Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

..........................................................................2............................ POLICE STATIONS......................................... 65 Company Profile ...... 44 9...........................2.......... 49 9.................. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ..................... Government Schools & Colleges ..................................................1.............. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ....... Civil Lines ..............1.......................4.........1.... 41 8.... Medical Colleges ........................... Peshawar Road ............... 57 9..................................................9..........................2.................1......1...... Rawalpindi Golf Course ............ 57 9......................................................... IESCO ..........2........3.................5..... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ........................... The Raja Bazaar ..... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ....... Jinnah Park.............................. Rawalpindi Public Park ...... 46 9..........................................5..............................3... The Salt Range .........3.........................................................1............. 44 9............ Darul Aman ... 61 10.............................................................................................. 52 9........................ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)......................................... 63 10.....................................2..................6................... Army Hockey Stadium ..................4..........5........................................ 42 8. Taxila Museum..... 57 9............................................................................3.................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ....................................................................1..............................................6........... KABBADI..5.......... 63 10................................................................1...2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.......................................3..................................... 63 10.......................................................................3....................................................................................... Utility Services ..................1........2........................... Rescue 15 ............3............................. 60 10......................................................... Hassan Abdal............ Ayub National Park ....................................... Cinemas & Theatres .Emergency Reporting Centre ...................1......................................................................... SERVICES .... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ......................... Forts ..................................... Cricket .. 62 10........................ 61 10.....................7...4......................... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .............2......................................... 46 9.1.......... 42 8...2............................................................... Other Places Worth A Visit......................................... 45 9......... 56 9................................... The Mall Saddar .......................... 54 9..1...............3............................................................................................................ 58 10............................................................................................................................................2................................7.................................................... 50 9............... 42 8....................................................... 44 9. Khewra Salt Mines .................................................6.......................... 51 9.......................................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ........................... 60 10.................... Punjab..............3....................................2....................................... 64 10............................. 49 9................................. Romi Park..................... 45 9................................................. 55 9...........................................2..1.................... 48 9.. 62 10......... 60 10............. Rawalpindi Club.............1........... 56 9........................ Private Schools and colleges ................................................................................ near Kachari Chowk........................ .....................................................1........................................ 53 9........4.... SPORTS & RECREATION ...................8....................... Liaqat National Bagh ........3.................1...........................................2...........................................1........... 51 9.....................2.6......................................... ............. 58 9.............. Edhi Foundation .....................1.. PTCL .................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .....4. Temple of Katas ......... Field Hockey ............................................................................1....... 56 9..........5..................................3........... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ............................5............................................................................3.................................................................................7........ Murree and the Galis .1....... 51 9................. 51 9.................10.1................................................................ Sports venues and stadiums ............................................................... Kallar Kahar ........ SOS Village .................................4.....................................................4.............................2......................4..1......2... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ......................................1.............. 46 9...1.................................. 57 9........ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district........... 60 10..... 54 9................................................................................................................................3..... 43 9.......4..........................1......................

...................................2......................1.14.......1..... RING ROAD ........3................... 105 13....................................13............ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .................................. INSIDE RAWALPINDI ... Akbar International *** ...1.................. 93 12....................... 95 12.........1....................2..... Lasania Restaurant city ................ Jawa Dam ...................................................................1....................................................................................... 84 12..... 79 12........................................................................................................................... 104 13............1............ 102 13............................................. 81 12.1........................9....... 67 10.........................International ............... 72 11...............2........6.......... Ancient Rawalpindi ............ 104 13....................... Lal Haveli ..................................................................................................................................2............. 98 12..... Hotel Civic ............................ 78 12.......................................................... Famous Chowk......................................2.............................. Lai Expressway ..................2....................... 76 12........................................................... 90 12. Airport ................ 77 12.......................................................................................................................................2..4... 75 12........ Political Structure ............... 76 12...................7.........2...... Museums ....12........................................ Famous Historical Places ........2................................ Sub Way ....................... Highways ........... Flashman’s Hotel............ 78 12..3...... 72 11........................................ 74 12...... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ............................ 99 12........................3........................ La Rosh Hotel........................................ WASA ...................................................................................................... Lai Nullah ...........4.................2......... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ..........10.......2............... RAWAL LAKE............ 100 12............................................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .................................................................................. POST OFFICE ......................................................................................... 68 10...4......................................................5...................... Famous Restaurants...................2.................................................................................................................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .......................8.........................................................International .(Rawalpindi) .........................4......... FAMOUS Hotels ..................................................................................................................................3. Purana Qilla ...................... WATER RESERVOIR ..... 96 12........................................................................................................................................ Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ........................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10..................................................................................................................................................... 81 12...........................................................................................................4................. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ......1.............................3................ 78 12............9....................2.................... 68 10.....................................................................................11.............8..................................... Shalimar Hotel ****..................................5..................................... Railway Stations ..................3.............................4..2.......................... The Mall ..................................................................... 70 10...................................... KFC .................2................................................... Misriot Dam ......................................................................................... Libraries and Museums . 75 12...................... 75 12.................................. 79 12....5................... 71 11...3. 81 12..................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ................... 73 11............ Roads In Rawalpindi City ......... 80 12.......... Public Transportation ........1.... 79 12......2. 80 12...................................................................7....................................................................... Islamabad International Airport Road ......................................................................... 66 10................................................................................................................................................ 82 12..........................................6.....................2................................................................................. 80 12............................................1.........1....2.........

