Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

..................... Kallar Kahar .................Emergency Reporting Centre ..................................................... 57 9...............................4..........2...6..... Khewra Salt Mines .............................................................................................................. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .................................1....... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ................................... 44 9... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ..... 60 10.......................................................................................4.. Temple of Katas ..................... 44 9................................................................................... 51 9............. 62 10...4.................................. Darul Aman ...............................................................................................1......................... 56 9........................1.................... 65 Company Profile .............2...................... Jinnah Park........................3..................... Utility Services ...1...... IESCO ....... Liaqat National Bagh ............................................................................................................... 56 9.............1....................................... 50 9......2............5.............. Rescue 15 ..............1........ Army Hockey Stadium ...........................................................................2.............5............. 51 9.......1................ 55 9................. 45 9...................... Cinemas & Theatres ..................Glorious Rawalpindi 8...........1..........2...2...............4...................................................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi . 43 9.............. Forts .............. Rawalpindi Public Park ..............................................1.........................4.....1............................................................. 61 10................. 49 9.............................................. 62 10.........................................................7.....................1............................ 57 9............................................................................................................1................ Private Schools and colleges ............................................................................................. 54 9................................... 58 10.6... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ....... Rawalpindi Club.............................................................1.....................................................3............................. POLICE STATIONS............................. Hassan Abdal.......6.3..7..............................3......................................................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ......... SOME OTHER STADIUMS .................................. 58 9.......................1........................................................................................... 46 9................. SERVICES ................................ The Raja Bazaar ..................................2........ Medical Colleges ............... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..........................10........................................1........................................1..................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course .................................. SPORTS & RECREATION ...................4................. Romi Park................................................................... PTCL ..............2.......................... The Mall Saddar ............................................................... 52 9........... 56 9........................................................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ..............5.....................1............................... ...... Civil Lines .................. KABBADI... 44 9......2....................3.............................................3........................... 49 9............................. 42 8..................................................................... 60 10...............................8............................................................................................ 46 9......... 54 9....................... 63 10...................................................... 61 10........ 42 8.................................................... 48 9...............3................ Federal Government Schools & Colleges ........................2...................................................................... Sports venues and stadiums ................. Ayub National Park ........4............................................................... Edhi Foundation ..7........................................1................................................ Field Hockey ..............................1......... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .................. SOS Village ....................3............................3.........................5......................2......... 64 10.......... Peshawar Road .......... near Kachari Chowk..5............................................. Punjab....................1...........................4............6.....1................................1.. 46 9....................................1..2..... Taxila Museum................................................. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.....................1.......................................2.............. 45 9.. 41 8.. 60 10.........9............................................................................ Other Places Worth A Visit....................................................................... Murree and the Galis .......... 63 10............................. 57 9.3....1... The Salt Range ..2.... 51 9...................3..................... 60 10........ 53 9......................... 63 10.........3...............2.......2........... 42 8........... Government Schools & Colleges ........ 57 9............................................ 51 9....3.......... ......... Cricket .....4....................................................................................................5.....

...........................................................5................ Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ............................. 79 12........2...... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ...................... 81 12......................................... Lasania Restaurant city ..................... 82 12.......4................................................................................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS .................... Shalimar Hotel ****..................7...... 78 12.................................2................. 76 12...................................................2.........Glorious Rawalpindi 10.........2..........................................2....... 76 12................................. 73 11..................................10.2... Hotel Civic ...... POST OFFICE ............................................8............................................. Jawa Dam ..International .............. 66 10......... 68 10..........................................4................................2............ FAMOUS Hotels ................................................................ RING ROAD ..... 79 12... KFC .......................................3..........1... 80 12. Ancient Rawalpindi .................... 75 12....2................................. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ..... 104 13...................................................4................................................... 81 12.....................2.......................... Flashman’s Hotel....................... WASA ........................................... 93 12...................................................... 95 12..... Libraries and Museums .....................9...............................................1.. Public Transportation ....................................................5................................................ Highways ...............(Rawalpindi) ........................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .........................2......................................1................. 72 11........ 90 12...............2...................................................................................................................................... 70 10........................................... Akbar International *** ........................................................................................................................................... 78 12.................................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .................................................................................................................................................. 98 12................................................... 105 13............. WATER RESERVOIR ...... Famous Restaurants.................. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ...............4............................... Islamabad International Airport Road ......... 96 12.....................International ............. 75 12....2................................... Lal Haveli ..... The Mall ...................... Airport ........................ 75 12...........................................................................................13...................................3.....1............1............................................................................. 68 10....................................... 80 12................12.................................................................... Lai Expressway ..................................... La Rosh Hotel..11................................ Museums ................................................2...2...... 67 10................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ......................................................................3................................................................................................................................... 72 11........1.................................... Famous Historical Places .................................................................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ............8........................................ 81 12................................ 79 12............................................. 84 12........................................ 78 12.......... Sub Way .........4..........6................... 74 12........................................ Railway Stations ...................................................1..................................................................................................................................... Famous Chowk....... 99 12........................... 102 13............................. Purana Qilla .......1.........................7......... 104 13...................................................2...2... 100 12.............. Political Structure ............................................................................................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars .......................................... Misriot Dam ........................................6.................3.....9...........................................................................................3........................... 77 12..................................................................................3.....................................4...................2.......................................2.....................1.......... Lai Nullah ...............3...14................1........... 71 11........................................................ RAWAL LAKE.5............. 80 12.1.......

