Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

............5................................ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .... 62 10..................... Private Schools and colleges ....Glorious Rawalpindi 8......................1......... Forts ........................1...2........8..................1...................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ........................................................................... 56 9......................................................... 57 9.... Edhi Foundation ......................................................................... PTCL ... 53 9......... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .......... Hassan Abdal....................................... Punjab..........................................................1...2.....................3... 63 10.................................................. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ................................... 46 9.....................................1..2......... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi . 48 9..................................................................1................................................... POLICE STATIONS..................... SOS Village ..............2..........................................3........................2.............. ..... Medical Colleges .. Cinemas & Theatres ................1......................................................5.......................... Government Schools & Colleges ............. 61 10..............1................ Temple of Katas ............ Rawalpindi Club..........................5..... 51 9.................................... Jinnah Park......... The Raja Bazaar ..............................................1............................................. The Mall Saddar ..........................9................................ Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ................1........................................ Romi Park..........................................................................................1.. Other Places Worth A Visit...............................4......3.........................................1......................................... 43 9................................ 64 10.................. 60 10..............1............ 50 9....................................................................... 49 9.............................1............................................................................1...............2.......................................................... Liaqat National Bagh ....................................................... Darul Aman ......... 58 10..................2.... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..... Peshawar Road ......................................... Ayub National Park .........1......... 44 9........... 41 8............................. 44 9......3..... 42 8...........1............................................1...................... 62 10. 42 8....................................................................................................................................................................... 60 10........................ 61 10........................2. Kallar Kahar ....... 60 10............................6....7..................................... SERVICES ...... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ......... 45 9.......................... 51 9............................................ Taxila Museum.................................... IESCO ..................... 51 9.................... 57 9. 54 9................................................ 57 9.... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district......................... Cricket ........................................................................................... KABBADI........................ 45 9....5....................... 56 9................................... SPORTS & RECREATION .................................................................4.............1....................................................................................................................7..........6...................2............................10...........2........ Murree and the Galis ........... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ................... 57 9.....................................3..................................3.............1........................Emergency Reporting Centre ..................................................................................... 55 9... 60 10....... Field Hockey ..................................................................................... 54 9.............................. Civil Lines ...................................... Rescue 15 .....1....................................................................................................................... 52 9.2........................................ RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .....................................3................. near Kachari Chowk..........6............ 63 10................................................7...3.......................................................... 46 9..................................................... The Salt Range ....... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ..... 56 9...................................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ......................4...4..............................................1................................... Rawalpindi Public Park ........................2....4........2.............. ......................................................2......................... 46 9...............1.3........................................4..... 44 9.....................3............................... 42 8...............5..............................4......... Utility Services ..................1.........3......3. 58 9............................2..........2.................................................................. 63 10........ Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .4.............................. 51 9............................... Sports venues and stadiums ......3........... Khewra Salt Mines ........6....... Army Hockey Stadium ..1...............................................................................................5.................... 49 9...4........................ 65 Company Profile ...............................

................... Ancient Rawalpindi ......................2....................................International .............2.....................14................................... 68 10..............5..................................................4. 82 12...............................................2.................................... 93 12..... Highways ...............................2...8...... Famous Historical Places ...........3................12........................... 76 12............. 96 12....................6.....................................2................ 99 12................................. 67 10................................................................ 77 12.. Misriot Dam .....11................................................................................................................................................. 81 12. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ...2...............3.....2................................................... 81 12......3.....................................................................................1..........3.................................................................................................................................................................... Akbar International *** ...................................1.......10....................... 105 13...... 70 10........................................1................................................................... Railway Stations ..2.... 76 12........ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .......................................................3.......2............................................................1.................... 75 12................................. 73 11....... 84 12...................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................................................................................... 72 11.........2.................. Roads In Rawalpindi City ............... Sub Way ..............................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10...... POST OFFICE ..................................................................... La Rosh Hotel.........................................8........................................................................................................................9......................................................... 98 12.......................................................... 75 12........................................................................................... Lai Nullah .......................... Flashman’s Hotel........................4.......................1.........................9..2... Public Transportation .... 90 12........................... Libraries and Museums ..2................. WASA .............................7............. 72 11................... Purana Qilla ............. 68 10............... 71 11..................... KFC ..13..................................3.....................2.......................... 80 12.................................. 79 12........... 79 12............................................................................................................................................................. 80 12....... Islamabad International Airport Road ......................................2................................ 66 10...... Political Structure .. 78 12................... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ....................................................................................................................... Lal Haveli ...........1.2............. 81 12............ 95 12........................................................ 102 13..............................5.......................................................................................... Lai Expressway ..4...................................................................................................... Jawa Dam ........... Airport .......................................................... 104 13........................... RING ROAD ..... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .................1..............(Rawalpindi) ............ Famous Restaurants.........................International ..........1................................ 78 12................................................................................ WATER RESERVOIR ...................................................................5... Lasania Restaurant city ................................. Hotel Civic ............................. RAWAL LAKE.4... 80 12.......................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ......................................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ...................................................................... Museums ....2........................1........................................... 74 12..................................... Famous Chowk........ FAMOUS Hotels ................... 100 12.......................................................................................3................................................................... The Mall ........................................................ 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ...1..........................................1... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....... Shalimar Hotel ****............................................7.............................................2............... 79 12............6...........................................2.................... 75 12........4.................. 78 12......4..................................... 104 13..........

