Scribd

1

Scribd

Type Founded

Private San Francisco, California, USA (March, 2007)

Headquarters San Francisco, California, USA Key people Trip Adler (CEO), George Consagra (President), Jared Friedman (CTO), Tikhon Bernstam (COO) Document Sharing | www.scribd.com 234
[2] [1]

Services Slogan Website Alexa rank Type of site Available in

Social Software English

Current status active

Scribd (pronounced English pronunciation: /ˈskrɪbd/) is a Web 2.0 based document-sharing website which allows users to post documents of various formats, and embed them into a web page using its iPaper format. Scribd was founded by Trip Adler in 2006.[3] Scribd's major competitors are Docstoc, WePapers, and issuu.[4]

History
The idea for Scribd was originally inspired when Trip Adler was at Harvard and had a conversation with his father, John R. Adler about the difficulties of publishing academic papers. He teamed up with cofounders Jared Friedman and Tikhon Bernstam and they attended Y Combinator in Cambridge in the summer of 2006. Scribd was launched from a San Francisco apartment in March 2007 and quickly grew in traffic. In 2008, it ranked as one of the top 20 social media sites according to Comscore.[5] In June 2009, Scribd launched Scribd Store,[6] and shortly thereafter closed a deal with Simon & Schuster to sell ebooks on Scribd.[7] Over 150 professional publishers including Random House, Wiley, Workman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Pearson, Harvard University Press and Stanford University Press. ProQuest began publishing dissertations and theses on Scribd in December 2009. In October 2009, Scribd launched its branded reader for media companies with The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Chicago Tribune, The Huffington Post, TechCrunch and MediaBistro. [8] Over 100 media companies now use Scribd’s branded reader to embed source material into their stories. In August, 2010, news stories began to break and documents and books began to go viral on Scribd including the overturned Prop 8 and HP’s lawsuit against Mark Hurd’s move to Oracle. Adler is currently the CEO of Scribd, where he is responsible for the product and strategic direction of the company. BusinessWeek named Adler one of the “Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010”.[9]

[31] Its revenue model has gained coverage on numerous blogs such as TechCrunch. [17] In April 2010 Scribd launched a new feature called "Readcast"[18] which allows automatic sharing of documents on Facebook and Twitter. OpenOffice.[24] Consagra left Scribd and became CEO of Good Guide in August. [11] Fast Company Named Scribd “One of its Top 10 Most Innovative Media Companies” in February 2010.Scribd 2 Awards/recognition In September 2009. however. Their current valuation is likely much higher. Scribd announced its integration of Facebook social plug-ins at the f8 Developer Conference. only a few applications use this API. 2010 it began beta testing premium services. Forbes named Scribd one of its “10 Hot Startups”. and PostScript files.[4] Technology Scribd uses iPaper which is a rich document format similar to PDF built for the web.7 million in June 2007 from Redpoint Ventures and The Kinsey Hills Group. All iPaper documents are hosted on Scribd. joined Scribd’s board of directors in January 2010.[22] [23] In December 2008. OpenDocument documents.[19] Also in April 2010. and Linux) without conversion.[13] On September 1. former PayPal COO and founder of Yammer and Geni. as long as the reader has Flash installed (although Scribd has announced non-Flash support for the iPhone). 2010 as its SVP of business development and opened a New York office. Time Magazine named Scribd one of the “10 Start-Ups that Will Change Your Life”. Scribd allows published documents to either be private or open to the larger Scribd community. and hired as president George Consagra. Mac OS. Scribd was recognized as one of the “2010 Hottest San Francisco Companies” by Lead411.[16] Timeline In February 2010. The iPaper document viewer is also embeddable in any website or blog. Scribd unveiled its first mobile plans for e-readers and smartphones. which is the default setting in Flash.[12] In May 2010. PowerPoint presentations. making it simple to embed documents in their original layout regardless of file format.[27] In August. former Bebo COO and managing director of Organic Inc. Scribd iPaper requires that Flash cookies are enabled. BusinessWeek named Scribd one the “World’s Most Intriguing Startups”. 2010. PDFs. Scribd hired Robert Macdonald. the company raised USD $9 million in a second round of funding. which allows users to embed documents into a web page.000 from Y Combinator. Scribd was valued at $10 million. the white or gray display area is simply blank. 2010 to become according to TechCrunch.[25] Scribd also utilizes Google Advertisements for revenue generation. [20] Scribd rolled-out a re-design on September 13. the World Economic Forum announced the company as a Technology Pioneer for 2011. allowing it to be viewed the same across different operating systems (Windows.”[21] Financials The company was initially funded with USD $12.[26] It also makes revenue from Scribd Store sales. Prior to the $9 million round.[29] All major document types can be formatted into iPaper including Word docs. Sacks.org XML documents. there is no message. and received over USD $3. in July.[30] If the requirements are not met. “the social network for reading.[28] iPaper was built with Adobe Flash.[10] In December 2009. . David O. former head of media and publisher partnerships at Google. Scribd launched its own API to power external/third-party applications.[14] [15] After the World Economic Forum Technology Pioneer Award. led by Charles River Ventures with re-investment from Redpoint Ventures and Kinsey Hills Group. 2010.