This study contains information on population. education and the existing industries.e.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. infrastructure. communication net works. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. the area of its concern. i. health. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .

Jhelum. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. also known as Pindi. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). they must conciliate the martial people of the area. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. HISTORY Rawalpindi. Although they did not succeed. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. until 1765. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. When Jhanda Khan. has a long history spread over several millennia. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. The Rawals a jogi tribe. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. founded a new town nearby. In 1849. a Ghakkar Chief . battle with Gakhars. Rawalpindi City. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi.e. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. However. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals.

e.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Nala Lai. In 1951. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. the Afghan war and martial law. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . before Pakistan came into existence. Liaquat Ali Khan. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Cantonment and city. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. famous for its floods. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. in Liaquat Garden. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. The city is home to many industries and factories.e. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. water is stored by building dams. and it serves the city along with the capital. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. he was welcomed rousingly. Many Government buildings were set on fire.

Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.37’ East longitudes. 2. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Location It lies between 33°. in the province of Punjab. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.1.01’ North latitudes and 72°. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.38’ and 73°. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Chakwal. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.04’ 34°.

033333 Altitude. Estimate.059.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.286 km² Calling code. PST (UTC+5) No. 73.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 73.059. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. 8 Population.6. 051 Time zone.2. 2. of Towns. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .000 (1998) 3.300. 70. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 500 meters AMSL 5.

temp is 17. The weather is highly unpredictable. and Pakhtuns. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.6 Degree Centigrade. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. when the mean max. Muhajirs. The coldest month is Jan. comprising Potoharis. In summer.3.06 Degree Centigrade per month .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. Punjabis. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.7 C and Min 2.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade.

After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . Here too the poor are not forgotten. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. others being truthfulness. one for distribution among the poor. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. In addition to the two Eids. On this day. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). modesty and good behaviour. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. No sooner it is sited. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed.1. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. 3. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The roads. There are many mosques throughout the city. More than men.a ritual in which everyone shares. On Eid day. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour.

There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Chaunji Trap.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. wrestling.Paul Church. Music and dancing are also common. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter.2. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Bhangra. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. There are two Churches in Saddar. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. education. Rawalpindi. St. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . railways and the police force. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Summi. 3. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Young people prefer Kabaddi. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. tent pegging and Bini.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.3. historical and political ties to the country. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.4. and to the historical region of Punjab. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .

All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.1. Islamabad. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.1. Later in 1971.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. On 23rd March. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.1. red or velvet. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.2.3. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 4. CULTURE 4. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. when Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. 4. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. 1940.

4. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. To mold into the colors of ubton. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).2. bangles. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. the other name of mienu. health of population is generally better. 4. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Tea is popular all over the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .4. The usual ornaments like ear rings. After the religious formalities. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. the bride’s parents feast the party. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. sweet and ornaments etc. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Due to good weather condition in the district.1. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.4. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Khaki or grey. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.4.

4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4.3. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. All the guests. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. especially women.4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.

Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Besides. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.5. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag .

textiles. industrial gas processing. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. and factories making tents. steel re-rolling. hosiery. pottery.e. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. beverages and fruit preservation. marble processing. Air conditiong. cigarettes. a brewery. Auto knitting and commerce etc. pears. glass products. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. sawmills. maize. and leather goods. bajra. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. and vegetables are the major products of the city. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Drafting. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.000b spindles and 1. apples. potato. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. railroad yards. pharmaceutical.000 persons i. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. furniture. Metallurgy. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974.000 spindles. about 1. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 .6% of district population is directly employed in large. medium and small industrial units. iron mills. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district.021 power looms. citrus. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Welding. sewing machines etc. apricots. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir.

and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. towns of the district. Kohlis and a few others. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. The chief families of Gakkhar. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold seals and such like. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Like the men of the tribe. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. chiefly silk goods. will go to far from their homes for such work. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural.1. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. by courtesy. These only form a small percentage of the total population. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. Janjuas. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Brahmans. so-called. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. gold threads. They also deal largely in hides. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. is misleading.2. except ploughing. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. do not require detailed notice. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. 5.

tehsil Rawapindi. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. the spinning wheels. and Hazro. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Pindigheb. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. tehsil Pindigheb. make padlocks of iron. and Salgraon. Pihras. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. 10 for the set of 4. 40. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and are made of Shisham. Reed matting. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. chappris. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. 6. Chauntra. according to size.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.3. Kuri-Dolal. known as abri. Phulkaris are made in many places. which are sold in Rawalpindi. saddles are the principal articles made.5 to Rs. The lohars of Manianda. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. where wood is plentiful. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Leather manufacturers have diminished. 20. 1 to Rs. Fatehjang. tehsil Kahutta. neighboring villages. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. 8. and at Makhad. from Re: 1 to Rs. Baking-plates are also made here. The chairs cost from Re. known as phur. costing from Rs. embroidered shoes. 1 to Rs. especially in tehsil Kahuta. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). or low chairs. costing from Re. or khair wood. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. phulaa.

as else where.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. 5. both lie on the Indus bank. Mr. at Fatehjang. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Here. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. have been procured.4.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 .1. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. as there is said to have once been. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. rough in execution but fairly good in color. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. especially of it is exported across the Indus. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Lockwood Kipling. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. or earthen-jars. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Popular Industries 5. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds.

Sangjani. handling & storing. Karachi and Lahore. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. Major processes include loading/unloading. tiles. phool. honed finishing etc. I-9/1 and I-9/3. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. patti and other handicrafts. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. acid finishing.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. cutting & sizing. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. Rawalpindi. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. sand blasting. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. flower vases and fountains.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. which are also in small quantities. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. bush hammering. Most of the labor has education level below primary. ustaad and unskilled workers. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. brush finishing.

4. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Hardly. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 2. 9. 5.000 cubic ft. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 8. 10.000-300. 3. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 7. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. It is below 50%.4. 6. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.2. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order.

as well as residential areas. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Be sure to include photographs. By stocking the best quality goods. lockers. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. The establishments in the city need showcases. Your marketing strategies must be good. hotels and restaurants. so that must be kept in mind. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. etc. are in huge demand in the City. lamps stands. Even couches. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Polish affects the quality of the material. lampshades. from office to lounge furniture. schools. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . and selling innovative products. A Report by Ms. shelves. consoles are in demand. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. Therefore.000 people. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. side tables and stools. and you should take care to build good customer relations. sofas. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. since all kinds of furniture. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Once your furniture business gets off.

000 gallons per year. 2. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. No. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The oil is used in its raw state. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . The petroleum costs. Kalabagh oil…. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. In 1887-89.. transmitted light. 28 ditto. It is made from mustard oil. Rs. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. the churches.6.600 gallons per annum. in the Bannu district. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. No. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 80 feet. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. and Kalabagh on the Indus. three miles from Fatehjang. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. petroleum and wood. 50 feet. The petroleum now costs Rs. 100 feet. 3.16 per hundred gallons. 60 feet.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. leaving the oil above. 1 is 100n feet deep. The oil is collected as it. No. 4. etc. Fatehjang. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. 5. 5.200 gallons last year. No. Five borings have been made. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. The total oil collected is about 1. and is not distilled nor purified in any way.5. No. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. This is thrown into a cistern. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. 4 inches in diameter each. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. The borings are 35 feet from each other.

