Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

..............................................................1...................................................... Rescue 15 .........7............................................4................... Kallar Kahar .......................... 63 10................5..... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ..... 42 8......................................................... 50 9............................. Romi Park...............................................1.................................................. IESCO ............................................................................ Khewra Salt Mines ........................3..1......................................................................................................4........... 55 9........1.............................5..............1............................................................................................................................................. Temple of Katas ...........................................1......... 62 10......2....................................................................................................................................................................2.......................................................................... 41 8..................................9..................... 63 10..........................2...................................................3.................. Hassan Abdal.... 60 10....Emergency Reporting Centre .............................................. 54 9......... Army Hockey Stadium ................................... 44 9................ Civil Lines ............ 57 9........... 65 Company Profile ................................ 43 9........1.........................................10...............................1.......................8.1.................. Taxila Museum...................................................................... POLICE STATIONS.............4....... Medical Colleges ..... 48 9..........4............ 42 8.............6........... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...........1.. Sports venues and stadiums ..... The Salt Range ........................................................................................................................................... Peshawar Road ..............................................1........................ 60 10.....................4...... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)...................................................................................................................................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............2................................1.. 56 9..2..... Rawalpindi Public Park ....1.............................................................2......................................................7.......... 54 9...........2................................................................3.................... KABBADI........................................................ 49 9.....................1.....1....3.........1....... Murree and the Galis ................1.... 44 9........Glorious Rawalpindi 8..... 57 9........ 45 9................... 60 10...............2...........3.... 58 9................... 63 10..........2.......... Cinemas & Theatres ..................... 60 10............ 61 10..................... SERVICES .............................. 46 9................................................................................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS ............ 62 10.............. Private Schools and colleges .................. 44 9.. 51 9..............................3...... Government Schools & Colleges . The Mall Saddar ........................................................ 64 10...6.........................................2............ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ....... ............... Other Places Worth A Visit....3.................................. 49 9..... 51 9................................................... 56 9............ Edhi Foundation .........................2.......... Ayub National Park ........................................................2......................2.. Jinnah Park........... 52 9..................................... PTCL .................................................................................. Rawalpindi Club.............4...........................................3......................................................4........................................... Liaqat National Bagh ......4............................5.................................................................. Field Hockey .............................5............................................ 46 9............................................2... The Raja Bazaar ..................................................................................... 57 9..................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ...... ..... Darul Aman ....... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .. Punjab..... Cricket ................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ...................... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ..1... 51 9.......... SPORTS & RECREATION ..6...................... 46 9.................................................................................2......1.... 51 9............ Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ................6................ 61 10.....................3....................... 57 9......................................................................... SOS Village ................................................3...........3........ 56 9.3............................... Forts ................1...4..................7.................................................. 42 8......................................................................... near Kachari Chowk............1....3...1.............................................2................... 45 9.....1.....5............1. 53 9........ 58 10......................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................................................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ...... Utility Services ..........................1.............. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ...............5.................

.......................5.....2............................................................................................... 73 11..................................... 77 12............2...............................................................................................................4........5...................................... 67 10.4.............................................. Hotel Civic .........................................1.......................... Famous Chowk................. La Rosh Hotel....................................................................2.................. Ancient Rawalpindi ..... Akbar International *** ...................................1.................................................................. 98 12. 80 12.....................................................................................2......8..............5................................................ WASA .................... Lasania Restaurant city ......2......................................... 96 12..... 100 12....................2... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ....................3............................................................14...... 99 12.6..1....................3................... 80 12....2..................................................8...................... Famous Historical Places ........................... Misriot Dam ............................................................................ 102 13........... 68 10................................4........ 78 12....... Lai Expressway ....................................International .................. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ................. 79 12............International ........................... Lal Haveli ......................... 82 12. 71 11............. Islamabad International Airport Road ........4................... 72 11........................ 81 12...................................................... Flashman’s Hotel......................................................... The Mall ..........................................................(Rawalpindi) .......................................................... 79 12............... 78 12.............................................. 66 10.................................................................................................. Highways ............................................ 95 12.................. POST OFFICE ..3.....................9.................................................................................................7........................................ 74 12.......................................................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ..................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10............................................................................................................................ Shalimar Hotel ****......................................................... WATER RESERVOIR ................ 75 12.........3..................................1..... 81 12...................................................................... 105 13........... 90 12...................1............2.... 68 10.........1.1...............3........................................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ..................................................3...............................2.................. Purana Qilla .................2...................... RAWAL LAKE...... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ........................................................................ Roads In Rawalpindi City ..................................... FAMOUS Hotels ...........................................1............................................................2......................................................................................................................................................... 80 12. KFC ...............................................6................................................. 76 12..........................................................7...2....................................... Museums ...............4........................................2..................... 75 12................................................................... Political Structure .........................................13..................................................................................................1.............. 75 12....................................... Railway Stations .. Public Transportation ................................................................. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ......................... Lai Nullah ..........2..... Jawa Dam .............................................. Airport .........................4................................................... 81 12.......... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..................... 104 13.... 79 12. 78 12. FAMOUS FAST FOODS .....11...................................3............... Sub Way ............12..................................2.........................................................................................9.......................... 104 13....... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ...................1....... 84 12........2............................................ 93 12... 70 10......2.. Libraries and Museums ............................................ 76 12.................................................10................ Famous Restaurants..........1.. 72 11... RING ROAD .............2....................

