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Adopted 20 July 2006
Published by Greenwich Council Produced by Greenwich Strategic Planning Peggy Middleton House 50 Woolwich New Road London SE18 6HQ
Designed and Produced by Cook Hammond & Kell Whittington House 764-768 Holloway Road London N19 3JQ
Copyright Maps in this publication are reproduced with permission from Ordnance Survey with permission of the Controller of Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Greenwich Council licence 100019695 (2007). Unauthorised reproduction infringes Crown copyright and may lead to prosecution or civil proceedings.
FOREWORD BY THE LEADER OF THE COUNCIL
These are exciting times for Greenwich. Record inward investment, secured by Greenwich Council and our partners, is transforming the face of our borough. Step by step, we are reversing years of economic decline brought about by the demise of our traditional industries. As a result, the visible signs of regeneration lie all around us – in every part of our borough. Over the last year, we have made every effort to ensure that our priorities mirror your priorities. Around 35,000 residents seized the opportunity to tell us their vision for a future Greenwich at one of our Great Get Together consultation events. We have listened to what you told us. We are seeking to meet your aspirations with an ambitious plan that takes advantage of the once in a lifetime opportunity record amounts of inward investment have given us. You told us that transport was one of your main priorities.We agree.That’s why we are committed to securing new transport links that will open up job opportunities across the capital and attract new businesses to our borough. The North Greenwich stop on the Jubilee line has shown just how much of a catalyst transport links can be in terms of regeneration. It has become the most successful station on the Jubilee line extension and together with new and improved local bus services, our existing rail services and a commuter river service, it is helping our borough to become south east London’s transport hub. This unique position will soon be strengthened even further.Work is well underway on a new DLR station in Woolwich that will open in 2009. A Crossrail station in Abbey Wood will follow just a few years later. Our attempts to persuade people of the overwhelming economic case for opening a further Crossrail station in Woolwich continue apace. Like the thousands of local residents and businesses who supported our campaign, we understand that we cannot afford to miss out on the wider benefits this development would bring. You also told us that access to high quality and affordable housing is one of the biggest challenges we face today. Again we agree. That’s why we will continue to build on our proud record of substantial housing developments; delivering thousands of new and affordable homes on the Greenwich Peninsula, Woolwich Arsenal, Kidbrooke and across the borough. Not only have many of these developments brought former wasteland back into use, they have provided us with an opportunity to negotiate benefits such as schools and new health facilities that will benefit the whole of our community. And finally you told us that you wanted to see new life breathed into our three town centres. We agree. That’s why we have launched ambitious plans to build three new local service centers in Eltham, Woolwich and Greenwich. As well as acting as a catalyst for wider regeneration projects in each area, they will ensure that you can access a range of modern, first class services in your neighbourhood. All of this is part of our long-term vision to help us create a truly sustainable community within the Thames Gateway. It is set out in this, our new Unitary Development Plan (UDP), which is our development blueprint for the future.
As I stated, none of this could have been possible without the many local people, community organisations and businesses who have fed in their views.Your input has helped us to identify areas for future development opportunities, in particular where new homes should be built and how we can continue to protect our open spaces and the natural environment. Together we can continue to ensure that Greenwich remains a great place in which we can all be proud to live, work, learn and visit.
Vision .....................................................................................................................................................................1 The Council’s Strategy for Land Use and Development..........................................................................1 Borough Profile ...................................................................................................................................................4 Policy Context.....................................................................................................................................................7 Strategic Planning Policies ..............................................................................................................................14
1. COMMUNITY NEEDS, BENEFITS & SERVICES......................................................................................21 C1 Community Services ...............................................................................................................32 C2 Loss of Community Facilities ................................................................................................32 C3 Major Residential Developments .........................................................................................33 C4 Doctors Surgeries, Dentists etc...........................................................................................33 C5 Nursery Provision....................................................................................................................34 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY .......................................................................................................35 J1 Defined Industrial Areas .........................................................................................................39 J2 Aggregates and other ‘Open Yard’ Industries....................................................................41 J3 Charlton Business Park ..........................................................................................................41 J4 Town Centres ...........................................................................................................................42 J5 Employment Sites Outside Defined Employment Locations ........................................42 J6 Industrial and Business Developments ...............................................................................43 J7 B1 Uses.......................................................................................................................................44 J8 B8 Distributive Industries and Trade Wholesale Uses....................................................44 J9 Cultural and Creative Industries..........................................................................................45 J10 ‘Bad Neighbour’ Industries ....................................................................................................46 J11 Home Working .........................................................................................................................46 J12 Work/Live Units .......................................................................................................................46 J13 Quality Jobs ...............................................................................................................................47 J14 Training and Business Support..............................................................................................48 J15 Community Benefits................................................................................................................48 J16 Accessibility ...............................................................................................................................49 HOUSING .........................................................................................................................................................51 H1 New Housing ............................................................................................................................54 H2 Preventing the Loss of Housing............................................................................................55 H3 Effective Use of Dwellings......................................................................................................55
........................................................................................................................................................................................98 5................................................................................................................67 Wheelchair Standard Housing...............................................................................................................................................................65 Sheltered Housing.....................95 E6/E7 Air Pollution ...................................94-95 E5 Light Pollution ....................................62 Affordable Housing.........................................................................................................................................57 Housing Design.................H4 H5/H6 H7 H8/H9 H10 H11 H12 H13 H14 H15 H16 H17 H18 H19/H20 H21 H22 4....................79 O11 Sportsgrounds and Playing Fields ...............................97 E9 Renewable Energy...........................................................................................................77 O8 Other Open Spaces..................................................................................................................................................65 Lifetime Homes ...............................................................61 Children’s Play Areas ........................................................................................................................76 O6 Green Belt...................................................................................................................................................69 OPEN SPACES ...................................................................81 O14 Allotments..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................82-83 O18/O19 Sites of Nature Conservation Importance............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ Kidbrooke Development Area...................................................................62 Housing Mix...................................................................................67-68 Supported Housing................................................................................................................................................................................68 Travellers and Romany People..........................................................................77 O9 Public Open Space Deficiency Areas .........................................................................................................................................................................................96 E8 Energy Efficiency...................................84 O22 Species Protection .............................................................................................................................59 Backland and Infill Development...........................................................................85 O24/O25 Management of Wildlife Sites.....................73-75 O5 Green Chain................................................................................................93 E1-E4 Pollution............ CONTENTS ...................83 O20 Green Corridors.........................................................................80 O12 Park Facilities.......................................85 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION..........................................84 O23 Areas Lacking Accessible Wildlife Sites .......56 Conversions.....................................................................................81 O13 Floodlighting .........................................................58 Density...........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................64 Non Self-Contained Shared or Bedsitter Accommodation ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................61 Housing Improvement ...................................................................84 O21 River Corridors .....................................................................................................................................82 O15-O17 Recreational Footpaths and Cycleways........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................71 O1-O4 Metropolitan Open Land .....76 O7 Community Open Space...........................................................60 Amenity Space and Gardens ........................................................................................................................................................77 O10 Community Benefits...................
.......................................................109-110 D3 Ecological Factors ..............................................111 D4 Improvements to the Urban and Natural Environment .............................. CONTENTS .................................................................................124 D29 Areas of Special Character............123 D28 High Buildings ......................................................................................127 MOVEMENT .........................................................................................................114 D12 Satellite Antennae .........................................................................................................................................................................................................................99 Contaminated Land ......................................................102 Minimise Waste at Source ........................................................... Reuse.....................129 M1 Development and Transport ................113 D8 Trees............................................................................................120 D22 Buildings at Risk ...................................120 D25/D26 Strategic Views..................................................................................................................................111 D5 Parking and Access Arrangements..........E10 E11 E12 E13 E14 E15 E16 E17 E18 E19 6....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................127 D33 Temporary Use of Vacant Land Awaiting Development ........................................................................................................................................................125 D30/D31 Archaeology .............................................................................................. Recovery and Disposal ..........................................................118 D19 External or Internal Alterations or Additions to Listed Buildings....................................................................................................................................112 D7 Safety and Security in the Environment ........99 Site Servicing........................................ 118 D18 Preservation of Listed Building....................................................102 Waste Inert Material........................................................................................115 D13 Shopfronts and Signs............................................104 Safeguarding Existing Tidal and Fluvial Defences..........................................116 D15 Advertisements ........................117 D16/D17 Conservation Areas...........103 Development in Fluvial Flood Risk Areas ...............................114 D11 Telecommunications Development ......................................................................100 Waste Reduction......................................................................................................................................121 D27 Local Views ..................118 D21 Changes of Use of Listed Buildings...............................................................................................................................................................103 Drainage and Flood Protection................113 D9/D10 Residential Extensions .............................................................................120 D23 Local List of Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................General Principles............ Hazardous Materials.....................................................................................................................120 D24 Historic Landscapes .......................................................................................125 D32 Environmental Improvements................................................................112 D6 Access for People with Disabilities .............................................................................................................................................................................131 7............117................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................104 DESIGN & CONSERVATION .....................100 Electromagnetic Fields.....................................................................................................................................................116 D14 Street Furniture.................................107 D1/D2 Urban Design..........................118 D20 Setting and Proportions of a Listed Building ..................
.......................................................................148 People with Disabilities ..........159 CONTENTS ........................ Transport Assessment ........145 Cycling .................................149 Rail Freight...139 Environmental Areas .................................................................135 Transport Interchanges.........................................................................................................................................................................................................159 TC3 Other Key Uses ..........................................................141 Relocation of High Traffic Generators......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................151 TOWN CENTRES...........................................................132 Extension of the Public Transport Network ...............................................................137 Safeguarded Schemes...................................132-133 Major New Transport Developments.........134 Bus Priority...............................................................................150 Adverse Effect of Freight on the Environment ..........150 Coaches..........................................................................................................................................................................131 Travel Plans .....................................................................................139 Road Hierarchy ..........................................................................Traffic Calming Measures ..................................................................................144 Services Areas..........................................................................................138 General Criteria for Road Schemes ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................141 Car Parking Standards............................................................................................................................................................................135 Waterfront Transit ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................159 TC4 ‘Island Site’ ..........................................................................................................................................................................142-143 Community Benefits........................................................................................................................140 New Housing Developments .........................................................................................................................................M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10 M11 M12 M13 M14 M15 M16 M17 M18 M19 M20 M21 M22 M23-M27 M28 M29 M30 M31 M32 M33 M34 M35 M36 M37 M38 M39 M40-42 8..........................................................................141 Relationship of Development to the Road Hierarchy and Town Centres...........................................150 Areas of High Freight Accessibility...........137 Heliports and Airports ........................................................150 Water Borne Freight ...........................................140 Specific Improvements..............................................................................................133 Use of the River.......................................................................................................145 Parking Strategies.................................................................................................................................................................................................144 Off-Street Public Parking ......................................................................................148 Restriction on Road Freight.............................................158 TC2 Primary Shopping Centre ............136 Accessibility ......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................136 Retention and Improvement of Public Transport Facilities .........................................146 Pedestrians................................Access in Public Areas................133 Accessible Public Transport...................................................................................................155 Woolwich Town Centre TC1 Royal Arsenal .................................................133 Safeguarded and other Rail Schemes...............................................
.............................166 TC19 Essential Local Facilities in Neighbourhood Parades and Freestanding Premises................................................................................... Bed and Breakfast Accommodation and Guesthouses......................164 General Policies TC16 Key Town Centre Uses and the Sequential Approach...............................188 W2 Thameside Policy Area .........................................................163 Eltham Town Centre TC13 Focus for South Greenwich..........180 10.....................................................................160 Greenwich Town Centre TC7 World Heritage Site.........................................................179 Diversification .................................161 TC9 The Multi-functional Role of Greenwich Town Centre ..............................................188 W3 Mixed Use Areas .........................................................................170 TC28 Hot Food Takeaway Outlets including Drive Through Restaurants............................................................191 CONTENTS ...................................................................................170 TC27 Markets and Car Boot Sales ..............................................171 TC29 Retail Facilities in Petrol Stations..... Streetscape and Environmental Quality................TC5 TC6 Pedestrian and Cycle Access...............................172 9.........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................183 W1 Development Principles ............ Cultural and Entertainment Facilities ................180 Camping and Caravanning ..........167 TC20 Arts.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Leisure and Tourism .........162 TC12 Traffic Management and Transport Links .......................................191 W7 Support Facilities for Water-based Uses....189 W4 Thamesmead ...........160 Public Transport Links..........................................................................................................................168 TC23 Environmental Protection....................161 TC10 Shopping and ‘Food & Drink’ Uses .....................................178-179 Small Hotels................................................................163 TC14 Shopping.................................................................. Servicing and Parking .....................169 TC24 Civic Spaces.................................................................................................................................................................................................................... TOURISM T1 T2 T3 T4 ..........................................................177 Location and Criteria ....................................................................................................190 W5 Safeguarded Wharves.......................................................169 TC25-TC26 Site Access............................164 TC17 Protected Core and Fringe Shopping Frontages .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................163 TC15 Traffic Management........................................166 TC18 Non-retail (A1) Uses in Core and Fringe Frontages......................................................................................................................................................................................................160 TC8 Historic Town Centre..............................................................................................................................................................................................................190 W6 Floating Vessels..................................................................................................162 TC11 Market Development............................168 TC22 Town Centre Living.............................................................................................................................167 TC21 Use of Premises Above Shops............................................................................................................ WATERFRONT ..................................................
.............................................205-207 Housing...............................212-213 Mixed Uses........................................................197 SITE PROPOSAL SCHEDULES Community Needs and Services ................................208 Open Space.........................................................................................................................................225 CONTENTS ...................................................................................................................................................195 IM3 Partnership ..196 IM5 Enforcement.................................. IMPLEMENTATION ..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................195 IM4 Consultation and Community Liaison..................................................................................................................................................................................194 IM2 Resources ..................................................... Legislative Background............214-221 APPENDICES 1................................11.............................................................................................................................209-211 Movement............................................................................................................................................................................223 Glossary and Abbreviations......................................................................................................................... 2......193 IM1 Monitoring and Review ............................................................................................................204 Jobs...............................................................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................78 Areas Lacking Accessible Wildlife Sites................................88-92 Cycle Parking Standards.............................. 4..................................... 2.............................126 Cycle Network.............................................. 9............MAPS 1............................................... 11.............................................................................................................................................................27-28 Types of Publicly Accessible Open Space.. 10............................................................................................................................................................................................................... Greenwich in the South East.................................................iv Greenwich in the London Context ................................................................................ 5...................................... 12....................................................................................................................................vi Public Open Space Deficiency Areas .......................119 Local Views .........................................................198-201 CONTENTS ......v Ward Boundaries...........................v Key Sub-regional Diagram ..................................................86 Flooding & Attenuation Areas......................................................173-174 Premises in Neighbourhood Parades............................................................................................................. 8..................... 7.................22-25 Key Policies for Disadvantaged Groups ........................................................................156 District & Local Centre Shopping Frontages . 6.........................................79 Sites of Nature Conservation Importance...........................................147 Waterfront Area.....................................................................152 Retail Car Parking Standards .......... 3..................175-176 Targets & Indicators for UDP Monitoring ............122 Areas of Archeological Potential.......................................................153 Town Centre Hierarchy .......................184 TABLES C1 C2 O1 O2 M1 M2 TC1 TC2 TC3 IM1 Groups Most Disadvantaged by the Built Environment........105 Conservation Areas...........
To provide a framework of acceptable uses within the Borough. positive planning and planning control work with each other through the Greenwich Unitary Development Plan.This in turn affects how we in Greenwich Borough. people moving in to and out of the borough and by changing lifestyles. and also provides the main guidance for making decisions on individual planning proposals. decisions and activities.This sets out the vision for use of land in the Borough. are influenced by changing technology. The Greenwich Unitary Development Plan does this for the Borough of Greenwich and is intended to cover the period 2001 . from the Greenwich Strategy (2003). Greenwich UDP is in two parts: • Part 1 outlines the Vision for Greenwich. INTRODUCTION i . and for services such as health and leisure facilities. It is a legal document with the following purposes: . The Purpose of the Unitary Development Plan (UDP) Local Councils have a duty to prepare a Development Plan by law. • Positive planning helps to work out what type of environment we want to live in. housing and shops. looks at how individual uses of land affects people and places on a wider scale and helps protect our built and natural heritage. . As a community we have to decide how best the land can be used to meet a wide range of wants and needs. Planning aims to manage land-use change by being aware of what is happening of influence to the Borough. and these changes are shaped by the way we live and shape subsequent needs. and guiding development in the interests of the community. The system of planning in Britain is designed so that. defining the areas where development is not desired or where it needs to be carefully directed and. use land. • Control Planning works through the granting of planning permission. at the Borough level.2011 (or 2016 for Part 1 of the Plan).This is used to permit good developments or new uses of land and buildings and prevent ones that may be harmful to the public interest. Our need for buildings such as factories.INTRODUCTION PLANNING IN THE LONDON BOROUGH OF GREENWICH Change occurs all the time. This is done through both positive and control planning.To provide a detailed basis for the control of development. Written Statement As required by legislation and in accordance with (Central Government) Planning Policy Guidance Note 12: Development Plans. Understanding the Plan The Greenwich UDP is made up of a Written Statement and a Proposals Map.
Part II also contains a schedule of proposals for individual sites in the Borough. which are listed under such topic headings as Jobs and Mixed Uses. Sustainable Development and Regeneration. each with a policy number and indicated by a coloured background. Proposals Map The Main Proposals Map covers the whole Borough. If you are interested in a particular site or building or want an indication of how the Council would respond to a site proposal. A policy relating to a designation can be found in the Plan by looking it up in the Contents Page.It contains a strategy for land use and development based on three key themes on which the UDP is based: Equality and Social Inclusion. such as cycling you can either use the Contents Page at the front of the plan. the Proposals Map will indicate if there are any designations or scheduled proposals for the site. Part II is developed from Part I and is broken down into sections such as Open Spaces. A Public Inquiry was held between January and April 2005. Each of the sections contain a number of policies.The Inspector’s Report on Objections was published by the Council in November 2005. Designations can be identified using the map’s key and site schedules can be identified by a letter and number with corresponding details contained in Part II of the Written Statement. Greenwich and Woolwich. Town Centres and Movement. Each policy is followed by a reason that outlines the key factors involved in its determination. or used for reference purposes on particular topics or development proposals. where an independent Inspector examined unresolved objections. Key to part I are the strategic land use policies for the Borough. The Council adopted the Replacement Unitary Development Plan on 20 July 2006. alongside details of the achievements of the previous UDP and future opportunities in this UDP. or for conservation. upon which the detailed policies in Part II are based. whilst Inset Maps A-C cover the town centres of Eltham. which in this case would be Movement. Using the Plan The plan can be read as a document on planning in Greenwich. or look up the most relevant topic chapter. The Council published the First Deposit Draft UDP (February 2002) and the Second Deposit Draft UDP (April 2004) for public consultation. It contains a profile of the Borough. If you are interested in a particular issue. In response to the Inspector’s Report. It is important to remember that many policies in Part II will apply to all types of development and need to be taken into consideration. Reviewing the Plan The review of the 1994 Adopted UDP was carried out over a number of years. The Map shows individual sites of proposed developments and areas within the Borough which have been designated for particular uses. the Council published Modifications (January 2006) and a Further Modification (April 2006) for public consultation. ii INTRODUCTION .
UDPs usually retain ‘development plan status’ for a period of three years.The UDP is also available on the Council website.uk). London SE18 6HQ or by telephoning 020 8921 5190. Under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.a project plan outlining the content and production of planning policy documents).The Replacement UDP (2006) together with the London Plan (2004). INTRODUCTION iii . the Council will bring forward Local Development Documents to replace parts of the UDP in accordance with the Local Development Scheme (LDS . forms the Development Plan for the Borough. in all local libraries in the Borough and from the Development Planning Reception.greenwich. The LDS is available on the Council website at www. First Floor.when it replaced the 1994 Unitary Development Plan. 50 Woolwich New Road. During this period. Peggy Middleton House.gov.
Sussex Essex Kent E. Sussex FRANCE Isle of Wight © Crown copyright English Channel Greenwich iv INTRODUCTION .Map 1: Greenwich in the South East Leicestershire Cambridgeshire Warwickshire Northants Beds Suffolk Hertfordshire Oxfordshire Bucks London Greater London Berkshire Surrey Hampshire W.
Map 2: Greenwich in London Context Enfield Barnet Haringey Harrow Hackney Brent © Crown copyright Redbridge Waltham Forest Barking Newham Havering Camden Islington City Tower Hamlets Hillingdon Ealing Westminster Kensington & Chelsea Hammersmith & Fulham Southwark Greenwich Bexley Lambeth Hounslow Ricmond upon Thames Merton Kingston upon Thames Sutton Bromley Croydon Wandsworth Lewisham Map 3: Ward Boundaries Thamesmead Moorings Peninsula Woolwich Riverside Abbey Wood © Crown copyright Greenwich West Blackheath Westcombe Charlton Woolwich Common Glyndon Plumstead Kidbrooke with Hornfair Shooters Hill Eltham West Eltham North Middle Park and Sutcliffe Eltham South Coldharbour and New Eltham INTRODUCTION v .
Barking HAVERING Jubilee Line TOWER HAMLETS A13 3rd Blackwall crossing Thames Gateway Bridge NEWHAM Rail Lines Map 4: Key Sub-regional Diagram Greenwich Waterfront Transit Thamesmead Canary Wharf London City Airport Greenwich Peninsula Proposed Thames Crossing A206 A1 02 Woolwich GREENWICH A20 5 Thames Gateway Greenwich Metropolitan Green Belt Lewisham A2 Eltham BEXLEY Metropolitan Open Land LEWISHAM Bexleyheath Strategic Centre A 20 DARTFORD Proposed Crossrail 25 Proposed DLR Woolwich Extension Bromley BROMLEY © Crown copyright M M 25 vi HACKNEY Stratford BARKING INTRODUCTION .
PART ONE .
INTRODUCTION 1. There will be high quality and accessible health and social care services for all our residents. PART ONE 1 . c. Greenwich will make a major contribution to London’s economy.2 The role of the UDP is to set out clearly the land use implications of this vision for Greenwich. b. Equality and social inclusion.1 The Council’s strategy for development and the use of land develops that vision around three main themes that form the basis of the plan. Effective and co-ordinated public transport will serve all our communities.These are: a. Our residents will have sufficient skills to get jobs. We will have improved educational achievement. Although identified as three themes they are not independent but are closely integrated with each other. 2. digital and performing arts.1. We will make best use of natural resources in Greenwich.These are the things most important to Greenwich and its communities and contribute to Greenwich being a place where people live. Sustainable development. and c. f. k. We will play a vital part in the diverse cultural life of London with visual. work. Government guidance is that UDPs should not contain policies for matters other than land use and should not duplicate provisions in other legislation. sports and recreation. a. VISION 2. It also reflects Government Guidance and the other strategies of the Council. i. g. e. Regeneration 3.1 The Greenwich Unitary Development Plan (UDP) is the revised statutory development plan for the whole of the Borough of Greenwich setting out policies for the period to 2011 and in some instances to 2016. d. h. We will support vulnerable and disadvantaged people and encourage independent living m.1 The Greenwich Strategy (2003) sets out the Council’s vision for Greenwich in 2010. THE COUNCIL’S STRATEGY FOR LAND USE AND DEVELOPMENT 3. visit and learn now and in the future. b. 2. l.2 These themes run throughout the plan and are reflected in its policies and proposals. Crime will be reduced and there will be a strong sense of community. j. 3. Greenwich will be a world tourist destination. We will live in a clean and well cared for environment. Local people will be able to get good quality housing. We will reduce discrimination and improve opportunity.
6 Another aspect of sustainable development is ensuring that as much new development as possible takes place on ‘brownfield’ land. • A sustainable transport strategy which integrates land use and transport and promotes greater use of public transport.4 S U S TA I N A B L E D E V E L O P M E N T 3. However.The UDP will take account of health impacts 3. Developing an inclusive society and mixed communities is a major policy theme of the government. walking and cycling which is accessible to all.5 Sustainable development is not just concerned with the environment but also needs to encompass social and economic considerations.The Government’s current target is to achieve at least 60% of new build on recycled land. Sustainable development also involves recognising the relationship between the physical environment in its contribution to peoples’ well-being. or religious belief. the Council is committed to “promoting equality of opportunity. and to tackling all forms of discrimination in Greenwich through the Council as service provider and community leader”. the Council will improve its awareness and understanding of the needs of different groups in the borough through effective community profiling. and has significantly exceeded that target.E Q UA L I T Y A N D S O C I A L I N C L U S I O N 3. gender. 3. consultation. • Conservation of the Borough’s open spaces and natural environment. A more sustainable environment is promoted throughout the plan. sexual orientation. To help residents from all communities to grasp opportunities it will be necessary to make provision for the following:• Affordable housing in mixed-use residential areas • Safe and sustainable travel • The creation of an accessible environment including new jobs and training for job seekers • Making shops. Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development (2005) states that sustainable development is the core principle underpinning planning. the ability to concentrate development on recycled land does often come with a cost because of the need in many instances to deal with contamination. It also explicitly states that no individuals or groups in the Borough should be disadvantaged by reason of ethnicity. • Preservation of the best of the Borough’s heritage. cover significant restoration costs. health. liaison and involvement. 3. by including policies to encourage: • High quality urban design. and • Development of buildings that are environmentally efficient to build and run. Through implementation of the Policy.7 2 PART ONE . age. education services and recreation accessible to all. Through the Greenwich Equality Policy.3 Developing an inclusive society and mixed communities is a major part of Government policy. Equality and social inclusion can be promoted by providing and accessing opportunities for all residents but especially those experiencing social and economic disadvantage or discrimination. disability. • Mixed-use development in town centres. community. Historically development has largely been concentrated on ‘brownfield’ sites in the Borough. additional building costs and off-site works. colour and national origin. It is generally acknowledged that the planning system has a vital role to play in ensuring that land use and other resources are used more sustainably. race. good community relations.
other public bodies and agencies in responding to issues and pursuing initiatives of a Londonwide nature.proposals as a mechanism for ensuring that major developments promote public health within the Borough. community and education provision. or experiencing. for example. European and other grants. Thus the needs of residents living in. In joining with other London Boroughs. by targeting initiatives and renewal at areas of greatest need. but particularly through the following mechanisms: a. e. the needs of the local community and to improvements in the transport infrastructure. The Council through its land use policies seeks to continue to revitalise older rundown parts of the Borough especially those on the waterfront and in South Greenwich. sustainability and regeneration into the land use planning process. In partnership with the private sector to obtain the optimum benefit possible for the Borough. PART ONE 3 . c. The full use of the Council’s statutory powers to guide and control development. Care will be taken to relate such regeneration to existing health. community and education provision. through the use of legal agreements. Regeneration should also take account of the impact of any growth in jobs and/or housing on demand for health.11 The strategy will be implemented in a number of ways. 3. business and tourism. guidance and advice notes and area plans to illustrate and promote development opportunities that meet socially inclusive health. The above sets out how the UDP aims to integrate the three themes of equality and social inclusion.The next paragraph sets out how the strategy will be implemented while section 6 develops these themes in more detail by setting out the strategic policies. Regeneration and town planning are most obviously connected when considering physical change. to retain and enhance economic activity and promote sustainable economic and employment growth. mechanisms such as the Lottery and Single Regeneration Budget [SRB] and negotiated contributions through Planning Obligations.10 I M P L E M E N T I N G T H E S T R AT E G Y 3.9 3. d. especially the public transport network. poverty and facing unemployment as well as those of other disadvantaged groups need to be considered alongside those of business and economic efficiency. b.Tourism will be promoted as a useful element in the regeneration of the Borough’s economy through visitor management and/or environmental management to promote and safeguard communities and negate any adverse effect upon local communities. Regeneration also needs to take account of existing inequalities in health. although the multiple problems encompassed by the term regeneration requires a partnership approach with all relevant stakeholders. Regeneration in the Borough needs to be considered in the context of the Government’s desire to regenerate the Thames Gateway area to the east and south east of London. community and environmental needs. planning briefs. community and education services locally. It will also draw on the opportunities open to Greenwich as part of a world centre of international trade. The preparation of strategies. R E G E N E R AT I O N 3. The full use of financial resources. including Central Government.8 Regeneration needs to be sustainable and incorporate issues of equality that contribute towards a more cohesive and inclusive society.
The interaction between people and the environment has produced a mosaic of built environments. It is broadly residential but has its own town centre. It is this inter relationship between the physical fabric and local communities that provides the unique character of the place. The Borough population is 228. Perhaps the most important feature is Oxleas Wood. which was started in the late 60’s and is still being developed.The Greenwich Strategy is an important voice to feed community needs and aspirations into the UDP.100 (Office for National Statistics. the former marshy river flood plain. Open spaces. BOROUGH PROFILE 4. limited. near the river. an ancient woodland of great ecological merit and significance. By entering into dialogue with the community and voluntary sectors to ensure that local knowledge and aspirations are reflected in planning activities and by encouraging community organisations.f. These relationships must be built upon and improved as they constitute the basic resource on which the Borough must work and the basis for future planning activity. land uses and economic activities that are of significant cultural and heritage value. Interspersed with the older areas are a number of relatively recent developments of housing and industrial estates.2 The Borough of Greenwich has inherited an environment which in many areas is of high quality and is a considerable asset.To the south and west the land slopes away to the Ravensbourne and its tributaries before rising again to the southern boundary. THE ENVIRONMENT 4. The main town centres are Woolwich and Greenwich.To the east is the community of Thamesmead. Recognition of Maritime Greenwich through the inscription of the town centre and neighbouring environs as a World Heritage Site of international importance indicates the quality of heritage and architecture.1 The Borough has an area of 5. except for Greenwich Park. 4.044 hectares and is the twelfth largest Borough in London. partly in Greenwich and partly in Bexley. It is important that such areas are conserved and enhanced. open spaces and employment locations and is designed around the lakes and canals 4. The north of the Borough. g.4 4.129 metres).5 4 PART ONE .The Ravensbourne marks the Borough’s western edge and joins The Thames at Deptford Creek. The urban fabric is generally tight knit with streets of terraced housing interwoven with other commercial uses. The physical structure of the Borough is marked by a 13 kilometre frontage to the River Thames.3 4. Conversely there are areas in the Borough where the environment is of low quality and in need of improvement. The UDP to be successful must not only distinguish these different areas and have appropriate policies but must also seek to ensure that environmental considerations are central to all development/land use decisions. On this basic structure an ecological heritage has developed reflected in different landscapes. But the Borough is also rich in other woods and commons and almost a quarter of its area is in some type of open space use. the highest point in the Borough (and London . This plateau in turn rises to Shooters Hill. self-help groups and cooperatives to participate in the implementation of the strategy. the steep slope of the river cliff or escarpment which rises to a plateau stretching from Blackheath to Plumstead and Bostall Heath. has a contrasting mix of the older developed areas of the Borough where communities have grown in association with the river and riverside industries and contemporary waterfront developments. have been until recently. Through other strategies of the council and the necessary partnerships which are formed to aid their implementation. 2005 mid year estimate).
Millennium Dome and new open spaces. culture and language.6 On steep cliffs of the ‘river cliff ’ there are interesting residential environments with streets of close packed terraced houses with fine views over the river. with Black or Black British and African being the largest groups.700 households contain co-habiting couples (2001 Census). Maryon Wilson Park and again the area has seen a number of comparatively recent residential developments.100 are lone-parent households and 4.11 4.14 PART ONE 5 . lower density character for the area. residential areas where heavy goods traffic has an adverse impact.805 in 2001 to 231.The majority of ethnic minority communities are in the north of the Borough. there are also areas where the relationship between environment and land use should be improved. The 2001 Census recorded that 23% of the population was from a minority ethnic group (defined as all groups other than ‘white’).This is in contrast to a decline in population in the 1960’s and 1970’s. Millennium village. Beyond the ‘cliff edge’ the Borough starts to take on a more suburban style with more detached and semi detached housing in communities that developed in relation to the provision of the railways in the early part of the century. Modern developments are particularly focused on the Peninsula with its tube station. In places open spaces have remained.000 of the total.000 by 2011. The other marked change is that by 2021 the proportion of 20-40 year olds will have declined from 34% to 30% whilst the proportion of 40-60 year olds will have increased from 23 % to 27%. at 7% of the population in 2001. with almost all of these one-person pensioner households. The proportion of older people (over 60) in the Borough will decrease from 17% in 2001 to 15% of the total population both in 2006 and 2011. [Greater London Authority 2003 population projections Scenario 8. for example. The proportion of children under five requiring primary childcare and educational facilities is projected to remain stable. 4. The wards that will see the greatest increase in population are West Greenwich.956 in 2006.12 4. Peninsula and Thamesmead Moorings. an increase of 8.13 4. Pensioner-only households comprise 14% of the total households in the Borough. However. but then increase to 17% in 2021. 4.The main town centre for this part of the Borough is Eltham. such as the Progress Estate.10 4.616 in 2016. Within the broad pattern described above there are many smaller areas with their own particular mix of diversity and identity. Greenwich’s population comprises a rich mix of ethnicity. The 2001 Census recorded 92.7 P O P U L AT I O N S T R U C T U R E A N D T R E N D S 4. the Old Royal Naval College. to 8% in 2021.8 Population projections for the Borough show the total number of residents increasing from 217.100 from 1991. 4. the Royal Arsenal and Charlton House. for example.1]. and reflects amongst other things the recent and future house building in the Borough.needed to drain the area. Single person households account for 21.This area also has many fine open spaces that help to provide a much looser.400 are households with a married couple (including those with dependent and non-dependent children). expected to grow to over 103. reflecting permitted and proposed developments in the Waterfont area including Greenwich Peninsula. The number of people over 85 years of age will fall from 10% of the over 60 population in 2001 and 2011. This is a decrease from 24% in 1991. 13. There are areas of great architectural merit and importance.047 in 2011 and 246. 20. and areas of a distinct style. 2011 and 2021 but with a numerical increase of nearly 1700 children (2001-2021). 241.800 households in the Borough. for example.9 4.
• New developments along the Waterfront. ODPM 2004). • Households growing by around 8.000 between 1991 and 2001. including a lack of green space. primarily in the north of the Borough. • The Millennium Dome. as well as being on the route between Central London and the Channel Tunnel and Channel Ports. City airport and the channel tunnel are specifically opening up new international/pan European markets. • 7. economic and environmental conditions and to facilitate neighbourhood renewal. Such areas of deprivation suffer from a combination of economic and social problems. leading to the need to improve social. • Significant developments at Deptford Creek and the Peninsula. This position should be advantageous for attracting new investment.100 more dwellings between 1991 and 2001. Some of these areas also experience environmental deprivation. • New residential development in Thamesmead.The Borough has a key location on the navigations and terminals that comprise the Port of London. • New uses for the Old Royal Naval College. • The extension of the Docklands Light Railway to Greenwich and the Jubilee Line to North Greenwich.16 The London Borough of Greenwich has many locational advantages being close to Central London and having an extensive river frontage. • The designation of two new conservation areas. depend to a large extent on continuing investment in transport infrastructure such as an extension of the Docklands Light Railway into the heart of Woolwich town centre and the Waterfront Transit scheme. • The expansion of Thamesmead Town Centre. and their successful melding with existing riverside uses. and • The amount of derelict land reduced by 100 hectares. • The re-emergence of the river itself and riverside land as a key focus for a wide range of new uses.100 between 1991 and 2001. It is part of the East London regeneration area and close to Docklands and the city airport.4. L O C AT I O N 4. • The refocusing of development opportunities into east and south east London. PA S T AC H I E V E M E N T S 4. • The inscription of Maritime Greenwich as a World Heritage Site. of course.Ten out of the Borough’s seventeen wards. 6 PART ONE . This will. resulting in: • The population growing by nearly 8. contain areas within the most deprived 10% in England.15 Greenwich ranks as the 41st most deprived local authority in England and the 9th most deprived Borough in London in terms of ‘extent’ of deprivation (Indices of Deprivation. • A new riverside park in Woolwich Town Centre.17 The strategies formed within the previous Plan period have come to fruition.
000 between 2001 and 2016. including transformation of the Dome into an international class sports arena. • Significant development in West Greenwich / Deptford Creekside providing new homes. • The regeneration of South Greenwich.The introduction of the European Spatial Planning Policy will contribute to the objectives of sustainable development and employment. plus the completion of Greenwich Millennium Village. • Construction of approximately 10. Increasingly the country is influenced by decisions made on a European basis by the EU. does not exist on a social or economic island. • The provision of a number of new Thames Crossings. leisure facility and function centre. and • The provision of Waterfront Transit. the Thames Gateway Bridge (across Gallion’s Reach).F U T U R E O P P O RT U N I T I E S 4.000 new dwellings will be provided. • Development at Warren Lane and MacBean Street to enhance the retail core of Woolwich. including a mixed-use residential-led development at Kidbrooke providing 4. In particular 1992 heralded the start of the single European Market with its consequent impact on firms. • Continued development of Thamesmead. PART ONE 7 . provide new leisure facilities.This will transform housing and the local infrastructure and tackle crime and exclusion and promote opportunity. These will include a Docklands Light Railway extension from London City Airport. multinational businesses and European organisations. 5. which will provide a framework reference document for Regional Planning Guidance on European issues. including Tripcock Point where approximately 2. POLICY CONTEXT EUROPEAN 5.900 replacement affordable units and open spaces. The EU will be involved in planning and environmental issues through the European Spatial Development Perspective. • Continued re-use and development of the former Royal Arsenal site in Woolwich and its listed buildings for a mix of uses. • Substantial progress in the build-out of the Meridian Delta Limited Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula. business skills and labour skills to enable it to compete more effectively across Europe. trading patterns and investment.18 The Plan period for the current plan is likely to see the following come to fruition: • Population growing by around 29. including the Borough of Greenwich.000 by 2011. The rising European influence and competitiveness requires the Borough (as well as the rest of Britain) to increase its attractiveness to business by improving environmental quality. • Household numbers growing to over 103. and open up a significant stretch of the Thames to the public with a riverside walk. community and educational facilities. shopping and transport facilities. to Woolwich Arsenal. recognising its major tourism potential and including new linkages to enhance the commercial redevelopment of Woolwich.1 The South East of England.400 dwellings including 1. business space.000 new homes by 2010. including redevelopment of the New Haddo estate. the Blackwall-Silvertown Crossing and part of the Crossrail train network from north Kent beyond London.
setting out the criteria which will be used to judge whether planning applications should be allowed. an authority can demonstrate in a positive way how the vision and strategy in the plan will be implemented in practical terms. whilst taking account of the interests of conservation.5 5. Policies in UDP’s may include those which relate to the whole or part of the plan area. They provide a means for coordinating development. Part Two of the UDP sets out the local planning authority’s detailed policies and specific proposals for the development and use of land which will guide its day to day planning decisions. efficiency and amenity in the development and use of land. Development plans are intended to provide a firm basis for rational and consistent decisions on planning applications and appeals. developers and business interests with a measure of certainty about what types of developments will and will not be permitted. intense development pressures in the South East and mounting concern about transport. Development plans should contain the local planning authority’s policies and proposals for the development and use of land.N AT I O N A L 5. the planning system can help to secure economy. The main function of Part One of a UDP is to state in broad terms the general policies and proposals of strategic importance for the development and use of land in the area.6 5. and provided a framework by which countries could develop their strategies. In particular the principles of sustainability are now incorporated into planning guidance. the UDP will retain ‘development plan status’ for a period of at least three years. Properly used.‘Agenda 21’ was the resulting document of actions required to work towards sustainable development. provides a strategic overview of the role and importance of development plans within the planning system.4 5. It outlines key issues on plan contents and procedures and stresses the importance that the Government attaches to the need for plans to be prepared and updated quickly and efficiently. taking account of national and regional policies. and protecting the local environment.The planning system should work towards ensuring that development and growth are sustainable. PPG12 ‘Development Plans’ (1999). During the three-year period. The 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio sought to minimise our negative impacts on the environment whilst continuing to improve our quality of life. Planning Policy Statements (PPS) and Circulars. PPG12 states that “By identifying sites for development. including the provision of infrastructure. and those related to individual sites. They should provide a statement of the authority’s policies and proposals for the use of land in its area. Many of these issues have now worked through into national planning guidance as expressed in the Government’s Planning Policy Guidance (PPG) Notes. A number of the PPGs are currently being revised and replaced by PPSs. thus providing residents. amenity bodies.2 The last ten years there has been an increasing awareness of environmental issues as part of the rising “green consciousness”.7 5. the Council will bring forward Local Development Documents to replace parts of the UDP in accordance with the Local Development Scheme 5. PPG12 also indicates that plans need to be clear.” Under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004.8 8 PART ONE . Greenwich Local Agenda 21 focuses the National Strategy and seeks to integrate environmental concerns prevalent in the Borough with social and economic issues Currently there are 16 PPGs and 9 PPSs on a variety of topics. It should concentrate on providing a strategic framework within which detailed policies can be framed in Part Two of the UDP.3 5. There has been particular concern regarding levels of public transport investment and a growing recognition that partnership was a necessary mechanism to resolve many of the planning issues facing society. PPS1: Delivering Sustainable Development (2005) states that the planning system should facilitate and promote sustainable and inclusive patterns of development. succinct and easily understood.
5. for example along the M4. The Thames Gateway Planning Framework (RPG9a . A key feature of the region is that economic growth is not spread evenly through the region but has favoured the west over the east. The focus of the Draft South East Plan is on enabling urban renaissance. The region as a whole is faced by a number of other issues such as the lack of affordable housing. Ensure a higher quality of environment and quality of life. Provide a more sustainable pattern of development with better management of natural assets. Within London Thames Gateway encompasses an area on either side of the River Thames extending eastward from Deptford and the Royal Docks but also extending up the Lea Valley to Stratford. c. It also provides the wider spatial framework for Thames Gateway. Encourage a dynamic and robust economy. Reinforce and strengthen existing economic and community strengths d. 5. Encourage sustainable patterns of development. and d. highly congested. which is a regional and national priority for regeneration (see below). Objectives for the Gateway include: a. b. pressure on urban open spaces and countryside and a need to improve and enhance the environmental quality of the region. Up to £446 million will be made available in the Thames Gateway to PART ONE 9 . reducing travel demand and promoting wider choices in travel options. created by improved transport connections to Europe c.The area has been identified by Government as the main area for development growth in the South East. Improving economic performance within Europe b.9 The South East region is one of the most densely populated. The Draft South East Plan was published in March 2006 (Regional Spatial Strategy for the South East excluding London).REGIONAL 5. thereby reducing use of and reliance on the private car. concentrating development in urban areas. London remains the focus of the region although competition from the rest of the South East as a potential location for services and industries is ever increasing particularly as a result of substantial infrastructure investment. promoting regeneration and renewal. This east/west imbalance is also reflected in London. making full use of existing infrastructure. economically active.The vision set out in guidance is to: a. Maximise opportunities for new economic activity.The result has been that some areas suffer from high unemployment and lack regeneration. promoting a prosperous and multi-purpose countryside. and of vacant and under used sites e. Provide opportunity and equity for the Region’s population to reduce social exclusion.12 The Thames Gateway is also one of the national growth areas in the Government’s Sustainable Communities Plan (2003). whilst other areas experience “overheating” from too much growth/development. for example Inner London.1995) is supplementary guidance to RPG9 and identifies Thames Gateway as a major potential focus for growth and development. the need for public transport investment. the M25.10 T H A M E S G AT E WAY 5.11 The Thames Gateway is the name given to the area that extends 43 miles long by 20 miles across from Lewisham and Tower Hamlets in London to Tilbury in Essex and the Isle of Sheppey in Kent. development pressured regions within the Country and these regional factors are all exemplified in the Capital. for example. Safeguard and enhance environmental assets.
(Government Office for London) The Spatial Development Strategy. social inclusion.The London Boroughs. Waste Management and Biodiversity. vibrant urban living.The London Assembly is a scrutinising body to provide a check and a balance on the Mayor. The Plan has six objectives.16 10 PART ONE . The Plan also proposes regenerating existing deprived communities through access to 300. in additional to current plans.15 5.create models of well designed. Although it has a formal end date of 2020.000 new jobs in the Gateway by 2031. to ensure that the Mayoral strategies are prepared having regard to national and regional guidance. Government Circular 1/2000 clarifies that the Mayor must be consulted on a range of development proposals.14 5.13 The Greater London Authority Act 1999 created the Greater London Assembly and the Mayor of London. it interacts with strategies of differing timescales and is subject to ongoing monitoring and review. Noise.This will be based on economic growth. that there was potential for 200.These include those in regionally identified Strategic Views and affecting Strategic Wharves on the Thames. The Government Office for London has the responsibility. Transport. economic regeneration. in preparing their UDPs must be in general conformity with the Mayor’s Spatial Development Strategy (SDS). but covers issues beyond those considered the mainstream of the current statutory planning system. on behalf of the Secretary of State. and implementing a number of strategies covering Spatial Development.The Mayor is directly elected and has a number of statutory duties including to engage with the Assembly and the people of London. together with the UDP (2006). Air Quality. the treatment of town centres and the river Thames. including producing. forms the Development Plan for the Borough. the Mayor may direct the Council to refuse a planning application that conflicts with the Spatial Development Strategy or is ‘otherwise contrary to good strategic planning in Greater London’.The London Plan (2004). marrying homes with jobs. echoed in the Communities Plan. called the London Plan.The Deputy Prime Minister announced in his July 2002 statement. London as a world city. Economic Development. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 has given the London Plan ‘development plan’ status. Under the Town and Country Planning (Mayor of London) Order 2000. only deals with matters of strategic importance to London. Culture. including reviewing the Mayor’s draft strategies.000 homes to be provided in London and the growth areas by 2016. T H E M AYO R A N D T H E A S S E M B LY 5. The Mayor is responsible for strategic planning in London. the built and natural environment. which are summarised as follows:- 5. The London Plan (2004) . quality public services and infrastructure. social inclusion and improvements in environmental management and the use of resources. Circular 1/2000 states that the London Plan should cover a range of issues including sustainable development. reaffirms the Mayor’s vision to develop London as an exemplary sustainable world city.
To make London a more attractive. densities and growth in line with public transport capacity in order to achieve an urban renaissance • Enable London and the Opportunity Areas to accommodate more jobs. build more accessible housing and address the needs of the breadth of London’s population • Advance the standards of local services including education. con-ordinated services and improved access in suburban areas.To make London a more prosperous city with strong and diverse economic growth • Create a spatial framework to realise the Mayor’s Economic Development Strategy. The London Plan identifies locations where this new growth will predominately be provided: Areas of Intensification including Kidbrooke and Woolwich. use of London’s waterways and the protection of open spaces 5. release identified surplus employment land.20 Objective 4:. prevent discrimination and provide a spatial framework for education. consolidate the infrastructural base. health and other social and community services 5. recycled land. employment opportunities.000 additional homes and 249. Greenwich Peninsula and Thamesmead. concentrated deprivation and homelessness by broadening access to education.To make London a better city for people to live in • Enhance the design of buildings and public spaces. thriving biodiversity. protecting and enhancing designated open spaces 5.17 Objective 1:. urban design. tourism and create opportunities to stimulate the right economic growth locations • Develop a broad economic base. considering issues such as the consumption of energy and waste. historic conservation. the sustainable use of resources.The Council will PART ONE 11 . promote safe and networked access by modes other than the private car and encourage the sustainable movement of freight 5.21 Objective 5:. provide transport-related services and infrastructure. attract industries.23 East London is the Mayor’s priority area for development. health.19 Objective 3:. public safety and develop London’s cultural assets 5. and Opportunity Areas including Creekside.5. advice and training services • Encourage local participation in the development process.To improve London’s accessibility • Provide a land-use framework for implementing the Mayor’s transport strategy.To accommodate London’s growth within its boundaries without encroaching on open spaces • Maximising capacity. improving air quality and assessing flood risk • Promote green industries. reduce the need to travel and by encouraging development to locate near to public transport • Improve transport links between London and major transport interchanges.18 Objective 2:.To promote social inclusion and tackle deprivation and discrimination • Tackle unemployment.000 jobs created in this sub-region. foster dynamic growth sectors whilst encouraging research and development 5. During the London Plan period. there are expected to be 104.22 Objective 6:. community benefits. new development and regeneration in the East London Priority Area and strengthen the role of suburban town centres • Promote co-ordination of area-based regeneration initiatives. well-designed and green city • Integrate Spatial Development with the Mayor’s Environmental Strategies. cleanliness. regeneration and infrastructure improvement.
private. The Local Government Act 1999 gives local authorities a duty of Best Value under which they are required to produce Best Value Performance Plans showing their record in delivering services and their plans for improving them. plans and initiatives. why and how a service is being provided.26 The social. plans and initiatives.The Strategy was completed and issued by the Greenwich Partnership in late 2003. and • Use fair and open Competition to procure the service. over a five-year period. the National Lottery.The key themes for the Greenwich Strategy are the areas of well being . The Greenwich Strategy is the overarching plan for all these strategies. other public. jointly and through individual services. O T H E R C R O S S .The Council and its partners will contribute to securing its objectives at many levels. leisure and tourist resource while the river is also used for the transport of freight and passengers. The Partnership. pinpointing the challenges and targeting the actions necessary to deliver real improvements. environmental and economic. Each service is considered against: • Challenge.work with the Mayor and sub-regional partnerships to help develop a coherent Sub-Regional Development Framework for East London. Europe. • Compare the performance with others. which is made up of the Council. It provides the context for locally based bids for resources from Central Government. through strategy aimed at London’s waterways (the Blue Ribbon Network). 5. economic and environmental issues facing the Borough are addressed through a variety of strategies. will jointly monitor progress annually against the Strategy’s vision and actions. Authorities will have to review the performance of all their services.24 The River Thames is one of London’s most important natural features. deals specifically with the River Thames and the Thames Policy Area between Hampton and Crayford Ness. Many stretches of the river have undergone significant change in recent years while there continues to be strong development pressures along much of its length. including planning.27 12 PART ONE .The river and its environs are a vital ecological. RIVER THAMES 5.25 There are also a number of other strategies which relate to all or parts of the Borough. It thus encompasses the whole of Greenwich’s waterfront and requires high standards of design and development for all schemes fronting the River Thames and Deptford Creek.social. It is a strategic document setting out the vision for the Borough for 2010 (see Section 2 above) and identifying medium and long term aims for the borough. BOROUGH OF GREENWICH 5. six of which are located in the Borough. community and voluntary sector agencies. following public consultation. charities and the private sector.B O R O U G H S T R AT E G I E S 5. The London Plan.The London Plan also provides the policy context for the safeguarding of a number of named wharves on the River. including the Thames Estuary Management Plan and Local Environment Agency Plan (LEAP) Action Plans. • Consult local people and businesses about the quality of the service.
• Green Space Strategy (2006). • Transport Strategy (2001) and Draft Local Implementation Plan (2005). contain their own detailed objectives. and • Tourism Strategy: Greenwich: A Place to Visit? 2004-10. • Housing Strategy 2002-07 & Annual Housing Investment Programme. but will draw upon the land use policies contained here to implement projects requiring physical development. • Business and Enterprise Framework 2004-08. PART ONE 13 . • Greenwich Biodiversity Action Plan. • Sports Strategy: Fit for Sport 2004-2008. 5.28 Other strategies that are considered by policies throughout this plan.These will form the basis for monitoring the implementation of the Plan policies in the Annual Monitoring Report. Strategies adopted or in preparation by the Council include: • Air Quality Action Plan (2002). • Creating Safer Greenwich: Crime & Disorder Strategy. • Social Inclusion & Justice Strategy 2002-06. • Local Agenda 21 (1997). • Regeneration Strategy Draft 2006-2020. • Open Space Strategy. • Education Development Plan 2002-07. • Corporate Equality Plan 2003-2006. • Contaminated Land Inspection Strategy (2002). plans and proposals. • Health Improvement Plan 2002-05. • Energy Strategy (2002). 2003.29 The role of the UDP is to provide guidance and advice on the land use implications of these other Council strategies.To facilitate Best Value a comprehensive sets of targets and indicators have been set out in Chapter 11: Implementation. • Children & Young People’s Plan 2006-08. 5. • Greenwich Municipal Waste Management Strategy. • Greenwich Equality Policy. • Annual Corporate and Performance Plans. • Economic Development Strategy for Greenwich 2002-07. • Neighbourhood Renewal: A New Way of Doing Business (2002). • Cultural Strategy for Greenwich: Making Culture Matter (2004).
To ensure the development of balanced and mixed communities and to meet the varying needs of households. and encourage the expansion of. To provide a high quality sustainable residential environment and to ensure that new housing is built to a high quality design. To retain. especially those with special needs. facilities. Jobs & the Local Economy SJ1 To expand and diversify the Borough’s economic base and employment opportunities by identifying good quality employment sites. existing businesses. and to promote the provision of premises for small and growing firms. areas of deprivation and areas of new development. To provide. In order to secure the best use of land and a properly planned environment the council will seek to ensure. To encourage training and the development of the skills of the Borough workforce. consolidate and retain community facilities within the area they serve. by providing a suitable range of dwellings by type. To resist the loss of employment land and premises in active employment use or that are well suited for continued employment use. through the use of conditions and planning obligations attached to planning permissions. amenities and other planning benefits which are necessary to support and serve it and to offset any consequential planning loss to the local area. especially in areas of deficiency. especially the priority needs of the most disadvantaged individuals. size and affordability.100 net additional dwellings between 1997 and 2016. SC3 SJ2 SJ3 SJ4 SJ5 SH3 SH4 14 PART ONE . communities and neighbourhoods.6. and by promoting efficient use of employment land and improvements to business infrastructure. and to ensure that the benefits of economic activity are shared by all sections of the community including those disadvantaged or facing discrimination in relation to the job market. To retain and improve the existing housing stock. To ensure that significant employment generators are accessible by public transport. that new development provides for the infrastructure.1 In developing its planning strategy for this Unitary Development Plan the Council has adopted the following policies: Community Needs. STRATEGIC PLANNING POLICIES 6. Benefits & Services SC1 SC2 To ensure that development policies reflect the needs of all the Borough’s residents. Housing SH1 SH2 To provide sufficient land to allow for the completion of at least 16.
Cemeteries and associated crematoria. residents and workers have adequate access to open space and the riverside. Open Spaces SH6 SO1 To adopt a positive approach to the use and treatment of open space by: i. Agriculture. Identifying and conserving sites of nature conservation importance and. especially in areas of public open space deficiency. Metropolitan Open Land. Recognising the value of landscape. sportsgrounds and playing fields. ii. viii. woodlands and orchards. iv. ii. The Council will facilitate the regeneration and renewal of South Greenwich to alleviate the physical and social isolation of the area and to enable the development of mixed communities and sustainable neighbourhoods. iii. iv. Community Open Space. Maintaining and increasing suitable recreational facilities. iii. Nature conservation. improve and enhance the character of existing public and private open space (Green Belt. Golf courses. The only uses considered to be generally appropriate within MOL are: i. Large grounds attached to educational facilities and institutions. v. SO2 To safeguard. Improving the environmental quality of open spaces. Allotments. Public and private open space. small open spaces) that fulfil a specific function for the local and wider community and encourage full use of their facilities. vi. To ensure that all communities. PART ONE 15 . SO3 SO4 vii.The needs of disadvantaged communities and groups with special requirements will be given emphasis. biodiversity and open space features throughout the urban environment. Open water features. Open spaces of strategic importance (Metropolitan Open Land) will be maintained and their character safeguarded from built development and enhanced as appropriate.SH5 The scale of housing need in the Borough for affordable housing is such that the Council will seek to ensure that at least 35% of the dwellings provided between 1997 and 2016 are affordable to those on low and lower incomes.
woodland. wetlands and wildflower meadows. Generally. especially from transport and industrial processes. To promote safe transport in general. and to ensure new developments make efficient and appropriate use of land. cycling and public transport. cyclists and public transport users first . Movement SM1 SM2 To effectively link major transport generators and attractors to the current and foreseeable transport network. parking control and development control. wildlife habitats. Design & Conservation SD1 The Council will encourage a high quality of design in all new developments and alterations to existing developments which positively contribute to the improvement of their accessibility. SM4 16 PART ONE . by restraining road traffic. the following priorities should be considered in preparing development proposals and transport policies and projects: i. trees. and particularly safe and convenient movement for pedestrians and cyclists. ii. safety and the built and natural environment. fine views.Environmental Protection SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 To encourage environmentally sustainable forms of development. people with disabilities. meeting the requirements of the Road Traffic Reduction Act and Local Air Quality Management Plans. particularly for those presently disadvantaged in mobility terms. and to protect Listed Buildings of architectural or historic interest and their settings. SD2 SD3 SD4 SD5 To encourage the use of sustainable forms of transport. and reduce the impact of pollution. To promote the use of previously developed land. open land. particularly in respect of sensitive local areas. for the Borough. such as walking. and safeguarding the environment through mechanisms such as traffic management. To preserve or enhance areas of recognised and valued character. To reduce the generation of waste and to encourage re-use and recycling of waste. To improve areas of poor quality environment. at no or minimal cost to the environment. noise. To protect and improve the environment in termsof air and water quality. and London as a whole. To protect areas liable to river or tidal flooding. To preserve or enhance Conservation Areas. then Car users and powered two wheeled vehicles. including historic landscapes. To seek equitable levels of mobility and accessibility for all groups of people. SM3 Pedestrians. particularly in respect of safer journeys to school. smell and toxic materials.
usually including a small supermarket. access. workers and visitors. STC2 To support the Borough’s Town Centre hierarchy of Major. and are suitable locations for appropriately scaled town centre uses to serve their local catchment. Provision of a minimum range of retailing and services will be safeguarded. and the Borough’s largest and second shopping and office employment centres respectively. and to reduce congestion and pollution in town centres by promoting public transport. To assist the local and London economy commensurate with safeguarding the environment. Woolwich and Eltham are designated Major Centres. changes to the strategic public transport and road networks in respect of Deptford Church Street junction realignment. employment service and residential centres for residents. Retail developments will be subject to need and sequential testing. amenity and the environment within the Borough’s town centres for residents. security. STC3 To safeguard and enhance safety. businesses. Proposals that serve this wider market must respect both its heritage and its service role to local residents. a high frequency Metro style rail network of turn up and go services. iii. and linked trips. Six District Centres offer a significant range of both comparison shopping and a supermarket or range of food shops.B. A new Local Centre will be developed by Kidbrooke Station as part of the Kidbrooke Development Area. leisure and other town centre uses.They are preferred locations for larger scale development in retail. Thames Gateway Bridge and to have regard to notification requirements in respect of a third Blackwall crossing (to Silvertown Way in L. They are appropriate locations for a variety of town centre uses scaled to serve the population of their sub-region without harming the vitality and viability Woolwich or Eltham. Newham). as set out below and in tables TC1 and TC2: i. cycling. leisure. PART ONE 17 . STC5 To improve town centre accessibility by a choice of means of transport. visitors and the business community. Greenwich is the borough’s largest District Centre. Town Centres SM6 SM7 STC1 To safeguard and improve the vitality. and other important heritage features. and in addition a major visitor destination and an inscribed World Heritage site. workers and visitors in the Borough. commercial viability and sustainability of the Borough’s Town Centres as retail. Seven Local Centres offer a moderate range of shopping and service activities. 32 Neighbourhood Parades complement the formal town centre hierarchy and typically have less than 20 shops offering basic convenience goods and services within walking distance. iv. walking. District and Local Centres.SM5 To promote a fully integrated public transport system that is extensive in coverage and meets the needs of residents. and to preserve and enhance historic buildings. Woolwich Rail Crossing and DLR (Woolwich) Extension. the Council will promote the movement of freight by more sustainable modes such as water and rail. To safeguard the Crossrail route. improved interchanges and common high standards. comfort. Greenwich Waterfront Transit is another strategic scheme the Council supports and will be safeguarded as and when appropriate. STC4 To promote a high standard of design in town centre buildings and public and civic spaces. and its network of Neighbourhood Parades. This would include necessary new infrastructure and services. ii.
To promote the provision of facilities for tourists in appropriate locations. cultural and recreational potential. Implementation SIM1 To monitor and review the UDP regularly to ensure it remains up-to-date. to secure the sustainable development of balanced waterfront communities. social. Ensure that tourism is managed to provide benefits for local communities and businesses. and That major tourist facilities are well served by public transport. SW2 The Council recognises and will seek to enhance the value of the River Thames and Deptford Creek as waterways rich in biodiversity and environmental quality. SIM3 To use relevant planning powers in the implementation of the plan. ii. Protect the housing stock. the amenities of the local community and the environment of the Borough. 18 PART ONE . sporting and entertainment activities for participation and enjoyment by all sections of the community. bringing about the regeneration of the whole area and realising its economic. subject to the need to: i. ST2 iv. continue to work in partnerships and consult widely on the UDP and other planning documents. Waterfront SW1 The Council will facilitate the redevelopment and re-use of remaining redundant land and buildings in the Waterfront during the Plan period. culture. as Open Spaces. Diversify the tourism base of the Borough’s economy by seeking facilities which embrace a wide range of arts. recognising that it has a positive and significant role to play in securing the economic and environmental regeneration of the Borough particularly in the Waterfront areas. iii. and an essential part of the Borough’s character and landscape in their own right. SIM2 To attract the necessary resources to implement the plan. environmental.Tourism ST1 The Council supports and promotes tourism.