infrastructure. This study contains information on population. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . education and the existing industries. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. i. communication net works. health. the area of its concern.e.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.

The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). In 1849. Jhelum. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. has a long history spread over several millennia. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. until 1765. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. also known as Pindi. founded a new town nearby. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule.e. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. The Rawals a jogi tribe. However. the martial people of the area against the British domination.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. HISTORY Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi City. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. battle with Gakhars. a Ghakkar Chief . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Although they did not succeed. When Jhanda Khan. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi.

In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. and it serves the city along with the capital. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. he was welcomed rousingly. The city is home to many industries and factories. in Liaquat Garden.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. water is stored by building dams. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. famous for its floods. before Pakistan came into existence. Nala Lai. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Cantonment and city.e.e. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. the Afghan war and martial law. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Liaquat Ali Khan. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Many Government buildings were set on fire.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. In 1951. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army.

01’ North latitudes and 72°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Chakwal. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .38’ and 73°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.04’ 34°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. in the province of Punjab. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. 2.37’ East longitudes. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.1. Location It lies between 33°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.

70.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. Area.000 (1998) 3.6. 2.059. 8 Population. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. PST (UTC+5) No.059. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.286 km² Calling code.2. of Towns.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 500 meters AMSL 5. 73.550 (2007) Literacy rate. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.300. Estimate.6. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.033333 Altitude. 051 Time zone. 73.

SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . In summer. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.3. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. The weather is highly unpredictable. temp is 17. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. when the mean max. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. and Pakhtuns.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.7 C and Min 2.6 Degree Centigrade. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. Punjabis. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. comprising Potoharis. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The coldest month is Jan. Muhajirs.

Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. On Eid day. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Here too the poor are not forgotten. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. others being truthfulness. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". On this day. 3. one for distribution among the poor. No sooner it is sited. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. There are many mosques throughout the city. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. In addition to the two Eids. More than men. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The roads.1.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head .a ritual in which everyone shares. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). modesty and good behaviour. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed.

2. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Chaunji Trap. Young people prefer Kabaddi. railways and the police force. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. St. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. 3. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi.Paul Church. There are two Churches in Saddar. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. tent pegging and Bini. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. wrestling. Music and dancing are also common. Rawalpindi. education. Bhangra. Summi.

4. and to the historical region of Punjab. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. Hinduism After the Partition of India. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. historical and political ties to the country. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.

Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. red or velvet. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Later in 1971. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.3.1. 4.1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. CULTURE 4.1.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. 4. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. when Pakistan.1. Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. 4. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. On 23rd March. 1940.

Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. 4. the bride’s parents feast the party. To mold into the colors of ubton. 4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom.3. Khaki or grey. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).1. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement.2. sweet and ornaments etc. Tea is popular all over the district. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Due to good weather condition in the district. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.4. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. After the religious formalities. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). the other name of mienu.4. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4. bangles. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. health of population is generally better. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes.

Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.4.

4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. especially women.4. All the guests. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4.3. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Besides. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag .

Air conditiong. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. apples. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. sewing machines etc. cigarettes. furniture. and vegetables are the major products of the city. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Auto knitting and commerce etc. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. bajra. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. Welding.6% of district population is directly employed in large. and leather goods. potato. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. iron mills. medium and small industrial units. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Drafting. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. apricots. steel re-rolling. Metallurgy. pharmaceutical. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. railroad yards.e. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi.000 persons i. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. industrial gas processing. citrus. about 1. and factories making tents. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. maize. textiles. glass products.000b spindles and 1. marble processing.000 spindles. sawmills. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. beverages and fruit preservation. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. hosiery. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. pears.021 power looms. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. pottery. a brewery.

but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. Janjuas. Kohlis and a few others. will go to far from their homes for such work. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. gold threads. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. towns of the district. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Like the men of the tribe. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. They also deal largely in hides. Brahmans. except ploughing. 5. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. gold seals and such like. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so.2. by courtesy. so-called. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 .1. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. These only form a small percentage of the total population. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. chiefly silk goods. do not require detailed notice. The chief families of Gakkhar. is misleading.

other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. and are made of Shisham. and Hazro. Pindigheb. or low chairs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. 40. 8. Reed matting. or khair wood. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. 1 to Rs. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. tehsil Pindigheb. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. The lohars of Manianda. make padlocks of iron. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . known as phur. the spinning wheels. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. saddles are the principal articles made. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.5 to Rs. Leather manufacturers have diminished. costing from Re. known as abri. and Salgraon. 10 for the set of 4. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. chappris. where wood is plentiful. Fatehjang. Chauntra. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. according to size. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. costing from Rs. neighboring villages. and at Makhad. tehsil Kahutta. Pihras. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. especially in tehsil Kahuta. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. tehsil Rawapindi. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. phulaa.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Phulkaris are made in many places. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot.3. 20. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). from Re: 1 to Rs. Baking-plates are also made here. 1 to Rs. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. 6. The chairs cost from Re. embroidered shoes. Kuri-Dolal. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best.

Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb.1.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. Popular Industries 5. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. rough in execution but fairly good in color. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. have been procured. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. or earthen-jars. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. especially of it is exported across the Indus.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Here. 5. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Lockwood Kipling. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader.4. both lie on the Indus bank. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Mr. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. as else where. as there is said to have once been. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.4. at Fatehjang. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.

honed finishing etc. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. cutting & sizing. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Sangjani. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. acid finishing. which are also in small quantities. Major processes include loading/unloading. brush finishing. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. bush hammering. Most of the labor has education level below primary. phool. tiles. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. ustaad and unskilled workers. handling & storing. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. I-9/1 and I-9/3. flower vases and fountains. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. sand blasting.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Karachi and Lahore. patti and other handicrafts.

Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.4. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. It is below 50%.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.2. 1. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Hardly. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 8. Estimated growth figure is around 10%.000-300. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 4. 10. 5. 6. 3. 9. 7. 2.000 cubic ft.

Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. schools. Even couches. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. consoles are in demand. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. By stocking the best quality goods. shelves. hotels and restaurants. sofas. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well.000 people. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. You can sell wood or metal furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. lampshades. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. Your marketing strategies must be good. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. as well as residential areas. Polish affects the quality of the material. are in huge demand in the City. from office to lounge furniture. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. lockers. Be sure to include photographs. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Therefore. A Report by Ms. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. The establishments in the city need showcases. side tables and stools. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. since all kinds of furniture. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Once your furniture business gets off. and selling innovative products. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. lamps stands. etc. so that must be kept in mind.

Glorious Rawalpindi 5. the churches.000 gallons per year. It is made from mustard oil. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. in the Bannu district. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. 80 feet. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. etc. 28 ditto. No. No. The petroleum now costs Rs. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 5. No. petroleum and wood. and Kalabagh on the Indus. The oil is collected as it. Rs. The borings are 35 feet from each other. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. In 1887-89. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. No.5. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil….200 gallons last year. 100 feet. 3. The petroleum costs. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. transmitted light. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 60 feet. Fatehjang. This is thrown into a cistern. 4 inches in diameter each. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 4. 1 is 100n feet deep. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . No.16 per hundred gallons. 2. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. 5. The total oil collected is about 1. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. Kalabagh oil….600 gallons per annum. 50 feet. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The oil is used in its raw state. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. Five borings have been made. three miles from Fatehjang..6. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. leaving the oil above. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine.

