Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.........................................2...............1. Cricket ......5.. 44 9............................................................................ Rawalpindi Public Park .................................................. Khewra Salt Mines ........1........................................3........ 51 9................................ Edhi Foundation ..............2.............................................. 56 9............. SERVICES . Romi Park.............. Punjab...... 62 10.................. Government Schools & Colleges ................................................................. 60 10.............. Darul Aman ....1...... 58 10......................................................................................... 63 10................................................................................................................................................................................. 60 10............................................ Other Places Worth A Visit.............2.........................9.....5............ Jinnah Park...... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ....................... PTCL ............... 52 9............................. Ayub National Park ........ .....................................................................2............... 55 9.. Peshawar Road . 57 9............4..........10............................................3......................1............................ 51 9.........1..2...................................2.. 54 9.......................................................................7......1............... Temple of Katas ..........................................................................3...................................... 51 9............................................................................. ............................................................................................... 46 9.................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...........1........................................... KABBADI..................................................................2.... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .............1............................................ Field Hockey ............................ 49 9.....2........................ 43 9........1...3.............................................. POLICE STATIONS......... Private Schools and colleges .....................1....................2......2................................................................................. IESCO ..... Liaqat National Bagh .2.................... The Salt Range ...............................................................2.. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...............................3....1............................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ..............................................................1................ Rawalpindi Club..................................... 50 9..................................4............................................................................5...................3....................................................................................6.............................................................. 42 8................. 42 8............................................................................................................ Hassan Abdal...........1..............3.................................................... 45 9.............................. 57 9.................................. 44 9..................Glorious Rawalpindi 8................2..................................4..........................3.....................2............... 57 9........................6.........7....................................................................................................... Civil Lines ............................... near Kachari Chowk............................................................................... Kallar Kahar ..... Sports venues and stadiums ................................................................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ...................4.......... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ..... Forts ........... The Mall Saddar .......................................................... Cinemas & Theatres .....6................ 44 9....... 64 10...... 63 10..........................................6..............................................................8.................... 45 9................... 63 10...................... 49 9....5.................... 56 9... 65 Company Profile ..3...................... 48 9........ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ........................................3.. 57 9...............................................................................................................4.........................4.............3......................4...1.............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ............................ 60 10...............................5......1........4................................................. Medical Colleges ............ 62 10.....................................................1.....................1.................. 58 9........ Murree and the Galis ....................... Taxila Museum...........1............................................................ Rescue 15 ..Emergency Reporting Centre ................................. 61 10.2.............................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .....................1............................................................ 60 10................1........................................ 46 9. SPORTS & RECREATION .............. Rawalpindi Golf Course ...............................1...7.... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ......................... 42 8... The Raja Bazaar ....3... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .......... SOS Village ....... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).................1......... 46 9................1..............3................ Army Hockey Stadium ...... 54 9.1....5.............1............................. 51 9................................. 61 10..................................................... 56 9.................2.......... 41 8............... Utility Services ........................... 53 9.......4...........................

...............................................1...................... 75 12..............................2.................................... Shalimar Hotel ****.......................................2.......................... 104 13..............................4.......... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ................................................1........................................................................................................................................... 80 12............ 75 12................................. Purana Qilla ......................... 82 12............. 68 10........................................................................................ Ancient Rawalpindi ... 74 12................... WATER RESERVOIR ..............................................International .......3............8...............13...................... 95 12...................................................................................................... 104 13............................ Sub Way ...............2....................... Famous Restaurants.................................................4...............8............ The Mall ........................................................................................................................ 67 10.. 78 12................................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10...................2................... Lasania Restaurant city ...........................................................................2............................................................... FAMOUS Hotels ............... Roads In Rawalpindi City .................2............. Highways .........................................2................ 75 12... 84 12.................. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .................................................4.......1. 80 12......................................10..................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ... Lai Expressway ......................................3....................... RAWAL LAKE.............................................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ................................................ Libraries and Museums ...1...............3......................................1... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ............2..........................................3..............................2.......... 93 12....................... Flashman’s Hotel.......................... 66 10..................................................7................. 78 12....... Lal Haveli ........5...................... 100 12................................ Hotel Civic .................. 68 10....1..2......................................2.................. Famous Chowk..2...........................................................................................................................1................................................................................................................................................................................1................ Akbar International *** ...............................................................2.5......... Airport ............9............2....................................... Islamabad International Airport Road .....................International ..... WASA ............................................................................................................... Public Transportation ...... 90 12............................................... 72 11......2..............7................................................................. 78 12.................... Famous Historical Places ....................................12...... 96 12................................ Misriot Dam ............... 80 12..........2.........................................................2. 79 12..........................................................................................3................................... 81 12............ 102 13.....5.....................6............3.......... 76 12................. 105 13...... 76 12............................4........................................................................................................... 81 12............ RING ROAD ......................... 73 11............................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ........ Political Structure .............................................................14...... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ......9..........................................................3....................................(Rawalpindi) ................. 79 12...................................................2...... 79 12...... 81 12...11....................................................................................................................1............4..................... 77 12........ 99 12................................................................................1..................... 70 10................................................................... 98 12.................. 71 11............ Lai Nullah ...... Jawa Dam .. Railway Stations ........................................................1...................................................................................4........................... KFC .... La Rosh Hotel............... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ............................ 72 11............................................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ...................6...... Museums ........ POST OFFICE ................

