Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

........................................ Medical Colleges ...................2....3..................10.........................................6................ 53 9........ Forts ..................................................... Cricket ............................. 50 9........ 42 8............................................... 44 9..............................................1...........................................................................1....... 61 10.... 43 9......................... Government Schools & Colleges ...................1............... 42 8.....8. Rawalpindi Club..................1...................... 45 9.......... ............4............... 49 9.....................1................................................................................................................3............ 55 9............................ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).......... Utility Services ..5................2.... near Kachari Chowk..................................5.....................................3...................................... Peshawar Road .1.....................1..................2. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...2.......... 57 9........ Cinemas & Theatres ...... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES . 58 10....3..... IESCO ................................................................................... SPORTS & RECREATION .............................2....................................3.................................................................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .. Rescue 15 ...................................................... Rawalpindi Public Park ................................. Romi Park............................................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ...........................................................2........... 49 9. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...........2.............................................................................. Darul Aman ..................................................................................... 54 9...............1.. 51 9............................................................1............... Murree and the Galis ......................................... 41 8................................................................. 46 9.............................................................. 44 9........ 62 10................. 52 9... Field Hockey ....................................... 51 9.. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ........................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .. 56 9.............................................3................................ Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .................................6......................................................3....... 42 8........ 56 9.............................................................. 57 9.........2.................3.............1. 64 10...1...................... 65 Company Profile ...................................... 57 9......1................... 60 10.............................................4....................1.................... 56 9....................................4......... 63 10...................... KABBADI....................................4.2...............................................................................................................7............................................................ SOS Village ..................1.. Ayub National Park ........ 63 10........................................5..................5............1..................3.....................................................................1.............................2..................................... 51 9.....................................4............3..................................................... 62 10................ 63 10...........4................................ Taxila Museum...2.................... The Raja Bazaar .1....7.........1... 48 9.........................................Emergency Reporting Centre .............1.........................................2.........................................................................................................3........................... Edhi Foundation ..................................................6.............................. SOME OTHER STADIUMS .....Glorious Rawalpindi 8.. 45 9..... Hassan Abdal.....................4....................................................................7..................................................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ........................................ Liaqat National Bagh ..................... 44 9..... Other Places Worth A Visit.........................................................................3..... Civil Lines ......1..........................................4..... 60 10.............. POLICE STATIONS....................2.................. 54 9. SERVICES ........................................... ....... 61 10...1................. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ................................................................. Temple of Katas ....4.5.........................................1............................................................ Kallar Kahar ....................................... Khewra Salt Mines ......... Rawalpindi Golf Course ..............9.................. 58 9...1....... 51 9....................................... PTCL ... Punjab..............................2...1.......................................2................................................... 46 9........... Private Schools and colleges .. 46 9........ 60 10.................. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ......................1................... 60 10..6............................................................... Sports venues and stadiums ........3.. The Salt Range ........2..... Army Hockey Stadium .................... The Mall Saddar ................................................................................... Jinnah Park........................................................................................ 57 9....................................................................5..........................................................................

................ Famous Restaurants........2. 81 12..................................................................................1...... Railway Stations ................................................................................................. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ................... 79 12...........................................................................................................1.... 80 12............................... 67 10..2..............4....................................................4..........2...............1................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....................... Lasania Restaurant city . 68 10................ 96 12................................................................................. Islamabad International Airport Road ...3....................................................... La Rosh Hotel.......... 76 12..................................................................8............... Libraries and Museums .......1............................................................. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ....................................................................................................... 104 13.......................................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ............ The Mall ............................................................... 81 12...........................5. 74 12........................................................................2................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ..................4...................................................................................2.....................5...............................2............................................. 75 12.............................................(Rawalpindi) ................................9.......................................1............... 78 12...2.................................. 72 11........................... 95 12............................................2. 77 12..............................2.......................... Lai Nullah ........................ 80 12.......8............................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ........................... Jawa Dam ......1..........................2..................................................................1....International ...3................. RING ROAD .....................3.............. 79 12............2........................ 99 12............. Ancient Rawalpindi .........................................................................7........................... Shalimar Hotel ****..11................. Lal Haveli ............12.....................................................10............................... Political Structure ................ Lai Expressway .............................................. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ............................. 98 12........... Akbar International *** ..................................4......................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10.................................9...................................................2............ 71 11...................................2.......................... 72 11..................................................................................... WATER RESERVOIR ...................................... 84 12........................... 66 10...... Airport ........2...............3..... Purana Qilla .....................................................................6..........4........ 75 12....2........................................................................ 79 12................................1....................................................13............................... 73 11........ 70 10..... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ....................................................................................................................... 90 12......... FAMOUS Hotels .................................................. POST OFFICE ................2..................................1.........................3................................................................... 80 12......................3................. Famous Chowk......................................... RAWAL LAKE........................................................................... Famous Historical Places .... Roads In Rawalpindi City .......3...............................5................................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ................ 100 12........14...................................................................................International ......................... KFC ..............................................................................2....... 75 12.................7. 82 12............... 105 13........................... 76 12.............. 81 12.......... 93 12. WASA ......................................................... 102 13.................................2....... 78 12............... 104 13.............................1....................................................................................................1................... Hotel Civic .........................6............................................................. Flashman’s Hotel...................... Museums ... 78 12...................... Misriot Dam ........................................................ Sub Way ........................................................ Public Transportation .... 68 10..................... Highways ...............4....................

Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . communication net works.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. i. infrastructure. the area of its concern. This study contains information on population. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e. education and the existing industries. health.

at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). When Jhanda Khan. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Although they did not succeed. battle with Gakhars. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. HISTORY Rawalpindi. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. However. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.e. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. until 1765. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. a Ghakkar Chief . Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Rawalpindi City. also known as Pindi. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. has a long history spread over several millennia. Jhelum.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. founded a new town nearby. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The Rawals a jogi tribe. In 1849.

Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Liaquat Ali Khan.e. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Many Government buildings were set on fire. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. before Pakistan came into existence. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 .Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the Afghan war and martial law. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Nala Lai. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. In 1951. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953.e. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. famous for its floods. Cantonment and city. The city is home to many industries and factories. water is stored by building dams. and it serves the city along with the capital. he was welcomed rousingly. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. in Liaquat Garden. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886.

38’ and 73°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Chakwal.37’ East longitudes. 2. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. in the province of Punjab. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.04’ 34°.1. Location It lies between 33°. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.01’ North latitudes and 72°.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.

Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 2.000 (1998) 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .550 (2007) Literacy rate. 73.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 70. 8 Population.286 km² Calling code. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. of Towns.059. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.6. Area.033333 Altitude. Estimate. 73.300. 051 Time zone.059.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 500 meters AMSL 5. PST (UTC+5) No.2. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.6.

06 Degree Centigrade per month . From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. Muhajirs. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. Punjabis. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. The coldest month is Jan.3. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . temp is 17. and Pakhtuns.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. when the mean max. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The weather is highly unpredictable.7 C and Min 2.6 Degree Centigrade. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. comprising Potoharis. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. In summer.

RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).1. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". On this day. On Eid day. 3. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. More than men. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. In addition to the two Eids.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. The roads. There are many mosques throughout the city.a ritual in which everyone shares. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. others being truthfulness. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). one for distribution among the poor. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. No sooner it is sited. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . modesty and good behaviour. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed.

There are two Churches in Saddar. tent pegging and Bini. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. railways and the police force. wrestling. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.2. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 .Paul Church. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Rawalpindi. Summi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. St. Music and dancing are also common. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Bhangra. Chaunji Trap. 3. education.

and to the historical region of Punjab. Hinduism After the Partition of India. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .4.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. historical and political ties to the country. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.3.

On 23rd March. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. 4. 1940. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. CULTURE 4. red or velvet. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies.1. 4.1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Islamabad. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.1. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.1.2. when Pakistan. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Later in 1971.3. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.

The usual ornaments like ear rings. After the religious formalities. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. the other name of mienu. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. 4. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. To mold into the colors of ubton. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover).1. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. 4.4. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony.3. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.2. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Tea is popular all over the district. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. health of population is generally better. the bride’s parents feast the party. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom.4. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. bangles. Due to good weather condition in the district. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. sweet and ornaments etc. Khaki or grey. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4.4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.

This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.4.4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. All the guests.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. 4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. especially women.3.4.

Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.5. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Besides. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. iron mills. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Metallurgy. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. apricots. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . pears. furniture. sawmills. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. hosiery. textiles. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. and factories making tents. citrus. beverages and fruit preservation. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab.021 power looms. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Air conditiong. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. apples. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. pharmaceutical. glass products. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Drafting. maize. sewing machines etc. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. railroad yards. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. medium and small industrial units. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.e.000b spindles and 1. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower.000 spindles. bajra. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. and leather goods. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. marble processing. pottery.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. steel re-rolling. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. cigarettes. potato. a brewery. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974.000 persons i. Auto knitting and commerce etc. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. industrial gas processing. about 1. Welding.6% of district population is directly employed in large. and vegetables are the major products of the city.

and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Brahmans. Like the men of the tribe. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities.2. Kohlis and a few others. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. Janjuas. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. except ploughing. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands.1. The chief families of Gakkhar.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. do not require detailed notice. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. 5. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. is misleading. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. chiefly silk goods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . These only form a small percentage of the total population. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. by courtesy. gold seals and such like. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. will go to far from their homes for such work. They also deal largely in hides. towns of the district. gold threads. so-called. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris.

Kuri-Dolal. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. known as phur. The chairs cost from Re. and Hazro. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. chappris. or khair wood. and at Makhad. costing from Re. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). tehsil Kahutta. 8. 1 to Rs.3. 40. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb.5 to Rs. known as abri. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. embroidered shoes. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. which are sold in Rawalpindi. 20. Baking-plates are also made here. or low chairs. where wood is plentiful. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. especially in tehsil Kahuta. according to size. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Reed matting. Fatehjang. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. saddles are the principal articles made. The lohars of Manianda. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Pindigheb. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. from Re: 1 to Rs. Phulkaris are made in many places. tehsil Pindigheb. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. tehsil Rawapindi. 6. 10 for the set of 4. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Chauntra. the spinning wheels. and are made of Shisham. 1 to Rs. neighboring villages.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. phulaa. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Pihras. costing from Rs. and Salgraon. make padlocks of iron.

as there is said to have once been. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Popular Industries 5. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader.1. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. both lie on the Indus bank. have been procured. rough in execution but fairly good in color. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Principal of the Lahore school of Art.4. 5. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. as else where.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. at Fatehjang. especially of it is exported across the Indus. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district.4. or earthen-jars. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Mr. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Lockwood Kipling. Here. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 .

all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . patti and other handicrafts. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. tiles. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. I-9/1 and I-9/3. cutting & sizing. honed finishing etc.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. Rawalpindi. bush hammering. brush finishing. ustaad and unskilled workers. which are also in small quantities. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. Most of the labor has education level below primary. sand blasting. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. flower vases and fountains. Sangjani. acid finishing. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. phool. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. Karachi and Lahore. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. Major processes include loading/unloading. handling & storing.

Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.2. It is below 50%. 9. 1. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Hardly.000 cubic ft. 3. 7. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 4. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 8. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. The average cost of this wood is around Rs.000-300. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 6. 5. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 10. Estimated growth figure is around 10%.4. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 2.

you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. lockers. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Even couches. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. hotels and restaurants.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. so that must be kept in mind. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. A Report by Ms.000 people. since all kinds of furniture. shelves. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. sofas. Polish affects the quality of the material. Once your furniture business gets off. as well as residential areas. The establishments in the city need showcases. consoles are in demand. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. lampshades. By stocking the best quality goods. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. Therefore. You can sell wood or metal furniture. and selling innovative products. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. are in huge demand in the City. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Your marketing strategies must be good. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. lamps stands. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. schools. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. side tables and stools. from office to lounge furniture. etc. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Be sure to include photographs.

sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. Fatehjang. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. The petroleum now costs Rs. petroleum and wood. leaving the oil above. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. No. In 1887-89. The total oil collected is about 1.5. etc. 3. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. three miles from Fatehjang. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. This is thrown into a cistern. and Kalabagh on the Indus. Kalabagh oil…. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. The oil is used in its raw state. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. The oil is collected as it. No. 1 is 100n feet deep. The petroleum costs. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . 100 feet. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 50 feet. No.6.600 gallons per annum. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 5. 60 feet. in the Bannu district. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. transmitted light.000 gallons per year. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil….16 per hundred gallons. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. the churches. Five borings have been made. 5. 80 feet. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. Rs.. No. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. No. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. 28 ditto. It is made from mustard oil. The borings are 35 feet from each other.200 gallons last year. 4. 2. 4 inches in diameter each. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order.

