Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

....................4............................................................................................................. Army Hockey Stadium .........1.................................1..... 49 9.................................................................................................... ......................................................3. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ...................................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).....7.......................... Government Schools & Colleges ..................................................................... Hassan Abdal........................5.....................2................................ Medical Colleges ....................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ......... near Kachari Chowk......................................... 45 9.......... Peshawar Road ................................................ Rawalpindi Club..................................................................... Taxila Museum..1.................. Other Places Worth A Visit.....................................1............................ 58 9.............................................................. 58 10................ SERVICES ............................................................................. 51 9...........................................................................................2...2...................................... Cinemas & Theatres ....................................3.4............................................................ 48 9.........................5..2..... Forts .. Jinnah Park............1..3.........3...................................6.......................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ............2.......3.............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ...................................................... Ayub National Park . POLICE STATIONS...................... PTCL ........1................................ SOS Village ........................................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS .......... 41 8.............................................8.............3...................................1........ 46 9.....1........3.................................................................7. Field Hockey ... 53 9...................................................................3............... 46 9....................... 60 10.........2.......2......................6.................................................................2....... Liaqat National Bagh ............... Utility Services ............................. 62 10.....................................10..................................................1.............. Rawalpindi Golf Course ....................... 42 8....................................1................................................................................................................ 63 10...2......................... 50 9...................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ....................... 54 9.... Rescue 15 ................................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.......................... 60 10............... IESCO ..................................................................4......... 57 9.........................................................1...............................................................................................................6.........1................... 60 10........................1........... 63 10............ Punjab........2... 57 9................. The Raja Bazaar .................2.................5.................. 44 9..............................................2.................................................................. 56 9.............................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.....3..................................................................................................................................................... 43 9.. 65 Company Profile ............. 57 9...5...1..................................2.................................... 61 10........1.....7.............................. Romi Park.3................ 52 9...................................1.... The Salt Range ....................................................................2. Murree and the Galis ............. 42 8.............. 51 9..................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .4............................. 51 9.................................................5........ 55 9.......................3....9.................................................. 49 9...............6...............................................................5................................... 57 9..................................... 42 8.................1.....4.........1..... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi .........................................Emergency Reporting Centre . 56 9......................... Cricket ............ Civil Lines ....... .............4..........................4...... 44 9................................... Private Schools and colleges . 62 10........... 63 10........1........................................ 44 9..................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ............................. Temple of Katas .................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ..... 54 9................. KABBADI............................... 45 9........................................................................... SPORTS & RECREATION ....... 56 9.....1........................................................ Kallar Kahar ........ 60 10...............................................3.........................1.............. 64 10............... Khewra Salt Mines ............ 46 9.... The Mall Saddar .............. Sports venues and stadiums .... Darul Aman ....... Edhi Foundation .................1....... 51 9.2..........1...............................................4....................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ........................3...........................................................................1....................................... Rawalpindi Public Park ..... 61 10.........2..4.............................................1.............................................................................

................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .................. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv .............1.............................. 84 12............................................. 75 12... 72 11...... 78 12.......12.........................................................................................................................9........................................................... Famous Historical Places ..............14.................................................. 70 10........................................... Lasania Restaurant city ...................................................4...................................6...2.................... 99 12..........................1.............................................2....................4.................................... POST OFFICE ......... Jawa Dam ............. 78 12............. 67 10................ 104 13..................... 79 12................................................................................................................. 72 11............................2........... 74 12.........................5................. Hotel Civic .........................................................................................4.... Airport . 96 12............ 80 12.......... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ....3. Islamabad International Airport Road ................................................. RAWAL LAKE..................... Ancient Rawalpindi ................ The Mall .........................................2................... 80 12................ WASA ...................... Highways .....................2.........................................................................................................1..............2...................... 77 12........................................................................................................................................................ Railway Stations ......... Political Structure ..................... 95 12..........................2....... 81 12...2................ 75 12........... 81 12.................. 76 12..............................................................1................................................................................................................................................................................................. Lal Haveli .3.......13.............. Museums ........................................... Sub Way ..............................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10............................. 82 12....... 104 13............................................................................................................ 81 12....................................... Akbar International *** ...........................................................2.................................................. 98 12...............3.......1....3.......................................................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ............. 102 13.... Flashman’s Hotel............ 73 11.................................................. Shalimar Hotel ****................... 76 12..................2.........................7............... Public Transportation .....................................................3.............2...................5................................................................................. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ........1..........................................................................International ..........................6........................ 105 13........................10..................................................................... Famous Chowk.......2.........................11........................................................ 90 12.. 78 12.....2........................... 71 11...............................................................1........................................................... 93 12......................................................2...... WATER RESERVOIR ...... 79 12........... Lai Expressway ..........................4..2.......................................(Rawalpindi) .................. 100 12....................................................................................5................................................................. La Rosh Hotel. INSIDE RAWALPINDI ........................................... RING ROAD ............1.......................................... KFC ....................................... Purana Qilla ...........................................................9........... Lai Nullah .................International ...... 66 10..........................................1........8.........3....................... Roads In Rawalpindi City .....................................................1.............................1.. 68 10........... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ... Famous Restaurants............4................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ........................................8... FAMOUS Hotels .................................................4................. 68 10................................................. Misriot Dam .................2............................2.............................3.....................2................... 80 12............................ 75 12... 79 12......................................................................................7.................. Libraries and Museums ...................

