Permaculture Design Course

Day 3, Session 1: 08h00-10h00 Kirstie Stramler http://permaculture.tv

Day 3: Climate, Decision-Making, Patterns
8h00 - 8h20 8h20 -10h00 10h00-10h20 10h20-12h20 12h20-12h30 12h30-13h30 1h30 - 3h30 3h30 - 3h50 3h50 - 5h45 5h45 - 6h00 Check-In Climate Primer #1 (Kirstie) Break Decision-Making (Howard) Group Activity Lunch Climate #2 (Kirstie) & Patterns #1 (Lindsay) Break Patterns #2 (Lindsay) Check-In

Checking In!
Elements, Functions, Zones, Sectors in Design… Design Epiphanies? Observational Epiphanies? Other Comments?

Session 1: Climate
1) Climate Physics: Solar Radiation, Greenhouse, From 1 Birthday to the Next, Seasonal Solar Aspect 2) Earth’s Climate: Maps, Clouds & Rain, the 3-Zone Simplification, Design Strategy Hints for Each Zone 3) California Climate: Why it’s so AWEsome, Why it can be Perilous at times, Concepts for your ToolKit 4) Patterns in Climate: VK Vortices, Flow Forms

LA Arboretum PDC: Day 3, Session 1

How to Kill Vampires

UV, Solar & Thermal Radiation
• • • • • • Speed = Distance/Time Higher Frequency is More Energetic Peak Solar Radiation Emission is Green Eyes Evolved & Plants are Smart, Albedo Greenhouse Effect, Cold Desert Nights, Fireplace Slab Thermal Inertia: Diurnal Cycle & Seasonal Temperature Lag

Simplification: 3 Climate Zones
TROPICAL! Areas free of frost.
No month under 64F mean temperature (T). Includes the SUBTROPICS, for which coolest months 32F < T < 64F.

TEMPERATE! Some summer, real winter.
Coldest months T < 32F, warmest T > 50F. Includes POLAR, for which the warmest month T < 50F (or perpetual frost).

ARID! Areas where precipitation exceeds evaporation.
Mean annual rainfall <= 19.5 inches. Includes DESERT, for which mean rainfall <= 10 inches.

Soil-Building & Infrastructure Hints
Tropical -- Cool it, Drain it!
Mulch! Coax soil to store nutrients in humus, plant herbaceous perennials, multi-tier, cross-ventilate, light-colored, flexible, wellanchored shelter against hurricane/floods, shelterbelt, vines.

Temperate -- Warm it!
Greenhouse! Air lock, compost or animal heat, house insulation & aspect, wind/cold breaks, free-range forage systems & grassland grazing techniques.

Arid -- Store moisture!
Mulch! Increase humus, limit fertilizer & hooved herbivores, harvest water, use rock piles, depression beds & N-S ridges, slope effect, grill, roof drip swale, cool air source, structure orientation & shape, wind/heat breaks, design for flood.

Normal Conditions

El Nino Conditions

Sea Breeze

Land Breeze

3) State of the Planetary Ecosystem
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. Deforestation & Soil Loss/Degradation Loss, Degradation of Coastal Wetlands Loss of Plant & Animal Diversity* Coral Reef Loss* Water Pollution Water Scarcity & Increasing Rainfall Variability* Air Pollution & UV Sea Ice Loss* Land-based Glacier Loss*, Permafrost Melting* Increasing Temperature Variability*
*due all or in part to increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases in earth’s atmosphere

Summary of Key Indicators that show Unsustainable Trends in US Food System

Table from Heller & Keoleian (2003)

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