Yarkand and Ladakh. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. hardware from Amritsar. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Peshawar. Kashmir and Sawat. Jallundur and Meerut. and Gujrat. ra and the sea-ports. fruits. rice being little grown. refined Sugar from Bombay. however. Peshawar. timber. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. pattus.1. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. from Kashmir. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. timber. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. are exported to some small extent. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. gur from Sialkot. chiefly deodar. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Ghee is brought in from Punch.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Wazirabad. Sialkot. Shahjahanpur. and Peshawar. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. thick cloths. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. fruits from Kashmir. Hazro and Makhad. for seed. chiefly. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Silk from Amritsar. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Delhi and Gujranwala. charas. & c. dyes. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. and that of inferior quality in this district. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. metals.. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. was exported to Kashmir. from Kashmir. leather from Kashmir. it is believed. described above. Ghee. Jallundur. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Peshawar. rice from neighboring districts.

Heavy Mechanical Complex. 4. cigarettes. 6. 23. pharmaceuticals. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. cement. 9. 21. 18. Petroleum Refinery. cotton and woolen Textiles. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 19. pottery. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. mineral processing. hosiery. poultry feed. iron mills. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 8. 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . beverages and fruit preservation. railroad yards.2. No. sawmills. steel re-rolling. 22. and leather goods. cigarettes. distillery. glass products. textiles. 1. 16.2. glass products. 7. 24. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 3. 2. a brewery. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 14. sewing machines etc. 12. and factories making tents.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 10. 17. furniture. 13. Sr.1. flour mills. marble processing. industrial gases. 15. 5.

C. local/national/international demand. 27. 31. 26. 37. 36. 39. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 32. skilled labour. 41.V.C. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 29. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 33. 34. Therefore. linkage between the industrial units. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 44. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 46. 30.C.3. 40. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. however. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. if lacking is manageable. 35. 43. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 42. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 47. i) ii) 45. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 38.

leather Products. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Soda ash. employs 48. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. there also exist good prospects for tannery.3.5 billion for the year 2001-02.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6. 6. It contributes 24% to the GDP. Pharmaceuticals.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.3. Oil refinery.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. maize. veneer board.3% of national GDP. 6. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. guava and apple. footwear.3. Silica sand. woolen. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. In this area there is good scope for furniture. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. ground nut. glass. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. which accounted 11. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. its major crops and fruit are wheat. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. In addition. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. poultry/cattle feed. cigarettes.5. dolomite bentonite.3. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .3. 6. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. jawar. gypsum. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. cotton. etc.3. rock salt.1.4. meat/poultry processing units. It accounts for 38. Minerals Fire clay. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. semi processed and processed agricultural products.2. leather garments. cement.

confectionery. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.6. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Besides. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. children wear. 6. POF etc. ready made garments for men and women. wires etc. pharmaceutical.3. there exists good prospects for biscuits.8. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. electrical accessories. 6.7. suitable for wide spread fish farming. woolen knitwear. machine made carpets. rubberized/mechanical toys. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. 6.4. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Steel.3. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities.9. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. electric cables. sports wear etc. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless.3. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. 6. Heavy Foundry and Forge. glass ample. 6. glass hollow-ware. steel furniture. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. Attock Refinery. PVC pipes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . household appliances. fashion apparel. cosmetics. sanitary fitting.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex.

These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets.4. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.1. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. 6. Most of these deposits are unexploited. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. 6. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals.4. The inhabitants. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Currency and Mint. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Therefore.

including the development of Industrial Zones. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education.3. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Plant.15 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.6. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.5. machinery & equipment. of tourism. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.4.4. Hospitals. not manufactured locally. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Medical and Diagnostic Services. 6.4.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6.3 million. Human Resource Development (HRD). Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6.3 million. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Technical/Vocational Training.4. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.

Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. not manufactured locally. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Details of machinery are Plant. Plant. 3. Plant. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . hotels and tourism related projects. Beverage 6. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Murree Brewery Company LTD. imported by tourism. 4. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 5. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. machinery and equipment. machinery & equipment. Classic Capital (Pvt.e. not manufactured locally.5. imported by the manufacturing industries.2. 2. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery and equipment. audio-fax services.) LTD Bakery. voicemail services. not manufactured locally. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.1. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. card pay phone services etc.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT.5.5. Ltd. Bakery Products 1.

