Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.........................................................1... 62 10..................................................................1......................... Khewra Salt Mines ..... Forts ........ Liaqat National Bagh .........................................................1.............................................................................7........1....... Sports venues and stadiums ................................2.............................. Peshawar Road .....2...... near Kachari Chowk.......................4.........3....... 46 9..............................................................4............... Government Schools & Colleges ....................................................... 53 9..........1.......1..... Cinemas & Theatres .................................................................................2.......... 42 8..........1............ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ............. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi .............. 42 8......................................... 41 8.......................................................6....................... Romi Park.............................3............................................. Temple of Katas ...............1..............2..............4......... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .... Utility Services ................................ Private Schools and colleges ..............2........... SPORTS & RECREATION ......................... 60 10...2.................. Kallar Kahar ........................................................................................................4... Darul Aman ...........................................................4............................................................................ 49 9....................1......2..............1....... 51 9.......... The Mall Saddar ................. POLICE STATIONS....................................................................... Hassan Abdal.......................................................3.......................................... 56 9...........................4.........7............................................2..... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)......................5...........................................6............2... Rawalpindi Public Park ........................................................................................................ 54 9........3.3....................................................2..................................................... 45 9................................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district......... 58 9.... 63 10........ Civil Lines .... Taxila Museum.....1...................................8.................... 44 9........... 60 10................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............ Army Hockey Stadium ...........................................5....................... 65 Company Profile ....................... SOS Village ...................... Medical Colleges .........................................................................7.......3.......... 56 9........................3................1. Jinnah Park.......3..............4.......1........................................1......................................1...............2...........1.................... 42 8........................................ Ayub National Park .....9..1.....4.............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .........................................................................5......5.............................................................................. 63 10.2.... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........................3..............................1...2.............. 63 10.. Murree and the Galis ................................................................. 54 9....6..........1....................... Field Hockey ........................................................................................... 49 9.................................................................. PTCL .......3................................ .............................. Rescue 15 . .......................................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ...................10..............1............... 44 9.... The Salt Range ........ 57 9.......................................................... 46 9.. Punjab.......3....... 62 10.....5................................ KABBADI........................................................................ 57 9...........................1..........1.......... 56 9..................... 43 9.................................. 46 9..........6............................2........... 44 9.2.. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ........................................3.. 55 9.................................................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8............................................1..........3............................................................................................................................ 61 10........... 48 9....... IESCO ........................................................... 50 9.......... Edhi Foundation ............................................................................................. 52 9........ 58 10... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ........................................................................................... 45 9.................................. 60 10......................... 51 9...........2......... Other Places Worth A Visit....................... 57 9........................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ... 57 9................................................................ 61 10.......................... 51 9........................................ 64 10...................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .........................................1................................................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS .......... Cricket .................................4.......... 60 10...5.......Emergency Reporting Centre ............................................................... 51 9......... SERVICES ....................... Rawalpindi Club............. The Raja Bazaar ............................................................1.......

........14.................................................. 68 10................................................................... POST OFFICE ...............................................................................................7.......................................................1....................... 78 12.... Ancient Rawalpindi .3.....1................. 81 12...........................................................................7............. RAWAL LAKE...................................................................................... La Rosh Hotel....... WATER RESERVOIR ................................................................................................................................. Shalimar Hotel ****............. 90 12................... Sub Way ....................................................................2..................... 80 12............Glorious Rawalpindi 10.......................... Railway Stations .......1.................. INSIDE RAWALPINDI ........2........ 76 12...........2............ 95 12....................................... 75 12........... Akbar International *** ..................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS .................................................. Islamabad International Airport Road .................................... 84 12.......2............. WASA .... 80 12.............International .................................... 102 13....9... Political Structure .................International ......................... 104 13..................................................................2........... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..................... Museums ....................... 79 12........................6..................... 77 12.................................... Flashman’s Hotel...............................................................6..............2............................3........................13...2..............2................................................................................... Famous Chowk................................................ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ..................2............. Libraries and Museums .......................................2............... Airport ......................... Misriot Dam ...................................................................4.......................................................4......2...........................1..1................................................................. 75 12............................... The Mall ..... 66 10..................................2.... 98 12................................. Famous Historical Places .................................................. 81 12......... Lai Expressway ..............11.......................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .................................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...........................................................3........................................3.................................................4.5.......4................. 71 11......................................... 72 11...................................2..........................................2.......................................(Rawalpindi) ........................................ Hotel Civic ...................... 75 12.1.. RING ROAD ..................4...........1.......................................12.......................4.......................... 79 12....5.... Lasania Restaurant city .................................................................................... KFC ........................ 82 12.................................9....................................................3....1................................................ 74 12........................................... 99 12.............................................. Purana Qilla ...................................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ......................................................8..................................................... Lai Nullah . 104 13..................10..... FAMOUS Hotels ............................. 100 12.....5.........................3..... 70 10....... 73 11......2...................................................................................1.........................................................................2............... Lal Haveli ..................................... 79 12............................ MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .............................. 78 12.......................................................................................1.......... 105 13.............2........... Famous Restaurants.............................. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ........................................................................................2................................. 67 10.............................................................. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ................................................ 93 12......................................................................... Jawa Dam ... 72 11...8........... 68 10..................1......... 80 12.......................................................................................................................................3..... 96 12..................................... 81 12.......................................... 78 12................................. Highways ............................................................. 76 12.... Public Transportation ...............

