Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.......3..1.....1.......2.........................3.............................................. 49 9....................................6.. Army Hockey Stadium ...............................1.................................................... Other Places Worth A Visit.................3... Private Schools and colleges ............. Peshawar Road ................. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........................3............................. 58 9............................................3.............................5....................................................1.......................... Rawalpindi Club.......................................2.....................................................5. 64 10.......................................................................................1...............................................3.......1............... ......................................2............................................2..........1.......... 46 9.........10............................ Punjab........................... The Raja Bazaar .................................................................................................. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .............. 61 10..........3......................................................................8....4.......................... Rescue 15 ..............2......2. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ........1.................3................................2. near Kachari Chowk.............................................. Field Hockey ...................... 63 10................................................................2.......................................................2..........................1............................. Medical Colleges .... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ............................................................. PTCL .................. Ayub National Park ........... IESCO ...........1........................................................................................ Darul Aman ... 42 8..........................1........................................................................................................................................................ Khewra Salt Mines ...........................................................................................2.3........... 49 9................................................................................................ 41 8.........................................................................................................2............................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ......... 51 9............................................ 58 10...............1................2..........................4...................................3..... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)....................... 60 10...... .................................... 42 8.......3........ Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .......... Rawalpindi Golf Course ............................................................ Hassan Abdal......... 63 10..................................................................... 61 10......... 51 9.......1.........................................1................................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ........ 60 10.........1.... SERVICES ............................... 44 9.....................6.............................................................. 45 9.....1..................... 54 9. 57 9.............. 48 9...........2................................... 57 9.........1.............5..... Cinemas & Theatres .............2... 51 9................................ 44 9..............3.............................4................ 45 9.................................7....................................... POLICE STATIONS....... 62 10.......................................................1......2.............................5.....3..........2............................................................ SOS Village ............... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...................... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ......................... Forts ............7......................................... Taxila Museum............................ 56 9..................... 50 9......................................7...................................... 57 9. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ......................................... 46 9......... The Salt Range ............... Liaqat National Bagh ............................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.....1......... 57 9......... 55 9...........................................................9............5........1................................... 54 9....4......................1....... Edhi Foundation .................................. The Mall Saddar ................................................................................................................................. 60 10..................................1.. 46 9... 53 9........ Jinnah Park........4.......... 56 9.........................6.. 42 8............................... SPORTS & RECREATION .1............................................................................. 43 9.............. 56 9........................................................................................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ................................................................ 60 10....................4............5.......1. 44 9............ Rawalpindi Public Park ............................................. Civil Lines ................................. 51 9............................. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ...........6.......... Cricket ............................................Emergency Reporting Centre ........ Sports venues and stadiums .................... 62 10....................... Temple of Katas .............. KABBADI.... 63 10.................................... Murree and the Galis .... Utility Services ........................................ Kallar Kahar ............... 65 Company Profile ............................. Government Schools & Colleges ................. Romi Park...............1.........4............4...................................4. 52 9..........................

....................................2.......................2..2....... Islamabad International Airport Road ..................................................... 79 12............................................................2............. Political Structure ............... FAMOUS Hotels .............................1.................. La Rosh Hotel..................................................................3............................................ 68 10....................13................11............................4............................................................................................. 76 12..................................... 75 12.................. 75 12......................... Lai Nullah ...........7..............................................................................................................8...1......2........................... 90 12. 75 12........................................................................................ 71 11........ 96 12. Akbar International *** ....................................................................... Ancient Rawalpindi ................... 98 12................... 102 13............... 95 12...............2................................10........................................................ FAMOUS FAST FOODS .......12.9... 81 12.......................................................2............................... 105 13........................................................... Highways ......................14..........5........................................................ 99 12..... 93 12............ Sub Way .......... Public Transportation .......................... Libraries and Museums ........................................................................................ 70 10.......................................2......... Museums ............................... 104 13.................. Lai Expressway ..Glorious Rawalpindi 10..4.......................................3........................................1...............................................................................................1................................................................................2................. 104 13.......... 67 10..... WASA .......................International ...... Flashman’s Hotel............ 78 12.............................................................................1................................................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .................................................. Hotel Civic ................................. INSIDE RAWALPINDI ............ 100 12......... 78 12.................................................7................................................ Famous Historical Places ..... Lasania Restaurant city .......................................................................................... 76 12......................................................................................................... 66 10..................................3.......... RAWAL LAKE......... 81 12....................4........................................................................6........................................4.. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ...... Roads In Rawalpindi City ........8........2.........................................................2............................. Airport ...2....................................... 74 12..................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ...........................................1.............................................. WATER RESERVOIR ......... The Mall ...........................4.................6......... Misriot Dam ..1.......................................3.............................9....................................... KFC ................................2..................1..............2........ 79 12.........................................................................................................................................1..................................................3............... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .........2........... 81 12........................................... 73 11.............1............ Railway Stations ............... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ...............2...1..... Jawa Dam ......... 84 12............ Shalimar Hotel ****................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ................................................................................... POST OFFICE ................................................................................. 68 10...2.....................5....(Rawalpindi) .....................................................................................................................................3................5................................................................... 80 12............................................................ 82 12................... 79 12............. Famous Restaurants.......... 72 11........... 80 12................................. Purana Qilla .............3...........................................................................4.International ............................................ 77 12......................... 78 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ................2............. RING ROAD .................................................. Lal Haveli ......................................... 80 12.................... Famous Chowk............. 72 11.........................................................

