Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ................................................................................................4........................................ 51 9....... Rawalpindi Club................................................................ The Salt Range ............. Ayub National Park ................................................ 58 10......4.. 60 10.6...................1........ Liaqat National Bagh ............1................................................1.................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ..................................2..............1.....5.........................7................................. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ........ SOME OTHER STADIUMS .............6...................................................................... 64 10...................................................................2...........3................... 46 9.... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ..... 46 9..........................................1..............................1...................................................................... 56 9.......... 42 8...... Private Schools and colleges ...........................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.... 63 10....................................1...................... 61 10............................. 50 9............. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ..... 51 9......................... 58 9................................ KABBADI...................................................6..........1............. The Mall Saddar .............................. 49 9................................... SERVICES ......................................................... 62 10..........................4...................... Government Schools & Colleges ......3...................................6.................................................1..................................................... Jinnah Park.7..... 48 9........ 53 9......2.......... Romi Park........4............................... 43 9........... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).. ..................................................4.................................1.....2.10......................................................................................................5........................... 62 10.. 41 8................. Kallar Kahar ....................... Cricket .............................. Peshawar Road ..... 57 9.. Hassan Abdal.......................... Murree and the Galis .....................................................................................................5..... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .........................................................................................................................................................3...........3.................4.................4......................... near Kachari Chowk..........3.......................... 44 9.... SPORTS & RECREATION .................................3.............. 65 Company Profile .............................. 57 9.. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .................... Edhi Foundation ....................................................... SOS Village ..............3............ 54 9..1............................................................................................ .....................7......................................1........ 51 9.................................................... PTCL .................1..........................4..............5...................3.............................................................2.1.............. 46 9..............1.................. Taxila Museum......................... 61 10..............2.............3.. Rawalpindi Golf Course ... Cinemas & Theatres ......................1... 63 10...... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.............................. 56 9.................................1....................1................................... 44 9.......................................................................... 52 9.........1..9..... 60 10..............................................................2.. 56 9........................................ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ................ Army Hockey Stadium ................................... Rawalpindi Public Park .3......................2................................................................................................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ....................................... Rescue 15 ........ Khewra Salt Mines ............... Darul Aman ........................................... Civil Lines .....................................................2..............Emergency Reporting Centre ... Punjab..........................8............................... Other Places Worth A Visit...........2........................................ 63 10......................2.....2...................................1......................................................... 57 9.....1.............................. 60 10............ 42 8........................2..3..................... 49 9................................ 60 10.................................................................................. Field Hockey ...1................................2................................................................... 55 9.... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .............................. 57 9........5................... Medical Colleges ....................2..............................................4.................... 44 9...................................... 51 9....... Temple of Katas .......................1................1.......................... 54 9.............................. 45 9.............................................................................. Utility Services ......1............... POLICE STATIONS........... 42 8... 45 9.................................................................................................. The Raja Bazaar ........................... IESCO ...........3....................2....... Forts .........................................3.............................................................. Sports venues and stadiums ...............................5.......................................

.....................13.......................... Jawa Dam ................... RING ROAD ......................... 84 12........................ 80 12............................................................................... Railway Stations ................8........................................................................................................................................................ The Mall . Public Transportation .. 78 12...........................................................................................4....................... 104 13........................... 67 10............ Famous Historical Places ...........................................................1..... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ............................ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ........ RAWAL LAKE......................................2..........................1............ Sub Way .........3.2........................................... 71 11.................... La Rosh Hotel..................................3.............................4......................5......................................... Famous Chowk...............7.. 81 12......... 80 12..........................4............................ 70 10...........2....................................................... Highways ................................................2...........3.......................... 79 12......................................International ....................................... 75 12............................................... 66 10...................................................................2.................................... Flashman’s Hotel............3..5........... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ......................................................................... 100 12....................................................................................................................................... 75 12................................. WASA .............. KFC ......................7.................................................... 93 12........... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ................................................................................. 74 12.............................................................1..............10..............................................1...............2.................... 102 13............................ 77 12................................................................. Lai Expressway ..............1..............2....... 68 10...............................................2.......................................... Famous Restaurants...... Purana Qilla .........................................................................1............................. Museums ..Glorious Rawalpindi 10.....................................................................................11...................................................................................................... Libraries and Museums ...................1........... 78 12.... WATER RESERVOIR .................3..... 72 11.......................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ........................9..... Lasania Restaurant city ................. 95 12............. Roads In Rawalpindi City ... Islamabad International Airport Road ...........................4............ 75 12.....................................1............2.....4.................................................. Famous Markets/ Bazaars .............................................................................................2...........2................... Political Structure ..................................1......................6......................3....1.................................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................................................................. 82 12.....................................................................................................................4........International ...................................................................2....................... 68 10....... 98 12..... 72 11.................. Hotel Civic ................................................... 81 12...............................................................................2...... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ..... 79 12...................................................... Lal Haveli .............2.. Misriot Dam ....................1....................................................................................12...................... Airport ............ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv .........3......................................................... 90 12...........2............................................ 80 12.... FAMOUS Hotels .. 96 12................................................. Lai Nullah ......................5.....9......................................................... Shalimar Hotel ****........................................................................................... 105 13.................................. 73 11................ 81 12...........2................................6.......................... Akbar International *** .......................8........... POST OFFICE ................................... 76 12............................. 99 12...........2................................................................ 76 12.. 104 13..........14............(Rawalpindi) ................2.................... 78 12............... 79 12.............. Ancient Rawalpindi ..................

Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. This study contains information on population. health. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . the area of its concern. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. infrastructure. education and the existing industries. i.e. communication net works.

The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Jhelum. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Rawalpindi City. In 1849. founded a new town nearby. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. until 1765. When Jhanda Khan. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule.e. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Although they did not succeed. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. battle with Gakhars. has a long history spread over several millennia. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. also known as Pindi. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. the martial people of the area against the British domination. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. However. The Rawals a jogi tribe. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. a Ghakkar Chief .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. HISTORY Rawalpindi.

Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Many Government buildings were set on fire. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Nala Lai. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. he was welcomed rousingly. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. famous for its floods. the Afghan war and martial law. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. and it serves the city along with the capital. Liaquat Ali Khan. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army.e. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. There was a communal disturbance in 1947.e. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. before Pakistan came into existence. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. water is stored by building dams. In 1951. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. The city is home to many industries and factories. Cantonment and city. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. in Liaquat Garden. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.01’ North latitudes and 72°. in the province of Punjab. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Chakwal.04’ 34°. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.37’ East longitudes.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.38’ and 73°. 2. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Location It lies between 33°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.1. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.

8 Population. of Towns.059. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.550 (2007) Literacy rate.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. PST (UTC+5) No. 70.6.033333 Altitude.2. Estimate. 051 Time zone.6. 73. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.059. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.300. 73. 2.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.286 km² Calling code. Area.000 (1998) 3. 500 meters AMSL 5.

Punjabis. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.06 Degree Centigrade per month .The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. In summer. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. and Pakhtuns. comprising Potoharis. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The coldest month is Jan. The weather is highly unpredictable.3. temp is 17. when the mean max. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.7 C and Min 2. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. Muhajirs.6 Degree Centigrade.

Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. one for distribution among the poor. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The roads. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). On this day.a ritual in which everyone shares. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 .1. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. 3. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. No sooner it is sited. modesty and good behaviour. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. There are many mosques throughout the city. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. On Eid day. More than men. In addition to the two Eids. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. others being truthfulness. second for the relatives and third for self and own family.

Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. railways and the police force. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. There are two Churches in Saddar. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 .Paul Church.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. 3. tent pegging and Bini. Chaunji Trap. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Summi.2. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. St. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. education. wrestling. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Bhangra. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Music and dancing are also common.

4. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . and to the historical region of Punjab. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country.3. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.

1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. when Pakistan. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.3. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. 1940. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . CULTURE 4. Islamabad. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Later in 1971. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies.2. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. 4. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 4. red or velvet. 4. On 23rd March.

Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). the other name of mienu. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.4. sweet and ornaments etc. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. health of population is generally better. 4. the bride’s parents feast the party. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. bangles. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.1. Khaki or grey. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor.4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.3. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Tea is popular all over the district. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. 4. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.2. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Due to good weather condition in the district. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. After the religious formalities. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. To mold into the colors of ubton. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage.

2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.

4. All the guests.4. 4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. especially women. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.3. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4.

Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Besides. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.5. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.

