Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

......1. KABBADI................................................................ ...................................................................................... Murree and the Galis ......... The Raja Bazaar ..................................... 51 9......... 52 9................................4..................... Khewra Salt Mines .............1.....1...... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........................................... 58 9....... 44 9.................. Temple of Katas ..... Punjab.......... 51 9... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .....................................................1..... 56 9...................... The Mall Saddar .....................................................3..................................2........5................. 61 10......2........4.....1........................................................................................................... 49 9.1...... 56 9.........................................2............ 65 Company Profile ..................2.... 49 9.................................. 62 10....... 43 9................................................................................................................2........................................................5..................................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ........................8.......................3....................................... Rawalpindi Club...................................2................................ 60 10....................................................1....... Army Hockey Stadium ......................................4...............................................5.... 55 9....................................................................3.........2....... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ........................1....1.... 63 10................................. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.. SPORTS & RECREATION ......................................4. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ..........1.................................................................................................................................................... 45 9. 54 9. Medical Colleges ...................................................................................... SOS Village ..................................................................................................................................... 46 9....... Utility Services .................................................................... 63 10............................................. 50 9.4....3........ 60 10..... 46 9........................... POLICE STATIONS................. 42 8.............................. 62 10................... 51 9......................................6..................................................................................... 45 9......................... 60 10........1..2.............2. Taxila Museum..................................... 44 9........................2..3.........................2....................... Government Schools & Colleges .............................................................1............... Federal Government Schools & Colleges .................................2............................... 44 9................. 58 10.............. PTCL . 57 9....................................... Private Schools and colleges ...................................... near Kachari Chowk............................................................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad .....................................5.........1. 61 10...................................3.........3........... Sports venues and stadiums ..................................4.............1.........4..............................................................................................2...................................5.......................................... Liaqat National Bagh ......................................... 51 9......................................... 57 9.......... Edhi Foundation ......6......................... Civil Lines ............................... Rawalpindi Public Park ................... Forts ........................ Peshawar Road ..........3.................... Field Hockey ..................................................................................................................................................................... Kallar Kahar .........1..... 41 8..........9....................5...................... IESCO ......................................4.......... 54 9....... Jinnah Park......................................................... 57 9.........1................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.6...... 42 8.....3......... 64 10.....................................7.............1....................... ...3............... Cricket .................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ........ Darul Aman .........................................1...............................................................................1..... Romi Park.......................................................................................6............................1...............4.................................. Rawalpindi Golf Course ............Emergency Reporting Centre ..............................1.... 60 10.................................... 48 9...................................................7............. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .......2............ 46 9..........................2.............................................10...........7.3.. 57 9.....................1.................. Ayub National Park .....2............................ Rescue 15 ......................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .................................. The Salt Range . 42 8................................................1..3..................................... SERVICES ....... Hassan Abdal............................................ 56 9............ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).........................1...........1.3............................. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi . Cinemas & Theatres ................................. Other Places Worth A Visit............................... 63 10...... 53 9....................................................................

...................................9............... Public Transportation ................................................. WATER RESERVOIR ........ Jawa Dam ....................... 104 13....... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ......Glorious Rawalpindi 10........................4...... 80 12..............................................2......................................................7... 98 12................................ Pearl Continental Hotel ***** .................................................................................................. 76 12..................... 77 12.........................................7.....6.................................2.......................................................................................................... 76 12.... Islamabad International Airport Road ... Lasania Restaurant city .4........................................................................................................2.... 105 13............................. 96 12................. 99 12.......................... 75 12.........4......2......3................. 79 12............ Lai Expressway ................................................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ............................................................ 82 12.2............ 75 12......3..........3.................................................................................................................... 68 10.......... Famous Chowk................. Flashman’s Hotel..........2.................... 95 12................8........ La Rosh Hotel.................. 68 10....................1............................. 74 12....................11........................6....... 75 12............2...2.....................................................1..... RING ROAD ............................................. 104 13... Libraries and Museums ..............................3...(Rawalpindi) ................ 81 12.......................................................................................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .....................................................................................2.................................................................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ........................ POST OFFICE .....................2............... Lai Nullah ............................................. 67 10..............4..................................................... Famous Historical Places .........................................International ....2..... 80 12. RAWAL LAKE..........................................12.................................................1.............. 79 12............1........ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ..... 72 11.............. Shalimar Hotel ****...2................................. The Mall ......4.....................2...... Akbar International *** .. Purana Qilla .............................. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ...... Hotel Civic ..................10....1........2.......... Airport ...............................1........................ Ancient Rawalpindi .......................... Railway Stations ..............................1............................................................ 84 12......................................... 90 12.................... Famous Restaurants.............................................................5...............................................................1................................................................................ WASA .....................................14........................................................................................................................ FAMOUS Hotels .5........................................2.....3.. Roads In Rawalpindi City ..................................................5......................... Highways ..................................................................................... 81 12............... 79 12......................................................................4............ 73 11............................................9.............................. KFC .................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars .................... Political Structure ....................................................................... 78 12.................................................................. 81 12........................................ Sub Way ............................. 66 10...............................2........................................................... 102 13........1.... 78 12.........8............... 70 10......................................................... 78 12.......2......1......................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ...................................... 93 12..........................................................................................13...................1....................... 71 11........................... Museums ............................................................................................ 100 12...................... Misriot Dam ................................................................. Lal Haveli ...............................3.............................International ........................................................... 80 12...................................................................... 72 11........................................................................3......................................................2.............................................

