Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

...2.......................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..................................... Medical Colleges ...................... 62 10....4.......6.............................................................................1..................... 55 9..........1............................................................................... 57 9........................9...................................... Private Schools and colleges ................4..........................................2........ Sports venues and stadiums ...........6................ 61 10.....................7.......................1..............................2.......................3..........................2..........1...................... Kallar Kahar .............. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ....................5.........2..................1.......................................................... SERVICES ....... 42 8........3............................. 62 10.............................. Field Hockey .........................4................................................. Darul Aman .2............... 56 9............................ Utility Services ................... 46 9.....1................ The Raja Bazaar ..........7.................................................. Rescue 15 ......................... The Salt Range ........ near Kachari Chowk................................................... Cricket ................2...... Civil Lines .. ......... Rawalpindi Golf Course .............................................1........................2................................................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .................. 61 10............................... Jinnah Park.................. 54 9..... Romi Park...................................1...................... 45 9............................................................................................................ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .............................. 63 10...................1........................................................................................4....................... 51 9........................................................1. Temple of Katas ............................4........... 60 10............. 63 10........ 56 9..........2.......3........................................................... 57 9....... 44 9........ 41 8........................................................5.....................5...........................1....... Government Schools & Colleges .............................5....................................... 58 10................................................ Forts ..8...Emergency Reporting Centre .... KABBADI..........................2................................. 57 9...... 49 9........................ Rawalpindi Public Park ..3............................................ 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .............. 56 9....... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...1.... 45 9.......................................................................... 44 9...........................3.............. Ayub National Park .................................................. 42 8................................ RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .........................................................2..........................................1....... 51 9...................................7............1........................ Edhi Foundation ....... 60 10.............................................. 65 Company Profile ............................1.3....... SOME OTHER STADIUMS . Taxila Museum.................5... Peshawar Road .................. Army Hockey Stadium ....6.................... 51 9..................................................................... SPORTS & RECREATION ...... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .........1............................................................................................................................ Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............................................................. Other Places Worth A Visit..............................................................................................................................4....... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ................3.............. 58 9.................. 63 10........... IESCO ................................. The Mall Saddar ............................................. Khewra Salt Mines ........ PTCL ..................3...................................................... 50 9................................. 48 9................................... 46 9.............................. 42 8.............................2...2.......................5.................... 60 10....................... POLICE STATIONS.............1................................................................................................ Hassan Abdal... Punjab.......................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.................................................1.... 54 9...................................................................................................................................................3.................................................. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .......................................................................................4..........4.......10...........................4...........................6............1............................................ Cinemas & Theatres ............................................................ Murree and the Galis .......2............................................................................................................1....... 44 9....................................... 49 9..............1....................... 64 10.........1.....1............................................3......................................... Liaqat National Bagh ...1.............................. ................................................... 43 9.................2....... 51 9.............3.................. 46 9......... 52 9........... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ....3....... SOS Village . 57 9..3............................................. Rawalpindi Club........2............... 53 9........1...... 60 10.......

.........................................1...................................... Jawa Dam ............................................................................2....10.............................7.......................................................................................................... 105 13...1...................... 80 12................ RAWAL LAKE..............................11..............1.................. Highways ..........................2................ 90 12..............................................................3...........3...................................... POST OFFICE ................................... Museums ......... 75 12..1........2..2.............1..............3............................................................... 68 10............................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .......................................... 71 11......... 99 12................................... Airport ..................................2.....................................................................................................................2.7...............................................1... 74 12........................................................2.................................................. Famous Historical Places . 70 10. Flashman’s Hotel..... 75 12....................... FAMOUS Hotels ...................3............................................ Lal Haveli ...............................4... 79 12............ 104 13................................................................ 72 11. La Rosh Hotel.................................................1........... 76 12...... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ......................................... Lai Nullah ............ The Mall ......................... 79 12................................................................................. 79 12..............................................................6....... 78 12.......................... Akbar International *** ......International . Islamabad International Airport Road .............................................. 67 10...............................3...............................4.................. Sub Way ............................................................. 81 12............................................ Hotel Civic ............2............................. KFC .....8.............................. Shalimar Hotel ****...2............................................................................................ 100 12.............................................................. 75 12............ 104 13.............. 96 12...............3............................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS .............2...............................................................................................................................................13.9........................................... 84 12....................................1... Famous Markets/ Bazaars .........4......... 66 10.....(Rawalpindi) ............................................................................................. 93 12........................................................ WASA ........... Public Transportation ............................... 77 12.2....1................................................................ 95 12..... Political Structure ................ 102 13.. 80 12............................... 81 12............................................................................... 80 12.........................................................12................ RING ROAD ..........2......................... 68 10.. 81 12.....................8...................................... Libraries and Museums ..........................................2.................... 76 12..................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ..........2......................................... 82 12....................................... Famous Restaurants..................... Ancient Rawalpindi .......14............ Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..................................................6................................ 73 11..........2................. Famous Chowk......................... 78 12...............................5...............................................................................................1... Misriot Dam ................................International ...............................................4....................... 78 12..............................................................2................................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....................1.......................5... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ...........................4...9............... WATER RESERVOIR ..................................................... Lai Expressway ....................... Railway Stations ..............................................................................................................................................................................3................ 98 12....... Lasania Restaurant city .....................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10...............................2...4.................................................... 72 11.........2...................................................................................................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .....................................5....... Purana Qilla ......................................

