Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ......... Jinnah Park.................................................................................. .. IESCO . 63 10......................................5....... Peshawar Road ....................2.......... 63 10..........1....................... Romi Park...5... KABBADI.................. 58 9..................3........................................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ......................................................................................................................... 42 8............ Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad .......2........2......................................... 45 9............................. Rawalpindi Public Park .......................................4............................................................................................. 46 9...............................................................................................2.......5........3........................... PTCL .............................. 54 9.............................................................2.................. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ....... Sports venues and stadiums ..........1.... 46 9.................................................1............... 50 9.............4..................1............................................................................................................................................................................................................................1............................................................................1...........2...........................3..............3...................................3....................................................................................1. 56 9..........................10......................................................................................................................3......... 61 10.......................................................................4............................1............................................................ ..... Rawalpindi Golf Course ....................... 51 9............1............................................... 62 10......Glorious Rawalpindi 8...................................................................................2.......................6.........................................6................................................... 49 9................... 42 8...5............................. Cinemas & Theatres .2......................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ............. 45 9.....2..2.....................................................8.......... 60 10... 51 9..................................3............................................. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ......................................... 57 9........ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)............................... 51 9.2..................................6................................................................................................... 61 10.................... Other Places Worth A Visit.............. SERVICES ... 62 10.Emergency Reporting Centre ...................................................... 49 9...................................................... The Raja Bazaar ..2........ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .................. Temple of Katas ...........1..... Cricket ............... 56 9..............................1.................................................................................................................................................... Kallar Kahar ....................................... Taxila Museum...... Medical Colleges .....................................5...................... 54 9. SOS Village ...................... Government Schools & Colleges .......1............ 60 10........................................................................................................................................3.............................4...1. Field Hockey ................................... Edhi Foundation .............. 53 9...... 64 10............................. Khewra Salt Mines ............... 48 9... Ayub National Park ....2..................................................................................... 58 10....... 44 9..............4.................................... 52 9...................................................4.....................9.... Army Hockey Stadium . Rescue 15 . 57 9...................... Rawalpindi Club.................................................. 44 9................................... The Mall Saddar ..1. Forts ... 51 9...................................... Darul Aman ..............4...........................................................1....1................. 46 9........................ SOME OTHER STADIUMS ........................4.....................................7... 63 10...............3.............................. Liaqat National Bagh .......................1......2.......... Private Schools and colleges ..... 42 8...........1.................................. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .........3................ 57 9.. Murree and the Galis ...................2............................................................. Civil Lines ..............................................3.............................................7........... 65 Company Profile .. 60 10....................................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district........................... Hassan Abdal.....7................. POLICE STATIONS........................... 60 10................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ...........................................6...... 41 8.......5.................................... 44 9...1..........1..............1................1. 57 9...1............................ RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .............................................. SPORTS & RECREATION ..... near Kachari Chowk..................2........ The Salt Range ................................... 43 9.........4......... Punjab............... 55 9.....1........1.... Utility Services .............................3...............3........................... 56 9..........................................

........................ 84 12........... 90 12...................................... RING ROAD .............................................2......................................................................................................... 81 12.......................................6....................... 68 10................8.............. 102 13............... Akbar International *** ......................7........................................................................................................................................... 93 12.......... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ................................................................2.................................................................................................................................... 100 12.............. 96 12................... 104 13.........2........ Jawa Dam ... Misriot Dam ........................................... Museums ........................... 70 10.. 75 12...............................................................1...................................... Public Transportation ....... Purana Qilla ............................................ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv .....3..........................................2.............................................. The Mall ..................................4..................................................2.................10........................ 75 12............13.......................................................... 78 12..................11...2................. 95 12.............................. Lai Nullah ................3.....................2................................................2............................................ 72 11...............................................................4...... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ......................... RAWAL LAKE.............................................. 73 11........... 78 12.......... Political Structure ........1............. 74 12................................................................................................................... Flashman’s Hotel..................................... 78 12..5.................................................................3................2......................................................1.............................................. 72 11............ Lasania Restaurant city ........... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ......... 67 10................ 76 12..5...........................1...14........................................... POST OFFICE ..... 81 12......6......................................... 76 12................ Libraries and Museums .............. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................. La Rosh Hotel..................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ............2............................................................. Islamabad International Airport Road .............9.................. WASA ..................12........................... 105 13............................................................. 66 10..2.2...... 82 12............................................................................................................................... Lal Haveli ....................................................1..... Shalimar Hotel ****..........................................................International ...........................................1........ 81 12............. 79 12...................................................4.......International ........ Airport ..2........1....................................1.....1..................................................................................... Famous Chowk....3.................... Hotel Civic .................9............ Lai Expressway ..........................................................3............................................................................................ Roads In Rawalpindi City ..............................2........................................................ 79 12........................ 80 12...............................8..........................3......................................2............1......................................................... FAMOUS Hotels ......................................(Rawalpindi) ..1.................................. Ancient Rawalpindi .................................. 68 10.... 79 12......................................... 75 12........ Highways ..........................................2....................... Railway Stations ................................................................... 104 13....................................................................... 80 12....... Sub Way ............7............ KFC ......................................... 80 12........4...............................Glorious Rawalpindi 10......................... 71 11....................................3.........................2...................................................................................................5................4.... 99 12......... WATER RESERVOIR ......................................................................4............................................................................................................................................... 98 12............. Famous Historical Places .... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ........ Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .....2...................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** . 77 12.................... Famous Restaurants.....

Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.e. This study contains information on population. communication net works. i. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . the area of its concern. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. education and the existing industries. infrastructure. health.

Jhelum. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. In 1849. the martial people of the area against the British domination. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. When Jhanda Khan. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. founded a new town nearby. has a long history spread over several millennia. Rawalpindi City. However. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. HISTORY Rawalpindi. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). also known as Pindi. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. until 1765. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. battle with Gakhars. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody.e. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. a Ghakkar Chief . The Rawals a jogi tribe. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi.

Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. the Afghan war and martial law. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. The city is home to many industries and factories. in Liaquat Garden. water is stored by building dams.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. before Pakistan came into existence. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances.e. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. In 1951. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. he was welcomed rousingly. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Liaquat Ali Khan. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. famous for its floods. Many Government buildings were set on fire. and it serves the city along with the capital. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Cantonment and city. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly.e. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Nala Lai. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad.

01’ North latitudes and 72°. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Chakwal. 2.1. in the province of Punjab. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.37’ East longitudes. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Location It lies between 33°. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.38’ and 73°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .04’ 34°.

033333 Altitude. Estimate. 2.059.6. of Towns.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 70. 8 Population.2. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.059. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. PST (UTC+5) No. 051 Time zone.300. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.6.286 km² Calling code.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.000 (1998) 3. Area. 73.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 73. 500 meters AMSL 5.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .

comprising Potoharis. temp is 17. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.3. In summer. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The coldest month is Jan. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. and Pakhtuns.6 Degree Centigrade.7 C and Min 2. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . Punjabis.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. when the mean max. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. The weather is highly unpredictable. Muhajirs.06 Degree Centigrade per month .

second for the relatives and third for self and own family. More than men. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). There are many mosques throughout the city. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. On this day. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". No sooner it is sited.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Here too the poor are not forgotten. one for distribution among the poor. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. 3. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim.1. In addition to the two Eids. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. On Eid day.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. The roads.a ritual in which everyone shares. modesty and good behaviour. others being truthfulness. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah.

Summi. Bhangra. railways and the police force. St. Music and dancing are also common. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St.2. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . wrestling. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Chaunji Trap. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. tent pegging and Bini. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. There are two Churches in Saddar. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. 3. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. education. Young people prefer Kabaddi.Paul Church. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .3. and to the historical region of Punjab. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. historical and political ties to the country. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. Hinduism After the Partition of India. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.4.

The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.1. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity.1. 4. red or velvet. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. Islamabad. CULTURE 4. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.3. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Later in 1971. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. 1940. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.1. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. when Pakistan. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. On 23rd March. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.2. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.

4. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. 4. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. the other name of mienu. sweet and ornaments etc.3. bangles. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. The usual ornaments like ear rings. the bride’s parents feast the party. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. After the religious formalities.4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Tea is popular all over the district. Khaki or grey. 4. Due to good weather condition in the district. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket.2. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran.1. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. To mold into the colors of ubton. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. health of population is generally better.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4.4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.2. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.

especially women. 4.4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.3. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. All the guests. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .

The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.5. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Besides. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif.

potato. pharmaceutical. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Welding. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. sewing machines etc. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. industrial gas processing. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. bajra. medium and small industrial units. hosiery. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. furniture. Auto knitting and commerce etc. beverages and fruit preservation. citrus. and factories making tents. pears.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Metallurgy. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. cigarettes. pottery. iron mills. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. and vegetables are the major products of the city. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. and leather goods. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. steel re-rolling. about 1. railroad yards. a brewery. sawmills. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. Drafting. glass products. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. textiles.6% of district population is directly employed in large.000 spindles. apples.021 power looms.000 persons i. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. maize. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. apricots. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Air conditiong. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 .e. marble processing.000b spindles and 1.

2. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. gold seals and such like. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. The chief families of Gakkhar. except ploughing. These only form a small percentage of the total population. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Kohlis and a few others. do not require detailed notice. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . is misleading. gold threads. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. Brahmans. will go to far from their homes for such work. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. chiefly silk goods.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. Like the men of the tribe. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. 5. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds.1. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. towns of the district. so-called. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. They also deal largely in hides. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Janjuas. by courtesy.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . and Salgraon. The chairs cost from Re. 40. 1 to Rs. Kuri-Dolal. Fatehjang. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. tehsil Rawapindi. tehsil Kahutta. Chauntra. known as abri. 8. or low chairs. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. embroidered shoes. and Hazro. known as phur. saddles are the principal articles made. costing from Re. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. costing from Rs. especially in tehsil Kahuta. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 1 to Rs. make padlocks of iron. 6. tehsil Pindigheb. or khair wood. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. phulaa. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Pindigheb. chappris. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Baking-plates are also made here. neighboring villages. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. 20. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Leather manufacturers have diminished. The lohars of Manianda. Pihras. according to size. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. from Re: 1 to Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Reed matting. 10 for the set of 4. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. where wood is plentiful. and are made of Shisham. the spinning wheels.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Phulkaris are made in many places. and at Makhad.3.5 to Rs.

which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Mr. rough in execution but fairly good in color. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.4.4. or earthen-jars. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Lockwood Kipling. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. as there is said to have once been. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. Popular Industries 5.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. as else where. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Here.1. have been procured. 5. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. especially of it is exported across the Indus. at Fatehjang. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. both lie on the Indus bank.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab.

patti and other handicrafts. brush finishing. handling & storing. ustaad and unskilled workers. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. honed finishing etc. Sangjani. Karachi and Lahore. sand blasting. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. acid finishing. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. cutting & sizing. which are also in small quantities. flower vases and fountains. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. phool. Most of the labor has education level below primary. I-9/1 and I-9/3. tiles. bush hammering. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Rawalpindi. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Major processes include loading/unloading. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. and other areas of Rawalpindi city.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone.

4. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.2. 6. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 2.000 cubic ft. 4. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 9. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 8. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 5. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 3. It is below 50%. 1. The average cost of this wood is around Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used.000-300. 7. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 10. Hardly.

Once your furniture business gets off. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. etc. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. and you should take care to build good customer relations. By stocking the best quality goods. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. so that must be kept in mind. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. and selling innovative products. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. shelves. sofas. are in huge demand in the City. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail.000 people. Therefore. Even couches. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. The establishments in the city need showcases. side tables and stools. since all kinds of furniture. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. A Report by Ms. consoles are in demand. schools. lockers. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Your marketing strategies must be good. You can sell wood or metal furniture. lampshades. Polish affects the quality of the material. from office to lounge furniture. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. hotels and restaurants. Be sure to include photographs.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. lamps stands. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. as well as residential areas.

28 ditto. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. and is not distilled nor purified in any way.5. The total oil collected is about 1.000 gallons per year. No. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. leaving the oil above. No. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. In 1887-89. 30 miles from Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 50 feet.16 per hundred gallons. 100 feet. in the Bannu district. 5. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. No. 5. Five borings have been made. 2. three miles from Fatehjang. 4 inches in diameter each. 80 feet. petroleum and wood. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . Fatehjang. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. etc. It is made from mustard oil. Rs. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No.6. The petroleum costs. The petroleum now costs Rs. 3. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 4. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. 60 feet. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. Kalabagh oil…. The oil is used in its raw state. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. transmitted light..200 gallons last year. the churches. No. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. The borings are 35 feet from each other. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water.600 gallons per annum. No. This is thrown into a cistern. 1 is 100n feet deep. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. The oil is collected as it. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. and Kalabagh on the Indus.

Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Shahjahanpur. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. charas. thick cloths. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt.1. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. for seed. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. was exported to Kashmir. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. leather from Kashmir.. refined Sugar from Bombay. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Ghee. fruits. and Gujrat. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. it is believed. fruits from Kashmir. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. hardware from Amritsar. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Wazirabad. rice being little grown. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. timber. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Peshawar. are exported to some small extent. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. chiefly deodar. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Silk from Amritsar. and that of inferior quality in this district. timber. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. rice from neighboring districts. described above. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Yarkand and Ladakh. Kashmir and Sawat. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. from Kashmir. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. gur from Sialkot. Hazro and Makhad. Sialkot. however. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. ra and the sea-ports. dyes. Delhi and Gujranwala. metals. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Jallundur. from Kashmir. & c. chiefly. Jallundur and Meerut. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. and Peshawar. Peshawar. Peshawar. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. pattus.

Heavy Mechanical Complex. distillery. 9. pottery. furniture. 17. marble processing. glass products. 22. sewing machines etc. Petroleum Refinery. 10. cigarettes. steel re-rolling. No. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . glass products. 19. 24. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. cigarettes. beverages and fruit preservation. and leather goods. Sr.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. industrial gases. pharmaceuticals. mineral processing. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. cement. 15. 18. and factories making tents. railroad yards. 14. cotton and woolen Textiles. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. textiles. 1. 2. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 7. 20.2. iron mills. 4. 3. 5. hosiery. 16. 23. 6. poultry feed. a brewery. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 13. flour mills. 21. sawmills. 8.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 12.1. Heavy Foundry and Forge.

Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 34. 41. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 42.C. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 35. 31. 40. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit.3. local/national/international demand.V. if lacking is manageable. 36. 47. Therefore. 46. 44. 33. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. linkage between the industrial units. 26. 29. 43.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. skilled labour. 32. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.C. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 37. 38. however. i) ii) 45.C. 30. 39. 27.

6. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3% of national GDP. glass. footwear. dolomite bentonite. leather Products. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. 6. poultry/cattle feed. gypsum.2. jawar. In addition. Minerals Fire clay. 6.3. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. which accounted 11.4. meat/poultry processing units.3. veneer board. maize. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. etc. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. Silica sand. 6.1.3. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. there also exist good prospects for tannery. Pharmaceuticals. In this area there is good scope for furniture. its major crops and fruit are wheat. cotton. leather garments. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. woolen. cement.3.5 billion for the year 2001-02. ground nut.3. Soda ash. employs 48. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.3. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. cigarettes.5. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. Oil refinery. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. guava and apple. It accounts for 38. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. rock salt.

sports wear etc. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. wires etc. household appliances. electric cables.3.9. electrical accessories. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. fashion apparel. pharmaceutical.3. ready made garments for men and women.7. sanitary fitting. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. children wear.4. suitable for wide spread fish farming. rubberized/mechanical toys. woolen knitwear. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. machine made carpets. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. glass hollow-ware.6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . cosmetics. 6. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. 6. has now emerged as a potential investment area. POF etc.8.3. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. glass ample. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 6. Steel. 6. confectionery. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. 6.3. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. steel furniture. PVC pipes. Besides. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. Attock Refinery.

Most of these deposits are unexploited. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. Therefore.1. 6. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Currency and Mint. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. 6. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. The inhabitants. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries.4. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures.4. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .2.

Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.5. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.4. of tourism.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. Human Resource Development (HRD). machinery & equipment. including the development of Industrial Zones.15 million. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. Hospitals. Plant. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3. not manufactured locally. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.6. Technical/Vocational Training. Medical and Diagnostic Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.4. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4.3 million.3 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. 6. Social Sector Activities: Education.

Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. not manufactured locally.2. imported by tourism. voicemail services. Bakery Products 1. machinery and equipment. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. not manufactured locally. Murree Brewery Company LTD. hotels and tourism related projects.5. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 6. Plant.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad.e. Details of machinery are Plant. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. machinery & equipment.) LTD Bakery.5. Ltd. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. not manufactured locally. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Classic Capital (Pvt. 5. audio-fax services. imported by the manufacturing industries. Plant.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT.5. 2. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. 4. Beverage 6. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. machinery and equipment. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . 3. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i.1. card pay phone services etc.

