PHYSICS
Introduction to Vectors
Y 5 _
_ a
b 6
–X +X
_
c 4 7
_
d
–Y
_
_ a
a _
a
_
a
_

a
_ _
a 2a
_
– 3a
–X X
–Y –2i
3i
– 4j
1.5j
_ _ _
a a+b
5 _ _ _ _ _
b  a + b =  a  +  b  = 9 units
4
_
a _ _ _ _ _ _
8 _  a + b =  a  –  b  if  a  >  b 
b _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ 5  a + b =  b  –  a  if  b  >  a 
a+b
3
_
_ +b _
a
b
_
a
_ _
b _ +b
a
_
O a
_
Q
q
_
P
Q R
q
a
O P
a b
c b
3 R
60 a
5
Y
B
_
a
ay Y
_
q a
j ax A
P
j
X O X
O
i i
ay = sin q a
= ax
a cos q
3 2
_ _ _
a 2 b c
1 1
1
Y
X
O
5
5 sin 60°
60° 60°
5 cos 60°
6 sin 45°
6
45° 6 cos 45° 45°
10 sin 30°
30° 10 cos 30°
30°
10
10
30°
60°
10 sin 30°
8 sin 60°
Rx
q
R
Ry
2 120°
2 cos 30°
2 sin 30° 2
R
3
Ö
q
1
a 30°
b
10
a cos 30°
a sin 30° b
10
60°
q 5
5 sin 60°
a cos q 5
5 cos 60°
a sin q
F F sin 60°
F sin 60°
F
F2
F1
90°
135°
10Ö
2N
F2
X
F1
45°
2 cos
10Ö 45°
45°
2 sin
10Ö
A
W1 20 N
B
TB (tension in string B)
W2 50 N
TA
W1
TB W1
B
60°
60°
A
O
W 100 N
T0
Þ
T0 = 100 N
100 N
T2 cos 60°
T1 T2 sin 60°
T0
A
N1
15 N (wt. of B)
N1
N2 20 N (wt. of A)
g
strin
q
ne normal
Pla q
N
T
q
sin q
mg mg cos q
mg
B
A C
30°
NA
T1
q
q
sin
WA WA cos q
WA
NB T2
q
T1 q cos
WB
q
sin
WB
WB
T2
WC
F1
30° A B F2 = 15 N
NB
R F2 = 15 N
B
20 N (wt. of B)
NA
R
A
30°
F1
30 N
0.1 N
f
25 N
m
sN
100 N
N
m
sN
W sin 30°
W cos 30°
30° W
30°
F sin 30°
N
m
sN F cos 30°
30°
N2
N1 m
k
N1
T
T m
kN2
n 30°
W si
W
W cos 30°
W
m
R
R
m
R1
T
B A
R R1
37° 37°
m
R
W
W
T1
T2
O
B
C
T2 T1
C B
10Ö
3 10 N
T2 = 10Ö
3 T1 = 10 N
T1
q T2
q
O
T0 (tension in
string OA)
Y X
T1 T2
T0
T3 T1
53° T2 37°
W2 W1
T3 53°
53° T2
W2
37°T
1
T2 37°
W1
60°
T3
T2 O
T1
T3
60°
T2
T1
30°
T
T2
T = 10
T1
30°
T2 W
q q
w
w
T T T
q q
W
W T=W
0N
20
w
37°
A 45°
N
N T0 sin45°
T0 T2
f T1 45°
T1 T0 cos45°
100
W
T2
F = 50 N
40
m
R
50N
R
40N
F N
45°
70g
_
_ +b _
a
b
_
a
_ _
b _ +b
a
_
O a
Q R
q
a
O P
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