Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.................................1.....................2. Cinemas & Theatres ..........................................Emergency Reporting Centre ............................................................1........3................................... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).......... 55 9.........................................................4... Temple of Katas ..................5.............. Rawalpindi Golf Course .... 57 9... 46 9............................ Romi Park..............7...............1. 45 9..... Private Schools and colleges ......6............................8....2.......................... 51 9...............................................1..........3................................1............................................................... SERVICES ...........1....... 62 10.2..........................4........................1.....................1........................1........................................ Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ............. 42 8.......5........................... .......................................................................................5...........5...................... Taxila Museum........... 64 10... 42 8.............................................. 43 9.................. The Raja Bazaar ..........................5..... 63 10................................................................................................................ The Salt Range ..... 51 9...........2......................................................1....................... Army Hockey Stadium ................................................. 60 10..................... POLICE STATIONS....................6..............................1..................7....... Rawalpindi Club......................3..................4..... 51 9................. PTCL ......2.............3..........................1..4................................................ 48 9.................1..................................... 61 10...................1.....1.................................................... 56 9...........................................1..................... Rawalpindi Public Park ............ 44 9.......................................................................1..........2....................3................. Government Schools & Colleges .................... 56 9....... 61 10........................ Hassan Abdal............. Darul Aman ..........................2......5............................3....................................................................................................... 45 9....................... Civil Lines .......................... 63 10.............. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.....2.... 62 10................................................... Medical Colleges ...................1.......................................................................................................... 46 9................... Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi .............. Jinnah Park........... 60 10....................................4............................................. KABBADI............. Murree and the Galis .........................................................10.....................3........................................................... 54 9.............................................. ................................................ Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ......... Sports venues and stadiums ..............1............2.......... Liaqat National Bagh .................................................... 52 9............................4...........2..... Ayub National Park .... Edhi Foundation ...........1.................... 53 9.............. Utility Services ................................. Punjab....................................................3.................................... 42 8........................................................2.............................2.................................................................. 57 9.................................................................................................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii .....................................2.................. Cricket ............. 50 9........6. 58 10.. Other Places Worth A Visit......1................ 63 10......... 60 10.................................................. 46 9..................................................3........... SOME OTHER STADIUMS .............................................................................................1.......... 57 9........... 49 9.......................................... near Kachari Chowk. Forts ......................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ..... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .......1.......... SOS Village ......................4................................ 44 9....................................................................1.................................................... The Mall Saddar ...................2........ IESCO ......................................................9.. Field Hockey ...3........... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ............ 41 8.1........................ 60 10............................................................... 56 9. 58 9......................3.........................................................................2............................................................ Rescue 15 ....4.......... Federal Government Schools & Colleges ........................6.......4................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ........................................................................................................ 54 9...................... Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ........................................................ SPORTS & RECREATION ...... 65 Company Profile .................... Peshawar Road ................................ 49 9..3..................Glorious Rawalpindi 8..........................2.................................... Kallar Kahar ....................... 51 9....................... 44 9..............................................................3........................................7..... 57 9.................................................... Khewra Salt Mines .........

. Islamabad International Airport Road ...................9.......................................................................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ........ Jawa Dam ....................... POST OFFICE .......... 105 13... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ....................... 78 12......................................................1.............................. 95 12.................International .................................................. Railway Stations .............................12............ 68 10............ 96 12............................. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ............................... Flashman’s Hotel....... 81 12....................................... Roads In Rawalpindi City ..... 81 12.................................... 76 12..................2......................... 68 10.. Political Structure ............................ Lai Expressway .................................... RING ROAD .....1........................................................ Misriot Dam ........ 90 12.................................................................................................................... 70 10................................ Museums .....2....................................2................................................4................ 93 12............... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..1.......... 79 12......... 80 12..........5........................... La Rosh Hotel..........................................................3.............................................2.............................................11......................................................13........................................................................................................ 72 11......................................................................... Lal Haveli ............................................................ 100 12...............................................................8............................................................................ 75 12......2.. 80 12............................................................................................. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ................. 82 12.... 78 12...................... Akbar International *** ............ Famous Restaurants............................. 77 12............... 72 11.... 71 11.................2....................................................7.............................................................................................................................................International .............................................................................. 67 10........................1......... KFC ..4...................7. Lasania Restaurant city ...............................3.......Glorious Rawalpindi 10............... Highways ........ 78 12........................................................................ WATER RESERVOIR ...............................2.... Purana Qilla ................3...........................................................1..................................................................... Hotel Civic ............................................................ Ancient Rawalpindi ..................................... 84 12......... 75 12....8..3............................ 74 12........................................................(Rawalpindi) .................................4...................................................................... 75 12...1.14..............................................................................................................................................6.....3...................2........................................................... Shalimar Hotel ****................1...........................................1.................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ................................. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .......... FAMOUS Hotels ................2........................................................................ 76 12......................... Airport ........... 79 12......................... RAWAL LAKE...... 79 12......................................3....... 104 13...................................................................................2....................... 73 11........ 81 12...............................................................................2........................ 98 12........................................................ WASA ......... Public Transportation .............................................................................. Lai Nullah ...........2...........................................................2.... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....................1.......................... 102 13..................... 99 12..................................................................1...............2..........5..........2............ Libraries and Museums ...........................4.......................................... 66 10........................................................................ The Mall .........2.................2.......3.................... 104 13..................6... Famous Historical Places .....................................1.............10.....2.......4................. 80 12..... Sub Way .......................................................................... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ...............................4........................... Famous Chowk.....................................5...........9.......

Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. communication net works. infrastructure.e. the area of its concern. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . This study contains information on population. health. i. education and the existing industries. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.

the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. the martial people of the area against the British domination. The Rawals a jogi tribe. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. When Jhanda Khan. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. also known as Pindi. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Rawalpindi City. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Although they did not succeed. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . Jhelum. founded a new town nearby. battle with Gakhars. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. In 1849. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. has a long history spread over several millennia. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. HISTORY Rawalpindi. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. At the time of Alexander’s invasion.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. a Ghakkar Chief .e. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. until 1765. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. However.

There was a communal disturbance in 1947. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. water is stored by building dams.e. famous for its floods. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. in Liaquat Garden. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Cantonment and city. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. the Afghan war and martial law. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Liaquat Ali Khan. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. The city is home to many industries and factories. In 1951. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. before Pakistan came into existence. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. he was welcomed rousingly. Many Government buildings were set on fire. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Nala Lai. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly.e. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. and it serves the city along with the capital.

Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.38’ and 73°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. in the province of Punjab.37’ East longitudes.01’ North latitudes and 72°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. 2. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. Location It lies between 33°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Chakwal.1.04’ 34°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division.

Glorious Rawalpindi 2.059. 70. 73. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.286 km² Calling code. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 500 meters AMSL 5.300. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.2. 8 Population. 2. 73. 051 Time zone. Estimate.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.550 (2007) Literacy rate.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.000 (1998) 3.059. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. Area. of Towns.033333 Altitude. PST (UTC+5) No.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.6.6. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .

The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. temp is 17.7 C and Min 2.06 Degree Centigrade per month .Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. Muhajirs. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.3. In summer. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. comprising Potoharis. The coldest month is Jan. when the mean max.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. Punjabis. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The weather is highly unpredictable. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. and Pakhtuns.6 Degree Centigrade.

Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The roads. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. others being truthfulness. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). More than men. On Eid day. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. No sooner it is sited.1. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. one for distribution among the poor. On this day. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour.a ritual in which everyone shares. There are many mosques throughout the city.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . second for the relatives and third for self and own family. In addition to the two Eids. modesty and good behaviour. 3. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" .

They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. education. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Music and dancing are also common. Summi. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . wrestling. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Bhangra. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. tent pegging and Bini. railways and the police force. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi.Paul Church. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Chaunji Trap.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). There are two Churches in Saddar. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Rawalpindi. 3. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Young people prefer Kabaddi. St.2.

historical and political ties to the country. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place.3. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. Hinduism After the Partition of India. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. and to the historical region of Punjab.4.

All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.1. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. Later in 1971. when Pakistan.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1.1. On 23rd March. 4. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. 1940. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. red or velvet. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.1.1. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors.2. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. CULTURE 4. 4. Islamabad. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland.

necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. the other name of mienu. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. 4.4. sweet and ornaments etc. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages.4. health of population is generally better. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover).3. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress.2. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. the bride’s parents feast the party. Khaki or grey. bangles. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. To mold into the colors of ubton. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Tea is popular all over the district. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. The usual ornaments like ear rings. After the religious formalities. 4.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Due to good weather condition in the district.

4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.

Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses.4.4. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. 4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. especially women. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. All the guests. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination.3. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.5. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Besides. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan.

Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. marble processing. hosiery. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. Drafting. Air conditiong. pears.000 persons i. glass products. bajra. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Auto knitting and commerce etc. furniture. pottery. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. a brewery. about 1.000 spindles. beverages and fruit preservation. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Welding. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. apples.000b spindles and 1. pharmaceutical. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. sawmills. iron mills. industrial gas processing. railroad yards. potato. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent.021 power looms. apricots. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. citrus. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. medium and small industrial units. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. and factories making tents. and leather goods. textiles. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. steel re-rolling. Metallurgy. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.e. sewing machines etc. cigarettes. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. maize.6% of district population is directly employed in large.

and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. gold seals and such like. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. will go to far from their homes for such work. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . 5. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. except ploughing. These only form a small percentage of the total population. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Janjuas. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. towns of the district. The chief families of Gakkhar. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. is misleading. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. Brahmans. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. by courtesy. gold threads. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Like the men of the tribe. chiefly silk goods. They also deal largely in hides. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. so-called.1. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. do not require detailed notice. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Kohlis and a few others. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations.

other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. make padlocks of iron. costing from Rs. or khair wood. especially in tehsil Kahuta. 1 to Rs. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. neighboring villages. and at Makhad. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. Pindigheb.3. The chairs cost from Re. Pihras. phulaa. from Re: 1 to Rs. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . and Hazro. 40. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Reed matting.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. tehsil Pindigheb.5 to Rs. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. tehsil Rawapindi. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. or low chairs. according to size. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Chauntra. chappris. Phulkaris are made in many places. costing from Re. 6. and Salgraon. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. saddles are the principal articles made. tehsil Kahutta. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. and are made of Shisham. 10 for the set of 4. 8. embroidered shoes. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. 1 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Fatehjang. the spinning wheels. Kuri-Dolal. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. The lohars of Manianda. known as abri. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. 20. known as phur. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Baking-plates are also made here. where wood is plentiful.

Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. or earthen-jars. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. at Fatehjang. especially of it is exported across the Indus. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab.4. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. as there is said to have once been.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. Here. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. both lie on the Indus bank. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed.4. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. Popular Industries 5. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . 5. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. as else where. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Lockwood Kipling. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. Mr. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. have been procured. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad.1. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.

Sangjani. tiles. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. which are also in small quantities. Most of the labor has education level below primary. phool.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. cutting & sizing. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. brush finishing. patti and other handicrafts. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. honed finishing etc. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. Karachi and Lahore. Major processes include loading/unloading. handling & storing. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. ustaad and unskilled workers. Rawalpindi. I-9/1 and I-9/3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . flower vases and fountains. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. but are only used by 1-2 exporters.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. acid finishing. sand blasting. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. bush hammering.

2.000-300. 7. 5. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 4. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 10. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 1. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.4. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 9. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below.000 cubic ft. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Hardly. 6. 8. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 2. It is below 50%. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.

Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. lamps stands. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. etc. By stocking the best quality goods. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. lockers. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. Once your furniture business gets off. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. from office to lounge furniture. hotels and restaurants. are in huge demand in the City. A Report by Ms. schools. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 .000 people. Your marketing strategies must be good. so that must be kept in mind. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. shelves. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Polish affects the quality of the material. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. The establishments in the city need showcases. consoles are in demand. Even couches. sofas. and selling innovative products. You can sell wood or metal furniture. Be sure to include photographs. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. Therefore. side tables and stools. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. since all kinds of furniture. as well as residential areas. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. lampshades. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good.

leaving the oil above. 4 inches in diameter each.600 gallons per annum. The oil is used in its raw state. the churches. and Kalabagh on the Indus. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. No. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 100 feet. three miles from Fatehjang. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The borings are 35 feet from each other. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. 50 feet. 28 ditto.16 per hundred gallons. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. 4. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. 5.. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. In 1887-89. No. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. petroleum and wood. 80 feet. No. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks.200 gallons last year. Five borings have been made. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. etc. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. The total oil collected is about 1. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. 5. transmitted light. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas.5.000 gallons per year. The petroleum now costs Rs. 60 feet. 3. Kalabagh oil…. No. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 1 is 100n feet deep. in the Bannu district. This is thrown into a cistern. No. 2. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. The oil is collected as it.6. The petroleum costs. Rs. It is made from mustard oil.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. Fatehjang. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.