According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. beverages and fruit preservation. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. pottery. Drafting. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. industrial gas processing. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Air conditiong. citrus. medium and small industrial units. glass products. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . potato. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. a brewery. Auto knitting and commerce etc. pharmaceutical. cigarettes. apricots. and factories making tents. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Metallurgy. and leather goods. furniture. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. about 1. sewing machines etc. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. sawmills. marble processing.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. maize. Welding. iron mills. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. textiles.e. pears. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. hosiery.000b spindles and 1.6% of district population is directly employed in large. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. apples.000 persons i. steel re-rolling. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. bajra.021 power looms.000 spindles. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. railroad yards. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture.

There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. so-called. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Brahmans. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. gold seals and such like. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. They also deal largely in hides. These only form a small percentage of the total population. chiefly silk goods. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. is misleading. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . will go to far from their homes for such work. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. do not require detailed notice. by courtesy. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. 5. Janjuas. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta.1. gold threads. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. towns of the district.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Kohlis and a few others. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. except ploughing. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. The chief families of Gakkhar. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural.2. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. Like the men of the tribe. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations.

Chauntra. tehsil Rawapindi. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. 1 to Rs. from Re: 1 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. known as abri. Phulkaris are made in many places. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. embroidered shoes. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). 40. costing from Re. 20. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. and Hazro. neighboring villages. tehsil Kahutta. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. and at Makhad. Reed matting. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Pindigheb. 1 to Rs. Leather manufacturers have diminished. known as phur.3. 6. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. or khair wood. which are sold in Rawalpindi. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. make padlocks of iron. Baking-plates are also made here. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. and are made of Shisham. or low chairs. 8. the spinning wheels. where wood is plentiful. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. and Salgraon. according to size. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Kuri-Dolal. chappris. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. phulaa. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. especially in tehsil Kahuta. costing from Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Fatehjang. saddles are the principal articles made.5 to Rs. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. The chairs cost from Re. tehsil Pindigheb. 10 for the set of 4. Pihras. The lohars of Manianda. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot.

at Fatehjang. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Popular Industries 5. Mr. have been procured. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. or earthen-jars. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. rough in execution but fairly good in color.1. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. especially of it is exported across the Indus. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors.4.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas.4. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. as there is said to have once been. as else where. Here. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. both lie on the Indus bank. 5. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Lockwood Kipling.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region.

There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. cutting & sizing. Sangjani. patti and other handicrafts. ustaad and unskilled workers. sand blasting. I-9/1 and I-9/3. Karachi and Lahore. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. which are also in small quantities. Major processes include loading/unloading. phool. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. honed finishing etc. brush finishing. bush hammering. acid finishing. Most of the labor has education level below primary. Rawalpindi. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. handling & storing. flower vases and fountains. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. tiles.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. but are only used by 1-2 exporters.

9. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi.2. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Hardly.000 cubic ft. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. It is below 50%. 6. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 2. 4. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.000-300.4. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 7. 3. 8. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 5. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 1. 10.

Your marketing strategies must be good. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. lampshades. are in huge demand in the City. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. By stocking the best quality goods. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Once your furniture business gets off. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. hotels and restaurants. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. shelves. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used.000 people. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Therefore. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. consoles are in demand. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. The establishments in the city need showcases. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. from office to lounge furniture. side tables and stools. sofas. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. schools. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Be sure to include photographs. A Report by Ms. etc. and selling innovative products. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. so that must be kept in mind. lockers. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Even couches. since all kinds of furniture. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. Polish affects the quality of the material. and you should take care to build good customer relations. lamps stands. You can sell wood or metal furniture. as well as residential areas. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi.

For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. 5. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. No. 4. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. and Kalabagh on the Indus. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 100 feet. three miles from Fatehjang. Fatehjang. The oil is used in its raw state. 1 is 100n feet deep. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off.200 gallons last year. It is made from mustard oil. Rs. No. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The petroleum costs. leaving the oil above.6. transmitted light. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. petroleum and wood. No. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. In 1887-89. the churches. in the Bannu district. 50 feet. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased.5. This is thrown into a cistern. 80 feet. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. etc.000 gallons per year. The oil is collected as it. Kalabagh oil…. 60 feet. 3. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 4 inches in diameter each. 28 ditto.16 per hundred gallons. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. Five borings have been made. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The total oil collected is about 1.. No. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. The petroleum now costs Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. No. 2.600 gallons per annum. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 5.

