
monochromatic—akin to a series of
beautiful black and white Winter is when the garden’s
Top: A chickadee perches in the Amelanchier canadensis
photographs—as well as more underlying structure and design—
outside Judith’s kitchen window. Center: The arbor and
enduring. gazebo are perfectly aligned along the 45° axis Below: Picea
sometimes called the ‘bones of
abies ‘Nana’ at the base of a set of stone steps that lead to an the garden’—becomes most
upper patio. apparent.

It is over two decades ago since I initially shrubs which are especially attractive when
laid out the design for my new garden on outlined by fresh snow. So consider whether
paper. I began by drawing an imaginary the addition of one or more deciduous trees
diagonal axis at 45° to the back of the house, or a grouping of shrubs would both enhance
starting at the massive rock on the western your overall design and also create a graceful
side of the garden, and terminating at the old winter presence.
farm wall that runs along its eastern edge. Here are some shrubs and small trees that I
Then, aligned along this axis, I drew in a particularly like for their year-round
circular patio, a tall arbor, and a simple presence which can also be pruned to create
gazebo surrounded by a trio of crab apples an open structure: larger cultivars of our
and underplanted with a mix of fragrant native Winterberries, Ilex verticillata;
shrubs—various summer-flowering azaleas Shadblow Serviceberry (Amelanchier
and a cluster of Clethra alnifolia. canadensis); Royal Raindrops Crabapples;
and the Korean Maple (Acer
From here it was easy to add two gently
curving beds to the west, and another edging
the pond at the northern end. And finally, round out your design with
plenty of sturdy grasses
Finally, to frame the
and perennials— and then
garden’s entry point, I
encourage your clients to
added four Amelanchier
leave them standing
canadensis. These small
throughout the winter!!
native trees have lovely
white flowers in April Artful Embellishments.
followed in June by lots of All gardens benefit from a
small edible fruit beloved few ornaments with a
by the cedar waxwings. simple profile that are also
And, over the years, I have large enough to stand
pruned their interiors to above the snow.
form delicate silhouettes
that look especially lovely So, as you seek out some
in winter. special items to enhance
your clients’ gardens, make
In the busyness of summer sure they can be left
when I look at my garden, I outside all winter long.
do not give much thought
to all of this. But in the winter the Not only will this save them considerable
underlying design really stands out—and it effort at either end of the season, but also
always puts smile on my face! they will contribute greatly to their winter
garden pictures.
So, as you contemplate your clients’
gardens think about at the underlying For many years now I enjoyed four
structure you are creating, and then ask whimsical sculptures created entirely from
yourself whether there are enhancements scrap metal by Bill Heise, an extremely
you could make that would define it more talented Burlington artist who sadly is no
explicitly in winter. longer living.

Pick Plants that will Stand out in Winter. Three of these represent birds, including
the six-foot tall ‘Great Blue Heron’ who
Look first at the woody plants, both existing stands near our pond, a four-foot high
and planned, since any gaps in your design heron with an imperious-looking beak, and
will be especially noticeable in winter. a mischievous robin drinking at his
Consider adding one or two dwarf or semi- birdbath. There is also the mythical ‘Spirit
dwarf evergreens with a good form that will Keeper’ with outstretched wings, who
stand out in the winter but not guards the way up to our barn.
outgrow their space over time. Top: The view from Judith’s study. Center: The ‘Spirit And while I love these creations in
Winter also shows off the inner Keeper’ keeps watch over the slope up to the barn. every season, they look especially
skeletons of the leafless trees and Below: A metal robin sips from his birdbath. elegant in winter.

