Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.........9........... Darul Aman .......10.........2............. 60 10...................2.............................................2......................................................................................................................................... 46 9.................................................................................4.............................................. 60 10..................................................... 51 9........ 55 9.......................................................5.... Government Schools & Colleges .............. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)................................................................................................... 48 9....1................................................2.....................7....1................................................................................. The Raja Bazaar .....................3.........................................................1............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .........2.....3............................6..............7..........................................................................................................6................................................................................................................................................. 51 9............................4.........3.........5........................................... Punjab............... 52 9...2.......1.................................................................. 42 8............................................................... 63 10...............1................. 54 9..7.......1..........3...............2...................................................3............. Army Hockey Stadium .....3.......1..................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ..........8............................. Jinnah Park............................................... 56 9....................................... Hassan Abdal................................. SERVICES ..2..................................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ..................1.................................................. Private Schools and colleges ... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ......................3.........................................6.... 58 10.................1........... 43 9................................................... 53 9.... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ................................................ Rawalpindi Club............................................ 63 10...........................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.....................3............. ................... 41 8........ 45 9........... 49 9........ Taxila Museum......... 62 10......... Khewra Salt Mines ..........................................................................................5.. 46 9...... PTCL .............................................. 61 10................... 50 9......................................4............................................ Utility Services ......... 58 9....... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.... Romi Park....................................3... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ............................................................................................. Edhi Foundation ................. IESCO ....... 51 9............................. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .............................................4.........................................1........................2.4....................1............4..............1... 56 9............................. 60 10.........3............................ Peshawar Road ... Other Places Worth A Visit........ Rawalpindi Golf Course .......2....3........................................................ Sports venues and stadiums ...4.................................................3................... 60 10................... Temple of Katas . 61 10.................................. 46 9........................... 65 Company Profile ..................................................................1..... Medical Colleges ....... Cinemas & Theatres ...................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ......................................................... Rawalpindi Public Park .........................................1.............................................................. 51 9.................................. ........ POLICE STATIONS.................................................................... The Mall Saddar ................. 45 9. 44 9............. Murree and the Galis ........................4..... Ayub National Park ............1.......................... 49 9...........................................................................1.......................1.................... 42 8...1............................. 64 10............ KABBADI............................................... SOS Village ..... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...........................5...................1............ near Kachari Chowk....................................... Rescue 15 .... SPORTS & RECREATION . Liaqat National Bagh ....................................2.............. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............................ Forts ..................... Civil Lines .... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ............3.......................................... 57 9...4...........2... The Salt Range ......1.....................................6...........................................5...................1......... 42 8........................................... 57 9.. Field Hockey ................. 57 9...........................1........ 57 9............................. 44 9..........................2..........2....1...................................................... 54 9..5.................................. 62 10........2......................................2..................................................................... 63 10........................................1....... Kallar Kahar ................................. 44 9..................................... 56 9..............Emergency Reporting Centre ...................................... Cricket ..............1..................................................

....................................................................... 72 11...................................2....2...................................................1..... 82 12......... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ... WASA .. Famous Chowk................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ...4....(Rawalpindi) .. 79 12.............5............13. Hotel Civic ...............................2..................10............................................................................................................1...........................................................3... 99 12..........................................3.............................7..................... 78 12.....7.............. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ..............................................................4..............................1... La Rosh Hotel......................... Akbar International *** ...................12..................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...........................................3................ 80 12................ INSIDE RAWALPINDI .................................................................. Jawa Dam .....................8.................................................................1.........2............... RING ROAD .................... Airport ........................................... 95 12...2....................9...................................................... FAMOUS Hotels ........................................International ................................................... Lai Expressway ..................... Libraries and Museums ... 66 10.................................... 74 12.....................1.............................................................................................................................................1.................................................... Lal Haveli ................................................. 81 12.......................................... 104 13................... RAWAL LAKE............................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ............................................................................. Ancient Rawalpindi .................................. Lai Nullah .............3............ Highways ...................................................... 79 12.................................. 72 11.......................................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10....... 104 13...................2...... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ............. Public Transportation .......................4......................... 70 10....................... 100 12....................................................2.. 75 12........................... KFC .................................. Political Structure ........ Purana Qilla ....................2..................................................................................................... 96 12......................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ............................................................................................2........2....................................................................................................... Railway Stations ............... 105 13... 93 12.......... The Mall ................................3......................................... 78 12.............4..............................................................................................................................................2........................................................... 73 11.......1..... 76 12............. 76 12.........................................................................................3.......................................................2........... 78 12...... 67 10............ 71 11. Flashman’s Hotel................ Islamabad International Airport Road ................. 75 12................................2.................... 98 12......................................... 102 13...................................................................8................. Museums ................................. 80 12............................................ Famous Historical Places ...................1............... WATER RESERVOIR .....................................14.1.............................................................................4..................................... 68 10............5..............................International ......................3............................... Shalimar Hotel ****............................................................. 68 10............................ 77 12.............................4..............................2............................................................ 80 12..............................1.............5... 79 12..........................................................................................................................1.......... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ...9. Sub Way .......................................... 90 12. POST OFFICE ....................2................................... Lasania Restaurant city .......................................... 81 12.......................................6.................2......................11........................................................2........6........ 81 12....... 84 12. Famous Restaurants.......2............................................................. Misriot Dam ................................... 75 12................. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ...........