communication net works. the area of its concern.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . i. education and the existing industries. health. This study contains information on population. infrastructure.

At the time of Alexander’s invasion. the martial people of the area against the British domination. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. also known as Pindi. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. Jhelum. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. The Rawals a jogi tribe.e. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. until 1765.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. battle with Gakhars. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. has a long history spread over several millennia. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. founded a new town nearby. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi City. a Ghakkar Chief . but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Although they did not succeed. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. However. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . When Jhanda Khan. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. In 1849. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi.

History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. and it serves the city along with the capital. in Liaquat Garden. he was welcomed rousingly. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. before Pakistan came into existence.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Many Government buildings were set on fire. water is stored by building dams. In 1951. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. The city is home to many industries and factories. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. Nala Lai.e. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. the Afghan war and martial law. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Liaquat Ali Khan.e. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Cantonment and city. famous for its floods.

Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. in the province of Punjab.37’ East longitudes. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.04’ 34°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Chakwal. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2.1. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Location It lies between 33°.01’ North latitudes and 72°.38’ and 73°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. 2.

of Towns.033333 Altitude.550 (2007) Literacy rate.059. 70. 8 Population.2.6. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. Estimate. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .5% (January 2006) Union Councils.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.286 km² Calling code. 2. 051 Time zone.300.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 73. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.059. PST (UTC+5) No. 500 meters AMSL 5. 73.6.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. Area.000 (1998) 3.

the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.6 Degree Centigrade. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. Muhajirs. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. when the mean max. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.7 C and Min 2. and Pakhtuns. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. comprising Potoharis. Punjabis.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The weather is highly unpredictable. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The coldest month is Jan. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing.3. temp is 17. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. In summer.

women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. The roads. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. On Eid day. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). No sooner it is sited.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head .1. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping.a ritual in which everyone shares. In addition to the two Eids. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. modesty and good behaviour. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . others being truthfulness. one for distribution among the poor. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. 3. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. There are many mosques throughout the city. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. More than men. On this day.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 .

Young people prefer Kabaddi. Rawalpindi. There are two Churches in Saddar. Chaunji Trap. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. wrestling. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered.Paul Church. 3. railways and the police force. tent pegging and Bini. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . education. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.2. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Summi. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Music and dancing are also common. St. Bhangra.

Hinduism After the Partition of India.3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. and to the historical region of Punjab.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. historical and political ties to the country. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .

Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.1.2. 1940. red or velvet. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .3. Later in 1971. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.1.1. when Pakistan. On 23rd March. Islamabad.1. CULTURE 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. 4.1. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.

From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Tea is popular all over the district. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. The usual ornaments like ear rings. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. bangles. 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. After the religious formalities. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. 4. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Due to good weather condition in the district. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .2.1. health of population is generally better. the bride’s parents feast the party. sweet and ornaments etc.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). To mold into the colors of ubton. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.3.4. the other name of mienu. Khaki or grey. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.2.

The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. All the guests. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.4. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.3. especially women. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . 4.4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.

Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Besides. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong.

furniture. railroad yards. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. beverages and fruit preservation. apples. and vegetables are the major products of the city. pharmaceutical. about 1. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . marble processing. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Air conditiong.000 spindles. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. medium and small industrial units. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Welding. Drafting. steel re-rolling.e. potato. sawmills. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering.6% of district population is directly employed in large.000b spindles and 1. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. textiles. cigarettes. glass products. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. apricots. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. hosiery. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. industrial gas processing. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. and factories making tents. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. pottery. citrus. pears. a brewery. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. bajra.000 persons i. iron mills. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. maize. Metallurgy. sewing machines etc. and leather goods.021 power looms.

but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. will go to far from their homes for such work. gold threads. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Like the men of the tribe. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. gold seals and such like. do not require detailed notice. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. 5. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. towns of the district. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. is misleading. Kohlis and a few others. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. Janjuas. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.1. so-called. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The chief families of Gakkhar. Brahmans. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. These only form a small percentage of the total population. by courtesy.2. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. They also deal largely in hides. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. chiefly silk goods. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. except ploughing.

The chairs cost from Re. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. and at Makhad. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). or khair wood. phulaa. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. or low chairs. according to size. 6. and are made of Shisham. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. Pindigheb. 1 to Rs. tehsil Pindigheb. Pihras. costing from Re. Phulkaris are made in many places. Chauntra. where wood is plentiful. 40. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. from Re: 1 to Rs. 20. the spinning wheels. embroidered shoes. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Fatehjang. tehsil Rawapindi. especially in tehsil Kahuta. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. tehsil Kahutta. known as abri. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. make padlocks of iron. 1 to Rs. neighboring villages. Baking-plates are also made here. Reed matting. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. The lohars of Manianda. known as phur. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. chappris. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. saddles are the principal articles made. Leather manufacturers have diminished. 10 for the set of 4. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. costing from Rs.5 to Rs. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and Hazro.3. and Salgraon. Kuri-Dolal.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 8. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages.

Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. both lie on the Indus bank. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. as there is said to have once been. Lockwood Kipling. Mr. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. especially of it is exported across the Indus. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Here. rough in execution but fairly good in color. or earthen-jars. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. at Fatehjang.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Popular Industries 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.4. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.1.4. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. as else where. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). have been procured. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas.

and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. patti and other handicrafts. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. sand blasting. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. which are also in small quantities. Karachi and Lahore. phool. Sangjani. handling & storing. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. Major processes include loading/unloading. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. I-9/1 and I-9/3. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. brush finishing. acid finishing. tiles. flower vases and fountains. Rawalpindi. ustaad and unskilled workers.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. honed finishing etc.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . bush hammering. cutting & sizing. Most of the labor has education level below primary. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs.

5. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 4. 7. 6.000 cubic ft. 1. 8. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below.000-300. 9. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 3.2. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 2. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 10. It is below 50%. Hardly.

schools. Your marketing strategies must be good. are in huge demand in the City. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. sofas. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. hotels and restaurants.000 people. since all kinds of furniture. side tables and stools. Once your furniture business gets off. etc. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. so that must be kept in mind. and you should take care to build good customer relations. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. shelves. Polish affects the quality of the material. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. lamps stands. lockers. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. from office to lounge furniture. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. consoles are in demand. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Even couches. The establishments in the city need showcases.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Therefore. lampshades. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. You can sell wood or metal furniture. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. and selling innovative products. By stocking the best quality goods. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. A Report by Ms. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. Be sure to include photographs. as well as residential areas.

but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The petroleum now costs Rs. 100 feet. 3. 1 is 100n feet deep. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 50 feet. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The oil is collected as it. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. The borings are 35 feet from each other. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.200 gallons last year. three miles from Fatehjang. the churches.600 gallons per annum. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. No. and Kalabagh on the Indus. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 4 inches in diameter each. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.. 80 feet. The total oil collected is about 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 5. The petroleum costs. The oil is used in its raw state. in the Bannu district. Five borings have been made.000 gallons per year. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. Rs. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water.6. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 5. etc.16 per hundred gallons. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. No. No. It is made from mustard oil. 60 feet. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. leaving the oil above. 28 ditto. No.5. petroleum and wood. Fatehjang. In 1887-89. This is thrown into a cistern. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. transmitted light. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . 4. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. No. Kalabagh oil…. 2.

Yarkand and Ladakh. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. fruits from Kashmir. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. however. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. rice being little grown. Hazro and Makhad. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. are exported to some small extent. and Gujrat. from Kashmir. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. and Peshawar. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. rice from neighboring districts. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. pattus. Wazirabad. Jallundur and Meerut. Peshawar. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. Peshawar. Kashmir and Sawat. hardware from Amritsar. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. & c. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. dyes. Delhi and Gujranwala. Sialkot. timber. chiefly deodar.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. and that of inferior quality in this district. ra and the sea-ports. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. described above. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. timber. was exported to Kashmir. it is believed.1.. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. leather from Kashmir. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Ghee. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. chiefly. thick cloths. from Kashmir. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. for seed. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Peshawar. metals. charas. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Silk from Amritsar. refined Sugar from Bombay. fruits. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Shahjahanpur. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Jallundur. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . gur from Sialkot. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds.

sewing machines etc. 3. textiles. poultry feed. 9. Heavy Mechanical Complex.2. 17. distillery. 12. 21. cotton and woolen Textiles. hosiery.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 6. 2. cement. cigarettes. 22. flour mills. 4. and factories making tents. pharmaceuticals. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . industrial gases. Sr.2. 5. cigarettes. 23. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Petroleum Refinery. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 1. No. iron mills. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. glass products. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. glass products. 24. Heavy Foundry and Forge. steel re-rolling. sawmills. 13. 15. a brewery. railroad yards. marble processing. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. beverages and fruit preservation. 7. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 16.1. and leather goods. mineral processing. 19. 18. 14. 8. furniture. 20. pottery. 10.

i) ii) 45. however.3. 33. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 39.C. 47. 31. 36. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 42. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 26. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 30.V. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. if lacking is manageable.C. linkage between the industrial units. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 37. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 41. skilled labour. 44. 38. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 29. 40. 34. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 46. 35. local/national/international demand. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 43. 27.C. 32. Therefore.

dolomite bentonite.3% of national GDP.3. Soda ash.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. In this area there is good scope for furniture. cement. its major crops and fruit are wheat.1. 6. cotton.3. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. etc. It contributes 24% to the GDP. veneer board. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.3. there also exist good prospects for tannery. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. ground nut. jawar. woolen. 6. Minerals Fire clay. Oil refinery. It accounts for 38.2. leather garments. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. In addition. meat/poultry processing units. guava and apple. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.4. 6. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. footwear. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3.3. leather Products. employs 48. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.5. cigarettes. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .3. which accounted 11.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. Pharmaceuticals. semi processed and processed agricultural products. glass. gypsum. maize. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. poultry/cattle feed. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. Silica sand. rock salt.

6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . glass ample.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.6. Attock Refinery. suitable for wide spread fish farming. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. has now emerged as a potential investment area. wires etc. household appliances. steel furniture. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. electric cables. glass hollow-ware. 6. sanitary fitting. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. fashion apparel. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. 6. machine made carpets. confectionery.8. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities.7.3. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. Heavy Foundry and Forge. electrical accessories. children wear.3. woolen knitwear. ready made garments for men and women. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.4.3. Steel. there exists good prospects for biscuits. rubberized/mechanical toys. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. POF etc. Besides. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. sports wear etc. 6.3.9. pharmaceutical. PVC pipes. cosmetics. 6.

1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Currency and Mint. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. 6.4. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Therefore. 6. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.2. The inhabitants. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Most of these deposits are unexploited. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries.4. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.

Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. Human Resource Development (HRD). Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Hospitals. including the development of Industrial Zones.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3 million.4. 6. machinery & equipment. 6. Plant. Medical and Diagnostic Services. of tourism.4.4.15 million.3. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Technical/Vocational Training. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. not manufactured locally. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education.