For another kind of garden
ornamentation about ten years ago
I am hoping to find that perfect
I installed a series of free-standing
pot which I plan to set up on our
iron trellises about ten feet out
barn slope where it will be readily
from the back wall of our house. In
visible as we enjoy our morning
addition to providing support for
coffee and tea!!
clematis during the summer, they
also create a stylish fence in the Together Judith Irven and her husband,
Dick Conrad, nurture a large garden in
winter, when the sight of their Goshen, VT. Judith is a landscape
long shadows across the snow is designer and VT Certified Horticulturist.
especially pleasing. She also teaches Sustainable Home
Landscaping for UVM Master Gardener
I also have several large hand- Program. She writes about her VT
made ceramic pots that make great gardening life at
focal points in my summer You
garden. However, since they can reach Judith at
cannot remain outside during
freezing temperatures, each fall I
must move them into the
So, for a while now, I have been
planning a trip down to
Brattleboro to see Stephen Above: A trio of free standing
Procter, a skilled potter who trellises create a simple winter
creates beautiful hand-crafted pots decoration.
that are winter-hardy. You can see Bottom: Two snow covered chairs are
many examples on his website: like the ghosts of summer.

Cobble Creek Nursery, LLC

W e grow a diverse selection of

B&B trees and shrubs at our
nursery in Monkton, Vermont. We
offer shade trees, ornamental trees,
flowering shrubs and dwarf conifers.
At Cobble Creek Nursery we are known
for quality Vermont Grown plants,
exceptional service and extensive
woody plant knowledge. Stop by for
a visit or give John a call for more

John Padua
991 Tyler Bridge Road, Bristol, VT 05443
phone/fax: 802-453-3889 / e-mail:

no kidding …

5 Top Reasons Your Team Isn’t Engaged

by Jacki Hart

Without a doubt, one of the We all want to go to

work every day, set
best authors on Team
up to succeed.
Engagement is Patrick
Pretty tough to do if
Lencioni. He’s written many
there’s a lack of
books on teams: the Five
clarity on what’s
Dysfunctions of a Team, The
expected of them
Ideal Team Player, Three
and how their
Signs of a Miserable Job
performance will be
among many. His writings
are brilliant – and have come
full circle. With some written
To be honest, most
well before we even knew
employers I know
what a Millennial was, and
(myself included for
Gen Z were still in diapers –
many years) really
Lencioni’s wisdom and
suck at being
advice wouldn't be more
proactively clear on
relevant if he’d written it last
job responsibilities,
month. It’s about the human condition – and I believe the main
desired results and providing constant feedback. And now more
disconnect lies in the ‘screen-time’ factor of our lives. We’ve
than ever, it’s become crucial. Our younger demographic
forgotten how to connect and value others in a sincere way – let
employees just won’t cope well without clarity. They’re digital
alone at work where there’s targets and deadlines.
natives. Information has never been inaccessible to them. Until
they hit the workforce. Especially for younger staff (under 25) –
In February, I will be running a full day workshop on “Working
they leave the school/college system where they’ve had
Together” at the Ottawa Green Trade Expo. I’ll also be speaking
structured learning and regular feedback (report cards, test
at the conference on the topic of Employee Engagement – so,
scores, essay/project grades) and jump into the work world
it’s a topic at the forefront of the minds of many business
where it’s kind of like the Wild West. Fend for yourself and find
managers who are looking ahead to a busy spring business
your own way. And they run in the opposite direction – or
season – and spending lots of energy trying to become better
worse – stay and put in their time wafting along, disengaged
employers, recruiters and career providers.
and not doing their best, because they don’t feel valued, and
don’t care.
So, why do so many company managers struggle with finding,
engaging and keeping great team players? I think it boils down
· · · · Here's 5 key things to consider – If these happen in your
to a few key issues – all of which have roots in the generation
business, then engaged employees could well be eluding you:
gap of preferences and communication styles that represent the
average company demographic.
1. They're in the wrong position and have been
unintentionally set up to fail.
It all boils down to this:
With increasingly bigger challenges filling company positions,
Everyone wants to know that their efforts will make an impact,
it's tempting to put the best person you can find (not the
that they’re valued, and appreciated. It’s important for
properly trained or experienced one necessarily) into a vacant
everyone to know what they’re supposed to be doing at work,
position. Maybe you've taken an employee and promoted them
what they need to know/learn, when they’ll learn it and how.
once, or twice...until they reach the level of their own

