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**© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses
**

Dear Student s,

Vidyamandir Classes academic t eam knows that you are rigourously st udying t o cover t he ent ire prescribed

syl labus. As t he Final Exams approach, t his is t he t ime when you need t o revisit t he concept s you have

learned. At t his t ime, you have t o be very focused and direct ed in your approach.

To make your learning process precise, effect ive and enj oyable, we at Vidyamandir Classes concept ualized

t he compendi um series, st rat egi cally desi gned t o help you i n scoring high grades in examinat ion. The

Compendium is primarily intended t o present the concepts of chapter in a concise manner. All key definitions,

diagrams and formulae have been int egrat ed for a quick revision of t he chapt er.

To help you t o easily mast er complicat ed concept s, defi nit i ons, diagrams and f ormul ae, we have added

int eresting tips, mnemonics, maps and mat rices. Let us take a look at the element s of t he Compendium and

how t o use t hem.

Knowi ng t hese f eat ures will make it easier for you t o assimil at e complex informat ion.

I co n D e scr i p t i on H o w i t ca n h e l p yo u

Concept map

To di rect l y recapi t ul at e mai n concept s of t he

chapt er .

D r a wi n g T i p s

Drawi ng Ti ps

To hel p you draw and remember di agrams,

we have t hought f ul l y devel oped some

mnemoni cs t o hel p you t o memor i se

i nf ormat i on

Compare

Cont rast Mat ri x

To hel p you i n compari ng di f f erent concept s

Memory Ti ps

To make your l earni ng process ef f ect i ve, easy

t i ps have been provi ded.

In t his compendium, we have also incorporat ed:

• CBSE Blue Print : Type of quest ions asked and t he weight age of different forms of quest ions.

• Analysis of Previ ous Years CBSE quest ions: The t opic wise analysis of previous years quest ion al ong

wit h t he marks allocat ed.

• We are confi dent t hat t his Compendium wi ll prove very helpf ul in achieving excellent result in your

exams.

All t he very best f or your exams!

Vidyamandir Classes Academic Team

ABOUT THE COMPENDI UM

Compendium/Math/Class XII 2

© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses

About I nverse Tri gonomet ri c Funct i ons

Since t his chapt er was int roduced in class XII

t h

in t he year 2008, we have only last year’ s question

paper as ref erence.

T yp e s o f Qu e st i o n s Ve r y sh o r t a n swe r

( 1 m a r k )

Sh o r t a n sw e r

( 4 m a r k s)

Lo n g a n swe r

(6 m a r k s)

Op t i o n I Number of quest i ons 1 1 -

Op t i o n I I Number of quest i ons - - 1

As you can see, the quest ions asked were mainly concept ual and based on t he properties of

inverse t rigonomet ric funct ions. You need to have a clear idea of principal values of all six inverse

t rigonometric functions. Also, quest ions based on propert ies need to be pract ised rigourously .

CBSE BLUEPRI N T

I n ve r s e Tr i g o n o m e t r i c Fu n c t i o n s

1. Evaluat e :

1

1

sin sin

3 2

π

÷

( ) ( )

· ·

÷ ÷ · ·

· ·

( ) ( )

. 1 mark

2 . Prove t he f ollowing:

1 1 1 1

1 1 1 1

tan tan tan tan

3 5 7 8 4

π

÷ ÷ ÷ ÷

÷ ÷ ÷ =

4 mark

Compendium/Math/Class XII 3

© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses

I N VERSE T RI GO N O M ET RI C FUN CT I O N S

Ke y Fo r m u l a e

Fu n ct i o n

1

cos y x

÷

=

Do m ai n

[ [ 1,1 x ÷ ÷

Ran g e

(p r i n ci p al val u e

b r an ch )

[ [ 0, π

Fu n ct i o n

1

sin y x

÷

=

Do m ai n

[ [ 1,1 x ÷ ÷

Ran g e

(p r i n ci p al val u e

b r an ch )

,

2 2

π π

l

÷

l

l

l

Fu n ct i o n

1

tan y x

÷

=

Do m ai n

( ) , x ÷ ÷ · ·

Ran g e

(p r i n ci p al val ue

b r an ch )

,

2 2

π π ( ) ÷

·

·

·

( )

Fu n c t i o n

1

cot y x

÷

=

Do m ai n

( ) , x ÷ ÷ · ·

Ran g e

(p r i n c i p al v al u e

b r an ch )

( ) 0, π

Bot h sin

–1

x and cos

–1

x

have t he same domain.

Graphs of sin

–1

x

and cos

–1

x have a phase

difference of

Bot h t an

–1

x and cot

–1

x

have t he same domain.

Compendium/Math/Class XII 4

© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses

Bot h sec

–1

x and

cosec

–1

x have t he

same domain.

Graphs of sec

–1

x and

cosec

–1

x have a phase

difference of

Range of cosec

–1

x i s

t he same as t hat of

sin

–1

x except t he

element 0.

