Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.................................. Temple of Katas ...... The Mall Saddar .... PTCL .. 65 Company Profile ....................................................... 48 9.7......................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ...................1....................................4.... Edhi Foundation ......1............................................................................ Darul Aman . Peshawar Road .........3....................1.............................................2....................................2.............................................................................................. 60 10................................3..................................................................................................10.............4... 42 8......................................... 62 10...............1..............................5.............................. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .... 58 10...........................2... Field Hockey ....... 61 10........ 63 10.......................................... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ......................... 41 8.. Hassan Abdal.......................... KABBADI...................................... Romi Park. ......................................1...........1.............. ............................................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ......... 44 9......6.............. Jinnah Park...................4......... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district........................1........................... Punjab....... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ........................1.................................................................................................... 64 10...................................................................................................................................4............ 49 9..................................2........................1............................2.............. 61 10................... Government Schools & Colleges ............2......3......... 52 9................ Kallar Kahar ..........................................................................5... Rawalpindi Public Park .......... Cinemas & Theatres ................. 56 9........................5.........................1..... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ........................................................4.......................1... Rawalpindi Club............ 60 10....... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi . Rescue 15 ................................... 54 9.........1....................................................................2.................. Army Hockey Stadium .3....................1...... 43 9.....4.......................................................................................................... 54 9....... 57 9........................................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..............7........................................................ 58 9......... near Kachari Chowk....... 49 9................................................. The Salt Range ....................3.................................. 51 9.................................................................... IESCO .....1....................1.2.................................2...7.2...........2................. Private Schools and colleges ........... SPORTS & RECREATION ................................ 46 9................................. 45 9.......................... 42 8.........................1............................................................. Ayub National Park .....2............ Taxila Museum.................. 57 9............................................................................................... 46 9............................................................... 44 9................................................................................................. The Raja Bazaar ............................................................... 60 10.3....................6....... 51 9...................................... 63 10....... 44 9.......... 45 9..................................................1..................................................................................................................1.... Medical Colleges ............ 56 9........................3.....2..1............................... SOS Village ...............................................................................................................2..... 51 9.................................................................4.................................................. SERVICES .................................5.................. 57 9....................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ...................................................................... Murree and the Galis ....................................................................... Utility Services ...............3.....................6.........Emergency Reporting Centre .......... 55 9...................4...........1..............Glorious Rawalpindi 8.......................5........... 56 9..............3......................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .......... POLICE STATIONS..........................3....................................8.. Sports venues and stadiums ..................................... 50 9................................................................................................................4...........1...............3................................... 53 9.......... Cricket ................................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS .......... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ......... 42 8.... 60 10........... 57 9............................3..... Civil Lines ............3............ 46 9...... Other Places Worth A Visit..................1................9.2......6......................................................................... 62 10......... Liaqat National Bagh .....................1........... Federal Government Schools & Colleges .............2...........................................................5........................................ 63 10.................................... 51 9.........1.................................1....... Khewra Salt Mines ............................ Forts ....................

......2...... 104 13................................... RING ROAD ..........................................................................................5............................ Shalimar Hotel ****.................................................................................... 84 12.............................. Public Transportation ......1.................................................. RAWAL LAKE......................2.....................1............................................................. Famous Historical Places ...... 68 10..................................... Akbar International *** .... 98 12..14..........................................................2........ WATER RESERVOIR ...........................2..... Lal Haveli .............................. La Rosh Hotel.......... Libraries and Museums ....... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .................................4........................................ Lasania Restaurant city ......................... Airport ...................................................................................... 93 12..........7.................. Ancient Rawalpindi .........................................2..4................ Roads In Rawalpindi City ........................................................ 95 12........................................ Lai Expressway ...1............................... 82 12........... 74 12.........................................................................................................................................3................................................................................................ 81 12................................ 70 10.................. Misriot Dam ................................. 80 12....................... Jawa Dam ......................... 76 12..........................2....................................4.............11.9.......6............................ 105 13.......................................................................................................... Famous Chowk....(Rawalpindi) ....................... 78 12..................... 71 11............................................................................................................................................................................... Famous Restaurants.......... Lai Nullah ................................................................................................. Highways ... INSIDE RAWALPINDI .. Political Structure ..... FAMOUS Hotels ............................1.....2.................... Purana Qilla .............3..6........................................................................... Hotel Civic ................................ Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi . Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ................................................................................................ 72 11...........2............................................................................................2......... 73 11............................................................................................................ 77 12................... Islamabad International Airport Road .......................10...1................2................................................................... 102 13.......International ...3... Flashman’s Hotel.2...................2....... 76 12.........12.......8...............1...................................... 90 12.................................... 100 12...................................International .............................................4........................ 80 12........................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars .............................................................................3.................2.......................................................................................................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ........1... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ............................................................... 75 12.......2..... Sub Way .4................................ The Mall ......4..............1..................... 79 12.............................Glorious Rawalpindi 10........... Railway Stations .......................1........................... KFC ........3............................................................................................. 68 10..................... 96 12.................................... WASA ................................................... 78 12............................................ POST OFFICE .........................5......................................... 99 12.........5.............3.....................2....................2..................... 75 12....................................2................... 72 11......................................................3......................................................................... 79 12......................... 80 12.............. 79 12....... 75 12........ 67 10..................................................... Museums .................8........ 78 12..........13.................................... 81 12............ 66 10............................. 81 12........ 104 13...................2....................................................................7...................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ..........................................................................................1...............1.......................9......................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .

infrastructure. the area of its concern. education and the existing industries. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.e. This study contains information on population. i. health. communication net works. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.

they must conciliate the martial people of the area. a Ghakkar Chief .e. When Jhanda Khan. battle with Gakhars. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). At the time of Alexander’s invasion. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. The Rawals a jogi tribe. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. until 1765. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . also known as Pindi. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. founded a new town nearby. However. In 1849. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. Although they did not succeed. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Jhelum. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. HISTORY Rawalpindi. has a long history spread over several millennia. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866.

The city is home to many industries and factories. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. famous for its floods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Liaquat Ali Khan. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. he was welcomed rousingly. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the Afghan war and martial law. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation.e. Many Government buildings were set on fire. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. and it serves the city along with the capital. in Liaquat Garden. before Pakistan came into existence.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. In 1951. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Nala Lai. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment.e. water is stored by building dams. Cantonment and city. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army.

38’ and 73°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.01’ North latitudes and 72°.1. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . in the province of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Location It lies between 33°. Chakwal. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s.37’ East longitudes. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. 2.04’ 34°. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.

73.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.033333 Altitude. of Towns. PST (UTC+5) No.000 (1998) 3. 8 Population.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.300. 500 meters AMSL 5. 70. 051 Time zone. Area.6. 73. 2.6. Estimate. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .059.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.286 km² Calling code.059.550 (2007) Literacy rate.

comprising Potoharis.6 Degree Centigrade. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. In summer. when the mean max. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. and Pakhtuns. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The average rain fall is 1142 ml. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Muhajirs. Punjabis. temp is 17.7 C and Min 2.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The coldest month is Jan. The weather is highly unpredictable.

Here too the poor are not forgotten. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna".a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . More than men. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily.1. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . The roads. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. On Eid day. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims.a ritual in which everyone shares. one for distribution among the poor. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. In addition to the two Eids. On this day. modesty and good behaviour. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . There are many mosques throughout the city. others being truthfulness. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. No sooner it is sited. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers.

Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Chaunji Trap.Paul Church. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Rawalpindi. 3. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Music and dancing are also common. Summi. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. There are two Churches in Saddar. St. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. education. railways and the police force.2. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. tent pegging and Bini. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Bhangra. Young people prefer Kabaddi. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. wrestling.

historical and political ties to the country. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. Hinduism After the Partition of India.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. and to the historical region of Punjab.4.3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .

when Pakistan.1. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. On 23rd March. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies.1. 1940. Later in 1971. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.1. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1.1.3. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. red or velvet. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. 4. CULTURE 4. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Islamabad. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. 4.2.

From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. bangles. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. After the religious formalities. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Khaki or grey. 4. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. 4. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Due to good weather condition in the district. The usual ornaments like ear rings. 4. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. health of population is generally better. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. To mold into the colors of ubton.4. the bride’s parents feast the party. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Tea is popular all over the district. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. the other name of mienu. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.3. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. sweet and ornaments etc. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran.2.4.1. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.4. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 4. especially women. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.3. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. All the guests.

Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.5. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Besides.

potato. cigarettes. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Welding. Drafting. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. textiles. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. bajra. a brewery. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. industrial gas processing. and leather goods.021 power looms. pottery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. iron mills. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. apples. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. marble processing. pears.000 spindles. medium and small industrial units. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. pharmaceutical. glass products. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery.e. beverages and fruit preservation. apricots. about 1. and vegetables are the major products of the city. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad.000b spindles and 1. maize. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. railroad yards. sewing machines etc. Air conditiong. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Auto knitting and commerce etc. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. steel re-rolling.000 persons i. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. furniture. and factories making tents. hosiery.6% of district population is directly employed in large.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. citrus. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. sawmills. Metallurgy.

by courtesy.1. towns of the district. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. 5. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold threads. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. gold seals and such like. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. They also deal largely in hides. Janjuas. do not require detailed notice. These only form a small percentage of the total population. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. will go to far from their homes for such work.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. so-called. Kohlis and a few others. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. except ploughing. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . The chief families of Gakkhar. chiefly silk goods. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Brahmans.2. is misleading. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Like the men of the tribe. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.

and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. 10 for the set of 4. or low chairs. costing from Re. Pindigheb. neighboring villages. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. The chairs cost from Re. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Kuri-Dolal. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. and at Makhad. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. 6. the spinning wheels. from Re: 1 to Rs. tehsil Pindigheb. and Salgraon. 40. Pihras. which are sold in Rawalpindi. where wood is plentiful. 1 to Rs. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. embroidered shoes. The lohars of Manianda. costing from Rs. tehsil Kahutta.5 to Rs. and Hazro. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. according to size. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. especially in tehsil Kahuta. 20. Chauntra. phulaa. Phulkaris are made in many places. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Baking-plates are also made here. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities.3. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. saddles are the principal articles made. or khair wood. 8. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . known as abri. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. and are made of Shisham. known as phur. Fatehjang. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. tehsil Rawapindi. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Reed matting. make padlocks of iron. 1 to Rs. Leather manufacturers have diminished. chappris.

Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country.4. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. 5. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.4. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Lockwood Kipling. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. especially of it is exported across the Indus. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. have been procured. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. as else where. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Popular Industries 5. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. or earthen-jars. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Here. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. both lie on the Indus bank. as there is said to have once been. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. at Fatehjang. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Mr. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.1. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds.

patti and other handicrafts. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. Karachi and Lahore. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. flower vases and fountains. Sangjani. Most of the labor has education level below primary. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Major processes include loading/unloading. I-9/1 and I-9/3. sand blasting. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. bush hammering. honed finishing etc.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. brush finishing. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . handling & storing. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. tiles. ustaad and unskilled workers. acid finishing. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. cutting & sizing. phool. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. which are also in small quantities. Rawalpindi.

9. 7. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. It is below 50%. 6. 2. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 .2.000 cubic ft. 10. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 5. Hardly. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 3. Estimated growth figure is around 10%.000-300.4. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 1. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 8. 4. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.

hotels and restaurants. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. since all kinds of furniture. lamps stands. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. are in huge demand in the City. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can sell wood or metal furniture. and selling innovative products. Be sure to include photographs. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Even couches. Once your furniture business gets off. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. and you should take care to build good customer relations. A Report by Ms. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail.000 people. lampshades. side tables and stools. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. shelves. sofas. schools. so that must be kept in mind. Your marketing strategies must be good. consoles are in demand. as well as residential areas. etc. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . By stocking the best quality goods. Therefore. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Polish affects the quality of the material. from office to lounge furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. lockers. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. The establishments in the city need showcases.

No. 4.6.600 gallons per annum. The oil is collected as it. It is made from mustard oil. Kalabagh oil…. 100 feet. and is not distilled nor purified in any way.5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The borings are 35 feet from each other. No. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. The total oil collected is about 1. Rs. The petroleum costs. the churches..16 per hundred gallons. 60 feet. 2. three miles from Fatehjang. No. In 1887-89. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 3. Five borings have been made. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. Fatehjang. The petroleum now costs Rs. This is thrown into a cistern. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. No. in the Bannu district. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 50 feet. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 5. 5. 4 inches in diameter each. leaving the oil above. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. 30 miles from Rawalpindi.000 gallons per year. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. No. The oil is used in its raw state. 28 ditto. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. and Kalabagh on the Indus. etc. 1 is 100n feet deep. petroleum and wood. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. transmitted light. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 80 feet.200 gallons last year.

