Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.............. 43 9.......................... The Salt Range ............ Edhi Foundation ......................................................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8............ 63 10..... 57 9....................................................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ................................................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ................ 55 9..................................... 62 10................ Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ....... 46 9................................... Romi Park. 56 9.........5................3............................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district........... SERVICES ....................................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ... 60 10................................................ Khewra Salt Mines ............................1....... Temple of Katas .........................................................................................2.......4...........6.........................................3........................1................ 61 10......................... 57 9............ Civil Lines ....1...5..............1..2............................. Rawalpindi Golf Course ........................................ 49 9....................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ....................... 45 9............................. POLICE STATIONS. 50 9.................3..........2...... 41 8...............................2........... 51 9..........................10..................3........ Ayub National Park ........................................................................................2.....................9.......1. 48 9..... Jinnah Park......3...............................................................1............................................. 61 10......3..................................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges .......4.................................................. 64 10................. Punjab.....................................................1.............................1...... 42 8............ 60 10........................Emergency Reporting Centre ......1........2.......... 63 10...... 44 9............... Rawalpindi Club............1...............1.........1..5...............................4....................................................................... Forts .................................. 46 9...... Rawalpindi Public Park ........ 51 9........................ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)....... 58 10......... Other Places Worth A Visit....................... Utility Services ................................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ............................................................. 57 9............................................ KABBADI...........................................2............................................. Taxila Museum..................................... 54 9............................................................... 44 9.............................................................................. .5.............1.................................7. near Kachari Chowk............1.. Hassan Abdal....................... 58 9...............3........... Field Hockey ...........1............................ Rescue 15 ............................................................2............. IESCO ...........................................4...................................... 60 10......... Medical Colleges ..3..................... Government Schools & Colleges ......................................1.............................5....................1.............................. 62 10....................................... 56 9........... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .... Cinemas & Theatres ..................................4.3....... ....................... 51 9............................. PTCL ................................................. SOME OTHER STADIUMS ..............1........................................................................................................................ 42 8.........1....1. Kallar Kahar .................................................... 54 9..................................... 63 10........... SOS Village ..................... Army Hockey Stadium ............................................................. 51 9................................... The Mall Saddar ..... 65 Company Profile ...................................... Darul Aman ..........................3...........................1...6.......................................2.2...... 44 9.................... 52 9.................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .................. 57 9..................2........1.......................................................5...................... 46 9........................ 53 9.................................4..................................................7........2................ Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ..................1................................................................................................................. Cricket ..........3...4.................6.......................1.......................................................................................... Liaqat National Bagh .................. Peshawar Road ..........................................4....................... SPORTS & RECREATION .....................................7.......... 45 9........6..... 60 10................................ 42 8...................2.... 56 9.................................................................1...............................................................................4................... The Raja Bazaar .................. 49 9.......3.........2..................................................................... Private Schools and colleges ..............3.................................... Murree and the Galis ......................................................................................................................2............8.......................................2................................................ Sports venues and stadiums ......................................................................

.................11.......... POST OFFICE .................... 72 11...... KFC ...................................... The Mall ..........................................................7...1.......... 96 12.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 80 12...10.......................7...................................... 74 12................................1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ......................8...................................................................................... 82 12... 68 10...........12............2. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ....................................... Islamabad International Airport Road ..........3.........2................. Political Structure ....................................................................................................................... 104 13......................4............................................. WASA ...... Highways ........3...4........................... 79 12.................. Akbar International *** ..........................................................6................................... 68 10........................................................... 77 12................................2....... FAMOUS Hotels .................................. Lai Expressway .................................. Museums ..........................................................................................................................................1..................................................2.............................. 79 12........................ Airport ............................................................................. 78 12. 81 12................ Sub Way ................................................................................2.................1...............................2................................................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ...................2................................................................................................................................................................1.............9......................................................4.......................5........2...................................................... 76 12......................(Rawalpindi) .......................... Misriot Dam .............................................................................. 75 12... Railway Stations ...... 99 12....2.............................................................................................................................................. Purana Qilla ................ Flashman’s Hotel.................. Jawa Dam .................................................2....................................2............................................1........................................................................... 81 12............................ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ............................................... Libraries and Museums .... WATER RESERVOIR ..........9..............3........International .......8.......... Famous Chowk........Glorious Rawalpindi 10....................... 70 10..........................................6.................................. 100 12....................................... Famous Historical Places .................... Lai Nullah ................ 73 11.............International ......2............. Roads In Rawalpindi City ........................................14.............................................................1...3....................................... Lal Haveli .................................... RAWAL LAKE......................... 81 12........................................................ 76 12................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ......1.... 95 12..............................2...... RING ROAD ................ Famous Restaurants........................ 71 11.................. 80 12........1... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ................1........... 66 10.................................................................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ................................. Hotel Civic ................................... 93 12......................2................. 105 13....... Shalimar Hotel ****..13.................2.................................................................. Ancient Rawalpindi ............................................................................3......................4....... 75 12............. 98 12............... 75 12..................... 78 12...........................5...................................................2..3.................. 104 13.................... 67 10.................. 78 12...............................3......4..2......................... La Rosh Hotel............................. Lasania Restaurant city ........................... 79 12.......................................................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ........................... 80 12... 90 12........................... Public Transportation ......................5............ 102 13............................................................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ...................................1.....2................................ 72 11............................................................................4.......... 84 12.......................................

