Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.....................2....................4................................................................................................................................6..................... 62 10......... near Kachari Chowk....... 54 9................................................................. The Salt Range ................. 57 9..... Private Schools and colleges ...................10.................3............................................. Murree and the Galis ........................................ Rawalpindi Public Park .............................2........ 65 Company Profile ............................... Khewra Salt Mines .................................2.................. SERVICES .................................1....... Civil Lines .........1....1.......................2............... Other Places Worth A Visit........ Utility Services ...................7................ 55 9......4.........................1........................ Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)............................................3......1............................................................ Punjab..................................................8............. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .................3..................................................... 64 10................................................. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ............... 63 10....... 63 10......................... 46 9........... 51 9............................................. POLICE STATIONS......................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ............ RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ................................................................... The Raja Bazaar ......................2...1.............................. Cinemas & Theatres ..........4........................ Rescue 15 ............................................... SPORTS & RECREATION ........ 57 9........ 57 9.......................9....... KABBADI................................. 51 9...............5............................................................................................ 49 9................ 43 9...2............5.3....... Darul Aman .................5....................... Sports venues and stadiums ................3........... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ......... Army Hockey Stadium .................. Romi Park......................... 60 10...........................1......... 60 10.. Liaqat National Bagh ...........3.............................5....... 46 9..............................3................... Peshawar Road ...........1..................................... The Mall Saddar .................................................. 45 9...................2........................................ Jinnah Park.......................................................................... Ayub National Park ...........1.1.................................... 58 9...1........ Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.................................. 60 10............ Government Schools & Colleges ........................................................................................... 42 8............4...................................... Rawalpindi Club................ 52 9.................................................................................1..................2..........................................4.............................................................................. Kallar Kahar ..............................................................................3............................................ PTCL ........................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ................. ...........................5..........................................1................................................ 53 9...........................................2....1.......1................... Medical Colleges ..............................................................2...................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ... 63 10..................2.........3................ 57 9.......................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course .................................... 54 9...............................5.............. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ...................................................................6..................3....................... 61 10............................ 42 8....................... Taxila Museum........ 51 9...6....................4..............................1..... Cricket ..........................................Emergency Reporting Centre ................................ 49 9.4...............................3........ 44 9............... 58 10.........................................1............................................. .................................................................1............................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ..... 56 9.......................................................................................................................... Edhi Foundation ......1................... SOS Village ...............2..... 44 9........................................ Forts ................ 56 9.....3........................ 60 10........2.......... 51 9..........Glorious Rawalpindi 8.........................4........................................... 50 9............1........................................................... Temple of Katas .............................................................................. 48 9............1................. 42 8...... 62 10.................................................................................1.......3...........1...7..........1.................................................... 61 10........ Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ......................2.....2...... 45 9............. Field Hockey ........................... 41 8............................................................4.................................. IESCO .................................................7..6............................1................ 46 9............................................................. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ... 44 9............................................. Hassan Abdal..2.................... 56 9...........

..................... 81 12.......................... Ancient Rawalpindi .................................4......................... Misriot Dam ................. 71 11........................... Lai Expressway ................. Public Transportation ................................................................1...........................................................................12.......... Lai Nullah ......... Purana Qilla ..............................................2......................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ......... 81 12............................................................... Flashman’s Hotel. RAWAL LAKE... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ................................................................................... 75 12......... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** .... 68 10..... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ............................7................................................................................................ 80 12.....................................................................3....... 80 12.......... 76 12.............. 78 12.................................... 81 12..(Rawalpindi) ..................................... 75 12............................. Jawa Dam ............. 104 13.......2................................................................................. 105 13.............. FAMOUS Hotels .................. Shalimar Hotel ****.................... 102 13............................... 70 10.......................... 80 12.............................................................................. Libraries and Museums .....................................................2.............. Railway Stations .....................2...... Famous Restaurants............................................................... 78 12................. 99 12....................................2.............................8....................................................................7...................... 100 12.............................................. 75 12......................2......... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ..................................14..............3................................................................................................ La Rosh Hotel.........1..................................................................................................... 84 12.............4.International ......................................................................................................................................... 96 12........2.............................2.................................................................................5..............6............................................. Museums .................2.................................................................................... WATER RESERVOIR .......................................4.....................................3............................. 98 12..........10....................................................3.....1...1.......................................11............................................................2..................1.....Glorious Rawalpindi 10..3..................... 66 10...... Lal Haveli ................................1...... KFC ............................................2...................... Political Structure ...... Famous Historical Places ....................... 76 12......................2...............9............................................ Roads In Rawalpindi City ............................. 79 12...............................2...........................................................................................4..................1.................... Islamabad International Airport Road ............... 79 12..1.................... POST OFFICE ....................... Highways ................. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ....................1............3............................................................................................................................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ..... 78 12.........................1.......................................2...... Akbar International *** .......4......... 82 12...............................................................................................................2.....................................................2.....................................International ......3....................................................................... 73 11............................................................................................1......................... Airport ............................................ 93 12................................................................. 72 11.................................................9.................. 90 12. WASA ........ INSIDE RAWALPINDI ........................ 68 10...........2..... 74 12. FAMOUS FAST FOODS .......... 77 12....... RING ROAD .................. 95 12................. 67 10......................... Lasania Restaurant city ....5.............................................................................13.............................. 104 13.......8................ Sub Way ....2...................5.......4.....................................................................6........................ 79 12......... The Mall ................................................................ Hotel Civic ............. 72 11. Famous Chowk...............