5. machinery and equipment. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. not manufactured locally. Classic Capital (Pvt.2. not manufactured locally. hotels and tourism related projects. imported by tourism. imported by the manufacturing industries. machinery and equipment.) LTD Bakery. Beverage 6. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. machinery & equipment. not manufactured locally. audio-fax services. card pay phone services etc. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.1. 2.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Bakery Products 1. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.5. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 3. Plant. 4. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 6. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. voicemail services. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Plant. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry.5.5.e.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Ltd. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . in excess of five percent customs duty livable.

Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.7. Adyala Road 17. 14.5. NEOMEDIX .Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Ceramics Products 8.3. . Diapers Plant 10. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.T. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.5.5.4. Domestic Hardware 11.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Capital Plywood Industry. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. 12. Chip/Straw Board 9. IPRAM International. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .6. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.5. Peshawar Road 6. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .5. Cement Products 7. Westridge Fireclay Industries. W. Road Morgah 6. Old G. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . 15. 16.8.

Khyber Flour Mills. Olive Laboratories .5. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Seham Road 37. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Ratta Road 29. Railway Workshop Road 25. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Adyala Road 21. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd.9. Peshawar Road 41. Industrial Area Rawat 6. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Kallar Road Rawat 30. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Westridge 36. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Industrial area Rawat 26. Rawat 27. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Ratta Road 34. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Westridge 32.Rawat 35. Westridge 38. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.

LPG Cylinders 51.5.5. National Park Road 6.10. Plastic Products 52. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.11. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.14. Fine Plastic Works.) Ltd. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.5. Rawat Flour Mills. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.12. JI Interprises. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Tops Food & Beverages .5. Pirwadhai 46. Bangash Colony. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Poultry Feeds 53.13. Rawat 43. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Kashmir Road 6. Food Products 45.

18.5. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.Textile Mills Ltd.5.19. Textile Composite 56. Westridge 6. (Pvt) Ltd.M.15. D..17.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.16.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5. Textile Spinning 57. Tyre and Tubes 58. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Unani Medicines 59. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.5. Peshawar Road 7. Adamjee Street 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Refinery 55..20.

Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 8. 2. This region is full of Health facilities. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 10. 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 3.1. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 2.3. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 3.4. Govt.5. MCH Centres 1. 6. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi.2. 5. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 9. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Government Hospitals 1. Dhok Ali Akber. 3. 2. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 7.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .6. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ).Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Combined Military Hospital 7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. 3. 7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.

Satellite Town.I. 6. 5551237 8. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 10. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rawalpindi 12. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 3. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 1. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21.9. 3. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 2. Satellite Town. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi 16. 7. Rawalpindi. 4. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Rawalpindi. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Dr. Rawalpindi 14.P. Rawalpindi Cantt. Near Hydri Chowk. 3. 17. Shakoors V. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi.A. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.425 7th Road. Said pur Road. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 5. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Bazar Road. Off Murree Road. Dr. Rawalpindi 11. Saidpur Road. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1.8. 7. Batool Hospital H-241. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 15. Satellite Town. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. BH Building. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 2. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9.

it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. This gift to the nation. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. After their father's death (1901). As it stands. University of Arid Agriculture. Muhammed became her legal guardian. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.1.2.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Universities 8. The building has an architectural splendor. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. 8. its daughters.

Govt. Govt. Colleges 8. College. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. College Asghar Mall. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 1. No. 4. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi.1. College St.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Govt. 1.2. Govt.2. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Located near the CMH. 2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Name of the Institution Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Town.1. 3. 5. Town.2. Rawalpindi. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. No. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Gorden College.2. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi 8. College for women St.

Punjab Law College. Town. 23. 20. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Town. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 1. Universal College. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi.3. St. Town. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 15. Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. town. 3. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 18. 11. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Saddar. town. Kashmir Road. 34. 31. St. Rawalpindi. Rwp. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi. 10. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 24. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Town. town. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 12. town. Saddar. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 27. College of Advance Technology. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 21. OPF-girls Secondary School St. town. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Leaders College of Commerce. Town. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 13. 7. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Town. 29. 33. St. 14. 26. 17. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 2. St. 25. Town. Rawalpindi. 19. 4. Rawalpindi. 22. Town. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Educator College. National Science College Murree Road. 8. St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 9. Sadiqabad. St. 30. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. 32. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 35.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