pattus. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. described above. from Kashmir. chiefly. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Hazro and Makhad. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. charas. from Kashmir. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Ghee is brought in from Punch. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. refined Sugar from Bombay. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. timber. leather from Kashmir. rice from neighboring districts. gur from Sialkot. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Jallundur and Meerut. however. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Wazirabad. Silk from Amritsar. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports.1. rice being little grown. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Ghee. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6.. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Yarkand and Ladakh. chiefly deodar. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. ra and the sea-ports. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. & c. it is believed. are exported to some small extent. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. for seed. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Kashmir and Sawat. timber. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. fruits. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . this is chiefly a trade in food grains. was exported to Kashmir. Peshawar. thick cloths. Peshawar. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. metals. and Gujrat. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. fruits from Kashmir. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. dyes. Peshawar. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. hardware from Amritsar. Shahjahanpur. and that of inferior quality in this district. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Sialkot. Jallundur.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Delhi and Gujranwala. and Peshawar.

marble processing. hosiery. beverages and fruit preservation. railroad yards. 6. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 1. sawmills. 10. furniture. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 17. iron mills. 16. Heavy Foundry and Forge. cement. 24. 13. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. steel re-rolling.1. 23. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 4. cigarettes. No.2. Sr. Petroleum Refinery. 20. flour mills. 9. 2. 7. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Heavy Rebuild Factory. cigarettes. and factories making tents. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. cotton and woolen Textiles. 22. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 15. 18. 8. pottery. textiles. mineral processing. industrial gases. a brewery. 12.2. pharmaceuticals. glass products. 5. sewing machines etc. distillery. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 14. 19. poultry feed. 3. and leather goods. 21. glass products.

it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 46. 36. skilled labour. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Therefore. 44. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 27. 35. however.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 26. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 43. 37.V. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. local/national/international demand. 34. i) ii) 45. 30. 29. 38. 40. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 47. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. linkage between the industrial units. 33. 41. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6.C. 39.C. 31. if lacking is manageable. 42.3. 32.

6. cotton. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. ground nut. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. woolen. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. 6. semi processed and processed agricultural products.3. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.1. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. etc. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. its major crops and fruit are wheat.3. Oil refinery. employs 48.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. maize. It contributes 24% to the GDP. guava and apple. leather garments.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. It accounts for 38. dolomite bentonite. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. meat/poultry processing units. cement. veneer board. In addition. 6. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. Pharmaceuticals. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production.2. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.3.5.5 billion for the year 2001-02.4.3% of national GDP. Soda ash. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.3.3. gypsum. In this area there is good scope for furniture. poultry/cattle feed. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .4% of the agricultural value added and 9. Minerals Fire clay.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. rock salt. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. jawar. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.3. glass. which accounted 11. leather Products. 6. Silica sand. cigarettes. footwear. there also exist good prospects for tannery.

Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. cosmetics. Heavy Foundry and Forge. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. 6. household appliances. confectionery. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. PVC pipes. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. machine made carpets. sports wear etc. glass hollow-ware.9. steel furniture.8. POF etc. Steel. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. fashion apparel.6. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.3.4. 6. suitable for wide spread fish farming. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. electrical accessories.3. ready made garments for men and women.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. electric cables. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Besides. rubberized/mechanical toys. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. glass ample. has now emerged as a potential investment area. pharmaceutical. wires etc. sanitary fitting.7. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector.3. 6. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . children wear. woolen knitwear. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Attock Refinery.3. 6. 6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Currency and Mint.4. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. 6. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. The inhabitants.1. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan.4. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. 6. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Therefore. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .2.

The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. including the development of Industrial Zones.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Social Sector Activities: Education.4. not manufactured locally. machinery & equipment. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.6. Human Resource Development (HRD). Plant. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 6. Technical/Vocational Training. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.3 million. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. Hospitals. 6.3 million.3. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Medical and Diagnostic Services. of tourism.15 million.

not manufactured locally. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Plant.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. not manufactured locally. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.5. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.e. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Murree Brewery Company LTD. machinery and equipment. Classic Capital (Pvt.5. imported by tourism. 2. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Ltd. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .2. 4. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. audio-fax services. Details of machinery are Plant. 6. imported by the manufacturing industries. Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery & equipment. 3. Bakery Products 1. machinery and equipment. voicemail services. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. not manufactured locally.5.) LTD Bakery. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.1. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. hotels and tourism related projects. 5. card pay phone services etc. Beverage 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant.