in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. and Peshawar. refined Sugar from Bombay. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. are exported to some small extent. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. thick cloths. Hazro and Makhad. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. Silk from Amritsar. rice being little grown. ra and the sea-ports. timber. it is believed. leather from Kashmir. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. from Kashmir. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. timber. described above. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Peshawar. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Shahjahanpur. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . fruits.1. pattus. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. however. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. Peshawar. Jallundur and Meerut. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar.. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Sialkot. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Jallundur. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Kashmir and Sawat. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. gur from Sialkot. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. and that of inferior quality in this district. Delhi and Gujranwala. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. & c. chiefly deodar. fruits from Kashmir. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. Wazirabad. Yarkand and Ladakh. chiefly. hardware from Amritsar. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. and Gujrat. Peshawar. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. dyes. metals. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. charas. from Kashmir. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. rice from neighboring districts. for seed. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Ghee. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. was exported to Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

2. 7. 18. furniture. flour mills. 5. Heavy Foundry and Forge. iron mills. 13. 6. 9. pharmaceuticals. sawmills.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. distillery. beverages and fruit preservation. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 2. 16. cigarettes. 19. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. and leather goods. cotton and woolen Textiles. industrial gases.1. Petroleum Refinery. cigarettes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. marble processing. 24. glass products. 12. 4. 8. 21.2. 14. 1. 17. a brewery. glass products. Heavy Rebuild Factory. No. textiles. railroad yards. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. Heavy Mechanical Complex. sewing machines etc. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 22. poultry feed. hosiery. cement. pottery. 15. 23. and factories making tents. 10. 20. 3. Sr. steel re-rolling. mineral processing.

Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 34. 32.3. 47.C. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. Therefore. 42. 27. 33. 36. 40. 39. linkage between the industrial units. i) ii) 45. 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 .Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 44. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. however. 37.V. 35. 38. if lacking is manageable. 46. 43. 29.C. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 31. 41.C. skilled labour. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. local/national/international demand. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 26. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.

In this area there is good scope for furniture. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. It contributes 24% to the GDP. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.4% of the overall export earnings of the country.3. 6.3. 6. Pharmaceuticals. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment.3. its major crops and fruit are wheat. guava and apple. Silica sand.3. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. veneer board. It accounts for 38. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. Minerals Fire clay. cement. there also exist good prospects for tannery. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.1. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it.4. employs 48. cigarettes. rock salt. poultry/cattle feed. leather garments. which accounted 11. In addition.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. Oil refinery. jawar. 6. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . woolen.5 billion for the year 2001-02. ground nut. leather Products. cotton. maize.3. meat/poultry processing units. glass.2. gypsum. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. etc. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. semi processed and processed agricultural products.5. footwear. 6.3% of national GDP. Soda ash. dolomite bentonite.3. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry.

electric cables. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad.4. Heavy Foundry and Forge. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. has now emerged as a potential investment area. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. rubberized/mechanical toys. 6. Besides. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. sports wear etc. cosmetics. 6.3. glass hollow-ware. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. suitable for wide spread fish farming. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects.3. woolen knitwear. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. PVC pipes.9. children wear. pharmaceutical. wires etc. electrical accessories. Attock Refinery. machine made carpets.8. glass ample. fashion apparel. ready made garments for men and women.3. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . 6. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. sanitary fitting.3. confectionery. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. steel furniture. 6.7. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Steel. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. household appliances.6. there exists good prospects for biscuits. POF etc. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless.

under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Currency and Mint. 6. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. 6. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing.1. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Most of these deposits are unexploited.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. Therefore. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. The inhabitants.4. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas.2.

Hospitals. Technical/Vocational Training.4.3 million.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. machinery & equipment. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Social Sector Activities: Education.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Human Resource Development (HRD). The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.6. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .5.4. 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. of tourism. not manufactured locally. 6.15 million. Plant. Medical and Diagnostic Services. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. including the development of Industrial Zones.4.3 million. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.

2. 6. 5. not manufactured locally. Beverage 6.5. Details of machinery are Plant. not manufactured locally.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. voicemail services. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. machinery & equipment.5. not manufactured locally. Plant. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Plant. Bakery Products 1. 4. 2. machinery and equipment. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. imported by the manufacturing industries. audio-fax services. card pay phone services etc.) LTD Bakery. Ltd.e. 3. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. hotels and tourism related projects. machinery and equipment. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.5.1. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. imported by tourism. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. Classic Capital (Pvt. Murree Brewery Company LTD. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.