incompetence - it's call the Peter Principle, and it's a recipe for About the Author: Jacki Hart is president of Consulting by Hart
disaster. in Ontario, Canada. She is an entrepreneur, advisor, business
consultant, and workshop facilitator with a career in the Green
2. They feel like a commodity - "I'm just a warm body." Industry spanning 35 years. Jacki is one of Canada’s first women
to hold the North American Green Industry certificate for business
One of the great thought-leaders of our time is Simon Sinek. In management excellence. Jacki also manages the Prosperity
his recent book Leaders Eat Last, Simon says "Money is a Program and Peer to Peer Network for Landscape Ontario.
commodity to be managed to help grow your people, not the
other way around." By this he means that you can no longer Jacki writes for other trade magazines and will be a regular
treat front line or junior employees like worker bees (or worse) contributor to our business column. CBH is a consulting firm that
who are expendable. The premise is that you expect to make a “passionately believes that entrepreneurial success depends on
profit off the back of your underpaid employees! - you're going sustained forward momentum - across all areas of business - both
to have a revolving door in the HR department. You need to the visible and the invisible. To learn more about CBH visit
invest in your people, grow their skills, give them hope, lift
them up -and the company results will follow. They will
appreciate being appreciated. They will Step Up. They will
engage. Just watch them!

3. Their work has no meaning to them - Everyone needs to

feel proud. Everyday.

And when you set people to tasks without having the big
picture and understanding what part their own personal effort
will play in the over all success - they'll feel useless and leave.
Or just not show up whenever they feel like a mental health
day, or sleeping in. You give them no hope, and no relevance.

4. They don't feel valued or 'safe' to learn.

If your staff is intimidated, embarrassed, or wrong when they

ask questions - say good bye. If they have poor trainer
(impatient, condescending, flippant) then they'll be poorly
trained. Which leads to being discouraged, feeling 'dumb',
inadequate...and who the heck would stick around for that?

5. There is no path to personal success.

Again, it's about creating hope. It starts with a living wage. Not
what you think it should be but what they need to be. They'll
ask themselves daily: Why should I stay? What's in it for ME?
Will I succeed here? How and when? If your hiring, on-boarding
and training system leaves them unable to answer these
questions, whether a new or seasoned employee - then out the
door they'll go. Sooner or later, they'll leave.!

So, I’ll leave you with this suggestion: take a look at these five
factors, and think about them one by one. Ask your team – what
do they experience? Does any of this take place without (or
with) you realizing it? Can you engage your team to help you
design a better system for information sharing, feedback, job
position clarity, career options and continuous improvement?
What would be different if you had all of these 5 things
banished from your company? I think you’d have a Rockstar
Team, that’s what I think…. I hope that you agree.

wiry stems, hairy leaves and bodacious blooms. . .

The Perennial Plant Association’s 2020 Perennial of the Year -

Aralia cordata ‘Sun King’
In case you missed very well behaved –
the announcement, little to no
Aralia!cordata!'Sun reseeding or
King' has been suckering.
chosen as the
2020 Perennial Plant HARDINESS!
of the Year® This
USDA Zones 3 to 9.
plant has been
nominated again and
again over the past
years and finally Part shade to full
came!out on top - shade. A few hours of
persistence pays off!! sun brings out the
yellow; tends to be
BEHOLD, THE Proven Winners Photo above.
SUN KING!! chartreuse in
deeper shade.
No, not Louis XIV !
of France, rather, a SOIL!
fabulous high-
impact perennial. Not picky - but
Aralia 'Sun can flag during
King', also dry spells, so
known as provide
Japanese additional
Spikenard, water as
brings a bold pop necessary.! It
of glowing color thrives in
and texture - the Photos courtesy of the Rotary Botanical Gardens. moist, fertile,
perfect anchor for well-drained
the shade to soils.
shade-to-part- !
shade border. "Discovered" by plantsman Barry Yinger in USES!
a Japanese garden center (atop a department store), this
Terrific in combination with hosta, ferns, and past PPOY
perennial has become a beloved shade garden staple
stars such as Polygonatum odoratum ‘Variegatum’ (2013)
across the country. Bright yellow shoots emerge in
and Brunnnera macrophylla ‘Jack Frost’ (2012). A
spring, then grow up, up, up and can reach 6' tall and
knockout when placed near Acer palmatum ‘Bloodgood’ or
nearly as wide. The small, cream-colored umbels of
other maroon-leaf woody plants. And don’t forget
flowers are attractive to bees and are followed by tiny
containers - Sun King is bold and beautiful in a big pot!
dark (inedible) drupes. Despite the Sun King’s stature, it's