i. health. the area of its concern. communication net works. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .e. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. infrastructure. This study contains information on population.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. education and the existing industries.

During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. also known as Pindi. In 1849. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . a Ghakkar Chief .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Jhelum. When Jhanda Khan. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. HISTORY Rawalpindi. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Rawalpindi City. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). has a long history spread over several millennia. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. but the British did realize that if they want to rule.e. the martial people of the area against the British domination. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. until 1765. The Rawals a jogi tribe. battle with Gakhars. founded a new town nearby. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. However. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Although they did not succeed.

In 1951. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. there was a good deal of agitation in the district.e.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed.e. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Liaquat Ali Khan. before Pakistan came into existence. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. water is stored by building dams. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. famous for its floods. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. and it serves the city along with the capital. Nala Lai. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. he was welcomed rousingly. in Liaquat Garden. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. the Afghan war and martial law. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Cantonment and city. Many Government buildings were set on fire. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. The city is home to many industries and factories.

It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Chakwal. in the province of Punjab. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.04’ 34°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .1.38’ and 73°. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South.01’ North latitudes and 72°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. 2. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Location It lies between 33°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.37’ East longitudes.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2.2. of Towns.6. Area. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.286 km² Calling code. 500 meters AMSL 5. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . 8 Population.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. PST (UTC+5) No.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.000 (1998) 3. Estimate. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.550 (2007) Literacy rate.059.033333 Altitude.059. 051 Time zone. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 73. 2.300. 70. 73.6.

The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade.7 C and Min 2. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Muhajirs. when the mean max. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. temp is 17. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.3. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. In summer. The coldest month is Jan. The weather is highly unpredictable.6 Degree Centigrade. and Pakhtuns. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. comprising Potoharis. Punjabis.

There are many mosques throughout the city. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. On this day. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. In addition to the two Eids. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. one for distribution among the poor. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . 3. More than men.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. The roads. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives.a ritual in which everyone shares. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. On Eid day. modesty and good behaviour. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour.1. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. others being truthfulness. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. No sooner it is sited. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).

railways and the police force.2. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. There are two Churches in Saddar. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Young people prefer Kabaddi. Bhangra. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. tent pegging and Bini. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. wrestling. Music and dancing are also common. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. education. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Summi. 3. St. Rawalpindi.Paul Church.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Chaunji Trap.

There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .4.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. historical and political ties to the country. and to the historical region of Punjab. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hinduism After the Partition of India. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi.

1. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Islamabad. 4. red or velvet. On 23rd March. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. Later in 1971. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies.1.2. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.3. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. CULTURE 4. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. 1940. when Pakistan. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. 4. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country.

From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Due to good weather condition in the district.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. After the religious formalities.4.1. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. health of population is generally better. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. the bride’s parents feast the party. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Tea is popular all over the district. Khaki or grey. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. sweet and ornaments etc. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). family and invited guests wear yellow garments. 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. To mold into the colors of ubton. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.3. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom.2. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.4. the other name of mienu. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. bangles. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. The usual ornaments like ear rings. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.2. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.4.

4. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. 4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.3.4. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. especially women. All the guests.4. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Besides. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.5.

medium and small industrial units.6% of district population is directly employed in large. glass products. cigarettes. maize. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. furniture. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. hosiery. and leather goods. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.000 spindles.000 persons i. Auto knitting and commerce etc. sawmills. textiles. about 1. potato. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Air conditiong. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. railroad yards. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab.021 power looms. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Drafting. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. citrus. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. a brewery.000b spindles and 1. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. beverages and fruit preservation. apricots. apples. Welding. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. pottery. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. Metallurgy. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. iron mills. and factories making tents. steel re-rolling. pears. marble processing. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. and vegetables are the major products of the city. industrial gas processing. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. sewing machines etc. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. pharmaceutical. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. bajra.e.

towns of the district. Brahmans. do not require detailed notice. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. Kohlis and a few others.2. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. chiefly silk goods. is misleading.1. except ploughing. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. They also deal largely in hides. by courtesy. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. Janjuas. gold seals and such like. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. so-called. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The chief families of Gakkhar. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. 5. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. These only form a small percentage of the total population. Like the men of the tribe. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. will go to far from their homes for such work. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold threads.

other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages.5 to Rs.3. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. from Re: 1 to Rs. or low chairs. costing from Re. 6. and Hazro. 8. tehsil Pindigheb. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Pihras. and Salgraon. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. or khair wood. known as abri. 1 to Rs. the spinning wheels. saddles are the principal articles made. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Pindigheb. costing from Rs. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. where wood is plentiful. tehsil Rawapindi. according to size. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and at Makhad. Chauntra. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. 40. Reed matting. 20. especially in tehsil Kahuta. The chairs cost from Re. 1 to Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. 10 for the set of 4. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. make padlocks of iron. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. embroidered shoes. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. phulaa. tehsil Kahutta. neighboring villages. Kuri-Dolal. chappris. Fatehjang.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Leather manufacturers have diminished. known as phur. Phulkaris are made in many places. and are made of Shisham. The lohars of Manianda. Baking-plates are also made here.

It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. rough in execution but fairly good in color. 5. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Mr. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. or earthen-jars.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.4. as there is said to have once been. at Fatehjang. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. have been procured. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district.1. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. especially of it is exported across the Indus. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas).4. both lie on the Indus bank. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Lockwood Kipling. as else where. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Popular Industries 5. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Here. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors.

and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. cutting & sizing. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. honed finishing etc. Sangjani. flower vases and fountains. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. Major processes include loading/unloading. brush finishing. patti and other handicrafts. tiles. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Karachi and Lahore.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. Most of the labor has education level below primary. which are also in small quantities. acid finishing.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. sand blasting. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Rawalpindi. ustaad and unskilled workers. phool. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. bush hammering. I-9/1 and I-9/3. handling & storing.

any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 .2. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 3. 10. 8.000-300. 1. 9. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 4. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 7. Hardly. 2.000 cubic ft. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 5. 6. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. It is below 50%. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.

Therefore. and selling innovative products. from office to lounge furniture. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. etc. Your marketing strategies must be good. Even couches. so that must be kept in mind. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. are in huge demand in the City. schools. consoles are in demand. sofas. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. as well as residential areas. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. hotels and restaurants.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. shelves. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. side tables and stools. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. By stocking the best quality goods.000 people. and you should take care to build good customer relations. The establishments in the city need showcases. You can sell wood or metal furniture. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Once your furniture business gets off. since all kinds of furniture. lampshades. lockers. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Polish affects the quality of the material. Be sure to include photographs. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. lamps stands. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. A Report by Ms.

200 gallons last year. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. and Kalabagh on the Indus. In 1887-89. in the Bannu district. 28 ditto. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . No. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. transmitted light.16 per hundred gallons. 50 feet. 5. the churches. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. The oil is used in its raw state. Five borings have been made. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. Kalabagh oil…. No. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. No. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. 2. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 5. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The oil is collected as it. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870.000 gallons per year. three miles from Fatehjang. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. Fatehjang. 60 feet. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. leaving the oil above.6. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. 100 feet. 4. It is made from mustard oil. This is thrown into a cistern. 80 feet. 4 inches in diameter each. There are now no borings at Kalabagh.600 gallons per annum. The petroleum now costs Rs. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. No. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. 1 is 100n feet deep. The total oil collected is about 1. The borings are 35 feet from each other.. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. etc. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water.5. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. petroleum and wood. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. Rs. The petroleum costs. 30 miles from Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 3. No. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives.