health. communication net works. i. education and the existing industries.e. This study contains information on population. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. the area of its concern. infrastructure. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The Rawals a jogi tribe. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. battle with Gakhars. Rawalpindi City. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. Although they did not succeed. the martial people of the area against the British domination. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. In 1849. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. During the struggle for freedom in 1857.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. has a long history spread over several millennia. When Jhanda Khan.e. However. founded a new town nearby. Jhelum. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. also known as Pindi. until 1765. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. a Ghakkar Chief .

before Pakistan came into existence. Cantonment and city. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Liaquat Ali Khan. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. the Afghan war and martial law. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944.e. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. in Liaquat Garden. Many Government buildings were set on fire. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. In 1951. Nala Lai.e. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. famous for its floods. and it serves the city along with the capital. The city is home to many industries and factories.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. water is stored by building dams. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. he was welcomed rousingly.

37’ East longitudes. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.38’ and 73°.01’ North latitudes and 72°. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Chakwal.1. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. in the province of Punjab. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Location It lies between 33°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . 2.04’ 34°.

000 (1998) 3. PST (UTC+5) No. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.6.550 (2007) Literacy rate. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.300.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 8 Population. of Towns.059.286 km² Calling code.2.059. 2. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 70. 500 meters AMSL 5. 051 Time zone.6. Estimate.033333 Altitude. 73. 73. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. and Pakhtuns. comprising Potoharis.3. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The weather is highly unpredictable. In summer.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade.06 Degree Centigrade per month . From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.7 C and Min 2.6 Degree Centigrade. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. when the mean max. Muhajirs. temp is 17. Punjabis. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The coldest month is Jan. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.

3. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Here too the poor are not forgotten. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. The roads. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. modesty and good behaviour. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). No sooner it is sited. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. In the evening of 29th Ramadan.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . In addition to the two Eids. On this day. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. others being truthfulness. one for distribution among the poor. On Eid day. There are many mosques throughout the city. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims.a ritual in which everyone shares.1. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. More than men. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives.

Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. St. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda).2. Rawalpindi. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. There are two Churches in Saddar. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Young people prefer Kabaddi. tent pegging and Bini.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 .Paul Church. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. railways and the police force. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. education. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Chaunji Trap. Bhangra. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. wrestling. Music and dancing are also common. Summi. 3. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. and to the historical region of Punjab.3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. historical and political ties to the country.4. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Hinduism After the Partition of India. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.

Later in 1971. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. 1940. On 23rd March. Islamabad. when Pakistan.1. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.3. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.1.1. 4. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. red or velvet. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. CULTURE 4.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages.3. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.2. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Khaki or grey. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district.4. After the religious formalities. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Tea is popular all over the district. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai.4. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. bangles. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. 4. To mold into the colors of ubton. 4. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. health of population is generally better. the bride’s parents feast the party. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. the other name of mienu. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Due to good weather condition in the district. 4. sweet and ornaments etc.

2. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. All the guests. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.4. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination.4. especially women. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.3.