e. the area of its concern. communication net works.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . education and the existing industries. infrastructure. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. i. health. This study contains information on population.

they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. has a long history spread over several millennia. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. also known as Pindi. In 1849. battle with Gakhars. Rawalpindi City. a Ghakkar Chief . the martial people of the area against the British domination. When Jhanda Khan. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. until 1765. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The Rawals a jogi tribe. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. However. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). Jhelum.e. HISTORY Rawalpindi. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. founded a new town nearby. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Although they did not succeed. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.

It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In 1951.e. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Many Government buildings were set on fire. water is stored by building dams. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. Nala Lai. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. the Afghan war and martial law. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement.e. before Pakistan came into existence. in Liaquat Garden. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Cantonment and city. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. famous for its floods.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. he was welcomed rousingly. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . and it serves the city along with the capital. Liaquat Ali Khan. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. The city is home to many industries and factories.

37’ East longitudes.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.1. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Location It lies between 33°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.04’ 34°.01’ North latitudes and 72°. in the province of Punjab. Chakwal.38’ and 73°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. 2.

5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 500 meters AMSL 5. 2. 73.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.300. 051 Time zone.059.2. of Towns. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. Area.286 km² Calling code.6.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 73.059. 70. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .000 (1998) 3. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Altitude. PST (UTC+5) No. Estimate.6. 8 Population. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.550 (2007) Literacy rate.

06 Degree Centigrade per month . and Pakhtuns. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.7 C and Min 2. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. Punjabis. In summer.6 Degree Centigrade. when the mean max. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. temp is 17. The weather is highly unpredictable. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The coldest month is Jan. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. Muhajirs.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 .3. comprising Potoharis.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade.

More than men. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). There are many mosques throughout the city. In addition to the two Eids. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Here too the poor are not forgotten. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. 3. The roads. On Eid day. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes.1. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).Glorious Rawalpindi 3. others being truthfulness. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. No sooner it is sited. In the evening of 29th Ramadan.a ritual in which everyone shares. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . On this day. modesty and good behaviour.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. one for distribution among the poor. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah.

Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. railways and the police force. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. 3. There are two Churches in Saddar. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Chaunji Trap. Bhangra. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered.2. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Young people prefer Kabaddi. tent pegging and Bini. education. Summi. wrestling. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan.Paul Church. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Music and dancing are also common. St.

but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. historical and political ties to the country. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .4.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. and to the historical region of Punjab. Hinduism After the Partition of India.

Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. Later in 1971. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity.1. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. CULTURE 4. red or velvet. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.1.3. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 1940. Islamabad. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.1. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1.2. when Pakistan. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 4. 4. On 23rd March. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.

Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. After the religious formalities. bangles. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . 4.4. sweet and ornaments etc. the bride’s parents feast the party. Khaki or grey. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket.2. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Tea is popular all over the district. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Due to good weather condition in the district. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). To mold into the colors of ubton. 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. health of population is generally better. 4. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. the other name of mienu.3. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage.4. The usual ornaments like ear rings.1. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.

MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.4.2. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. 4.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. All the guests. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. especially women.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.4.4.3. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination.