This study contains information on population. the area of its concern. i.e. education and the existing industries. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. health. communication net works. infrastructure. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v .Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.

Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. has a long history spread over several millennia. However. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. the martial people of the area against the British domination. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). When Jhanda Khan. founded a new town nearby. Rawalpindi City. HISTORY Rawalpindi. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.e. The Rawals a jogi tribe. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. In 1849. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. also known as Pindi. Jhelum. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. until 1765. battle with Gakhars. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Although they did not succeed. a Ghakkar Chief .

Liaquat Ali Khan. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. the Afghan war and martial law. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Many Government buildings were set on fire. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . he was welcomed rousingly. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. famous for its floods. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. In 1951. before Pakistan came into existence. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. and it serves the city along with the capital. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Cantonment and city. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. in Liaquat Garden. Nala Lai. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events.e. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses.e. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. The city is home to many industries and factories. water is stored by building dams. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government.

Chakwal. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Location It lies between 33°. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.37’ East longitudes. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.1. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.04’ 34°. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.01’ North latitudes and 72°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. in the province of Punjab. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.38’ and 73°. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South.

2. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Altitude. 051 Time zone. 73. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. PST (UTC+5) No. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.2.6. 73.300.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 8 Population.059.059. 500 meters AMSL 5.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.550 (2007) Literacy rate. Estimate.286 km² Calling code.6. 70. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area. of Towns.000 (1998) 3.

temp is 17. Punjabis.06 Degree Centigrade per month . while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. when the mean max.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. Muhajirs. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.3. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.7 C and Min 2. The coldest month is Jan. comprising Potoharis. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. and Pakhtuns. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.6 Degree Centigrade. The weather is highly unpredictable. In summer.

In addition to the two Eids. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. one for distribution among the poor. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. No sooner it is sited. 3. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). The roads. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head .1.a ritual in which everyone shares. On Eid day. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". On this day. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. There are many mosques throughout the city. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. others being truthfulness. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . modesty and good behaviour. Here too the poor are not forgotten. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. More than men.

Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. tent pegging and Bini. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services.Paul Church. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. railways and the police force. Young people prefer Kabaddi. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. St. Music and dancing are also common. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. 3. There are two Churches in Saddar. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. wrestling.2. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Bhangra. education. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Rawalpindi. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Summi. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Chaunji Trap.

4. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. and to the historical region of Punjab. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . Hinduism After the Partition of India.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . historical and political ties to the country.

Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. 4.1.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. 1940.3. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. On 23rd March. 4. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Later in 1971. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.1. 4. CULTURE 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. when Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. Islamabad. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.2.1. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. red or velvet. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.

Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. After the religious formalities. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor.4. Khaki or grey. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Due to good weather condition in the district. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . The usual ornaments like ear rings. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. To mold into the colors of ubton. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. health of population is generally better. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. 4. the bride’s parents feast the party. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.2. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. 4.1. bangles. Tea is popular all over the district. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). 4. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. sweet and ornaments etc.4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. the other name of mienu. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.

especially women.4.4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. All the guests. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.3.4. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . 4. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.

Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Besides. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.5. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif.

Metallurgy. sawmills. apricots. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. potato. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. and leather goods. sewing machines etc. marble processing. apples. pottery. beverages and fruit preservation.000 spindles. glass products. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. about 1. industrial gas processing. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir.021 power looms. furniture. medium and small industrial units. and factories making tents.000 persons i. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. pharmaceutical. railroad yards. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Welding. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. maize. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. pears. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Drafting. iron mills.e. hosiery. textiles. cigarettes. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Air conditiong. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Auto knitting and commerce etc. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district.6% of district population is directly employed in large. a brewery.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. bajra. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. steel re-rolling. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture.000b spindles and 1. citrus. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.

the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Kohlis and a few others. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. 5. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. chiefly silk goods. Janjuas. gold seals and such like. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. towns of the district. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. do not require detailed notice. These only form a small percentage of the total population. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . by courtesy. except ploughing. is misleading.1. Like the men of the tribe. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. so-called. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. The chief families of Gakkhar.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Brahmans. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. gold threads. will go to far from their homes for such work. They also deal largely in hides.

Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. and Hazro. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. or low chairs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. costing from Re. Reed matting.3. 1 to Rs. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. 20. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. Pindigheb. known as phur. 40. chappris. The lohars of Manianda.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. neighboring villages. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. the spinning wheels. saddles are the principal articles made. Kuri-Dolal. make padlocks of iron. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. costing from Rs. Pihras. Fatehjang. and at Makhad. where wood is plentiful. embroidered shoes. Chauntra. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. known as abri. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). 1 to Rs. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. and are made of Shisham. which are sold in Rawalpindi. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Phulkaris are made in many places. from Re: 1 to Rs. tehsil Pindigheb. especially in tehsil Kahuta. 10 for the set of 4. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Baking-plates are also made here. and Salgraon. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. 6. according to size. tehsil Kahutta. The chairs cost from Re.5 to Rs. 8. or khair wood. phulaa. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . tehsil Rawapindi. Pindigheb and Fatehjang.

Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. 5. as else where. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region.4. rough in execution but fairly good in color. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.1. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Popular Industries 5. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. as there is said to have once been. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Mr. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance.4. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas).Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. or earthen-jars. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Lockwood Kipling. Here. especially of it is exported across the Indus. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. both lie on the Indus bank. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. at Fatehjang. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. have been procured. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district.

More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. I-9/1 and I-9/3. honed finishing etc. handling & storing. Rawalpindi. patti and other handicrafts. acid finishing. bush hammering. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Karachi and Lahore. tiles. Most of the labor has education level below primary. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. cutting & sizing. flower vases and fountains. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . brush finishing.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. phool. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. sand blasting. ustaad and unskilled workers. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Sangjani. Major processes include loading/unloading. which are also in small quantities.

3. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 10. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 5. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.2. 8. 1. It is below 50%. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.000 cubic ft. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country.000-300. 6. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 9. 2. Hardly. 7. 4. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.

shelves. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Therefore. lockers. Your marketing strategies must be good.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. and you should take care to build good customer relations. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. and selling innovative products. hotels and restaurants. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. from office to lounge furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. Even couches. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. lamps stands.000 people. The establishments in the city need showcases. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. so that must be kept in mind. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. as well as residential areas. are in huge demand in the City. since all kinds of furniture. Be sure to include photographs. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. Polish affects the quality of the material. Once your furniture business gets off. consoles are in demand. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. schools. etc. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. By stocking the best quality goods. lampshades. sofas. side tables and stools. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. A Report by Ms. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. You can sell wood or metal furniture.

3. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order.000 gallons per year. 100 feet. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The total oil collected is about 1. 80 feet. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil….16 per hundred gallons. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased.6. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. petroleum and wood. This is thrown into a cistern. In 1887-89. The petroleum costs. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. Rs. leaving the oil above. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Fatehjang. 60 feet. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. No. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . No.5. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The oil is collected as it. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. It is made from mustard oil. the churches. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. in the Bannu district. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 5. 5. 28 ditto. three miles from Fatehjang. and Kalabagh on the Indus. 1 is 100n feet deep. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. No. 50 feet. transmitted light. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks.200 gallons last year. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 30 miles from Rawalpindi.. No. No.600 gallons per annum. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 4 inches in diameter each. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. Kalabagh oil….Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The petroleum now costs Rs. 2. Five borings have been made. etc. 4. The oil is used in its raw state.

Ghee. Shahjahanpur. Yarkand and Ladakh. rice from neighboring districts. Sialkot. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden.1. rice being little grown. hardware from Amritsar. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Hazro and Makhad. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. fruits. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Peshawar. Silk from Amritsar. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Wazirabad. described above. leather from Kashmir. it is believed. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Delhi and Gujranwala. chiefly deodar. and that of inferior quality in this district. thick cloths. Peshawar. ra and the sea-ports. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. charas. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. however. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. pattus. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. was exported to Kashmir. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. metals. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. dyes.. refined Sugar from Bombay. Jallundur. gur from Sialkot. & c. for seed. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. chiefly. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. fruits from Kashmir. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. timber. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Kashmir and Sawat. from Kashmir. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. and Gujrat. timber. are exported to some small extent. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Peshawar. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Jallundur and Meerut. and Peshawar. from Kashmir. Ghee is brought in from Punch. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir.

industrial gases. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 5. No. pottery. steel re-rolling. sawmills. railroad yards. 3. furniture. 17. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. cement. textiles.2. marble processing. 22. and leather goods. distillery. 12. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. hosiery. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 15. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Heavy Mechanical Complex. mineral processing. 7. 21. and factories making tents.1. glass products. Heavy Rebuild Factory. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 2. 24. sewing machines etc. 18.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. glass products. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 23. 20. 10. 16. a brewery. iron mills. 14. cigarettes. 6. cigarettes. 4. cotton and woolen Textiles.2. Petroleum Refinery. flour mills. Sr. pharmaceuticals. 8. poultry feed. 9. 19. beverages and fruit preservation. 1. 13.

Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 42. 34. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 47. linkage between the industrial units. however. 30. 29. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.C. local/national/international demand. 26.3. 27. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit.V. 36. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 37. if lacking is manageable.C. 46. 44. i) ii) 45. 31. 39. 33. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 40. 43. 38. 32. skilled labour.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. Therefore. 41. 35. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would.

Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. its major crops and fruit are wheat.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Silica sand.3% of national GDP. 6. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. dolomite bentonite. In this area there is good scope for furniture.1. meat/poultry processing units.3. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . woolen.3. 6.5.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. leather Products. cigarettes. In addition. cotton. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. veneer board. semi processed and processed agricultural products. rock salt.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. It accounts for 38. cement. jawar. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. etc.3. poultry/cattle feed. Oil refinery. leather garments. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. Soda ash.3.3. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. there also exist good prospects for tannery. It contributes 24% to the GDP. gypsum. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. glass. Pharmaceuticals. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. 6. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.2. footwear. which accounted 11. Minerals Fire clay. employs 48. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.4. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. ground nut. 6. guava and apple.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3. maize. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production.

besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Heavy Foundry and Forge. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. cosmetics. PVC pipes. pharmaceutical.3. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. glass ample.3.9. there exists good prospects for biscuits.4.8. glass hollow-ware. sports wear etc. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. POF etc. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Steel. children wear. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. sanitary fitting. electric cables. 6.6. rubberized/mechanical toys. Attock Refinery. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.3. machine made carpets.3. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. suitable for wide spread fish farming.7. wires etc. electrical accessories. 6. fashion apparel. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. confectionery. ready made garments for men and women. 6. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. steel furniture. woolen knitwear. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. household appliances. Besides. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. 6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 .

4. Therefore. Currency and Mint. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. 6.1. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. The inhabitants. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. 6. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance.2. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.

6. 6.4.5. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. Technical/Vocational Training. Hospitals. including the development of Industrial Zones. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .6.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.3.15 million. Plant. Human Resource Development (HRD). 6. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. of tourism.4. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. machinery & equipment. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. not manufactured locally. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million.4. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.

in excess of five percent customs duty livable. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .5. not manufactured locally. imported by tourism. hotels and tourism related projects. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. not manufactured locally. voicemail services. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. not manufactured locally.5. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. machinery and equipment. 2. imported by the manufacturing industries.) LTD Bakery. machinery and equipment.5. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. audio-fax services.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Bakery Products 1. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Murree Brewery Company LTD. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Plant. machinery & equipment.2.e. 6. 4. card pay phone services etc. Details of machinery are Plant. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Classic Capital (Pvt. 3. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.1. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 5. Ltd. Beverage 6. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm.

5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . 14. Diapers Plant 10.8. Ceramics Products 8. Westridge Fireclay Industries.7. W. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. IPRAM International. 16. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Road Morgah 6. 15.T. Adyala Road 17. . Domestic Hardware 11.3. Cement Products 7.5. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Old G. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .5. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. 12. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. NEOMEDIX . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.4.6. Chip/Straw Board 9.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.5.5. Capital Plywood Industry. Peshawar Road 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 32. Seham Road 37.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Khyber Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Khurram Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills.5. Adyala Road 21. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Naswari Bazar 24. Westridge 38. Ratta Road 34. Olive Laboratories . Peshawar Road 41. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Rawat 27. Railway Workshop Road 25. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Flour Mills 23. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 .Rawat 35. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Ratta Road 29.9. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Westridge 36.

12.5. Rawat Flour Mills.5. Bangash Colony. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.) Ltd. Tops Food & Beverages . Pirwadhai 46. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.10. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. JI Interprises. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.5. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Kashmir Road 6.5. Plastic Products 52. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.11.14. Poultry Feeds 53. Fine Plastic Works. Rawat 43.13. Food Products 45. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. National Park Road 6. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. LPG Cylinders 51.5.

D.5.Textile Mills Ltd..18. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Adamjee Street 6. Peshawar Road 7. Refinery 55. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.20. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.15.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.M. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Unani Medicines 59. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5.17. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .5.5. Tyre and Tubes 58. Textile Composite 56. Textile Spinning 57.5. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co..19. Westridge 6. (Pvt) Ltd.16.

5. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Government Hospitals 1. 2. 3. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 6. 4. 5. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 2.3. Rawalpindi. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 9. 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 3. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. MCH Centres 1.1. 8. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. This region is full of Health facilities. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 2. 7. 3. 10. Dhok Ali Akber.4. Govt.

Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. 3. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.6. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. 7. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ).

Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 .425 7th Road. Rawalpindi 11. 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt. Bazar Road. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. BH Building. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. 17. Rawalpindi 16. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 12. Saidpur Road. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Rawalpindi. Said pur Road. 10. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Shakoors V. Near Hydri Chowk.I. Rawalpindi 14. 7. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Satellite Town. 1. Satellite Town. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. 4.9. Satellite Town. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Batool Hospital H-241. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas.A. 5551237 8. 6. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Dr. Dr. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Rawalpindi. 3. 7. 2. Off Murree Road.P. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. 5. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. 3.8. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 3.

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The building has an architectural splendor.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 .1. University of Arid Agriculture. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Muhammed became her legal guardian. Universities 8. After their father's death (1901). This gift to the nation. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. 8. As it stands. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. its daughters.1. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.

2. Colleges 8. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. College St.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi 8. College for women St. 3. Viqar un Nisa College for women. No. Located near the CMH. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. 2.2.3. College. Rawalpindi. College Asghar Mall. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi 2.1. Rawalpindi. 4. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. 1. Town. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 5. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt.2.1. Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 1. No. Rawalpindi. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Gorden College. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 30. Rawalpindi. 1. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 4. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. town. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi. town. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 15. Saddar. Town. 8. St. Rawalpindi. Rwp. Rawalpindi. 3. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 9. Rawalpindi. 31. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 33. town. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Information Technology. 27. 6. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 35. 22. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Town. 11. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. 28. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . College of Advance Technology. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 25. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. 17. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 14. 21. 26. 34. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi 16. St. Town. Sadiqabad.3. Rawalpindi. Town. 20. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Saddar. Educator College. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Universal College. Rawalpindi. Civil College of Commerce St. town. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . 29. Rawalpindi. Town. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi 36. 10. St. town. Rawalpindi. 18. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 5. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. St. Rawal College of Commerce. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. 19. Town.2. 32. Rawalpindi. 24. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Leaders College of Commerce. National Science College Murree Road. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. 13. 2. 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. 23. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. 7.

BPS Dhok Paracha M. 46. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Inflorescence College of modern . BPS Arya Mohallah M. M.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Punjab College of information technology. Town. town. BPS Bangash Colony M.5. 52. BPS Chamanzar. 15. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. M. GMS Waris Khan. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi.C. 40. 41. 3. M. GMS Qasimabad. 51. Rawalpindi. Town. Rwalpindi. 2. 50. 1. College of Commerce Saddar. 43.C. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. BPS New Malpur M. 12. BPS Fauji Colony M. M. Rawalpindi.. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). GMS Amarpura.C. 45. 54. Rawalpindi.C. 44. 8. 5. Town. 39. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi. M. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Islamic International Commerce College.C. town.C.C. 4. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. M.C. 3.C. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Leadership College for Girls St. town. 47. 38. 6. BMS Amarpura. BPS Muslim Town M. MC.C. 48. Indus College of Commerce.C. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 2.2.C.C.C. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 55. 10. Rawalpindi. 53. St.C. 8. Capital College Murree Road. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. M. Rawalpindi.C.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 11. 14. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed.C. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.C. 42. Rawalpindi. 7. BPS Faiz abad M. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. 49. Rwalpindi. Shamsabad. 4. 9. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. MC. Rwalpindi. 13. Ojiri Camp. Morgah Rawalpindi. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 56. 1. 16. BPS Muslim Town. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. BPS Qasim abad. Leadership College for Boys St.4.2.

Rawalpindi Govt. 6.C.C.C. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Scheme No. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. College of Commerce.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. Vocational Training Institute (W).2 Satellite Town. 2. BHS Ratta Amral M. M. M. GHS Ratta Amral M. Institute of Commerce (W). (RMGTC). 6. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. GHS Teli Mohallah M.(ABAD).) PIA Colony Misrial Road. 8. 5. GHS Talab Pukhta 8.6. 1. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. High School Rawalpindi M.C. Institute of Commerce. Govt. 8. Govt. Rawalpindi.2.PIA College Rawalpindi City.3. Dhoke Syedan. Dhamial. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. M.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.C. 7. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Govt.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). MC. 3. Techincal Training Institute (W). 4.C. GHS Satellite Town M.C. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. BPS Affandi Colony 8.C. 5. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. BPS Ratta 18. Vocational Training Institute (W). 4. BHS Moti Baza M. BHS Millat Colony M. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. 9. 7. 3. Kartarpura. BHS Satellite Town M. Govt.

6. 2. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.4.G.5. Govt. 2. 3.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Quaid-e-Azam College. 7. 2.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Ordinance Road. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Sir Syed College.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Government Schools & Colleges 1. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Harley Street F. The Mall 1.G (C.G. 6.6. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. F. 5. Chaklala III 8. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . The Mall F. 3. 4. Private Schools and colleges 1. 4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 5.

7. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4. Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .

The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. lush lawns. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. play land. The Ayub National Park. Situated near the Ayub National Park. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. 300 acres. 9. covers 2. today this is a facility of 27 holes. These are the best way to see the city. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. founded in 1885. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.) Road. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. an aquarium. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater.1. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. lake with boating facility.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. It has a lake with boating facility. It covers an area of about 2. Meander through the bazaars. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. fountains and flower beds. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. From being a nine-hole course.300 acres and has a play area. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks.T. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. It has a playground.1.

To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Other areas of the park are used for walking. 9. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. fountains and flower beds. lions. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. One should try out during a visit here. was assassinated here in 1950.3. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. bears. is of historical interest due to its political processions. 2007 at same venue. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Some tigers. cheetahs. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.1.2. 9. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . The Park was opened in 1991. lawns. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. It has a play area for children. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. The first prime minister of Pakistan.

with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. parks. near Kachari Chowk. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962.and rain is common. Numerous roads leave. clubs and cafes.4. Murree and the Galis Murree.5. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. has expanded rapidly. churches. at 2. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. a little bit of England. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.240 meters (7. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Its cold pine forests.1. schools.400 feet). Jinnah Park. or riding in the new chair-lifts. In winter. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.1. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. Romi Park. Peshawar Road 9. Murree remained. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.even chilly in the evening . Since independence. Between the two runs The Mall. In summer it is cool . on the Karakoram Highway. especially at weekends. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Murree is lovely all year round. Civil Lines 9. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . complete with The Mall for promenading.1. where most people congregate. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. however. when the honor was transferred to Simla. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.6.

