Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

...........................1...............................................3............3..... 60 10.. SOME OTHER STADIUMS ................................................7....... 54 9...........4........ Government Schools & Colleges ........1... Medical Colleges ...... 61 10..5.... SERVICES ..........................................................................................................2..........3.......................................................Emergency Reporting Centre ............................................................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ......................................3......................... Punjab.....7..2.................2.................. 63 10. 60 10..........................2...................................................................................................................... SPORTS & RECREATION .............3.. 62 10............................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ..........6...........1....... 60 10................................................................................................. 44 9......1...................................2..........1............................................................................................................................ Rawalpindi Club................................................................. Kallar Kahar ............. 49 9.................... Utility Services . 42 8............................. 45 9....3................................... 53 9........ Peshawar Road ........................................................... Rawalpindi Public Park ............. Taxila Museum................................ 51 9....... 51 9... Private Schools and colleges ......... Other Places Worth A Visit................5....................................... Civil Lines .................... 57 9.4..................... Army Hockey Stadium ........................................... 49 9........................5............. near Kachari Chowk.................... SOS Village .................................................. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ...1........................2................... Field Hockey ...... 58 10.... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ...................................................... Temple of Katas ..................... 42 8....... 58 9.................................. 52 9..............1...........................1....... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ....... Jinnah Park........................................................4............................................ Edhi Foundation ............................... IESCO .... 45 9..........1...........................4.................................. The Raja Bazaar ..................... The Mall Saddar ...........................3..................................................... 46 9............................................. Murree and the Galis ............. Cricket .. 57 9..... 57 9......................... 56 9.......................8............ Romi Park.........1......2............1........ Forts .................. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .. Rawalpindi Golf Course ..........................................4.... 55 9......... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ............... ...........1..2...2......... 63 10......5...................1.. KABBADI........................6............................ The Salt Range ... 41 8..................5..................2........... 51 9............................... PTCL ........................................................................................ 57 9........................................1....................................... 46 9.......................9.............................. 63 10..................................................................... POLICE STATIONS...........................1........................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.......................................4..7........................2...........4..... 46 9...............4.................. Hassan Abdal...... 65 Company Profile ........ Darul Aman .......... Khewra Salt Mines .........................................3................................................1..................................................... ........1................................................................ Ayub National Park ...................... 42 8........................... 54 9................... 56 9... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ........................................3.................5. 44 9................................................................................................. 56 9................................4.........................................................1.................3. 62 10... 48 9........................3............ Sports venues and stadiums ...............................................1............. Rescue 15 ..1............ 43 9........................................... 50 9........................................................... Cinemas & Theatres ........................................... 44 9.....................2............1............................................2.......................................................3......................................................................................2........ 64 10........................................................................................................................................................ Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ................................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district..............................................1.......6........... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)............................................................1.1............................................................................................................1............................................10............... 51 9..........3.............2.... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .................................................................................................... 61 10........................................................... Liaqat National Bagh ............6.2................................. 60 10.....................................

................... 68 10.........14............................................................................................................. 78 12.............................................................................. 79 12.... 80 12....................... 78 12................... Lai Expressway . 81 12............................................................................ FAMOUS Hotels ................ 75 12......................12..... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ......................................... POST OFFICE ...................................... 104 13...............................8.........................................................3..........................................................2............13............... 100 12.......................................................................................2...4...6............. RAWAL LAKE..........................................2..... 90 12......... Railway Stations ....................................................................1.........1.. 73 11..2.. Famous Historical Places ......................................3........3..................3........................ 96 12...........3.......2......(Rawalpindi) ..... Akbar International *** ............................... RING ROAD .2.................... 81 12............................................................................................................. 84 12.4..........................6....................5........ FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ................................ 98 12.................................. Political Structure ...........................4............................ Purana Qilla .............................. Lasania Restaurant city ............................................................................... 76 12.............................................................. 79 12..................................................................................... 72 11................................5............................................. 82 12................. WATER RESERVOIR .............................. 99 12.................................................................. 75 12................................................... Shalimar Hotel ****........................... 93 12........................ WASA ..........................................................................................International ................. 70 10.1........... La Rosh Hotel.................. 66 10...................................................2...... 68 10........................................... Libraries and Museums ....................................... Famous Chowk.................. Roads In Rawalpindi City .2.........................7.................................................................................10......................................... 71 11.................. Islamabad International Airport Road ... 75 12...........................1.................. 79 12.......1............ The Mall ...................... 80 12.4...................2............................................................................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ...................................................................................... 102 13..............2.......................................7.........................................................................................................................................1........................9................................ Misriot Dam ......................................... Sub Way .......11........................................ 67 10....................................4.......................................................................................... Lal Haveli ..........2..... KFC .................................. 72 11............................................................................5........... 80 12.... Airport .................................. 105 13....................... Flashman’s Hotel...... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .................................................................................................................................................... Museums ............. Lai Nullah ........... Public Transportation ................. 74 12.................................... 104 13................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ........................... 77 12............................................ Highways .................3.............2......................2............................................................................. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ................................................................................................................................................. Ancient Rawalpindi .................................... Famous Restaurants...............International ................... 78 12.............9................... 76 12...................... Hotel Civic .....2............2...................................................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....3.........................................2.................. 81 12.........Glorious Rawalpindi 10....4.......1.........1........................ 95 12.................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .2........... Jawa Dam ..................................8..........1................................1..............................................................2..............1..........

