Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

........................2.............................1...1.. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........................................... 49 9........... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .........................................................................3...... Civil Lines ....................................................... 50 9........... 60 10.......5...................4............... 64 10... 42 8..............................3............. SERVICES ..... 53 9............ Field Hockey ................3.... Rawalpindi Golf Course .3..................... Taxila Museum.............4............... Hassan Abdal.......... 63 10.......................... Utility Services ............. Jinnah Park............................................................................................ 46 9.....................1..................................................................... 63 10. 41 8.... Murree and the Galis .............. 46 9.........1..... 57 9........................... 46 9...................................... Khewra Salt Mines .........................................................................................................1...............................................3............ 63 10.......... ........... Rescue 15 ...7.. 44 9.................................................... Forts ... 44 9.............................................................. near Kachari Chowk................................................ 60 10..........1....2......4....................................................................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ... 56 9................................................................................................... 45 9..........................................2.......3.3......... The Mall Saddar .................................8......................................1........................................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ..................................................... IESCO ...................................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)........ SOS Village ..............................2..............2.... Edhi Foundation ........................5....................1.........1..........................5................. Ayub National Park ................... 56 9.......................1..2...................................................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ....................... Army Hockey Stadium ......Emergency Reporting Centre ...................................3.......................................................................................................... 61 10............................................... 45 9......... Temple of Katas ...2........... Kallar Kahar .................2..............................................4................1..6................................ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district....3............................................... 49 9..............................................................3..................Glorious Rawalpindi 8........................ 62 10....6................................ Medical Colleges ............ 51 9......... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............. 52 9.....................2............................ 54 9.............2.......... 57 9.............................. 60 10..................5..... 57 9................ The Salt Range ......1............................................................................3........ KABBADI... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ...................................................... Rawalpindi Club.................................. 51 9..........1..........1...... 55 9............4............10.................... Darul Aman .......5.5............2............................. 51 9....................................................................................................................................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ..........................................6.................................................................... Liaqat National Bagh .2............................ .....................1............ 58 10..................6...................................................... Cricket .....................................................................1...1........................2..................4....................... Sports venues and stadiums ......................................9..................... 48 9.......2.................................................. Cinemas & Theatres . Government Schools & Colleges ............................................................1..................... The Raja Bazaar ........................................................ 60 10................................................................................................................4......1....................................................................... Romi Park..1......7.........................................1................................................................................................ 44 9..........4..1....................4....... 54 9................................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ...........................1..........................2.1............................. 43 9........................................................................... 51 9............ 62 10........3............. 56 9.... Punjab.7.................. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .......... POLICE STATIONS........1................................................................................................................................................ Peshawar Road .................... 42 8... PTCL ............ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ...................................................................... Rawalpindi Public Park ............................................................3................. 42 8. Other Places Worth A Visit............................................................................................................................ 61 10......... 65 Company Profile ........................................ 57 9.. 58 9. SPORTS & RECREATION ........2............. Private Schools and colleges ..............

..5.................................................................................. Hotel Civic ......................................................................................... 77 12....................2.1.... 72 11.........................9................................ INSIDE RAWALPINDI ............................................. 95 12...................................................2............... 102 13................................................ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ........................... Sub Way ................ 80 12................2......2.......2...... 84 12............................................2.......................................... RING ROAD ......... Political Structure .................... 98 12.... Lai Nullah ..................................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ........................... 74 12.............................6...................... Famous Chowk.................... 75 12............................3.................................................5........ 75 12...............1..........................................7.....................8................................................................... 79 12.............................................................. Jawa Dam ... 82 12.... Railway Stations .................................. WASA .........1. 79 12..............International .................................. Libraries and Museums . 100 12......................................................................................... FAMOUS Hotels .................................................2.....................3....................................................................4..................1.......................... Misriot Dam ............................................2................................................................................2....................................................................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .......................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...............3...................2........................................ Shalimar Hotel ****.......3.........................................5................................ Famous Restaurants...............................................................................................1................. 76 12... 71 11........... 105 13...................... 90 12....................................6........... 78 12.................................................................11...................................... 81 12.......................................9..... 81 12........................................................................................................................4.. 68 10................13...............1................................................... 76 12.................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ...................................3...................... Islamabad International Airport Road ................................................12.............................................. Lal Haveli ...........................................4................... KFC .................. WATER RESERVOIR .....................................4.........................................................................................................................1....7................. 79 12.2..............................................3.................(Rawalpindi) ...... Museums .... Akbar International *** ........... Ancient Rawalpindi ............................ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ....1........ Flashman’s Hotel........................................................2....................... 99 12.....................4..........International .......................... Famous Historical Places ............................................. 93 12............ 78 12..................................14......................................... 75 12.....1..................................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..........................................4...................................................... RAWAL LAKE.................................1............................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ................................ 80 12...................................2.... 73 11............................... 80 12................................ 72 11........................... 81 12...................... 70 10.................. La Rosh Hotel.2..... Highways ............................................................................................... Airport ........3......................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ................................................................. Purana Qilla .................................................................8..... POST OFFICE .......... 104 13.............................. Public Transportation ....... 96 12.................................................................................................... Lai Expressway . Lasania Restaurant city ................2........................................................2...2..................2............................ 67 10................................................................................................................................... 68 10.........1.................................... The Mall .....................10....................... 78 12....Glorious Rawalpindi 10... 66 10............................. 104 13.......................................................

