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Chapter - 1

Course for IITJEE - 2012

PHYSICS
Introduction to Vectors
Y 5 _
_ a
b 6

–X +X

_
c 4 7
_
d
–Y

_
_ a
a _
a

_
a
_
-
a
_ _
a 2a

_
– 3a

–X X

–Y –2i

3i
– 4j

1.5j
_ _ _
a a+b
5 _ _ _ _ _
b | a + b| = | a | + | b | = 9 units
4

_
a _ _ _ _ _ _
8 _ | a + b| = | a | – | b | if | a | > | b |
b _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ 5 | a + b| = | b | – | a | if | b | > | a |
a+b
3

_
_ +b _
a
b
_
a

_ _
b _ +b
a

_
O a

_
Q

q
_
P

Q R
q
a
O P
a b

c b

3 R
60 a
5
Y
B
_
a
ay Y
_
q a
j ax A
P
j

X O X
O
i i

ay = sin q a

= ax
a cos q
3 2
_ _ _
a 2 b c
1 1

1
Y

X
O

5
5 sin 60°
60° 60°
5 cos 60°

6 sin 45°

6
45° 6 cos 45° 45°

10 sin 30°
30° 10 cos 30°
30°
10
10
30°
60°

10 sin 30°

8 cos 60° 10 cos 30°

8 sin 60°

Rx
q
R
Ry
2 120°

2 cos 30°

2 sin 30° 2

R
3
Ö
q
1
a 30°
b

10

a cos 30°

a sin 30° b

10

60°
q 5

5 sin 60°

a cos q 5
5 cos 60°

a sin q
F F sin 60°

120° Resolving F cos 60° F


X
120° 120° F F cos 60°

F sin 60°
F

F2
F1
90°
135°

10Ö
2N

F2
X

F1
45°
2 cos
10Ö 45°
45°
2 sin
10Ö
A

W1 20 N

B
TB (tension in string B)
W2 50 N

W2 = 50N (wt. of block)

TA

W1

TB W1
B
60°
60°
A
O

W 100 N

T0

Þ
T0 = 100 N

100 N

T2 cos 60°

T1 T2 sin 60°

T0

A
N1

15 N (wt. of B)

N1

N2 20 N (wt. of A)

g
strin

q
ne normal
Pla q

N
T

q
sin q
mg mg cos q
mg
B

A C

30°

NA

T1

q
q
sin
WA WA cos q
WA

NB T2

q
T1 q cos
WB
q
sin
WB
WB

T2

WC

F1
30° A B F2 = 15 N
NB

R F2 = 15 N
B

20 N (wt. of B)

NA

R
A
30°

F1
30 N
0.1 N
f

25 N
m
sN

100 N

N
m
sN

W sin 30°
W cos 30°
30° W

30°
F sin 30°
N

m
sN F cos 30°

30°

N2
N1 m
k
N1
T
T m
kN2

n 30°
W si
W
W cos 30°

W
m
R

R
m
R1
T
B A

R R1
37° 37°
m
R
W
W

T1
T2

O
B
C

T2 T1

C B

10Ö
3 10 N
T2 = 10Ö
3 T1 = 10 N

T1

q T2

q
O

T0 (tension in
string OA)
Y X

T1 T2

T0

T3 T1

53° T2 37°

W2 W1

T3 53°
53° T2

W2

37°T
1

T2 37°

W1
60°
T3

T2 O
T1

T3

60°
T2

T1

30°
T

T2
T = 10
T1
30°

T2 W
q q

w
w

T T T
q q

W
W T=W

0N
20

w
37°

A 45°

N
N T0 sin45°
T0 T2

f T1 45°
T1 T0 cos45°
100
W
T2
F = 50 N
40

m
R

50N
R

40N

F N

45°

70g
_
_ +b _
a
b
_
a

_ _
b _ +b
a

_
O a

Q R
q
a
O P
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