. W. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. 15. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . 16. Old G.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Diapers Plant 10.7.6.5. 12.5.5. Westridge Rawalpindi 6.3. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. 14. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Chip/Straw Board 9. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Cement Products 7. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 6. Capital Plywood Industry.5. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.5.5.5. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. NEOMEDIX .Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . IPRAM International.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4. Adyala Road 17.8. Road Morgah 6. Ceramics Products 8. Domestic Hardware 11. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.T.

Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Naswari Bazar 24. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Habib Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Flour Mills 23.Rawat 35. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Seham Road 37. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Olive Laboratories . Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Khyber Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Westridge 32. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Ratta Road 34.5. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Railway Workshop Road 25. Industrial area Rawat 26. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Ratta Road 29.9. Al Karim Flour Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Westridge 38. Rawat 27. Webros Pharmaceuticals.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Westridge 36. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Harmain Flour Mills.

Rawat Flour Mills. Plastic Products 52. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. LPG Cylinders 51.12. Poultry Feeds 53. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.11.5. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47.14.5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. JI Interprises. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.5.13. Pirwadhai 46. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. National Park Road 6. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.5.10. Rawat 43. Bangash Colony.5. Fine Plastic Works. Food Products 45. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Tops Food & Beverages . Kashmir Road 6. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .) Ltd.

5.5.15.17. Refinery 55.M.Textile Mills Ltd. (Pvt) Ltd. Unani Medicines 59. Westridge 6. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Tyre and Tubes 58.18. D..5.5. Adamjee Street 6. Peshawar Road 7.. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.19.20.5.16. Textile Spinning 57. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Textile Composite 56. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.

7.4. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. MCH Centres 1. 8. 2. 2. 10.1. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. 2. 7. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 3. 5. 4.5. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. This region is full of Health facilities.3. Govt. Government Hospitals 1.2. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. 6. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 7. Rawalpindi. Dhok Ali Akber. 9.

Combined Military Hospital 7. 3.7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 .6. 7. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.

Satellite Town. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Shakoors V. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Shahid Dental Clinic R. Dr.P. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Bazar Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. Dr. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump.425 7th Road. 10. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 17. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi 15. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. 7. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. 3. 1. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 5. 7. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 14. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. 5551237 8. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19.A. Rawalpindi Cantt. Satellite Town. Said pur Road. Rawalpindi 11. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A.9. Saidpur Road. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 4. 2. Off Murree Road. 3. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. BH Building. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. 6. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Batool Hospital H-241. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. 2. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Satellite Town. Near Hydri Chowk.I.8. 3. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi.

Fatima Jinnah University for Women. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. The building has an architectural splendor.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. This gift to the nation. As it stands. its daughters.1. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows.1. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Universities 8. 8.1. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. After their father's death (1901). Muhammed became her legal guardian. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1.2. University of Arid Agriculture.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.

Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.1. Govt. Located near the CMH. Town. Rawalpindi. Colleges 8. 2. Rawalpindi 8. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8.2.3. Govt. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi. Gorden College.1. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Govt. Hashmat Ali Isl. College. College for women St. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . College Asghar Mall. Town. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. College St. Govt. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. 4. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Govt. 1. Rawalpindi 2. 5. No. No. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.2. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. 1.2. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study.

Town. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. 17. 12. Rawalpindi. 20. 29. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Town. 7. Rawalpindi. Town. 1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Town. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Town. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. College of Advance Technology. St. Rawal College of Commerce. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi 36. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 3. 9. Rawalpindi. 21. Rawalpindi. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. Saddar. 4. St. Civil College of Commerce St. National Science College Murree Road. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 18. Rawalpindi. St. 23. Jinnah Institute of Information St. St. 24. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Rawalpindi College of Commerce. town. 32. 15. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 8. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. 10. 33. 5. Leaders College of Commerce. Sadiqabad. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 14. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 26. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rawalpindi 16.2. Universal College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Saddar. town. 31. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. Kashmir Road. Rawalpindi. 13. Punjab College of Information Technology. Town. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. town. 11. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. 30. St. Rwp. town. 35. 34. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 22. Rawalpindi. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Educator College. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 25.3. 6. St. 19. Rawalpindi. town. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. 27. 2.