but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Ghee. Peshawar. Shahjahanpur. rice from neighboring districts. and Peshawar. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. are exported to some small extent. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . refined Sugar from Bombay. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Jallundur and Meerut. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Yarkand and Ladakh. Delhi and Gujranwala. and that of inferior quality in this district. pattus. rice being little grown. fruits from Kashmir. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. however. fruits. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. chiefly. Silk from Amritsar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. & c. Ghee is brought in from Punch. for seed.1. charas. timber. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere.. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. hardware from Amritsar. and Gujrat. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. chiefly deodar. Kashmir and Sawat. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Hazro and Makhad. described above. with Kabul mostly by means of camels.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. thick cloths. Sialkot. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Jallundur. Peshawar. leather from Kashmir. ra and the sea-ports. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. from Kashmir. Wazirabad. was exported to Kashmir. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Peshawar. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. from Kashmir. metals. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. it is believed. gur from Sialkot. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. timber. dyes. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices.

21. Heavy Rebuild Factory. a brewery. sewing machines etc. 24. pharmaceuticals. beverages and fruit preservation.2. 22. 16. iron mills. cement. sawmills. furniture. steel re-rolling. marble processing. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 19. 17. Petroleum Refinery. industrial gases. 4. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Sr. cotton and woolen Textiles. 12. 23. flour mills. 3. 18. 14.2. 20. poultry feed. 2. 13. and leather goods. No. 9. and factories making tents. cigarettes. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . mineral processing. glass products. railroad yards.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. glass products. Heavy Mechanical Complex. cigarettes. 1. 15. 10. distillery. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. Heavy Foundry and Forge.1. hosiery. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 8. pottery. 7. 6. textiles. 5.

38. 31. i) ii) 45. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. linkage between the industrial units. 43. 42.C. 27. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 26. however. 36. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 41. 39. 37. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would.C. 30.V.C. skilled labour. if lacking is manageable. 46. 33.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Therefore. 34. 32. local/national/international demand. 29. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 47. 44. 40. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 35. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R.

3. guava and apple. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. 6. Silica sand. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.5. maize. In addition. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. Soda ash. 6.3. 6. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Oil refinery. ground nut. In this area there is good scope for furniture. glass. rock salt.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. 6. meat/poultry processing units. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.1. jawar. dolomite bentonite. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.3.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. which accounted 11. It contributes 24% to the GDP.5 billion for the year 2001-02. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. employs 48. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. its major crops and fruit are wheat.3. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. veneer board. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. cement. poultry/cattle feed. there also exist good prospects for tannery.3.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . gypsum. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.4. etc.3. leather garments. It accounts for 38. Pharmaceuticals. Minerals Fire clay. woolen.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. leather Products. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. cigarettes. cotton.2. footwear.3% of national GDP.

It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. machine made carpets. woolen knitwear. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. electric cables. 6. POF etc. PVC pipes. pharmaceutical. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. wires etc. rubberized/mechanical toys.8. electrical accessories. steel furniture. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. there exists good prospects for biscuits. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. Besides. 6. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. sanitary fitting.6. household appliances.7. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Attock Refinery.3. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. children wear. sports wear etc. has now emerged as a potential investment area. 6. glass hollow-ware. 6. cosmetics. 6.9. confectionery. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region.3.4.3. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. suitable for wide spread fish farming. ready made garments for men and women. Steel. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. fashion apparel.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. glass ample. Heavy Foundry and Forge. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.

Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.1. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment.4. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. 6. 6. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. The inhabitants. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.2. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan.4. Currency and Mint. Therefore. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.

of tourism.4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Medical and Diagnostic Services. machinery & equipment. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Human Resource Development (HRD). Plant.5.4. Technical/Vocational Training. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.6.3. 6.15 million.3 million. Hospitals.3 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. including the development of Industrial Zones. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 6.4. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. not manufactured locally.

Bakery Products 1. audio-fax services. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Beverage 6.5. 3. voicemail services. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery and equipment. Details of machinery are Plant.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. hotels and tourism related projects. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. 2. Murree Brewery Company LTD. machinery and equipment. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.e. card pay phone services etc.) LTD Bakery. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 5.1. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.2.5. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Plant. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. not manufactured locally. imported by the manufacturing industries. machinery & equipment. Plant. not manufactured locally. Ltd.5. Classic Capital (Pvt. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. imported by tourism. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. 6. not manufactured locally.

Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .3. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5. Old G. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. 15. Domestic Hardware 11. .5. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Capital Plywood Industry.6. Ceramics Products 8. IPRAM International. Peshawar Road 6.5.4. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.7. Road Morgah 6.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . 12. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Cement Products 7. 14.T.5. 16. W. Adyala Road 17.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .8.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.5. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. NEOMEDIX . Diapers Plant 10.5. Chip/Straw Board 9. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.

New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Ratta Road 29. Al Karim Flour Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills.5. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Flour Mills 23. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Railway Workshop Road 31. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Rawat 27. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22.Rawat 35. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Seham Road 37. Adyala Road 21.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Westridge 38. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 36. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Olive Laboratories . Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd.9. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Habib Flour & General Mills. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Westridge 32. Naswari Bazar 24. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills.

14.5. National Park Road 6. Food Products 45. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.13. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. LPG Cylinders 51. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.12. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. JI Interprises. Rawat Flour Mills. Rawat 43.5. Plastic Products 52.) Ltd. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Fine Plastic Works.5. Pirwadhai 46. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Kashmir Road 6. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.10. SB Feed Industries (Pvt.11.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Bangash Colony.5.5. Poultry Feeds 53. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Tops Food & Beverages . Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .

Unani Medicines 59.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.16. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.Textile Mills Ltd. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Peshawar Road 7..18. Textile Composite 56. D. Tyre and Tubes 58.5. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . (Pvt) Ltd.. Textile Spinning 57.20. Westridge 6.5.5.5.15.5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.17.5.19. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Refinery 55.M. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Adamjee Street 6.

5. 2. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Government Hospitals 1.4. 10. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 7.3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 9. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 .1. MCH Centres 1. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. 7. This region is full of Health facilities. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 3. 2. 3.2. 3. Rawalpindi. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Govt. 8.5. Dhok Ali Akber. 6. 2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 4.

7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.6. 3. Combined Military Hospital 7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ).Glorious Rawalpindi 4. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.

Rawalpindi Cantt. 2. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Dr. Rawalpindi 15. Saidpur Road. 7. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Rawalpindi 16. Near Hydri Chowk. 10. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi.425 7th Road. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. 3. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi.A. 3.I.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 2. 5551237 8. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Batool Hospital H-241. Satellite Town. Dr. Off Murree Road. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. 1. Rawalpindi 14.8. Bazar Road. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Shakoors V. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 12. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. BH Building. Satellite Town. 4. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.P. Said pur Road. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. 3. Rawalpindi 11. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7.9. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 6. 7. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. 17. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. After their father's death (1901). As it stands. its daughters. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1. 8. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. The building has an architectural splendor.1. Fatima Jinnah University for Women.1.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Universities 8. Muhammed became her legal guardian. This gift to the nation. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. University of Arid Agriculture. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.

Town. No. College St.2. Govt. Gorden College.1. Govt. College Asghar Mall.3. Town. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Hashmat Ali Isl.2. Govt. Rawalpindi. Colleges 8. Located near the CMH.2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. College for women St. Rawalpindi. Govt. Rawalpindi.1. 3. 2. Govt. No. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. 1. Name of the Institution Govt. 5. Govt. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi 8.2. College. Rawalpindi. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 4. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . 1. Viqar un Nisa College for women. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.

3. 3. St. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Town. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Rawalpindi. 20. Rawalpindi. Town. 7. 8. Town. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 11. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. College of Advance Technology. 1. St. 9. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 6. St. Rawalpindi. 22. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 27. 12. 10. 18. 14. Rawalpindi. 2. 5. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 17. Rawalpindi 16. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Saddar. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Town. town. Town. town. 35. Rawalpindi. 15.2. 19. Town. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Universal College. town. 29. Kashmir Road. Punjab Law College. St. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rahimabad airport Road. Town. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. town. 32. Educator College. Rwp. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . town. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 26. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 13. 25. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. St. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 4. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 33. 31. Rawalpindi 36. 30. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 24. Rawalpindi. 28. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Al-Falah College for women St. 34. Rawalpindi. 23. Rawalpindi College of Commerce.

Town.C. Islamic International Commerce College. BPS Dhok Hasoo M.C.C.C. MC. 40. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar.C. 13. 50. 42. 8.C. 43. 4. Town. 52. 41. BPS Muslim Town M.C.C. M. 54.5. GMS Amarpura.4. Town. Rwalpindi.C. 51. 1. 44.C. M.2. Leadership College for Girls St. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 2. M. Rwalpindi.C. 1. Shamsabad. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. M. Rawalpindi. 10.C. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS Bangash Colony M. Town. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala.C. Capital College Murree Road. Rwalpindi. 48. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. College of Commerce Saddar. Morgah Rawalpindi. 53. Rawalpindi. 5. BPS Fauji Colony M.C. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. BPS Qasim abad. 7. 38. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 3.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. town. BPS New Malpur M. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 8. Rawalpindi.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 14. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi. 4. 8. 55. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. MC. Rawalpindi Cantt. 47. 9. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . St. Rawalpindi. BMS Amarpura. town. 15. 56. M. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Ojiri Camp. 49. M. 3. 11. Leadership College for Boys St. 16.. GMS Qasimabad. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Punjab College of information technology. Indus College of Commerce. BPS Muslim Town. 45. M. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 46. 39. 2.C. town. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 12. Inflorescence College of modern . St. GMS Waris Khan. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).C.

Rawalpindi Cantt.2. M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk.C. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C.C. Institute of Commerce.C.3. 7. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. Rawalpindi (Cantt.C. GHS Ratta Amral M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 8. GHS Satellite Town M. Govt.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C. High School Rawalpindi M.2 Satellite Town. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Techincal Training Institute (W). M. Rawalpindi. 7.C. Dhamial. 6. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C. BHS Ratta Amral M. 3. BPS Ratta 18. 5. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. College of Commerce. 9. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Scheme No. 4. Govt.C. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Vocational Training Institute (W). 4. 2. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Dhoke Syedan. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 3. BHS Satellite Town M. 1.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.C. Rawalpindi Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W). Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Govt. Institute of Commerce (W). Govt. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. 8. Kartarpura.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.6. BHS Millat Colony M.(ABAD). M. (RMGTC). Vocational Training Institute (W). BHS Moti Baza M. 5. MC.

2. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Ordinance Road. Quaid-e-Azam College. 4.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Private Schools and colleges 1. 6. F. 7. 4.G (C. The Mall F. 5.5. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 2. Chaklala III 8. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 5. 6. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Sir Syed College.6. 3. 4. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No.4. 2. 3.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Harley Street F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall 1. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8.G. Govt.G.

Rawalpindi Medical College. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.7. 3. 4. Medical Colleges 1. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

It covers an area of about 2. lush lawns.300 acres and has a play area. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. founded in 1885. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. SPORTS & RECREATION 9.) Road. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years.1. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau.1. These are the best way to see the city. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. fountains and flower beds. It has a lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations.1. The Ayub National Park. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. 300 acres. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. 9. It has a playground. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. covers 2. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.T. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. an aquarium. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. From being a nine-hole course. Situated near the Ayub National Park. play land. today this is a facility of 27 holes. Meander through the bazaars. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. lake with boating facility.

Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.1. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park.2. 9. fountains and flower beds. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. The first prime minister of Pakistan. lawns. 2007 at same venue. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Some tigers. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. Other areas of the park are used for walking. The Park was opened in 1991. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment.1. lions. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. It has a play area for children. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. cheetahs.3. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. 9. is of historical interest due to its political processions. bears. was assassinated here in 1950. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. One should try out during a visit here. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.

so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. however. on the Karakoram Highway.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.240 meters (7. Since independence. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .1. Its cold pine forests. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). complete with The Mall for promenading. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road.1. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876.400 feet). has expanded rapidly. In summer it is cool . Numerous roads leave. Civil Lines 9. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. near Kachari Chowk.even chilly in the evening . at 2. Murree and the Galis Murree. when the honor was transferred to Simla. Murree remained. Romi Park. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.5. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.4. Jinnah Park. especially at weekends. a little bit of England. Murree is lovely all year round. parks.1. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Peshawar Road 9. clubs and cafes. schools. where most people congregate. In winter. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.6. Between the two runs The Mall. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962.and rain is common. churches. or riding in the new chair-lifts.

the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Ayubia Khairagali. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Patriata 25 km from Murree. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. both rides cost about Rs. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Natural springs abound on the slopes. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Changlagali. The golf course here is open only to members. which like a ski-lift. hiking places and picnic spots. Ayubia has a chair lift. It is 30 km from Murree.). In addition to riding trails. A restaurant has also been established.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. which is the highest point in the range. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills.

It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk.7. The city of Rawalpindi. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. better known as the Murree National Park. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. 9. Asiatic leopard. situated on the summit of a hill. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. flying squirrel and hill fox. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. In addition to riding trails. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park.1. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. hiking places. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Khaira Gali. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Islamabad. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. golden eagle.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. For this. once you reach the summit. you will find that the surface is clean. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November.

Buddhist. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. stucco. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. the museum. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. could not complete its original plan.1. at The Raja Bazaar. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. However. iron and semiprecious stones. gold. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province.T. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. terracotta. vicery of India in 1918. This is a place where you go by choice.C to 500 AD. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.8. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. silver. Saddar bazaar. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. As it turns out. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. 48 km from Rawalpindi. 9. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. shawls and jackets. but come out by sheer luck. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. which is the first stop for any tourist. including stone. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. walking sticks. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. At the outset. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. 9.1. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. cane baskets and furniture. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Here. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place.9. There are 4000 objects displayed. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Most of the sites at Taxila. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. are located around the Taxila Museum. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The Sarafa bazaar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Potohar shoes and Chappals.

on their way to Kashmir.Twice a year. and the modern capital of Pakistan.T.5 acres. 9.e.T. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors.10.T. Road. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. gently flowing stream. Taxila. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. that is. Gen. i.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.1. Tapering cypress trees. The resort has a restaurant. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. by the Department of Archaeology. line the canals through which cool waters once. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Guru Nanak. Ferishta and Jehangir. This place offers scenic walks. Road. Islamabad. Government of Pakistan. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. left of G. loved by the Mughals. Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Today. by his colleagues.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. From the clubhouse. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. After several phases of development. Road Rawalpindi. Road. a small town has developed. Sports venues and stadiums 9. 9. with spring water falling within it. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. home to several thousand people.T. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. and the course itself. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. G.1. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. it is now a 27-hole course. at the foot of Margalla. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque.3. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. a minister of emperor Akbar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. It is situated at I. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. on the G. T.3. was also built during this period. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.

Islamabad.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.2. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.000.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. 9. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.3. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Rawalpindi Club.3.4. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3.5. Army Hockey Stadium 9. The Mall Saddar 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Response and Prevention.2. explosions. Therefore. SERVICES 10. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. crime reporting.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice.1. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.1. rescue. buildings collapse. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. which is an achievement even internationally. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Community Awareness &Training.1. however personal visits are also allowed. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. identification of vehicles for registration etc. 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Rescue 15 .

11. 9. 3. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.3. 10. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 14. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 6. 2. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 5. patience. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.1.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 12.4. 13. struggle. 7. 4. perseverance. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . Endurance. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1.

Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.5. love and understanding. The children are given security. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.6.1. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Children. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. support. Old People and Disabled. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.1. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.

Distribution system consists of 46. detail of some among them is following. 7. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. SNGPL has 2. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.1.” 10.study together up until fifth grade. Sales to these consumers were 39.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. Here. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). but the emphasis is on achievement. 2006. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).2. boys and girls . Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. General Industry. Domestic. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.028 consumers comprising Commercial. now Companies Ordinance 1984. designing and construction of pipelines.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. “The basic aim is that this orphan.46/-. Power & Cement Sectors. this poor child.897.581. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. to be sure.280 HM3 worth 31. both for itself and other organizations. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.733.081 HM3 worth 107.2. Urdu. 10.1. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.127.008. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. Fertilizer.118 million rupees during July-September. not on Islamic political causes.

Rawalpindi Cantt. Chakwal. Saadi Road 10. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.2.2. Attock. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. SNGPL.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.

In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.000 and 5. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.2.3. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.8 million V-fone customers.7 million customers. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.

2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Total No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Committee Chowk 4. of No. Water Works No.4. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Pirwadahi Total No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. 1 5.

• Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. POST OFFICE GPO . Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 3. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 4. 2. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 6.2. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.5. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 5. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.

The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines.2. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). In addition to freight.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. rail and road. 1. has numerous routes. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . 2. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.7. both national and international. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. with many domestic and international flights every day. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. more recently. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. which were completed in the 1990s. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).T. the world's highest international road. Rawalpindi. Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Motorway Interchange.8. which connects Pakistan to China.

For inter-city travel. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.2. yellow cabs. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.9. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. auto-rickshaws. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. Due to lack of planning of roads. and which operate constantly throughout the day. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. mini-buses. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . ranging from yellow taxis.

traffic signs. provision of efficient drainage system.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. pavement marking. 4. 3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. relocation of structures. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. pedestrian over head bridges. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. channelization of junctions. Rawalpindi. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Objectives 1. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. median. construction of footpaths. 2.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.45 Km of main road with 1. 5. installations of traffic signals. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city.

2. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.00 million. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Detailed Traffic Engg. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. land use plan. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. future land uses pattern.T.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Task-III Economic Evaluation. land values & ownership pattern. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. OD travel pattern. 1. growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. of Punjab / RDA. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .

bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.3. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. industrial. unbalanced land use transport interaction. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. non standardized infrastructure support. Unluckily however. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. commercial. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. enchroachments.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. f. e. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. b. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced.5 m 21. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. The Lai Nullah.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . health and educational activity for northern Punjab.000 Cusecs 35. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. d. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. c.

The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.1. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Famous Historical Places 12. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.1. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. And.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. At that time. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. according to the old timers. Until 1923.1.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. 12.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. a famous dancing girl. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.1. better known as The Mall . was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.the glory of the cantonment . After independence. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .1.3. Lal Haveli In old times. Sarafa Bazaar. it was home to Budhana Bibi. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.

Pakpattan or Lahore. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings.4. bay windows and doors.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Like Multan. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . dense housing. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. better known as the Purana Qilla. the old quarters of the city.1. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. cut brick corbellings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.

Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2. 12.2. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.2. Modern.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.

12.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.4.2.3. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Rawalpindi. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2.

3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. 12.3. Famous Restaurants 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.1. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. KFC . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Sub Way .International Near KFC.4.4. Rawalpindi.4.1. Murree Road. Rawalpindi.International . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. 12. Saddar.2. Saddar. Murree Road.

3.5. 4. Police Station Road 11. 6. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Canning Road 10. 12. Haider Road 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Peshawar Road 9. 2. Bank Road 8. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .

Tipu Road 16. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15. 17. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.

6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There are many old buildings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

9. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 28. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. 32. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 10. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 4. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. 18. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 20. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 24. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 9. Bank Rawalpindi. 13. 25. 21. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. Citi Bank N A. Rawalpindi. 27. 23. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 29. 15. Saudi Pak Comm. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. 11. The Bank of Punjab. 26. 19. Industrial Deve. 6. 31. 14. 30. 22.

11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Rawlapindi. Many. That it was an ammunition dump. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Soon. Over 5000 people were killed. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . But that was the extent of it. now. that it was Ojhri. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. It was clear.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Theories abound. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. 19 years ago. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp.13. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. on April 10. many thousands more were injured.

an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . On July 23. 2001. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.23 Billion.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.8 sq. fishing and boating. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. which generates 84. km. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Margalla and Murree hills. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The total storage capacity is 47.1.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Live storage is 43.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.000 acre feet (11763 MG). The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.500 acre feet (12994 MG).

it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. outflow is 0. the outflow has been less than the inflow. However. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. due to monsoon. 13.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.783 MCM. However. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. whereas. after 2000. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. in general. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Since its inception. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.687 MCM. Therefore. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.777 MCM.3. the flow was relatively high in June to August. However.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi EDO Education. h. r. m. q.blogspot. s. n. e. r. i.mapsofworld. t. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.com Books & Etc. d.absoluteastronomy. f. j. l.rawalpindi. n. 1998 City Report. o. l. S.com www. p. d. Rawalpindi. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. EDO Health. Rawalpindi Cities. k.com Nrb www. k. g.pk travel. b. c. o.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. e. f.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Punjab Railway Station. b.geocities. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . p.gov.com Virtualglobetrottiong. m. j. g. i. q. Rawalpindi Post Office.com pakistanpeadia. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. a. c. Govt. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. h.

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