Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

........................ 41 8........................................... SOS Village ... 57 9................... 54 9.....................................................1...1................................. 63 10...... 62 10...................................2.......................... Medical Colleges ............................................................................................... 49 9.............................2.................................3..............................................8.......... Rawalpindi Public Park ................. Punjab...4......... 51 9.......................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.................................1...................... 57 9............................................................. Cricket ..............................1..........................................5......... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .........1... 52 9................ KABBADI............. The Salt Range ................................................................ 61 10.5.................................................................5.......1............. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ...... 49 9.............. .1....... 56 9..................3........ Field Hockey .........................................................2.............7............ 60 10........4..................................... 64 10...................................... 42 8........................2...... Utility Services .3......... Khewra Salt Mines ............9................................ Other Places Worth A Visit...........................5........ 55 9...................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)...1. 54 9...........3...................... 58 9.........................2....................................................... Government Schools & Colleges ......................................... 58 10....4.......................... 48 9..................6...................4.10...................................... POLICE STATIONS......... SOME OTHER STADIUMS .......................................... 53 9.................................................................................................................................... Forts .3........................ Taxila Museum................................................................1......................................4........................2................... 63 10........... PTCL ............4...7............................................................................. Darul Aman .............................3..................... Liaqat National Bagh ................ SPORTS & RECREATION ...................................... 56 9...4... Rescue 15 ................ Ayub National Park ...........................................................2..............................6....1........................ 44 9. Romi Park...................................... 44 9.............................1.........1.............................4..... Peshawar Road .........................................5................. Army Hockey Stadium ..................................................................................................................................... 43 9. Kallar Kahar .2................... 46 9......................2...................................2.........................Glorious Rawalpindi 8............... 56 9. 42 8.............................................................................. Rawalpindi Club........3..................3....................... 45 9........... 57 9.......................7............. Sports venues and stadiums .....................2............................................................................................................. 63 10.............................................. Temple of Katas ....................................................2...... Private Schools and colleges ......................................................................6..................... The Mall Saddar .......................................2....4...................................................1................ IESCO ............... Rawalpindi Golf Course ........3...........5...............................................................1...........3. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ......... 46 9................... 45 9......1.......................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ............ 44 9...... The Raja Bazaar ......... 61 10........ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ....2.......................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ................................................................... 42 8..... 60 10............................................................................... 60 10. SERVICES ..........................1............1...........1...2....Emergency Reporting Centre .......................................................... Murree and the Galis ......... Cinemas & Theatres .................................................. Hassan Abdal........... 50 9................................................................ 57 9........................................1.........................................................................................................3........................3.............................................................................................................................................. 51 9....... ................... 46 9........... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...... 51 9.............1........................................................................................ near Kachari Chowk......................................... 62 10.... Civil Lines ....1..... Jinnah Park........................1..................................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ..................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .............6........................................................................1.................. 60 10.......... 65 Company Profile ............. 51 9.............................................1.1.................................. Edhi Foundation ............2.................3..............................................

FAMOUS FAST FOODS ...........1............................................. Misriot Dam .....................................................2................................................................................................................ 67 10... Purana Qilla ....2.................................................................2........................................................................................................................................ 76 12.............................................................................2..................................................... 79 12..... Lasania Restaurant city ...............................................2............ Akbar International *** .............................4.....................................................9.............................................................................1.............................................. 68 10...............................5..2...........................................5..................................2...................................... 81 12................ 73 11..................................... Airport ...........4....... 84 12........1.....2..... Flashman’s Hotel..................... 79 12.............. Museums .................... 72 11.......13.........................................6........................................... 81 12..................................3........................ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ................3....3........................................................................................7.......................................2........................ 72 11..............2.... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ......... 79 12.................2.......................4...............................................................1............................................................................. 75 12..... Hotel Civic ........... La Rosh Hotel.......................International ....................................................................2........2....5.. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ........................................2............... 98 12....................... WASA .........................................4........ 104 13......................... 93 12................................ Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ..................7................................... Jawa Dam ..................................... 71 11.....2........... 76 12...........1...................(Rawalpindi) ....3.................. Railway Stations ...................1...........12..........1.................................... FAMOUS Hotels ... Famous Restaurants...........Glorious Rawalpindi 10.............................................. Islamabad International Airport Road ......8................................... 104 13...............................3.................................................................................................................................. 70 10..14............................................................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .................. 81 12...........4.......................................... 96 12..... 80 12.................................................................. 102 13..............................................................................................4.................................................................... Public Transportation .......................... 95 12.................... 78 12........................... Shalimar Hotel ****........................... KFC ................8......... RAWAL LAKE........................................................................... POST OFFICE ......................... Lal Haveli ...... 78 12....2........................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ............................9............................................................................... 68 10........11. Famous Chowk.............................................................................................................................1......................................................... 99 12............................. Ancient Rawalpindi ...............................1...........2........................................... The Mall .......................................... 75 12.....................................................................................................6................................................................................... 90 12............3...2... 80 12......................... 66 10...................International ............................... 82 12....................................1...................... Lai Nullah ............ 75 12................... 80 12...................................................... Famous Historical Places ............................................ 74 12..3.......... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ...................................................................... 105 13............................. Highways ..... Lai Expressway ....... Sub Way ............ WATER RESERVOIR ...... 78 12................. RING ROAD ................................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City .......................................1............... INSIDE RAWALPINDI . Political Structure ......... 77 12..10........................................................................ 100 12.... Libraries and Museums .......................................................