communication net works. the area of its concern. infrastructure.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . This study contains information on population. i. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e. education and the existing industries. health.

In 1849. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 .e. battle with Gakhars. also known as Pindi. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. founded a new town nearby. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The Rawals a jogi tribe. Although they did not succeed. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. Rawalpindi City. the martial people of the area against the British domination. When Jhanda Khan. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. has a long history spread over several millennia. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. HISTORY Rawalpindi. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. However. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Jhelum. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. a Ghakkar Chief . Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. until 1765. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today.

and it serves the city along with the capital. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the Afghan war and martial law. before Pakistan came into existence. Liaquat Ali Khan.e. water is stored by building dams. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. in Liaquat Garden. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. there was a good deal of agitation in the district.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. The city is home to many industries and factories. Cantonment and city. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. he was welcomed rousingly. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i.e. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Many Government buildings were set on fire. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Nala Lai. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . famous for its floods. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. In 1951. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly.

37’ East longitudes. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. 2. Location It lies between 33°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Chakwal. in the province of Punjab. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.01’ North latitudes and 72°. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.38’ and 73°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.1.04’ 34°. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.

059. 70.000 (1998) 3. 8 Population. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.033333 Altitude.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. Area.550 (2007) Literacy rate.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.6.059. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 2. 500 meters AMSL 5. Estimate.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.300. 73.2.286 km² Calling code. 051 Time zone.6.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. PST (UTC+5) No. of Towns. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . 73. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.3. The coldest month is Jan. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.6 Degree Centigrade. In summer. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C.06 Degree Centigrade per month . Punjabis. when the mean max. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The weather is highly unpredictable.7 C and Min 2. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. and Pakhtuns. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. temp is 17. Muhajirs. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. comprising Potoharis.

shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . In the evening of 29th Ramadan. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. others being truthfulness. More than men. No sooner it is sited. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. one for distribution among the poor.a ritual in which everyone shares. On this day. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . second for the relatives and third for self and own family. The roads. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. There are many mosques throughout the city. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. modesty and good behaviour. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Here too the poor are not forgotten. In addition to the two Eids. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. On Eid day. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna".Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 3.1. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.

they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. education. Rawalpindi. wrestling. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences.Paul Church. Bhangra. Summi. There are two Churches in Saddar. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. railways and the police force. St. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Music and dancing are also common. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. 3. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda).Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered.2. Chaunji Trap. tent pegging and Bini. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . Young people prefer Kabaddi. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim.

Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. Hinduism After the Partition of India.3. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. and to the historical region of Punjab. historical and political ties to the country. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 .

This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. 4. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. when Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . 1940. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.1.1. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Later in 1971. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity.3. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. red or velvet.1. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. CULTURE 4. On 23rd March. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. 4. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Islamabad.1. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park.2. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.

Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. To mold into the colors of ubton. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom.2. Tea is popular all over the district. the bride’s parents feast the party. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. The usual ornaments like ear rings.4. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .1.3. After the religious formalities. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. bangles. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. the other name of mienu. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. 4. 4. 4. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.4. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Khaki or grey. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Due to good weather condition in the district. health of population is generally better. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). family and invited guests wear yellow garments. sweet and ornaments etc.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .

4.4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. All the guests. especially women.4. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. 4.

Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan.5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Besides. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad.