health.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. i. education and the existing industries. communication net works. This study contains information on population. the area of its concern. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . infrastructure.

In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history.e. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. until 1765. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. However. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. has a long history spread over several millennia. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Jhelum. battle with Gakhars. When Jhanda Khan. Rawalpindi City. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. also known as Pindi. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. a Ghakkar Chief . founded a new town nearby. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. In 1849. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The Rawals a jogi tribe. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . During the struggle for freedom in 1857. HISTORY Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule.e. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Many Government buildings were set on fire. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. water is stored by building dams. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The city is home to many industries and factories. he was welcomed rousingly. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. famous for its floods. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. and it serves the city along with the capital. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. there was a good deal of agitation in the district.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Liaquat Ali Khan. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Nala Lai. Cantonment and city.e. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In 1951. before Pakistan came into existence. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. the Afghan war and martial law. in Liaquat Garden. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 .

GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Chakwal.37’ East longitudes.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. in the province of Punjab.38’ and 73°.01’ North latitudes and 72°.1. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. 2. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.04’ 34°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Location It lies between 33°.

of Towns.300. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 2.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 70. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. PST (UTC+5) No.059.6. 73.2. 8 Population.286 km² Calling code.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.059.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 500 meters AMSL 5.000 (1998) 3. Area. 73. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . Estimate. 051 Time zone.033333 Altitude.

while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The coldest month is Jan.7 C and Min 2. temp is 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. and Pakhtuns. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. when the mean max. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.6 Degree Centigrade. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The weather is highly unpredictable. Muhajirs. comprising Potoharis. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. In summer.3.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade.06 Degree Centigrade per month . Punjabis.

The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. In addition to the two Eids. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. one for distribution among the poor. Here too the poor are not forgotten. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . second for the relatives and third for self and own family.a ritual in which everyone shares. On Eid day. More than men. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. The roads. 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . No sooner it is sited. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). In the evening of 29th Ramadan. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born.1. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. modesty and good behaviour. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). There are many mosques throughout the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. others being truthfulness. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. On this day.

Paul Church. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi.2. Music and dancing are also common. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Bhangra. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. education. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. railways and the police force. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. 3. There are two Churches in Saddar. wrestling. Summi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Chaunji Trap. St. Young people prefer Kabaddi. tent pegging and Bini. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St.

Glorious Rawalpindi 3. and to the historical region of Punjab.3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.4. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.

The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. red or velvet. Later in 1971.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Islamabad. 4.3.1. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country.2. On 23rd March. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. This is the month of revolutions of all colors.1. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.1. 4. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.1. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. 4. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. 1940. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. CULTURE 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. when Pakistan. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan.

1.3. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. sweet and ornaments etc. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.2. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening.4. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. 4. the other name of mienu. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). the bride’s parents feast the party. family and invited guests wear yellow garments.4. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. 4. The usual ornaments like ear rings. bangles. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Khaki or grey. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Tea is popular all over the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. After the religious formalities.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. 4. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. health of population is generally better. Due to good weather condition in the district. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. To mold into the colors of ubton.

4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.

4. All the guests. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. 4. especially women. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.

Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.5. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Besides. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong.

Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. beverages and fruit preservation. railroad yards. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. citrus. maize. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. furniture. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. steel re-rolling. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. sawmills.e. pottery. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. and factories making tents. industrial gas processing. glass products.6% of district population is directly employed in large. about 1. bajra. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. marble processing. a brewery. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. pears. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery.000 persons i. Air conditiong.000 spindles. apricots. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. pharmaceutical. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. iron mills. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Drafting. medium and small industrial units. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. sewing machines etc. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.000b spindles and 1. hosiery. potato. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Metallurgy. Welding. and leather goods. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.021 power looms. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . apples. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. cigarettes. Auto knitting and commerce etc. textiles.

The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. will go to far from their homes for such work. by courtesy. gold threads. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. do not require detailed notice. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. Kohlis and a few others.1. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Like the men of the tribe. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. gold seals and such like. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. Brahmans. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. Janjuas. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The chief families of Gakkhar. so-called. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. towns of the district. is misleading. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. 5. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour.2. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. They also deal largely in hides. These only form a small percentage of the total population. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. except ploughing. chiefly silk goods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described.

6. The chairs cost from Re. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. or khair wood. phulaa. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. costing from Rs. 1 to Rs. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Kuri-Dolal. Fatehjang. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. Phulkaris are made in many places. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Pihras. The lohars of Manianda. tehsil Kahutta. 10 for the set of 4. embroidered shoes. and Salgraon. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. known as phur. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. where wood is plentiful. 40. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. and Hazro. Chauntra.3. tehsil Rawapindi. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Pindigheb. neighboring villages. saddles are the principal articles made. from Re: 1 to Rs. make padlocks of iron. 8. or low chairs. and at Makhad. chappris.5 to Rs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Baking-plates are also made here. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. 20. Reed matting. costing from Re. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. 1 to Rs. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. and are made of Shisham. Leather manufacturers have diminished. the spinning wheels. known as abri. according to size. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. especially in tehsil Kahuta. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. tehsil Pindigheb.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). as else where. especially of it is exported across the Indus. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Mr. at Fatehjang. Principal of the Lahore school of Art.1.4. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. or earthen-jars. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Here.4. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. 5. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. as there is said to have once been. Lockwood Kipling. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. have been procured. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Popular Industries 5.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. both lie on the Indus bank. rough in execution but fairly good in color.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas.

flower vases and fountains. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. handling & storing. acid finishing. ustaad and unskilled workers. I-9/1 and I-9/3. Major processes include loading/unloading.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. phool. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. Sangjani. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. which are also in small quantities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . tiles. brush finishing. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Most of the labor has education level below primary. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. sand blasting. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. honed finishing etc. Rawalpindi. patti and other handicrafts. Karachi and Lahore. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. bush hammering. cutting & sizing. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol.

It is below 50%. 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 3. 1. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 9.4.000-300. 7. 4. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Hardly. 2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 6. 10. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order.000 cubic ft. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 8.

The establishments in the city need showcases. Be sure to include photographs. lockers. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. consoles are in demand. sofas. lamps stands. and selling innovative products.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. side tables and stools. etc. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. as well as residential areas. from office to lounge furniture. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. and you should take care to build good customer relations. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Therefore. are in huge demand in the City. Once your furniture business gets off. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. so that must be kept in mind.000 people. By stocking the best quality goods. hotels and restaurants. Polish affects the quality of the material. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Even couches. A Report by Ms. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. schools. lampshades. since all kinds of furniture. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. shelves. Your marketing strategies must be good.

This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. petroleum and wood. three miles from Fatehjang. No. transmitted light. No. The oil is used in its raw state. The borings are 35 feet from each other. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Kalabagh oil…. The total oil collected is about 1. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. Rs. In 1887-89.200 gallons last year. No. It is made from mustard oil. the churches. etc. No. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. 1 is 100n feet deep. 80 feet. and Kalabagh on the Indus. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. 4. The petroleum now costs Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 ..000 gallons per year.5. 4 inches in diameter each.6. leaving the oil above. Five borings have been made. in the Bannu district. 5.16 per hundred gallons. The petroleum costs. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 100 feet. Fatehjang. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. No. 60 feet. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. This is thrown into a cistern. 2.600 gallons per annum. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 50 feet. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. The oil is collected as it. 5. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. 28 ditto. 3. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.