health. education and the existing industries. This study contains information on population. i. the area of its concern.e.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. infrastructure. communication net works.

Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. the martial people of the area against the British domination. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). During the struggle for freedom in 1857. a Ghakkar Chief .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. also known as Pindi. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. When Jhanda Khan. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. HISTORY Rawalpindi. has a long history spread over several millennia. However. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. founded a new town nearby. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Although they did not succeed. Jhelum. In 1849. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866.e. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Rawalpindi City. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. battle with Gakhars. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. until 1765. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. The Rawals a jogi tribe. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day.

e. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Many Government buildings were set on fire. In 1951. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule.e. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. The city is home to many industries and factories. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. Nala Lai. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Liaquat Ali Khan. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. famous for its floods. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. water is stored by building dams. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Cantonment and city. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. he was welcomed rousingly. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. before Pakistan came into existence. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. and it serves the city along with the capital. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. the Afghan war and martial law. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. in Liaquat Garden.

Location It lies between 33°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .38’ and 73°. Chakwal. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.37’ East longitudes. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. 2.01’ North latitudes and 72°. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.1. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.04’ 34°.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. in the province of Punjab.

500 meters AMSL 5. 70.059.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.6.033333 Altitude. Area. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.000 (1998) 3.286 km² Calling code. Estimate. 2. of Towns. 051 Time zone. PST (UTC+5) No.2.300.059. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 73.6. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 8 Population.550 (2007) Literacy rate. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. 73.

Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. Punjabis. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The weather is highly unpredictable.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. when the mean max. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Muhajirs. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. In summer. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The coldest month is Jan. temp is 17. and Pakhtuns.06 Degree Centigrade per month .3.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. comprising Potoharis.7 C and Min 2. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.6 Degree Centigrade. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing.

No sooner it is sited. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace.a ritual in which everyone shares.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". others being truthfulness. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. one for distribution among the poor. The roads. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. There are many mosques throughout the city. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. On this day. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. modesty and good behaviour. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . In addition to the two Eids. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. On Eid day. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. 3. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).1. More than men. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah.

tent pegging and Bini. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Chaunji Trap. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Summi. There are two Churches in Saddar. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 .Paul Church. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Rawalpindi. wrestling. Young people prefer Kabaddi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). railways and the police force. St. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. education. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Bhangra. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences.2. Music and dancing are also common. 3.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.3. historical and political ties to the country. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.4. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. and to the historical region of Punjab. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Hinduism After the Partition of India. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.

taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.2. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies.1.1. This is the month of revolutions of all colors.3. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Islamabad. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. CULTURE 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. red or velvet. 4.1. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Later in 1971. when Pakistan. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. On 23rd March. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . 1940. 4.1. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.

the other name of mienu. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district.4.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. health of population is generally better. the bride’s parents feast the party. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. 4. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Tea is popular all over the district. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). 4.4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .1. Due to good weather condition in the district. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Khaki or grey. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. After the religious formalities. bangles. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. The usual ornaments like ear rings. 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages.2. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. sweet and ornaments etc. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. To mold into the colors of ubton.

This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

All the guests. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. especially women. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. 4.4.3.4. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.

Besides. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies.5. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.