health. infrastructure. i. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. communication net works.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .e. education and the existing industries. the area of its concern. This study contains information on population.

Rawalpindi City. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Jhelum. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. has a long history spread over several millennia. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The Rawals a jogi tribe. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. also known as Pindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. battle with Gakhars. until 1765. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Although they did not succeed. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). In 1849. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867.e. a Ghakkar Chief . However. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. founded a new town nearby. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. When Jhanda Khan. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. the martial people of the area against the British domination. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.

Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. before Pakistan came into existence. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. he was welcomed rousingly. the Afghan war and martial law. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. in Liaquat Garden. Many Government buildings were set on fire. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Liaquat Ali Khan. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement.e. water is stored by building dams. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Cantonment and city. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. In 1951. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan.e. Nala Lai. and it serves the city along with the capital. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. famous for its floods. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. The city is home to many industries and factories.

by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.37’ East longitudes.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Location It lies between 33°. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. 2.38’ and 73°.1. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .04’ 34°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Chakwal.01’ North latitudes and 72°. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. in the province of Punjab.

8 Population.059. Estimate.059.300.6.6. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 73. PST (UTC+5) No. of Towns.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. Area. 051 Time zone. 70. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 2. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 73.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.2. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Altitude.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 500 meters AMSL 5.000 (1998) 3.286 km² Calling code.550 (2007) Literacy rate.

7 C and Min 2.3. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. and Pakhtuns. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. Muhajirs.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The weather is highly unpredictable. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. when the mean max. comprising Potoharis.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. In summer. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.6 Degree Centigrade. Punjabis. temp is 17.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The coldest month is Jan.

RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. On Eid day. 3. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. On this day. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . In addition to the two Eids. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. The roads. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna".Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. one for distribution among the poor. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Here too the poor are not forgotten. There are many mosques throughout the city. others being truthfulness. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily.1. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).a ritual in which everyone shares. modesty and good behaviour. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. No sooner it is sited. More than men. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping.

tent pegging and Bini. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Chaunji Trap. 3. wrestling. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. St.2. railways and the police force. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. There are two Churches in Saddar. Summi. Music and dancing are also common. Rawalpindi. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. education. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Young people prefer Kabaddi. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Bhangra. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter.Paul Church. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity.

Hinduism After the Partition of India. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.4.3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. and to the historical region of Punjab.

All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.1. On 23rd March. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Islamabad. 4. when Pakistan. CULTURE 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. 1940. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Later in 1971. red or velvet. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4.1. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.2.3.

Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover).4. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. bangles. 4. Khaki or grey.1. To mold into the colors of ubton. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.3. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. health of population is generally better. sweet and ornaments etc. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. the bride’s parents feast the party. 4.4. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Due to good weather condition in the district. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. After the religious formalities. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Tea is popular all over the district. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet).2. the other name of mienu. 4. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.

On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.4. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4. All the guests. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. 4. especially women. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .3.

Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Besides. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.

Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Metallurgy. hosiery. about 1. textiles. citrus. beverages and fruit preservation.000b spindles and 1. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. bajra. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. sawmills. industrial gas processing. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. and factories making tents.6% of district population is directly employed in large. and leather goods. steel re-rolling. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. maize. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Drafting. cigarettes. medium and small industrial units. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. apricots. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Air conditiong.000 persons i. potato. a brewery. glass products.e. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. marble processing. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Auto knitting and commerce etc. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here.021 power looms. pottery. iron mills. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. furniture. apples. pharmaceutical. Welding.000 spindles. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. pears. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. sewing machines etc. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. railroad yards. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974.

Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. They also deal largely in hides. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations.2. towns of the district. Like the men of the tribe. Janjuas. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. chiefly silk goods. Brahmans. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. These only form a small percentage of the total population. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. except ploughing. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.1. gold threads. so-called. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Kohlis and a few others. do not require detailed notice. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. gold seals and such like. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. will go to far from their homes for such work. The chief families of Gakkhar. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. by courtesy. is misleading. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.

chappris. neighboring villages. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Kuri-Dolal. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. and at Makhad. Fatehjang. known as phur. the spinning wheels. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and are made of Shisham. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. from Re: 1 to Rs. 20. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. tehsil Pindigheb. costing from Rs. Pindigheb. 10 for the set of 4. or low chairs.3. 8. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. according to size. known as abri. or khair wood. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Chauntra. and Salgraon. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Leather manufacturers have diminished. 1 to Rs. Baking-plates are also made here. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 1 to Rs. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). saddles are the principal articles made. tehsil Rawapindi. The lohars of Manianda. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. where wood is plentiful. embroidered shoes. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. especially in tehsil Kahuta. costing from Re. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Pihras. Phulkaris are made in many places. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. tehsil Kahutta. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. phulaa. 6. 40. Reed matting. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. make padlocks of iron. and Hazro.5 to Rs. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. The chairs cost from Re.

has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Popular Industries 5. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Mr. especially of it is exported across the Indus. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. both lie on the Indus bank. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.1.4. at Fatehjang. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. 5. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. have been procured. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. or earthen-jars.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. rough in execution but fairly good in color. as else where. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. as there is said to have once been. Lockwood Kipling. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Here.4.

which are also in small quantities. Sangjani. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Most of the labor has education level below primary. patti and other handicrafts. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. acid finishing. handling & storing. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. bush hammering. sand blasting. honed finishing etc. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. cutting & sizing. phool. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. tiles. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. and other areas of Rawalpindi city.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. ustaad and unskilled workers. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. I-9/1 and I-9/3. Karachi and Lahore. brush finishing. flower vases and fountains. Major processes include loading/unloading.

2. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 2. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi.000 cubic ft.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 8. 6.4. 1. 7. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 4. 3. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.000-300. Hardly. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 9. 10. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. It is below 50%. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs.

that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. and selling innovative products. are in huge demand in the City. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. hotels and restaurants.000 people. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. shelves. Your marketing strategies must be good. By stocking the best quality goods. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Polish affects the quality of the material. as well as residential areas. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. side tables and stools. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. etc. A Report by Ms. Even couches. since all kinds of furniture. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. schools. consoles are in demand. lamps stands. from office to lounge furniture. so that must be kept in mind. and you should take care to build good customer relations. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. The establishments in the city need showcases.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. sofas. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. lampshades. Therefore. Once your furniture business gets off. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. lockers. Be sure to include photographs. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes.

It is made from mustard oil. Rs. 60 feet. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. The borings are 35 feet from each other. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. 3.600 gallons per annum. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. the churches.6. In 1887-89. No. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 80 feet. No. No. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. Fatehjang. transmitted light. 1 is 100n feet deep. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. Five borings have been made.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 4.16 per hundred gallons. 2. three miles from Fatehjang. Kalabagh oil…. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. in the Bannu district. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . 4 inches in diameter each. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. The oil is collected as it.200 gallons last year. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. 50 feet. and Kalabagh on the Indus. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. petroleum and wood. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 5. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. leaving the oil above. The petroleum now costs Rs. 100 feet. The total oil collected is about 1. No.000 gallons per year. The petroleum costs. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 5. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. No. This is thrown into a cistern. etc. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 28 ditto..5. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The oil is used in its raw state. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.

and Gujrat. are exported to some small extent. described above. it is believed. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Peshawar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. rice from neighboring districts. pattus. gur from Sialkot. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. and Peshawar. chiefly. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. dyes. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. hardware from Amritsar. and that of inferior quality in this district. timber. Silk from Amritsar. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Hazro and Makhad. timber. fruits. thick cloths. Sialkot. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. fruits from Kashmir. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. Ghee. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Yarkand and Ladakh. Kashmir and Sawat. Shahjahanpur. was exported to Kashmir. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Jallundur and Meerut. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.. for seed. rice being little grown. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Wazirabad. Peshawar. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. chiefly deodar.1. ra and the sea-ports. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. metals. Jallundur. from Kashmir. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Delhi and Gujranwala. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. charas. from Kashmir. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. leather from Kashmir. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . refined Sugar from Bombay. however. Peshawar. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. & c.

marble processing.2. 16. 9. 22. cotton and woolen Textiles. pottery. flour mills. railroad yards. 5. glass products. furniture. steel re-rolling. poultry feed. a brewery. distillery. beverages and fruit preservation. 8. sawmills. pharmaceuticals. 17. 13. cigarettes. 21. Heavy Rebuild Factory. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 15. Sr. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 20. No. 12.2. 6. Petroleum Refinery. Heavy Foundry and Forge. textiles. cement. 7. and factories making tents.1. 24. iron mills. mineral processing. 2. hosiery. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. industrial gases. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. sewing machines etc. 10. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. glass products. cigarettes. and leather goods. 23. 18.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 19. 14. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 1. 3. 4.

42. 27.V.3.C. 31. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Therefore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . linkage between the industrial units. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 43.C. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. local/national/international demand. 32. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. skilled labour. 37. 47.C. 34. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 38. if lacking is manageable. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 26. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 35. 39. 33. i) ii) 45. 29.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 36. 40. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 30. 46. 44. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. however. 41.

6. 6. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . In this area there is good scope for furniture. poultry/cattle feed. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment.3. cigarettes. veneer board. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. It contributes 24% to the GDP. guava and apple. dolomite bentonite. 6. semi processed and processed agricultural products.3. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. cotton. etc. employs 48. It accounts for 38. its major crops and fruit are wheat. Oil refinery. there also exist good prospects for tannery.3.4% of the overall export earnings of the country.3% of national GDP. leather garments.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. footwear. cement. Minerals Fire clay.2.3. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy.5 billion for the year 2001-02. Silica sand. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production.3.5. Soda ash. maize. meat/poultry processing units.4. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.3. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers.1. ground nut. rock salt. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. In addition. woolen. 6. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. jawar. glass. Pharmaceuticals. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. gypsum. leather Products. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. which accounted 11.

Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. cosmetics. there exists good prospects for biscuits. PVC pipes. electric cables. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. POF etc. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. woolen knitwear. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. electrical accessories. 6. glass hollow-ware. wires etc. steel furniture. 6. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. glass ample.3. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. sports wear etc. has now emerged as a potential investment area. household appliances. ready made garments for men and women. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. suitable for wide spread fish farming. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. Heavy Foundry and Forge. fashion apparel. machine made carpets.3. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. pharmaceutical. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.8. 6. children wear. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 .7. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.9. Attock Refinery. 6. sanitary fitting.6.4.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. confectionery. rubberized/mechanical toys. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. Steel.3. Besides. 6.

the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Currency and Mint. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.1. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Therefore. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Most of these deposits are unexploited. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas.4. The inhabitants. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. 6. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. 6.4.2. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.

of tourism.3. machinery & equipment. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. not manufactured locally. Technical/Vocational Training. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education. Human Resource Development (HRD).4.6.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.3 million.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. including the development of Industrial Zones. Plant. 6. Medical and Diagnostic Services.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4. Hospitals. 6. 6. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.15 million. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.

6. 4. Classic Capital (Pvt. Plant.) LTD Bakery. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. machinery & equipment. 3. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Bakery Products 1. 2. imported by tourism.5.e. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. machinery and equipment. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. machinery and equipment.5. Ltd.1. Details of machinery are Plant. voicemail services. imported by the manufacturing industries. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. hotels and tourism related projects. not manufactured locally. audio-fax services. Plant. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. card pay phone services etc. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Murree Brewery Company LTD. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. 5. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .2. Beverage 6. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. not manufactured locally.5. not manufactured locally.

