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May the Force Be With: __________________________

Date: _______________
Western Civilizations
French Revolution Test B

Multiple Guess
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

______ 1. Which of these did not lead to further radicalization of lower class politics?
A. The election of the Convention.
B. Exclusion from elections since they didn't own property.
C. Fear of “counter-revolutionaries” taking over and ending the revolution.
D. The belief that the king and nobles were trying to crush the rebellion.

______ 2. What was the early result of the war with Austria and Prussia during the Second Phase?
A. Surprising victories led by General Bonaparte.
B. The king and queen attempted to escape.
C. The acceleration of radicalization of politics.
D. The United States sent aid to the French.

______ 3. What did Napoleon do once he conquered the Iberian Peninsula?

A. He lost land in the Middle East while his army was busy.
B. He was named Emperor by the French people.
C. He forced the Spanish and Portuguese to fight in his army.
D. He named his brother king.

______ 4. Which of these does not describe elements of the Third Phase of the French Revolution?
A. New executive branch called the Directory.
B. End of the Estates General system of privileges.
C. French forces were commanded by General Napoleon Bonaparte.
D. The war with Austria, Spain, England, Holland, and Prussia was ongoing.
______ 5. Which of these describes Napoleon's expansion into the east?
A. He was wildly successful, leading to a massive empire never seen before.
B. The Jacobins tried to rise up against him while his army was away.
C. He lost much of his army to the Russian winter.
D. Britain formed a new Coalition to attack in the west.

______ 6. Which of these was not a cause of the French Revolution?

A. King Louis XVI attempted to use foreign troops against the French people.
B. Massive debt from the Seven Years' War and American Revolution.
C. Legal privileges based on the Estates system.
D. Social issues: middle class lacking political power, poor unable to buy food, etc.

______ 7. What characterized the July Uprisings during the First Phase of the Revolution?
A. Mass killings of those seen as “enemies of the Revolution.”
B. Leaders from the middle class led mobs of lower class to storm the streets of Paris.
C. The execution of the king and queen.
D. Peasants stormed manor houses and Church lands to drive out the nobility.

______ 8. Which of these was a major event during the Second Phase of the Revolution?
A. Napoleon took over the government and became Emperor.
B. The National Assembly named a new executive power called the Directory.
C. The Estate System was abolished.
D. King Louis XVI and his wife were tried for treason and executed.

______ 9. What finally ended the Second Phase of the Revolution?

A. The Committee of Public Safety finished their “cleanse” of France.
B. Napoleon overthrew the government in charge and became Emperor.
C. French forces finished off the Austrians and Prussians.
D. The Convention turned on the Committee of Public Safety and executed its members.

______ 10. What finally led to Napoleon losing power and being exiled to Saint Helena island to die?
A. His losses in a war against Russia.
B. France financially collapsed due to the blockade by the British.
C. He was defeated by the British at the Battle of Waterloo.
D. His own people rebelled against his rule.
______ 11. How did the Second Phase of the Revolution begin?
A. The Assembly created a constitutional monarchy to keep the King in power.
B. A new executive branch was created called the Directory.
C. Legal privileges based on the Estate System led to radicals seizing power.
D. Internal and external opposition led to increased radicalization of the French people.

______ 12. Which Coalition defeated Napoleon the first time, leading to his exile to the island of Elba?
A. 4th Coalition
B. 5th Coalition
C. 6th Coalition
D. 7th Coalition

______ 13. Which of these does not describe the beginning of the Napoleonic Era?
A. High food prices due to poor harvests.
B. The creation of a third new constitution.
C. Napoleon being named First Consul.
D. Napoleon soon becoming Emperor of France.

______ 14. What ended the Estates System, naming all men equal under the law?
A. Napoleon's rise to power
B. Declaration of Rights of Man
C. The Great Fear
D. The execution of the King and Queen

______ 15. Which of these does not describe the Great Fear?
A. Rumors of the nobility hoarding and burning food to starve out the poor.
B. Peasants attacking manor houses and Church property.
C. The death of 30,000 “enemies of the Revolution”
D. Rumors that the king was bringing in foreign troops to put down the Revolution

______ 16. What was the Tennis Court Oath?

A. The Estates met to resolve financial issues under the King's request.
B. The 3rd Estate renamed itself the National Assembly and resolved to draft a constitution.
C. Napoleon was named Emperor of the French.
D. A treaty ending the war with Austria, Prussia, England, and Holland.
______ 17. Which of these was not part of the moderate political settlement of 1789-1791?
A. Declaring war on Austria and Prussia.
B. Decided to design a constitutional monarchy.
C. Planned to keep the king as an executive power and the Assembly as the legislative.
D. Limited the vote to those men who owned property.

______ 18. What was a significant change Napoleon made to the French government?
A. He made it a constitutional monarchy and named himself the new king.
B. He named the first year of the Revolution as Year One of a new calendar.
C. He reorganized administration based on talent and ability rather than status.
D. He created a new legislature called the Convention.

______ 19. What was the primary result of the Third Coalition against the French?
A. Napoleon was defeated and exiled.
B. Napoleon conquered the Holy Roman Empire, officially ending it.
C. Napoleon was forced to sell Louisiana to the United States to raise money.
D. Napoleon was officially named Emperor of the French.

______ 20. How did Napoleon take over the French government?
A. He was elected leader by the people.
B. He marched his army into Paris and killed those in charge.
C. The government was killed by a mob, making General Bonaparte the new leader.
D. Key members of the Directory helped him overthrow the government.

Short Answer
Answer each question with complete sentences. Some may require more explanation than others. If
extra space is needed, please use the back.

21. Who was Robespierre and what was his effect on the French Revolution?
22. Why were the poor so willing to rise up at the beginning of the Revolution?