APA Style Guide

References Page or Bibliography
References include only sources that are cited in the text of your paper and this is usually what is required for APA style. If you are asked to include all sources you used as evidence of wider reading then you must create a Bibliography At the top of the page, write References or Bibliography, centered. Do not use all capital letters. Do not use italics. List the reference entries in alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry. o Start each entry on a new line, using a hanging indent. (In a hanging indent, the first line of the entry starts at the left margin. The remaining lines are indented one tab stop. To get a hanging indent in Word, select the entire reference entry, then go to Format—Paragraph—Direction and Indents—Special—Hanging.) o o o o

References
The following are examples of each type of reference you may need to include in your bibliography. Follow the examples below, using the information from your own sources. (Note: Italicize the titles of books, titles of periodicals, and periodical volume numbers.)

Books
Author(s) given: Author(s). (Year). Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher.
Example: Chomsky, N., & Halle, M. (1968). The sound patterns of English. New York: Harper & Row.

Note that for most titles, only the first word of the title and sub-title is capitalized, as well as proper nouns.

No author given: Title of book. (Year). Place of publication: Publisher.
Example: The business of roses. (1974). Los Angeles: Little and Long.

Chapter in a book: Author(s). (Year). Title of chapter. In Name of editor (Ed.), Title of book (pages). Place of publication: Publisher.
Example: O'Neil, J. M. , & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York: Springer.

W. Radecki; adapted FH and JB Nov 25 2001; revised MZ/FH Feb 16 2004; revised FH March 2008

Radecki. In Encyclopædia Britannica. Middle School Journal. W. 31(6) 32-37. P. 2006. Year. (2000). Example: Hien. Retrieved Month Day. pp. In Title of encyclopedia (volume. pages. (1993). all signi fican t words are . J. & Legrand.gulfnews. (Year). (Year). In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. Notice that the date is always the second element in an APA citation. VA: PBS Video. (1997). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica. No author given: Title of article. Retrieved Month Day. In The world book encyclopedia (Vol. www. Cite in-text only. . Interviews Not included in list of references/bibliography. (Year). (2006). Journal or magazine article with issue number: Author(s). volume(issue) pages. Online Encyclopedia: Title of article. Example: Bergmann. Place of production: Publisher or Distributor. from Proquest 5000 database. Title of video [Videotape]. It takes parents. Title of Periodical. T. A closer look at the drug abuse-maternal aggression link. G. Note that for periodical titles. Example: Public Broadcasting System (Producer). revised FH March 2008 Retrieved June 20. 2007. Title of article. Example: Hoose. from Name of database (or URL eg. from Title of Online Encyclopedia URL Example: Falcon. Year. Title of article.com/eb/article9033616 Videos Name of producer (Producer). (2000). Retrieved Month Day. 2000. pages). P. from Name of database. London: World Book. Retrieved May 20. 501 . adapted FH and JB Nov 25 2001. R. Place of publication: Publisher. Retrieved March 26. Example: Diabetes.eb. 70-91). In Title of encyclopedia (volume. Title of article. (Year).Encyclopedias Author(s) given: Author(s). Articles Journal or magazine article without issue number: Author(s). 26. D. (1997). pages). & Honeyman. (Year). . pp. (Year). Journal of Interpersonal Violence. from Encyclopædia Britannica Online http://search. Inc. In Title of online encyclopedia. the whole village and school to raise children. revised MZ/FH Feb 16 2004. from Academic Search Premier database. Alexandria. 503-522. Relativity. Year. 4. Title of Periodical.com).503). 15. Place of publication: Publisher. volume. The new urban renewal: Reclaiming our neighbourhoods [Videotape].

B. Retrieved February 16. The Washington Post.). Name of Newspaper. Retrieved Month Day.d. (Year).htm Author given. Retrieved August 3. Retrieved Month Day. Retrieved Month Day. Retrieved Month Day. Month Day). from URL Example: Daly. A1. from http://www. 2008 from Lexis Nexis database.ala. Retrieved January 15. August 12). adapted FH and JB Nov 25 2001. 2008. E. Year.html When the author is an organization or group: W. author given: Author(s). Example: Jefferson. Herald International.). 2000. 2001.html No author or date given: Title of article. Title of article. but no author: Title of article. from http://library. Newspaper article.). Title of article. Month Day). Title of Web Page/Site.) Thinkquest.psywww. ESL Planet. Retrieved Month Day. 2004. Year. July 15).d. page. M. Notable people in psychology of religion. (n. Title of Web Page/Site. no author: Title of article. www.com/teachertools/argueweb/frntpage. Title of Web Page/Site. (n.Newspaper article. (1997). A12. Retrieved May 12. Nielsen’s Psyc of Religion: Notable People.thinkquest. Example: New drug appears to sharply cut risk of death from heart failure. Year. from URL Example: Art movements in the 20th century. Retrieved March 8.com). Year. (1993.com/psyrelig/psyrelpr. Title of article. from URL Example: Information literacy for librarians. Microsoft to face lengthy court battle. revised FH March 2008 . from Name of database. Year.org/27629/features/art. G.htm Date given. Writing argumentative essays. (Year. (n.gulfnews. Web sites Author and date given: Author(s). Radecki.org/acrl/infolit. (Year).eslplanet. Name of Newspaper. from URL Example: Nielsen. revised MZ/FH Feb 16 2004. 1998. (n. from Name of database (or URL eg. from http://www. Year. Title of Web Page/Site. Association of College and Research Libraries Standards and Guidelines. but no date: Author(s). Retrieved Month Day.d. (2004). (Year. (1998. from http://www. page. Retrieved February 8.d.

revised MZ/FH Feb 16 2004. Title of Web Page/Site. revised FH March 2008 .un. Radecki. Retrieved May 20. adapted FH and JB Nov 25 2001. Title of article.org/News/ W. UN urges unhindered humanitarian access to Afghanistan. from URL Example: United Nations. 2002 from http://www. UN News Service. (2002). Retrieved Month Day. (Year).Organization name. Year.

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