Hazro and Makhad. and that of inferior quality in this district. Peshawar. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. pattus. Peshawar. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. & c. dyes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . and Peshawar. described above. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. leather from Kashmir. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Ghee is brought in from Punch. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Sialkot. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar.1. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. from Kashmir. ra and the sea-ports. and Gujrat. rice being little grown. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Wazirabad. rice from neighboring districts. Peshawar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. chiefly. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. hardware from Amritsar. was exported to Kashmir. from Kashmir. Yarkand and Ladakh. thick cloths. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. however. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Jallundur and Meerut. chiefly deodar. charas. Jallundur. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. timber. metals. fruits. Delhi and Gujranwala. for seed. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. are exported to some small extent. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Silk from Amritsar. refined Sugar from Bombay.. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Ghee. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. gur from Sialkot. Kashmir and Sawat.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. timber. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. fruits from Kashmir. Shahjahanpur. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. it is believed. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports.

marble processing. 12. 21. cement. and leather goods. sawmills. 14. 19.2. 6. mineral processing. flour mills. distillery.2. cigarettes. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 13. poultry feed. 9. Petroleum Refinery. cotton and woolen Textiles. pottery. beverages and fruit preservation. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. hosiery. 24. and factories making tents. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Heavy Mechanical Complex. No. 4. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 10. pharmaceuticals. cigarettes. 18.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 17. 2. a brewery. 1. 20. 7. steel re-rolling. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. sewing machines etc. 3. Sr.1. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 15. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Heavy Rebuild Factory. glass products. furniture. railroad yards. 16. 23. glass products. 5. iron mills. industrial gases. textiles. 22. 8.

i) ii) 45. 37. 26. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.C. Therefore. 29.3. however. 40.V.C. 44. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 27. 31. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 43. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. linkage between the industrial units. skilled labour. 39. 32. if lacking is manageable. 33. 47. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. local/national/international demand. 36. 35.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 46. 41. 42. 30. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.C. 38. 34.

3. cement. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.2. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.3% of national GDP. gypsum. ground nut. cigarettes. Pharmaceuticals. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. In addition. 6. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. footwear.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. 6. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. glass. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. guava and apple. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . woolen. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.3.4. Oil refinery.3. Minerals Fire clay. maize. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3. 6. leather Products. jawar.3. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. poultry/cattle feed. rock salt. Silica sand. its major crops and fruit are wheat. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. meat/poultry processing units. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. which accounted 11. It accounts for 38. veneer board. 6. leather garments.1.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. etc. Soda ash. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. there also exist good prospects for tannery. employs 48. In this area there is good scope for furniture.5. dolomite bentonite. cotton. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.

confectionery. Heavy Foundry and Forge. sanitary fitting. 6. household appliances. pharmaceutical. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. PVC pipes.3. Attock Refinery.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. 6.4. Besides.6. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. ready made garments for men and women. steel furniture.9. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. glass hollow-ware.3. wires etc. machine made carpets.3. woolen knitwear. glass ample. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. electric cables. rubberized/mechanical toys. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.7.3. there exists good prospects for biscuits. POF etc. cosmetics. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. 6. suitable for wide spread fish farming. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. sports wear etc. children wear.8. 6. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. electrical accessories. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Steel. fashion apparel. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.

Most of these deposits are unexploited. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. The inhabitants. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . it is a best suited area for industrial investment.4. 6. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Currency and Mint. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.4.2. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. 6.1.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Therefore.

Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4.4.5. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. of tourism. Medical and Diagnostic Services. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Hospitals.4. not manufactured locally. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.3 million. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. machinery & equipment. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education. including the development of Industrial Zones.3 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.6.3.15 million. Technical/Vocational Training.4. 6.

machinery & equipment. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . imported by the manufacturing industries. audio-fax services. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Murree Brewery Company LTD.2. machinery and equipment.5. 6.e. 2. card pay phone services etc. 5. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. imported by tourism. Plant. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Details of machinery are Plant. hotels and tourism related projects. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant.5. Ltd. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.) LTD Bakery. Beverage 6. Bakery Products 1. Classic Capital (Pvt. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. machinery and equipment. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Plant. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.1. not manufactured locally. not manufactured locally. not manufactured locally. 4.5. voicemail services.

. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Domestic Hardware 11. Peshawar Road 6. Cement Products 7. Capital Plywood Industry.5.5.5. 15.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .5. IPRAM International.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Ceramics Products 8. Road Morgah 6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Old G. 14. Adyala Road 17. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . 16. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.4.6.8.3. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. W. 12. NEOMEDIX . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.T. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Chip/Straw Board 9.5. Diapers Plant 10.7.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

5. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Kallar Road Rawat 30. Olive Laboratories . Flour Mills 23. Webros Pharmaceuticals.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Peshawar Road 41. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Westridge 38. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 29. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills.9. Industrial area Rawat 26. Railway Workshop Road 31. Naswari Bazar 24. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills.Rawat 35. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Rawat 27. Westridge 36. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Khyber Flour Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. Ratta Road 34. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Seham Road 37. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21.

Industrial/Burn Gases 49. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Rawat 43. Tops Food & Beverages .10. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. JI Interprises. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Poultry Feeds 53.5.14. Bangash Colony. Fine Plastic Works. LPG Cylinders 51. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Kashmir Road 6.) Ltd.5. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .5.5.5.12. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.11. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Pirwadhai 46. Plastic Products 52. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. National Park Road 6.13.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Food Products 45. Rawat Flour Mills.

Textile Composite 56. Westridge 6. Tyre and Tubes 58. Adamjee Street 6. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. D.. Refinery 55.17.5.16. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.18.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.5. Textile Spinning 57. Peshawar Road 7.5.19.15.20. (Pvt) Ltd..5. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.M. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Unani Medicines 59. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.Textile Mills Ltd.5.

4. 6. Govt. Government Hospitals 1.2.1. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 10. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 9. 3. 2.3. 4. This region is full of Health facilities. 7. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 7. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. MCH Centres 1. 2. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 2. 8. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Rawalpindi. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Dhok Ali Akber. 5. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.5.

6. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 3. Hearts International 192-A The Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .

Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. 3. Shahid Dental Clinic R.A. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. BH Building. Off Murree Road. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. 7.I.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Satellite Town. 3. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Near Hydri Chowk. Satellite Town. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. 5551237 8. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Satellite Town. Dr. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 4. 17. Rawalpindi 11. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 3.P. Shakoors V. 5. Rawalpindi. Saidpur Road. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi 12. 7. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Dr.425 7th Road. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1.8. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Batool Hospital H-241. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Bazar Road. 6. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. 2. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 14. 1. Rawalpindi 15.9. Said pur Road. 10. Rawalpindi. 2. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema.

Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. This gift to the nation.1. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.2. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. After their father's death (1901).1. Muhammed became her legal guardian. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. its daughters. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. As it stands. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Universities 8. The building has an architectural splendor. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. University of Arid Agriculture. 8. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.

No. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. 1. Colleges 8. 1.1. 5.3. Govt. 2. College. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2.2. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. College for women St. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi 8. Located near the CMH. Govt.2. Hashmat Ali Isl. College St. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 4.2. Viqar un Nisa College for women. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Govt.1.2. Govt. Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Town. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College Asghar Mall. 3. No. Gorden College.

29. Rawalpindi. 30. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. St. Town. Rawalpindi. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. 10. 15. 5. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. 12. 21. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 18. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. town. Sadiqabad. Educator College. town. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 4. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Civil College of Commerce St. 32. town. 9. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 26. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. Rwp. St. Leader College 6th Road. St. 31. Town. 27. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. College of Advance Technology. 17. 13. Town.2. town. Rawalpindi. 14. 22. 24. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. 34. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Rawalpindi. 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. 28. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. Town. 3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Punjab College of Information Technology. 1. St. Rawalpindi. 35. Punjab Law College. 25. 11. 8. Rawalpindi. 19. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. 6. 7. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Town. Rahimabad airport Road.3. Leaders College of Commerce. 23. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. St. 20. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 33. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. Town. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Town. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. town.