education and the existing industries. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . This study contains information on population. health. i. infrastructure.e. the area of its concern. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. communication net works.

Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. a Ghakkar Chief . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . founded a new town nearby. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. When Jhanda Khan. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. In 1849. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. HISTORY Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Jhelum. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Although they did not succeed. The Rawals a jogi tribe. until 1765. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866.e. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. However. Rawalpindi City. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. also known as Pindi. has a long history spread over several millennia. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. battle with Gakhars. but the British did realize that if they want to rule.

With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. he was welcomed rousingly. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Liaquat Ali Khan. in Liaquat Garden. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Cantonment and city. Many Government buildings were set on fire. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. there was a good deal of agitation in the district.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. the Afghan war and martial law. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. before Pakistan came into existence. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. water is stored by building dams. and it serves the city along with the capital.e.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement.e. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. The city is home to many industries and factories. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. In 1951. Nala Lai. famous for its floods. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .38’ and 73°. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. 2. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Chakwal. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. in the province of Punjab.37’ East longitudes. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.04’ 34°.1. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Location It lies between 33°.01’ North latitudes and 72°.

5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 051 Time zone. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 2.300. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.000 (1998) 3.6. 500 meters AMSL 5. 73.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.550 (2007) Literacy rate. of Towns. Estimate.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area.2.6. 70.286 km² Calling code. 8 Population. 73. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .059. PST (UTC+5) No.033333 Altitude.059.

while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. comprising Potoharis. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. and Pakhtuns. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.6 Degree Centigrade. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The coldest month is Jan. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. temp is 17.3. The weather is highly unpredictable. when the mean max. Punjabis.7 C and Min 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. In summer. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 .The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. Muhajirs.

women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). modesty and good behaviour. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . There are many mosques throughout the city. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world.a ritual in which everyone shares. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. others being truthfulness. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. one for distribution among the poor. On Eid day.1. Here too the poor are not forgotten. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. No sooner it is sited. On this day. In addition to the two Eids. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). More than men. 3. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. The roads. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah.

education. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered.Paul Church. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. railways and the police force. Chaunji Trap. There are two Churches in Saddar. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Summi. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. 3. tent pegging and Bini. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim.2. wrestling. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Music and dancing are also common. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. St. Bhangra. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hinduism After the Partition of India. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 3.3. historical and political ties to the country. and to the historical region of Punjab. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.4. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place.

This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. CULTURE 4. Islamabad. On 23rd March. when Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. 4.1. red or velvet. 4.1. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.1. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. Later in 1971.3. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.2. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. 1940. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. After the religious formalities. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. sweet and ornaments etc. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. To mold into the colors of ubton. the other name of mienu. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Tea is popular all over the district. Khaki or grey. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.3. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.2.4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. health of population is generally better. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. the bride’s parents feast the party. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran.1. Due to good weather condition in the district. 4. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.4. 4. bangles. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages.

4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands.

4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.3. especially women. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . 4.4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. All the guests.

The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Besides. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag .5. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.

Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. pharmaceutical. textiles. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. maize. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. sawmills.000 spindles. iron mills. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. citrus. and leather goods. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. medium and small industrial units. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. pottery. Air conditiong. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. cigarettes. beverages and fruit preservation. railroad yards. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. Drafting. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.6% of district population is directly employed in large.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. bajra. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. apples. about 1. industrial gas processing. hosiery.000 persons i. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. steel re-rolling. a brewery. apricots. furniture. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district.000b spindles and 1. Welding. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery.021 power looms. marble processing. Metallurgy. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. sewing machines etc. and factories making tents. potato. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts.e. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. glass products. pears. and vegetables are the major products of the city.

going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. The chief families of Gakkhar. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. will go to far from their homes for such work. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. Kohlis and a few others. Brahmans. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. These only form a small percentage of the total population. is misleading. by courtesy. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. except ploughing. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . gold threads. do not require detailed notice. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations.1. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. Like the men of the tribe. chiefly silk goods. They also deal largely in hides. 5. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. gold seals and such like.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.2. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Janjuas. towns of the district. so-called. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands.

according to size. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and Salgraon. 1 to Rs. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. costing from Rs. known as abri. 40. and Hazro. tehsil Rawapindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. the spinning wheels. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. 20.3. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. and are made of Shisham. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. where wood is plentiful. from Re: 1 to Rs. known as phur. The lohars of Manianda. saddles are the principal articles made. and at Makhad. costing from Re. 6. especially in tehsil Kahuta. The chairs cost from Re. 10 for the set of 4. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). chappris. phulaa. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. or low chairs. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. neighboring villages. or khair wood. Reed matting. tehsil Pindigheb. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Baking-plates are also made here. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. make padlocks of iron. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. tehsil Kahutta. embroidered shoes. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Fatehjang. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Kuri-Dolal. Pihras. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Chauntra. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. 8. 1 to Rs.5 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Phulkaris are made in many places. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Pindigheb. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. which are sold in Rawalpindi.

which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Here. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.1. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). or earthen-jars. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Mr. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. as there is said to have once been. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Lockwood Kipling. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Popular Industries 5. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas.4. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. especially of it is exported across the Indus.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. both lie on the Indus bank. as else where. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. have been procured.4. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. at Fatehjang. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.

There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. patti and other handicrafts. acid finishing. which are also in small quantities. ustaad and unskilled workers. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. phool. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. handling & storing.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. Sangjani. bush hammering. Rawalpindi. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. flower vases and fountains. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . sand blasting. Major processes include loading/unloading. Karachi and Lahore. honed finishing etc. Most of the labor has education level below primary. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. I-9/1 and I-9/3. cutting & sizing. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. brush finishing. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. tiles. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs.

It is below 50%. 5. 2. 4. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 10.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 3.4. 6. 8.000-300. 1. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Hardly. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 9. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 7.000 cubic ft. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market.

You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Be sure to include photographs. Polish affects the quality of the material. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. lampshades. Your marketing strategies must be good. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. hotels and restaurants. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . etc. so that must be kept in mind. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. lockers. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele.000 people. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. schools. side tables and stools. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Therefore. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. consoles are in demand. Even couches. sofas. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. A Report by Ms. and you should take care to build good customer relations. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. since all kinds of furniture. shelves. from office to lounge furniture.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. lamps stands. as well as residential areas. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. Once your furniture business gets off. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. are in huge demand in the City. By stocking the best quality goods. and selling innovative products. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. The establishments in the city need showcases.

Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The oil is used in its raw state. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. No. Rs. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 50 feet. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. and Kalabagh on the Indus. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. 3. petroleum and wood. 28 ditto. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 100 feet. leaving the oil above. No. This is thrown into a cistern. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.000 gallons per year. The petroleum costs. the churches. etc. No. The petroleum now costs Rs. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep.200 gallons last year. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. three miles from Fatehjang. It is made from mustard oil. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . There are now no borings at Kalabagh. 60 feet. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 5.6. The borings are 35 feet from each other. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. transmitted light. No. in the Bannu district. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. The total oil collected is about 1. No. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas.16 per hundred gallons. Five borings have been made. 5. Fatehjang. 4.. 4 inches in diameter each. 80 feet. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. 2. Kalabagh oil…. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. The oil is collected as it. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills.5. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. In 1887-89. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No.600 gallons per annum. 1 is 100n feet deep.