PART TWO .
COMMUNITY NEEDS. areas of deprivation and areas of new development. BENEFITS & SERVICES GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 1.This chapter contains the policy context. health. needs and services are: In order to secure the best use of land and a properly planned environment the council will seek to ensure. consolidate and retain community facilities within the area they serve. that new development provides for the infrastructure. caring responsibilities. facilities. especially in areas of deficiency.The general policies for community benefits. The strategic policy for opportunities for all is: To ensure that development policies reflect the needs of all the Borough’s residents.The needs of groups facing discrimination and deprivation are examined and areas of deprivation and their specific community needs are identified. SC1 1.2 SC2 SC3 Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 1. gender.1. Particular issues are addressed by policies in this chapter and elsewhere in the Plan. disability. It is recognised that these needs have to be addressed in a comprehensive. To provide. BENEFITS & SERVICES 21 .1 The Council’s approach to social inclusion and equal opportunities applies to all the policy areas contained within the Plan. Disadvantaged Groups There are a number of groups in the Borough who are disadvantaged by the built environment. sexuality or ethnic background.4 COMMUNITY NEEDS. amenities and other planning benefits which are necessary to support and serve it and to offset any consequential planning loss to the local area. especially the priority needs of the most disadvantaged individuals. It recognises the ways in which land use and transportation policies can affect some people more than others because of differences in personal mobility arising from factors such as age. communities and neighbourhoods. integrated and multi-agency approach but that planning has a role to play within such approaches. 1. income. The chapter sets out the Council’s approach to community benefits and goes on to detail the broad needs for a wide range of community services ranging from local community facilities to health and educational establishments. Table C1 sets those groups out. through the use of conditions and planning obligations attached to planning permissions.3 Community Needs Community needs have been examined through identifying disadvantaged groups and areas of deprivation in the Borough.
shops. Glyndon (38%). Problems of access to all health and other facilities. Building design and landscapes not always conducive to personal safety. Encourage growth of service sector. Allocate sites. unsuitably designed. Housing mix. Encourage the provision of affordable public transport. Employment: higher unemployment rate. leisure facilities and open space. harassment. accessible. Thamesmead Moorings 7% (2001 Census) Leads to poverty and Maintain economic activity deprivation. Flexible policies on small businesses. Cheap. Middle Park & Sutcliffe 20% (2001 Census). Sympathetic policies for community buildings. Employment: inaccessible places of work and lack of sheltered employment. Accessible/adapted housing. Accessible new buildings. Affordable housing. Issues Housing: Inaccessible. UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE 5% (2001 Census) Woolwich Riverside 9%. Woolwich Riverside (36%) (2001 Census) 22 COMMUNITY NEEDS. MINORITY ETHNIC COMMUNITIES 23% (2001 Census) Particularly Woolwich Common (41%). BENEFITS & SERVICES . meeting places.Translation of Council documents when possible and interpretation provisions. particularly by women and older people. including unsafe elements. Community facilities: places of worship for different religions. Transport: dependence on public transport. Accessible public transport and community transport.TABLE C1: GROUPS MOST DISADVANTAGED BY THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT Disadvantaged Group DISABLED PEOPLE Numbers Affected 17% had a Limiting Long Term Illness (2001 Census) Distribution in the Borough Borough-wide. Disabled facilities at work. Kidbrooke with Hornfair 20 %. Maintain economic activity in Borough. Language needs for some groups. ill-health and in the Borough to provide reduced standards of living. particularly women and refugee communities. Need for training. special requirements for larger and extended families. Housing: dependence on public sector. Provision of facilities and conveniences.Training. Policies/ Land Use Sheltered housing. Transport: inaccessible. reliable public transport. job opportunities. demand for setting up/running small businesses. Employment opportunities.
lack of childcare. many homeless. Supported housing. LONE PARENTS 14%-13. OLDER PEOPLE 13% over pensionable age. Community facilities accessible day care centres. need for community care and facilities. Local shops. (2001 Census) Northern Wards most affected Woolwich Common 16%. sick. health problems increase need for health care and social service provision. Shopping: lack of accessibility to shops for pushchairs and few childcare facilities. Reliable.5% over 75's. (2001 Census) Southern Wards most affected such as Coldharbour & Eltham. poorer conditions. Accessible community facilities. accessible housing. Housing: high dependence on public housing and rented sector. Hostels. Day. Children’s Centres with integrated centres for under fives and their families. Community facilities access to health and other facilities.Training. safe and accessible public transport. Caring: are majority of carers of children. Cheap. Affordable housing. Community nurseries. Glyndon 15% (Lone parent households with dependent children. many part-time. Domiciliary services. health clinics. Caring: lack of facilities contribute to restricted employment opportunities and adds to isolation. problems of maintenance. Better access.133 households. Numbers rising. Employment opportunities. Accessible buildings including ramps and handrails. BENEFITS & SERVICES 23 . Majority are women. accessible. people with disabilities and older people. 2001 Census) Affordable. Local shopping. Access: many may be infirm and have similar needs to people with disabilities. 6. Children’s Centres with integrated centres for under fives and their families. COMMUNITY NEEDS. Welfare/ heath: low income group. Childcare facilities. Personal safety: rise in crime against the person disproportionately affects women. reliable public transport.Transport dependent on public transport. Good public transport.care centres. hospitals and health centres. Shoppers’ crèches. Woolwich Riverside 15%. access and security. Housing: dependent on public housing. etc.Disadvantaged Group WOMEN Numbers Affected 52% (2001 Census) Distribution in the Borough Borough-wide Issues Employment: lower wages. Eltham North and Eltham South (2001 Census) Sheltered housing and special needs housing. Policies/ Land Use Workplace nurseries.Transport: few women with access to cars so dependent on public transport. Poverty is a particular problem. Safety conscious design of built environment. Housing: dependent on public housing.
Community facilities. health clinics. hostels. Housing: homelessness a major problem. Safety conscious design in built environment. Woolwich Riverside (9%). living in poverty in a poor environment with little access to gardens or play space. accessible. Accessible health services. play space. Personal safety: for example. Woolwich Common (51%). High rates of injuries from road accidents due to poor road layout and/or environment and the priority given to road users. need for hostels for young lesbians and gay men excluded by parents. affordable housing. Protection of local shops.2% (2001 Census) Northern Wards most affected such as Woolwich Common (10%).Training housing. Safe walking routes are essential (including routes which are safe for those who use mobility aids such as scooters. affordable housing. opportunities for young homeless and young care leavers. 24 COMMUNITY NEEDS. Community facilities: local health and other facilities essential. Housing: need for accessible and/or adapted housing. need for single housing unit. Cheap. Lack of training opportunities. Thamesmead Moorings (9%) (2001 Census) Lack of temporary Hostels. Access to schools. UNDER FIVES Many live in areas of stress in high-rise flats. Need for health clinics and support services. wheelchairs and buggies). Shopping: local shops essential. Work-place nurseries. Transport: dependent on public transport. Discourage out of town shopping centres. Safer pedestrian environment and cycleway. Reducing road traffic accidents and improving housing conditions CARERS 9% Borough-wide (2001 Census).Disadvantaged Group HOMELESS PEOPLE Numbers Affected Distribution in the Borough Issues Policies/ Land Use In 2005-2006 Not Known Greenwich Council accepted responsibility for housing 971 homeless households. Supported housing. Community facilities: need for day care centres and other temporary help. Glyndon (9%). LESBIANS. BENEFITS & SERVICES . 7. NON-CAR OR VAN OWNERS 41% (2001 Census) Northern Wards most affected including Woolwich Riverside (55%). Children’s Centres with integrated centres for under fives and their families. hospitals. accessible reliable public transport. reliable public transport. community nurseries. Glyndon (48%) (2001 Census) Cheap. need for purpose-built Lesbian and Gay Centre in safe environment. accommodation and cheap single unit housing. GAY 10% estimated MEN AND for all or some BISEXUAL PEOPLE part of lives Borough-wide Single unit housing.Totally inadequate nursery provision to meet growing demand. Transport: dependent on public transport.
accessible and safe. • A safe and accessible environment around homes with gardens and play space for children.5 The Disadvantaged Groups identified in Table C1 share many common experiences: they all face discrimination in obtaining access to employment and housing. sheltered employment. such as Dial-a-Ride. • Transport schemes for the community. • Choice of tenure to ensure that affordable.Transport: access to special transport. Education: integrated at local level. Cultural and recreational provisions. accessible. Accessible health facilities and Social Services support. Policies/ Land Use Supported housing including hostels and sheltered housing. Sheltered employment integrated education.to people with disabilities and geographically. Skills centre and training. including special needs and hostels. legal representation. accessible.welfare benefits. women’s safe transport and existing community transport. Several key issues with implications for planning policies can be identified and are set out below. lack of properly serviced sites for temporary accommodation. 1. Accessible Social Services and health services. Access to health and social services. Increasing demand for supported housing. often have low incomes and are disadvantaged by lack of transport and access to health and other facilities.Disadvantaged Group Numbers Affected Distribution in the Borough Borough-wide Issues Housing: often related to stress from living in unsuitable housing and/or environments. hostels and sheltered housing. i. work and shop. Employment: needed for retraining where wanted. safe and reliable public transport .They may also encounter barriers in accessing other mainstream provision . Education: irregularity a problem. Housing: lack of permanent accommodation Londonwide. PEOPLE WITH 12% Estimated LEARNING nationally DIFFICULTIES AND MENTAL HEALTH NEEDS TRAVELLERS AND ROMANY PEOPLE Approximately 50 families on Thistlebrook site.Varying numbers on unauthorised sites. safe and supported housing to meet different needs are available as part of any major new development. Employment training and retraining. advice and culturally sensitive services. Official site at Abbey Wood/ unauthorised sites vary. close to where people live. Housing • A variety of homes. Transport • Cheap. Temporary and permanent sites needed London-wide. BENEFITS & SERVICES 25 .e. affordable. COMMUNITY NEEDS.
use of appropriate lighting.6 Table C2 provides a cross reference to the key policies for disadvantaged groups contained in other chapters of the Plan. etc. Environment • Access for people with disabilities. such as Woolwich Riverside and Woolwich Common. and parents and carers with young children. particularly elderly people and people with disabilities. religious and social needs. the proportion is much higher than this (55% and 51%. • Improving the environment for pedestrians. such as seating and rest areas.walking. Community Services • Social support through the provision of accessible Health. contributing to the Department of Health Targets and reductions in traffic accidents. etc. Shopping • Local Shopping areas and parades. • Meeting places for special cultural. wide doors and lifts. Social Services. and bring health benefits.• Prioritising environmentally friendly transport . respectively – 2001 Census). attractive walking and cycling routes and pedestrian only areas. • Improving outdoor air quality and safety through measures to reduce car dependency. Jobs • Improving employment opportunities through encouraging a variety of employment including small businesses and initiatives such as community and social enterprise. contrast and surface textures. • Training to enable people to overcome disadvantage in the labour market and provide them with new skills to match job opportunities. through provision of toilets. • Access for disabled people. day care and child care. In parts of Greenwich. • Childcare facilities such as workplace nurseries. Encouraging walking and cycling through the creation of safe. self-employment and Intermediate Labour Markets. • User-friendly amenities and design. cycling and public transport . children. • Personal safety should be an important consideration in the layout and design of the built environment and open spaces. baby feeding areas and play areas including crèches. to meet the needs of all. 1. BENEFITS & SERVICES . and cyclists. those with physical or learning needs. 26 COMMUNITY NEEDS. • Facilities for children including separate baby changing areas. • The importance of public transport for people who do not have access to a car: around 41% of households in Greenwich. older people. • Facilities to meet the needs of people with disabilities.and reducing car use will be essential to meeting air quality targets. particularly for children. older people and people with disabilities.
SM2: SM3: SM4: M1: M4: Open Spaces Strategic Policy Public Open Space Deficiency Areas Community Benefits Park Facilities Recreational Footpaths & Cycleways Environmental Education Environmental Protection Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Traffic Restraint and Reduction Measures Design and Conservation Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Urban Design Environmental Improvements Parking and Access Arrangements Access for People with Disabilities Safety and Security in the Environment Environmental Improvements Movement Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Development and Transport .TABLE C2: KEY POLICIES FOR DISADVANTAGED GROUPS 2. SO3: O9: O10: O12: O15: O25: 5. SD1: SD4: D1: D4: D5: D6: D7: D32: 7.General Principles Extension of the Public Transport Network COMMUNITY NEEDS. SE1: SE2: E7: 6. Housing SH2: Strategic Policy SH5: Strategic Policy H7: Housing Design H12: Children’s Play Areas H13: Housing Improvement H14: Affordable Housing H15: Housing Mix H16: Non Self-Contained Accommodation H17: Lifetime Homes H18: Sheltered Housing H19/20: Wheelchair Standard Housing H21: Supported Housing H22: Travellers and Romany people 4. BENEFITS & SERVICES 27 . SJ5: J13: J14: J15: J16: Jobs and the Local Economy Strategic Policy Quality Jobs Training and Business Support Community Benefits Accessibility 3.
whether Council.8 1. ward and district level have identified geographic clusters of deprivation (Breadline Greenwich 1994.7 Areas of Deprivation Greenwich ranks as the 41st most deprived local authority in England and the 9th most deprived Borough in London in terms of ‘extent’ of deprivation (Indices of Deprivation. W4: Accessible Public Transport Transport Interchanges Retention and Improvement of Public Transport Facilities Community Benefits Cycling Pedestrians People with Disabilities . in conjunction with new development.These provide a geographical context for allocating resources in the Borough. Ward Poverty Profiles 1994. The use of planning conditions and obligations.9 28 COMMUNITY NEEDS. economic and environmental conditions and to facilitate neighbourhood renewal. STC2: STC3: STC5: TC5: TC9: TC12: TC15: TC17: TC19: TC25/ TC26: 9. Community Benefits The Borough continues to have many opportunities for major development especially along the Waterfront. Studies carried out at enumeration. ODPM. Such areas of deprivation suffer from a combination of economic and social problems. towards these areas. in line with the London Plan. is to direct resources. Servicing and Parking Tourism Strategic Policy Location and Criteria Waterfront Thamesmead 1. Many of the Plan’s policies thus refer to these areas of deprivation. Streetscape and Environmental Quality Protected Core. including a lack of green space. other public sector or private sector.Access in Public Areas Town Centres Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Strategic Policy Woolwich Town Centre: Pedestrian and Cycle Access The Multi-Functional Role of Greenwich Town Centre Greenwich Town Centre:Traffic Management and Transport Links Eltham Town Centre:Traffic Management. One of the Plan’s major objectives.There is considerable variation within the Borough. ST2: T1: 10.The use of conditions and planning 1. to help meet the specific needs of these areas.M6: M11: M12: M28: M32: M33: M34: 8. can make a valuable contribution to the effectiveness of the planning system. leading to the need to improve social. however. primarily in the north of the Borough. It is therefore vital that the Council ensures that new development is not at the cost of those communities and that regeneration is balanced to take into account their needs. this is also an area that contains an already disadvantaged community. contain areas within the most deprived 10% in England. 2004). Fringe and Local Shopping Frontages Essential Local Facilities in Neighbourhood Parades and Freestanding Premises Site Access. DETR Indices of Deprivation 2004). which contains relatively prosperous and less well off areas. BENEFITS & SERVICES .Ten out of the Boroughs seventeen wards. Some of these areas also experience environmental deprivation.
When considering proposals for development which require planning permission. measured from the uplift in land values resulting from a grant of planning permission.10 necessary. Work/Live Units. fairly and reasonably related in scale and kind to the proposed developments. facilities and amenities needed to support it. Children’s Play Areas. Industrial and Business Developments. It states that planning obligations should only be sought where they are: • • • • • 1. or by means of financial payment to the local authority to make the necessary provision. Amenity Space and Gardens. directly related to the proposed development.There are a wide range of planning benefits which the Council considers would be appropriate for planning obligations. the Council will seek either through provision by the developer or through financial payment of all or part of the cost of provision.11 1. The Department for Local Communities and Government proposes to reform the operation of planning obligations. Public Open Space Deficiency Areas. Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 empowers local authorities to seek such “planning benefits” from new development through agreement with developers.12 COMMUNITY NEEDS. Training and Business Support Community Benefits. Affordable Housing. They can ensure that the environment is safeguarded and the development provides for the infrastructure. These include: Policy C3: Policy J6: Policy J12: Policy J14: Policy J15: Policy H11: Policy H12: Policy H14: Policy O9: Policy O10: Policy O16: Major Residential Developments. Unacceptable developments should not be permitted because of unrelated benefits offered by the applicant. Circular 05/2005 ‘Planning Obligations’ provides more detailed guidance on the use of planning obligations and the type of “planning benefits” which are considered reasonable.obligations is guided by both legislation and government policy. Further reforms could include the introduction of an ‘Optional Planning Charge’. neither should acceptable development be refused permission simply because the applicant is unwilling or unable to offer unrelated benefits.The Government will make a decision on the Planning Gain Supplement at the same time as that on the Optional Planning Charge. appropriate planning benefits which meet the ‘tests’ set out above. Barker recommended the introduction of a ‘Planning Gain Supplement’ whereby the developer would pay a financial sum. 1. Policy SC2 sets out the Part One policy whilst policies within the topic chapters identify community benefits that might be sought in relation to particular development proposals. BENEFITS & SERVICES 29 . A decision on the Optional Planning Charge will be made in the context of the Government’s response to the Barker Review of Housing Supply (March 2004). Obligations can be provided either directly by the developer on or off site. whereby a developer could choose to accept a standard charge instead of entering into a negotiated agreement. Circular 05/2005 sets out reforms relating to the negotiation of planning obligations. relevant to planning. Community Benefits Riverside Footpath. to contribute to wider community benefits. reasonable in all other respects.
Policy O17: Policy O23: Policy O24: Policy E6: Policy E12: Policy E15: Policy D4: Policy M1: Policy M3: Policy M4: Policy M6: Policy M10 Policy M19: Policy M20: Policy M27: Policy M28: Policy M32: Policy M33: Policy T1: Policy TC16: Policy W3: Cycleways along the riverfront and through open spaces Areas Lacking Accessible Wildlife Sites Management of Wildlife Sites. working in partnership with them. it is concerned to see that the needs of the community and its disadvantaged groups are met.13 Community Services Services to support the community are provided by a variety of agencies to meet the health. Key Town Centre Uses and the Sequential Approach Mixed Use Areas Policy D30/31: Archaelogy. These facilities provide an important resource to the whole community and to support particularly disadvantaged groups and areas of deprivation. Waste Recycling. Transport Community Benefits.14 1. high traffic levels and consequent pollution and lack of opportunity to exercise. social and welfare services. Cycling.This will be through supporting and influencing the plans and proposals of the Health and other authorities. Car Parking.General Principles. which generally have a higher demand for health. welfare. attractive pedestrian and cycle routes.15 30 COMMUNITY NEEDS. Health It is recognised increasingly that patterns of land-use and development can have a significant impact on the health of individuals and communities. Greenwich Waterfront Transit. New Housing Developments . training and educational opportunities. Poor housing. which may result from a lack of open space and safe. 1. and in some instances through the provision of voluntary sector grants to promote social inclusion.Traffic Calming Measures. lack of employment. Development and Transport . Although in many instances the Council is not directly responsible for providing a service. Specific Improvements. Air Quality Assessments Site Servicing. Improvements to the Urban and Natural Environment. 1. Major Tourism Development. educational. Travel Plans. BENEFITS & SERVICES . Extension of the Public Transport Network Accessible Public Transport. Pedestrians. social and religious needs of people living in the Borough.
This will provide a substantial investment into secondary schools throughout the Borough. but results in an improved environment for everyone.The Council’s Integrated Regeneration Strategy recognises the key contribution that raising education standards can make to the sustainable social and economic regeneration of the Borough. The Council and the GTPCT are developing and integrating services for children through the Children’s Trust.The Council has an important role in providing community care under the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990. The main providers of higher and further education in the Borough are Greenwich University. and by creating accessible lifelong learning opportunities. and the need for a multi-agency approach to addressing the causes of ill health. the Greenwich Partnership aims to ensure the Borough is a place where people are successful learners throughout their lives. The commissioning of local health care services is the responsibility of Greenwich Teaching Primary Care Trust (GTPCT). a complementary and diverse pattern of secondary schools and post 16 provision delivered through the G Plus network. Charlton. Six Sure Start areas have also been designated in the Borough to support parents and carers with the task of bringing up children under five. Education Through the Greenwich Strategy. BENEFITS & SERVICES 31 . which seeks to provide environments suitable for a 21st century education across secondary schools nationwide. Poor health is also linked to poverty and affects particular areas of the Borough. a pattern of well resourced all-through primary schools.The Council is also a pathfinder for the ‘Extended Schools’ initiative and aims to provide a range of Council and other community services through co-location or integration with schools. The Council will increase nursery provision through the Neighbourhood Nurseries initiative and alongside this will provide support for parents and carers through Sure Start services. retaining students in education beyond the age of 16. The main hospital within the Borough is the Queen Elizabeth Hospital at Woolwich Common.The partnership group. 1. the Greenwich Strategy aims to have provided high quality and accessible health and social care services for all the Borough’s residents. aims to increase equality as do the ‘CARE’ partnership and arts and sports initiatives. By 2010. Programmes are underway that tackle the causes of ill health and the Borough is working towards meeting NHS targets.The Borough’s vision for education is for a network of early years centres. this will be achieved by raising school pupil performances.16 Within the Borough there are significant health inequalities. East Greenwich. Centres exist in Kidbrooke. which has rebalanced the distribution of school places to reflect parental preferences and local needs. the new children’s centres programme has built on the good practice within these Sure Start areas and will establish new and improved services within all the disadvantaged wards in the Borough.These emphasise prevention. Greenwich is a Pathfinder Authority for the “Building for the Future” programme. and introduced the G Plus network to provide for Post 16 education across the Borough.The Council has completed a major schools reorganisation. Primary Health Care centres are being developed in the Borough to provide integrated health and social care services. which also provides a number of community health services. Woolwich Town Centre and the Millennium Village. Creekside. Other services are provided at the Goldie Leigh and Memorial Hospital sites. The Health Authority has to consult with the local authority when considering new development or closures.17 1.The former is primarily based at the Old Royal Naval 1. Since April 2004. community awareness and involvement. Close co-operation is required to ensure that Health facilities in the Borough are adequate to meet the needs of the community and the additional requirements of disadvantaged groups and areas of deprivation. Local hospital services are commissioned from the Queen Elizabeth Hospital NHS Trust. While not all factors affecting health come within the remit of planning.Trinity College of Music and Greenwich Community College. and Mental Health and Learning Disability Services from Oxleas NHS Trust.all impact upon health and quality of life. planning has an important role to play by ensuring that development does not exacerbate health inequalities. Improving Health and Cutting Inequalities.18 COMMUNITY NEEDS. By 2010.
(ii) The scale of the development is appropriate to the location. cycle. (v) Access for people with disabilities. ensuring that local people are able to benefit from these in terms of job opportunities.The role of higher education in the Borough in this is acknowledged. as are the economic and other benefits they bring to the Borough.College. public transport and people with disabilities. (iii) The facilities should be easily accessible to those they are intended to serve by foot. or (ii) it would enable the implementation of a strategy for the provision of a community service in the Borough. (iv) There is no unacceptable impact on the amenity of neighbouring residents. (vi) A high standard of design is achieved (See Policy D1) (vii) Appropriate car parking provision (See Policy M26 & M27) C2 Planning permission which would result in the loss of community facilities through change of use or redevelopment. Policies Community Services C1 The Council will support proposals for new or extended or enhanced community facilities particularly where they meet the needs of disadvantaged groups or areas of the Borough subject to the following criteria: (i) The location for such facilities is in or on the edge of a town or local centre. particularly of people with higher order skills necessary for London to remain a globally competitive city”. (v) the location for such community facilities is in or on the edge of a town or local centre. cycle and public transport. Devonport and Dreadnought House in Greenwich Town centre and two sites in Avery Hill. The Old Royal Naval College is also the home of Trinity College. or (iii) the site is either demonstrably unsuitable for continued use as a community facility or is vacant and no community use is forthcoming despite active site marketing on realistic terms Provided that: (iv) the alternative or remaining community facilities are easily accessible for those they are intended to serve by foot.The London Plan points out that higher education institutions “are also important feeders into the labour supply. will only be granted where: (i) alternative community facilities of a similar nature are provided locally in the area within which that facility serves. 32 COMMUNITY NEEDS.The latter is based at a number of sites in the Borough. Proposals elsewhere must demonstrate a special need for the particular location which overrides the objective of supporting town and local centres. Proposals elsewhere must demonstrate a special need for the particular location which overrides the objective of supporting town and local centres.19 A well-trained and educated resident workforce will be essential to the success of regeneration schemes in the Borough. 1. BENEFITS & SERVICES . and (vi) the needs of disadvantaged groups or areas of deprivation have been taken into account. businesses are able to gain access to the skills they require and future employers will be attracted to the area.
These changes will have consequences for the land and buildings through which the services are delivered. exist to support and enable the community. for example where the proposal is for an extension of an existing facility which does not significantly change the nature of the facility. In such locations these uses help to underpin the health of town centres and are well served by public transport. When considering major residential developments the Council will seek appropriate planning obligations.21 C3 C4 (ii) There will be no detrimental effect on the environment. dentists. law and advice centres. children’s centres and primary schools should be encouraged in local centres. Proposals for the change of use of residential accommodation for use by doctors. child care. 1. it is essential that arrangements are put in place to secure additional and appropriate forms of provision so that the health and wellbeing of the local community does not suffer.The Council is committed to ensuring that a range of community facilities . to meet any increased local demand for health. The additional demands that this will place on the Borough’s services needs to be recognised. in the plan period. such as primary health care services. including for people with disabilities. cultural and recreational.22 The Borough. wheelchairs and buggies and their impact on disadvantaged groups/ areas of deprivation are taken into account. public transport and by mobility aids such as scooters. facilities for religious purposes and Council services with a high public use. The policies seek to ensure that as these changes occur the principles of support for town/local centres. Major residential developments are defined as those incorporating over 25 units. health. This can be satisfied where the proposal would lead to alternative provision of similar community facilities in the area. cycle.can be easily accessed by all the Borough’s residents. education. (iii) The size of the proposed practice is consistent with the size of the property and the character of the neighbourhood.20 It is important that a range of services. Exceptions will only be allowed where there is special need for the facility to be located elsewhere. is going to face a significant increase in housing (see paragraph 3. youth and religious facilities and public open space in accordance with Policy SC2. Where developments increase demand for existing services. COMMUNITY NEEDS. community centres. Reason 1. such as schools and colleges. social. The policies also recognise that land and buildings used for community services are generally of low financial land value and need to be protected and promoted through the planning system. Smaller scale facilities such as health centres. recreational .The proposals will also need to be assessed to ensure that they satisfy other development control criteria set out in the Plan.The pattern of delivering these community services does and will change and evolve in response to legislative and organisational changes. accessibility by foot. including. walking and cycling. physiotherapists and other medical practitioners must ensure that: (i) There is satisfactory access to public transport and adequate space exists for an appropriate level of car parking. health and child care facilities. Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development (2005) and PPG13: Transport (2001) encourage proposals for health. BENEFITS & SERVICES 33 .Reason for C1 and C2 1.Therefore the loss of such land/buildings will need to be justified. voluntary sector projects.5). changes in the needs of the community and changes in methods of service delivery. education and community facilities to maximise accessibility by public transport.Alternatively it can form part of a wider strategy for the provision of a community service or if it can be demonstrated that the market has been unresponsive to the opportunity for a community use on the site.educational.
Nursery Provision C5 The Council will support the provision and expansion of nursery facilities in the Borough where suitable sites can be identified and standards of accommodation are satisfied. except in the case of nursery provision by the Local Education Authority where it must meet the Department for Education and Skills minimum space standards. The following criteria should be met: (i) There is no detrimental effect on the amenities of neighbouring residents. 34 COMMUNITY NEEDS.23 Although such uses provide a service to the community. (iv) The scale and intensity of use should be appropriate to the size of the building and should not adversely affect the character of the area. (vii) A safe and secure internal and external environment for both children and staff must be provided. BENEFITS & SERVICES . Reason 1. (iii) The provision of internal and external usable space must satisfy the space standards guideline laid down by OFSTED. this must be balanced against environmental considerations. particularly due to noise and disturbance. The Council is anxious that these are provided in locations and premises that are suitable for that use. (ii) A proper sound insulation scheme is installed. (vi) Adequate access by public transport and space for parents and guardians to drop off/pick up children. As part of the strategy to promote the expansion of nursery provision policy have been developed in an Advice Note (to be updated). (v) Adequate access by public transport and car parking space for Health and Education professionals must be provided and a limited amount of car parking for staff would be desirable with high quality landscaping to minimise the effects of off-street car parking.24 Provision of nursery facilities is vital in the implementation of equal opportunities and access to employment.Reason 1. Detailed guidelines for the development of surgery premises are set out in an Advice Note.
industry and manufacturing. To retain. These are complemented by a range of smaller commercial areas and premises that are more widely dispersed. Consequently. or that are well suited for continued employment use. under-used or contaminated industrial land were released for other uses. The general policies for employment uses and the local economy are: To expand and diversify the Borough’s economic base and employment opportunities by identifying good quality employment sites. and encourage the expansion of. and to promote the provision of premises for small and growing firms. To encourage training and the development of the skills of the Borough workforce.2 Background Greenwich forms part of the Thames Gateway.3 2. defined for the purposes of this Chapter as offices. This chapter should be read in conjunction with relevant policies in the Town Centres chapter and the section on Mixed Use Areas in the Waterfront Chapter. and ‘sui generis’ uses such as aggregates. haulage yards. transport depots.2. 1987 and subsequent updates). and by offices and small service industries primarily clustered around the Borough’s town centres. principally through the Development Plan review 2. SJ1 SJ2 SJ3 SJ4 SJ5 Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 2.1 The policies in this chapter are concerned with the locational aspects of employment uses. between the early 1990’s and the end of 2004-05. which provide additional guidance for office uses. and the needs of local businesses and industries. existing businesses. MOT testing stations and wholesale/trade sales that exclude the visiting public. JOBS & THE LOCAL ECONOMY GENERAL POLICY AND POLICY CONTEXT 2. Charlton Riverside and West Thamesmead. builders yards. The collapse of the Borough’s traditional economic base between the 1960’s and the early 1990’s left a legacy of high and long-term unemployment and severe urban decay. To resist the loss of employment land and premises that are in employment use. scrap and waste processing. and by promoting efficient use of employment land and improvements to business infrastructure. B2 and B8 of the Use Classes Order. recognized in both the Sustainable Communities Plan (ODPM 2003) and the London Plan as being one of two priority regeneration corridors in east London with the potential to accommodate a significant proportion of London’s projected population and employment growth. in particular Greenwich Peninsula (west).The policies seek to address the long-term employment needs of the local population including the unemployed. 172 hectares (net) of derelict. To ensure that significant employment generators are accessible by public transport.4 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 35 . and to ensure that the benefits of economic activity are shared by all sections of the community including those disadvantaged or facing discrimination in relation to the job market. and specific guidance for other employment generators such as retail and leisure activities. and to redress the economic imbalance between east and west London. The economic geography of Greenwich is dominated by substantial industrial areas in the north of the Borough. wholesale warehousing and distribution (categories B1.
The Greenwich economy is dominated by small businesses: 85% employ less than 10 people. and Sherard Wards also have concentrations above Borough average). Planning and Development There has been a significant upturn in development activity in northern wards and waterfront industrial areas in the late 1990’s. who remain concentrated in the Northern part of the Borough (although Middle Park. There are 33 hectares of vacant industrial sites in the Borough. However. As at the end of 2005-06 there was approximately 853.9% in 1994 to 5.000 new dwellings and over 700. excluding land already re-allocated for other uses). 31% of the unemployed are aged between 16-24. the Royal Arsenal and the White Hart Triangle alone propose to create in excess of 12.600 in 2003. Flagship developments permitted on the Greenwich Peninsula.4%. Unemployment in Greenwich has fallen from 21. Over 70% of the current long-term unemployed are men. and 4% employ more than 100.000 jobs in 1991. from 45% (about 7. 2.7% in 2006.8% was recorded as vacant in the Greenwich Business Development Centre site marketing database.600 in 1995. inclusive of 21 hectares remaining on the White Hart Triangle. such as lone parents.9 36 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . Such groups tend to be less financially able to move to other areas where jobs suited to their existing skills may be available. 2. but have since rallied: total employment in the Borough stood at 62. comprising three Defined Industrial Areas (Greenwich Peninsula West. information and communication technology. Business formation and closure rates are lower than the London average.5 As at the end of 2005-06 there are 241 hectares (net) of land in or last used for industry including warehousing and aggregates in Greenwich (224 ha. However. people with disabilities and long term health problems. retail and leisure floorspace by 2021.000m2 of new office. hospitality and tourism and cultural and creative industries.8 2. young people.000 jobs.process.200) in 2006. Ferrier. job numbers fell to 52. After decades of contraction. and this most vulnerable age group suffers an unemployment rate of 15. there has been a period of stabilisation and employment growth. Charlton Riverside and Plumstead/West Thamesmead). Charlton Business Park and the Aggregates Zone. Greenwich has historically suffered an unemployment rate at least 2% higher than the London average. remaining at around 6. The decline in heavy industrial sectors disproportionately affected workers in semi and unskilled socio-economic groups. Parallel trends are reflected in other recent data. unemployment rates still approach or exceed 10% in St. which is being developed for industry and warehousing. 182 hectares are identified as Strategic Employment Locations in the London Plan. but the gap had narrowed to 1.000m2 (gross) of industrial and warehousing floorspace in the Borough. Almost half of the jobs filled by unemployed Greenwich residents have gone to people who live in the areas in Greenwich that suffer from the worst unemployment. suggesting that to date the Greenwich economy has been more stable but less dynamic than the London region as a whole. The incidence of long-term unemployment (those registered unemployed for a year or more) has also fallen significantly. From an earlier peak of 58. Unemployment is also disproportionately suffered by other disadvantaged groups. They are also more likely to experience difficulties moving into different types of employment in expanding sectors like business and financial services. total industrial employment has steadied.7 2. Mary’s.6 2. Economic trends Employment and business growth Following decades of persistent decline in the Borough’s employment base. small businesses typically have the greatest growth potential. West and Ferrier Wards.000) in 1994 to 19% (about 1. 6.0% in September 2005. industrial.
manufacturing and distribution show that in the six years 1993-94 to 1998-99 annual industrial floorspace completions averaged 5. When set against the decline of preceding decades. a four-fold increase.5 million worth of new contracts. (Use Classes B1c. work and do business. Economic Strategy and the Annual Economic Development Plan The Economic Development Strategy for Greenwich (2002) provides a framework for economic development from 2002 . Similarly. and a key mechanism in tackling social exclusion. B2 and B8.800 local people into employment.growth.This is indicative of the fact that ‘industry’ comprises a wide range of activities. Between 1997 and 2002 GLLaB helped 4.2 ha. availability of a suitably skilled workforce is important both for local firms and to attract new businesses into the area.12 2.200m2 and land take 4. Training is a gateway to accessing employment. developments exceeding 1.This trend looks set to continue in the medium term. it is essential that training in the necessary work skills takes place. Despite the recent economic upturn. Major new investment and development are creating unparalleled opportunities for Greenwich and East London. 2. An exciting thriving place to live. an annual land take of 1. and whilst many are in decline in London or in the UK generally. as the London-wide labour market provides many job opportunities if training and transport factors allow the local labour force to compete for them.or localized . By contrast. Training The decline of traditional industries has important implications for the regeneration of the Borough as a whole. indicating an ongoing need to facilitate the provision of new opportunities for less skilled members of the workforce. If local people are to benefit from local job creation. male unemployment still exceeds 14% in many wards. Greater London Authority and Council records for light industrial uses. and helped local businesses win £3. A place where all residents will have the education.000m2 gross only). 1999-00 to 2004-05 annual industrial completions averaged 21. In 2003 planning permission was granted for 106.8 ha. Training is also important to increase the employability of people to enable them to compete for jobs outside the Borough.7 ha. skills and ability to get jobs in Greenwich.The Greenwich Local Labour and Business Service (GLLaB) has been recognised by the Audit Commission as an exemplar of best practice in creating local employment. it also highlights the need to take a long-term view in managing the stock and availability of land for future employment use.2. and thousands more across the Thames Gateway sub-region.2007.13 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 37 .000 new jobs will be created in Greenwich by 2010. ii. and there has also been a substantial increase in industrial development activity over the previous Plan period (1994-2001).11 2.000m2 of industrial floorspace on the White Hart Triangle (25. An estimated 25. A first class business location.The strategy sets out the following Vision for Greenwich: i. construction phased to 2010 with the first units available in 2005-06). others are experiencing significant .10 Recent development trends underline the continuing importance of Greenwich in London’s industrial economy. iii.400m2. High quality developments are transforming vast areas of derelict land and creating business growth and new jobs. GLLaB’s service to local people includes the arrangement and procurement of identified training needs and efforts are underway to develop customised training programmes for local people so that they can access the jobs created through the major commercial developments in the Borough. per annum. in terms of the need to train less-skilled groups to increase their access to jobs within and outside the Borough. or elsewhere in London.
opportunities and initiatives playing a key role in the transformation and modernisation of the local economy: Funding Initiatives Eight of the most deprived wards in the north of the Borough benefit from Assisted Area Status (as at 2003).The Mayor’s 2001 Transport Strategy and the London Plan supports the Docklands Light Rail extension to Woolwich.000m2 of office and business space including a hotel. representing a one-third increase in jobs located in the Borough. physical and social transformation of waterfront areas blighted by the decline of heavy industry or port activity. and open up new opportunities for residents. Major schemes completed include the Jubilee Line extension and station at North Greenwich. Manufacturing companies seeking to expand or safeguard employment may be eligible for grants from the Department of Trade & Industry.19 38 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . In addition. construction. Deptford Creekside (West Greenwich) and at Woolwich Royal Arsenal to facilitate the continuing economic. 10. manufacturing. An overall increase in business floorspace will be sought (see Waterfront Chapter Policy W3). employment. exhibition and leisure venue. They contain many of the most significant waterfront redevelopment sites remaining in the Borough. and the completion of the Woolwich Road Widening scheme.17 2. housing. Six of these wards have also been designated Objective 2 Area status.2. Cumulatively they enhance the Borough as a business location. Further transport investment is likely over the Plan period. The Borough is also likely to benefit from further funding and increased investment through the London Development Agency’s Single Programme and the ODPM’s Sustainable Communities Plan.16 2. and will bring further opportunities for economic renewal and diversification.000 permanent jobs on site. Waterfront Transit and the provision of additional river crossings at Gallions Reach and Greenwich Peninsula (see Movement chapter). leisure and environmental improvements. Once completed it is estimated the development as permitted will provide over 23. tourism and 2. Potential Economic Growth Sectors: The Economic Development Strategy for Greenwich (2002) has identified a number of sectors with potential for growth. the Docklands Light Railway extension to Greenwich.010 new homes. plus over 50. Details include use of the Dome for a sports arena. On Greenwich Peninsula the prospects for the long-term regeneration of the local economy received a massive boost when Meridian Delta Limited were granted outline planning permission for their proposals for 81 hectares to be phased over 20 years.15 2. The Riverside area east of Greenwich Peninsula also benefits from the award of £10 million funding between 2000 and 2007 under the Single Regeneration Budget to improve manufacturing opportunities.000m2 of retail and food and drink uses.The South Greenwich ‘Building New Links’ area also benefits from a further £22 million up to 2006. Mixed Use Areas Mixed Use Areas have been designated at Greenwich Peninsula.These include health and social care.18 2. and for Borough residents to Greater and Central London. with European funding available for industrial renewal.14 Economic opportunities and initiatives There are a range of significant events. 400. The development of major sites around Deptford Creek and the ongoing regeneration of the Woolwich Royal Arsenal will bring further opportunities and improvements Transport improvements Infrastructural investments have improved accessibility within and into the Borough. infrastructural or workforce development.Their implementation is providing a wide range of new employment and training opportunities. committed and planned investment by the public and private sectors secured through successive regeneration programmes exceeds £2 billion.
Defined Industrial Areas J1 Defined Industrial Areas designated on the Proposals Map are particularly suited and safeguarded for activities within Use Classes B1. and B8 uses will be subject to the considerations in Policy J8. Local service uses to predominantly serve businesses and employees within walking distance. It is therefore 2. This ‘managed release’ approach largely preceded. sport and leisure.There is also significant local demand with new industrial/employment development on 57 hectares 1998-2003 including works in progress (see paragraph 2. allowing industrial investment decisions to be made with confidence. ‘Sui Generis’ uses that are industrial in character as defined in paragraph 2.The priority now is to capitalise on these new opportunities and maximise the benefits for local people and businesses.hospitality.W3 & TC16). but is consistent with. a higher productivity than some service sectors. subject to considerations under Policies J2. J10 and E1. Other uses will not be permitted unless they are: i. Industry provides 7% of London’s jobs and 11% of its GDP.E3. The London Plan recognises the importance of industry.20 The Council working in partnership with others has been successful in securing investment and additional resources for the regeneration of the Borough. partially offset by a projected increase in warehousing employment.22 PPG4 Industrial and Commercial Development and Small Firms states that Development Plans should ensure that there is sufficient land available to suit a variety of industrial and commercial requirements. business and financial services and information and communication technologies.1. Large tracts of the most persistently underused land have already been transferred to other uses. Policies 2. B2 and B8. Slower but ongoing employment decline in industry in London is predicted. principally by redesignation as Mixed Use Areas (see paragraphs 2. However. and seeks to ensure a sufficient ‘strategic reservoir’ of industrial capacity is retained to meet London’s future industrial requirements. particularly in the East London sub-region. Reason 2. PPG3 Housing and Mayoral recommendations that East London boroughs adopt a managed approach to the release of surplus and especially poorer industrial land.10). which includes Greenwich.24 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 39 .4. a requirement that takes on increased importance when set against pressures to release brownfield and riverside sites for housing. 2. although office developments unless ancillary will be limited to locations with good public transport accessibility (see Policies J4. 2. Greenwich is a-typical of the East London sub-region as the amount of available vacant land remaining within the Defined Industrial Areas is relatively low.This is an essential aspect in safeguarding and enhancing the quality and range of employment opportunities in the Borough to address problems of social exclusion.16 and Policy W3).23 2. Mayoral advice on Industrial Capacity states that to 2016 approximately 30-50 hectares per annum of employment land across London should be released to other uses.21 Employment Locations This section addresses the availability and suitability of sites for different types of business and industrial activities.The policy gives industrial developers and local communities greater certainty about the types of development that will or will not be permitted in a given location. ii. creative industries. J7.
The Council is working with the London Development Agency to improve the wider Charlton Riverside Industrial Area. These include the award of £10 million under the Single Regeneration Budget to promote manufacturing in Greenwich and Bexley. it is essential that new uses support rather than fetter business occupants of the Defined Industrial Area that encloses the Thames Barrier. nor are destination retail or leisure activities (see Site Schedules j4. and contain a range of industrial accommodation.important that the remaining industrial sites. Light industry can also usefully serve as a buffer between general industry. A number of factors increase the probability that industrial demand can be converted into new development over the Plan period. Within the Borough 144 hectares (net) on Greenwich Peninsula west. Residential use is not acceptable. landscaping and cost requirements. j5). large-scale distribution and more sensitive surrounding land uses such as housing. The policy allows flexibility between B1. particularly for small and medium-sized light industrial firms. the Thames Barrier Approach offers scope for employment-based diversification including provision of ancillary local service facilities for both business and visitor markets. 2.28 2. and form the basis of the Council’s Defined Industrial Areas. enabling the Council to apply its own resources where appropriate. Most of the Defined Industrial Areas are also Industrial Improvement Area under the Inner Urban Areas Act (1978). to serve as an amenity and service zone for the industrial area which encloses it.5) underpin the controlled policy approach resisting the ad hoc release of employments sites between Development Plan reviews. whilst also supporting the Thames Barrier as a visitor attraction. Defined Industrial Areas have also traditionally accommodated a range of uses outside Group B of the Use Class Order (1987) that are essentially industrial in character and have similar locational requirements in terms of their impacts on surrounding activities. is a barrier to inward investment and may hamper economic diversification.29 40 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . 2. and the extent to which existing or potential industrial occupiers in the vicinity might be adversely affected. as well as their relationship with other land uses. are largely located away from environmentally sensitive areas.27 2. B1 office development is better located within town centres and other locations specified in Policy J7 (although it is not intended to prevent replacement of existing offices). Proposals for such uses will be considered in relation to impact on the environment. Mayoral advice on Industrial Capacity is that managed industrial land release across London should take place outside SELs (see also Policy J5). layout. and the availability of grants or other assistance from the London Development Agency. Planned infrastructure proposals and the Borough’s enhanced profile are also likely to help. Redevelopment and diversification into compatible business uses will help to address these issues. B2 and B8 uses. Despite improvements.The lack of modern business units.25 The London Plan outlines a locational framework of Strategic Employment Locations (SELs) of London-wide importance. These are historically industrial in nature. However. These factors combined with relatively low vacancy rates (see paragraph 2. and the Plumstead-Thamesmead Industrial Area are designated as PILs. and especially sites that are readily developable. subject to more detailed policy guidance for office and B8 uses in the policies cited. All the Defined Industrial Areas benefit from Intermediate Assisted Area Status and those east of Greenwich Peninsula also benefit from Objective 2 Status. local environmental quality along Eastmoor Street is undermined by poor quality industrial buildings and ‘eyesore’ activities such as car dismantling. are made available to firms wishing to expand or locate in the Borough.26 2. the Charlton Riverside Area. However. Criterion (ii) and the site schedules provide further flexibility for business/ employment related diversification in specific locations. In particular. the Department of Trade and Industry and the European Union. defined as medium to large-scale sites that should meet the needs of most industries in terms of their access. SELs include Preferred Industrial Locations (PILs).
or an increase in retail floor space unless in accordance with Policy TC16. Redevelopment proposals that reconfigure existing retail units are also addressed in Policy TC16. It also accommodates retail warehouse units. Such uses will also be acceptable on Safeguarded Wharves providing the significant majority of raw and part-processed materials are transported by river (see Policy W5).The Council will oppose any proposals leading to either a loss in land or premises in employment use. The Council does not support any increase in retail floorspace in Charlton Business Park (nor the surrounding area) within the Plan period. which will normally be acceptable in Defined Industrial Areas (see Policy J1).Aggregates and other ‘Open Yard’ Industries J2 The Aggregates Zone within the Charlton Riverside area shown on the Proposals Map is the Council’s preferred location for open yard aggregates. while its wharf side location reduces road congestion and pollution by allowing aggregates to be moved as water freight.30 The availability of riverside wharves and the potential to develop greater commercial use of the Thames are important Borough assets. and operations will not unacceptably compromise regeneration objectives or the amenity of adjoining areas. and/or on sites requiring frequent heavy truck access through residential streets. crushing and scrap uses will normally be resisted elsewhere unless alternatives to road freight are utilised. Charlton Business Park contains a number of ‘first generation’ retail warehouses approaching the end of their useful life. Open yard aggregates.The provision of an aggregate zone contributes to meeting the London wide need for aggregates.31 2. The zone also benefits from a railhead in current use.33 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 41 . The designation of a specific location with rail and river access is intended to minimise potential problems from aggregates or scrap operations in other parts of the Borough. subject to the safeguarding of the Riverside Walk (Policy O16).32 Charlton Business Park is within a Strategic Employment Location identified in the London Plan. Site Schedule mu29 identifies an opportunity to reconfigure existing retail warehouse units to simultaneously meet a need for additional bulky goods floorspace and potentially to redress an imbalance in DIY provision identified in the Greenwich Retail Study (2002). Subject to appropriate environmental and amenity safeguards. Reason 2. Aggregate uses are likely to continue on three safeguarded wharves outside the defined zone: at Victoria Deep Water Terminal. In reconfigurations site access and servicing should be provided from Bugsby’s Way wherever possible. crushing and scrap uses. in accordance with the London Plan. 2. Problems typically arise on sites that are too close to residential areas or businesses that require a clean operating environment. Reason 2. unless in accordance with Policy TC16 (hybrid uses which combine wholesale use with retailing will be considered individually on merit against the most relevant parts of Polices TC16 and J8). Charlton Business Park J3 Within Charlton Business Park the Council will permit development within Use Classes B1 (excluding non-ancillary offices) and B8. Aggregate and scrap operations within the confines of a building will generally be treated as a B2 general industrial use. temporary on-site processing facilities may also be acceptable on major development sites. distributive and trade wholesale uses. Riverside Wharf and at Brewery Wharf (see Policy W5 Safeguarded Wharves). It is a mixed business location and a preferred location for light industry.
ii. Planning permission for non employment uses will be granted only if the site is vacant and evidence is submitted to clearly demonstrate at least one of the following: i. priority will be accorded to residential use wherever practicable. and Comply with approved planning briefs. leisure and other service facilities. providing proposals: i. Other uses may be more appropriate for office sites in some circumstances – see Policy J5. and can also offer employees convenient access to retail. public transport. Do not result in the unacceptable loss of retail and leisure sites. Town centres are generally well served by public transport. iii.This is a sustainable pattern of economic development where business premises. and existing office accommodation will be protected where office use is ongoing or likely. They are thus generally suitable for larger office developments. and to protect cheaper ‘seedbed’ accommodation. services and jobs are close to residential areas. which could help to lessen dependence on commuting to Central London (other suitable locations are identified in Policy J7). nor the unacceptable loss of reasonable residential accommodation.The Council’s objectives are to retain as many of these sites and businesses as is practicable.These centres and Greenwich are preferred locations for office development. Marketing on fair price and terms for at least 2 years indicates there is no realistic prospect of any form of employment use arising. Eltham and Greenwich are preferred locations for office developments. 2. This will help to safeguard locally accessible employment and services. Employment Sites Outside Defined Employment Locations J5 The Council will seek to maximise the contribution to employment in the Borough from sites in existing or previous employment use outside designated employment areas. Planning permission will be granted for an alternative employment use. Reason 2. Guidance in PPS 6: Planning for Town Centres (2005) notes that in smaller town centres such development should be at a scale that is appropriate to the centre. to the benefit of town centre vitality and viability. District and Local centres. The site is environmentally or physically unsuitable for any employment generating use. by resisting premature change to higher value land uses (such as private housing).35 Where development without employment use is justified. and adequately served by.36 There are a number of industrial and business sites of varying sizes dispersed throughout Greenwich. and the maximum viable contribution to affordable housing will be sought. ii. the environment. and to meet the requirements of PPG4 Industrial and Commercial Development and Small Firms and the London Plan by ensuring the continued supply of 42 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . site schedules and other policies in the Plan. Offices can also stimulate demand for and investment in shopping and other town centre services. provided that it does not impact unacceptably on residential amenity.Town Centres J4 Woolwich.34 Woolwich and Eltham are the Borough’s main office locations. and the Council will seek to retain good quality office accommodation in these centres. Are conveniently related to. Reason 2. road safety or parking congestion. Employment use is only viable within a mixed-use scheme. B1 development at an appropriate scale will be acceptable in all Major. traffic levels. iii.
and opportunities to upgrade servicing and telecommunications on surrounding sites are improved rather than reduced. 2.This policy is not applicable to sites identified in the Site Schedule Proposals if the uses specified therein do not include employment. the approach has been adapted to fit Greenwich circumstances. and. as recorded in either the Council’s Unitary Development Plan Annual Monitoring Report or the DCLG’s Commercial and Industrial Property Vacancy Statistics. or for a mix of uses including employment-generating uses. and are sufficiently flexible in design to be adaptable to changing business requirements. make provision for convenient connections to be made in the future).1. Section 106 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 43 . 2. and Address the need to provide business premises on flexible and affordable terms. In the absence of any clear justification for employment land release other than apparent lack of demand. and to manage the supply of lower quality employment sites outside Strategic Employment Locations. Up to five years marketing history will be needed for readily developable sites that form part of a wider area in predominately business use. Industrial and Business Developments J6 The Council will seek to ensure that wherever possible industrial and business developments: i. In servicing new developments it should be ensured that they are connected to existing broadband infrastructure wherever possible. if this is demonstrably impractical. Are designed and specified to enable convenient adaption to a range of business uses. an established track record of managed and large scale release of surplus employment land through the Development Plan review process.premises for start-ups and small firms that often cannot afford premises on purpose-built industrial estates. Whilst older premises provide affordable workspace and generally remain in productive use. 50% affordable housing will be sought. The policy encourages new development.This meets the general policy thrust of PPG3 Housing and the London Plan (including Mayoral advice on Industrial Capacity) to make effective use of urban land and increase the supply of housing. That said. For the purposes of this policy employment uses are as defined in Paragraph 2. some are reaching the end of their economic life. and large units can be readily subdivided. it must be demonstrated that an employment use is not forthcoming despite at least two years active site marketing on realistic terms (well advertised. subject to the considerations in Policy H14 and its Reasons. fair price. lease length. ii.39 The Borough’s industrial and business accommodation varies in age and quality. In either of these circumstances the marketing period will be halved if the supply of vacant premises in the Borough exceeds 10% of the total stock (excluding premises under construction). Reason 2. Connect premises to broadband information technology infrastructure (or. especially if the alternative uses proposed would significantly fetter or compromise the continuation of existing employment uses on adjoining sites. It also seeks to ensure new premises are attractive to a broad range of industrial or commercial occupiers including technology and knowledge-based industries. industry or business.38 iii. Where sites are wholly released from employment use the priority alternative use is housing where it is suitable. plus housing land allocations and planning permissions to meet and exceed strategic housing provision targets. In recognition of the potentially enhanced economics of provision for such developments engendered by the change of use. Key local considerations are regeneration and job creation priorities in a relatively deprived Borough.37 Circumstances are identified in the policy where it will be more appropriate to redevelop former industrial and business sites for other uses. and occupier criteria). redevelopment or refurbishment to maintain an adequate stock and range of premises.
and therefore should be conveniently located for public transport. environmental and traffic impacts are within acceptable levels. Charlton Business Park (see Policy J3).Town centres are generally well served in this regard. B8 Distributive Industries and Trade Wholesale uses J8 Distribution. providing they are appropriately scaled. It advises sites within Preferred Industrial Locations can be suitable for B8 use. and Other sites allocated for employment use (see Site Schedules) or in current or former employment use (see Policy J5). Types of Employment Use B1 uses J7 Activities within Use Class B1 will normally be permitted in the locations below. i. meeting requirements set out in PPG13 Transport. In terms of transport implications. Mechanisms to secure other forms of flexibility.40 The B1 use class encompasses offices. further reducing congestion and road related pollution. and providing speculative developments also offer opportunities for B1 and B2 uses including small businesses.contributions may be sought to improve IT infrastructure. B1 uses do not normally create significant environmental problems.They can thus contribute to employment objectives without conflicting with existing activities. can generate high levels of car traffic and road congestion. especially office uses. light industrial activities usually require access to a main road for heavy goods vehicles. logisitics. Distribution is an industrial sector with potential for employment growth across London over the Plan period. v. Town Centres (see Policies J4 and TC16). will be considered where appropriate. which on average offers employment 2. Office developments should be conveniently accessible by public transport. and the site is not allocated or safeguarded for another use elsewhere in the Plan. and thus can often be incorporated into mixeduse schemes or within mainly residential areas. Mixed Use Areas (see Policy W3). Reason 2. iii. for example tenancy lengths and occupier terms.42 The London Plan advises Boroughs to promote positive policies for distributive uses. particularly where opportunities to transfer freight by rail and water are utilised (see also Policies W5 & M36-M39). Other environmentally acceptable locations with good trunk road access will be considered on merit.This will ensure that the jobs created are accessible to people who do not have the use of a car whilst offering car users the opportunity to travel by public transport. ii. Larger B1 developments.41 44 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . warehousing and trade wholesale activities (use class B8) will be permitted in Charlton Business Park and within Defined Industrial Areas. Defined Industrial Areas (see Policy J1). iv. These are also becoming increasingly important as businesses seek to retain the freedom to adapt to rapidly changing market conditions. Reason 2. providing proposals do not result in the closure of a viable and significant B1 or B2 use. including identifying sites and assisting in making land available. and are thus particularly suitable for office development (see Policy J4). research and development and light industry. providing development does not utilise land safeguarded in the Plan for other purposes.
Where Defined Industrial Area sites not last or currently in B8 use are redeveloped to include B8 uses.To be acceptable on employment sites such proposals must be clearly distinguishable from A1 retailing by demonstration that a significant majority of their customers will be other businesses. West Greenwich and Woolwich also offer a range of commercial floorspace. Reason 2. The policy seeks to support this role as it is widely recognised that creative industries benefit from proximity to other creative industries. a theatre or the offices of a fashion designer. Other sites will be considered against the relevant Plan policies for the use proposed. The policy also identifies other suitable locations. The West Greenwich/Creekside area (straddling the borough boundary with Lewisham) is recognised to be an emerging node for cultural and creative industries. planning conditions or legal agreements may be applied to ensure premises are also suitable and available for B1 and/or B2 use. 2.45 Cultural and creative industries can be anything from a film and video production firm through to a small crafts workshop. in recognition that West Greenwich/Creekside will not be appropriate or convenient for all cultural and creative industries. employing more than 1. meet the needs of small firms and provide a range of employment opportunities.4 million people nationally. and that sales to the general public would be minimal and ancillary. as 80% of the nation’s artists. In addition. to protect economic diversity. while providing local people with access to cultural activities. These are typically to be found in town centres. They are particularly important in the London context. Cultural and Creative Industries J9 Town Centres and Mixed Use Areas are preferred locations for Cultural and Creative industries. 2.This concentration of cultural activity in London provides the opportunity for the Borough to draw such activities into the area and to develop a cultural industrial base. The Cultural Strategy for Greenwich (2003) promotes the growth of these activities because they have the potential to play a key role in economic regeneration and expansion. and workshop-based activities in any B1 or industrial location. high-bay warehouses may cumulatively threaten existing businesses or constrain opportunities for other types of businesses seeking to relocate or expand. It is also an important logistical complement to manufacturing and other commercial activities essential for the efficient operation of the London economy.46 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 45 . Whilst such activities generally fall within Class B1 of the Use Classes Order (1987) they can include a wide range of other land uses. cultural and creative activities are based in London. Developments to satisfy demand from the higher value distribution sector for large. Conditions may be used where appropriate to ensure retailing to the public remains ancillary. Office-based activities will also be appropriate in any B1 location identified in Policy J7. a role promoted in the 2000 West Greenwich Development Framework. the most successful clusters tend to have access to a wider range of cultural resources including entertainment and leisure facilities. Cultural and creative activities are the country’s fourth largest invisible earner. which are generally convenient for public transport.levels approaching that of manufacturing. This would not only widen the Borough’s economic base but would also increase the range of local job opportunities.44 2. Uses which combine wholesale and retail use will be considered individually on merit against the most relevant parts of this policy and Policy TC16.43 Use Class B8 also includes trade wholesalers and ‘trade counters’.
Business areas should comprise at least 20 m2 (net). planning permission should be required and may be refused.50 Work/live units are a hybrid use incorporating both business and residential areas. and 46 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . Home workers are advised to seek a determination in writing as to whether or not a planning permission is required. occupy not less than 25% of the total internal floor area. It is a valuable source of employment for some Borough residents and is consistent in principle with the Council’s planning policies. Reason 2. to the extent that it would demonstrably harm the amenity of nearby residents. Providing these broad principles are adhered to. Work/Live Units J12 Work/live units will normally be permitted in Mixed Use areas. Work/live units must include at least 20m2 (net) of specifically designed business accommodation to standards suitable for B1 use. fumes or other impact significantly above levels that would be expected from residential use alone. Planning permission for change of use may be required if there is a significant intensification of business use. Reason 2. in particular ‘open yard’ uses or activities generating significant emissions. or where the activity proposed would fetter prospects for the occupation or redevelopment of underused industrial sites in the locality (see Policies E1 – E3). vibration. Small scale processing or recycling of locally produced non-hazardous waste or to provide materials for use in the local area may be appropriate in environmentally acceptable locations (see Policy E14).37). Significant provision has been made for large scale ‘bad neighbour’ uses in the defined Aggregates Zone (see Policy J2). noise.49 Home working in part of a dwelling where it is incidental to the residential use is not normally ‘Development’ and thus would not require planning permission.47 This section addresses the need to encourage the development of safe. the use of equipment at home for business purposes can make a valuable contribution to sustainable development by reducing work-related travel. However.The Working Environment 2.48 To ensure that new business contribute to rather than detract from the performance and prospects of the local economy. PPG4 Industrial and Commercial Development and Small Firms recognises that where the business use becomes dominant or intrusive. and other environmentally acceptable sites not allocated for or occupied by an employment use as defined in paragraph 2. provided it does not cause a loss of housing accommodation or a loss of amenity to neighbouring occupiers. Further guidance for Home workers on whether or not planning permission is required is set out in an Advice Note. and to foster a healthy working environment.1. will not be permitted where surrounding businesses or residential areas would be unacceptably affected. which will be safeguarded from change to purely residential use. and will be refused if the proposal would generate visitors. flexible and healthy working environments with high standards of layout. and the SELCHP facility meets Borough requirements for disposal of local non-hazardous waste (see paragraph 5. ‘Bad Neighbour’ Industries J10 Proposals for ‘bad neighbour’ industries. traffic. Reason 2. Home Working J11 Home working for business purposes will normally be supported.