e. health. education and the existing industries. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. i. infrastructure. the area of its concern.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. communication net works. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . This study contains information on population.

Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. the martial people of the area against the British domination. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. until 1765. they must conciliate the martial people of the area.e. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. battle with Gakhars. In 1849. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. has a long history spread over several millennia. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. However. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Although they did not succeed. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Rawalpindi City. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. Jhelum. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The Rawals a jogi tribe. also known as Pindi. HISTORY Rawalpindi. a Ghakkar Chief . they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. When Jhanda Khan. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. founded a new town nearby. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 .

Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut.e. Cantonment and city. and it serves the city along with the capital. In 1951. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. water is stored by building dams. in Liaquat Garden. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. The city is home to many industries and factories. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Liaquat Ali Khan. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. he was welcomed rousingly. Many Government buildings were set on fire. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. famous for its floods.e. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. the Afghan war and martial law. before Pakistan came into existence. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Nala Lai. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953.

Chakwal.37’ East longitudes.38’ and 73°. 2.1. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.04’ 34°. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Location It lies between 33°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.01’ North latitudes and 72°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. in the province of Punjab. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.

059.6. 73. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.000 (1998) 3.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 8 Population. 500 meters AMSL 5. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.033333 Altitude. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .6.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.300. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. PST (UTC+5) No. 2. 73.059.286 km² Calling code. 70. of Towns. 051 Time zone. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Estimate.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. Area.

The weather is highly unpredictable.3.6 Degree Centigrade. The coldest month is Jan. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. Punjabis. comprising Potoharis. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . temp is 17. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. when the mean max. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. In summer.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Muhajirs.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.7 C and Min 2. and Pakhtuns.

In addition to the two Eids. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. There are many mosques throughout the city. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. On this day. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. one for distribution among the poor. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. No sooner it is sited. On Eid day. The roads. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). others being truthfulness. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him).1. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. More than men. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. 3. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. modesty and good behaviour. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham.a ritual in which everyone shares. Here too the poor are not forgotten.

education. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. There are two Churches in Saddar. 3. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda).Paul Church. Chaunji Trap. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . wrestling. Music and dancing are also common. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. St. railways and the police force. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Young people prefer Kabaddi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Bhangra.2. Summi. tent pegging and Bini. Rawalpindi. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.

Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .3. and to the historical region of Punjab. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .4. Hinduism After the Partition of India. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. historical and political ties to the country. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.

the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. CULTURE 4.1. 4. Islamabad. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. 1940.1. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. 4. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. Later in 1971.2.3. red or velvet.1. when Pakistan. 4. On 23rd March.

sweet and ornaments etc. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages.1. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Tea is popular all over the district. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . The color of the men’s dress is generally white. the other name of mienu. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. 4. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage.4. To mold into the colors of ubton. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. After the religious formalities. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. health of population is generally better. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). 4.3. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Due to good weather condition in the district. 4. Khaki or grey. The usual ornaments like ear rings. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.4. bangles.2. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. the bride’s parents feast the party. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).

