Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.........................2............. 41 8.................... 51 9..............................2............................................ Cricket ....................................1..........10.............................................................. Federal Government Schools & Colleges .................................... Temple of Katas ............. Civil Lines .. Hassan Abdal..... 43 9............................1...................5...............................................3.......2....... 58 10........... Ayub National Park .................... IESCO .................................................................................. 57 9.. 46 9.................................. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).... 44 9...............................1................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .............................................. Rawalpindi Public Park .................... 58 9...... near Kachari Chowk...................... 60 10............. 53 9....................5....1..............2................................................. SERVICES ..................................................................................5...........................2.............2..........Emergency Reporting Centre .........................1........... Liaqat National Bagh ............ Darul Aman .....................................................................3................... .1..................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ... 63 10....... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ......................... SPORTS & RECREATION ......................................................2.............. 60 10..........2....................................................................................................... 65 Company Profile ............................................................................ 50 9. 51 9..............................................6........................ Field Hockey .................3...............................................................................1....................1..........................................4...... 60 10.......1..............................1..............6.....................................3............. Edhi Foundation .....................................................................1.......................................2....... 63 10.................................6..................................1..............................................1..................................................... 51 9................ 57 9.....6.. 46 9................1.7.... SOS Village ....... 60 10.............3........... PTCL ...................1..... 54 9........................ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...3. Sports venues and stadiums .........7.......................................... Jinnah Park........................ The Raja Bazaar ....... ................................................................ 42 8.................................................................................................................................... 44 9.........5.............................................................................1... 62 10...................... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ................2.... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ............................................................................ Government Schools & Colleges ......................... 61 10.............. Kallar Kahar ..............3......2...............................2...................2...2.........5... 61 10... Romi Park.................................................................................................................................................. Murree and the Galis ..................1.....1................ 42 8..... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi .......... Khewra Salt Mines ....... 57 9................................. 55 9............................................................ The Salt Range .. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ................................... The Mall Saddar ................. 46 9..... 49 9......... 48 9................................ Medical Colleges ................................................................................................... 62 10..7..........................................................................................3....9.............................8.............................................2........... 56 9........... KABBADI............................................................................................................1............ 64 10.... Punjab...............................................................................1...........................1......................................4. 52 9........ 56 9...............................4..........3........................................... 44 9.... 51 9................................. 57 9............................................. Utility Services ........................................................1..................4.... Army Hockey Stadium ................4........... Peshawar Road .................................................... 63 10......................... POLICE STATIONS........1........... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ..........................3.... 45 9.............. 45 9..... Other Places Worth A Visit.................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ............3........... Private Schools and colleges ......................3...5...........3................... Rescue 15 .........................................................................4....................................................... Rawalpindi Club................. 54 9...Glorious Rawalpindi 8...........1..................................... 42 8........ Forts ............................. Taxila Museum........2................................................................................ 56 9........................................................................................... 49 9..............4..................................4..4.................................. Cinemas & Theatres .................. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ................................1....

........................................................................................2...........................9........................ Ancient Rawalpindi ............................ Shalimar Hotel ****...................................................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ..4............. 71 11..........3.................. 81 12.8...........................................2.... La Rosh Hotel..................... 76 12........................................................ Lai Expressway ... Famous Chowk..... POST OFFICE ............................ 75 12....................2......2...................................................1...................................................................................4............. 99 12................................................................................... Purana Qilla .........................................................................................................................................................2...2....................................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ........................1......................................................................... 68 10.....6.................. 66 10................................................................................................................................................1.............................. Highways ..... WASA ............. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ..................................2.............................International ................................................................................. 80 12................. Islamabad International Airport Road .............................................................................. RING ROAD ........... 95 12..........4.................2................................................4......................................... Libraries and Museums ............................13...... 78 12.................................................... 98 12.... 81 12.. Akbar International *** .....1.................................................2.....12.................2........................... Railway Stations ............................................................................................................................................3............................. Lasania Restaurant city .........................2.............................................................................1.................4..... 84 12....3................................................................................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ....................................................2..International ............10.................................... 79 12..................................................... 68 10......... 67 10. 81 12....................................................................................8..............................3..................................................................................................................................2....................................................... Famous Historical Places .. 72 11.... 73 11.......... Lai Nullah ...........................3..........2........................................................................................ 80 12........................ Museums .................................................. 78 12..................................................................... Lal Haveli .............................................. 80 12.............. WATER RESERVOIR .............3............................. INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....1...... 93 12.............. 74 12........... 82 12..............................................................1......................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...................................1........................................ 78 12.............7... 104 13........................................................ FAMOUS Hotels .............................. 76 12............ 96 12...............6..................................... Jawa Dam .................. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ....4..........3...................... 75 12....................................... 77 12...................................................(Rawalpindi) ..........Glorious Rawalpindi 10.......... Hotel Civic ......................14............................ Sub Way ................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .................................................................... 105 13..... Misriot Dam ....11.................................................................................... 102 13......2.................. Famous Restaurants.......1...........2................... 72 11.....1................................................7....1....5.. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ....9................................................... Flashman’s Hotel........ Political Structure . 100 12....... Public Transportation ..........2....................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ............. RAWAL LAKE.........5.......................................................................... 75 12............................................ 70 10...................................................................... 79 12........................................................................... 90 12. 104 13.... The Mall ............................................................................ KFC ..........5................. 79 12................. Airport ..........................2.......