education and the existing industries. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . communication net works. This study contains information on population.e.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. health. infrastructure. i. the area of its concern.

Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. a Ghakkar Chief . also known as Pindi. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Jhelum. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). they must conciliate the martial people of the area. founded a new town nearby. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi City. However. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. HISTORY Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. until 1765. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. When Jhanda Khan. In 1849. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The Rawals a jogi tribe. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. battle with Gakhars.e. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. has a long history spread over several millennia. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867.

the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation.e. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. The city is home to many industries and factories. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. and it serves the city along with the capital. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army.e. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Cantonment and city. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. water is stored by building dams. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. famous for its floods. Nala Lai. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Many Government buildings were set on fire. In 1951. he was welcomed rousingly. the Afghan war and martial law. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. in Liaquat Garden. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Liaquat Ali Khan. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. before Pakistan came into existence. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events.

37’ East longitudes. 2.38’ and 73°. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.01’ North latitudes and 72°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.1. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.04’ 34°.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. in the province of Punjab. Location It lies between 33°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Chakwal. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s.

PST (UTC+5) No. Estimate.6. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 73. 70. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 051 Time zone. 2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.059. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. of Towns.550 (2007) Literacy rate.059. Area.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 500 meters AMSL 5.300.2.6. 8 Population.286 km² Calling code.000 (1998) 3. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.033333 Altitude. 73.

the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.3. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. In summer. and Pakhtuns. Muhajirs. Punjabis. temp is 17. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. comprising Potoharis.6 Degree Centigrade. when the mean max. The weather is highly unpredictable.7 C and Min 2. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.06 Degree Centigrade per month .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The coldest month is Jan. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.

Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". second for the relatives and third for self and own family. There are many mosques throughout the city. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. On this day. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). others being truthfulness. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Here too the poor are not forgotten. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. one for distribution among the poor. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. modesty and good behaviour. More than men. 3. On Eid day. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). No sooner it is sited. The roads. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 .1. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah.a ritual in which everyone shares. In addition to the two Eids. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon.

they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Summi. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . 3. tent pegging and Bini. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Rawalpindi.2. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Music and dancing are also common. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Chaunji Trap. Bhangra. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. education. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. wrestling. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter.Paul Church. St. railways and the police force. There are two Churches in Saddar. Young people prefer Kabaddi.

There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . and to the historical region of Punjab. Hinduism After the Partition of India.3. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 3.4. historical and political ties to the country.

4. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. 4. when Pakistan. 1940. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.2.1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. Islamabad. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. CULTURE 4.1. red or velvet.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Later in 1971. 4. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. On 23rd March. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.3. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.1. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.1.

Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Due to good weather condition in the district. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. health of population is generally better. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. The usual ornaments like ear rings.1. the bride’s parents feast the party. 4. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.2. Tea is popular all over the district. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. the other name of mienu. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor.3. To mold into the colors of ubton. 4. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Khaki or grey.4. bangles. After the religious formalities.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. sweet and ornaments etc.