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.8.7. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Old G. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.T.5. .3. 16. Peshawar Road 6. 15. Chip/Straw Board 9. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . NEOMEDIX . 12.5.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Westridge Rawalpindi 6. W. IPRAM International. Diapers Plant 10. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.4. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. 14. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Adyala Road 17. Ceramics Products 8.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Road Morgah 6.5. Cement Products 7.5.5. Domestic Hardware 11.6. Capital Plywood Industry.

National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.5. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Al Karim Flour Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Railway Workshop Road 31. Habib Flour & General Mills. Westridge 36. Ratta Road 29. Olive Laboratories .9. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals .Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Flour Mills 23. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Industrial area Rawat 26. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Seham Road 37. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Rawat 27. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Adyala Road 21. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Ratta Road 34. Westridge 38. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd.Rawat 35. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22.

Bangash Colony. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Rawat Flour Mills. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Plastic Products 52.13.5.) Ltd. JI Interprises. National Park Road 6.5. Kashmir Road 6. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .10. Pirwadhai 46. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5. Poultry Feeds 53. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Fine Plastic Works. Tops Food & Beverages .5. LPG Cylinders 51.14. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Food Products 45.11. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.5.12. Rawat 43.

Adamjee Street 6. Textile Spinning 57. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.M..5.15. Unani Medicines 59. Textile Composite 56. Tyre and Tubes 58. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.17. Westridge 6.19.Textile Mills Ltd.5.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5.5.18. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .16. (Pvt) Ltd. Refinery 55. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.20. D.5.. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar Road 7. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.

8. 9. 5. 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. This region is full of Health facilities. 3. 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.3. 10. MCH Centres 1. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 4. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 2. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.5. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Govt.1. 3.2.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 3. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 7. 2. 7. 6. Government Hospitals 1.4. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.

Combined Military Hospital 7. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 3. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4.7.6. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.

Rawalpindi 16. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 5. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Rawalpindi 12. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Said pur Road. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. Batool Hospital H-241.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road.A. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Dr. Rawalpindi. 5551237 8. 6. 4. 1. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20.I. Off Murree Road.8. Satellite Town. Shakoors V. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. 2. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque.9. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Satellite Town.425 7th Road. Rawalpindi 14. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Bazar Road. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Saidpur Road. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 3. Rawalpindi 15. 10.P. 2. 7. Near Hydri Chowk. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. 7. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. 3. 3. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. BH Building. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Dr. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 17. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 11.

Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.1.1. The building has an architectural splendor. Fatima Jinnah University for Women.1. This gift to the nation.2. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Universities 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. 8. University of Arid Agriculture. As it stands. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. its daughters. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1. After their father's death (1901). Muhammed became her legal guardian. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .

1. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 3. Govt. Rawalpindi 8. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Town. Viqar un Nisa College for women. 4. Rawalpindi. College. 5. Rawalpindi. College Asghar Mall. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College St.2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt.2.2. Gorden College. Govt. Hashmat Ali Isl. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 1. Town. Rawalpindi. College for women St. Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering.1. No. Govt. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. 1. Govt. 2.2. Located near the CMH. Name of the Institution Govt. Colleges 8. Govt. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 .3. No.

Saddar. 12. St. 7. 18. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi. 24. town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. 1. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Punjab Law College. Educator College. St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 34. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. 13. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Town. Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 9. 10. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi 36. 14. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. 2. 19. Leaders College of Commerce. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. St. 32. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Town. Rawalpindi. town. 26. town. Rwp. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 27. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Al-Falah College for women St. 4. 3. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi. 8. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawal College of Commerce. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . town. Town. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. National Science College Murree Road. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 15.3. 23. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Civil College of Commerce St. 22. Rawalpindi.2. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 25. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Town. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 29. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. town. Town. 30. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Saddar. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. 11. 17. 33. Town. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. 31. 35. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. St.