[37] Scribd has struck deals with several major book publishers to publish content online. the U. . 2010. Thomas Nelson. World Economic Forum. In March 2009 Scribd launched a copyright management system and has made upgrades to the system including the addition of OCR.0 Conference in San Francisco. Sibley Camara filed a class action lawsuit against Scribd. Workman Publishing Company. writing in the New York Times. Scribd has currently more than 50 million users and it hosts more than tens of millions of documents.[38] Criticism Copyright issues Scribd often has been accused of copyright infringement. Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Scribd has been praised by several newspapers and has been dubbed as the potential "YouTube for documents". Ford Motor Company. SCRIBD tickets related to copyright infringements exceeded 66. The World Bank."[41] [42] On May 11.[44] Since it inception Scribd has been served with 25 DMCA take down notices. New York Times DealBook reporter Andrew Ross Sorkin.8 million searches are conducted on Scribd's website everyday. The New York Times reported in May 2009 that Scribd hosted pirated works by authors such as Ursula K.S. Simon & Schuster. HewlettPackard. Red Cross. reported on Scribd hosting pirated works.[35] Notable users of Scribd include Virginia senator Mark Warner. and Samsung. Scribd's documents are embedded more than 10 million times across the web and more than 1.”"[33] In July. Now any document can become a Web page.[36] California gubernatorial candidate Meg Whitman.[39] In September 2009 American author Elaine Scott alleged that Scribd "shamelessly profits from the stolen copyrighted works of innumerable authors. and Manning Publications. [32] TechCrunch reported that Scribd is migrating away from Flash to HTML5. Berrett-Koehler Publishers. These include Random House.000. 2009. All Things D Reporter Kara Swisher. UNICEF. Motoko Rich.[43] The suit was dropped in July 2010.[45] In June 2010.Scribd On May 5. Le Guin.”[34] 3 Reception Scribd has been received positively by several commentators. accusing it of calculated copyright infringement for profit. "Scribd co-founder and chief technology officer Jared Friedman tells me: “We are scrapping three years of Flash development and betting the company on HTML5 because we believe HTML5 is a dramatically better reading experience than Flash. Scribd launched the largest implementation of HTML5 to date at the Web 2."[40] Her attorneys Joe Sibley and Kiwi Camara sought class action status in their efforts to win damages from Scribd for allegedly "egregious copyright infringement. 2010 Publishers Weekly wrote a cover story on Scribd entitled “Betting the House on HTML5.

html).xlsx) Microsoft PowerPoint (. . com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-still-working-on-business/ ). BusinessWeek. alexa. . . . 2009-10-07. "Simon & Schuster to Sell Digital Books on Scribd. Retrieved 2010-04-15. businessweek.sxw.org XML formats (.[46] [47] [48] In July 2010. .docx) OpenDocument formats (. com/ siteinfo/ scribd. techcrunch.ps) Rich Text Format (. html?q=scribd/ ). . html). businessweek.doc.pps. com/ ss/ 10/ 04/ 0419_best_young_tech_entrepreneurs/ 2. htm). forbes.xls. Brad Stone (11 July 2009).pdf) PostScript (. "" (http:/ / www. . . The New York Times. .com.sxi. GigaOM.odp.odt. reuters. Retrieved 11 October 2010. Forbes. . Retrieved 11 october 2010. publishersweekly. Retrieved 2010-01-01. "Best Young Tech Entrepreneurs 2010" (http:/ / images.com" (http:/ / www.com" (http:/ / www. The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-12-03. Retrieved 2009-10-07. "Scribd raises 9 million" (http:/ / gigaom. . . . .ppt. com/ 2008/ 12/ 31/ scribd-had-a-blowout-year-and-so-did-the-web-document/ ). com/ ss/ 09/ 11/ 1112_most_intriguing_companies/ 21.txt) Portable Document Format (. Supported file formats Supported formats include:[49] • • • • • • • • • Microsoft Excel (. . Brad Stone (17 May 2009). com/ 2009/ 12/ 03/ zynga-facebook-twitter-technology-breakthroughs-startups_slide_3. The test was met with minor community backlash leading Scribd to make changes to its policies. . "Publishers. com/ article/ CA6640708. Scribd began beta testing premium services including the Scribd Archive. Retrieved 2010.rtf) See also • • • • • Docstoc Google Docs Issuu WePapers Yudu Media References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] http:/ / www. com). The passwords were later removed when the news was published by The New York Times. nytimes. GigaOm reported that the script of “The Social Network” movie was uploaded and leaked on Scribd and promptly taken down per Sony’s DMCA request.sxc) Plain text (. [10] "The World's Most Intriguing Startups" (http:/ / images. . "Scribd had a blowout year and so did the web document/" (http:/ / www. . In August 2010. com/ 2009/ 05/ 18/ technology/ start-ups/ 18download. "From The Desk Of Your News Outlet And Scribd" (http:/ / blogs. com/ mediafile/ 2009/ 10/ 07/ from-the-desk-of-your-news-outlet-and-scribd/ ).pptx) Microsoft Word (. com/ 2009/ 06/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12books. scribd. [11] "The Next Hot Start-Ups" (http:/ / www. Authors Weigh Merits of Scribd" (http:/ / www.ods) OpenOffice. com/ "Scribd.Scribd 4 Controversy Comcast password leaks In March 2009 the passwords of several Comcast customers were leaked on Scribd. htm). Business Week. nytimes. . html). Reuters. alexa.