described above. Sialkot. and that of inferior quality in this district. was exported to Kashmir. Ghee. and Gujrat. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. fruits from Kashmir. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. rice being little grown. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. hardware from Amritsar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . & c. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. for seed. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh.. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. pattus. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Ghee is brought in from Punch. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Shahjahanpur. chiefly deodar. Hazro and Makhad. timber. from Kashmir. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. from Kashmir. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic.1. ra and the sea-ports. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. charas. Delhi and Gujranwala. dyes. Yarkand and Ladakh. timber. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. it is believed. rice from neighboring districts. gur from Sialkot. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Peshawar. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. chiefly. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Jallundur and Meerut. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Wazirabad. fruits. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. refined Sugar from Bombay. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. however. and Peshawar. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Peshawar. metals. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Jallundur. Silk from Amritsar. Peshawar. Kashmir and Sawat. are exported to some small extent. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. leather from Kashmir. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. thick cloths.

hosiery. distillery. marble processing. Heavy Mechanical Complex. pottery. glass products. 22. 6. 21. Sr. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 18. railroad yards. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 3. flour mills. pharmaceuticals. poultry feed. furniture. 20. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. cotton and woolen Textiles. 12. and factories making tents. beverages and fruit preservation. 7. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 4. textiles. glass products. 2. cement. 13.2. industrial gases. sawmills. mineral processing. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 10.1. 14. and leather goods. 23. iron mills. 17. 16. Petroleum Refinery. cigarettes. Heavy Rebuild Factory. a brewery. 5.2. No.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 15. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. cigarettes. 24. sewing machines etc. 19. 9. 8. steel re-rolling.

43.C. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 40. 46. 37. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.3. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 26. 33. 36. Therefore.C. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 47. i) ii) 45.V. 32. skilled labour. 31. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 27. 35. 29. however. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. if lacking is manageable. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 44. 42. 34. 30. 38. 41.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. local/national/international demand. 39. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.C. linkage between the industrial units. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc.

Silica sand. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. cigarettes. its major crops and fruit are wheat. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. cotton. Minerals Fire clay. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . ground nut.3.2.3% of national GDP. 6. there also exist good prospects for tannery. Oil refinery. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. semi processed and processed agricultural products. maize.3. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. veneer board. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.1. which accounted 11.3. In addition. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. leather Products. guava and apple. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. etc. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. gypsum.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. cement. Soda ash. 6. It accounts for 38.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. jawar. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. footwear.5. woolen. meat/poultry processing units. leather garments. Pharmaceuticals. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. rock salt.3.4. dolomite bentonite. employs 48. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. poultry/cattle feed. In this area there is good scope for furniture. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.4% of the agricultural value added and 9.5 billion for the year 2001-02. 6.3. glass. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. 6.

4. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. wires etc. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Attock Refinery. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. 6. Besides.6. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. pharmaceutical. sanitary fitting. machine made carpets.7. PVC pipes. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. POF etc. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. ready made garments for men and women. 6. household appliances.3.9. 6. glass hollow-ware. sports wear etc. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.3. suitable for wide spread fish farming. steel furniture.3. Steel. confectionery. cosmetics. electrical accessories. children wear.3. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. glass ample. electric cables.8. woolen knitwear. fashion apparel. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. 6. 6. rubberized/mechanical toys.

Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan.1. Therefore. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. The inhabitants. 6. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. 6. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries.4. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Currency and Mint. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.4. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.2. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance.

Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Hospitals. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.6.4. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. 6. machinery & equipment. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Technical/Vocational Training. 6. Medical and Diagnostic Services.4. not manufactured locally. Human Resource Development (HRD). including the development of Industrial Zones.3 million. Plant.4.15 million. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. 6. of tourism.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

5. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. 5.) LTD Bakery. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. not manufactured locally. imported by tourism. Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. 2. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . not manufactured locally.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT.5. Plant. 4. 6. machinery & equipment. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.1. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Plant.5. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery and equipment. machinery and equipment.2. hotels and tourism related projects. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. audio-fax services. Bakery Products 1. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. not manufactured locally. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.e. 3. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. imported by the manufacturing industries. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Classic Capital (Pvt. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. voicemail services. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. card pay phone services etc. Beverage 6.