Besides. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies.5. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Influence of Peerisam is quite strong.

Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. pears. a brewery. steel re-rolling. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district.000 spindles.021 power looms. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . iron mills. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. pottery. maize. sewing machines etc. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. medium and small industrial units. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Welding. cigarettes. citrus. and leather goods. railroad yards. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. apricots.e. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. industrial gas processing. glass products. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. pharmaceutical. marble processing. Air conditiong. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. hosiery.000b spindles and 1. furniture. Drafting. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. textiles. potato. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. and factories making tents.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. sawmills. apples. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. beverages and fruit preservation. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. about 1. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35.000 persons i. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Metallurgy.6% of district population is directly employed in large. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Auto knitting and commerce etc. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. and vegetables are the major products of the city. bajra. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here.

These only form a small percentage of the total population. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. so-called. by courtesy. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. do not require detailed notice. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. except ploughing. gold threads. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. The chief families of Gakkhar. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Janjuas. towns of the district. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Like the men of the tribe. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. is misleading.2. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. 5. Kohlis and a few others. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Brahmans. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. chiefly silk goods. gold seals and such like. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . They also deal largely in hides. will go to far from their homes for such work.1. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely.

costing from Rs. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. which are sold in Rawalpindi. The lohars of Manianda. tehsil Rawapindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Baking-plates are also made here. Chauntra. and Salgraon. make padlocks of iron. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. costing from Re. Pindigheb. Leather manufacturers have diminished. known as abri. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. 20. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Kuri-Dolal.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. neighboring villages. and are made of Shisham. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Reed matting. and Hazro. phulaa. saddles are the principal articles made. the spinning wheels.5 to Rs. Phulkaris are made in many places. especially in tehsil Kahuta. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. Fatehjang. tehsil Pindigheb. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. 40. 8. Pihras. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. chappris. embroidered shoes. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best.3. or low chairs. 1 to Rs. 6. The chairs cost from Re. 10 for the set of 4. according to size. from Re: 1 to Rs. or khair wood. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. tehsil Kahutta. and at Makhad. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. known as phur. where wood is plentiful. 1 to Rs.

which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Here. as else where. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb.4. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. Lockwood Kipling. as there is said to have once been. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. especially of it is exported across the Indus. have been procured. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district.1. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Mr.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab.4. at Fatehjang. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. or earthen-jars. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Popular Industries 5. both lie on the Indus bank. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader.

which are also in small quantities. bush hammering. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. handling & storing. acid finishing. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Karachi and Lahore. patti and other handicrafts. Major processes include loading/unloading. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. tiles. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. Rawalpindi. I-9/1 and I-9/3. brush finishing. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. ustaad and unskilled workers. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. Sangjani. phool. honed finishing etc. flower vases and fountains.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. Most of the labor has education level below primary. sand blasting. cutting & sizing. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region.

Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 8. 1. 9. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 2. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.000-300. It is below 50%.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.2. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used.4. 3. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 10. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.000 cubic ft. 6. 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 4. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Hardly. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 7.

• Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. lockers. The establishments in the city need showcases. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. sofas. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. By stocking the best quality goods. Your marketing strategies must be good. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Be sure to include photographs. Therefore. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. since all kinds of furniture. A Report by Ms.000 people. from office to lounge furniture. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. shelves. Once your furniture business gets off. etc. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . lampshades. lamps stands. Polish affects the quality of the material. consoles are in demand. schools. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. side tables and stools. Even couches. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. are in huge demand in the City. and you should take care to build good customer relations. so that must be kept in mind. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. as well as residential areas. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. hotels and restaurants. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. and selling innovative products.

No. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 5. petroleum and wood.200 gallons last year. leaving the oil above. The oil is used in its raw state.. The total oil collected is about 1. No. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. in the Bannu district. Fatehjang. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 2. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. This is thrown into a cistern. It is made from mustard oil. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.5. Rs. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 100 feet. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. No. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. the churches. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. Five borings have been made. 60 feet.6. The oil is collected as it. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order.000 gallons per year. In 1887-89. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 1 is 100n feet deep. 4. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. three miles from Fatehjang. The petroleum costs. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 80 feet. transmitted light. 50 feet.600 gallons per annum. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. Kalabagh oil…. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . 28 ditto. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. 3. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. No. etc.16 per hundred gallons. and Kalabagh on the Indus. 4 inches in diameter each. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. No. 5. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The petroleum now costs Rs.