It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. and vegetables are the major products of the city. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. marble processing.000b spindles and 1. sewing machines etc. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . sawmills. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Metallurgy. steel re-rolling. a brewery. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. about 1. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. Auto knitting and commerce etc. and factories making tents.000 persons i. pharmaceutical. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. bajra. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. medium and small industrial units. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Drafting. beverages and fruit preservation. potato. citrus. cigarettes. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. apples.000 spindles. Welding. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. apricots. industrial gas processing. pottery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10.e. hosiery. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. railroad yards. Air conditiong. pears. textiles. iron mills. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat.021 power looms. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. maize. glass products. and leather goods. furniture. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi.

and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Brahmans. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. gold seals and such like. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. chiefly silk goods.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. 5. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. towns of the district. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. Janjuas. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. They also deal largely in hides. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . do not require detailed notice. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. Like the men of the tribe. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. These only form a small percentage of the total population. by courtesy. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. except ploughing. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. Kohlis and a few others. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. is misleading. will go to far from their homes for such work. The chief families of Gakkhar. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. gold threads. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.2. so-called. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes.

Phulkaris are made in many places. according to size. embroidered shoes. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Baking-plates are also made here. saddles are the principal articles made. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. known as phur. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). and are made of Shisham. costing from Re. make padlocks of iron. neighboring villages. phulaa. Reed matting. 10 for the set of 4. 1 to Rs. The lohars of Manianda. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 1 to Rs. and at Makhad. tehsil Rawapindi. 40. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. which are sold in Rawalpindi. from Re: 1 to Rs. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Chauntra. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. 8. and Hazro. or khair wood. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. the spinning wheels. tehsil Pindigheb. where wood is plentiful.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. known as abri.3. Pihras. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. costing from Rs. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Kuri-Dolal. 6. tehsil Kahutta. Pindigheb.5 to Rs. and Salgraon. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. The chairs cost from Re. 20. especially in tehsil Kahuta. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. or low chairs. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. chappris. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Fatehjang. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.

both lie on the Indus bank.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). rough in execution but fairly good in color. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. as there is said to have once been. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. at Fatehjang. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. or earthen-jars. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . especially of it is exported across the Indus. as else where. 5. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Lockwood Kipling. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Here.1. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. Popular Industries 5. Mr.4. have been procured.4.

Sangjani. Most of the labor has education level below primary. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. Major processes include loading/unloading. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. phool. honed finishing etc. flower vases and fountains. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. I-9/1 and I-9/3. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. which are also in small quantities. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. sand blasting.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. acid finishing. tiles. brush finishing. handling & storing. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. patti and other handicrafts. cutting & sizing. bush hammering. ustaad and unskilled workers. Karachi and Lahore. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 .

Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 3. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 8.2. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 2. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 7. 5. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 1. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 9. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Hardly.4.000 cubic ft.000-300. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 4. It is below 50%. 10. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 .

Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Be sure to include photographs. hotels and restaurants. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. consoles are in demand. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. and you should take care to build good customer relations. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. as well as residential areas. Once your furniture business gets off. shelves. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. lamps stands. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. from office to lounge furniture. so that must be kept in mind. Therefore. side tables and stools. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. By stocking the best quality goods. sofas. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. The establishments in the city need showcases. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. Polish affects the quality of the material. Your marketing strategies must be good. are in huge demand in the City. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. since all kinds of furniture. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. etc. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . You can sell wood or metal furniture. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Even couches. lampshades. A Report by Ms. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here.000 people. schools. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. lockers. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. and selling innovative products. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used.

20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 100 feet. 3. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. It is made from mustard oil. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 60 feet. 2. Rs.5. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. The oil is used in its raw state. No.200 gallons last year. in the Bannu district. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. 50 feet. The total oil collected is about 1. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. The borings are 35 feet from each other. No. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. The petroleum costs. 5. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.600 gallons per annum. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. 80 feet. 1 is 100n feet deep. three miles from Fatehjang. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. and Kalabagh on the Indus. the churches.16 per hundred gallons. The petroleum now costs Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. No. This is thrown into a cistern. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. transmitted light. No. Fatehjang.. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. 4. leaving the oil above. The oil is collected as it. 28 ditto. petroleum and wood.6.000 gallons per year. Five borings have been made. Kalabagh oil…. In 1887-89. etc. 4 inches in diameter each. No.