communication net works. health.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. This study contains information on population. education and the existing industries. the area of its concern. i. infrastructure. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .e.

the martial people of the area against the British domination. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. founded a new town nearby. also known as Pindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Jhelum. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. When Jhanda Khan. Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. However. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. has a long history spread over several millennia. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . In 1849. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. a Ghakkar Chief . In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Although they did not succeed. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). they must conciliate the martial people of the area. until 1765. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. The Rawals a jogi tribe.e. battle with Gakhars. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years.

In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Liaquat Ali Khan. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Many Government buildings were set on fire. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. before Pakistan came into existence. and it serves the city along with the capital. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. famous for its floods. he was welcomed rousingly. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. In 1951.e. in Liaquat Garden. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. the Afghan war and martial law. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. The city is home to many industries and factories. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. water is stored by building dams. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Cantonment and city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 .e. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Nala Lai.

Location It lies between 33°.04’ 34°.38’ and 73°.01’ North latitudes and 72°.1. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.37’ East longitudes. Chakwal. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. in the province of Punjab. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. 2. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.

It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 051 Time zone.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 500 meters AMSL 5. 8 Population. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .300.033333 Altitude.286 km² Calling code. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. 73. 70. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area.550 (2007) Literacy rate. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. of Towns.2. 73.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.000 (1998) 3. Estimate.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.059.6. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.6.059.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. PST (UTC+5) No. 2.

Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. and Pakhtuns.6 Degree Centigrade. Muhajirs. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The weather is highly unpredictable. The coldest month is Jan.3.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. comprising Potoharis.7 C and Min 2. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.06 Degree Centigrade per month . temp is 17. Punjabis. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. In summer. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. when the mean max.

Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. No sooner it is sited. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives.1. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. On Eid day. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. In addition to the two Eids. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. 3. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. There are many mosques throughout the city. modesty and good behaviour.a ritual in which everyone shares. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. others being truthfulness. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. The roads. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Here too the poor are not forgotten. More than men.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. On this day. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. one for distribution among the poor.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head .

Bhangra. tent pegging and Bini. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. St. education. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Chaunji Trap. railways and the police force. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda).Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Rawalpindi. Music and dancing are also common. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Summi. 3. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Young people prefer Kabaddi. wrestling. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. There are two Churches in Saddar.2.Paul Church. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity.

3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . historical and political ties to the country. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. and to the historical region of Punjab. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.4. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place.

This is the month of revolutions of all colors.1.1. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. red or velvet. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . when Pakistan. Islamabad. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity.3. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Later in 1971. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. On 23rd March. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 1940. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.1. 4. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country.1. 4. CULTURE 4.

Tea is popular all over the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.4. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.1. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. the other name of mienu. After the religious formalities.2. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening.3. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.4. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Khaki or grey. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. sweet and ornaments etc. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. To mold into the colors of ubton. bangles. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Due to good weather condition in the district. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. 4. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. 4. health of population is generally better. the bride’s parents feast the party. family and invited guests wear yellow garments.

2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .4. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.

Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.4. All the guests. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.4. 4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.4. especially women. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .

Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.5. Besides. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.

Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.e. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district.021 power looms. steel re-rolling.000b spindles and 1. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. sewing machines etc. and leather goods. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. bajra. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. pharmaceutical. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. furniture. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. iron mills. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Drafting. pottery. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. medium and small industrial units. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. railroad yards. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.000 persons i. and vegetables are the major products of the city. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. industrial gas processing. maize. potato. hosiery. Air conditiong. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. sawmills. citrus. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. Welding. and factories making tents. beverages and fruit preservation. cigarettes. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here.000 spindles. apricots. a brewery. textiles. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. about 1. marble processing. glass products. Metallurgy.6% of district population is directly employed in large. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. apples. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. pears.

Glorious Rawalpindi 5. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. Like the men of the tribe. except ploughing.2. They also deal largely in hides. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it.1. chiefly silk goods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . The chief families of Gakkhar. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. so-called. These only form a small percentage of the total population. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. Kohlis and a few others. is misleading. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Brahmans. towns of the district. by courtesy. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. 5. will go to far from their homes for such work. gold threads. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. gold seals and such like. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. do not require detailed notice. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Janjuas.

Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. phulaa. and Hazro. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. make padlocks of iron. and at Makhad. known as phur. costing from Re. The lohars of Manianda. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi.3. and are made of Shisham. Baking-plates are also made here. 40. tehsil Pindigheb. the spinning wheels. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. embroidered shoes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). from Re: 1 to Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Pindigheb and Fatehjang.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 1 to Rs. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Fatehjang. Pihras. 8. according to size. Leather manufacturers have diminished. tehsil Rawapindi. or khair wood. Reed matting. Phulkaris are made in many places. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. and Salgraon. Chauntra. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. especially in tehsil Kahuta. known as abri. 20.5 to Rs. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. costing from Rs. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. 10 for the set of 4. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. 6. Kuri-Dolal. or low chairs. chappris. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. tehsil Kahutta. The chairs cost from Re. neighboring villages. Pindigheb. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. saddles are the principal articles made. where wood is plentiful. 1 to Rs. which are sold in Rawalpindi.

From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Principal of the Lahore school of Art. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. especially of it is exported across the Indus. Lockwood Kipling. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Mr. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region.4. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. or earthen-jars. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.1. have been procured. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Popular Industries 5. rough in execution but fairly good in color. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. as else where. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. at Fatehjang. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Here. as there is said to have once been.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. both lie on the Indus bank. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb.4. 5.

V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. Rawalpindi. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Major processes include loading/unloading. cutting & sizing. phool. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . ustaad and unskilled workers. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. Most of the labor has education level below primary. Karachi and Lahore. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. I-9/1 and I-9/3. handling & storing. acid finishing. tiles. flower vases and fountains. Sangjani. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. honed finishing etc. bush hammering. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. brush finishing. sand blasting. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. which are also in small quantities. patti and other handicrafts.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar.

6. Estimated growth figure is around 10%.000 cubic ft. Hardly. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. It is below 50%. 5. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 10. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 7.000-300. 2. 8.4. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 3. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 9. 4. 1.2. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.

sofas. schools. consoles are in demand. The establishments in the city need showcases. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. are in huge demand in the City. Therefore. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. from office to lounge furniture. shelves. lamps stands. Even couches. Polish affects the quality of the material. so that must be kept in mind. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. You can sell wood or metal furniture. lampshades. By stocking the best quality goods. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Once your furniture business gets off. etc. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. hotels and restaurants. Be sure to include photographs. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. since all kinds of furniture. Your marketing strategies must be good. and selling innovative products. A Report by Ms.000 people. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . as well as residential areas. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. side tables and stools. lockers. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market.

