A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients

or Children COMMON NAME Aconite, monkshood, wolfbane Adder's Tongue Ailanthus, tree of heaven Akee Amaryllis (various) Andromeda Anemone, windflower Angelica Tree Angel's trumpet Apricot, peach Asparagus Autumn crocus Azaleas Bamboo, Heavenly bamboo Baneberry Bearberry honeysuckle Bear's breech Belladonna lily Bird of Paradise Bittersweet Black twinberry Black Laurel, leucothoe Black Locust Tree Bleeding Heart, Dutchman's Breeches, Squirrel-Corn Bouncing bet, Cow Cockle, Cow-herb Bloodroot Boxwood Bracken Fern (males) Buckwheat Buffalo Bur Burning bush, Wahoo Buttercup, crowfoot Button bush Caladium Calla Lilly Canary bush Cascara, buckthorn, Coffee Berry Cashew Castor Bean Cherry (fruiting and flowering) China berry Tree, Texas Umbrella Tree Chokecherry Toxic or Poisonous Plants.xls SCIENTIFIC NAME Aconitum sp. Erythronium sp. Ailanthus altissima Bilighia sapida Amarillus sp. Pieris japonica Anemone sp. Aralia sp. Datura suaveolens Prunus sp. Asparagus officinalis Colchicum autumnale Rhododendrum sp. Nandina domestica Actaea sp. Lonicera sp. Acanthus mollis Amaryllis belladonna Poinciana gilliesii Celastrus sp. Lonicera Involucrata var. involucrata Leucothoe davisiae Robinia pseudoacacia Dicentra sp. Saponaria sp. Sanguinaria canadensis Buxus sp. Pteridiurn Gleditsch, P. aquilinurn. Fagopyrum sygittum Solanum sp. Eunymous atropurpureus Ranunculus sp. Cephalanthus occidentalis Caladium sp. Zantedeschia sp. Crotalaria agatiflora Rhamnus sp. Anacardium occidentale Ricinus communis Prunus sp. Melia azedarach Prunus virginiana pv Revised 06/10/03 TOXIC PART Entire plant Bulbs Leaves, flowers Seeds Entire plant leaves All parts Fruit Leaves, seeds, flowers Kernels in seeds Berries, uncooked shoots Entire plant Leaves Berries Berries, root stock, sap Breeies berries, roots All parts All parts Berries Berries Leaves Bark, sprouts, leaves, pods, seeds Foliage, roots Seeds, foliage Root Foliage Entire plant Foliage (green or dry), seeds Foilage, berries, roots Leaves, fruit, bark Entire plant Leaves, flowers, twigs Stems, leaves, roots Leaves Seeds Fruit, sap Uncooked seeds, smoke from burning shells Seeds, foliage Leaves, uncooked pits Fruit, leaves, bark, flowers Leaves, stones in fruit NOTES LETHAL

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sap All parts All parts Seeds. and varieties Euonymus. American Hellebore Fava bean. Indian poke. Erythronium sp. positive ID needed Bulbs Tubers. Delphinium sp. purple cockle Corydalis. Swamp lilly Curly dock Cyclamen Daffodil Daphne Death Camas Delphinium. Heracleum lanatum Mahonia repens Crinum americanum Rumex crispus Cyclamen sp. leaves. bracken fern Fiddleneck. digitalis Fritillaria. larkspur Dianthus.xls SCIENTIFIC NAME Helleborus niger Clematis sp. pinks Digitalis (See Foxglove) Dock. tarweed Figs Flax Flowering dogwood Four o' clock Foxglove. stems Entire plant Leaves. Agrostemma sp. fumatory Cow parsnip Creeping mahonia. seedling plants Seed. especially bulb Leaves Tuber bulbs Berries. bark. flowers NOTES LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL 2 of 6 . Seed pod Seeds Foliage Leaves. D. leaves Bulbs. Mirabilis jalapa Digitalis purpurea Fritillaria sp. Gloriosa superba Xanthium sp. Fafus sylvatica Veratrum sp. Vicia sp. fruit. stems All parts. foliage Seeds. Burning Bush. rootstock. foliage Seed Leaves Milky juice of foliage Foliage Stems. Gloriosa superba Revised 06/10/03 TOXIC PART Foliage. oregon grape Crinum lilly. etc. (fresh and dried). Fawn lilly. Crown imperialr lilly. Helix hedera Prunus laurocerascus. Zigadenus sp. sorrel Dogbane. Anthemis cotula Dieffenbachia picta. European Spindletree. Snakeshead Fungi Giant adder's tongue. Indian Hemp Dog Fennel Dogtooth lily (See Giant adder's tongue) Dumbcane Elderberry Elephant Ears English Ivy English Laurel. broad bean. pits Fruits. Apocynum sp. Dianthus sp.A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients or Children COMMON NAME Christmas Rose Clematis Climbing lilly. Portuguese laurel. horse bean Ferns-male fern. Narcissus Daphne sp. lusitanica Euonymus sp. seed chaff Berries Root. seeds Entire plant Non-cultivated. Aquilegia sp. dogtooth lily. leaves Roots. seeds Raw or partially cooked seeds Entire plant Seed Milky sap Leaves. etc Glory lily. fruit Leaves. gloriosa Toxic or Poisonous Plants. foliage. Glory Lilly Cocklebur Columbine Corn Cockle. Corydalis sp. seguine Sambucus sp. new growth. Amsinckia intermedia Ficus carica Linum sp. uncooked root Leaves. foliage. Cornus florida L. Colocasia sp. seed Foilage. bark Seed (beechnuts) Roots. European beech False hellebore. P. Rumex sp.