the area of its concern. This study contains information on population. i.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. infrastructure. health. education and the existing industries. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . communication net works. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e.

until 1765. When Jhanda Khan. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. HISTORY Rawalpindi. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Rawalpindi City.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . However. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). Jhelum. Although they did not succeed. founded a new town nearby. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. the martial people of the area against the British domination. a Ghakkar Chief . In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history.e. In 1849. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. The Rawals a jogi tribe. has a long history spread over several millennia. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. also known as Pindi. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. battle with Gakhars.

Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Nala Lai. and it serves the city along with the capital. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. in Liaquat Garden. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. there was a good deal of agitation in the district.e.e. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. water is stored by building dams. Cantonment and city. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. In 1951. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Many Government buildings were set on fire. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. famous for its floods.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. the Afghan war and martial law. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Liaquat Ali Khan. The city is home to many industries and factories. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. before Pakistan came into existence. he was welcomed rousingly.

by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North.38’ and 73°. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Location It lies between 33°.1.04’ 34°. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. Chakwal. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.01’ North latitudes and 72°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South.37’ East longitudes. 2. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. in the province of Punjab.

8 Population.033333 Altitude. 2. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .286 km² Calling code.059. 051 Time zone. Estimate. 70.059. 73.6.6.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 500 meters AMSL 5. Area. of Towns. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.2. 73. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.000 (1998) 3. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.300. PST (UTC+5) No.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.

The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.3. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches.7 C and Min 2. comprising Potoharis. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.6 Degree Centigrade. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. In summer.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. and Pakhtuns. when the mean max. temp is 17. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous.06 Degree Centigrade per month .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The coldest month is Jan. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. Muhajirs. The weather is highly unpredictable. Punjabis. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.

shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. There are many mosques throughout the city. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Here too the poor are not forgotten. On this day. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. In addition to the two Eids. modesty and good behaviour. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" .1. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. 3. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month).a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. The roads. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. On Eid day.a ritual in which everyone shares. others being truthfulness. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. More than men. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. No sooner it is sited.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. one for distribution among the poor.

Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Chaunji Trap. tent pegging and Bini. education. railways and the police force. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda).Paul Church. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Bhangra. 3. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. There are two Churches in Saddar. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . St. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Rawalpindi. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Summi. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. wrestling.2. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Music and dancing are also common. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi.

Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 3.4. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. historical and political ties to the country.3. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . Hinduism After the Partition of India. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. and to the historical region of Punjab.

Islamabad. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 4. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . 1940. when Pakistan. On 23rd March. 4. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.1. Later in 1971.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.3.1.2.1. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. red or velvet. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. CULTURE 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. 4. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August.

sweet and ornaments etc. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. To mold into the colors of ubton. health of population is generally better. family and invited guests wear yellow garments.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Due to good weather condition in the district. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. Tea is popular all over the district. Khaki or grey.2. 4. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. The color of the men’s dress is generally white.3. bangles. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. the bride’s parents feast the party. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people.1. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .4. the other name of mienu. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages.4. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. After the religious formalities.

MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. All the guests. especially women. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents.3. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. 4.4.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.