28 ditto. 2. 50 feet. 1 is 100n feet deep. 100 feet.000 gallons per year. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 80 feet. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . In 1887-89. Five borings have been made. The total oil collected is about 1. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. leaving the oil above. The petroleum now costs Rs. Kalabagh oil…. 4 inches in diameter each. No. petroleum and wood. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 60 feet. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. The borings are 35 feet from each other. transmitted light. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 4. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. three miles from Fatehjang. It is made from mustard oil. No. No. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. The oil is collected as it. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The oil is used in its raw state.600 gallons per annum. This is thrown into a cistern. 5. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine.. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. No.5. and Kalabagh on the Indus. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep.16 per hundred gallons. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.200 gallons last year.6. the churches. No. Rs. Fatehjang. 3. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. etc. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The petroleum costs. in the Bannu district.

the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. fruits from Kashmir. hardware from Amritsar. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. chiefly deodar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Peshawar. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Kashmir and Sawat. refined Sugar from Bombay. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. chiefly. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Peshawar.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. leather from Kashmir. Jallundur and Meerut. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. was exported to Kashmir. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. and Gujrat. Ghee. Ghee is brought in from Punch. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. pattus. Sialkot. Jallundur. thick cloths. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Silk from Amritsar. Wazirabad. and Peshawar.1. dyes. Delhi and Gujranwala. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. charas. timber. rice being little grown. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. it is believed. timber. ra and the sea-ports. Hazro and Makhad. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. fruits. rice from neighboring districts. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Shahjahanpur. from Kashmir. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. are exported to some small extent. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. this is chiefly a trade in food grains.. gur from Sialkot. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. described above. however. metals. and that of inferior quality in this district. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Peshawar. from Kashmir. Yarkand and Ladakh. for seed. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. & c. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar.

Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. pharmaceuticals. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Petroleum Refinery. 9.1.2. 21. Heavy Rebuild Factory. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 10. poultry feed. marble processing. hosiery. Sr. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. iron mills. pottery. No. 3. sawmills. 5. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 24.2. industrial gases. a brewery. 23. steel re-rolling. 12. and leather goods. and factories making tents. Heavy Mechanical Complex. flour mills. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . glass products. 20. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 15. 6. 7. cement. beverages and fruit preservation. 14. railroad yards. 4. cigarettes. 17. 8. cotton and woolen Textiles.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. textiles. furniture. 16. mineral processing. glass products. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. cigarettes. 19. 2. distillery. 22. 18. sewing machines etc. 13.

34. however.C.C. 41. 26. local/national/international demand. 35. 43. 29. 46. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 33. 27. 38. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. i) ii) 45. linkage between the industrial units. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 42. 39.3. Therefore. if lacking is manageable. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. skilled labour. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R.V. 40. 44. 47. 37.C. 30. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 31. 32. 36.

ground nut. meat/poultry processing units. cotton. gypsum. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. jawar.2. leather garments.3. leather Products. footwear. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. etc.3. semi processed and processed agricultural products. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. poultry/cattle feed. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. 6.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. cigarettes.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.3. glass. Soda ash. cement. which accounted 11. 6. Minerals Fire clay.3. dolomite bentonite. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. its major crops and fruit are wheat. 6. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. Pharmaceuticals. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. In this area there is good scope for furniture. woolen. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. It accounts for 38.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. veneer board. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.1. guava and apple.5.3% of national GDP.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. It contributes 24% to the GDP. maize. Oil refinery. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. In addition. there also exist good prospects for tannery.4. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.3. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. employs 48. Silica sand. 6. rock salt.

3. sanitary fitting. woolen knitwear.8.9. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Besides. cosmetics. suitable for wide spread fish farming. electrical accessories. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Attock Refinery. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.7. steel furniture. ready made garments for men and women. 6. electric cables. PVC pipes.3. glass ample. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. 6.4. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. machine made carpets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. confectionery.3.3. has now emerged as a potential investment area. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. POF etc. Steel. sports wear etc. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. household appliances. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. fashion apparel. 6.6. there exists good prospects for biscuits. 6. pharmaceutical. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. Heavy Foundry and Forge. wires etc. children wear. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. glass hollow-ware. rubberized/mechanical toys.

Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. 6. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.1. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Therefore. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Currency and Mint. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. 6.4. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets.4. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. The inhabitants.2. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.

of tourism. Human Resource Development (HRD). Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4.3 million.15 million.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6. not manufactured locally.6. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. Technical/Vocational Training.3 million. Hospitals. including the development of Industrial Zones. Plant. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.3. 6. machinery & equipment.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4.