Preventing the loss of JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 47 . and community benefits from development. use of machinery or hazardous materials.liveworknet. In granting consent for work/live units. traditionally employed in the industrial sector need to be both protected and promoted. which is contrary to their purpose and this policy. However.52 2. work/live units are considered to be an intermediate step between home working and use of a separate small business unit. 2. is a Council objective. so as to be capable of accommodating a range of B1 uses and a level of business-related disturbance that would not normally be acceptable in the use of a room for work purposes in a traditional home.must be clearly separable from the residential element (preferably on a separate floor). The Council wishes to safeguard and encourage the provision of suitable accommodation for startup enterprises. Reason 2. 2. and to ensure that occupiers of selfcontained units use both the residential and business floorspace. and residents should reasonably expect some amenity loss through business-related disturbance. Quality Jobs J13 The Council will resist development proposals that result in the loss without qualitatively adequate replacement of jobs suited to the needs and skills of local people.51 Work-live units are not considered well suited for family use. In line with PPG4 Industrial and Commercial Development and Small Firms. and enforcement action may follow where appropriate. It is expected that they will include elements such as high speed information technology connections. provide further useful advice. Accordingly as work/live units have a residential element. Conditions may be applied to mitigate or avoid potential problems on surrounding residential areas that might arise from hours of operation. in particular for the most disadvantaged groups in the Borough workforce.5 hectare (the threshold for affordable housing Policy H14). to avoid the introduction of residential uses that may be incompatible with and fetter industrial operations.com). Business rates will be applicable to the commercial floor area.54 Employment Opportunities 2. either self contained or as part of a flexible work/live ‘complex’. including a definition of ‘true live-work’ (www. the Council’s experience with work/live units suggests occupiers often perceive them as living space and may seek permission for purely residential use. The provision of rental work/live units. noise insulation and ventilation. In effect. training for groups at a disadvantage in the labour market.56 The historic decline in manufacturing and industry in general has resulted in a mismatch between job opportunities and local skills. to prevent the premature loss of land for dedicated industrial and business use. and it is recognised that work/live units can offer an affordable and flexible alternative to small business units. to includes elements such as service lifts. conditions or legal agreements will be used to prevent future residential use of the business accommodation.55 This section encompasses access to employment. and vehicular movements.53 2. waste and emissions. and will seek to encourage employment development which provides good quality jobs. Suitable jobs for both the skilled and unskilled. Work/live applications have also been used to attempt to circumvent restrictions on residential development in areas allocated for other uses. and be constructed to commercial standards. the provision of affordable units for rent will be sought in developments exceeding 15 units or 0. work/live units will not be permitted in Defined Industrial Areas and Charlton Business Park. supported by the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and the Housing Corporation.The ‘Live Work Network’. Nor will they be permitted on other business/industrial sites except under conditions set out in Policy J5.
the Council will use planning agreements to secure community and workplace benefits as appropriate. minority ethnic groups and people with disabilities. in particular groups who are often disadvantaged in the job market such as women. the local workforce must be suitably trained to take advantage of new opportunities. First. for example the intensification of pressure on existing facilities such as childcare services. People with disabilities suffer from access problems. Training and Business Support J14 The Council will support the establishment of training centres. and to help those facing disadvantage in the labour market. to provide opportunities for local job seekers. to create new business opportunities for local companies.Training opportunities supported by GLLaB reduce the mismatch between available skills and skills required. in accordance with Policy SC2. and in providing employment and subcontracting opportunities for local businesses and residents. Community Benefits J15 In appraising employment development schemes. and raise their capacity to secure contacts and successfully deliver them. It was established with two primary objectives. For regeneration policies to be effective. It is the Council’s aim to maximize and channel the benefits of development towards the community on the one hand. to train local people and help them secure employment. GLLaB is in part financed by Section 106 developer contributions.The unskilled are becoming increasingly disadvantaged in the labour market.land in active employment use will help to safeguard such employment that might otherwise be lost. Access to competent local firms and suppliers can assist in attracting new companies to the area. Whilst possessing few powers of direct intervention. and allow residents to compete for jobs in new and growing sectors of the local economy. contractors and local businesses.58 Greenwich Local Labour and Business (GLLaB) plays a central role in improving the attractiveness of the Borough as a business location to existing and incoming firms. minority ethnic groups from discrimination. but these do not necessarily meet the needs of their host communities.57 Other groups of workers or potential workers are also disadvantaged when competing for work and/or suffer difficulties at work. The resulting availability of a well-trained local workforce is important in attracting new businesses. Reason 2.The provision 2. women from the lack of childcare facilities.61 Most developments normally provide benefits of one kind or another be they leisure facilities or job opportunities. 2. they are less able to take advantage of new opportunities. and on the other to avoid the problems that often result from new developments. Training is also an important element in eradicating this skills mismatch (Policy J12). and those on low incomes from the high cost and inadequacy of public transport. which are sought on all major development proposals. As a typically low income group they are less able to move to find suitable work.59 2. Reason 2. the Council will encourage employment development that assists these groups and others such as school leavers and the longer term unemployed. Second. Lacking transferable skills or the means to retrain.60 48 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY . advise local firms of contract opportunities arising from the Borough’s extensive redevelopment and regeneration projects. and with the constant pace of technological change the need for training is on going. In new developments the Council will seek to negotiate commitments or commitments and contributions to Greenwich Local Labour and Business. training workshops and other training provision to develop the skills of the Borough's resident workforce.
the provision of workplace creches will help employers to encourage women to re enter the workforce.of community facilities also benefits the developer. Other benefits may be sought under Policies J6 (premises and infrastructure) and J14 (training and business support). which can make access or use difficult or impossible. including refurbishment and conversions. For example. Ensuring that the buildings are accessible and equipped to meet their needs will open up the range of employment opportunities available to people with disabilities. Reason 2. should be designed to meet the needs of visitors and employees with disabilities unless demonstrably impractical. JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY 49 .62 People with disabilities suffer higher levels of unemployment than the Borough average. Employment opportunities are often unnecessarily restricted by the physical design of buildings. See Policy D6. Accessibility J16 All employment developments.
50 JOBS AND THE LOCAL ECONOMY .
3.400 by 2016.The increase in these households accounts for between 70% and 80% of the increase in the total number of households.1).200.85 to 2. This increase is expected to continue with an estimated 103. (Source: GLA 2000 Demographic Projections).3.100 net additional dwellings between 1997 and 2016. HOUSING GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 3. SH3 SH4 SH5 SH6 Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 3. especially those with special needs. size and affordability. reflecting the major housing developments in Thamesmead and on the Waterfront coupled with the continued rise in smaller households.The general policies are: To provide sufficient land to allow for the completion of at least 16. However the most recent projections assume this will remain stable upto 2016.The increase is largely made up of an increase in single person households between the ages of 30 and 64 who increase as a proportion of single person households from 35% in 1991 to 55% in 2016. To ensure the development of balanced and mixed communities and to meet the varying needs of households. whose housing needs require particular attention. From 1971 to 1991 average household size fell from 2. estimated to rise to 34% in 2011 and to 36% in 2016. To provide a high quality sustainable residential environment and to ensure that new housing is built to a high quality design.000 people with disabilities in the Borough. There are about 12. The Council will facilitate the regeneration and renewal of South Greenwich to alleviate the physical and social isolation of the area and to enable the development of mixed communities and sustainable neighbourhoods.The number of lone parent households is expected to rise upto 2016. by providing a suitable range of dwellings by type.3 HOUSING 51 . SH1 SH2 The Council recognises the major role housing plays in shaping the social. There are people with mental health requirements and people with learning needs who wish to live independently with support in the community. There is a significant growth in single person households such that they comprised 32% of households in 2001. economic and physical character of the Borough.2 Households Between 1991 and 2004 the number of households in the Borough increased from 86. The nature of these households is also changing. In contrast the number of one person households of pensionable age declines slightly but as a proportion of one person households falls from 52% in 1991 to 33% in 2016. (GLA 2003 Demographic Projections Scenario 8.1.500 to 93.200 households by 2011 and 105.45 persons. To retain and improve the existing housing stock. The scale of housing need in the Borough for affordable housing is such that the Council will seek to ensure that at least 35% of the dwellings provided between 1997 and 2016 are affordable to those on low and lower incomes.
At 1. The London Housing Capacity Study (GLA 2000) carried out for 1997 to 2016 shows potential for 14. and noise and air pollution. and for types of housing which provide support.120 units) and windfalls (1. if they so wish. Owner occupation increased over the same period. occupying roughly 35% of all land. minority ethnic groups.200 units) and a reduction in vacant dwellings (200 units) . Over 70% of these dwellings had planning permission at the time of the study.5 3. This is recognised in PPG3 and Circular 6/98 which encourage local planning authorities to develop such communities. Developments should provide housing of different types. accessible housing which can meet the needs of people with mobility difficulties. are of serious concern with one in ten dwellings in the private sector either in serious disrepair or unfit. Poor housing conditions are often accompanied by a poor residential environment.is taken into account this potential increases to 16. The tenure of housing has changed with the 1970s with the proportion of public sector housing rising to 47% in 1981 followed by a decline to 38% in 1991 and to 29% in 2001. a lack of a usable amenity open space. making housing the largest user of land in the Borough. Residential completions between 1997 and 2004 totalled 8. The Greenwich Strategy aims to offer a range of homes that meet the lifestyle needs of all sections of our communities. The aim should be that individuals / households are able to pass through all phases of life.The latter figure is included in the London Plan as the additional housing provision figure for the Borough.100 dwellings (800 per annum). people with learning difficulties. older people.440). conversions (1. The planning permissions include 10.025 dwellings per annum this is 27% above the capacity estimate.Add these to existing unmet need and there are formidable issues to be tackled in the next decade. Nearly one-third of the stock was built before 1919 and a further one-third was built between 1919 and 1939. At 2.4 Housing needs are becoming more varied as a result of the changes in household and population structure shown above and in Part One. particularly in the older properties.713 dwellings (net).010 units on Greenwich Peninsula (in addition to those being provided at Greenwich Millennium Village). 3. both visually and physically. within one community. Significant improvements are needed to the Council housing stock to bring it up to a good standard of repair with modern facilities. If ‘non conventional capacity’ . and young and single people. Mixed and Balanced Communities It is important that the large scale of new housing in the plan period provides mixed and balanced communities.000 units in the Royal Arsenal.690 additional dwellings mainly from large sites (11. small sites (870 units). while Housing Association / Registered Social Landlord stock expanded to around 5% in 1991.g. In the 1980s the private rented sector declined but increased in the 1990s. This will increase the demand for affordable housing.256 units). as a consequence of right to buys and stock transfers to housing associations. size and affordability.589 dwellings per annum this significantly exceeds the annual capacity estimate. Between 1997 and 2004 planning permission has been granted for 20. and it is anticipated it will be further exceeded as planning permissions are implemented. Housing Stock Between 1991 and 2001 the number of dwellings in the Borough increased by about 7%. It must be aimed at meeting not only general housing need but also the specific housing needs of the population.non self-contained accommodation (1.198 units (net). over 1.800 units at the Gallions Reach Urban Village and over 1.3. and to 10% by 2001.8 52 HOUSING . e.6 3. New housing must also meet the varying needs of individual households.7 3. Housing conditions in the Borough. people with disabilities.
It is anticipated that the capacity estimates will be exceeded but not at a sufficient scale to satisfy the affordable housing needs. where a different approach to the levels of affordable housing is justified. unachievable and not the role of the planning system.11 3. Lack of affordable housing has damaging consequences for both the Londonwide and local economy and local communities. HOUSING 53 . the priority need is for socially rented housing with a small element of shared ownership and that low cost market housing does not meet any housing need. totalling 11. In these circumstances. and where people feel proud and able to contribute to the life of their local community’.000 for a one-bedroomed home to £154.377 households. It is recognised that where the economics of housing provision permit.400 for a four bedroom property and minimum private rents were from £470 to £933 per month.109 units per annum.5). Affordable homes: a range of housing options that are within people’s ability to pay. This gives a net affordable housing requirement over the next 5 years of 1. and part of a good quality urban environment. average earned household income was only £19.The survey went on to identify affordable housing needs arising from the need to reduce the backlog of households in unsuitable accommodation (2. It would be inappropriate. warm and dry.This will also apply to greenfield sites in the Kidbrooke Development Area (See Policy H4 and reason) and the change of use of employment sites outside defined employment locations (See Policy J5 and reason).This target is reasonably practicable given the Council’s extensive and successful experience of negotiating for affordable housing which contributes to strategic and Borough needs and is supported by the Three Dragons / Nottingham Trent University report ‘Affordable Housing in London’.730 affordable dwellings. The affordable housing needs identified in the Housing Needs Survey – for both 5 and 10 years – exceeds the housing capacity identified in the Borough (800 per annum).9 Housing Need and Affordability The Council’s Housing Needs Survey (2002) found that a significant proportion of households in the Borough could not afford to buy or rent on the open market. healthy. 50% affordable housing will be sought subject to Policy H14.The analysis concluded that in terms of types of affordable housing. for example on readily developable windfall sites.The Study also shows that over 10 years the annual requirement for affordable housing is 1.13 The Council’s Housing Strategy (2002-2007) vision for housing is ‘In 2010 we want Greenwich to be a place where everyone is able to afford a decent home of his or her choice. The target includes affordable housing from all sources and not just those secured through planning obligations.158 households per annum). Within the Mayor’s 50% target.1 (see para 3.287 households per annum). LRC. The London Plan states that targets in UDPs should be based on realistic assessments of need and supply. the Council considers a 35% target justified. The London Plan sets out a strategic target that 50% of all additional dwellings should be affordable.3. from newly forming households (3. safe. minus the supply of affordable housing (2.12 3. (Affordable Homes for London. London Pride Partnership 1998 / The Impact of High Cost Housing in Greenwich.346 units per annum. 1989. 3.H. Borough housing need and the fact that housing supply is on target to significantly exceed the dwelling provision figure in Policy S. he proposes a split of 70% social rented and 30% intermediate housing. to be met at a rate of 475 households per annum over 5 years).10 3. taking into account strategic housing need and the strategic housing target set out in the London Plan.090 additional affordable dwellings by 2011. This reflected that whilst entry level prices for home ownership range from £74. Over the 5 years to 2007 there is therefore a need to provide an additional 6. secure.The Report of the Mayor’s Housing Commission 2000). It recognises that such targets should be sensitive to the economic and social circumstances of different parts of London.699 per annum. to seek 100% affordable housing. By this is meant: Decent good quality homes: well designed and maintained.
including sites allocated on the Proposals Map and in the Site Schedules. New community services should accompany major residential developments. The two most significant areas are the continuing development of Thamesmead (Policy W4) and the residential part of the mixed-use development of the Greenwich Peninsula (Policy W3).5. whether public or private. for all types of households. Well managed homes: within a clean. The London Plan recommends a minimum provision of 16. To enable the development of the allocated land the Council will grant planning permissions (the Schedules state where planning permissions have been granted already) and will use its powers and influence to overcome infrastructure problems constraining development. In the development of sites sustainable residential quality principles will be applied consistent with the location of the sites to public transport. The Borough has set a target that over 90% dwellings are provided on previously developed land.100 dwellings between 1997 and 2016.15 The increasing number of households and existing housing need combine to produce a requirement for additional dwellings in the Borough.H10). the re-use of previously developed land will be promoted to the extent that 90% of new dwellings will be provided on such land. Developments of 15 units or more should provide a significant proportion of affordable housing (H14).Appropriate homes: a balance of the right type. (Policy C3). car parking provision and the character of the area. and where the residential use of the site would not conflict with other policies and proposals of the Plan. including the change of use of existing buildings. Reason 3. will be acceptable on environmentally suitable sites. or because a suitable housing option is not available. Policies 3. Homes for all: an inclusive community from which no one is excluded because of discrimination. the rate of planning permission for new dwellings is on target to significantly exceed that figure and the rate of planning completions is anticipated to exceed it as planning permissions are implemented. 54 HOUSING . Brownfield sites have been prioritised such that they comprise the vast majority of sites and significantly exceed the 60% target in PPG3. In the interests of achieving sustainable development.14 Quantity Of Housing Policies The two key areas of policy are to: • Provide new homes • Prevent the loss of existing homes and housing land New Housing H1 Residential development. Small-scale ancillary and supporting commercial uses may also be appropriate. (Policies H7 . diverse and well maintained environment. As set out in paragraph 3. size and tenure across the Borough.
16 It is important to safeguard the existing residential stock. as the need for housing remains. Change of use to local community services in accordance with the criteria in Policies C4 and C5. Change of use to another form of residential accommodation consistent with Policy H21 (Supported Housing). Where residential land or buildings are redeveloped the Council will normally insist that existing residential floorspace and units be replaced. v. ii. In particular. Effective Use Of Dwellings H3 The Council will seek to make good use of residential buildings and will particularly examine ways to encourage and assist empty residential accommodation back into housing use. iv. The Council’s Empty Homes Strategy sets out a coordinated approach to this issue.17 The effective use of existing residential buildings will not only enable a better use of resources but will assist in meeting the housing requirements of the Borough. Where a reasonable standard of accommodation cannot be attained in the larger town centres in accordance with Policy TC21. notwithstanding the application of sustainable residential quality principles. The policy also sets out exceptions for changes of use to other forms of residential accommodation.Preventing The Loss Of Housing H2 Planning permission will not be granted for a change of use or redevelopment that would result in the net loss of residential accommodation except in the following circumstances: i. Reason 3. Reason 3. Where it is not possible to achieve the required quality of provision through redevelopment without a net loss of dwellings. The major problem is primarily with vacant properties in the private sector. HOUSING 55 . empty residential properties should be brought back into housing use. However it is also recognised. particularly in the redevelopment of large estates. that a net loss of housing may occur as a result of an improved residential environment being created. Change of use to guesthouses and bed and breakfast accommodation in accordance with the criteria in Policy T2. iii. and to reduce the need to find replacement housing land.
The reconfiguration of open spaces has led to proposals for the development of a limited number of greenfield sites. A masterplan that assumes redevelopment of the Kidbrooke Development Area has been prepared and has been subject to extensive consultation with both residents and landowners. On these sites it is considered the economics of housing provision will allow for a target of 50% 56 HOUSING . 3. ‘Building New Links’. Provision of a total of 4. Providing a local shopping centre which acts as a commercial hub for the area.Therefore development proposals which seek to anticipate the masterplan and where they will be detrimental to the coherent regeneration of the area will be resisted. vi. An improved transport interchange and public transport to and from the area. (2) Raising the level of safety. which provides a quality and sustainable environment for its residents.900 homes on the Ferrier Estate Development of 4. The proposals provide for the: • • • • • • Demolition of 1.400 dwellings which will include the replacement of 1. commercial and retail facilities as part of a new local centre around a transport hub. 50% affordable housing will be sought. Creating a mixed neighbourhood and community integrated with the surrounding area providing a sustainable environment. Creating quality open spaces.18 In 1999 the Council and its partners were successful in a Single Regeneration Bid for the South Greenwich Area.400 new homes. integrated with the surrounding area. particularly to the north of the Borough • Development of new community. (3) Transforming housing and local infrastructure. as defined on the Proposals Map. Development proposals will be expected to take account of the proposed masterplan which is to be the basis of a supplementary planning document. The redevelopment and regeneration of this area will be required to deliver the following objectives: i.19 A key part of the third theme has been a land use reassessment of the land around Kidbrooke station including the Ferrier Estate. ii. iii. Any proposals which would be detrimental to the implementation of any aspect of the masterplan will be resisted. residential led. It is vital that all developments contribute in an integrated way to the regeneration of this area.900 affordable homes Development of a more traditional street pattern providing a safer environment Creation of a new central park and better access to open space Increased access to employment and training opportunities Improvements to the road network and transport infrastructure.The bid has three strategic themes: (1) Tackling social exclusion and promoting opportunity. v. regeneration area. workers and visitors. The aim is to create a mixed neighbourhood. Reason 3. including 1. in recognition of the economics of housing provision. iv. Kidbrooke is recognised as an Area of Intensification in the London Plan. 3.20 The masterplan will be progressed as the Kidbrooke Development Area Supplementary Planning Document.Kidbrooke Development Area H4 The Kidbrooke Development Area. On greenfield sites in the development area identified for housing development. is designated as a mixeduse.900 affordable homes.
They can assist in balancing the type and size of dwellings to population needs. safe and secure access to all dwellings is provided. Any extensions or additions are limited to an appropriate size and meet with the design Policies (D9 and D10). Dwellings intended for families are provided on the ground floor or have direct access to a garden. car parking). the impact on the environment and the character of the area. 3. The sub division of residential property will be permitted if the following criteria are fulfilled: i. There is adequate space for and access to dustbins which. The policy is tighter for terraced properties in recognition of the need to retain medium sized terraced properties for family accommodation in areas of conversion pressure and the greater difficulty of providing an acceptable standard of conversion (e. the nature of accommodation provided. Internal space and design standards are acceptable. iii. The Council has more detailed guidelines for standards of conversions in Advice Note No. ii. Conversions H5 To protect small and medium sized family dwellings and the local environment. 3. Car parking in the surrounding grounds meets the car parking standards and is dealt with sensitively (Policy M23). and sound insulation and ventilation treatment against road and railway noise is installed on noise sensitive facades. On street parking problems aggravate the safety and free flow of traffic and pedestrians in the area (see Policy M27). Adequate.400 sqft (130 sqm) (net floor area) where they form part of a terrace.200 sqft (111. However.21 A further way of providing more new homes will be to allow the sub division of dwellings. All conversions will be expected to be self contained. (Policies H7 and H16). Sound insulation is installed to alleviate the problems of noise both between the new residential units and between them and neighbouring dwellings. viii.affordable housing to be pursued and this will be taken into account in applying Policy H14 in the Kidbrooke Development Area.22 HOUSING 57 . should be in suitably located and designed enclosures. Special consideration should be given to the division of the garden areas with the aim that all units have access to garden spaces. particularly small households. v. vii. Each unit of accommodation is self contained. For each application received reference will be made to existing conversions in each street. ii. the existing stock of small and medium size family dwellings still have a vital and versatile role to play in meeting housing need and should be protected. iii. Reason for H5 and H6 3. meet internal space and design standards and provide a suitable mix of dwellings.48 sqm) (net floor area) excluding any garages or less than 1. H6 The original premises are less than 1. impact of noise.16. the sub division of residential property will not be permitted where there are any of the following circumstances: i. vi. in all appropriate cases. The character and appearance of the surrounding area and buildings is adversely affected.g. Changes of use to non self-contained accommodation are covered under Policy H. iv.
23 Quality Of Housing Policies The Council’s policies aim to: i. Dwelling mix is consistent with Policy H15. v. • promote designs and layouts which are safe and take account of public health. iv. Waste recycling. (Policy E15) Developments over 25 units should be accompanied by a Design Statement (Policy D2). Housing Design H7 New residential development. In considering proposals the Council will take into account the key relationships between the character of the area. An acceptable level of noise insulation being achieved by means of sensitive design. viii. • avoid inflexible planning standards and reduce road widths. Safety and security of residents and public (see Policy D7). iii. ix. car parking (Policies D5. redevelopment or conversions will be expected to achieve a high quality of housing design and environment. vii. • focus on the quality of places and living environments being created and give priority to the needs of pedestrians rather than the movement and parking vehicles. Achieve a high quality of housing design and environment. M26 and M28) and housing densities (Policies H8 and H9) and give particular regard to: i. traffic speeds and promote safer environments for pedestrians. 58 HOUSING . which addresses a wide variety of environmental issues (Policy D1) The design of the development is consistent with Policies D1 D3.3. ii. xi. Secure the improvement of sub standard housing and improve residential environments. The achievement of the Building Research Establishment’s ‘EcoHomes’ excellent rating. x. have their own distinct identity but respect and enhance local character. Aspect and orientation. crime prevention and community safety considerations. ii. (Policy H17).24 A key objective of PPG3 ‘Housing’ (2000) is to promote good design in new housing developments to create a high quality living environment where people will choose to live. The provision of new housing to Lifetime Homes standards. Landscaping the environment around the dwellings. site location and public transport accessibility. layout and in developments vulnerable to transportation noise and vibration. and • promote the energy efficiency of new housing were possible. vi. (Policy E3). Privacy of adjoining occupiers. It expects developments to: • create places and spaces for people which are attractive. Reason 3. Dwellings intended for families should normally have direct access to a private garden (see H11).
Density H8 When considering proposals for housing developments the Council will give priority to securing a high quality environment for residents and making the best sustainable use of land.25 The Borough has a number of contrasting residential environments. All new housing developments should both provide a high quality of design and contribute positively to these surroundings.uk/ecohomes.300 HRH (70 . H9 iv The above ranges will be applied to mixed residential developments in proportion to category. The policies recognise that densities should be higher at places with good public transport accessibility. on sites of high public transport accessibility. Reason for H8 and H9 3.450 HRH (80. are suburban in character and have lower levels of public transport accessibility. Over 450 HRH (182 HRA) for non-family dwellings will be accepted in exceptional circumstances. car parking standards (Policies D5. Extensions to residential properties are considered under Design Policies D9 and D10.The close interrelationship of these with the location of sites (Policy H1). e. A distinction is made between different household types. M26 and M8) and housing densities (Policies H8 and H9) to create sustainable residential environments is acknowledged. older people and families. developers are encouraged to attain the excellent standard. Larger developments because of their extent and impact are expected to be accompanied by a Design Statement which show how the proposals take into account urban design principles.27 HOUSING 59 . as is demonstrated by the work on Sustainable Residential Quality commissioned by the former LPAC. with environmental performance expressed on a scale of pass to excellent. New housing development should incorporate in design and layout. The policy sets out the factors the Council will take into account to ensure these are achieved. 170.100 HRA) for dwellings for families. Subject to Policies H7 and H8.3.120 HRA) for non-family dwellings.co. particularly in the south. to the individual characteristics of the site and the character of the surrounding area. Within that context the appropriate density on a site is based on the relationship between the location of the site. iii. public transport accessibility. where it can be demonstrated that the design is of exceptional quality.182 HRA) for non-family dwellings on sites in the Borough’s Major and District Centres (See Table TC1) or with immediate access to a network of good public transport facilities. (Policy E3). In applying this policy it is recognised that many areas of the Borough. This approach is consistent with the guidance contained in PPG3 and the London Plan which emphasise making the best sustainable use of land and achieving higher densities at places with good public transport accessibility. having regard to the location of the site. The Building Research Establishment’s ‘EcoHomes’ rating is a flexible and independently verified environmental assessment method. public transport accessibility. Densities which will be considered appropriate are set out in Policy H9. the Council will permit development at the following densities: i. 150. ii.To achieve sustainable development. Residential developments on the Greenwich Peninsula and the Gallions Ecopark in Thamesmead are already being built to such a standard. Further details are available at www.bre. protection against transportation noise and/or vibration and where appropriate other noise. 200 . to preserve the amenity of future residents. principally the Borough town centres and in those areas of the Waterfront well linked 3.g.250 HRH (60. A post-construction validation report will be required by planning condition.26 The density policies seek to secure a sustainable use of housing land consistent with achieving a high quality environment. car parking standards and the character of the surrounding area. single people.
iii.30 The pressure for land for new housing in the Borough means that infill and backland sites are increasingly considered for housing development. v. privacy and the character of the area is maintained. toilets. There is no unreasonable increase in noise and disturbance from traffic gaining access. should be used for density calculations. For the purposes of the policy. for sites with high public transport accessibility. halls and lobbies. 60 HOUSING .28 Higher densities can play a role in sustaining local services and transport. Sites with good public transport accessibility would have a PTAL of 4. landings. m. Kitchens will be counted as habitable where they have an overall floor area greater than 13 sq. a key factor in assessing public transport accessibility will be ‘Public Transport Accessibility Level’ (PTAL). There is no unreasonable loss of privacy from overlooking adjoining houses and/or their back gardens. is of a significant scale and intensity. There is no unreasonable reduction in the amount of amenity space enjoyed by existing residents. In contrast. In addition. There is no significant loss of wildlife habitats. Developments in the latter category will be expected to assess what these additional pressures are and demonstrate how they are to be met and / or mitigated. car parking standards should be lower enabling a higher density development where this would not exacerbate on street parking problems in areas of the Borough where such car parking is at capacity. (See Policy C3) For the purpose of density calculation. habitable rooms include all separate living rooms. and sites of high public transport accessibility would have a PTAL of 5 or 6 (See Policy M13). ii. design and density of the development. but excluding bathrooms. Backland and Infill Development H10 Residential development on backland and infill sites will only be favourably considered where all the following criteria are fulfilled: i. However. it is also recognised that to preserve the residential character of some Conservation Areas. (as defined in PPG3 Annex C). especially for those in houses with the shared use of a garden.The Policy recognises that there may be exceptional circumstances. where densities outside the ranges indicated may be justifiable. The character of the area is maintained with particular regard to the scale. For mixed-use schemes the calculation should be made by applying the same proportion of residential floorspace to total floorspace of the scheme to the site area of the scheme. 3.into public transport. Such schemes must demonstrate exemplary urban design.The score for each site will need to be assessed on an individual basis. An example of such a site is the exceptional and unique circumstances on the northern Greenwich Peninsula.29 Reason 3. The net residential area. either on its own or cumulatively. They can also impose additional pressures on such services particularly where development. particularly trees or shrubs which would adversely affect the appearance and character of the area. iv. a lower density may be appropriate. the sensitive nature of these sites requires development only to be allowed where it will not adversely affect the local environment and where it will not lead to over development. including bedrooms. In the Borough’s tight urban fabric the opportunities for an acceptable form of this development are increasingly limited as the number of available sites decreases. it is important to safeguard the interests of residents in surrounding houses by ensuring that residential amenity such as garden space. 3. For sites with good / high public transport accessibility.
All children benefit from having access to safe. less than a minutes walk away.5 ha for casual or informal play space within housing areas. railways.5 – 2 a) per 1000 population. The National Playing Fields Association (NPFA) recommends minimum standards for children’s outdoor play space of between 0. New developments and conversions should aim to secure some usable private amenity space for all households. waterways and other potential hazards. Play space should be distinguished from open space. privacy and security. local equipped area for play (LEAP).36 3. Gardens have an important role to play in encouraging biodiversity and generally raising the environmental quality of an area. good-sized balcony or enclosed communal gardens (not accessible to the general public) should be provided.32 3. sitting out. The Council will seek an agreement with developers in accordance with Policy SC2. and visibility. Walking time is an important factor determining whether a play area will be used by a particular age group: very young children do not walk far. suitably equipped and well designed children’s play areas should be provided.35 Children make up around 20% of the Borough’s population.0. clothes drying and DIY are among the various activities for which a garden or some form of private outdoor space is essential. Children’s Play Areas H12 In residential developments that include over 50 units of family housing. which serves a different.2 . in developments adjacent to public open space or on conversion schemes where site constraints may affect the ability to provide the desired level of amenity space. Reason 3. standards above the minimum will be needed.34 3. Play areas should be 3. though important function. Family housing should normally have direct access to a private garden. a separate requirement dealt with elsewhere (Policy O9). a minimum garden area of 50m2 in family housing should be provided.31 Gardening. to put into place mechanisms and initial funding for future management and maintenance of communal amenity space. Provision should cater for a range of ages: the size and type of facility taking into account existing provision and the population profile of families nearby. NPFA Standards apply regardless of whether people have access to good-sized gardens or not. children’s play.0.Amenity Space and Gardens H11 In new residential schemes and conversions developers will be expected to provide sufficient amenity space to meet the needs of residents. As a guide.8 ha (1. Reason 3. exercise and social contact. Design and siting of play areas should take into account accessibility.37 HOUSING 61 . Dwellings with direct access to private gardens are the most appropriate form of provision for families with children. a large development may require several LAPs.0. Sizes and layouts of gardens should take into account the character of the local area. including proximity to main roads. Play areas offer opportunities for social development for adults and children. NEAPs can be incorporated in a park or area of open space. Each incorporates features designed to encourage use within an appropriate age group. which gardens do not. and neighbourhood equipped area for play (NEAP). There may be scope for a lower level of private amenity in some locations.This includes 0. for example. In flats a terrace.3 ha for outdoor equipped playgrounds for children of all ages and 0.This is in addition to any space occupied by front gardens. NPFA propose three types of play areas: local areas for play (LAP).4 .33 3.This provides opportunities for recreation. communal play space.6 . safety. In areas where amenity provision is poor.
In response. a programme of improvement is needed that recognises that disrepair is not only concentrated in some areas but is more widespread throughout the Borough. See also Policy H2 on the redevelopment of housing. Where area based initiatives are pursued they should be linked to environmental improvements (see Policy D32). the economics of housing provision. The Private Sector Improvement Areas In Greenwich’ report (LRC 1995) identifies such areas. Alternatively. Variety Of Housing Policies To ensure a sufficient variety of housing is available for the different types of households and to provide mixed and balanced communities.40 There is concern over the growing deterioration in the housing stock. the Council’s policies will be to: 1.39 3. particularly those which seek to meet the needs of disadvantaged groups.38 In some locations. a financial contribution towards enhancing existing. including special housing needs. other planning objectives and the scale of need for affordable housing as set out in Policy SH5. Further guidance can be found in The Six Acre Standard: Minimum Standards for Outdoor Playing Space published by The National Playing Fields Association (2001). ages and incomes. Housing Improvement H13 The Council will encourage the improvement or refurbishment of the housing stock in areas where it is particularly needed along with upgrading the overall environment. nearby provision may be acceptable. housing for minority ethnic groups. e. in particular Plumstead. Sustainable development emphasises the renewal and continued use of such properties. 3. The Council’s Housing Strategy Statement sets out the targeted programme and resources needed for renewal of both Council stock and other property in the Borough.g. to put into place mechanisms and initial funding for future maintenance.42 The Council supports the contribution to housing variety that can be made by Registered Social Landlords and others which allocate dwellings on the basis of housing need. Where the children’s play area is principally of benefit to the occupiers of the development itself.This has and continues to be integrated with improvements taking place as part of wider regeneration programmes. supported housing.The precise percentage.5 hectare or more are expected to provide a significant element of affordable dwellings on site. the Council will seek to make legal agreements with developers in accordance with Policy SC2. the Council may accept the provision of a play area in a nearby area of public open space rather than within the development itself. It recognises the key role they play. in providing for special housing needs. Provide a well-integrated mix of decent homes of different types and tenures to support a range of household sizes. Affordable Housing H14 Housing and mixed-use developments with 15 or more units or residential sites of 0.41 62 HOUSING . particularly the smaller specialist housing associations. distribution and type of affordable housing will be determined by the particular circumstances and characteristics of the site and the development. Reason 3. 3. Provide appropriate forms of housing for people with special needs. where more beneficial to the local community. 3.located so as to minimise conflict and allow for a level of informal supervision. 2. housing for single people.
The intermediate housing will be secured through a legal agreement. The agreement will include an Affordable Housing Marketing Plan which will include the following objectives: a) in respect of intermediate units with Social Housing Grant priority is to be given initially in equal proportions to households in the following income bands: i. households with a gross income of between £25. In practice this is social rented housing and intermediate housing. Circular 6/98 suggests that affordable housing encompasses both low-cost market and subsidised housing that will be available to people who cannot afford to rent or buy houses generally available on the open market. The policy. it is proposed that the affordable housing. Therefore for the purpose of this policy affordable housing is defined as housing to meet the needs of households whose incomes are not sufficient to allow them to access appropriate housing in the local housing market.The Council therefore intends that at least 35% of all new homes should be affordable to meet the needs of people who cannot afford to rent or buy at market price.44 3.001 . To accord with the London Plan. ii. In this context intermediate housing should form a component of the affordable housing. 50% affordable housing will be sought (See also para 3. In the Borough most people who do not yet have their own separate dwelling cannot afford to buy or rent at market prices a dwelling suited to their needs (see para 3.Therefore in areas with a large extent of social housing.47 HOUSING 63 . whilst conversely in other areas it will be lower.46 3.000.The affordable housing that is provided should be distributed across the site to help create mixed communities. a registered social landlord is not involved the Council will use conditions and / or legal obligations as appropriate to secure the future occupancy for people in housing need. Where. exceptionally. Circular 6/98 and the London Plan recognise that the precise proportion of affordable housing to be achieved is subject to negotiation on individual schemes taking into account the factors set out in the policy.£25. for example on readily developable windfall sites. the proportion will be 30%. and the Housing Needs Survey confirms. be provided as 70% social rented and 30% intermediate housing.9). but the proportion will relate to the need to achieve mixed and balanced communities. with the greatest need being for social rented housing. The London Plan recognises. This will be confirmed through the use of appropriate conditions and/or legal agreements. To secure the affordable housing effectively in the long term. 3. sub-market renting etc also forms part of the affordable housing. The provision of intermediate housing (including key worker housing) through shared ownership initiatives. households with a gross income of between £18. However the Housing Needs Survey concluded that shared ownership.Reason 3.45 3. (which is a key element of intermediate housing).000 . Both PPG3 and Circular 6/98 state that it is for local authorities to define what is considered to be affordable based on local assessments. developers are encouraged to involve a registered social landlord to own and/or manage the affordable housing.£30.43 PPG3 ‘Housing’ and Circular 6/98 ‘Planning and Affordable Housing’ recognise that the need for affordable housing is a material planning consideration to be taken into account in formulating development plan policies and in determining planning applications.12 and Policies H4 and J5).000. In some instances. The site thresholds for affordable housing are consistent with the Housing Needs Survey and the guidance in the proposed changes to PPG3 published in July 2003. The thresholds also apply to mixed use schemes including residential use where the 15 unit threshold is met. will only help a small number of households. where the economics of housing provision permit. Lack of affordable housing has damaging consequences for the local economy and the local community. that in the Borough low cost market housing does not meet any housing need.
should be of a good overall floorspace. Areas of good public transport accessibility. should have a higher intensity of development which may lead to a greater proportion of flats. such as where affordable housing is already concentrated and where further affordable housing would not contribute to mixed and balanced communities. The mix will also be influenced by the location of development. The Greenwich Council Housing Needs Survey (2002) identified that of the total housing need between 2002 and 2007. as far as is practicable. Factors such as schemes for special needs groups or where there is a poor external environment will affect the mix. particularly on developments over 25 dwellings.The mix on each site will vary according to the location of the development and the character of the surrounding area. including studio flats.iii. Secondly. Both large and small units should be included and dwellings for families should have direct access to a garden. where the site / building configuration or layout makes the provision impractical. There remains a need to provide for households with children. e. including family houses or ground floor flats with direct access to private gardens. where it would contribute to the provision of mixed and balanced communities. To create balanced and mixed communities including homes suitable for family use. Small units. be related to the adequate provision of accessible nursery and primary schools.49 PPG3 ‘Housing’ recognises that planning policies should be used to secure an appropriate mix of dwelling size and type in new developments and conversions to meet the changing composition of households in the area. Reason 3. Firstly. play areas and amenities. 3.48 There is a presumption in favour of the on site provision of affordable housing where it is viable to do so. 5% of the units provided should be three bedrooms and 20% four or more bedrooms. Small units are defined for the purpose of this policy as one bedroom units and two bedroom units which include at least one single bedroom. provided that the proportion of disposable income required to fund the purchase is no greater than 40% b) in respect of intermediate units without Social Housing Grant and in respect of affordable housing discount for sale units. Rather the most satisfactory solution is for all new developments to have a proportion of small units and a mixture of dwellings for different household sizes.000. local shops. priority is to be given to households where gross income is up to £40.001 -£36. households with a gross income of between £30. 3.50 64 HOUSING . Smaller dwellings can also be provided by conversions. Any financial contribution will be reserved for the provision of affordable housing elsewhere in the Borough and secured through a legal agreement.g. Schemes with predominantly family housing should. Housing Mix H15 A mix of housing types and sizes will be expected in all developments including conversions. it would be desirable for developments to include a mix where 35% of the total residential floorspace is allocated to units containing three or more bedrooms. town centres. The application of the financial figures above will be subject to RPI indexation through the plan period (February 2004 base). Only in the following exceptional criteria will off site provision or financial contributions be acceptable.This will encourage the development of mixed and balanced communities.000 provided that the proportion of disposable income required to fund the purchase is no greater than 50%. It is recognised in particular that there is an increasing number of small households in the Borough but this does not justify new developments being overwhelmed by smaller dwellings.
Conversions and new residential developments which provide non self contained or bedsitter accommodation for non-family use will only be considered where they are of a satisfactory internal layout, are registered with the Council's HMO Registration Scheme and meet or are capable of meeting its standards, except where; i In terms of conversion, the original dwelling house is less than 1,200 sqft (111.48 sqm) (net floor area) excluding any garages or less than 1,400 sqft (130 sqm) (net floor area) where they form part of a terrace; or The proposal will lead to an over concentration of non self contained or bedsitter accommodation which is considered detrimental to the character of an area; The arrangements for car parking are inadequate.
Reason 3.51 The Council wish to set standards for the provision of shared home accommodation. It is important to have control over such forms of residential development yet, at the same time, help towards promoting the provision of a wide range of housing options. Conversion of non self contained units and bedsitting rooms (HMOs) does not increase the number of units available and may decrease it. It is important to retain a variety of accommodation for local needs and rented non self contained shared accommodation and bedsits provide a source of affordable housing for young people and for others who are “non priority” homeless. However, HMOs should not lead to the loss of small and medium sized family dwellings for which there is a continuing demand and they should provide a satisfactory and safe standard of accommodation. Registration with the Council’s scheme as operated by the Environmental Health Department achieves this. It is accepted that HMOs will have fewer car owning households but some level of provision is needed. Lifetime Homes H17 New housing should be built to Lifetime Homes standards. Conversions should aim to incorporate as many of the standards as practicable. Lifetime Home include the following access requirements: i. ii. iii. iv. v. Level or gently sloping approach and flush thresholds. Entrances illuminated.The main entrance should be covered. Distance from the car-parking space to the home to be kept to a minimum. Where car-parking is adjacent to the home, it should be capable of being enlarged to a width of 3.3 metres. Where homes are reached via a lift, this should be wheelchair accessible.
Reason 3.53 Lifetime Homes are ordinary homes designed to accommodate the changing needs of occupants throughout their lives. They incorporate 16 standards as set out in the Joseph Rowntree report Designing Lifetime Homes. Reduced versions of these standards are required under Part M of the Building Regulations. Because of their flexibility Lifetime Homes can meet a wider range of needs than other types of housing. Lifetime Homes are not ‘special needs’ housing: they offer greater convenience to everyone. At the same time, they enable people to stay in their homes if they become less mobile; enable people with disabilities to visit friends or relatives more easily; and expand people with disabilities’
housing options, whose choice is currently limited. An estimated 32% of households contain a member with a limiting long-term illness (2001 Census). Lifetime Homes also respond to other groups housing needs more effectively, in particular, families with young children. Add to this the increasing number of older people - as more of us are living longer - there is a need to ensure a corresponding increase in the amount of housing accessible to the community as a whole. 3.55 Lifetime Homes because of their adaptability do not require structural alterations to be made should adaptations be needed later on; and because accessibility is built in from the start, these are less likely to be needed in the first place. By making better use of limited resources, Lifetime Homes can contribute towards the aim of sustainable development. In addition to standards indicated above Lifetime Homes comprise: 1. Width of doorways and hallways in accordance with Access Committee for England standards 2. Space for turning for wheelchair users in kitchens, dining areas and sitting rooms; adequate circulation space elsewhere 3. Sitting room / family room at entrance level 4. Ground floor bed space 5. Wheelchair accessible downstairs toilet, with drainage and service provision to enable a shower to be fitted 6. Walls in bathrooms and toilets capable of taking adaptations, such as handrails 7. Provision for a future stairlift and space for through floor house lift 8. Bath / bedroom ceiling strong or capable of being made strong enough to take a hoist 9. Bathroom layout designed to incorporate ease of access 10. Living room window glazing to begin at 800mm or lower and windows to be easy to open/operate 11. Switches, sockets and service controls at a convenient height, between 600mm and 1200mm from the floor 3.56 Lifetime Homes are a way of enhancing the quality, safety and accessibility of housing at little or no extra cost.Viewed over time, they are highly cost-effective. As the standards become more widely adopted, costs will fall. On some steep sites it may not be possible to achieve all the standards, such as level thresholds.
Sheltered Housing H18 When considering proposals for sheltered housing for older people, the Council will have regard to the following criteria: i. Sheltered developments should normally be located in residential areas not more than 200 metres from a local parade of shops having all of the services set out in Policy TC19 and be within easy walking distance of local amenities such as public transport and community facilities; Such developments should have good vehicular access for residents, ambulances, health care professionals and visitors and should make provision for car parking at the Borough's standard of 1 space per 3 dwellings; Such developments should comply with residential density policies; There should generally be a minimum of 20 dwellings and a maximum of 40 in each development with a resident warden. In smaller schemes without a resident warden adequacy of services provided will be taken into account; A high quality of landscaping and sufficient amenity space is provided.
Reason 3.57 The provision of sheltered housing to meet the specific needs of older people is recognised. Recent years have seen an expansion in the range of such accommodation. However, provision should be well distributed to give older people the opportunity to be housed in their own local area. It is important that in the development of schemes, policy criteria are met so that schemes are appropriately located, designed and equipped. Wheelchair Standard Housing H19 In residential developments of 25 or more units at suitable sites and locations, the Council will seek to negotiate 10% of dwellings to be built to full wheelchair standard. In the case of private housing, the requirement may be provided as units capable of adaptation to full wheelchair standard without further structural alterations. Reason 3.58 PPS1 states that Development Plan policies should address accessibility (both in terms of location and physical access) for all members of the community. As PPG3 makes clear ‘developers should already be considering whether the internal design of housing, and access to it, can meet the needs of people with disabilities, whether as residents or visitors.’ Access arrangements are in part covered under Part M of the Building Regulations and the need for wheelchair housing should decline as more of the general housing stock becomes accessible. However, there will still be some need for Wheelchair Standard housing. In addition to the Lifetime Homes Standards described above, its main feature is the larger space standards and wider doors which enable greater ease of access for wheelchair users. People with disabilities’ housing options are currently restricted because the majority of the housing stock is not accessible.There is, therefore, a need to increase provision and extend choice across a whole range of housing types, sizes and tenures. A mix of units should be provided within the proportion indicated above, preferably distributed across the site as a whole, rather than grouped together; though siting should take into consideration ease of access. Suitable locations include those where the site is level and surrounding area relatively flat, with public transport, shops and a range of community facilities close by.
Because of the additional cost in providing the more generous than average space standards required, it is appropriate that wheelchair housing is provided in larger schemes. In practice, it is likely that most Wheelchair Standard Housing will be provided as affordable housing. The Greenwich Wheelchair Site Brief (2002) gives further guidance. Planning policies for residential extensions may be relaxed to enable a person with a disability to continue living in their own home. Reason
A person may become disabled but not wish to undergo the disruption of moving house. Where possible the Council wishes to enable them to adapt their present home.The Council would wish to exercise reasonable discretion in allowing an extension, for instance a ground floor bathroom and bedroom, to be added to a dwelling for the use of a person with a disability. (See Policies D9 & D10) Supported Housing
Proposals for residential care homes, hostels, cluster flats, refuges and other supported accommodation required by the local community will be given sympathetic consideration. In taking a decision the Council will have regard to all the following considerations: i. ii. Location in residential areas with good access to essential services, including public transport and shops. Impact upon the local environment and the character of the area, taking into account intensity and scale of use and whether the development would lead to an overconcentration of provision in the area. Extensions to existing properties should be consistent with Policies D9 and D10. Satisfactory vehicular access. Provision of adequate private amenity space for clients. Compliance with relevant car parking standards.
iii. iv. v. vi.
vii. An identified local need. viii. The size of the unit and the standard and suitability of the provision for the client group. ix. The particular locational needs of the client group.
Reason 3.62 Some people, for a part or exceptionally for all their lives, need supported housing or residential care. Such accommodation needs to be provided if the appropriate range is to be on offer. Groups who may need such provision at some time include: the very young, older people, single people living in large lodging houses, or through time spent in long stay hospitals for people with learning disabilities or those recovering from mental health problems, people with long term illnesses including AIDS and HIV, women escaping violence, lone parents, people with disabilities, young lesbians and gay men forced to leave home, young people leaving care and homeless people. Nationally, in response to these needs, small hostels, including cluster flats and supported flats, are beginning to be part of the range of accommodation provided, replacing institutions, long stay hospitals, the large traditional lodging houses and resettlement units. In spite of the possible apprehension of local residents, small hostels and shared houses are essentially needed as part of the drive to provide care in the community. In order to maximise full integration in the community it is essential that wherever possible the accommodation should be distributed throughout the
Borough, avoiding a concentration of schemes and preferably sited in residential areas. Overconcentration of any one type of provision can have a detrimental impact on an area, in terms of additional noise, visual intrusion and traffic generation and place additional stress on already overburdened services. It is not compatible with the aim of achieving socially mixed communities and may undermine any systems of informal support between vulnerable and less vulnerable members of the community that emerge. Smaller scale schemes are more likely to fit in with existing residential communities. Whether or not a particular scheme will lead to over-concentration will be determined by taking into account the number, scale and type of provision and levels of need, for the type of scheme proposed, that exist in the immediate area. Proposals should also respect the privacy of special needs groups and enhance the opportunities for full integration.There should be good access to family, when appropriate, and essential services including shops and transport. Proposals which result in the loss of supported housing will take into account the continued local need for such housing. 3.64 In providing this accommodation measures must be taken to ensure that adequate space, privacy, amenity and design standards for special needs groups are maintained. In particular some exclusive provision needs to be made for women who may be reluctant to use mixed facilities. Generally proposals should adhere to the Housing Corporation’s DoE approved “Design and Contract” criteria, and for residential care homes the 1984 Registered Homes Act, the associated regulations and the Greenwich Standards and Practice Guidance for Residential Care Homes (1993). Travellers and Romany People H22 The Council will seek to retain existing provision for travellers and romany people.Any proposal for a new site should include provision for basic amenities and services and will be assessed against the following criteria: i. ii. iii. iv. v. The local need for the provision. The suitability of the site for the proposed uses. Highway considerations. Access to local shops, services and facilities. Compatibility with other polices of the Plan particularly in terms of environmental amenity and the need to retain open spaces.
Reason 3.65 The London Plan and Circular 1/94 ‘Gypsy Sites and Planning’ advise that development plans should include policies and criteria for dealing with gypsy site provision. The Borough already has a dedicated permanent site for travellers at Thistlebrook which provides 40 pitches. The policy sets out the criteria by which the development of future permanent or temporary sites will be assessed.
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The needs of disadvantaged communities and groups with special requirements will be given emphasis. Recognising the value of landscape.’ The OPEN SPACES 71 . The only uses considered to be generally appropriate within MOL are: i. Identifying and conserving sites of nature conservation importance and. SO3 SO4 vii. Open space. employment opportunities and improving the quality of life. iv. Nature conservation. vi. Open spaces of strategic importance (Metropolitan Open Land) will be maintained and their character safeguarded from built development and enhanced as appropriate. improve and enhance the character of existing public and private open space (Green Belt. Golf courses. but as an integral part to our lives.’ The Strategy notes that through protecting and enhancing wildlife habitats and green spaces. iii. Metropolitan Open Land. ii. iii.4. Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 4. To ensure that all communities. biodiversity and open space features throughout the urban environment. woodlands and orchards. including rivers and lakes. Public and private open space. SO2 Maintaining and increasing suitable recreational facilities. iv. residents and workers have adequate access to open space and the riverside. Open water features. improved and made fuller use of. Cemeteries and associated crematoria.The general policies are: To adopt a positive approach to the use and treatment of open space by: i. attracting new investment.1 Open spaces play a significant role in a civilised community contributing to a high quality environment. SO1 To safeguard. is one of the Borough’s major resources and needs to be protected. v.2 The Greenwich Agenda 21 Strategy recognises the important role that the Borough’s open spaces play in a sustainable community. if its potential is to be realised. Allotments. ii. Community Open Space.‘the environment should not be seen as an addition or as separate. Improving the environmental quality of open spaces. small open spaces) that fulfil a specific function for the local and wider community and encourage full use of their facilities. Large grounds attached to educational facilities and institutions.They can therefore play an important role in sustaining and improving the amenity of residential districts. the urban areas will be made more attractive and ‘livable. especially in areas of public open space deficiency. sportsgrounds and playing fields. Agriculture. OPEN SPACES GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 4. viii.
Greenwich Strategy aims to promote the Borough’s and open spaces and the River Thames for recreation while protecting and enhancing the natural habitats they offer. ranging from walking and sitting to informal play.7 72 OPEN SPACES . This approach is reflected in the division of the chapter into three broad themes. seeks to support initiatives of sporting excellence. 4. providing opportunities for recreation in the countryside and regenerating the economies of rural areas. Protecting Open Space To safeguard and improve existing public and private open land from built development. the Council will capitalise upon the roles that open space can play in the fulfillment of this Plan’s vision. community cohesion. which help to achieve a more balanced distribution of open space in the Borough. sites of sculpture and visual imagery to refreshment facilities. General leisure activities. whilst encouraging a positive approach to the use of open space. Despite the relatively large amount of open space in the Borough some areas are deficient in public open space. and cultural and entertainment facilities which range from historical buildings. eastern and southern parts of the Borough forming part of an area of Metropolitan Open Land known as the ‘Green Chain’. historical.The Green Chain stretches through the four South East London Boroughs of Bexley. for example development pressure for housing. Open Space and Leisure Open space plays an essential role in providing the necessary facilities for the pursuit of a wide range of leisure and educational activities. Open space in the Borough is subject to pressures. through Metropolitan Open Land. open air theatres.4 4. whilst recognising that new open spaces are being provided as part of the developments of Thamesmead and the Greenwich Peninsula. PPG17 ‘Sport. It is important that the level of open space in the Borough is maintained. There are sites of historical and ecological importance. which require specialist facilities such as football and cricket pitches. by making our towns and cities more attractive places in which people will choose to live. There are seven miles of Thames and Thameside.5 4. Bromley. Sporting and general leisure activities have the potential to provide facilities for physical activity and hence to promote both physical and mental good health. younger and older people and parents with young children do not always have convenient access to recreational open space. the Green Chain and other open space designations. leisure facilities. health and well-being by ensuring that everyone has easy access to good quality sport and recreation facilities and open space. These can be divided into three broad categories: Sporting activities. Open Space and Recreation’ (2002) states that the Government’s main planning objectives for sport and recreation are to: • promote more sustainable patterns of development by creating and maintaining networks of recreational facilities and open spaces.6 4. amenity and structural breaks in the overall urban environment. In order to realise the full potential of open space opportunities within the Borough. currently being updated as the ‘Fit for Sport’ Sport Strategy 2004-2008. As a result the immobile. Greenwich and Lewisham. ecological. • promote social inclusion. These open spaces provide a range of functions including recreational.3 Open space constitutes almost a quarter of the Borough’s total land area.The Council’s ‘Taking Leisure Forward’ (1998). 4. new road and public transport developments. museums. Within the framework of these competing land uses the Council recognises that not all the Borough’s residents have adequate access to open space. ranging from local woodlands to large formal parks. There is a major swathe of open spaces stretching through the central. particularly within our urban areas. The Greenwich Strategy aims to promote and foster Greenwich as a centre of cultural excellence where sports and leisure facilities and activities are among the best in London. and • support an urban renaissance and a rural renewal.
(See Policy D8). The use of land for the open land uses stated in Policy SO4 will normally be permitted unless the use would result in an adverse change to the character of the open land.8 Open Space and The Environment Open space plays an important role in protecting and enhancing the environment and fulfilling the Greenwich Agenda 21 Strategy. Small open areas. c. may be permitted subject to landscaping and the criteria above. Existing trees of significance should be protected and replacement trees provided. to those on adjoining sites and to the character of the surrounding open land. OPEN SPACES 73 . The use of such a building for indoor sport or leisure use. They also provide opportunities for nature development and conservation as well as the resources for educational play and studies. to a non ancillary use will not normally be permitted. The proposal should not be visually intrusive and should have minimal impact upon the open nature of the area. d. massing. which in turn exercises a profound influence on the Borough’s social and economic conditions.4. The proposal should not have unacceptable adverse effects on neighbouring residential areas and should not result in an unacceptable level of noise or other disturbance. All proposals shall be landscaped and introduce diversity to the wildlife interest of the site. Small scale built development which has a primary function for a purpose ancillary and essential to an appropriate use as stated in Policy SO4 may be permitted provided that the following criteria are met: a. combined with an outdoor use. Londonwide the Mayor published a Biodiversity Strategy in 2002. identify those of particular importance and set out a programme for their protection and enhancement. The proposal shall not result in an overall reduction of the provision of playing fields or sports pitches and associated facilities in the Borough. smell and touch). b. The Greenwich Biodiversity Action Plan will provide an audit of existing species and habitats. The design. Proposals for a change of use of an existing building. iii. The proposal should not be within a defined site of nature conservation importance (see Policy O18) nor prejudice the ecological or amenity significance of the area. Policies Protecting Open Space Metropolitan Open Land O1 In areas defined on the Proposals Map as Metropolitan Open Land: i. making a contrast with built development through sensory perceptions (Sight. The proposal shall not result in a significant increase in vehicular traffic to the site and any provision for parking shall not dominate or fragment the site. ii. which is in a use ancillary to that of the surrounding open space. siting and landscaping of the proposal should relate sensitively to other buildings on the site. sound. private gardens and wildlife features permeate and enrich the whole urban environment and such elements need to be considered during the development process and conserved. e. f. scale. The proposal must not result in the enlargement or creation of an area of public open space deficiency (see Policy O9). In broad terms open spaces form a key part of the urban landscape.
massing. whether land or water.These areas are also of significant strategic value for wildlife. recreational and nature conservation interest all of which benefit the people of part or all of London. For example some open space uses would be detrimental to the landscape and/or historic nature of the site and as a result would have an adverse impact on the character and quality of the MOL. iv.This open space. The proposal shall not result in a significant increase in vehicular traffic to the site and any provision for parking shall not dominate or fragment the site. The proposal should not be within a defined site of nature conservation importance (see Policy O18) nor prejudice the ecological or amenity significance of the area. The proposal must not result in the enlargement or creation of an area of public open space deficiency (see Policy O9). The policy sets out criteria by which such proposals are to be assessed. Any replacement buildings should not exceed the ground floor area or height of those existing on the site. iii. Whilst there is a presumption against built development it is accepted that some limited built development. scale. The proposal should not be visually intrusive and should have minimal impact upon the open nature of the area. is needed both for active sport and informal leisure. serving both the local and wider communities of South East London and is already used/has potential for outdoor recreation.10 4. The proposal should not have any adverse effects on neighbouring residential areas and should not result in an unacceptable level of noise or other disturbance. Changes of use of buildings from an ancillary to a non ancillary use will be resisted although it is recognised that exceptions could be made for indoor sport or leisure uses combined with an outdoor use. generally because of its size and catchment area.11 O2 ii. It is also recognised that not all open space uses identified in Policy SO4 are appropriate on all MOL sites. privately or publicly owned and accessible to the public or not. The proposal shall not result in an overall reduction of the provision of playing fields or sports pitches and associated facilities in the Borough. the Council intends to safeguard open land of metropolitan importance from built development and maintain their structural contribution in providing a visual break in the built up areas of London. extension or change of use of existing built development within Metropolitan Open Land whose primary function is not ancillary to the use of adjoining open land will be controlled according to the following criteria: i.9 The London Plan defines Metropolitan Open Land as land of predominantly open character which has more than a Borough significance. The open land comprises a variety of public and private open spaces. to those on adjoining sites and to the character of the surrounding open land.Reason 4. vii. In MOL the London Plan advises that there is a presumption against inappropriate development including development which would be harmful to the open character of the land. 4. Proposals for redevelopment. provides open air facilities and contains features or landscape of historic. recreation and for the intrinsic qualities of ‘openness’ and ‘greenness’. v. ancillary and essential to an appropriate use may be needed for the effective operation of such uses. MOL provides breaks in the built up area. The design. In accordance with the London Plan. vi. siting and landscaping of the proposal should relate sensitively to other buildings on the site. 74 OPEN SPACES .