The progress has been mostly in the private sector. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. furniture. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. medium and small industrial units. railroad yards. industrial gas processing. pears.e. Auto knitting and commerce etc. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. and leather goods. marble processing. Drafting. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. and factories making tents. hosiery. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. beverages and fruit preservation. sawmills. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 .Glorious Rawalpindi 5. apples. bajra. sewing machines etc. Air conditiong. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35.000 spindles. pharmaceutical. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. apricots. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. cigarettes. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. potato. iron mills. about 1. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Welding. pottery. and vegetables are the major products of the city. citrus. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. textiles. maize.000 persons i. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. glass products. a brewery.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.021 power looms. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Metallurgy.000b spindles and 1. steel re-rolling. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India.

Janjuas. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Like the men of the tribe. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. do not require detailed notice. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. except ploughing. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. towns of the district. These only form a small percentage of the total population. Brahmans. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.1. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. Kohlis and a few others. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. chiefly silk goods. so-called. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. They also deal largely in hides.2. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. 5. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. The chief families of Gakkhar. is misleading. gold seals and such like. gold threads. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. by courtesy. will go to far from their homes for such work. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities.

Phulkaris are made in many places. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and are made of Shisham. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 10 for the set of 4. and Salgraon. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Fatehjang. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. or khair wood. according to size. Pindigheb. the spinning wheels. Leather manufacturers have diminished. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. costing from Rs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. saddles are the principal articles made. chappris. phulaa. tehsil Rawapindi. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. from Re: 1 to Rs. Pihras. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. 1 to Rs. embroidered shoes. 6. tehsil Pindigheb. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. costing from Re. 8. tehsil Kahutta. known as phur. Chauntra. 20. or low chairs. Reed matting.5 to Rs. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. especially in tehsil Kahuta. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. 1 to Rs. 40. Kuri-Dolal. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). The lohars of Manianda. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 .3. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. and Hazro. Baking-plates are also made here. and at Makhad. The chairs cost from Re. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. where wood is plentiful. make padlocks of iron. known as abri. which are sold in Rawalpindi. neighboring villages. Pindigheb and Fatehjang.

especially of it is exported across the Indus. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. rough in execution but fairly good in color. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. as else where. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. have been procured. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district.4. Mr.1. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). 5. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. at Fatehjang. or earthen-jars. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Popular Industries 5. both lie on the Indus bank.4. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Lockwood Kipling. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. Here. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. as there is said to have once been.

sand blasting.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. Karachi and Lahore. ustaad and unskilled workers. acid finishing. Rawalpindi. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. handling & storing. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. phool. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. flower vases and fountains. Sangjani. brush finishing. patti and other handicrafts. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. honed finishing etc.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. which are also in small quantities. cutting & sizing. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. bush hammering. Major processes include loading/unloading. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Most of the labor has education level below primary. I-9/1 and I-9/3. tiles.

160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 10.4. 7. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . It is below 50%. 8. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 2. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.000 cubic ft. 5. 3. 6. 4. 9. Hardly. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 1. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.2.000-300.

• Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. so that must be kept in mind. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. as well as residential areas. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Be sure to include photographs. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. Once your furniture business gets off. hotels and restaurants. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. lamps stands. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. schools. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. consoles are in demand. A Report by Ms. are in huge demand in the City. and selling innovative products. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. lockers. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. By stocking the best quality goods. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. The establishments in the city need showcases. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes.000 people. lampshades. since all kinds of furniture. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. Polish affects the quality of the material. shelves. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . side tables and stools. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Therefore. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Even couches. from office to lounge furniture. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. sofas. Your marketing strategies must be good. etc.

trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 50 feet.600 gallons per annum. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks.6. etc. No. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 80 feet. in the Bannu district. 4 inches in diameter each. and Kalabagh on the Indus. transmitted light. Kalabagh oil…. Five borings have been made. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. 60 feet. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 4. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. The oil is used in its raw state. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. The petroleum costs. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas.16 per hundred gallons.200 gallons last year. No. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 3. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.000 gallons per year. No. No. petroleum and wood. Fatehjang. 2. No. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. In 1887-89. three miles from Fatehjang. 5. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives.. 100 feet. The total oil collected is about 1. The petroleum now costs Rs. 5. The oil is collected as it. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. This is thrown into a cistern. 1 is 100n feet deep. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The borings are 35 feet from each other. Rs. It is made from mustard oil.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. leaving the oil above. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . the churches.5. 28 ditto. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870.

Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Peshawar. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. timber. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. chiefly. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. from Kashmir. Ghee is brought in from Punch. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Ghee. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. rice being little grown.. dyes. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. ra and the sea-ports. and Gujrat. and Peshawar. Jallundur. from Kashmir. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. metals. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. & c. timber. are exported to some small extent. Sialkot. Yarkand and Ladakh. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. gur from Sialkot.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Delhi and Gujranwala. rice from neighboring districts. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Shahjahanpur. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Hazro and Makhad. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. refined Sugar from Bombay. Kashmir and Sawat. charas. was exported to Kashmir. fruits. Peshawar. fruits from Kashmir. hardware from Amritsar. Peshawar. leather from Kashmir. Silk from Amritsar. chiefly deodar. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . for seed. Wazirabad. however. it is believed. pattus. and that of inferior quality in this district. with Kabul mostly by means of camels.1. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. described above. thick cloths. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Jallundur and Meerut.

steel re-rolling. glass products. iron mills. 13. 1. a brewery. glass products. 6. hosiery. flour mills. 8. textiles. 20.1. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. distillery. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. pharmaceuticals. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. industrial gases. 4. cotton and woolen Textiles. 19. 2. poultry feed. 16. 9. cement. cigarettes. 14. and leather goods. 10. railroad yards. Petroleum Refinery.2. furniture.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 17. 21. mineral processing. 18. sawmills. pottery. sewing machines etc.2. 3. cigarettes. Heavy Foundry and Forge. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . No. 24. 15. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. beverages and fruit preservation. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Heavy Mechanical Complex. Heavy Rebuild Factory. and factories making tents. 5. 7. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. marble processing. Sr. 12. 23. 22.

29.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 38. 30. 27.V. 40. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 36.C. 41. 33. local/national/international demand. skilled labour. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. Therefore. if lacking is manageable. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 44. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc.3. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 43. 47. however. 34. 26. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 35. i) ii) 45. 39.C.C. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 31. 37. 46. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . linkage between the industrial units. 32. 42. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would.

3.3. 6.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Soda ash. veneer board. gypsum.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. meat/poultry processing units.3. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.5 billion for the year 2001-02. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. guava and apple. In this area there is good scope for furniture. In addition. poultry/cattle feed. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. Silica sand. footwear. which accounted 11. maize. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. its major crops and fruit are wheat. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. woolen. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. leather Products. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.3. rock salt. there also exist good prospects for tannery.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. ground nut. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy.3.3% of national GDP.3. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. dolomite bentonite. cigarettes. Minerals Fire clay. cotton. jawar.2. cement. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. Oil refinery. Pharmaceuticals. employs 48. 6. leather garments. It contributes 24% to the GDP.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .5. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. It accounts for 38. semi processed and processed agricultural products. glass. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. 6.1. 6. etc. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials.4.

pharmaceutical.4.3. electrical accessories. PVC pipes. ready made garments for men and women.7.3. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. there exists good prospects for biscuits. 6. sports wear etc. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. fashion apparel. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. machine made carpets. 6. household appliances. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. Besides. suitable for wide spread fish farming. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Attock Refinery. Steel. 6. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. woolen knitwear. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.9. wires etc. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. children wear. Heavy Foundry and Forge. glass ample. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. 6. POF etc. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities.3. glass hollow-ware. rubberized/mechanical toys. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.6.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. electric cables.3. confectionery. steel furniture. cosmetics. 6. sanitary fitting.

Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.4. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.4. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. The inhabitants. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. 6. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .1. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. Therefore. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.2. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. 6. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Currency and Mint.

Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Human Resource Development (HRD). 6.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. not manufactured locally. Hospitals. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services. including the development of Industrial Zones. Social Sector Activities: Education. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .15 million.6. 6. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. Technical/Vocational Training.3 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.5. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. machinery & equipment. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. of tourism. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.3 million.

Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. audio-fax services.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Murree Brewery Company LTD. imported by tourism.1.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. hotels and tourism related projects. 4. not manufactured locally.2. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. 6. not manufactured locally. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. imported by the manufacturing industries. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. 3. Plant.) LTD Bakery. machinery & equipment. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Ltd. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.5. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. 2. machinery and equipment. card pay phone services etc. Classic Capital (Pvt. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. Bakery Products 1.5. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 5. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. machinery and equipment. Plant.e. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Beverage 6. not manufactured locally. voicemail services. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .

T. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Old G. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. 16. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Cement Products 7.5.5. Chip/Straw Board 9. Road Morgah 6.7.6.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . 15. Capital Plywood Industry. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. NEOMEDIX . 14. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .5. IPRAM International. Ceramics Products 8.5. Domestic Hardware 11. Peshawar Road 6. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Diapers Plant 10.5.3. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Westridge Fireclay Industries. W.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.8. Adyala Road 17.5. .4. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5. 12.

Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Rawat 27. Ratta Road 34. Westridge 36. Khyber Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Ratta Road 29. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Railway Workshop Road 31.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Westridge 38. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 .9. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Peshawar Road 41. Seham Road 37.5. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Railway Workshop Road 25.Rawat 35. Olive Laboratories . New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Adyala Road 21. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Westridge 32. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Industrial area Rawat 26. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd.

) Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.10.5. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. SB Feed Industries (Pvt.5. National Park Road 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Rawat Flour Mills. Plastic Products 52. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Tops Food & Beverages . Fine Plastic Works. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Food Products 45.13. Poultry Feeds 53.12. Pirwadhai 46. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.14. JI Interprises.11. Bangash Colony. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Kashmir Road 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. LPG Cylinders 51. Rawat 43. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.

Adamjee Street 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.5. (Pvt) Ltd.19.17.5. Westridge 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Textile Composite 56. Peshawar Road 7. Textile Spinning 57.Textile Mills Ltd.18.16.20. Refinery 55.5. Tyre and Tubes 58. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Unani Medicines 59. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.5.5..M. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.15. D.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 5. MCH Centres 1. Government Hospitals 1.3. 9. 3.1. Govt. 3. 6.4. 8. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 2. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road.5.2. 4. 10. Dhok Ali Akber. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 3. This region is full of Health facilities. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 2. 7. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 2. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 7. 7. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.

7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.6. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 3. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Hearts International 192-A The Mall.

Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. 1. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Dr. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 4. Rawalpindi Cantt. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 .I. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Satellite Town. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Rawalpindi 14. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. 17. Said pur Road. Off Murree Road. 7. 10. 3. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22.P. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1.A. 5. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Batool Hospital H-241. 7. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Shakoors V.9. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 12. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. 6. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi. Saidpur Road. Satellite Town. 3. Dr. Rawalpindi 11. Rawalpindi. Bazar Road. 2. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 2.8. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Satellite Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Near Hydri Chowk. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center.425 7th Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 5551237 8. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. BH Building. 3.

Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. The building has an architectural splendor.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.1. University of Arid Agriculture.2. its daughters. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . As it stands. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. After their father's death (1901). 8.1.1. This gift to the nation.1. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Universities 8.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Muhammed became her legal guardian.

Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.2.1. Located near the CMH. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.1. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. College St. Govt. Govt. College Asghar Mall. 3. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Town. Town. 5. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. Govt. 1. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Rawalpindi 2. Govt. Gorden College. No. Rawalpindi 8.3. No. 1. 4.2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Rawalpindi. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. College. Rawalpindi. 2. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Colleges 8. College for women St.2. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi. Govt.

Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 35. 6. St. Sadiqabad. Kashmir Road. 26. 2. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Information Technology. 17.2. Rawalpindi. 14. 27.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 9. 18. 15. 25. town. St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 8. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 34. College of Advance Technology. Town. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. 3. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Civil College of Commerce St. Universal College. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 13. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 22. 11. Town. Saddar. Rawalpindi. 12. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. 32. Rawalpindi. 23. Rawalpindi 16. 4. 7. Jinnah Institute of Information St. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. National Science College Murree Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. St. 5. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 21. Town. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. town. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. 24. 31. 28. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 29. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 30. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Town. Town. Rawalpindi. 20. Rawalpindi. town. 10.3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Educator College. Rwp. town. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 33. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. St. 1. Rawalpindi. Town. Leaders College of Commerce. 19. St. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi.