IPRAM International.8.5.6. Domestic Hardware 11. Capital Plywood Industry.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Diapers Plant 10.5.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Chip/Straw Board 9. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.7. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. 16. Old G.5. 14. W. . Westridge Rawalpindi 6.3. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.5. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. NEOMEDIX . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Road Morgah 6. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Westridge Fireclay Industries.4. Ceramics Products 8. Cement Products 7. 15. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.T. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Adyala Road 17. Peshawar Road 6.

Habib Flour & General Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Westridge 38. Al Karim Flour Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Westridge 36. Ratta Road 29. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Olive Laboratories . Adyala Road 21. Seham Road 37. Peshawar Road 41. Flour Mills 23. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Rawat 27. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Railway Workshop Road 31. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33.Rawat 35. Naswari Bazar 24. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills.9.5. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34.

Food Products 45. Rawat 43.14.5. National Park Road 6. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Poultry Feeds 53. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.5.5. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.10. JI Interprises. Kashmir Road 6. Rawat Flour Mills.) Ltd. Fine Plastic Works.5. Pirwadhai 46. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.5.13. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Plastic Products 52. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.12. LPG Cylinders 51. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.11. Bangash Colony. Tops Food & Beverages .

5. Peshawar Road 7.5.19.15.. (Pvt) Ltd. Adamjee Street 6.. Tyre and Tubes 58.20. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Unani Medicines 59.5. Textile Spinning 57.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Refinery 55. Textile Composite 56. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . D.18.17.5. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.16. Westridge 6. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.M.Textile Mills Ltd. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.5.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.

1. Government Hospitals 1. Govt. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. MCH Centres 1. 3. 8. 4. 3. 6. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 2. 5. 2. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 7. Dhok Ali Akber.5.4. 2.3. 3. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 10. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 7. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . This region is full of Health facilities. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 9. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.

Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . 7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 3.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ).7.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi 16. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 3. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 5. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18.9. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. 6. Rawalpindi Cantt 13.A. 3.P. 4.I. 2. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Bazar Road. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas.425 7th Road. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi 11. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Satellite Town. Dr. 10. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 2. 3. Said pur Road.8. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Shakoors V. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi 15. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. 5551237 8. Saidpur Road. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Batool Hospital H-241. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 7. 7. Rawalpindi. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi 12. Off Murree Road. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Dr. 17. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi 14. 1. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. BH Building. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town.

Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. After their father's death (1901). Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. Muhammed became her legal guardian. As it stands.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . its daughters. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 .1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. This gift to the nation. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.2.1. The building has an architectural splendor. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Universities 8. University of Arid Agriculture.

1.3.2. Gorden College. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8. 2. Govt. Town.1. Rawalpindi. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Govt.2. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women. College St. Govt.2. College for women St. No. 3. Town. Rawalpindi. Colleges 8. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. College. Rawalpindi. Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. No. Rawalpindi 2. Located near the CMH. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi.2. College Asghar Mall. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Name of the Institution Govt. 5. 1. Hashmat Ali Isl. 1. 4.

College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Al-Falah College for women St. Town. St. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi. 28. 18. 12. Rawalpindi. 24. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 31. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 23. Rawalpindi. 9. 5. St. town.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 10. town. 22. Rawalpindi. 7. 6. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.3. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. St. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Civil College of Commerce St. 34. 13. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Town. Town. Rawalpindi. Universal College. 30. St. 2. Sadiqabad. 29. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 1. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 25. St. town. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 21. 32. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. 35. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. town. 11. 33. Rawalpindi. Town. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 3. Rawalpindi. Town. 14. Saddar. Town. Saddar. Punjab Law College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 26. Rawalpindi. 15. St. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. 4. Educator College. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Town. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 19. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 20. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 27. Leader College 6th Road. 17. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rwp.