The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. communication net works. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . education and the existing industries. infrastructure. This study contains information on population. i. health. the area of its concern.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.e.

Although they did not succeed. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Jhelum. battle with Gakhars. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi City. a Ghakkar Chief . Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. founded a new town nearby. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The Rawals a jogi tribe. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). At the time of Alexander’s invasion. However. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. In 1849. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. has a long history spread over several millennia. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’.e. until 1765. the martial people of the area against the British domination. also known as Pindi. When Jhanda Khan.

In 1951. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Liaquat Ali Khan. in Liaquat Garden. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Cantonment and city. The city is home to many industries and factories. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed.e. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Many Government buildings were set on fire. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. water is stored by building dams. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. before Pakistan came into existence. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. and it serves the city along with the capital. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i.e. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. he was welcomed rousingly.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . the Afghan war and martial law. Nala Lai. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. famous for its floods. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule.

Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Location It lies between 33°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s.01’ North latitudes and 72°.37’ East longitudes.1.04’ 34°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.38’ and 73°. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Chakwal. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. in the province of Punjab. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. 2. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.

059.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 70.6.300. 051 Time zone.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.033333 Altitude.2. 2.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.000 (1998) 3. Area. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 73. 73. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.6. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.059. Estimate. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. of Towns. 500 meters AMSL 5. PST (UTC+5) No. 8 Population. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .286 km² Calling code.

06 Degree Centigrade per month . Muhajirs. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . In summer.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The weather is highly unpredictable. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Punjabis. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.7 C and Min 2. temp is 17. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.3. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. when the mean max. and Pakhtuns. The coldest month is Jan.6 Degree Centigrade. comprising Potoharis.

Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. modesty and good behaviour. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. No sooner it is sited.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. In addition to the two Eids.a ritual in which everyone shares. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. others being truthfulness. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". 3. On this day. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Here too the poor are not forgotten. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).1. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). In the evening of 29th Ramadan. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. More than men. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. On Eid day. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. one for distribution among the poor. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. There are many mosques throughout the city. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The roads. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed.

education. wrestling. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Bhangra. Music and dancing are also common. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Summi. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Chaunji Trap. Rawalpindi.Paul Church. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. St.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. tent pegging and Bini. 3. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. There are two Churches in Saddar. railways and the police force.2.

Hinduism After the Partition of India.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . and to the historical region of Punjab. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country.4.3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.2. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.1. red or velvet. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. when Pakistan. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.1. On 23rd March. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. 1940. 4. Islamabad. 4. CULTURE 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Later in 1971.3. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. 4. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.1. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.1.

Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.4. health of population is generally better. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Tea is popular all over the district.4. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. After the religious formalities. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).3. the bride’s parents feast the party. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. bangles. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. the other name of mienu. 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.1. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. To mold into the colors of ubton. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. 4. The usual ornaments like ear rings. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. 4. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). sweet and ornaments etc. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Khaki or grey. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Due to good weather condition in the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.

Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.

are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.4. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. 4. especially women.4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.3. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. All the guests. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.

DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Besides. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif.5. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag .

apples.000 persons i. and factories making tents. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. hosiery. sawmills. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. marble processing. apricots. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district.e. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. furniture.6% of district population is directly employed in large. railroad yards. industrial gas processing. Welding. and vegetables are the major products of the city. beverages and fruit preservation. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. maize. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . bajra. citrus. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. sewing machines etc. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. iron mills. Air conditiong.000b spindles and 1. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. pottery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. steel re-rolling.000 spindles. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. cigarettes. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. a brewery. about 1. pears. Drafting. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Metallurgy. pharmaceutical. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. medium and small industrial units. Auto knitting and commerce etc. and leather goods. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. textiles. potato.021 power looms. glass products. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.

There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. by courtesy. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. gold threads. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. 5. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Like the men of the tribe. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.1. do not require detailed notice. so-called. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. These only form a small percentage of the total population. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. will go to far from their homes for such work. Brahmans. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. The chief families of Gakkhar. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. is misleading. They also deal largely in hides. towns of the district. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. Janjuas. chiefly silk goods. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. except ploughing. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . gold seals and such like. Kohlis and a few others.

The lohars of Manianda. or khair wood. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. known as phur. Phulkaris are made in many places. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. known as abri. phulaa. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. neighboring villages.3. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. chappris. or low chairs. costing from Re. and are made of Shisham. 1 to Rs. according to size. 1 to Rs. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. 8. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb.5 to Rs. where wood is plentiful. especially in tehsil Kahuta. 40. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. the spinning wheels. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta).Glorious Rawalpindi 5. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. make padlocks of iron. Pihras. 6. and Salgraon. tehsil Rawapindi. Baking-plates are also made here. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. costing from Rs. Pindigheb. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. 20. tehsil Pindigheb. 10 for the set of 4. Kuri-Dolal. saddles are the principal articles made. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Reed matting. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. and Hazro. from Re: 1 to Rs. Fatehjang. The chairs cost from Re. tehsil Kahutta. and at Makhad. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. embroidered shoes. Chauntra. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad.

it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas).4. both lie on the Indus bank. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Lockwood Kipling. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.1. especially of it is exported across the Indus. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Here. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Mr. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. have been procured. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. at Fatehjang. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Popular Industries 5. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. as else where. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. as there is said to have once been. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. 5.4. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. rough in execution but fairly good in color. or earthen-jars.

handling & storing. Karachi and Lahore. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. acid finishing. honed finishing etc. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. patti and other handicrafts. bush hammering. which are also in small quantities. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. phool. sand blasting. Sangjani. flower vases and fountains. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Rawalpindi. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. Major processes include loading/unloading. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. brush finishing. I-9/1 and I-9/3. cutting & sizing. Most of the labor has education level below primary. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. ustaad and unskilled workers.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. tiles.

160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 9. 2.000 cubic ft. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 4. 5. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 10. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.000-300.4. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 8. 6. 1. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 7. Hardly. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. The average cost of this wood is around Rs.2. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. It is below 50%. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order.

Therefore. since all kinds of furniture. schools. A Report by Ms. so that must be kept in mind. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. You can sell wood or metal furniture. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. as well as residential areas. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. from office to lounge furniture. consoles are in demand. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Be sure to include photographs. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. and selling innovative products. Your marketing strategies must be good. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. lockers. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. By stocking the best quality goods. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. etc. hotels and restaurants. side tables and stools. Polish affects the quality of the material.000 people. lampshades. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Even couches. Once your furniture business gets off. shelves. The establishments in the city need showcases. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. sofas. and you should take care to build good customer relations. lamps stands. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. are in huge demand in the City. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi.

leaving the oil above. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. and Kalabagh on the Indus.600 gallons per annum. 5. The total oil collected is about 1. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 50 feet.16 per hundred gallons. 1 is 100n feet deep. Fatehjang. three miles from Fatehjang. No. Five borings have been made. No.200 gallons last year. No. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 80 feet.000 gallons per year. etc. 3. 28 ditto. 5. The oil is collected as it. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. No. and is not distilled nor purified in any way.. 2. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. the churches. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. in the Bannu district. It is made from mustard oil. The oil is used in its raw state. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. In 1887-89.6. This is thrown into a cistern. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 60 feet. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. The borings are 35 feet from each other. 4. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. 100 feet. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. Rs. No. The petroleum costs. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased.5. transmitted light. Kalabagh oil…. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. The petroleum now costs Rs. petroleum and wood. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 4 inches in diameter each. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.