Plant. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.1. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries.5. 3. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Murree Brewery Company LTD. imported by tourism.5. Ltd.) LTD Bakery. hotels and tourism related projects. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery & equipment. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. imported by the manufacturing industries. 4. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. machinery and equipment.2. machinery and equipment. not manufactured locally. voicemail services. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. audio-fax services.e. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . 5.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Details of machinery are Plant. Beverage 6. 6. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. card pay phone services etc.5. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. not manufactured locally. Bakery Products 1. Classic Capital (Pvt. not manufactured locally.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. 2. Plant.

Old G.5.6.5. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .5. Domestic Hardware 11. 15. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. 16.3.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Cement Products 7. Peshawar Road 6. 14.5.8. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Road Morgah 6. Adyala Road 17.5. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Capital Plywood Industry. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Diapers Plant 10. 12. IPRAM International.4.5. Ceramics Products 8.7. NEOMEDIX . W. Chip/Straw Board 9. .T. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Westridge Fireclay Industries.

Adyala Road 21. Habib Flour & General Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 38. Industrial area Rawat 26. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al Madina Flour and General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Ratta Road 29.Rawat 35. Westridge 36. Rawat 27. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Flour Mills 23. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Seham Road 37. Ratta Road 34. Railway Workshop Road 25. Westridge 32. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Railway Workshop Road 31.5. Naswari Bazar 24. Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills.9. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Olive Laboratories .

Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . LPG Cylinders 51. Rawat Flour Mills. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Poultry Feeds 53. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Pirwadhai 46. Rawat 43. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Bangash Colony. Plastic Products 52. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Food Products 45.5.14. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.5.5. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Kashmir Road 6.12. National Park Road 6.10. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Tops Food & Beverages .) Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.5. JI Interprises.11.13. Fine Plastic Works.

.17. (Pvt) Ltd. Textile Spinning 57. D.20. Unani Medicines 59. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .19. Textile Composite 56.M.5. Peshawar Road 7. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.5.15.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.5. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.18. Westridge 6. Adamjee Street 6.Textile Mills Ltd..5.16. Tyre and Tubes 58. Refinery 55.5.

7. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Government Hospitals 1. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 7.3. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Dhok Ali Akber. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7.5.1. Govt. MCH Centres 1.2. This region is full of Health facilities. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 8. 5. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. 7. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 2.4. 10. 2. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 6. 9. 2. 3. 4. 3. 3. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.

Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. 7.7. Combined Military Hospital 7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.6. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . 3. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Said pur Road. Satellite Town. Saidpur Road. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 6. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi 12. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 11.9. Satellite Town. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi.425 7th Road. Dr. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 2. 3. 5551237 8. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. 4. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Shakoors V. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 17. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Off Murree Road. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi Cantt.8. Rawalpindi. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.P. Rawalpindi. Bazar Road. 1. Rawalpindi 16. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 2.I. BH Building. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Rawalpindi 14. 3. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Fatima Clinic 993-B. 7. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. 5. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 3. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19.A. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. 7. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Dr. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Cantt 13.

1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.1. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Universities 8. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. University of Arid Agriculture. As it stands. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. After their father's death (1901).2. Muhammed became her legal guardian. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. 8.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. its daughters. This gift to the nation. The building has an architectural splendor. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

Located near the CMH. 4. Govt. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi 2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. 2. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.1. Rawalpindi. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Rawalpindi 8.1. Town. Gorden College. College Asghar Mall. No.2.2. Govt.3.2. College. College for women St. Town. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College St. 1. Viqar un Nisa College for women. 3. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Rawalpindi. 1. 5. Colleges 8. No. Rawalpindi. Govt. Rawalpindi. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.2.

Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 2. National Science College Murree Road. Town. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 13. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Town. 22. Town. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Saddar. Leader College 6th Road. St. Rwp. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 30. College of Advance Technology. 5. 17. 23. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 29. 8. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 28. Rawalpindi. 34. 27. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 32. 20. 11. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 9. Rawalpindi 36. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. St. 25. Town. 15. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Town. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. 4. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi 16. St. Town. Rawalpindi.2. 35. 18. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 31. St. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. town. 6. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. St. Saddar. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Educator College. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 10. St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. 33. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 1. 7. town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. Town. 3. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 14. Leaders College of Commerce. 24. Rawalpindi. 26. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 21. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 19.