Wazirabad. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Peshawar. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Jallundur and Meerut. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. hardware from Amritsar. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. and Gujrat. however. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. and Peshawar. Delhi and Gujranwala. Sialkot. pattus. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. ra and the sea-ports. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. charas. thick cloths. Ghee. was exported to Kashmir. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Jallundur. from Kashmir. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. chiefly deodar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . Ghee is brought in from Punch. Kashmir and Sawat. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. rice being little grown. fruits. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. leather from Kashmir. Yarkand and Ladakh. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. & c. Peshawar. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway.1. timber.. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. it is believed. dyes. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. described above. refined Sugar from Bombay. are exported to some small extent. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Shahjahanpur. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. fruits from Kashmir. rice from neighboring districts. and that of inferior quality in this district. Silk from Amritsar. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. from Kashmir. metals. chiefly. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Peshawar. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. for seed. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. timber. Hazro and Makhad. gur from Sialkot. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds.

distillery.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. textiles. Petroleum Refinery. 12. 9. mineral processing. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 22. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 1. 2. 17. glass products. 6. steel re-rolling. cotton and woolen Textiles. cigarettes. sewing machines etc. 21. 23.2. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Heavy Rebuild Factory. beverages and fruit preservation. 20. pottery. 8. 4. hosiery. 7. furniture. 13. 5. cigarettes. marble processing. and leather goods. No. glass products. 18. 14. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . a brewery. sawmills. cement. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. flour mills. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 19. industrial gases. 24. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. and factories making tents.1. 16. iron mills. 10. Heavy Mechanical Complex. railroad yards. 3. pharmaceuticals. Sr. poultry feed. 15.2.

43. 34. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit.C.C.V. local/national/international demand. 33.3. skilled labour. 44. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 46. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 30. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 35. 41. 36. 26. linkage between the industrial units. 40. however.C. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 42. 32. 38. 47. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Therefore. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 37. 39.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. i) ii) 45. 31. 29. 27. if lacking is manageable.

egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment.3.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. 6. its major crops and fruit are wheat.5 billion for the year 2001-02. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. It contributes 24% to the GDP. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.3. Minerals Fire clay. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . jawar. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. leather garments. Pharmaceuticals.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.3. meat/poultry processing units. footwear. dolomite bentonite. semi processed and processed agricultural products. cigarettes. glass. In addition.4. Silica sand.5. 6. which accounted 11. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. cement. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials.3% of national GDP. cotton. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. ground nut. rock salt.1. gypsum. guava and apple. Oil refinery.3. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. 6. leather Products. maize.2.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.3. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. In this area there is good scope for furniture. Soda ash. employs 48. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. poultry/cattle feed.3. etc. 6. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. veneer board. woolen. It accounts for 38. there also exist good prospects for tannery.

6. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . steel furniture.3.3. 6. suitable for wide spread fish farming. household appliances.6. sanitary fitting.3. glass ample. PVC pipes. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. fashion apparel. woolen knitwear. 6. electrical accessories. rubberized/mechanical toys. cosmetics. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. 6. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. sports wear etc. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.8. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. ready made garments for men and women. glass hollow-ware. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. machine made carpets. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. Attock Refinery. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless.3.9. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. Heavy Foundry and Forge. children wear. wires etc. Steel.4. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. electric cables. POF etc. confectionery. has now emerged as a potential investment area. pharmaceutical. 6. Besides. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.7.

• Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.4. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.1. The inhabitants. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.4. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . 6.2. 6. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Therefore. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Most of these deposits are unexploited. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Currency and Mint.

Social Sector Activities: Education.15 million.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services.4. of tourism.5.4.3. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Plant. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. 6.4. not manufactured locally.3 million. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Human Resource Development (HRD).3 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. machinery & equipment. Technical/Vocational Training. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. including the development of Industrial Zones. Hospitals. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.6. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.

5. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery and equipment. 5. not manufactured locally.5. not manufactured locally. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6.5. hotels and tourism related projects. card pay phone services etc. Plant. not manufactured locally. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Bakery Products 1.2. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. machinery & equipment. 2.e. voicemail services. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Classic Capital (Pvt.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Plant. machinery and equipment.1. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 6.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. 3. imported by the manufacturing industries. Ltd. Murree Brewery Company LTD.) LTD Bakery. imported by tourism. audio-fax services. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. 4. Beverage 6.

4.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . 14. Peshawar Road 6. Domestic Hardware 11. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Diapers Plant 10.5. Ceramics Products 8. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.6.8. Chip/Straw Board 9.5. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .5.T. NEOMEDIX . 12. .7. IPRAM International.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Road Morgah 6. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. 16. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.5. Old G. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. W.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .5. Cement Products 7. Capital Plywood Industry. 15. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Adyala Road 17. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.3.5.

Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33.Rawat 35. Naswari Bazar 24. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills.9. Khyber Flour Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Flour Mills 23. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Ratta Road 29. Seham Road 37. Al Karim Flour Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Rawat 27. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Westridge 38. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Westridge 36.5. Olive Laboratories . Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Railway Workshop Road 25. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. Adyala Road 21. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Industrial Area Rawat 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.

Plastic Products 52. Bangash Colony.5. Pirwadhai 46. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Rawat Flour Mills. Fine Plastic Works. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Food Products 45. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. JI Interprises.5. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.13.5. National Park Road 6.11.) Ltd. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Kashmir Road 6. Rawat 43.12. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.5. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. LPG Cylinders 51. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Tops Food & Beverages .Glorious Rawalpindi 42.14. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5. Poultry Feeds 53.10.

Westridge 6. Adamjee Street 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.19.5.. Tyre and Tubes 58. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Refinery 55. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.M. (Pvt) Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.18. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Textile Spinning 57. Peshawar Road 7.5. D.20.15. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.16..5.17.Textile Mills Ltd. Textile Composite 56.5.5.5. Unani Medicines 59.

Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 2. 3. 2. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 4. 9. 7. 2. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. This region is full of Health facilities. 7. Dhok Ali Akber.3. MCH Centres 1.1. 6. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 8. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.2. 10. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road.4.5. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Govt. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 5. Government Hospitals 1.

3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Hearts International 192-A The Mall. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Combined Military Hospital 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.

3. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 7. BH Building. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 10. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Rawalpindi 16. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Satellite Town. Dr. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi 12. 17. 6.P. Batool Hospital H-241. Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.8. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 2. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Dr. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Near Hydri Chowk. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema.A. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Rawalpindi 11. 5551237 8.425 7th Road. Rawalpindi. 4. Shakoors V. Rawalpindi 14. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Satellite Town. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Off Murree Road.I. 7. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Said pur Road.9. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Rawalpindi 15. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 3. Bazar Road. Rawalpindi. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Committee chowk Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi Cantt. 3. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. 2. 5. 1.

1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. 8. The building has an architectural splendor. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1.1. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . As it stands. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. This gift to the nation.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Universities 8. After their father's death (1901). Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Muhammed became her legal guardian. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.2. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1.1. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. its daughters. University of Arid Agriculture. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.

College Asghar Mall. Govt.2. Town. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. 1.2. No. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi 2. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.1. Name of the Institution Govt. No. Colleges 8. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering.2. College St.1. 2. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi 8. 3. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Gorden College. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Name of the Institution Govt.3. Rawalpindi.2. 4. 1. College. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Town. College for women St. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. 5.

Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi. 9. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. College of Advance Technology. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi.3. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. St. Rawalpindi 16. town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Town. Rawalpindi. 13. Rawalpindi. Saddar. Town. Rawalpindi. town. 29. Town. 4. Punjab College of Information Technology. 3. St. 10. 27. Educator College. St. Rawal College of Commerce. 33. Universal College. Leaders College of Commerce. 1. 2. St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 19. 28. 30. 24. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 17. 34. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Town. 7. Kashmir Road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 22. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. 23. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. 8. Saddar. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Town. National Science College Murree Road. Town. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. 26. 21. Rawalpindi. St. 35. 18. Rawalpindi. 14. 5. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 31. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Sadiqabad. 12. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rwp. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. town. town. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 15. 25. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi. 20. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 11. 32.