3.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. .5. Ceramics Products 8. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. NEOMEDIX . IPRAM International. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Road Morgah 6.5. 16. 15.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . W. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .T. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Chip/Straw Board 9. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Adyala Road 17.5.5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Old G.6. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Cement Products 7. Peshawar Road 6.8.7. Domestic Hardware 11.4. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Diapers Plant 10. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .5. Capital Plywood Industry. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. 12.5. 14.

Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Ratta Road 29. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills.5. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Ratta Road 34. Westridge 38. Al Karim Flour Mills.Rawat 35. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Industrial area Rawat 26. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Industrial Area Rawat 6. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Khurram Flour & General Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Flour Mills 23. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Westridge 32. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Peshawar Road 41. Railway Workshop Road 25. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Olive Laboratories . Kallar Road Rawat 30. Westridge 36. Khyber Flour Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Rawat 27. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31. Seham Road 37. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Adyala Road 21. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills.9.

SB Feed Industries (Pvt.5. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. National Park Road 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.10.) Ltd. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Tops Food & Beverages .5. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Food Products 45. Bangash Colony. Poultry Feeds 53. Rawat 43. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Rawat Flour Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.14. LPG Cylinders 51.5. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.13.5. Pirwadhai 46. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.11. Plastic Products 52.5. Kashmir Road 6. JI Interprises.12. Fine Plastic Works.

16.5.20.5.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar Road 7.M. Textile Composite 56. Textile Spinning 57. Adamjee Street 6.19. Refinery 55..Textile Mills Ltd. Unani Medicines 59.5..15. D. Tyre and Tubes 58. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Westridge 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.18.5. (Pvt) Ltd.17. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.

This region is full of Health facilities. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7.5. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Government Hospitals 1. 2. 7. Govt. 8. 7. 3. MCH Centres 1. 7. 10. 6. 9. Rawalpindi.1. 4. Dhok Ali Akber. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. 5. 2. 2.2. 3. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 3. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road.4.3. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.

3.7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7.

6. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi 16. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Said pur Road. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9.425 7th Road. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. BH Building.I. 2. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Satellite Town. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 4. Rawalpindi. Shakoors V. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi Cantt. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.A. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 3.8. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi 11. Saidpur Road. 10. Dr. 2. Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. 1. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Satellite Town. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Bazar Road. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 5. 7. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 .P. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Off Murree Road. Rawalpindi 14.9. Rawalpindi 12. 3. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Dr. Rawalpindi 15. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. 17. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. 5551237 8. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. 3. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Near Hydri Chowk. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. 7.

After their father's death (1901).Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Fatima Jinnah University for Women.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Universities 8. As it stands. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .1.2. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. University of Arid Agriculture. This gift to the nation. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. its daughters. Muhammed became her legal guardian.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The building has an architectural splendor.1.

3. Govt. 1. Rawalpindi.2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Town. 4. Govt. Gorden College.1. Rawalpindi 2. No. Town. Govt. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Rawalpindi. Govt. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi 8. 5.3. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt.1. College St. Hashmat Ali Isl. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. College. 1. Govt. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College Asghar Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Colleges 8. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt.2. No. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.2. Name of the Institution Govt. 2. College for women St. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.2.

Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St.2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 11. Town. 25. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 27. 13. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 34. Town. 1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. St. Rawal College of Commerce. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Town. Leaders College of Commerce.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Town. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 26. 10. 24. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. town. 35. National Science College Murree Road. 8. 31. 33. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. St. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi. 4. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 9. 17. 2. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 29. Leader College 6th Road. Saddar. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 12. St. 15. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 3. Educator College. 5. 32. Rawalpindi. town. 14. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. town. 7. Rawalpindi. 21. 30. OPF-girls Secondary School St. town. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 18. 19. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Town. Town. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. Universal College. 23. Rwp. Rawalpindi. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 28. Rahimabad airport Road. 22. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Al-Falah College for women St.3. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 6. Rawalpindi. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 20. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Town.