4.2. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

All the guests. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.3. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. especially women. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. 4.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan.5. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Besides.

marble processing. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. potato. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. a brewery. Auto knitting and commerce etc. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. apples. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. bajra. about 1. Drafting. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . Metallurgy. sawmills. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. iron mills. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts.e. textiles.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. steel re-rolling.6% of district population is directly employed in large. medium and small industrial units. pharmaceutical. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. and leather goods. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Air conditiong.000b spindles and 1. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. cigarettes. Welding. citrus. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. beverages and fruit preservation. and vegetables are the major products of the city. furniture. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. railroad yards. and factories making tents. hosiery. sewing machines etc. maize. pottery. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. pears.000 persons i. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills.000 spindles. industrial gas processing. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. glass products.021 power looms. apricots. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture.

Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. They also deal largely in hides. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. gold threads. is misleading. by courtesy. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. towns of the district. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. gold seals and such like. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Janjuas. so-called. Kohlis and a few others. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations.1. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Like the men of the tribe. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. chiefly silk goods. Brahmans. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. The chief families of Gakkhar. will go to far from their homes for such work. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. except ploughing. 5. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. do not require detailed notice. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. These only form a small percentage of the total population. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it.

especially in tehsil Kahuta. and at Makhad. The chairs cost from Re. 6. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Reed matting. costing from Re. saddles are the principal articles made. Pihras. Chauntra. and Hazro. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. 10 for the set of 4. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Baking-plates are also made here. 20. neighboring villages. and Salgraon. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. embroidered shoes. 1 to Rs. or khair wood. 1 to Rs. phulaa. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Kuri-Dolal. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. costing from Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. make padlocks of iron. according to size. Leather manufacturers have diminished. or low chairs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. 40. where wood is plentiful. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. chappris. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. known as phur. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. and are made of Shisham. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. 8. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. known as abri. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Phulkaris are made in many places. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . The lohars of Manianda.5 to Rs. tehsil Kahutta. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. tehsil Rawapindi. which are sold in Rawalpindi. the spinning wheels. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. from Re: 1 to Rs. Pindigheb. tehsil Pindigheb. Fatehjang.3.

especially of it is exported across the Indus. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds.4. have been procured. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Here.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Lockwood Kipling. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. as there is said to have once been. 5. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors.4. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. or earthen-jars. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. as else where. Mr. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.1.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Popular Industries 5. both lie on the Indus bank. rough in execution but fairly good in color. at Fatehjang. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.

tiles. Major processes include loading/unloading. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. patti and other handicrafts. Rawalpindi. I-9/1 and I-9/3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. which are also in small quantities.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. Karachi and Lahore. Sangjani. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. phool. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. sand blasting. brush finishing. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. flower vases and fountains. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. ustaad and unskilled workers. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. honed finishing etc. Most of the labor has education level below primary. handling & storing. bush hammering. acid finishing. cutting & sizing.

000-300. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.000 cubic ft. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.4. 4. 3. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Hardly. 8. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 10. 7. 9. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 6.2. 2. It is below 50%. 5. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.

etc. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Your marketing strategies must be good. lamps stands.000 people. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. hotels and restaurants. so that must be kept in mind. and selling innovative products. By stocking the best quality goods. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. are in huge demand in the City. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . shelves. lockers. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Even couches. from office to lounge furniture. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. A Report by Ms. as well as residential areas. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. schools. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. side tables and stools. consoles are in demand. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. since all kinds of furniture. and you should take care to build good customer relations. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Once your furniture business gets off. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. sofas. The establishments in the city need showcases. Polish affects the quality of the material. Be sure to include photographs. lampshades. Therefore.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail.

the churches.200 gallons last year. transmitted light. No. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. and Kalabagh on the Indus. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. leaving the oil above. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. This is thrown into a cistern. Fatehjang. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. Five borings have been made.5. 28 ditto. 60 feet. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. 1 is 100n feet deep. 80 feet. 50 feet. Kalabagh oil…. No. in the Bannu district. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1.600 gallons per annum. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The oil is collected as it.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The petroleum costs. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . The petroleum now costs Rs. The oil is used in its raw state. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. No. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. etc. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. 2. 4 inches in diameter each. 5. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. The total oil collected is about 1. It is made from mustard oil. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.000 gallons per year. No. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. petroleum and wood. 4. three miles from Fatehjang. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours.. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 5.16 per hundred gallons. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. Rs. 100 feet.6. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. In 1887-89. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. No. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No.