5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5. Capital Plywood Industry. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Diapers Plant 10.5. NEOMEDIX . 14. Domestic Hardware 11. IPRAM International. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .5. Road Morgah 6. . 12. Cement Products 7.6. Old G. Chip/Straw Board 9.3.4. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.5.8. W. 16. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. 15. Ceramics Products 8.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .5.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .T. Peshawar Road 6. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.7. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Adyala Road 17.

Khyber Flour Mills.Rawat 35. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Khurram Flour & General Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 36. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Olive Laboratories . Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Ratta Road 34. Al Karim Flour Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Westridge 38. Ratta Road 29. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Adyala Road 21. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Pak Roller Flour & General Mills.9. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Westridge 32.5. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Rawat 27. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Flour Mills 23. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Seham Road 37. Railway Workshop Road 25. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills.

13.14. Poultry Feeds 53. Fine Plastic Works. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Rawat 43. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.12. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.5. LPG Cylinders 51. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.11.) Ltd. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.5. Bangash Colony. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Tops Food & Beverages . Food Products 45.10. JI Interprises. Plastic Products 52. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Rawat Flour Mills. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Pirwadhai 46.5. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .5. National Park Road 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Kashmir Road 6. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.

Refinery 55. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Unani Medicines 59.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.. D. Textile Composite 56.5. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.19.16. Adamjee Street 6. Tyre and Tubes 58.M. Westridge 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .. (Pvt) Ltd.20.17.5.5.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.Textile Mills Ltd. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Textile Spinning 57.18. Peshawar Road 7.15.

Government Hospitals 1. 2. 2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 9. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Dhok Ali Akber. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.2. 8. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 7. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. 3. 2. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. This region is full of Health facilities. 3. 6.4. 5. Govt. 10. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.5. Rawalpindi. 4. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 .1. 3. MCH Centres 1.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Combined Military Hospital 7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . 7.7. Hearts International 192-A The Mall.6. 3. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi 14. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. 3. 17. Off Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 5551237 8. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Satellite Town. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 5. Rawalpindi 15. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House.8. Satellite Town. Dr. Rawalpindi 11. Rawalpindi 16. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Satellite Town. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Near Hydri Chowk. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Dr. 6. Rawalpindi. 2. Rawalpindi 12. Satellite Town. Bazar Road. 7. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. 10. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. BH Building. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas.9. Rawalpindi. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21.P. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Satellite Town Rawalpindi.I. Said pur Road. Saidpur Road.425 7th Road. Rawalpindi. Batool Hospital H-241. 3.A. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 7. 1. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 2. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. 3. Shakoors V. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rawalpindi Cantt. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. 4.

its daughters. Muhammed became her legal guardian. Universities 8. The building has an architectural splendor. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. This gift to the nation. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. 8. As it stands. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.1. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. After their father's death (1901).1. University of Arid Agriculture. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.

1. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College. Colleges 8. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. College St.2.1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Gorden College. Located near the CMH.2. Rawalpindi. 5. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College Asghar Mall. Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Hashmat Ali Isl. Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . 1. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. 2. 3. Govt. No. Govt. No. Town.2. Name of the Institution Govt.2. Rawalpindi 8. College for women St. 4. Viqar un Nisa College for women.

Town. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. 19. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. 31. 8. St. Town. 1. Punjab College of Information Technology. 5. 30. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 6. 17. Al-Falah College for women St. St. College of Advance Technology. St. town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. town. 9. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. 23. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 24. 27. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi. 33. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Town. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. 7. 35. 26.2. Rwp. 13. Educator College. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. Leaders College of Commerce. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Sadiqabad. 32. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. Town. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. Town. 20. 4. 21. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. 14. 10. Rawalpindi. 29. town. town. Rawalpindi. Town. National Science College Murree Road. 2.3. 25. 34. Rawalpindi. 28. 18. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. 15. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Town. 22. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Saddar. Rawalpindi. 11. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls.