2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4. especially women. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. 4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. All the guests.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Besides. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.5. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.

potato. Welding. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. a brewery. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. and vegetables are the major products of the city. pharmaceutical. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. beverages and fruit preservation.000 spindles.021 power looms. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. and leather goods. iron mills. pottery. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Air conditiong. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. cigarettes. marble processing. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. bajra.000 persons i.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Metallurgy. apples. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center.000b spindles and 1. glass products. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. about 1. steel re-rolling. industrial gas processing. sewing machines etc. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. apricots. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. citrus.e. furniture. railroad yards. and factories making tents. maize. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. pears. textiles. Drafting. medium and small industrial units. sawmills. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. hosiery. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir.

There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. Like the men of the tribe. by courtesy. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. will go to far from their homes for such work. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described.1. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. 5. gold seals and such like. They also deal largely in hides. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. is misleading. except ploughing. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Janjuas. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. gold threads. Brahmans. towns of the district. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.2. The chief families of Gakkhar. do not require detailed notice. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. These only form a small percentage of the total population. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. chiefly silk goods. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. so-called. Kohlis and a few others. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris.

other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. tehsil Kahutta. Baking-plates are also made here. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. costing from Re. where wood is plentiful. Pindigheb. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . or khair wood. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. known as abri. the spinning wheels. and at Makhad. saddles are the principal articles made. Chauntra. neighboring villages. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Pihras. chappris. phulaa. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. from Re: 1 to Rs. Reed matting.5 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. especially in tehsil Kahuta. The chairs cost from Re. 1 to Rs. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. tehsil Rawapindi. known as phur. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. 1 to Rs. Kuri-Dolal. tehsil Pindigheb. according to size. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. embroidered shoes. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). or low chairs. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 6. 10 for the set of 4. costing from Rs. 40. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities.3. 8. Fatehjang. make padlocks of iron. The lohars of Manianda. and are made of Shisham. Phulkaris are made in many places. 20. and Hazro. and Salgraon. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. which are sold in Rawalpindi.

The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Mr. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. 5. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. or earthen-jars. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. have been procured. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. especially of it is exported across the Indus.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. as there is said to have once been. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Here. Popular Industries 5. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. Lockwood Kipling. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. both lie on the Indus bank.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country.1. as else where.4.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. at Fatehjang. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry.

and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. sand blasting. patti and other handicrafts. ustaad and unskilled workers. Sangjani. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. handling & storing. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . I-9/1 and I-9/3. cutting & sizing. Major processes include loading/unloading. flower vases and fountains. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. honed finishing etc. Most of the labor has education level below primary. bush hammering. tiles. Rawalpindi. and other areas of Rawalpindi city.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. which are also in small quantities. phool. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. Karachi and Lahore. acid finishing. brush finishing.

2. 10. It is below 50%. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 .Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 7. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 9. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 3. 8. Hardly. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 2. 6. 1. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 4. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.000-300. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.000 cubic ft.4.

Your marketing strategies must be good. consoles are in demand. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets.000 people. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. lockers. are in huge demand in the City. Therefore. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. lampshades. A Report by Ms. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. By stocking the best quality goods. as well as residential areas. You can sell wood or metal furniture. since all kinds of furniture. Once your furniture business gets off. side tables and stools.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. from office to lounge furniture. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. etc. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. and you should take care to build good customer relations. sofas. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. and selling innovative products. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. lamps stands. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Polish affects the quality of the material. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. hotels and restaurants. so that must be kept in mind. The establishments in the city need showcases. shelves. schools. Be sure to include photographs. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Even couches.

The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. In 1887-89. three miles from Fatehjang. in the Bannu district. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 50 feet. Kalabagh oil…. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by.5.200 gallons last year. No. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. No. No.000 gallons per year.. 3. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. 2. The oil is collected as it.16 per hundred gallons. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 100 feet. It is made from mustard oil. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . transmitted light. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 5. The petroleum costs. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. etc. This is thrown into a cistern. 80 feet. 4. The borings are 35 feet from each other. Five borings have been made. Rs. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas.600 gallons per annum. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 5. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. the churches. leaving the oil above. 1 is 100n feet deep.6. The petroleum now costs Rs. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. petroleum and wood. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. No. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The oil is used in its raw state. Fatehjang. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. and Kalabagh on the Indus. 28 ditto. 60 feet. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. No. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. The total oil collected is about 1. 4 inches in diameter each. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water.