leather from Kashmir. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Ghee. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Peshawar. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. fruits. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. metals. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. rice being little grown. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Kashmir and Sawat. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Ghee is brought in from Punch. described above. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. gur from Sialkot. Wazirabad. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. was exported to Kashmir. Jallundur and Meerut. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. timber. from Kashmir. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. charas. Silk from Amritsar. thick cloths. for seed. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. and Peshawar. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. are exported to some small extent. pattus. hardware from Amritsar. refined Sugar from Bombay.. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Peshawar. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. chiefly. Sialkot. Hazro and Makhad. however. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . this is chiefly a trade in food grains. dyes. rice from neighboring districts. and that of inferior quality in this district. from Kashmir. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. timber. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. with Kabul mostly by means of camels.1. it is believed. Delhi and Gujranwala. Yarkand and Ladakh. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Shahjahanpur. ra and the sea-ports. fruits from Kashmir. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. chiefly deodar. Jallundur. & c. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. and Gujrat. Peshawar.

furniture. cigarettes. 8. industrial gases. Heavy Mechanical Complex. cotton and woolen Textiles.2. 1. 5. sawmills. 12. 14. poultry feed. 3. sewing machines etc. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Heavy Foundry and Forge. railroad yards. 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. pottery. 23. Petroleum Refinery. 20. glass products. 13. 16. 17. 6. distillery. 22. and leather goods. No. 9. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. hosiery. 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .2. Sr. flour mills. 2. mineral processing. cigarettes. glass products.1. steel re-rolling. iron mills. 4. textiles. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 21. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 18. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. a brewery. 19. and factories making tents. 24. 7. marble processing. pharmaceuticals. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Heavy Rebuild Factory. cement. beverages and fruit preservation.

i) ii) 45.C.C. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Therefore. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 34. 46. 31. 29. 32. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 39.C. linkage between the industrial units. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 33. 27. 38. 36. skilled labour. however. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. local/national/international demand. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 40. 47. 26. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. if lacking is manageable. 30. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 42. 43. 35. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 37.V. 44.3. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 41.

3. leather garments.3. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Oil refinery. Silica sand. woolen. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Pharmaceuticals. 6. maize.4% of the agricultural value added and 9.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. meat/poultry processing units.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. guava and apple. which accounted 11. 6. Minerals Fire clay. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. gypsum. veneer board. etc. leather Products.5. footwear. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.4. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.3% of national GDP.3. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.3. poultry/cattle feed. jawar. glass. cigarettes. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . 6.1. rock salt. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. its major crops and fruit are wheat. In this area there is good scope for furniture. cotton.3. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.2. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. It accounts for 38. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. there also exist good prospects for tannery. It contributes 24% to the GDP. dolomite bentonite.5 billion for the year 2001-02. employs 48. ground nut. Soda ash. semi processed and processed agricultural products. cement.3. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. In addition. 6.

Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex.7. PVC pipes. children wear. woolen knitwear. 6. cosmetics. Attock Refinery.4. Besides. electrical accessories. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. machine made carpets. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities.3. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. household appliances. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets.8.3. confectionery. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. 6. Steel.3. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. 6.3. there exists good prospects for biscuits. electric cables. sports wear etc. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. wires etc.9. glass hollow-ware. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. glass ample. has now emerged as a potential investment area. 6. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. ready made garments for men and women. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. sanitary fitting. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. Heavy Foundry and Forge. suitable for wide spread fish farming. pharmaceutical. 6. steel furniture. rubberized/mechanical toys. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . POF etc. fashion apparel.

who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Currency and Mint. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.4. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Therefore. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. 6. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Most of these deposits are unexploited. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology.4. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. The inhabitants. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .2.

4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 6. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.15 million. including the development of Industrial Zones. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.4. 6.3. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4. 6. not manufactured locally.3 million.4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Technical/Vocational Training.6. of tourism. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. Human Resource Development (HRD). machinery & equipment. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Medical and Diagnostic Services.5.4. Social Sector Activities: Education. Hospitals. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .

2. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. card pay phone services etc.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 4.e. hotels and tourism related projects.5. 3. Plant. voicemail services. machinery and equipment. 5. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Details of machinery are Plant. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. not manufactured locally. Ltd. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Plant. not manufactured locally.1. not manufactured locally.5. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. imported by the manufacturing industries. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Bakery Products 1. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. audio-fax services. Classic Capital (Pvt. Beverage 6. machinery and equipment. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad.5. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. 2. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 6. imported by tourism.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. machinery & equipment.) LTD Bakery.

Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.4. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . .5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar Road 6.5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.T. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.3. Old G. 15.5. 12. Road Morgah 6.5. 16. Ceramics Products 8.5. Adyala Road 17. Diapers Plant 10. IPRAM International. W. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Domestic Hardware 11. NEOMEDIX . Westridge Fireclay Industries. Chip/Straw Board 9. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .7. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. 14. Capital Plywood Industry.5.6. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Cement Products 7.5.8.

Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Peshawar Road 41.9. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 .5. Al Karim Flour Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Ratta Road 29. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Naswari Bazar 24. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Rawat 27. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Railway Workshop Road 25. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Westridge 38. Habib Flour & General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21. Industrial area Rawat 26. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Khyber Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. Flour Mills 23. Olive Laboratories . Ratta Road 34. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 36. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Seham Road 37.Rawat 35. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills.

Pirwadhai 46. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Rawat Flour Mills. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.5.) Ltd.5. Tops Food & Beverages . Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.12. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Fine Plastic Works. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. JI Interprises. Food Products 45. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.13. LPG Cylinders 51. Plastic Products 52. Kashmir Road 6.5. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.11. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.10. Poultry Feeds 53.5. Rawat 43. Bangash Colony. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . National Park Road 6.14.

5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.. Tyre and Tubes 58. Peshawar Road 7.5.18. (Pvt) Ltd. Unani Medicines 59.5..5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.17.M. Westridge 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.19. Adamjee Street 6. Refinery 55. D. Textile Spinning 57. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5.15.20. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Textile Composite 56.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.16.Textile Mills Ltd.

MCH Centres 1.2. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 7. 3. 5. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 2.5. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Govt. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 10. Government Hospitals 1. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.3. 3. 2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Dhok Ali Akber. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 3. 9. 6. This region is full of Health facilities. 4. 2.1. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 8.4. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi.

7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Hearts International 192-A The Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.6. Combined Military Hospital 7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 3. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.

Said pur Road. 3. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. 2. Shakoors V. 4. 1. Rawalpindi 16. Dr. Rawalpindi. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Satellite Town. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 7. 3. 17. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Rawalpindi. Off Murree Road. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 5. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 15. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi Cantt. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi 11. 10. 3. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center.P. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi 12. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi.8. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Near Hydri Chowk. 7. Saidpur Road.425 7th Road. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 6. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Dr. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema.I. Rawalpindi 14. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Bazar Road. 5551237 8. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Satellite Town. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Batool Hospital H-241. 2. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Rawalpindi Cantt 13.A. BH Building. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19.9.

After their father's death (1901). thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. The building has an architectural splendor.1. 8. This gift to the nation. Universities 8. As it stands.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. its daughters. Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. University of Arid Agriculture. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.1. Muhammed became her legal guardian.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

Rawalpindi. College. Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8. Viqar un Nisa College for women. 3.2. Located near the CMH. Govt. 2. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Town. Colleges 8.3. College St. Name of the Institution Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. 4. Gorden College. College Asghar Mall. College for women St. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 5.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.2. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . No. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. No.2. Govt. Rawalpindi. Town. Govt. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8.2. 1.

4. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Saddar. St. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Town. Rawalpindi. 6. Town. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 22. Rawalpindi. 18. 7. Educator College. 20.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Town. town. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Universal College. Town. 33. 3. town. St. Leaders College of Commerce.3. Rawalpindi. 19. 1. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 2. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. 15. Al-Falah College for women St. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Town. Jinnah Institute of Information St. St. Punjab Law College. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . town. 8. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road. 13. 27. Rawalpindi. 12. St. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 28. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 5. 31. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 34. St. Rawalpindi. town. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Town. Rawalpindi. Rwp. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 17. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. 29. 21. Town. 30. 35. 25. 23. 10. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 14. Kashmir Road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 32. 24.2. Rawalpindi. 9. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. Rawalpindi. 11. Rawalpindi. 26. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road.

GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. BPS Chamanzar. M. Ojiri Camp. College of Commerce Saddar. 8. 50. 52. Rawalpindi. 6.C. Leadership College for Boys St. BPS Bangash Colony M. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 47. 39.C. 2.C. 42. 2. BPS New Malpur M. M. St. BPS Qasim abad.C.C. St. Rawalpindi. 4. 48. M.2. Rawalpindi. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS Faiz abad M. 15. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. BPS Arya Mohallah M. BPS Fauji Colony M. Rwalpindi. MC. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Rawalpindi College for Boys. M. Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi. 43. 11. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St.5. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Punjab College of information technology. 55. MC. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Muslim Town. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Town.4. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 53.C. Leadership College for Girls St. Rawalpindi. 44. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. Rawalpindi.C.C. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. town. Town. 4. 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 9. 1. BMS Amarpura.C.C. M. 3. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce.C.C. BPS Muslim Town M. Town. Capital College Murree Road. 41. M. Inflorescence College of modern . Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.C. GMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. 45.C. 54.. 7. Morgah Rawalpindi.C. 13. Rawalpindi. Shamsabad. 46. Islamic International Commerce College. GMS Qasimabad. 12. Town. 38.C. Rawalpindi. M. Indus College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Cantt. 51. M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 10. 49. Rwalpindi.C. town. 14. 5.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 8.2. GMS Waris Khan. 56. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. 1. 8. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi.C. 40.

GHS Ratta Amral M. BHS Moti Baza M. 5. Govt.C. 8.6. Rawalpindi Govt. BPS Chitian Hattian 19.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 8.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8.3.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. 6. 3. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 7. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi Govt. M. 9. Vocational Training Institute (W). BHS Ratta Amral M. GHS Satellite Town M. Institute of Commerce (W). 6. M. Scheme No.2. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Govt.C. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. 1. College of Commerce. Rawalpindi (Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BHS Satellite Town M. Govt. MC. 3. 5.C.C. 2. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. GHS Teli Mohallah M.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.C. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. (RMGTC). Institute of Commerce. BPS Ratta 18. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi.C. M.C. Vocational Training Institute (W).(ABAD).C. Kartarpura. Govt. 7. Dhoke Syedan.PIA College Rawalpindi City. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Cantt. BHS Millat Colony M. 4. High School Rawalpindi M.2 Satellite Town. Dhamial. Rawalpindi Govt. 4. Techincal Training Institute (W).

Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Sir Syed College. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Harley Street F. 4. 2.G. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 2. 6. 4. 7. 5.G. Govt. Quaid-e-Azam College. The Mall 1. 3.G (C.6.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G Sir Syed College for Boys. F. 4. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Chaklala III 8. Ordinance Road.5. 3. 5. 6.4. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. The Mall F. Private Schools and colleges 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . Medical Colleges 1.7. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Rawalpindi Medical College. 3.

1.1. covers 2. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. fountains and flower beds. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. lake with boating facility. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad.1. It has a playground. It covers an area of about 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . It has a lake with boating facility. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. 9.) Road. play land.300 acres and has a play area. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. From being a nine-hole course. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Meander through the bazaars. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. lush lawns. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. 300 acres. The Ayub National Park. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. today this is a facility of 27 holes. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.T. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. an aquarium. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. founded in 1885. These are the best way to see the city.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Other areas of the park are used for walking. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec.1. The Park was opened in 1991. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.2. bears. It has a play area for children. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset.3. lions. Some tigers. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. One should try out during a visit here. 9. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 2007 at same venue. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. was assassinated here in 1950. cheetahs. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.1. fountains and flower beds. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. lawns. 9. is of historical interest due to its political processions.

To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).and rain is common.1. Numerous roads leave. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.1. where most people congregate. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Jinnah Park. Peshawar Road 9. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. on the Karakoram Highway. In summer it is cool . Murree and the Galis Murree. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. has expanded rapidly. especially at weekends. Its cold pine forests. schools.1.240 meters (7. complete with The Mall for promenading. when the honor was transferred to Simla.400 feet). Romi Park. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. churches. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Since independence. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. near Kachari Chowk. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. parks.5. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. In winter. Civil Lines 9. clubs and cafes. a little bit of England. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. however. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Murree is lovely all year round. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. or riding in the new chair-lifts.4. at 2. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Between the two runs The Mall. Murree remained. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.even chilly in the evening .6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The golf course here is open only to members. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Ayubia has a chair lift. It is 30 km from Murree. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Patriata 25 km from Murree. both rides cost about Rs. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Ayubia Khairagali. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Natural springs abound on the slopes. which like a ski-lift. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. hiking places and picnic spots. In addition to riding trails. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. A restaurant has also been established. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. which is the highest point in the range. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride.). the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Changlagali. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar.