C. 2.C. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 7. BPS New Malpur M.4. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. M.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 56. MC. town. Rawalpindi.5. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Morgah Rawalpindi.C. 46. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Rwalpindi. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Jinnah Institute of Informatics.C. BMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi. 11.C. 2. Leadership College for Boys St.C. Rawalpindi. 16. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 55.C.C.C.. GMS Waris Khan.C. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M.2. Rawalpindi. St. 3. town. BPS Fauji Colony M. College of Commerce Saddar. Rawalpindi. MC. 5. M. 45. 51. Rawalpindi. 4.2. 15. town. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 39. 44. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Ojiri Camp. BPS Muslim Town. Islamic International Commerce College. Town.C. 1. Capital College Murree Road. BPS Qasim abad. 50. Rwalpindi. M. 48. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rwalpindi. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. BPS Chamanzar. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Leadership College for Girls St. GMS Qasimabad.C. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Indus College of Commerce.C. 9. 8.C. 12. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. 41. 4. BPS Faiz abad M. 38. 6.C. 1. M. Shamsabad. 42. BPS Arya Mohallah M.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Town. 10.C. Rawalpindi. 40. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Rawalpindi Cantt. 13. Rawalpindi. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Town. 54. St. Rawalpindi. 47. M. 43. Margalla Institute 6th Road.C. 52. M. 49. 14. 3. Punjab College of information technology. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. GMS Amarpura. 53. 8.C. Inflorescence College of modern . Rawalpindi. Town. 8. Rawalpindi. M. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Rawalpindi College for Boys.

BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 5.C. 4. BPS Affandi Colony 8.PIA College Rawalpindi City.2. Govt.C. High School Rawalpindi M. BHS Moti Baza M.C. 6. 3. M. 6. MC. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Rawalpindi Govt. Kartarpura. BHS Millat Colony M.2 Satellite Town.C. Scheme No.6. GHS Satellite Town M. BHS Ratta Amral M.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. 3.C. BPS Ratta 18. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Institute of Commerce.C.C. M. Vocational Training Institute (W). 4. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 5. 8.(ABAD). Rawalpindi Cantt. Techincal Training Institute (W). Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 7. Institute of Commerce (W). GHS Ratta Amral M. Dhoke Syedan. College of Commerce. Govt.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi. 1. (RMGTC). 7. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C.C. Rawalpindi Govt. M. BHS Satellite Town M. 9.3. Dhamial. Vocational Training Institute (W). 8. 2. Govt. Rawalpindi Govt.

4. Private Schools and colleges 1.G. The Mall 1. 2. Government Schools & Colleges 1.G (C. 6.4. 4. Sir Syed College. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.6. 2. The Mall F. 2. 5. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. F. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .G Sir Syed College for Boys. 6. Chaklala III 8. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 3. Harley Street F. 4.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Quaid-e-Azam College. 5.5. 3. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 7. Govt. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Ordinance Road.

4.7. Rawalpindi Medical College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . Medical Colleges 1. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. 3.

at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.300 acres and has a play area. From being a nine-hole course. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. founded in 1885. It has a playground. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. an aquarium. lush lawns. 300 acres. It has a lake with boating facility. Situated near the Ayub National Park. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. play land. These are the best way to see the city. fountains and flower beds. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau.1. lake with boating facility. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.) Road. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. covers 2.T. SPORTS & RECREATION 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.1.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . It covers an area of about 2. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. Meander through the bazaars. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. The Ayub National Park. today this is a facility of 27 holes.

One should try out during a visit here. Some tigers. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec.3. 2007 at same venue. 9. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.1. The Park was opened in 1991. The first prime minister of Pakistan. 9. cheetahs. fountains and flower beds. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. lawns. is of historical interest due to its political processions.2. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. was assassinated here in 1950. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. bears. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Other areas of the park are used for walking. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. lions. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. It has a play area for children.1. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat.

400 feet). make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.4. parks.5. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.even chilly in the evening . Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. on the Karakoram Highway. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Numerous roads leave. or riding in the new chair-lifts. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. where most people congregate. especially at weekends. at 2.6. schools. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). In winter. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. near Kachari Chowk. Civil Lines 9. Murree remained.1. churches. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Murree and the Galis Murree.1. Its cold pine forests. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.and rain is common. Jinnah Park. In summer it is cool . Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. clubs and cafes. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. however. Romi Park. when the honor was transferred to Simla. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Peshawar Road 9. a little bit of England. Murree is lovely all year round. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. complete with The Mall for promenading. has expanded rapidly. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Since independence. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. At the southwest end is Pindi Point.240 meters (7.1. Between the two runs The Mall. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. A restaurant has also been established. In addition to riding trails. It is 30 km from Murree. hiking places and picnic spots. which like a ski-lift. both rides cost about Rs. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Ayubia has a chair lift. Changlagali. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Patriata 25 km from Murree. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. which is the highest point in the range. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Ayubia Khairagali. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali.). The golf course here is open only to members. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride.