1. Rawalpindi. 14. Rwalpindi. Morgah Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 13. 3. 54. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. M. 44. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town. 4. 1. Town. M. M. Rawalpindi. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Bangash Colony M.. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Rawalpindi. M. BPS Qasim abad. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 51. 11. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rawalpindi. 8. Capital College Murree Road. 45. Rawalpindi. 8. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 42.C. 49. 8. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. 9. Town.C.C.C. 39. 50. Town.C.2.C.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 52.C.C. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 2. 48.C. 2. Rawalpindi. College of Commerce Saddar. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 6. 41. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Indus College of Commerce. M. 40. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi.C. Rwalpindi. GMS Qasimabad. Town. 47. 3. 56. BMS Amarpura. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. MC. Ojiri Camp. Rwalpindi.C. town. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College. BPS New Malpur M.C. town. Rawalpindi. town.5. Rawalpindi Cantt. 4.C. 5. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Shamsabad. 38. 7. GMS Amarpura. Margalla Institute 6th Road. BPS Muslim Town M. 12. Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. St.C. M. 10. Inflorescence College of modern . Leadership College for Boys St. M.2. 15.4. Leadership College for Girls St. BPS Dhok Paracha M. GMS Waris Khan. Rawalpindi. 46. MC. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. BPS Fauji Colony M.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C.C. 55. 16. St. 43. 53. Punjab College of information technology. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk.

Rawalpindi Govt.2 Satellite Town.C.C. GHS Ratta Amral M. 5. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Govt. GHS Satellite Town M. GHS Teli Mohallah M.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C. Dhamial.C.C. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.2.C. 4. 6. High School Rawalpindi M. BHS Millat Colony M. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3. 8.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Rawalpindi. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. BHS Satellite Town M. M. M. (RMGTC). 3. Institute of Commerce. Rawalpindi Govt. 6. Techincal Training Institute (W). 4. Dhoke Syedan. BHS Ratta Amral M. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Scheme No. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 3.C. 1. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Govt. M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Govt. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. 7. Vocational Training Institute (W). 7. BPS Ratta 18. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Institute of Commerce (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). 2. 9.6. BHS Moti Baza M. Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. College of Commerce. MC. Kartarpura.C. Vocational Training Institute (W).(ABAD). 5.C. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.

Private Schools and colleges 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Harley Street F.G (C. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2.G. F. Govt.4. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). The Mall 1. 4. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 6. 5. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G.6.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Chaklala III 8. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 7. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 5. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 2. The Mall F. 4. Quaid-e-Azam College. Ordinance Road.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Sir Syed College.5. 2. 3. 6. 3.

7. 3. Rawalpindi Medical College. 4. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Medical Colleges 1.

The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. 300 acres. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations.T. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. covers 2. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. an aquarium. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Situated near the Ayub National Park. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. lake with boating facility.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. These are the best way to see the city. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. lush lawns.1. play land. founded in 1885. today this is a facility of 27 holes. From being a nine-hole course. It covers an area of about 2. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Meander through the bazaars. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. It has a lake with boating facility.1. The Ayub National Park. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. fountains and flower beds. It has a playground. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. 9.300 acres and has a play area.) Road.

It has a play area for children. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. fountains and flower beds. 9.1. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. lawns. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Some tigers. The Park was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. was assassinated here in 1950. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.1. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. bears. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. cheetahs. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad.3. 2007 at same venue. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. One should try out during a visit here. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.2. is of historical interest due to its political processions. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. lions.

since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962.1. at 2. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Numerous roads leave. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Murree and the Galis Murree. however. churches. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Murree remained. on the Karakoram Highway.1. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Civil Lines 9. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.240 meters (7.even chilly in the evening . In winter.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Romi Park. schools.4. or riding in the new chair-lifts. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.1. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements.5. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .6. a little bit of England. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. has expanded rapidly. Jinnah Park. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. when the honor was transferred to Simla. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851.400 feet). where most people congregate. parks. near Kachari Chowk. Its cold pine forests.and rain is common. Peshawar Road 9. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Since independence. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. complete with The Mall for promenading. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Murree is lovely all year round. Between the two runs The Mall. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. clubs and cafes. especially at weekends. In summer it is cool .