The city of Rawalpindi. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Khaira Gali. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. golden eagle. For this. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. flying squirrel and hill fox. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. In addition to riding trails.7. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . hiking places. 9. once you reach the summit. you will find that the surface is clean. situated on the summit of a hill. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital.1. Asiatic leopard. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Islamabad. better known as the Murree National Park. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience.

Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.1. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. the museum. iron and semiprecious stones. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. shawls and jackets. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Saddar bazaar. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. terracotta. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. This is a place where you go by choice. Most of the sites at Taxila.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Buddhist. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. but come out by sheer luck. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. which is the first stop for any tourist. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. gold. including stone. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. 9.T. could not complete its original plan. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. at The Raja Bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. you can find every thing which a common man can use. silver. are located around the Taxila Museum. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. cane baskets and furniture.1.C to 500 AD. The Sarafa bazaar. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. As it turns out.8. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. stucco. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. There are 4000 objects displayed. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. vicery of India in 1918.9. At the outset. 9. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. However. Here. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. walking sticks.

John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Ferishta and Jehangir. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . i. Today. loved by the Mughals. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.5 acres. by the Department of Archaeology. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. left of G. Guru Nanak. Taxila. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages.Twice a year. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. that is. Islamabad. by his colleagues.T. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. on their way to Kashmir.T. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. This place offers scenic walks. Road. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Tapering cypress trees. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.1. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.e.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. line the canals through which cool waters once. The resort has a restaurant. Road. Gen. 9.10. gently flowing stream. Road.T. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Government of Pakistan. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

a minister of emperor Akbar. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.3. 9. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. one on the top of the hill and other below it. with spring water falling within it. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. at the foot of Margalla. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. and the course itself. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. Road. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. a small town has developed.3. Road Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. After several phases of development. on the G. Sports venues and stadiums 9. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque.1. From the clubhouse. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. home to several thousand people. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.T. it is now a 27-hole course. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. T. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. was also built during this period. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. It is situated at I. G.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort.

Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches.000.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. 9.3. Islamabad.2.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.

3. The Mall Saddar 9.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.4. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3. Rawalpindi Club.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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10. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. buildings collapse. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. explosions. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. identification of vehicles for registration etc. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue.1. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Rescue 15 . Response and Prevention. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Therefore. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. however personal visits are also allowed. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents.1. Community Awareness &Training. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose.2. SERVICES 10. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. crime reporting. rescue. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. which is an achievement even internationally.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

6.1. patience. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.4. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. perseverance. 2. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 8. struggle.1. 5. 10. 7. 11.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 13. Endurance. 9. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 14. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.3. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 12. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 4. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 3. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country.

Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 .5. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. support. Children.1. The children are given security. love and understanding. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Old People and Disabled.

7. 2006. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. 7. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.897. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.1.028 consumers comprising Commercial. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . not on Islamic political causes. this poor child.2. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.2. SNGPL has 2. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Power & Cement Sectors. Fertilizer.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.46/-.081 HM3 worth 107. to be sure. Domestic.733. boys and girls . Distribution system consists of 46. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.280 HM3 worth 31.118 million rupees during July-September. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Here." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.127. now Companies Ordinance 1984. “The basic aim is that this orphan. both for itself and other organizations. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. designing and construction of pipelines.study together up until fifth grade. General Industry. Urdu.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).” 10. 10. detail of some among them is following. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . Sales to these consumers were 39.581. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.1. but the emphasis is on achievement.008. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).

IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.2. Chakwal. Attock. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. SNGPL.2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.

PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.7 million customers. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.2.8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.000 and 5. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.3. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of No.4.2. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Water Works No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. 1 5. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Total No. Pirwadahi Total No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.