St. 45. 3.C. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. town.C.C. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS Muslim Town M. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 6.C. Rawalpindi. Town. 52.C. Rawalpindi. BPS Faiz abad M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi.C.C. Rawalpindi. Town. GMS Waris Khan. 55. Rawalpindi. Inflorescence College of modern . Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk.2. town. 14. BPS Qasim abad. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 43. 8. 11. BPS Fauji Colony M.C.C. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St.5. Morgah Rawalpindi. 40. GMS Amarpura.C. Rawalpindi.C. M. 7. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . M. St.C. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town. Capital College Murree Road. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 47. Rawalpindi. 1. M. 8. Rawalpindi. 54. BMS Amarpura. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 46. BPS Chamanzar.C. 51. Leadership College for Boys St. 53. 56. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 12. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 39. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.4.. 10. Shamsabad.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 49. 16. 13. Islamic International Commerce College. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Ojiri Camp. Rawalpindi College for Boys.C. 3. 2. M. M. 44. GMS Qasimabad. Rawalpindi. 50. 15. College of Commerce Saddar. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. 5. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. M. 4. Indus College of Commerce. 41. MC. 48. Rawalpindi.C.C. 38. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. town. 1.C. 2. M. Rawalpindi Cantt. MC. Town. Rwalpindi. Punjab College of information technology. 8. BPS New Malpur M. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 42. 4.2. M. Rawalpindi. 9.

BHS Ratta Amral M. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. M. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 8. Rawalpindi Cantt. BHS Moti Baza M.3. College of Commerce. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C.C.C. GHS Ratta Amral M.C. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. M. 2. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Dhamial. Kartarpura. 9. 5. (RMGTC). Techincal Training Institute (W). Scheme No. MC.2 Satellite Town. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Govt.C. 3. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 8. 7. 6.C.C. Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Millat Colony M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 3. BPS Ratta 18. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Vocational Training Institute (W). Govt. 1. Dhoke Syedan. Institute of Commerce (W).2. 7. Govt.6. M. Institute of Commerce. Govt. BHS Satellite Town M. Rawalpindi Govt.(ABAD). 4. High School Rawalpindi M.C. GHS Satellite Town M. 4.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 6. Vocational Training Institute (W).PIA College Rawalpindi City. GHS Teli Mohallah M.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Rawalpindi (Cantt.

G Sir Syed College for Boys. 3.G. Ordinance Road. 6. Harley Street F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 5. Chaklala III 8. The Mall F.G (C. Sir Syed College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 2. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 7.G. The Mall 1. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 4.5. 2. 4. 4. Govt. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. F. 6. 3. Quaid-e-Azam College. Government Schools & Colleges 1.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 5. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1.4.6. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Private Schools and colleges 1.

3. Rawalpindi Medical College. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .7. Medical Colleges 1. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. From being a nine-hole course. The Ayub National Park.300 acres and has a play area. founded in 1885. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. 9.) Road. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. Meander through the bazaars. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. 300 acres. Situated near the Ayub National Park. today this is a facility of 27 holes. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. lush lawns. lake with boating facility. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. an aquarium. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad.1. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall.1. It has a lake with boating facility. It has a playground. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .T. covers 2. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. These are the best way to see the city. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. It covers an area of about 2. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. fountains and flower beds. play land. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.

Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. 9. 2007 at same venue. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. 9. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. lions. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. is of historical interest due to its political processions. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. bears. cheetahs. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. It has a play area for children. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. The Park was opened in 1991. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.3.1. was assassinated here in 1950. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.2. lawns. Other areas of the park are used for walking. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. fountains and flower beds. One should try out during a visit here. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. Some tigers.1.

Murree is lovely all year round. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Between the two runs The Mall. Murree remained. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. at 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.240 meters (7. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . In summer it is cool . Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851.and rain is common.5.1. when the honor was transferred to Simla. Romi Park. In winter. Murree and the Galis Murree. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. or riding in the new chair-lifts.1. clubs and cafes. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.400 feet). schools. has expanded rapidly.6. Since independence. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Numerous roads leave. on the Karakoram Highway. Its cold pine forests. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Peshawar Road 9. especially at weekends. Jinnah Park. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. near Kachari Chowk. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point.4. churches. complete with The Mall for promenading. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Civil Lines 9.even chilly in the evening .1. parks. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. however. a little bit of England. where most people congregate.

It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Natural springs abound on the slopes. hiking places and picnic spots. Patriata 25 km from Murree. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. both rides cost about Rs. It is 30 km from Murree. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water.). The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. A restaurant has also been established. Ayubia Khairagali. which is the highest point in the range. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. In addition to riding trails. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. The golf course here is open only to members. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). which like a ski-lift. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Changlagali. Ayubia has a chair lift.