hires new president for social publishing" (http:/ / venturebeat. co. London: guardian.com.co. html?em). com/ doc/ 29110682/ Scribd-SAP-Largest-API-Integration-Press-Release). org/ en/ media/ Latest News Releases/ NR_TP2011). . com/ mic/ 2010/ industry/ most-innovative-media-companies). com/ monkeybites/ 2008/ 02/ ipaper-a-simple. The New York Times. 2010). Time. And Spotify To Be Dubbed 2011 Technology Pioneers At Davos" (http:/ / techcrunch. com/ 2010/ 09/ 01/ technology-pioneers-2011-foursquare-scribd-spotify/ ).. TechCrunch. crunchbase. wired. [19] "Scribd launches readcast" (http:/ / www. com/ webexsf2010/ public/ schedule/ detail/ 15348). Retrieved 2010-07-19. [41] Greg Sandoval (September 19. Scribd. . . cnet. [18] "Scribd gets 'Readcasting': Autosharing made easy" (http:/ / news. . [23] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. html). publishersweekly. [37] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. [14] "Thirty-One Visionary Companies Selected as Technology Pioneers 2011" (http:/ / www. (2010-02-10). crunchbase. . com/ support/ documentation/ en/ flashplayer/ help/ settings_manager03. co. [13] "Lead411 launches "Hottest Companies in San Francisco" awards" (http:/ / www.Scribd [12] "Most Innovative Media Companies" (http:/ / www. com/ 2007/ 06/ 04/ scribd-banks-35-million-from-redpoint/ ). html). Retrieved 2010-09-13. 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-01. . Publishers Weekly.0 Expo. cnet. 29 March 2009. [20] "Scribd's bet on the Facebook Effect" (http:/ / tech. com/ 2008/ 12/ 19/ scribd-raises-9-million-hires-new-president-for-social-publishing/ ). Retrieved 1 January 2010. fortune. [38] "Major book publishers turn to scribd" (http:/ / techcrunch. uk/ technology/ 2009/ sep/ 21/ scribd-lawsuit). . . html). Retrieved 2010-07-26. . [39] Motoko Rich (2009-05-11). . [17] Fowler. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-01. macromedia. . com/ press-release/ Scribd-Launches-Readcast-Integrates-With-Facebook-Social-Plugins-Make-Reading-More-Social-1151594. . "Book sharing site Scribd rejects claims of copyright infringement" (http:/ / www. Scribd. [15] "Foursquare. com/ app/ scribd/ ). Retrieved 22 September 2010. TechCrunch. . nytimes. com/ 8301-27076_3-20003081-248. Retrieved 1 January 2010. appappeal. com/ 2007/ 03/ 06/ scribd-youtube-for-text-gets-300k/ ). [25] "Digital Musical Chairs: Google Exec to Scribd. com/ company/ scribd#src4). . Retrieved 2010-05-06. appappeal. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. [31] "Scribd SAP Largest API Integration Press Release" (http:/ / www. Macromedia. time. Retrieved 2010-02-10. . html). com/ 2008/ 04/ 05/ scribd-on-your-iphone/ ). . CrunchBase. Retrieved 2010-04-15. com/ 8301-1023_3-10357108-93. Retrieved October 11. Marketwire. Retrieved 2009-05-11. web2expo. Retrieved 1 January 2010. lead411.2017050_2017049_2017046. scribd. com/ 2009/ 05/ 12/ technology/ internet/ 12digital. com/ MarkWarner). All Things Digital. [21] "Scribd Redesign Is An Attempt To Become A “Social Network For Reading”" (http:/ / techcrunch. . Retrieved 2010-4-21.5 Million from Redpoint" (http:/ / www. . [24] "Scribd raises $9 million. [43] "Class Action Copyright Suit Filed Against Scribd. Fast Company. Retrieved 2010-04-15. com/ 2010/ 09/ 13/ scribd-redesign/ ). allthingsd. Retrieved 2009-09-19. html). shtml). [30] "Global Storage Settings panel" (http:/ / www. . techdirt. 29 March 2009. html?part=rss& subj=news& tag=2547-1_3-0-5). "Scribd CTO: We Are Scrapping Flash And Betting The Company On HTML5" (http:/ / techcrunch. . "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. [29] "Scribd on your iPhone" (http:/ / blog. Yahoo Exec to Google!" (http:/ / kara. Retrieved 2010-04-15. techcrunch.00.com. Wall Street Journal. By Jammie Thomas' Lawyers?" (http:/ / www. Web 2. com/ article/ SB10001424052748704140104575057501723639926. [42] Motoko Rich (2009-09-19). weforum. fastcompany. 5 . [26] "Scribd" (http:/ / www. . The Guardian (London). uk/ technology/ 2009/ jul/ 22/ scribd-trip-adler-youtube). com/ company/ scribd). com/ time/ specials/ packages/ article/ 0. techcrunch. . . 2010-04-21. wsj. 2010. com/ 2010/ 04/ 21/ scribds-bet-on-the-facebook-effect/ ). "Jammie Thomas lawyers file suit against Scribd" (http:/ / news. Apple Exec to AOL. com/ san-francisco-companies. com/ 2010/ 05/ 05/ scribd-html5/ ). com/ 2009/ 03/ 17/ major-book-publishers-start-turning-to-scribd/ ).com. . [32] "HTML5 and The Future of Publishing" (http:/ / www. html?tag=mncol). [35] "YouTube for documents" (http:/ / techcrunch.28804. . scribd. Retrieved 2009-09-21. [22] "Scribd Banks $3. [40] Johnson. CNN. com/ pw/ by-topic/ digital/ content-and-e-books/ article/ 43942-betting-the-house-on-html5. Retrieved 2010-04-21. html). "Print Books Are Target of Pirates on the Web" (http:/ / www. Retrieved October 11. Geoffrey A. guardian. [16] "Tech Pioneers: 10 Start-Ups That Will Change Your Life" (http:/ / www. [27] Johnson. [28] "iPaper: a Simple Way to View and Share Documents on the Web" (http:/ / blog. "scribd" (http:/ / www. Bobbie (22 July 2009). CNet. Retrieved 22 September 2010. scribd. 2009-03-10. Retrieved 2010-01-01. CNET News. [33] Erick Schonfeld (May 5. guardian. com/ 20100719/ digital-musical-chairs-google-exec-to-scribd-apple-exec-to-aol-yahoo-exec-to-google/ ?mod=ATD_search). . scribd. 2009). com/ articles/ 20100719/ 12105310280. .com. [34] "Betting the House on HTML 5" (http:/ / www. [36] "Mark Warner" (http:/ / www. html). cnn.. TechDirt. Bobbie (2009-09-21). marketwire. TechCrunch.uk. . . htm). . cnet.com. . . "Scribd Plans Mobile Application" (http:/ / online. Retrieved 2010-09-01.