41. 2. M.C. BPS Muslim Town. Ojiri Camp. Leadership College for Girls St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. M. town. 55. 14. BPS Qasim abad. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi.C.C. 54. 50. 12. 39. M.C. 3. 1. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. College of Commerce Saddar. 48.2. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 8. M. Rawalpindi. 1. 4. Rawalpindi. GMS Qasimabad. St.C.C. 16.C. BPS Muslim Town M. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi. 10. Rawalpindi. MC.C. 3. 49. BPS New Malpur M.C. 42. 38.2.5. 53. 15. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. M. BPS Bangash Colony M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi. BPS Arya Mohallah M. town. M. Town. Town.C. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 11. town. 9. Rawalpindi Cantt. 47. 5. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.C. Punjab College of information technology. Town. MC. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Boys St. 44. 7. BPS Chamanzar. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Capital College Murree Road. 8. GMS Amarpura.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.C. 4.C. BPS Faiz abad M. St. Rawalpindi.C. GMS Waris Khan. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 13. 52. Rawalpindi. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 46. 2. 51. Town. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 43. M. Rwalpindi. 40.C. Inflorescence College of modern . 56.C. Islamic International Commerce College. Rwalpindi. Morgah Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi.C.4. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Shamsabad. BPS Fauji Colony M.. 45. 8. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Indus College of Commerce. 6. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. M.C.

7. Rawalpindi Cantt. Govt. GHS Satellite Town M. GHS Ratta Amral M.C. BPS Ratta 18. Kartarpura. High School Rawalpindi M.C. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Govt. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Govt.2 Satellite Town. 1. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Scheme No. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Rawalpindi. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. 8. M. (RMGTC). 6. 5.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Institute of Commerce. BHS Moti Baza M. Govt. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Govt. M. Rawalpindi Govt. M.6. 4.C. 3.PIA College Rawalpindi City. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 4. 5.C. 7. Vocational Training Institute (W). 2. Vocational Training Institute (W). College of Commerce. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Dhoke Syedan. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C. 8. Dhamial. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Vocational Training Institute (W).C.C. BHS Millat Colony M. 6.2. Institute of Commerce (W). Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi.3.C. BHS Satellite Town M. Techincal Training Institute (W).Glorious Rawalpindi 17.C.C. 9. Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Ratta Amral M. MC. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.(ABAD). 3.

Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 4. The Mall F. 6. Quaid-e-Azam College. 3. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Ordinance Road.G Sir Syed College for Boys.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 5. Private Schools and colleges 1. 2.G. 3.4.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. F. Govt.5. The Mall 1. 2. Sir Syed College. Chaklala III 8.6. 5. 4. 7. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Government Schools & Colleges 1.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. 2. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Harley Street F.G.G (C. 6. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .

3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1. 4. Rawalpindi Medical College. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .7.

the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. It has a playground. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. 300 acres. These are the best way to see the city.T.) Road. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations.1. It has a lake with boating facility. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. lush lawns. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. covers 2. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. founded in 1885. fountains and flower beds.1. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. an aquarium. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. The Ayub National Park. today this is a facility of 27 holes. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years.300 acres and has a play area. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater.1. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. lake with boating facility. It covers an area of about 2. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Meander through the bazaars. play land. From being a nine-hole course. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.

This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The Park was opened in 1991. One should try out during a visit here. bears. is of historical interest due to its political processions. Some tigers. It has a play area for children. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.1. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. cheetahs.1. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. fountains and flower beds. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. was assassinated here in 1950. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. lions. 9. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat.2. 2007 at same venue. Other areas of the park are used for walking. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.3. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. lawns.

the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Peshawar Road 9.6. Murree remained. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. however.1. especially at weekends. In winter. near Kachari Chowk. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. has expanded rapidly. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. clubs and cafes. a little bit of England. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. on the Karakoram Highway. parks. Romi Park.240 meters (7. Its cold pine forests. churches. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876.400 feet). at the centre of which is the main shopping area. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. at 2.1. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. Since independence.and rain is common. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Jinnah Park. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. when the honor was transferred to Simla. In summer it is cool . so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. schools. Murree is lovely all year round. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Between the two runs The Mall. Murree and the Galis Murree. amidst magnificent mountain scenery.1. Numerous roads leave. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. where most people congregate.4. Civil Lines 9. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. complete with The Mall for promenading.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.5.even chilly in the evening .