dyes. however. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. it is believed. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. rice from neighboring districts. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. Ghee is brought in from Punch. from Kashmir. thick cloths. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Peshawar. leather from Kashmir. timber. Wazirabad.. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. hardware from Amritsar. timber. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. are exported to some small extent. described above. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. metals. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. & c. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Peshawar. fruits. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. chiefly deodar. for seed. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. pattus. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. refined Sugar from Bombay. Shahjahanpur. was exported to Kashmir. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Hazro and Makhad. Jallundur. gur from Sialkot. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Delhi and Gujranwala. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Peshawar. Silk from Amritsar. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Yarkand and Ladakh. ra and the sea-ports. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. rice being little grown. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Kashmir and Sawat.1. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Ghee. and Peshawar. from Kashmir. Jallundur and Meerut. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Sialkot. and that of inferior quality in this district. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. chiefly. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. fruits from Kashmir. charas. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. and Gujrat.

pottery. mineral processing. textiles. steel re-rolling. beverages and fruit preservation. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. marble processing. 22. 13. railroad yards. Sr. sawmills. 5. and leather goods. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. poultry feed. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 20. hosiery. cigarettes. 15. glass products. a brewery. glass products. No. cement. and factories making tents. 17. 12. 3. 2. 1. sewing machines etc. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Petroleum Refinery. 8. distillery. cotton and woolen Textiles. 21. Heavy Foundry and Forge. iron mills. 10. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 7. 19. 9. 14. 18. 24. 4. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 16.1. 6. industrial gases. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. furniture. Heavy Mechanical Complex. cigarettes. flour mills. pharmaceuticals. 23.2.

skilled labour. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.C. 42. if lacking is manageable.C. 33.V. 30. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 31. 38. 41. 26. 35. 27. i) ii) 45.3. linkage between the industrial units. 43. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. Therefore. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. local/national/international demand. 36. 40. 29. 32. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 37. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 44. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6.C. 39. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 47. 46. however. 34.

3. 6. which accounted 11.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. leather garments. guava and apple. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.3. Pharmaceuticals. It accounts for 38. leather Products. dolomite bentonite. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.3. 6. Oil refinery.4.3.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. maize.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3.3. Soda ash. etc. In this area there is good scope for furniture. footwear. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. veneer board. rock salt. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. 6. cement.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. poultry/cattle feed. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. semi processed and processed agricultural products. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. woolen. In addition. It contributes 24% to the GDP. 6. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. cotton. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. jawar.3% of national GDP.5. Silica sand. cigarettes. Minerals Fire clay.2. ground nut. glass. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. employs 48. gypsum. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. meat/poultry processing units. its major crops and fruit are wheat. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .Glorious Rawalpindi 6.1. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. there also exist good prospects for tannery.

4. sports wear etc. Steel. 6. household appliances. 6. pharmaceutical. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. electrical accessories. machine made carpets. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. has now emerged as a potential investment area. steel furniture. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . rubberized/mechanical toys. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. sanitary fitting.8.7. Besides. 6. fashion apparel. Attock Refinery. PVC pipes.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. glass hollow-ware. POF etc. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. 6. Heavy Foundry and Forge.3. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. there exists good prospects for biscuits. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. confectionery. woolen knitwear. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. wires etc.3. glass ample. ready made garments for men and women.3. suitable for wide spread fish farming. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. electric cables.6. cosmetics.3. 6. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities.9. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. children wear.

under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.1. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each.2. 6. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. The inhabitants. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Currency and Mint. Therefore. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically.4.4. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how.

including the development of Industrial Zones. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.4.4. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3 million. Social Sector Activities: Education. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.5. 6. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.4.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. not manufactured locally. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. of tourism.3 million.6. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.15 million. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Technical/Vocational Training. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Hospitals.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 6. Plant. machinery & equipment. Human Resource Development (HRD). 6.3.

e. imported by tourism. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. 2. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. 3. Details of machinery are Plant. machinery and equipment. 6. Murree Brewery Company LTD. card pay phone services etc. machinery and equipment. 5. not manufactured locally. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. audio-fax services.1. imported by the manufacturing industries. not manufactured locally.) LTD Bakery. not manufactured locally. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . hotels and tourism related projects. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Classic Capital (Pvt.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Beverage 6. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. voicemail services. Plant. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. machinery & equipment.5. 4. Ltd.5. Plant. Bakery Products 1.2. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.