from Kashmir. Peshawar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. for seed. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. was exported to Kashmir. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Jallundur and Meerut. Jallundur. Hazro and Makhad. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. described above. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Shahjahanpur. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. fruits. refined Sugar from Bombay. from Kashmir. rice being little grown. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Peshawar. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. however. chiefly. dyes. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. pattus. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Ghee. are exported to some small extent. metals. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Silk from Amritsar. Kashmir and Sawat. fruits from Kashmir. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. it is believed. Peshawar. and Gujrat. leather from Kashmir. hardware from Amritsar. and Peshawar. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. thick cloths. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. rice from neighboring districts. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. and that of inferior quality in this district. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. ra and the sea-ports. chiefly deodar. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Wazirabad. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . timber. timber. & c. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Delhi and Gujranwala. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab.1. Yarkand and Ladakh.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. gur from Sialkot. Sialkot. charas..

pharmaceuticals. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. cotton and woolen Textiles. 5. pottery. 24. 13. Sr. 2. 6. 21. beverages and fruit preservation. a brewery. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 18. No.1. and leather goods. industrial gases. 14. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Petroleum Refinery. 15. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 7. 22. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. sawmills. 8. textiles. 17. 4. 19.2. flour mills. 3. glass products. 12. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 16. distillery. 9. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 10. hosiery. 1. railroad yards. sewing machines etc. poultry feed. and factories making tents. cement. cigarettes. Heavy Mechanical Complex.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.2. Heavy Foundry and Forge. glass products. iron mills. furniture. 20. mineral processing. 23. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. cigarettes. steel re-rolling. marble processing.

46. linkage between the industrial units. skilled labour. 39.3. 38. 43. 44. 41. however.C. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . i) ii) 45. 31. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 40. 29. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P.C.C. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.V. 33. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 30. if lacking is manageable. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 37. 42. 34. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. local/national/international demand.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 35. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. Therefore. 26. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 27. 36. 47. 32.

In this area there is good scope for furniture. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. 6. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.3. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. Silica sand. veneer board. ground nut. leather Products.3. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production.3. poultry/cattle feed. employs 48.5. Pharmaceuticals. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. Minerals Fire clay.2.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. 6. which accounted 11. jawar.4% of the overall export earnings of the country.3. its major crops and fruit are wheat.5 billion for the year 2001-02.1. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.4.3% of national GDP. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. cement. In addition. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. semi processed and processed agricultural products. rock salt. 6. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . woolen. dolomite bentonite. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. It contributes 24% to the GDP. glass.3. 6. maize.3. meat/poultry processing units. cigarettes. etc. gypsum. cotton. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Oil refinery. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. It accounts for 38. guava and apple. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. Soda ash. footwear. there also exist good prospects for tannery. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. leather garments.

suitable for wide spread fish farming. steel furniture. household appliances. machine made carpets. cosmetics. children wear. glass ample. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. 6.4. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. woolen knitwear. Heavy Foundry and Forge. confectionery. Besides. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.7. 6. electrical accessories.3. electric cables. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. rubberized/mechanical toys. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. there exists good prospects for biscuits.3.9.6.8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . fashion apparel. pharmaceutical. 6. 6. sanitary fitting.3. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. ready made garments for men and women. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. glass hollow-ware. sports wear etc. wires etc. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.3. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. Attock Refinery. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. PVC pipes. POF etc. Steel. has now emerged as a potential investment area.

the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.2.4. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Most of these deposits are unexploited. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. The inhabitants. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. 6. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Therefore. Currency and Mint. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.4. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.1. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. 6.

machinery & equipment. Social Sector Activities: Education. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. including the development of Industrial Zones. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4.3.6. 6.4. 6. Technical/Vocational Training.15 million.4.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.5. Hospitals. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. not manufactured locally. Medical and Diagnostic Services.4.3 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. of tourism.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6.

Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. Ltd. not manufactured locally.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.2. Bakery Products 1. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. 5. voicemail services. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad.) LTD Bakery. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.5.1. Beverage 6. 3. not manufactured locally. Murree Brewery Company LTD. card pay phone services etc. not manufactured locally. Details of machinery are Plant. Plant. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .5. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 2. Plant. 6. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.e. imported by tourism. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.5. 4. Classic Capital (Pvt. audio-fax services. imported by the manufacturing industries. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery and equipment. machinery and equipment. hotels and tourism related projects. machinery & equipment. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.