rice from neighboring districts. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. pattus. for seed. Peshawar. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Wazirabad. metals. leather from Kashmir. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Hazro and Makhad. fruits. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Peshawar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. timber. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Shahjahanpur. thick cloths. was exported to Kashmir. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Silk from Amritsar. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks.. gur from Sialkot.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. ra and the sea-ports. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. however. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. from Kashmir. Delhi and Gujranwala. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Ghee is brought in from Punch. chiefly deodar. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Ghee. Peshawar. & c. and Peshawar. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . it is believed. Jallundur. from Kashmir. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. refined Sugar from Bombay. hardware from Amritsar. dyes. timber. charas. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. rice being little grown. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. fruits from Kashmir. Sialkot. and Gujrat. chiefly. Yarkand and Ladakh. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Kashmir and Sawat. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. are exported to some small extent. described above. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat.1. Jallundur and Meerut. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. and that of inferior quality in this district.

iron mills. 15. marble processing. 18. and factories making tents. and leather goods. 20. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. industrial gases. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. glass products. pharmaceuticals. 2. a brewery.2. hosiery. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. railroad yards. 13. 8. 19. pottery.2. 5. 7. distillery. poultry feed. Sr. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . cigarettes. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 22. 21. Heavy Foundry and Forge.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 12. 17. 16. flour mills. glass products. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 6. 9.1. 24. No. furniture. 4. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. beverages and fruit preservation. cement. sawmills. steel re-rolling. sewing machines etc. cigarettes. cotton and woolen Textiles. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 10. textiles. 14. 23. Petroleum Refinery. 1. 3. mineral processing.

yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. linkage between the industrial units. 33. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 38. 39. 31. skilled labour. however. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 44. 35. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 30. Therefore. 36.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 .C.C. i) ii) 45. 29. if lacking is manageable.3. 47. 26. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 40. 27. 32.V.C. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 46. 42. 43. local/national/international demand. 41. 37. 34.

6. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.4. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. which accounted 11. In this area there is good scope for furniture.3. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. etc. dolomite bentonite. Minerals Fire clay. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.3. gypsum. Oil refinery. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. employs 48. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. leather garments. 6. cigarettes. veneer board.3% of national GDP. meat/poultry processing units. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. maize.5 billion for the year 2001-02.1. ground nut.5. semi processed and processed agricultural products. 6.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. rock salt.3.3. poultry/cattle feed. glass. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. woolen.3. Pharmaceuticals.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. guava and apple. It contributes 24% to the GDP. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. there also exist good prospects for tannery. In addition. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . 6. its major crops and fruit are wheat.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. It accounts for 38. Soda ash. cotton.2. footwear. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. Silica sand. jawar. cement. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. leather Products.3.

6. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. 6. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. PVC pipes. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. 6. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. sanitary fitting. has now emerged as a potential investment area. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. children wear. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. there exists good prospects for biscuits.3. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects.6. Heavy Foundry and Forge. household appliances. 6. woolen knitwear.7. 6. electrical accessories. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. electric cables.9.8. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. glass hollow-ware. fashion apparel. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. glass ample. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. sports wear etc.3. Besides. cosmetics. ready made garments for men and women.4.3. machine made carpets.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. Attock Refinery. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. pharmaceutical. wires etc. confectionery. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. steel furniture. suitable for wide spread fish farming. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Steel.3. rubberized/mechanical toys. POF etc.

Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. The inhabitants. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Currency and Mint. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan.1. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. 6. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance.2. Therefore. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. 6. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals.4.4. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.

of tourism.3 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3 million. Technical/Vocational Training.4.4.6. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4. not manufactured locally. 6.5. Medical and Diagnostic Services.15 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3. Plant. including the development of Industrial Zones. 6. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Human Resource Development (HRD). Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. machinery & equipment.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. Hospitals. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4.

Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. 5. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. 2. machinery & equipment. 4. Beverage 6.1.) LTD Bakery.5. not manufactured locally. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. audio-fax services.2. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery and equipment. 6. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. not manufactured locally. machinery and equipment. imported by the manufacturing industries. Ltd. Plant. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. imported by tourism. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.e. hotels and tourism related projects. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. card pay phone services etc. Bakery Products 1. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .5. voicemail services. 3. Details of machinery are Plant. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Plant. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. not manufactured locally. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Classic Capital (Pvt.5.

Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.3.5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Peshawar Road 6. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .7.5.5. 15. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Old G.5.5.8.T.4. 12. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Capital Plywood Industry. W.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Diapers Plant 10. 16. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Adyala Road 17. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . .5. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Ceramics Products 8. IPRAM International. Cement Products 7. Road Morgah 6. 14. NEOMEDIX . Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Domestic Hardware 11. Chip/Straw Board 9.6.

Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Olive Laboratories . Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Westridge 38.5. Naswari Bazar 24. Rawat 27. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Industrial area Rawat 26. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Peshawar Road 41. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Khyber Flour Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28.9. Railway Workshop Road 25. Westridge 32. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Seham Road 37. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Ratta Road 29.Rawat 35. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Ratta Road 34. Railway Workshop Road 31. Westridge 36. Habib Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Flour Mills 23. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Adyala Road 21.

11. Kashmir Road 6. Poultry Feeds 53. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Rawat Flour Mills. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Bangash Colony. LPG Cylinders 51.5.14. Plastic Products 52.12. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. JI Interprises.5. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.13.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat 43. Food Products 45.10. Fine Plastic Works. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5. Tops Food & Beverages .5. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Pirwadhai 46. SB Feed Industries (Pvt.) Ltd. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. National Park Road 6.

15. Textile Composite 56.20.5. Textile Spinning 57. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.5. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co..Glorious Rawalpindi 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Refinery 55.19. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6..16. D.18. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Textile Mills Ltd.5.5. Westridge 6. Unani Medicines 59. Tyre and Tubes 58. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5. Adamjee Street 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.M. Peshawar Road 7.17.5. (Pvt) Ltd.

Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Government Hospitals 1. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 2. This region is full of Health facilities. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 4. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Govt. 5. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. MCH Centres 1. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.4. 10. Rawalpindi. 7.1.2. 3. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 8. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. 6. 9. 3.5. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. 2.3. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 3.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Hearts International 192-A The Mall.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Combined Military Hospital 7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 7. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. 3.6. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.

Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 12. 2. Rawalpindi 16. 5551237 8. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.A. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9.425 7th Road.9. Dr. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Bazar Road. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Satellite Town. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. 10. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Rawalpindi. Off Murree Road. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 7. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 4. 3. 3. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Said pur Road. Rawalpindi Cantt. 17. Shakoors V. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Dr. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. 7.I. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Near Hydri Chowk. 3. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. BH Building. Saidpur Road. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Fatima Clinic 993-B. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. 5. 1. Satellite Town. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 2.P. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 11. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi 14. Satellite Town. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18.8.

Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Muhammed became her legal guardian.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. As it stands. The building has an architectural splendor.1.1.1. its daughters. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. This gift to the nation.2. Universities 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . Muhammed Ali Jinnah. 8. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. University of Arid Agriculture. After their father's death (1901). Fatima Jinnah University for Women. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.1.

Colleges 8. 1. Name of the Institution Govt. Located near the CMH.1. No. 2. Rawalpindi 2. Govt. Town. Rawalpindi. Viqar un Nisa College for women.1. College. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi. College Asghar Mall.2. Town. Govt.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . College for women St. Rawalpindi. Hashmat Ali Isl.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 4. 1. Gorden College. 3. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. 5. No. Govt.2. College St. Rawalpindi. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Govt.2.2.

Rawalpindi. 29. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 2. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 6. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 11. St. Town. 1. Civil College of Commerce St. 31. Rawalpindi. town. Punjab Law College. 5. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line.2. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Educator College. St. Leaders College of Commerce. 17. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. 15. 27. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 20. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 33. Town. Rawal College of Commerce. 10. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . College of Advance Technology. 23. 19. 13. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St.3. town. Saddar. St. town. Rawalpindi. 26. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. 18. Rawalpindi. Universal College. 7. Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 4. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 25. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 14. Town. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rwp. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Al-Falah College for women St. 32. Rahimabad airport Road. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. 34. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 9. 8. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. St. 28. 21. Rawalpindi. Saddar. town. National Science College Murree Road. Leader College 6th Road. 22. 30. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12. Kashmir Road. 3. Jinnah Institute of Information St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. St. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 35. Sadiqabad. Town. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 24. Rawalpindi.

8. 8. St. Town. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Indus College of Commerce. 2. 40. 42. 15.C. Ojiri Camp. Rawalpindi. 43.C. Rawalpindi.C. 47. 41. 49.2. Rawalpindi.C. Inflorescence College of modern . M. Rawalpindi. 11. Town. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. MC. 48. 45. Margalla Institute 6th Road.C. town.C.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 7.C.C. Leadership College for Girls St. BPS Muslim Town M. St. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. Rawalpindi. M. 46.C.5. College of Commerce Saddar. BPS Chamanzar. Town. 8. Capital College Murree Road. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. 53. Rawalpindi. GMS Waris Khan. 50. GMS Qasimabad. 44. 16. 3. Rawalpindi. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 3.C. Rwalpindi. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M.. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Paracha M.2. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 13. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Rwalpindi.4. MC. GMS Amarpura. Shamsabad. BPS New Malpur M.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 4. Islamic International Commerce College. M. BPS Fauji Colony M. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 55. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. BPS Faiz abad M. 4. 1. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 38. 12. M. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. town.C. BMS Amarpura. Punjab College of information technology. town.C. Rawalpindi. 39. M. 10. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town. M. Rwalpindi. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 54. Morgah Rawalpindi. BPS Qasim abad. 2.C. Rawalpindi.C.C. 52. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 51. M. Rawalpindi. 56. Rawalpindi.C. 5. 6. 14. 9. 1.C. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Boys St. BPS Dhok Hasoo M.C. Town.

3. Vocational Training Institute (W). Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.3.C. M. 9. 2. Scheme No.C. 4.C. 3. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Govt. Institute of Commerce. Rawalpindi Govt. 8. Govt.C. MC. GHS Satellite Town M. Govt.(ABAD). Vocational Training Institute (W).C.2. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 1.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 4. GHS Ratta Amral M.2 Satellite Town.C. Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Moti Baza M. 8. 7. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 6. M. BPS Affandi Colony 8.C. M. Kartarpura. College of Commerce.C. BPS Ratta 18. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 6. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C. High School Rawalpindi M. 5. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. BHS Millat Colony M. BHS Ratta Amral M. Rawalpindi. BHS Satellite Town M. Institute of Commerce (W).C. 5. Rawalpindi Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Dhamial. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Dhoke Syedan. (RMGTC). Rawalpindi Govt. Techincal Training Institute (W).6. 7. Govt.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. 6.5.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall F. Quaid-e-Azam College. Sir Syed College. 4.6. Harley Street F. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 5. Private Schools and colleges 1. 4.G Sir Syed College for Boys.4. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). F. 3. Ordinance Road. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 2. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. The Mall 1.G. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Govt. 5. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Chaklala III 8. 2.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 7. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4.G.G (C. 6. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2.

Rawalpindi Medical College.7. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. covers 2. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. It has a playground. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. play land. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. founded in 1885. a garden restaurant and an aquarium.300 acres and has a play area. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Meander through the bazaars. It has a lake with boating facility. lake with boating facility. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations.T. 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.1. Situated near the Ayub National Park. The Ayub National Park. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. fountains and flower beds. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.1. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . It covers an area of about 2. lush lawns. 300 acres. From being a nine-hole course. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. today this is a facility of 27 holes. an aquarium. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. These are the best way to see the city.) Road.

2007 at same venue. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9.3. cheetahs. Some tigers. was assassinated here in 1950. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. is of historical interest due to its political processions. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. It has a play area for children. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. lawns. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The first prime minister of Pakistan. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset.2. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park.1. fountains and flower beds. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. Other areas of the park are used for walking.1. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. bears. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. lions. The Park was opened in 1991. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. One should try out during a visit here.

Since independence. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Between the two runs The Mall. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.1.even chilly in the evening .5.and rain is common. at 2. schools. however.4. when the honor was transferred to Simla. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Romi Park. has expanded rapidly. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. In summer it is cool . Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. on the Karakoram Highway. Murree and the Galis Murree. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.6. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. clubs and cafes. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.240 meters (7. Peshawar Road 9. especially at weekends. At the southwest end is Pindi Point.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Its cold pine forests. Jinnah Park. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. complete with The Mall for promenading. where most people congregate. In winter. a little bit of England. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. parks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.1.1. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. churches. Numerous roads leave. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Civil Lines 9. Murree is lovely all year round. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements.400 feet). Murree remained. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. near Kachari Chowk.

