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BYD and its

“Green City Solution”


BYD AUTO Europe
23 Nov., Groningen
BYD and its Green City Solution

1 BYD Group at a glance and its Fe battery

2 BYD’s “Green City Solution”

3 BYD e-mobility Pilot


Milestones of BYD Group
1995 BYD Battery Co., Ltd. founded

1999 BYD Europe BV established

2000 BYD America Inc. established

2002 BYD Co., Ltd. IPO at Hong Kong Stock Exchange

Entering IT component business


2003 BYD Auto Co., Ltd. founded

2005 BYD first auto model F3 launched the Founder & Chairman:
Mr. Chuanfu Wang
Becoming strategic supplier to Nokia
Researcher in Physical Chemistry of Metallurgy
2006 F3R launched

BYD Hungary established


Quick Facts:
2007 BYD Electronic Ltd. IPO at HKSE
200,000 Employees
BYD Electronics India established
15,000 R&D Engineers
2008 F6, F0, F3DM launched
14 manufacturing sites
2009 Introducing strategic investor Warren Buffett 3 Main Businesses:
- IT components and EMS service
Entering electric bus business
- Auto design and manufacturing
2010 BYD Daimler New Tech Company founded in China - New Energy
BYD Business Areas

Auto
F0  F3  F3R  F3DM  F6  
M6  S6  S8  K9  L3  e6  i6  G3   

Auto Electric
Eng. Power

Central
R&D

Energy IT
Commodity Mfg
Solar Farm
Battery Storage Station (FPC, IC, Mechanical Parts)
EMS  (IT Products Mfg. & Assy.)
Home Energy System R&D ODM (Phone Design & Assy.
Solar Street Lamp
BYD R&D Capability
Auto Engineering Research Institute Electric Power Research Institute
• Body Design
• Home Energy System
• Chassis Design
Auto Electric
• Engine Development Eng. Power • Inverter Technology
• Interior & Exterior Design
• Energy Storage System
• Auto Electrical Design Central
R&D • Solar Power Station
• Auto Testing Center

15,000 R&D engineers
Central Research Institute
• Optoelectronics Tech. • Functional Materials • Surface Tech. • Metal Material
• Applied Materials  • Magnetism Materials • Advanced Ceramic
• Environmental Lab • RF Lab • UI Lab • Audio Lab
• EMT Lab • EMC Lab • BB Lab • Antenna Lab
BYD Global Footprint
BYD Global
Headquarters
BYD Finland Oy., Espoo

BYD Denmark A/S, CPH


BYD Hungary BYD Beijing BYD Korea Office
BYD Xi’an
BYD Europe B.V
BYD America Corp.
BYD Shangluo BYD Japan Corp.
BYD Shanghai
BYD Changsha BYD Ningbo
BYD North America Headquarters (L.A) BYD Shaoguan BYD Taiwan Office

BYD India, Pte., Chennai BYD H.K Corp.

Headquarters
Company / Plant
PM, business and technical support center
BYD Industrial Bases in China
Currently BYD has 11 established industrial parks in China:
Shenzhen, Beijing, Xi’an, Shanghai and Shangluo, etc.
with a total area of 17 million m2.
PINGSHAN PLANT
(Headquarters)
2,670,000 sq. m.

SHAOGUAN PLANT BAOLONG PLANT


KUICHONG PLANT
3,300,000 sq. m. 660,000 sq. m.
400,000 sq. m.

SHANGHAI PLANT HUIZHOU PLANT


570,000 sq. m. 1,696,000 sq. m.

NINGBO PLANT BEIJING PLANT XI’AN PLANT


130,000 sq. m. 190,000 sq. m. 5,030,000 sq. m.

SHANGLUO PLANT CHANGSHA PLANT


270,000 sq. m. 2,607,000 sq. m.
BYD Growth Record
40,000

200,000
26,800
21,200

130,000

12,900 120,000

Year 2009
100,000
6,603
Turnover (million RMB)
Employees 6,500
4,000 55,000
2,300 36,000
1,300
420 870 26,000
210 20,000
90 13,000 15,000
50 800 4,000 7,000
260

1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
About Fe‐battery
‹ Cathode: LiCoxFe1‐xPO4 + Conductivity + Binder
‹ Anode: Graphite + Binder
‹ Electrolyte: Organic solvent + LiPF6

