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CATEGORIES OF PUBLIC POLICIES:

There are 9 categories of public policy and different public policies are involved in
different categories.

1. Substantive public policies:


Substantive policies involve what government is going to do.

Example:
On October 13, Washington, Prime Minister’s adviser on finance Shaukat Tareen
pledge on Monday that the government would bring all sectors including agriculture,
under the tax net to strengthen the national economy. He said, “There will be no
sacred cows”.

2. Procedural public policies:


All those policies which describe how something is going to be done and who is
going to take action are called procedural public policies.

Example:
Hyderabad, October 12, District Nazim Kanwar Naveed Jamil has said that the
extended unit of filter plant will provide clean water to all the people of the city till
2027. The Nazim said at the ceremony for laying the foundation stone for the 20 mgd
extension plant at the new filter plant on Jamshoro Road on Saturday that after the
plant’s completion people would be supplied 50 mgd water from this plant. The
project would be completed within nine months at a cost of Rs. 350 million.

3. Distributive public policies:


Distributive policies involve allocation of services or benefits to particular segments
of the population - individuals, groups, corporations and communities.

Example:
Punjab institution of cardiology (PIC) has launched a scheme to provide free of cost
medicines to the indoor patients. PIC Medical Superintendent Dr, Riaz Ahmed
Chaudhry in a press release announced this on Sunday, October 12.

4. Redistributive public policies:


Redistributive policies typically involve using public funds to assist particular group,
communities or industries.

Example:
Lahore, October 7, The Food Department on Tuesday released 500,000 20 kg flour
bags for sale to the general public throughout the province and another 34000 to
“tandoors” for the provision of cheap roti to people. Punjab Food Minister Malik
Nadeem Kamran was informed that each 20 kg flour bag would be sold at Rs. 420
and tandoors were supplied flour for sale of roti at the cost of Rs. 2.
5. Regulatory public policies:
Regulatory policies are those in which government impose restriction on the actions
of a particular segment of society.

Example:
Gujranwala, October 11, Saturday, National Highway Authority (NHA) had issued
notices to all traders and shopkeepers on GT Road to remove shed and billboards of
their shops.

6. Self-Regulatory public policies:


Self-regulatory policies involve restricting or controlling some matter or group. These
policies are usually more controlled by the regulated group as a means of protecting
or promoting the interests of its members.

Example:
Transporters Association of Karachi held strikes in protest and demanded increment
in fares due to increase in the prices of oil and diesel. And government had to increase
fares.

7. Competitive-Regulatory public policies:


Competitive-regulatory policies involve those policies in which government restrict
the actions of a society to ensure quality.

Example:
Islamabad, October 12, The Food Ministry has urged the Prime Minister to ask the
government of Punjab to immediately end its ban on inter-provincial movement of
flour. If the ban is not removed, it says, the price of a 20 kg bag of flour may rise to
Rs. 850 in other parts of the country.

8. Material public policies:


Material policies actually either provide tangible resources or substantive power to
their beneficiaries.

Example:
On October 17 the District Government has decided to spend 65 percent of its budget
on Education sector for providing quality education to all, said District Nazim
Kanwar Naveed Jamil.

9. Symbolic public policies:


Those policies which don’t have the characteristics of physical existence and are not
measurable are called symbolic public policies.

Example:
57th Death Anniversary of Shaheed-e-Millat Liaquat Ali Khan was observed on
Thursday October 16