There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. For this. flying squirrel and hill fox. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The animals include the Asiatic black bear.7. you will find that the surface is clean. The city of Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. situated on the summit of a hill. hiking places. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. In addition to riding trails. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. better known as the Murree National Park. 9. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. a sub category of the Montane Forests.1. Khaira Gali. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Asiatic leopard. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Islamabad. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. once you reach the summit. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. golden eagle. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point.

you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Most of the sites at Taxila.T. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. 9. at The Raja Bazaar.9. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Buddhist. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. Potohar shoes and Chappals. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. the museum. However. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. Here. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. but come out by sheer luck. silver. shawls and jackets. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. As it turns out. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. 9. terracotta. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. vicery of India in 1918. The Sarafa bazaar. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. including stone. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. are located around the Taxila Museum. Saddar bazaar. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen.C to 500 AD. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. gold. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar.1. could not complete its original plan. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B.8. 48 km from Rawalpindi. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. This is a place where you go by choice. stucco. which is the first stop for any tourist. There are 4000 objects displayed. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. At the outset. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. iron and semiprecious stones. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928.1. cane baskets and furniture. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. walking sticks. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.

waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Government of Pakistan. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Road.T. Road. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. This place offers scenic walks.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Ferishta and Jehangir. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni.T.5 acres. 9. Gen. Tapering cypress trees.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Islamabad. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. on their way to Kashmir. Today.e.T. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. gently flowing stream. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Road. by his colleagues. line the canals through which cool waters once. i. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. loved by the Mughals. by the Department of Archaeology. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Guru Nanak. Taxila. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.10. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. The resort has a restaurant. that is.Twice a year. left of G.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

51

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

52

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila.T. G. a small town has developed. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. at the foot of Margalla. home to several thousand people. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. It is situated at I. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. Road Rawalpindi.3. with spring water falling within it. one on the top of the hill and other below it. was also built during this period. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. a minister of emperor Akbar. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. and the course itself.3. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. From the clubhouse. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. Road. After several phases of development. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Sports venues and stadiums 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . T. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan.1. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. it is now a 27-hole course. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. on the G. 9. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.

Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.2. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .000. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Islamabad. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches.3. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.

3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. The Mall Saddar 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.4.3.3. Rawalpindi Club.5. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

57

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

58

Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

59

The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response.2. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. identification of vehicles for registration etc. SERVICES 10. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. crime reporting. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.1. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.1. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. buildings collapse. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. however personal visits are also allowed. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. which is an achievement even internationally. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . explosions. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature.1. Community Awareness &Training. Response and Prevention. Rescue 15 . Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. 10.1. rescue. Therefore.

12.1. 9. 14. 11. 8. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 10. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Endurance. struggle. perseverance. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 6.4.3. 4.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 3. patience. 2. 13. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 7. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.1. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 5. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. support. love and understanding.5. The children are given security.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Children. Old People and Disabled. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .1. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . The curriculum includes Islamic studies. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. not on Islamic political causes. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.118 million rupees during July-September.028 consumers comprising Commercial. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. Distribution system consists of 46. detail of some among them is following.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. both for itself and other organizations. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. 7.008. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).081 HM3 worth 107.1.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. Here.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.127. General Industry. Urdu. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).nearly 700 of whom are orphans . Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.study together up until fifth grade. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.46/-. SNGPL has 2. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. boys and girls . The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). “The basic aim is that this orphan. Power & Cement Sectors. but the emphasis is on achievement.” 10. Fertilizer. Sales to these consumers were 39.280 HM3 worth 31. this poor child. designing and construction of pipelines.1." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.897.581.733. to be sure. Domestic.2. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.2. 2006. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. 10. now Companies Ordinance 1984. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.

SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Attock. SNGPL. Chakwal.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Saadi Road 10.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Rawalpindi Cantt.2.

Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.000 and 5.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.2.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.7 million customers.

1 5. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. of No. Committee Chowk 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3.4. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Water Works No. Pirwadahi Total No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.2. Total No.

Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).2. 3. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 6. 2. POST OFFICE GPO . Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 4. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division.5.

7. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. rail and road. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 1.2. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. In addition to freight. with many domestic and international flights every day. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. both national and international. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . the principal carrier in Pakistan.6. 2.2. has numerous routes. Rawalpindi 10.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.8.T.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which were completed in the 1990s. the world's highest international road. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. more recently. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Motorway Interchange. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. which connects Pakistan to China.2. Rawalpindi. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.

auto-rickshaws. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.2. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). mini-buses. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. and which operate constantly throughout the day. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. Due to lack of planning of roads. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. yellow cabs. For inter-city travel. ranging from yellow taxis.9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 .

5. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. construction of footpaths. pedestrian over head bridges. relocation of structures. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. 2.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. installations of traffic signals. Objectives 1. Rawalpindi. 3. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. provision of efficient drainage system. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5.1. pavement marking. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. 4. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. traffic signs. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . median. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. channelization of junctions.45 Km of main road with 1.

00 million. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. future land uses pattern.2. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. growth of income. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc.T. Detailed Traffic Engg. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . 1. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. of Punjab / RDA.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. OD travel pattern. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. land values & ownership pattern. land use plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. 2. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan.

having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. b. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.000 Cusecs 35. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. c. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . non standardized infrastructure support. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. unbalanced land use transport interaction. d. industrial. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. f. Unluckily however. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. enchroachments. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. The Lai Nullah. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses.5 m 21. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.3. e. commercial.

pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities.1. And. At that time. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. according to the old timers. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Famous Historical Places 12. Until 1923.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . Sarafa Bazaar. Lal Haveli In old times.3.the glory of the cantonment . After independence. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. it was home to Budhana Bibi. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. 12.1. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. a famous dancing girl.1.2.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. better known as The Mall . The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . bay windows and doors. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. dense housing. the old quarters of the city. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.1. cut brick corbellings. better known as the Purana Qilla. Pakpattan or Lahore. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Like Multan. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic.4.

2. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Modern. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.

Rawalpindi.5.2.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2. 12.3. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.

Famous Restaurants 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2.1. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Sub Way . Saddar. Murree Road.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Murree Road. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.2.4. Saddar.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .4. KFC .International Near KFC. 12. Rawalpindi.1.International . Rawalpindi.

2. Police Station Road 11. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.5. Peshawar Road 9. Canning Road 10. 4. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 3. 12.

18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15. 17. Tipu Road 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Harding Road 14.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

houses and narrow streets. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. There are many old buildings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi.

10. 1. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 4. 22.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 23. 30. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 27. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. 11. 17. Citi Bank N A. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 28. The Bank of Punjab. 13. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12. 31. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 15. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 9. 8. 5. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 26. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 10. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 25. 21. 18. 32. 24. 7. 6. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 29. 16. 14. Saudi Pak Comm. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

Over 5000 people were killed. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . This was a deliberate act of destruction. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. That it was an ammunition dump. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago.13. Many. Rawlapindi. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Soon. on April 10. many thousands more were injured. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. But that was the extent of it. that it was Ojhri. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. It was clear. Theories abound. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 19 years ago. now.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. 2001. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.23 Billion. On July 23. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.500 acre feet (12994 MG). The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Live storage is 43. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. fishing and boating. km. Margalla and Murree hills. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The total storage capacity is 47.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.000 acre feet (11763 MG). RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. which generates 84. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year.8 sq. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.1. WATER RESERVOIR 13.

Since its inception. in general. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. Therefore. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . whereas. However.783 MCM. outflow is 0. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.777 MCM. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow. the flow was relatively high in June to August. after 2000.2. However. 13. However. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.687 MCM. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.3. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. due to monsoon. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

n. g. g.com pakistanpeadia. b. Rawalpindi. j. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Govt. o. b. m.rawalpindi. k.com Virtualglobetrottiong. c.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. r. s. d. 1998 City Report. q. Rawalpindi Post Office. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.gov. f. t. l.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. h.com Books & Etc. EDO Health. d. n. e. S. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . o.com www. f.geocities. q.mapsofworld. Rawalpindi Cities. i. r. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.com Nrb www.absoluteastronomy. a. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. i. p. l. c. Rawalpindi EDO Education. p. h. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. m. k. j.pk travel.blogspot. Punjab Railway Station. e.