700 sqm to be provided. O4 OPEN SPACES 75 . v.viii. There will be a presumption against extensions to existing buildings unless it can be demonstrated that any such development would be modest in scale and not be visually intrusive or have any adverse effect on the character of the surrounding Metropolitan Open Land. ii. leaving 13. This reflects the guidance on such sites in PPG2 ‘Green Belts’ Annex C. and their boundaries take into account these space needs. have no greater impact than existing or previously permitted development on the open character of MOL. are identified as Major Developed Sites (MDS) on the Proposals Map and in the Site Proposals Schedule. would be well served by a variety of means of transport other than the private car. colleges. not exceed 21.13 The University of Greenwich has identified a need in the plan period for a further 21. iv. halls of residence and large houses all set in large grounds but whose primary function is not ancillary to the use of the open land. The Council will give special consideration to development proposals on land fringing. Proposals for expansion are to meet the following criteria: i. further development or intensification of use of such buildings could conflict with the objectives of maintaining and enhancing the character of MOL. would not lead to an increase in the height of the existing development or previously approved schemes. or creating new access points into or between open land areas will be pursued. interpreted for a site in MOL. Whilst it is recognised that some limited development may be warranted to enable the proper functioning of these buildings to continue. At the Southwood Site planning permission has already been granted in 2003 for 6. would not have an unacceptable effect on traffic flow or safety and includes adequate parking and access arrangements.500 sqm of that additional floorspace. both sites are identified as Major Developed Sites in MOL (Site schedules o4 and o5). historically (1994) planning permission was granted by the Secretary of State for the Environment for a substantial extension of the campus by 14. At the Mansion Site. abutting or otherwise having a visual relationship with Metropolitan Open Land where development could be detrimental to its visual amenity. Possibilities for opening up visual links and green corridors. iii. Reason 4. such as schools.12 In some places Metropolitan Open Land includes substantial amounts of built form. Mansion Site and Southwood Site.900 sqm. would not have an unreasonable effect on the surrounding environment and amenity of adjoining residents. (See Policy D8). vi. character or use. Reason 4.To reflect this position. form part of a comprehensively planned development for each site. The University of Greenwich Avery Hill Campus. and O3 vii. Existing trees of significance should be protected and replacement trees provided. hospitals. All proposals shall be landscaped and introduce diversity to the wildlife interest of the site.700 sqm (gross) of additional floorspace. their nature and prominent or sensitive location is such that any significant extension.700 sqm of additional teaching and associated floorspace at their Avery Hill Campus.
Reason 4. iii. To promote an overall identity for the area in order to increase public awareness of available recreational facilities. character and use of the open spaces. comprises a number of public and private open spaces. The six objectives for the Green Chain are: i. iv. 76 OPEN SPACES . owners. etc.16 This small area of open land forms part of a larger continuous area of Green Belt. ii. To improve public access to and through the area. Greenwich. clubs. A Management Plan for the future of the Green Chain (2003-2008) was published in 2004. is defined as Green Belt land and should be retained as open space. vi.The London Plan urges Boroughs to consider the valuable role of Green Chains and to consult with neighbouring planning authorities as appropriate. To encourage the collaboration and co operation of the various public and private agencies. will be promoted as a regional and local outdoor recreational resource and visual amenity in conjunction with other parts of the Green Chain in South East London. In particular there are many residential properties with large gardens abutting the MOL boundary which the Council would wish to see retained as a buffer between built development and open land and ensure views to and from are protected. in the area to achieve the above objectives. Lewisham and Bromley. redevelopment or extensions on land adjoining or relating visually to Metropolitan Open Land could have an impact on the appearance. To safeguard the open land from built development and maintain its positive contribution in providing a visual and physical break in the built up area of London. with an emphasis on those serving a wide area of South East London and/or requiring open land. Green Chain O5 Areas of Metropolitan Open Land forming part of the "Green Chain". v. New Eltham. which extend in a virtually continuous arc through the Boroughs of Bexley. These objectives have been jointly adopted by the four Boroughs and are pursued by the Green Chain Joint Committee and the Officers Working Party. organisations. which is defined on the Proposals Map. and proposals need to be assessed accordingly. Any proposals for this area must comply with the guidance contained in Planning Policy Guidance Note 2: Greenbelts (PPG2).Reason 4. Reason 4. largely in recreational use.14 Development. To conserve and enhance the visual amenity and ecological aspects of the landscape.15 MOL. forming the Green Chain. Green Belt O6 The small area of land comprising the grounds of Stonefields. To improve and encourage the provision of suitable recreational facilities. which straddles the Borough’s boundary with Bromley.
Changes of use of existing buildings in ancillary use will be considered in the light of Policy O1. and they do not all have general public access. either through the creation of new open space to which the public have access or by enabling convenient access for all to existing open space.Community Open Space O7 Public and private open space areas defined as Community Open Space on the Proposals Map will be safeguarded from built development. sportsgrounds. New buildings and extensions to existing buildings will only be permitted where they are ancillary to the existing land use.The development of major new residential communities in areas deficient in open space should include a minimum public open space provision to the standards set out in Table O1.20 OPEN SPACES 77 .17 The numerous public and private open spaces within the built up areas of the Borough not defined as Metropolitan Open Land provide important functions for the local and wider community.18 Small open spaces play an important role in providing breaks in the built up area.19 The London Plan advises that UDP’s should identify areas of public open space deficiency and seek to reduce deficiencies in open space. Reason 4. subject to the criteria set out in Policy O1. . and are compatible with neighbouring development. providing space for recreation for residents. younger and older people and parents with young children do not always have adequate access to open spaces for the purpose of recreation. whether public or private (too small to be defined on the Proposals Map). The open spaces comprise a variety of uses including local parks. the Council may allow the sites to be redeveloped for specialist sporting development (which combine the use of outdoor and indoor space). local nature conservation or amenity function will be safeguarded from built development and Policy O7 will apply. The uneven distribution of public open space in the Borough of Greenwich and surrounding Boroughs means that less mobile people. Map 5 identifies these areas. recreational. Reason 4. contrasting with the overall built environment. Sites where new provision or improvements to open space can be made are identified 4. However many of the Borough’s parks and public open spaces contain derelict or under used buildings which could be used to provide better recreational facilities and act as a catalyst for the improvement of the surrounding open spaces.Where existing built development within parks and public open spaces becomes surplus to demand. providing visual contrast and areas for play and sitting out. sensitively sited. and need to be safeguarded equally from built development pressures.Table 3D. In every case they fulfil specific functions for the local or wider community and constitute welcome open breaks within the built up area. allotments. are limited in size and extent. which fulfil an environmental. assisting nature conservation. Public Open Space Deficiency Areas O9 The Council will seek to increase the provision of public open space and improve public access in areas of open space deficiency identified on Map 5. Reason 4. Other Open Spaces O8 Other small open spaces. amenity open spaces and play areas not allocated for other uses..1 of the London Plan sets out London’s open space hierarchy and provides a benchmark for public open space provision across London. etc. preventing over development. playing fields.
78 OPEN SPACES .Map 5: Public Open Space Deficiency Areas © Crown copyright Local and District Park Deficiency Area District Park Deficiency Area Local Park Deficiency Area NB This is a diagrammatic representation of Open Space Deficiency in the Borough. The determination of development proposals will be subject to a more detailed assessment.
Thamesmead. Policy O9 requires proposals in areas deficient in public open space to include new public open space provision. and. In excess of 25ha of public open space have (Central and Southern Parks) and are to be provided on the Greenwich Peninsula.22 TABLE O1:TYPES OF PUBLICLY ACCESSIBLE OPEN SPACES Open Space Categorisation Regional Parks Metropolitan Parks District Parks Local Parks and Open Spaces Small Open Spaces Source:Table 3D. 4. major developments may also increase use of existing parks and public open spaces. where appropriate.2-8 km 60 hectares 3.The development will deliver a network of open spaces that provide a variety of experiences and cater for different user groups.2km 2 hectares 0. However. Policy H12 deals with the provision of children’s play areas in new residential developments.within the Site Schedules for open space.2 km 20 hectares 1. A detailed appraisal will be carried out in all cases where open space deficiencies need to be improved.1 London Plan (2004) Size Guideline and Distance from Home 400 hectares 3.Tripcock Park will address the District Park deficiency in the Thamesmead area. These parks and public open spaces should be reasonably related in location to the development proposed and should be of direct benefit to the occupiers of the new development.4km Community Benefits O10 The Council will seek to secure improvement and enhancement of existing parks and public open spaces. Minor extensions and improved access points to existing small local parks and open spaces can help alleviate deficiency. The Council’s overall approach to community benefits and planning obligations is set out in Policy SC2.24 OPEN SPACES 79 .21 In smaller new residential developments the priority will be on the provision of small local parks within easy walking distance of users. 4. especially in areas of deprivation. to put 4. where major development places increased demand on existing areas. Reason 4. It is considered necessary to improve and enhance existing nearby public open space to cope with increased demand.The Council will seek a legal agreement with developers in accordance with Policy SC2. A further 6ha of open space are to be provided within the new development at Tripcock Point. through planning obligations and conditions on planning permissions in line with Policy SC2.4km Under 2 hectares Less than 0. the creation of new parks and public open spaces in line with Policies O9 and C3.23 There will be a significant increase in the number of households and the number of homes in the Borough during the plan period and the additional demands that this will place on existing facilities needs to be recognised. equivalent to the provision of a District Park.
(See also Policies C3 and D4).27 80 OPEN SPACES . The trend in most sports and recreational activities is towards an increase in participation. providing a facility for sporting excellence which justifies the loss of land. In addition there is the difficulty and expense of significantly improving the provision for outdoor sports and recreation within the built up areas of London. and The site is suplus to requirements of all other open space functions. (See Table O1) or It would combine the use of indoor and outdoor sports.26 4. Reason 4. which provides a background and framework for sport in London and an approach to achieving the vision for the future. An appraisal of current and future needs for playing fields has demonstrated that there is an excess of playing field provision and the site has no special significance to the interests of sport or for school playing field(s) it would not result in the loss of playing fields below Department for Education and Skills standards. or It would meet an identified need for an alternative open space use. Reference should also be made to The Sporting Capital: Regional Recreation Strategy for London (London Sport 1994). It would have minimal adverse impact on the open character of Metropolitan Open Land (in accordance with Policy O1).into place mechanisms and initial funding for improvements and enhancements of existing parks and public open spaces. The London Plan requires Boroughs to realise the value of open space and protect its many benefits including those associated with sport and recreation. or not forming part of.25 Recreational facilities provided on private sportsgrounds and educational playing fields and within parks provide opportunities for team games and outdoor sports.which identifies the importance of supporting 4. Sportsgrounds and educational playing fields in the Borough are also an important element in the overall regional provision for sports and recreation in London. People should have access to a range of high quality sports facilities. iv. PPG17 ‘Sport. vii. vi. or The proposed development affects only land incapable of forming. B iii. Open Space and Leisure Sportsgrounds and Playing Fields O11 The Council will resist granting planning permission for any development which would lead to the loss or would prejudice the use of a playing field or land last used as a playing field except where: A i. and ii. or An alternative site or facility of at least an equivalent quantity and quality is provided in a suitable location. a playing pitch. Open Space and Recreation’ (2002) states that playing fields should not be lost to development unless there is an established surplus of all forms of open space and that if playing fields are no longer required for their original purpose consideration should first be given to their use for other recreational and open space needs. therefore.There is a strong case. not just for the Borough. This is recognised in the Council’s ‘Fit for Sport’ Sport Strategy 2004-2008 . or for other open spaces it is not of particular recreational or amenity value. v. against any erosion in the provision of existing outdoor sports provision in the Borough.
and should provide for sporting excellence as validated by the appropriate sporting authority. adversely affect wildlife and be visually intrusive by day. For the former. Local Authorities are required to consult with Sport England where development proposals may affect a playing field or land used as a playing field in the last 5 years. Reason 4. 4. (See Policies D5. Floodlighting O13 The Council will permit the floodlighting of sports facilities where they do not cause unacceptable nuisance or visual intrusion. sites for sports facilities must take into account public transport accessibility. Outside such locations. Any such outdoor sports facilities should be combined with outdoor facilities. Indoor ACE facilities are encouraged in appropriate locations. In both cases the other criteria would also need to be met. Encouraging outdoor arts and cultural activities where they do not conflict with the appropriate uses of the open space for performance and exhibitions for example.initiatives for sporting excellence in the Borough. children’s play equipment. Their use can. D6 and D7). but it is recognised that the availability of large town centre sites for such facilities is limited. cause unacceptable night time nuisance in residential areas.29 OPEN SPACES 81 . seating. In some cases their hours of use may be restricted. In both cases an excess of playing fields will need to be demonstrated – based on the methodology detailed in ‘Towards a level playing field: a guide to the production of playing pitch strategies’ (February 2003) before alternative proposals will be considered. Reason 4.The Study will be taken into account in the application of this policy. Open spaces can be visually enhanced and used to a greater and more varied extent through appropriate outdoor uses.31 The hours during which sports pitches can be used may be greatly increased by the use of floodlighting. Park Facilities O12 The Council will seek to enhance open space by the provision and encouragement of appropriate park facilities (e.g. (See Policy E5: Light Pollution). Many of these initiatives combine indoor and outdoor facilities. Facilities should be of a high standard of design and quality and respect local nature conservation interests. Department for Education and Skills standards are also to be met.The Council has published a Playing Fields and Allotments Study of the Borough. making them less attractive places to visit. enables cultural and artistic expression.28 The policy distinguishes between school playing fields and other playing fields. however. Indoor sports facilities are subject to the sequential approach (See Policy TC16). Such facilities should be safe to use and accessible to all. outdoor tennis courts. such as open air performance spaces.The Local Planning Authority is required to notify the Department for Communities and Local Government where they are minded to grant planning permission for the proposed development of a local authority owned playing field or used by an educational institution and Sport England have objected. discussed within the Town Centres Chapter. benefiting the wider community.The Council would like to realise the full potential of open space as a leisure resource. Culture and Entertainment facilities. 4. refreshment facilities. (See also policies O1 and O7).30 Many public open spaces contain few facilities. sports pitches and changing facilities and Arts. sculpture and visual imagery and areas for cultural exhibition and study) within suitable parks and public open spaces. pitch and putt. incorporating an appraisal of future need in 2004.
The demand generally exceeds the supply of plots. The Council published a Playing Fields and Allotments Study of the Borough.The provision of additional allotments. (See Policies D5. in 2004. Footpaths and associated areas should be safe to use and accessible to all. In these areas it is to be provided on the redevelopment of adjacent riverside sites. In particular the ‘Green Chain Walk’ footpath network will be improved and extended and new links created wherever possible. which runs through the Green Chain Open Spaces. particularly in the northern part of the Borough or where demand exceeds supply.The Council will examine the potential to extend the riverside footpath along Deptford Creek.The West Greenwich Development Framework recognises the opportunity to improve pedestrian linkages along and across the Creek. The Council supports the inclusion of the riverside walkway in the Countryside Agency’s Thames Path National Trail. also forms part of the Capital Ring which is a 72 mile orbital path in London.41 hectare per 1. The latter has benefited from the restored Ha’penny Hatch footbridge adjacent to the railway bridge. Reason for O15 and O16 4.13 hectares of allotment land per 1. Many of the Borough’s best attractions can be approached on foot.34 82 OPEN SPACES . 4.There are only 0. The Study will be taken into account in the application of this policy.Amenity open space areas will be created at strategic locations en route and the possibility of creating open-air performance areas will be pursued with developers where appropriate. Recreational Footpaths and Cycleways O15 Existing footpaths will be safeguarded and new footpaths created to and through open spaces and places of interest. and the identification. where they do not adversely affect nature conservation. Contributions to footpath provision will be sought in accordance with Policy SC2. O16 The existing riverside footpath will be safeguarded and improved so that a continuous signposted walk from Deptford to Thamesmead is created. provision of information and publicising of suitable routes will encourage the use of open spaces and visits to places of interest.33 Walking is an important pursuit that combines both journeys of recreation and necessity for residents and visitors alike. Allotment gardening is generally a localised activity with plotholders living within easy walking distance of their plots. particularly in the northern part of the Borough.The Thameside footpath now extends along most of the riverside apart from a couple of sections on the Charlton / Woolwich riverside.Allotments O14 The loss or change of use of existing allotment sites will be resisted. Development proposals for riverside sites will be required to incorporate provision for a riverside walkway along the river frontage or contribute to improvements where the existing footpath needs it. incorporating an appraisal of future need.000 people in the Borough (1997 mid year population estimate) compared with 0. The precise route of the riverside path may vary according to the operational requirements of other river users. Reason 4. In some areas it needs improvement. The Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001) identifies the Green Chain Walk as one of six Strategic Walks in London.The Green Chain Walk.The Council will endeavour to create a signposted network of continuous and circular routes. signposting. will be encouraged on suitable sites.000 nationally). D6 and D7).32 There is a continuing interest in allotment gardening and allotments constitute one of the more intensely used forms of recreational open land.
Reason 4. Contributions to cycle-way provision will be sought in accordance with Policy SC2. One of the key principles of PPS 9: Biodiversity and Geological Conservation (2005) is to maintain and enhance. Conservation and enhancement of important scientific features will be sought by appropriate management. Plans should be based upon up-to-date information about the environmental characteristics of their areas and should indicate the location of designated sites of importance. where the distances involved make cycling particularly appropriate.37 4. applicants must demonstrate that habitats will not be adversely affected. Consideration will be given to problems of nuisance and safety to other users.They are defined on the Proposals Map and listed in Table O2 as sites of Metropolitan.The sites identified include SSSIs designated by English Nature (Gilberts Pit.36 It is important to retain a full range of natural habitats and features within easy reach of residential areas. All development proposals are expected to have regard to the biodiversity of sites which are not within designated areas. would be prejudicial to their nature conservation interest.38 O19 Where development is proposed on sites adjacent to protected sites of nature conservation importance. in conjunction with non leisure cycleways (see Policy M32). Many natural features and habitats cannot easily be recreated elsewhere and must be conserved where they can still be found. Local Authorities are required to consult with English Nature where development proposals may affect a SSSI. It is considered appropriate to make available suitable segregated cycle routes within and through the Borough’s major open spaces and along the riverside. including groups representing walkers and pedestrians and draw up proposals in due course. but the level of protection accorded to a site will be commensurate with its designation. There will be a presumption against the development of these sites: the level of protection accorded to a site will be commensurate with its designation. Sites are categorised as of Metropolitan. A re-survey commissioned by the GLA Biodiversity Unit: ‘Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation in Greenwich (September 2004)’ updates the previous list of sites. and within and through the major open spaces. OPEN SPACES 83 . Borough (Grade I or II). These include Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and sites declared as Local Nature Reserves (LNR). Plans should also consider the restoration or creation of new priority habitats. In general development of these sites or areas. or Local Importance. Reason 4.O17 The Council will use its planning and other powers to secure the provision of cycleways along the riverside. particularly in the Green Chain Area. 4. Suitable routes will be safeguarded and provided as resources allow and through the use of planning agreements/conditions on planning permissions. and Oxleas Wood) and the Local Nature Reserves declared by the Council (Maryon Wilson Park & Gilberts Pit and the Oxleas Woodlands complex). Borough or Local importance for nature conservation or geology. other than for minor ancillary works.35 Cycling is a popular leisure activity. Wildlife and Nature Conservation The Identification and Protection of Wildlife Habitats O18 A network of Sites of Nature Conservation Importance (SNCI) throughout the Borough have been identified for protection. The Council will consult interested groups. through Policy D3. restore or add to biodiversity and geological conservation interests.
canals and lakes will be protected and enhanced. atmospheric pollution and the effects on drainage and ground water. PPS9: Biodiversity and Geological Conservation (2005) states that Local Authorities should take measures to protect the habitats of these species from further decline.42 National and international legislation protects certain species of flora and fauna. These corridors can help form a network necessary to ensure the maintenance of the current range and diversity of flora and fauna. and are shown on the Proposals Map and listed in Table O2 as appropriate. when considering planning applications. Development will not normally be permitted where it would damage the continuity of wildlife habitat within the corridor.39 Some developments can have significant detrimental effects on the wildlife of adjacent sites.Reason 4. ii. the habitats of badgers. Green Corridors O20 The network of main Green Corridors will be protected and enhanced. The railway line between Lee and New Eltham which connects to the Green Chain network of open spaces. will take into account the presence of any protected or priority species and their habitats which are likely to be harmed. 4. Species Protection O22 The Council. Plumstead Common and Bostall Woods into Bexley. The green corridors are: i. Development will not normally be permitted where it would damage the continuity of wildlife habitat within the corridor. protected and priority species should be protected before. due to disturbance such as that from noise. Reason for O20 and O21 4. Such works will require the consent of the Environment Agency. The ridgeway in Abbey Wood/Thamesmead iv. movement. The railway line between Blackheath and Falconwood which links with the open spaces of Blackheath and Greenwich Park. The above are also Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation.The Green Chain also acts as a green corridor through Woolwich Cemetery.40 Extensive contiguous areas of trees. during and after any development that may affect 84 OPEN SPACES . The culverting or building over of watercourses should be resisted as it results in a break of continuity in river corridors.41 The River Thames. shrubs and open land that often straddle road. and adversely affects nature conservation interests. The Plumstead Railway cutting iii.Where possible. together with the Thamesmead canal network and a number of lakes form a corridor for aquatic species and bird migration. Reason 4. shade. River Corridors O21 The ecological and wildlife value of the Borough’s rivers. Ravensbourne and Quaggy. Applicants must demonstrate that advice has been sought from professionals with suitable expertise and qualifications. rail and river networks can form corridors that link one habitat with another.
encourage the creation and maintenance of wildlife habitats within school grounds and support the setting up of urban / nature study centres. Vacant sites can also be used. particularly for those with mobility impairments and where this does not conflict with protecting wildlife habitats from disturbance. replacing or creating features of nature conservation interest. In particular the development of ecological management plans will be encouraged to ensure the maximum degree of biodiversity. 4.44 O25 The Council will encourage the use of wildlife sites to promote ecological awareness and appreciation by providing nature trails and guided walks. a licence will be required prior to permitting interference with a sett.The new ecology park that forms part of the Millennium Village is an example of this. Areas Lacking Accessible Wildlife Sites O23 In or near areas of wildlife deficiency (generally areas more than 1 kilometre from a Site of Metropolitan or Borough Importance for nature conservation to which the public has access) the Council will take opportunities to secure the provision of areas to be managed as wildlife habitats and seek to maximise opportunities for access to suitable sites within areas of wildlife deficiency where this does not conflict with protecting wildlife habitats from disturbance (See Map 6). Management of Wildlife Sites O24 The Council will encourage landowners and managers to consider forms of management that will aid the conservation of natural features within their sites. 4. English Nature will be contacted. PPS9: Biodiversity and Geological Conservation (2005) states that enhancing biodiversity in green spaces will contribute to urban renaissance. In cases where habitats of these species may be affected by development. either temporarily or permanently. OPEN SPACES 85 . conditions and agreements will be used to facilitate the survival of individual members of the species. and in the case of badgers. Careful management can help to reduce the loss of wildlife and can also contribute to the increase in biodiversity. Schedules 1. verges and unused corners of playing fields and recreation grounds. Appropriate surveys of sites will help to identify if the species are present (See Policy D3).45 The Council will seek to increase the ecological interest of areas currently deficient in accessible wildlife sites. Priority will be given to schemes benefiting areas of deprivation. In the long term it may reduce maintenance costs and would give a positive role to such marginal areas as embankments. London and proposed Greenwich Biodiversity Action Plans. Protected and priority species are listed in Part One. and the UK. Reason 4. especially with the help of local people.46 Management plays a crucial role in the retention of many valued habitats and species.them. Development and management proposals should have a particular regard to the value of retaining. The opportunity sometimes occurs on redevelopment to secure open space and in some cases this could appropriately be managed for ecological interest. Access to and within these sites will be encouraged. reduce disturbance to a minimum and provide alternative habitats to sustain at least the existing levels of populations.Where necessary the Council will seek to enter into agreements to achieve these aims. Schedules 2 and 4 of the Conservation (Natural Habitats &c) Regulations. 5 and 8 of the 1981 Wildlife and Countryside Act. as wildlife refuges. Reason 4.43 Where development is permitted which may affect protected species.
Map 6: Areas Lacking Accessible Wildlife Sites © Crown copyright Areas more than one kilometre from a publically accessible Site of Metropolitan of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation 86 OPEN SPACES .
The Council wishes not only to protect wildlife but also to increase the opportunity for residents (particularly of school age) and visitors to increase and enhance their environmental knowledge.Reason 4.47 Ecological awareness and education is an important factor in the Borough’s Agenda 21 strategy and the emerging Greenwich Biodiversity Action Plan.The Greenwich Environmental Curriculum Centre in Eltham promotes environmental and outdoor education and is extensively used by local schools. OPEN SPACES 87 .The nine acre site provides a diverse range of habitats to study and enjoy. There is also a new environmental interpretation centre on Deptford Creek.
4) Eltham Palace Fields (34.39) Sites of Borough Importance. and the Environmental Curriculum Centre (21. Local Nature Reserve and part SSSI. Grade 1 NC8 Woolwich Common (45) Eltham Warren Golf Course. Mosaic of small meadows and pastures divided by hedgerows. scrub and woodland. Comprises Oxleas.1) Royal Blackheath Golf Course (24) Pippenhall Meadows (6. Some neutral grassland. Largest area of green open space in central south-east London. Site is manages as a meadow. including rare species.Table O2: SITE OF NATURE CONSERVATION IMPORTANCE Sites of Metropolitan Importance No.22) Blackheath and Greenwich Park (161. Ancient and secondary woodland with areas of heathland and acid grassland. Wetter areas. NC9 NC10 NC11 88 OPEN SPACES . Under consideration by English Nature for SSSI status. a pond and an interesting area of wet natural grassland. Part SSSI Habitat for great crested newt (specially protected UK BAP species) bordered by woodland. a lake and several ponds.4) NC4 NC5 NC6 NC7 Kidbrooke Green and Birdbrook Road Nature Reserves (2. Contains ancient parkland trees. Important for wildfowl and wading birds. add to the habitat diversity of the site. and forms one of London’s most extensive areas of ancient woodland. A large area of open land with fine old hedgerows. Jack and Shepherdleas woods. a variety of grasses and wild flowers.The river walls provide a feeding habitat for the nationally rare black redstart (London BAP species). encouraging butterflies. NC1 Site (area in hectares) The River Thames and tidal tributaries (2295) Description Valuable habitat supporting many plant and animal species. Series of ponds supporting a variety of amphibians. Nature Study Centre contains a range of habitats and is an important educational site. small woodlands managed as bird sanctuaries.3) Avery Hill Fields (36. Also forms a river corridor. Gravel Pit Lane.9) Mostly acidic grassland.Terraces have been created on the Greenwich peninsula to provide opportunities for saltmarsh communities to establish. Many regionally uncommon species. Range of grassland communities. grasshoppers and other invertebrates. NC2 Shooters Hill Woodlands (112) NC3 Bostall Wood and Heath (159. Acid grassland and semi-improved natural grassland. Site may be important for bats. Supports a wide range of plants and animal life. (ponds and the moat in the grounds of the palace). including great crested newt (specially protected UK BAP species) and the palmate newt (the rarest amphibian in London). Contains some of the oldest hedgerows in the Borough. including an interesting area of wet natural grassland. Some hedgerows. scrub and acidic grassland. The area has potential for further improvement through management..
Bleak Hill and the Slade) (29. Water voles to be re-introduced following decontamination work. Part Local Nature Reserve Neutral grassland containing a range of grasses and wild flowers. NC13 NC14 NC15 NC16 Shrewsbury Park. Grass snakes occur.5) Plumstead Common (Winn’s Common. Supports variety of wildfowl and dragonflies. Two tumps and adjoining moats fringed with reeds. Extensive areas of acid grassland and secondary woodland.5) Birchmere (5. used also for environmental education.No.16) Tump 53 Nature Park (1. Water voles present (priority species in UK and London BAPs). Natural banks of the Little Quaggy stream support wetland vegetation. Gilbert’s Pit and Maryon Wilson Park (25) Greenwich Cemetery (9. Ecology Park is recent habitat creation scheme containing a range of habitats. Site well used for environmental.82) Description Neutral grassland with small areas of acid grassland to the north of the A20.74) Maryon Park. managed for environmental education. Shooters Hill Golf Course. Series of wetlands providing a range of wetland habitats from reed beds to deep water. secondary woodland through scrub to rough grassland and wetland. educational purposes. tall herbs and brackish flora on surrounding land. NC12 Site (area in hectares) Sidcup Road Grassland and Harmony Wood (9.78) Oxleas Meadow (10. Open areas of water containing diverse aquatic flora and aquatic invertebrates. Gilberts’s Pit is a geological SSSI. Dothill Allotments and Woodlands Farm (90. Part of the Millennium Village development. Large waterbodies of Thamemere support common waterfowl. Several springs. Recently created lake with good marginal vegetation. Acid and wet neutral grassland and secondary woodland. An extensive mosaic of habitats.5) Charlton House Lawn (0. Extensive reed beds. Semi-improved neutral and acid grassland. Southern Park is amenity grassland with contains extensive plantings of native trees and wildflower meadows around the edges. Scrub. Diversity of aquatic and marginal plants.5) Twin Tumps and Thamesmere (10) NC17 NC18 NC19 NC20 NC21 Closely mown acid grassland with some scarce species of clover.4) Thamesmead Historic Area and Wetlands (2. NC22 NC23 Greenwich Ecology Park and Southern Park (5) OPEN SPACES 89 . Woodlands Farm is a working farm. ranging from ancient woodland.
butterflies and other animals. Nesting site for song thrush (UK BAP priority species). Deptford (0. small pond and native shrubs and trees. Emergent vegetation in ditches. areas of developing woodland. Diverse rough grassland with scattered scrub.Sites of Borough Importance.16) Plumstead Railway Cutting (2. Hedgerows. Support a range of common birds and animals.4) Blackheath to Falconwood Railsides (16. Sizeable area of undisturbed habitats. Secondary woodland with small areas of rough grassland and bracken. Some scrub and secondary woodland.28) Westcombe Park Railsides (6. lake and ponds.43) Eltham Park North (6. An important green corridor Recently created park with a range of habitats. neutral grassland and associated scrub. butterflies and invertebrates.31) The Ridgeway (10) Description Comprises secondary woodland with areas of possibly ancient woodland.6) Gallions Reach Park (3.97) Deansfield (2. Rockliffe Gardens contains dense shrubberies and a small pond. Numerous mature trees. scrub and grassland. Section of river with natural banks but little aquatic vegetation. with some rare species of grass. Variety of grassland. Wide variety of grasses and common wild flowers. including linnets (a UK BAP priority species). Part of an important green corridor. Supports good populations of common birds. Proposed Environment Agency river enhancements will increase the value of this site. NC24 Site (area in hectares) Repository Wood and Charlton Cemetery (14. Recently landscaped park with range of habitats including flower rich grassland.95) NC30 NC31 NC32 NC33 NC34 NC35 Royal Blackheath Golf Course South (21. ponds and ditches.1) Plumstead Cemetery (12. scrub and rough grassland providing habitats for a wide range of common birds and other animals. scrub and wetlands.33) Woolwich Cemeteries and Rockliffe Gardens (15.3) NC36 NC37 NC38 90 OPEN SPACES . A valuable green corridor. Water voles present (priority species in UK and London BAPs). tall herbs and scattered scrub.2) St Nicholas Churchyard. Grade II No. Secondary woodland.Young trees colonising from adjacent woodland (Shepherdleas Woods NC2) Meadow grassland with common wild flowers. Secondary woodland. bramble scrub and rough grassland.71) Belmarsh Ditches (1.9) Quaggy River at Blackheath Park (3. Mosaic of rough grassland. Valuable habitat for common birds. One of the best sites in the Borough for ferns. Close mown acidic grassland. Some neutral and acid grassland. Small lake supporting common waterfowl. NC25 NC26 NC27 NC28 NC29 Eastmoor Street Park (1. Diverse grassland. with some uncommon species.
Grassland with common wild flowers and mature trees. scrub and rough grassland providing habitats for a wide range of common birds and other animals. Vegetated walls support scarce ferns. Facilities include a boardwalk and pond-dipping platform. NC40 NC41 Sites of Local Importance No. Secondary woodland set aside as a bird sanctuary.57) Anglesea Road Open Space and School Wildlife Area (0. including eels. meandering channel. Sportsfield surrounded by tall grassland and scrub.37) Eaglesfield Wood (2. Several large trees. Large pond with good marginal vegetation. Used for environmental education by adjacent school. and several smaller.88) Description Diverse grassland between the graves. Well used for environmental education. Small stream and area of damp grassland.53) St Marys Churchyard. A valuable green corridor.06) Description Secondary woodland. possible ancient. Plumstead (0. as well as temporary wetlands. rough grassland and pond. Secondary woodland with dense shrub layer. Kingfishers are regularly seen. outdoor classroom. Eltham (1.02) NB Site is too small to be visible on the Proposals Map Sutcliffe Park Flood Alleviation Scheme (6. flounders and sand gobies.08) The Oaks.16) The Tarn (3. NC42 Site (area in hectares) St John the Baptist Churchyard.The Quaggy has been restored to the surface in a natural-looking. Future strategy and management under review. wildflower meadow and scrub. which pass through between the Creek and the naturalised river channel just upstream in Brookmill Park. Small secondary woodland.7) Southwood Recreation Ground. seats and interpretative signs. A sizeable lake with extensive reed beds and other marginal and emergent vegetation. Environment Agency flood alleviation scheme.3) River Ravensbourne (0. Woodland. permanent ponds.No. School nature garden contains a range of habitats including pond. gravestones support numerous lichens. Woolwich (1. The river here is in a vertical concrete channel. but is still of importance for fish. flowing through a flood plain with a mosaic of damp grassland and wetlands. NC43 NC44 NC45 NC46 NC47 NC48 NC49 OPEN SPACES 91 . New Eltham (2. NC39 Site (area in hectares) Mottingham and New Eltham Railsides (11. marshy area. Small secondary woodland with dense shrub layer.6) The Westcombe Woodlands (1.
Supports common birds and (0.3) Description Recently planted orchard with a wide variety of fruit treed.0) Twinkle Park (0.09) NB Site is too small to be visible on the Proposals Map Well Hall Pleaseaunce (4. Managed as a nature reserve. A boardwalk surrounds the pond.Sites of Local Importance No. Wild area of grassland. dense shrubberies and grassland. Bats may also be present.6) invertebrate. NC52 NC53 Plumstead Common Nature Reserve Small woodland. mostly in Bexley. Recently restored Victorian garden with mature trees. Mature poplars. Mature garden with large trees. stream and several ponds provide additional habitats. rough grassland and nettles which may be of value to breeding butterflies. A moat. NC54 NC55 For further information see ‘Sites of Importance for Nature Conservation in Greenwich’ – ’ September 2004 92 OPEN SPACES . on a covered reservoir. Small park with very attractive pond with good marginal vegetation.75) Mycenae House Gardens (1. shrubbery and herbaceous borders. facilitating its use for pond-dipping by school groups. Diversity of habitats for common birds and other animals. Neutral grassland and old hedge. NC50 NC51 Site (area in hectares) Academy Place Orchard (1.17) Informal open space. possibly ancient. East Wickham Open Space (0.
To reduce the generation of waste and to encourage re-use and recycling of waste.1 Concern for the quality of the environment underlies most of the Council’s planning policies. 5. noise. They specifically deal with air. through the application of the UDP Policies. energy conservation. protection from flooding. and the protection of the amenities of sensitive residential and working environments.5. air and water • Implement a waste minimisation and recycling strategy to meet and exceed government recycling targets • Continue to implement energy and water conservation in council properties and promote these issues in the community • Promote the development and implementation of renewable energy sources and purchase renewable energy for council property when possible • Reduce emissions that are recognised to contribute to climate change • Promote sustainable construction practices within the development industry • Practice environmentally responsible ‘Green’ procurement The Council Sustainable Development Policy will be addressed. Specific policies on wildlife conservation are in the open space chapter. the conservation of the water environment. (Policies H7 and D1). the reclamation of contaminated land. The Council will encourage developers to use the BREEAM (Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method) independent rating system to demonstrate how their proposals achieve sustainable development objectives. To protect and improve the environment in terms of air and water quality. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 5. The policies within this chapter are concerned with land use and the planning implications of the need to care for the environment and the provision of safe public services. They deal with those aspects of planning which make people’s surroundings safe. and land pollution. which states that the Council will: • Promote sustainable development through all Council strategies • Act and campaign against pollution of land. water.3 The Greenwich Agenda 21 Strategy seeks to forge direct links into the planning system and local regeneration through the introduction of pilot sustainability indicators. in part. To protect areas liable to river or tidal flooding. comfortable and compatible with the natural environment. and reduce the impact of pollution. especially from transport and industrial processes. It calls upon developments to ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 93 . SE1 SE2 SE3 SE4 Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 5. is reflected in the Greenwich Strategy (2003) and the Council’s Sustainable Development Policy (2003).2 The Council’s concern for the environment is reflected in its Sustainable Development Policy (2003). smell and toxic materials. and the disposal of waste. noise.The general policies on environmental protection are: To encourage environmentally sustainable forms of development.
E2 E3 94 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION .7 Policies 5. Housing or other sensitive uses will not normally be permitted on sites adjacent to existing problem uses. Planning permission will not normally be granted for new developments or extensions of existing industrial.The approach seeks waste minimisation.address the thirteen themes which embrace social.4 The Borough is a statutory Waste Disposal Authority (WDA) and forms part of a voluntary grouping of authorities (South East London Waste Disposal Group: SELWDG) which co-ordinates their duties under the Environmental Protection Act 1990. in consultation with the Environment Agency. 5. It sets out advice on the relationship between controls over development under planning and pollution control legislation. and views disposal as a last resort. and especially where proposals would be likely to result in the unacceptable emission of odours.8 Control of Pollution PPS23: Planning and Pollution Control (2004) sets out the Government’s planning policies relating to pollution control. sewerage and sewage treatment. commercial. produced by the Environment Agency are a series of 5 year Action Plans for river catchment areas.The Greenwich Strategy recognises the importance of the environmental well being of Greenwich. dust. Many of the environmental issues discussed in this chapter are also the subject of the Building Regulations (1991) and compliance with these is mandatory. ecological concerns. Pollution E1 Planning permission will normally not be granted where a proposed development or change of use would generally have a significant adverse effect on the amenities of adjacent occupiers or users. fumes. The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy: ‘Rethinking Rubbish in London’ was published in September 2003. Local Environment Agency Plans (LEAP’s). The Borough is wholly within the operational area of Thames Water. The indicators form a useful checklist for developments. are exercised over most of the Borough by the Environment Agency Thames Region. the Thames Tideway LEAP in 1999 and the Darent LEAP in 2000. The Environment Agency functions of safeguarding the water environment. it aims to create a clean and well cared for environment and ensures the best use of natural resources. which is responsible for water supply. 5. unless ameliorating measures can reasonably be taken and which can be sought through the imposition of conditions. Government guidance has established a hierarchical approach to waste management.6 5. A small area within New Eltham and Avery Hill Wards drains into the River Cray system and is in the Environment Agency Southern Region’s area. especially residential areas. which is addressed within the detailed policies in this chapter.They seek to protect and enhance the local environment of the area. including water pollution control and flood defence. leisure or other uses that produce significant and unacceptable levels of noise and/or vibration at site boundaries or within adjacent sensitive areas.The Ravensbourne and Marsh Dykes LEAP was published in 1998. economic. water and soil pollutants or grit.5 5.
Problem uses are defined as those which would result in the unacceptable emission of noise. Minimising the adverse effects of noise and/or vibration of proposed development can be sought by imposing conditions requiring the inclusion of noise and/or vibration attenuation measures in any planning permission where development or a change of use is proposed on sites or in buildings adjacent to a permanent significant noise and/or vibration source. Light Pollution E5 Planning permission will be granted for developments for new outdoor lights. internal layout of buildings.These categories will be applied where appropriate. iii. 5. Applicants are advised to approach the Council at an early stage in the development process to determine whether an Environmental Statement is required to be submitted with the application. It guides the consideration of planning applications for residential development near transport and mixed sources of noise. sites of nature conservation value and protected or priority species and their habitats will be regarded as unacceptable.15 To improve the amenities of occupiers and users of adjoining sites adversely affected by existing operations. grit or vibration. PPG24. The London Plan states that Boroughs should reduce noise by promoting sustainable design and construction and well managed. Planning applications for major developments may need to be accompanied by an Environmental Impact Assessment subject to Circular 02/99: Environmental Impact Assessment and the Town and Country Planning (EIA) Regulations (England and Wales) 1999. or vibration by: i.14 E4 Reason 5. Negotiating reduction of activity or installation of ameliorating measures. such as the position of the buildings on site. Policy E6 deals with air pollution. The Council will seek to reduce nuisance caused by existing uses from the emission of noise. designated locations for noise generating activities. odours. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 95 . window details including insulation and boundary treatment. Lighting proposals which would adversely affect residential dwellings. Policies on the location of commercial and industrial uses which may cause such problems are set out in the Jobs and Local Economy chapter. ii.13 5. For most developments arrangements can be made to mitigate the effects of noise.11 5. Encouraging such measures as the use of sound insulation materials on noise sensitive facades facing classified roads can reduce noise from traffic schemes. where the applicant can demonstrate that the proposals are designed to minimise light pollution.9 To protect the amenities of areas where people live and work the Council will seek to separate them from problem uses. grit. Conditions imposed will be appropriate to the development and thus may vary from restricting hours of use or operation of machinery to specific periods.10 5.Reason for E1. dust. iv. light. dust. Planning and Noise introduces the concept of Noise Exposure categories [NEC’s] ranging from A-D. E2 and E3 5. smells. fumes. Refusing planning permission for consolidation or expansion of problem uses. fumes. Assessment of all the environmental impacts in one Environmental Statement will assist the determination of applications. water and soil pollutants. Encouraging relocation where appropriate. or imposing conditions on planning permissions.12 5. Excessive noise and/or vibration can be intrusive to future occupants or users of development. Taking enforcement action where appropriate.
Some uses. grit and dust controls of the Clean Air Act 1993. may be particularly susceptible to air pollution.17 E6 5. and locationally by the linking of development to public transport (See Policy M3). Residential areas are particularly prone to this. most recently through the National Air Quality Strategy.18 The declaration of the whole Borough as an Air Quality Management Area indicates the seriousness of air pollution in the Borough. 5.The impact of air pollution can be reduced through design measures. Nitrogen Dioxide and Sulphur Dioxide). In areas of poor air quality. such as residential. operationally through encouraging ‘Green Transport Plans’.Where the objectives are not likely to be achieved an Air Quality Management Area [AQMA] must be designated. In addition it will seek the co-operation of developers: technically in providing systems capable of operating efficiently on ‘cleaner’ fuel sources. Areas of poor air quality are identified in the Air Quality Action Plan.The Council will examine the potential to create further LEZs through the use of Section 106 agreements. Development proposals with the potential to result in a significant deterioration in air quality will be resisted unless measures to minimise the impact of air pollutants are included.Reason 5. (Particulates. and Local Authorities are required to carry out periodic reviews of air quality and to assess present and likely future air quality against the air quality standards and objectives prescribed by the Air Quality Regulations. Proposals for such development should show how ameliorating measures have been taken into account in the design of the scheme.The Mayor’s Air Quality Strategy: Cleaning London’s Air.The Council also has responsibility for enforcing Local Authority Air Pollution Controls [LAAPC] introduced under Part l of the Environmental Protection Act 1990. causing visual intrusion for neighbouring uses. proposals for development which may be sensitive to air pollution will be required to demonstrate appropriate mitigating design solutions. Policy O13 deals with the control of floodlighting of sports facilities. Air Pollution The Government has displayed a strong commitment towards improving air quality. in fulfilment of the requirement of the Environment Act 1995. Reason 5. was published in September 2002.16 The impact of lighting on residential amenity and on the environment are material considerations in the decision making process. Greenwich designated the whole of the Borough as a AQMA in 2001 and the Air Quality Action Plan was published in 2002. Greenwich Peninsula has been designated as the first Low Emission Zone (LEZ) in the UK.19 E7 96 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION . It is important that development proposals do not prejudice the implementation of the Air Quality Action Plan to reduce the specified pollutants. The Council will pursue traffic restraint. Air quality assessments accompanying planning applications should be based on the Technical Guidance Note for developers and consultants issued jointly by London local authorities (ALG 2001) and should indicate impact both with and without minimisation measures. Floodlights and outdoor lighting of developments can illuminate an area much wider than the area of immediate activity. Lighting can adversely affect species such as bats. and the smoke. Such planning applications should be accompanied by an assessment of the likely impact of the development on air quality. traffic reduction and other measures to reduce vehicle emissions including promoting the availability of less polluting alternative fuels. This Act outlines a new system of local air quality management. such as setting dwellings back from the road and the use of ventilation systems. and their amenity should be protected. Thus when considering development proposals a minimisation in airborne pollutants will be sought.
unleaded petrol. Greater London Authority and the Association of London Government) are disappointed that the target is so low. The Mayor’s Energy Strategy: ‘Green light to clean power’ was published in 2004. LPG and CNG and other means of reducing atmospheric and air pollution from vehicles. commercial and industrial sectors. (including energy from waste). Increasing the proportion of electricity derived from renewable sources is part of a wider national strategy to reduce consumption of conventional fossil fuels and associated production of greenhouse gas emissions. policies within the Plan’s Movement Chapter aim to promote fuel efficiency and reduce the need to travel. Energy Conservation The Government has established a target that 10% of UK electricity requirements should be met from renewable sources by 2010. 5. incorporate measures for water conservation. iii. access to and the use of fuels with low sulphur content. including the re-use of materials. use materials from local sustainable sources wherever possible. Regional studies were commissioned to consider how these targets could be met.23 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 97 . Energy Conservation is also a key principle of design .The Council’s Energy Strategy was published in April 2002. taking into account the existing character of the area.The London Regional study recommends the adoption of a target for London of 2. especially those with many staff. v. the sponsors of the regional study (Government Office for London. However.Reason 5. to address their current transport impacts and put in place initiatives to reduce commuter and work related travel and minimise the environmental impacts of necessary transport needs.22 5. Traffic restraint and reduction measures will also seek to develop more sustainable travel patterns. be environmentally and resource efficient to build and to operate (see Policy D1). including new technologies will be encouraged. design.as detailed in Design and Conservation Policy D1. of estimated electricity demand by 2010.20 To contribute to a reduction in air pollution and the emission of ‘greenhouse’ gases. and are looking for new and innovative ideas to exceed the target. layout. noise pollution and reducing energy use. and be subject to an assessment of the impact on the amenity of the local environment. and their extraction and transport causes further environmental harm. iv. In addition. Land use planning affects transport. incorporate a waste segregation system (see Policy E15). orientation and energy consumption of the construction and use of buildings.21 5. Achieving these reductions will also require transport emissions to be cut and increased energy efficiency and conservation within the domestic. relieving congestion. Green Transport Plans allow organisations.14%.All developments should: i. The use and burning of fossil fuels causes air pollution. ii. design and use of materials where these do not conflict with other policies of the Plan. Energy Efficiency E8 The Council will encourage development that is energy efficient by influencing layout and orientation.
Renewable Energy E9 The Council will expect all new developments with a floorspace greater than 1000 sqm or residential developments of 10 or more units to incorporate renewable energy production equipment to provide at least 10% of the predicted energy requirements where there is no conflict with other policies in the Plan. The Council will encourage the development of renewable energy projects and developments which include renewable energy facilities and energy saving technologies where there is no conflict with other policies in the Plan. Reasons for E.8 and E9 5.24 To help reduce energy consumption, protect natural sources of material [especially tropical forests], and to aid recycling of waste products in accordance with the Council’s Sustainable Development Policy (2003). The London Plan states that Boroughs should include policies to improve energy efficiency and increase the proportion of energy generated from renewable sources. Government Policy is to stimulate the use of renewable energy sources wherever they are economically attractive and environmentally acceptable. Buildings in use account for a significant proportion of energy use: the planning system can help to reduce energy requirements, by ensuring the provision of renewable energy production equipment in new development or refurbishment / conversion of existing buildings. Encouraging energy efficiency by promoting improved design, form, layout and orientation of development and use of appropriate materials can lead to reduced consumption of energy and environmental cost of running the building.This could include the use of passive solar design principles and developers are referred to ‘Planning for Passive Solar Design’. (BRESCU 1999). Savings of energy for heating, lighting, cooling and ventilation can all be achieved depending on the building type, although passive solar design principles are best suited to newly built buildings. This approach will also contribute to national efforts to reverse the damaging effects of energy consumption on climate change. 65% of the electricity used in the Council’s administration buildings, is ‘green electricity’ from low carbon fuels. The Council will introduce measures to improve thermal insulation in its own properties to the standard set by the Building Regulations and wherever possible aims to exceed this standard. Developers will be encouraged to do likewise. Water conservation measures may include where appropriate; water efficient toilet and shower facilities, grey water recycling systems, compostable toilets and/or garden water conservation systems. When assessing applications particular regard will be paid to the existing character of the area and the appropriateness of the design. Planning Policy Statement 22 (PPS22): Renewable Energy, states that Local Authorities may include policies which require a percentage of the energy used in new residential, commercial or industrial development to come from on-site renewable energy developments. Proposal 12 of the Mayor’s Energy Strategy requests that Local Authorities set targets for renewable energy generation. Proposal 13 states that applications referable to the Mayor would be expected to generate at least 10% of their energy needs from renewable energy on site where feasible. There are various types of renewable energy and regard also needs to be paid to technologies which may emerge in the future. Within Greenwich, the most promising sources of renewable energy generation are likely to be solar heated hot water, photovoltaic cells and combined heat and power.The various renewable energy technologies will have different environmental impacts, and it has to be recognised that some technologies may not be suitable in Greenwich. This requirement may be relaxed where the applicant can demonstrate that the installation of renewable energy production equipment is not viable given the location, design and type of development. Combined Heat and Power (CHP), on it own and in conjunction with Community Heating systems, can provide
cost effective, reliable energy and heating at high levels of efficiency and relatively low levels of pollution. CHP engines are already used at a number of Council-sponsored and private sector buildings in the Borough, including the Waterfront Leisure Centre, Woolwich, the Glyndon Road Estate and Amylum UK Ltd, Tunnel Avenue. Community Heating is in use in the Greenwich Millennium Village. 5.29 Applications should include an energy assessment which sets out the predicted energy requirements of the development, and how it is proposed to supply at least 10% of this requirement from renewable resources.Alternatively, a full and complete explanation would be required of the reasons why this target could not be met. London Renewables publication Integrating renewable energy into new developments; Toolkit for planners, developers, and consultants provides guidance on assessing energy requirements and the cost and feasibility of different technologies. (http://www.london.gov.uk/mayor/environment/energy/docs/renewables_toolkit.pdf) Proposals of a scale or nature likely to have a significant environmental impact should be supported by an environmental assessment, as required by Circular 02/99: Environmental Impact Assessment and the Town and Country Planning (EIA) Regulations (England and Wales) 1999. Hazardous Materials E10 Proposals which concern the storage, handling, production and disposal of hazardous materials will only be permitted subject to conditions to safeguard public health and if safety and the ecology of the natural environment can be maintained. The Council will seek to control the location of new establishments where hazardous substances are present and the development of land within the vicinity of such establishments. Reason 5.30 Hazardous materials can compromise the fragility of the natural environment and present a risk to public health and safety. Proposals involving such materials on development sites will be subject to conditions including a safety audit and survey for hazardous materials and the advice contained in Circular 04/00: Planning Controls for Hazardous Substances. Contaminated Land E11 A preliminary site investigation, prior to the determination of a planning application, will normally be required if a site is known or is likely to have been in contaminative uses. Where contamination is found, the council will need to be assured that the development can be built and occupied safely without any adverse environmental or health impacts, otherwise conditions requiring full remedial action will be imposed to deal with: i. ii. iii. the particular type or types of contamination; the problems of the ground exhalation of gases; and the restoration of land to beneficial use.
Reason 5.31 To avoid the health and safety hazards associated with polluted land and to protect the community and to comply with PPS23: Planning and Pollution Control (2004). Contaminated land and potentially contaminated land is defined as: “land that has substances in or under it, thereby posing a real or possible risk to humans and their environment, or causing or likely to cause pollution of controlled waters”. Contaminated land is often found on sites which have a history of landfill, or which have previously accommodated a polluting industrial use. Once these sites, or sites adjacent to these areas become available for redevelopment it is essential that a full technical investigation is
carried out. Guidelines, as published by the former Department for the Environment,Transport and the Regions concerning contaminated land and the Borough’s Land Use Registry of Contaminated Sites place a requirement upon Local Planning Authorities to prepare a strategy detailing how the sites identified in the registry will be dealt with. The Council’s Contaminated Land Strategy was published in 2002. The strategy also provides advice on investigation and remediation measures, including defining levels of pollutants that constitute land as being contaminated and what levels could result in significant harm. Contaminated sites may have archaeological value; this should be taken into consideration when conducting investigation / remediation works, in accordance with Policies D30 and D31 and PPG16 (Archaeology and Planning). Site Servicing E12 The Council will seek to ensure the provision of satisfactory services to areas where new communities are being established. New development should take place where it can take maximum advantage of spare capacity in existing infrastructure. Where this is not possible development will be phased to give sufficient time for new infrastructure to be provided. The Council will insist on the provision of adequate services before giving permission for development or redevelopment and may require developers to contribute to off-site and on-site works so that sites can be properly serviced. Reason 5.32 To ensure that community need for up-to-date services is met. While in general development, sites can be adequately serviced there may be cases where development should be phased or developers should contribute to service provision. Prospective developers should ascertain the adequacy of services at an early date, in particular the electricity suppliers should be contacted about development in Thamesmead, and in the area between the Woolwich Road and the Thames. Electromagnetic Fields E13 The Council will have regard to the current advice as given by the National Radiological Protection Board concerning the electromagnetic effects from radio frequency and power frequency electromagnetic fields when deciding applications for housing or other sensitive land uses on adjacent sites. Reason 5.33 The Council and the public are concerned that there may be a risk to the health of residents in close proximity to electromagnetic fields.The National Radiological Protection Board has a statutory duty to advise on such risks. Telecommunications Development is covered by Policy D11 and Satellite Antennae by Policy D12. Waste Disposal PPS10: Planning for Sustainable Waste Management (2005) and the Government’s national waste strategy ‘Waste Strategy for England and Wales 2000’ set out the Government’s planning policies relating to waste management.They set out a policy framework for sustainable waste management within which stakeholders can plan and take waste management decisions, which reduces the amount of waste we produce, and, where waste is produced, deals with it in a way that contributes to the economic, social and environmental goals of sustainable development.The ‘Waste Hierarchy’ outlined within the Waste Strategy for England and Wales 2000 is a step towards tackling waste disposal within the principles of sustainable development. Policies regarding waste should place an emphasis on those options at the top of the hierarchy.The waste management options are:
• • • • 5.35
Reduction Re-use Recovery, including recycling, composting and energy recovery Disposal.
The Council will apply the principle of The Best Practicable Environmental Option (BPEO) when considering waste management options. This procedure establishes the option that provides the most benefits or least damage to the environment, in both the long and short terms. The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy: Rethinking Rubbish in London was published in September 2003, and will also be a consideration when making planning decisions on Waste Management facilities. The Mayor published ‘Recycling and recovery facilities: sites investigation in London’ in July 2005 as part of a London-wide review of waste sites. It is expected that this will inform the proposed Sub Regional Development Framework for East London, to be published in 2006.The Borough is part of the South East London Waste Disposal Group (SELWDG). SELWDG maintains close liaison with other WDAs. The development of South East London Combined Heat and Power (SELCHP), at Deptford, as part of the Borough’s association with the SELWDG has provided the Borough with a facility that both processes non-hazardous waste and reduces reliance upon landfill sites. This is a preferable option to landfill disposal, as the waste hierarchy in the Government’s Waste Strategy for England and Wales 2000 indicates. In addition, SELCHP contributes towards energy recovery, with energy generated through incineration, being sold onto the National Grid, and some materials are also recycled.The Council is contractually committed to using the SELCHP Waste Disposal Facility until 2024, which has sufficient capacity for the predicted level of non-recycled waste in the Borough. No further incineration capacity or landfill capacity is required during the Plan period; other sites for waste disposal either within, or outside of the Borough, will not be sought. The Council have contractual arrangements to process 105,000 mt of waste a year at SELCHP until 2024, and to process up to 30,000 mt of mixed dry recyclate a year at the Materials Recycling Facility (MRF). The Council are allocated permits to consign waste to landfill under the Landfill Allowance Trading System (LATS); the annual LATS allocation varies over the Plan period from 35,000 mt to 53,000 mt.The proportion of the Borough’s municipal waste sent to landfill is about 30% compared with the London-wide rate of 73% (London Plan Table 4A.). The forecasted yearly municipal waste arisings for 2003/4 are 124,000 mt, rising to 159,000 in 2010/11. The Council have sufficient capacity for the forecasted yearly municipal waste arisings for the Plan period and will have unused LATS permits which can be sold to other Boroughs. The Council are investigating the possibility of developing an anaerobic digestion facility in the Borough, which will enable a greater proportion of green and kitchen waste to be processed.The existing and proposed waste facilities have sufficient capacity for the Plan period. It is therefore not considered necessary to identify new sites in the UDP. However the Council will also, through the review of its Waste Disposal Plan and Recycling Plan, seek to increase the use of the more sustainable options of waste reduction, reuse and recycling. The land use policies in this Plan seek to ensure that the Borough’s land resources are managed so that the Waste Disposal and Recycling Plans can be implemented.
Waste Reduction, Reuse, Recovery and Disposal E14 The Council will encourage waste reduction, reuse, recycling, energy recovery - with waste disposal as a final option. In addition, the Council will apply the ‘proximity principle’ and seek to minimise the effect of developments on the surrounding area; encouraging rail and river movement and optimising location to minimise environmental impact.This will apply in particular when considering applications for: i. ii. iii. iv. Recycling facilities; Waste transfer facilities; Developments involving the handling, transport treatment, storage, recovery and disposal of hazardous wastes; Waste transportation.
Reason 5.41 5.42 The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy proposes that waste authorities should apply the proximity principle and the hierarchy of waste management. An increased emphasis is now placed upon the minimisation of waste production, the reuse and recycling of waste materials, and that waste disposal is environmentally responsible. The Environmental Protection Act 1990 sets out a framework and targets for waste management policies and planning policies. The Government aims to have 30% of household waste recycled or composted by 2010 (Waste Strategy for England and Wales 2000). Statutory Borough targets are to recycle 10% of household waste by 2003/4 and 18% by 2005/6 (Guidance on Municipal Waste Management 2001).The London Plan targets are to exceed 25% by 2005, 30% by 2010 and 33% by 2025.The Public Service Agreement target is to recycle 19% of household waste by 2004/5.The Council is on course to achieve these targets; in June 2004, the proportion of household waste recycled was 16% There is an existing Licensed Waste Transfer Station at Nathan Way, Thamesmead. A Materials Recycling Facility (MRF) opened on the adjacent site in November 2004. The Mayor’s Municipal Waste Management Strategy proposes that waste authorities should make household recycling collections of at least three materials; the MRF will enable the kerb-side collection of 5 mixed dry recyclables (glass, cans, plastic, paper and cardboard) from every property in the Borough.The MRF will also serve neighbouring Boroughs and will enable residents of this Borough and the sub-region to recycle more materials more easily.A re-use and recycling centre, which will enable the processing and re-use of discarded electrical goods and furniture, is due to open in August 2006.This will assist manufacturers and retailers to comply with the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive. The provision of handling plants close to the source of waste (‘the proximity principle’) is desirable. However this needs to be balanced against the need to ensure compatibility with surrounding land uses and that the proposal does not have a detrimental effect on the environment from processes producing noise, dust or fumes. Major developers on riparian sites should first consider the use of river transportation for the removal of demolition spoil and import of materials. Alternatively, sites should have good access to rail or river transport. Minimise Waste at Source E15 The Council will encourage on site provision for the reduction of waste and the separation of recyclable materials when considering large-scale commercial, industrial, health and major residential applications.
46 E16 5. pollution and other detrimental impacts on the environment. Residential schemes should incorporate measures for community recycling that minimises waste disposal. SuDS control surface water run-off as close to its origin as possible before it is discharged to a watercourse or to the ground. Proposals which include provision for the reduction of waste. Surface water should not be allowed to enter the foul system.49 To avoid the risk of flooding. 5. This is particularly important in catchment areas (Map 7) and on riverside sites. Reason 5. Without careful consideration the siting and design of development can increase the likelihood of flooding in areas downstream. All new residential developments should provide refuse bins and recycling boxes. Such land shall be sensitively sited in relation to local communities and businesses.50 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 103 .47 Such facilities will allow material suitable for recycling to be separated and leachate and methane producing material to be deposited in less environmentally sensitive land fill sites.48 5.Reason 5. To implement these techniques effectively developers need to consider their use at the earliest possible stage.45 The London Plan states that Boroughs should work to minimise the level of waste generated and should apply the principles of the Best Practical Environmental Option. Drainage and Flood Protection E17 All development will be controlled so as not to give rise to flooding or surface. or the separation at source for recycling in terms of storage spaces and access for specialised vehicles will help to reduce damage to the environment. The Government through PPG25’ Development and Flood Risk’. including water butts. which requires that waste be treated as close to source as possible. that aim to reduce problems of river pollution and flooding caused by conventional urban drainage systems. Greenwich Environmental Management Services [GEMS] operates a Waste Exchange database for businesses wishing to trade rather than dispose of waste arisings. or attenuated before discharge to a watercourse or surface water sewer. There are a wide range of techniques. Reason 5. grassed swales and balancing ponds. Where large-scale development takes place land should be set aside for the duration of the construction period to facilitate the sorting and storing of waste inert material. the Environment Agency and the London Plan promote the use of “soft” sustainable drainage systems (SuDS) as the most sustainable form of surface water drainage for new developments. permeable / porous surfaces.5 hectares. Surface water should be disposed of as close to source as possible. This involves moving away from traditional piped drainage systems to engineering solutions that mimic natural drainage processes. The Environment Agency can advise on site specific requirements for developments on sites larger than 0. groundwater or aquifer pollution. to protect public health and to safeguard sources of extractable water.