There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. For this.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. a sub category of the Montane Forests. situated on the summit of a hill. 9. The city of Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. you will find that the surface is clean. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. golden eagle. Islamabad. flying squirrel and hill fox. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. once you reach the summit. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Asiatic leopard. The animals include the Asiatic black bear.1. hiking places. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. In addition to riding trails. Khaira Gali. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists.7. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. better known as the Murree National Park. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital.

1. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. There are 4000 objects displayed.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. 9. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. Potohar shoes and Chappals. At the outset. 48 km from Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. walking sticks. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. This is a place where you go by choice. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. silver. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Saddar bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. iron and semiprecious stones. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture.8.C to 500 AD. 9. The Sarafa bazaar. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. terracotta. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. including stone. are located around the Taxila Museum. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. but come out by sheer luck. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. which is the first stop for any tourist. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Most of the sites at Taxila.9. Buddhist.T. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. could not complete its original plan. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. the museum. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. vicery of India in 1918. Here. stucco. As it turns out. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. gold. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. at The Raja Bazaar. However. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. shawls and jackets. cane baskets and furniture. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.1. you can find every thing which a common man can use.

10. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. and the modern capital of Pakistan.1. Tapering cypress trees. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. that is. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. left of G. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. by his colleagues.Twice a year. Road. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara.5 acres. The resort has a restaurant. Taxila. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. by the Department of Archaeology. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. This place offers scenic walks. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Government of Pakistan.T. Road. Ferishta and Jehangir. 9. loved by the Mughals. on their way to Kashmir. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara.T. Gen. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni.T. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Islamabad. Today. line the canals through which cool waters once.e. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. i. Road. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Guru Nanak. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. gently flowing stream.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. a minister of emperor Akbar. at the foot of Margalla. Road Rawalpindi. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. After several phases of development. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. It is situated at I. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. G. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque.1. with spring water falling within it. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. and the course itself.3. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. 9. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. a small town has developed. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 .T. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. it is now a 27-hole course.3. on the G. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. home to several thousand people. Road. Sports venues and stadiums 9. was also built during this period. From the clubhouse. T. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.

2. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. 9. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.000. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Islamabad.3. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.

4.3.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .5. Army Hockey Stadium 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. Rawalpindi Club.3. The Mall Saddar 9.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents.2. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. buildings collapse. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1.1. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Therefore. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Response and Prevention. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. 10. explosions. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. identification of vehicles for registration etc. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . Community Awareness &Training.1. Rescue 15 . Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. rescue.1. SERVICES 10. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. however personal visits are also allowed. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. crime reporting. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. which is an achievement even internationally.

3. 6. 8. 13. 10. Endurance. 7. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.3. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. perseverance. struggle. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 9.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 11. 14. 12.1. 5.1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 2. 4. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. patience.4.

The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.6. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.1.1. support. Old People and Disabled. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. The children are given security. Children.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . love and understanding. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.5.

Distribution system consists of 46. Here. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. 2006.1.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . Urdu. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). General Industry. Domestic. boys and girls .127. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.2. 7. Sales to these consumers were 39. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).” 10.081 HM3 worth 107. but the emphasis is on achievement.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 10. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. designing and construction of pipelines. SNGPL has 2. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.118 million rupees during July-September. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. “The basic aim is that this orphan. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. this poor child. now Companies Ordinance 1984. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .280 HM3 worth 31.7. both for itself and other organizations.733. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.study together up until fifth grade. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Fertilizer.897.581. to be sure.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.2.46/-. detail of some among them is following. Power & Cement Sectors." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. not on Islamic political causes.008.1.

2. Chakwal. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt. Attock. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.

PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.8 million V-fone customers. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.7 million customers. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.3.000 and 5.2. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Total No. 1 5. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Water Works No.2.4. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Pirwadahi Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.

and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 3.2. 5.5. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 2. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 4. 6. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. POST OFFICE GPO . currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.

Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Rawalpindi 10. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. rail and road. 1.2. In addition to freight. 2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. both national and international. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.7. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.6. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.2. with many domestic and international flights every day. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. has numerous routes.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which connects Pakistan to China. the world's highest international road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.8. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). which were completed in the 1990s. more recently. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Rawalpindi. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Motorway Interchange.T. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. Road) or. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.2. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

• SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. ranging from yellow taxis. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. yellow cabs. mini-buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day. For inter-city travel. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . Due to lack of planning of roads. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.9.

5.1. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. pavement marking. channelization of junctions.45 Km of main road with 1. 2. median. relocation of structures. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. Rawalpindi. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. Objectives 1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 4. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . pedestrian over head bridges.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. provision of efficient drainage system. 3. construction of footpaths. installations of traffic signals. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. traffic signs.

Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . growth of income. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.00 million. land values & ownership pattern. future land uses pattern. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. 2. OD travel pattern. of Punjab / RDA. Detailed Traffic Engg. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt.2. land use plan.T. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. 1. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway.

and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah.5 m 21. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. Unluckily however. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.000 Cusecs 35. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The Lai Nullah. industrial. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. e. enchroachments. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. f. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. unbalanced land use transport interaction. d. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. commercial.3. non standardized infrastructure support. c. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills.

1. according to the old timers. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Famous Historical Places 12.1. Until 1923. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. And. At that time. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.1.

Lal Haveli In old times. After independence. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. it was home to Budhana Bibi.the glory of the cantonment . 12. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. a famous dancing girl. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.3. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.1. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. Sarafa Bazaar. better known as The Mall .2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.1.

There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. the old quarters of the city.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.4. bay windows and doors. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. dense housing. better known as the Purana Qilla. Like Multan.

This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. Modern. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2.2.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .

2. Flashman’s Hotel 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2.4.3.2.5. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.3. 12.1. Rawalpindi.2.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Famous Restaurants 12.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .4. Sub Way . Murree Road.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Saddar. Rawalpindi.4. Rawalpindi. 12. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Saddar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. KFC .2.4.1.International .International Near KFC. Murree Road.

6. 3. 12. Haider Road 12.5. Police Station Road 11. 4. Bank Road 8. Canning Road 10. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Peshawar Road 9. 2. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1.

Tipu Road 16. 17. Harding Road 14. 18. College Road 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

houses and narrow streets.7. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There are many old buildings.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30.

9. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .

1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

27. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. 10. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 28. Saudi Pak Comm. 19. Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 14. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 6. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 8. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. 18. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 13. 4. 7. 23. Citi Bank N A. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 25. The Bank of Punjab. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. 22. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. 21. 24. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11. 9. 32. 15. 17. 12. 29.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 26. Bank Rawalpindi. 16.

11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

that it was Ojhri. Many. many thousands more were injured. on April 10. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Soon. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . This was a deliberate act of destruction. Over 5000 people were killed. Theories abound. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq.13. That it was an ammunition dump. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Rawlapindi. But that was the extent of it. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. 19 years ago. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. It was clear. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe.

2001. On July 23. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.23 Billion. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

500 acre feet (12994 MG). Highest flood level is 1752 feet.000 acre feet (11763 MG). The total storage capacity is 47. WATER RESERVOIR 13. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Margalla and Murree hills.1. fishing and boating. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. which generates 84. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. km. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Live storage is 43. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Rawalpindi and Islamabad.8 sq. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.

777 MCM. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area.687 MCM. in general. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. 13.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. due to monsoon. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. the outflow has been less than the inflow. However. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Therefore. Since its inception. However. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. the flow was relatively high in June to August. outflow is 0.2. However. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. whereas. after 2000.3. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.783 MCM.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

pk travel. j. d. l. e. Rawalpindi Post Office. q. s. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. EDO Health. h. r. b. n. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . Govt. b. g. c. i. 1998 City Report.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Rawalpindi. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. o. k.com pakistanpeadia. f.blogspot.mapsofworld.com Books & Etc.com Virtualglobetrottiong. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. l. n. i. Rawalpindi Cities. g. p. Punjab Railway Station. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. k. m. o. c.geocities. p.gov. q. a. d.com Nrb www. f.rawalpindi.absoluteastronomy. S. e. j. r.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. m.com www. h. t.