SPANISH TEST WORD FORMS STUDY GUIDE!

Ser (refers to origin/physical traits/fairly permanent things) ex: No soy listo/I am not a quick thinker.Soy United States/I live in the United States (Yo) - Soy (Tú) Eres (él, Ella, Ud.) Es: (Ellos, Ellas, Uds.) Son (Nosotros) - Somos Estar- (Estar is used for location/ emotions/ state of being/ fairly changeable things) Estoy listo/I am ready. Estoy triste/I am sad (Yo) - Estoy (Tú) - estás: (él, Ella, Ud.) - está (Ellos, Ellas) - Están (Nosotros) – Estamos Tener (Yo) - Tengo (Tú) - Tienes (él, Ella, Ud.) - Tiene (Ellos, Ellas) - Tienen (Nosotros) – Tenemos Gustar (Yo) - Me Gusta (I like) ex. Me gusta el perro/ I like the dog e'l Ella, Ud. - Le gusta (He/she/it likes) ex. Le gusta video juegos/He/she/it likes video games Ellos, Ella - les gusta (They like) Les gusta el gato/They like the cat Nosotros - Nos gusta (We like) Nos gusta la casa/ I like the house DON'T FORGET: Gusta is singular, meaning you like one thing. ex: Me gusta la silla/ I like the chair. GUSTAN is plural, more than one. ex: Me gustan los sillas/ I like the CHAIRS. Verb with -er at the end word forms (ex.comer) Yo: Como Tu: Comes el, Ella, Ud.: Come Ellos, Ellas: Comen Nosotros: Comemos (apply to all REGULAR -er verbos) Verb with -ir at the end word forms (ex. escribo) (apply to all REGULAR -er verbos) Yo: Escribo Tu: Escribes

el, Ella, Ud.: Escribe Ellos,Ellas: Escriben Nosotros: Escribimos Verb with -ar at the end word forms (ex. comrpar) (apply to all REGULAR -ar verbos) Yo: Compro Tu: Compras el,ELla,Ud. Compra Ellos, Ellas:Compran Nostros: Compramos NOTE: NOTICE HOW THE ONLY THING DIFFERENT BETWEEN THESE WORD FORMS ARE THAT IN "NOSOTROS: -er verbos add "emos" at the end while -ir verbs end with "imos".ALSO NOTICE HOW -ar verbos are the same excepst for putting As instead of Es or Is. Hacer, Salir, and Poner: (irregular verbos) Yo-Hago/Salgo/Pongo (irregular word form, the rest is regular) Tu - Haces/Sales/Pones el Ella Ud. - Hace/Sale/Pone Ellos Ellas - Hacen/Salen/Ponen Nosotros - Hacemos/Salimos/Ponemos Family words: Menor- Younger Mayor- older Hermano/a - Brother/Sister Madrastra - Step mom Padrastro - Step dad Esposo/a- Husband/Wife Abuelo/a - Grandmom/dad Hijo/a - son/daughter Tu - refers to saying YOU OWN SOMETHING Tus- refers to saying YOU OWN MORE THAN ONE THING Mi - refers to saying I OWN SOMETHING Mis- refers to saying I OWN MORE THAN ONE THING Nuestro - refers to saying WE OWN SOMETHING Nuestros - Refers to saying WE OWN MORE THAN ONE THING Nuestra - refers to saying WE OWN SOMETHING (girls only) Nuestras - Refers to saying WE OWN MORE THAN ONE THING (girls only) Su- refers to saying he/she/it owns something (formal) Sus- Refers to saying he/she/it owns more than one thing (formal)

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