12.5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.3.7. Ceramics Products 8.5.4.5.T.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . IPRAM International. 14. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Old G. Diapers Plant 10.5. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.5.6. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Peshawar Road 6. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . 15. NEOMEDIX . W.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Cement Products 7. Adyala Road 17. 16. Chip/Straw Board 9.5. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Capital Plywood Industry. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.5. .8. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Domestic Hardware 11. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Road Morgah 6. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.

Glorious Rawalpindi 19. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Westridge 38. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Flour Mills 23. Westridge 36. Khyber Flour Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Seham Road 37. Naswari Bazar 24. Westridge 32. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al Karim Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Adyala Road 21. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills.9. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Industrial area Rawat 26. Peshawar Road 41. Ratta Road 29. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills.Rawat 35. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Olive Laboratories . Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Rawat 27. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Ratta Road 34. Khurram Flour & General Mills.5. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Railway Workshop Road 25. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Harmain Flour Mills.

Plastic Products 52. Rawat Flour Mills. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.5. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Kashmir Road 6.5.11. JI Interprises. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.) Ltd.12. Poultry Feeds 53.10. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . SB Feed Industries (Pvt.14. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Tops Food & Beverages . Food Products 45. Fine Plastic Works. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. LPG Cylinders 51.5.13. National Park Road 6. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.5.5. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Bangash Colony. Pirwadhai 46. Rawat 43.

Textile Spinning 57.17. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.5. Peshawar Road 7. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6..5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. Unani Medicines 59. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Westridge 6.5.M.5.5.16.Textile Mills Ltd.20.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Tyre and Tubes 58..5.18. D. Adamjee Street 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . (Pvt) Ltd.19. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Refinery 55. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.15. Textile Composite 56.

9. 4. 2. 8.1. 6. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 3. 5. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 7. 10. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Govt.2. Rawalpindi.3. 7. 3. 3.5. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 2. 7. Government Hospitals 1. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. This region is full of Health facilities. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Dhok Ali Akber. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay.4. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. MCH Centres 1. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 2.

Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .7.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7. 7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.6. 3. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.

5. Dr. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 5551237 8.8. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 10. 1. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi Cantt. 7. 4. Near Hydri Chowk.425 7th Road. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Satellite Town. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. 3. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 3. 2. Rawalpindi 12. Off Murree Road. Satellite Town. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Dr. 7. Rawalpindi 15.P. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House.A. Saidpur Road. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi 14. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. 17. Rawalpindi. 3. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Bazar Road. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Rawalpindi 11. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 6.9. Shakoors V. BH Building. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi.I. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 2. Rawalpindi. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Said pur Road. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.

Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1.1.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Universities 8. its daughters. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. After their father's death (1901). Muhammed became her legal guardian. 8. This gift to the nation. University of Arid Agriculture. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.2. The building has an architectural splendor. As it stands. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1.

National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Located near the CMH. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College Asghar Mall.2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 2. Town.1. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. 3. Govt. Govt.2. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Colleges 8.3. 5. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. College St. No. Gorden College. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.1. Town.2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. 4. No. 1. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Govt.2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College for women St. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Viqar un Nisa College for women. Rawalpindi 8. Hashmat Ali Isl. 1. College. Rawalpindi 2.

College of Advance Technology. 26. Civil College of Commerce St. 5. 23. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 17. Rahimabad airport Road. 24. 34. Rawalpindi. St. town. 19. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. 33. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. 7. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Kashmir Road. St. town. Rawalpindi. St. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. National Science College Murree Road. Educator College. Rawal College of Commerce. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 8. Town. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Town. 29. town. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Town. Rawalpindi. 25. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. 1. 13. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Saddar. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rwp. 21. Rawalpindi. 6. 4.2. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 14. 31. 30. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 35. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. St. Al-Falah College for women St. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 11.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. St. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 3. 10. St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Leaders College of Commerce. 32. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 12. town. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 27. 18. town.3. 22. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 20. Rawalpindi. Saddar. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi. 15. 9. 28. Town. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 2.