Yarkand and Ladakh. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Peshawar. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Ghee is brought in from Punch.. Sialkot. Shahjahanpur. Silk from Amritsar. from Kashmir. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. dyes. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. leather from Kashmir. timber. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means.1. Hazro and Makhad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. and Peshawar. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Wazirabad. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. was exported to Kashmir. gur from Sialkot. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. refined Sugar from Bombay. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Kashmir and Sawat. ra and the sea-ports. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. hardware from Amritsar. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Peshawar. described above. & c.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. fruits from Kashmir. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. pattus. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. for seed. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Ghee. however. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. are exported to some small extent. and Gujrat. rice being little grown. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . from Kashmir. and that of inferior quality in this district. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. thick cloths. it is believed. chiefly deodar. Jallundur and Meerut. Jallundur. fruits. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Delhi and Gujranwala. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. charas. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. rice from neighboring districts. metals. Peshawar. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. timber. chiefly. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. The ordinary manufacturers of the district.

Heavy Rebuild Factory. cigarettes. industrial gases. steel re-rolling. 5. 23. 17. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 15. and leather goods.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Petroleum Refinery. iron mills. 9. railroad yards.2. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. a brewery. 13. textiles. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. poultry feed. flour mills. distillery. 21. 12. 10. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 14. glass products. 18.2. 4. 20. 19. 6. pharmaceuticals. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . marble processing. hosiery. 22. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 24. pottery. No. cement. 3. mineral processing. Sr. 16.1. beverages and fruit preservation. cotton and woolen Textiles. glass products. 1. cigarettes. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 8. and factories making tents. Heavy Foundry and Forge. furniture. 7. sawmills. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 2. sewing machines etc.

3. 39. 41. 32. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 29. 26. 35. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 47. however. 46. 38. skilled labour. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 43. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 33. 40. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. if lacking is manageable. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. linkage between the industrial units. local/national/international demand. 37.C.C. Therefore. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 42. 27. 36. 30. i) ii) 45. 44. 34.C. 31.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors.V.

Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. guava and apple. 6. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. Silica sand. jawar.3. In addition. 6. which accounted 11. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. dolomite bentonite. Pharmaceuticals. leather garments. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. cotton. poultry/cattle feed. It contributes 24% to the GDP. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. glass. veneer board.4. Oil refinery.2. footwear.5 billion for the year 2001-02. there also exist good prospects for tannery. leather Products. cigarettes. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. Minerals Fire clay. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. Soda ash. meat/poultry processing units. maize. gypsum. woolen. 6. cement.5. etc.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.3. its major crops and fruit are wheat. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers.3% of national GDP.3. In this area there is good scope for furniture. It accounts for 38.4% of the agricultural value added and 9.3. ground nut.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.3. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.1.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.3. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. rock salt. 6. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. employs 48.

6. wires etc.3. Attock Refinery. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. steel furniture. machine made carpets. suitable for wide spread fish farming. 6.8. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. ready made garments for men and women. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. 6. fashion apparel.7. Steel.3. confectionery. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. glass ample. pharmaceutical. POF etc. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.9. glass hollow-ware. electric cables. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. woolen knitwear. 6.4. cosmetics. household appliances. has now emerged as a potential investment area. 6. PVC pipes. children wear.3. electrical accessories. sanitary fitting. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 .3. there exists good prospects for biscuits. sports wear etc. rubberized/mechanical toys. Besides. 6.

Therefore. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.4. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries.1. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . 6.2. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. The inhabitants. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. 6. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Currency and Mint. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals.4. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.

3 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. Technical/Vocational Training. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. not manufactured locally. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. including the development of Industrial Zones. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Human Resource Development (HRD).Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6. Hospitals.4.3. 6. of tourism.4.3 million. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. machinery & equipment.5.15 million. Social Sector Activities: Education.

Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. 5. 3. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. 4. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . 6. machinery & equipment. Ltd. imported by the manufacturing industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.e. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Classic Capital (Pvt. not manufactured locally.5. hotels and tourism related projects. Plant. imported by tourism. machinery and equipment. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Bakery Products 1. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.5. 2.2. machinery and equipment. Plant. voicemail services. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant.5. Murree Brewery Company LTD.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. not manufactured locally. card pay phone services etc. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.1. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Beverage 6. not manufactured locally.) LTD Bakery. audio-fax services.

Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.8.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Diapers Plant 10. .5. Ceramics Products 8.5. Peshawar Road 6. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.5. Cement Products 7. 14.4. Adyala Road 17. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Domestic Hardware 11.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Capital Plywood Industry. Road Morgah 6. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .7. Chip/Straw Board 9. IPRAM International.6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . W. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. 12.3. 15. NEOMEDIX . Old G.T.5. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.5.5. 16. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.

Naswari Bazar 24.9. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 32. Olive Laboratories . National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills.5. Ratta Road 29. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Westridge 36. Railway Workshop Road 25. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.Rawat 35. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Webros Pharmaceuticals. Khyber Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Westridge 38. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Al Karim Flour Mills. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Rawat 27. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Adyala Road 21. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Peshawar Road 41. Industrial area Rawat 26. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Ratta Road 34. Railway Workshop Road 31. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Seham Road 37.

LPG Cylinders 51. Rawat 43. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.5. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Tops Food & Beverages . Poultry Feeds 53. Fine Plastic Works.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.12.5. Kashmir Road 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Rawat Flour Mills.11.5.10. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Pirwadhai 46.5.14.) Ltd. Food Products 45. JI Interprises. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. SB Feed Industries (Pvt.5. Bangash Colony.13. Plastic Products 52. National Park Road 6. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.

Tyre and Tubes 58. Refinery 55. Textile Spinning 57. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.M. (Pvt) Ltd.5. D.16. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.17. Westridge 6. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .18.5.5.20.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.Textile Mills Ltd.15. Adamjee Street 6. Unani Medicines 59..19..5.5. Peshawar Road 7. Textile Composite 56.

Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 5. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 2. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi.1. This region is full of Health facilities. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Dhok Ali Akber. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 7. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 4. 3. 2. 3. 7. 6. Govt.2. Government Hospitals 1. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.4. MCH Centres 1.5. 10.3. 7. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 9. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 2. 8.

Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Combined Military Hospital 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Military Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 7.6.7.

Satellite Town. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas.I. Rawalpindi 15. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Satellite Town. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Satellite Town. 2. Satellite Town.425 7th Road. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Rawalpindi 11. Off Murree Road. 5. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Batool Hospital H-241. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. 3. 6. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Bazar Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 4. 7. Shakoors V. Rawalpindi 12. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk.P. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BH Building. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Rawalpindi 16.9. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. 3. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Dr. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Said pur Road. Rawalpindi 14.8. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. 3. Rawalpindi. Saidpur Road. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Dr. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi Cantt. 10. 5551237 8. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. 1.A. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 2. 7.

Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . ARID UNIVERSITY 8. its daughters. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.1. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Muhammed became her legal guardian.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. This gift to the nation. The building has an architectural splendor. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Universities 8. After their father's death (1901).2. 8.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . As it stands.1. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. University of Arid Agriculture. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.

2. Rawalpindi 2. College for women St. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Town. Rawalpindi. Govt. 1.1.2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Govt. Gorden College. College St. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Town. College Asghar Mall. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. No. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Colleges 8. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. College. Rawalpindi. Hashmat Ali Isl.1. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Govt. 5. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 4. Rawalpindi.2.2.3. Govt. No. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. 3.

Saddar. Educator College. 18. 34. Sadiqabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 17. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . College of Advance Technology. Town. 19. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 30. Rawalpindi. 7. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 10. 27. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 9. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. 14. Rawalpindi. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Universal College. Leader College 6th Road. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 26. St. Punjab Law College. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi.2. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 13. Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 29. 20. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 23. National Science College Murree Road. St. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 6. 4. 28. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. Rawalpindi. Town. 3. Rawalpindi. Rwp. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 12. Rawalpindi 36. town. 33. Town. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. St. Rawalpindi. Town. 15. 22. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rahimabad airport Road. 25. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. 31. 1. Town. Leaders College of Commerce. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 24. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 8. St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Kashmir Road. 11. St. Rawalpindi. town. Saddar. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi 16. Town. 32. town. 2. town. 35. 5. Town.