The relevant flood defence levels are:Bugsby’s Reach (upstream of the Thames Barrier): 5. and it can be demonstrated that there is no increased risk of flooding to other sites. the level of flood risk. A sequential test should be carried out where development is proposed on an unallocated site within a flood risk area. Government Advice is contained in PPG25: Development and Flood Risk (2001). biodiversity and visual connections with the river (See Policy W2). In developed areas at risk from fluvial flooding. Where development relating to the tidal defences is permitted the Council may use this opportunity to extend the public access to the waterside in support of its policy to promote opportunities for leisure.This sets out the responsibilities of all parties.51 Development within an area at risk from fluvial flooding can have two adverse effects.1% probability of flooding). The Council will. are shown on Map 7.The areas at risk from fluvial flooding are shown on the Proposals Map and the areas at risk from tidal flooding are shown on Map 7. 0. flooding is predicted to occur at least once every 100 years (i.This must demonstrate that there are no reasonable options available in lower flood risk areas. In Flood Zone 3. and the protection afforded by the existing defences.The tidal flood risk areas are protected by existing defences to a 1:1000 level (i.e. the level of flood risk. The Council will consult the Environment Agency on planning applications for development in flood risk areas. tourism. In Flood Zone 2.52 E19 5.This information is taken from the Flood Zones Map produced by the Environment Agency. Development in undeveloped areas at risk from fluvial flooding will only be permitted in exceptional circumstances. Reason 5. and the protection afforded by the existing defences to be carried out. Generally consideration will be given to maintaining and/or improving the existing ecological features. ensure that new developments safeguard existing tidal and fluvial flood defences. Not only can the development itself be put at direct risk but through a reduction in the storage capacity of the flood plain and an impeding of the flow of water. the guidance requires a flood risk assessment appropriate to the scale and nature of the development. the existing flood defences and access to flood defence facilities for operational and maintenance purposes.1-1% probability). in consultation with the Environment Agency. riverside walks and cycle ways along the Thames.54 104 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION .Areas at risk from tidal flooding. Planning applications for development on sites of more than 1 hectare within these areas must be accompanied by a flood risk assessment appropriate to the scale of and nature of the development.Where works are being carried out in proximity to a tidal or fluvial flood defence the Council will seek to safeguard and where possible extend public access to the waterfront and protect and enhance existing ecological features.e. development will only be permitted where appropriate flood defence measures are taken. Reason 5.e. In light of anticipated sea level rise and climate change the Council will encourage riverside development proposals to examine the opportunity to retreat flood defences to increase flood storage. but protected by existing flood defences. other areas can be subjected to an increased risk of flooding. >1% probability). flooding is predicted to occur at least once every 1000 years but not more than once every 100 years (i. 0.E18 Areas within Zones 2 and 3 at risk from fluvial flooding are identified on the Proposals Map.18m ODN 5. Where development is proposed in a flood risk area. It should be noted that as flood alleviation works are carried out the areas at risk will change.53 The tidal and fluvial defences are an essential means of protecting low-lying areas from flooding.
works ongoing to extend protection to 2100). but protected by existing defences against a ‘once-in-a-1.Map 7: Flooding and Attenuation Areas © Crown copyright Area in Ravensbourne Catchment in which additional run-off must be attenuated Area draining to Marsh Dykes in which additional run-off must be attenuated and/or stored Areas at risk from a o nce-in-a-hundred years’ tidal flooding event.000 years’ event (until 2030. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION 105 .
tidal sluices and pumping stations. Existing tidal flood defences are designed to protect London at a 1:1000 flood risk level until 2030. the Environment Agency is working to ensure protection until 2100.Woolwich Reach and Gallions Reach (Downstream of Thames Barrier): 7. maintenance and emergency purposes. 106 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION .1m ODN. must be retained.55 Adequate access to flood defence facilities such as embankments. Blackwall Reach: 5.2m ODN Barking Reach: 7. 5. and where appropriate improved.23 ODN These flood defence levels are likely to increase in the light of anticipated sea level rise. Greenwich Reach. for operational.
to promote environmental improvements. To preserve or enhance areas of recognised and valued character. historic gardens and parks. DESIGN & CONSERVATION GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 6.2 SD1 SD2 SD3 SD4 SD5 Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 6. woodland. and to protect Listed Buildings of architectural or historic interest and their settings.6. and the way the Borough is seen by the outside world as well as by those who live here. sites of ancient monuments and areas of special character. New development should be seen as contributing towards a better quality environment as part of a coherent urban design framework which looks at how the urban environment is used and how it has an impact on the way development is planned. To improve areas of poor quality environment.4 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 107 . a royal heritage stretching back several centuries. Higher standards of environmental quality and design are important in assisting the regeneration of the Borough and contributing to the quality of life. It has an impact on the Borough’s image.The general policies on design and conservation are: The Council will encourage a high quality of design in all new developments and alterations to existing developments which positively contribute to the improvement of their accessibility.The control of development has to be seen in the context of the need to conserve this heritage whilst encouraging appropriate new development. the design. and London as a whole. Specific policies on the natural environment and its protection and conservation are included in the Environmental Protection and Open Space Chapters. and those who work in and travel through the Borough. trees. To preserve or enhance Conservation Areas. and contains policies designed to promote a high standard of design. This sustainable approach will 6. appearance and usefulness of urban space and the quality of the townscape. including historic landscapes. wildlife habitats. to preserve and enhance the existing character. open land. areas of deprivation. safety and the built and natural environment.1 The quality of the external environment affects residents. It also contains areas of poor environment. It is also concerned with conservation and heritage issues. Maritime Greenwich is an inscribed World Heritage Site. This chapter is concerned with environmental quality in terms of urban design.3 The Borough contains areas of unrivalled townscape quality and buildings of national importance.The Greenwich Strategy recognises how the role of a high quality environment contributes to the health. 6. and to ensure that the natural environment is not adversely affected. and older industrial and commercial areas with environmental problems. the external appearance of buildings. visitors. To promote the use of previously developed land and to ensure new developments make efficient and appropriate use of land. there are 20 Conservation Areas. wetlands and wildflower meadows. to ensure the creation of a safe and accessible environment. and the longest waterfront of any London Borough. fine views. almost 1000 statutory Listed Buildings. for the Borough. its economy. safety and wellbeing of all communities and aims to make the most of Borough’s historic heritage.
character of adjoining buildings. The northern part of the Borough has seen developments along the Waterfront in particular. The detailed policies are set out below in a number of distinct. the creation of a legible environment. With its 13 kilometre waterfront. There are. areas of poor environment and deprivation where not only does good design need to be encouraged but where environmental improvements need to be targeted and promoted. Environmental Quality policies cover heritage issues including Conservation Areas and Listed Buildings.7 6. The World Heritage Site Management Plan (2004) considers sympathetic design and conservation for the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site. context and scale. a proper relationship with the street. significant change resulting from inward investment and regeneration. Secondly.The target is that over 90% development will be on brownfield sites. and by helping to provide safe and secure environments for all. Sites including the Peninsula and Royal Arsenal have provided the Borough with the unprecedented opportunity to incorporate quality design with integrated transport links and new developments. including respect for the locality. A high quality of development will assist in the regeneration of the Borough by making it more attractive to investment as well as to residents and workers. 6. but no less important for residents who value their surroundings and wish for a pleasant and safe environment. Elsewhere. by achieving high standards of design in new developments. style and ability to create a new environment worthy of the historic context. but interrelated categories. and topography.The character of the Borough and the guidelines for design should not be used to prevent good imaginative design. for in appropriate locations.5 Changes to the existing environment should help meet the needs of local people and should help to promote good living and working conditions generally. 6. the reuse of previously developed land and the efficient and appropriate use of land. in an Urban Design Strategy for Woolwich Town Centre and a Streetscape Manual for Greenwich Town Centre. and thirdly Environmental Improvement policies conclude this chapter. local materials. in line with Government guidance. The Borough has and continues to undergo. high quality buildings in a modern idiom will be welcomed. Design advice is available for specific Conservation Areas. and redevelopment on a scale unrivalled in the Region.facilitate economic and social development that also safeguards the environment in which we live. there are policies relating to urban design. also. Firstly. the Borough can offer opportunities where the very best modern designs can rival their historic counterparts in their imagination.8 108 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . a process endorsed by the Council’s Local Agenda 21 Strategy. by carrying out environmental improvements.The Council has produced design guidelines to provide more detailed guidance for achieving a coherent and coordinated urban fabric. New development in particular should take note of urban design principles and specific guidelines set out in the policies. by preserving the best of the past. and concern for the needs of local residents. the pressures may be less intense.The Council attaches great importance to the need to encourage and promote a higher quality environment through design and conservation policies. It is important on this context to promote.6 6.
the implications of the development for urban sustainability. Integrate with existing path and circulation networks and patterns of activity.the architecture of surrounding buildings. Maintain adequate daylight and sunlight to adjoining buildings and land. historical. Achieve the Building Research Establishment’s BREEAM excellent rating which addresses a wide variety of environmental issues D2 Major development proposals and new build developments proposed for sensitive locations should be accompanied by a Design Statement setting out: . detailing and landscape design. including disabled people.how the design relates to and enhances its urban context.the scale. bulk and massing of adjacent townscape.the cultural diversity of the area. use of appropriate materials. orientation. ridges and natural features. biodiversity and their setting. ix. . ii. . height. . . iv. local landmarks.topography. viii. v. layout and design that the development contributes to a safe and secure environment for users and the public. through effective layout. Promote local distinctiveness by providing a site-specific design solution. . . . movement and circulation. vii. and skylines. .the potential for a mix of uses. both traditional and modern. . Create attractive.established layout and spatial character. . manageable well-functioning spaces within the site.the principles behind the architectural and landscape design. archaeological. .the quality and nature of materials. iii. DESIGN & CONSERVATION 109 .the effective use of land. Demonstrate through proposed land uses.an analysis of the site and its environs.patterns of activity. Provide a positive relationship between the proposed and existing urban context by taking account of: .existing townscape.features of architectural. Maximise energy conservation. . views. vi. . (Policy D7) Achieve accessible and inclusive environments for all.Policies Urban Design D1 Development proposals should be of a high quality of design and will be expected to: i. . landscape setting.how the development would relate to established patterns of movement and activity in the wider area.
massing. that the development reacts to its urban context. . developers are encouraged to attain the excellent standard. 6. Planning Policy Statement 1: Delivering Sustainable Development (2005) states that high quality and inclusive design should be the aim of all those involved in the development process. under the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act (2004).000 sqm. safety. and account has been taken of creating a sustainable environment.11 110 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . (DETR/CABE. should not be accepted. . with environmental performance expressed on a scale of pass to excellent. Design Statements are intended to explicitly demonstrate that a range of design issues have been taken into account in key locations and circumstances.10 6.developments of more than 25 dwelling units. Good and imaginative design for individual schemes can make a direct contribution to upgrading overall townscape quality.9 The Council attaches great importance to the achievement of high quality design that adds to the high quality of the Borough’s environment and to Greenwich distinctiveness.The London Plan acknowledges that good design is central to all the objectives of the plan.developments of more than 5.within the setting of a listed building or scheduled ancient monument. The statement should include sufficient material to fully illustrate the design and impact of the proposal.within an area of special character. Reason for D1 and D2 6. materials. . . 2000). From 10 August 2006.within or adjacent to conservation areas. To achieve sustainable development.The particular requirements for residential extensions are set out in Policies D9 and D10 and Advice Note 2. that there has been an appropriately qualified and experienced design input. .within the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site. . listed building consent applications (except for internal works) and planning applications (except for changes of use and most minor householder developments) must be accompanied by a design and access statement.within or affecting historic landscapes.The Borough is not of uniform character but is made up of areas with distinct identities and developments should reflect this. accessibility and treatment of spaces between buildings. Design which is inappropriate.The above policies are a basis for achieving good urban design and provide a benchmark from which development proposals can be assessed. They seek to ensure that new development is designed individually for the specific site and urban context in question. or which fails to take the opportunities available for improving the character and quality of an area and the way it functions. .Developments and sensitive locations requiring a Design Statement include: . relationship of buildings to each other and their surroundings. The Building Research Establishments Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) is a flexible and independently verified environment assessment method.sites fronting the River Thames. A high quality environment can be produced by careful design of townscape elements layout. Good design should contribute positively to making places better for people.‘By Design: Urban Design in the Planning System – Towards Better Practice’ provides advice on implementing the Government’s commitment to good design.
Reason 6. The Council will consult the Environment Agency on development proposals that directly affect the Boroughs rivers and watercourses. The Council will seek to achieve improvements to both the urban and natural environment in line with Policy SC2. e. wildlife habitats. surface materials. creation and possible management of ecological habitat and interpretation projects. Layouts need to be designed around existing vegetation and landscaping proposals should be an integral part of the application. A survey of flora and fauna on sites of defined ecological importance and on sites over 1 hectare to enable decisions to be made regarding their conservation. To protect trees and their root systems from damage as a result of the development both during and after building operations. d. iv. That landscaping schemes should include environmentally appropriate planting using locally native species and demonstrate appropriate irrigation plans for landscaping.g. green corridors. Examples of such improvements are given in the policy and would be secured by legal agreements where appropriate. in particular paying attention to the needs for: i.12 Development sites that pay insufficient regard to existing ecological and natural landscape features can lead to an incoherent urban form and the unnecessary destruction of existing nature conservation interest. These features should be respected and the area’s natural character enhanced. To achieve an appropriate replacement of trees taking account of size. street trees. To ensure that planting design does not impact negatively on personal safety and accessibility. iii. boundary walls. D4 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 111 . tree ridge lines.The emphasis will be to soften the impact of the development in its setting and provide visual interest in the street scene and to contribute to nature conservation.13 The Council’s overall approach to community benefits and planning obligations is set out in Policy SC2. The retention of trees and the protection and enhancement of natural and ecological features. coverage and species where it is agreed that existing trees can be felled. Reason 6. The regard for the biodiversity and geological features of the site and the surrounding area. An appropriate level of survey to enable decisions to be made about the existing trees on the site. The protection and enhancement of natural river features and corridors by appropriate landscaping and design.D3: Development proposals will be expected to take account of ecological factors as well as display a high standard of landscaping. b. including protected species (See Policy O22). (See Policy O21) ii. footways. This policy recognises that there may be developments where it will be relevant for improvements to the urban and natural environment to be included. hedges and other features where these will contribute to the development. v. c. signs. provision of public art. Development decisions will be based on the requirement: a.
ensuring that the amenity of neighbouring properties would not be unduly affected. Access for People with Disabilities D6 Applications for development (including the alteration. provide suitable access for disabled people. extension or change of use) of buildings and land to which the public have access should. where practical and reasonable. convenient and appropriate to the type and scale of the development.14 The success of a development depends to a considerable extent upon the ease of access for pedestrians and vehicles. Commercial developments should also incorporate significant landscaping within their design to ensure the parking provision does not dominate the site. Parking should be provided in accordance with the parking standards set out in the Movement Chapter (Policies M23 to M27).The conversion of large residential dwellings should regard parking provision as an important consideration. The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 contains provisions to improve access to services for disabled people. particularly for people with disabilities. emphasis will be placed on providing for the safe and convenient movement of pedestrians in an attractive. In residential areas. Parking and service arrangements should work effectively and be designed to minimise their visual impact. safe. pollution and loss of amenity. parking and service areas should be attractive. particularly in residential areas. Reason 6. (See Policies H5 and H6 and Advice Note 3: Planning Standards for Conversions). Reason 6. Advice on the colour used for cyclepaths should be sought from the Council to ensure conformity with cycle networks’ standards. Developers and other agencies should consider the needs of disabled people who might use the building or outdoor spaces as a place of work. Safety and Security in the Environment 112 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . or as visitors or customers. well lit environment.Parking and Access Arrangements D5 The design and layout of access roads.15 Many buildings and open spaces are inaccessible to disabled people. Parking can cause considerable problems in terms of noise. cyclepaths. older people and people with young children. footpaths. Proposed developments must comply with the guidelines on access for the disabled ‘Designing for Accessibility’ (published by the Centre for Accessible Environments and available from the Council’s Access Officer).
does not undermine the quality of life or community cohesion. older people and people with disabilities. planting and building does not create dark or secluded areas. lesbians and gay men. minority ethnic communities. particularly as part of new developments and townscape improvement schemes and particularly of native species. Avoiding the creation of spaces with ill defined ownership and ensuring there is a clear distinction between public and private space. v. enforce this.The design of new developments can contribute to personal safety by: i. Secure ‘enclave’ developments are not considered to generally reduce crime and the fear of crime because such developments do not address the public realm and do not provide lively frontages. notably ‘Places. children. while maintaining the privacy of the inhabitants of these buildings. An Advice Note ‘Designing for Personal Safety’ gives further guidance. Ensuring that paths. and Ensuring that good quality lighting is provided for streets and paths. Trees D8 The Council will seek to maintain tree coverage.17 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 113 .16 People’s use of their environment is restricted by both the reality of danger to personal safety and their fears of insecurity. is encouraged. Ensuring the development is well integrated into the existing pattern of pedestrian and vehicular movement and extends links with existing public routes. accessible only to residents. Design that enables a building and its surrounding space to function and be used effectively is important. especially in areas of deficiency. 6. play areas and open spaces are overlooked by inhabited buildings. iii. Ensuring that community safety measures such as CCTV are provided where it is practical and appropriate.This advice is supported by guidance from the Department for Transport. Reason 6.This is particularly so for disadvantaged groups. or fear of crime. PPS1: Delivering Sustainable Development (2005) advises that development plan design policies should aim to create safe and accessible environments where crime and disorder. Streets and Movement’ (1998) and Design Bulletin no. iv. and contribute towards natural surveillance. Buildings and spaces around them should contribute towards developing public perception of the environment and their use of the spaces within it. Entrances for example should be clearly visible. It is therefore both desirable and important that new developments should both provide a safe environment and improve it in areas where it is poor.Safety and Security in the Environment D7 The Council will require all development to be designed to provide and improve personal safety and security in the environment particularly for women. and will encourage tree planting in appropriate places. Generally security is better promoted by ensuring that developments are permeable and overlooked as much as possible. and the care of existing trees. Tree preservation orders will be used to protect trees of environmental importance and visual amenity where their health or amenity is threatened.Traditional street patterns rather than cul-de-sac designs for example. vi. Good design will help people find their way around. ii. path networks to link buildings and spaces should follow natural desire lines that people expect to take. It is not the intention of this policy to promote development in the form of ‘defended enclaves’ protected by security gates.32: Residential Roads and Footpaths. The planting of trees. Ensuring that landscaping.
Reason 6. and any proposal meets International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines for public exposure. interfere with a pleasant outlook or result in an increased sense of enclosure. and erecting antennae on existing buildings or other structures has been fully explored and demonstrated. iii. any proposal is sited. iv. vi. 114 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . Two storey extensions to the side of semi detached houses will not be permitted unless they are designed to avoid a ‘terracing effect’ in conjunction with adjacent extensions. Proposals for rear. coloured and landscaped so as to minimise visual impact on its setting and local environment. the special character and appearance of the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site.Reason 6. such as site.20 Inappropriately designed extensions can adversely affect residential amenity. consideration has been given to locating a site which causes minimal visual impact subject to operational needs. designed. the street scene and the surrounding area and respect the amenities of adjoining occupiers. In most cases a pitched roof will be required on side or rear extensions when they would be visible from the public highway. Reason 6. Detailed guidance for extensions are set out in Advice Note 2. ii. Rear extensions will not be permitted where these could cause an unacceptable loss of amenity to adjoining occupiers by reducing the amount of daylight. D10 iii.18 The Borough’s trees are important elements of the landscape and contribute to its visual and ecological character. Telecommunications Development D11 Planning permission will normally be granted for telecommunications development provided that: i. In Conservation Areas work to or the felling of trees requires consent. side and other additions should be limited to a scale and design appropriate to the building and locality. v. Residential Extensions D9 All new roof extensions should be designed to respect the scale and character of the host building. technologies to camouflage telecommunications apparatus have been fully explored. listed buildings. ii.Tree planting will not be encouraged in places where this would be detrimental to existing nature conservation interests.19 To ensure that roof extensions do not have an adverse effect on the appearance of the building or street scene and do not detrimentally affect residential amenity. conservation areas and historic landscapes are preserved or enhanced. the possibility of sharing facilities. sunlight or privacy they enjoy.They will need to meet the following criteria: i. Detailed guidance for extensions are set out in Advice Note 2. privacy and outlook. such as valuable grasslands. masts.
New development should examine methods of reducing the need for satellite antennae by introducing centralised facilities. In Conservation Areas satellite antennae are not normally acceptable when located on front or side walls or on chimneys. while finding that the balance of evidence suggested no health risk. there are no grounds for additional planning controls on telecommunications masts on health grounds. PPG8: Telecommunications (2001) confirms that emissions from mobile phone base stations should meet ICNIRP guidelines for public exposure. Conservation Areas. PPG8 encourages planning authorities to include policies on telecommunications development in their development plans. particularly in residential areas. considered concerns about the health effects from the use of mobile phones. although is subject to prior notification procedures. the Council. thus reducing the need to travel.They are not considered acceptable on Listed Buildings where the character of the building is adversely affected.21 Modern telecommunications are an essential and beneficial element in the life of Greenwich’s residents and workforce. Such procedures allow the local planning authority to consider. traffic levels and pollution.22 6. However. to buildings where they will be open to public view.25 The installation of satellite antennae can have an adverse visual impact on the facades of individual buildings and the overall townscape. Much minor telecommunications development is covered by permitted development rights and therefore does not require planning permission. and the Government. 6. Satellite Antennae D12 Satellite antennae must be sensitively positioned on buildings in order to minimise their impact on the environment. within 56 days. Reason 6. The Stewart Report (2000). and on blocks of flats.” However. Detailed guidance regarding the siting and appearance of mast and ancillary apparatus is given in PPG8. the siting and appearance of the proposed development.Reason 6. However.The benefits that these developments bring are recognised and the policy seeks to allow such developments subject to criteria which aim to minimise their visual and environmental impact and to encourage the shared use of facilities. where the cumulative effect can be particularly severe. are concerned about the impact of telecommunications on the environment and the Council will seek to ensure that the townscape will not suffer an unnecessary proliferation of telecommunications structures and the lowering of environmental quality. Proposals for telecommunications masts will be required to demonstrate compliance with these guidelines. as a result of the Stewart Report and PPG8. The Council realises that there are concerns about the health risks telecommunications masts may pose. It recommended compliance with International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) guidelines for public exposure. base stations and transmitters.24 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 115 .23 6. The report also states that the possibility of harm cannot be ruled out with confidence and that the gaps in knowledge are sufficient to justify a precautionary approach to mobile phone technologies. Telecommunications have the potential to contribute to sustainable development by enabling more people to work and carry out other functions from home. the group did recommend tightening planning control over mast erection. It concluded that “the balance of evidence does not suggest that mobile phone technologies put the health of the general population at risk.
26 Well designed shopfronts and signs can contribute towards the overall environmental enhancement of an area. Reason 6. using traditional materials as far as possible. through normal consultation procedures. Reason 6.27 Street furniture plays an important role in our built and natural environment. i. or in Conservation Areas. Street furniture should be purposeful. The proposed replacement of traditional shopfronts should respect the features and proportions of the original shopfront. especially a conservation area. Where proposed. however it is important that it is designed and sited to be both functional and visually attractive. Solid metal grilles over shopfronts are particularly inappropriate as they are perceived to make a street appear more dangerous. Greenwich Town Centre Streetscape Manual. ii. these should be given due regard. New shopfronts including fascias and signs should be designed to respect established proportions in the immediate area. v. Where traditional shopfronts contribute to the character or appearance of an area. security grilles should be of the open mesh variety. Street Furniture D14 The Council will encourage street furniture to be of a good quality. iv. particularly for those with mobility restrictions. For shopfronts and signs within Greenwich Town Centre the Council has produced two design guidelines. Externally located grilles or security shutters will not normally be acceptable on traditional and historic shopfronts.e.e. “Design Guidance for Shopfronts in Greenwich Town centre” and “Design Guidance for Shop Signs. Advertisements and Illumination in Greenwich Town Centre”. Where design guidelines have been prepared for such areas. Where the proposed replacement of traditional shopfronts is concerned this objective will be pursued where it is practicable. sited to minimise visual clutter and obstruction. Modern materials may be acceptable where the appearance of a traditional shopfront can be created. creating problems and fears about personal safety. 116 DESIGN & CONSERVATION .Shopfronts and Signs D13 The Council will require applications for planning permission for shopfronts and express consent for signs to take into account the following criteria: i. their retention and repair will be encouraged.The Council has produced an Advice Note “Design Guidance for Shopfronts”. Particular areas within the Borough may also advocate a style of street furniture relating to their historic connection or tourism function. public utility boxes. The Council will also seek to influence the design and siting of street furniture provided by other authorities i. Illuminated fascias and external lighting will not be permitted where they affect the character of the building or the amenities of the adjacent area. All new shopfronts must be accessible to people with disabilities. vi. consistent and attractive in design that is sensitive to the local character of the area. telephone boxes. iii. which provides additional guidance for shopfronts within the borough. vii. New shopfronts should not adversely affect highway and pedestrian safety.
Reason 6. ii. In any instance where it is decided that an application ought not to be considered separately from all or any of the reserved matters. and which might cumulatively harm the character or appearance of the area e. Article 4 Directions will be used to control changes to the appearance of buildings and their settings that would otherwise not require planning permission. Trenchard Street and Greenwich Town 6.29 National policy on Conservation Areas and Listed Buildings is found in PPG15: ‘Planning and the Historic Environment’’. particularly the sensitive locations identified in the policy.Article 4 Directions have been issued for West Greenwich (Randall Place & Churchfields). building form and materials.Advertisements D15 The Council will normally give express consent for large poster or other advertisement displays provided they: i. the procedure specified by Article 3(2) of the General Development Procedure Order (1995) will be invoked. TfL will be consulted where they are the designated Highway Authority. Where outline applications are appropriate they will normally be required to provide details of siting. Do not adversely affect public safety including pedestrians and drivers. the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance”.31 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 117 . the established pattern of development and landscape. Reason 6. Ashburnham Triangle. The Borough’s Conservation Areas have special qualities and character which could be adversely affected by inappropriate development (see Map 8 and Proposals Map).Where the character or appearance of a Conservation Area is threatened by inappropriate development the Council will seek to control these through the use of Article 4 Directions..30 6. Development on sites in the vicinity of a Conservation Area and which would have a visual effect on its character or appearance.28 Advertisement displays can often be unsightly. Shrewsbury Park Estate. design and the means of access. should respect the setting of that area.g. Harmonise with the scale and character of the surrounding area and are not fixed to flank walls where they would be unduly dominant. Progress Estate. Applications for the erection of buildings within Conservation Areas should in most cases be submitted in full. PPG19: Outdoor Advertisement Control (1992) emphasises outdoor advertising is essential to commercial activity but can be prominent and unsuitable in some locations. Their size can often look out of place with their surroundings and they are sometimes located where they are likely to create a road safety hazard. Conservation Areas or Areas of Special Character and are not in a position where they would have an adverse effect on the setting of a Listed Building. Do not adversely affect the amenity of residential areas. iii. Conservation Areas D16 Planning permission will only be granted for proposals which preserve or enhance the character or appearance of Conservation Areas. window replacement. PPG15 and the Circular direct the designation of Conservation Areas in recognition of the area’s “special architectural or historic interest. East Greenwich. Circular 14/97 also places a requirement on Local Planning Authorities to pay special attention to preserving or enhancing the historic environment. Rectory Field. taking into account local scale. detract from the character of an environment and have an adverse effect on the amenity of the area. open spaces.
Listed Buildings D18 There will be a presumption in favour of the preservation of Listed Buildings.33 Listed Buildings make an important contribution to the townscape of the Borough and the Council attaches great importance to their protection and preservation. Reason 6.Centre. ii. can jeopardise the architectural integrity of the building. The adequacy of efforts made to return the building in use. and will be assessed against the following criteria: i.The Council will also promote the enhancement of conservation areas by the preparation of character appraisals and statements. Reason 6.19) applicants for listed building consent must be able to fully justify their proposals and will need to demonstrate why works which affect the character of an existing building are desirable or necessary. When demolition is permitted it will be subject to the building remaining until a contract for redevelopment is let. even on a small scale. Listed Building Consent will only be granted for demolition or partial demolition in exceptional circumstances.163. features of interest should be respected and left in-situ wherever possible. Any application for substantial demolition will be required to produce convincing evidence to demonstrate that every effort has been made to sustain existing uses or find new ones. iii.32 Conservation Areas will contain a number of buildings which are not listed but do contribute to the character and appearance of the area and are worthy of retention. D19 D20 118 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . In line with the guidance in PPG15 (paras 3. including elevational drawings where appropriate. The merits of alternative proposals for the site. D17 Demolition of buildings and structures that positively contribute to the character or appearance of a conservation area will be resisted. indicating all the proposals in detail. to clearly show the development in the context of the street scene. Proposals for external or internal alterations or additions to Listed Buildings should respect the integrity of the buildings. The Council will need to be satisfied that any such works will not lead to this result. The Council will resist proposals for development which would detract from the setting and proportions of a Listed Building or group.34 Repairs and alterations. and harmonise with their special architectural or historic character. Conservation Area consent for the demolition of buildings will normally be given only when planning permission has been granted for redevelopment which complies with the requirements of Policy D16. The condition of the building and the cost of repairs relative to its importance. Reason 6. The policy also enables the Council to assess the comparative quality of existing and proposed development and ensure that new development will enhance the character and appearance of the Conservation Area. Where consent is required for internal alterations. Applications for Listed Building consent should be accompanied by plans to scale.
Woolwich Goldie Leigh Hospital Shrewsbury Park Estate 16 17 18 19 20 Rectory Field East Greenwich Sun in Sands Well Hall Pleasaunce Westcombe Park DESIGN & CONSERVATION 119 .Map 8: Conservation Areas 13 17 11 20 12 4 1 2 18 16 7 8 15 10 14 3 5 9 19 6 © Crown copyright 1 2 3 4 5 West Greenwich Blackheath Blackheath Park Greenwich Park Progress Estate 6 7 8 9 10 Eltham Palace Charlton Village Woolwich Common Eltham Green Deptford High Street 11 12 13 14 15 Plumstead Common Ashburnham Triangle Royal Arsenal.
If buildings in this situation are left empty there is a danger they will fall into disrepair. The Council will assist English Heritage to maintain and revise regularly. World Heritage Site The Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site was inscribed in 1997. maintenance and use. a Register of Listed Buildings at risk from neglect and decay.Where these buildings are located within a Conservation Area.The policy for the Site is included in the Greenwich section of the town centre chapter. substantial weight will be given to protecting and conserving the particular characteristics that account for their designation.37 English Heritage in London. In considering proposals affecting buildings on the Local List of Buildings of Architectural or Historic Interest. D22 D23 6. The Council will promote action. Policies D16 and D17 apply.38 Whilst not benefiting from the same degree of protection afforded to statutory listed buildings. where appropriate. It was the 16th such site in the UK.The Local List will be updated on a regular basis. proposals for the demolition or unsympathetic alteration of Locally Listed Buildings will be discouraged. Reason 6. (Policy TC7).35 D21 The setting of a Listed Building can be fundamental to its character and appearance and often forms part of its original design and layout.Reason 6. to bring about the reuse and repair of buildings on the register.39 120 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . Proposals for changes of use of Listed Buildings will only be granted planning permission if it is no longer in its original or other established historic use and the new use is beneficial to the building and is compatible with its character and features of historic interest. locally listed buildings are an important part of the Borough’s built heritage and consequently every effort will be made to ensure their long term retention. Reason 6. In order to secure their continued beneficial use other plan policies may be applied more flexibly should the individual circumstances dictate.The Council will assist English Heritage in revising the Register and in promoting appropriate action to bring about their repair and reuse. Historic Landscapes D24 Proposals which would adversely affect the character or appearance of historic landscapes will not be permitted.36 The use for which some Listed Buildings were originally designed is sometimes no longer tenable. Such a change of use should not conflict with other policies in the Plan. Grants from English Heritage may be available for this purpose. Reason 6. including the use of building repair notices and urgent works notices. Consequently. in conjunction with the Boroughs maintains a Register of Listed Buildings at risk from neglect and decay.
which are listed on the register.41 Government directions require the Council to protect the designated strategic views and wider setting of St.) will be applied. including Deptford Creek. Paul’s Cathedral in relation to both the skyline and the foreground of views from Greenwich Park and Blackheath Point will be protected and enhanced. whilst the development plane from Blackheath Point will be applicable in considering the impact of the proposal on these areas. which include parks. and development that would adversely affect this. By limiting all proposed developments within the viewing corridor from Greenwich Park to a height of 30 metres A. (Above Ordnance Datum).) threshold from the Greenwich Park view.Well Hall Pleasaunce and Eltham Palace. From there they traverse the Boroughs of Lewisham. which would exceed the height thresholds and which would seriously detract from the views of St. By the careful consideration of proposals which could infringe on the development plane from Blackheath Point.O. location and materials of proposed buildings within the defined wider setting and backdrop consultation areas do not adversely affect its prominence.42 The foreground of the view(s) is important to the setting of the Cathedral. are an essential part of the Borough’s heritage too. gardens and their settings. It is characterised by the sharp change in levels from the Blackheath plateau down to the low-lying riverside areas. English Heritage has prepared a register of parks and gardens of special historic interest.40 Historic landscapes. The Council will consult other local authorities when a planning application is submitted for a development that exceeds the 30 metres (A.D. Southwark. Paul’s Cathedral. The setting of the Cathedral in the skyline will be maintained by ensuring that the height.D. Paul’s Cathedral from Greenwich Park and Blackheath Point shown on the Proposal Map will be protected from the intrusion of new developments: i. Careful consideration of building materials and tone can make a proposal more sympathetic in long distance views. Reason 6. Development within the wider setting consultation area. D26 6. are Greenwich Park. The setting of St. Paul’s Cathedral from Greenwich Park and Blackheath Point cross the West Greenwich conservation area. will not normally be permitted.O. In order to preserve the integrity of existing views but allow sufficient scope for redevelopment it will be necessary to control the height of new buildings or structures within reasonable parameters.43 6.O.45 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 121 .Reason 6.The foreground of views from Greenwich Park and Blackheath Point consist of the historic areas of Greenwich Town Centre and Deptford. even if not directly obstructing the views will be resisted. in the protected areas. Their unique character should be protected from the adverse effects of development. Paul’s Cathedral seen from Greenwich Park and Blackheath Point. ii.44 6. Strategic Views D25 Strategic views of St.The three sites in Greenwich. In the case of the Greenwich Park view a height threshold of 30 metres (A. In the London Plan it is proposed to replace these views with a London Protection Framework which will include the strategic views as ‘London Panoramas’ and also include ‘River Prospects’ and ‘Townscape and Linear Views’. and the development plane in the case of the Blackheath Point view. The strategic views of St. Reason 6.D.The Framework is to be published as Supplementary Planning Guidance to the London Plan incorporating Management Plans for each of the views.
forecourt) Local View Zone b c d e 122 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . Marys Churchyard towards Mast Pond Wharf and beyond Docklands panorama from the Wolfe Monument Eltham Palace to Central London Millennium Dome from Central Park (from Pilot P.Map 9: Local Views k g h f i b a c d e j © Crown copyright a Shooters Hill to Central London Shrewsbury Park to the lower Thames Castlewood towards SE London Eaglesfield Recreation Ground towards Bexley and the lower Thames Eltham Park North to Central London f g h i j k Winns Common to the lower Thames Thames-side panorama from the Thames Barrier open space St.H.
Docklands panorama from the Wolfe Monument. i. Mary’s Churchyard towards Mast Pond Wharf and beyond. f. Castlewood towards S. All these views are from publicly accessible spaces and offer panoramas. g. St. Millennium Dome from Central Park. Reason 6. Eltham Park (North) to Central London. c. Consultation between these authorities and the Mayor of London is essential to secure the objectives of this policy. particularly where these provide views of the River Thames and its banks (see also Thames Policy Area W2). d.Tower Hamlets and the City of Westminster and the Corporation of London. Inappropriately designed or sited buildings or structures within the views can have an adverse impact on the quality of the view. Local Views D27 Planning permission will be given for development which would not have a seriously adverse effect on the overall perspective and essential quality of the Local Views as listed below and as identified on Map 9: a. Shooter’s Hill to Central London. e. vistas and other views of landmarks and water-space recognised for their contribution to the local built and natural environment. Winns Common to the lower Thames. k. London. DESIGN & CONSERVATION 123 . Thames side panorama from the Thames Barrier open space. b. Eaglesfield Recreation Ground towards Bexley and the Lower Thames. j.46 These views are an important element in the character of the Borough.E. Shrewsbury Park towards the lower Thames. Eltham Palace to Central London.The London Plan encourages Boroughs to designate and manage local views.Camden. h.
Thamesmead Town Centre and at key locations in the Waterfront area. Old Royal Naval College/ National Maritime Museum.g. iv. Reason 6. f. listed buildings and their settings. local views. c. Other areas also particularly sensitive to the presence of high structures and buildings are set out below.g.High Buildings D28 Planning permission for high buildings will be granted within Woolwich Town Centre. or major open landscape (e. assessed in particular on their standard of urban design. their settings and views from them. However. Proposals should take account of proximity to public transport facilities/interchanges. Proposals should take account of visual impact on: a.47 High buildings and structures are inappropriate in most areas of the Borough due to being out of scale and character with their surroundings. high environmental quality. the River Thames and other waterways vi. Royal Artillery Barracks). d. Proposals should be of outstanding architectural and urban design quality and act as a landmark. World Heritage Site and buffer zone and Conservation Areas). Greenwich Park. Areas within or with a visual relationship to areas of special character (e. metropolitan open land and other open spaces. architecture and the need to meet functional considerations and can make a positive contribution to the environment. Planning applications for high buildings will be assessed using the following criteria: i. e. and g.g. Proposals should relate positively to topographical features and other high buildings and contribute positively to the image and built environment of London. the Green Chain) 124 DESIGN & CONSERVATION . conservation areas. v. Proposals should secure a complete and well-designed setting. in certain locations high buildings may be considered appropriate. ii. b. Charlton House. ii. Areas considered to be particularly inappropriate for high buildings are: i. the world heritage site. iii. Proposals should be set in a Borough (or wider) urban design analysis. Proposals should enhance the skyline by ensuring that the roof top design is of high quality. The Borough’s character comprises extensive areas of low-rise townscape including suburban residential areas and large areas of green open land. h. viii. vii. to facilitate interaction at street level. historic parks and gardens. strategic views. Areas with a visual relationship to important and famous buildings (e. Guidance on tall buildings (2001) published by English Heritage and CABE gives further advice. including hard and soft landscaping. both locally and in relation to the local and wider area from which it will be visible. Blackheath. Proposals should emphasise or contribute to a point of civic or visual significance or a centre of urban activity or regeneration.
PPG16 gives guidance on how archaeological remains should be preserved or recorded. or investigated.Woolwich Common. but where this is not feasible the remains should either be investigated. D26 & D27) iv.49 D31 DESIGN & CONSERVATION 125 . Shooters Hill. Shooters Hill Golf Course. In certain instances preliminary archaeological site investigations may be required before proposals are considered. Areas of Special Character D29 Within Areas of Special Character defined on the Proposals Map. excavated and recorded before destruction. and nature conservation value. enhancement and preservation of sites of archaeological interest and of their settings.The Borough’s archaeological heritage represents a local community asset that is desirable to preserve and utilise both as an educational and recreational resource. special consideration will be given to the safeguarding.The Council will seek to secure the co operation of developers in the excavation. Reason 6. In Greenwich these include the Blackheath/Greenwich Park open spaces. including developed sites where protection of the skyline is paramount (e. tree slopes and ridges. recording and publication of archaeological finds before development takes place by use of planning conditions/legal agreements as appropriate. Areas where high buildings would spoil traditional. Appropriate conditions/legal agreements may be used to ensure this is satisfied. restoration and enhancement of character. Potential 6. as well as a map defining where these policies apply. The Thameside area is covered by the Thames Policy Area designation (See Policy W2) Archaeology D30 The Council will expect applicants to properly assess and plan for the impact of proposed developments on archaeological remains where they fall within ‘Areas of Archaeological Potential’ as defined on the constraints Map 10. For sites of lesser importance the Council will seek to preserve the remains in situ. Eltham Common. Bostall Ridge. historic parks. Reason 6. including scheduled monuments.50 Archaeological remains are a finite and fragile resource vulnerable to modern developments. Shooter’s Hill. Major high points. The Countryside Commission in its document “Strategic Guidance for Heritage Land in London” has identified the Shooters Hill Ridge area as Heritage Land due to its high landscape value. excavated and removed from the site. Eltham Park. there will be a presumption in favour of the physical preservation of the remains in situ and to allow for public access and display and to preserve their settings. A landscape strategy for the improvement of the Blackheath open space has been prepared (2004). Abbey Ridge and Bostall Woods areas (Bostall Woods. famous or locally important views (see Policies D25.g. Oxleas Wood. They are defined on the Proposals Map and the policy seeks to ensure development proposals do not adversely affect their character. Eltham Ridge). or to remove and record such remains. It recommends that UDPs should include policies for the protection. Skylines and distant views both to and from the Areas of Special Character will be protected. scale and quality of open spaces and associated buildings. Castle Wood.The objectives of new development can often conflict with the need to preserve. ancient countryside.Avery Hill and sports-ground). At identified sites of known archaeological remains of national importance.iii.48 Areas of special character are areas that form a key part of the landscape character of the Borough.
Map 10: Areas of Archeological Potential © Crown copyright Areas of High Potential NB Thames riverfront Area of High Potential has been extended to the low water mark 126 DESIGN & CONSERVATION .
and industrial and commercial areas. particularly in the Waterfront. The Council will encourage the temporary use of vacant land awaiting development. and assist in nature conservation schemes. Encourage developers to allow an appropriate level of archaeological investigation where significant remains are unexpectedly discovered during construction. nature conservation purposes.developers should be alerted early on in the planning process of likely remains so as to secure their preservation.52 D33 The Council recognises the importance of such improvements as contributing towards overall environmental enhancement of areas and improving the quality of people’s lives. Early discussion with the Council and English Heritage is encouraged.53 To overcome problems of unsightliness and blight. developers and archaeological groups by promoting the principles laid down in the British Archaeologists and Developers Liaison Group Code of Practice. Reason 6. Environmental Improvements D32 Subject to the availability of resources the Council will initiate environmental improvements. Encourage co-operation amongst landowners. particularly by local groups. 6.51 The Council will also: i.g. e. DESIGN & CONSERVATION 127 .The Greenwich Heritage Centre is a potential location for the retention of remains. Reason 6. whilst the opportunity to record and preserve such finite resources is usually restricted to one occasion. and if applicable make provision for the preservation or recording of such finds by a recognised archaeological organisation. Pursue land use policies which are sensitive to the potential threat development can pose to archaeological remains and adopt a flexible approach to the design of new development in areas where the preservation of archaeological remains is paramount. The potential for discovery of significant remains in large areas of the Borough is high. areas of deprivation. ii.The support of local archaeological groups is essential to this process. and will work with voluntary groups and other agencies to encourage environmental improvements in areas of poor environment. for appropriate uses. However the temporary use is not intended to prevent the long-term use and/or development of the site. iii.
128 DESIGN & CONSERVATION .
To seek equitable levels of mobility and accessibility for all groups of people. ii. cyclists and public transport users first. the Council will promote the movement of freight by more sustainable modes such as water and rail. particularly for those presently disadvantaged in mobility terms. and safeguarding the environment through mechanisms such as traffic management. meeting the requirements of the Road Traffic Reduction Act and Local Air Quality Management Plans. To promote safe transport in general.1 The overall aim for transport is to achieve a more sustainable relationship between land uses. and common high standards. Greenwich Waterfront Transit is another strategic scheme the Council supports. and particularly safe and convenient movement for pedestrians and cyclists. MOVEMENT GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 7.7. then users of cars and powered two wheeled vehicles. Newham) Woolwich Rail Crossing and DLR (Woolwich) Extension. businesses. This would include necessary new infrastructure and services. SM4 SM5 SM6 SM7 MOVEMENT 129 . To safeguard the Crossrail route. such as walking.The emphasis is therefore on the importance of reducing the need to travel and carefully locating new development. parking control and development control. and will be safeguarded as and when appropriate.B. The main emphasis of policy is to achieve a sustainable transport system and not necessarily to secure greater mobility. To assist the local and London economy commensurate with safeguarding the environment. which is often not a desirable achievement in a world of finite resources and environmental concern. particularly in respect of sensitive local areas. at no or minimal cost to the environment. by restraining road traffic. where it can be served by public transport. SM1 SM2 To encourage the use of sustainable forms of transport. Policy emphasises better provision for walking and cycling. changes to the strategic public transport and road networks in respect of Deptford Church Street junction realignment. improved interchanges. cycling and public transport. people’s activities and the transport network that serves them in order to reduce the need to travel.The general movement policies are: To effectively link major transport generators and attractors to the current and foreseeable transport network. particularly in respect of safer journeys to school. encouraging other environmentally friendly transport and appropriate traffic management and calming measures. Generally. SM3 pedestrians. people with disabilities. the following priorities should be considered in preparing development proposals and transport policies and projects: i. particularly major generators of travel demand. a high frequency Metro style rail network of turn up and go services. Thames Gateway Bridge and to have regard to notification requirements in respect of a third Blackwall crossing (to Silvertown Way in L. To promote a fully integrated public transport system that is extensive in coverage and meets the needs of residents. workers and visitors in the Borough.
55% in Woolwich Riverside and 51% in Woolwich Common. and a London Metro. Walking also makes up an important element of all journeys for which provision needs to be made. Public transport is therefore an essential form of movement for travel to work and services for a large proportion of the population. It is primarily road traffic which has caused the whole of the Borough to be declared an Air Quality Management Area. However.Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 7. the Woolwich Ferry and the bus service through the Blackwall Tunnel. and iii) reduce the need to travel especially by car. the Mayor’s London Plan and Transport Strategy.4 7. leisure facilities and services by public transport. Many areas of the Borough are also in need of comprehensive traffic calming and problems associated with parking around stations and in town centres needs to be addressed. Proposals are already under consideration for a South London Metro which would include the rail services in the Borough provided by South East Trains – the North Kent Line is a pilot scheme for South London Metro. creates more hazards for both cyclists and pedestrians. Thames Gateway Bridge and DLR (Woolwich) extension also need comprehensive public transport (server) strategies as part of the scheme. Express and orbital routes also need to be developed. and providing for Borough needs are reflected in the range of Movement policies in the Plan. The objectives of Government guidance in PPG13 . the claims of the car are restrained in order to safeguard the 7. shopping.3 7. regional. in contrast to 27% in Coldharbour and New Eltham.This traffic puts increased pressure on local. as do links to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital. There is an existing capacity problem on rail routes. which prevents an increase in services. turn up and go.Transport are to integrate planning and transport at the national. causes traffic accidents and injury and reduces the efficiency of bus services.This has the effect of forcing more people into private cars. The main areas of public transport deficiency are the limited cross-river service. further reducing the revenue collected and increasing congestion on the roads. strategic and local level to: i) promote more sustainable transport choices.g.5 7. The Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001) includes various proposals for improving rail services in London including a new rail crossing of the Thames at Woolwich (DLR). this is scheduled to open in early 2009. links between North and South in the Borough and Thamesmead. For example road improvement benefits the motorist. walking and cycling. environmentally sensitive roads. service. This planning guidance. ii) promote accessibility to jobs.The only cross-river facilities for non-car owners are the foot tunnels.A major problem facing the travelling public in the Borough can be deterioration in service provision as bus routes are re-organised. especially on the North Kent Line.The Council would like to see better enforcement of traffic restrictions. Construction has started on the DLR extension to Woolwich. But this disguises significant differences between areas with wards in the north of the Borough having very high rates of car and van non availability e. These cross-river facilities have been improved by the completion of the Jubilee Line Extension to Greenwich Peninsula and the Docklands Light Rail Extension from the Isle of Dogs southwards to Greenwich and Lewisham. Road transport is seriously affected by the amount of traffic commuting through the Borough. reduced or simply scrapped. Transport for London are responsible for procuring and subsidising bus services provided under tender by private bus operators. adds to problems with local air quality.2 The 2001 Census indicated that 41% of households do not have access to a car or van. Bus links to the Jubilee Line North Greenwich Station from the South of the Borough need to be improved. Most services in the Borough are provided by London Central and Stagecoach Selkent. For example 76% of traffic travelling North through the Blackwall Tunnel in the morning peak hour originates outside the Borough.6 130 MOVEMENT .
cycle networks and pedestrian networks. anti poverty and equal opportunities. developers should pay regard to: i. minority ethnic groups. as relevant. The policies may also help improve the environment by reducing traffic jams. vi. MOVEMENT 131 .environment and the legitimate demands of those without access to a car. M2 The Council will normally require a Transport Assessment of developments that employ a large workforce and/or attract significant numbers of trips. as well as reducing the number of road traffic accidents. In addition the policy will have additional benefits for health. cyclists and public transport users first.The scope of the assessment will reflect the scale of the development and the extent of the transport implications. iv. people with disabilities. locating major activities such as schools and shops at public transport. Close liaison with Transport for London (TfL) and the relevant railway undertakers will be necessary.The emphasis in the Plan towards sustainable forms of transport such as public transport. building into highways networks traffic calming and design criteria for speeds no greater than 20 mph and the creation of home zones. and increasing the number of ‘safe’ places for children to play. walking and cycling is also to ensure that the mobility needs of women. people with disabilities and non-car owners are catered for. building into development costings provision for segregated roadways for Waterfront Transit (see Policy M10) as well as more conventional highways. it has also resulted in a significant decline in “physical activity”.7 The Council’s transport policy of prioritising reduction in the use of private cars and increasing the use of public transport and walking or cycling.8 Policies Development and Transport .General Principles M1 When planning transport provision for single large developments and extensive sites where comprehensive development can take place. 7. iii. stroke and obesity. Existing and proposed utilisation of public transport and impact upon capacity of networks. Reliance on motorised transport is not simply a cause of air pollution and traffic congestion. The best method to increase physical activity is to try to incorporate it into the normal daily routine by promoting walking or cycling to the shops or to work and by promoting accessible public transport. v. Increased provision of ‘safe’. well-lit walking areas and cycle lanes may be necessary prerequisites for persuading people to make more journeys by these means. Transport policies and provision also play a key role in serving the main Council objectives of regeneration. arranging highways networks after these priorities. 7. younger and older people. designing for the needs of pedestrians. can make a substantial contribution to achieving improvements in outdoor air quality. including meeting Health of the Nation targets for coronary heart disease. reducing the divisions between communities made by major urban routes. ii. The needs of the Dome and Waterfront pose particular opportunities and challenges in respect of transport. cycling and pedestrian nodes.
9 In order to provide development and its consequent transport requirements in a sustainable way this policy is geared towards securing sustainable development compatible with the wider objectives of the UDP. Co-ordination of TP’s between different sites can bring benefits. minimise the need for car-based trips (especially single-occupant trips) and. PPG13 promotes the widespread use of travel plans amongst businesses. Public Transport Extension of the Public Transport Network M4 The Council will advocate and work in partnership with relevant agencies to extend public transport into the following under-served parts of the Borough. including the Jubilee Line North Greenwich Station. Travel Plans M3 Development proposals that will have a significant transport implication will be required to be accompanied by a Travel Plan before any granting of planning permission.Travel Plans are secured and agreed as part of the planning process. TPs are appropriate for a range of development types which generate a significant level of travel demand. the developer will be expected to liaise with the Council to determine an appropriate transport strategy for the scheme. Thamesmead.The implementation of Travel Plans will be secured through a condition or planning obligation on the planning permission in line with Policy SC2. Reason 7. ii. In the early stages of any major development proposal. reduced parking and traffic reduction targets in this UDP. leisure. and 132 MOVEMENT . iii. schools. Planning agreements and conditions on planning permissions in line with Policy SC2 may be used in pursuit of this policy.There will be an onus placed on developers that they demonstrate the compatibility of their plans to this policy when submitting a development proposal. As such they contribute to meeting sustainability. use of public transport and car sharing. between residential areas in the South of the Borough and employment areas in the North. are sought.10 Travel Plans (TPs) are useful tools to ensure that a development minimises the adverse environmental consequences of the travel demand that it generates. i. retail. including employment. to poorly served areas of deprivation to ensure these are not isolated by the absence of affordable and reliable services.Reasons 7. where travel is necessary. cycling. they are individually tailored to the development and achievable targets. Annual monitoring (for a 5 year period) allows mechanisms to be put in place to check and improve rates of reduction if necessary. education and health uses. maximise the use of sustainable forms of transport. Single large developments and extensive sites are defined as being of more than 25 dwelling units or more than 500m2. including walking.The Council will use its powers through conditions on planning permissions and S106 agreements to secure the outcomes described in this policy in line with Policy SC2. thus re-enforcing the poverty trap. hospitals and other organisations. in line with those of the Mayor’s Transport Strategy. especially through economies of scale.A TP should aim to minimise the need to travel to and from the site. It goes on to state that “the Government considers that travel plans should be submitted alongside planning applications which are likely to have significant transport implications”.
Public transport generally is sustainable and more available to all and it should be promoted as such. New transport schemes should also be accompanied by comprehensive public transport proposals in order to maximise their catchment potential. Of these 53% never went out of their homes in a given week.iv. In particular improved access to public transport for disadvantaged groups is sought. Reason 7. according to a survey by the Greater London Association for Disabled People.11 These areas are poorly served by public transport.The Disability Discrimination Act requires all buses to be accessible by 2017 and Transport for London intend to achieve this objective sooner. Public transport operators will also be urged to improve the accessibility of their vehicles and rolling stock for the use of people with disabilities and to provide new or improved services. Use of the River 7. M5 Such major new transport developments as the Thames Gateway Bridge and DLR (Woolwich) extension should be accompanied by comprehensive public transport server network strategies. As a guide to developers and public transport operators. Good server networks to existing transport hubs will be promoted. especially to provide access to health and other services.13 Land uses and transport facilities must be integrated. (See Policy SC2).14 M7 The Council will safeguard land and otherwise support the introduction of public transport services on the river.The transport needs of people with disabilities should be integrated into the forward planning and development of the public transport system. Woolwich and Thamesmead. a 400 metre maximum walking distance from a bus stop and an 800 metre standard from a railway station. For relevant developments the Council will also examine the scope for planning obligations for public transport infrastructure in line with Policy SC2. to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital generally. Approximately 7% of the population have difficulties using public transport. improvements to and expansion of bus and rail services will also be sought. v. Accessible Public Transport 7. It is appropriate that where developments will make significant demands on public transport their scope for contributing to public transport provision should be assessed.12 M6 When considering developments that generate and/or attract significant amounts of public transport need/demand the Council will take into account accessibility to and from and of public transport. MOVEMENT 133 .The existing network of public transport should be fully exploited in the interests of efficiency and maximising accessibility. the Waterfront. hinders further development and regeneration and it can exacerbate poverty and social exclusion. particularly between Central London. Greenwich.This causes problems for existing population and industry. will be sought for housing developments. Reason 7. especially to provide improved access to public transport for disadvantaged groups. Capacity and frequency improvements to public transport networks will also be sought. At present many people with disabilities experience specific barriers which either stop or restrict their use of conventional public transport.
Policy M37 considers the use of the river for freight. Crossrail is a Hybrid Bill proposal for national rail links from Maidenhead and Heathrow in the west to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east. Safeguarded and other Rail Schemes M8 The Council supports the following rail schemes which it will pursue with the relevant agencies: i. to link centres and cater for unmet demand in South London. Public transport provision. Development of the Waterfront areas must allow for the introduction of a service (see Movement Schedules). tourism etc.17 7. iii. ii. iv. promote a modal shift from the car and help the area’s regeneration. with connections to existing lines in the Thames Gateway at Abbey Wood. All new infrastructure should be accessible for people with disabilities. It is due to open in 2009. It has the potential to reduce overcrowding on rail services in the Borough and open up new routes across London. Safeguarded rail routes are shown on the Proposals Map. Reason 7. bus services have great potential to make good rail network deficiencies.16 All schemes will be developed with due regard to safeguarding amenity and the environment. The capacity of the DLR between Bank and Lewisham will be improved by increasing the length of trains from 2 to 3 cars. (The Docklands Light Railway (Capacity Enhancement) Order 2005).15 At present the river is under-used for transport.The DLR (Woolwich) extension will overcome the barrier effect of the River Thames. 7. leisure. Lewisham and Peckham should be considered. including riverbus services. A route from Abbey Wood to Victoria via Woolwich. DLR Extension to Woolwich (see proposals map/site schedule m4) Crossrail Project Orbital Rail Services between Abbey Wood and Victoria Station. and Capacity improvements for passengers on rail lines through and at interchanges in the Borough. Capacity limitations on existing networks need to be resolved to ease overcrowding and promote greater use of the system. The Woolwich Ferry is an important existing cross-river link.Reason 7. New piers have been provided at the Royal Arsenal in Woolwich and on the Greenwich Peninsula. Planning applications affecting safeguarded land will be notified to the appropriate promoting bodies.18 134 MOVEMENT . Because of the long development times involved in rail schemes. An orbital rail service is needed to overcome the problems associated with a predominantly radial system. can give links across the River as well as along it to Central London and will give expanded opportunities for work. Crossrail Safeguarding Directions were issued by the Secretary of State for Transport on 22 February 2005. There is need for better bus linkages along the South Circular Road and these and other opportunities for improved east/west public transport will be examined with Transport for London.
The system could be a tram or some form of bus and would incorporate the existing segregated bus route from Charlton to North Greenwich. 7. or by the developer actually constructing the transit roadway as part of the development scheme. as well as for passengers to use buses in general. water mains. interim public transport arrangements. Implement the London Bus Priority Network and London Bus Initiative in its area and otherwise encourage the introduction of suitable bus priority measures in order to improve the reliability and efficiency of bus services. Reason 7. The Mayor has agreed the scheme proceed as a bus based system to be built with upgrade capability to tram. iv. Special attention may be needed for buses at points of traffic congestion and at important junctions. This presents major opportunities in developing. ii. Greenwich Waterfront Transit M10 The Council will promote Greenwich Waterfront Transit (GWT) and ensure that it is fully integrated with development proposals along the route by means of: i. clean fuel systems. land reservations for Transit routes. Support other measures that assist passengers in using buses. Bus lanes also benefit cyclists and must allow for use by them. Reason 7.20 GWT is a public transport system characterised by high levels of route segregation and priority.The accessibility of any system should be a major consideration in its design and preferred choice of technology. increases the efficient use of road space. Measures assisting buses in making the most effective use of road space could include bus lanes.19 Priority for buses. and appropriate design of transit stops and access to them. Development and redevelopment gives opportunity for such improvements. ii. Where possible the Council will press for physical segregation to enforce priority. which carry large numbers of people.21 MOVEMENT 135 . just as is normally expected in respect of other site infrastructure such as sewers. conventional highways etc. quality vehicles and stops. The Council will put forward specific measures in its Interim Local Implementation Plan (ILIP) as appropriate and resources allow. Developments may give opportunities in this respect. • developer contributions to transit in cash (through S106 agreements). iii. The area through which transit will run is characterised by major areas of comprehensive redevelopment. The network will run west to east along the whole Waterfront from Greenwich serving North Greenwich Jubilee Line Station. planning agreements with developers in line with Policy SC2. Woolwich and Thamesmead to Abbey Wood.Bus Priority M9 The Council will: i. bus termini and turning points and bus priority at signals. exemption from banned turns. and • integration of stops with high trip generators. and level access/boarding with step free/gap free platform stops. funding and implementing the system by: • safeguarding of segregated roadways for transit.
Whilst actual implementation of GWT is the highest priority. Transport Interchanges 7.The preferred route for part of Phase 1 (Abbey Wood to Woolwich) has been agreed in principle. but within a reasonable timescale for all parties concerned. In considering proposals for development the Council will seek to retain and improve bus and rail facilities. and this will be operational by 2010. A comprehensive programme of interchange improvements at Greenwich. and this benefit needs to be extended further southwards in the Borough. attempt to ease problems of physical interchange. new transport schemes referred to above (See Policies M8 and M10) will be expected to exploit full interchange with existing services. People with disabilities and those coping with shopping and children. improvements to bus infrastructure and vehicles will promote greater usage. Woolwich and Eltham Town Centres will also be pursued with relevant agencies. In particular. The Council can only advocate solutions to the latter problems. Physical difficulties deter use. Reason 7. and westwards to Deptford/Conways Wharf.7. access for people with disabilities. particularly in respect of personal safety. Retention and Improvement of Public Transport Facilities 7. southwards to Eltham and Kidbrooke. Reason 7. which is one of four new Intermediate Mode schemes proposed in London. transit will be given high levels of priority to ensure fast trip speeds. comprehensible. is crucial in retaining and 136 MOVEMENT .23 Elsewhere with on-street running.The scheme. Consideration should also be given for the provision of cycle access and parking. reliability and punctuality. This will assist securing the contribution. such as bus garages. Consultation on the principle and general alignment of Greenwich Waterfront Transit (GWT) was carried out in Summer 2001. Further detailed consultation on the alignment of additional phases of GWT may lead to safeguarding through Supplementary Guidance and subsequent reviews of the development plan. as do poorly integrated timetabling and different fares and tickets. comprehensive and seamless system promotes passenger convenience and usage. Essential bus infrastructure. is included in the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001). are particularly discriminated against by poorly designed and difficult facilities. bus). The new Jubilee Line station on the Greenwich Peninsula gives a major opportunity for new and expanded bus services to interchange with the Underground. but in its development and development control functions it can. Many rail stations need physical improvement. and improved buses/bus infrastructure. GWT is sought to be in place within the next 5-10 years and developer contributions are time limited. Also.22 7.24 M11 Good interchange within public transport and between public transport and private transport will be sought as opportunities arise.26 M12 The Council will work with relevant agencies on a programme of safer and improved stations.25 Integration of public transport as far as possible into an integrated.27 Improved facilities encourage use of public transport. Developments which improve such facilities will be sympathetically considered by the Council. and will. such as bus garages. cycle. and integration with other transport networks (pedestrian. such as across the River via Blackwall/Thames Gateway Bridge. Development opportunities for this will be exploited where they arise. this should not preclude initial research into the scope for yet further extension.