Old G.5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Domestic Hardware 11.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .8. Diapers Plant 10. NEOMEDIX .T.3.7. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Cement Products 7.5. Peshawar Road 6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.4. IPRAM International. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. 14. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.5.6. 12.5. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .5. Adyala Road 17. 16. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Ceramics Products 8.5.5. Capital Plywood Industry. W.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Chip/Straw Board 9. Road Morgah 6. 15.

Naswari Bazar 24. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.5. Seham Road 37. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills.9. Adyala Road 21. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Al Karim Flour Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Ratta Road 29. Flour Mills 23. Khyber Flour Mills. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Rawat 27. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Peshawar Road 41. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Westridge 32. Olive Laboratories . Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Westridge 38. Ratta Road 34. Industrial area Rawat 26. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Railway Workshop Road 31. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Kallar Road Rawat 30.Rawat 35. Westridge 36.

5. Rawat 43. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.5. Poultry Feeds 53.12. National Park Road 6.10. LPG Cylinders 51.14. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Pirwadhai 46. Rawat Flour Mills. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Food Products 45. Tops Food & Beverages . Industrial/Burn Gases 49.13. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Fine Plastic Works. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.11. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .5. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.Glorious Rawalpindi 42.) Ltd. JI Interprises. Plastic Products 52.5.5. Kashmir Road 6. Bangash Colony.

Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.Textile Mills Ltd.5.. D.5.5. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .16. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.20. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.. Unani Medicines 59. Tyre and Tubes 58. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.19.5. Adamjee Street 6.18. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Textile Composite 56.17. Westridge 6.5.15.M. (Pvt) Ltd. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60. Refinery 55. Peshawar Road 7.5. Textile Spinning 57.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

1. MCH Centres 1. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 5.2. 3. 7. 2. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad.3. This region is full of Health facilities. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 8.4. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 2. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 4. 3. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 9. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Dhok Ali Akber. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. 2. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 6.5. Govt. 10. Government Hospitals 1. 7. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 3. 7.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay.

3.7.6. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Combined Military Hospital 7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.

1. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. 7. 7. Satellite Town.A. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 3. 4. Saidpur Road. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 10. 17. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi 14. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi. 3. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. 5551237 8. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque.P. Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi 16. Dr.9. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Shakoors V. Rawalpindi 11. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Rawalpindi Cantt. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 2. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah.I. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Rawalpindi 15. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Rawalpindi. 6. Batool Hospital H-241. Rawalpindi. Dr. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Satellite Town. Satellite Town. Off Murree Road. 5. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Rawalpindi. BH Building. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Bazar Road. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19.8. 2. Near Hydri Chowk. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road.425 7th Road. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Said pur Road. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema.

Muhammed became her legal guardian. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Universities 8. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. After their father's death (1901). University of Arid Agriculture. This gift to the nation. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 .1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 8. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. its daughters.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.2.1. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The building has an architectural splendor. As it stands.

College for women St. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.3.2. Govt. No. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. 4. Rawalpindi 8. Govt.2. Hashmat Ali Isl. Rawalpindi. College St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2. Colleges 8. Name of the Institution Govt. Town. 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Located near the CMH. 1. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women.2. Town. 3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 5. Rawalpindi. Govt. 1. Gorden College. Govt.2.1. College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. College Asghar Mall. No. Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt.

28. Rawal College of Commerce. 5. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. 29. 33. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. Town. 19. Rawalpindi. 26. Town. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Town. 25. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 35. Sadiqabad.2. 1. town. 20. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Saddar. St. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 18. 32. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. College of Advance Technology. Town. 22. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Leaders College of Commerce. St. 17. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Saddar. 30. 9. town. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 14. 6. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. National Science College Murree Road. Kashmir Road.3. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 2. Rawalpindi. 11. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4. Town. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. 10. town. Rwp. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 34. Civil College of Commerce St. 3. Rawalpindi. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. St. town. Universal College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 7. Educator College. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. 21. 31. 12. Rawalpindi. 13. 23. 24. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Punjab College of Information Technology. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Leader College 6th Road. St. 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 27. Town. 15.