6. Rawalpindi Cantt.C.. M. BPS Bangash Colony M. BPS Muslim Town M. Indus College of Commerce. Morgah Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. 49. 45. Rawalpindi.2. Islamic International Commerce College. 50. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 53. 52. 4. 47. Rawalpindi College for Boys. town. BPS Arya Mohallah M. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Town. Rawalpindi. GMS Qasimabad. GMS Waris Khan.C. M. Rawalpindi.C. 12. M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 7. BPS Qasim abad.C. Rawalpindi. 16. 5. 41. Rawalpindi. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Shamsabad. 46.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 11. Rwalpindi. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. 48. M. 3. 2. 54. Rawalpindi. BPS New Malpur M. 51. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 14. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. 43.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. MC. Rawalpindi. MC. 2.C. Rawalpindi.2. 9. GMS Amarpura. 8. 1. Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).C.C.C. 39. M. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. College of Commerce Saddar.C. Leadership College for Boys St. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Fauji Colony M.C. 8. 10. 42. Town. Ojiri Camp. St.C. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St.C. Rwalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Informatics.C.C. town. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 55. town.C. Town. Punjab College of information technology.C. M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 44. Rawalpindi. Capital College Murree Road.5. 4. 15. BPS Muslim Town.4. 8. St. Rawalpindi. 40. 3. Town. 1. M. Inflorescence College of modern . Rawalpindi.C. 13. 56. Rwalpindi. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. M. BMS Amarpura. 38.

C. 4. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Vocational Training Institute (W). 8.6. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). BHS Ratta Amral M.C.C. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 3. 7.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Vocational Training Institute (W). High School Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 6. BHS Satellite Town M. BPS Affandi Colony 8. 5. BHS Millat Colony M. Dhoke Syedan. Govt.C.C.(ABAD). 5. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.2. Govt. M. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Institute of Commerce. 8. GHS Satellite Town M. 1. 4. 3. Institute of Commerce (W). GHS Talab Pukhta 8. (RMGTC).C.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Kartarpura. 6. Govt. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi Cantt. M. M. BHS Moti Baza M. GHS Teli Mohallah M.C.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.3. GHS Ratta Amral M. MC. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2 Satellite Town. Rawalpindi Govt. Dhamial. Rawalpindi. Techincal Training Institute (W).C. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. 7.C.C. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. College of Commerce. 2. 9. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. Scheme No.

Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.G. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 7. 6.5. 6. 2. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 2. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 4.G. Ordinance Road. 3.G (C. 5. Harley Street F. Quaid-e-Azam College. 3.6.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall F. Chaklala III 8. 4. The Mall 1. Private Schools and colleges 1. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.4. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Govt. 5. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Sir Syed College. F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

7.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Rawalpindi Medical College. 4. Medical Colleges 1.

the Rawalpindi Golf Club. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall.T.1. fountains and flower beds. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau.) Road. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. These are the best way to see the city. lush lawns. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. today this is a facility of 27 holes.1. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. It covers an area of about 2. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. From being a nine-hole course. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. lake with boating facility. covers 2. play land. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.1. founded in 1885. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater.300 acres and has a play area. an aquarium. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. It has a lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. 9. Meander through the bazaars. It has a playground. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. 300 acres.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Ayub National Park.

2. fountains and flower beds. bears. 9. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. is of historical interest due to its political processions. The Park was opened in 1991. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. 2007 at same venue. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. was assassinated here in 1950. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. One should try out during a visit here. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. lions. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Some tigers. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . It has a play area for children. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec.1.1. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment.3. Other areas of the park are used for walking. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. The first prime minister of Pakistan. lawns. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. 9. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. cheetahs.

In winter. Jinnah Park. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.6. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Between the two runs The Mall. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.400 feet).1. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. complete with The Mall for promenading.1.1. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. on the Karakoram Highway. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. near Kachari Chowk. when the honor was transferred to Simla. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Murree is lovely all year round. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.and rain is common.5. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Civil Lines 9. however. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. Romi Park. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. churches. at 2.240 meters (7.even chilly in the evening . especially at weekends. schools. Peshawar Road 9. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. In summer it is cool . or riding in the new chair-lifts. has expanded rapidly. parks. clubs and cafes. where most people congregate. Since independence. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Murree remained.4. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Murree and the Galis Murree. Its cold pine forests. Numerous roads leave. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. a little bit of England.

the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. In addition to riding trails. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Ayubia Khairagali. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Changlagali. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. hiking places and picnic spots. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. The golf course here is open only to members. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. both rides cost about Rs. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. It is 30 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Patriata 25 km from Murree. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. which like a ski-lift. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. A restaurant has also been established.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 .). Ayubia has a chair lift. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Natural springs abound on the slopes. which is the highest point in the range. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka.