The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.5. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Besides.

and leather goods. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . textiles. Drafting. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. medium and small industrial units.6% of district population is directly employed in large.021 power looms. pharmaceutical. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. and factories making tents. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. citrus. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.000b spindles and 1. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Auto knitting and commerce etc. hosiery.000 persons i. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. potato. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. industrial gas processing. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. marble processing. apricots.e. apples. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. sewing machines etc. steel re-rolling. maize. pottery. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. bajra. Welding. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. pears. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. Air conditiong. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. beverages and fruit preservation. iron mills. sawmills. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. furniture. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Metallurgy. cigarettes. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. glass products.000 spindles. railroad yards.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. a brewery. about 1. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35.

do not require detailed notice. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. so-called. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. They also deal largely in hides. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold threads. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described.1. These only form a small percentage of the total population. The chief families of Gakkhar. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. chiefly silk goods. 5. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Brahmans. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris.2. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. towns of the district. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Kohlis and a few others. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. except ploughing. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. will go to far from their homes for such work. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. is misleading. Janjuas. by courtesy. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Like the men of the tribe. gold seals and such like.

Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Phulkaris are made in many places. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. and Hazro. where wood is plentiful. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. and at Makhad. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. costing from Re. Kuri-Dolal. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages.5 to Rs. make padlocks of iron. phulaa. The lohars of Manianda.3. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. costing from Rs. 8. 40. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Pihras. and Salgraon. tehsil Rawapindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Leather manufacturers have diminished. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. 1 to Rs. Reed matting. which are sold in Rawalpindi. neighboring villages. Baking-plates are also made here. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. embroidered shoes. and are made of Shisham. known as phur. saddles are the principal articles made. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. from Re: 1 to Rs. 1 to Rs. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. The chairs cost from Re. Fatehjang. 20. Chauntra. especially in tehsil Kahuta. tehsil Pindigheb. chappris. 10 for the set of 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. tehsil Kahutta. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Pindigheb. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. according to size. or low chairs. the spinning wheels. 6. or khair wood. known as abri.

as else where. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. especially of it is exported across the Indus. as there is said to have once been. 5. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district.1. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Mr. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving.4. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Popular Industries 5. rough in execution but fairly good in color.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. or earthen-jars. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. have been procured. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. at Fatehjang. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.4.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Here. both lie on the Indus bank. Lockwood Kipling. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed.

and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. cutting & sizing. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. Most of the labor has education level below primary. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. honed finishing etc. Sangjani. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . which are also in small quantities.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. Karachi and Lahore. tiles. brush finishing. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. flower vases and fountains. Major processes include loading/unloading. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. patti and other handicrafts. ustaad and unskilled workers. acid finishing. Rawalpindi. phool. sand blasting. handling & storing. bush hammering. I-9/1 and I-9/3. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces.

6. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. It is below 50%.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 7. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 5. Hardly. 9. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 1. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 4. 2. 3. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 10. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 8.2. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.000-300.000 cubic ft. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . The average cost of this wood is around Rs.4.

• Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. The establishments in the city need showcases. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. lockers. hotels and restaurants. side tables and stools. so that must be kept in mind. and you should take care to build good customer relations. are in huge demand in the City. and selling innovative products. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. lamps stands. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Be sure to include photographs. since all kinds of furniture. etc. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. consoles are in demand.000 people. A Report by Ms. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. from office to lounge furniture. Therefore. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Once your furniture business gets off. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. sofas. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. lampshades. You can sell wood or metal furniture. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Polish affects the quality of the material. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. schools. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. By stocking the best quality goods. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. shelves. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Even couches. Your marketing strategies must be good. as well as residential areas.

in the Bannu district. 2. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 30 miles from Rawalpindi.200 gallons last year. 4. the churches. and Kalabagh on the Indus. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The petroleum now costs Rs. 28 ditto. The petroleum costs. No. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. No. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. It is made from mustard oil. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles.600 gallons per annum. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . 80 feet. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. No. 60 feet. transmitted light. The total oil collected is about 1.6. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. 50 feet. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. The borings are 35 feet from each other. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. No. No. 3. The oil is used in its raw state. three miles from Fatehjang.000 gallons per year. 5. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 1 is 100n feet deep. 4 inches in diameter each. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. Rs. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. This is thrown into a cistern. In 1887-89. petroleum and wood. leaving the oil above. 5.5. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. Kalabagh oil….16 per hundred gallons. etc.. 100 feet. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. The oil is collected as it. Five borings have been made. Fatehjang.

and that of inferior quality in this district. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. and Peshawar. charas. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Ghee. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. are exported to some small extent. Delhi and Gujranwala. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . pattus. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. gur from Sialkot. Silk from Amritsar. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Wazirabad. Jallundur and Meerut.1. thick cloths. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Peshawar. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. metals. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat.. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. and Gujrat. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. timber. however. dyes. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. from Kashmir. rice from neighboring districts. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. it is believed. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. refined Sugar from Bombay. described above. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. was exported to Kashmir. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Yarkand and Ladakh. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. fruits. fruits from Kashmir. Sialkot. Shahjahanpur. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Hazro and Makhad. Peshawar. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. & c. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. chiefly deodar. for seed. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. from Kashmir. rice being little grown. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. hardware from Amritsar. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Jallundur. ra and the sea-ports. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. timber. Peshawar. chiefly. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. leather from Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Kashmir and Sawat. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. with Kabul mostly by means of camels.

cigarettes. 13. 16. distillery.2. Petroleum Refinery. flour mills.1. steel re-rolling. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 9. 19. textiles. Heavy Rebuild Factory.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. pharmaceuticals. 22.2. 21. 7. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 5. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 17. cigarettes. No. cement. sawmills. sewing machines etc. 24. mineral processing. 3. 2. 12. 8. glass products. 10. 1. cotton and woolen Textiles. 23. beverages and fruit preservation. hosiery. a brewery. marble processing. Sr. glass products. railroad yards. poultry feed. and factories making tents. 20. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 4. 15. iron mills. industrial gases. 6. 14. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 18. pottery. Heavy Mechanical Complex. furniture. and leather goods.

40. 31. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. linkage between the industrial units. 47. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 46.3. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P.C.C. 34. 30.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 35. 36.V. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 33. local/national/international demand. 38. 32. 37.C. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 29. 41. 44. 27. skilled labour. 39. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. i) ii) 45. 43. 26. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. however. Therefore. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 42. if lacking is manageable. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 .

3.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. cigarettes. glass.3% of national GDP. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. cotton. Pharmaceuticals. Minerals Fire clay. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. maize. etc. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. ground nut. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.1. leather Products. cement. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. It contributes 24% to the GDP.2. gypsum.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Soda ash. rock salt.3. veneer board.3. meat/poultry processing units. semi processed and processed agricultural products. 6. In addition. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Oil refinery. footwear. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. woolen.3. leather garments. its major crops and fruit are wheat. jawar. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. 6. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. 6. dolomite bentonite. which accounted 11. It accounts for 38. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. poultry/cattle feed. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.5. 6. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. employs 48. guava and apple. In this area there is good scope for furniture.5 billion for the year 2001-02.4.3. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.3. Silica sand. there also exist good prospects for tannery. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.

household appliances. 6. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. ready made garments for men and women. sports wear etc. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. sanitary fitting. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. 6. POF etc.9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 .6. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Attock Refinery. Besides. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. 6.7. has now emerged as a potential investment area. electrical accessories.3. wires etc. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.8. woolen knitwear.3. Heavy Foundry and Forge. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. glass ample. fashion apparel. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. suitable for wide spread fish farming. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. rubberized/mechanical toys.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. confectionery. 6. electric cables. glass hollow-ware. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. machine made carpets.3. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. 6. steel furniture. PVC pipes.4.3. pharmaceutical. there exists good prospects for biscuits. children wear. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Steel. cosmetics.

Currency and Mint.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. 6. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas.1. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically.4. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Therefore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .4. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. The inhabitants. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. 6. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.

6. not manufactured locally. 6.3 million. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.5.4.3 million. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4. of tourism. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. Technical/Vocational Training. Human Resource Development (HRD). Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Hospitals. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. machinery & equipment.3.6. including the development of Industrial Zones.15 million. Plant.4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.

Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm.5. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i.5. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Classic Capital (Pvt.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. not manufactured locally. not manufactured locally. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. imported by tourism. 2. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Details of machinery are Plant. Beverage 6. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.e. audio-fax services. Ltd. voicemail services.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Bakery Products 1.1. machinery & equipment. 6.5. hotels and tourism related projects. 4. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. card pay phone services etc. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. not manufactured locally. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. 3. machinery and equipment.2.) LTD Bakery. Murree Brewery Company LTD. imported by the manufacturing industries. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. machinery and equipment. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Plant. Plant. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. 5.

Domestic Hardware 11. . Westridge Rawalpindi 6.5. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.4. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Chip/Straw Board 9. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Road Morgah 6. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. IPRAM International.7. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Fireclay Industries.6. 15.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Diapers Plant 10.5. Cement Products 7.5. W. Capital Plywood Industry. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Peshawar Road 6.8. 14. Old G.3. Ceramics Products 8. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Adyala Road 17. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .T.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .5. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. NEOMEDIX .Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .5. 16.5.

Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Flour Mills 23. Ratta Road 34. Adyala Road 21.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Al Karim Flour Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Railway Workshop Road 25.5. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Olive Laboratories . Industrial area Rawat 26. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31.9. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 29. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Seham Road 37. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Khyber Flour Mills.Rawat 35. Rawat 27. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Westridge 36. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Westridge 38. Westridge 32.

Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Fine Plastic Works. Bangash Colony.12. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Food Products 45.5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Rawat Flour Mills. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Rawat 43.) Ltd. LPG Cylinders 51.5. Plastic Products 52. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.14. Kashmir Road 6.13. JI Interprises.5. Tops Food & Beverages .11.5. Pirwadhai 46. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Poultry Feeds 53.10.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.5. National Park Road 6.

5.M.Textile Mills Ltd. Westridge 6.. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.18.15.16.5. Textile Composite 56. Peshawar Road 7.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.. Adamjee Street 6.17. Unani Medicines 59. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .5.19. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. (Pvt) Ltd. Tyre and Tubes 58.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. D.5. Textile Spinning 57. Refinery 55.20.

Rawalpindi.5. 3. Govt. 10. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 8. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 9. 7. MCH Centres 1. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 2. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 2. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 6. Government Hospitals 1.3. This region is full of Health facilities. 4.1. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 3. 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 5. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay.2. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.4. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 2.

Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. 7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Combined Military Hospital 7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.6. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Dr. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. 10. Off Murree Road. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. 3. 4. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi 11. Shakoors V. Said pur Road. Fatima Clinic 993-B.I. BH Building. 3. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 16. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Shahid Dental Clinic R.A. Rawalpindi. 6. 7. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Satellite Town. 5. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. 5551237 8. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 .9. Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi Cantt 13.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Saidpur Road.8. 17. 1. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 7. Batool Hospital H-241. Satellite Town. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Bazar Road. 2.P. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi 14. Dr.425 7th Road. 2. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1.

1. After their father's death (1901). This gift to the nation.1.2. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. its daughters.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. 8. As it stands. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Muhammed became her legal guardian.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. University of Arid Agriculture. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. The building has an architectural splendor. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Universities 8. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Muhammed Ali Jinnah. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.

Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. College St. Located near the CMH. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Rawalpindi. 3. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. 2. Govt. Govt. Govt. Govt. Govt. College Asghar Mall.1. Govt. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi 2.2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 1.2. College. Town. No. 1. Gorden College.2. Colleges 8. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Hashmat Ali Isl.1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi.3. 4. Rawalpindi. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. No. College for women St. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Town. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

St. Rawalpindi. 11. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. 21. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. 10. Town. 4. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. 31. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Town. 27. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. St. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi.2. 24. 14. 25. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 22. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. St. Educator College. 17. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. St. Punjab Law College. Saddar. 7. 3. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Town. Saddar. 2. Rawalpindi 36. Leader College 6th Road. 8. Al-Falah College for women St. town. Rawalpindi. St.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 6. 9. 18. 20. Rahimabad airport Road. Town. Rwp. town. 15. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road.3. town. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 28. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. College of Advance Technology. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Town. Rawalpindi. 26. 34. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Town. 13. 5. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi. 35. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 23. 12. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. St. 30. 32. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. 29. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Sadiqabad. town. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 19. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 33.

11. Rawalpindi. M. BPS Chamanzar. 48.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 38.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.2. Town. BPS Muslim Town. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Rwalpindi. Inflorescence College of modern . Rwalpindi. M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Morgah Rawalpindi.C. 5.C. GMS Waris Khan. 53. Islamic International Commerce College.C. St. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 50. 8. 56.C. 14. Rawalpindi. College of Commerce Saddar. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 54. town. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi. BPS New Malpur M. 3. Rawalpindi. 1. BPS Dhok Paracha M. M. 40.C. 8. 8. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . M.C.C. Rawalpindi.. town. 12.C. M. 2. Rawalpindi Cantt. Ojiri Camp. M. BPS Dhok Hasoo M.2. Rawalpindi. MC. Leadership College for Boys St. 6.C. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Rawalpindi. 42. St. Leadership College for Girls St.C. M. 4. 4. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 2. Jinnah Institute of Informatics.C. M. 3. Capital College Murree Road. BPS Faiz abad M.C. 16. Rawalpindi. 15. Rwalpindi.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. town.5. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk.C.C.4. 51.C. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 49. 7. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 41. 43. BPS Muslim Town M. Rawalpindi. GMS Amarpura. 9. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Qasim abad. 47. Rawalpindi. Indus College of Commerce.C. Rawalpindi. 55. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 52. BMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi.C. Town. BPS Fauji Colony M. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 39. 1.C. Town. GMS Qasimabad. BPS Bangash Colony M. Shamsabad. Town. 44. 45. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 46. MC. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 10. 13.

Institute of Commerce (W). 7. Govt. 9. Govt. Scheme No.6.C. BPS Ratta 18. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. MC.C. BPS Affandi Colony 8.C. 5.2 Satellite Town. Rawalpindi Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 4. Kartarpura. BHS Satellite Town M.C. 5. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Dhamial. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt.2.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. Techincal Training Institute (W). 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. GHS Ratta Amral M.C. 3. College of Commerce. Rawalpindi.(ABAD). BHS Moti Baza M.3.C. 8. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 7. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. M. 4. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Dhoke Syedan. GHS Satellite Town M. Vocational Training Institute (W). Govt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C. Institute of Commerce. High School Rawalpindi M. BHS Millat Colony M. Rawalpindi Govt. 3. 8. M. (RMGTC). M. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. BHS Ratta Amral M.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. 6.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Vocational Training Institute (W). Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.C. 1. GHS Talab Pukhta 8.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.

2.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Private Schools and colleges 1. Chaklala III 8. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .G Sir Syed College for Boys. 3. Quaid-e-Azam College. Govt. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 5.5. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. Sir Syed College. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. F. Ordinance Road.6. 6.G. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 2. 4. 7. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). The Mall F. 5. 4.4.G. 6. 4. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.G (C. 2. Harley Street F. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. The Mall 1. Government Schools & Colleges 1.

4. 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.7.

It covers an area of about 2. 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . founded in 1885. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. It has a playground. an aquarium.T. lush lawns.1.1. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. 300 acres. Situated near the Ayub National Park.) Road.1. covers 2.300 acres and has a play area. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. play land.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. today this is a facility of 27 holes. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. These are the best way to see the city. It has a lake with boating facility. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. From being a nine-hole course. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. fountains and flower beds. The Ayub National Park. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. Meander through the bazaars. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.

9. fountains and flower beds. was assassinated here in 1950. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. 2007 at same venue. cheetahs. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. is of historical interest due to its political processions.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. lawns.1. Other areas of the park are used for walking. It has a play area for children. The Park was opened in 1991. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . lions. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park.1. bears. The first prime minister of Pakistan. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. One should try out during a visit here. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. Some tigers. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi.3.

is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. at 2. parks. Murree and the Galis Murree. Civil Lines 9. clubs and cafes. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets.1. Jinnah Park. Murree remained. complete with The Mall for promenading. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. especially at weekends. on the Karakoram Highway. In summer it is cool . The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. churches. Peshawar Road 9. when the honor was transferred to Simla. where most people congregate. Since independence. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.400 feet). or riding in the new chair-lifts.4. Between the two runs The Mall. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. In winter. Numerous roads leave. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. however.5. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.1.240 meters (7. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). Murree is lovely all year round. a little bit of England. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. near Kachari Chowk. Its cold pine forests. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. has expanded rapidly. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.and rain is common. schools. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851.1. Romi Park. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point.even chilly in the evening .6.

The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Ayubia Khairagali. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. It is 30 km from Murree. both rides cost about Rs. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. which is the highest point in the range. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. which like a ski-lift. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Ayubia has a chair lift. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. The golf course here is open only to members. hiking places and picnic spots.). There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Natural springs abound on the slopes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Changlagali. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. In addition to riding trails. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. A restaurant has also been established. Patriata 25 km from Murree.

once you reach the summit. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. better known as the Murree National Park. a sub category of the Montane Forests. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The city of Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. you will find that the surface is clean. 9. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat.7. Islamabad. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. situated on the summit of a hill. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. Asiatic leopard. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. golden eagle. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. In addition to riding trails. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. flying squirrel and hill fox. For this. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants.1. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. hiking places. Khaira Gali. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree.

one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. The Sarafa bazaar. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . which is the first stop for any tourist. Most of the sites at Taxila. at The Raja Bazaar. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment.9.1. terracotta. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Buddhist. iron and semiprecious stones. are located around the Taxila Museum. At the outset. 9. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Saddar bazaar. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. vicery of India in 1918. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. cane baskets and furniture. including stone. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. This is a place where you go by choice. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. However. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. the museum. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. As it turns out. There are 4000 objects displayed. silver. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province.T.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. 9. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. walking sticks. could not complete its original plan. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. but come out by sheer luck. shawls and jackets. stucco. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however.8.1. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. gold. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. you can find every thing which a common man can use. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better.C to 500 AD. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Here. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.

1. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Guru Nanak. line the canals through which cool waters once. Today. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Islamabad. Gen. Road. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Tapering cypress trees. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Ferishta and Jehangir. Taxila. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.10. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.5 acres. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. i. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. by his colleagues. The resort has a restaurant. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader.T. Government of Pakistan. left of G. 9. Road. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. by the Department of Archaeology. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. that is.e.T.Twice a year. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. This place offers scenic walks. Road. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. on their way to Kashmir.T. loved by the Mughals. gently flowing stream.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. on the G. it is now a 27-hole course. a small town has developed. 9. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. After several phases of development. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Road Rawalpindi. It is situated at I.3. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.1. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . a minister of emperor Akbar. Road. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments.3. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. at the foot of Margalla. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. and the course itself. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. Sports venues and stadiums 9. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. From the clubhouse. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. G. home to several thousand people. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. was also built during this period. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. T. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha.T. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. with spring water falling within it. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park.

The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole.000. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe.2. 9. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.3. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Islamabad. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world.

3.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.3.3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. The Mall Saddar 9.4. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Rawalpindi Club.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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1. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which is an achievement even internationally. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.1. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. explosions. 10. rescue. buildings collapse. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. however personal visits are also allowed. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. crime reporting. Rescue 15 . The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Community Awareness &Training. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. SERVICES 10. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Response and Prevention. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management.1. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Therefore.2.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. identification of vehicles for registration etc.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose.

anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.1. 12. 4. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. struggle.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 9. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . who is a mobile institution ready to respond.3. 8. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. patience. 2. 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 10. perseverance. 11.4. 3. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 5. Endurance. 6.1. 13. 7.

1. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. love and understanding. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.5.1. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. Old People and Disabled. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Children. support. The children are given security.6.

Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. Here. General Industry. boys and girls . SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .46/-. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. not on Islamic political causes. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Distribution system consists of 46. to be sure. detail of some among them is following. Power & Cement Sectors.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . 10.7. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).2. Urdu.280 HM3 worth 31. Domestic. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.1.” 10. both for itself and other organizations.733.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. but the emphasis is on achievement. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. Sales to these consumers were 39.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).study together up until fifth grade. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Fertilizer.081 HM3 worth 107. 7.127. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. “The basic aim is that this orphan. 2006.008. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. this poor child.581. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). designing and construction of pipelines.118 million rupees during July-September." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.2. SNGPL has 2. now Companies Ordinance 1984.897.

000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Chakwal.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt. SNGPL. Attock.2.

The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.7 million customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.000 and 5. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.2. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.3.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. 1 5. Water Works No. Committee Chowk 4.2. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.4. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Pirwadahi Total No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Total No. of No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.

4. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.2. POST OFFICE GPO . • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 3. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 6.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 5. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1.

1. rail and road.2. with many domestic and international flights every day. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). In addition to freight. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. both national and international.2. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. has numerous routes. 2. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.6. Rawalpindi 10. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.7. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Motorway Interchange. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.T. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). the world's highest international road. Rawalpindi.8. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. which were completed in the 1990s.2. more recently. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which connects Pakistan to China. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.

which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages).9.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . Due to lack of planning of roads. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.2. For inter-city travel. and which operate constantly throughout the day. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. ranging from yellow taxis. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. yellow cabs. mini-buses. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

5. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5.45 Km of main road with 1. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. installations of traffic signals. construction of footpaths. Rawalpindi. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.1. Objectives 1. traffic signs. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. 2. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. pavement marking.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. median. provision of efficient drainage system. channelization of junctions. relocation of structures. pedestrian over head bridges. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. 3. which will result in reduction of accidents rate.

1.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. land values & ownership pattern. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. land use plan. 2. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. future land uses pattern. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. of Punjab / RDA. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan.00 million. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Detailed Traffic Engg.2. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. growth of income. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G.T. Task-III Economic Evaluation. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . OD travel pattern.

industrial. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. non standardized infrastructure support. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 .000 Cusecs 35. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The Lai Nullah. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. enchroachments. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. f. c. unbalanced land use transport interaction. e. Unluckily however. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah.3. commercial. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. d. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.5 m 21.

the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. And. according to the old timers. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. At that time. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. Famous Historical Places 12. Until 1923.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.1.1.1.

12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. it was home to Budhana Bibi. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.the glory of the cantonment .2. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. Lal Haveli In old times.3. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. a famous dancing girl.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. better known as The Mall .1. After independence. Sarafa Bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

dense housing. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population.1. Like Multan.4. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as the Purana Qilla. bay windows and doors. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. the old quarters of the city. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings.

1. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. 12. Modern. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.2.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2.

Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Rawalpindi. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. Flashman’s Hotel 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.3. 12.2.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4.2.5.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3. Rawalpindi. 12.1.3. Rawalpindi.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Famous Restaurants 12.3.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .4.International . 12.2. Murree Road. Saddar. KFC .1.International Near KFC.4. Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Sub Way . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4. Saddar. Rawalpindi.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi.

4. Canning Road 10. Haider Road 12. 12. 6. Police Station Road 11. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Bank Road 8. 2.5. Peshawar Road 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 3. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.

17.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Tipu Road 16. College Road 15. Harding Road 14. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 18.

6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

houses and narrow streets.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There are many old buildings. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.8. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . off the Mall.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9.

1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .10.

4. Citi Bank N A. 22. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 9. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 16. 13. 21. 11. 14. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 8. 12. 7. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. Industrial Deve. 15. 10. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 23. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 29. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 28. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 19. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 24. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 27. 30. 32. 31. Rawalpindi. 26. 20. 5. 25. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Over 5000 people were killed. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. many thousands more were injured. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and.13. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. It was clear. This was a deliberate act of destruction. That it was an ammunition dump. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. on April 10. Soon. Theories abound. 19 years ago. now. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Rawlapindi. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. But that was the extent of it. that it was Ojhri. Many. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

23 Billion. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. 2001. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. On July 23.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. km. The total storage capacity is 47.1.8 sq.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. which generates 84. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. WATER RESERVOIR 13.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Margalla and Murree hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . fishing and boating. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Live storage is 43. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.000 acre feet (11763 MG). The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment.

783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.777 MCM. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. due to monsoon. outflow is 0. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the flow was relatively high in June to August. However. in general. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. However.783 MCM. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . Since its inception. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. However. Therefore.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. after 2000. whereas. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.687 MCM. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.2. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

a.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. m. o. Rawalpindi Post Office. g. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. l. p. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . j.pk travel.rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.mapsofworld. h.com Nrb www. d. o. Rawalpindi Cities. S. t. j.com pakistanpeadia. b. r.gov. c. h. EDO Health.absoluteastronomy. k. i. Rawalpindi EDO Education. l. g.blogspot. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. 1998 City Report.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. Punjab Railway Station. s. n. f. n. k. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. b.com www. Govt. p. m. d.geocities. c. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. r. e. e. q. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.com Virtualglobetrottiong. i. q. f.com Books & Etc.