16.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Domestic Hardware 11. Chip/Straw Board 9. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.6.8. W. Diapers Plant 10. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.T. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar Road 6. Cement Products 7. . Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals.4. Ceramics Products 8. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5.5. IPRAM International.5. NEOMEDIX . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . 15.3. 14. Old G. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.5. Adyala Road 17. 12. Capital Plywood Industry. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Road Morgah 6. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.7.

Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills.9. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Railway Workshop Road 25.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Adyala Road 21. Ratta Road 29. Flour Mills 23. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Rawat 27.5. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Westridge 36. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Habib Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Olive Laboratories .Rawat 35. Westridge 32. Ratta Road 34. Naswari Bazar 24. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Westridge 38. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Seham Road 37. Peshawar Road 41.

11.5.) Ltd. Food Products 45. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .14. Tops Food & Beverages . Kashmir Road 6.13.5.5. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Poultry Feeds 53.10. National Park Road 6. LPG Cylinders 51. Rawat Flour Mills. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.5. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Bangash Colony. Pirwadhai 46. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. JI Interprises. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Plastic Products 52. Rawat 43. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Fine Plastic Works. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.12.

18.15.5. Tyre and Tubes 58.5.5.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.19. Adamjee Street 6. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Westridge 6.20.M. Refinery 55.. D. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.16. Textile Spinning 57.17. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. (Pvt) Ltd.5.Textile Mills Ltd. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.. Unani Medicines 59. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Textile Composite 56.5. Peshawar Road 7.

Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad.1.2. 2. 4. 7. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 8.3. This region is full of Health facilities. 2. 9. MCH Centres 1. 2. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 10. 5. 3. Government Hospitals 1. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 7. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi.4. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road.5. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Govt. 6. 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 3.

6. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.7. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Combined Military Hospital 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .

Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Batool Hospital H-241.A. 7.8. 5551237 8. Fatima Clinic 993-B. 3. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi Cantt. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Rawalpindi.I. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Bazar Road. 1. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Shakoors V. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Off Murree Road. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors.P. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. 3. 10. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22.425 7th Road. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Rawalpindi 15. 2. 6. BH Building. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 7. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Satellite Town.9. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Dr. Rawalpindi 11. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Dr. 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Said pur Road. 17. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Satellite Town. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Rawalpindi 12. Satellite Town. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 5. Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. 3. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Rawalpindi 14. Near Hydri Chowk.

Muhammed became her legal guardian. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . This gift to the nation.1. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. The building has an architectural splendor.1. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. University of Arid Agriculture. its daughters. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. 8. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. After their father's death (1901). Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.1. Universities 8. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. As it stands. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.2.1.

College Asghar Mall. 1.1. No.2. 5. College. Hashmat Ali Isl.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. College St. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi. Govt. College for women St. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. 3. Name of the Institution Govt.1. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi.2. Town. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . 4. Govt. Colleges 8. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. Gorden College. Govt.2.3. Govt. Rawalpindi 2. Town. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. 1. No. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Rawalpindi.2. 2.

College of Advance Technology. 33. 25. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Civil College of Commerce St. 26. Town. Rawalpindi.2. Punjab College of Information Technology. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. St. Rawalpindi. 10. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi. St. Educator College. OPF-girls Secondary School St. town. 11. 3. 7. Sadiqabad. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Town. 8. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 4. 30. town. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 19. Rawalpindi. 23. 17. Leader College 6th Road. 35. Town. Town. Rahimabad airport Road. 13. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Town. 31. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 29. 20. town. 27. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 1. Rawalpindi. Universal College. Rawalpindi. 34. 2. 32. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 6. 18. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 9. National Science College Murree Road. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Town. 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Saddar. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi. Leaders College of Commerce. St. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 24. Town. 28. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Saddar. town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Rawalpindi. town. St. Rawalpindi 36. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Rwp. 22. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road.3. 14. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Town. 15. Kashmir Road.