Rawalpindi. M. BPS Qasim abad. 8. BPS Muslim Town. MC. 39. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. M. town. Rawalpindi. 54. Leadership College for Boys St.C. M. College of Commerce Saddar.C. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. BPS Muslim Town M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. Morgah Rawalpindi. Indus College of Commerce. Rawalpindi.C. 43. Inflorescence College of modern . Rwalpindi. Rwalpindi. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.C. BPS Fauji Colony M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.C. BPS Chamanzar. 11. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St.C. 8. town. Shamsabad. 15. 40.C. 52. Rawalpindi. Town. 2. 16.C. M. 3. Town. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 5. Islamic International Commerce College.5. M. 46. 6. Rawalpindi College for Boys. 55. 53. Town. 14.. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 47. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 50.C. 4. St. Rawalpindi. 1.4. BMS Amarpura. 8. BPS Dhok Paracha M. BPS Bangash Colony M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 10. 49. 56. GMS Qasimabad.C. Town.2. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Rawalpindi. BPS New Malpur M. 9. 4. Rawalpindi. 41. 7.C. M. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi. M. town. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. GMS Amarpura. Capital College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. GMS Waris Khan. Rawalpindi. 13. 1. BPS Arya Mohallah M.2. 51.C. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. MC. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 42.C. M. Leadership College for Girls St.C. 2. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Punjab College of information technology.C. Ojiri Camp. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 48. 38.C. St. BPS Faiz abad M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.C. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 45. 3. 44.C.

GHS Ratta Amral M. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. BHS Moti Baza M. 8.C. 2. BHS Satellite Town M. Rawalpindi Govt. M. Vocational Training Institute (W).C. Institute of Commerce. 3. BPS Ratta 18. Kartarpura. Rawalpindi Govt.C. Scheme No. M. 7.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Dhoke Syedan.6. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 1. M.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 5.C. Govt. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi.2. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. 4. 7. Institute of Commerce (W). 4. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Govt. 6. Vocational Training Institute (W). GHS Teli Mohallah M.2 Satellite Town. 3. GHS Satellite Town M.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. High School Rawalpindi M. Govt.(ABAD).C.C. Dhamial. MC.C. 5. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. BHS Millat Colony M. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C. 8. Techincal Training Institute (W).C. Govt. (RMGTC). 9. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. BHS Ratta Amral M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. College of Commerce.

Sir Syed College. The Mall F. Harley Street F. 7.G. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Ordinance Road.6.4. 4. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 6. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 3.5. F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Chaklala III 8. Quaid-e-Azam College. 6. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Private Schools and colleges 1.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall 1.G (C. 5. 2. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2. 4. Govt. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1.G. 3.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 5. Government Schools & Colleges 1.

7. Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College. 3. 4. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .

covers 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. It has a lake with boating facility. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. The Ayub National Park. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. 9.T.300 acres and has a play area.) Road. play land. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. 300 acres. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. today this is a facility of 27 holes. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.1. lush lawns.1. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Meander through the bazaars. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment.1. lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. These are the best way to see the city. From being a nine-hole course. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. founded in 1885. fountains and flower beds. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. It covers an area of about 2. It has a playground. Situated near the Ayub National Park. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . an aquarium.

A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. cheetahs. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. lions. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi.2. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. It has a play area for children. lawns. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.3. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. One should try out during a visit here. bears. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. fountains and flower beds. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Some tigers. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9.1. is of historical interest due to its political processions. 9. The first prime minister of Pakistan. was assassinated here in 1950.1. 2007 at same venue. The Park was opened in 1991. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Other areas of the park are used for walking. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.

one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Between the two runs The Mall. at 2. on the Karakoram Highway. however. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. parks. Peshawar Road 9. clubs and cafes. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. especially at weekends. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Murree is lovely all year round. Murree remained.240 meters (7. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. churches. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. schools. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. complete with The Mall for promenading.even chilly in the evening . make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Its cold pine forests. Romi Park.6.5.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. where most people congregate. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. near Kachari Chowk. or riding in the new chair-lifts. has expanded rapidly. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. In summer it is cool .1. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Civil Lines 9.4. Jinnah Park. Numerous roads leave. In winter. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer.400 feet). a little bit of England. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.1. Since independence. when the honor was transferred to Simla. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.and rain is common. Murree and the Galis Murree. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad.

Natural springs abound on the slopes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. A restaurant has also been established. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. both rides cost about Rs. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Ayubia Khairagali. Ayubia has a chair lift. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. hiking places and picnic spots. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. which is the highest point in the range. It is 30 km from Murree. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Patriata 25 km from Murree.). Changlagali. which like a ski-lift.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The golf course here is open only to members. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. In addition to riding trails. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride.