[47] "Comcast passwords leaked onto the web" (http:/ / news.Scribd [44] "Lawsuit Saying Scribd's Copyright-Protection Filters Infringe On Copyrights Has Been Dumped" (http:/ / www. com/ articles/ 20090919/ 1907586243. .scribd. 29 March 2009. [45] "Scribd looks like a winner" (http:/ / techcrunch. .com/video/ft/#/video/fortune/2009/01/26/fortune. . . blogs.com. 6 External links • Official website (http://www. com/ forums/ 35566/ entries/ 25092). "passwords of comcast customers exposed" (http:/ / bits.cnn. html). Brad (29 March 2009). nytimes. cnet.com/) • Video: 'YouTube' for writers (http://money. FAQs. nytimes. 19 July 2009. Retrieved October 11.com.fortune) . Retrieved 1 January 2010. . [48] "Comcast passwords exposed" (http:/ / hothardware. . Retrieved 1 January 2010. hothardware. Uploading and Managing Documents" (http:/ / support. Scribd. cnet. Scribd.com. [46] Stone. [49] Jason (February 26. com/ 2009/ 03/ 16/ passwords-of-8000-comcast-customers-exposed/ ). techdirt. disruptors. com/ News/ Comcast-User-Names-and-Passwords-Exposed/ ). 29 March 2009.scribd. Retrieved 24 September 2010. 2009). scribd. 2010. "Info. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 29 March 2009. shtml/ ). com/ 2007/ 03/ 25/ scribd-growing-like-youtube/ ). and Forums/FAQ: Writing. Retrieved 1 January 2010. TechDirt. com/ 8301-1009_3-10197789-83. TechCrunch.

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