The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.5. Besides. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints.

and factories making tents. citrus. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. pottery. and leather goods. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50.021 power looms. pharmaceutical.6% of district population is directly employed in large. textiles. glass products. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . furniture. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. Metallurgy. industrial gas processing. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. Auto knitting and commerce etc. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. steel re-rolling. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. sawmills. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir.000 persons i. sewing machines etc. railroad yards. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. medium and small industrial units. cigarettes.000 spindles. apricots. beverages and fruit preservation. hosiery. Air conditiong. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. marble processing.e.000b spindles and 1. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. bajra. potato. and vegetables are the major products of the city. maize. Welding. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. pears. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Drafting. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. iron mills. apples. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. about 1. a brewery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10.

Kohlis and a few others. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. towns of the district. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . by courtesy.1. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. These only form a small percentage of the total population.2. gold seals and such like. so-called. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. is misleading. gold threads. will go to far from their homes for such work.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. 5. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. The chief families of Gakkhar. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. chiefly silk goods. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Brahmans. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. Janjuas. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. do not require detailed notice. They also deal largely in hides. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. except ploughing. Like the men of the tribe. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the.

chappris. Kuri-Dolal. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). from Re: 1 to Rs. where wood is plentiful.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.3. or low chairs. 20. 1 to Rs. known as phur. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Phulkaris are made in many places. The chairs cost from Re. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. costing from Rs. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. The lohars of Manianda. the spinning wheels. 6. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Pindigheb. 1 to Rs. Chauntra. make padlocks of iron. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. tehsil Pindigheb. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad.5 to Rs. and are made of Shisham. and Hazro. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. according to size. especially in tehsil Kahuta. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Baking-plates are also made here. 40. 10 for the set of 4. neighboring villages. costing from Re. saddles are the principal articles made. Pihras. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. or khair wood. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Reed matting. embroidered shoes. known as abri. and Salgraon. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Leather manufacturers have diminished. tehsil Rawapindi. tehsil Kahutta. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. phulaa. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Fatehjang. and at Makhad. 8.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Here. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. 5. have been procured. both lie on the Indus bank. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed.4. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Mr. as else where. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Popular Industries 5. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving.4. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. especially of it is exported across the Indus. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.1. as there is said to have once been. or earthen-jars. Lockwood Kipling. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. at Fatehjang.

and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. Most of the labor has education level below primary. patti and other handicrafts. Rawalpindi. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. handling & storing.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. sand blasting. honed finishing etc. flower vases and fountains. cutting & sizing. Major processes include loading/unloading. Karachi and Lahore. bush hammering. phool. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. brush finishing.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. I-9/1 and I-9/3. which are also in small quantities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. Sangjani. acid finishing. ustaad and unskilled workers. tiles.

any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. 4. The average cost of this wood is around Rs.000 cubic ft.2. It is below 50%. 10. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 7. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 1. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 5. Hardly. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 3. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.000-300. 9. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 2. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 8.4. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used.

Therefore. A Report by Ms. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. sofas. Your marketing strategies must be good. so that must be kept in mind. and you should take care to build good customer relations. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. The establishments in the city need showcases. Even couches. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. as well as residential areas. Once your furniture business gets off. etc. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. You can sell wood or metal furniture. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. schools. from office to lounge furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. are in huge demand in the City. By stocking the best quality goods. Be sure to include photographs. consoles are in demand. Polish affects the quality of the material. lamps stands. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. side tables and stools. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. and selling innovative products. hotels and restaurants. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . lockers. lampshades. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. shelves. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. since all kinds of furniture. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants.000 people. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25.

three miles from Fatehjang. No. Rs. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868.200 gallons last year. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. 2. 5. leaving the oil above. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 28 ditto. Kalabagh oil…. Five borings have been made. 80 feet. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. It is made from mustard oil. The petroleum now costs Rs. 50 feet. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. The total oil collected is about 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . No. The oil is used in its raw state. No. 60 feet. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. and Kalabagh on the Indus. 3. The petroleum costs. No. 4 inches in diameter each. In 1887-89. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works.16 per hundred gallons.5. transmitted light. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. Fatehjang.. 1 is 100n feet deep. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. etc.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. the churches. No. 4. 100 feet. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No.000 gallons per year. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The borings are 35 feet from each other. 5. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine.6. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. in the Bannu district. The oil is collected as it. This is thrown into a cistern. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.600 gallons per annum. petroleum and wood. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil….

Ghee. and Gujrat. charas. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. was exported to Kashmir. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. Peshawar. from Kashmir. however. Hazro and Makhad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. Shahjahanpur. refined Sugar from Bombay. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Ghee is brought in from Punch. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. timber. dyes. Jallundur. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Kashmir and Sawat. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. ra and the sea-ports. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. thick cloths. Yarkand and Ladakh.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. and Peshawar. gur from Sialkot. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. rice from neighboring districts. Sialkot. Jallundur and Meerut. leather from Kashmir. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. described above. for seed. fruits. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana.1. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. timber. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. from Kashmir. it is believed. are exported to some small extent. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. and that of inferior quality in this district. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. chiefly deodar. Peshawar. fruits from Kashmir. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Silk from Amritsar. chiefly. metals. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. hardware from Amritsar.. pattus. rice being little grown. Peshawar. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. & c. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Delhi and Gujranwala. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Wazirabad. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river.

and factories making tents. 5. textiles. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 17. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Petroleum Refinery. 14. 18. 7. Heavy Foundry and Forge. 15. a brewery. sawmills. distillery. 16. 22. 13. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 19. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. cigarettes. mineral processing. 21. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. cigarettes. 24. cement. 2.2. 3. iron mills. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. steel re-rolling. 6. 12. and leather goods. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. railroad yards. flour mills. sewing machines etc. hosiery.1. 20. beverages and fruit preservation. furniture. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. 10. glass products.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Sr. 9. pottery. pharmaceuticals. 23.2. 8. poultry feed. glass products. cotton and woolen Textiles. marble processing. 1. 4. industrial gases. No.

Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 39. 30. 35. skilled labour. 44. 31. 40. 38. 34. 26. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. i) ii) 45. 43. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P.Glorious Rawalpindi 25.C. 29. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 .C. 36. 33.3. Therefore.C. 37. linkage between the industrial units. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 41. 27. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. local/national/international demand. 42. 47. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. if lacking is manageable. 32. however. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit.V. 46.

limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. cigarettes.5 billion for the year 2001-02. there also exist good prospects for tannery. It accounts for 38. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. dolomite bentonite. woolen. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.3. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. glass.1. etc. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. which accounted 11. footwear. rock salt. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. guava and apple. cotton.4. employs 48. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. semi processed and processed agricultural products. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. 6. veneer board. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. poultry/cattle feed. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. 6. 6.3. In this area there is good scope for furniture. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade.3.3% of national GDP. It contributes 24% to the GDP. Minerals Fire clay.3. jawar. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. cement. gypsum.4% of the agricultural value added and 9.3. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 .Glorious Rawalpindi 6. meat/poultry processing units. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. leather garments. ground nut. Pharmaceuticals. In addition. Oil refinery. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51.2. its major crops and fruit are wheat.3. Silica sand. maize. 6. leather Products.5. Soda ash. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.

household appliances. 6. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. pharmaceutical. fashion apparel.3. electric cables. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad.6.3. Steel. glass ample.7. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. children wear. glass hollow-ware. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. confectionery. has now emerged as a potential investment area.3. Besides. sports wear etc. cosmetics.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex.9. 6. 6. 6. suitable for wide spread fish farming.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. PVC pipes. ready made garments for men and women. steel furniture. there exists good prospects for biscuits.4. 6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . Attock Refinery. rubberized/mechanical toys. wires etc. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. woolen knitwear. POF etc. sanitary fitting. electrical accessories. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Heavy Foundry and Forge. machine made carpets. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.

Therefore.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. 6. 6. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. Currency and Mint. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance.4. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing.1. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Most of these deposits are unexploited. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. The inhabitants. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area.2.

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. of tourism. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. not manufactured locally. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3.3 million. machinery & equipment. Technical/Vocational Training. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.15 million. Social Sector Activities: Education. 6.6. Hospitals.4. including the development of Industrial Zones.5.4. Medical and Diagnostic Services. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4. 6. 6. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Plant. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .

not manufactured locally. Beverage 6. imported by the manufacturing industries. 5. Murree Brewery Company LTD. machinery and equipment. Bakery Products 1. card pay phone services etc. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. 4.5.) LTD Bakery. machinery & equipment.e. 3.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Plant.5. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.5.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 6. Ltd. machinery and equipment.2. audio-fax services. imported by tourism. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. hotels and tourism related projects. not manufactured locally. Details of machinery are Plant. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Classic Capital (Pvt. Plant. voicemail services. not manufactured locally. 2. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm.1. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.