52.C. Rawalpindi. BPS Qasim abad. BPS Fauji Colony M. 4. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 48. MC.C. 40. Leadership College for Girls St. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Bangash Colony M. Morgah Rawalpindi. Capital College Murree Road. M.C. 55. St. M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Town. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 15. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 47. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Town.C. 50.C. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi.C. Inflorescence College of modern . M. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. town.C. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). M.C. town. Rawalpindi College for Boys. BPS Chamanzar. Shamsabad. BPS Muslim Town. 54. 14. 2. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi. 4. 8.C.C. Punjab College of information technology.4.5. Town. 39.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.2.C. 6.C. BMS Amarpura. 13. Ojiri Camp. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M.C. 45. Leadership College for Boys St. 46. GMS Qasimabad. M. College of Commerce Saddar. Town. Indus College of Commerce. M. 38. 10. M. M. Rawalpindi. 11.. 53. 8. 43.C. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. St. 51. Rwalpindi. BPS Arya Mohallah M.2. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Islamic International Commerce College. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.C. GMS Waris Khan. town. 1. BPS Faiz abad M. 12.C. BPS Muslim Town M.C. GMS Amarpura. BPS New Malpur M. 16. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St.C. Rawalpindi. 56. 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. 1. 3. 2. 41. 42. 9. 7. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. MC. 44. 49. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 3. 5. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.

5.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Techincal Training Institute (W).PIA College Rawalpindi City. M. BHS Moti Baza M. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Govt. Dhoke Syedan.C.2 Satellite Town. 3. Institute of Commerce. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 5. 6. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. 7.(ABAD).C. GHS Satellite Town M. Scheme No.6. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Cantt.C.C. Rawalpindi. 1. Vocational Training Institute (W). Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. 3.C. 9.C. High School Rawalpindi M. Govt. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C. 4. 8. BHS Satellite Town M.C. 6. 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . College of Commerce. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.3. BPS Ratta 18. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. GHS Ratta Amral M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. M. Institute of Commerce (W). Kartarpura. GHS Talab Pukhta 8.C. Govt. 8. BHS Ratta Amral M. M. Govt.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). BHS Millat Colony M. Dhamial. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. (RMGTC). Govt. 4.C. 7. MC.2. Rawalpindi Govt.

5.G.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. F. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 2. 5.G. 3. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC).5.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall F. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Chaklala III 8. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 6. Quaid-e-Azam College. Harley Street F. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Sir Syed College.4. 6. 4.G (C. Private Schools and colleges 1. Ordinance Road. 2. 2.6. The Mall 1. 4. 3.

Rawalpindi Medical College. 4. Medical Colleges 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .7. 3.

Situated near the Ayub National Park.1.1. today this is a facility of 27 holes. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. lake with boating facility. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. It covers an area of about 2. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. founded in 1885. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. It has a playground. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. From being a nine-hole course. an aquarium.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. covers 2. 300 acres.300 acres and has a play area.T. play land. The Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.1. 9. lush lawns. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. It has a lake with boating facility. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . These are the best way to see the city. fountains and flower beds. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.) Road. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. Meander through the bazaars. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.

Other areas of the park are used for walking. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. It has a play area for children. lawns. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. The Park was opened in 1991.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan.1.2. Some tigers. The first prime minister of Pakistan. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. 2007 at same venue. fountains and flower beds. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. cheetahs. lions. 9. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.3. was assassinated here in 1950. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .1. is of historical interest due to its political processions. One should try out during a visit here. 9. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. bears. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.

Civil Lines 9. on the Karakoram Highway.5. schools. Jinnah Park. In summer it is cool . so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Murree is lovely all year round. at 2. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. or riding in the new chair-lifts. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Romi Park. Peshawar Road 9.240 meters (7. Its cold pine forests. a little bit of England. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).and rain is common. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .6. churches. Numerous roads leave. where most people congregate. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.even chilly in the evening . Between the two runs The Mall. parks. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Since independence.1. clubs and cafes. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. near Kachari Chowk. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851.4. has expanded rapidly. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.1. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. especially at weekends. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. when the honor was transferred to Simla. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. In winter. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. however. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Murree remained. Murree and the Galis Murree. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.400 feet). complete with The Mall for promenading. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer.1. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.

hiking places and picnic spots. which is the highest point in the range. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Patriata 25 km from Murree. It is 30 km from Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The golf course here is open only to members. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Changlagali. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. which like a ski-lift. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Natural springs abound on the slopes. A restaurant has also been established. Ayubia Khairagali. both rides cost about Rs. Ayubia has a chair lift. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station.). these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. In addition to riding trails. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata.