28 The Council will seek particular provision for women. as male harassment can and does. Any proposals for the extension/intensification of use of London City Airport will be assessed as set out above. etc.improving bus services. Heliports and like facilities will not be permitted in the Borough. unless material considerations arise which would justify or enable development in exceptional circumstances. capacity. Consideration of further service development along routes that are at.. iii. particularly for buses. Women are more dependent on buses than men and form the majority of bus passengers. The whole Borough is considered sensitive to over flying by all types of aircraft due to its predominantly residential nature. existing or planned. Reason 7. Parental facilities should also be available for men. ii. Accessibility M13 An “Accessibility Map” will be drawn up for the Borough to assess the coverage of the area by public transport modes. reduced parking standards where access by alternatives to the car are plentiful and where the economy of the area will not be adversely affected. MOVEMENT 137 . or approaching. although the score for each site will need to be assessed on an individual basis. noise. often associated with child care.As such. Proposals in surrounding areas that are likely to cause over flying. An ‘Accessibility Map’ is an important tool for integrated land use and transport planning – the Public Transport Accessibility Level (PTAL) map developed by TFL is available for this purpose as general guide.Transport or other benefits are generally considered insufficient to outweigh environmental cost and the diversion of resources from more generally available transport facilities. to promote public transport and to guide decisions about the scale and location of development. Reason 7. planning decisions to ensure major and higher density developments are focussed where accessibility is high. such as rooms for feeding. 7. They have particular need in public places. Heliports and Airports M14 Generally. Schemes for redevelopment will be examined to see if relevant new provision could be made.29 It is necessary to know the existing pattern of public transport in the Borough in order to identify areas where it is deficient. to areas where coverage is poor. reductions in existing levels of over flying will be sought and proposals generating an increase in noise and/or frequency will normally be opposed.This will enable: i. Any planning applications for such a proposal would be required to address and make clear environmental impacts when submitted. occur. Flights into Heathrow are becoming an increasing issue for the Borough.30 In a built-up area like the Borough such forms of transport are intrusive. and for women only to wait. vi further service development and extension to be pursued. environmental and/or safety problems will normally be objected to.
Roads Safeguarded Schemes M15 The Council supports the following road schemes. Shooters Hill Road/Well Hall Road Junction Filter Lane Provision (See Proposals Map / Site Schedule m7). and/or adjustment to the road network to give environmental benefit elsewhere through extensive traffic management. Schemes (i). • Easing congestion and permitting traffic management to relieve surrounding areas. trams. These have been developed as a package that will significantly increase access by rail and will provide an improved level of access to the London Thames Gateway area for road based modes. car-based commuting. iii.32 The Council does not support road schemes that lead to a generalised increase in road capacity.This will be a key issue 7.33 138 MOVEMENT . Schemes should also be designed to improve safety and convenience for pedestrians and cyclists. Three possible river crossing schemes have been proposed. iv. All schemes supported by the Council are expected to pay due regard to environmental and aesthetic considerations in their execution and to their potential for creating or improving wildlife habitat. Schemes under this policy are limited in nature and geared to either specific development/economic aims. Third Blackwall Crossing between North Greenwich and Silvertown. especially those related to the economic development of the Borough e.The indicative priority order is: • a DLR extension to Woolwich (see paragraph 7. (iii). possibly intermediate schemes. Schemes (i).. Reason 7.g. Deptford Church Street junction realignment. (See Policy O23).g.16). The continued regeneration of the Docklands area and the Thames Gateway will require the provision of new river crossings. • a bridge between Barking and Thamesmead. and these are included in the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001). Proposals for the existing Beresford Street/Plumstead Road in Woolwich which creates major problems of environmental intrusion and severance are considered in the Town Centres chapter (paragraph 8. transit vehicles etc. (No Safeguarding required as it is within the existing highway . Schemes (ii)(iii).see Proposals Map / Site Schedule m6) Thames Gateway Bridge with a dedicated public transport corridor (for use only by public transport vehicles such as buses. The Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001) states that “It is important for the road crossings to maximise regeneration benefits while minimising encouragement of additional car use. ii. (iii). (iv). and • third Blackwall Crossing between North Greenwich and Silvertown. (iv). (See Proposals Map / Site Schedule m3). (ii). (ii). which would have dedicated lanes for public transport. (See Proposals Map / Site Schedule m2).g. and • Environmental benefits e. Should this crossing proceed the Council will require a tunnel. 7. for which lands will be safeguarded as shown on the Proposals Map: i. Schemes on the Transport for London Road Network (TLRN) will need agreement with TFL. not a bridge. especially if they could be used for more radial. and to give bus priority (where relevant).specific system to be determined).18). e.31 Some Road improvement is necessary to provide for: • Strategic movements.
and in particular for those by coaches and goods vehicles. A complementary approach is to make the best use possible of existing roads. and design of. To provide for longer journeys. the crossings. as well as providing access to land. as set out below: Strategic roads will be roads whose function is: i.34 Road building alone does not relieve congestion.35 New road construction can help meet movement needs. Roads will not be sought where they provide merely an increase in capacity for general traffic. and function as main bus routes. Link strategic roads.Traffic here must not overwhelm the character of an area. Local distribution and access roads are those which: Are used by traffic passing through a particular area. and is therefore not sustainable. To link London to the National Road System serving the rest of the country. viz. Road Hierarchy M17 The Council will designate roads in the Borough as a hierarchy of strategic. To reduce traffic demands on London distributor roads so that. or any future proposal. in association with restraint policies. strategic centres. London distributor. Reason 7. London distributor roads are those which: MOVEMENT 139 .” The Borough is totally opposed to any possible resurrection of. Roads are only to be constructed or improved when they serve primarily other purposes. However. iii.The presumption should be in favour of the better management of the (finite) road space available. and/or as part of a programme of traffic management. ii. but at a financial and land use cost. or in association with major public transport improvements/priority. environmental considerations will still dictate their size. it just provides for otherwise restrained demand. development/regeneration. to link the Thames Gateway Bridge directly to the A2 road or to threaten Oxleas Wood. As such there should be a general presumption in favour of pedestrians. But strategic roads should not be such as to encourage the transfer of trips from public transport to car.in the decision on. and buildings in the immediate vicinity. This can be done by ii. cyclists and buses in the allocation of (scarce) road space. and local distribution and access roads. Reason 7. the design of junctions and the amount of traffic they should carry. The Council will apply the following criteria to highway planning: i. they can provide an adequate level of service and in turn relieve local distribution and access roads of through traffic. iii. As a general rule the effectiveness of the use of roads should be measured in terms of the number of people moved rather than vehicles. General Criteria for Road Schemes M16 In general the Council wishes to keep new road building in the Borough to an absolute minimum.
7. cyclists and people with disabilities. in pursuing schemes of traffic management.36 By definition. due regard would need to be paid to the more vulnerable users pedestrians (especially children).37 M19 140 MOVEMENT . resource availability and road capacities can be a major constraint. the provision of “Home Zones” will be encouraged to change the emphasis of residential roads to environmentally safer roads. Special regard will be paid to the needs of pedestrians and cyclists when devising traffic management proposals. public demand and by reference to an area’s character. Reason 7. Areas for traffic management will be prioritised and progressed in the context of the Borough’s annual Borough Spending Plan (BSP) submission to TFL.This reflects the needs of road safety and the provision of high environmental standards in residential areas. with residential. to improve/conserve the environment. However. Reason 7. sensible and the right time to require developers to incorporate traffic calming measures into the design and construction of highways in housing developments that are to be adopted.Thus the priority of areas for treatment will have to be determined. potential problems will be anticipated and the need for later remedial measures obviated. London distributor roads and local distribution roads. Developments in such areas may be required. Opportunities can also be taken to conserve or improve the physical fabric of such areas. Environmental Areas M18 The Council defines Environmental Areas as those bounded by strategic/TLRN roads. shopping and places of town or landscape value ranking more highly than others in importance. TFL is the Highways Authority for roads designated as part of the Transport for London Roads Network (TLRN). New roads in new housing developments to be adopted will be required to have appropriate traffic calming measures incorporated in them before any dwelling is occupied. This will help assist and achieve conservation and environmental goals. and/or to promote road safety. In such areas traffic management schemes will be devised as necessary to secure the removal of through/extraneous traffic. See also Policy H7. to contribute towards traffic management schemes to mitigate any traffic impacts that may otherwise arise. The relationship of a development and associated scale of traffic generation/attraction to the roads hierarchy will be a material consideration in determining a planning application. shoppers. under a planning obligation. An Air Quality Management Area for the whole Borough has been declared to improve the local environment. the needs of residents.defining roads in the Borough and structuring the use of them accordingly.This will be done principally by an assessment of the severity of the traffic problem in an area.38 It is desirable. and is a statutory consultee on proposals that might affect the network. The roads hierarchy will also guide traffic management and route signing strategies helping ensure appropriate traffic uses the most appropriate route. If introduced at the outset of a development. In managing the hierarchy. Further. visitors and others will take precedence over any traffic demands. in environmental areas.
Reason 7. Eltham and Woolwich Town Centres. Reason 7.Specific Improvements M20 Other specific places where traffic management and environmental improvements will be pursued are as follows: • Greenwich. and to the relationship of the development and access to/from it to public transport. For development with significant traffic generation/attraction potential it would assist the determination of any planning application if the developer were also to submit a statement showing what considerations have been given to minimising road traffic impacts. and East Greenwich. Developments in such areas may be required. • East Greenwich. to contribute towards traffic management schemes to mitigate any traffic impacts that may otherwise arise.Town centre uses will be subject to the sequential approach set out in Policy TC16. to relocate existing development causing traffic generation or attraction problems. shopping and work locations which are suffering badly from the effects of traffic. There will also be a general presumption that major developments should seek to locate in the first instance at the major transport hubs in the Borough . and • As part of a comprehensive programme of works to secure safe routes to schools. MOVEMENT 141 .Woolwich. Relationship of Development to the Road Hierarchy and Town Centres M21 Development proposals generating or attracting significant amounts of traffic must pay full regard to the Road Hierarchy and environmental areas. Extensions to existing developments that exacerbate these problems will not be granted planning permission. Greenwich is a Conservation Area and World Heritage Site containing buildings and attractions of international importance. Plumstead and Deptford have considerable areas of deprivation. Eltham and Greenwich Town Centres.39 These are important residential. Such development will not normally be permitted in locations other than those immediately or highly adjacent to at least a London distributor or a higher order road. and Greenwich Peninsula / North Greenwich Station. promote good travel habits in children and give benefits to areas generally where they are sited. The traffic volume is high and comprises a large proportion of heavy vehicles. Relocation of High Traffic Generators M22 The Council will undertake as need and resources dictate.40 In order to protect the local environment and the local road system from heavy traffic.The Council believes that in the context of environmental sustainability all agencies have a role in the common stewardship of the environment and should be able to demonstrate that their proposed actions have no significant detriment. In addition. • Plumstead. development proposals likely to generate or attract significant amounts of traffic will not normally be permitted in such areas. • Deptford. under a planning obligation. A safe routes to school programme will encourage less car use.
Such gardens are an important street amenity and their complete loss to parking will not be considered. This applies not only to new. Because of the transitional character of the Borough the “Inner London” standards should apply to Greenwich Town Centre and other areas with a high PTAL rating. but also existing.41 Control and management of land use can help to prevent traffic and environmental problems arising. gross floor space) the onus should first be on the developer to justify the scale of provision proposed by reference to parking already available in the whole town centre. m. Otherwise standards set out above in (iii) will apply. iii. 142 MOVEMENT . iv. B1. ii. M24 For Shops (Use Class A1) the following principles and standards will apply. B2.000 100-600 For the purpose of this policy “employment generating development” will apply to Use Classes A2.Reason 7. M25 For residential developments the maximum provision for parking should be one space per unit. For non-food retail warehouses the onus should first be on the developer to justify the scale of provision proposed. For large shops (in excess of 500 sq. and the parking strategy determined for a town centre. ii. and where there is adequate on street parking space. Car Parking Standards M23 The standards for car parking for new developments in The London Plan should be applied. where this would necessitate the complete loss of front gardens. Generally there should be no specific provision for visitor parking. Generally. i. B8. for small shops parking provision off site is not required.These apply to employment generating development and are maxima. Otherwise standards for retail uses as set out in the Mayor’s London Plan will apply as set out in Table M2. The standards are maxima. public transport accessibility. For conversions one space (maximum) off street for every additional unit should be provided except: i. Exceptions will be judged on their merits. The first principle to be applied is that generally these should be located in town centres (large and small shops) or established parades (small shops). land uses and development. and “Outer” elsewhere in the Borough viz: Area Inner London (Greenwich Town Centre and areas with a high PTAL rating) Outer London (Rest of the Borough) One off street space per m2 gross floor space: 600-1.
. iii.g. iii. lower than 1:1 provision of off-street parking may be inappropriate. M27 In all cases decisions on parking provision should also incorporate a consideration of the following principles: i. enable schemes to fit into central urban sites. cycle and pedestrian provision through S106 agreements. In lieu. Theatres. agreement with the developer that pricing and management structures should be subject to Council approval. ii. however. Other large institutional developments e. reduce the land-take of development. provision for people with disabilities (‘Reducing Mobility Handicaps’ by the Institute of Highways and Transportation is a relevant guide).M26 Parking standards for other developments will be as follows:These are maxima. and in areas of high public transport accessibility standards should be even lower i. i. Restaurants. There is. the environment. Hotels. They give opportunity as an effective tool of traffic restraint and reduction assisting the Council to meet its obligations under the Road Traffic Reduction Act. an inevitable tension with regeneration/redevelopment objectives which needs to be resolved. with each to be considered on its merits. Parking controls can have a major impact on how people choose to travel. public spaces etc. to be determined on its merits. spaces that are under-utilised can be released and re-used for other purposes e.. developers would be expected to contribute to public transport.g. other development. Sheltered/nursing homes: One space for every 3 separate dwelling units. public transport and other alternatives. Bed & Breakfasts. 7. In residential areas where on street parking is already under pressure. equity and the management of the overall stock of car parking provision.44 MOVEMENT 143 .42 The London Plan recommends maximum levels of parking for broad classes of development. particularly in the case of large shopping and mixed use developments. The standards described attempt to strike a reasonable balance between the needs of a development and a reasonable desire to have car access and considerations of sustainability. ii. that spaces provided in a scheme are generally available and not use specific. In some such circumstances (almost) zero provision of car parking would be appropriate. iv. the developer to provide a justification for parking levels proposed. monitoring and reviews of usage over time so that as public transport improves and car usage declines.43 7. promote linked-trips and access to development for those without use of a car and to tackle congestion. Public Houses. even less parking provision than might otherwise be considered acceptable or appropriate. hospitals:A comprehensive parking strategy will be required of the developer. Reasons for M23 to M27 7. v. Maximum standards should be used as part of a package of measures to promote sustainable transport choices. Leisure Facilities etc. landscaping.e.
Provision for emergency service access must also be made.45 New developments where relevant should contribute to transport infrastructure as a community benefit in order that they are served in a sustainable way. the Council will seek developer contributions and apply conditions on planning permissions. Reason 7. ii. in line with Policy SC2. housing.46 Adequate space for turning. provision for cyclists. shopping and commercial developments will be expected to provide adequate service areas. sight lines. In particular where it is not possible or desirable to include parking spaces in a development the Council may consider an acceptable alternative to be a contribution from the developer towards the following. In these instances alternative provision or alternative contributions would be sought. in priority order: i. v.. especially where emergency vehicle access is concerned. and viii public off street parking. vi. road network improvements. minimising intrusion into the street scene and potentially hazardous manoeuvres on the public highway. road safety schemes controlled parking zone(s). 144 MOVEMENT . vii improvement to Public Transport. provision for pedestrians.Community Benefits M28 Generally. Planning permission may be refused if standards are inadequate. traffic management. etc. is necessary to service developments properly. Reason 7. Service Areas M29 New industrial. at the same time. as far as possible within the curtilage of the development. For some developments no substantive general parking may be desirable. for the following community benefits. while. iv. and so that vehicles can leave the site forwards. loading/unloading. iii.
v. Private residential gardens play an important amenity and ecological role in urban areas and make a positive contribution to the street scene. and certain important routes would particularly benefit by such a package of control and provision. especially around rail stations and in areas of need. ii. Developments will need to take into account parking policies in the Borough. by a number of types of transport. would be where on-street parking would aggravate the safety and free flow of traffic and pedestrians in the area. some provision for off-street public car parks is necessary. iv. However. and where public transport is an alternative. where congestion would arise.Off-Street Public Parking M30 Having regard to the principle of sustainability in modes of transport. Necessary parking to facilitate interchange with public transport is also necessary in the main centres of the Borough. It is necessary to regard all Parking Policies as being complementary. v. Greenwich). However. M31 For each town centre a comprehensive car parking strategy will be prepared. Eltham. iii. Where environmental benefits would be gained. ii. and economic vitality of the town centre. where such off-street parking could be contemplated. the Council will seek to establish appropriate off-street public parking in the following areas: i. commensurate with safeguarding the needs of local residents. prevention of long stay commuter parking. iii. areas of need.Their loss to bland tarmac or paved areas is.). Transport interchanges (Woolwich.Together they are designed to ensure sufficient access to important activities (work. in particular compatibility with town centre parking strategies will be required. etc. extension of CPZ areas. such development does not require planning permission and the Council will therefore seek to bring the conversion of private residential garden space to off-street car parking fully within planning control. In connection with traffic management schemes.47 As a corollary to on-street parking restrictions. 7. and where scope exists through the use of parts of estate greens to provide off-street parking commensurate with safeguarding local environmental standards. retrograde. accordingly. Matters to consider would include the: i. care will be exercised in not providing too lavish a level of public parking in certain areas where it would encourage inappropriate levels of car use to the detriment of the environment. Reason for M30 and M31 7. environmentally important areas. An exceptional circumstance. Main commercial/shopping/service centres. Parking can be controlled by a combination of time and/or price to ensure its most effective and appropriate use.49 MOVEMENT 145 . volume of spaces and pricing. In housing estates where on-street parking is a problem. adequate Kiss and Ride and taxi facilities will also be sought at rail and bus stations.48 7. needs of shoppers/visitors. iv. shopping. environmental standards and the beneficial functioning of land and business. Town Centres.
These should be sufficient in number. and developer contributions to cycle provision/networks will also be sought as appropriate in line with Policy SC2. drying out or changing clothes on arrival in bad weather. Cycling can give those otherwise less mobile in the Borough. It will be promoted through a variety of mechanisms including the London Cycling Action Plan. Where possible these will be physically segregated from other road users. will be expected to provide secure cycle storage/parking spaces. iv. access to cheap. unobtrusive.Cycling M32 Cycling will be promoted in the Borough. quiet. While segregated cycle routes are often the safest. Existing. New residential developments. Providing cycle routes in accordance with the London Cycle Network (LCN). as segregation is often not achievable. Providing cycle parking facilities. safe cycle routes to schools will also be implemented. iii. the riverside walk and the Green Chain will be examined in this context. However. the unwaged and those residents living in. particularly schemes with flats. or experiencing poverty). major new developments will be expected to provide secure cycle parking and facilities for showers. as appropriate. In particular. 146 MOVEMENT .Thames Cycle Route and evolving local network (see Map 11). Other physical provision. The Borough will press relevant agencies to maintain/provide free cycle carriage on rail/riverbus. (women. the provision of cycle routes will not be conditioned on this. the young. The use of footpaths in general. Reason 7. Cycle parking standards are shown in Table M1. and cycle use of bus lanes will be promoted. personal doorto-door and efficient transport. safe and in well-lit areas. such as improved junction design will also be implemented where possible and required. unsuitable facilities for cycle parking also need to be reviewed. road and traffic management schemes by: i. ii. Freeing cyclists from the restrictions of existing and proposed traffic management schemes. Specific provision for the cyclist will encourage greater use of the bike. non-polluting and efficient relative to resources consumed. as will their provision in association with new development and road schemes. As a standard condition.50 Cycling is beneficial to the individual. particularly in conjunction with major traffic attractors/generators and new developments. The needs of cyclists will be particularly pursued in all new development. (See Table M1). Provision for secure cycle parking and other cyclists needs will be a condition on planning permissions for major new developments. that use must be made safe.
Map 11: Cycle Network © Crown copyright Proposed London Strategic Network Existing London Strategic Network Proposed Thames Cycle Route and links Existing Thames Cycle Routes and links MOVEMENT 147 .
Centres where it will be particularly sought are at Woolwich. Use its powers of development control in the pedestrian’s interests and in its role as Highway Authority have regard to the needs of people with disabilities in the design of highway improvements and pedestrianisation schemes and the requirements of people with visual impairments in the design of pedestrian crossings. Every trip has a pedestrian element in it.51 Walking is an important means of travel in its own right. In determining planning applications and securing S106 agreements in line with Policy SC2. such as children and those without direct access to cars. In particular. signed. Ensure safe and convenient facilities for crossing roads and at transport interchanges. as appropriate but especially in Town Centres.Pedestrians M33 High standards of pedestrian safety. ensuring they are well lit. Expand the development of a network of pedestrian only priority routes. viii. It will be promoted through a variety of mechanisms including the Walking Plan for London. Support improvement of the river foot tunnels at Greenwich and Woolwich. People with Disabilities . iv. ensure the needs of pedestrians and people with disabilities are fully provided for. ii. In particular the Council will seek to: i. iii. New developments and the redevelopment of existing public areas should seek to deal with such problems and will be assessed accordingly. safe and well maintained. Generally improve the pedestrian environment. 7. When introducing road safety measures. road closure and redevelopment schemes. So will provision of a segregated network of paths linking major centres and open spaces by the incorporation of existing paths and the use of opportunities afforded by the riverside. Safety and convenience are major objectives.Access in Public Areas M34 The Council will take into account the needs of people with disabilities in the exercise of its functions that affect the environment (including planning and development control). vi. should make provision for reserved parking and setting down/picking up points for vehicles for people with disabilities and less mobile people and suitable waiting areas should be provided.Walking is particularly important for certain people. Schemes should allow for this as appropriate. Walking is also an important means of getting to and from public transport services and is involved in most other journeys.52 148 MOVEMENT . Plumstead and Eltham. look first of all at mechanisms to modify or calm driver behaviour rather than restricting ease of pedestrian movement. and accounts for about a quarter of all London’s journeys. Reason 7. vii. Green Chain. Pedestrianisation will be sought where possible. new development to which the public will have access. Pedestrianisation and better pedestrian facilities can provide major townscape and environmental benefits. Introduce pedestrian (priority) areas. Greenwich. accessibility and convenience will be promoted by the Council. Many pedestrian facilities are capable of shared use with and for the benefit of cyclists. A safe pedestrian environment is particularly important for women and older people who would otherwise hesitate to go out for fear of harassment and attack. Careful design of the pedestrian environment to enable access for people with disabilities is also particularly important. so provision is important. v. open spaces.
(See Policies D1 and M27). and that Strategic and London Distributor roads are the main freight network.Reason 7. By 2000 almost 70% of pedestrian crossings in the Borough were accessible to people with disabilities. leisure facilities. adequate provision must be made for the parking of vehicles to set down and pick up passengers close to Town Centres.54 7. Often this need can only be met by organisations with specific expertise and operating outside the framework of more conventional forms of transport. which are designed to meet the transport needs of community groups and people with disabilities. pinch points. Where lorry traffic is considered acceptable. door-to-door transport to get about at all. It is recognised that the transport needs of community groups and people with disabilities are inadequately served by other forms of transport. iv. and conditions on relevant planning permissions that require the applicant to have a freight movement policy that is approved by the Council. etc. MOVEMENT 149 . Mobility Schemes The Council will support. In general. open spaces. the provision of community transport initiatives such as Dial-a-Ride.53 The Council constructs and manages public buildings. as far as possible. difficult roads in conjunction with land use areas of high sensitivity (Conservation Areas. Reason 7. Many people with disabilities need specialist. ii. Gadabout. As resources allow and where necessary. Development proposals need to allow for reserved parking and setting down points near the centre of towns. the programme of dropped kerbs initiated by the Council will be sustained. residential roads being used only in the last resort for direct access. v. as resources permit. only Strategic Routes are really capable of accepting major lorry flows. the provision of noise insulation for properties adversely affected will be sought. For example. Taxi-Card and the community transport scheme. streets. iii. 7.The Council recognises that for reasons of safety and cost effectiveness.55 7.57 Lorries using narrow. etc. these will be changed to permit access and use by people with disabilities. the provision of grants to purchase and operate mini buses for community and voluntary sector groups is best achieved in partnership with local community transport operators. and encouraging developments that minimise freight movement by road. road improvement.TFL is a key partner in developing freight strategies. local area lorry bans. While conventional public transport remains inaccessible to many people with disabilities.This will involve consideration with other road authorities of: i.56 Freight Restriction on Road Freight M35 Road freight movements should be confined to suitable routes.) are particularly intrusive and environmentally damaging. Opportunities to provide reserved parking spaces for Dial-a-Ride and community transport vehicles adjacent to seated waiting areas for older people with disabilities in developments will be examined where relevant. designation and signing of lorry routes. residential streets.
This is within the Borough’s designated Aggregates Zone and is used for the transshipment of aggregates. rail sidings and wharves without detriment to the environment. Relevant proposals may be refused planning permission if they are poorly related to such areas.59 The advantages of water borne freight are similar to those of rail. Policy W5 provides specific policy guidance on wharves which are formally safeguarded for river-based freight traffic. should be considered as available. Transference to rail can help ease traffic congestion on roads. sidings. The use to be made of the rail system for freight will be an important consideration in determining relevant planning applications Reason 7. Areas of High Freight Accessibility are most likely to be those where close access is possible to the strategic road network. with a view to their relocation. Reason 7. Reason for M38 and M39 7. subject to appropriate environmental and amenity safeguards.Rail Freight M36 In association with the Strategic Rail Authority. Areas of High Freight Accessibility M38 Developments generating or attracting large amounts of freight traffic will normally be expected to locate within areas of high freight accessibility. The main rail freight facility in the Borough is at Angerstein Wharf. Network Rail and the rail freight operators the Council will do all in its power to encourage the greater use of the rail system to carry freight.60 Many problems of freight traffic can be avoided by appropriately locating relevant land uses to begin with. buildings. Land west of White Hart Road is also designated as a rail freight site. (See Policy W5). The use to be made of existing or proposed wharves will be an important consideration in determining relevant planning applications. 150 MOVEMENT . Adverse Effect of Freight on the Environment M39 Existing land uses generating or attracting large amounts of freight traffic to the detriment of the environment of sensitive areas will be examined. Water Borne Freight M37 The Council will support proposals which increase the proportion of freight in the Borough that is water borne.58 Generally. if necessary. movement of freight by rail is more environmentally acceptable and resource efficient. Proposals using these may be given more sympathetic consideration than those which do not. Some development sites could be integrated into the rail network and grant aid for new track. Much industrial land has water access and existing wharf facilities.These will be designated in due course through supplementary planning guidance. etc. or the provision of more satisfactory means of access.
provision for commuter coach parking will not be made in the Borough. Generally. and other locations that attract significant numbers of tourist coaches. Suitable permanent. coach manoeuvring and parking on site. to accommodate the needs of visitor/tourist coaches commensurate with safeguarding the local environment. Eltham and Woolwich Town Centres. Developments may give opportunities to achieve this as a partnership with the Council. M41 M42 MOVEMENT 151 . Reason 7. replacement off-street provision is required but has yet to be secured. The scale of coach traffic generated will need to be justified. and may be a reason for refusal of planning permission. particularly at visitor attractions such as Greenwich Town Centre. Coach layover has been removed from the Cutty Sark environs as part of an environmental upgrade of the area.Coaches M40 Developments generating/attracting coach traffic (leisure and/or commuter) will need to make provision for dropping off and picking up. Coach Parking Strategies will be drawn up for Greenwich Town Centre/World Heritage Site.61 Coach traffic passing through the Borough and stopping/parking on the street is a problem.At key tourist locations appropriate drop off and layover provision will be sought for visitors coaches.
Services Light Industrial General Industrial Warehouses Food Retail Non-Food Retail Garden Centre Primary Schools Secondary Schools Universities.TABLE M1: CYCLE PARKING STANDARDS Location Category Land Use Location Category Business Offices. Sports Centres. Cinemas Leisure. Wine Bars Fast Food Takeaway Restaurants. Health Centres and Clinics Libraries Hospitals Rail Stations Bus Stations Cycle Parking Standard 1/125m2 with minimum of 2 space 1/250m2 with minimum of 2 spaces 1/500m2 with minimum of 2 spaces 1/500m2 with minimum of 2 spaces Out of town 1/350m2 Town centre/local shopping centre 1/125m2 Out of town 1/1500m2 with minimum of 4 spaces Town centre/local shopping centre 1/300m2 1/300m2 with minimum of 2 spaces 1 space per 10 staff 1 Space per 10 staff/students 1 space per 8 staff/students 1/100m2 with minimum of 2 spaces 1/50m2 with minimum of 2 spaces 1 space per 20 seats with minimum of 2 spaces 1 space per 50 seats with a minimum of 2 spaces 1 space per 10 staff plus 1 space per 20 peak period visitors 1 space per 2 students 1 space per unit 1 space per 5 staff plus 1 space per 5 staff for visitors 1 space per 10 staff plus 1 space per 10 staff for visitors 1 space per 5 staff plus 1 space per 10 staff for visitors See DOT 1996 TAL 3/96 Meet local demand Places of Work B1/A2 B1 B2 B8 Shopping A1 A1 A1 Educational D1 D1 D1 Entertainment A4 A5 A3 D2 D2 Housing Community C2 C3 D1 D1 C2 Transport Source: London Cycle Network Design Manual (1998) 152 MOVEMENT . Swimming Pools Student Accommodation Flats Doctor and Dentist Surgeries. colleges Pubs. Cafes Theatres.
TABLE M2: RETAIL CAR PARKING STANDARDS PTAL 6 inner / 5 outer London & 5 Retail land use Smaller food store (up to 500 sqm GFA) Food supermarket (up to 2.000 sqm GFA) Food superstore (over 2.500 sqm net sales or 4.500 sqm net sales or 4.000 sqm GFA) Non food warehouse Garden centre Town centre / shopping mall Source: London Plan (2004) 4 to 2 1 maximum 1 space per X square metres gross floor area 75 50-35 30 45-30 30-20 18 38-25 60-40 65-45 75-50 25-18 50-30 45-30 50-35 15 30 25 30 MOVEMENT 153 .
154 MOVEMENT .
and the environment within the Borough’s town centres for residents. By virtue of their accessibility and existing diversity of use. iii. STC4 To promote a high standard of design in town centre buildings and public and civic spaces. amenity. and in addition a major visitor destination and an inscribed World Heritage Site. STC3 To safeguard and enhance safety. commercial and public services. District and Local Centres. cycling. Provision of a minimum range of retailing and services will be safeguarded. and linked trips. and its network of Neighbourhood Parades. and to preserve and enhance historic buildings.1. residential.They are preferred locations for larger scale development in retail. ii. service and residential centres for residents. comfort.TC2 and TC3: i. TOWN CENTRES 155 . Greenwich is the Borough’s largest District Centre. leisure and other town centre uses. Six District Centres offer a significant range of both comparison shopping and a supermarket or range of food shops. as set out below and in Tables TC1. Retail developments will be subject to need and sequential testing. commercial viability and sustainability of the Borough’s Town Centres as retail. and the Borough’s largest and second shopping and office employment centres respectively. workers and visitors. security. TOWN CENTRES GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 8. visitors and the business community. District and Local Centres) and Neighbourhood Parades. and are suitable locations for appropriately scaled town centre uses to serve their local catchment. arts. they are considered the most appropriate locations for a range of activities that attract and serve Borough residents. A new Local Centre will be developed by Kidbrooke Station. and other important heritage features.8. Proposals that serve this wider market must respect both its heritage and its service role to local residents. and to reduce congestion and pollution in town centres by promoting public transport. including retailing. Woolwich and Eltham are designated Major Centres. Seven Local Centres offer a moderate range of shopping and service activities. The general policies for Town Centres and retailing are: STC1 To safeguard and improve the vitality. cultural and community facilities. iv. STC5 To improve town centre accessibility by a choice of means of transport. STC2 To support the Borough’s Town Centre hierarchy of Major. employment. walking. leisure and entertainment. The Plan promotes the regeneration and revitalisation of the Borough’s network of Town (Major. access. as part of the Kidbrooke Development Area. They are appropriate locations for a variety of town centre uses scaled to serve the population of their sub-region without harming the vitality and viability of Woolwich or Eltham. usually including a small supermarket. 32 Neighbourhood Parades complement the formal retail heirarchy and typically have less than 20 shops offering basic convenience goods and services within walking distance. leisure.
180 4. plus East Greenwich 2. 3.300 75.950 15.000 177.350 53. 6.460 3.880 61. Collectively they offer a broad mix of facilities.360 9. 9. of which up to c.000 3.850 400 1.TC3 and Proposal Map. Permission at Woolwich Royal Arsenal: 12-14.850 220.880 7. Retail warehouses and supermarkets.350 sqm A3 on Greenwich Peninsula including within the Millennium Dome. Site rear / west of Lidl.750 1.260 64.830 27. 7.000 m2 floorspace) 3 West Greenwich 4 East Greenwich Blackheath 5 Lee Green 5 Plumstead High Street Thamesmead Larger town centres Local Centres & Neighbourhood Parades 6 7 Local Centres.550 365.050 2.000 m2 .300 12.920 25.400 78. services and jobs in locations accessible to the widest range of people by a choice of modes of transport.880 1.850 14.000 10.600 11.370 22.030 78.620 11.000 3.950 287.While retailing normally underpins these 156 TOWN CENTRES .420 43.050 5.850 104.530 0 0 0 0 0 41.250 37.830 116.400 50. 32 Parades 6 ALL CENTRES / PARADES Out-of-centre 7. Blackheath and Lee Green are mainly located in Lewisham.050 3. Reviving the Borough’s town centres is a key objective of the Greenwich Strategy (2003).000 2.000 6.000 500 19.2 Background Town centres provide an important social and economic focus for the districts and communities they serve. Borough records and estimates 2003/4 Notes to Table TC1 1. 5.000 4.000 79. Outline planning permission granted to Meridian Delta Limited for up to 31.100 53. Permission (outline) for non-food retail off Brocklebank Road/Bugsby’s Way. Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 8.500 21. mostly A3 with ancillary/non destination A1 only.550 Sources: GOAD.600 5.570 300 1.250 32.750 8. Permission granted in 2000 at Greenwich Reach East.350 91.000 sqm (gross) A1 and A2 and up to 19.450 9.000 0 21.880 21.930 3.10.200 5.000 m2 floorspace) Woolwich 2 Eltham District Centres 1 (10-30. Major/district centres as defined in the London Plan. mostly on Woolwich Road or Bugsby’s Way.300 4.000 m2 could be A3. See tables TC2. 8. 8 All superstores / retail warehouses Greenwich Peninsula 9 TOTAL 71.300 16.450 n/a 2.300 11. See table TC2 and Proposal Map 4.220 3.450 35.TABLE TC1:TOWN CENTRE HIERARCHY AND TOTAL RETAIL (A1/2/3) FLOORSPACE Location Total floorspace (m2 gross) Durable / Convenience Service / comparison Other Vacant Planning Permission Major Centres 1 (50-100.200 66. Excludes stand-alone local shops.050 8.000 5.400 12.500 6.950 12.000 4.
Greenwich is the most significant of the Borough’s District Centres as designated in the London Plan. Activities such as tourism. It offers a major opportunity to diversify and transform Woolwich by stimulating the re-use of town centre development sites and redundant buildings. other regeneration programmes and the planned extension of the Docklands Light Railway. and a preferred location for employment. the Royal Observatory and the former Royal Naval College (a campus for Greenwich University and 8.5 8.4 8.These include Bluewater and concentrations of retail warehousing such as Charlton. UK leisure spending doubled in real terms in the last quarter of the 20th Century. and office employment. creating a demand for extended opening hours for retail and leisure activities. and increasing vacancy levels that threaten their retail role and viability. The Council is using its role as planning authority to ensure that the Arsenal integrates with and complements the existing town centre. and recognised to be in need of regeneration. have led to a selective resurgence in town centre fortunes.other activities.Woolwich is experiencing renewed investment and interest stimulated by regeneration of the historic Woolwich Royal Arsenal. Some of the Borough’s town centres have experienced a decline in both convenience and durable goods shopping. Woolwich is constrained to the north by the Thames.6 8. civic and community services. a figure likely to be significantly exceeded as other sites come forward over the Plan period. On the other. Woolwich is the Borough’s priority location for major retail and multiplex development. yet access to the Royal Arsenal. including the assembly and compulsory purchase of key development sites.8 TOWN CENTRES 157 . in conjunction with other social trends and a buoyant economy in the late 1990’s. In this regard the threat to the retail role of some of the Borough’s centres is also an opportunity. rather than competing with existing retail functions in Woolwich. the Greenwich Retail Study (2002 & 2005 Update) notes that Woolwich remains vulnerable to competition and needs to improve its retail offer and market share to consolidate its recovery.The western end of the Arsenal and the adjacent Warren Lane development site are being promoted for mixed-use development including commercial leisure uses such as a multiplex cinema. leisure. Through the Woolwich Regeneration Agency the Council is also taking a more proactive role. It is therefore important that on the one hand planning policies for the Borough both promote retail investment and protect the retail activity that remains. The Arsenal is being redeveloped for a mix of uses including heritage tourism. An increasing number of people are working hours that differ from the traditional working week. internationally famous for its historic monuments. 8. including the National Maritime Museum. Part of the town centre falls within the inscribed Greenwich Maritime World Heritage Site. the Borough’s town centres face stiff competition from out-of-centre retail developments that provide extensive free car parking. In addition the Arsenal redevelopment. Riverside walk and Riverside Park is hampered by the busy A206. alternative or ‘niche’ roles where this would benefit the overall vitality and viability of a centre. tourism and leisure uses. without unduly compromising local services accessible to less mobile residents. they must also facilitate the emergence of complementary. It is designated as a Major Centre in the London Plan.7 8.3 Curbs on further out-of-centre development following introduction of the Sequential Approach in PPS6 Planning for Town Centres. office conversions and planning permissions elsewhere in the town centre provide a development pipeline of at least 3. Borough Town Centres Woolwich is the Borough’s main centre for shopping. community. in partnership with the London Development Agency. However. The redevelopment of redundant sites and conversion of underused premises can allow diversification into more sustainable roles. After a difficult period of general decline and retail contraction in the early to late 1990’s. employment or residential use can in turn boost a flagging retail sector by attracting new customers.000 new dwellings within the town centre.
The DLR has also created new opportunities for commercial. further guidance on design issues in the public realm it set out in the Greenwich Town Centre Streetscape Manual (1999). the needs of visitors. In general the smaller centres contain a lower level of retail activity than larger centres. and the interests of local residents and businesses. concluding that the centre is relatively healthy . 158 TOWN CENTRES . to be updated). and discussed further in the West Greenwich Development Framework. cultural and creative activities on nearby sites in underused parts of Deptford Creek.Trinity Music College).13 Policies CENTRE-SPECIFIC POLICIES TOWN CENTRE TC1 The Council will seek to ensure that the reuse and redevelopment of the Woolwich Royal Arsenal and Warren Lane site integrate and connect with. Local Centres and Neighbourhood Parades primarily offer convenience and ‘top up’ shopping and services to their localities. providing direct access to Canary Wharf and the City of London. Eltham is a designated Major Centre in the London Plan. adopted by the Council as Supplementary Planning Guidance (April 2000. Eltham is also conveniently located for the Green Chain Walk and important visitor attractions including Eltham Palace. They play an essential role in maintaining a sustainable pattern of retailing and service provision within walking distance of the communities they serve.although its modest size leaves it vulnerable to competition from larger. Some such as Plumstead High Street and Blackheath perform niche roles. and have higher levels of service uses and vacancy. Additional retail and leisure refurbishment or redevelopment will be supported within the town centre. and will benefit further from plans to increase the DLR’s passenger capacity. of particular benefit to the less mobile and the large number of households in the Borough that do not have access to a car.The Greenwich Retail Study (2002 & 2005 update) noted it has a stronger retail role than Woolwich. on identified sites and elsewhere as opportunities arise.11 8. Woolwich as the Borough’s most important centre. 8.9 Greenwich received a major boost with the completion of two new stations on the Dockland Light Rail extension to Lewisham. and the Borough’s second largest retail centre.12 8. There is scope for tourism development to capitalise on these historic assets. This is helping to bring forward a range of development proposals. and complement and enhance. with specialist Asian shopping and an extensive range of restaurants respectively. 8. Others such as Blackheath Hill are in prolonged decline with little remaining retail function. It complements Woolwich by providing a community focus for residents in the south of the Borough. In addition to the policies in this Plan. despite having a relatively large number of units.The Plan seeks to balance protection and enhancement of the historic environment. Architectural attractions are complemented by the historic Greenwich Market and a wide range of pubs and restaurants. Greenwich also suffers from heavy through traffic and other environmental problems. Greenwich is a visitor destination of international status. is a significant employment centre and secondary office location. and conflicts between its roles as a major visitor destination and a local shopping centre.The majority of the area within the defined town centre boundary falls within either the West Greenwich or Greenwich Park Conservation Areas. a role that will be enhanced during the seven year South Greenwich SRB5 regeneration programme. competing centres.10 8. District Centres. Tudor Barn and Well Hall Pleasaunce. These are identified on the Proposals Inset Map.
under review). Reason 8. These issues are examined in more detail in the emerging revised Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework.The Royal Arsenal redevelopment is progressing in accordance with the approved Master Plan (1998. The Council will support developments in tourism.The Council aims to ensure that those elements that have yet to be finalised also complement. by facilitating increases in the quality. where heritage uses are concentrated. which are suitable for mixed use. and is being jointly marketed with. adopted as Supplementary Planning Guidance. Collectively these schemes will substantially extend and diversify the town centre. and despite environmental and shopfront improvements is in need of further modernisation. It is a unique part of Britain’s military and industrial heritage.14 The 31-hectare Royal Arsenal site is a designated Mixed Use Area (see Policy W3).15 Woolwich has the largest retail floor space of any centre in the Borough. culture. The Greenwich Retail Study (2002 & 2005 update) identifies a need to claw back substantial trade leakage to surrounding centres. office. leisure. a natural route into Powis Street. residential. and further guidance is provided in The Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 Draft. There is expenditure capacity based on current trends to accommodate a significant increase in both convenience (supermarket) and High Street comparison-shopping. containing 18 listed buildings. but has experienced persistent shop vacancy in its western fringes. and TC2 TC3 TC4 TOWN CENTRES 159 . quantity and variety of retail floor space in the centre. It occupies a pivotal position between the Arsenal and Macbean Street. the centre’s existing functions.a market niche that is growing in importance. A range of potential development sites are identified in the Site Schedules. the surrounding area. currently under review). and most of it is also designated as a Conservation Area. and in particular its retail role. Follow-up work in 2007/8 will also look at opportunities in. and enhance its appeal as a destination for Borough residents and visitors. rather than compete with. revised 2000).17 The Council is seeking replacement uses that will make a similarly broad contribution to the Woolwich economy within a comprehensive mixed-use development. It adjoins.These principles formed the basis of the Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (1998 & 2000 update. Increasing the resident town centre population will in turn support and boost its shops and businesses. Reason 8. and wider integration with. leisure. leisure led development (Site Schedule mu13). It also has a number of underused. the southwestern part of the Royal Arsenal. Town Centres are acknowledged to be suitable locations for retail.Reason 8. equivalent to a 40% increase above currently trading floorspace. The Council seeks to revitalise Woolwich as the Borough’s primary shopping centre. Reason 8. two of which are being converted to residential use. entertainment. the evening economy and town centre living that contribute to the diversity.16 Woolwich will become a major visitor focus but currently lacks appropriate facilities to complement its retail and service functions.The Warren Lane (‘teardrop’) site is designated for mixed use. and has potential to consolidate its existing role in value retailing . The Council will seek to ensure that the former Greenwich University Calderwood Street site in Woolwich Town Centre (Site Schedule mu27) is developed for a mix of uses to include activitygenerating town centre uses. It is therefore the Borough’s priority location for major retail investment. older office buildings. vitality and viability of Woolwich.
2002). Development within it should preserve and enhance its essential and unique character and appearance. Part of the site is Grade II Listed. the navy. especially for residents without access to a car. The Council is pursuing a package of measures to reduce the severance caused by Beresford Street/Plumstead Road including traffic calming and visual improvements. the waterfront and the Royal Arsenal. Greenwich Town Centre TC7 The Council will protect and enhance the site and setting of the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site.The strong historical association of the area with shipbuilding. royalty and the TC6 160 TOWN CENTRES . A site has been identified for a new transport interchange with the DLR near Woolwich Arsenal station.19 The Council has expressed its formal support for the proposed Docklands Light Railway Extension to Woolwich from City Airport and the Royal Docks.The severance of the Royal Arsenal and Warren Lane sites from the town centre by Beresford Street/Plumstead Road is an impediment to their redevelopment to support town centre regeneration. to Greenwich. and the Council is promoting inclusion of a Crossrail station at Woolwich. Woolwich Town Centre is a suitable location for such major trip generating uses due to its accessibility to staff and the public by a variety of forms of public transport. Reason 8.18 To improve the accessibility of Woolwich by public and non-motorised transport. It formed the sixteenth World Heritage Site in the UK. as defined on the Proposals Map. The Council will safeguard the alignment of Crossrail and the extension of the Docklands Light Railway to Woolwich. safeguarded under Policy M8. and will promote and support the provision of Greenwich Waterfront Transit to serve Woolwich town centre. The Council will seek to secure provision of an integrated transport interchange incorporating Woolwich Arsenal station. Views and vistas to and from the World Heritage Site will also be protected by ensuring that developments in the buffer zone of the Site or directly visible from it are visually sympathetic. It includes the historic centre of the town with the architectural masterpieces and designed landscape of the Old Royal Naval College.The Council also formally supports the Greenwich Waterfront Transit route Abbey Wood. and between the town centre.20 The Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site was inscribed in 1997 under the 1972 World Heritage Convention. Reason 8. via Woolwich.education functions (PPS6 Planning for Town Centres). These schemes are promoted in the London Plan and the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001). in recognition of its outstanding and internationally significant universal value. Safeguarding also remains in place for a rail link by tunnel between Silvertown and Woolwich (See also Policies M8. to reduce the need to travel by car. TC5 The Council will seek to secure safer and more convenient pedestrian and cycle access to and within the town centre. and to improve safety and environmental quality in the town centre. seafaring. M10 and M11). Reason 8. and to capitalise on the opportunity for associated retail and commercial development. It comprises one of the finest and most dramatically sited architectural and landscape ensembles in the British Isles. The safeguarded trans-London Crossrail routes are supported in principle (see Site Schedule m5). which also presents an opportunity for associated retail/commercial development (see Site Schedule mu14 and the Woolwich Interchange Planning Brief. National Maritime Museum and extending outside the town centre to include the Royal Park.
21 PPG15 Planning and Historic Environment states that the inclusion of a site on the World Heritage List highlights its outstanding international importance as a key material consideration to be taken into account by local planning authorities in determining planning applications and listed building consent applications. For shop-fronts and signs within Greenwich Town Centre the Council has produced two design guidelines. The Council will support and promote the multi functional role of Greenwich town centre. and demonstrate the highest standards in design. and there is a need to improve the range of accommodation and evening hospitality and leisure uses. combine with the brilliant architectural expressions of them within a historic landscape. hospitality and leisure uses. education and residential developments will be supported where they preserve and enhance its heritage and environment. Guidance stresses that sites should be protected for the benefit of future generations. and that development proposals affecting sites or their buffer zones require careful scrutiny for their likely effect on sites. vitality and viability of 8. The Council will preserve and promote the enhancement of historic Greenwich town centre.25 TOWN CENTRES 161 .22 TC8 TC9 8. tourism.The Council will seek to capitalise on its cultural strengths as a visitor destination and centre for tertiary education. culture. the business community. whilst ensuring that they do not conflict with the need to protect the heritage qualities that make Maritime Greenwich such a special and unique place. To a significant extent this role shapes its wider commercial functions in retailing. students and visitors. Both the Site and the buffer zone are also protected by Conservation Area designation. to make Greenwich unique. Employment. Reason 8. landscaping. To achieve this planning authorities are advised to formulate specific planning policies for protecting World Heritage Sites. Design Guidance for Shop-fronts in Greenwich Town Centre and Design Guidance for Shop Signs. retailing. At present Greenwich has limited success in attracting overnight visitors. hospitality. and will seek to expand and diversify its business base.The growing prominence of the University of Greenwich and Trinity College of Music (incorporating the Laban Centre for contemporary dance) are helping to improve the profile. and to ensure that new development complements its existing form and character. This visitor destination role is complemented by a growing presence in further and higher education. detailing and finishing. It sets out aims and objectives for the Site and a programme of long and short-term actions. Supplementary Planning Guidance on streetscape design is provided in The Greenwich Town Centre Streetscape Manual (1999) and Greenwich Town Centre Colour Guidance Note (2002). services and leisure activities for the local community is also vitally important (see Policy TC10). maintain its diversity and provide a balanced range of opportunities and services for residents. or their settings in the longer term.measurement of time and distance. Reason 8. The Stockwell Street Planning Brief (2000) provides advice for the largest development site in the core of the town centre (Site Schedule mu3). 8. Advertisements and Illumination in Town Centre. although its role in providing convenience shopping. leisure.24 Greenwich is a well-established international. Refurbishment or new development in Greenwich must be appropriately scaled. respect existing form and character. The Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site Management Plan (2005) provides a framework for the activities that take place in the Site. a sector that offers scope to bring further economic and educational benefits to the Borough.23 To maintain and preserve the architectural integrity and identity of the town centre. national and regional tourist and visitor destination by virtue of its world-class heritage features and specialist markets.
Reason 8. to benefit residents and the tourism economy alike.These two universities accommodate about 10. In accordance with flexibility offered under Policy TC18 exceptions may be made for restaurants that cater to this market. TC10 The Council will safeguard A1 shopping facilities and encourage their development in Greenwich Town Centre to meet the needs of residents. the main retail activity taking place. Applications for change of permitted use from retail (A1 or A2) to restaurants (A3) bars (A4). In new developments with prominent pedestrian frontages food and drink uses (A3. good transport accessibility. Reason 8. and ancillary to. For clarity it should be noted that A3 use applies to the use of a unit for the primary purpose of the sale of food or beverages for consumption on the premises. 162 TOWN CENTRES . proximity to Canary Wharf and the ‘marketability’ of Greenwich. poor management and their proliferation can cause environmental problems. and the Council will use its enforcement powers where appropriate. the Council wishes to manage the overall provision of food and drink uses to secure a greater choice of A3 seated restaurants that offer a good quality evening dining. workers and visitors.26 Greenwich also offers opportunities to expand its currently modest role as a business and office location.There are also a number of smaller. Protection of existing industrial uses. particularly for office and studio workshop-based activities including creative industries. specialist or independent colleges and halls of residence in the wider vicinity including Deptford. bar and take away facilities is more than sufficient (approximately 35 units. However. 8. Greenwich also experiences problems with un-permitted encroachment of snack-oriented A3 activity within A1 shops. and take-aways (A5) will only be permitted within defined shopping frontages in accordance with Policy TC18.29 Markets are a traditional part of the character of Greenwich town centre and a popular attraction for visitors.27 The range of shops in Greenwich barely meets the needs of local residents. The Council will seek improvements in the management and facilities of the town centre’s markets through the cooperation of landowners and stallholders. modernize and diversify the business space available.Greenwich town centre. within core and fringe frontages alone). A4 & A5) should form part of a balanced mix. or 23% as at 2001. Their operations. See the West Greenwich Development Framework (2000.000 students in Greenwich. On the other hand there is a need to increase. Significant commercial development sites elsewhere in the town centre should include a reasonable balance of uses. This necessitates striking an appropriate balance between Greenwich’s various roles and utilizing or moderating pressures for residential development. Whilst the number of restaurant. Under the General Development Order (1987 as revised) such activity is only allowable in A1 shops where it is functionally linked with. to be updated in 2007/8). staff and students provide opportunities for Greenwich companies including local retailing and leisure facilities. 8.28 TC11 Market development will be strictly controlled in Greenwich town centre to protect the amenities of residents and the qualities of the Conservation Area. and are helping to attract new business investment in the town centre area. Additional factors include surplus industrial land. in particular around Deptford Creekside. start up and small business premises will continue to be important where they are viable and well utilized.
including coaches. The Council wishes to manage the overall provision of A3. although scope for expansion in the town centre is limited due to its close proximity to residential areas.Although the lorry ban has improved the situation. under review) and the Site Schedules (mu12. It also currently lacks adequate leisure and youth facilities in relation to the area it serves. positively address its image. pollution and vibration due to its position astride a major traffic route. Additional parking provision will be restricted to an essential minimum. traffic restraints. and to the health and safety of residents.35 TOWN CENTRES 163 . Provision of a new leisure centre is an objective in the Greenwich Strategy.31 TC14 The Council will seek to safeguard and improve the range of shopping. heavy traffic volumes. still pose a threat to the structure of historic buildings. A4 and A5 food and drink uses to secure a greater choice of A3 seated restaurants that offer good quality evening dining. the preferred alternative 8. mu15).TC12 The Council will seek to introduce traffic management.34 8. M28 and M42. and A1 retail representation is stable at 60% (town centre surveys.32 Eltham town centre would benefit from a more clearly defined social and cultural role to complement and enhance its commercial strengths. and therefore that road use priorities in the town centre should prioritise pedestrians and those using more sustainable forms of transport. to benefit residents and the tourism economy alike. In the event that the identified Eltham sites prove unable to accommodate all the capacity identified. 1997.The Greenwich Retail Study (2002) confirms earlier research findings that Eltham is under provided in food retailing. and planning permission has been granted for one on Site Schedule mu2. Reason 8.Tudor Barn and Well Hall Pleasaunce. In accordance with flexibility offered under Policy TC18 exceptions may be made for restaurants that cater to this market. See also Polices M20. employees and visitors. by number of units).33 Eltham is the Borough’s second largest but strongest retail centre for comparison or durable goods. Eltham could take greater advantage of its proximity to the Green Chain Walk and important visitor attractions including Eltham Palace. Eltham Town Centre TC13 The Council will support and promote Eltham as a vibrant community and cultural centre for south Greenwich. Reason 8. restaurant and leisure facilities in Eltham. The SRB5 South Greenwich programme will provide opportunities to improve Eltham’s profile. it is considered that visitors and commuters traveling by private vehicle should be encouraged to use public transport. Reason 8. 8.Waterfront Transit will be promoted and sought to serve the area. Given improved public transport connections to the town centre and through the north of the Borough. and forge stronger connections with its catchment area and communities. improving journey times by public transport. and reducing pollution. bus priority and pedestrian priority schemes to reduce the effects of through traffic on Greenwich town centre and surrounding areas whilst improving convenience and safety for pedestrian. Vacancy rates are very low within the defined retail frontages (6% in 2001 compared to 11% in 1998).30 Greenwich town centre suffers badly from congestion. Development opportunities have been identified in the Eltham Town Centre Development Guidelines. and will encourage the provision of facilities to take better commercial advantage of its tourism potential. 1998 and 2001.
CCTV installation.The nature and extent of these uses will vary between centres.36 Eltham suffers from heavy through traffic. iii. parking controls. simplifying multipurpose trips. iv. Planning conditions or legal agreements will be employed on new developments including reconfigurations to minimize impacts on town centres. the Council will investigate traffic calming. or will be made. Town centres tend to be the focus of public transport networks. TC15 The Council will support and promote measures for bus priority. M26 and M27. traffic patterns or road congestion. Reconfiguration of existing out-of-centre retail and leisure floorspace will be considered against Criteria (iii) – (vi). As resources permit.location for additional supermarket floorspace in the south of the Borough is the new Local Centre as part of the Kidbrooke Development Area (See Policy H4). particularly those suffering from retail decline. Retail or indoor leisure developments or extensions on edge-of-centre or out-of-centre sites will only be acceptable where: i.38 164 TOWN CENTRES . Promoting and protecting diversity can contribute to the vitality and viability of town centres.37 The importance of supporting and enhancing town centres is emphasised in PPS6 Planning for Town Centres and the London Plan. M24. and streetscape improvements in partnership with the local community and the Eltham Town Centre steering group. Reason 8. and would benefit from further environmental improvements in addition to the town centre square project for Passey Place (2000). and improve public and pedestrian safety and comfort in Eltham town centre. conveniently accessible by a choice of modes of transport including walking and cycling. Proposals are. reducing dependence on the private car. There are no sequentially preferable sites. Parking provision is consistent with the relevant standards and principles in Policies M23. and will seek to improve its streetscape and environmental quality. bus priority schemes. The proposal would not demonstrably harm the vitality and viability of an existing shopping centre. There is a need for the development. but would typically include some of the activities 8. to reduce traffic congestion. and extending trading opportunities into the evening and weekends. DEVELOPMENT IN TOWN CENTRES Key Town Centre Uses and the Sequential Approach TC16 Town centres are the preferred location for retailing. vi. leisure and other key town centre uses that attract or serve the public including offices. individually or cumulatively with recent or committed developments. hospitality. These activities will be permitted in town centres. providing the type and scale of development is appropriate to the size and role of the centre in the Borough’s town centre hierarchy. v. the environment. by attracting additional customers. Reason 8. The proposal would not unacceptably impact on residential amenity. offering affordable and sustainable access to a range of facilities and services for all sectors of the community. tourism and cultural facilities. ii.
and there is also scope to provide a medium to large supermarket and other local retail facilities as part of the Kidbrooke redevelopment (see Policy H4).The Retail Study Update (August 2005) will also be material. C1. DIY was the only sector where need was identified up to 2011. In terms of retail warehousing. although other locations have also been identified as suitable for some of these uses (see also Policy T1 for hotels. Reconfiguration of existing retail warehousing may help redress this imbalance e. on Site Schedule mu29. where planning permission has been granted for approximately 31. See also Policy J8 for wholesale uses. In defining a location as ‘out-’ or ‘edge-of-centre’.41 8. In the event need can be established. are thus vulnerable to out-of-centre retail development. Given the conclusions of the Greenwich Retail Study and Update it is not envisaged that further significant retail development will take place outside town centres in the Plan period.39 Town centres are generally underpinned by retailing.40 8. moderate capacity for both in the Eltham catchment. 8.identified in the policy. centre size. For ‘top up’ convenience shopping an assessment of need based on a demonstration that there is a local gap in provision of adequate top up shopping in walking distance of the proposed site will be sufficient. Retail (and leisure) proposals at edge or out-of-centre locations must first demonstrate need. A5.010 new dwellings). but limited capacity in the Greenwich catchment (which includes Charlton and also Greenwich Peninsula. and Policies J4. D1 and D2 of the Use Classes Order (1987 as amended 2005). 8. falling within uses A2. A4. The Mixed Use Site Schedules identify a range of sites to accommodate new town centre retailing.g.42 8. PPS6 Planning for Town Centres confirms that indoor leisure uses (Use Class D2) are also subject to need assessment and the sequential approach.000 sqm of additional retail floorspace within a major mixed development including 10. and is thus preferable to other free-standing out-of-centre locations. taking a flexible approach to store formats in relation to the sites available (see PPS6). A3. The Greenwich Retail Study (Donaldsons 2002) examines retail provision. Hybrid uses which combine wholesale and retail activity will considered individually against the most relevant parts of both policies. alongside overcapacity in some other sectors. J7 and W3 for offices).43 TOWN CENTRES 165 . It concludes that there is capacity underpinned by a need for regeneration for a significant increase in both convenience and comparison shopping floorspace in the Woolwich catchment.This Study is also specifically intended to serve as a capacity model and baseline information source to be updated for any significant retail applications submitted during the Plan period. C1 for community facilities.This policy will therefore apply to all retail uses including retail warehouses and other formats open to the visiting public. distance from defined core shopping frontages and barriers to pedestrian movement will be relevant considerations. unless the retail element is both ancillary and minor in terms of both floorspace and especially turnover.These activities can both benefit from and reinforce proximity to a healthy retail sector. proposals outside or on the edge of town centres must demonstrate that there are no sequentially preferable sites available. to establish whether there is need for any additional retail floorspace in the period to 2011. town centre performance and shopping patterns in the Borough. B1. Planning conditions and/or legal agreements will be applied to out-of-centre retail planning permissions to limit the range of goods sold. Charlton Business Park (see Policy J3) accommodates the borough’s main concentration of out-of-centre retailing and offers scope for linked trips. and to define a maximum floorspace permitted.