Jallundur and Meerut. for seed. timber. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. leather from Kashmir. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. chiefly deodar. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Hazro and Makhad. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. gur from Sialkot. fruits. Ghee. are exported to some small extent. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . dyes. charas. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala.. and Peshawar. and Gujrat. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. rice from neighboring districts. timber. & c. from Kashmir. rice being little grown. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. thick cloths. Peshawar. it is believed. Kashmir and Sawat. fruits from Kashmir. was exported to Kashmir. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. however. from Kashmir. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Wazirabad. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. pattus. Yarkand and Ladakh. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Jallundur. Peshawar. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Shahjahanpur. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Sialkot. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. hardware from Amritsar. described above. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. metals. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. and that of inferior quality in this district. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river.1. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Peshawar. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. ra and the sea-ports. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Silk from Amritsar. chiefly. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Delhi and Gujranwala. refined Sugar from Bombay. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab.

22. 12. 24. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. pottery. a brewery. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . furniture. No. sewing machines etc. Petroleum Refinery. poultry feed. flour mills. 15. and leather goods.2. textiles. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. hosiery. mineral processing. cigarettes. 5. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. glass products. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 8. 18. Sr. 13. 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 10. 4. 2. 6. 19.1. sawmills. marble processing. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 7. cigarettes. and factories making tents. glass products. pharmaceuticals. beverages and fruit preservation. 17. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 14. steel re-rolling. 23. 3. cotton and woolen Textiles. 21. railroad yards. 9. Heavy Foundry and Forge. cement. industrial gases. 1. distillery. 16.2. iron mills.

43.V. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 33. 40. 42. 26. 44.C. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. i) ii) 45. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6.C. 38. 47. 30.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 32. 37. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. if lacking is manageable. 46. local/national/international demand. Therefore.3. 39. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 31. 35. 41. skilled labour.C. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 36. 27. however. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 34. linkage between the industrial units. 29.

6. In this area there is good scope for furniture.3. leather garments. Silica sand. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. dolomite bentonite. footwear. its major crops and fruit are wheat.5 billion for the year 2001-02. gypsum.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. employs 48. woolen. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.3.4.3. etc. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.3.5. Pharmaceuticals. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. It contributes 24% to the GDP.2. rock salt. maize. jawar. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. which accounted 11. Oil refinery.1. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. glass. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. semi processed and processed agricultural products. 6. cotton. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.3. 6. cigarettes. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . In addition. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. Minerals Fire clay.3. cement. Soda ash. meat/poultry processing units. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. It accounts for 38. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. ground nut. leather Products. veneer board. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. poultry/cattle feed. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. guava and apple.3% of national GDP. there also exist good prospects for tannery.

6. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. electric cables.3. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. steel furniture.4. wires etc. confectionery. sanitary fitting. children wear. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. cosmetics. 6.3. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. fashion apparel. 6. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.7.8. electrical accessories. pharmaceutical. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. Heavy Foundry and Forge. suitable for wide spread fish farming. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets.3. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. glass ample. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Steel.6. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. Besides. Attock Refinery. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. machine made carpets. there exists good prospects for biscuits.9. rubberized/mechanical toys. POF etc. household appliances. woolen knitwear. ready made garments for men and women. 6. PVC pipes. glass hollow-ware. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. 6. sports wear etc. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities.

this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.1. The inhabitants. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. 6. 6. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Currency and Mint. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.4. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.2. Therefore. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment.4. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.

Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. of tourism.15 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. 6. Hospitals.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.5. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million. Plant. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.6. Technical/Vocational Training. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 6. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . machinery & equipment.4. not manufactured locally.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services. including the development of Industrial Zones. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4.3.4. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3 million.

Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. imported by tourism. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Plant. Details of machinery are Plant. 6.5.) LTD Bakery. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 4. voicemail services. 3.1. Plant. not manufactured locally. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.5. audio-fax services. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. imported by the manufacturing industries. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Beverage 6.5. Murree Brewery Company LTD. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.e. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Bakery Products 1.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery and equipment. hotels and tourism related projects. card pay phone services etc. machinery & equipment. Ltd. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. not manufactured locally. Classic Capital (Pvt. not manufactured locally. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.2. 5. machinery and equipment. 2. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.