Lonicera. seed pods. leaves. indian tobacco Locoweed. staggerbush Hemlock. flags Jack-in-the-pulpit. Ginko biloba Magnolia sp. Oxtropis sp. roots Entire plant. Astragalus sp. Lantana camara TNTC Convallaria majalis Lobelia sp. Pigeonberry. andrmeda. seeds Leaves Unripe fruit. Drymaria pachyphylla Iris sp. sky flower Ground-cherry Groundsel. green dragon Japanese pieris. leaves All parts Rootstock. red sage Lichens Lilly-of-the-Valley Lobelia. Marah fabaceus/Echinosystis lobata Lycium halimifolium Podphyllium peltatum Revised 06/10/03 TOXIC PART Seeds. wolfberry Mayapple Toxic or Poisonous Plants. leaves NOTES LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL 3 of 6 . sprouts Foliage Leaves. water Henbane. Tartatian Hopi lima bean Horse bean. Oregon root. milk of animals eating seeds All parts Unripe fruit Entire plant Leaves. crazy weed Lupines. etc Jonquil Kalama Kentucky coffee tree Labrador tea lady slippers Lantaha. Impatiens sp. poison Hemlock. See Narcissus See Mountain laurel Gymnocladus dioicus Ledum sp. Pieris japonica Solarum seudocapsicum Datura sp. cardinal flower. flower nectar. buckeye Horse Nettle. Lily-of-the-valley shrub Jerusalem cherry Jimsonweed. tatarica. maleberry. nectar All parts Seebs. senecio He-huckleberry. bluebonnets Nadenhair tree Magnolia Manroot. seeds Fruit All parts. Duranta repens Physalis sp. sap Foliage Berries Berries mildly toxic Seeds (uncooked) Flower pollen Nuts. especially seeds Juice. Lyonia ligustrina Conium maculatum Cicuta douglasii Hyoscyamus niger Lamium amplexicaule Ilex sp. wild cucumber Matrimony vine. fetterbush. foliage (fresh or dried) Roots See andromeda See nightshade Leaves. boxthorn. Cypripedium sp. balsum. bull nettle Horseradish Horsetail Hyacinth Hydrangeas Impatiens. devil's trumpet. Arisaema sp. flowers Foliage. Senecio sp. Black henbane Henbit Holly Honeysuckle. roots & stem base most toxic Bulbs Leaves. young shoots. Fava been Horsechestnut. seeds Entire plant Foliage. seeds. Lupine sp. Aesculus sp. flower buds Young stems. drymary Iris. rattleweed. roots Bulbs Leaves Seeds.xls SCIENTIFIC NAME Laburnum sp. Broad been. leaves. berries Foliage. Solanum carolinense Armoracia rusticana Equisetum arvense Hyacinthus orientalis Hydrangeas sp. milk vetch. Phaseolus lanatus Vicia sp.A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients or Children COMMON NAME Goldenchain tree Golden dewdrop. angel trumpet. touch-me-not Inkweed. stems Berries Positive ID needed to be safe Entire plant Leaves..

Rhys sp Papaver sp. poison ivy Pokeweed. Jerusalem cherry. use caution Entire plant All parts All parts Seeds.A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients or Children COMMON NAME Marijuana. Adonis vernalis Pittosporum sp Rhyus sp. teas from fruit Fruit Positive ID needed to be safe Entire plant Fruit Seeds Leaves. fruit. P. caper spurge Moonseed Morning glory. stems. uncooked acorns Leaves. scarlet or red pimpernel Plum Poinciana. spurge tree. Phoradendron villosum. leaves Leaves. P. bindweed Mountain heather. berries All parts iaten raw in quantities Leaves.xls SCIENTIFIC NAME Cannabis sativa Caltha sp. cowslip Mexican orange Milkweeds Mistletoe Mockorange Molds Mole plant. Nicotiana sp. redroot Pimpernel. Australian laurel Poison oak. flavescens Philadelphus sp. positive ID needed All parts/eaten in quantity Bulbs Leaves Vines. bittersweets. flowers. apricot Pensil tree. oregon grape Mountain laurel Mushrooms Mustard Narcissus. Nerium oleander Maclura pomifera Malus fusca Pastinaca sativa Amemone patens Asimina triloba Prunus persica. Solanum sp. malabar tree. seeds Green seed pods Might not be poison. sprouts Foliage. careless weed. Ipmea sp. armeniaca Euphorbia tiraculla Pittosporum torbira Philodendrun sp. nettle Night-blooming Jessamine Oak Oleander Osage orange Pacific crabapple Parsnip Pasque flower PawPaw Peach. resinous secretions Entire plant All parts Foliage. branches Milky juice Seeds in quantity Foliage All parts All parts Kernels (seeds) in pits See Spurges Fruit. Poinciana gilliesii Euphorbia pulcherrima Conium maculatum Rhus sp. daffodil. Choisya ternata Asclepias sp. foliage. roots NOTES LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL 4 of 6 . Anagallis arvensis Prunus sp. stems All parts All parts Entire plant Foliage Entire plant Leaves. Wild hemp Marsh marigold. See horse nettle.. jonquil Nettle. bird-of-paradise bush Poinsettia Poison hemlock Poison ivy Poison oak Poppies Toxic or Poisonous Plants. nightshade Nicotiana (Wild and cultivated tobaccos) Nightshades. monkey fiddle Pittosporum Philodendrons (house plants) Pheasant's plant Pittosporum. leaves. Mahonia repens Kalamia latifolia Brassica nigra Narcissus sp. Amaranthus sp. TNTC Euphorbia lathyrus Menispermum canadense Convolvulus sp. stems All parts non-cultivated. Cestrum nocturnum Quercus sp. Revised 06/10/03 TOXIC PART Leaves. roots.