Should include the installation and retention of a display window of good design.44 The Council seeks to protect both retail activity and central areas within town centres where retailing is the dominant use.These thresholds reflect existing trends in the Borough. fringe and local shopping frontages are identified on the proposals maps or in Table TC2. it will be applied to an individual block of frontage. subject to the ground floor retail thresholds set out in Policy TC17. and by designating local centres in their entirety as Local Shopping Frontage. In major centres. vitality and viability without unduly constraining opportunities for an acceptable level of diversification. while the level of non-retail facilities in the fringe has risen from 31% to 45% (Council surveys. Reason 8. including evening activities where environmentally appropriate. relevant to the application site. The 50% threshold in fringe and local frontages is intended to limit the loss of retail units in fringe frontages and local centres. generate and not impede pedestrian activity.45 8. At ground floor level a minimum of 70% of Core Frontage. Core frontages are not designated in Local Centres. based on number of units). Being smaller they tend to offer basic convenience or ‘top up’ retailing and local services. This policy will also be applied to new units within designated frontages. should be available for A1 retail use. and greater emphasis will be placed on safeguarding essential local services (see Policy TC19). v.47 166 TOWN CENTRES . Will not be permitted if as a result breaks between occupied A1 premises exceed two units in core frontages or three in fringe or local frontages. In larger centres fringe areas complement core retail frontages by providing locations for specialist shops and services which cannot afford core rents. In Neighbourhood Parades retail representation may be low.Protected Core. In district and local centres the calculation will be applied to the entire frontage designated by core. and 50% of Fringe and Local Frontage. iii.This best serves the interests of shoppers. and keep the shopping frontage active and viable.46 8. ii. or where they form a logical extension to an existing frontage.A4 and A5 uses would occupy more than 25% of all designated frontage premises within that centre 8. Fringe and Local Shopping Frontages TC17 The Council will seek to protect the overall viability of town centres by designating Core (Primary) and Fringe (Secondary) Shopping Frontages in major and district centres. Non retail proposals: i. A1 retail occupancy in core frontages of the Borough’s larger centres declined slightly from 72% to 66% between 1993 and 2001. Retail (A1) representation across all local centres was 52% in 2001. Should directly serve visiting members of the public. rather than comparison shopping opportunities for larger items. Must not result in the loss of an occupied A1 retail unit where reasonable alternative premises are available elsewhere in that centre. and Will not be permitted if as a result either the Use Class category proposed or the combined total of A3. iv. to protect retail choice. fringe or local category. and protects the long-term viability of town centres for retailing. The calculation of the percentage limits on non-A1 uses will be based on linear length of designated shopping frontage. Core. Non-retail (A1) Uses in Protected Shopping Frontages TC18 The Council will support the provision of a range of activity generating non retail uses in town centres.
post office. In such cases the general levels of vacancy in a centre or frontage block. The second objective is to ensure the provision of any essential local service not currently provided within a 400-metre radius. as defined in the policy. which could undermine the centre as a whole. Evidence of active but unsuccessful marketing on realistic terms will be relevant in such cases. or its loss would place the surrounding area more than 400 metres from the nearest alternative. In turn diversity is underpinned by a vital retail sector. Exceptional cases must offer regular evening dining.The third objective is to safeguard other existing A1 retail uses. to facilitate transition to more sustainable patterns of use.Through diversity town centres can better meet the needs and aspirations of local communities. It is intended to avoid stretches of ‘dead’ frontage lacking in pedestrian activity. Essential local facilities in Neighbourhood Parades and freestanding premises TC19 In considering proposals for Neighbourhood Parades and freestanding neighbourhood shops the Council will seek to safeguard existing A1 retail uses and the provision of a minimum range of essential local facilities including a general grocer. social and health facilities within walking distance of residential areas are a valued element of the social fabric and help to minimise social exclusion. Changes to other environmentally suitable uses will be considered where premises are vacant. Exceptions will be made for the loss of health facilities as part of a managed modernisation programme (see Policy C2).49 8. Cultural and Entertainment facilities TC20 The Council will seek to retain premises for arts.They particularly benefit residents without cars or with constrained mobility.51 Local shops. which provides a focus of activity for other uses. Subject to other relevant policies. Reason 8.The Council will consider producing more detailed advice on food and drink uses in a Supplementary Planning Document. exceptions to retail safeguards may be made for community uses.Reason 8. who might otherwise be effectively deprived of the services they provide. and to avoid the fragmentation of retail areas. providing their use does not unacceptably impact on residential amenity or traffic levels. and it can be demonstrated that there is no demand or market for the permitted use or an alternative essential local service not currently represented.48 PPS6 Planning for Town Centres notes that encouraging a diverse range of Key Town Centre Uses within town centres can enhance their vitality and viability. particularly purpose-built facilities of borough-wide significance. newsagent.50 TOWN CENTRES 167 . cultural or entertainment activities for their intended or an equivalent use. and provide a range of local employment. Change of use in any such facility will be opposed if it would result in the loss without replacement of a valued local service. and evidence of active and realistic marketing of the unit for retailing will be relevant considerations. Arts. In determining applications for premises in neighbourhood parades or freestanding local shops the Council will firstly seek to safeguard existing essential local services. or where retail premises are vacant and cannot be let or sold for retailing. and operators may be required to enter into a legal agreement to ensure this remains the case. Exceptions may be made to criterion (iii)–(v) for A3 restaurants. chemist. particularly in Eltham and Greenwich (see Policies TC10 and TC14). the letting history of the premises. doctor and dentist. The policy applies limits to the extent and co-location of non-A1 uses to avoid the loss of a ‘critical mass’ of retail activity in protected frontages. 8.
except where: i. To ensure that offices are not prematurely lost to housing.Town centres also tend to be highly accessible by public transport. parking provision 8. alternative sources of employment. Premises in current office or community use are not lost (see Policies J5 and C2). tourism. Use of Premises Above Shops TC21 The use of vacant or under-used floor space above shops for offices. town centre housing may particularly suit the less mobile including wheelchair users. and Separate and secure access to residential areas is provided. generate jobs and find premises for small business and community uses in these locations. Affordable housing will be sought in developments providing 15 or more dwellings (see Policy H14). cultural or entertainment uses.52 The Greenwich Strategy seeks to promote improved access to. Residential conversion of premises above shops. will normally be acceptable. site servicing and access arrangements are inadequate for the intended purpose. It would result in the loss of reasonable residential accommodation with separate access. Such facilities are typically located in or near town centres. This needs to be balanced against the need to retain residential accommodation as far as is practicable.These are of cumulative social and recreational benefit to local communities. See also Policy J9 for arts-related workspace. vibration and other forms of pollution. and other economic benefits. iii. Housing can also sustainably re use town centre buildings which are vacant or no longer suited to their original purpose (see Policy H1). providing such use is environmentally appropriate. providing: i.53 There is a need to increase commercial viability. iii. arts and cultural use. Town centre living TC22 The Council will promote town centre living through supporting mixed use town centre developments that contain a residential element above ground floor level. Due to the close proximity of shops and other facilities. Dwellings offer a good quality and secure living environment.55 168 TOWN CENTRES . and can generate civic spirit. Reason 8.Reason 8. and provision of dwelling suited to their needs will be encouraged wherever practical. It would unacceptably harm the amenity of neighbouring residents. community activities or other Town Centre Uses will normally be permitted. incorporating where appropriate measures to reduce to reasonable levels noise. and suitable for car free housing. or Parking. ii. and vacant town centre buildings or parts of buildings outside protected shopping frontages that cannot be let or sold for their permitted use. and dwellings overlook public areas wherever practical. ii. evidence of reasonable and active site marketing for the permitted use will be required (see Policy J5). foster development of the evening economy.54 PPS6 Planning for Town Centres notes that increasing town centre population can make a contribution to vitality and viability. In centres with good public transport access. and facilities for. and improve personal safety outside normal business hours. arts. providing a good quality and secure living environment can be created (see Policies D7 and E3). Reason 8. The Policy seeks to prevent the loss of sites and premises for social.
Access to on street parking permits may be restricted by legal agreement. cultural and entertainment events. enhance customer facilities. E1 and E2). whilst acknowledging that background levels of disturbance and/or pollution in town centres should reasonably be expected to exceed those in ‘suburban’ areas.They provide a focal point for day-to-day activities. or other environmental impacts. employees. sets out the Council’s detailed policies to achieve quality in urban design and to safeguard and enhance the built. accessible. The supplementary policies below seek to minimise adverse environmental impacts from retail and town centre activities. comfort and appeal to benefit local residents. URBAN ENVIRONMENT Improving the quality of the built and natural environments of town centres is a policy priority. 8. The Design and Conservation and Environmental Protection chapters. M25. fumes and smells. Environmental protection TC23 Town centre developments will be required where necessary to install or implement appropriate measures to control or mitigate to acceptable levels noise. dust. M26-M30).The Policy aims to prevent. Reason 8. customers. and a venue for outdoor arts. and commuted payments may be sought to improve public transport (see Policies H19. will benefit residents. Proposals will be refused where their environmental impacts would unduly impact on the operation of local businesses or the amenity of nearby residents.56 8.59 Civic spaces such as Cutty Sark Gardens (See The Cutty Sark Gardens Planning Brief.other than for occupants with disabilities is considered unnecessary and undesirable. and promoting quality in design. safe and efficient backdrop for retail and other activities. and businesses. Civic Spaces TC24 Development proposals that would diminish the character and use of town centre civic spaces will be resisted. materials and the layout of buildings and public space. Controlling congestion and pollution. natural and historic environments. and in particular Policies (D1D8.57 TOWN CENTRES 169 .58 The Council seeks to balance general support for commercial activities in town centres with the need to safeguard and enhance their environment. Beresford Square. townscape and activity of the Borough’s town centres. Dial Arch Square and Passey Place make a valuable contribution to the character. 2006). General Gordon Square. Reason 8. employees and customers by creating a more pleasant. refuse storage and litter. minimise or mitigate unacceptable environmental and amenity impacts (see also Policies E1 and E2). vibrations. improve movement and improve servicing within town centres.
often very early in the morning. parking congestion or the flow of traffic especially public transport. Car boot sales are an alternative retail form increasing in popularity. facilities and buildings should be safely accessible to all. and high levels of car trip generation . especially in residential streets.They provide a range of benefits and help to meet local shopping needs. the character of a conservation area or setting of a listed building. but one often involving a significant intensification of use on open land. Such obstructions cause traffic congestion. It will look for opportunities to remove conflicts between on street servicing and bus movements. and potential traffic and parking congestion. Pedestrian and highway safety. Recycling facilities should be provided in car parks of more than 200 spaces.61 Markets are a popular form of traditional retailing. Council policy aims to protect nearby residents and businesses. minimizing or mitigating potential environmental problems. by controlling. ii. carers and parents with buggies. Residential amenity. It also seeks to ensure temporarily occupied sites remain fit for their usual purpose. and accessibility within town centres. Excessive parking provision is a waste of land and can encourage further car use. The usual use of the proposed site and the operation of permanent businesses located in the vicinity. and can create pedestrian hazards such as vehicular movements on footpaths. Reason 8.60 The Council seeks to balance traffic reduction priorities with the need to improve the environmental quality. including people in wheelchairs.The right balance will help to reduce car use overall whilst also reducing illegal parking by customers and delivery vehicles. 170 TOWN CENTRES . storage. residential amenity and other local businesses. iii. vehicle turning and waste storage arrangements in existing shopping frontages when considering applications for new uses. Car parking requirements will be considered in accordance with principles of traffic reduction. On the other hand. Conditions may be imposed to control hours of operation and to ensure that adequate arrangements are made for parking. servicing and cycle parking in all significant new town centre developments. safety. or on the natural environment.Site Access. disrupt bus routes. especially noise at antisocial hours and litter. but can generate problems for the environment. Markets and Car Boot Sales TC27 Where planning permission is required. new markets and or car boot sales will be permitted unless they would unacceptably impact on: i. See Policies M23-M35. proposals for market stalls. site restitution. and the disposal and/or recycling of refuse. young children and older people. existing public parking and the standards in the Movement Chapter. Reason for Policies TC25 & TC26 8. TC26 The Council will seek to improve delivery access. and where necessary to consider imposing restrictions on delivery hours. ramped access and/or lifts for people with reduced mobility. and will likewise expect safe and hygienic arrangements in new developments. Servicing and Parking TC25 Provision should be made for customer access. and play an important role in Woolwich and Greenwich town centres (see also Policy TC11). servicing. including wherever feasible and appropriate drop off points. as well as customers.
It has since dropped back to 16% in 2001. District and Local centres predicated on serving a wider than ‘walk-in’ catchment demonstrate that:. waste disposal. and would not unacceptably impact on residential or workplace amenity.65 TOWN CENTRES 171 . or unless the land in question is a building or is in within the curtilage of a building.63 Hot food take away premises fall within Use Class A5. This can unacceptably reduce safety and increase congestion by impeding traffic. markets and car boot sales may operate without the need for planning permission for up to 14 days in any calendar year unless there is an Article 4 Direction in force (removing General Permitted Development rights). late night noise and traffic. The number of premises in designated centres and parades in food and drink use (A3. and are also commonly associated with environmental and amenity problems such as litter. traffic movements. For this reason they are best located in town centres in accordance with the sequential approach and due to their potential for linked trips to local shops.they serve a need not generally met by existing facilities. and The proposal complies with applicable retail frontage policies and does not jeopardize the provision of an essential local service (see Policies TC17-TC19). and in relation to hot food uses can normally be mitigated by installation of suitable ducting and waste storage facilities.8. Safeguards on amenity and the environment are set out in Policy TC23 (see also E1). nor on the environment or the character of the area. Reason 8. Hot food take-aways will be permitted providing: i. In effect this means that planning permission will always be required unless the site is on undeveloped land.The overall level of food and drink use (including A5 takeaways) in any centre will be limited by policies for core. Additional safeguards may be sought in relation to parking and traffic issues to reduce problems arising from illegal short term parking by customers. A4 and A5) increased from 15% to 18% between 1993 and 1998. iv. iii. The proposed use and the level of activity it generates is appropriate in the location proposed. These apply a maximum threshold of 25% of premises for all food and drink uses to safeguard retailing and ensure a reasonable mix of facilities are available to local residents. 8. that is land with no associated buildings or with no permitted or established use (for the avoidance of doubt car parking and playing fields constitute development). road or pedestrian safety. fringe and local frontages (TC17 and TC18). Hot food uses will need to be designed and sited with additional care in areas of special character. and because background activity levels are usually higher. Proposals outside Major. and restrictions on opening hours. bus movements.64 8. that there are no sequentially preferable sites available and that they are conveniently and safely accessible by public transport as well as by cycle and on foot. creating pressures on premises in other uses. They often attract significant numbers of customers. Customer visits by car would not unacceptably impact on existing or proposed public transport provision. cyclist and pedestrians.62 Under the General Permitted Development Order (1995) Part 4 Class B. fumes. ii. Hot food take-away outlets including drive-through restaurants TC28 Town Centres and Neighbourhood Parades are the preferred location for hot food take-away establishments including drive-through restaurants (Use Class A5).
68 172 TOWN CENTRES . often including a small supermarket. and it is demonstrated that there are no sequentially preferable sites available sufficient to accommodate the retail element on a stand alone basis. and in Neighbourhood Parades on sites abutting or within the existing shopping parade. PPS6 and PPG13. or in Tables TC2 and TC3. forecourt retail (Use Class A1) floorspace shall not exceed 150 m2 (net) unless the proposal meets a demonstrable local need not served by existing local convenience shops.These are defined on the Proposals and Inset Maps. ii. in accordance with Guidance in PPG1. site servicing or other on-site activities. iii. On sites outside defined retail centres and parades. v. where existing shops tend to be much smaller than 150 m2. traffic levels. providing: i. The proposal will not unacceptably impact on residential amenity or the environment. traffic congestion or highway safety. Policy TC16 and its Reasons provide further advice on need and sequential testing. and opposes them in out-of-centre locations where they do not. and will therefore generate shopping trips in its own right. District and Local Centres. retail development on a site that is not abutting or wholly within it could undermine the parade by functioning as a rival destination and overwhelming existing convenience stores. The shop is safely and conveniently accessible to pedestrians and cyclists. District and Local Centres are less vulnerable to competition from forecourt retail premises by virtue of their existing size and range of retailing. and Dedicated parking is provided for shop customers without obstructing the forecourt. Major.66 The Council seeks to maintain and support the existing network of town centres and shopping parades by focusing new retail investment within such locations.42 notes that the test of need for small convenience shopping proposals will take account of gaps in local provision. Reason 8. Accordingly considerations such as need and the sequential approach are applicable. iv. Recent changes in filling station operations have seen retail functions expand from ancillary to general retailing. is comparable to ‘stand alone’ retail units being twice the size of a typical cornershop. as above this figure it is considered that the retail function is a use in its own right. Whereas competition within the parade is acceptable. The proposal will not unacceptably impact on public transport operations. Other local shops and services that rely on customers attracted to existing convenience shops in the parade then become vulnerable. Paragraph 8.67 8. The policy supports forecourt-retailing proposals where they contribute to the vitality and viability of town centres. The Policy will be interpreted more strictly where proposals would adversely affect Neighbourhood Parades. In this respect the Council has defined ‘ancillary’ as less than 150 m2 net floorspace. 8.Retail facilities in Petrol Stations TC29 The Council will normally permit forecourt retailing in Major.
118A & 126 .30 (even) 13 .110 (even).119 (odd) Fringe: 2 .32 & 44 .167 (odd) Fringe: 1-7 (odd) Core: 100 .79 & 137 .156 (even) 97 .13 (odd) Fringe: 15-19 (odd) Fringe: 1-17 (odd) Core: 142 . Thamesmead Twin Tumps Way Joyce Dawson Way Aldi.232 (even).213 (odd) Fringe: 92 .183 (odd) Fringe: 1 .57 (odd) Core: western side (Cannon Retail Park) Core: 2 – 4b (even) 1 – 5 (odd) Fringe: 6b – 20 (even) 7-21 (odd) Core Core Lakedale Road 6.14 & 18 . 71 .98C (even) 63A .33 (odd) Fringe: 35 .153 & 179 . Safeway superstore TOWN CENTRES 173 .39 & 47 .TABLE TC2: DISTRICT AND LOCAL CENTRES SHOPPING FRONTAGES1 Name 1 District Centres Blackheath (Mostly in LB Lewisham) East Greenwich Street Blackheath Village Lee Road 2 Trafalgar Road Numbers Core: 1 .177 & 187 . 155 . site between Aldi & Iceland.139 (odd) Core: 2A .53 (odd) Woolwich Road 3 4 5 Greenwich Lee Green (Mostly in LB Lewisham) Plumstead High Street See Proposals Inset Map Lee Road Eltham Road Plumstead High Street Fringe: 121 .
Even: 2a .5 All: 1 .143 Odd: 1 . 34 .33 Odd: 1. Even: 2a . Even: 2-32 Odd: 1 .13.380. Odd: 57. Additional local centres are likely to be provided as part of Gallions Urban Village (outline planning permission).48 Even: 156 .16 All: 12 .192 All: 1 .69.71 Even: 150 .20 Odd: 53 . and as part of the Kidbrooke Development Area (see Policy H4).15.413 Even: 336 .43.401. 59 .44.TABLE TC2: DISTRICT AND LOCAL CENTRES SHOPPING FRONTAGES1 continued Name 1 Street Numbers Odd: 1 . Even: 2 .26 All: 1-17 Odd: 43a.6 Odd: 125 . 405 .170 Local Centre Frontages (no core/fringe) Blackheath Hill Blackheath Hill Greenwich South Street Lewisham Road Charlton Village Herbert Road The Village Herbert Road Plumstead Common Sandy Hill Road Court Road Mottingham Road Footscray Road Station Approach 2 3 4 5 Mottingham (mostly in LB Bromley) New Eltham 6 Royal Standard Old Dover Road Stratheden Parade Vanbrugh Park Westcombe Hill Odeon Parade Tudor Parade Well Hall Parade Well Hall Road 7 Well Hall Notes to Table TC2 1.281.74 Even: 24.288 Odd: 77 . Even: 134 . Even: 44 . Even: 276 .45.93 Odd: 369 . 396-404 All: 1-5 Odd: 5 . 174 TOWN CENTRES .158 Odd: 275 .
Even: 2 . Even: 58 . 109 Odd: 103 .139.74a Odd: 211 . 2a. 185. 143 (cnr Sidcup Road) Odd: 731 .7. Woodman PH Odd: 201.758. 52.13. 55.28 Even: 188 . 2b Odd: 23 .15. 42 . 11.84. Even: 38-40 (PFS).116 All: 1 . 436a Even: 164 .81.13 Even: 72 . 15a.178. Crossways PH.16.60.95. 50.379.200.122 10 Eynsham Drive 11 Fiveways 12 Hill Reach 13 Holbourne Rd 14 Humber Road 15 Kidbrooke 16 Kingsman Parade 17 Leslie Smith Square 18 McLeod Road 19 Middle Park 20 The Mound TOWN CENTRES 175 . 44 . Even: 12 . 185a Odd: 61 . 107.17 All: 1 . 740 . 56.74. 203 Odd: 91 .115 Odd: 1 . 416a .12.TABLE TC3: PREMISES IN NEIGHBOURHOOD PARADES Name 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Abbey Wood Avery Hill Bexley Road Brewery Road Charlton Church Lane Charlton Road Conway Road Court Road Eltham Common Street Wilton Road Abbey Wood Road Avery Hill Road Bexley Road Brewery Road Waverly Road (corner) Charlton Church Lane Charlton Road Conway Road Court Road Well Hall Road Eynsham Drive Southwood Road Sidcup Road Hillreach Holbourne Rd Whetstone Road Humber Road Station Crescent Rochester Way Kingsman Parade Leslie Smith Square McLeod Road Newmarket Green The Mound William Barefoot Road Numbers Odd: 1 .436.198 Odd: 1 .21 22.214.171.124 Even: 122 . Even: 10 . 184 (cnr Penmon Road) Odd: 129 . Greyhound PH All: 1-7 Even: 70 . Odd: 369 .102.144 Even: 2 .25 Odd: 25 . 22. 58 (PO).753. 96 . Even: 2. Even: 416. 106 .78 Odd: 11 . 120 . Even: 728(PFS). 64 .48 Even: 150 .
66.10 Odd: 251 .158.46 176 TOWN CENTRES . 94 (superstore) Even: 546 . 196 .46. 142 . 251 . Even: 92 . Odd: 1 .562 Odd: 95 .52-56. 183 .152 Odd: 293 . 22 .101b.133.212 Even: 18-26.TABLE TC3: PREMISES IN NEIGHBOURHOOD PARADES continued Name 21 Plumstead Common 22 Royal Hill 23 Shooters Hill 24 The Slade 25 Southend Crescent 26 Swingate Lane 27 Teleman Square 28 Waterdale Road 29 Westhorne Avenue 30 Westmount Road 31 Wickham Lane 32 Woolwich Road Street Plumstead Common Road Royal Hill Shooters Hill Road The Slade Eltham High Street Swingate Lane Teleman Square Wickham Lane Kings Highway Westhorne Avenue Westmount Road Plumstead High Street Wickham Lane Woolwich Road Numbers Odd: 117 . 25 .245. 126.96.36.199 All: 1 .203 Even: 122a . 76. 70. Even: 2a (PFS) Odd: 117 . 160 .317.86-94 Even: 170 . 72. Even: 8.132. 80.27.279 Odd: 141 .155 All: 11 .168.263 79 (NW corner).31 Odd: 239 .
making the most of historic heritage. and the expansion of tourism in the Borough. subject to the need to: i. sporting and entertainment activities for participation and enjoyment by all sections of the community. architectural. the amenities of the local community and the environment of the Borough. the riverside locations and creative potential.The Council wishes to attract new hotel developments.1 The Plan promotes the protection of the concentration of tourism activities around key sites. TOURISM GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 9. The Greenwich Strategy aims to reinforce Greenwich as a world renowned and welcoming tourist destination. Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 9.2 PPG21 Tourism (1992) and the London Plan (2004) stress the benefits of tourism and the need to ensure that tourism is sustainable. modern businesses. leisure and other key town centre uses which attract large numbers of people to locate within the Town Centres. and that major tourist facilities are well served by public transport. The choice of the Peninsula for the Millennium celebrations brought the Borough international status that is being drawn upon and channelled further into the local economies and communities. ancient woodlands. education. iii. protect the housing stock. particularly in the vicinity of Greenwich Town Centre.Visitors come to see the royal. diversify the tourism base of the Borough’s economy by seeking facilities which embrace a wide range of arts. scientific 9. both interacts with the UDP and aims to focus tourism delivery agencies towards achieving a sustainable tourism economy. culture. Old Royal Observatory and former Royal Naval College. In addition to the new development around the Peninsula. ensure that tourism is managed to provide benefits for local communities and businesses. The general policies for Tourism are: The Council supports and promotes tourism. principally the National Maritime Museum. and recognises Greenwich Riverside as a Strategic Cultural Area. The policies in the UDP welcome tourism in appropriate locations and support the provision of hotels and conference centres in the light of the general shortage of hotel space in an area that has many high profile tourist attractions. Cutty Sark. To promote the provision of facilities for tourists in appropriate locations. industrial and military heritage is consolidated with new roles in providing sustainable communities. PPS6: Planning for Town Centres (2005) and Policy TC16 promote retail. Greenwich is undergoing great change as its maritime.The latter supports the diversification of tourism across London and that the benefits are dispersed. recognising that it has a positive and significant role to play in securing the economic and environmental regeneration of the Borough particularly in the Waterfront areas.The Borough’s Tourism Strategy for 2004-2010 ‘Greenwich: A Place to Visit?’.9. culture and tourism sectors.4 9.5 TOURISM 177 .3 9. the Borough continues to capitalise upon its many historical assets. ii. in order to assist the local economy and increase the number and variety of jobs available locally. ST1 ST2 iv.
ii. M40 and M41.The current level of spending per visitor is low. v.7 Policies Location and Criteria T1 The Council will welcome proposals for major tourism development including hotels (over 10 bed spaces). The connection of Greenwich Town Centre to the DLR and to the underground network at Greenwich Peninsula has provided stronger links between the Borough and Central London. In addition. iv. (Greenwich: A Place to Visit? Tourism Strategy 2004-2010) these issues must be addressed. Such development will need to satisfy the following criteria: i. 178 TOURISM . cycling and (where relevant) coach facilities be provided on site to accord with Policies M23. M26. M27. particularly as a result of noise or disturbance. the number of graded bed and breakfast spaces has fallen by approximately 5% and there is a shortage of specialist types of business tourism facilities. that the level of traffic generated by the development will not adversely impact on the surrounding environment (especially air quality) or on traffic congestion or bus services. The full benefits of this growth can be achieved as a result of inward investment into the Borough.9 million visitors to the Borough in 2001. The development of a Waterfront Transit link complements the picture. Since 2000. the Royal Arsenal. efforts must be made to use the Borough’s strengths and take advantage of the opportunities available.and nautical legacy that has made Greenwich a site of World Heritage Importance. conference facilities or interactive attractions in town centres. environmental improvements. Charlton House. that there will be no significant harm to the amenity of neighbouring residents and land users. a high standard of design which complies with the policies contained in the Design and Conservation and Waterfront Chapters. particularly in the vicinity of Greenwich Town Centre. by linking areas across the Borough by a sustainable transport mode. cycleways and improved public transport.500 serviced and non-serviced bedspaces available year round.6 The concentration of tourism activities around key sites. 9. that parking. if those attracted to Greenwich are to be encouraged to lengthen their stay. has caused problems associated with traffic congestion and erosion of the environment. educational establishments and the Greenwich Local Labour and Business initiative. Skill shortages and training needs have and continue to be met through training schemes. Thames Barrier and the Green Chain network of open spaces. however this includes seasonal University accommodation and a caravan park (Greenwich: A Place to Visit? Tourism Strategy 2004-2010). See also Policies E1 to E3 and E5 to E7. M32. walkways. within areas listed in the Mixed Use Schedules and in identified Waterfront locations with good public transport access (Policy W3). Greenwich has an average of 3. 9. promoting the World Heritage Site Status of Greenwich and seeking development of tourism support industries. that all aspects of the development are accessible to those with sensory or mobility impairments. with a key factor being the under supply of visitor accommodation. iii. Other attractions including Eltham Palace. including linking waterfront sites through design.With 6.
particularly shops. Bed and Breakfast Accommodation and Guesthouses T2 The Council will give favourable consideration to the development and extension of small hotels (up to 10 bed-spaces). in Policy T1 are complied with. The Council has prepared a guide of Hotel Sites for the Millennium. Tourism related developments adjacent the Borough’s waterways will be encouraged to make use of the river wherever possible.11 9. facilitates links between attractions. in accordance with Policy SC2. and focus the efforts of the Council. Most major tourist developments will provide benefits such as leisure facilities or job opportunities. that planning agreements are used as appropriate to secure community and workplace benefits.vi. Where major tourist development.The Council will continue to review the need for hotel sites and to identify further suitable locations in future planning briefs. This approach has a number of advantages. Criteria i. In meeting the demand for accommodation in particular. it raises the profile of the area. encouraging sensitive location for what can often constitute an intensive form of land use and can create severe environmental problems in surrounding areas if the implications are not fully explored. This has resulted in the Borough experiencing many of the environmental problems associated with intensive tourism related uses whilst receiving few of the benefits. ii. including hotels and associated ancillary visitor facilities provide sport and recreation. hotels and restaurants.10 9. The sequential approach towards major tourist development. or other leisure facilities. although these may not necessarily meet the needs of the community. the siting of buildings and activity or the use of the river itself. It is necessary to assess major hotel development against criteria as listed above. such as hotel leisure facilities. 9. and viii. as part of its commitment towards encouraging tourism development within the Borough. the Council will seek to secure public access to them.8 Tourism development in the past has tended to be opportunistic rather than planned. particularly on the Waterfront (see Policy SW1). Reason 9. hotels and visitor attractions in the Borough. can be used by local residents and businesses. be it through design. In particular developers of major tourist developments will be expected to use Greenwich Local Labour and Business (Policy J14).g. that facilities associated with the development. the identification of sites for tourism development will also help avoid piecemeal development. enabling them to be co-ordinated with other areas of economic regeneration.9 9. that where development is proposed on sites adjacent to the River Thames or Deptford Creek. will help to structure future provision. The site is close to existing public transport facilities. to v. in actively promoting major tourist development e. encourages environmental improvements and induces investment. and securing economic benefits for local people. bed and breakfast accommodation and guesthouses including permitting conversions of buildings from other uses providing that the following criteria are fulfilled: i. In trying to maximise the benefits of such developments towards the community and to avoid any problems arising from new development the Council will use planning agreements. encourages joint marketing and provides a strong base for facilities serving the tourist market. the Council will seek to ensure that the development uses the river for visitor transport. Small Hotels.12 TOURISM 179 . thus ensuring the optimum use of the site. The use of the River Thames and Deptford Creek for tourism is supported. vii.
there is limited group accommodation provision. In Woolwich. In Greenwich Town Centre future effort and resources will be concentrated on improving existing facilities and relieving congestion. quality of architecture and accessible location lends this site to development that incorporates tourism facilities.15 9. Diversification T3 The Council will seek to diversify the tourism base of the Borough by encouraging the provision of a range of tourist facilities and ensuring that a geographical spread of sites are available for good quality tourism development.14 This approach seeks to upgrade the quality and diversity of tourism development and by doing so to improve the quality of tourism related employment available to local people across the Borough and provide key elements of the local business infrastructure. The Borough is home to a range of accommodation and whilst it has a reputation of good value accommodation for the independent traveller.000 hotel rooms should be provided in the period up to 2016 and in particular. Future tourism development in Eltham Town Centre should be geared towards providing ancillary facilities serving tourist attractions such as Eltham Palace in the Eltham area as a whole. be strictly controlled to ensure that they do not have a negative impact on adjoining areas. facilities for camping and caravanning in the Borough.the variety of buildings.The ability to promote Greenwich as an overnight tourist destination or as an alternative place to stay as part of a London visit is undermined by a shortage of hotel stock (Greenwich: A Place to Visit? Tourism Strategy 2004-2010). Diversification of tourism within the Borough should include developing facilities for conferences. Camping and Caravanning T4 The Council will seek to provide additional. Charlton House and Oxleas Woods. Significant improvements have resulted from the development of the DLR into Greenwich town centre. Reason 9. however. It is through this diversification of the tourism product found in Greenwich that a more sustainable tourism economy could be developed. there is an identifiable shortage of ‘value for money’ hotel accommodation. including the Firepower Museum and the Greenwich Heritage Centre. It is not envisaged that this demand could be fully met through the construction of new hotels. Well Hall Pleasaunce. with visitors being actively encouraged to lengthen their stay. 9. cultural and creative development contributing to mixed use policies and wider regeneration (see London Plan. and protect existing. According to the London Plan (2004).Reason 9. The Royal Arsenal. Deptford Creek is an area for focused tourism. The Council has prepared a Cultural Strategy and a Tourism Strategy which address the need to diversify tourism in the Borough. exhibitions and other high revenue generating developments. the emphasis will be on providing basic tourist infrastructure to establish a secondary focus for the development of tourism in the Borough. particularly residential areas. Through managing tourism activities and promoting the attractions found wider afield within the Borough such as Eltham Palace. the benefits of tourism can be dispersed and built upon. has the potential to be a tourism focus for Woolwich .16 180 TOURISM . 2004). and other forms of visitor accommodation that need to be safeguarded for their contribution to the Borough wide tourism strategy and to meeting local needs. thus increasing their level of spending. a further 36.13 Over the plan period Greenwich will have established a number of hotels. Conversions should.
17 The existing camping and caravanning site at the Abbey Wood Caravan Club is well used.Reason 9. TOURISM 181 . Camping and caravanning facilities also help to meet the need for budget accommodation.
182 TOURISM .
SW2 The Council recognises and will seek to enhance the value of the River Thames and Deptford Creek as waterways rich in biodiversity and environmental quality. It is an area of strategic importance benefiting from improved transport connections to the West End. The characteristics of the principal communities in the Waterfront Area and the development issues for their localities are set out below. Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 10. whilst protecting and enhancing their natural habitats. and an essential part of the Borough’s character and landscape in their own right. to improve the quality of life and opportunities for local residents.4 10. Despite the changes underway. to secure the sustainable development of balanced waterfront communities. social. most of that will be accessible to the public from the Riverside Walk. and an archaeological and recreational resource. cultural and recreational potential.1 The Greenwich Waterfront area stretches from Deptford to Thamesmead.The Borough contains 14 kilometres of fully tidal river frontage. Parts of the Riverside display a distinguished natural and historical heritage. conservation. and strategic open spaces such as Greenwich Park. the Jubilee Line and DLR extensions. 10.3 The Waterfront is an area of rich diversity. Major new development and infrastructure projects contrast with the legacy of dereliction and low investment when the previous Development Plan was adopted. and their intimate scale and character contrast with the Riverside industrial buildings and open spaces. The Waterfront is also an area of dynamic change. set within areas of high heritage value and thriving residential communities. The Waterfront Chapter aims to deliver national and regional planning objectives for sustainable land use by facilitating the regeneration of large tracts of previously derelict land. The River Thames The River Thames is a major linear open space that frames some of the Borough’s key historic buildings. many dating back to the mid-19th century. The Greenwich Strategy encourages more cultural activity in the Borough. majestic buildings like the former Royal Naval College. The policies aim to achieve the right balance between development. and community interests to deliver lasting community benefits. environmental. a range of regeneration initiatives are underway to capitalise and build on the Borough’s improved profile and infrastructure. National Maritime Museum and the Royal Observatory in the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site. The Waterfront also contains numerous tightly knit residential areas. promotes the Waterfront Area as a transport route. The Borough has 6 wharves currently 10. It is a waterway rich in biodiversity. some still suffer from a poor environment and inadequate community facilities.These include the Millennium Dome.2 SW1 The Council will facilitate the redevelopment and re-use of remaining redundant land and buildings in the Waterfront during the Plan period. other parts of London and the South East. for recreation and leisure. a transport route. including all land to the north of the North Kent railway line (see Map 12). bringing about the regeneration of the whole area and realising its economic. WATERFRONT GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 10. as Open Spaces.5 10.6 WATERFRONT 183 .10. Canary Wharf and the Square Mile. However. which have generated renewed interest and act as a catalyst for further change. including the Woolwich Royal Arsenal.
Map 12: Waterfront Area © Crown copyright Waterfront Area 184 WATERFRONT .
The proposed Waterfront Transit 2nd Phase would improve public transport links with other town centres and waterfront visitor attractions in the Borough. It is intended to update the framework in 2007/8 possibly with Lewisham Council. on the west of Greenwich Peninsula. This will include the demolition of the New Haddo Estate. It is an area with a significant maritime heritage. Deptford Creekside Deptford Creekside lies to the west of Greenwich Town Centre. and to upgrade community facilities and open spaces.reserved for cargo-handling use under Safeguarding Direction and two deepwater mooring sites. It suffers from traffic congestion caused by through traffic and visitors. streams and open water spaces. 10.9 Greenwich Town Centre 10.7 The London Plan (2004) defines a Blue Ribbon Network that includes the Thames and London’s other rivers. canals. In response the Council has adopted the West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). Central London. containing local authority housing estates and a variety of small scale commercial and industrial uses. It is benefiting from ongoing programmes of environmental improvement and housing estate refurbishment. and addresses the competing needs.12 The East Greenwich Riverside comprises two distinct areas. and as far as Woolwich contains large areas that are predominately industrial in character. 10. Deptford Creek and the Thames. as Supplementary Planning Guidance. The London Plan identifies Deptford Creek~Greenwich Riverside as an Opportunity Area. commercial. despite a permanent ban on heavy goods vehicles.10 Greenwich Town Centre is a World Heritage Site and a key visitor destination for London. Deptford Creek is experiencing considerable development pressure.The former Royal Naval College and Dreadnought Seaman’s Hospital have been refurbished as visitor attractions and for use by Greenwich University. It is also an emerging node for cultural and creative industries as exemplified by the Laban Centre for contemporary dance in the neighbouring Lewisham Borough. The extended Docklands Light Railway is encouraging further investment. As part of the DLR project a mixed-use development has brought an improved range of retail and leisure opportunities to the Town Centre at Cutty Sark station. lies a Defined Industrial Area occupied by two of the Borough’s largest industrial WATERFRONT 185 . Significant recent projects include a major new residential development on the Western Reach at the mouth of Deptford Creek.8 10.11 Development in the Creekside area will extend both the size of Greenwich Town Centre and its range of facilities. East Greenwich Riverside 10.The town is rich in local history and famous for its historic buildings and monuments. The Framework seeks to ensure that emerging opportunities for the arts. uses and demands that are placed upon them. and has improved accessibility by linking the Town Centre with Docklands.To the north. and Lewisham without adding to road traffic. cultural and creative enterprise are harnessed to further regenerate the area and benefit local communities. incorporating the Creek area and the western end of Greenwich town centre.There is also heightened interest in a number other sites around Deptford Creek. Downstream from Deptford Creek the waterfront is undergoing considerable development. near the mouth of Deptford Creek and at Victoria Deep Water Terminal on the west side of Greenwich Peninsula. It also seeks to further improve public access between Greenwich Town Centre. and the town centre also benefits from the Trinity School of Music and the refurbished Cutty Sark Gardens. 10. to improve public transport. and straddles the Borough boundary with Lewisham.The Blue Ribbon Network recognises the special character of river and canal corridors as both a strategic and a scarce resource. and its replacement with a mixture of private and affordable flats and family homes.
The development will bring significant regeneration benefits to the Borough and the wider Thames Gateway region. as defined on the Proposals Map. and is generally well separated from residential neighbourhoods. in particular the Jubilee Line underground station at North Greenwich. Greenwich Peninsula and the Millennium Dome 10. It is expected that the development will be completed by the early 2020’s. amongst others. It benefits from improved accessibility following the Woolwich Road widening. Continued modernisation and improvements to its commercial building stock would be welcome. under review) sets out a vision and plans for future development over the next 15 to 20 years. The Peninsula is served by major investments in public transport. It includes the safeguarded Victoria Deep Water Terminal.The Village is providing over 3. Part of Badcock’s wharf is operating as a boat repair yard.The London Plan recognises the Greenwich Peninsula as an Opportunity Area and the Millennium Village as an example of a new brownfield site urban village development based on a new public transport interchange. Alcatel and Amylum. Charlton Riverside and The Thames Barrier 10. applying the principles of Sustainable Residential Quality and urban intensification. The Dome will become a multipurpose entertainment and sports facility and provide large-scale conference capacity.16 The Angerstein Wharf area at Bugsby’s Reach. to take full advantage of its potential for river and rail for transport of raw and finished products.13 To the south of the industrial area.17 The majority of the Charlton riverside area east of the Aggregates Zone is within a Defined Industrial Area. It will therefore be protected from land speculation pressures and safeguarded for long-term business/industrial use.The Masterplan envisages a new urban quarter based on the principles of sustainable mixed use. 10. and buildings of historic importance. hotel and community uses including schools and health care provision.14 The Peninsula is the largest and most important development area in the Borough. also designated a Preferred Industrial Location the London Plan. which is expected to remain in use for river-based freight. This also relieves wharves in less appropriate locations. This includes Angerstein and Murphy’s Wharves. Lovell’s and Granite Wharves.000 new homes. to provide local employment opportunities and business locations. The urban quarter will provide 10.15 A Masterplan for the future of the Peninsula has been granted outline planning permission (the MDL Masterplan). old Riverside industrial structures. The potential of the area will be enhanced by the radically improved public transport networks proposed in the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001). which have improved access to the Peninsula from elsewhere in the Borough and from London as a whole. office. and a new school and health centre have been built. which whilst currently still safeguarded are proposed for de-safeguarding for alternative uses by the Mayor. 10. encompassing land between the Thames and East Greenwich district centre. retail and light industrial uses.employers.The area also benefits from a railhead (see Policy J2). 10.010 new homes. high-density environmental quality. public spaces and a Thameside promenade. which are either under-used or used for activities that generate problems for surrounding residential areas. It has strong community ties and contains picturesque cottages. and is home to the flagship Millennium Dome and Millennium Village. 186 WATERFRONT . yet traditional working environment. The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002. Regeneration funding is also available for industrial activities and other improvements (see Chapter 2 Jobs and the Local Economy).Associated with the development are new retail and leisure facilities. is a Designated Aggregates Zone. East Greenwich Riverside displays a mixed. which are protected by a Safeguarding Direction.The Council encourages this area be used more intensively for aggregate production. have been designated for employment-led redevelopment.
21 During the Plan period the Waterfront Transit will connect Woolwich to other waterfront attractions and town centres. Woolwich is identified as being an Area for Intensification in the London Plan and is undergoing unprecedented change and renewal.20 Woolwich contains the Borough’s largest concentration of retail. Waterfront schemes will be subject to the policies set out elsewhere in this Plan. community and commercial office activities.The London Plan identifies Thamesmead as an Opportunity Area and provides for a range of transport infrastructure works improving accessibility to the wider Thames Gateway. enhancing links to the Green Chain Walk. and to the Jubilee Line.22 While the rest of the Waterfront area is a mixture of established communities and town centres and former and existing industrial areas.19 The Charlton Riverside is also home to Riverside Wharf (Safeguarded) and the Thames Barrier. Policies 10. and the adjoining proposed mixed-use Warren Lane ‘Teardrop’ site (Site Schedule mu13) will substantially consolidate and diversify the Town Centre. The approach to the Barrier has benefited from a programme of landscaping and environmental improvements.23 The Waterfront Area is defined on Map 12. Woolwich Town Centre and Woolwich Royal Arsenal 10.The latter will have segregated public transport lanes to connect the proposed Greenwich Waterfront and East London Transit schemes. but the Council has also adopted the following specific policies: WATERFRONT 187 . complementing the range of uses in line with the Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (1996 & updates. The town centre will be complemented by development of a heritage tourism and leisure quarter on the waterfront in the Royal Arsenal and adjoining land.18 Charlton Business Park is within a Strategic Employment Location identified in the London Plan. Thamesmead 10. It is a mixed business location and a preferred location for light industry.This. Phase 2 is proposed to extend Transit to the DLR at Greenwich. an important landmark and tourist attraction. and wholesale trade uses. It offers scope for employment-based diversification including provision of ancillary local service facilities for both business and visitor markets. including the major new Urban Village at Gallion’s Reach and a new urban quarter at Tripcock Point. It is projected that 3.10. distributive.The Arsenal is a unique part of Britain’s industrial and military heritage. These include the Waterfront Transit scheme and the Thames Gateway (Gallions Reach) Bridge. These projects are supported in the Mayor’s Transport Strategy (2001) and in the London Plan. and the Sites Schedules identify appropriate uses for the main waterfront opportunity sites. 10.000 new homes and accompanying facilities will be completed in Thamesmead between 2003 and 2016.The Council also supports the proposed DLR extension from City Airport to Woolwich opening 2009. 10. under review). Thamesmead is a relatively new community undergoing rapid redevelopment.
planning for a balance of facilities at an early stage will be encouraged. The Plan details the content of the area surveys. and provided a framework for future development in the Waterfront. and contribute to the completion of a continuous public riverside footpath and cycleway from Deptford to Thamesmead (Policy O16). The Borough’s Thames Policy Area boundaries have been defined in consultation with neighbouring Local Authorities and are in general conformity with the London Plan. iv. Build on and strengthen existing local communities and area character. 10. The appraisals are being undertaken as part of the Thames Strategy East project.25 For larger sites. and the inclusion of waste separation and recycling facilities. improves the environment.The Strategy is ongoing but has largely been implemented. Conserve and enhance the area’s historical heritage and biodiversity. Consider strategic and local views (Policies D25 . physical and economic legacy that enhances the cohesion and character of existing communities. Incorporate sustainable modes of passenger. Thameside Policy Area W2 The Council will seek a high quality of design respecting the special character of the River Thames within the Thames Policy Area defined on the Proposals Map. ii. M37). It is anticipated the final report will be published in 2007/8. Urban design guidelines were the cornerstone of the Strategy.24 The Council aims to ensure that physical and infrastructural developments translate into a lasting social.26 The London plan states that the Boroughs must designate a Thames Policy Area. It approached regeneration through a series of development initiatives and new forms of partnership. that use materials from sustainable sources. required analysis and recommendations. ecological. v. and gives the area a strong physical and functional identity. Reason 10. iv. Have regard to adopted Council planning briefs. integrated into the 188 WATERFRONT . ii. and Encourage active use of the riverfront especially in Town Centres. avoid unnecessary encroachment and contribute positively to the improvement of the local environment.D27). v. Developments within the Borough’s TPA should be of a high quality design. iii. This intention was at the core of the Council’s original vision in the 1991 Waterfront Strategy. and Protect and enhance the river and its foreshore for wildlife and nature conservation. providing new uses for old buildings. Assist the improvement and regeneration of existing built up areas. design guides and urban design guidelines including major development requirement for a Design Statement (see Policy D2). Integrate and connect new proposals with the existing pattern of development. Develop and enhance the area’s links with the river. identify detailed boundaries and prepare character appraisals of the river and its environs.The Council also supports construction of buildings that are energy efficient to build and run. Proposals within the Area will be expected to satisfy the development principles under Policy W1 and: i. iii.Development Principles W1 Developments in the Waterfront must: i. freight and tourist transport as appropriate (see Policies M7. Reason 10.
Waterfront locations should be viewed as opportunity sites for landmark buildings and design innovation. sometimes including a substantial residential element. any Use Class that provides employment) will be permitted provided they comply with relevant Site Schedules and other Plan policies. with uses mixed both horizontally and vertically. or potential for. Accordingly. other Plan policies and.The designation seeks to capitalise on the opportunity presented by new transport infrastructure. It can also mar the visual character of the water space. as defined on the Proposals Map. ii. to ensure a development provides a balanced mixed of uses and range of employment opportunities for existing and future residents within a reasonable timeframe. and the changing nature of the East London and Borough profile and economy. where applicable. or legal agreements negotiated.28 In Mixed Use Areas. conditions will be attached. 10. especially public transport. iii.e. residential and other appropriate uses. Upon planning permissions. including its banks and foreshore. employment-generating uses (i.The Council will seek an overall increase in employment generating uses and proposals that reduce the level of. Redevelopment proposals for under-used sites often seek greater intensities than those existing. are designated for mixed-use redevelopment to include business. social and environmental consequences of the decline of heavy industry or port activity in the Borough. Deptford Creekside (West Greenwich) Greenwich Peninsula Woolwich Royal Arsenal Reason 10. including an overall increase in B-Class floorspace on sites currently or last occupied by B Class uses and not re-allocated for other uses (see Policy J5). where redevelopment takes place the Council will seek to ensure that there is a significant rise in employment. Mixed Use Areas W3 The Mixed Use Areas below. If residential elements are overly dominant. should be avoided as the progressive narrowing of a river channel increases the likelihood of flooding and can destroy the essential habitats and food sources for fish. take into account more detailed guidance in planning briefs or approved master plans. business/employment activity will be resisted.29 The Site Schedules. open spaces. visitor attractions including the Millennium Dome and the Firepower Museum. and this should be reflected in the choice of quality materials. so it is critical to ensure that they are re-used in an appropriate manner to secure the long term regeneration of the waterfront and improve the quality of life and opportunities for waterfront communities and other Borough residents. Proposals must comply with the Site Schedules.The only exception to this policy will be where the applicant can demonstrate a requirement for river-dependent use such as for water-borne transport or to enable water-foreshore recreation. Major proposals should be accompanied by a Design statement as set out in Policy D2. birds and other wildlife. being updated) and West Greenwich Development Framework (2000) provide more detailed advice on appropriate uses and WATERFRONT 189 . transport and recreation.27 Mixed Use Areas have been designated to facilitate the continuing transformation to more productive uses of waterfront areas blighted by the physical. Encroachment into the Thames or Deptford Creek. and that affordable housing and other community benefits are provided wherever appropriate (see Policy SC2). diversity and business activity can be sterilised. 10.The Council will also seek to ensure that the scale of development is commensurate with existing or proposed infrastructure.existing pattern of development and consider existing ecology. These areas contain many of the most significant waterfront redevelopment sites remaining in the Borough. i. Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002.
Reason 10. Brewery. Development proposals for all these wharves are referable to the Mayor of London.other requirements for their respective areas. The Secretary of State has issued a Direction Notice (1998. Thamesmead W4 The Council supports the ongoing development of Thamesmead to form a distinctive.31 In turn. limited additional provision may be appropriate providing it is at a scale in keeping with Thamesmead’s role as a District Centre and the needs of its local catchment (mostly within 5 minutes drive of the centre).Tunnel Glucose wharves and the Victoria Deep Water Terminal are safeguarded for river-based cargo handling. which has largely preceeded the completion of residential areas which will support it. to have regard to their maintenance for cargo use. accessible and mixed community with a good quality of life and environment.The last major residential area to be developed in Thamesmead will be Tripcock Point. Safeguarded Wharves W5 Angerstein. 10. population growth has stimulated proposals for additional commercial development within Thamesmead district centre. who has a duty to periodically 190 WATERFRONT . Thamesmead centre will almost fully utilise its allocated area.30 Over the Plan period the Thamesmead development. air and noise pollution. adopted by the Council as Supplementary Planning Guidance. including its residential and open space uses is likely to approach completion (see paragraph 10. Riverside. or exceptionally for a strategic proposal of essential benefit to London that cannot be provided for elsewhere in Greater London. Once unimplemented retail permissions are developed. a primary school and public open space.The development will be characterised by a high quality of sustainable urban design. Detailed guidance is provided in the Tripcock Point Development Framework (2003). subject to further consideration and clarification of matters agreed by the Council in August 2003.They seek to ensure future waterfront uses deliver the Council’s vision for a revitalised and sustainable waterfront. Murphy’s. and the Council supports the principle of the Thames Gateway Bridge. and does not compromise the vitality and viability of Woolwich.33 Wharf facilities are a finite resource. A modest range of neighbourhood shopping and service facilities will also be provided in the Gallions Reach Local Centre.5 km of river frontage which when complete will be home to over 3. public open space and a mix of dwellings including affordable housing. covering 55 hectares in western Thamesmead.500 residents. It will include around 2.000 homes. Where development takes place on a Safeguarded Wharf or an adjoining site. including 2.32 The extension of the Waterfront Transit to Thamesmead within the Plan period is a priority. Masterplans that benefit from planning permission set the tone for redevelopment on Greenwich Peninsula and Woolwich Royal Arsenal. a balanced range of facilities to serve the local community. Following guidance in PPS6 Planning for Town Centres and the London Plan. and is consistent with the principle of sustainable developments. Proposals for specific areas within Thamesmead are set out in the Site Schedules. as amended 2005) affecting six wharves in Greenwich. 10. the Council will seek to ensure that all practicable measures are employed to minimise the potential conflicts between wharf operations and adjoining uses. The movement of goods by water rather than road can help reduce traffic congestion. The most significant recent scheme in Thamesmead is the Gallions Reach Urban Village.Alternative uses will only be considered if the wharf is no longer capable of being made viable for river-based cargo handling. Reason 10.22).
unless they are of related historic character and do not obscure important riverside settings and historic views. will be protected and encouraged. and is integral to the setting of historic areas including the World Heritage Site at Greenwich. The Thames is also an important recreational and amenity resource. To promote activities such as angling and uses such as boat servicing (yards exist at Badcock’s Wharf and Cory Barge Works). Other than in the exceptional circumstances identified in the Policy. its tributaries and other waterways for passenger. as well as the use of buffers and other mitigation techniques (see Policy E3). Reason 10. the provision of new facilities should be WATERFRONT 191 . Sympathetically relate to historic waterfront and riverside areas. Not compromise existing or potential River transportation. Historical sections of the river are not suitable for the mooring of vessels. transport. including the use of any additional areas to service or support activities on a moored vessel. must: i. On vacant wharves temporary uses that would not preclude freight use will be considered on merit.35 The main active River use is for passenger and freight transport. industrial and employment-generating activities. Floating Vessels W6 Proposals to moor temporary or permanent floating vessels on the Thames. This amounts to a dual responsibility on both wharf owners/operators and occupiers/developers of adjoining land to employ the best practicable means to minimise the potential for land use conflict. iv. and Not conflict with residential amenity.36 Maintaining waterway support facilities and infrastructure is vital to sustaining uses on and adjacent to the Borough’s waterways. subject to ecological considerations. use of the River for tourism and recreation. Detailed guidance for floating vessels is set out in Advice Note 4 Planning Criteria for Floating Vessels.34 The policy also seeks to ensure that operations on safeguarded wharves or development adjoining sites do not unduly fetter each other.The London Plan suggests the Mayor and the Boroughs identify wharves to be safeguarded against development that could preclude their future use for cargo handling. v. nor with other policies in the Plan and other Council strategies. Appropriate measures include enabling continued highway access to the wharf. ii. proposals for uses other than river-based cargo handling on safeguarded wharves should be supported by an operational viability assessment of the wharf against the criteria in the London Plan.review wharf safeguarding and make recommendations to the Secretary of State with regards to existing or possible additional safeguarding directions. and the policy seeks to minimise or avoid conflicts between moored vessels and river traffic. In addition. recreation or other river-dependent uses. disposition and selection of uses. Not unduly impact on the River. Positively contribute to the River’s life and scene. pollution. iii. a source of enjoyment for residents and visitors. and proposals for moored vessels should not conflict with these established patterns of land use. noise and refuse generation. Support facilities for water-based uses W7 Support facilities and infrastructure required to enable the use of the River Thames. its foreshore and environs through ecological disruption. nor adversely effect existing or potential wharfage operations. particularly along site boundaries. 10. the River forms a backdrop to significant areas of residential and employment activity. and careful attention to the design. Reason 10.
navigation and biodiversity. stairs and other waterway access points. subject to their impact upon flood-risk. 192 WATERFRONT .Those relevant to riverbus sites are shown on the proposals maps. The Borough’s support infrastructure includes mooring and land storage facilities. facilities and infrastructure generally will also be identified through the appraisals in the Thames Strategy East (final report expected 2007/8). piers and other landing stages. slipways. dry docks.encouraged. boat hoists and cranes.
partnership working. Best Value requirements are a means by which local authorities are held accountable by their communities for the quality and efficiency of their services. and through enforcement. continue to work in partnerships and consult widely on the UDP and other planning documents.7 IMPLEMENTATION 193 . the Council will consult widely on the UDP and other planning documents and planning applications. Investment decisions by private developers. other public sector agencies and the private. or on behalf of. European and national government funds and grants iii. government. will need to be monitored. corporate initiatives. On the basis of these trends the Council can reach a judgement about the continuing usefulness of the Plan’s policies and when a further review or replacement Plan is required. Consultation is necessary to ensure that the requirements of Best Value in Local Government and the Human Rights Act (2000) are met. The Council will use its planning powers. SIM3 To use relevant planning powers in the implementation of the plan. relevant trends. 11.3 11. community and voluntary sectors to improving the living and working environment.4 ii. Borough Context and Reasons for Part One Policies 11.The general policies for Implementation are: SIM1 To monitor and review the UDP regularly to ensure it remains up-to-date. Planning System reforms under the 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act. The Council’s own resources iv. as set out in Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks (2004). such as the rate of house building. to aid the implementation of the plan. include the introduction of Local Development Frameworks. Land owners.5 In order to ensure that everybody has an opportunity to participate in the planning process. For the policies in the plan to remain up-to-date and relevant to the changing circumstances of the Borough.This will be carried out by. the Council. These would contain various Local Development Documents 11. including the Council and public sector agencies All of the above need to be mobilised through partnerships and co-operative working between the Council and others.1 The implementation of the plan can be carried out in number of ways. consultation and community liaison. SIM2 To attract the necessary resources to implement the plan. its Strategic Partners. the Council will use enforcement powers to ensure compliance with planning policies.11. IMPLEMENTATION GENERAL POLICIES AND POLICY CONTEXT 11.6 11. attracting resources. The resources necessary to implement the Plan include the following: i. where relevant and appropriate. statutory agencies and householders (supplemented as necessary by planning obligations) 11. In particular where development is carried out without planning permission or contrary to conditions attached to a permission. including monitoring and reviewing.2 The successful implementation of the plan will depend on the commitment of the Council.