41. Town. Punjab College of information technology. 6. 2. 45. 13. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. 40. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.4. 56. 51.C.C. M.C. 3. 3. 42. 49.C. BPS Arya Mohallah M. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. town. Inflorescence College of modern . 50. Rawalpindi. 16. College of Commerce Saddar. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed.2.C. BPS Chamanzar. St. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 4. 39.C. 15. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 7. M. Rawalpindi Cantt. 46. Morgah Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Rawalpindi. M. BPS New Malpur M. 10. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.C.. 2. M. BPS Muslim Town M.C. M. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 1. Rawalpindi. 44. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St.C. M. Rawalpindi. MC.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 54. 8. Town. 53. Rawalpindi. 9.C. BPS Qasim abad. 14. Town. 12. 55.C. Capital College Murree Road. M. St. Rwalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 8.C. BPS Fauji Colony M. 52. 11. M. Shamsabad. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. BMS Amarpura. Town.C. 48. GMS Amarpura. Leadership College for Boys St. town. town. BPS Muslim Town. GMS Qasimabad. Rwalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 8.2. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. Indus College of Commerce.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 5. 38.C. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce.C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 1. Rawalpindi.C. GMS Waris Khan.5. 47. 4. 43. MC. Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. BPS Faiz abad M. Ojiri Camp.

GHS Ratta Amral M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Scheme No. GHS Satellite Town M. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Techincal Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). MC. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). 8. M. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BHS Satellite Town M. M. Kartarpura.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Dhoke Syedan. 3. (RMGTC). Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 3.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. 7. Govt. Institute of Commerce. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi Cantt. BHS Ratta Amral M. High School Rawalpindi M.6. 9. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.3. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. Dhamial.C. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. 4. Rawalpindi Govt. BPS Affandi Colony 8. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. BHS Moti Baza M.C.C.C.(ABAD).C.2 Satellite Town. College of Commerce. 6.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 7. Institute of Commerce (W). Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. 4.C. BPS Ratta 18.2. 1. 2. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 8. 5. M.C. BHS Millat Colony M. Govt.C. Govt.C.

Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 2. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Harley Street F.5. The Mall F. The Mall 1.G. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Quaid-e-Azam College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 6. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.G (C. 2.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. 4. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 2.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Govt. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Chaklala III 8.4. Ordinance Road. 6. 3. 5. 3. 4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 5.G. Government Schools & Colleges 1.6. 7. Sir Syed College. Private Schools and colleges 1.

Rawalpindi Medical College. 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Medical Colleges 1. 4. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .

at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. It has a playground.300 acres and has a play area. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. These are the best way to see the city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .) Road. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. The Ayub National Park. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. From being a nine-hole course. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.T. 300 acres. today this is a facility of 27 holes.1. covers 2. play land. an aquarium. lake with boating facility. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. founded in 1885. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. It has a lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. lush lawns.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. fountains and flower beds. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Meander through the bazaars. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. It covers an area of about 2. 9.1.

9. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment.2. is of historical interest due to its political processions.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.1. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. fountains and flower beds. was assassinated here in 1950.3. One should try out during a visit here. lawns. 9. bears. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. lions. The Park was opened in 1991. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Some tigers. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.1. 2007 at same venue. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. cheetahs. It has a play area for children. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park.

especially at weekends. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).1. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. however. In summer it is cool .even chilly in the evening . a little bit of England. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer.240 meters (7. Peshawar Road 9. In winter.1. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets.400 feet). churches.5. Civil Lines 9.and rain is common. where most people congregate. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Jinnah Park. Murree and the Galis Murree. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. complete with The Mall for promenading. near Kachari Chowk. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. amidst magnificent mountain scenery.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. on the Karakoram Highway. when the honor was transferred to Simla. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. schools. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad.4. has expanded rapidly. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Since independence. Its cold pine forests. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.6. Numerous roads leave. Between the two runs The Mall. clubs and cafes. Murree remained. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. at 2. Murree is lovely all year round. parks. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.1. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Romi Park.

Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Changlagali. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Ayubia has a chair lift. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). A restaurant has also been established. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The golf course here is open only to members. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Ayubia Khairagali. which is the highest point in the range. It is 30 km from Murree. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. In addition to riding trails. which like a ski-lift. Patriata 25 km from Murree. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. both rides cost about Rs. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point.). hiking places and picnic spots.

For this. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. situated on the summit of a hill. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Asiatic leopard. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Khaira Gali.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful.7. better known as the Murree National Park. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale.1. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. In addition to riding trails. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . golden eagle. you will find that the surface is clean. The city of Rawalpindi. once you reach the summit. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. Islamabad. hiking places. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. a sub category of the Montane Forests. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. flying squirrel and hill fox. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. 9. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture.

The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment.8. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. including stone. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. could not complete its original plan. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan.9. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. At the outset. walking sticks. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. at The Raja Bazaar. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. iron and semiprecious stones. Here. stucco. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. There are 4000 objects displayed. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. Most of the sites at Taxila. gold. 48 km from Rawalpindi. terracotta.1. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. Saddar bazaar. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. but come out by sheer luck. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen.T. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. 9. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. cane baskets and furniture. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place.1. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. are located around the Taxila Museum. shawls and jackets. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. which is the first stop for any tourist. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 .Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. The Sarafa bazaar. silver. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. This is a place where you go by choice. Buddhist. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. the museum. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. vicery of India in 1918. Potohar shoes and Chappals. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. As it turns out. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there.C to 500 AD. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. However. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. 9.

5 acres. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. line the canals through which cool waters once. i. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Islamabad. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Ferishta and Jehangir. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Road. Guru Nanak. built in 1890 in memory of Brig.T. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. that is. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. loved by the Mughals. The resort has a restaurant. Tapering cypress trees. left of G. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Road. This place offers scenic walks. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Road. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.e. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Gen.T. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Government of Pakistan. on their way to Kashmir. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.10.Twice a year. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Today. gently flowing stream.T. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. by the Department of Archaeology. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.1. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Taxila. by his colleagues. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

1. it is now a 27-hole course. G. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club.T. Road. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. It is situated at I. 9. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. a small town has developed. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. was also built during this period. Sports venues and stadiums 9.3. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. From the clubhouse. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. at the foot of Margalla. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. home to several thousand people. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. a minister of emperor Akbar. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Road Rawalpindi. After several phases of development. and the course itself.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. on the G. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. T. with spring water falling within it. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks.

It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.2.3. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. 9. Islamabad. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.

The Mall Saddar 9.5. Rawalpindi Club.4. Army Hockey Stadium 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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explosions. rescue. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness.1. crime reporting. Response and Prevention. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Community Awareness &Training.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. which is an achievement even internationally. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. SERVICES 10. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Therefore. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. however personal visits are also allowed. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves.1. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. identification of vehicles for registration etc.2. buildings collapse. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose.1. Rescue 15 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 13. 2. 8. 3. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. Endurance. 10. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . patience. 4.4. 7. struggle. 6. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi .3.1. perseverance. 5. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.1. 14. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 9. 12. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 11. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.

love and understanding.5. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Old People and Disabled. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.1.1. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Children. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. The children are given security. support. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.

Domestic. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.2." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .1. Here. boys and girls . 2006. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.028 consumers comprising Commercial. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). both for itself and other organizations.280 HM3 worth 31.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. Fertilizer.118 million rupees during July-September. detail of some among them is following.1. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. now Companies Ordinance 1984. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. Power & Cement Sectors.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).46/-. Distribution system consists of 46. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.581.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.2.study together up until fifth grade.081 HM3 worth 107. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.733. “The basic aim is that this orphan.” 10. SNGPL has 2. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. to be sure. designing and construction of pipelines. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.008. but the emphasis is on achievement.897. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . 10. not on Islamic political causes. this poor child. 7. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Sales to these consumers were 39.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.127. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. General Industry. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Urdu.7. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.

Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2. Chakwal. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. SNGPL. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Attock.

PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.2. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.8 million V-fone customers.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .000 and 5. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.7 million customers.3. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.

As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Water Works No. of No. Committee Chowk 4.2. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Total No. Pirwadahi Total No.4. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. 1 5. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. POST OFFICE GPO . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 3. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 2. 6. 4. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 5.5. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division.2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.

Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.6. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . the principal carrier in Pakistan. 2. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Rawalpindi 10. both national and international. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. In addition to freight. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. rail and road. 1. with many domestic and international flights every day.2.2. has numerous routes. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Motorway Interchange. the world's highest international road.T. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. more recently.8. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which were completed in the 1990s. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. which connects Pakistan to China.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.2. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Road) or. Rawalpindi. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.

2. yellow cabs. For inter-city travel. and which operate constantly throughout the day. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. mini-buses. auto-rickshaws. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . ranging from yellow taxis. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr.9.

traffic signs. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. pedestrian over head bridges. pavement marking.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. construction of footpaths. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. 3. median. channelization of junctions.45 Km of main road with 1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Rawalpindi. 4. 5. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.1. installations of traffic signals. Objectives 1. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. relocation of structures. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. 2. provision of efficient drainage system.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. land values & ownership pattern. OD travel pattern. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.T. of Punjab / RDA. Detailed Traffic Engg. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.00 million.2. Task-III Economic Evaluation.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. 2. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. land use plan. 1. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. future land uses pattern.

where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.000 Cusecs 35. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. d. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . non standardized infrastructure support. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.5 m 21. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. commercial. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. enchroachments. f. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. industrial.3. The Lai Nullah. unbalanced land use transport interaction. e. c. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. Unluckily however. b. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood.

Famous Historical Places 12.1. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. according to the old timers. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. At that time. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1.1. And. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Until 1923.

it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.3. Lal Haveli In old times.2. After independence.1. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. 12.the glory of the cantonment . a famous dancing girl. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Sarafa Bazaar. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.1. better known as The Mall . it was home to Budhana Bibi. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.

bay windows and doors. Pakpattan or Lahore. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. dense housing. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. cut brick corbellings. the old quarters of the city. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. better known as the Purana Qilla.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.1. Like Multan.4.

FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.1. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.2. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Modern. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2.2.

2.2. 12.3. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi.2. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Flashman’s Hotel 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.2. Famous Restaurants 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.

Rawalpindi.2.1.International . Murree Road.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Saddar. Sub Way .4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar. Rawalpindi. Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.International Near KFC. 12. KFC .4.

Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .5. Peshawar Road 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 6. Bank Road 8. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 12. 3. 2. Haider Road 12. Police Station Road 11. Canning Road 10. 4.

Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . Tipu Road 16. 18. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 17. College Road 15.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

7. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30.000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9.

1.10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.

23. 13. 14. 4. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 5. 17. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 31. 19. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 7. 28. 12. 32. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 26. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . The Bank of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 11. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 10. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 24. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 21. 22. Rawalpindi. 15. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. 6. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Citi Bank N A. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 25. 9. 29. Saudi Pak Comm. 18. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 27.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Soon. that it was Ojhri. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. many thousands more were injured. This was a deliberate act of destruction. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Over 5000 people were killed. Theories abound. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Rawlapindi. That it was an ammunition dump. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad.13. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. now. Many. 19 years ago. It was clear. But that was the extent of it.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. on April 10.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . 2001.23 Billion. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. On July 23.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.1. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.000 acre feet (11763 MG).500 acre feet (12994 MG). WATER RESERVOIR 13. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. km. Live storage is 43. which generates 84. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. The total storage capacity is 47. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.8 sq.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. fishing and boating. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Margalla and Murree hills.

outflow is 0.3. However. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. However. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.2. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.783 MCM. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. due to monsoon. after 2000. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. whereas.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. the flow was relatively high in June to August.687 MCM. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Therefore. in general. the outflow has been less than the inflow.777 MCM. Since its inception. 13. However.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

k. e.rawalpindi. d. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Rawalpindi.absoluteastronomy. j. b.com www. a.com Books & Etc. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Govt. n. b. o. j. g.com pakistanpeadia. c. 1998 City Report. Rawalpindi Cities. m.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. i. l.blogspot. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. S. m. q. e. k. Punjab Railway Station. q. p. s. l. EDO Health. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. f.pk travel. t. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.gov. h. g. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Rawalpindi Post Office. o. c.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. p.com Nrb www.mapsofworld. f. r. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .com Virtualglobetrottiong. i.geocities. n. h. d. r.

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