Diapers Plant 10.7.5. Domestic Hardware 11.5.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Adyala Road 17. W. IPRAM International. Peshawar Road 6.3. Road Morgah 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Old G. Chip/Straw Board 9.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd .T.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . . 14.5. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. NEOMEDIX . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.5.5.8. Cement Products 7. 12. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Ceramics Products 8.6.4.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . 15. Capital Plywood Industry. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. 16. Westridge Fireclay Industries.

Industrial area Rawat 26. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Westridge 36. Unimar Pharmaceuticals .Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Olive Laboratories . Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Habib Flour & General Mills. Khyber Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Adyala Road 21. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills.5. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Westridge 32. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 29. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Seham Road 37. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Naswari Bazar 24. Westridge 38. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Railway Workshop Road 25. Rawat 27. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills.9.Rawat 35. Railway Workshop Road 31. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals.

Bangash Colony. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.5.5. Fine Plastic Works. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.12. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Kashmir Road 6. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Rawat Flour Mills. Plastic Products 52. Rawat 43.14. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Poultry Feeds 53. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. National Park Road 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.5.11. Pirwadhai 46. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.) Ltd.10.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.5. LPG Cylinders 51. JI Interprises. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Tops Food & Beverages . Food Products 45.5.13. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.

.M. Refinery 55.5. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Unani Medicines 59.19.5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Tyre and Tubes 58. Textile Spinning 57.16.5.5.Textile Mills Ltd.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Textile Composite 56.18.. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Westridge 6.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.20. D. (Pvt) Ltd. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Adamjee Street 6. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .15.5. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.17. Peshawar Road 7.

MCH Centres 1. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. This region is full of Health facilities. Govt. 3. 10. Rawalpindi. 3. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 8. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 9. 2. 7.1. 5. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay.4. 7. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.2. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. Government Hospitals 1. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . 2. 4. 2. 3.5. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.3.

7. Combined Military Hospital 7. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 3. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .6. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 10. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 14. Satellite Town. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Off Murree Road. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi. Shahid Dental Clinic R.8. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. 6. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah.I. Satellite Town.P. Said pur Road.425 7th Road. Dr. 5. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Bazar Road. Rawalpindi Cantt. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Shakoors V. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk.9.A. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. 2. 3. 5551237 8. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. 3. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. 17. Rawalpindi 12. 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. BH Building. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Satellite Town. 4. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Near Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Satellite Town. 3. Saidpur Road. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 11. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. 1. Batool Hospital H-241. Dr. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi 15. 2. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD.

1.1. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.2.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. 8. This gift to the nation. After their father's death (1901). Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. University of Arid Agriculture. its daughters. Muhammed became her legal guardian. The building has an architectural splendor. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. As it stands. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Universities 8. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . ARID UNIVERSITY 8. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.

4. Viqar un Nisa College for women. 3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi.2.1. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. College. Located near the CMH. College St. College Asghar Mall. Town. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. No. Rawalpindi. Govt. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Govt.1. Govt. No. Govt. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Gorden College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Hashmat Ali Isl.2. Govt. Colleges 8. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering.2. 1. College for women St. 2. Govt. 1.3. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Town. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 5.2.

Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. 19. 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 22. 13. St. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. 17. 9. 27. St. Rawalpindi 36. town. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. 20.3. Rahimabad airport Road. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. 4. 21. 28. Rawalpindi. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 7. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Town. 33. Town. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of Information Technology. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. 25. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. 2. 1. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road.2. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 11. National Science College Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 14. Leader College 6th Road. St. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. 30. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Town. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. 5. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 6. Rwp. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 29. 32. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Saddar. 34. Universal College. 35. Al-Falah College for women St. Town. 12. town. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Civil College of Commerce St. Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. town. Sadiqabad. 10. 18. Town. Rawalpindi. 24. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. 23. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. 15. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 3. 31. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 26. Educator College. St.