The results of more detailed local studies such as planning briefs.10 To assist in this process and in accordance with Best Value Performance Indicators a comprehensive set of key targets and indicators have been set out in Table IM1. not least the extent to which policies are being successfully implemented.g.Targets and indicators derived from the Greenwich Strategy (2003) are also included where appropriate. and amend them where necessary. as well as those required by government. 11. the proposed changes to the planning system would require the Council to replace this UDP with a Local Development Framework.These changes are made up of a number of factors: i.11 The Council needs both to observe and analyse changes that are taking place in the planning environment and to assess whether the Plan’s policies and proposals are being successfully implemented. Monitoring information will also feed into. The availability and uptake of developable land in the Borough. and vii. ii. 11. It will also report on progress against the LDS production schedule for LDDs. vi. The Council is also required to keep under review matters that may affect the development and use of land within the Borough over the Plan period. Accordingly. amongst others. Continued public consultation. v. This approach to LDF/UDP performance measurement is supported by the London Plan (2004). Local trends and problems such as changes in traffic movement. another LDD. 11. the Sustainability Appraisal indicates the impact each policy in the plan is likely to have on the environment. iv. will report on a range of matters. This can help to identify where policies need to be strengthened. Reason 11. National and European legislative changes. setting the standards for community participation.8 The Annual Monitoring Report. maintained or changed or where the policy is serving no useful purpose. local employment and condition of dwellings.These LDDs propose to involve the community at an early stage of preparation. including progress assessment against the indicators and targets in this Chapter. the policies and proposals of the Plan will be monitored and reviewed on a regular basis. regional and strategic planning guidance. vitality of shopping centres. External influences such as demographic and economic trends e. In addition.(LDDs) that replace the Unitary Development Plan. the London Development Database . One of the Documents would be a Statement of Community Involvement. industrial restructuring. usually within three years of its formal adoption. and provide a projection for future housing delivery. Changing national. and national trends such as birth and death rates. Policies Monitoring and Review IM1 The Council will both monitor changes in the planning environment and review the effectiveness of the policies and proposals of the Plan. In addition. The aim of the reforms.9 Planning Policy Statement 12: Local Development Frameworks (2004) recommends the use of objectives and targets to assist in monitoring whether the Plan is achieving its objectives. and in part derive from. 194 IMPLEMENTATION .These will be used to monitor the effectiveness of the plan through an Annual Monitoring Report. shopping and recreational behaviour. iii.the London-wide mechanism for data collection on planning permissions and completions. is to achieve greater local ownership and legitimacy for the Council’s land use policies.
although the Council and the London Development Agency are two of a number of public sector agencies that own land which will become available for development in the Borough. access. 11. public and private. the Sustainable Communities Plan in the Thames Gateway could make a significant contribution to UDP implementation resources as it is likely to receive considerable Government funding.16 The Council is committed to working in partnership. 11. Reason 11. Reason 11. 11. building on the success of the former Greenwich Waterfront Development Partnership. • Council Capital and Revenue Spending Strategies. • Targeted regeneration funding sources including Neighbourhood Renewal. Most land in the borough is privately owned. In addition to private investment by households and businesses.12 The 2004 Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act requires planning authorities to have regard to the likely availability of resources when preparing their Plans. housing. • Spending by Government Departments and other public service providers including the Housing Corporation and English Partnerships. It brings together the Borough’s business.15 Finally. community and voluntary sectors with the Council and the public sector as a IMPLEMENTATION 195 . It is Council policy to pursue all available funding for appropriate schemes. at all levels of implementation of this Plan. environmental improvements and community capacity building. community safety. and • Community benefits secured via planning obligation (see Policy SC2). the Single Programme (incorporating remaining Single Regeneration Budget. 11. for the implementation of the policies and proposals in this Plan. with the community and voluntary sector as well as with other bodies and private businesses.14 The availability of developable land is an important resource to implement the UDP. the public sector contribution in Greenwich is likely to provide a substantial amount of development investment over the Plan period.13 The Council’s Economic Development Strategy 2002-07 identifies that over £180 million regeneration funding has been secured along with an estimated £2 billion of public and private sector investment. business support.Resources IM2 The Council will seek all available resources. Financial resources include: • European Social Fund and European Regional Development Fund grant funding.17 The Greenwich Partnership is the Local Strategic Partnership for Greenwich Borough. • Investment by private land-owners and developers. The availability of resources is one of the main determinants of what the Plan can achieve. • Regional and sub-regional government spending including Transport for London and the London Development Agency. • Investment by infrastructure and utilities service providers. SRB) and the National Lottery. Partnership IM3 The Council will work in partnership with the community and voluntary sector as well as with other bodies and private businesses. These funds will assist in addressing issues including skills and training.
social and environmental regeneration of Thames Gateway. London.There is also a town centre manager for Thamesmead who oversees the long term development of Thamesmead town centre. Consultation and Community Liaison IM4 The Council will: i. 11. Reason 11.The Thames Gateway London Partnership will play a key role in the development of the East London Sub Regional Development Framework. and ensure that their views are taken into account in making planning decisions. 11. Thames Gateway London Partnership is a sub-regional alliance comprising local authorities and Training and Enterprise Councils in east and southeast London. a partnership between local authorities. This consultation is essential to ensure that everyone who may be affected by a Plan has an opportunity to put their point of view and have an opportunity to influence the process of change. It will oversee implementation of the Greenwich Strategy (2003) (See Part 1 paragraph 5.22 The Council will maintain its policy of consulting those affected on planning applications. and Engage with statutory bodies and other agencies as appropriate.The Partnership includes members from the Council. In particular. the Bexley and Greenwich Chamber of Commerce. the Council will seek to improve the quality and quantity of planning material available online by the end of 2005. and adjoining areas of Essex and Kent and English Partnerships. the Greenwich Public Services Forum. advice and guidance to those interested in or affected by development in Greenwich. older people and minority ethnic groups are given an opportunity to participate in planning decisions. businesses and passenger interests to improve bus and rail services. ii.21 An integral part of the planning system is regular public consultation and liaison. and the Greenwich Community Network Steering Group.The Council participates in the activities of the Partnership to bring about sustainable physical. 11. 196 IMPLEMENTATION . ranging from neighbour consultations for small residential extensions to widespread public consultations on major applications. people with disabilities.The Council is also a member of SELTRANS (The South East London Transport Strategy). iii. the public.19 A Woolwich Regeneration Agency was set up with support from the Department for Communities and Local Government. statutory authorities and other stakeholders when preparing a land use plan. 11. operators. Government legislation requires all planning authorities to consult local populations. local businesses and other stakeholders in preparing Planning briefs. It is particularly important to ensure that disadvantaged groups such as women. The Council will seek to provide planning information. transport providers. to reduce dependence on the car and increase accessibility to jobs. London Development Agency and the Council.whole. and proposed legislative changes would further strengthen consultation arrangements.26). Consult with adjoining occupiers.20 The Council is also a member of a number of partnerships that cover areas larger than the Borough. economic. community and environmental groups as relevant on planning applications. other planning studies including Conservation Area designation and on major transport infrastructure and traffic management schemes.18 Town Centre Managers for the Greenwich area. Engage with the community.Woolwich and Eltham work to improve their town centres to better serve local communities and businesses. These include the Thames Gateway London Partnership and Thames Estuary Partnership covering parts of the Thames Gateway. with specialist advice from the Greenwich Council for Racial Equality and the Greenwich Association of Disabled People. Area strategies.
Corporate Initiatives 11. if conditions attached to a permission are not complied with. 11. to enter land and carry out the remedial work required by an enforcement notice.28. IMPLEMENTATION 197 . the Council will take enforcement action against those who undertake development or carry out works without the appropriate consent or permission under the Planning and related Acts. and to charge the owner for the costs incurred. iv. plans and initiatives.26 The Council has powers granted under the Town and Country Planning Acts to take action when development is started without planning permission. The Council and its partners will contribute to at many levels.There are a wide range of such initiatives that can be pursued. 11.11. Reason 11. through to more focused strategies on capital expenditure as expressed in Housing Investment Programmes and the Local Implementation Plan (for transport). To serve a listed building enforcement notice. and in compliance with government guidance. in particular their spatial and land use dimensions.23 The Council will also carry out public consultations in the preparation of planning briefs for individual development sites and on other proposals. To serve a breach of condition notice if there is a failure to comply with a condition imposed on a grant of planning permission. To serve an enforcement notice. To enter on privately-owned land for enforcement purposes. On a wider level the Council will carry out consultations and have regular liaison with various statutory bodies. or where conditions attached to consents or permissions are not observed or where other breaches of planning control have been committed. 11. To serve a stop notice. and in turn the UDP assists in the delivery of those strategies. Strategies adopted or being prepared by the Council are identified in Part One paragraph 5. iii. Enforcement IM5 In circumstances where it is considered necessary in the public interest.27 The Council’s main enforcement powers are: i. the Council will not hesitate to take planning enforcement action where appropriate. specifying the alleged contravention and requiring steps to be taken within a stated period to remedy it.28 In the interests of the general implementation of this Plan. or when other breaches of planning control have been committed. ii. jointly and through individual services (see Part One paragraphs 2. Following the landowners default. v.26). stating the required steps to remedy an alleged breach within a time limit. from Council wide strategies on issues such as regeneration.The Greenwich Strategy is the overarching plan for all these strategies.24 The implementation of the Plan can also be achieved through corporate initiatives within the Council. and vi. almost immediately. any activity to which the accompanying enforcement notice relates. which can prohibit.25 Policies in the UDP draw on a range of other Council strategies. a planning injunction.1 and 5.
B2.2 3 3.1) (Policy SJ4).2 3. To achieve a high standard of design quality and environmental performance in new housing development (Policy H7). Area of land designated or in use for employment purposes (including employment Site Schedules) where planning permission is granted for non-employment uses (sites exceeding 0. monitored from planning permissions and completions. bedrooms and by dwelling type. Number and percentage of dwellings completed annually that achieve the Building Research Establishment’s ‘EcoHomes’ excellent rating.100 net additional dwellings over the period 1997 to 2016 (target inclusive of vacant and non-selfcontained accommodation) (Policy SH1). To ensure 10 per cent of new build dwellings (including affordable housing) on developments of 25 units or more are at full wheelchair standard or capable of being so adapted (Policy H19). The percentage of dwellings delivered on previously developed land through planning permissions and completions (Best Value Indicator BV106). Indicator and Monitoring Information 2 2.1 2. Jobs & the Local Economy To protect sites in designated employment areas. 2016 (Policy SH5). Source: the Building Research Establishment.25 hectares). To exceed 90% of dwellings provided on previously developed land (Policy H1).6 198 IMPLEMENTATION . as affordable housing between 1997 and monitored from planning permissions and completions. To provide a mix of dwellings by size and type Number and percentage of dwellings by number of (Policy H15). Additional number of dwellings permitted and completed annually.Table IM1: Targets and Indicators for UDP Monitoring UDP Objective ~ Target 1 1. Benefits & Services To ensure adequate land use provision for Number of relevant planning applications granted/ refused community.1 3. to serve areas experiencing significant new development (Policy SC3). Percentage of new build dwellings (including affordable housing) on developments of 25 units or more at full wheelchair standard or capable of being so adapted.1 Community Needs. health care and education facilities which involve a change of use. Housing To make provision for at least 16.4 3.000 m2 gross). from change of use to non-employment activity (‘employment uses’ as defined in para 2. To increase the quantity of modern business floorspace in the borough (Policy SJ1). B1. 3.3 Provide at least 35% of total housing provision Additional number of affordable units provided annually. monitored by permissions and completion data.5 3. and sites elsewhere in active employment use. B8 floorspace (i) permitted (ii) completed (schemes exceeding 1.
4.1 Number of planning permissions granted contrary to the advice of the Environment Agency on either flood defence or water quality grounds. the percentage and number that renewable sources (Policies E8 and E9) incorporate renewable energy production equipment to provide at least 10% of the predicted energy requirements. Number of relevant planning permissions granted where they maintain the Green Chain Walk or riverside walk/cycleway networks.UDP Objective ~ Target 4 4. (Policies E18 and E19) To prevent development that would have an unacceptably damaging impact on the environment.1 4. Indicator and Monitoring Information Designated open space lost to non-ancillary development. 5.000 sqm and/or proportion of energy generated from 10 residential units. To complete the riverside footpath and cycleway as part of any development proposal adjacent to the route (Policy O17.3 To improve energy efficiency and increase the On developments of at least 1.This will be assessed by scrutiny of Environmental Impact Assessments (Policy SE2).3 4. Greenwich Strategy).2 5. Monitor via the Green Chain Working Party. Environmental Protection To prevent development within fluvial flood risk areas or catchment areas where inadequate flood defence or attenuation measures are taken. Number of applications where an Environmental Impact Assessment concludes there would be an unacceptable impact on the environment. Number of planning permissions implemented along the route that make contributions towards the riverside footpath and cycleway. SO4). IMPLEMENTATION 199 . To protect the ‘Green Chain Walk’ and riverside footpath (Policies O14 and O15). and those refused that would have caused severence.2 Open Spaces To prevent inappropriate development on identified open space (Policies SO2. Baseline data to be derived (Policy SO1. from the forthcoming Borough Open Space Strategy. Greenwich Strategy). Area (hectares) of land designated as a Sites of Nature Conservation Importance or Site of Special Scientific Interest that is lost to non-ancillary development. 5 5.4 4. To protect viable existing and encourage new The percentage of the Borough designated as open space provision for leisure and sports facilities and accessible to the public.5 To protect Sites of Nature Conservation Importance from inappropriate development (Policy O18).
D16 & D17).g. To increase the retail and leisure floorspace in Woolwich. 6. those located on key development sites and those that contribute strongly to the image of the Borough (Policies SD1. Percentage of A1. Financial or land contribution by Section 106 legal agreement towards Waterfront Transit. District & Local Centres) with a range of shops and services (Policies STC1. Progress of works on the Woolwich DLR extension and station terminus. To implement car-parking provision in accordance with the maximum standards set out in Policies M23 to M27.4 To preserve the archaeological heritage of the Number of approved Archaeological Assessment Borough (Policies D30 & D31). To preserve all Listed Buildings from neglect or inappropriate changes.1 Design & Conservation To ensure high quality design of all development particularly major schemes. The proportion of planning permissions that exceed the maximum applicable parking standards. Civic Trust).TC3.3 6. Statements. Movement To complete the Docklands Light Railway (DLR) link to Woolwich Arsenal (Policy M8).UDP Objective ~ Target 6 6. and reduce the number of listed buildings at risk (Policies SD3.2 7.000 m2 gross). STC2.1 7. To preserve and enhance the character of Number of published Conservation Area Appraisals and designated Conservation Areas (Policies SD3. D18 . Number of schemes nominated for and/or awarded a design award (e. Town Centres To maintain viable.1 8. vibrant and thriving Town Centres (Major. Eltham and Greenwich Town Centres over the lifetime of the Plan (Policies STC1. The number of buildings on the English Heritage Listed Buildings at Risk Register Success rate in defending appeals against refusal of consent for inappropriate development requiring Listed Building or Conservation Area Consent.3 8 8. New A1 retail and D2 indoor leisure floorspace permitted/completed (i) within defined centres and (ii) outside defined centres on sites not allocated for retail use (proposals exceeding 1. non-A1 and vacant units in defined shopping frontages (Source: Experian GOAD and/or bi-annual surveys). Indicator and Monitoring Information Number of Design Statements provided by applicants of major schemes. 7 7.2 200 IMPLEMENTATION . Management Proposals.TC9 and TC14). D1 and D2).2 6.D22). STC2).TC2. To complete the Waterfront Transit from Greenwich to Abbey Wood (Policy M12).
loss of entertainment facilities. cultural and granted/refused that involve a change of use (i.e. Area of vacant and/or derelict land remaining. designated Town Centres and other sites designated in the UDP. (Policy SW1) Number and type of water support facilities gained or lost through planning application decisions. and providing new waterway support facilities and infrastructure to enable use of the Thames and Deptford Creek for river-dependent uses (Policy W7) To reduce the amount of vacant and/or derelict land in the Waterfront Area.1 Tourism Indicator and Monitoring Information To protect viable existing and encourage Number of Tourism-related planning applications new provision for tourism. To locate major new tourist facilities within established Town Centres or on sites identified in the Plan (Policy T1) Waterfront Protecting existing. arts. 9.2 IMPLEMENTATION 201 . Monitor through Planning and Building Control records.1 10.2 10 10. Number of planning applications for major new tourist facilities granted/refused within. (Policies ST1 and ST2) existing facilities). or outside. Use the National Land Use Database and Council Geographic Information System records to establish a baseline and thereafter continue to monitor.UDP Objective ~ Target 9 9.
202 IMPLEMENTATION .
SITE PROPOSAL SCHEDULES Proposals Map Annotation Community Needs and Services Jobs Housing Open Spaces Movement Mixed Uses cb j h o m mu UDP Page 204 205-207 208 209-211 212-213 214-221 SITE PROPOSAL SCHEDULES 203 .
61) Vacant Significant Community Uses. Outline planning permission granted May 2006 for 2000 dwellings. See the Tripcock Point Development Framework. 03/2618/O). Part of an area at risk of Fluvial Flooding.The existing adventure playground to remain in the interim.COMMUNITY NEEDS AND SERVICES No. service and business uses (ref. See the proposed Kidbrooke Area Development SPD and Policy H4 (Kidbrooke Development Area).10) Existing Use Adventure Playground Proposal Community buildings Description The long term aim is to provide community buildings on these sites to serve the Meridian Estate.87) Vacant Primary School 204 SITE SCHEDULES: COMMUNITY NEEDS AND SERVICES .79) School playing grounds / vacant Secondary school and ancillary uses THAMESMEAD cb3 Community/ Civic site. and may involve Town Centre uses to facilitate community provision The site is subject to a Community Services Study as part of the Tripcock Point Planning Application Section 106 Agreement. cb4 Tripcock Point school site (1. a school. adopted September 2003. hotel and ancillary retail. development subject to a Flood Risk assessment in line with Environment Agency advice.Town Centre uses including residential and B1 (office) uses will be considered. Replacement of the existing school with expanded capacity for Year 7 and Post 16. Thamesmere Drive (0. If the Study concludes that all or part of the site is not needed for Community Facilities. cb2 Thomas Tallis Secondary School (2. cb1 Site (hectares) Site on the corner of Horseferry Place & Thames Street (0.That part of the site in Metropolitan Open Land should be used for open space activities ancillary to the school.
68) Part vacant. Scope for higher density and multi-storey business development.retention preferred if practicable. Construction Industry B1b/c. (1. Small (Skillions). B8 plus ancillary services.93) barge works/ Warehousing/ Offices/part vacant Angerstein Triangle. Planning permission at Skillions for 26. Bramshot Avenue (4. Eastmoor Street is the main visitor access to the Thames Barrier. Multi-storey pre-war industrial / commercial buildings . Greenwich Business Centre should be retained if redevelopment for the permitted or an alternative business redevelopment does not prove viable. Proposed uses should exploit the potential of the riverside wharves. car workshops. Preference for the retention of Cory’s works. No. Was mostly B2. White Hart Lane (14. Business Units (B1) Bookers warehouse and former petrol station SITE SCHEDULES: JOBS 205 .62) B8 vehicle storage Light industry/ Warehousing B1b/c. B1 uses. j1 Site (hectares) White Hart Triangle.711 sqm office and business redevelopment. vocational training. and not compromise Deptford Creek ecology. scale ancillary retailing and services. 01/1071). studio industry. Public realm improvements required. Wall and Anchor and Hope including Cory’s B8 Lane (1. Part of the site has planning permission for light industry and associated offices.31) Storage. offices.87) Business Centre Offices. studio workshops (B1). Eastmoor Street and Westmoor Streets (2. B8 Industry B1b/c. j3 Former railway sidings refurbished as a depot with open storage.JOBS NB: Employment uses form a significant part of the uses sought on a number of allocated Mixed Used sites. 1-3 Faraday Way (1. small breakers yards. Community j2 Riverside between Lombard Industry Industry B1b/c. j6 25-81 Greenwich High Road Greenwich Light Industry. B2. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). Development must relate sympathetically with adjoining listed warehouses and Mumford’s Mill. j4 17-37 & 18-36 Bowater Road. If buildings retained: Offices. site.000sqm industrial uses phased 2003-2010 (ref. Adjoins Crossrail works site to which it provides safeguarded road access (see Site m4a).14) Existing Use Proposal Description Under construction with Site j13 for up to 106. Listed former Council depot building to be retained and re-used. B2. B8 vacant with Commercial. commercial j5 Thames Barrier Approach.
NB: Employment uses form a significant part of the uses sought on a number of allocated Mixed Used sites.
No. j7 Site (hectares) Brookmarsh Industrial Estate & Phoenix Wharf, Lower Norman Road (0.93) Existing Use Proposal Description Longer term there may be scope for comprehensive redevelopment around Greenwich station, whereupon this site may have scope for more intensive mixed business and residential use. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). 1960-1970’s Light Industry/ Small small business / Business Units/ industrial units, Offices (B1). builders merchant.
55-71 Norman Road & railway arches (0.42)
Builders yard & Light Industry/ Small Longer term there may be scope for railway arches Business Units (B1). comprehensive redevelopment around Greenwich station, whereupon this site may have scope for more intensive mixed business and residential use. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). Various commercial including lorry depot and a vacant site Employment (B class uses) Outline planning permission granted for 18,600 sqm B1c use on the vacant “Gateway site” as part of the Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref. 02/2903). See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (Nov 2002, being updated). Buffer strip between Aggregates zone and Millennium Urban Village. Outline planning permission for employment use. Small corner site west of Co-op funeral parlour on Woolwich Road roundabout, providing access to industrial uses in Warspite Road; residential and industrial uses under construction in Ruston Road.
Site to east of A102 (M), west of Bugsby’s Way (4.78)
Horn Link Way / Pear Tree Way north of Bugsby’s Way (1.16) J/o Warspite Road and Rushton Road / Woolwich Road (0.40)
Vacant / open storage
Employment / light industry (B1)
Industry/ employment (B1b/c, B8)
Harvey’s site, Ramac Way (0.83)
Industry (B1b/c, B8) May be affected by Waterfront Transit route. Scope to refurbish/redevelop adjoining Ramac Industrial Estate.
THAMESMEAD j13 Land at Central Way, Nathan Construction Way, Purland Road, east of site previously Belmarsh Prison (10.50) vacant Industry (B1b/c, B2, B8). Under construction with Site j1 for up to 106,000 sqm industrial uses phased 2003-2010 (ref. 01/1071). Site provides safeguarded road access to Crossrail works (see Site m5).
SITE SCHEDULES: JOBS
NB: Employment uses form a significant part of the uses sought on a number of allocated Mixed Used sites.
No. j14 Site (hectares) Site fronting Nathan Way (1.05) 4-40 Nathan Way Existing Use Vacant Proposal Industry (B1b/c, B2, B8) Industry, offices (B1, B2, B8) Hotel, light industry, business (B1, B8), other non-retail commercial Description Previously safeguarded site for road link to White Hart Triangle Land, now released for industrial use. Close to Plumstead rail station. May be affected by proposed Crossrail safeguarding. Outline planning permission for a hotel and associated A3 use (ref. 01/2523). Partly below level of A206. Close to Plumstead rail station.
Site to the east of Plumstead Bus Garage (0.86)
SITE SCHEDULES: JOBS
NB: Housing will form a significant part of the uses sought on most allocated Mixed Use sites.
No. h1 Site (hectares) Site west of Tilfen Offices, Harrow Manor Way (1.12) McMillan Street (0.15) Eltham pools (0.37) National maritime Museum storage site, Nelson Mandela Road (1.72) Existing Use Open Land Proposal Residential Description Scope to develop in conjunction with Gallions Housing Association offices if these become operationally surplus. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). Subject to relocation of the pools as part of the leisure centre permitted in Archery Road (see site mu2) Outline planning permission for residential use (2004). Development will need to include completion of the wildlife link between the two parts of Nature Conservation Site nc7.
Swimming pool Residential
Thomas Tallis school site (2.40)
Secondary school and grounds Housing and open space
Predominately See the pending Kidbrooke Area housing, ancillary Development SPD and Policy H4 community services, (Kidbrooke Development Area) retail Predominately See the pending Kidbrooke Area housing, ancillary Development SPD and Policy H4 community services, (Kidbrooke Development Area) Wingfield Primary School Predominately housing, ancillary community services, Holy Family School See the pending Kidbrooke Area Development SPD and Policy H4 (Kidbrooke Development Area). Re-alignment of Kidbrooke Park Road in agreement with TfL. Part of the area is at risk of Fluvial Flooding, development subject to a Flood Risk assessment in line with Environment Agency advice.
West Ferrier precinct (21.88)
East Ferrier Estate (19.58)
Housing, open space, leisure
THAMESMEAD h8 Land adjacent Broadwater Dock (0.77) Vacant Residential Planning permission for 70 flats (2006). Proposals also include improvements to surrounding open space, infilling and renovation of dock.
SITE SCHEDULES: HOUSING
No. o1 Site (hectares) Woolwich Common Temporary MoD building site, Ha Ha Road (3.47) Existing Use Temporary open space/ vacant land Proposal Extension to Common Description The site was formerly part of Woolwich Common and has been occupied by temporary buildings used by the MoD since the 2nd World War. It is intended that the site should revert to open space use when the temporary buildings are vacated by the MoD, to reinstate the continuity of the Common. The Hervey Road playing field lies in an area of local park deficiency.The playing field was originally acquired for a new secondary school development. If the site is surplus to educational requirements as a playing field consideration should be given to its reversion to the original purpose for which it was agreed. If the site is surplus to education needs generally, the site should remain in open space uses, consistent with Policies O7 and O9. See the pending Kidbrooke Area Development SPD and Policy H4 (Kidbrooke Development Area)
Hervey Road Playing Field (4.80)
Education/ Playing Field
Sutcliffe Park extension (6.50)
Housing and open space
Open space extension from Sutcliffe Park to Kidbrooke railway station
University of Greenwich Avery Hill Campus, Mansion Site (7.49) University of Greenwich Avery Hill Campus, Southwood Site (7.09)
University University accommodation expansion
Major Developed Site in Metropolitan Open Land for University expansion. See Policy O3. Major Developed Site in Metropolitan Open Land. Planning permission (2003) for 6,500m2 net increase in teaching floorspace. See Policy O3.
University University accommodation expansion
FOOTPATH AND CYCLEWAY PROPOSALS o6 Riverside Walk, Borough boundary to Millennium Quay (N/A) Industry Riverside Walkway It is the Council’s objective to create a continuous riverside walkway alongside the River Thames from Deptford to Thamesmead. It is proposed that the ‘missing links’ will be completed as and when proposals are brought forward for redevelopment of riverside sites. (Policy O16). See also Site Proposal mu32.
SITE SCHEDULES: OPEN SPACES
No. o7 Site (hectares) Riverside Walk, Deptford Creek to Horseferry Place) (N/A) Riverside Walk, Anchor Wharf to Point Wharf (N/A) Existing Use Industry/ vacant Riverside footpath, industrial uses Proposal Riverside Walkway Description As proposal o6
Walkway improvement including riverside amenity open spaces and viewing area.
Environmental improvements will be carried out to the existing riverside footpath. Opportunities will be taken to realign the footpath alongside the River whenever possible. Small riverside open spaces and viewing areas will be created where opportunities arise. (Policy O16). As for proposal o6.
Riverside Walk,Thames Barrier to Warspite Road (N/A) Riverside Walk, Woolwich Dockyard to Woolwich Ferry (N/A) Riverside Walk, Ferry Approach Link (N/A) Green Chain Walk, Butterfly Lane to Footscray Road (N/A)
As for proposal o6. See site proposal mu6. As for proposal o6. The Council, in co-operation with the other constituent authorities of the GCJC, has way-marked a spinal network in the Green Chain (“Green Chain Walk”). Most of the network already exists in the form of public footpaths or pathways through public open space.These proposals cover various ‘missing links’ which will extend or improve the network and create circular and continuous routes through the Green Chain open land within GC.The Council intends to implement them as and when the opportunity arises and subject to reaching agreement with the landowners. (Policy O15). As for proposal o12.
Depot Private sportsground and playing fields
Riverside Walkway Link Footpath
Green Chain Walk, Footscray Road to Court Road (N/A) Green Chain Walk, Dothill Road to Oxleas Wood and to Bexley at Woodlands Farm (N/A)
Private Golf Course Community farm, footpath
As for proposal o12.
SITE SCHEDULES: OPEN SPACES
O24). Area 4 & 6 North (N/A) Riverside Walk. Layout of park must take account of Thames Gateway Bridge (Site m2). Park includes site of Nature Conservation Importance where management arrangements. SITE SCHEDULES: OPEN SPACES 211 . Proposal forms part of Gallions Reach Urban Village.6 ha. Layout of park must take account of Thames Gateway Bridge (Site m2). o16 Tripcock Park East (c. Area 6 (N/A) Vacant Riverside Promenade Riverside Footpath o18 Vacant Footpath Vacant o19 Drainage canal The canal system in Area 6 will Link to Thamesmere Extension Lake in Area 4 via the Twin Tumps.) Vacant District Park (part) This proposed District Park will serve the Western part of Thamesmead. Landscaping of river walk to include footpaths Landscaping to include footpath. The proposal includes Thameside Walk landscaping. Site (hectares) Existing Use Proposal Description THAMESMEAD o15 Tripcock Park West (c. Canals provide a setting for footpath and cycleway links adjacent development.The canal will in parts be provided with “wet margins” for ecological reasons. level and type of public access are to be determined (Policies W4. adjacent to Tripcock Park Areas 6/7 (N/A) Canal system. O9.OPEN SPACES No. It will include Riverside Walk.The system also links through to the Gallions Reach Urban village. O18. The proposed District Park with Tripcock Park West will serve western part of Thamesmead.20 ha.) Vacant District Park (part) o17 Riverside Walk.
No. Site (hectares) Existing Use Proposal Description RIVER CROSSINGS m1 Woolwich Rail Crossing (N/A) Various Extension from the Royal Docks to Woolwich Arsenal Options include heavy rail link. Remains safeguarded but may be reviewed as the DLR Woolwich extension is being implemented (see m4). Road crossing with fixed public transport link - possibly DLR or guided bus/tram. Public Inquiry closed 2006, decision awaited. A new crossing between North Greenwich and Silvertown Way in L.B. Newham. Should the crossing proceed the Council will require tunnels not a bridge. Tunnel under the River Thames, terminus in Woolwich town centre adjacent Woolwich Arsenal mainline station (see site mu14). Scheduled to open 2009.
Thames Gateway Bridge (N/A)
Multi-modal bridge crossing
Blackwall Crossing (N/A)
Docklands Light Railway Woolwich (N/A)
Extension from City Airport to Woolwich
New cross-London Tunnel under the Thames emerging rail link at Plumstead where it joins existing surface line. Station at Abbey Wood. Potential for a station at Woolwich Arsenal. Note the Safeguarding direction also secures access to works sites through the Woolwich Arsenal (Arsenal Way and Wallis Road via Duke of Wellington Avenue) and the White Hart Triangle (White Hart Avenue and North Road).
ROAD SCHEMES m6 Deptford Church Street (N/A) Road Junction Realignment Junction realignment to promote use of Deptford Church Street/A2, and assist in relieving Greenwich of through traffic. See Policy M15. Filter lane provision from Well Hall Road into Shooters Hill Road to enable better bus movement. Subject to TfL approval.
Shooters Hill Road / Well Hall Road (N/A)
SITE SCHEDULES: MOVEMENT
No. Site (hectares) Existing Use Proposal Description RIVERBUS m8 m9 Thamesmead (N/A) Greenwich Pier (N/A) Vacant Pier Pier / shore facilities To serve Thamesmead town centre and Tripcock Point (see Site mu40). Enhancement of pier/shore facilities Planning Permission granted subject to a legal agreement.
RAIL FREIGHT m10 Land at Angerstein Wharf (4.62) Aggregates Site to continue to be used for rail freight Grant aid available under Section 8 of the Railways act 1974. See Policy M37.
Former Plumstead Coal Yard Storage and (3.21) builders yard
Site with rail sidings Temporary planning permission for with potential for storage and aggregates use. rail freight use Adjacent White Hart Triangle industrial development (see Site j1). Safeguarded works and tunnel portal site for the Crossrail project (see Site m5). Also a Strategic Rail Freight Site.
CYCLING m12 Riverside Walk (N/A) River Frontage Thames Cycle Route Cycle route to be incorporated into the existing proposed riverside walk. See also relevant open space proposals. Detailed examination of schemes required.
SITE SCHEDULES: MOVEMENT
No. mu1 Site (hectares) Coronet Cinema & Tudor Parade, Well Hall Road (0.43) Existing Use Vacant cinema, retail use and residential units above the shops, petrol filling station Proposal Community uses, retail and housing including a significant element of affordable housing Description See the Coronet Cinema Site Planning Brief (2004). Development must include retention of grade II listed cinema building. Residential will need to form part of an integrated and comprehensive regeneration of the site. Planning permission for a leisure centre and Council local service centre (2005, ref.05/2105). Under construction. Site located with the Maritime Greenwich World Heritage Site and in a Conservation Area. See the Stockwell Street Development Brief (2000). Planning permission for offices, industrial, work/live units, residential and A1/A3 retail (ref. 02/2786).
Former depot, Archery Road (0.63) Stockwell Street Site (0.81)
Council Depot Leisure centre with swimming pool
Offices, indoor market, outdoor weekend market Vacant
Mix of town centre uses
Deals Gateway, 6-42 Blackheath Road (0.51)
Commercial use including B1 on road frontage, elsewhere residential, educational or commercial Residential-led mixed use development, supporting amenity space including a continuous public walk and cycleway along the Thames, and activitygenerating service, leisure and community uses especially on the riverfront. Potential for a hotel and cruise liner terminal. Flats, hotel or other water-frontanimating uses and riverside walk
Greenwich Reach East (3.14)
Vacant industry/ scrap/ aggregates depot
Creekmouth offers a deep water mooring suitable for cruise liners. Strategic view needs to be safeguarded. Riverwall improvements required. Resolution to grant planning permission (ref. 05/1386) for 980 flats, retail including supermarket and food & drink uses, subject to a legal agreement. Scheme includes a Creekmouth pedestrian bridge.
St Mary’s and Mastpond Wharves, Woolwich Church Street (1.50)
Planning permission for 4 storey hotel (99/0136) and 181 flats (99/0959). Development to retain slipways and safeguard river views from St. Mary’s church. Flood defence improvements required. Flats completed 2006.
SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES
No. mu7 Site (hectares) Blackwall Lane / Pelton Street (0.28) Existing Use Various, vacant school Proposal Description Commercial uses, Development should enhance and residential including support East Greenwich District affordable housing Centre. See Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002, being updated). Town centre commercial/ business use(s) See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 update, being updated) and Town Centre Policies. Scope for site assembly including Riverside House. Development should complement and form an activity link between Powis Street and the leisure/tourism uses in Warren Lane and the Royal Arsenal. See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 draft, being updated) and Town Centre Policies. Active uses including retail and leisure at ground floor level on Hare Street and Powis Street. Former Co-op store is locally listed. Development of sub-areas should not compromise a more comprehensive development approach. See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 draft, being updated). Site is in Metropolitan Open Land and a Conservation Area. No proposals to exceed existing footprint of buildings. Presumption in favour of conversion where practicable rather than demolition and new build. See Goldie Leigh Hospital Planning Brief (2000).
Callis Yard (0.28)
Macbean Centre and former Temporary Woolwich Polytechnic school, market (1.06) pound and community uses
Mixed development of town centre uses including retail, possible covered shopping mall
mu10 Land enclosing Mortgramit Square (Hare & Powis Street) (1.27)
Various commercial, retail and residential uses & vacant premises.
Mixed retail and town centre uses, residential above including affordable housing
mu11 Goldie Leigh Hospital (7.32)
Continued health provision, surplus footprint potentially residential
mu12 Land to north of Eltham High Street (1.85)
Town Centre uses See Eltham Town Centre Development including residential, Framework (1997, being updated). principally retail at ground level
SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES
No. Site (hectares) Existing Use Various commercial, part vacant Proposal Mixed use development including leisure A3, hotel/tourist facilities, residential. Ancillary A1 only. Description Development should complement and form an activity link between Powis Street and the Royal Arsenal, and must respect the setting of the adjacent Royal Arsenal listed buildings and conservation area. See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 draft, being updated). Resolution to grant outline planning permission for 2,517 flats, hotel, leisure including 10-screen cinema and ancillary retail/food& drink uses (ref. 05/2363/O, also covers part of Site mu24). The Secretary of State granted powers for the construction of the DLR Woolwich extension in February 2004. Listed buildings including the former Woolwich Building Society boardrooms to be retained. Scheduled to open in 2009. See the Woolwich Interchange Planning Brief (2002). mu13 Warren Lane ‘teardrop’ site (1.54)
mu14 Woolwich Arsenal mainline station and land south of Spray Street, Woolwich town centre (3.14)
DLR interchange with North Kent line, Waterfront Transit and bus routes.To include retail, commercial and residential development as part of a comprehensive station redevelopment. Retail with housing above, including a significant element of affordable housing Light Industry, Small business Units, Cultural Industries, residential within a mix.
mu15 Grove Market Place (0.51)
Shopping parade with residential above Part offices/ commercial, part vacant
Planning permission to amalgamate and enclose an underused 1960's open shopping arcade to provide a large retail unit, re-providing flats above (2003, ref. 00/1091). Site must include a significant proportion of non-residential uses and public access to the Creek. Adjoining Brewery Wharf is safeguarded by the Secretary of State for river-based freight use. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). Development to be linked to improvements to openness and landscaping of St. Alfege’s Park, which could include limited reconfiguration of open space. Gateway site into the World Heritage Site requiring sensitive design solutions. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000).
mu16 Hilton’s, Lion & Saxon Wharves, Upper Norman Road (0.90)
mu17 Creek Road / Bardsley Lane Part open (0.64) space, some commercial premises including former woodyard
Retail, A3 and community uses, civic open space with residential and/or small offices above.
SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES
Resolution to grant planning permission for 600 flats. mu20 Site south of Dome adjacent Ancillary North Greenwich Station facilities and (19. Revised scheme being prepared. being updated). See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002. north of Millennium Village (9. being updated).MIXED USES No.000 sqm offices. Ancillary storage facilities for Millennium Dome Residential led mixed use development including secondary school with ancillary local services. Cultural Industries Description Non-residential elements must comprise a significant proportion of the total floorspace. open space accessible to the public and ecological area along the Dome waterfront Central Business District business/ commercial uses and balanced and appropriately scaled mix of retail. 5. part mixed use vacant development with ancillary local services. 30. Uses as permitted for the Dome Waterfront district in the Meridian Delta Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000). 02/2903) See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002 being updated. event park and leisure centre within the Dome. including residential predominately on the eastern waterfront and Dome car-parking. Dome.54) Millennium Sports arena.41) SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES 217 .000 sqm retail & leisure (Meridian Gateway).000 sqm offices over and around a retail and leisure focal point and public transport interchange. west of Deptford Creek (Meridian Gateway. 02/2903): up to 325. Uses as permitted for the Parkside districts in the Meridian Delta Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref.72) parking for the Dome Uses as permitted for the Dome Central.86) Industrial uses. 02/2903). mu21 Delta/Blackwall Wharf and land west of North Greenwich Station (9.37) mu19 Millennium Dome and the tip of Greenwich Peninsula (16. 1. riverside conference. 02/2903) See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002. See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002. Central Park retained. Residential-led aggregates. mu22 Site between A102M and West parkside. hotel. Site (hectares) Existing Use Vacant former commercial/ industrial buildings. south side. being updated). Uses as permitted for the Meridian Gardens district in the Meridian Delta Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref. mu18 Creek Road. Millennium Square and East Riverside districts in the Meridian Delta Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref. Proposal Mixed use development to include residential and a substantial mix of Commercial or educational uses. leisure and other uses.
and includes a number of important listed buildings. Design commensurate with a World heritage Site buffer zone location required. 218 SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES . being updated). entertainment and education functions (See Policy TC4). See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (2002. which must be preserved and enhanced. mu23 East Parkside/ Bugsby’s Reach (8. Site (hectares) Existing Use Ancillary facilities for Millennium Dome Proposal Residential led mixed use development with ancillary local services. including retail and/or leisure along Woolwich Road and Vanburgh Hill frontages. Building 10 has planning permission for residential use.17) Vacant Commercial leisure Part of mixed-use development of including ancillary the Royal Arsenal. 02/2903).The site is within a retail. and their setting protected.13) Former Greenwich University campus. Description Uses as permitted for the Bugsby’s Reach districts in the Meridian Delta Masterplan for Greenwich Peninsula (ref. off Greenwich High Road (0.44) mu24 Woolwich Royal Arsenal (7.85) Vacant hospital Mixed use including residential and activity and employment generating town centre uses mu27 Woolwich Campus “island” site. leisure. and residential within a mix. Suitable for a mix of employment and activity generating town centre uses. Part of the western end of the block is Grade II listed. Northern part of site affected by safeguarding for the proposed third Blackwall river crossing (see site proposal m3).The remainder is being developed with Site mu13 (The Warren). Residential acceptable to the rear.39) Retail with commercial and residential above and car parking mu26 Former Greenwich District Hospital (2. residential. Central Park too be retained. Retail at ground level with customer parking. Woolwich Campus closed 2002. Above Commercial and some residential To include convenience and other retail facilities for local residents.MIXED USES No. Vanburgh health clinic to be retained. to include a significant proportion of affordable housing. mu25 Royal Hill Court. office. Site identified as capable of accommodating retail. Prominent gateway site where uses should complement and reinforce East Greenwich District Centre. residential conservation area. Calderwood Street (1.
Potential for links with Lewisham College mu28 Former public baths building. Residential element may be appropriate on the northern elevations if suitably buffered and designed. Main customer and servicing access to be provided off Bugsby’s Way See The Greenwich Peninsula Development Framework (Nov 2002. creative industries. parts of incorporating a Badcock Wharf significant and its proportion of foreshore employment uses. unless a relocation package securing the use of a financially and operationally viable alternative site is implemented before Badcock’s Wharf is cleared for redevelopment. Granite Mixed use Piper’s & Badcock’s Wharves & Piper’s mainly development (4. Scale and nature of development to be commensurate with the site’s public transport accessibility. Site close to DLR station south of Lewisham College on a busy junction environmentally unsuitable for residential use on the street frontage. north side (0. Vacant Bathway Greenwich (0. residential within a wider mix. Activities and layout must be compatible with the ongoing use of parts of Badcocks’ Wharf and foreshore for boat repairs and associated operations. Granite. road access constraints and residential context. other employment generating.33) Retail warehousing and small industrial / business units Bulky goods retailing and B1b.2) University Student Union mu29 Maritime Industrial Estate. mu31 Deptford Bridge.MIXED USES No.14) vacant. boatyard operations on Badcock’s Wharf and foreshore. Reconfiguration without increase of existing net retail area. Bugsby’s Way (2. Lovell’s. occupied by a including the boat repair retention of works. plus riverside public open space and walk. SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES 219 .c/B8 industrial / Business units mu30 Lovell’s. Commercial use required to buffer adjoining Defined Industrial Area. Site (hectares) Existing Use Proposal Suitable for re-use for appropriate Town Centre activity Description Locally listed building former Greenwich University Student Union. under review) Single Masterplan required for the whole site to incorporate riverside walk and riverside public open space (Local Park Deficiency Area).24) Various commercial B1. Substantial weight will be given to the retention of the building in accordance with Policy D23. with active commercial/ community uses at ground level. educational or vocational uses. 1980's retail premises reaching the end of their economic life. The site is located adjacent to statutorily listed buildings which must be preserved and enhanced and their setting protected through any development.
52) Various uses including Davy’s wine bar and cellar Gateway location to World Heritage Site requiring sensitive design solutions. Riverfront public access required. Planning application for mixed use including 247 flats. safeguarded Convoys Wharf (LB Lewisham). See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 Draft. mu33 131-161 Greenwich High Road (j/o Norman Road) (1. studios. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000).g. Description Uses must not prejudice the potential for river freight operations on the adjoining. workshops. See West Greenwich Development Framework (2000. Crown building & Post Office (2. and residential as part of a mix Mixed use development of residential with a significant proportion of commercial floorspace (e.57) Various commercial mu34 Davy’s site. Retail and other town centres uses would also be appropriate on the lower Woolwich New Road frontage. mu35 Peggy Middleton House. Site (hectares) Existing Use Proposal Mixed use development of residential with a significant proportion of commercial floorspace e. Large scale retailing proposals would need frontage on General Gordon Square. multi-storey car park A mix of residential. and former student accommodation.MIXED USES No. update pending). studio/office space above A1.81) Council and government offices. offices Mixed use development and interchange enhancement including a significant proportion of B1 office/ business space. active uses including retail at street level. 161-171 Greenwich High Road (0. Refurbishment/ development is likely to include re-provision of premises for Davy’s Wine Bar. halls of residence. The Greenwich High Road frontage buildings are a mix of statutorily and locally listed. mu32 Payne & Borthwick Wharves Document (0. Site layout and access arrangements should prioritise pedestrian access along Waller Way (the western site boundary) to Greenwich mainline and DLR station.g. A2 & A3 at street level). being updated). retail and/or business/ employment uses 220 SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES . Post office is locally listed and its retention is encouraged. Payne’s Wharf is Grade 2 listed and should be sensitively incorporated in any redevelopment. Gateway location to World Heritage Site requiring sensitive design solutions.87) storage.
Parade ground and Metropolitan Open Land to be retained without built encroachment nor use for car parking.74) Car Park mu38 Royal Military Academy.MIXED USES No. See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 Draft.) Vacant land and temporary aggregates processing Residential led mixed use development with ancillary local retailing and services. residential transport and part vacant interchange. Kidbrooke station retail. Site (hectares) Existing Use Council offices and car park Proposal Major non-food retail use with possible mixed use including residential on upper floors Mixed use with active uses at street and river level. community and commercial uses. See the Tripcock Point Development Framework. Parking would need to be provided within the scheme if the parking area were utilised. Local centre to include medium to large supermarket and a range of smaller shops and services mu39 Kidbrooke station area (4. being updated). parade ground and open space Grade II Listed building built in 1804. to be preserved and its setting enhanced.000 dwellings (03/2618/O). to include replacement public car parking Conversion for residential-led mix of uses and/or institutional/ community use. Potential for limited infill development elsewhere. Riverside walk to be maintained mu36 Co-op site.87) mu37 Waterfront Leisure Centre Car Park (0.49) Military academy. open space Description Possible department store site.51 ha. Outline planning permission for mixed use including 2.46) Railway station. Thamesmead SE28 (27. being updated). See Woolwich Town Centre Development Framework (2002 Draft. residential above. See the pending Kidbrooke Development Area SPD and Policy H4 (Kibrooke Development Area). 125-151 Powis Street (south side) (0. SITE SCHEDULES: MIXED USES 221 . housing THAMESMEAD mu40 Tripcock Point. local centre. Woolwich Common SE18 (8. SPG adopted September 2003.
222 SITE PROPOSAL SCHEDULES .
c. PPG12 sets out a UDP’s function and format as follows: “[The UDP] should contain the local planning authority’s policies and proposals for the development and use of land. the UDP takes account of Planning Policy Guidance Note 12: Development Plans (1999). It follows the requirements set out in the Act and in The Town and Country Planning (Development Plan) (England) Regulations 1999. to current national and regional policies. such diagrams. c. a written statement formulating in such detail as the authority think appropriate (and so as to be readily distinguishable from the other contents of the Plan) their proposals for the development and other use of land in their area or for any description of development or other use of such land. d. 7 The Proposals in Part II of a Unitary Development Plan shall be in general conformity with Part I. which sets out guidance on the procedure and content of the UDP.The 1990 Act also requires structure.” 4 In addition. and d. 5 6 A Unitary Development Plan shall also contain such other matters as may be prescribed or as the Secretary of State may in any other case direct.APPENDICES A P P E N D I X 1 : L E G I S L AT I V E B AC K G R O U N D Preparation of the Unitary Development Plan (UDP) was commenced by the Council under the provisions of the Town and Country Planning Act (1990). Part Two of the Town and Country Planning Act sets out the following requirements for a UDP: “2 A Unitary Development Plan shall comprise two parts. Part II of a Unitary Development Plan shall consist of:a. In formulating the general Policies in Part 1of a Unitary Development Plan the authority shall have regard:a. to any strategic guidance given by the Secretary of State to assist them in the preparation of the Plan. to such other matters as the Secretary of State may direct the authority to take into account. 3 Part I of a Unitary Development Plan shall consist of a written statement formulating the authority’s general policies in respect of the development and other use of land in their area (including measures for the improvement of the physical environment and the management of traffic). to the resources likely to be available. illustrations or other descriptive or explanatory matter in respect of the general Policies in Part I of the Plan or the Proposals in Part II as the authority think appropriate or as may be prescribed. b. a map showing those proposals on a geographical basis. a reasoned justification of the general policies in Part I of the Plan and of proposals in Part II. local and unitary development plans to include policies in respect of: APPENDIX 1: LEGISLATIVE BACKGROUND 223 . b.
” (Paragraph 3. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 gave the London Plan ‘development plan’ status.The SDS. forms the Development Plan for the Borough. UDPs are required to be in general conformity with the Plan. The improvement of the physical environment.2) “Part 1 of UDP’s … should concentrate of providing a strategic framework within which detailed policies can then be framed in Part II of the UDP.7) “UDP part II sets out the local planning authority’s detailed policies and specific proposals for the development and use of land which will guide its day-to-day planning decisions.” (Paragraph 3. 224 APPENDIX 1: LEGISLATIVE BACKGROUND .” (Appendix A. paragraph 24) Under the Greater London Authority Act 1999 and the Town and Country Planning (London Spatial Development Strategy) Regulations 2000.” (Appendix A. was published in February 2004. It should not contain policies and proposals which will be used in themselves for taking decisions on planning applications. the Mayor has responsibility for. and The management of traffic. together with the UDP (2006). It has replaced strategic planning guidance for London Planning Authorities (RPG3) and the London Parts of RPG3b/9b (strategic planning guidance for the River Thames). a spatial development strategy for London (SDS).11) “Part II of a plan must be in general conformity with policies in Part I. paragraph 7) “The written statement should also include a reasoned justification of the plan’s policies and proposals.The reasoned justification should only contain an explanation behind the policies and proposals in the plan.• • • The conservation of the natural beauty and amenity of the land.” (Paragraph 3.The London Plan (2004). and has prepared. known as the London Plan.
resident only parking bays/permits etc.g. AOD Above Ordinance Datum. Conservation Area An area of special architectural or historic interest. It includes species. planning. jewellery. the character or appearance of which is desirable to preserve or enhance. Bulky goods are generally considered to comprise furniture. Convenience Goods Goods bought frequently or out of necessity e. granted under the Order. Controlled Parking Zone (CPZ) An area in which on-street parking restrictions apply. major electrical items and appliances. Biodiversity The variety of plants. Comparison Goods Items such as clothing. the differences found within a species and the ecosystems and habitats within which species occur. Also referred to as ‘durable goods’. also including the Social Exclusion Unit and the Neighbourhood Renewal Unit. Article 4 Direction The Local Planning Authority may make a direction under Article 4 of the Town and Country Planning General Permitted Development Order 1995 (GPDO). and newspapers. Bulky goods A retail product subcategory of Comparison or durable goods referring to items that are bulky and/or heavy. which Local Planning Authorities have a statutory duty to produce. to the extent that the average shopper could not reasonably be expected to carry the purchase. APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY 225 . Height above sea level.The Greenwich UDP is the statutory Development Plan for the London Borough of Greenwich.This removes specified Permitted Development Rights.A P P E N D I X 2 : G L O S S A RY A N D A B B R E V I AT I O N S Affordable Housing Housing to meet the needs of households whose incomes are not sufficient to allow them to access appropriate housing in the Borough housing market. DCLG Department for Communities & Local Government. comprising both Social Rented housing and Intermediate housing including Key Worker housing. Density (residential) The amount of residential accommodation in any given area. footwear and electrical goods. regional and local government. tobacco. flooring and DIY goods. food. Backland development Development of land surrounded by existing properties. Development Plan A plan for the use of land for a specified area. animals and other living things in a particular area or region. typified by parking meters. measured in habitable rooms per hectare (HRH) of residential site area. Government Department responsible for national policy on housing. where shoppers typically prefer to have a choice of retail outlets in order to compare an article with others of the same type. from a defined area. often using back gardens and creating a new vehicular access. cosmetics. either as an individual item or in the quantity typically purchased.
staff offices. the GLA is made up of a Mayor and a separately elected Assembly.uk) provides a fuller description. Environment Agency Set up by the 1995 Environment Act. the Environment Agency are a non-departmental public body with responsibility as environmental advisors and regulators. EU European Union Floorspace (gross) All floorspace enclosed within the building envelope. 226 APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY . staff amenity facilities. sales counters. The Greenwich Local Development Scheme (www.gov. They will be the main basis upon which planning decisions are made. Footprint (of building) Ground area on a given site occupied by permanent buildings. Excludes goods storage / delivery / preparation areas.sales floor. not including areas of hardstanding (e. published as the London Plan (See Spatial Development Strategy). the Proposals Map and Area Action Plans. DPDs have legal status under the Town and Country Planning (Local Development) (England) Regulations 2004. in-store cafes or concessions.greenwich.Development Plan Document Once prepared Development Plan Documents (DPD) will replace the adopted UDP as the heart of the Local Development Framework (see LDF entry below). checkouts / circulation / lobby areas.There are five types of DPD:The Core (Spatial) Strategy. The Mayor has responsibility for producing strategic planning guidance for London. and ancillary facilities such as public seating. DLR Docklands Light Railway DoT Department of Transport. Floorspace (net retail) Area of a shop that is accessible to the public . and will be subject to independent examination. giving definition to the built up area and limiting urban sprawl. Site Allocations. plant rooms. Greater London Authority (GLA) Established in 2000. Green Belt A stretch of open land encircling Greater London in which development is strictly controlled. public toilets and enclosed public stairwells / lifts between shop floors. Government Department responsible for national transport policy. Government Circulars Periodic Guidance on specific topics relevant to planning which sets out Government policy and guidance on planning matters. tarmac carparking) or temporary structures / outbuildings. GAD Greenwich Association for the Disabled General Permitted Development Order (GPDO) The GPDO lists a number of operations to which planning permission is given automatically and where no application to the Local Planning Authority is required.g. Durable Goods See Comparison Goods. Development Control Policies.
rail). APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY 227 . Housing Strategy and Investment Programme (HIP) The rolling programme of expenditure that the Local Authority submits annually for Central Government funding. Greenwich. Used as a measure of housing density. Provided for those on moderate incomes (such as key workers) who cannot afford to rent or buy at London prices.g. Key Worker Workers such nurses. It is accompanied by a Borough Spending Plan that details the Borough’s annual transport spending bid. landings. for example and the journey is continued by another means of transport (e. pylons. Workers in these groups are typically on relatively low pay. HRH Habitable Rooms per Hectare. HMO Houses in Multiple Occupation. High Building A building. Kiss and Ride Where one is driven to the station. ONS 2001). ft. Occupation of a dwelling by more than one household. chimneys etc. but who also are unlikely to qualify for social rented housing. are unable to buy or rent in the private market. policies and priorities. ILIP (Interim Local Implementation Plan) and LIP (Local Implementation Plan) A document of Greenwich Council’s transport policies and schemes for the Borough reviewed on a regular basis. Interchange A point/location where a traveller can switch from one form of transport (e. This is a Central Government initiative implemented through local authorities by a travel plan advisor. which significantly exceeds the height of its surroundings. train). (140sq. and emergency services providers that have clearly identified recruitment and retention problems which are undermining service delivery and the economic well-being of the city. toilets. also houses sold at a discount. including all types of structures such as masts.g. part rented) housing costing more than social rent levels. Household One person living alone or a group of people (who may or may not be related) living or staying temporarily at the same address with common housekeeping (definition derived from The Census 2001 definitions. but excluding bathrooms. but less than the private cost of purchasing / renting. Statements accompany the programmes on local housing need.Green Chain A chain of open spaces through South-East London extending in a virtually continuous arc through Lewisham. from and for work. Intermediate housing Subsidised rented or shared ownership (part owned. bus) to another (e. Green Travel Plan Where an employer has produced a plan of practical measures to reduce car-use for travel to. m. and whilst not in any ordinary sense in housing need. Bexley and Bromley.g. Used as a measure of housing density.). Habitable Room Habitable Rooms will include all separate living rooms. halls and lobbies. teachers. including bedrooms. Kitchens will be counted as habitable where they have an overall floor area greater than 13 sq. HRA Habitable Rooms per Acre.
uk) provides a fuller description. It principally comprises Development Plan Documents with legal/statutory status. Pinch Points Narrowing of the road carriageway to prevent passage by certain large/wide vehicles.Listed Building (Local) A building or structure of architectural or historic interest which does not qualify for inclusion in the statutory list but which in the opinion of the Local Authority make a valuable contribution to the character of the area.The level of protection afforded to MOL is the same as that afforded to Green Belt land. LNR Local Nature Reserve. Listed Building Consent is required for any proposal to alter. The Greenwich Local Development Scheme (www. and non-statutory Supplementary Planning Documents. Local Development Framework (LDF) A Local Development Framework (LDF) is a portfolio of more specific documents that will replace traditional and wider-ranging old-style ‘development plans’ such as the Greenwich UDP.These buildings are protected under the Town and Country Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990. each occupying a single-use building) ODPM Following reorganisation in 2006. Mixed Use A development that includes more than one land use. ONS The Office of National Statistics Permitted Development Rights Small-scale developments which do not require planning permission in accordance with the General Permitted Development Order 1995. London Plan See Spatial Development Strategy Low Emissions Zone (LEZ) A defined area from which polluting vehicles that do not comply with set emissions standards are barred from entering. It will generally give details of the favoured land uses for the site and the 228 APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY . now known as the Department for Communities & Local Government (see DCLG).gov. prepared for the guidance of potential developers. The mix can be vertical (a mix of uses within one building) and/or horizontal (a range of uses across a site.greenwich. LWT London Wildlife Trust Metropolitan Open Land (MOL) Land of predominantly open character. Planning Brief A statement of the land use opportunities and constraints presented by a particular site. An area of local interest to which there is a commitment for conservation declared under the National Parks and Access to Countryside Act 1949. recognised has having more than Borough significance. extend or demolish the whole or part of the interior or exterior of any structure within the curtilage of that building. Listed Building (Statutory) A building (and any other fixed object within its curtilage of special architectural or historical interest which is on a list prepared by the Secretary of State for Culture. Media and Sport. and the second or additional uses comprise a significant proportion of the total floorspace.
construction. to which Greenwich UDP will have to be in general conformity with. Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPG's) Government advice on various planning policy matters issued from time to time to guide Local Planning Authorities in their operation of the planning system. can only considered if there are no more central alternatives available. Planning Guidance for London. Planning Briefs are usually adopted as Supplementary Planning Guidance. Spatial Development Strategy (SDS) Spatial Development Strategy –known as The London Plan. fauna. to concentrate these uses within town centres wherever possible. and in particular retail and indoor leisure developments. Strategic Guidance Planning Guidance for London that provides a framework for the preparation of Unitary Development Plans. Single Programme (formerly Single Regeneration Budget. Sites identified as being of importance for nature conservation purposes. Residential Site Area Area wholly within the Curtilage (boundary) of the site including internal access roads and incidental open space (see also Annex C of PPG3 Housing). for rent and sale. Being replaced by Planning Policy Statements (PPS’s). Previous guidance RPG3 (1996) was replaced by the London Mayor’s Spatial Development Strategy (SDS) in February 2004. improvement and management. which serve the same purpose. For mixed use schemes residential density can be estimated by apportioning the site area between different uses. geology or physiographical features. Developers are required to give first preference to locations within town centres.They are responsible for housing provision.standards that any development should reach. Sequential Approach Approach to selecting suitable sites for activity generating uses that attract the visiting public. SNCI Sites of Nature Conservation Importance. and in the last instance out of centre sites. Social rented housing Housing typically owned and/or managed by a registered Social Landlord for subsidised rent to households on low incomes who would otherwise be unable to access suitable housing. Planning Obligations A legal undertaking entered into in connection with a planning permission under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. Published February 2004. Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) Sites notified to the Local Planning Authority by the Nature Conservancy Council under section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 as being of national importance by reason of any of their flora. Registered Social Landlord A non-profit making organisation who allocate housing on the basis of need and are registered with the Housing Corporation (a Government organisation who provide funding to deliver affordable housing). Safeguarding Generally. Edge-of-centre sites. and are subject to a range of additional policy tests. the reserving of land for a particular purpose. issued by the London Mayor. APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY 229 . SRB) National government funding programme administered by Regional Development Agencies with the aim of supporting regeneration initiatives carried out by local regeneration partnerships.
Traffic Management Physical or other changes to roads in order to slow traffic.greenwich. All SPG that remains relevant will be updated and re-adopted as SPD. comprises the UDP. Examples include area. SPD is a material consideration in the determination of planning applications.uk) provides a fuller description. Prepared by a process incorporating public consultation and formal adoption by Council. Written Statement The document setting out a Local Planning Authority's policies and proposals for development within its area.see above). but adopted prior to the 2004 Planning & Compensation Act. together with the Proposals Map. etc.or issue-specific planning guidance (such as a planning brief).They provide further detail on the implementation of particular policies and proposals contained in the UDP (or successor Development Plan Document). Traffic calming Traffic management geared to reducing the environmental impact and speeds of vehicles. very similar in scope. purpose and status.gov. give preferential treatment to certain users. which. reduce traffic volumes. One adopted. Tree Preservation Order (TPO) Individual or groups of trees which the Local Planning Authority consider make a positive contribution to the amenity of the area and which are worthy of preservation. 230 APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY . improve the environment. although the UDP will remain the primary policy basis for decision-making.Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) A non-statutory Local Development Document forming part of the Borough’s Local Development Framework (LDF .The Greenwich Local Development Scheme (www. Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG) Predecessor to SPD. Orders are served in accordance with the Town and Country Planning Act of 1990.
no significant element of care is provided. Sui generis Other uses that do not fall within the categories specified above (including some hybrid uses). B2 General Industrial Use. or use as a hospital or nursing home. offices) within which certain changes of use may take place which will not require planning permission. medical services museums etc. D2 Assembly and Leisure.Use Classes Order (UCO) Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 and subsequent updates. bingo halls and indoor sport complexes. Government is examining proposals to designate nightclubs as a separate use (Class D3). in each case. C1 Hotel. Use for provision of residential accommodation and care to people in need.g. Uses such as cinemas. Uses for the purposes of offices (other than A2 use). research and development or light industry. APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY 231 . An industrial use which cannot be carried out in any residential area without detriment to the amenity of that area B8 A building or land primarily for the purpose of storage / distribution of goods. residential school or training centre C3 Self contained residential dwelling D1 Non-residential institution.This order groups buildings of similar uses (e. Some of the more frequently used use classes are: A1 Shops A2 Financial or Professional Services A3 Restaurants and Cafés A4 Drinking Establishments A5 Hot Food Take-away’s B1 Business Use. theatres. providing that such a use can be carried out in a residential area without detriment to the amenity of that area. guest house or hostel where. C2 Residential Institutions. day nurseries. Uses for places of worship. shops. and potentially sensitive uses that are excluded from any category of the Use Classes Order (1987) and subsequent updates specifically to ensure that proposals for that use will in all instances require planning permission. boarding.
232 APPENDIX 2: GLOSSARY .