There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. for seed. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana.. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. fruits from Kashmir. fruits. was exported to Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Sialkot. Shahjahanpur. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Delhi and Gujranwala. are exported to some small extent. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. described above. Peshawar. Ghee. metals. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Yarkand and Ladakh. rice from neighboring districts. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. Jallundur and Meerut. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. gur from Sialkot. timber. Wazirabad. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. hardware from Amritsar. charas. Hazro and Makhad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. chiefly. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. and Gujrat. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. from Kashmir. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. rice being little grown. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. refined Sugar from Bombay. & c. dyes. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. and that of inferior quality in this district. Ghee is brought in from Punch. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. Kashmir and Sawat. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Jallundur. however.1. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. ra and the sea-ports. from Kashmir. it is believed. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. pattus. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. thick cloths. Peshawar. leather from Kashmir. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. timber. and Peshawar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Silk from Amritsar. Peshawar. chiefly deodar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable.

mineral processing.2. railroad yards. and factories making tents. glass products. textiles. pharmaceuticals. poultry feed. glass products. 15. industrial gases. 24. a brewery. and leather goods. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. cotton and woolen Textiles. iron mills. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 21. steel re-rolling. 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . flour mills. beverages and fruit preservation. 8. 13. 3. Heavy Rebuild Factory.1. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6. cigarettes. 19. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. marble processing. No. 1. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Heavy Mechanical Complex. sawmills. cigarettes. furniture. distillery. 10. 22. 12. hosiery. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 18. Petroleum Refinery.2. cement. pottery. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 17. 9. 4. 20. 23. sewing machines etc. 14. Sr. 5. 16.

38. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 33. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. i) ii) 45. 27. 46. 35. 26. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 47. 43.C. 36. however. 41. local/national/international demand.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. if lacking is manageable. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6.C. linkage between the industrial units.C. 39.V. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 34. 37.3. 42. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 40. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 30. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 44. 32. 31. 29. skilled labour. Therefore.

3. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.4. Pharmaceuticals. poultry/cattle feed. Oil refinery. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. 6. semi processed and processed agricultural products. 6.3. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. In this area there is good scope for furniture.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.3. Soda ash. employs 48. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. guava and apple. leather Products.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. its major crops and fruit are wheat. In addition. footwear. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. 6.1.5. veneer board. rock salt.3. dolomite bentonite. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. It accounts for 38.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. cement. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. glass. meat/poultry processing units. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. Minerals Fire clay.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. cigarettes. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. etc.2. woolen. leather garments. Silica sand.3. maize. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. jawar.3% of national GDP. there also exist good prospects for tannery.5 billion for the year 2001-02. ground nut. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. cotton.3. It contributes 24% to the GDP. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. which accounted 11. 6. gypsum.

This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Besides. machine made carpets. PVC pipes. glass hollow-ware. sports wear etc. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. household appliances. has now emerged as a potential investment area. pharmaceutical. fashion apparel.8.9. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. confectionery.3. sanitary fitting. 6. suitable for wide spread fish farming. wires etc. Steel. glass ample. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . 6. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region.3. ready made garments for men and women.4. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. there exists good prospects for biscuits.7. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. steel furniture.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. electric cables. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. cosmetics. 6. 6. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.6. children wear. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. electrical accessories. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. 6. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. Attock Refinery. POF etc.3. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. Heavy Foundry and Forge.3. rubberized/mechanical toys. woolen knitwear.

1. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Currency and Mint. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Most of these deposits are unexploited. The inhabitants. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. 6.2. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Therefore. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries.4. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. 6. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.

4. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. including the development of Industrial Zones.4. Plant. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Hospitals. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .4.4. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. of tourism.3 million.5. Medical and Diagnostic Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Social Sector Activities: Education. 6.15 million.3. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Technical/Vocational Training. not manufactured locally. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. 6. machinery & equipment.

5. imported by tourism.e. Bakery Products 1.) LTD Bakery. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Classic Capital (Pvt. not manufactured locally. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. not manufactured locally. card pay phone services etc. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT.5. Details of machinery are Plant. 3. Plant. audio-fax services. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. hotels and tourism related projects. Murree Brewery Company LTD. 4. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. 6. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Ltd. Beverage 6. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. imported by the manufacturing industries. 2. machinery and equipment. 5. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm.1.2. machinery & equipment. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.5. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. not manufactured locally. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. machinery and equipment. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Plant. voicemail services.