C. 50. 10. M. BPS Chamanzar. 51. Rawalpindi. 4. Inflorescence College of modern . Shamsabad.C.C. 38. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 55. 13.C.C. 4. 8. Rawalpindi. 16.C. GMS Amarpura. 1. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 47. Punjab College of information technology. town. 9. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. BPS New Malpur M. 8. M.C. Islamic International Commerce College. 49. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. 11. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 7. GMS Qasimabad. M. 43. Rawalpindi. Town.C. 15.4. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Rawalpindi. 40.C. 2. 52. Town. 42. Rawalpindi. 6. M. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Boys St. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 46. 12. St. M. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).C. town. Rawalpindi. BPS Bangash Colony M. 54.2. Leadership College for Girls St.5. Rawalpindi. Town. GMS Waris Khan. M. Rawalpindi. town.C. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. BPS Faiz abad M. St. 1.C.C. MC. Rawalpindi. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 2. College of Commerce Saddar.. BPS Fauji Colony M. Town.C. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Capital College Murree Road. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 44.2. M.C. 39.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.C. Rawalpindi. 45. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Morgah Rawalpindi. 56. M. MC. Indus College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 3.C. BMS Amarpura. Ojiri Camp. BPS Muslim Town. 5. 14. Rwalpindi. 41. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 8.C. 3. 53. BPS Qasim abad. Rwalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. 48. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Margalla Institute 6th Road.

Govt.6. Govt. Govt.C. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Rawalpindi Govt.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. College of Commerce. Vocational Training Institute (W). 8. BHS Millat Colony M.C. Rawalpindi Govt. Institute of Commerce (W). 2.(ABAD).C. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. BHS Satellite Town M.3.2 Satellite Town. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. BPS Affandi Colony 8. 3. MC. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C. BHS Moti Baza M. Kartarpura. Scheme No. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi (Cantt. 9. Techincal Training Institute (W). 7.C. Institute of Commerce. Dhamial. 5. Vocational Training Institute (W). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. Rawalpindi Cantt. 1. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Vocational Training Institute (W).PIA College Rawalpindi City. Dhoke Syedan. 8.2. 6. High School Rawalpindi M. 4. GHS Satellite Town M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 7.C.C. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. GHS Ratta Amral M. 6. M. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. M. BHS Ratta Amral M. (RMGTC).C. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 4. M. 3.C. Rawalpindi. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 5.

The Mall 1. 6. F. 3.6. The Mall F. 2. 3.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G. Ordinance Road. Govt. 4. 5.4. 5. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 7.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Private Schools and colleges 1. 2. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Chaklala III 8. 4. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4. 6.G (C. 2. Sir Syed College.G. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Harley Street F. Quaid-e-Azam College.

Rawalpindi Medical College. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1.7. 4. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . It has a lake with boating facility. an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. The Ayub National Park. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. covers 2. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. play land. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years.1. SPORTS & RECREATION 9.T. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.) Road. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. lush lawns. fountains and flower beds. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. Meander through the bazaars.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. founded in 1885. 300 acres. These are the best way to see the city. today this is a facility of 27 holes. It covers an area of about 2. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.300 acres and has a play area. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. From being a nine-hole course. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.1. lake with boating facility. It has a playground. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.1. Situated near the Ayub National Park. 9.

is of historical interest due to its political processions. One should try out during a visit here. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. lions. The Park was opened in 1991. lawns.1. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec.2. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. was assassinated here in 1950. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.3. Some tigers. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. Other areas of the park are used for walking. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. cheetahs. 2007 at same venue. 9. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating.1. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. fountains and flower beds. 9. bears.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. It has a play area for children.

Peshawar Road 9. Jinnah Park. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.4. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements.1. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point.1. Romi Park. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.and rain is common. schools. Murree and the Galis Murree.1. a little bit of England. parks.240 meters (7. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Murree remained. Between the two runs The Mall. Since independence. where most people congregate. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . however. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Numerous roads leave. when the honor was transferred to Simla. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. In summer it is cool . at 2. clubs and cafes. At the southwest end is Pindi Point.6. In winter. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). the best time to go in April-May and September-October. or riding in the new chair-lifts. near Kachari Chowk.even chilly in the evening . Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. Civil Lines 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. on the Karakoram Highway. churches. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.5. especially at weekends. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. complete with The Mall for promenading. has expanded rapidly.400 feet). The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. Murree is lovely all year round. Its cold pine forests. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.