Range of sec

–1

x is t he

same as t hat of cos

–1

x

except t he el ement

.

Ke y Pr o p e r t i e s

(i)

1

1

sin

x

÷

=

1

cosec , 1 or 1 x x x

÷

_ _÷

(ii)

1

1

cos

x

÷

=

1

sec , 1 or 1 x x x

÷

_ _÷

(iii)

1

1

tan

x

÷

=

1

cot , 0 x x

÷

Trigonomet ric Inverse Funct ions of Reciprocals

Funct ion

1

cosec y x

÷

=

Domain

( , 1] [1, ) x ÷ ÷· ÷ ' ·

Range

(principal

value

br anch)

, {0}

2 2

π π

l

÷

l ÷

l

l

Funct ion

1

sec y x

÷

=

Domain

( , 1] [1, ) x ÷ ÷· ÷ ' ·

Range

(principal

value

branch)

[0, π ] – { π /2}

Compendium/Math/Class XII 5

© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses

(i)

1 1

sin cos x x

÷ ÷

÷ = , [ 1,1]

2

π

x ÷ ÷

(ii)

1 1

tan cot x x

÷ ÷

÷ = , R

2

π

x ÷

(iii)

1 1

cosec sec x x

÷ ÷

÷ = , 1

2

π

x _

Trigonomet ric Inverse of Negat ive Argument Funct ions

Trigonomet ric Inverse of Trigonomet ric Funct ions and Trigonomet ric Value of Trigonomet ric

Inverse Funct ion

Impor t ant pr oper t i es whi ch ar e used ext ensi vel y i n sol vi ng quest i ons based on i nver se

t rigonomet ric f unct ions.

N o t e t h e Pa t t e r n

In t he f i rst t abl e, we get

the same inverse function

wi t h negat i ve si gn

wher eas i n t he second

t abl e an addi t i onal

appears wi t h a negat i ve

i nverse f unct i on.

N o t e t h e

Pa t t e r n

In t he first

t able, inverse

of a

trigonometric

funct ion gives

the angle

whereas in the

second table,

trigonometric

funct ion of an

inverse

funct ion gives

t he value of

t he funct ion.

(i)

1

sin ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

sin , [ 1,1] x x

÷

÷ ÷ ÷

(ii)

1

tan ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

tan ( ), R x x

÷

÷ ÷

(iii)

1

cosec ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

cosec , 1 x x

÷

÷ _

( )

–1

sin sinθ θ = , ,

2 2

π π

θ

l

l ÷ ÷

l

l

( )

1

sin sin x

÷

= x , [ [ 1,1 x ÷ ÷

( )

–1

cos cos θ θ = , [ [ 0, θ π ÷

( )

1

cos cos x

÷

= x , [ [ 1,1 x ÷ ÷

( )

–1

tan tan θ θ = , ,

2 2

π π

θ

( ) ÷

·

÷

·

·

( )

( )

1

tan tan x

÷

= x , x R ÷

( )

–1

cosec cosec θ θ = , , ; 0

2 2

π π

θ θ

l

l ÷ ÷ =

l

l

( )

1

cosec cosec x

÷

= x ,

( , 1] [1, ) x ÷ ÷· ÷ ' ·

( )

–1

sec sec θ θ = , [ [ 0, ;

2

π

θ π θ ÷ =

( )

1

sec sec x

÷

= x , ( , 1] [1, ) x ÷ ÷· ÷ ' ·

( )

–1

cot cot θ θ = , ( ) 0, θ π ÷ ( )

1

cot cot x

÷

= x , x R ÷

(i)

1

cos ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

cos , [ 1,1] π x x

÷

÷ ÷ ÷

(ii)

1

sec ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

s ( ), 1 π ec x x

÷

÷ _

(iii)

1

cot ( ) x

÷

÷ =

1

cot , R π x x

÷

÷ ÷

Compendium/Math/Class XII 6

© 2010 Vidyamandir Cl asses

(i)

tan

–1

x + tan

–1

y =

1

tan , 1

1

x y

xy

xy

÷

÷

<

÷

(ii)

tan

–1

x – tan

–1

y =

1

–

tan , 1

1

x y

xy

xy

÷

÷

÷

(iii)

2tan

–1

x =

1

2

2

tan , 1

1

x

x

x

÷

<

÷

(iv)

2tan

–1

x =

1

2

2

sin , 1

1

x

x

x

÷

_

÷

(v)

2tan

–1

x =

2

1

2

1

cos , 0

1

x

x

x

÷

÷

_

÷

(vi)

2tan

–1

x =

1

2

2

tan , 1 1

1

x

x

x

÷

÷ < <

÷

Propert ies of Tangent Inverse Funct ion

These propert ies are used

when t wo t angent inverse

f unct i ons ar e added or

subt ract ed. Al so, t an

–1

x

can be writ t en in t erms of

si n

–1

x or cos

–1

x usi ng

t hese propert ies.

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