BPS Dhok Paracha M. 10. Town. 51. BPS Fauji Colony M. 11. Rawalpindi. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 1. Rawalpindi. M. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. 12. Jinnah Institute of Informatics.C. Indus College of Commerce. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. town. M.C. 16. 13. 54. 42. 5. 1..2. 4.C. Middle Schools Rawalpindi.C. St. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence.C. M. MC. Rwalpindi. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. town. BPS Faiz abad M. 15. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. BPS Muslim Town M. 49. Inflorescence College of modern . Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce.C. 43.C. Rawalpindi. GMS Amarpura. BPS Qasim abad. BPS Bangash Colony M.C. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Morgah Rawalpindi. Rwalpindi. Leadership College for Girls St. 4.C. town. 2.C. M. 6.C. Shamsabad. 7. M. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS New Malpur M. BPS Arya Mohallah M. GMS Waris Khan.C. College of Commerce Saddar. 3. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Rawalpindi. Ojiri Camp. 39.C. 56. 41. 52.5. Town. 50. Rawalpindi. M.C. 48. Town. Leadership College for Boys St. MC.C. Rwalpindi. 45.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 40. 53.4. Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 2. Rawalpindi.C. 47. 55.C. Rawalpindi. M. Islamic International Commerce College. Rawalpindi. GMS Qasimabad.2. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. 8. M. 46. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Muslim Town. 44. St. Rawalpindi. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 9.C.C. 8. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Town. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 3. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 38. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. Capital College Murree Road. BMS Amarpura. Rawalpindi. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 8. Rawalpindi. 14.

9.C. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 7. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. 6. Rawalpindi (Cantt. Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W). MC.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. M. Dhoke Syedan. Rawalpindi Govt.C. 4. 3. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Rawalpindi. Govt. M.(ABAD).C. Scheme No. 2. Rawalpindi Cantt. Kartarpura. Techincal Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Dhamial. BPS Ratta 18.3. GHS Satellite Town M. Institute of Commerce. Govt.C. BHS Satellite Town M. 7. 5. 8.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. High School Rawalpindi M. 8. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . College of Commerce. BPS Affandi Colony 8. BHS Millat Colony M.6. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. M.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi.C. 5.C. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.PIA College Rawalpindi City.C.C.C. GHS Ratta Amral M. 6. 3. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Govt. BHS Ratta Amral M. Institute of Commerce (W). 1.2. 4. (RMGTC). BHS Moti Baza M. Rawalpindi Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W).2 Satellite Town.C.

5.G. Govt. 7.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . The Mall F.6. 2. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.5. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 5.G. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. F. Ordinance Road. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Harley Street F.G (C. Private Schools and colleges 1. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. 6.4. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 3. 3. Sir Syed College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. The Mall 1. 4. 2. Quaid-e-Azam College. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. Chaklala III 8. 6.

4. 3.7. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. From being a nine-hole course. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. covers 2. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. 9. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. an aquarium. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. It has a playground. lake with boating facility. 300 acres. play land.300 acres and has a play area. lush lawns. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. today this is a facility of 27 holes. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.T. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Ayub National Park.1. These are the best way to see the city. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau.1. fountains and flower beds.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .) Road. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. It covers an area of about 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. It has a lake with boating facility. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. founded in 1885. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. Meander through the bazaars.

Some tigers. 9. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. lawns. One should try out during a visit here. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. The Park was opened in 1991. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. cheetahs. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. The first prime minister of Pakistan.1. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.1.3. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. is of historical interest due to its political processions. fountains and flower beds. It has a play area for children. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. 2007 at same venue. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. Other areas of the park are used for walking.2. lions. was assassinated here in 1950. bears.

clubs and cafes. Jinnah Park. Between the two runs The Mall. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851.1. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Since independence.even chilly in the evening . however.1. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. Romi Park.6. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . churches. on the Karakoram Highway. Peshawar Road 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.400 feet). with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Numerous roads leave. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). In winter. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.1. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. complete with The Mall for promenading. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Its cold pine forests. or riding in the new chair-lifts. Murree is lovely all year round. Civil Lines 9. a little bit of England. parks.and rain is common. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. especially at weekends. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. near Kachari Chowk. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. schools. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.4. has expanded rapidly. In summer it is cool . when the honor was transferred to Simla.5. Murree and the Galis Murree.240 meters (7. at 2. Murree remained. where most people congregate.

Ayubia has a chair lift. Changlagali. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Ayubia Khairagali. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . The golf course here is open only to members. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. both rides cost about Rs. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. hiking places and picnic spots. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Natural springs abound on the slopes. which like a ski-lift. which is the highest point in the range.). Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. It is 30 km from Murree. A restaurant has also been established. In addition to riding trails. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Patriata 25 km from Murree.

Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. once you reach the summit. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. For this. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. In addition to riding trails. The city of Rawalpindi. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. golden eagle. situated on the summit of a hill. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest.7. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. better known as the Murree National Park. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road.1. Khaira Gali. you will find that the surface is clean. Asiatic leopard. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Islamabad. flying squirrel and hill fox.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. hiking places. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. a sub category of the Montane Forests. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. 9. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter.

terracotta. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. 9. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Buddhist. walking sticks.8. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. Saddar bazaar. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. The Sarafa bazaar. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. including stone. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. However. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. This is a place where you go by choice. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. vicery of India in 1918. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. which is the first stop for any tourist. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. stucco. gold. Most of the sites at Taxila. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. you can find every thing which a common man can use. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.9. There are 4000 objects displayed. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. are located around the Taxila Museum. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. As it turns out. at The Raja Bazaar. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Here. iron and semiprecious stones. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. could not complete its original plan. 9.1. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. silver. 48 km from Rawalpindi. At the outset. but come out by sheer luck.C to 500 AD. cane baskets and furniture. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. the museum.1. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi.T. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. shawls and jackets. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998.

waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. by the Department of Archaeology. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.1.T. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. 9. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Ferishta and Jehangir. This place offers scenic walks. Tapering cypress trees. gently flowing stream. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road.5 acres. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Islamabad. Gen. Road. Road. The resort has a restaurant. Road. Guru Nanak. on their way to Kashmir. loved by the Mughals.T.Twice a year. and the modern capital of Pakistan. that is. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.10. line the canals through which cool waters once. Taxila. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Government of Pakistan. left of G. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.T. i. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader.e. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. by his colleagues. Today. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. on the G. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. Road. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. it is now a 27-hole course. home to several thousand people. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. with spring water falling within it. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. G. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. and the course itself. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. 9. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course.T. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Sports venues and stadiums 9. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque.3. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. a minister of emperor Akbar. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. one on the top of the hill and other below it. From the clubhouse.1. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. After several phases of development. at the foot of Margalla.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . was also built during this period. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. T. Road Rawalpindi. a small town has developed. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. It is situated at I.

Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world.3. Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.000. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan.2. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. 9. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

Rawalpindi Club. Army Hockey Stadium 9.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.5.3. The Mall Saddar 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 .3.3.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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10.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.2. however personal visits are also allowed. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. rescue. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. crime reporting. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Rescue 15 . Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. explosions. Community Awareness &Training. Response and Prevention. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Therefore. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. which is an achievement even internationally. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. SERVICES 10. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.1. buildings collapse. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management.1. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. identification of vehicles for registration etc.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.

struggle.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. patience. Endurance. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. perseverance. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 13. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 5. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . who is a mobile institution ready to respond.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 3. 4. 9. 6. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 14. 12. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi.3. 7.4. 10.1. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. 8. 2. 11.1.

support.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. love and understanding. The children are given security. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Old People and Disabled. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.6. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Children. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.1.

7. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Sales to these consumers were 39. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.897.1. this poor child. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.2.” 10. 10. boys and girls . The curriculum includes Islamic studies.028 consumers comprising Commercial. now Companies Ordinance 1984. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Fertilizer. 2006. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.study together up until fifth grade. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).127. Urdu.2.008. but the emphasis is on achievement. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.733. Domestic.581. designing and construction of pipelines. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. “The basic aim is that this orphan. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. Power & Cement Sectors.46/-. not on Islamic political causes. detail of some among them is following.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.081 HM3 worth 107. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. SNGPL has 2. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. General Industry. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .7.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .280 HM3 worth 31.118 million rupees during July-September. to be sure.1. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. both for itself and other organizations. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Here. Distribution system consists of 46.

IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Chakwal. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL. Attock.2.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.

The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.3. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.2. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.7 million customers. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.000 and 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

of No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.2. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. Water Works No. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Committee Chowk 4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. 1 5. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Total No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.4. Pirwadahi Total No.

3. 6. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . POST OFFICE GPO .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 4. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.2. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.5. 2. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic.

2. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. rail and road. has numerous routes. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . with many domestic and international flights every day.6. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. In addition to freight. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. both national and international. the principal carrier in Pakistan.2. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.7. Rawalpindi 10. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. 2.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Motorway Interchange. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Rawalpindi. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways.8.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which were completed in the 1990s.2. Road) or. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan.T. more recently. which connects Pakistan to China. the world's highest international road.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. and which operate constantly throughout the day. mini-buses. auto-rickshaws. Due to lack of planning of roads. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. yellow cabs. For inter-city travel.2. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. ranging from yellow taxis.9. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

provision of efficient drainage system. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. relocation of structures. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. construction of footpaths. 5. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Objectives 1.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .45 Km of main road with 1. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Rawalpindi. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. median. pavement marking.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. installations of traffic signals. pedestrian over head bridges. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. 4. traffic signs. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. channelization of junctions. 2. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city.

2. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.00 million. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg.2. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. land use plan. future land uses pattern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . growth of income. Detailed Traffic Engg. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. land values & ownership pattern. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan.T. OD travel pattern. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. 1. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. of Punjab / RDA. Task-III Economic Evaluation.

During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Unluckily however. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. c. enchroachments. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. b. f. The Lai Nullah.000 Cusecs 35. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.3. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. non standardized infrastructure support. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.5 m 21. unbalanced land use transport interaction. d. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. commercial. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . industrial. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. e.

according to the old timers.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Until 1923. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.1. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Famous Historical Places 12.1. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. And. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. At that time. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1.

In 1920 in the pre-partition days.the glory of the cantonment . The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. Lal Haveli In old times. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.1. Sarafa Bazaar. a famous dancing girl. it was home to Budhana Bibi. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . better known as The Mall . was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.1. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. After independence. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3.2.

Pakpattan or Lahore. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.1. the old quarters of the city. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. dense housing. Like Multan. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings.4. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. cut brick corbellings. bay windows and doors.

Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.1. Modern.2. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12.2. 12.2.

2.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. 12. Rawalpindi.2. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.5. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .4.2.

1.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .3. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.3. Rawalpindi. Famous Restaurants 12. 12.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 .International .2. Rawalpindi. Sub Way .(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Saddar.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12.4.International Near KFC. Saddar. Murree Road. KFC . Murree Road.1.4. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Rawalpindi.

12. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Peshawar Road 9. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12. 3. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 6. 4.5. Canning Road 10. Police Station Road 11. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 1.

College Road 15. Tipu Road 16. 17. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.7. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. There are many old buildings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. off the Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.

000 books which are updated at regular interval. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.

21. 26. 23. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 15. 13. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 7. 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Rawalpindi. 27. The Bank of Punjab. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Rawalpindi. 19. 24. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 29. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 8. 18. Bank Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 5. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 12. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 11. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 16. Industrial Deve. 10. 30. 9. 17. Saudi Pak Comm. Citi Bank N A. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 32. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 28. 4.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. Rawlapindi. It was clear. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Many. 19 years ago. on April 10.13. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. Theories abound. that it was Ojhri. But that was the extent of it. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. many thousands more were injured. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Over 5000 people were killed. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Soon. now. This was a deliberate act of destruction. That it was an ammunition dump.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe.

2001. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.23 Billion. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. On July 23.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Live storage is 43. Rawalpindi and Islamabad.000 acre feet (11763 MG). Highest flood level is 1752 feet.1.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . fishing and boating. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. which generates 84. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. km.8 sq. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Margalla and Murree hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. The total storage capacity is 47. WATER RESERVOIR 13.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.

Jawa dam which operational in 1997. outflow is 0. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . Except for the year 1998 and 2002. Since its inception. However.2. However.3. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. the outflow has been less than the inflow. 13.687 MCM. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. after 2000. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. Therefore. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. whereas. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. due to monsoon. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow.783 MCM.777 MCM. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. However. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. in general.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. the flow was relatively high in June to August.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

t. i.geocities. l. S.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. p.com pakistanpeadia. p. k. d. c. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. f. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. g. q. e. Govt. f.com Nrb www. n.blogspot. j. a. m.absoluteastronomy. k. c. g.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. r. Rawalpindi EDO Education. o. n. e. b. j.com Virtualglobetrottiong. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Punjab Railway Station. m. b.com www.mapsofworld.pk travel. Rawalpindi. q. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . s. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. Rawalpindi Cities. EDO Health. 1998 City Report. h. o. Rawalpindi Post Office. l. h. r.gov.com Books & Etc.rawalpindi. d. i.

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