Capital Plywood Industry. Old G.4. 16.5. Adyala Road 17. Chip/Straw Board 9.5. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. W.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Road Morgah 6. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.T. Diapers Plant 10. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. 14. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Peshawar Road 6. 12.7. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.6. NEOMEDIX . IPRAM International. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Cement Products 7. Ceramics Products 8. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Domestic Hardware 11.5. 15.8. . Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.5.5.5. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.3.

Ratta Road 29. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28.Rawat 35. Flour Mills 23. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Industrial area Rawat 26. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Seham Road 37. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Rawat 27. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Olive Laboratories .5. Khyber Flour Mills. Ratta Road 34. Westridge 38. Westridge 36. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Westridge 32.9. Railway Workshop Road 25. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Railway Workshop Road 31. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Adyala Road 21. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Al Karim Flour Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills.

JI Interprises. Poultry Feeds 53.5. National Park Road 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. LPG Cylinders 51. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Bangash Colony. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Food Products 45. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Tops Food & Beverages . Fine Plastic Works.14.5. Plastic Products 52.13.5. Rawat Flour Mills.5.5.12. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Zafar ul Haq Road 6. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Kashmir Road 6. Rawat 43.) Ltd.10.11. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Pirwadhai 46. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.

D..19. Unani Medicines 59. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.5. Refinery 55. Adamjee Street 6. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.17.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.20.5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Peshawar Road 7. Textile Composite 56.5.Textile Mills Ltd.18. Textile Spinning 57.5. Tyre and Tubes 58..5.5. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Westridge 6. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.16.M. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. (Pvt) Ltd.15.

7. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 7.4. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Govt. 5. 2. 2. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 10. 6. 3. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 9. MCH Centres 1. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Dhok Ali Akber. 8. 4. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.3. Government Hospitals 1.5. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.1. 2.2. 3. This region is full of Health facilities. 3.

District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Combined Military Hospital 7.7.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. 3. 7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.

Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 11. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Rawalpindi 15. 5551237 8. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. BH Building. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Near Hydri Chowk. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 5. Satellite Town. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. 7. 1. Dr. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Off Murree Road. Rawalpindi 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 3.8. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Said pur Road. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. 17. 10. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 3. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi 14. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi.I. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Shakoors V. Bazar Road. Saidpur Road. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk.P. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 2. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. 4. Fatima Clinic 993-B.425 7th Road. Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. 6. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi.A. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road.9. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. 7. 2. 3. Satellite Town. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Dr. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.

1. Universities 8. This gift to the nation.1. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. its daughters.1. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. University of Arid Agriculture. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1. As it stands. 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The building has an architectural splendor. After their father's death (1901). thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Muhammed became her legal guardian. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.

Rawalpindi.2. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 .2. 1. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.2. College St. College. 2. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Govt. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. College for women St. 5. Gorden College. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. Colleges 8. College Asghar Mall. 4. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Name of the Institution Govt. No. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Hashmat Ali Isl. Govt. Town. 3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8. Town. Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8.2. Rawalpindi.1. Rawalpindi. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Rawalpindi 2. No.3. 1. Located near the CMH.1. Govt. Rawalpindi.

Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi 36. Leaders College of Commerce. 31. 32. Educator College. 9. 29. St. town. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 27. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. 14. Universal College. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 8. Kashmir Road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Town. St. Rawalpindi. 13. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 2. town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 24. town. Rawalpindi. Town. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 7. Town. 6. 26. 34. 4. Sadiqabad. College of Advance Technology. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. 18. Rwp.3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Town. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 30. 15. Rawalpindi. 1. Rawalpindi. 33. Town. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. 11. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. St. Town. Town. Rawalpindi. 35. Rawalpindi. 12. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 21. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. Rawal College of Commerce. 23. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 28. Punjab College of Information Technology. Town. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 10. St. 20. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 25. Rawalpindi. 19. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. 3. St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. town. Civil College of Commerce St. 22. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 5.

Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi.C. Rwalpindi. Indus College of Commerce. 41. 49.C. Rawalpindi.C. Punjab College of information technology. 7. 50.C.C. Town. Morgah Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 3. St. 12. Rawalpindi. 45. Shamsabad. 55. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. BPS Muslim Town M.C. 11. Rawalpindi. Town. 40. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C. 46. 2.C. 14. Margalla Institute 6th Road.C. 8. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 4. BPS Bangash Colony M.4. 8. Inflorescence College of modern . 1. 51. GMS Waris Khan. Rawalpindi. 2. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 13. St. town. Rawalpindi. M. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi.C. 16.C.. 54. 56.C. M. 3. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Rwalpindi. MC. BPS Arya Mohallah M.C. Rawalpindi College for Boys. town. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. M. 43.5.C. 52. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. College of Commerce Saddar.C. 47.2. BPS New Malpur M. BPS Qasim abad. 6. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 10. 9.C. 8. Leadership College for Boys St. GMS Amarpura. Islamic International Commerce College. 15. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. M. 5. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 53. M. town. 44. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. MC. 48. Capital College Murree Road. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. M. GMS Qasimabad. BPS Muslim Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. BPS Fauji Colony M. Ojiri Camp. BMS Amarpura. Rwalpindi.C. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Leadership College for Girls St. 42. 38. Rawalpindi. Town. 4. M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 39.C. Town. 1.2. BPS Chamanzar.

Vocational Training Institute (W).3.C. Kartarpura. 3.C. 5. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi.C.C. M. 4. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Govt. M. M. Vocational Training Institute (W). 7. Rawalpindi Govt. (RMGTC). BHS Ratta Amral M. Dhamial. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Govt. Govt. Institute of Commerce.C. 2. GHS Teli Mohallah M.2. BPS Affandi Colony 8.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. GHS Satellite Town M. 7. 8. 4.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Millat Colony M. Techincal Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. 3. 9. High School Rawalpindi M.2 Satellite Town.6. 8. Scheme No. GHS Ratta Amral M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk.(ABAD). Vocational Training Institute (W). 6.C. BHS Moti Baza M. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. MC. Dhoke Syedan. 6. Govt. 1.C.C. College of Commerce.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. 5. BPS Ratta 18. Institute of Commerce (W). BHS Satellite Town M. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BPS Chitian Hattian 19.

Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 3.6. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 5. 2. The Mall F.4. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC).Glorious Rawalpindi 8. F.G. 4. 7. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 4.5.G. 5. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Private Schools and colleges 1. Sir Syed College. Harley Street F. 3. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 4.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 2. Quaid-e-Azam College. Govt. 6.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Ordinance Road. The Mall 1. 2.G (C. Chaklala III 8. 6.

Medical Colleges 1. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .7. Rawalpindi Medical College. 4. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3.

Situated near the Ayub National Park. It has a playground. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. today this is a facility of 27 holes. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. It covers an area of about 2. From being a nine-hole course. covers 2. an aquarium. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .1. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.1. Meander through the bazaars.) Road.T. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. 300 acres.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. The Ayub National Park.300 acres and has a play area. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks.1. These are the best way to see the city. 9. play land. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. fountains and flower beds. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. lush lawns. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. founded in 1885. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. It has a lake with boating facility.

Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The Park was opened in 1991. lions.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. It has a play area for children. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Some tigers. One should try out during a visit here. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.1. bears. 9.2. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad.3. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. The first prime minister of Pakistan. lawns. fountains and flower beds. 9. is of historical interest due to its political processions. was assassinated here in 1950. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.1. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Other areas of the park are used for walking. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. 2007 at same venue. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. cheetahs. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.

In winter. or riding in the new chair-lifts.400 feet). Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. parks.even chilly in the evening . At the southwest end is Pindi Point. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. a little bit of England. schools. where most people congregate. Between the two runs The Mall. Murree and the Galis Murree. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Murree is lovely all year round. at 2. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.5. Murree remained. on the Karakoram Highway.6. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.and rain is common. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Romi Park.1. near Kachari Chowk. Jinnah Park.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Since independence. complete with The Mall for promenading. clubs and cafes.240 meters (7.1. Peshawar Road 9. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. especially at weekends. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. however. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. has expanded rapidly. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. when the honor was transferred to Simla. churches. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. In summer it is cool . Civil Lines 9. Numerous roads leave. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.4. Its cold pine forests.

Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Ayubia Khairagali. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. In addition to riding trails. A restaurant has also been established. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Patriata 25 km from Murree. hiking places and picnic spots. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Changlagali. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree.). 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. It is 30 km from Murree. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The golf course here is open only to members. which like a ski-lift. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Ayubia has a chair lift. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. both rides cost about Rs. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Natural springs abound on the slopes. which is the highest point in the range. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills.

There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 .1. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. once you reach the summit. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale.7. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. situated on the summit of a hill. For this.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. Khaira Gali. The city of Rawalpindi. 9. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. you will find that the surface is clean. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. Asiatic leopard. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. flying squirrel and hill fox. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. hiking places. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. golden eagle. better known as the Murree National Park. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Islamabad. In addition to riding trails. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk.

8. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. 9. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.T. Buddhist. stucco. could not complete its original plan. Most of the sites at Taxila. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. iron and semiprecious stones. silver. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. 9. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. you can find every thing which a common man can use. However. including stone. shawls and jackets. but come out by sheer luck. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. The Sarafa bazaar. Here. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. At the outset. There are 4000 objects displayed. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples.C to 500 AD. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. cane baskets and furniture. walking sticks. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place.9.1.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Saddar bazaar. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. terracotta. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. As it turns out. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi.1. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. This is a place where you go by choice. gold. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. vicery of India in 1918. which is the first stop for any tourist. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. at The Raja Bazaar. are located around the Taxila Museum. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. the museum.

Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. loved by the Mughals. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Today. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. i. on their way to Kashmir. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Road. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction.5 acres. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. left of G. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. that is.T. Islamabad. Government of Pakistan. Ferishta and Jehangir.1. Road.e. This place offers scenic walks.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . line the canals through which cool waters once.T. Gen. by the Department of Archaeology. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. gently flowing stream. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Taxila. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.Twice a year. by his colleagues. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Road. Tapering cypress trees. 9.10. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. built in 1890 in memory of Brig.T. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Guru Nanak. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. The resort has a restaurant.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Road. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. T.T.3. on the G. a minister of emperor Akbar. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. From the clubhouse. was also built during this period. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. Sports venues and stadiums 9. home to several thousand people. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. at the foot of Margalla. a small town has developed. with spring water falling within it. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. 9. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. Road Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. and the course itself. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. After several phases of development. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. it is now a 27-hole course.3. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. G. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.1. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. It is situated at I. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort.

This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. 9. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches.3. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.000. Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.2. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.

Rawalpindi Club.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Army Hockey Stadium 9. The Mall Saddar 9.3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.4.3.3.5. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. crime reporting. rescue. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Rescue 15 .2. buildings collapse.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.1. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. explosions. 10. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. Therefore. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. identification of vehicles for registration etc. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Community Awareness &Training. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. however personal visits are also allowed. SERVICES 10. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. which is an achievement even internationally. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Response and Prevention. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness.1.

it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 11. 14. 13. Endurance. 9. 7. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10.1. 12. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 4. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 3. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 8. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. perseverance. 5. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 2.4. struggle. 6. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.3. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi .1. patience.

1. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Children.6. love and understanding.5. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. support.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Old People and Disabled.1. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. The children are given security.

Distribution system consists of 46.897. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).1. “The basic aim is that this orphan.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. 2006. but the emphasis is on achievement. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. General Industry. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . now Companies Ordinance 1984. this poor child.008.2.1.2. Here.118 million rupees during July-September.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. designing and construction of pipelines. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. 7. SNGPL has 2. not on Islamic political causes. Fertilizer. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Sales to these consumers were 39.081 HM3 worth 107. both for itself and other organizations. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.study together up until fifth grade." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. Power & Cement Sectors.” 10.733. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Urdu.127. Domestic. boys and girls . Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). to be sure. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.581.280 HM3 worth 31. detail of some among them is following.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 10. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.028 consumers comprising Commercial.46/-.

Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2.2. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Saadi Road 10.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Rawalpindi Cantt. Chakwal. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. SNGPL. Attock.

On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.000 and 5. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.8 million V-fone customers.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2.7 million customers. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.

1 5. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of No.2. Committee Chowk 4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Water Works No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Total No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Pirwadahi Total No.

• Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). POST OFFICE GPO . 5. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.5. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 3. 2.2. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. 2. rail and road. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). 1.2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.7. both national and international. has numerous routes.6. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Rawalpindi 10. In addition to freight. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. the principal carrier in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. with many domestic and international flights every day.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which connects Pakistan to China.T. Motorway Interchange. Road) or. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.8.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. more recently. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.2. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Rawalpindi. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). which were completed in the 1990s. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. the world's highest international road. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.

The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. For inter-city travel. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.2. ranging from yellow taxis. yellow cabs. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.9. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). and which operate constantly throughout the day. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. mini-buses.

1. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. provision of efficient drainage system.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Rawalpindi. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.45 Km of main road with 1. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. 5. median. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. installations of traffic signals. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. construction of footpaths. traffic signs. 3. pedestrian over head bridges. pavement marking. Objectives 1. channelization of junctions. relocation of structures. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. 2. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club.

rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. future land uses pattern. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. OD travel pattern.2. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . land values & ownership pattern. Detailed Traffic Engg. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. land use plan.T. growth of income. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. of Punjab / RDA. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Task-III Economic Evaluation.00 million. 2. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. 1. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg.

c. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. commercial. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.5 m 21. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. e. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. unbalanced land use transport interaction. d. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7.3. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. industrial. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. f. Unluckily however. enchroachments.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 35. non standardized infrastructure support. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. The Lai Nullah.

Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. And. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Until 1923.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1. At that time.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.1. according to the old timers. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Famous Historical Places 12. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. better known as The Mall . Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. In 1920 in the pre-partition days.2.the glory of the cantonment . it was home to Budhana Bibi. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. Lal Haveli In old times. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .1. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. 12.3. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. After independence.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Sarafa Bazaar. a famous dancing girl.

Like Multan.1. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. better known as the Purana Qilla.4. cut brick corbellings. the old quarters of the city. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Pakpattan or Lahore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. bay windows and doors. dense housing. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic.

Modern. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.1. 12.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.

2.4. Rawalpindi.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2. 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .5. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.3.

Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3.3. 12.3.1. Rawalpindi. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Famous Restaurants 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.2.

Saddar. 12.International Near KFC.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Saddar. Rawalpindi.4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4. Murree Road.1.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .4. KFC .International . Sub Way . Rawalpindi.

Canning Road 10. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 4.5. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Peshawar Road 9. 12. 2. 3. Police Station Road 11.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Bank Road 8. 6. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Haider Road 12.

Harding Road 14. Tipu Road 16. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. College Road 15. 18.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.7. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. houses and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There are many old buildings.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.10. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 11. 31. 14. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. 10. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. Citi Bank N A. 21. 20. Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 32. 29. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 15. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 4. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 7. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 9. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17. 13. 30. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. 6. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. 8. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 24. 23. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 26. 28. 27. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 18. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi.

11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12.

on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. That it was an ammunition dump. Many. It was clear. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Theories abound. Soon. 19 years ago. that it was Ojhri. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. many thousands more were injured.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Rawlapindi. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. now. on April 10.13. But that was the extent of it. Over 5000 people were killed.

The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. 2001. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. On July 23. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. The total storage capacity is 47.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. which generates 84. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.500 acre feet (12994 MG).8 sq.1. WATER RESERVOIR 13. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.000 acre feet (11763 MG). Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Margalla and Murree hills. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Live storage is 43. fishing and boating. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. km.

13. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. whereas. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. after 2000. due to monsoon. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. outflow is 0. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi.783 MCM. However. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. However. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.3. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Therefore.777 MCM. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. However. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.687 MCM. Since its inception. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. the flow was relatively high in June to August. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. in general.2. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

com Books & Etc. EDO Health. Rawalpindi. f. d.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. j. p. e. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. k. a. o. g.gov. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . q. 1998 City Report. l. Rawalpindi Cities.blogspot. p.pk travel. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Govt. d. Rawalpindi Post Office.geocities. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.com Virtualglobetrottiong. m.rawalpindi.mapsofworld. r. h. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. q. l. t. i.com pakistanpeadia. n. r. S. h. c. g. m. f. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. e. s. b.com Nrb www. o. j.com www.absoluteastronomy.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. k. Punjab Railway Station. n. b. i. c.