you will find that the surface is clean. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. Khaira Gali. better known as the Murree National Park. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.7. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. For this. situated on the summit of a hill. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. Islamabad. golden eagle. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets.1.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. once you reach the summit. In addition to riding trails. hiking places. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The city of Rawalpindi. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. a sub category of the Montane Forests. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. flying squirrel and hill fox. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Asiatic leopard. 9.

a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. gold. As it turns out. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. at The Raja Bazaar. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. stucco. are located around the Taxila Museum. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. 9. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. including stone. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Most of the sites at Taxila. This is a place where you go by choice.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. There are 4000 objects displayed. vicery of India in 1918. terracotta. walking sticks. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. could not complete its original plan. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. cane baskets and furniture.T. Saddar bazaar.9. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. but come out by sheer luck. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. 48 km from Rawalpindi. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories.1. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. which is the first stop for any tourist. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford.1. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. However. shawls and jackets. The Sarafa bazaar. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Buddhist.C to 500 AD. the museum. Here. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar.8. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. At the outset. iron and semiprecious stones. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. 9. silver.

barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. on their way to Kashmir. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Road. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. loved by the Mughals. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Road.5 acres. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. i. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Islamabad.10. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Gen. Ferishta and Jehangir. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.T. and the modern capital of Pakistan.e. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. The resort has a restaurant. left of G. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Guru Nanak. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.T. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Government of Pakistan.T. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni.1. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. by the Department of Archaeology. Road. by his colleagues. line the canals through which cool waters once. This place offers scenic walks. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. that is. Tapering cypress trees. Today. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. gently flowing stream.Twice a year. Taxila. 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. was also built during this period. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan.3. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. with spring water falling within it. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. Sports venues and stadiums 9. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Road. It is situated at I. From the clubhouse. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Road Rawalpindi. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. 9. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. one on the top of the hill and other below it. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.3. home to several thousand people. a small town has developed. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. it is now a 27-hole course. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. T. G. on the G. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . at the foot of Margalla. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments.T. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. and the course itself. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. After several phases of development.1. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. a minister of emperor Akbar.

The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine.2. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Islamabad. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .3. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.000. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. 9.

3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Army Hockey Stadium 9.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Mall Saddar 9.5.3. Rawalpindi Club.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Response and Prevention. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. rescue. Rescue 15 . Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. SERVICES 10. which is an achievement even internationally. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . buildings collapse. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. explosions. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. 10. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.2. crime reporting.1. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. however personal visits are also allowed.1.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Therefore.1. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Community Awareness &Training. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. identification of vehicles for registration etc.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies.

12. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. patience. 11. 9. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 .1.4. 4. 3. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 2. 6. struggle. 8.1. Endurance. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 10. 13. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 14. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 5.3. perseverance.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 7.

6. The children are given security. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.5. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.1. Old People and Disabled. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. love and understanding. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . support.1. Children.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

028 consumers comprising Commercial.008.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. now Companies Ordinance 1984. but the emphasis is on achievement.” 10. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.081 HM3 worth 107.1. Fertilizer. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Sales to these consumers were 39. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. SNGPL has 2.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . 10.46/-. to be sure.581. boys and girls . General Industry.127.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Here. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.280 HM3 worth 31. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. not on Islamic political causes. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).2. Urdu. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.7. designing and construction of pipelines.nearly 700 of whom are orphans ." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. detail of some among them is following. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Distribution system consists of 46. both for itself and other organizations. Power & Cement Sectors. 7. this poor child. 2006. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. “The basic aim is that this orphan.897. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.1.118 million rupees during July-September.733.study together up until fifth grade.2. Domestic.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.

Saadi Road 10. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Rawalpindi Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.2. Chakwal.2. Attock. SNGPL.

It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers.3. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.000 and 5. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.7 million customers. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.2.

Water Works No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. of No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . 1 5.2. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Pirwadahi Total No. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Total No.4. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.

5. 2.5. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.2. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 6. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 4. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 3. POST OFFICE GPO . Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).

has numerous routes. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. both national and international. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . rail and road.7.6. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). the principal carrier in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.2. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. with many domestic and international flights every day. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. In addition to freight. 2. 1.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). the world's highest international road. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. which were completed in the 1990s.T. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Motorway Interchange. which connects Pakistan to China. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Road) or. more recently. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G.2. Rawalpindi. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.8. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.

air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. ranging from yellow taxis. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. For inter-city travel. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. yellow cabs. auto-rickshaws. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . Due to lack of planning of roads. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. mini-buses. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse.9.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. and which operate constantly throughout the day.2. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.

which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. channelization of junctions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . relocation of structures. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. 2. installations of traffic signals. provision of efficient drainage system. pavement marking. 3. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. traffic signs. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. construction of footpaths. Rawalpindi. pedestrian over head bridges. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi.45 Km of main road with 1. Objectives 1.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. median.1. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. 4.

Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure.00 million. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. 1. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Detailed Traffic Engg. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. land use plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. future land uses pattern. 2.2. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. growth of income. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .T. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. of Punjab / RDA. OD travel pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. land values & ownership pattern. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.

Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. commercial. Unluckily however. b. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. d. The Lai Nullah. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah.5 m 21. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. f. industrial. e. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi.3. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. c. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 35. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. unbalanced land use transport interaction. non standardized infrastructure support. enchroachments. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a.

Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Until 1923. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. At that time. And. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities.1.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1. Famous Historical Places 12. according to the old timers. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

12. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.1.1.the glory of the cantonment . was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. Lal Haveli In old times.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. it was home to Budhana Bibi. After independence. better known as The Mall . a famous dancing girl.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Sarafa Bazaar. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.3.

bay windows and doors.1. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. better known as the Purana Qilla. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. the old quarters of the city. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population.4. dense housing. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Like Multan.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.2. Modern.2.1. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.

12.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3.5. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Rawalpindi.4.

Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . 12. Famous Restaurants 12. Rawalpindi.2.3.3.1. Rawalpindi.3.

Saddar. Rawalpindi. 12. Murree Road.2.4. Saddar.4. Rawalpindi.International Near KFC.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.International . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. KFC .4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Sub Way .

3. Peshawar Road 9. Police Station Road 11. 4. 2. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Haider Road 12. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7.5. Bank Road 8. 12. 6. Canning Road 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 1.

Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Harding Road 14. 18. 17. College Road 15. Tipu Road 16.

6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.7. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.8. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.

000 books which are updated at regular interval. It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .

Rawalpindi. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

10. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

30. Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. 13. 10. 32. 8. Saudi Pak Comm. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 21. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 23. 20. 17. 14. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 24. The Bank of Punjab. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 27. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 9. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 31. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 28. 15. 29. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11. 16. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Industrial Deve. 26. 25. 22. 4. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 6. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.

11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

13. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. This was a deliberate act of destruction. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Rawlapindi. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Many. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. many thousands more were injured. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. 19 years ago. That it was an ammunition dump. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. on April 10. now. But that was the extent of it. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Theories abound. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. It was clear. Over 5000 people were killed. that it was Ojhri. Soon.

23 Billion. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . On July 23. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. 2001. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Live storage is 43. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. which generates 84. km. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Margalla and Murree hills.000 acre feet (11763 MG). Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 .8 sq. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.1. The total storage capacity is 47. Rawalpindi and Islamabad.500 acre feet (12994 MG). The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. fishing and boating. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.

The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.3. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. in general. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Since its inception. Therefore. the outflow has been less than the inflow.777 MCM. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. the flow was relatively high in June to August.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. However. However. due to monsoon. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. outflow is 0. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. after 2000. 13. whereas. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area.687 MCM. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.783 MCM. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. However. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

Govt. i. f. S.pk travel. Rawalpindi Cities. c. n. m. j. d. q. g. l. r.com Books & Etc. h. Rawalpindi Post Office. Rawalpindi EDO Education. o. j. t. EDO Health. Punjab Railway Station. s. f.geocities. q. e. n.gov. k.com pakistanpeadia. h. l. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. m.com Virtualglobetrottiong. p.rawalpindi. c.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a.blogspot. g. Rawalpindi. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. a. i. e. r. 1998 City Report. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . o.com www. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.com Nrb www.mapsofworld. b. d. k. p.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.absoluteastronomy. b. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.

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