UNIQUE QUALITIES! Supplemental water
helps keep foliage from
Bold, gold, compound
getting crispy during a
foliage is deer resistant.
dry spell.!
Bigger than your average
perennial, Sun King is
frequently described as
4’ tall and as wide, once Aralia ‘Sun King’ has no
established, but 6’ tall is patents or other
not unusual for older restrictions. Propagate
plants. Aralia ‘Sun King’ by vegetative cuttings
won the International (stem or root). A quick
Hardy Plant Union and easy crop from
Outstanding Plant Award rooted liners, one- or
in 2012. The species Photo courtesy of Knecth’s Nurseries. two-gallon containers
Aralia cordata is a finish in 6-10 weeks.
member of the Araliaceae family. Native to Japan, Smaller pot sizes not
Korea, and SE China, where the young shoots are recommended. Do not allow to dry down - requires
harvested and blanched or pickled.! =)<8#?2/"(# consistent moisture and moderate fertility. Pinch
"/(@7/2<C*8#;*22#/"0#/((7/>(8#6<7089## helpful, no PGRs required.
MAINTENANCE! Information courtesy of Perennial Plant Association and
Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder.
Aralia ‘Sun King’ is a low maintenance deciduous
perennial; remove dead foliage after a freeze.

187 Main Street, Colchester, VT 05446 Three Things to know about Van Berkum Nursery
(802) 878-2361 - 1) We are passionate about what we grow, from New England
Open 7 Days a Week Woodlanders to Wicked Ruggeds.
2) We specialize in healthy NH grown perennials, personal service,
6SHFLDOL]LQJLQ9HUPRQW*URZQ and extensive plant knowledge.
3) We have friends in low places. (ribbit).
Spring & Fall Bulb Plants ~ Easter Lilies ~ Bedding Annuals
Perennials ~ Hanging Baskets ~ Herbs ~ Vegetable Plants
Hardy Chrysanthemums ~ Poinsettias

Claussen’s carries the area’s largest selection of top-quality tropical

foliage and flowering house plants – for sale and rent.

We sell commercial plant material at competitive prices to local

landscapers, interiorscape designers, garden center and flower shops in
Vermont, New Hampshire and New York. Open daily, Claussen’s
provides friendly, experienced customer service, along with weekly Van Berkum Nursery • 4 James Road Deerfield, NH 03037
delivery service to all of our commercial accounts. LLC
(603) 463-7663 Fax 7326 •
Visit us in person or online at

A Professional Association for
Green Works’ mission is to support and strengthen the
horticulture industry of Vermont by creating greater
awareness of the benefits of landscaping and promoting
FL(M#?(NO'(1G(P%"",&@2":<'(QA(RSTUV the professional services and products of our members.
FW(XROGTOSGSYYU(Z(PW(XROGTOSGSYOO ;--,%.(A"+.%&(F%#8-%'(C*2.%/*&'(+/.(>.27+*#"&G(
$$$G:"%%/$#"H&E%"4#/*G#": visit us at$$$G:"%%/$#"H&E%"4#/*G#":