There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. In addition to riding trails. The golf course here is open only to members. Ayubia Khairagali. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. A restaurant has also been established. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. It is 30 km from Murree. which is the highest point in the range. Patriata 25 km from Murree. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Ayubia has a chair lift. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. which like a ski-lift. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. hiking places and picnic spots. Changlagali. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata.). the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Natural springs abound on the slopes. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. both rides cost about Rs. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Islamabad. you will find that the surface is clean.1. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. golden eagle. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. Asiatic leopard. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. 9. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. situated on the summit of a hill. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. better known as the Murree National Park. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. flying squirrel and hill fox. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. Khaira Gali. hiking places. once you reach the summit. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The city of Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. a sub category of the Montane Forests. For this. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence.7. In addition to riding trails. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest.

Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. could not complete its original plan. 9. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. However. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture.1. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Here. Most of the sites at Taxila. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. but come out by sheer luck. shawls and jackets. iron and semiprecious stones. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. silver. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. at The Raja Bazaar. cane baskets and furniture. terracotta.8. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. At the outset. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. the museum. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. Buddhist. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. There are 4000 objects displayed. which is the first stop for any tourist. Saddar bazaar. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. gold. including stone. 9. As it turns out. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.T.1. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. vicery of India in 1918. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. walking sticks.C to 500 AD. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.9. are located around the Taxila Museum. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. stucco. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. The Sarafa bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Potohar shoes and Chappals. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. This is a place where you go by choice. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan.

Road. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.Twice a year. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader.10. Ferishta and Jehangir.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. gently flowing stream. by his colleagues. The resort has a restaurant.T. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. 9. Guru Nanak.T. Road. This place offers scenic walks. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. left of G. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. on their way to Kashmir. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Gen. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Government of Pakistan. i. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Taxila. by the Department of Archaeology. Islamabad. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. line the canals through which cool waters once. loved by the Mughals. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.T.e. that is. Tapering cypress trees.5 acres. Today. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty.1.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

51

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

52

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . a small town has developed. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. Road Rawalpindi. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. 9. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. a minister of emperor Akbar. From the clubhouse. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. T. on the G. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. was also built during this period. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. it is now a 27-hole course. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.T. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. Road. home to several thousand people. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Sports venues and stadiums 9. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. G. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. and the course itself.3. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. After several phases of development. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. with spring water falling within it. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. at the foot of Margalla.3. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.1. It is situated at I. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.

Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. 9.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.000. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.2. Islamabad. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.3. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. The Mall Saddar 9.3.3.3.4.3. Rawalpindi Club. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Army Hockey Stadium 9.5.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

57

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

58

Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

59

Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. crime reporting. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Community Awareness &Training. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 .1. explosions. which is an achievement even internationally. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. identification of vehicles for registration etc. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. 10. SERVICES 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Rescue 15 . the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Response and Prevention. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Therefore. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. rescue.1.1.2. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. buildings collapse.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management.1. however personal visits are also allowed.

POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.3. Endurance. 6. 9. 2. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 10. perseverance. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 5.4. 13. 12.1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 3. 14. patience. 4.1. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 8.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 11. struggle.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.1. The children are given security. Old People and Disabled.5. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Children. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. love and understanding.6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.1. support.

“The basic aim is that this orphan. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.127.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.733. Domestic. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. Urdu.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). but the emphasis is on achievement. 7.028 consumers comprising Commercial. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). SNGPL has 2. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Here.118 million rupees during July-September. both for itself and other organizations. Distribution system consists of 46. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.1. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.” 10.2. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. to be sure. Fertilizer.008. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Sales to these consumers were 39. General Industry. 10.280 HM3 worth 31. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).7. boys and girls .7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. 2006.1. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .46/-. this poor child.081 HM3 worth 107. now Companies Ordinance 1984. designing and construction of pipelines. detail of some among them is following. Power & Cement Sectors. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.581. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.897.2.study together up until fifth grade. not on Islamic political causes.

2. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10. Chakwal.2. Attock.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.

PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.8 million V-fone customers.2. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.3.7 million customers. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.000 and 5.

of No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Water Works No. Committee Chowk 4. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.4. Pirwadahi Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. 1 5. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Total No.

6. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity.5. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 5. 4. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 2. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 3. POST OFFICE GPO . • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers.2.

has numerous routes. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.2. In addition to freight. the principal carrier in Pakistan. with many domestic and international flights every day.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. rail and road. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.6. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.7. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. both national and international. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. 2. Rawalpindi 10. 1. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which were completed in the 1990s. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Motorway Interchange. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.T. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. the world's highest international road. Road) or. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. more recently. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). which connects Pakistan to China. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.2.8.

• PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. Due to lack of planning of roads. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. For inter-city travel. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. and which operate constantly throughout the day. auto-rickshaws. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . yellow cabs.9. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. ranging from yellow taxis. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.2. mini-buses. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse.

1. installations of traffic signals. construction of footpaths. 2. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. 5. Rawalpindi. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 4. traffic signs. Objectives 1. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . median.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. provision of efficient drainage system.45 Km of main road with 1. 3. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. pedestrian over head bridges. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. channelization of junctions. relocation of structures. pavement marking.

Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan.2. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.00 million. land values & ownership pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Detailed Traffic Engg. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt.T. of Punjab / RDA. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. land use plan. OD travel pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. 1. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. 2. future land uses pattern. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Task-III Economic Evaluation.

5 m 21. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. f. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. d. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.3. b. non standardized infrastructure support. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. commercial.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . health and educational activity for northern Punjab. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. e. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. c. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. enchroachments.000 Cusecs 35. Unluckily however. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. unbalanced land use transport interaction. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. The Lai Nullah. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. industrial. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills.

And. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Famous Historical Places 12. At that time. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. according to the old timers.1. Until 1923. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.1.

12.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. better known as The Mall .1.the glory of the cantonment .2. a famous dancing girl. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.1.3. it was home to Budhana Bibi. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Lal Haveli In old times. After independence. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. Sarafa Bazaar.

bay windows and doors. Like Multan. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.1. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Pakpattan or Lahore. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. dense housing. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. cut brick corbellings. the old quarters of the city. better known as the Purana Qilla.4.

an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2.2. 12. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. Modern.1. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2.

4.5.2. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .3. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2. 12.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.

3.2. Rawalpindi. 12.1.3.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Famous Restaurants 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi.

4. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . 12.1. Murree Road. Murree Road.2. Saddar.International .International Near KFC. KFC .4.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi. Sub Way . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4. Saddar.

Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Bank Road 8. 12. 3. 2. Haider Road 12. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 4. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Peshawar Road 9. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Police Station Road 11.5. Canning Road 10. 6.

Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 17. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . Tipu Road 16. College Road 15. Harding Road 14.

6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

7. houses and narrow streets. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There are many old buildings. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.8.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30.000 books which are updated at regular interval.

Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9.

Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

13. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 20. 11. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. 14. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. 25. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. 18. 10. Industrial Deve. 15. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 12. 23. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 26. 28. 29. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 27. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Saudi Pak Comm.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 16. 22. Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 21. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17. 4. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 24. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 5. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 19. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. Rawalpindi. 9. The Bank of Punjab. 32. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. It was clear. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. many thousands more were injured. But that was the extent of it. on April 10. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Soon. that it was Ojhri. That it was an ammunition dump. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Over 5000 people were killed. Rawlapindi. 19 years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Theories abound. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Many. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 .13. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad.

innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.23 Billion. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. 2001.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. On July 23. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Live storage is 43.000 acre feet (11763 MG).000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. km. which generates 84. The total storage capacity is 47. Margalla and Murree hills. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.500 acre feet (12994 MG).8 sq.1. fishing and boating. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. WATER RESERVOIR 13. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.

In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. However. due to monsoon. outflow is 0. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . in general. Since its inception. However. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Therefore. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. whereas. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. after 2000. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. However. the flow was relatively high in June to August.687 MCM. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.777 MCM.783 MCM.2.3. 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

q. n.com pakistanpeadia. m. e. t. o. l. Rawalpindi. g. Rawalpindi Post Office. c. f. c. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. d. s. m. e. Punjab Railway Station. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . r. S. b. j. n. k. q.com www. 1998 City Report.mapsofworld. Rawalpindi EDO Education. k. g. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. h.absoluteastronomy. l. a.blogspot. h. p. Rawalpindi Cities.pk travel. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.rawalpindi. p.geocities. i.com Books & Etc. Govt. j. d.com Nrb www.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a.gov. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. r. o. b.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. EDO Health. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. f. i.com Virtualglobetrottiong.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful