Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

....................7................ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district. 61 10..6......6....1....................................................................................................... Cricket ..........3................ Rescue 15 .................... POLICE STATIONS..................................2.................. Ayub National Park ..............................9............ 60 10................... 58 10.......4.................................1................3................................................................................................................................................................ 60 10................................... 57 9.2............................................1...........3..... SOS Village ................................ Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ....................................5............. IESCO .......... Federal Government Schools & Colleges .................6. Jinnah Park.Glorious Rawalpindi 8....................... Government Schools & Colleges ........... 60 10...................................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ........................................ Darul Aman ..........................................1.... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ............ 51 9... 44 9........................................ Utility Services ...........3.......................1.....................................................................1.. Liaqat National Bagh ............ SERVICES ......... 56 9................................................................................................................. 50 9..............................2.....1..4............1............. 57 9..................1..................................................................................................................................................................................2.............2..............................................2..... 56 9.......... ..................................................1.............3... 46 9........................7........ Forts ............................................................................ 48 9............................ 58 9.................4.. Edhi Foundation ....................................... 63 10......... 51 9...........................1............................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .................................................... 57 9.....................................................2...........5.................1........... Rawalpindi Club....................................................................................................... Taxila Museum................................................3........................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS ................................................2...................................................1................. 43 9............... Peshawar Road ... Kallar Kahar . Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .....................................4....5..1................................2..........1..............................................................................................................1..................... ..... KABBADI.......................................................................... Field Hockey ............4.................................................................................................................................. 64 10...... 63 10....... Temple of Katas ...1............. 46 9. 54 9...................... 51 9............... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .................................. 41 8.................................... Medical Colleges ...................................................... 52 9....... 45 9.................. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........... Rawalpindi Public Park ........................ Khewra Salt Mines ................................ 42 8.......1.......3...............................2......2.............. 57 9.. 51 9.............................................................. SPORTS & RECREATION ........ 53 9............................... Army Hockey Stadium ............................................................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ....4..4. Murree and the Galis ............................................................................................3.................1.......... 54 9..........................5.............................................2.............................. 44 9... near Kachari Chowk..... Private Schools and colleges ............................................................ 63 10................................................ 42 8.................................................. 46 9............2................ 49 9............. The Raja Bazaar ....................................1..........................................7......... 42 8................... Hassan Abdal..............1. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ...... Cinemas & Theatres ................................... The Salt Range .........4. 45 9..................8......... 55 9..........................................5.................. 56 9................... 60 10.................................... Romi Park.................... 62 10..... Civil Lines ............3....... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ...3.................................... PTCL ......3..........1.................................................. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).10..........2...2............... 44 9................................................................................................................3....................Emergency Reporting Centre ....................1..................6....................................................................................................1.............1.....3..... Sports venues and stadiums ...............5.................................................................................. Other Places Worth A Visit............... 61 10....... 49 9..... 62 10.....................4.................................................................. The Mall Saddar .......................................... Punjab.....................................2.............................. 65 Company Profile .

...................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ............................. 72 11............................................................ KFC ................... 81 12... 74 12...........................3...............................................................................1..........................1............................................................................................. 75 12.................................... Lai Nullah ..... Highways .............................. 80 12.............4.................8........................ Flashman’s Hotel.............. 79 12....................................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ........................... 70 10............................................. Lal Haveli ...........3................................ 81 12........... Political Structure .................................................. 78 12......................................2. Jawa Dam ........1............... RING ROAD ........... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ... 75 12......................................2............................................ 71 11...................................................................................................................................2..........................1.................14.........................................2................................................ Ancient Rawalpindi ....... 79 12.......................... 82 12................................................... 102 13.. 76 12................. 104 13...................2.. 90 12. 100 12......4........................................ 68 10........................(Rawalpindi) . 66 10........................................6.........................................2............. Famous Restaurants..................................... 96 12.....................4............... Museums ........6......................................... Shalimar Hotel ****.....................1........................................................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** .........................................3.............................. Sub Way ................................................... 80 12.......................................................................... 76 12.................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ..5........... Islamabad International Airport Road ..... 75 12........... Akbar International *** ..... Hotel Civic ........................................ Lai Expressway .....................................2..................2...............................................2................................................ 105 13.................................................................... RAWAL LAKE.......5..9...............................2..................................................................................................................................................... Famous Historical Places ..4................................3............................................................................................ 98 12...2.......................... La Rosh Hotel......................................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ......1.................................. 78 12.....3......... Famous Chowk....................................2....................2..3............................................... Misriot Dam ....... 67 10.........................................................................10..............................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10.................................................................................... Purana Qilla ....................2...... 81 12.International .............................1..... Libraries and Museums ............................................. 77 12...........................................................................4........................................... Railway Stations ................................... 72 11........................................................................... WASA ................. 104 13..........2........................ 95 12........................................................................................ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ............................. 84 12.................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ....................................5.1................................................................... 80 12..... 73 11.............. Public Transportation .............2......2......................................................2....................................................................12.................... WATER RESERVOIR ............ Lasania Restaurant city ...............................11........................................................................................................................7...........................1..................7....4............................................................................1........................................ FAMOUS Hotels ..... The Mall .............................................................3...................................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv .... 79 12................................................. Airport ......................International .................... 93 12. 78 12.........1........... 99 12..............9...8........... POST OFFICE ... 68 10.............................................................13..... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ...................................

infrastructure. education and the existing industries. the area of its concern. This study contains information on population.e. i. health. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . communication net works.

In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Although they did not succeed. has a long history spread over several millennia. When Jhanda Khan. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody.e. a Ghakkar Chief . The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. also known as Pindi. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. the martial people of the area against the British domination. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). until 1765. In 1849. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . HISTORY Rawalpindi. The Rawals a jogi tribe. Rawalpindi City. Jhelum. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. battle with Gakhars.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. However. founded a new town nearby. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866.

Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. Cantonment and city. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Many Government buildings were set on fire. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. The city is home to many industries and factories. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. In 1951. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. and it serves the city along with the capital. the Afghan war and martial law. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . There was a communal disturbance in 1947. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. famous for its floods. Liaquat Ali Khan. water is stored by building dams. in Liaquat Garden. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. he was welcomed rousingly. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. before Pakistan came into existence.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959.e. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Nala Lai.e.

District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.04’ 34°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. in the province of Punjab. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Chakwal. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.01’ North latitudes and 72°.38’ and 73°.37’ East longitudes.1. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Location It lies between 33°. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.

059. of Towns. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.6. Estimate.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 051 Time zone. 73. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 73.000 (1998) 3.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.300.6.2.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. PST (UTC+5) No.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 2. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .033333 Altitude. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. 70.286 km² Calling code.059. Area. 500 meters AMSL 5. 8 Population. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.

Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. Punjabis. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. Muhajirs. The coldest month is Jan.6 Degree Centigrade. temp is 17. and Pakhtuns. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.7 C and Min 2.06 Degree Centigrade per month . In summer. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.3.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. when the mean max. The weather is highly unpredictable. comprising Potoharis. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.

women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. In addition to the two Eids. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. There are many mosques throughout the city. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque.a ritual in which everyone shares. 3. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. Here too the poor are not forgotten. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. No sooner it is sited. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna".Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. On Eid day. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. one for distribution among the poor. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims.1. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. modesty and good behaviour. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. others being truthfulness. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . In the evening of 29th Ramadan.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The roads. On this day. More than men.

These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Young people prefer Kabaddi. There are two Churches in Saddar. Summi. Music and dancing are also common. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. 3. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. wrestling. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity.2. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Chaunji Trap.Paul Church. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Bhangra. Rawalpindi. St. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. education. railways and the police force. tent pegging and Bini.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St.

The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.4. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.3. and to the historical region of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. historical and political ties to the country.

1. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. CULTURE 4. when Pakistan. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.1. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Later in 1971. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . red or velvet. On 23rd March.2. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.3. Islamabad. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. 4. 4. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. 1940. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country.1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. 4. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.

sweet and ornaments etc. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). the bride’s parents feast the party. 4. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Khaki or grey. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement.3. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. To mold into the colors of ubton. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. After the religious formalities. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. the other name of mienu. Tea is popular all over the district. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 4. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. bangles. Due to good weather condition in the district. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage.4. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.2. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.4. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. health of population is generally better. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover).

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4.

BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.4.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. especially women. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. 4. All the guests.4.

Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Besides. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.5. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.

apricots. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. marble processing. steel re-rolling.000b spindles and 1. a brewery. pharmaceutical. pottery. sewing machines etc. railroad yards. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. glass products. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. pears. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. bajra. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. apples. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. sawmills. and leather goods. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. and vegetables are the major products of the city. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. about 1.e. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. medium and small industrial units. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. potato. cigarettes. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Welding.021 power looms. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. industrial gas processing. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts.6% of district population is directly employed in large. and factories making tents. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. textiles. maize. Air conditiong. furniture. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. citrus. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.000 persons i. beverages and fruit preservation. Drafting. hosiery. Metallurgy. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35.000 spindles. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. iron mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 .

1. is misleading. except ploughing. Brahmans. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. gold seals and such like. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Like the men of the tribe. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. Kohlis and a few others. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. by courtesy. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . will go to far from their homes for such work. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold threads. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it.2. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. These only form a small percentage of the total population. 5. chiefly silk goods.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. Janjuas. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. so-called. do not require detailed notice. towns of the district. They also deal largely in hides. The chief families of Gakkhar. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages.

those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Pindigheb. saddles are the principal articles made. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 40. 20. from Re: 1 to Rs. and Hazro. Kuri-Dolal. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. or khair wood. 1 to Rs. 10 for the set of 4. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi.5 to Rs. Baking-plates are also made here. where wood is plentiful. make padlocks of iron. tehsil Kahutta. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. The lohars of Manianda. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. the spinning wheels. and at Makhad. known as phur. Fatehjang. 8. and are made of Shisham. phulaa. embroidered shoes. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. tehsil Pindigheb. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. neighboring villages. tehsil Rawapindi. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta).3. and Salgraon. Pihras. costing from Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. known as abri. 6. The chairs cost from Re. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Reed matting. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. chappris. Phulkaris are made in many places. according to size. or low chairs. especially in tehsil Kahuta. costing from Re. 1 to Rs. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Chauntra. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil.

The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.1. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. or earthen-jars. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. as there is said to have once been. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district.4. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. have been procured. Lockwood Kipling.4. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Popular Industries 5. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. especially of it is exported across the Indus. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. as else where. at Fatehjang. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Mr. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Here. both lie on the Indus bank.

There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. acid finishing. honed finishing etc. ustaad and unskilled workers. bush hammering. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. Most of the labor has education level below primary. which are also in small quantities. brush finishing. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. I-9/1 and I-9/3. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. cutting & sizing. Rawalpindi. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. flower vases and fountains. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. Sangjani. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. but are only used by 1-2 exporters.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. patti and other handicrafts. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. sand blasting. Karachi and Lahore. handling & storing. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . phool.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. tiles. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Major processes include loading/unloading.

Hardly.000 cubic ft. 8. It is below 50%. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 10.4. 2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 5. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 1. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 9.2. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi.000-300. 4. 7. 3. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 6. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.

and you should take care to build good customer relations. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. A Report by Ms. lockers. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. since all kinds of furniture. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. are in huge demand in the City. The establishments in the city need showcases. lampshades.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. schools. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business.000 people. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. consoles are in demand. Therefore. lamps stands. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. so that must be kept in mind. side tables and stools. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. sofas. Be sure to include photographs. hotels and restaurants. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. etc. Your marketing strategies must be good. and selling innovative products. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. By stocking the best quality goods. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Even couches. as well as residential areas. Once your furniture business gets off. shelves. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . from office to lounge furniture. Polish affects the quality of the material.

and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 28 ditto. Kalabagh oil…. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. leaving the oil above. The oil is collected as it. No. three miles from Fatehjang.16 per hundred gallons. 80 feet. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep.600 gallons per annum. 60 feet. in the Bannu district.000 gallons per year. 3. petroleum and wood. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 4 inches in diameter each. It is made from mustard oil. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The total oil collected is about 1. 50 feet.. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. Fatehjang. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 100 feet. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. No. etc. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives.5. Five borings have been made. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 4. The petroleum now costs Rs. the churches. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. In 1887-89. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . No. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Rs. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. and Kalabagh on the Indus. No.6. The oil is used in its raw state. This is thrown into a cistern. 2. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870.200 gallons last year. No. transmitted light. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 5. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. 1 is 100n feet deep. The petroleum costs. 5.

Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. and Gujrat. fruits. Ghee. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. thick cloths. fruits from Kashmir. charas. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. described above. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. rice being little grown. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. chiefly deodar. it is believed. for seed. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. pattus. timber. Jallundur and Meerut. and that of inferior quality in this district. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Ghee is brought in from Punch. from Kashmir. Kashmir and Sawat. Peshawar. Silk from Amritsar. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. & c. Yarkand and Ladakh. chiefly. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. rice from neighboring districts. Hazro and Makhad. timber. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. and Peshawar. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . was exported to Kashmir. hardware from Amritsar. Sialkot. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Shahjahanpur. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Peshawar. however. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. gur from Sialkot. Jallundur. are exported to some small extent. ra and the sea-ports. dyes. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. metals. Delhi and Gujranwala. from Kashmir. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. leather from Kashmir.1. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley.. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. refined Sugar from Bombay. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Peshawar. Wazirabad. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

2. 20. No. 4. iron mills. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 13. pottery. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Petroleum Refinery. marble processing. 9. hosiery. beverages and fruit preservation. 24. furniture. pharmaceuticals. mineral processing. 12. 7. 23. 1. 5. 22. 14. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 6. Sr. 18. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. cigarettes. steel re-rolling. sawmills. textiles. distillery.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. a brewery. and leather goods. and factories making tents. 16. industrial gases. poultry feed. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. glass products. 15. sewing machines etc. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 19. 17. 3. 10. cigarettes. 8. railroad yards.1. glass products. Heavy Mechanical Complex. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. cotton and woolen Textiles. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. flour mills. 2. cement. 21.

40.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 32. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. if lacking is manageable. 30. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. however. skilled labour. 35. 29.C. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 42. 36. 37. 46. 34. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 26.V. 27. 43. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . linkage between the industrial units. 38. 47. local/national/international demand. 31. 44.C. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.3. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. Therefore. 41. 39. i) ii) 45. 33. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P.C.

Minerals Fire clay. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. cement. employs 48.3% of national GDP. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. etc.4. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. dolomite bentonite. In this area there is good scope for furniture. cotton. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.2. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. 6. Soda ash. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.3. 6. poultry/cattle feed. jawar. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3. leather garments. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . veneer board. maize. ground nut. In addition. leather Products.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3.1. cigarettes. 6. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. there also exist good prospects for tannery. rock salt.3. Silica sand.5. woolen.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. its major crops and fruit are wheat. footwear. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. which accounted 11. semi processed and processed agricultural products. 6. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. glass. It accounts for 38. meat/poultry processing units.3. guava and apple. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. gypsum.3.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Oil refinery. Pharmaceuticals.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.

This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities.8.4. electrical accessories. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. sanitary fitting. suitable for wide spread fish farming. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities.6. Besides. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. 6.7. PVC pipes. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products.3. woolen knitwear. steel furniture. glass hollow-ware. cosmetics. has now emerged as a potential investment area. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. fashion apparel. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region.9. ready made garments for men and women. Attock Refinery. wires etc. 6. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Steel. rubberized/mechanical toys. machine made carpets.3. glass ample. electric cables. Heavy Foundry and Forge. household appliances. pharmaceutical. 6. 6. children wear. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.3. confectionery. sports wear etc. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. POF etc. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. there exists good prospects for biscuits.

These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area.4. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Therefore. The inhabitants. Most of these deposits are unexploited.2. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . 6. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. 6. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Currency and Mint. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.1.4. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.

Social Sector Activities: Education.3 million. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.5. Technical/Vocational Training. Medical and Diagnostic Services.4.4. Hospitals.3. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. including the development of Industrial Zones. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. of tourism. Plant.15 million.6.4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. not manufactured locally.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 6.4. machinery & equipment.

in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . 4. machinery & equipment. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Plant. Plant. 2.5. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. card pay phone services etc. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.e. Beverage 6. hotels and tourism related projects.) LTD Bakery.5. voicemail services. Details of machinery are Plant. Ltd. machinery and equipment. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad.1. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. audio-fax services. Bakery Products 1. 5. 3.2. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6.5. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. not manufactured locally. 6. not manufactured locally. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery and equipment. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. imported by the manufacturing industries. Classic Capital (Pvt. imported by tourism. not manufactured locally. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry.

Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Road Morgah 6. 14. Old G.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.8. Capital Plywood Industry.5.T. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .5. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Chip/Straw Board 9.6.3. Cement Products 7. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.7.4.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Diapers Plant 10. . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Domestic Hardware 11. NEOMEDIX . IPRAM International.5. W. Ceramics Products 8. 16. 12. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5. Peshawar Road 6. 15. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Adyala Road 17.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

Naswari Bazar 24. Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills.Rawat 35. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 29. Khyber Flour Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Habib Flour & General Mills. Rawat 27. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Seham Road 37. Westridge 36.9. Industrial area Rawat 26.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Adyala Road 21. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Railway Workshop Road 31. Westridge 32. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Olive Laboratories . Khurram Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Westridge 38. Peshawar Road 41. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Flour Mills 23. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al-Majahid Flour Mills.5.

Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Rawat 43.5.) Ltd. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.10. JI Interprises.5. Plastic Products 52. Bangash Colony.14. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Pirwadhai 46. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Food Products 45.12.11. Kashmir Road 6. Tops Food & Beverages .5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. LPG Cylinders 51. Rawat Flour Mills.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Poultry Feeds 53. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. National Park Road 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.13.5. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Fine Plastic Works.

Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd..5.5.. (Pvt) Ltd. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.19. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. Adamjee Street 6. Textile Composite 56.5.18. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.Textile Mills Ltd.20.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Westridge 6.16. Tyre and Tubes 58.15. Refinery 55.17. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. D.5.5. Peshawar Road 7. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .M.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Textile Spinning 57. Unani Medicines 59.

Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 8. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following.5. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 10. This region is full of Health facilities. 3. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi.1. 6. Government Hospitals 1. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 3. 3. Dhok Ali Akber.4. 5.2. 4. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 7. 7. 2. Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 2. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi. MCH Centres 1. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).3. 9. 2.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.6. 7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7. 3. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Hearts International 192-A The Mall.

Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 7. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Said pur Road. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi. Shakoors V. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi 15. Bazar Road. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Rawalpindi 11. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center.9.P. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 14. 17. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD.A. Dr. 5551237 8. 4. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Off Murree Road. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. 1. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 2. Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. 3. 7. 2. BH Building. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Dr. Rawalpindi 16. 3. Rawalpindi. 3. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi. Batool Hospital H-241.8.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Saidpur Road. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. 10. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. 5.425 7th Road.I. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 6. Satellite Town. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.2. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. its daughters. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . After their father's death (1901). The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. The building has an architectural splendor. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. University of Arid Agriculture. 8.1.1. Universities 8. As it stands. This gift to the nation. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Muhammed became her legal guardian. Fatima Jinnah University for Women.1. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.

College. Hashmat Ali Isl. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.2.2. Rawalpindi. Gorden College. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. 3. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Colleges 8. Town.2. 4. Govt. Govt. 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. No.2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Town. 1.1. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 5. College Asghar Mall. Located near the CMH. Viqar un Nisa College for women. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Govt. Govt. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College for women St. Govt. Govt. College St.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . 1. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. No.

20. 25. Rawalpindi. Town. 33. 13. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 19. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Punjab College of Information Technology. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 27. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Town. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. 18. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 3. Rawalpindi. St. 5. 11. College of Advance Technology. Town. St. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 17. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. Town. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawal College of Commerce. Universal College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. 22. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. 28. Punjab Law College. 6. 8. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. town. St. town. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. 30. Rawalpindi. St. 12. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. 10. Rahimabad airport Road. Town. 15. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 24.2. town. Rawalpindi. 4. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. Educator College. 35. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Town. Rawalpindi 36. 9. 26. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Town. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 7. St. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 29. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 1. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 23. 2. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Sadiqabad. 21. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 32. 34. 14. Saddar. Rawalpindi. 31. St. Saddar. Rwp.

1. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Rawalpindi Cantt. 13. 16. 11.C. 14. 3. 3. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St.C. 44. Morgah Rawalpindi. 15. Rawalpindi. GMS Amarpura.C. 48. 55. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).C.C. BPS Chamanzar. 49.C.C. Town. 7. 5. Inflorescence College of modern . Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 4.C. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi. Town. 4.C. 38. Indus College of Commerce. College of Commerce Saddar. M.4. GMS Waris Khan. 39. Rawalpindi. BPS Fauji Colony M. 10. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. BPS Bangash Colony M. 51. town. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 2. Rwalpindi. 8. 43. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce.C. 46. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St. 8. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Muslim Town. BPS New Malpur M. BPS Muslim Town M.C. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 54. town. GMS Qasimabad. Islamic International Commerce College. MC. Rawalpindi.2. 40. 47.C. M. M. 12. Rawalpindi. M. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 56. Rwalpindi. 50. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 1. St. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi. 9. Ojiri Camp. Rawalpindi. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 41. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. M.C. St. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 45. town. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Capital College Murree Road.C.C. BPS Arya Mohallah M. M. BMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi.C.C.2. Town. 42. MC. M.C.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road.5. Leadership College for Boys St. 2. 53. Town. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala.. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 52. BPS Qasim abad. 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Rawalpindi. BPS Faiz abad M. Rawalpindi. 6. M.C. Shamsabad.

BHS Ratta Amral M. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Kartarpura. 3. BPS Ratta 18. 6. Techincal Training Institute (W). 3. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Institute of Commerce (W). 6. 4. Rawalpindi Govt.C. M. 5. GHS Satellite Town M.C. (RMGTC). 7. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. GHS Teli Mohallah M. BHS Satellite Town M. M. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .(ABAD).C. Govt. Rawalpindi Govt.2. 7. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Vocational Training Institute (W). BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 2. 5. M. College of Commerce. Vocational Training Institute (W). BHS Moti Baza M.C.C. High School Rawalpindi M. Govt.2 Satellite Town. 8. MC.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Dhamial.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Dhoke Syedan.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 1. Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W).3.C.6. Rawalpindi. 4.C. GHS Ratta Amral M. Institute of Commerce. Rawalpindi Govt.C.PIA College Rawalpindi City. 9. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Millat Colony M. Govt. Scheme No. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. 8. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.

Govt. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Chaklala III 8.G (C. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Quaid-e-Azam College. 4.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Sir Syed College. F.4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.G.5. 7. The Mall F. 3. 6.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G. The Mall 1. 6. 3. Private Schools and colleges 1. Ordinance Road. 5.6. 5. Harley Street F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 2. 2. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 2. 4. 4. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1.

4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. Rawalpindi Medical College.7. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .

the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. covers 2. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. From being a nine-hole course. Situated near the Ayub National Park.T. an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.1. It has a lake with boating facility. lush lawns. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Meander through the bazaars. founded in 1885.300 acres and has a play area. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. lake with boating facility. It covers an area of about 2. 300 acres. 9. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad.1. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. These are the best way to see the city. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. fountains and flower beds. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. today this is a facility of 27 holes. The Ayub National Park. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. a garden restaurant and an aquarium.) Road. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. It has a playground. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.1. play land. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city.

To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. The Park was opened in 1991. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. 9. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. One should try out during a visit here. It has a play area for children. The first prime minister of Pakistan. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. lions. fountains and flower beds. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.2.1. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad.1. was assassinated here in 1950. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. lawns.3. cheetahs. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Some tigers. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. 9. 2007 at same venue. Other areas of the park are used for walking. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. is of historical interest due to its political processions. bears.

where most people congregate. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. schools. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Numerous roads leave. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.1. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.400 feet). one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . especially at weekends. has expanded rapidly. on the Karakoram Highway. Peshawar Road 9.6. Civil Lines 9. Jinnah Park. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Its cold pine forests. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. near Kachari Chowk. Romi Park. Murree is lovely all year round. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. In winter. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.4. In summer it is cool . But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. parks. Murree remained. clubs and cafes. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. however.1.240 meters (7.even chilly in the evening .1. complete with The Mall for promenading. when the honor was transferred to Simla.and rain is common. a little bit of England. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Murree and the Galis Murree. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.5. at 2. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Since independence. churches. Between the two runs The Mall. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road.

There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. hiking places and picnic spots. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station.). Natural springs abound on the slopes. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The golf course here is open only to members. Ayubia has a chair lift. Patriata 25 km from Murree. Ayubia Khairagali. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. both rides cost about Rs. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. In addition to riding trails. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. which is the highest point in the range. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. which like a ski-lift. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. A restaurant has also been established. It is 30 km from Murree. Changlagali.

Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. situated on the summit of a hill. In addition to riding trails.7. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. 9. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. flying squirrel and hill fox. The city of Rawalpindi. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. For this. hiking places. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. you will find that the surface is clean. Khaira Gali. once you reach the summit. golden eagle. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. better known as the Murree National Park. a sub category of the Montane Forests. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Islamabad.1. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Asiatic leopard. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km.

Buddhist. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Most of the sites at Taxila. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. As it turns out. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. silver. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918.9.1. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. vicery of India in 1918. However. but come out by sheer luck. walking sticks. which is the first stop for any tourist. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. gold. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. terracotta. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. This is a place where you go by choice. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. stucco.8. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen.1. at The Raja Bazaar. At the outset. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. are located around the Taxila Museum. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. 48 km from Rawalpindi. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. 9. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. The Sarafa bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . iron and semiprecious stones. including stone. Here. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Saddar bazaar. 9. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar.C to 500 AD. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. could not complete its original plan. There are 4000 objects displayed. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. shawls and jackets. cane baskets and furniture. the museum. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan.T.

The resort has a restaurant. by the Department of Archaeology. Road. Taxila. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road.T.e. Road. loved by the Mughals. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Tapering cypress trees. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.T.10.Twice a year. on their way to Kashmir. that is. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. left of G. Ferishta and Jehangir. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Government of Pakistan. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Guru Nanak. Gen. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Road. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. i. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings.T. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.1. and the modern capital of Pakistan. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. 9. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. gently flowing stream. Today.5 acres. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . This place offers scenic walks. line the canals through which cool waters once. Islamabad. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. by his colleagues.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. on the G.T. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. 9. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Road. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. Sports venues and stadiums 9. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. home to several thousand people. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. and the course itself. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan.3. one on the top of the hill and other below it. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. T. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. at the foot of Margalla. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Road Rawalpindi. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. G. was also built during this period. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.1. From the clubhouse. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. After several phases of development. it is now a 27-hole course. It is situated at I. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. with spring water falling within it. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. a minister of emperor Akbar.3. a small town has developed.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. 9. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium.3. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.2. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Islamabad.000. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

3.5. The Mall Saddar 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Rawalpindi Club. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .4.3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.1.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. however personal visits are also allowed.1. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. SERVICES 10. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Therefore. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. identification of vehicles for registration etc. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Rescue 15 .1. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. rescue. explosions. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness.1. crime reporting. 10. buildings collapse. Response and Prevention. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Community Awareness &Training. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. which is an achievement even internationally. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons.2. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue.

3. 10. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 9. 2. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 13. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country.4. 4.1. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 12. 7. 5. struggle. 8.1. Endurance. 6. patience. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 11.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10.3. 14. perseverance.

6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . love and understanding.1. support.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. The children are given security.5. Children. Old People and Disabled. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.

7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . 7. The curriculum includes Islamic studies." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.028 consumers comprising Commercial. both for itself and other organizations. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.1. Here. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.7.897. this poor child. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Sales to these consumers were 39. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. Domestic. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).127.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. detail of some among them is following. 2006. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. General Industry. boys and girls . Distribution system consists of 46.581.081 HM3 worth 107. now Companies Ordinance 1984.” 10. not on Islamic political causes. SNGPL has 2.1. Power & Cement Sectors.2. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.118 million rupees during July-September. “The basic aim is that this orphan. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.733. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. 10. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Urdu.46/-.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .280 HM3 worth 31. Fertilizer. but the emphasis is on achievement.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.study together up until fifth grade. designing and construction of pipelines. to be sure.008.2.

2. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Chakwal. Rawalpindi Cantt. SNGPL.2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Saadi Road 10. Attock.

In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .7 million customers. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.3. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.8 million V-fone customers.000 and 5. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.

of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Pirwadahi Total No. Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.2. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. 1 5. Committee Chowk 4. Water Works No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.4. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.

2. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 5. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.5. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 2. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 6. 4. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. POST OFFICE GPO . Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 3.

has numerous routes. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.6. Rawalpindi 10.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. rail and road. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 .2. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines.2. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. In addition to freight. both national and international. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). with many domestic and international flights every day. the principal carrier in Pakistan. 1. 2. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. which connects Pakistan to China. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Motorway Interchange. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the world's highest international road.2. which were completed in the 1990s. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. more recently. Road) or.8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.T.

yellow cabs.2. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). auto-rickshaws. mini-buses.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.9. Due to lack of planning of roads. ranging from yellow taxis. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. For inter-city travel.

relocation of structures. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . traffic signs. median.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 4. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.1. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Objectives 1. pavement marking. channelization of junctions. pedestrian over head bridges. installations of traffic signals. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. 3. construction of footpaths. provision of efficient drainage system.45 Km of main road with 1. 5. 2. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.

growth of income. OD travel pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . 2. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. land values & ownership pattern. land use plan. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. of Punjab / RDA. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc.00 million. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Detailed Traffic Engg.2. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. future land uses pattern. Task-III Economic Evaluation. 1. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway.T. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.

Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. unbalanced land use transport interaction.000 Cusecs 35. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. b. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. commercial. enchroachments. industrial. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi.5 m 21. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. c. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. d. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. e. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.3. f. non standardized infrastructure support.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. The Lai Nullah. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Unluckily however.

Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. And. At that time. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . Until 1923. according to the old timers. Famous Historical Places 12.1.

3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Sarafa Bazaar. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. After independence.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12. In 1920 in the pre-partition days.1. it was home to Budhana Bibi. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Lal Haveli In old times.the glory of the cantonment . better known as The Mall . a famous dancing girl. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.1.2. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.

4. cut brick corbellings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Pakpattan or Lahore. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. bay windows and doors. Like Multan. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.1. better known as the Purana Qilla. the old quarters of the city. dense housing. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.2. Modern.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.1.

2. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12.3. Rawalpindi. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Flashman’s Hotel 12.4.2.2.5.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi.1.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. Rawalpindi.3. Famous Restaurants 12. 12.3.

International Near KFC. Rawalpindi. Saddar.4. Sub Way .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Saddar. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.International .4. 12. Murree Road.4.2.1. KFC . Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Rawalpindi.

Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Bank Road 8. Police Station Road 11.5. 6. 4. Canning Road 10. 12. Haider Road 12. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Peshawar Road 9. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 3.

College Road 15. Tipu Road 16. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Harding Road 14. 17.

6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There are many old buildings. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.

000 books which are updated at regular interval.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9.

10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 1. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 13. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 21. 27. 10. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 4. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 28. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 25. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 20. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 14. Bank Rawalpindi. 23. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 22. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 29. 11. Citi Bank N A. Industrial Deve. 16. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 18. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi. 6. 30. 17. 32. 12. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 24. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. 9. The Bank of Punjab. 15. 26. 31. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12.

Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Theories abound. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Many. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. But that was the extent of it. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. It was clear. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. that it was Ojhri. This was a deliberate act of destruction. on April 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. now. That it was an ammunition dump. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp.13. Soon. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. many thousands more were injured. Over 5000 people were killed. 19 years ago. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Rawlapindi.

On July 23. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.23 Billion. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. 2001.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Margalla and Murree hills. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. WATER RESERVOIR 13.1. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.000 acre feet (11763 MG).8 sq. which generates 84. km. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. fishing and boating. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.500 acre feet (12994 MG).000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The total storage capacity is 47. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Live storage is 43.

Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Therefore.2. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Since its inception. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. after 2000.687 MCM. outflow is 0. However. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. in general. 13.783 MCM. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .Glorious Rawalpindi 13. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. due to monsoon. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the outflow has been less than the inflow. whereas. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. However. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. the flow was relatively high in June to August.777 MCM.3.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

m. m. g. Rawalpindi Cities. a. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. f. t.mapsofworld. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . s. Rawalpindi Post Office. c.rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.geocities. l. Rawalpindi EDO Education. h. n. Punjab Railway Station. o. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.com Books & Etc. h. q. j. k. q. e. n.absoluteastronomy. j.com pakistanpeadia. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. b.gov.blogspot.pk travel.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a.com www. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. c. Govt. p. b. k. EDO Health. d. f. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. g.com Virtualglobetrottiong. o.com Nrb www. 1998 City Report. r. S. d. l. r. Rawalpindi. i. p. e.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. i.