FeO6 Octahedron
Charge

LiO6 Octahedron

Discharge
PO4 Tetrahedron
Advantages of Fe‐Battery
Applications of Fe‐Battery

Telecomm. Area

Electric Vehicle Area

Energy Storage Area
BYD and Green City Solution

1 BYD Group at a glance

2 Green City Solution, BYD’s approach

3 BYD e-mobility Pilot


The case of China: Bus and Taxi Population and 
Fuel Consumption in Megacities

TAXI
Changchun
Metropolitan cities 23.000 53.500
Beijing
Big cities 8.000 17.000
Dalian
Tianjin
Important cities 4.000 12.000

Shanghai ∑ Total 500.000 1.200.000


Hefei

Wuhan Hangzhou
Chongqing Annual fuel consumption of buses in China is 17.6b L
Changsha Annual fuel consumption of taxies is 16.9b L
Guangzhou Total annual fuel consumption is about 28M tons
Shenzhen
About 25% of Chinese cites are besieged badly by air pollution.

Of 113 main cites in China, 1/3 of them fail to reach national Air Quality
standard level II.

The incomplete fuel burning, energy loss and mechanical operation of


gasoline vehicles are major sources of city pollution in China.

Pollution Heats
the City Causing
Transportation
Greenhouse Gas
Noise
and Other
Pollution

Gasoline Vehicle
Engine
Why E-mobility will make a difference?
Fuel
One taxi work hours = 20 hours/day
1 taxi = 10 private sedans consumption
One private sedan work hours ≤ 2 hours/day and pollution

One bus fuel consumption = 120L/day Fuel


One private sedan fuel consumption =4L/day 1bus = 30 private sedans consumption
and pollution

One e-taxi
= Decreasing
the fuel consumption and
emission of 10 private sedans
=10 private electric
sedans

One e-bus
= Decreasing
the fuel consumption and
emission of 30 private sedans
=30 private electric
sedans
BYD is the only manufacturer developing e-bus, full electric
passenger cars and Fe battery together in China

BYD Green City Solution


BYD Green City Solution

Vehicle Model Charging System


‹ City Bus ‹ e6-100 for 4 units/time
Bus:K9A(Normal Deck)
K9B(Low Deck)
‹ K9-100 for 2 units/time
Mini Bus:K8
‹ City Texi—e6A
35%

BYD Services Core Parts Supply

‹ GPS ‹ Power Battery


‹ Terminal Dispatching ‹ Driving System

‹ Locating & Rescue ‹ Control System


‹ EV Chassis
BYD Green City Solution
City Bus E Bus

City Taxi EV Taxi


Why BYD K9 ideal for Public Transport

Features perfectly suitable for public transportation


9 travel distance and charging location could be planned because of the
regular bus routes and shifts
3300mm 9 Wide floor assembled with big batteries for longer range

Great power and long range


2550mm 9 Wheel side drive technology
9 300 Km range in city condition

9 Medium charge within 6 hours (100%), fast charge 30min for 50%

Easy to Access, Comfortable and Safe to Ride


9 Easy to access, floor height of 360mm and adjust scope btw 300~420mm
9 12 meters bus with sufficient internal space and 3 doors

9 Facilities for physically challenged passengers

9 Anti-collision Fe battery + front/rear disc brake + ABS+ASR + high voltage creepage protection

low operating cost V.S. ICE buses


9energy consumption of K9 around 120kWh/100Km, costing 8 Euro in China; fuel consumption of ICE bus around
40L/100Km, costing 28 Euro in China

Environment matters
9 Without CO2 emission, pollution or noise
9 optional solar panel for additional power

9 adoption of recyclable and environmentally friendly Fe

battery
Remarkable Power System

Power Battery Pack ----- Fe-battery (600Ah/ 540V)

Fe-battery Advantages:
• Safe
• High Capacity
• Low Cost and Long Cycle Life
• Environmental-friendly
Remarkable Power System
Braking Energy Regeneration
When bus brakes, the motor will reverse and generate power changing
kinetic energy to electricity and then charge the battery

Energy
Regeneration Braking
Charging Feedback Power generation and Downhill Slide
system Control system High-speed Operation
Low-speed Operation

Inverter & Power output


Battery Motor System

Functions:
z Increasing electric-drive safety
Motor/Generator

z Extending electric-drive range


e6, good choice for city taxi
Longer to drive and quicker to charge
9 Over 300Km/charge in city service condition
9 Reaching 80% SOC in 15min via fast charge; charge during shifts intervals or breaks