The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Changlagali. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. which is the highest point in the range. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Ayubia has a chair lift. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Ayubia Khairagali. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. both rides cost about Rs. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. A restaurant has also been established. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Patriata 25 km from Murree. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Natural springs abound on the slopes.). which like a ski-lift. The golf course here is open only to members.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. In addition to riding trails. It is 30 km from Murree. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. hiking places and picnic spots. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m.

The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. For this. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Asiatic leopard. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Khaira Gali. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. once you reach the summit. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 .1. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. better known as the Murree National Park. situated on the summit of a hill. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. Islamabad. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. flying squirrel and hill fox. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The city of Rawalpindi. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. a sub category of the Montane Forests. golden eagle. you will find that the surface is clean.7.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. hiking places. 9. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. In addition to riding trails.

All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. As it turns out. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. at The Raja Bazaar. This is a place where you go by choice. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The Sarafa bazaar. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. including stone. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. 9. vicery of India in 1918.9. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. terracotta. gold.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. which is the first stop for any tourist. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Here. but come out by sheer luck. iron and semiprecious stones. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art.1. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. Buddhist. are located around the Taxila Museum.8. the museum. silver. However. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.1.T. stucco. Most of the sites at Taxila. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education.C to 500 AD. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Saddar bazaar. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. At the outset. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. could not complete its original plan. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. There are 4000 objects displayed. shawls and jackets. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. cane baskets and furniture. Potohar shoes and Chappals. walking sticks. 9. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford.

Taxila. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty.1. Gen. by his colleagues. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. and the modern capital of Pakistan. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Guru Nanak. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 .T. Tapering cypress trees. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Road.e.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. This place offers scenic walks. Today.T. gently flowing stream. line the canals through which cool waters once. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. i. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. on their way to Kashmir. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Road.5 acres. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Government of Pakistan. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Road. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. The resort has a restaurant. that is. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Ferishta and Jehangir.10. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. left of G. loved by the Mughals. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Islamabad. by the Department of Archaeology.T.Twice a year. 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. It is situated at I. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. at the foot of Margalla.1. Road Rawalpindi. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. T. it is now a 27-hole course.T. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. After several phases of development. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.3. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. Road. a minister of emperor Akbar. home to several thousand people. 9. was also built during this period.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. on the G. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 .3. a small town has developed. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. G. From the clubhouse. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. with spring water falling within it. Sports venues and stadiums 9. and the course itself. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks.

Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.2. Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . 9. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.3. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium.

5.3.3. Rawalpindi Club. The Mall Saddar 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.4. Army Hockey Stadium 9. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Therefore. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. explosions. identification of vehicles for registration etc. which is an achievement even internationally. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. crime reporting. Response and Prevention.2. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Community Awareness &Training. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. SERVICES 10.1. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. however personal visits are also allowed.1. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. buildings collapse. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . rescue. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Rescue 15 . 10.1.

Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 4.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 5. 2. perseverance.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 13. Endurance.4. 8. 7. 11. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 14.1. 10.3. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 9. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 12. 6. 3. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.1. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. patience. struggle. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . who is a mobile institution ready to respond.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Children. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Old People and Disabled.5. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.6. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . love and understanding. The children are given security. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. support.

designing and construction of pipelines.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. “The basic aim is that this orphan. Urdu.7. not on Islamic political causes.897. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).028 consumers comprising Commercial.46/-. detail of some among them is following. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.280 HM3 worth 31.study together up until fifth grade. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Sales to these consumers were 39. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.581.nearly 700 of whom are orphans ." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.008. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. boys and girls . to be sure. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Power & Cement Sectors. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. Distribution system consists of 46. now Companies Ordinance 1984. 7. 10. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. General Industry. both for itself and other organizations. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.” 10. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). 2006. Here.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.733. Fertilizer. Domestic. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. but the emphasis is on achievement.1. this poor child.081 HM3 worth 107.127. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.2.1. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.2. SNGPL has 2.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).118 million rupees during July-September.

000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Rawalpindi Cantt. Saadi Road 10. SNGPL. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Chakwal. Attock. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2.

On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.2.7 million customers.000 and 5. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.8 million V-fone customers.3. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.

Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Committee Chowk 4.4. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.2. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. 1 5. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Pirwadahi Total No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Water Works No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Total No.

2. 2. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 4. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 6. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 3. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 5. POST OFFICE GPO . Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.