1. BMS Amarpura. Leadership College for Girls St. Town. 39. 38. 8.. 2. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. town.C. 54. Rawalpindi.C. M. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi. 3. 42. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 6.C. Inflorescence College of modern . GMS Qasimabad. Rawalpindi. 49. 51. 15.C. M. 50. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). BPS Bangash Colony M. Rawalpindi. Indus College of Commerce. 2. MC. College of Commerce Saddar. Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St.C.C. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 3. 14. M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 5. 56. Rawalpindi. 55. M. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 46.2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 53. 44.5. M.C. St. Rawalpindi College for Boys. BPS Muslim Town M. 4.C. 45. Islamic International Commerce College.C. 52.C. Rawalpindi. Town. Shamsabad. 1. BPS Dhok Paracha M. BPS New Malpur M. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 40. BPS Fauji Colony M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 11. BPS Muslim Town. Rwalpindi. 47. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Town. town. 43. Rawalpindi. MC. Rwalpindi. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala.C. 8. GMS Amarpura. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 48.C. BPS Chamanzar.C. 7. 8. M. Rawalpindi Cantt.C.C. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. BPS Qasim abad.C. Rawalpindi.4. Ojiri Camp. M. St. BPS Faiz abad M. Punjab College of information technology.2. Rwalpindi. Morgah Rawalpindi. 13. Capital College Murree Road. 9. M. 12. 4. Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Boys St.C. 41. 16. 10. GMS Waris Khan.C.C. town.C.

BHS Satellite Town M. 7.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C. M. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Cantt. Techincal Training Institute (W). 5.(ABAD). Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk.C. 5. MC.C. (RMGTC). 8. Dhamial. BHS Millat Colony M. GHS Ratta Amral M. Dhoke Syedan. BPS Affandi Colony 8.2 Satellite Town.3. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 2. 4. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Vocational Training Institute (W). Scheme No. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Institute of Commerce (W).2. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 8. High School Rawalpindi M. College of Commerce. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi (Cantt.6.C. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Vocational Training Institute (W).C. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C.C. Govt. 3. M. 7. BHS Moti Baza M. 9. Govt. Rawalpindi.C. BHS Ratta Amral M. Govt. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. Kartarpura.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.C. GHS Satellite Town M.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 6. Institute of Commerce. M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. 4.C.

Govt. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Quaid-e-Azam College. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 6. 4. 2.G. 7. 2. 5. Government Schools & Colleges 1.G. 4. Ordinance Road. Harley Street F. 3. Sir Syed College. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Private Schools and colleges 1. 2. The Mall 1.5. Chaklala III 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall F.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G (C. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 6. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 3. F.4. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .6. 5. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

7. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 4. Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

1.) Road. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. an aquarium.T. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Meander through the bazaars. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. founded in 1885. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. lush lawns.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. play land. lake with boating facility. today this is a facility of 27 holes. 300 acres. covers 2.300 acres and has a play area. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. It covers an area of about 2. It has a lake with boating facility. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. fountains and flower beds. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. It has a playground. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. The Ayub National Park.1. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.1. These are the best way to see the city. From being a nine-hole course. 9. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out.

First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.3. fountains and flower beds. 9. cheetahs. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. One should try out during a visit here. 2007 at same venue.1. 9. The Park was opened in 1991. Other areas of the park are used for walking. is of historical interest due to its political processions. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park.1.2. The first prime minister of Pakistan. It has a play area for children. bears. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. lions. Some tigers. lawns. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. was assassinated here in 1950. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .

however. churches. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . schools. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. has expanded rapidly. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876.1. on the Karakoram Highway.5.4.400 feet). Peshawar Road 9. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. a little bit of England. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Its cold pine forests. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Numerous roads leave. where most people congregate. when the honor was transferred to Simla. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Between the two runs The Mall. Romi Park. In winter.6.1. Jinnah Park. In summer it is cool . Since independence.240 meters (7. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Civil Lines 9. clubs and cafes. especially at weekends. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Murree and the Galis Murree. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.even chilly in the evening . Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).and rain is common.1. near Kachari Chowk. parks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. or riding in the new chair-lifts. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. complete with The Mall for promenading. at 2. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Murree is lovely all year round. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Murree remained.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.

Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Natural springs abound on the slopes. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. hiking places and picnic spots. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). A restaurant has also been established. Patriata 25 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. Ayubia has a chair lift. In addition to riding trails. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge.). which is the highest point in the range. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. which like a ski-lift. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. Changlagali.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Ayubia Khairagali. The golf course here is open only to members. both rides cost about Rs. It is 30 km from Murree.

The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. flying squirrel and hill fox. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The city of Rawalpindi. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. hiking places. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.7. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. once you reach the summit. you will find that the surface is clean. Asiatic leopard.1. In addition to riding trails. better known as the Murree National Park. For this. a sub category of the Montane Forests. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Khaira Gali. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. situated on the summit of a hill. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. 9. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Islamabad. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. golden eagle. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful.

The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. As it turns out. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. This is a place where you go by choice. are located around the Taxila Museum. silver. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Here. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. 48 km from Rawalpindi. Potohar shoes and Chappals. but come out by sheer luck. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. Saddar bazaar. stucco. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Buddhist. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. walking sticks. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. you can find every thing which a common man can use. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. terracotta. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. The Sarafa bazaar. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford.1. iron and semiprecious stones. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. cane baskets and furniture. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. gold. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.9. could not complete its original plan.T. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art.1. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. However. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. Most of the sites at Taxila. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar.8. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. which is the first stop for any tourist. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. There are 4000 objects displayed. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. vicery of India in 1918. At the outset. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. at The Raja Bazaar. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. 9. shawls and jackets. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. including stone. 9. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad.C to 500 AD. the museum. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. The Raja Bazaar commences from here.

T. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. by the Department of Archaeology. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. and the modern capital of Pakistan.1. Ferishta and Jehangir. left of G.e. by his colleagues.T.5 acres. The resort has a restaurant. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. that is. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. gently flowing stream. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Tapering cypress trees.Twice a year. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Today. Road. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. on their way to Kashmir. i.10. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Gen. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. 9. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages.T. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. line the canals through which cool waters once. loved by the Mughals. Islamabad. Government of Pakistan. Taxila. This place offers scenic walks. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Road. Guru Nanak. Road. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course.3. a small town has developed. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. at the foot of Margalla. was also built during this period. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future.T. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Road Rawalpindi. home to several thousand people. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. on the G. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Sports venues and stadiums 9. and the course itself. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. with spring water falling within it. G. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort.3. it is now a 27-hole course. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose.1. T. It is situated at I. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. a minister of emperor Akbar. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Road. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. 9. From the clubhouse. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. After several phases of development.

The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Islamabad. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. 9. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.3. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.000.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.2. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .

4. Rawalpindi Club.3.3. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.3.5. The Mall Saddar 9. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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however personal visits are also allowed. crime reporting. Therefore.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. 10. Community Awareness &Training. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. Rescue 15 . Response and Prevention. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. SERVICES 10. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. which is an achievement even internationally.1.1. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. explosions.1.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response.2. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. identification of vehicles for registration etc. rescue. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . buildings collapse. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.

2. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 4.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 8. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 6.3.1. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.1. 9. 5. 3. 11. patience. perseverance. 14. 10. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. Endurance.4. 12. struggle. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 13. 7.

5. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. The children are given security.1. love and understanding.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Children. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Old People and Disabled. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. support.1. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.

Distribution system consists of 46. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). General Industry.7. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.280 HM3 worth 31. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. 7. boys and girls . detail of some among them is following. not on Islamic political causes.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. now Companies Ordinance 1984.1. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. Urdu. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .46/-. Power & Cement Sectors. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.” 10. “The basic aim is that this orphan.2. 10.study together up until fifth grade. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. 2006. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). this poor child. Here. to be sure.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. but the emphasis is on achievement.581.733. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. Fertilizer. Sales to these consumers were 39.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.1. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. Domestic. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. SNGPL has 2.127. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.008. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.081 HM3 worth 107. both for itself and other organizations.897.2. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).118 million rupees during July-September. designing and construction of pipelines.

Attock.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt. SNGPL.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Chakwal.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.

PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.7 million customers.000 and 5. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.3. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.8 million V-fone customers. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.

of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Committee Chowk 4. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2.2. of No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 1 5. Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Water Works No. Pirwadahi Total No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.4.

Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 6. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. POST OFFICE GPO . Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1.5. 3. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS).2. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5. 2. 4. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers.

Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. 2.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. both national and international. rail and road. 1. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. with many domestic and international flights every day. Rawalpindi 10.2. In addition to freight.6.2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. has numerous routes. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.2. Road) or. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. more recently. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . which connects Pakistan to China. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. the world's highest international road. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Motorway Interchange.8. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. which were completed in the 1990s.T. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Rawalpindi.

Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. For inter-city travel. yellow cabs.9. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. auto-rickshaws. and which operate constantly throughout the day. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. ranging from yellow taxis. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. mini-buses. Due to lack of planning of roads. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.2.

1. 3. pedestrian over head bridges. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. traffic signs. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. provision of efficient drainage system. 5. Objectives 1. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. channelization of junctions. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. relocation of structures.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. installations of traffic signals. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. 2. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce.45 Km of main road with 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. pavement marking. construction of footpaths. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. median. Rawalpindi. 4.

OD travel pattern. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. land use plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .T. land values & ownership pattern. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Detailed Traffic Engg. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. growth of income. 1. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. future land uses pattern. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. of Punjab / RDA. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.00 million. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.2. Task-III Economic Evaluation.

c. non standardized infrastructure support. industrial. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills.000 Cusecs 35. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. f. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced.5 m 21. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The Lai Nullah. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7.3. enchroachments. commercial. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. d. e. b. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Unluckily however. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. health and educational activity for northern Punjab.

An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.1. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. And. Until 1923. according to the old timers. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities.1. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. At that time.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Historical Places 12. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.

Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. After independence. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. it was home to Budhana Bibi. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.the glory of the cantonment . Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. a famous dancing girl.3. better known as The Mall . Lal Haveli In old times.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Sarafa Bazaar. 12.1.1. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.2.

1. bay windows and doors. the old quarters of the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. Like Multan. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. dense housing. cut brick corbellings. Pakpattan or Lahore.4. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. better known as the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .

FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. 12. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2. Modern.2.1. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.

2.4.5.3. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2. Rawalpindi. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.

3. Rawalpindi.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .2. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.1.

Saddar.1.International . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . KFC .International Near KFC. Saddar. Murree Road.4.4. Sub Way . Rawalpindi.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Rawalpindi. 12. Murree Road.

Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .5. Police Station Road 11. 4. Haider Road 12. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Bank Road 8. 3. 2. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 6. Peshawar Road 9. Canning Road 10.

Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . Tipu Road 16. Harding Road 14. 18. 17. College Road 15.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.7. houses and narrow streets. There are many old buildings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

off the Mall.8.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .000 books which are updated at regular interval.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

Bank Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 14. 29. 10. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 13. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 12. 20. 24. 23. Saudi Pak Comm. 11. 30. 27. 6. 19. Citi Bank N A. 21. Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 9. 32. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 4. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 31. 5. 17. 25. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 26. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 28. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 15. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

But that was the extent of it. Many. many thousands more were injured. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. now. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. 19 years ago. Theories abound. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and.13. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Soon. Over 5000 people were killed. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. It was clear. on April 10. that it was Ojhri. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Rawlapindi. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. That it was an ammunition dump. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. 2001. On July 23. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.23 Billion.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

km. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic.1. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.8 sq. which generates 84.000 acre feet (11763 MG). WATER RESERVOIR 13. Live storage is 43. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Margalla and Murree hills. fishing and boating. The total storage capacity is 47. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Rawalpindi and Islamabad.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.500 acre feet (12994 MG).

777 MCM. outflow is 0. 13.687 MCM. in general. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. whereas. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. However.2. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However. after 2000. However. the flow was relatively high in June to August.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.783 MCM. Therefore. Since its inception. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. Jawa dam which operational in 1997.3. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. due to monsoon.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

Wikipedia Encyclopedia. EDO Health. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. g. e.gov. o. i. s.absoluteastronomy. t. Rawalpindi EDO Education. h. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. f. p.com Books & Etc. n. Punjab Railway Station.com www. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . Rawalpindi Post Office. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi.rawalpindi. d. n. i. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. b. m. j. c. o.mapsofworld. k.geocities. Govt. c. f. q. e.blogspot.com Virtualglobetrottiong. r. r. h. S. g. d. l. k.com Nrb www.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Rawalpindi Cities.com pakistanpeadia. p. 1998 City Report. a. q.pk travel. m. j. b. l.