The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Asiatic leopard. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants.7. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. hiking places. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 .1. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The city of Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. In addition to riding trails. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. situated on the summit of a hill. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Khaira Gali. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. once you reach the summit. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. golden eagle. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. you will find that the surface is clean. 9. a sub category of the Montane Forests. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. For this. flying squirrel and hill fox. better known as the Murree National Park. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Islamabad. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk.

at The Raja Bazaar. walking sticks. silver.1. gold. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. stucco. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Saddar bazaar. including stone. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. terracotta. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. are located around the Taxila Museum. 48 km from Rawalpindi. which is the first stop for any tourist. the museum. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. At the outset. The Sarafa bazaar. cane baskets and furniture. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Most of the sites at Taxila. iron and semiprecious stones. vicery of India in 1918. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education.9. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. However. could not complete its original plan. 9. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918.C to 500 AD. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B.1. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. Buddhist. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. shawls and jackets. Potohar shoes and Chappals.8. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art.T. but come out by sheer luck. This is a place where you go by choice. Here. There are 4000 objects displayed. As it turns out. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.

Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. gently flowing stream. 9. Ferishta and Jehangir. that is. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.10. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.T.Twice a year.5 acres. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Gen. by his colleagues. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. This place offers scenic walks. Government of Pakistan. Taxila. line the canals through which cool waters once. and the modern capital of Pakistan. on their way to Kashmir. Road.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.T. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Tapering cypress trees. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Islamabad. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Road. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. left of G. loved by the Mughals. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. i.T. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Today.1. Road. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. by the Department of Archaeology. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Guru Nanak. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The resort has a restaurant.e. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Road Rawalpindi. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. and the course itself.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. was also built during this period. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club.3. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Sports venues and stadiums 9. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. a small town has developed.1. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. 9. Road. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. After several phases of development. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.T. It is situated at I. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. it is now a 27-hole course. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. on the G. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. at the foot of Margalla. From the clubhouse. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. T. a minister of emperor Akbar. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. home to several thousand people.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . one on the top of the hill and other below it. with spring water falling within it. G.

Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.000. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.2. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.3. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. 9. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.5. The Mall Saddar 9.4.3.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3. Rawalpindi Club. Army Hockey Stadium 9.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Rescue 15 .1. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 .1. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. SERVICES 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Response and Prevention. identification of vehicles for registration etc. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. buildings collapse. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue.1.2. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. however personal visits are also allowed. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. crime reporting. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. 10. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. rescue. which is an achievement even internationally. Therefore. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Community Awareness &Training. explosions.

it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 4.3. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 10. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country.1. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 11. 8.4. 13. 12. Endurance. 3. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 2.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. patience. 6. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 14. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. struggle.1. 5. 9. perseverance. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 .1. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.5. The children are given security. Old People and Disabled. support. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Children. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.6. love and understanding.

46/-.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . both for itself and other organizations. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.581. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. but the emphasis is on achievement." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. Here. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Domestic.2. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. Sales to these consumers were 39. 2006. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. now Companies Ordinance 1984. detail of some among them is following. this poor child.008. General Industry.897. SNGPL has 2.733. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Urdu. 10. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. boys and girls .1. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. Distribution system consists of 46.study together up until fifth grade.2. not on Islamic political causes.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).280 HM3 worth 31. to be sure. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. Fertilizer. 7.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.028 consumers comprising Commercial.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. designing and construction of pipelines. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.118 million rupees during July-September. Power & Cement Sectors. “The basic aim is that this orphan.7.” 10. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.127. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.1.081 HM3 worth 107.

Saadi Road 10. Chakwal. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. SNGPL. Attock. Rawalpindi Cantt. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.2.

3.2.000 and 5.8 million V-fone customers. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.7 million customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.

Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.2. Total No. Committee Chowk 4. 1 5. Pirwadahi Total No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Water Works No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . of No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.

5. 6. 4. POST OFFICE GPO . Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 2. 3. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 5. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr.

Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . 2. rail and road. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. with many domestic and international flights every day. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). has numerous routes. In addition to freight.6. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. 1. both national and international. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.7. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Rawalpindi 10.2. the principal carrier in Pakistan.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which were completed in the 1990s. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.8. the world's highest international road. more recently.T. Motorway Interchange. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Rawalpindi. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.2. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. which connects Pakistan to China. Road) or.

mess of traffic is found even on small roads. ranging from yellow taxis. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. mini-buses. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.9. auto-rickshaws. yellow cabs. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages).2. For inter-city travel. and which operate constantly throughout the day.

channelization of junctions. 3. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. construction of footpaths. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Objectives 1. pavement marking. installations of traffic signals. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 5. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . pedestrian over head bridges. traffic signs.45 Km of main road with 1. relocation of structures. provision of efficient drainage system. median.1.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. 4. 2. Rawalpindi. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi.

future land uses pattern. land use plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. of Punjab / RDA.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11.00 million. Task-III Economic Evaluation. 2. OD travel pattern. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .T. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.2. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Detailed Traffic Engg. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. land values & ownership pattern. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. 1. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. growth of income. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20.

000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . commercial. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. The Lai Nullah. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km.5 m 21. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. e. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah.3. b. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. c. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. d. enchroachments.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. f. industrial.000 Cusecs 35. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Unluckily however. non standardized infrastructure support. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.

And. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. according to the old timers.1. At that time. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Famous Historical Places 12. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities.1. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Until 1923.1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.

the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. better known as The Mall .the glory of the cantonment .1. Lal Haveli In old times. Sarafa Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. a famous dancing girl.2. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. After independence. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. 12. it was home to Budhana Bibi.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.

It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. the old quarters of the city. Like Multan. better known as the Purana Qilla.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Pakpattan or Lahore.1. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. bay windows and doors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.4. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. cut brick corbellings. dense housing.

2. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.2.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.1. Modern. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.5.3. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2. Rawalpindi.4. Flashman’s Hotel 12. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.

Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.2.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3.3. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi.

4. Sub Way .4.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.2. Saddar.4.International Near KFC. Saddar.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Murree Road. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.International . Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Rawalpindi. 12. Murree Road. KFC .

2. 3.5. Canning Road 10. 4. Haider Road 12. 6. Bank Road 8. Peshawar Road 9. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Police Station Road 11. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17. Harding Road 14. College Road 15. Tipu Road 16. 18.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There are many old buildings. houses and narrow streets. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. off the Mall.8.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Rawalpindi. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.10. 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

17. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 7. 28. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 25. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 9. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. 19. Citi Bank N A. 24. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 22. 26. 30. 16. 12. 18. 11. 23. 20. Bank Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 29. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 32. Saudi Pak Comm. 15. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 14. 21. Industrial Deve. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 4. 8. 13. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 10. 27. 31.

11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . This was a deliberate act of destruction. But that was the extent of it. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 19 years ago.13. now. Soon. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Many. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Over 5000 people were killed. Rawlapindi. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. many thousands more were injured. That it was an ammunition dump. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. that it was Ojhri. Theories abound. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. on April 10. It was clear. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23. 2001. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.23 Billion.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

000 acre feet (11763 MG).8 sq. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. which generates 84. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Live storage is 43. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. The total storage capacity is 47. Margalla and Murree hills. km.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.1. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . fishing and boating.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. WATER RESERVOIR 13.

Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Therefore.783 MCM.687 MCM. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. the flow was relatively high in June to August. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. However. due to monsoon. whereas. outflow is 0. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.777 MCM.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. However. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.2. Since its inception. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. after 2000. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. However. in general. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .3. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. 13. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

absoluteastronomy.rawalpindi. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.com www. c. s. h.gov. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. EDO Health. i.com pakistanpeadia. o. i. 1998 City Report. e.geocities. d. k. j.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Rawalpindi EDO Education.com Books & Etc.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. j. p. r. Rawalpindi Post Office. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. g. S.com Nrb www. l. q. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .pk travel.com Virtualglobetrottiong. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. h. g. r. t. p. b. a. o. Govt. f. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. n. m. m. d. l. e. Rawalpindi Cities. f. n.blogspot. q. Punjab Railway Station. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.mapsofworld. c. k. b.

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