In addition to freight.2. both national and international.6. with many domestic and international flights every day.7. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. has numerous routes. 1. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Rawalpindi 10. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the principal carrier in Pakistan. rail and road. 2.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.T. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.2. the world's highest international road.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Rawalpindi. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Motorway Interchange. which were completed in the 1990s. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 .8. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which connects Pakistan to China. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. more recently.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . yellow cabs. Due to lack of planning of roads. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. auto-rickshaws.2. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. ranging from yellow taxis. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. and which operate constantly throughout the day.9. For inter-city travel. mini-buses.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.

Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.1. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. 4. provision of efficient drainage system. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. construction of footpaths. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. installations of traffic signals. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. 3. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. median. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .45 Km of main road with 1. pedestrian over head bridges. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. channelization of junctions.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. 5.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. 2. pavement marking. relocation of structures. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. traffic signs. Objectives 1. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Rawalpindi.

The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.2.00 million. 2. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. land values & ownership pattern. OD travel pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. future land uses pattern. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Detailed Traffic Engg. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. of Punjab / RDA. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. growth of income. 1. Task-III Economic Evaluation. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. land use plan. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.T. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11.

The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Unluckily however. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. health and educational activity for northern Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.3. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. b. enchroachments. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. d. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. industrial. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . c. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. e. unbalanced land use transport interaction. commercial. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 35. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. non standardized infrastructure support. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced.5 m 21. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. f. The Lai Nullah. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi.

Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . And. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Famous Historical Places 12. according to the old timers. At that time.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.1.1. Until 1923.

it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. 12.the glory of the cantonment . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. Sarafa Bazaar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.2.1.3. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. better known as The Mall . Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. it was home to Budhana Bibi. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Lal Haveli In old times. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. After independence. a famous dancing girl.

1.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. Like Multan. cut brick corbellings. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Pakpattan or Lahore. dense housing. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. the old quarters of the city. bay windows and doors. better known as the Purana Qilla.

2.1. Modern. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2.2. 12.2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

2.3. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2.2.5. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .4. Rawalpindi. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12.

1.3. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.3.

Rawalpindi.4.1. 12.4. Murree Road. KFC . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Saddar.International Near KFC.International .2. Murree Road. Saddar.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.4. Sub Way . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Haider Road 12. Canning Road 10. 12. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Peshawar Road 9.5. 3. 6. Police Station Road 11. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 2. Bank Road 8. 4.

College Road 15. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 18. Harding Road 14. Tipu Road 16.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There are many old buildings. houses and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.

It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .

Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Rawalpindi. 19. 31. 11. 28. 15. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. 7. 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 32. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 20. Citi Bank N A. 25. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 27. Bank Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. 10. 26. 5. 8. 18. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 17. Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 21. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 13. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 12. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 14. 16. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 23. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 24. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 29. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 4.

11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. now. This was a deliberate act of destruction. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Many. Theories abound. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. on April 10. that it was Ojhri.13. That it was an ammunition dump. many thousands more were injured. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Over 5000 people were killed. It was clear. 19 years ago.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. But that was the extent of it. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Soon. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Rawlapindi. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out.

2001.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

8 sq. The total storage capacity is 47. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year.000 acre feet (11763 MG). WATER RESERVOIR 13. fishing and boating. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. which generates 84. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.1. Margalla and Murree hills. km. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Live storage is 43.500 acre feet (12994 MG).Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.

It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. outflow is 0.3. However. Therefore. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However. after 2000. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. However. the flow was relatively high in June to August. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.783 MCM. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.777 MCM. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. 13. due to monsoon.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Since its inception. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. whereas.2. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.687 MCM. in general. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

q. Rawalpindi. p. m.gov. S. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. f. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. f. r. r. a. Govt. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. n. l.pk travel. b.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. g. b. EDO Health. m.geocities. 1998 City Report. i. j. k. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. d. g.com Virtualglobetrottiong. Punjab Railway Station. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. d. n. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . h.com www. o. c.mapsofworld.blogspot.rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cities.absoluteastronomy. Rawalpindi Post Office. l. e.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Rawalpindi EDO Education. k. h. t. c.com Books & Etc. e. j. o. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.com pakistanpeadia. p. q. i. s.com Nrb www.