Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

............... 58 9........................................5.............. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ........4................6........................... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .............................................................. 56 9.. 42 8....................................1... 63 10....... 51 9..3........1............1... Murree and the Galis ..........................................1................. Private Schools and colleges ..... 62 10.......................................... Government Schools & Colleges ...... 52 9..................................... 49 9................2...... Civil Lines .............................................. POLICE STATIONS......................2......... Rawalpindi Golf Course .............................................10............ Punjab..............................................7....................................1.........................2.3................................... KABBADI.........................1................. SOS Village ....... 65 Company Profile ....................... 46 9..................................1............................ Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ........................................................ 55 9............................ Field Hockey .......................4...............................................3...................7..................................................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ............................. Edhi Foundation .........1.. Khewra Salt Mines ............. 49 9....................................................... 45 9. 50 9..................................2......................... Romi Park........................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ........................................................... 41 8..............................................................................................5........................... 46 9.............................. ..............................................................................1....... 61 10............................ Medical Colleges ........................................................................................................................... 57 9... Army Hockey Stadium ....................................................1..3....... 61 10............................. 60 10.......1......... 63 10....................... Liaqat National Bagh ......... 56 9...3..... 57 9................................8..7..... 44 9.... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ..........6.......... ...................... Temple of Katas .......1..............4..... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...................................................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ................3.................................... 42 8.......2...3..............2................................................... 63 10................................................................................4................ The Salt Range ................ 45 9........................2...1....9............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ............ 57 9................................................................... 57 9.............................................................................. Cinemas & Theatres .... Hassan Abdal...........................2............................ Rescue 15 ......................................................... SERVICES .. Ayub National Park ......1..... 60 10....................................................3.......1............................................5......................................................................... 62 10..1................... Jinnah Park........3............................1................ 60 10........ The Raja Bazaar .. Rawalpindi Club............................ near Kachari Chowk.............3.................................... 48 9...Emergency Reporting Centre ............. 54 9................ 51 9........................................1..............2........................2.........4...........1....5........2...................................................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)................................................. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ..........1.........2..............Glorious Rawalpindi 8..................................................... 58 10........................................ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.......................................................... 46 9..2.............................. Forts ......................... Utility Services ..........3....................................... 51 9................................................................................... Darul Aman ......... SPORTS & RECREATION ..... Cricket .................. IESCO ....... Sports venues and stadiums .......................... 51 9...................................1.......................................4...6.............................................................. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .......................................................... 56 9.............. 53 9.......4....................................................................................................... 44 9........4.1........................................2.................................................... Other Places Worth A Visit.................................................................................1............................. 54 9................................................................................................... 64 10...................... Rawalpindi Public Park .................6.1.....3.....1.....................................4..............2......... Peshawar Road .........................5............................................ 60 10.3... PTCL ......................... The Mall Saddar ................................................................................... 43 9............................................... 42 8.............5........................................................................................ Taxila Museum.........................2............................. 44 9...................................... Kallar Kahar .....................

........................................... 90 12...2.....................1........................ Famous Chowk.....................................................6........... 100 12.............................................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ..........3............. 78 12. WATER RESERVOIR .............. 74 12.....................................2................9.............................................. Railway Stations ................. 75 12...... 79 12.........2... Roads In Rawalpindi City ...............................2.1................................................................ FAMOUS Hotels ....................................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ...2............... 76 12................................................ Flashman’s Hotel... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ..... 66 10.... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ............ Shalimar Hotel ****............................. Lai Expressway .......................... 77 12...... 71 11..........................................................13......................................................(Rawalpindi) .. 78 12............................. Purana Qilla ............................. 105 13................................................................... 93 12..................... 81 12........................................................................ 78 12................................3..................................................................................................................................................................... 95 12.......................... Islamabad International Airport Road ........................ 79 12................................10.............. 98 12................................................ KFC ........................................................................... Ancient Rawalpindi ......................................................... 80 12...........................................................1................. 73 11........................................... Lal Haveli .........11....................... 72 11.......................................................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** .......................................... POST OFFICE ...... 82 12....................... 81 12..............................................................................................9...............................International ....................... Lasania Restaurant city ........................ 70 10.............. 99 12........7. 81 12... 68 10............................................ 104 13....2................ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ........................... Political Structure .......................................... 104 13............................................................................................................. 68 10...................................................3....2.........................1...............14...2............2......2.....................................................................................................................1... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ...................................................5......4..... Famous Historical Places .......... 80 12.....................................2..... 67 10.......... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ....3.............................7......................................................2.......... 75 12.........2........................ La Rosh Hotel.............................................................. 102 13.............................2.................. WASA ..3............................ Hotel Civic .................2........................................3................1...................... Lai Nullah ....8.................................... Jawa Dam . Highways ................4.................. 80 12.................................................................................................................................................................................. Public Transportation ............................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ........ Akbar International *** ......5............Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 72 11............................................................ RING ROAD ..................................................................................International ................................................. Famous Restaurants..8..................1............1.................2................. Sub Way .................................................. Museums ....................................................12....... 84 12..................................................... Airport .................. Misriot Dam ................................... RAWAL LAKE..... The Mall .............................6......2..1............ Libraries and Museums .............................................................1.................... 79 12......................................4........................ 75 12...............4......................................................4........3........................................................ 76 12..........................................................5............4.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1....... 96 12...................................2....................................

Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. the area of its concern. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. health. i. communication net works. education and the existing industries. This study contains information on population.e. infrastructure.

At the time of Alexander’s invasion. battle with Gakhars. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. a Ghakkar Chief . Rawalpindi City. When Jhanda Khan. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. In 1849. HISTORY Rawalpindi. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . founded a new town nearby. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. they must conciliate the martial people of the area.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. also known as Pindi. the martial people of the area against the British domination. has a long history spread over several millennia. until 1765. However. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day.e. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. Jhelum. Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The Rawals a jogi tribe. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody.

It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Cantonment and city.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Liaquat Ali Khan. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. In 1951.e. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. in Liaquat Garden. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Nala Lai. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . the Afghan war and martial law. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. water is stored by building dams. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Many Government buildings were set on fire.e. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. he was welcomed rousingly. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. famous for its floods. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. The city is home to many industries and factories. and it serves the city along with the capital. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. before Pakistan came into existence. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed.

Chakwal. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.01’ North latitudes and 72°. in the province of Punjab. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. 2. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.1. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.37’ East longitudes.04’ 34°. Location It lies between 33°.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.38’ and 73°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2.000 (1998) 3.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .059. 2. 73.059. of Towns. 051 Time zone. Area.286 km² Calling code.6. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Altitude. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Estimate.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.550 (2007) Literacy rate.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. PST (UTC+5) No. 73. 500 meters AMSL 5.2.300. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.6. 70. 8 Population.

In summer. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. Punjabis. The weather is highly unpredictable. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.06 Degree Centigrade per month . From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.7 C and Min 2. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. when the mean max. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 .3. and Pakhtuns. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. temp is 17. Muhajirs. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.6 Degree Centigrade. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. comprising Potoharis. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The coldest month is Jan. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.

This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. In the evening of 29th Ramadan.1. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). modesty and good behaviour. On Eid day.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour.a ritual in which everyone shares. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . others being truthfulness. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. In addition to the two Eids. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. No sooner it is sited. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The roads. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. More than men. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". 3. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. one for distribution among the poor. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. Here too the poor are not forgotten. There are many mosques throughout the city. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. On this day. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon.

These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St.2. There are two Churches in Saddar. Summi. 3. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Music and dancing are also common. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Chaunji Trap. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. wrestling. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 .Paul Church. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. St. railways and the police force. tent pegging and Bini. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Bhangra. education. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City.

but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi.3. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .4. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. Hinduism After the Partition of India.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country. and to the historical region of Punjab. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .

taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. 1940. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. On 23rd March. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. when Pakistan. 4.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. red or velvet. Islamabad. 4. CULTURE 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.1. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Later in 1971.1.1.1.3.2. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 4. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.

The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. the bride’s parents feast the party. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Tea is popular all over the district. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). 4. After the religious formalities. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.3. The usual ornaments like ear rings.1. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. health of population is generally better. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . To mold into the colors of ubton. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. the other name of mienu. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. sweet and ornaments etc.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Khaki or grey. 4. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). bangles. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately.4. Due to good weather condition in the district. 4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes.2. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor.

MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.2. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.4.

On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4. All the guests. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. especially women. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. 4. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.3. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.4.

there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Besides. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.5. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag .

Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. iron mills. sawmills. apples. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. marble processing. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. pears. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. steel re-rolling. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. hosiery. Drafting. apricots.000 spindles. and factories making tents. Air conditiong. industrial gas processing. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. textiles. and vegetables are the major products of the city. citrus. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. cigarettes. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. beverages and fruit preservation. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir.000b spindles and 1. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India.021 power looms. pottery. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Metallurgy. bajra. and leather goods. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. railroad yards. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. medium and small industrial units. a brewery.000 persons i. sewing machines etc. pharmaceutical. potato. about 1. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.e. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. maize. furniture. glass products.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Welding.

by courtesy. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.2. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work.1. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. towns of the district. chiefly silk goods. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. Janjuas. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Like the men of the tribe. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. is misleading. The chief families of Gakkhar. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. gold seals and such like. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. 5. Kohlis and a few others. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. gold threads. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. except ploughing. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. Brahmans. These only form a small percentage of the total population. do not require detailed notice. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. They also deal largely in hides. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. will go to far from their homes for such work. so-called.

those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Fatehjang. chappris. 40. 1 to Rs. Pihras. and are made of Shisham. or low chairs. Chauntra.5 to Rs. 20. and Hazro. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. or khair wood.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Reed matting. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). tehsil Rawapindi. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. The chairs cost from Re. neighboring villages. 1 to Rs. 8. especially in tehsil Kahuta. tehsil Kahutta. embroidered shoes. tehsil Pindigheb. 6. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and at Makhad. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. costing from Re. Pindigheb. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.3. where wood is plentiful. Phulkaris are made in many places. Kuri-Dolal. from Re: 1 to Rs. Baking-plates are also made here. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. saddles are the principal articles made. known as abri. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. according to size. known as phur. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. and Salgraon. costing from Rs. make padlocks of iron. phulaa. the spinning wheels. The lohars of Manianda. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. 10 for the set of 4.

The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. especially of it is exported across the Indus.4. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. 5. or earthen-jars. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. have been procured. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . as there is said to have once been. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.4.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. both lie on the Indus bank. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Mr. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. as else where. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Here. Popular Industries 5. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country.1. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. at Fatehjang. Lockwood Kipling. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.

and other areas of Rawalpindi city. bush hammering. patti and other handicrafts. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. flower vases and fountains. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. acid finishing. which are also in small quantities. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. honed finishing etc. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Karachi and Lahore. Major processes include loading/unloading. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . I-9/1 and I-9/3. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. ustaad and unskilled workers. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. Most of the labor has education level below primary. cutting & sizing. sand blasting. Sangjani. handling & storing. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. brush finishing. tiles. phool. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H.

any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 9. 5. Hardly. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 4. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 3. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 6. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. It is below 50%.4. 2.2. 1.000-300. 8. 10. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.000 cubic ft. 7. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi.

Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes.000 people. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. side tables and stools. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Your marketing strategies must be good. etc. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Once your furniture business gets off. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. and you should take care to build good customer relations. since all kinds of furniture. A Report by Ms. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Polish affects the quality of the material. lampshades. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. shelves. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. consoles are in demand. Even couches. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. from office to lounge furniture. are in huge demand in the City. lamps stands. schools. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. sofas. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Be sure to include photographs. as well as residential areas. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. By stocking the best quality goods. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. The establishments in the city need showcases. and selling innovative products. so that must be kept in mind. Therefore. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . lockers. hotels and restaurants.

4. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. 5. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. No. Five borings have been made. three miles from Fatehjang. transmitted light. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 3. No.200 gallons last year. It is made from mustard oil.5. This is thrown into a cistern. The borings are 35 feet from each other. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. in the Bannu district. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. In 1887-89. 80 feet. etc. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem.16 per hundred gallons. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 28 ditto. 100 feet. The petroleum costs. 1 is 100n feet deep. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 50 feet. Kalabagh oil…. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. Rs. The oil is used in its raw state.. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water.000 gallons per year.6.600 gallons per annum. The total oil collected is about 1. 4 inches in diameter each.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. leaving the oil above. No. The oil is collected as it. and Kalabagh on the Indus. No. No. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 5. Fatehjang. The petroleum now costs Rs. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 60 feet. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. petroleum and wood. 2. the churches. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.

drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. thick cloths.1. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Peshawar. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. chiefly. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. gur from Sialkot. ra and the sea-ports. for seed. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Yarkand and Ladakh. charas. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. was exported to Kashmir. Sialkot. are exported to some small extent. timber. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. leather from Kashmir. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. rice from neighboring districts. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Shahjahanpur. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. from Kashmir. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. rice being little grown. Silk from Amritsar. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. refined Sugar from Bombay. Delhi and Gujranwala. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute.. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. & c. Jallundur. fruits. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. fruits from Kashmir. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. and Peshawar. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. pattus. dyes. described above. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. chiefly deodar. and that of inferior quality in this district. Peshawar. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Peshawar. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Hazro and Makhad. it is believed. however. Jallundur and Meerut. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Kashmir and Sawat. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. hardware from Amritsar. Wazirabad. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. from Kashmir. metals. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. timber. and Gujrat. Ghee.

cotton and woolen Textiles. railroad yards. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 18. Petroleum Refinery. 15. 5. 6. 20. distillery. glass products. iron mills. 1. Heavy Mechanical Complex. pharmaceuticals. beverages and fruit preservation.2. 13. 7. glass products. textiles. mineral processing.1. 24. and leather goods. flour mills. 17. cigarettes. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 22. and factories making tents. 21. sewing machines etc. 16. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 8. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 12. furniture. Heavy Foundry and Forge. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 4. 2. No. 23.2. 3. 19. steel re-rolling. cement. hosiery. 14. a brewery. pottery. industrial gases. 10. marble processing. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 9. Sr. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. poultry feed. sawmills. cigarettes.

C. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 41. 36. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 33. skilled labour. 30. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 29. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 31. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 37.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. local/national/international demand. 35. 38. 43. Therefore. 47.C. linkage between the industrial units. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R.C. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . however. if lacking is manageable. 42. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 32. 27. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 26.V. 44. 34. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 40.3. 39. i) ii) 45. 46.

4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. its major crops and fruit are wheat. cigarettes. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. In this area there is good scope for furniture. poultry/cattle feed. semi processed and processed agricultural products.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. 6. leather Products. 6. footwear. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. veneer board. Oil refinery.4. It accounts for 38.3.3. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. dolomite bentonite. maize. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. glass. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. employs 48. jawar. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.5 billion for the year 2001-02. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.3.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. meat/poultry processing units. etc. Soda ash. gypsum.1. which accounted 11. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . there also exist good prospects for tannery. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. ground nut.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. In addition. Minerals Fire clay.2. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. 6. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.3% of national GDP. cotton. 6. Silica sand.3. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.3. rock salt. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3. leather garments. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers.5. guava and apple. cement. woolen. Pharmaceuticals.

6. glass hollow-ware. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. household appliances. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. suitable for wide spread fish farming.3. PVC pipes. Besides. Steel. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. fashion apparel.9. has now emerged as a potential investment area.3. Attock Refinery.7. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. woolen knitwear. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. 6. Heavy Foundry and Forge. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. steel furniture. electric cables. confectionery. sanitary fitting.4. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. rubberized/mechanical toys.3. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.6. 6. glass ample. machine made carpets. 6. children wear. electrical accessories.3. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. 6. POF etc. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. pharmaceutical.8. cosmetics. wires etc. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. sports wear etc. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. ready made garments for men and women. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region.

Therefore. 6. 6. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing.4. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. The inhabitants. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. Currency and Mint. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures.1.2.4. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.

3. Human Resource Development (HRD). not manufactured locally. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3 million. Plant.3 million.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. machinery & equipment.6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Hospitals. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4.15 million.4.5. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. including the development of Industrial Zones. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Social Sector Activities: Education.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. of tourism. Technical/Vocational Training.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. 6.

machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. imported by the manufacturing industries. not manufactured locally. voicemail services.5.1.) LTD Bakery. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. machinery and equipment. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery & equipment. Bakery Products 1.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. not manufactured locally. Plant. 5. audio-fax services. Classic Capital (Pvt. 4. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. hotels and tourism related projects. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. 3. card pay phone services etc. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Murree Brewery Company LTD. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Details of machinery are Plant.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant.5. Beverage 6. not manufactured locally. imported by tourism. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Ltd. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery and equipment. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i.e.5. 6. 2. Plant. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6.

Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Old G. 12. 14.5.5. W. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Chip/Straw Board 9. IPRAM International. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.6. Diapers Plant 10.3. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. 16. Ceramics Products 8. .5. Capital Plywood Industry.5. Domestic Hardware 11. Road Morgah 6. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . NEOMEDIX . 15.5.7.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.T.8.4. Peshawar Road 6. Cement Products 7. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.5. Adyala Road 17.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .

Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Khurram Flour & General Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Ratta Road 29. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Khyber Flour Mills. Peshawar Road 41. Westridge 38. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.5. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Naswari Bazar 24. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Industrial area Rawat 26. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21. Olive Laboratories . Railway Workshop Road 25.Rawat 35. Seham Road 37. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Railway Workshop Road 31. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd.9. Westridge 36. Rawat 27. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Ratta Road 34. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Westridge 32. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Flour Mills 23. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30.

Fine Plastic Works. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.5. LPG Cylinders 51. Kashmir Road 6. JI Interprises. National Park Road 6. Plastic Products 52. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Pirwadhai 46. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Food Products 45.13. Rawat Flour Mills. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Rawat 43. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Bangash Colony.10.11. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Tops Food & Beverages .5. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.14. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.12. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5. Poultry Feeds 53.) Ltd.5.

17. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.M. Textile Composite 56. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.16.19. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Textile Spinning 57. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.15. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Refinery 55. Adamjee Street 6. Tyre and Tubes 58. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Westridge 6. (Pvt) Ltd.18..20.. D.5.5. Peshawar Road 7.5.5.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.Textile Mills Ltd. Unani Medicines 59.

8. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 7. This region is full of Health facilities. Govt. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 10. 2. 2. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 4.4. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 3.3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).5. 6. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.2. 9. 2. 5. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Dhok Ali Akber. 3. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. MCH Centres 1. 3. Government Hospitals 1. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.1.

AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. 7. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Combined Military Hospital 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . 3. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ).

Rawalpindi 12. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Rawalpindi. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 3. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Rawalpindi 14. Rawalpindi 16. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House.I. 5551237 8.P. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1.A. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi 15. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 10. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.425 7th Road. Bazar Road. Rawalpindi. Saidpur Road. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. 1. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 7. 6. Satellite Town. Dr. 2. Rawalpindi. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. 17. 4. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Rawalpindi 11. 2. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BH Building. Rawalpindi Cantt. Satellite Town. Shakoors V. Off Murree Road. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema.8. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. 3. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18.9. Satellite Town. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Said pur Road. Near Hydri Chowk. 5. 3. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Dr.

Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. 8. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. University of Arid Agriculture. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Muhammed became her legal guardian.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. The building has an architectural splendor.1.1. After their father's death (1901). The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Universities 8. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . As it stands. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. This gift to the nation.2. its daughters. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1.

College Asghar Mall. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. 1. Rawalpindi. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt.2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.2.2. 4. Govt. 2. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 1. Govt. Govt.2.1. College. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town.1. Hashmat Ali Isl. No. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Govt. Colleges 8. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Rawalpindi 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Rawalpindi 2. 3. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.3. Gorden College. No. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College St. Govt. Town.

Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 28. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 35. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. 19. Rwp. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 30. Rawalpindi. 27. Town. St. 9. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 25. Universal College. 32. St. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. 7. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 26. 1. Punjab College of Information Technology. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Kashmir Road. Town. 22. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Sadiqabad.2. Rawalpindi. Town. town. Town. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. Town. 23. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 14. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 15. 4. Rawalpindi 16. 29. town. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Educator College. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. College of Advance Technology. 13. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. 3. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 8. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. town. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. 17. St. Leaders College of Commerce. St. 24. Rawalpindi 36. Town. 33. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 31. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 2. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Civil College of Commerce St. 5. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 34. Saddar. 21. St. Rawalpindi. 10. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 11. 18. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Punjab Law College.3. 20.

47. M. Town. 8. Jinnah Institute of Informatics.C.C. College of Commerce Saddar.C. GMS Waris Khan. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Fauji Colony M. Rawalpindi. 8. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 43. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 52. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Leadership College for Boys St. 4. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Rwalpindi. M. Rawalpindi.C. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 44. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M.4. Town. Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. 46. Rawalpindi. 48. Rawalpindi. 41.C. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 5..C. BPS Dhok Hasoo M.C. Morgah Rawalpindi.5. town. BPS Chamanzar. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. M. Islamic International Commerce College. BMS Amarpura. 54.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Rawalpindi.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 16. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). GMS Amarpura. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Leadership College for Girls St. BPS New Malpur M.C. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 9. 49. 38.C. St. St. Town. Rawalpindi. 7. M. 56. Rwalpindi. 1. Rawalpindi.C. M. 8. 6. Capital College Murree Road. 45. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk.C. MC. town. Rwalpindi.2. Indus College of Commerce. 15. 50. M. town. 13. 3. 12. 2. 51. 4. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 10. 42. 53.C. BPS Muslim Town M. Rawalpindi.C. Ojiri Camp. Town. Rawalpindi. 3. 55. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. MC. Shamsabad. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. BPS Bangash Colony M. 11. 1. 2.C.C. BPS Muslim Town.C.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.2. 40. 14. M. Rawalpindi. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. BPS Qasim abad. M. Inflorescence College of modern . 39.C. GMS Qasimabad. Punjab College of information technology.

8. BHS Millat Colony M.PIA College Rawalpindi City. 6.C.C. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. GHS Teli Mohallah M. M. GHS Satellite Town M. 2.3. 5.2 Satellite Town.C. M. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 4. Rawalpindi.2. Govt.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Rawalpindi Govt.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). College of Commerce.C.(ABAD). Rawalpindi (Cantt.C. BHS Satellite Town M.C. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Institute of Commerce (W). 5.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Govt. High School Rawalpindi M. Scheme No. BHS Ratta Amral M. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Rawalpindi Cantt. Govt.6. BHS Moti Baza M. Institute of Commerce. (RMGTC). Dhoke Syedan. Techincal Training Institute (W).C. 3. 8. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Rawalpindi Govt. 3. Dhamial. M. 4.C. GHS Ratta Amral M. 9. 7.C. Govt. MC. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 1. 7. Vocational Training Institute (W). Kartarpura. 6.

Sir Syed College. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 7. Quaid-e-Azam College. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Chaklala III 8. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.G (C. 5.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 2.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Harley Street F. 3.G. 4. F. Private Schools and colleges 1. Govt.4. 2.5.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Government Schools & Colleges 1. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Ordinance Road. 6.6. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 2. 6. The Mall 1. 5. The Mall F. 4.G. 3.

4. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Medical College. 3. Medical Colleges 1.

Meander through the bazaars.1.) Road. 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. covers 2. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. today this is a facility of 27 holes.300 acres and has a play area. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. It covers an area of about 2. It has a playground. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. The Ayub National Park. 300 acres. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. founded in 1885. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. From being a nine-hole course. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. fountains and flower beds. an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991.T. Situated near the Ayub National Park. These are the best way to see the city. lake with boating facility. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .1. It has a lake with boating facility. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.1. play land. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. lush lawns. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater.

peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.2. Other areas of the park are used for walking. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The Park was opened in 1991. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. lawns. cheetahs. 9. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. is of historical interest due to its political processions. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. It has a play area for children. bears. 2007 at same venue. Some tigers.1. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. fountains and flower beds. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. One should try out during a visit here. lions. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.1. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. was assassinated here in 1950. 9.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .

4. Murree remained. churches. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point.1. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Civil Lines 9. complete with The Mall for promenading. however. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. when the honor was transferred to Simla. Its cold pine forests. Peshawar Road 9. clubs and cafes. especially at weekends. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Between the two runs The Mall.1.5. where most people congregate. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).400 feet). Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. near Kachari Chowk.1. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. schools.and rain is common. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.240 meters (7. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Romi Park. Murree is lovely all year round. Numerous roads leave. has expanded rapidly. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. In summer it is cool . Since independence. In winter. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Jinnah Park. Murree and the Galis Murree.6. at 2. on the Karakoram Highway. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets.even chilly in the evening . a little bit of England. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. parks.

Natural springs abound on the slopes. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. both rides cost about Rs. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. A restaurant has also been established. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). hiking places and picnic spots.). Changlagali. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. which is the highest point in the range. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. It is 30 km from Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Ayubia Khairagali. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. The golf course here is open only to members. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Patriata 25 km from Murree. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. In addition to riding trails. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. which like a ski-lift. Ayubia has a chair lift.

1. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. you will find that the surface is clean. golden eagle. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. once you reach the summit. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. hiking places. For this. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. In addition to riding trails. situated on the summit of a hill. Khaira Gali. Islamabad. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The city of Rawalpindi.7. better known as the Murree National Park. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Asiatic leopard. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. 9. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. a sub category of the Montane Forests. flying squirrel and hill fox. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point.

you can find every thing which a common man can use. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. However. This is a place where you go by choice. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . at The Raja Bazaar. the museum. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. Here. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. 9. gold. At the outset. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. are located around the Taxila Museum. iron and semiprecious stones. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.9. could not complete its original plan. stucco. vicery of India in 1918. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Buddhist. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar.1. Saddar bazaar. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar.T.C to 500 AD. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Potohar shoes and Chappals. cane baskets and furniture. which is the first stop for any tourist. walking sticks. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. including stone.8. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.1. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. As it turns out. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. Most of the sites at Taxila. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. The Sarafa bazaar. silver. terracotta. 9. 48 km from Rawalpindi. There are 4000 objects displayed. shawls and jackets. but come out by sheer luck. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites.

by his colleagues. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.T. on their way to Kashmir. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Guru Nanak. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 .1. Islamabad. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Road. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Tapering cypress trees. gently flowing stream. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. and the modern capital of Pakistan. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. built in 1890 in memory of Brig.Twice a year. Road. by the Department of Archaeology. that is. Road.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. left of G.T. Ferishta and Jehangir. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Today. i. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. This place offers scenic walks.T. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.e. 9. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. loved by the Mughals. line the canals through which cool waters once. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings.5 acres. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The resort has a restaurant.10. Gen. Government of Pakistan. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Taxila.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club.3. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. home to several thousand people. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. with spring water falling within it. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. at the foot of Margalla. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Road. From the clubhouse. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. it is now a 27-hole course. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. one on the top of the hill and other below it. a small town has developed. T. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. on the G. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Road Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 .Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort.3. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. 9. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Sports venues and stadiums 9. a minister of emperor Akbar.T.1. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. and the course itself. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. G. After several phases of development. was also built during this period. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. It is situated at I. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns.

9. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.3. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Islamabad. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.000.2. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine.

SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3. Rawalpindi Club.3.5.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Army Hockey Stadium 9. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . The Mall Saddar 9.4.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.2. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.1. explosions. Response and Prevention.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. identification of vehicles for registration etc. Community Awareness &Training. crime reporting. SERVICES 10. buildings collapse. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.1.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Rescue 15 . SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. however personal visits are also allowed. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management.1. rescue. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Therefore. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. which is an achievement even internationally.

Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 9. 14.4. 4. 6. 11. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.1. Endurance. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 12. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 10. perseverance. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 13. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. struggle.3. 7. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 5. 3. patience. 8. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi .

1. Old People and Disabled. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Children. support.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. love and understanding. The children are given security.5.1. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.6.

7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. 10.581. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).1. to be sure.2. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.46/-. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. but the emphasis is on achievement. Fertilizer.1. Sales to these consumers were 39. this poor child. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. Here.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.028 consumers comprising Commercial. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.280 HM3 worth 31.7.” 10.118 million rupees during July-September. detail of some among them is following. General Industry. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Power & Cement Sectors. Distribution system consists of 46.008. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Domestic. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.study together up until fifth grade. Urdu. both for itself and other organizations. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. “The basic aim is that this orphan.897. not on Islamic political causes.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . 7.733. boys and girls . SNGPL has 2. designing and construction of pipelines. now Companies Ordinance 1984.127. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .2. 2006.081 HM3 worth 107.

SNGPL.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Rawalpindi Cantt. Attock.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.2. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10. Chakwal. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.

7 million customers. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.3. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.2.8 million V-fone customers. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.000 and 5. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Committee Chowk 4. 1 5.4.2. Total No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Water Works No. Pirwadahi Total No. of No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3.

6. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 5. 4. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 2. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 3. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr.5.2. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). POST OFFICE GPO . currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.

both national and international. In addition to freight. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. the principal carrier in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi 10.2. with many domestic and international flights every day.2. 2.7. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. 1. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . rail and road. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. has numerous routes.6. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

T. Motorway Interchange. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. more recently. which connects Pakistan to China. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). which were completed in the 1990s.8. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. the world's highest international road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Road) or. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.

2. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. For inter-city travel. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. and which operate constantly throughout the day. ranging from yellow taxis. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. yellow cabs.9. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . mini-buses. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.

construction of footpaths.45 Km of main road with 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Objectives 1. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.1.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. installations of traffic signals. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. 3. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. provision of efficient drainage system. 2. channelization of junctions. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. traffic signs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. pedestrian over head bridges. pavement marking. Rawalpindi. median. 4. relocation of structures. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. 5. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi.

T. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. land use plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. 1. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. land values & ownership pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . future land uses pattern. growth of income. 2. OD travel pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.2. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. of Punjab / RDA. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.00 million. Detailed Traffic Engg. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Task-III Economic Evaluation.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11.

e. enchroachments. unbalanced land use transport interaction. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The Lai Nullah. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Unluckily however.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. non standardized infrastructure support. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. b.3.5 m 21. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. commercial. industrial. c. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 35. d. f.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.

The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.1. according to the old timers. And. Famous Historical Places 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.1. At that time. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.1. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Until 1923.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Sarafa Bazaar. After independence.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. 12.the glory of the cantonment . better known as The Mall . Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.1. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. Lal Haveli In old times. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.3. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. it was home to Budhana Bibi. a famous dancing girl. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.

Pakpattan or Lahore. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. cut brick corbellings. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . bay windows and doors. dense housing. better known as the Purana Qilla. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.4.1. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Like Multan.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. the old quarters of the city.

Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2.2. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. 12. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.1.2. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Modern. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.

12.3. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2.2. Rawalpindi.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12.5.4.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1.3. Famous Restaurants 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.3.3.2. 12. Rawalpindi. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Rawalpindi.

1.4.4. Sub Way . Rawalpindi. Saddar.International Near KFC. Saddar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12. Murree Road. Murree Road.2. KFC . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4.International . Rawalpindi.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.

Police Station Road 11. 3. 6. 4. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Haider Road 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1.5. Peshawar Road 9. 12. Bank Road 8. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 2. Canning Road 10.

18.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 17. Tipu Road 16. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15. Harding Road 14.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7. There are many old buildings. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.

adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

21. 27. 32. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12. 20. Saudi Pak Comm. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. 7. 29. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 15. Rawalpindi. 26. Industrial Deve. 9. 31. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 14. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 23. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 11. Bank Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 16. 22. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 10. 24. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 28. 25. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 17. 8. 13. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 19. 4. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 18. Citi Bank N A. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

But that was the extent of it. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. That it was an ammunition dump. now. many thousands more were injured. on April 10. It was clear.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawlapindi. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. that it was Ojhri. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. 19 years ago. Soon. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Over 5000 people were killed. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Many. Theories abound. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out.13. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . This was a deliberate act of destruction.

The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. On July 23. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.23 Billion. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . 2001.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Live storage is 43. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. fishing and boating. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.000 acre feet (11763 MG).500 acre feet (12994 MG). which generates 84. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. WATER RESERVOIR 13.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. km.8 sq. Margalla and Murree hills. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The total storage capacity is 47.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.1. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.

13. in general.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. after 2000.777 MCM. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the outflow has been less than the inflow. whereas.783 MCM. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. outflow is 0. due to monsoon. the flow was relatively high in June to August. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Therefore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .687 MCM. Since its inception.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. However. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. However. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow.3. However. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.2. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

geocities.com Books & Etc. h. m.gov. q. Rawalpindi Cities. EDO Health. d.com Virtualglobetrottiong. k. Rawalpindi EDO Education. e. c. Govt. Rawalpindi. Punjab Railway Station.mapsofworld. l.pk travel.com www. 1998 City Report. p. m. n. r. f. d. b. j. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.rawalpindi. i. i. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. k. o.com pakistanpeadia. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. l.blogspot. Rawalpindi Post Office. h. c. p. t. f.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. g. g.absoluteastronomy. r. j. e. s. o. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.com Nrb www. a. b. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. q. S. n.