A restaurant has also been established. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Ayubia has a chair lift. It is 30 km from Murree. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. which like a ski-lift. hiking places and picnic spots. Patriata 25 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Natural springs abound on the slopes.). which is the highest point in the range. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. both rides cost about Rs. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Changlagali. In addition to riding trails. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The golf course here is open only to members. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Ayubia Khairagali. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree.

Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. flying squirrel and hill fox. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. hiking places. situated on the summit of a hill. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. The city of Rawalpindi. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Khaira Gali. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. golden eagle. you will find that the surface is clean. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. once you reach the summit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. For this. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. Islamabad.7. Asiatic leopard.1. In addition to riding trails. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. a sub category of the Montane Forests. better known as the Murree National Park. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. 9. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The animals include the Asiatic black bear.

1. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. terracotta. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.8. gold. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. However. walking sticks. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. Buddhist. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. Most of the sites at Taxila. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. which is the first stop for any tourist. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Here. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.9.1. at The Raja Bazaar. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. 48 km from Rawalpindi. There are 4000 objects displayed. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. are located around the Taxila Museum. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. iron and semiprecious stones. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. vicery of India in 1918. The Sarafa bazaar. including stone. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. cane baskets and furniture. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 .Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar.T. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. This is a place where you go by choice. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. but come out by sheer luck. shawls and jackets. Saddar bazaar. 9. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. you can find every thing which a common man can use. As it turns out. could not complete its original plan. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. stucco. 9. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.C to 500 AD. At the outset. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. silver. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. the museum. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan.

built in 1890 in memory of Brig. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan. on their way to Kashmir.Twice a year.T. Tapering cypress trees. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.T.T. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. gently flowing stream. Road.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Gen. Guru Nanak. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Ferishta and Jehangir.e. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Taxila. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. by the Department of Archaeology. loved by the Mughals.1. Islamabad. Today. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. i. left of G. The resort has a restaurant. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.5 acres. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. by his colleagues. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Road. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara.10. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. line the canals through which cool waters once. 9. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. This place offers scenic walks. Road. that is. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Road.3. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. It is situated at I. a minister of emperor Akbar. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. After several phases of development. at the foot of Margalla. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. G. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. home to several thousand people. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. From the clubhouse. one on the top of the hill and other below it. 9. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. Road Rawalpindi. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. T. Sports venues and stadiums 9.3. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. and the course itself. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club.T. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. on the G.1. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. with spring water falling within it. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. it is now a 27-hole course. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. was also built during this period. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. a small town has developed. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.

Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. 9. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Islamabad.000. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .3.2. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.

SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3.3.4.5. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .Glorious Rawalpindi 9. Rawalpindi Club.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. The Mall Saddar 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which is an achievement even internationally. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Therefore. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. identification of vehicles for registration etc. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Rescue 15 . The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. buildings collapse.1. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. rescue. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Response and Prevention. however personal visits are also allowed. SERVICES 10.1.2. crime reporting.1. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Community Awareness &Training.1. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. explosions.

13. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1.1. 12. perseverance. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 5.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 8.1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 9.3. Endurance. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 4. 7.4. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. patience. 6. 14. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 11. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 2. struggle. 3.

support. love and understanding.5. Children. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. The children are given security. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .1.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Old People and Disabled. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.

“The basic aim is that this orphan. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. both for itself and other organizations. detail of some among them is following. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Sales to these consumers were 39.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.1.733. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).008. boys and girls . 10.118 million rupees during July-September. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.7. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).2. this poor child. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.897. Power & Cement Sectors.46/-. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.280 HM3 worth 31. but the emphasis is on achievement.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Fertilizer. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .581.127." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.1. Urdu. not on Islamic political causes. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. General Industry. 2006. Domestic. now Companies Ordinance 1984. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).2. Here. to be sure. Distribution system consists of 46. SNGPL has 2. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.study together up until fifth grade. designing and construction of pipelines. 7.” 10.081 HM3 worth 107. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.

Attock.2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Cantt.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10. Chakwal.

000 and 5.2.7 million customers. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.

Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2.4. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Water Works No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of No. Pirwadahi Total No. Committee Chowk 4.2. 1 5. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Total No.

5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 6. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5. 3. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 4. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers.2. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). POST OFFICE GPO . Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 2. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity.

Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. rail and road.2. has numerous routes. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. In addition to freight. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.7. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . with many domestic and international flights every day. 2.6. both national and international. 1. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 .T.2. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. more recently. Motorway Interchange. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. which were completed in the 1990s. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.8. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. which connects Pakistan to China. Road) or. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. the world's highest international road.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . yellow cabs.2. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.9. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. For inter-city travel. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. auto-rickshaws. ranging from yellow taxis. and which operate constantly throughout the day.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mini-buses. Due to lack of planning of roads.

Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. construction of footpaths.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Rawalpindi. 5. installations of traffic signals. 2.1. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi.45 Km of main road with 1. Objectives 1. pedestrian over head bridges. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. relocation of structures. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. traffic signs. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. provision of efficient drainage system. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. 4. channelization of junctions. 3. median. pavement marking.

of Punjab / RDA.2. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. future land uses pattern. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. Task-III Economic Evaluation. 1. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt.T. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. land values & ownership pattern. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.00 million. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. land use plan. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. OD travel pattern. growth of income. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Detailed Traffic Engg. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . 2. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.

c. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Unluckily however. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. non standardized infrastructure support. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. f. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. b. enchroachments. unbalanced land use transport interaction. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. commercial. industrial.000 Cusecs 35. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 .Glorious Rawalpindi 11. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The Lai Nullah. d. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area.3. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. e.5 m 21. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.

1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. Until 1923. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. At that time. according to the old timers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. And. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1. Famous Historical Places 12.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.2.1. better known as The Mall . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. a famous dancing girl.1. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.3.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Lal Haveli In old times. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. 12. Sarafa Bazaar. it was home to Budhana Bibi.the glory of the cantonment . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. After independence.

Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. dense housing. the old quarters of the city. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.4. Like Multan. better known as the Purana Qilla. bay windows and doors. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.1. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.

tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Modern. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. 12.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.1. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2.2.2.

5. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. Flashman’s Hotel 12.4. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .3. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. 12.2.2.

1. Famous Restaurants 12.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.2.3.3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 12.

4. Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi.4. Rawalpindi. Sub Way . Saddar. Murree Road. 12. Saddar.1.International Near KFC.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.International . KFC .2. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.

Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Police Station Road 11. 4. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Bank Road 8. Canning Road 10.5. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Haider Road 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 3. 2. Peshawar Road 9. 6. 12.

College Road 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17. Tipu Road 16. Harding Road 14. 18.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .7. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8. off the Mall.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.

Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.10.

5. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 9. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 6. 8. Rawalpindi. 13. 10. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 27. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 14. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 28. 12. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 24. 18. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 11. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. 7. 23. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 21. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 15. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi. 4. 32. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 30. 26. 16. 29. 31. The Bank of Punjab. 19.

11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

That it was an ammunition dump. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. many thousands more were injured. Rawlapindi. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago.13. that it was Ojhri. This was a deliberate act of destruction. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Many. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. on April 10. But that was the extent of it. Theories abound. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. It was clear. 19 years ago. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. now. Soon.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Over 5000 people were killed.

Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. 2001. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

km. The total storage capacity is 47. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Margalla and Murree hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.1. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.8 sq. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. fishing and boating. Live storage is 43. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.000 acre feet (11763 MG).000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. which generates 84.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.

Therefore. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. due to monsoon. However.777 MCM. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.3. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. in general. whereas. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the outflow has been less than the inflow.687 MCM. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. after 2000. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.2. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. the flow was relatively high in June to August. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .783 MCM. 13. However. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Since its inception. outflow is 0.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

n. h.pk travel. c. s. f. e.geocities. q.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. o.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. r. g.rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Punjab Railway Station. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. S. e. p. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. n. b. Govt. b. l. l.gov. t. Rawalpindi Cities. Rawalpindi EDO Education. m. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. q. j. 1998 City Report.com Virtualglobetrottiong. EDO Health. p. a. i. i. k. Rawalpindi Post Office.mapsofworld.blogspot. k.absoluteastronomy. d. g. r. d.com Nrb www. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . h.com pakistanpeadia. o. m.com www. j.com Books & Etc. c. f.