8. M. 47. 45. M. 8. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Rawalpindi. 50.C. 11. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Qasim abad. 6. 9. Inflorescence College of modern . 55.C.C. Islamic International Commerce College. GMS Amarpura. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 10. Indus College of Commerce. town. Town. Town. BPS Faiz abad M. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 8. MC.C. 5. Shamsabad.Glorious Rawalpindi 37.C.C. St. M. BPS Dhok Paracha M.. 4. town. 44.2. 40. Leadership College for Girls St.C. town. Rwalpindi. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. M.C. 56. 41. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. 7. Town.C. M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 13. Margalla Institute 6th Road. BPS Fauji Colony M. M. Morgah Rawalpindi.C.C. 51. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M.C.C. 43.5. Capital College Murree Road. 3. 49. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 16. M. BPS Chamanzar. 4. 39. Leadership College for Boys St.C.4. 1. St. 46. 15. BPS Muslim Town M. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 2.C. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rawalpindi. Ojiri Camp. Rawalpindi. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. 1. BPS Bangash Colony M. Town. M.C. 53. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 3.2. Rwalpindi.C. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. GMS Waris Khan. MC. Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. BPS Arya Mohallah M. GMS Qasimabad. 38. BMS Amarpura.C. 14. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Muslim Town. Rawalpindi Cantt. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 54. 42. 52. Rawalpindi.C. BPS New Malpur M. 12. 48. 2. College of Commerce Saddar.

) PIA Colony Misrial Road.C. College of Commerce.C. Institute of Commerce. Scheme No. 4. 3. BHS Moti Baza M. Rawalpindi (Cantt. BHS Ratta Amral M. MC. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. 8. 8. GHS Teli Mohallah M.C.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 5. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Govt. (RMGTC). Vocational Training Institute (W).C. M. 1. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.C. Rawalpindi Govt. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . M. Techincal Training Institute (W).3. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. 4.C. 6. Govt. GHS Satellite Town M. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. Kartarpura.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.2. 2.C. Vocational Training Institute (W).(ABAD). BHS Satellite Town M. Dhoke Syedan. High School Rawalpindi M. 3. 9. Dhamial. Vocational Training Institute (W). Institute of Commerce (W).C.PIA College Rawalpindi City.6. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. M. Rawalpindi. 6. 7. 7. BHS Millat Colony M.C. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. GHS Ratta Amral M.2 Satellite Town. Govt. 5.

Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. Govt. 4.4. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G (C.G. 3. 4. Quaid-e-Azam College. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Chaklala III 8. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. The Mall F. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. F. 5.6. 5. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 7. 3. 6. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . Ordinance Road.G. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Sir Syed College. 2. Private Schools and colleges 1.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 6. 2. Harley Street F. 2. The Mall 1.5.

RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Medical Colleges 1. Rawalpindi Medical College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.7. 3. 4. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 .

at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. It covers an area of about 2. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. These are the best way to see the city. The Ayub National Park. today this is a facility of 27 holes. founded in 1885. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. lake with boating facility. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.T. It has a playground. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. fountains and flower beds.1. It has a lake with boating facility.1. an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. 300 acres. Meander through the bazaars. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. play land. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. Situated near the Ayub National Park. 9. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan.) Road. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.300 acres and has a play area. covers 2. lush lawns. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.1. From being a nine-hole course. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G.

As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. The Park was opened in 1991. cheetahs. bears.2. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. fountains and flower beds. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.1. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park.1. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. was assassinated here in 1950. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. One should try out during a visit here. Some tigers. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. lawns. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. 9. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. 2007 at same venue. lions.3. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. is of historical interest due to its political processions. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. 9. It has a play area for children. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.

Murree remained. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. churches. Murree and the Galis Murree. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Romi Park. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. on the Karakoram Highway. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Peshawar Road 9. has expanded rapidly. a little bit of England. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Jinnah Park. clubs and cafes. Since independence. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. complete with The Mall for promenading.even chilly in the evening . parks. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.4.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. In summer it is cool . is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. however. Numerous roads leave. Between the two runs The Mall. when the honor was transferred to Simla. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad.1. where most people congregate. Murree is lovely all year round. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Its cold pine forests. near Kachari Chowk. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. schools.1.6.5. In winter. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. Civil Lines 9. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .and rain is common.400 feet). or riding in the new chair-lifts. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks.240 meters (7. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. especially at weekends. at 2. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles).1.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods.). The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. The golf course here is open only to members. both rides cost about Rs. It is 30 km from Murree. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. which like a ski-lift. hiking places and picnic spots. Patriata 25 km from Murree. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. In addition to riding trails. A restaurant has also been established. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Changlagali. which is the highest point in the range. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Ayubia Khairagali. Ayubia has a chair lift. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water.

known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. a sub category of the Montane Forests. Asiatic leopard. golden eagle. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Islamabad. The animals include the Asiatic black bear.1. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. In addition to riding trails. Khaira Gali. once you reach the summit. flying squirrel and hill fox. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. situated on the summit of a hill. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali.7. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. better known as the Murree National Park. hiking places. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . For this. The city of Rawalpindi. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. 9. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. you will find that the surface is clean. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park.

1. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. This is a place where you go by choice. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. At the outset. 48 km from Rawalpindi. could not complete its original plan. the museum. However. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. 9. vicery of India in 1918. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G.T.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. cane baskets and furniture. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. gold. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. you can find every thing which a common man can use. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Potohar shoes and Chappals. Buddhist. shawls and jackets. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan.9. iron and semiprecious stones. at The Raja Bazaar. terracotta. silver. including stone.8. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. 9. The Sarafa bazaar. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Saddar bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. As it turns out. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen.C to 500 AD. walking sticks. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. which is the first stop for any tourist. There are 4000 objects displayed. Here. but come out by sheer luck. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. are located around the Taxila Museum. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. Most of the sites at Taxila. stucco.1. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful.

built in 1890 in memory of Brig. The resort has a restaurant.e. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Today. Taxila. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Road. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Guru Nanak. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Government of Pakistan. line the canals through which cool waters once. that is.5 acres. Gen. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Road. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. This place offers scenic walks. by the Department of Archaeology. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass.10.Twice a year. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD.T. and the modern capital of Pakistan. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. Islamabad. gently flowing stream.T. on their way to Kashmir. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. i. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.T. Road. Tapering cypress trees.1. Ferishta and Jehangir. left of G. 9. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. loved by the Mughals. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. by his colleagues.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

51

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

52

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. T. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. It is situated at I. Road. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. was also built during this period. From the clubhouse. G. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. After several phases of development. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. a minister of emperor Akbar. and the course itself. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885.1. Road Rawalpindi. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. with spring water falling within it. one on the top of the hill and other below it. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. a small town has developed.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort.3. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan.3. home to several thousand people. on the G. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.T. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. at the foot of Margalla. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. Sports venues and stadiums 9. 9. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. it is now a 27-hole course. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose.

The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Islamabad. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.000. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments.3. 9. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.4.3.3.5.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9. Rawalpindi Club. The Mall Saddar 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

57

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

58

Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry

59

however personal visits are also allowed. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. identification of vehicles for registration etc. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents.2. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. Rescue 15 . • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . Therefore. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature.1. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. 10. Community Awareness &Training. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. which is an achievement even internationally. rescue. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Response and Prevention.1. crime reporting. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. buildings collapse. SERVICES 10.1. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. explosions. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.1.

A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. perseverance. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. 5. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 13.1. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. struggle. 6. 12. 9. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. patience. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 14. 11. Endurance. 7. 4. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.4. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 10. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 8.1. 2.3. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

1. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Children.1. The children are given security. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost.6. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. support.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Old People and Disabled.5. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. love and understanding. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .

SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.081 HM3 worth 107. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).1. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. 10. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines).Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1.280 HM3 worth 31. 2006. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Power & Cement Sectors. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.2.028 consumers comprising Commercial. detail of some among them is following. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . not on Islamic political causes. Fertilizer. 7.008. Urdu.study together up until fifth grade." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.” 10. boys and girls . this poor child. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. “The basic aim is that this orphan.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). Here.127.7. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam.581. Distribution system consists of 46.733. SNGPL has 2.46/-.2. Domestic. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. General Industry. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. but the emphasis is on achievement. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. designing and construction of pipelines. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. both for itself and other organizations. now Companies Ordinance 1984. Sales to these consumers were 39. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP.897. to be sure.118 million rupees during July-September.

000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Chakwal. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Rawalpindi Cantt. SNGPL. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. Attock.2. Saadi Road 10.

PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.3.7 million customers. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.2. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.000 and 5. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Pirwadahi Total No. 1 5. Total No.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Water Works No.2. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Committee Chowk 4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.4. of No. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .

2.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 4. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 6.2. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. POST OFFICE GPO . 5. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. 3.