9 good acceleration 0-100Km/h ≤10S; top speed at ≥140Km/h

Ecologically sound
9 0 CO2 emission by using renewables
9 no pollution from the tailpipe, no engine noise any more

Both energy and cost efficient


9 energy consumption around 21.5kWh/100Km, costing 15RMB in China; fuel consumption of ICE
taxi around 10L/100Km, costing 65RMB in China

Safe and comfortable


1630mm 9 Fe power battery shows excellent safety features during oven
test, crash test, nail penetration test, etc.
9 5-seater crossover with big space

4560mm
1822mm
Charging Devices for BYD EV

• DC-charging cabinet (100Kw; 50Kw;


10Kw): three different power output; can
be installed and used in charging station,
garage etc.

• AC-Charging pole and On-board


charger 220VAC 16A: via household
sockets; can be installed and used in
parking place, garage, shopping centre
etc.
BYD and Green City Solution

1 BYD Group at a glance

2 Green City Solution, BYD’s approach

3 BYD e‐mobility Pilot
BYD EV Pilot Projects

China
• May 2010, E6 has been launched officially; First EV taxi fleet are
running in Shenzhen, China;

Spain
• June 2010, Cooperation with Spanish utility Endesa, starting
F3DM pilot for “Smart City” project;

Austria
• June 2010, With the witness of ministers from China and Austria,
BYD signed the contract with local partner to offer 100 e6 for car
sharing business;
e6 Shenzhen Taxi fleet

• First batch of 50 units running in the city of Shenzhen, China
• Taxis are running 1 0r 2 shifts per day, daily range over 500Km/car
• Smooth operation during extreme hot weather in Shenzhen with AC 
always on
BYD DC Charge Station
• Cooperate with China 
Southern Power Grid
• Four BYD DC charge 
Cabinets are installed 

• Cooperate with China 
Potevio & China National 
Offshore Oil New Energy 
Company

• Cooperate with Shenzhen Taxi 
company 
• Three 100A Charging Cabinets + 
Three 30A Charging Cabinets
Operating Cost: BYD e6 vs Conventional Taxi

Operating Cost

Energy Energy Price Daily Cost Annual Cost Total Operating


Consumption/ (Energy (Daily Cost Cost
100km Consumption ×365) (Annual
(City Driving Energy Price× Cost×Operating
Condition) 400Km/ Daily Time: 5 years)
Range)

1.18 EURO/L
Conventional (Unleaded or
10L 47.2 EURO 17,228EURO 86,140.-EURO
Taxi EURO
SUPER 95)

0.147
BYD e6 21.5kWh 12.642EURO 4,614.33EURO 23,071.65EURO
EURO/kWh

Price Difference 34.588EURO 12,613.67EURO 63,068.35EURO

‹Save operating cost in 5 years: 63,068 Euro


Reference: Toyota / FAW & BYD e6
Annual Average saved 12,614 Euro
‹
Changsha e‐bus K9 pilot

• Bus company of 
Changsha City has 
signed MoU with BYD 
AUTO for 1.000 units of 
full electric buses, with 
the witness of Mr. 
Warren Buffet
• Infrastructure planning 
has started already
• Pilot expected to kick 
off in 2011
Operating Cost: BYD K9 vs Conventional Bus
Operating Cost
Energy Energy Daily Cost Annual Cost Total Operating
Consumption/ Price (Energy (Daily Cost Cost
100km Consumption ×365) (Annual
Energy Price× Cost×Operating
250Km/ Daily Time: 8 years)
Range)

Conventional 1.1 EURO/L


34.5L 94.88EURO 34,629.38EURO 277,035.-EURO
Bus (Diesel)

0.147
BYD K9 100 kWh 36.75EURO 13,413.75EURO 107,310.-EURO
EURO/kWh

Price
58.13EURO 21,215.63EURO 169,725.-EURO
Difference

Save operating cost in 8 years: 169,725 EURO


‹
Reference: City Bus( Length: 12m) & BYD K9

‹Annual Average saved 21,216 EURO


We are on the way!

Normal charge for DM Fast charging station E6 with fast charging

Movable ESS

F3DM on the road BYD future village with self-support energy system
Thank you for your time!
Yongping Chen
BYD Auto Europe
Rotterdam