C. 2. 1. Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 55. Rawalpindi.4. Morgah Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 45. Rawalpindi. 14. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. MC. 1.C.C. 38. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 54. BPS Qasim abad. Leadership College for Girls St. 15. Indus College of Commerce.C. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C.C. Punjab College of information technology.C. 7. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. M. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi. 56. Rawalpindi. BPS New Malpur M.C. Town. 8. Rawalpindi. M. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 4. M. Rwalpindi.C.C. GMS Amarpura. MC. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 10.5. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Rawalpindi. 8.C. 4. 2. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St.2. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi. M. GMS Qasimabad. Inflorescence College of modern . M. 40.C.C. Shamsabad. BMS Amarpura. GMS Waris Khan. 42. Town.. Islamic International Commerce College. BPS Chamanzar. 5. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. College of Commerce Saddar.C. 48.C. M. Ojiri Camp. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 51. 53. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 50.C. Town. 41. 6. 46.C.C. town. 13. town. Town. BPS Muslim Town. Rawalpindi. 16. Rawalpindi. 43. BPS Faiz abad M. 12. BPS Bangash Colony M. 9. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 52. BPS Fauji Colony M. Rawalpindi Cantt. 3. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. St. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. 44.C. 3. BPS Dhok Paracha M. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M.C. 8. 49.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 11. M. Leadership College for Boys St. 39. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Capital College Murree Road. St. Rwalpindi. 47.

GHS Teli Mohallah M. (RMGTC). BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). Govt. Kartarpura. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. 8. BPS Ratta 18. 2.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). M. BHS Satellite Town M. Techincal Training Institute (W).3. Rawalpindi Cantt.2 Satellite Town. 5.C. BHS Millat Colony M. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi.C. 4. M. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.C.C. MC. 7. Rawalpindi Govt. BPS Affandi Colony 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.C. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. 5. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. College of Commerce. Institute of Commerce (W). 3.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 8. 6.(ABAD). Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C. GHS Satellite Town M. Govt. Govt. 3. Govt. Rawalpindi. BHS Moti Baza M. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Institute of Commerce. 9.6. Rawalpindi (Cantt.C. Rawalpindi Govt. M. 7. Dhoke Syedan. BHS Ratta Amral M. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. GHS Ratta Amral M. 1. Dhamial.C.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Scheme No.2.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8.C. 4. High School Rawalpindi M.

Ordinance Road. 3. 2. 5. 3. 4. 5. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Harley Street F. 2.G. Chaklala III 8. 4.4. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Govt.5. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .G Sir Syed College for Boys. 7. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 6. Private Schools and colleges 1.6. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 6. 4.G (C. The Mall F.G. F. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Sir Syed College. The Mall 1. Quaid-e-Azam College.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Government Schools & Colleges 1. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . Rawalpindi Medical College. 4. 3. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1.7.

It covers an area of about 2.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. play land.1. 300 acres. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. It has a playground. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. 9. an aquarium. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. today this is a facility of 27 holes. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. Situated near the Ayub National Park. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. covers 2. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall.1.) Road.300 acres and has a play area. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. lake with boating facility. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. lush lawns. These are the best way to see the city. Meander through the bazaars. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. fountains and flower beds. founded in 1885. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Ayub National Park. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. It has a lake with boating facility. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. From being a nine-hole course. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.T.

peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. The first prime minister of Pakistan. lawns. bears. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. was assassinated here in 1950. It has a play area for children.3. cheetahs. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. The Park was opened in 1991.1. 2007 at same venue. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . Some tigers. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground.2. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. lions. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi.1. is of historical interest due to its political processions. One should try out during a visit here. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. 9. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. fountains and flower beds. 9. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad.

when the honor was transferred to Simla.1. parks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. schools. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. Romi Park. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad.and rain is common. Numerous roads leave.1. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .400 feet). Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. Jinnah Park. on the Karakoram Highway. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer.6. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. especially at weekends. Its cold pine forests. clubs and cafes. In summer it is cool . At the southwest end is Pindi Point.240 meters (7. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Between the two runs The Mall. churches. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. near Kachari Chowk. Murree remained. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. Peshawar Road 9.5. Since independence. complete with The Mall for promenading. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.4. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Murree is lovely all year round. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.1. has expanded rapidly. Civil Lines 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.even chilly in the evening . At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. or riding in the new chair-lifts. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. where most people congregate. a little bit of England. In winter. Murree and the Galis Murree. at 2. however. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).

both rides cost about Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . which is the highest point in the range. Ayubia has a chair lift. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Natural springs abound on the slopes. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Changlagali. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Ayubia Khairagali. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. hiking places and picnic spots.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. It is 30 km from Murree. The golf course here is open only to members. Patriata 25 km from Murree. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata.). these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. which like a ski-lift. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. A restaurant has also been established. In addition to riding trails.

7. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. flying squirrel and hill fox. a sub category of the Montane Forests. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. better known as the Murree National Park. The city of Rawalpindi. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. hiking places. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. situated on the summit of a hill. In addition to riding trails. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. Islamabad. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree.1. 9. you will find that the surface is clean. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. golden eagle. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Khaira Gali. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. once you reach the summit. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. Asiatic leopard. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . For this.

The Sarafa bazaar. At the outset.T. cane baskets and furniture. There are 4000 objects displayed. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. 9. could not complete its original plan. walking sticks. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Buddhist. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. the museum. Saddar bazaar. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. including stone. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. which is the first stop for any tourist. you can find every thing which a common man can use. iron and semiprecious stones. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Here. silver.C to 500 AD. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. are located around the Taxila Museum. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Potohar shoes and Chappals. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.9. vicery of India in 1918. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.1. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Most of the sites at Taxila. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. terracotta. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. As it turns out. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. shawls and jackets. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however.1. This is a place where you go by choice. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. 48 km from Rawalpindi. but come out by sheer luck. gold. However.8. at The Raja Bazaar. stucco. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. 9. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better.

and the modern capital of Pakistan.Twice a year. Gen. line the canals through which cool waters once. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Guru Nanak. left of G. Taxila. Road. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. Road. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. on their way to Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Today. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass.10. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers.e. Road. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara.1. Government of Pakistan.5 acres. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. by the Department of Archaeology. Islamabad. gently flowing stream. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. 9. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. i. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. The resort has a restaurant. loved by the Mughals. by his colleagues.T. that is. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Tapering cypress trees. Ferishta and Jehangir. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.T.T. This place offers scenic walks. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. one on the top of the hill and other below it. a small town has developed. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. a minister of emperor Akbar. It is situated at I.3. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future.3. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. G. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose.1. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. T.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. at the foot of Margalla. and the course itself. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. home to several thousand people. with spring water falling within it. was also built during this period.T. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. Road Rawalpindi. on the G. Road. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. it is now a 27-hole course. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. 9. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. From the clubhouse. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Sports venues and stadiums 9. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. After several phases of development. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.

9. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole.000.3. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.2. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Islamabad.

5. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. Rawalpindi Club. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Army Hockey Stadium 9.3. The Mall Saddar 9.3.3.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.4.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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• To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. explosions. 10. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. however personal visits are also allowed. identification of vehicles for registration etc. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents.1.2. Community Awareness &Training. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. rescue. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Rescue 15 . The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. SERVICES 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. crime reporting. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies.1.1.1. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. buildings collapse. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Response and Prevention. Therefore. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. which is an achievement even internationally.

9. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 .A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 8. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 6. 3. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 4. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 2.4. 13.1. 7. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.1. struggle. 11. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 14. 10. 5. 12.3. perseverance. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. patience. Endurance. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.

Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.1. Children. support.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.6.1. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . The children are given security. Old People and Disabled. love and understanding.

and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.study together up until fifth grade.581. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.46/-. detail of some among them is following. designing and construction of pipelines.118 million rupees during July-September.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.280 HM3 worth 31." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. to be sure. Distribution system consists of 46. boys and girls . Fertilizer. 7. but the emphasis is on achievement.1. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. not on Islamic political causes.2. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.1. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . Sales to these consumers were 39. General Industry. 10. Urdu. 2006.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. “The basic aim is that this orphan. both for itself and other organizations.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.” 10. Power & Cement Sectors.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. Here. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.733.008. this poor child. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. SNGPL has 2.2.081 HM3 worth 107. now Companies Ordinance 1984.127.897.7. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.028 consumers comprising Commercial. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). Domestic.

Saadi Road 10. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Chakwal. SNGPL. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Cantt.2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Attock.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.

628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.000 and 5.2.3. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.7 million customers. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.8 million V-fone customers.

1 5.2. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Pirwadahi Total No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. of No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.4. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Water Works No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Total No.

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.2. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.5. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. POST OFFICE GPO . 6. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 5. 3. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. 4. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr.

Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.2. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. rail and road. both national and international. 1. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.6. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air.7. with many domestic and international flights every day. In addition to freight. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. the principal carrier in Pakistan.2. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. has numerous routes. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Rawalpindi 10. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 .