Phaseolus coccineus Scilla noncripta.parts Leaves Leaf blade (stalk edible) All parts All parts Foliage Entire plant pods Entire plant Foliage. parsley fern Tansy ragwort Tarweed Tobacco See nicotiana Tomato Trillium. leaves Stem Entire plant Entire plant Foilage. snow-on-the-Mt. seeds See Dock Berry LETHAL Berry Leaves Berry Bulbs All parts. Rheum rhapontic Helenium sp. Ornithogalum umbellatum Lathyrus odratus. sour dock Skimmia Skunk cabbage Smartweed Snowberry Snowdrop Snow-on-the-mountain Sorghum Sour dock. Symphoricapos albus Galanthus nivalis Euphorbia marginata Sorghum vulgare Rumex acetosa Yucca aloiflora Hymenocallis sp. S. sap All parts eaten in quantity Leaves in quantity Roots Bulb Bulb Foliage. shoots. Cicuta maculata Revised 06/10/03 TOXIC PART NOTES Vines. Linnaea borealis Parthenocissus quinquefolia Juglans sp. mock azalea St. Star-of-Bethlehem Sweet peas Tansy. trumpet vine. etc Scarlet runner bean Scilla. Euphorbia sp. fruit (berries) Pollen All. Tanacetum vulgare Senecia jacobaea See Fiddleback Lycopersicon sp. Campsis radicans Tulipa sp. coffeeweed Rhododendruns Rhubarb Rosary pea. hind-head. green or spoiled tuber. etc Leaves. Ambrosia sp. Portulaca oleracea Ligustrum sp. tipton weed.A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients or Children COMMON NAME Potato Primrose Purslane. other parts may be toxic Bulbs. stems All parts Foiliage. bitter buttons. Sorrel Spanish bayonet Spider lily Spindle tree Spurge. John's wort. ecatory bean. (fruit not toxic) Root Flowers Bulb Entire plant Berries Juice form green hull Entire plant LETHAL 5 of 6 . Tulip Twin flower Virginia creeper. Skimmia japonica Lysichitum americanum Polygonum sp. pulsey Privets Ragweed Rattlebox. Daubentonia punicea Rhododendrun sp. squill Scotch broom Sheel sorrel. woodbine Wallnuts Water hemlock Toxic or Poisonous Plants. Trillium sp. wakerobin Trumpet-creeper. Indian licorice Rubbervine Rusty leaf. caper spurge. Euonymus sp. mole plant.xls SCIENTIFIC NAME Solanum tuberosum Primula sp. Lathyrus sp. goat weed. sunburned. Cryptostegia grandflora Menziesia ferruginea Hypericsum sp. peruviana Cytisus scoparius Rumes sp. red sorrel. fool's huckleberry.

Guide to Poisonous Plants. fairy lily SCIENTIFIC NAME Sium suave Eupatorium rugosum Cala palustris Allium canadense/ Allium cernuum Lathyrus sp.xls Revised 06/10/03 6 of 6 . Naturegraph Publishers. 2002. DOH created this list from various resources such as published literature and the internet. Chenopodium ambrosiodes Gelsemium sempervirens Taxus sp. Inc. 2003. Lewis/Lewis. dermatitis. Mary Bridge Poison Control Center: A Guide to Plant Poisoning. Co. AMA-HandBook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants. Yucca glauca Zephyranthes atamasco TOXIC PART Leaves Leaves. These plants have been known to cause illness. bark Seeds. Yucca filamentosa. "Plant Safety". 1968. Lampe/Fagerstrom. bark. North Carolina State Univerasity-Cooperative Extension. 2003 US-FDA. New Jersey Poison Information and Education Center. leaves NOTES LETHAL LETHAL LETHAL IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This list is not complete. This list is subject to change without notice. 2003. Poisonous Planst Encountered in Oregon. Poisonous Plant Data Base. 1998 Toxic or Poisonous Plants. John Wiley & Sons. Gardening in the Northwest.. atamasco lily. University of California-San Diego. seed Raw root Raw root Bulbs. pods Seeds All parts Foliage. or death in humans. The Stationary Office. and Treatment. mexican tea Yellow jessamine Yews Yucca Yucca Zephyr lilly. 2003. 2003. Prentice-Hall. 1964. American Medical Association. Salix sp. REFERENCES: Kaiser Permanente-Northwest: Common Poisonous Plants and Non-poisonous Plants. Thurston County Noxious Weed Control Board. Unversity of Oregon-Cooperative Extension. 1993. Various internet sites by searching: "poisonous"+"plant name" Poisonous Plants and Fungi in Britain "Animal and Human Poisoning". Medical Botany: Plants Affecting Man's Health. "Poison Prevention". University of Georgia-Cooperative Extension.A Department of Health (DOH) Guide to Toxic or Poisonous Plants Not Suitable for use in Areas Occupied by Dementia Patients or Children COMMON NAME Water parsnip White snakeroot Wild cala Wild onion Wild peas Willow Wisteria Wormseed. EC-801. Poisonous Plant Database. 1977. Methodist Hospital of Indiana. stems Leaves All parts in quantity Seeds Leaves. Wisteria sp. "Selected Noxious Plants of Washington State" US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventitive Medicine. Plant Toxicity and Dermatitis. Washington State University-Cooperative Extension. Cooper/Johnson.. Know your Poisonous Plants. Prevention. Wilma Roberts James. 2003. Willians & Wilkens. Healthcare web site. Kinsbury. 1999. Poisonous Plants of the United States and Canada. Fact Sheet H-00-056. Indiana Poison Center.

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