It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Islamabad. flying squirrel and hill fox. once you reach the summit. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. In addition to riding trails. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. better known as the Murree National Park. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. situated on the summit of a hill. you will find that the surface is clean. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Asiatic leopard. 9. For this. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. Khaira Gali.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources.1. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. hiking places. a sub category of the Montane Forests. golden eagle.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . The city of Rawalpindi. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity.

There are 4000 objects displayed.C to 500 AD. terracotta. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. gold. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. could not complete its original plan. walking sticks. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 .Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. Saddar bazaar. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. However. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila.8. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. This is a place where you go by choice. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. silver. stucco. 9. the museum. but come out by sheer luck. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. 48 km from Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. Most of the sites at Taxila. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar.1. Here. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. at The Raja Bazaar. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. The Sarafa bazaar. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. As it turns out. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. vicery of India in 1918.1. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. iron and semiprecious stones. are located around the Taxila Museum. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. Potohar shoes and Chappals. 9. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. shawls and jackets.9. including stone. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Buddhist.T. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. At the outset. cane baskets and furniture. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. which is the first stop for any tourist. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen.

i. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. loved by the Mughals. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.Twice a year. and the modern capital of Pakistan. that is. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Tapering cypress trees. This place offers scenic walks. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Government of Pakistan. Road.1. Today. on their way to Kashmir. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.10. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages.5 acres. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. line the canals through which cool waters once. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. by the Department of Archaeology. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. left of G.T. Ferishta and Jehangir.T. by his colleagues.e.T. gently flowing stream. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Road. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Gen. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Taxila. Guru Nanak. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Islamabad. 9. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. The resort has a restaurant.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. After several phases of development. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. was also built during this period. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. Road. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. at the foot of Margalla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . G. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. it is now a 27-hole course.3. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. and the course itself. 9. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors.T. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.1. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Road Rawalpindi. Sports venues and stadiums 9.3. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. a small town has developed. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. with spring water falling within it. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. T. on the G. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. a minister of emperor Akbar. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. From the clubhouse. home to several thousand people. It is situated at I.

This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Islamabad. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.3. 9. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole.2. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.000. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.

3.3.4. Army Hockey Stadium 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. Rawalpindi Club. The Mall Saddar 9.5.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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explosions. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. SERVICES 10. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.1. Therefore.1. identification of vehicles for registration etc. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. however personal visits are also allowed. Community Awareness &Training. crime reporting. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. buildings collapse. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners.1.1. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents.2. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Response and Prevention. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. which is an achievement even internationally.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. rescue. Rescue 15 . Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. 10.

4. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 6. 5. patience.1. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 10. 14. 7. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country.1. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts.3.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. struggle. 8. 2. 12. 3. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 11.4. perseverance. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 13. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Endurance. 9.

Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. love and understanding. The children are given security.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.6. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . support. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. Old People and Disabled. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.5. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.1. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.1. Children.

280 HM3 worth 31. Sales to these consumers were 39. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.46/-.081 HM3 worth 107.2. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. General Industry. now Companies Ordinance 1984. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.581. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). Distribution system consists of 46. Domestic. Fertilizer. not on Islamic political causes. but the emphasis is on achievement.1. Here. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. both for itself and other organizations. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.study together up until fifth grade. 7.7.028 consumers comprising Commercial.127.1.118 million rupees during July-September. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Urdu. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . boys and girls . Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). designing and construction of pipelines. 2006.008.897. “The basic aim is that this orphan. 10. this poor child. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. to be sure.” 10.2. Power & Cement Sectors. SNGPL has 2.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . detail of some among them is following.733.

000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Rawalpindi Cantt. Attock.2. Saadi Road 10. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL. Chakwal.2.

Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.8 million V-fone customers.3.2.7 million customers.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.000 and 5.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. 1 5. Water Works No.2. of No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Pirwadahi Total No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .4. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Total No.

• Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 6. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. POST OFFICE GPO . Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.5. 5. 3. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 4. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.2.

Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.7.2. has numerous routes. In addition to freight. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). both national and international.2.6. rail and road. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Rawalpindi 10. 2. with many domestic and international flights every day. the principal carrier in Pakistan. 1. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. which were completed in the 1990s. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. the world's highest international road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Motorway Interchange. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.2. Road) or. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). which connects Pakistan to China. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.T. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Rawalpindi.8. more recently. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.

which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). auto-rickshaws. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. mini-buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. For inter-city travel. ranging from yellow taxis. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.2. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. yellow cabs.9. Due to lack of planning of roads.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .Glorious Rawalpindi 11. 2.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. pedestrian over head bridges. Rawalpindi. Objectives 1. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. traffic signs. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. channelization of junctions. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.1. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. installations of traffic signals. 5. provision of efficient drainage system.45 Km of main road with 1. pavement marking. 3. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. construction of footpaths. relocation of structures. 4. median. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.

land values & ownership pattern. of Punjab / RDA. land use plan. Detailed Traffic Engg. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11.T. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .2. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. growth of income. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G.00 million. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Task-III Economic Evaluation. OD travel pattern. 2. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. 1. future land uses pattern.

Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. Unluckily however. e.3.000 Cusecs 35. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. b. enchroachments. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. The Lai Nullah. commercial. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening.5 m 21. industrial. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. c. unbalanced land use transport interaction. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. f. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. non standardized infrastructure support. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. d. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7.

Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Famous Historical Places 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. according to the old timers. And. At that time. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Until 1923. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable.1. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.

it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.2. 12.the glory of the cantonment .with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. After independence. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.1. Lal Haveli In old times. it was home to Budhana Bibi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . better known as The Mall . Sarafa Bazaar. a famous dancing girl. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.1. In 1920 in the pre-partition days.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.3. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.

bay windows and doors.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as the Purana Qilla. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.1. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. dense housing. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Like Multan. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. cut brick corbellings. the old quarters of the city. Pakpattan or Lahore.

tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.2. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2.1. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. 12. Modern. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2.2.

3. 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2.4. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .5. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.2.

3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2.3.1. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Famous Restaurants 12.

4. Rawalpindi. Sub Way .4. Saddar.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.International . Saddar. 12.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi.2.International Near KFC.4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. KFC . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Murree Road. Murree Road.

6. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7.5. 3. Canning Road 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 2. 4. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 12. Haider Road 12. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Peshawar Road 9. Bank Road 8. Police Station Road 11.

18. College Road 15. 17. Tipu Road 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . Harding Road 14.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings.7. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

8.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30.

9.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.10.

NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. 5. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 29. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 10. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 27. 15. 28. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 11. 19. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 9. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 13. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 20. 8. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 32. 17. 12. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. Bank Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 21. 7. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. 4. 31. 30. Industrial Deve. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. Rawalpindi. 18. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 26.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 24. 23. Saudi Pak Comm. 14. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Over 5000 people were killed. now. on April 10. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Theories abound. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . But that was the extent of it. that it was Ojhri. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. Rawlapindi. It was clear. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. That it was an ammunition dump. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Many. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. many thousands more were injured.13. Soon. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. 19 years ago.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.23 Billion. On July 23. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. 2001.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Rawalpindi and Islamabad. WATER RESERVOIR 13. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year.000 acre feet (11763 MG). km. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.500 acre feet (12994 MG).8 sq. which generates 84. The total storage capacity is 47. fishing and boating. Margalla and Murree hills.1. Live storage is 43. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.

the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.777 MCM.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. in general. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the outflow has been less than the inflow. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.3. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.687 MCM. after 2000. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. 13. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. However. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. the flow was relatively high in June to August. However. Therefore. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Since its inception. outflow is 0. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year.783 MCM. However. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. due to monsoon. whereas.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Rawalpindi Cities.gov.absoluteastronomy. S. r. j.mapsofworld. Wikipedia Encyclopedia.blogspot. Punjab Railway Station.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. s. l. j.com Virtualglobetrottiong. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . Rawalpindi EDO Education. g. a. r. n. m. b.geocities. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. d. Rawalpindi Post Office. k. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.com pakistanpeadia.rawalpindi. p. o. t. f. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.com Nrb www.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. n. m. c. h. i. c. i. l. 1998 City Report. EDO Health. q. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.com Books & Etc. Govt. e.pk travel. o. b. p. q. Rawalpindi. d. e. f. h.com www. g. k.

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