6. 2. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.5. POST OFFICE GPO . Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).2. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 5. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 3. 4. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. has numerous routes. the principal carrier in Pakistan. In addition to freight. with many domestic and international flights every day. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . both national and international. 1. Rawalpindi 10.2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. rail and road. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.6.7. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which were completed in the 1990s. which connects Pakistan to China. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. more recently. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.2. the world's highest international road. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.T.8. Road) or.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Rawalpindi. Motorway Interchange. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.

Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.9.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. ranging from yellow taxis.2. Due to lack of planning of roads. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. mini-buses. For inter-city travel. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . yellow cabs. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. channelization of junctions. Rawalpindi. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. relocation of structures. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 3. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. provision of efficient drainage system. 4. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. pavement marking. median. pedestrian over head bridges. construction of footpaths.45 Km of main road with 1. installations of traffic signals. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. 5. Objectives 1. traffic signs. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. 2.1. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi.

OD travel pattern. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. land use plan. of Punjab / RDA. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.2. 2.T. growth of income. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. land values & ownership pattern. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. future land uses pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. 1. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Detailed Traffic Engg.00 million. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.

The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. enchroachments. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. c.000 Cusecs 35. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. Unluckily however. non standardized infrastructure support. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The Lai Nullah. f. d. unbalanced land use transport interaction. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. industrial.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. b.5 m 21. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.3. e. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. commercial.

the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . Famous Historical Places 12.1. Until 1923. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. And. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. At that time. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.1. according to the old timers. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.

was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.1.3. Lal Haveli In old times. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. a famous dancing girl. Sarafa Bazaar. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. 12.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. After independence.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. it was home to Budhana Bibi. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.the glory of the cantonment . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. better known as The Mall .

There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. dense housing.1. Pakpattan or Lahore. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .4. Like Multan. better known as the Purana Qilla. cut brick corbellings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. bay windows and doors. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. the old quarters of the city.

FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.2. Modern. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.1. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.2. 12. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.5. Flashman’s Hotel 12.4. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2. 12.3. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2.2.

La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. Rawalpindi. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .1.3.3.3.

International Near KFC. Rawalpindi.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.4.4. Saddar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar. Sub Way . KFC . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Murree Road. 12. Rawalpindi.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4.1.International . Murree Road.

Police Station Road 11. Bank Road 8. Peshawar Road 9. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Haider Road 12. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 12. Canning Road 10. 2. 6.5. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 4.

Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15. Harding Road 14. Tipu Road 16. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 18.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. houses and narrow streets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .7. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. There are many old buildings. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . off the Mall.

000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.9.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

4. 26. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. 5. 11. 6. 18. 32. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 25. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 21. 31. The Bank of Punjab. Saudi Pak Comm. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 24. 9. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Rawalpindi. 29. 15. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 27. 17. 20. 28. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 14. 13. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 22. 23. 16. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 19. 10. 30. Industrial Deve. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 8.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11.

12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

many thousands more were injured. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 19 years ago. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Over 5000 people were killed. It was clear. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. This was a deliberate act of destruction.13. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. that it was Ojhri. But that was the extent of it. Many. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. That it was an ammunition dump. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. on April 10. Theories abound. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Soon. Rawlapindi. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and.

The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23.23 Billion. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. 2001.

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

000 acre feet (11763 MG).Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. which generates 84. Live storage is 43. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . km.500 acre feet (12994 MG). fishing and boating. Margalla and Murree hills. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.8 sq.1. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The total storage capacity is 47. WATER RESERVOIR 13. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.

13.777 MCM. However. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.3. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. due to monsoon. after 2000. in general. the outflow has been less than the inflow. whereas. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the flow was relatively high in June to August.783 MCM. outflow is 0.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Since its inception. Therefore. However. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow.687 MCM.2. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. However.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

e.absoluteastronomy.rawalpindi. d. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Rawalpindi Post Office.pk travel. h. f. q. Govt. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. t. m. g. s. o.com www. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. q. p. Rawalpindi EDO Education. c. EDO Health. o. l. S.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. l. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. f. k. m.gov. 1998 City Report. a. c.com Virtualglobetrottiong. b. j. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. g. Punjab Railway Station. p.mapsofworld. i. d.geocities. r. r.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. h. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. n. e. i. Rawalpindi Cities. Rawalpindi.blogspot.com pakistanpeadia. j.com Books & Etc. k. b. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . n.com Nrb www.