From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Changlagali. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. which like a ski-lift. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. both rides cost about Rs. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Patriata 25 km from Murree. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Ayubia has a chair lift. which is the highest point in the range. It is 30 km from Murree. Ayubia Khairagali. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree.). A restaurant has also been established. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. In addition to riding trails. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. hiking places and picnic spots. The golf course here is open only to members.

This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. situated on the summit of a hill. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Islamabad. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. 9. Asiatic leopard. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The city of Rawalpindi. once you reach the summit. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. flying squirrel and hill fox. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. hiking places. Khaira Gali. a sub category of the Montane Forests. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. golden eagle. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence.7. better known as the Murree National Park. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. For this. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. In addition to riding trails. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. you will find that the surface is clean. The animals include the Asiatic black bear.

the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar.9. gold. 9. At the outset. could not complete its original plan. Here.8. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. silver. cane baskets and furniture. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. the museum. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. stucco. As it turns out. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. walking sticks. The Sarafa bazaar. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Most of the sites at Taxila. at The Raja Bazaar. terracotta. are located around the Taxila Museum. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. However. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. There are 4000 objects displayed. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. iron and semiprecious stones. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Saddar bazaar. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. This is a place where you go by choice. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.1. shawls and jackets. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Buddhist.1.T. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. 9. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. including stone. but come out by sheer luck. which is the first stop for any tourist. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918.C to 500 AD. vicery of India in 1918. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad.

e. gently flowing stream. loved by the Mughals. This place offers scenic walks. left of G. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Today. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors.10. that is. 9. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Road. by the Department of Archaeology.1. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. line the canals through which cool waters once. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.T. i. Road. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Gen. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Taxila. Tapering cypress trees. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. and the modern capital of Pakistan.Twice a year. Islamabad. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Road. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. by his colleagues. on their way to Kashmir. Guru Nanak.T. The resort has a restaurant.T. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.5 acres. Government of Pakistan. Ferishta and Jehangir.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. Road. After several phases of development. it is now a 27-hole course. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. a minister of emperor Akbar.1. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. and the course itself.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. was also built during this period. with spring water falling within it. a small town has developed. at the foot of Margalla. Sports venues and stadiums 9. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future.T. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. 9. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. It is situated at I. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. home to several thousand people. From the clubhouse. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns.3. T. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Road Rawalpindi. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas.3. G. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. on the G.

Islamabad. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.2.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.3. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. 9. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.000. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole.

4. Army Hockey Stadium 9.3.3.5.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Mall Saddar 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Rawalpindi Club. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. buildings collapse. identification of vehicles for registration etc. Response and Prevention. crime reporting. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Therefore.1. rescue.1. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Community Awareness &Training. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. 10. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . however personal visits are also allowed. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. explosions.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. which is an achievement even internationally. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.2. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Rescue 15 . Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents.1. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. SERVICES 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies.

1. 14. Endurance. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . patience. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . struggle. 4. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 3. 6. 11. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 10. 8. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 13. perseverance.1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 5. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 9. 12.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 2. 7.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Old People and Disabled. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Children. love and understanding. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. support. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.1.1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .5.6. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. The children are given security.

both for itself and other organizations.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).2.897. 10.280 HM3 worth 31.1. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.7.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. 7. Sales to these consumers were 39." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. not on Islamic political causes.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Distribution system consists of 46. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. Fertilizer.581. to be sure.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . now Companies Ordinance 1984. Urdu. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.118 million rupees during July-September. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.2. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. Domestic.study together up until fifth grade. but the emphasis is on achievement. this poor child.081 HM3 worth 107.127. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. “The basic aim is that this orphan.” 10.008. detail of some among them is following. boys and girls . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.1. Here. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Power & Cement Sectors. 2006. General Industry. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. designing and construction of pipelines.46/-. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.733. SNGPL has 2. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.

2. Saadi Road 10.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Attock. Chakwal.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. SNGPL.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Rawalpindi Cantt.

The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.000 and 5.2.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.7 million customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.8 million V-fone customers. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.

of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. 1 5. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10.2. Water Works No.4. Committee Chowk 4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of No. Total No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Pirwadahi Total No. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.

• Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 2. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 5. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 6. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 4. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.5. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 3. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.2. POST OFFICE GPO .

2. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. 1. In addition to freight. Rawalpindi 10. both national and international. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. has numerous routes.2.6. rail and road.7. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. with many domestic and international flights every day. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. 2. the principal carrier in Pakistan. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. more recently.T. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. the world's highest international road. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. Motorway Interchange. Rawalpindi.8. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . which were completed in the 1990s. which connects Pakistan to China.2. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.

mini-buses.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. For inter-city travel. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. ranging from yellow taxis. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. Due to lack of planning of roads.9. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. and which operate constantly throughout the day.2. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. yellow cabs. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

provision of efficient drainage system. pedestrian over head bridges. 3. relocation of structures. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. median. Objectives 1. pavement marking. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. 5.1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate.45 Km of main road with 1. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. 4. channelization of junctions. Rawalpindi. construction of footpaths. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. 2. installations of traffic signals. traffic signs. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement.

2. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. land use plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Task-III Economic Evaluation. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Detailed Traffic Engg. of Punjab / RDA. OD travel pattern. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G.T.2. 1. land values & ownership pattern. future land uses pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt.00 million. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.

Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. enchroachments. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. f.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.3. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. d. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . The Lai Nullah. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. commercial. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. industrial. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. e.5 m 21. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. c.000 Cusecs 35. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. non standardized infrastructure support. Unluckily however.

1. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.1. And. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Famous Historical Places 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. according to the old timers. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Until 1923. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . At that time. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Lal Haveli In old times. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. better known as The Mall . 12.3. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. a famous dancing girl. Sarafa Bazaar. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. After independence. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.2. it was home to Budhana Bibi. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.the glory of the cantonment . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.1.

the old quarters of the city. better known as the Purana Qilla. Pakpattan or Lahore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . dense housing. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. cut brick corbellings.1. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. bay windows and doors. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. Like Multan.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population.

2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . 12. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. Modern.1. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.

4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi.2. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2. 12.3. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Flashman’s Hotel 12.5.2.

1. Rawalpindi. 12.2. Rawalpindi.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Famous Restaurants 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

2. Saddar.4. Murree Road.International . Murree Road. KFC . Sub Way .4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.International Near KFC. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .1. 12.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi.4. Rawalpindi. Saddar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Haider Road 12. 2. Peshawar Road 9. 12. Police Station Road 11.5. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Canning Road 10. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Bank Road 8. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 4. 6.

Tipu Road 16. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. College Road 15. 18.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. houses and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.7. There are many old buildings. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.8. off the Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

9. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.10. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.

The Bank of Punjab. 25. 32. 7. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 30. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 20. 14. 9. 27. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 19. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 31. Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 6. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 21. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. 8. Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 17. 13. 10. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 4. 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 12. 28. 5. 26. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 29. 24. 23. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. on April 10. It was clear. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. But that was the extent of it. Soon. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. 19 years ago. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . many thousands more were injured. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Rawlapindi. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Over 5000 people were killed.13. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. that it was Ojhri. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. now. That it was an ammunition dump. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. Theories abound. Many.

Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. 2001. On July 23. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .23 Billion.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.8 sq.000 acre feet (11763 MG).000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year.1. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. km. which generates 84. The total storage capacity is 47. fishing and boating. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. Live storage is 43. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.500 acre feet (12994 MG). The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Margalla and Murree hills. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.

the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.783 MCM. 13. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. in general. However. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. whereas. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. due to monsoon.2. the outflow has been less than the inflow. after 2000. However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Since its inception. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.777 MCM. outflow is 0. the flow was relatively high in June to August.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. However. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .687 MCM.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Therefore.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

c.com Books & Etc. 1998 City Report. b. o.pk travel.gov. e. k. p. Rawalpindi Cities.com Nrb www.com www. e. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. q. o. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. d. Punjab Railway Station. m. p. EDO Health. j. h. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . g. b. n. s. f.com pakistanpeadia. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. n.com Virtualglobetrottiong. m. d.geocities. f. l. h. j.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. a.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. i.blogspot. r.mapsofworld. k. t. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Post Office. Rawalpindi EDO Education.absoluteastronomy.rawalpindi. S. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. g. i. q. Govt. l. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. c. r.

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