2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . with many domestic and international flights every day.2. both national and international.6. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. rail and road. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. has numerous routes.2. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10. 1. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.7. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). In addition to freight. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. the world's highest international road. more recently. Rawalpindi. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Motorway Interchange. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. which were completed in the 1990s. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.2. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways.T. which connects Pakistan to China.8. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Road) or.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).

which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. ranging from yellow taxis. and which operate constantly throughout the day.2. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. auto-rickshaws. mini-buses. For inter-city travel. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.9. yellow cabs. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . mess of traffic is found even on small roads. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan.

which will result in reduction of accidents rate.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. 2. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. pedestrian over head bridges. provision of efficient drainage system. 5. construction of footpaths. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 4.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Objectives 1. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Rawalpindi. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. channelization of junctions. pavement marking. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 3.45 Km of main road with 1. installations of traffic signals. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. median. relocation of structures. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .1. traffic signs.

Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. 1. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. Detailed Traffic Engg. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. land values & ownership pattern. OD travel pattern. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.00 million. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Task-III Economic Evaluation. of Punjab / RDA. growth of income. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. land use plan.T.2. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. 2. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. future land uses pattern.

the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.5 m 21. d. b. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. industrial. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. non standardized infrastructure support. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The Lai Nullah. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. commercial.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. f. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. c. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses.000 Cusecs 35. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. Unluckily however. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. unbalanced land use transport interaction. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. enchroachments.3. e.

1. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. At that time.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Famous Historical Places 12. And. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. according to the old timers. Until 1923.1.

It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Lal Haveli In old times. better known as The Mall . Sarafa Bazaar.1.3. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. 12. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. In 1920 in the pre-partition days. After independence.1. it was home to Budhana Bibi. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. a famous dancing girl. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.the glory of the cantonment . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.2.

It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic.1. Like Multan. dense housing. the old quarters of the city. cut brick corbellings. intricate woodwork on Jharokas. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. bay windows and doors. better known as the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.4. Pakpattan or Lahore.

2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.2. Modern.1. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 . One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. 12.2.2.

The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2.2.3. Rawalpindi. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .4.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.5.2.

12.1. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. Famous Restaurants 12.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 .

(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Murree Road. Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar.1. 12. Rawalpindi. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12. Rawalpindi.2. KFC . Saddar.4.International Near KFC.4. Sub Way .4.International .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

6. Bank Road 8. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Haider Road 12. Peshawar Road 9. 4. 3. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Police Station Road 11.Glorious Rawalpindi 1.5. 2. Canning Road 10. 12.

Tipu Road 16.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. College Road 15. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . Harding Road 14. 17. 18.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. houses and narrow streets.7. There are many old buildings. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.8.

It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.000 books which are updated at regular interval.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.

Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9.

1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.10. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 15. 13. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 32. Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 19. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 12. 23. Bank Rawalpindi. 26. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. 18. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 17. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 25. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 28. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 29. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 8. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 7. Saudi Pak Comm. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11. 27. 21. 14. 20. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 30. 10. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 9. 16. The Bank of Punjab. 24. Industrial Deve. 4.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. But that was the extent of it. It was clear. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Soon.13. many thousands more were injured. That it was an ammunition dump. 19 years ago. that it was Ojhri. Over 5000 people were killed. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Rawlapindi. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. on April 10. Theories abound. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. Many. This was a deliberate act of destruction. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. now. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq.

On July 23. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .23 Billion. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. 2001.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.14.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. which generates 84.1.8 sq. km. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The total storage capacity is 47. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.500 acre feet (12994 MG). The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Margalla and Murree hills. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. WATER RESERVOIR 13.000 acre feet (11763 MG).Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Live storage is 43. fishing and boating. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.

This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. after 2000. 13. However. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. due to monsoon.3. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Therefore. Since its inception. in general. the flow was relatively high in June to August. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. whereas. the outflow has been less than the inflow. However. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.783 MCM. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.2. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.687 MCM.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However.777 MCM. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. outflow is 0.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

EDO Health. p. g.com Nrb www. Rawalpindi Cities. e. q. q. j.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a.mapsofworld. h. j.com pakistanpeadia. m. e. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. k.com Virtualglobetrottiong. f. r. S. c. t. i. Rawalpindi Post Office. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. s. l. f.gov.pk travel. c. n. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . l.com Books & Etc. a. m. p.blogspot.com www. g. b. 1998 City Report. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Rawalpindi EDO Education. o. Govt. h. n. b. k. o. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. i. r. Punjab Railway Station. d.geocities.absoluteastronomy. d.rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.