MC. 8. 7. M.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 39. M. Rwalpindi. M. 1. 3. 55. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. 13.4. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. BPS Dhok Paracha M. town. 47.C. M. M.C. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 38.. Rawalpindi. Ojiri Camp.C. BMS Amarpura. 48.5. 16. St. 6. BPS Muslim Town.C. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. MC. 45. 51. Rwalpindi. 42. town. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. BPS Chamanzar. 2. 46. BPS Fauji Colony M. 10. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Boys St. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 12.C. 2. 11. GMS Waris Khan. 54.C.2. Punjab College of information technology. 56. town. 4. Rawalpindi. 41. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Indus College of Commerce. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 4. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 44. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 3. Capital College Murree Road. GMS Qasimabad. Leadership College for Girls St.C. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 8. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. Town. 49. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. Town. 40. Town.C.2. M. Rawalpindi. M.C. 8.C. 52. BPS Qasim abad. Morgah Rawalpindi. 1.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. St. 50.C. 15. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 43. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College. College of Commerce Saddar. Inflorescence College of modern . 14.C. Shamsabad.C. 53. 9. GMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi College for Boys. BPS New Malpur M.C. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St.C. BPS Faiz abad M. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi.

4. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.6.C. Govt. 3. 6. Dhamial. 5.C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C. 4. Vocational Training Institute (W). 7. M. Rawalpindi Cantt. Institute of Commerce. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. MC. Techincal Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C. 7. BHS Moti Baza M. 2.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). GHS Ratta Amral M.C. Institute of Commerce (W). BHS Ratta Amral M. 8.2. Govt. Rawalpindi (Cantt. BHS Millat Colony M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.PIA College Rawalpindi City. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Rawalpindi Govt. 9. M. High School Rawalpindi M. Kartarpura. BHS Satellite Town M.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.3. Rawalpindi Govt.C. 8. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Dhoke Syedan. (RMGTC). 5. BPS Ratta 18.C.C. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt.(ABAD). College of Commerce. GHS Teli Mohallah M. GHS Satellite Town M. 3.2 Satellite Town. 1. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. Govt. Scheme No. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 6. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. BPS Affandi Colony 8.

Sir Syed College. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.4. Ordinance Road. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 6.G. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 7. F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 2. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Chaklala III 8.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall 1. Private Schools and colleges 1. Harley Street F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall F.6. Govt. 4.G (C. 6. 3. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4. 4. 3.G. 5. 2. 5. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.5. Quaid-e-Azam College. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.

Rawalpindi Medical College. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8.7. 4. Medical Colleges 1. 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

a garden restaurant and an aquarium. play land. It has a playground. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. These are the best way to see the city. From being a nine-hole course. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. an aquarium. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. lush lawns.1. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Situated near the Ayub National Park. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. 9. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. covers 2.1. lake with boating facility. It has a lake with boating facility. 300 acres. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city.1. fountains and flower beds. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out.) Road. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.300 acres and has a play area. founded in 1885. Meander through the bazaars. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. The Ayub National Park.T. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. It covers an area of about 2. today this is a facility of 27 holes.

Other areas of the park are used for walking. 9. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. is of historical interest due to its political processions.1. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. bears. 2007 at same venue. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. It has a play area for children. One should try out during a visit here. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. Some tigers.2.3. lawns. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. 9. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. was assassinated here in 1950. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. lions. The Park was opened in 1991. fountains and flower beds. cheetahs. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi.1. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.

Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876.6. churches.240 meters (7. Murree remained. Since independence. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962.and rain is common. clubs and cafes. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. In summer it is cool . so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. schools.1. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Romi Park. however. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. In winter.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Peshawar Road 9. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. on the Karakoram Highway. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. has expanded rapidly.400 feet). Its cold pine forests. especially at weekends. Murree and the Galis Murree.5.1. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Civil Lines 9. at 2. when the honor was transferred to Simla. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. near Kachari Chowk.4. parks. Between the two runs The Mall. Numerous roads leave.1. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. a little bit of England. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements.even chilly in the evening . Murree is lovely all year round. complete with The Mall for promenading. Jinnah Park. where most people congregate.

Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge.). which like a ski-lift. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Ayubia Khairagali. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. both rides cost about Rs. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Patriata 25 km from Murree. which is the highest point in the range. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. It is 30 km from Murree. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. In addition to riding trails. hiking places and picnic spots.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The golf course here is open only to members. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . A restaurant has also been established. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Changlagali. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Ayubia has a chair lift.

is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills.1. you will find that the surface is clean. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. once you reach the summit. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. Khaira Gali. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. hiking places. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Asiatic leopard. better known as the Murree National Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. 9. situated on the summit of a hill. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The city of Rawalpindi. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. For this. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . In addition to riding trails.7. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. golden eagle. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. flying squirrel and hill fox. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. Islamabad. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience.

and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. you can find every thing which a common man can use. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. Most of the sites at Taxila. are located around the Taxila Museum.1. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. Buddhist. could not complete its original plan. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G.T. but come out by sheer luck. the museum. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . iron and semiprecious stones. terracotta. The Sarafa bazaar. This is a place where you go by choice. Potohar shoes and Chappals.9. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. including stone.C to 500 AD. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. gold. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. There are 4000 objects displayed. 48 km from Rawalpindi. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. 9. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. cane baskets and furniture. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. walking sticks. stucco. However. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there.8. at The Raja Bazaar. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. 9. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. At the outset. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Here. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. silver. As it turns out. vicery of India in 1918. shawls and jackets.1. which is the first stop for any tourist. Saddar bazaar.

T.5 acres.10. i. on their way to Kashmir. Taxila.Twice a year. Road. line the canals through which cool waters once. The resort has a restaurant. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. 9. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni.e. left of G. Government of Pakistan. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages.T. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Islamabad. Ferishta and Jehangir. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Road. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. by his colleagues. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Gen. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. gently flowing stream. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Today. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction.T. Tapering cypress trees. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. that is.1. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Road. and the modern capital of Pakistan. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. loved by the Mughals. This place offers scenic walks. by the Department of Archaeology. Guru Nanak. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. 9. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. a minister of emperor Akbar. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. G. a small town has developed. on the G. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Sports venues and stadiums 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . one on the top of the hill and other below it. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. was also built during this period. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. and the course itself. It is situated at I. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. From the clubhouse. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Road Rawalpindi. Road. it is now a 27-hole course. with spring water falling within it. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. After several phases of development. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns.T.3. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. T. home to several thousand people.1. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. at the foot of Margalla. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.3. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila.

This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.000. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Islamabad. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.2. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. 9. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.3. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

3.5. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .4.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Rawalpindi Club. The Mall Saddar 9.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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• • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Response and Prevention. SERVICES 10. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. Therefore. explosions. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. buildings collapse. rescue. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. 10.1. crime reporting. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. which is an achievement even internationally. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Community Awareness &Training. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners.2.1.1. however personal visits are also allowed. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. identification of vehicles for registration etc. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Rescue 15 .

Endurance. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 9. 13. 2. 11.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. perseverance. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 14. 12. 8. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. struggle.3. 6. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 4. 7. 3. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 10.4. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. patience.1. 5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Old People and Disabled. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.6. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. love and understanding.1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.1. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . The children are given security.5. Children. support. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.

581.1. General Industry. Fertilizer. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.46/-.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.” 10.280 HM3 worth 31. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Domestic. 7.081 HM3 worth 107.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Distribution system consists of 46. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. Sales to these consumers were 39. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. this poor child. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .study together up until fifth grade. Urdu.1. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. designing and construction of pipelines. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). not on Islamic political causes.897.008." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. now Companies Ordinance 1984.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. Here. but the emphasis is on achievement.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . 10. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.127. Power & Cement Sectors. both for itself and other organizations.118 million rupees during July-September. boys and girls .2.733. to be sure. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.7. “The basic aim is that this orphan.2. detail of some among them is following. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). 2006. SNGPL has 2. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.

2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2. Attock. Chakwal. Rawalpindi Cantt. Saadi Road 10. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. SNGPL. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.

000 and 5.7 million customers.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.3. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.2. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6.4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . of No. 1 5. Total No.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Committee Chowk 4. Water Works No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Pirwadahi Total No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.

Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).2. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 4. 6. 2. POST OFFICE GPO .5. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 3. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.

has numerous routes.6. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. both national and international. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. 2.2. Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . the principal carrier in Pakistan. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. 1.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. with many domestic and international flights every day. In addition to freight. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). rail and road.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . more recently. which connects Pakistan to China. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.2. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.T. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. which were completed in the 1990s. Road) or. Motorway Interchange. the world's highest international road. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).

mess of traffic is found even on small roads. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.2. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. auto-rickshaws.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day.9. ranging from yellow taxis. mini-buses. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. yellow cabs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. Due to lack of planning of roads. For inter-city travel.

Rawalpindi. channelization of junctions. median. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .Glorious Rawalpindi 11. traffic signs.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. 5.45 Km of main road with 1. installations of traffic signals. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. pedestrian over head bridges. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. provision of efficient drainage system. 4. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. pavement marking. 3. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. 2. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. construction of footpaths. Objectives 1. relocation of structures.1.

rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt.00 million. Detailed Traffic Engg. growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway.T. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. land values & ownership pattern. 2. future land uses pattern. land use plan. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. OD travel pattern.2. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. 1. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. of Punjab / RDA. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.

commercial. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Unluckily however. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The Lai Nullah. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood.5 m 21. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. c.3.000 Cusecs 35.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . industrial. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. non standardized infrastructure support. e. f. b. d. enchroachments. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.

Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. according to the old timers. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Until 1923. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities.1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. Famous Historical Places 12. At that time. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1. And. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.

Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. it was home to Budhana Bibi. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Sarafa Bazaar. 12. After independence. Lal Haveli In old times. a famous dancing girl.3.1. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. better known as The Mall .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.the glory of the cantonment .1. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.2.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.

There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. Pakpattan or Lahore. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.1. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. the old quarters of the city. better known as the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. bay windows and doors. dense housing. cut brick corbellings. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.4. Like Multan.

1.2. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . 12.2. Modern. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.

4.2. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.3. Rawalpindi. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12.

3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. Famous Restaurants 12. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.1.

Murree Road. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.International Near KFC.4. Sub Way .4. Saddar. Rawalpindi. KFC .2. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar. Rawalpindi. Murree Road.International .(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.1.4.

Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Police Station Road 11. 4. 2. 6. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 3. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12. 12. Canning Road 10. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .5.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Peshawar Road 9.

Tipu Road 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. College Road 15. 17. Harding Road 14. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .7.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8.

It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

15. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 22. 6. 28. 19. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 4. 32. 23. 21. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 27. 30. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. 11. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 25. 17. Citi Bank N A. 5. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 18. 9. 12. 29. 24. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 16. Industrial Deve. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 26. 13. 31. 10. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 14. 7. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Bank Rawalpindi. 20.

11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

13. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Over 5000 people were killed.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Soon. now. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. on April 10. But that was the extent of it. that it was Ojhri. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. It was clear. 19 years ago. many thousands more were injured. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Rawlapindi. That it was an ammunition dump. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Theories abound. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Many.

innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. 2001.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. On July 23. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. km. which generates 84. WATER RESERVOIR 13. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Margalla and Murree hills. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.8 sq. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.1. The total storage capacity is 47. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.000 acre feet (11763 MG). Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Live storage is 43.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. fishing and boating.

Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Since its inception. However. However.3. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.783 MCM.2. the flow was relatively high in June to August. whereas.777 MCM. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. the outflow has been less than the inflow. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. after 2000. However. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Therefore. in general. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. 13. due to monsoon. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.687 MCM. outflow is 0.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

geocities. k. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. g. m. b. p. c. g. EDO Health. p. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi Post Office.pk travel. l.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. q. Rawalpindi Cities. s. n. o. d.com pakistanpeadia. t. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. i. h.com Books & Etc.mapsofworld. h. f. j. q. m. Govt. r. a.com Nrb www.gov. k. n. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.absoluteastronomy.rawalpindi.com www. l. e. r. j. 1998 City Report. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. o. c.com Virtualglobetrottiong. e.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. S. i. b. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . f. Rawalpindi. d. Punjab Railway Station.blogspot.

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