Changlagali. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Natural springs abound on the slopes. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. It is 30 km from Murree. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The golf course here is open only to members. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. which like a ski-lift. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. In addition to riding trails. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri.). both rides cost about Rs. Patriata 25 km from Murree. A restaurant has also been established. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Ayubia has a chair lift. Ayubia Khairagali. hiking places and picnic spots. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. which is the highest point in the range.

Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. The city of Rawalpindi. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. hiking places. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest.7. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November.1. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. For this. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. Khaira Gali. golden eagle. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. flying squirrel and hill fox.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. 9. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. better known as the Murree National Park. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Islamabad. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. Asiatic leopard. you will find that the surface is clean. once you reach the summit. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . situated on the summit of a hill. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. In addition to riding trails.

It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . 9. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. but come out by sheer luck. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. silver.C to 500 AD. walking sticks. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. Potohar shoes and Chappals. At the outset. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. However. Saddar bazaar. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples.1. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. Buddhist. 9. 48 km from Rawalpindi.1. As it turns out. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. terracotta. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. cane baskets and furniture. you can find every thing which a common man can use. iron and semiprecious stones.T. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. There are 4000 objects displayed. including stone. This is a place where you go by choice. stucco.9. Most of the sites at Taxila. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. shawls and jackets. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. could not complete its original plan. gold. The Sarafa bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. are located around the Taxila Museum. Here. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. at The Raja Bazaar.8. which is the first stop for any tourist. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. vicery of India in 1918. the museum.

i. and the modern capital of Pakistan. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. 9. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. line the canals through which cool waters once. The resort has a restaurant. Today. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Guru Nanak. on their way to Kashmir.T.1. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.T. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.10. Tapering cypress trees. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction.Twice a year. Ferishta and Jehangir. by his colleagues.5 acres. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.e. Road.T. Road. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Government of Pakistan. gently flowing stream. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. This place offers scenic walks. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. loved by the Mughals. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Gen. Islamabad. Taxila. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. by the Department of Archaeology. that is. left of G. Road. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. and the course itself. on the G. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. a minister of emperor Akbar.T. After several phases of development. was also built during this period. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . with spring water falling within it.3. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. It is situated at I. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. T. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Road Rawalpindi. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. at the foot of Margalla. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. Sports venues and stadiums 9. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. a small town has developed. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. home to several thousand people. From the clubhouse. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. it is now a 27-hole course. G.1. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. 9. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club.3. Road. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort.

The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.3.2. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. 9. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Islamabad. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.000. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .

3.4. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .Glorious Rawalpindi 9.5.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. Rawalpindi Club. The Mall Saddar 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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• To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.1.2. Community Awareness &Training. however personal visits are also allowed. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. explosions.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. buildings collapse.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. SERVICES 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Therefore. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. which is an achievement even internationally. crime reporting. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Response and Prevention. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. identification of vehicles for registration etc. 10. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. rescue.1. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Rescue 15 . the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.

4. Endurance. 7. 8.1. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 11.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 5. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 2. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 3. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 10.3. 14. patience. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 6. 4. perseverance. 12. 13.1. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. struggle. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 9. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 .

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Old People and Disabled.6. Children. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .5.1. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. The children are given security.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. love and understanding.1. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. support. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.

The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. Fertilizer. detail of some among them is following. 2006. but the emphasis is on achievement. “The basic aim is that this orphan.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .” 10. boys and girls .2. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.127. to be sure. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.7.1. Urdu. SNGPL has 2.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Power & Cement Sectors. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. not on Islamic political causes. this poor child.897. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.118 million rupees during July-September.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.1. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. now Companies Ordinance 1984. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .008. Sales to these consumers were 39.581. both for itself and other organizations.280 HM3 worth 31. Here. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. General Industry. Distribution system consists of 46." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. 10.028 consumers comprising Commercial.081 HM3 worth 107. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. designing and construction of pipelines. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. 7. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Domestic.study together up until fifth grade.46/-. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.733.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.2.

000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10. Chakwal. Attock. SNGPL. Rawalpindi Cantt.

PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.3. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.7 million customers. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.8 million V-fone customers.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.000 and 5.

2. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Water Works No. Total No. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. 1 5. of No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.4. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Pirwadahi Total No. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.

Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 5. POST OFFICE GPO . • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 3. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 4.2. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.5. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity.

The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. rail and road. has numerous routes. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. both national and international. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.2. Rawalpindi 10. 2.7. In addition to freight. the principal carrier in Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 .6. with many domestic and international flights every day. 1. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Road) or. Motorway Interchange. Rawalpindi. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. more recently. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. which connects Pakistan to China.2. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.8.T. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. which were completed in the 1990s. the world's highest international road.

auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.9. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. and which operate constantly throughout the day. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. ranging from yellow taxis. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. Due to lack of planning of roads.2. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. yellow cabs. For inter-city travel. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. auto-rickshaws. mini-buses.

00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. construction of footpaths. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.1. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . channelization of junctions. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. Rawalpindi. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. 2. relocation of structures. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.45 Km of main road with 1. 5. 4. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. pavement marking. provision of efficient drainage system. median. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Objectives 1. traffic signs. installations of traffic signals. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. pedestrian over head bridges. which will result in reduction of accidents rate.

expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. OD travel pattern. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. land values & ownership pattern. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.00 million. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan.T. growth of income. 2. of Punjab / RDA. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. land use plan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Detailed Traffic Engg. future land uses pattern. 1. Task-III Economic Evaluation.2. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.

The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. enchroachments. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. The Lai Nullah. f. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Unluckily however.000 Cusecs 35. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. c.3. industrial. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. non standardized infrastructure support. commercial. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced.5 m 21.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. b. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. e. d. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.

1. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. according to the old timers.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Famous Historical Places 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Until 1923. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. And. At that time. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.

After independence. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. it was home to Budhana Bibi. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as The Mall . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. Lal Haveli In old times.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.2.3. 12. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. a famous dancing girl. Sarafa Bazaar.1. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.the glory of the cantonment .1.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. the old quarters of the city.1. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Like Multan. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population.4. dense housing.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. bay windows and doors. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore. better known as the Purana Qilla. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings.

Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.1. 12.2. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Modern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2.

2. Flashman’s Hotel 12. 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.4.5. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2.3. Rawalpindi.

La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi.3. 12. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.1.2.

1.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Murree Road.4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4.International . Rawalpindi. KFC . Saddar. Murree Road.2.4. Saddar.International Near KFC. 12. Sub Way .

12. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Canning Road 10. 2. 4. 6. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 3. Peshawar Road 9.5. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Police Station Road 11. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7.

Tipu Road 16. College Road 15. 18. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .7. There are many old buildings. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall.8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .

000 books which are updated at regular interval. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30.

Rawalpindi. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9.

10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 1. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 27. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 26. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 10. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. 29. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 16. 18. 6. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 9. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 4. Citi Bank N A. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 7. 31. 25. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 15. 32. 5. 11. 28. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Bank Rawalpindi. 14. 8. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 17. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 21. 24. 13. 22. 23. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

Theories abound. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Many. many thousands more were injured. Soon. It was clear. 19 years ago. that it was Ojhri. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. But that was the extent of it. That it was an ammunition dump. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. on April 10. now. Over 5000 people were killed.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up.13. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. Rawlapindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. 2001. On July 23. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Margalla and Murree hills.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. km. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. which generates 84.500 acre feet (12994 MG).000 acre feet (11763 MG).1. fishing and boating. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment.8 sq. The total storage capacity is 47. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Live storage is 43. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.3. However. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. whereas. However. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. outflow is 0.783 MCM.687 MCM. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. in general. due to monsoon.777 MCM.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Therefore. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi.2. after 2000. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. However. the flow was relatively high in June to August. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. 13. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Since its inception. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

com Virtualglobetrottiong.geocities.mapsofworld. q. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. S. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. k. o.gov.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. f. s. p. h. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. t. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .com Books & Etc. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. a.pk travel. 1998 City Report. Punjab Railway Station. g. i. Govt. l. d. p. e. h.rawalpindi. o.com pakistanpeadia. Rawalpindi Post Office. r. g. r.blogspot. k. EDO Health. c. i. m. Rawalpindi EDO Education.absoluteastronomy. m.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Rawalpindi. b. c.com www. f. j. l. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. b. n. Rawalpindi Cities. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.com Nrb www. q. j. e. d. n.

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