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. more recently. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.T. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Motorway Interchange. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. which connects Pakistan to China.8. which were completed in the 1990s. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.2. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Road) or. the world's highest international road.

mini-buses.2. yellow cabs. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. and which operate constantly throughout the day.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.9. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. auto-rickshaws. ranging from yellow taxis. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. Due to lack of planning of roads. For inter-city travel. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan.

Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. construction of footpaths. 4. relocation of structures. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. provision of efficient drainage system. pedestrian over head bridges. Objectives 1. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . channelization of junctions.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement.1. 5. Rawalpindi. 2. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. installations of traffic signals. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. 3. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. median. traffic signs. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi.45 Km of main road with 1. pavement marking. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections.

Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. 1. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. land use plan. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.00 million.T. OD travel pattern. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Detailed Traffic Engg.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. 2. future land uses pattern. land values & ownership pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. growth of income. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. of Punjab / RDA. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan.

Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. industrial. enchroachments. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood.3. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. commercial. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. non standardized infrastructure support.5 m 21.000 Cusecs 35. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. f. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Lai Nullah. d. unbalanced land use transport interaction. c. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Unluckily however.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . b.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. e. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.

The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. according to the old timers.1. Famous Historical Places 12. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. Until 1923. And.1. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . At that time. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.1. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Lal Haveli In old times. After independence. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . a famous dancing girl. Sarafa Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.2. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.3.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds.1. better known as The Mall . the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. 12.the glory of the cantonment . Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. it was home to Budhana Bibi. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's.

1. bay windows and doors. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. Pakpattan or Lahore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . intricate woodwork on Jharokas.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. better known as the Purana Qilla.4. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. dense housing. cut brick corbellings. the old quarters of the city. Like Multan.

Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. 12. Modern. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2.1.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2.2. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.

2. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .4.3.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. 12. Rawalpindi.

La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.3. 12. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.2.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Restaurants 12. Rawalpindi.1.3. Rawalpindi.

International Near KFC. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.4.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road.4. Rawalpindi. 12.International .4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Saddar. Sub Way . KFC .1. Saddar. Murree Road. Murree Road. Rawalpindi.2.

4. Canning Road 10. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7.5. 2. Police Station Road 11. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Haider Road 12. 12. Peshawar Road 9. 3. Bank Road 8. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. 6.

Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 17. Harding Road 14. College Road 15. 18. Tipu Road 16.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. There are many old buildings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. houses and narrow streets. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

000 books which are updated at regular interval.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9. Rawalpindi.

1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.10.

32. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 16. 27. The Bank of Punjab. 7. 19. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 26. 12. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 15. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 6. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 4. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 28. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 30. 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. 10. Citi Bank N A. 22. 20. 23. Saudi Pak Comm. 13. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 25. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 17. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11. 5. Rawalpindi. 14. 21. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 24. 29. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Rawalpindi.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

19 years ago. Over 5000 people were killed. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. that it was Ojhri. Many. many thousands more were injured. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. This was a deliberate act of destruction. now.13. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. That it was an ammunition dump. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. But that was the extent of it. It was clear. Rawlapindi. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Soon. Theories abound. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. on April 10. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. 2001. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.23 Billion. On July 23.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. which generates 84. Live storage is 43. WATER RESERVOIR 13.500 acre feet (12994 MG). fishing and boating.8 sq. km. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.Glorious Rawalpindi 13.000 acre feet (11763 MG). Highest flood level is 1752 feet.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawalpindi and Islamabad.1. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The total storage capacity is 47. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Margalla and Murree hills. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.

3. outflow is 0.783 MCM.687 MCM. the flow was relatively high in June to August. However. after 2000. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. 13. due to monsoon. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0.777 MCM. the outflow has been less than the inflow.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. However.2.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. Since its inception. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. in general. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Therefore. However. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. whereas. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. d. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.rawalpindi. r. f. m.mapsofworld. Rawalpindi EDO Education. q.com www. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. l. j. S. Punjab Railway Station. g. n. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. e. b. Rawalpindi Cities. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. f.com pakistanpeadia. c. o.gov. r. h. l. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. i.com Nrb www. EDO Health. p. Govt.absoluteastronomy. j. d. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. t. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.geocities. e. q.com Virtualglobetrottiong. k. m. a. o. n. p. i. s.blogspot. k. Rawalpindi Post Office.pk travel. g. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .com Books & Etc. c. h. b. 1998 City Report.

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