Ceramics Products 8. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals .Glorious Rawalpindi 6.5.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. W. Cement Products 7.3.5. 15. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Old G. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Westridge Fireclay Industries.6. 12. Peshawar Road 6.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. . Diapers Plant 10. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.4. Domestic Hardware 11. 14.5. Capital Plywood Industry. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. NEOMEDIX . Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Adyala Road 17.5. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Road Morgah 6.T.7. Chip/Straw Board 9.5. 16. IPRAM International.

Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Seham Road 37. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Railway Workshop Road 31. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Rawat 27. Westridge 32. Adyala Road 21. Al Karim Flour Mills.5. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Industrial area Rawat 26. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Olive Laboratories . Westridge 36. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Railway Workshop Road 25. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Westridge 38. Kallar Road Rawat 30.Rawat 35. Peshawar Road 41. Khyber Flour Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Ratta Road 29.9. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals .

11. LPG Cylinders 51.12. National Park Road 6.5. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.14. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Pirwadhai 46. Kashmir Road 6.5. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Bangash Colony. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. JI Interprises. Tops Food & Beverages . Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Food Products 45. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .5.13.) Ltd. Poultry Feeds 53. Rawat 43. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.10. SB Feed Industries (Pvt.5. Plastic Products 52. Fine Plastic Works. Rawat Flour Mills. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.

15. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Textile Composite 56.19.17. D. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.5. Westridge 6. Textile Spinning 57. Tyre and Tubes 58.18. (Pvt) Ltd.5. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Adamjee Street 6.Textile Mills Ltd..5. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Unani Medicines 59..M. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.5.5. Peshawar Road 7.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.20.16. Refinery 55.

Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 7. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 3. 3. Government Hospitals 1. 5.5. 7. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 2. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi. MCH Centres 1. 9.2. 3.4. 8. Dhok Ali Akber. 10. 7. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Govt. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 2. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. This region is full of Health facilities. 6.1. 4.3. 2. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi.

Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .7. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 7. 3. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Combined Military Hospital 7.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.

Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 10. Saidpur Road. 5551237 8. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. BH Building. Rawalpindi 14. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi Cantt. 7. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Satellite Town.A. Rawalpindi 15. Rawalpindi 16. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.9. 2. 3. 5. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. 6. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Dr. Shakoors V. Said pur Road. Shahid Dental Clinic R.I. 2. 4. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. 1. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Dr. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi 11.425 7th Road. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Bazar Road. 7. Near Hydri Chowk. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7.8. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . 17.P. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 12. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Satellite Town. 3. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Batool Hospital H-241. Off Murree Road.

2. University of Arid Agriculture. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. its daughters.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 8. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Universities 8. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. The building has an architectural splendor. As it stands. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1. Muhammed became her legal guardian. This gift to the nation. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.1. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. After their father's death (1901). Muhammed Ali Jinnah.

2.3. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. 2. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Govt. 5. No. College. Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Gorden College. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Rawalpindi. Govt. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi 2. Town. Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Colleges 8. Rawalpindi. 3.1. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Govt. 4. No. 1. College St.2. Name of the Institution Govt. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.2. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. College Asghar Mall. Town.1. 1. Govt. College for women St.

Leaders College of Commerce. 27. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. 10. Town. town. Rawalpindi. 3. Rawalpindi. 35. Town. 7. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 33. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 30. Rawalpindi. Town. 8. Rawalpindi. St. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 1. 15. Town. 23. 20. 2. Town. Saddar. 14. Rwp. 18. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. 6. 17. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. town. St. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Sadiqabad. 29. Rawalpindi 16. Universal College. St. 9. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. 13. town. 26. Town. 32. Rawalpindi. 5. Educator College. 34. 4. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. town. Rawalpindi. Saddar. Punjab Law College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. Leader College 6th Road.3. 31. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 19. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Town. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. 22. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 25. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. St. 12. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 24. Civil College of Commerce St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. 11. National Science College Murree Road. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi College of Commerce.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Town.2. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Punjab College of Information Technology.

12. 8. 7. Capital College Murree Road. St. GMS Amarpura. BPS Muslim Town. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Town. M. 55. BPS Muslim Town M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 40. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi. 48. Rawalpindi. 9. Islamic International Commerce College. town. 8.C. Rawalpindi College for Boys.C. 4. 15.C. Town. Rawalpindi. 51. 1. M. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. 38.C. Shamsabad. 14. Punjab College of information technology. GMS Qasimabad. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St. 2. Town.C. 6. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 5. 56. 53. Morgah Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. 13. Leadership College for Boys St. M.C.C.C. BPS Fauji Colony M.C. 42.C. 3.C. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed.2.4. town. MC.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. BPS Dhok Paracha M.C. 16. Rawalpindi. M.5. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 43. 2. M. Indus College of Commerce.C. 41. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. 3. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . town. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. Margalla Institute 6th Road. BPS Qasim abad. Rawalpindi.C. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Rawalpindi. 1. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 39. Inflorescence College of modern . M. 46. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. MC.C. GMS Waris Khan..2. 4. BPS Bangash Colony M. Rwalpindi. Rwalpindi. BMS Amarpura.C. 52. M. Town.C. BPS Faiz abad M. 44. 49. 8. Rawalpindi. St. Ojiri Camp. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Rawalpindi. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. BPS New Malpur M. Rawalpindi Cantt. College of Commerce Saddar. 11. 10. 47. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. M. 45. 54. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 50.

C. BPS Ratta 18. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Techincal Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). M. Rawalpindi.C. 8. BHS Moti Baza M.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 6.6. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. BHS Satellite Town M. High School Rawalpindi M. College of Commerce. BHS Ratta Amral M. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road.C. Dhoke Syedan. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.2 Satellite Town.C. Dhamial. 4. GHS Teli Mohallah M. M. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Govt. 2. GHS Satellite Town M. (RMGTC).C. 1. GHS Ratta Amral M. BHS Millat Colony M. Govt. 5.C. M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. 7. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.(ABAD). 5. Institute of Commerce.3. 6.2. Kartarpura. Vocational Training Institute (W). MC. 8. Institute of Commerce (W). Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. 9.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. 7. 3.C. Govt. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. 3. BPS Affandi Colony 8. 4.C. Rawalpindi Cantt. Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi (Cantt.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.C. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Scheme No. Vocational Training Institute (W).PIA College Rawalpindi City.

7. 4. Sir Syed College. Harley Street F. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Ordinance Road. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. 2. 2. The Mall F. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 4. Quaid-e-Azam College.4. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. F.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. The Mall 1.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 5.G (C. 2. Private Schools and colleges 1. Chaklala III 8.6. Govt.G.5. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 5. 6. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. 3.G. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 6. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No.

Medical Colleges 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4.7. Rawalpindi Medical College. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . It covers an area of about 2. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall.T. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.) Road. The Ayub National Park. covers 2. today this is a facility of 27 holes. founded in 1885. These are the best way to see the city. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. an aquarium.1. lush lawns. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau.1. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Meander through the bazaars.300 acres and has a play area. lake with boating facility. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. From being a nine-hole course. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. 9. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years.1. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. It has a playground. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. It has a lake with boating facility. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. 300 acres. play land. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. fountains and flower beds.

It has a play area for children. lawns. bears. fountains and flower beds. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park.2. is of historical interest due to its political processions. lions. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Some tigers. cheetahs. The Park was opened in 1991. One should try out during a visit here. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. 9. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. 9. was assassinated here in 1950. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec.3. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. 2007 at same venue. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Other areas of the park are used for walking. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.1. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.1. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.

however. Romi Park. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. clubs and cafes. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . a little bit of England. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Its cold pine forests. Between the two runs The Mall.6. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Murree and the Galis Murree.1. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. where most people congregate. has expanded rapidly. Murree is lovely all year round.5.even chilly in the evening . with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.400 feet). Murree remained. schools. near Kachari Chowk. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. In winter.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. at 2. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. complete with The Mall for promenading.1.1. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Peshawar Road 9. or riding in the new chair-lifts. parks. especially at weekends. In summer it is cool . since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962.and rain is common. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Jinnah Park. Civil Lines 9. Numerous roads leave. when the honor was transferred to Simla. churches. on the Karakoram Highway.240 meters (7. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.4. Since independence.

Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Ayubia Khairagali. In addition to riding trails. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle.). The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Natural springs abound on the slopes. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. both rides cost about Rs. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. It is 30 km from Murree. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Changlagali. hiking places and picnic spots. Ayubia has a chair lift. Patriata 25 km from Murree. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. The golf course here is open only to members. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. which is the highest point in the range. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. A restaurant has also been established. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. which like a ski-lift.

there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. hiking places. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants.7. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. flying squirrel and hill fox. Khaira Gali. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. For this. golden eagle. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. In addition to riding trails. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point.1. you will find that the surface is clean. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. 9. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. once you reach the summit. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The city of Rawalpindi. Islamabad. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. situated on the summit of a hill. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. a sub category of the Montane Forests. Asiatic leopard. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. better known as the Murree National Park. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital.

quiet place and a convenient halting point of G.1. This is a place where you go by choice. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. could not complete its original plan. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. including stone. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. stucco. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. 9. 48 km from Rawalpindi.T. Buddhist. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. at The Raja Bazaar. gold. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province.1. At the outset. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. cane baskets and furniture. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The Sarafa bazaar. but come out by sheer luck. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. terracotta. are located around the Taxila Museum. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. shawls and jackets. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Most of the sites at Taxila. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry.C to 500 AD. Saddar bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. However. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. which is the first stop for any tourist. the museum. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. 9. silver. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. As it turns out. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. you can find every thing which a common man can use. Here. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. iron and semiprecious stones. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 .9. vicery of India in 1918. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad.8. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. walking sticks. There are 4000 objects displayed.

A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. 9. loved by the Mughals.10. Tapering cypress trees.5 acres.e. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.Twice a year. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Road. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. line the canals through which cool waters once. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. that is. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.T. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Gen. Today. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Guru Nanak. Road. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. and the modern capital of Pakistan.1. by his colleagues. Islamabad. This place offers scenic walks. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. left of G. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. i.T.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Ferishta and Jehangir. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . gently flowing stream. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. Taxila. The resort has a restaurant. Road. on their way to Kashmir. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. by the Department of Archaeology. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni.T. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Government of Pakistan. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. was also built during this period. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club.3. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. it is now a 27-hole course. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. Road Rawalpindi. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. After several phases of development. home to several thousand people. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. a small town has developed.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. with spring water falling within it. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. It is situated at I.T. From the clubhouse. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Sports venues and stadiums 9. and the course itself. at the foot of Margalla. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. Road. T. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila.3. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. a minister of emperor Akbar. on the G. G. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. 9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club.1. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort.

Islamabad. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan.3. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole.2. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . 9. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.000. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.

5. Rawalpindi Club.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Mall Saddar 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.4.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. 10. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. explosions. buildings collapse. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. Community Awareness &Training.1. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. rescue. SERVICES 10. Rescue 15 . RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose.1. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.2. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. identification of vehicles for registration etc. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Response and Prevention. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.1. which is an achievement even internationally. however personal visits are also allowed. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. Therefore. crime reporting.1. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.

Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 13. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . patience. struggle. perseverance. 14. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.4. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 9. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 12.1.3. 8. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 11. 3.1. 5. 7. Endurance. 6. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 4.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 2.

support. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Old People and Disabled. Children.5.6. love and understanding. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The children are given security.1. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language.081 HM3 worth 107.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. not on Islamic political causes. “The basic aim is that this orphan. SNGPL has 2.2. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.7. detail of some among them is following. 10. Here. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. Sales to these consumers were 39.581.897. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.study together up until fifth grade. but the emphasis is on achievement. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Distribution system consists of 46. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. General Industry.733. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.46/-. Power & Cement Sectors.1. to be sure. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.” 10. Urdu." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.127.2.118 million rupees during July-September.008. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Domestic. 7. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).028 consumers comprising Commercial. designing and construction of pipelines. Fertilizer. this poor child. both for itself and other organizations. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. now Companies Ordinance 1984.280 HM3 worth 31. 2006.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. boys and girls .

Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Attock. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Rawalpindi Cantt. SNGPL. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.2. Chakwal. Saadi Road 10.2.

PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.3.8 million V-fone customers.000 and 5.2. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.7 million customers. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.