C. Capital College Murree Road. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 41. M. town. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town.C.2.C.. 1. Rawalpindi. 56. Rwalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. 8. Leadership College for Boys St. Town.C. BPS Bangash Colony M. 9. 15. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).5. 48. St. 55. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 42.C. Town. 11. 49. 8. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Rawalpindi.C. 44. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. Indus College of Commerce. GMS Waris Khan.C. M. 39. Leadership College for Girls St. GMS Amarpura.4. Shamsabad. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Rawalpindi. MC. 3.2. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. M. Rwalpindi.C.C. 13. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed.C. M. 54. 52. 3. MC. 7. 47. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Punjab College of information technology. M. Morgah Rawalpindi. town. 50. Rawalpindi.C. Inflorescence College of modern . 43. Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 53. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. M.C. M.C. 51. 2. 4. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. M.C. College of Commerce Saddar.C. 45. Rawalpindi. 16. 8. Rwalpindi. 5. Islamic International Commerce College. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Town. 46. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. 6. 2. Town. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 14.C. Rawalpindi. 4. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. St. BMS Amarpura. BPS Dhok Paracha M. BPS Faiz abad M.C. 40. Ojiri Camp. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. BPS Fauji Colony M. GMS Qasimabad. town. BPS Qasim abad. 1.C. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 38. BPS New Malpur M.C.C. 10.

) PIA Colony Misrial Road.(ABAD). Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. M. 3.C. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.C. Rawalpindi. M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Rawalpindi (Cantt. College of Commerce.C. 4. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BPS Chitian Hattian 19.2. Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Satellite Town M. BHS Ratta Amral M. Institute of Commerce (W). Kartarpura. High School Rawalpindi M.6. 6. Techincal Training Institute (W).C. 5. 1.PIA College Rawalpindi City. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Govt. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Institute of Commerce.C. 7. Dhamial.C. 8. 9. 2.C. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. 6. Scheme No. M.C. Govt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Govt. 7. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. (RMGTC). MC. BHS Millat Colony M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. BPS Ratta 18. Dhoke Syedan. 3.2 Satellite Town. BHS Moti Baza M.C. Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. GHS Ratta Amral M. Vocational Training Institute (W). 4. 5.3. GHS Satellite Town M. Govt. 8. Vocational Training Institute (W).

4. The Mall F. 2. Sir Syed College. 4. 7. 6. Harley Street F. 6. 3. Private Schools and colleges 1. 4.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.6. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 3. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.G. 5. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Govt. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 2.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Quaid-e-Azam College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. F. 5. Chaklala III 8. 2. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. The Mall 1.G (C. Ordinance Road.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No.4.5.G.

3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Medical College. Medical Colleges 1.7. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 4.

covers 2. today this is a facility of 27 holes. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Ayub National Park. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.1. It has a lake with boating facility. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. fountains and flower beds. Meander through the bazaars. lake with boating facility. From being a nine-hole course.300 acres and has a play area. Situated near the Ayub National Park.1.1. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. play land. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. an aquarium. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.T. It has a playground.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. These are the best way to see the city. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. founded in 1885. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. It covers an area of about 2. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. 300 acres.) Road. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. 9. lush lawns. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city.

This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. 2007 at same venue. 9. lawns. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Some tigers. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. cheetahs. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. is of historical interest due to its political processions. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.1. was assassinated here in 1950. One should try out during a visit here. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. lions. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. It has a play area for children. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. fountains and flower beds. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .2.3. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. The Park was opened in 1991. bears. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.1.

At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.and rain is common. especially at weekends. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . the best time to go in April-May and September-October. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Jinnah Park.4. parks. complete with The Mall for promenading. Murree is lovely all year round. near Kachari Chowk. Numerous roads leave. In winter. Romi Park. a little bit of England.1. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. when the honor was transferred to Simla. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.400 feet). Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. In summer it is cool . the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. on the Karakoram Highway. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Murree remained.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Since independence. amidst magnificent mountain scenery.1. where most people congregate. clubs and cafes. churches. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. at 2. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Between the two runs The Mall.1. schools. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Peshawar Road 9.even chilly in the evening . however.6. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Civil Lines 9. has expanded rapidly. Its cold pine forests. Murree and the Galis Murree.5.240 meters (7. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

Natural springs abound on the slopes. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. hiking places and picnic spots. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. The golf course here is open only to members. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Patriata 25 km from Murree. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. which is the highest point in the range. Changlagali. It is 30 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. A restaurant has also been established. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. In addition to riding trails. both rides cost about Rs. Ayubia Khairagali. which like a ski-lift. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Ayubia has a chair lift. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water.).

For this. once you reach the summit. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. 9. In addition to riding trails. you will find that the surface is clean. The city of Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Asiatic leopard. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. Khaira Gali. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. a sub category of the Montane Forests. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. situated on the summit of a hill. golden eagle. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point.1. Islamabad. better known as the Murree National Park. flying squirrel and hill fox.7. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. hiking places. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful.

Here. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. 9. including stone. which is the first stop for any tourist. At the outset. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Potohar shoes and Chappals. This is a place where you go by choice. 9.1. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. iron and semiprecious stones. could not complete its original plan. The Sarafa bazaar. Most of the sites at Taxila. you can find every thing which a common man can use. As it turns out. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. 48 km from Rawalpindi. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . Saddar bazaar. cane baskets and furniture. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. at The Raja Bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. are located around the Taxila Museum. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. shawls and jackets. the museum. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan.1. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. walking sticks. but come out by sheer luck. stucco.T.C to 500 AD. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. However. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. vicery of India in 1918. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. There are 4000 objects displayed. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Buddhist. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. terracotta.9. silver. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. gold.8. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.

Ferishta and Jehangir. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. left of G. by his colleagues. This place offers scenic walks.T. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.1. Tapering cypress trees. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Road. gently flowing stream. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Today. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. that is. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction.T. by the Department of Archaeology.10. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.e. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.Twice a year. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Guru Nanak. Government of Pakistan. Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. on their way to Kashmir. Gen. loved by the Mughals. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Taxila. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . i. Road.T. Road. line the canals through which cool waters once.5 acres. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The resort has a restaurant. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

51

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

52

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. home to several thousand people. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.3.1. it is now a 27-hole course. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. was also built during this period.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Road Rawalpindi. Road. It is situated at I.3. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. From the clubhouse. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. on the G. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority.T. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. 9. T. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. and the course itself. Sports venues and stadiums 9. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. a small town has developed. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. at the foot of Margalla. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. After several phases of development. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. G. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. with spring water falling within it. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. a minister of emperor Akbar. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. one on the top of the hill and other below it.

3. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.000. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Islamabad. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.2. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Army Hockey Stadium 9.3. Rawalpindi Club. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. The Mall Saddar 9.4.5.3.3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

57

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

58

Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

59

Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. 10. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. however personal visits are also allowed. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. explosions. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Response and Prevention.2. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons.1.1. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. buildings collapse. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.1. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. SERVICES 10. Community Awareness &Training. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. rescue. Therefore. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. identification of vehicles for registration etc.1. Rescue 15 . which is an achievement even internationally. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. crime reporting.

12. perseverance. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 .1. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. struggle.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.3. 14. 3. patience. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 10. 11. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 9. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 5. 4. 8. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.4. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 7. 2.1. 13. Endurance. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 6.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.1. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Old People and Disabled.6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. love and understanding. support. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. The children are given security.5. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.1. Children.

Power & Cement Sectors. 10. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Here.280 HM3 worth 31.733. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). The curriculum includes Islamic studies.008. Urdu.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. this poor child. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.581.118 million rupees during July-September. SNGPL has 2.2.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). General Industry. Fertilizer. Sales to these consumers were 39.46/-. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. now Companies Ordinance 1984.127. both for itself and other organizations.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. designing and construction of pipelines. but the emphasis is on achievement.1. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.897. not on Islamic political causes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.1. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.” 10. boys and girls . to be sure. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.028 consumers comprising Commercial.study together up until fifth grade. Domestic.7. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.2. 2006. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. “The basic aim is that this orphan. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Distribution system consists of 46. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). detail of some among them is following.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .081 HM3 worth 107.

IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Attock. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL.2. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Chakwal. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.2.

628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.000 and 5.8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.3. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.7 million customers.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Pirwadahi Total No.4. of No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .2. Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. 1 5. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Water Works No.