Committee Chowk 4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2.4. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Total No.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of No. Pirwadahi Total No. 1 5. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Water Works No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.

in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. 3. 4. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. 5. 6. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 2. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. POST OFFICE GPO . • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.2. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.5. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division.

has numerous routes.2. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. rail and road. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.6. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. 1. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). both national and international. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. the principal carrier in Pakistan. with many domestic and international flights every day. In addition to freight.7.2. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. Rawalpindi 10. 2.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Road) or. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP.2. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Motorway Interchange. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which connects Pakistan to China. the world's highest international road.8. Rawalpindi.T. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which were completed in the 1990s. more recently.

mess of traffic is found even on small roads. mini-buses. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. ranging from yellow taxis. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. yellow cabs. and which operate constantly throughout the day.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. For inter-city travel. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses.9. auto-rickshaws.2. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. Due to lack of planning of roads.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. relocation of structures. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. channelization of junctions. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. provision of efficient drainage system. pedestrian over head bridges. 2. 5. construction of footpaths. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Rawalpindi.1.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. installations of traffic signals. pavement marking. Objectives 1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. 3.45 Km of main road with 1. 4. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. median. traffic signs. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city.

rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.T. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Detailed Traffic Engg. growth of income.00 million. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.2. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. land use plan. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. OD travel pattern. 2. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. land values & ownership pattern. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. future land uses pattern. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. of Punjab / RDA. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan.

5 m 21. f. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. non standardized infrastructure support. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. commercial. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. Unluckily however. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. c. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi.3.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . d. e. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. enchroachments. health and educational activity for northern Punjab.000 Cusecs 35. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. The Lai Nullah. unbalanced land use transport interaction. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. industrial. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area.

Until 1923. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.1. Famous Historical Places 12. according to the old timers. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. And. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. At that time.

3. Sarafa Bazaar. Lal Haveli In old times. After independence. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.1. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. 12. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. a famous dancing girl. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. it was home to Budhana Bibi.2. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. better known as The Mall .1. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.the glory of the cantonment . It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.

1. dense housing.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Pakpattan or Lahore. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. cut brick corbellings. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. bay windows and doors. better known as the Purana Qilla. the old quarters of the city. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk.4. Like Multan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.

Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.1. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. Modern. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.

Rawalpindi.4. 12.2. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.5.3.2. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 . Flashman’s Hotel 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.

1. Famous Restaurants 12.3.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . 12. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Rawalpindi.3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Rawalpindi.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Sub Way . KFC . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Murree Road.4. Saddar.International . Saddar.2. Murree Road.1.International Near KFC.4. 12. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4. Rawalpindi.

12.5. Bank Road 8. 3. Haider Road 12. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 2. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Police Station Road 11. 4. Peshawar Road 9. 6. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Canning Road 10.

Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 17. Tipu Road 16. 18.

6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.7. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . There are many old buildings. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. houses and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

8. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . It has over 30.000 books which are updated at regular interval.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9. Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.10.

31. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 21. 19. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 28. 22. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 30. Industrial Deve. 29. 32. 26. 11. 17. 9. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 23. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 10. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 24. 25. Citi Bank N A. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 4. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 5. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 14. 12. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 18. The Bank of Punjab. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. 27. Bank Rawalpindi. 13. 15. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 7.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

It was clear. 19 years ago. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Soon. Rawlapindi. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. that it was Ojhri. many thousands more were injured. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Theories abound.13. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. That it was an ammunition dump. now. But that was the extent of it. on April 10. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Over 5000 people were killed. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Many. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.23 Billion.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. 2001. On July 23. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. fishing and boating.000 acre feet (11763 MG). The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. which generates 84. The total storage capacity is 47.1. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. WATER RESERVOIR 13.8 sq. km. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. Highest flood level is 1752 feet.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Live storage is 43. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Margalla and Murree hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.

the outflow has been less than the inflow.777 MCM.2. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Therefore. However. However.3. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. However.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.783 MCM. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . whereas. outflow is 0. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. 13. the flow was relatively high in June to August. after 2000.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Since its inception. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.687 MCM. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. due to monsoon. in general.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. s.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. g. n. d. b. e. p. q.gov.com www. j. i. m. a. l. h. Rawalpindi. r.mapsofworld. S. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. o. q. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. n. k. Rawalpindi Cities. m. d.blogspot. r.pk travel. EDO Health. j. p.com pakistanpeadia. Rawalpindi Post Office. t. Punjab Railway Station. h. f.com Virtualglobetrottiong. l. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.com Nrb www. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .com Books & Etc.geocities. g. 1998 City Report. Rawalpindi EDO Education. o.absoluteastronomy.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. i. Govt. b. e. f. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. c.rawalpindi. k. c.

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