5. 3. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 2. POST OFFICE GPO . 5. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. 4. 6. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.

with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. has numerous routes. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. rail and road. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. In addition to freight.6. 2. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.2. 1. with many domestic and international flights every day.7. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).Glorious Rawalpindi 10.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . both national and international.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.T. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. more recently. which connects Pakistan to China. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the world's highest international road.8. Road) or. Motorway Interchange. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. which were completed in the 1990s. Rawalpindi. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways.2. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.

and which operate constantly throughout the day. Due to lack of planning of roads. ranging from yellow taxis. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. For inter-city travel. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.9. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 .2. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. mini-buses. yellow cabs. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

5. provision of efficient drainage system. construction of footpaths. relocation of structures. traffic signs. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. pedestrian over head bridges. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. 3. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Objectives 1. channelization of junctions. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. median. installations of traffic signals. pavement marking. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. 4. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. 2. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. which will result in reduction of accidents rate.45 Km of main road with 1.1. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.

00 million. Task-III Economic Evaluation. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. growth of income. future land uses pattern. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. 2. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg.2. OD travel pattern. land values & ownership pattern. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Detailed Traffic Engg. 1. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. of Punjab / RDA. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.T. land use plan.

where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. e. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. commercial.000 Cusecs 35. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. unbalanced land use transport interaction. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. d. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. c. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. Unluckily however. The Lai Nullah. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. non standardized infrastructure support. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. industrial.3.5 m 21. enchroachments. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. f. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 .

1. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. At that time. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. according to the old timers. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Famous Historical Places 12.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . And. Until 1923. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. In 1920 in the pre-partition days.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.the glory of the cantonment . After independence. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Lal Haveli In old times. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. a famous dancing girl.3. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. it was home to Budhana Bibi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .2. better known as The Mall . 12.1.1. Sarafa Bazaar. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.

cut brick corbellings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. Like Multan.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. the old quarters of the city. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. bay windows and doors.1. better known as the Purana Qilla. dense housing.4. Pakpattan or Lahore. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .

tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . 12. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.1. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Modern. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.

3.2.2.2. Flashman’s Hotel 12.5. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. 12.

La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3. Rawalpindi.3.1. Rawalpindi.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . 12.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Restaurants 12.

Saddar. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4. Murree Road. KFC .International .International Near KFC. Rawalpindi. Murree Road.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.2. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .4. 12.4.1. Saddar. Sub Way .

Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 3. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .5. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12. Peshawar Road 9. Police Station Road 11. 12. 2. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 4. Canning Road 10. 6. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.

College Road 15. Tipu Road 16. 18. 17. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

off the Mall. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.

000 books which are updated at regular interval. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.9.

Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.

Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 24. 10. 32. 26. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 19. 28. Bank Rawalpindi. 8. Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. 18. 15. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 9. 21. Citi Bank N A. 13. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. 4. 6. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 22. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 29. 5. 27. 25. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. 23.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 11. 17. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 20. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 14. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 7. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab.

11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

that it was Ojhri. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Theories abound. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Over 5000 people were killed. Many. 19 years ago. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. But that was the extent of it. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Rawlapindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. now. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. on April 10.13. It was clear. That it was an ammunition dump. This was a deliberate act of destruction. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. many thousands more were injured. Soon. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad.

The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. On July 23.23 Billion. 2001. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Margalla and Murree hills. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. km. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year.500 acre feet (12994 MG). which generates 84. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.1. WATER RESERVOIR 13.8 sq. fishing and boating. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 .000 acre feet (11763 MG).Glorious Rawalpindi 13. The total storage capacity is 47. Live storage is 43. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.

due to monsoon. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. However. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. the flow was relatively high in June to August.783 MCM. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000.777 MCM. Therefore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . whereas. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. after 2000. 13. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. in general.687 MCM.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Since its inception.3. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. outflow is 0.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

com pakistanpeadia. h. l. l. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . b. m. Rawalpindi EDO Education. d. b. n. k. a. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.com Books & Etc. Rawalpindi Post Office. q. e. Rawalpindi.pk travel.com www. EDO Health. o. g.com Nrb www. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. p. m. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.blogspot. p.com Virtualglobetrottiong. h. d. n. f.geocities. Punjab Railway Station. i. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. t. j.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. r. S. r. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. g. c. f. o.gov.mapsofworld. i.absoluteastronomy.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Rawalpindi Cities. s. Govt. q. j. k. e. 1998 City Report.rawalpindi. c.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful