Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

........................1.............. 56 9.................................................... 63 10.1.. POLICE STATIONS.....10........ 61 10.... Private Schools and colleges ...................................... 49 9.......6.........................................2.......................................................................2................................3...... The Mall Saddar .............................2........................ 46 9............................................ Hassan Abdal........ Ayub National Park . SERVICES .......1.6......3............................................ 65 Company Profile .... 57 9................. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ........................... Edhi Foundation ..........................................................................................................................................................................................1...................................................1................1...............8................................................................. SOME OTHER STADIUMS ............................................................................. 42 8.................... Rawalpindi Club........................ 44 9...................................................................................................................1......... Army Hockey Stadium ............. 54 9............7....... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ..............5...................................... 51 9..................... 63 10...................................................................1............ Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .. PTCL ... Darul Aman ......................................................... Murree and the Galis .....................3......................................................................................................1.........................2......... 62 10...............3..... 60 10...................................... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district............1............ 51 9..............1.............................. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ........5.1.................................... 44 9....................................1.................... Cinemas & Theatres ............. 57 9....................3...............2.............................. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ..................... Khewra Salt Mines ......................................................... 56 9........ 60 10.................................5........... 62 10.....................5.................................. 43 9. The Salt Range ........................................................ Other Places Worth A Visit................. SPORTS & RECREATION ................................................................................................3...................................Emergency Reporting Centre .............. 53 9........... 45 9...........5...................................................................... 64 10................3..... 42 8..................... Romi Park.......4................................... 45 9..............................6..... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ................2......1......3.......................... 49 9.......................................................................... 46 9................................ Cricket ..... Government Schools & Colleges ........................................... Rescue 15 .............................................................................................................................................2............3................................................................1.................. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..... 58 9.........................................................................2.......... KABBADI....... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi . Liaqat National Bagh .............4....................................................1............ Sports venues and stadiums ...9.7...4....... The Raja Bazaar ................3....................................... ............................. Utility Services ....... 55 9................................................................................. .2..................... 57 9............4.... Jinnah Park.............................. 41 8........7.............................................................................. 56 9..4......................................1................ 44 9.....1....... Field Hockey ......3....... Kallar Kahar .................................. Civil Lines ..................................... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ....................................... 42 8........... Temple of Katas ....................... 61 10..................................................................... Medical Colleges ............... 60 10..1................. near Kachari Chowk......................................... Peshawar Road .....2.............. 58 10..........................3......... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium ..2.........1....... Taxila Museum.................... Forts .............. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ...................................................................................... 51 9........ 57 9....................... Rawalpindi Public Park ............................................................................................... 50 9.............1................... 54 9...........................................2..............4....................................... 51 9.........................................2.6................... 46 9..................................................... 63 10..5...........................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8........ Rawalpindi Golf Course ............................2................................2............................3...........................1...........................................4.............. Punjab.....................................4................................ 60 10................ 48 9...........................1.................1.............................................. 52 9........................... SOS Village .................2........................... IESCO ......1....................4.....

..1....................................................................................................................................3.............. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .......... 98 12.. Highways ............ 90 12................................2.................. Ancient Rawalpindi ......................................................... Museums .............. 71 11............ RAWAL LAKE.....................................................................................................................................................11.................. 76 12........................................................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .............................. Purana Qilla ........................................................2...12.................3......................International ................5.. 104 13....................................................2............. 73 11....................................................................................... 72 11......................... 80 12................................3........................... Hotel Civic .................................................... Jawa Dam ......................................2.....................2........................1...........................10...............................2...................................4........................................International .................................... Islamabad International Airport Road .................................14...... POST OFFICE ......... The Mall ............................................. 72 11........................................................................................................................................ 78 12...............1............................ 80 12........................................ WATER RESERVOIR ................. Famous Markets/ Bazaars .............. 67 10....................4..................5............................ Roads In Rawalpindi City . 81 12.................... KFC .................. La Rosh Hotel..................................4..................................................................................................... 79 12.................................................................................................. Lal Haveli ................................................................................................ FAMOUS FAST FOODS ......................... 81 12..............................2................................................2............. 99 12............................................................................................................................................................................. Lai Expressway ....................................................... 84 12.............1..... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ...... Akbar International *** .....2.........................................................................................................................1................................5....1................. Airport ...............................1.............................................................. 79 12.................. 82 12........................ Lasania Restaurant city ..........................13.9.......................................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI .... Railway Stations ...................3....... Lai Nullah .................... 100 12......4.......................3....................................1..........2...............................................................7.............4...........................1.......... Famous Restaurants...................2..................................6........................ 80 12................................................. 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv .....................................6.........8................................................... 76 12................ Shalimar Hotel ****....................... 77 12.............................. Political Structure ................................... 102 13.........................2......... 74 12...... 79 12............................. 68 10......................................................... Libraries and Museums ............................................... RING ROAD .............4. Public Transportation ............................................................. 95 12................. FAMOUS Hotels .............. 70 10..........................1.... 66 10..... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** .............2.....(Rawalpindi) .................3..........................2.......... 78 12...... 78 12..2.................. 81 12................................................ WASA ........ Flashman’s Hotel.......................................... Famous Chowk..1. 75 12...........................................................................8...................................................2................ Famous Historical Places ........ 105 13..3....................... 96 12.9...Glorious Rawalpindi 10........................................... Sub Way ... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .........................................................................................................7......................................................................... 104 13....................... 75 12............ 68 10.................................................................................2..........2......... Misriot Dam ...................... 93 12... 75 12..................

e. communication net works. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. education and the existing industries. i. the area of its concern.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . infrastructure. This study contains information on population. health.

Jhelum. The Rawals a jogi tribe. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. However. the martial people of the area against the British domination. Although they did not succeed.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. until 1765. When Jhanda Khan. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. battle with Gakhars. HISTORY Rawalpindi. a Ghakkar Chief . In 1849. also known as Pindi. Rawalpindi City. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. has a long history spread over several millennia. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi.e. founded a new town nearby. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. they must conciliate the martial people of the area.

In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. before Pakistan came into existence. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. he was welcomed rousingly. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. Many Government buildings were set on fire.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation.e. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. Cantonment and city. water is stored by building dams. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. There was a communal disturbance in 1947.e. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . Liaquat Ali Khan. The city is home to many industries and factories. the Afghan war and martial law. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. Nala Lai. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. in Liaquat Garden. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. famous for its floods. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. and it serves the city along with the capital. In 1951.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement.

1. 2.38’ and 73°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.01’ North latitudes and 72°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.37’ East longitudes. Location It lies between 33°.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.04’ 34°. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. in the province of Punjab. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Chakwal.

300. 2. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 73. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District.286 km² Calling code. of Towns.6. Estimate. Area. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.2.059. PST (UTC+5) No. 73. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 500 meters AMSL 5.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.059.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 8 Population.000 (1998) 3.6.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 051 Time zone. 70.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.033333 Altitude.

The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. Punjabis. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. and Pakhtuns. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.7 C and Min 2.3. In summer. The weather is highly unpredictable. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. comprising Potoharis. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 .06 Degree Centigrade per month . The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. when the mean max. The coldest month is Jan.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.6 Degree Centigrade. temp is 17. Muhajirs. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.

Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . No sooner it is sited. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. On Eid day.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. one for distribution among the poor. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. Here too the poor are not forgotten.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . More than men. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day.a ritual in which everyone shares. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. There are many mosques throughout the city. In addition to the two Eids. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The roads. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. others being truthfulness. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. 3. On this day. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . modesty and good behaviour. In the evening of 29th Ramadan.1. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts.

wrestling. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Music and dancing are also common. There are two Churches in Saddar. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Summi.2. education. St. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Bhangra. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. railways and the police force. tent pegging and Bini. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Chaunji Trap. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Young people prefer Kabaddi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences.Paul Church. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Rawalpindi.

RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.4.3. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. historical and political ties to the country. Hinduism After the Partition of India. and to the historical region of Punjab. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place.

tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. 4.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Later in 1971. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 . The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. red or velvet.2.3. CULTURE 4.1.1. On 23rd March. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. 4.1. 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. when Pakistan. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations.1. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. Islamabad. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. 1940.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis.

Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. bangles.1. Due to good weather condition in the district. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. sweet and ornaments etc. To mold into the colors of ubton. After the religious formalities. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. The usual ornaments like ear rings. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. health of population is generally better.2. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. the other name of mienu. Khaki or grey. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor.3. Tea is popular all over the district. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. 4. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. the bride’s parents feast the party.4. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover).

Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 .4.2. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.

3. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. especially women. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. All the guests.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .4. 4.

Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Besides. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.5. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad.000 persons i. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. and factories making tents. Drafting. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. sawmills. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974.000 spindles. and vegetables are the major products of the city. sewing machines etc. cigarettes. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. steel re-rolling.021 power looms. pharmaceutical. industrial gas processing. Air conditiong. textiles. about 1. Welding. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. pottery. glass products. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. citrus. bajra. beverages and fruit preservation. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. marble processing. apricots. potato. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. maize.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. iron mills. pears. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. railroad yards. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. Metallurgy. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. a brewery.e. apples. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. furniture. hosiery. Auto knitting and commerce etc. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. and leather goods. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. medium and small industrial units.000b spindles and 1.

except ploughing. chiefly silk goods. These only form a small percentage of the total population. by courtesy. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The chief families of Gakkhar. Like the men of the tribe. gold threads. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. Brahmans. gold seals and such like. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. 5. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. towns of the district. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. do not require detailed notice.1. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. will go to far from their homes for such work. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. Kohlis and a few others. Janjuas. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. They also deal largely in hides. so-called.2. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. is misleading. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.

according to size. Pihras. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.5 to Rs. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. where wood is plentiful. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. and Salgraon. 1 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Baking-plates are also made here. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. tehsil Pindigheb. neighboring villages. and are made of Shisham. saddles are the principal articles made. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. Leather manufacturers have diminished. 20. from Re: 1 to Rs. costing from Rs. known as phur. 8. The chairs cost from Re. and Hazro. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. Pindigheb. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . or low chairs. 1 to Rs. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. the spinning wheels.3. embroidered shoes. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). especially in tehsil Kahuta. 6. Chauntra. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Reed matting. tehsil Rawapindi. and at Makhad. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Phulkaris are made in many places. phulaa. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. chappris. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 10 for the set of 4. The lohars of Manianda. tehsil Kahutta. costing from Re. or khair wood. known as abri. make padlocks of iron. Fatehjang. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. 40. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. Kuri-Dolal. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. which are sold in Rawalpindi.

From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Principal of the Lahore school of Art. both lie on the Indus bank. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. Mr. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. or earthen-jars. as there is said to have once been. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. especially of it is exported across the Indus. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Lockwood Kipling. at Fatehjang. 5. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. have been procured. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. Popular Industries 5. Here.4. as else where. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 .1. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving.4.

I-9/1 and I-9/3. which are also in small quantities. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. patti and other handicrafts.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. ustaad and unskilled workers. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. sand blasting. flower vases and fountains. bush hammering. tiles. cutting & sizing. and other areas of Rawalpindi city.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. Sangjani. brush finishing. Major processes include loading/unloading. honed finishing etc. acid finishing. Rawalpindi. handling & storing. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. Most of the labor has education level below primary. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. phool. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . Karachi and Lahore.

Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 7. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used.4. 10. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.000 cubic ft. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 3. 1. 2. It is below 50%. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level.2. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. 4. 9. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.000-300.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 5. 8. Hardly. 6.

Polish affects the quality of the material. Even couches. etc. and you should take care to build good customer relations. as well as residential areas. shelves. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. are in huge demand in the City. Be sure to include photographs.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. lamps stands. lampshades. sofas. Once your furniture business gets off. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. You can sell wood or metal furniture. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. since all kinds of furniture. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. schools. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. consoles are in demand. lockers. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. The establishments in the city need showcases. and selling innovative products. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. By stocking the best quality goods. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. hotels and restaurants.000 people. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. side tables and stools. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. A Report by Ms. so that must be kept in mind. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. Your marketing strategies must be good. Therefore. from office to lounge furniture.

an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. 1 is 100n feet deep. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. 100 feet. No. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. petroleum and wood. This is thrown into a cistern. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 60 feet. and Kalabagh on the Indus. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. 50 feet. The petroleum costs. Five borings have been made. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas.. No. 4. No. transmitted light. 5. 80 feet. three miles from Fatehjang. etc. 4 inches in diameter each. The oil is used in its raw state. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. It is made from mustard oil. 28 ditto. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. No. Rs.600 gallons per annum.6. Kalabagh oil…. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. In 1887-89. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. 5. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 2. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. The oil is collected as it. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. No.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem.16 per hundred gallons.200 gallons last year. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. leaving the oil above. the churches.000 gallons per year. The borings are 35 feet from each other.5. The petroleum now costs Rs. Fatehjang. in the Bannu district. 3. The total oil collected is about 1. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine.

Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. Yarkand and Ladakh. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. Ghee.1. thick cloths. from Kashmir. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. from Kashmir. Peshawar. Sialkot. hardware from Amritsar. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. rice from neighboring districts. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. chiefly deodar. Hazro and Makhad. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. Jallundur and Meerut. are exported to some small extent. charas. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. gur from Sialkot. Silk from Amritsar. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Wazirabad. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. it is believed. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 ..Glorious Rawalpindi 6. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. & c. timber. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. and Gujrat. and that of inferior quality in this district. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. described above. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. and Peshawar. chiefly. metals. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. refined Sugar from Bombay. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Peshawar. was exported to Kashmir. fruits. timber. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Peshawar. fruits from Kashmir. pattus. rice being little grown. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. leather from Kashmir. Jallundur. dyes. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Kashmir and Sawat. Delhi and Gujranwala. for seed. Shahjahanpur. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. however. ra and the sea-ports.

6. 24.1. 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 9. 21. Heavy Rebuild Factory. cigarettes. railroad yards. 10. 20. cigarettes. industrial gases. 14. 15. 19. 8. 12.2. pharmaceuticals. marble processing. and factories making tents. 16. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11.2. Heavy Mechanical Complex. distillery. a brewery. poultry feed. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. pottery. and leather goods. cement. cotton and woolen Textiles. steel re-rolling. Petroleum Refinery. Sr. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. beverages and fruit preservation. hosiery. 4. 23. furniture. 13. sawmills. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. glass products. 17. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. No. mineral processing. iron mills. flour mills. 7. 5. glass products. textiles. Heavy Foundry and Forge. sewing machines etc. 18. 22. 3.

local/national/international demand. 37. 46. 26. skilled labour. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 44.Glorious Rawalpindi 25.C.V.C. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 32. 29. however. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. 35. 27. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. 41. 47. 43. 34.C. 40. linkage between the industrial units. 36. 31. 39. 33. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. Therefore. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 38. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. i) ii) 45. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 30.3. 42. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . if lacking is manageable.

In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . Minerals Fire clay. footwear. which accounted 11. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. glass. guava and apple.3% of national GDP.3. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. 6. Oil refinery. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. 6. 6. jawar. semi processed and processed agricultural products. meat/poultry processing units. In this area there is good scope for furniture.3.4. woolen. In addition. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. cigarettes. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. leather garments. dolomite bentonite.3. Soda ash. Pharmaceuticals.3. maize. cotton. leather Products. there also exist good prospects for tannery. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. 6.3. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. It contributes 24% to the GDP. It accounts for 38. ground nut.5 billion for the year 2001-02. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy.4% of the agricultural value added and 9.1. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. gypsum. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. poultry/cattle feed. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. employs 48. cement. etc.3. veneer board. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.2.5. its major crops and fruit are wheat.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Silica sand. rock salt.4% of the overall export earnings of the country.

machine made carpets. household appliances. children wear. sports wear etc. cosmetics. ready made garments for men and women.3. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. Heavy Foundry and Forge. Steel. there exists good prospects for biscuits.3. fashion apparel. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. electrical accessories. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. 6.4. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. confectionery. Besides.8. Attock Refinery. 6. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 .6. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. suitable for wide spread fish farming. woolen knitwear. POF etc. glass ample. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities.7. pharmaceutical. rubberized/mechanical toys. sanitary fitting. 6. PVC pipes. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives.3. wires etc. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.9. electric cables. has now emerged as a potential investment area. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. steel furniture. glass hollow-ware.3. 6.

4. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals.2. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. The inhabitants. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. 6. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan.1. Therefore. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. Most of these deposits are unexploited.4. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Currency and Mint. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.

The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.15 million.4. Human Resource Development (HRD). 6.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.6.3 million. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. machinery & equipment. of tourism. 6. including the development of Industrial Zones. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .4. Medical and Diagnostic Services.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Technical/Vocational Training.4. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.3 million. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects. Social Sector Activities: Education. Plant. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.3. not manufactured locally.4. 6.4. Hospitals.

Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry.5. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. card pay phone services etc. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Plant.) LTD Bakery. audio-fax services. Bakery Products 1. machinery and equipment. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. Murree Brewery Company LTD. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Details of machinery are Plant. 2. hotels and tourism related projects. not manufactured locally. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. imported by the manufacturing industries. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. imported by tourism. not manufactured locally. voicemail services. 5. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery & equipment. machinery and equipment. 6. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . not manufactured locally. Classic Capital (Pvt.1.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. in excess of five percent customs duty livable.5. Plant.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. Beverage 6.e. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. 3.2.5. 4. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Ltd.

Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Adyala Road 17. IPRAM International.5. Cement Products 7. Domestic Hardware 11.8. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. W. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Old G. Peshawar Road 6. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd.5. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Capital Plywood Industry.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.5. 15. Westridge Fireclay Industries. 16. Ceramics Products 8.7. 12.3. Road Morgah 6. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .T.6. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. NEOMEDIX . Chip/Straw Board 9.5. 14.5. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. Diapers Plant 10. .5.4.

Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28.9. Rawat 27. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Al Madina Flour and General Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Industrial area Rawat 26. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd.5. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Peshawar Road 41. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Westridge 36. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 29. Industrial Area Rawat 6. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Khyber Flour Mills. Habib Flour & General Mills. Olive Laboratories . Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Railway Workshop Road 25. Railway Workshop Road 31. Westridge 38. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Al Karim Flour Mills. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 .Rawat 35. Seham Road 37. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Westridge 32. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Naswari Bazar 24. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20.

11. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.5. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. Poultry Feeds 53. Fine Plastic Works. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5.5. Rawat Flour Mills. Tops Food & Beverages .5.10. JI Interprises. Kashmir Road 6. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Food Products 45. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.12.5. Pirwadhai 46.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Rawat 43.13. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.14.) Ltd. Bangash Colony. National Park Road 6. LPG Cylinders 51. Plastic Products 52.

Unani Medicines 59.18. Peshawar Road 7..5. Textile Spinning 57.5.5.Textile Mills Ltd.5. D.16. Textile Composite 56. Tyre and Tubes 58. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Westridge 6.19. Adamjee Street 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Refinery 55..20. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6.17. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.15. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5.M.5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. (Pvt) Ltd.

2. This region is full of Health facilities. 6. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi.5. Government Hospitals 1. 5. 2. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7.1. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. MCH Centres 1. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH).Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. Govt. 3. 3. 4.4.2. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi.3. 3. 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Rawalpindi. 10. 8. 2. 9. Dhok Ali Akber. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 7. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 7.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.6. 7. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. 3.

Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. 3. Rawalpindi 14. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi 11.I. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Satellite Town. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Rawalpindi. Bazar Road. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. 7. Dr. Rawalpindi. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. 5551237 8. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19.A. Off Murree Road. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road.9. Satellite Town. 7. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 4. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. 17. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. 2. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 6.P. Rawalpindi 12. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 3. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Saidpur Road. Shakoors V. 5. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. 3. Rawalpindi 15.425 7th Road. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. BH Building.8. 2. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Rawalpindi Cantt. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Batool Hospital H-241. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Said pur Road. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Dr. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. 1. Near Hydri Chowk.

As it stands. University of Arid Agriculture. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. its daughters. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.1.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1.1. Muhammed Ali Jinnah.2. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country.1. Muhammed became her legal guardian. After their father's death (1901).Glorious Rawalpindi 8. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. The building has an architectural splendor. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. 8. Universities 8. This gift to the nation. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium.

Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Town. Located near the CMH. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Govt. No. Rawalpindi 2.2. Colleges 8. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College.2. Town. 4. Hashmat Ali Isl. Gorden College. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. 2. 1. College Asghar Mall. No. College St. Name of the Institution Govt. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . 3. Govt.3. Viqar un Nisa College for women.1. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Govt. College.1. Rawalpindi. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Govt.2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. 1. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. College for women St. Govt.

Town. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 22.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 30. Sadiqabad. 17. Punjab College of Information Technology. Al-Falah College for women St. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. 9.3. 35. 14. Rawalpindi. 15. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 31. 5. 21. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. 2. Punjab Law College. town. Leaders College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Educator College. 13. Town. Rawalpindi. 28. Kashmir Road. 33. Rwp. 1. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. St. Rawalpindi 36. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 32. Rawalpindi. Rawal College of Commerce. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. 27. 18. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 6. Jinnah Institute of Information St. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. 8. Town. 4. St. 24. 7. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Saddar. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 19. 3. 11. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Saddar. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rawalpindi. St. 10. Town. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. 29. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Town. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. National Science College Murree Road. 20. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Town. town. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 23. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Town. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi. 34. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 25. Universal College. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. 26. town. St.

Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. MC. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 52. 15. 8.C. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. town. Shamsabad. 13. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi. Town. M. 40. 7. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Capital College Murree Road. Town.C.C. GMS Amarpura. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 41. BPS Arya Mohallah M. GMS Qasimabad. M. MC. 49. Rawalpindi. BPS Qasim abad.C. BPS Faiz abad M.C. Ojiri Camp. 6. M. 46. Leadership College for Girls St. 1. 2.C. St. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 16. 1. 55.C.C. 45. Leadership College for Boys St. 3. M. BPS Dhok Paracha M. town. 4. Rawalpindi. 9. GMS Waris Khan. Rwalpindi. BPS Muslim Town M. 47. Rawalpindi. 12.C. M. Rawalpindi. 11. 44.C. Town. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 4. Rawalpindi. BPS Chamanzar. 8. 56. Rawalpindi.C. Rwalpindi. 2.. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 50. 14. St. Indus College of Commerce. 43. Rawalpindi.C.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road. 8. BPS New Malpur M. 42. M. BPS Muslim Town. M. 39.5. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. 10. Islamic International Commerce College. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. M.C. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. BPS Fauji Colony M.C.4. 5. Rawalpindi.C. Inflorescence College of modern .Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Morgah Rawalpindi. 54. town. 53.2. Town. BMS Amarpura. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi.C. Rawalpindi. 51. Rawalpindi.2. 3. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St.C. 48.C. 38. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of information technology. College of Commerce Saddar.C. BPS Bangash Colony M.

Govt. Rawalpindi Cantt. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. Dhamial. Scheme No.C.C. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. 8.(ABAD). M. BPS Ratta 18. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.C. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt. 4. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.) PIA Colony Misrial Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BHS Ratta Amral M. Govt. M. Rawalpindi Govt. 6.2. 5. (RMGTC). GHS Teli Mohallah M. 9. BHS Satellite Town M. Institute of Commerce (W).3. 2. 1.PIA College Rawalpindi City.6. 3. GHS Ratta Amral M. 4.C.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 7. 5. Vocational Training Institute (W). Techincal Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. GHS Satellite Town M.C. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. Vocational Training Institute (W). High School Rawalpindi M. 8.C.C. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. 7. Rawalpindi (Cantt.C. Kartarpura. BHS Millat Colony M. M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19.2 Satellite Town. Govt. MC.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Dhoke Syedan. Rawalpindi. Institute of Commerce. BHS Moti Baza M. 3. College of Commerce.

Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 7. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Harley Street F.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G. 2.4. Chaklala III 8. 6. 2. The Mall 1. F. 6. Sir Syed College. Private Schools and colleges 1. 5. Quaid-e-Azam College. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). 3.G Sir Syed College for Boys. The Mall F.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. 4.6. 2. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 5. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.G.5. Govt. 4. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 3. 4. Ordinance Road. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 .G (C.

7. Medical Colleges 1. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Rawalpindi Medical College.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 3. 4.

crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad.1. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991.1. It has a playground. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. It has a lake with boating facility. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall.1. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Meander through the bazaars. Situated near the Ayub National Park. 9. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. From being a nine-hole course. play land. 300 acres.T. The Ayub National Park. founded in 1885. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .) Road.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. an aquarium. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. covers 2. It covers an area of about 2. These are the best way to see the city. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. lush lawns. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. lake with boating facility. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. today this is a facility of 27 holes. fountains and flower beds.300 acres and has a play area. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road.

Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.3. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring.2. bears. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.1. 9. 9. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. cheetahs. Other areas of the park are used for walking. One should try out during a visit here. fountains and flower beds. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. The Park was opened in 1991. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. is of historical interest due to its political processions. 2007 at same venue. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. The first prime minister of Pakistan. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. lions. It has a play area for children. was assassinated here in 1950. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Some tigers.1. lawns. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park.

In summer it is cool . Murree is lovely all year round. when the honor was transferred to Simla. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. however.and rain is common.6. complete with The Mall for promenading. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements.5. at 2. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Between the two runs The Mall. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. especially at weekends. Murree and the Galis Murree.1. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.400 feet). near Kachari Chowk. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Peshawar Road 9. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. parks. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Civil Lines 9. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. Its cold pine forests. churches. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.4. where most people congregate.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Romi Park. has expanded rapidly. Since independence.1. or riding in the new chair-lifts. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. on the Karakoram Highway.1. Jinnah Park. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and.240 meters (7. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. a little bit of England. Murree remained. Numerous roads leave. clubs and cafes. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. schools. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. In winter.even chilly in the evening .

The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. hiking places and picnic spots. It is 30 km from Murree. A restaurant has also been established. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The golf course here is open only to members. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. Ayubia Khairagali. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. Changlagali. Patriata 25 km from Murree. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Ayubia has a chair lift. both rides cost about Rs. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle.). From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. which like a ski-lift. Natural springs abound on the slopes.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. which is the highest point in the range. In addition to riding trails. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods.

flying squirrel and hill fox. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. a sub category of the Montane Forests. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. Asiatic leopard. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. you will find that the surface is clean. The city of Rawalpindi. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. In addition to riding trails. Khaira Gali. For this. 9. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. better known as the Murree National Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Islamabad. golden eagle. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience.7. situated on the summit of a hill. hiking places. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. once you reach the summit. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk.1. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan.

Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. gold. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. vicery of India in 1918. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. but come out by sheer luck. could not complete its original plan. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. However. at The Raja Bazaar. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. 9. Most of the sites at Taxila. shawls and jackets. silver.8. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Saddar bazaar. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. Here. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. 48 km from Rawalpindi. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. As it turns out. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. you can find every thing which a common man can use. walking sticks. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918.C to 500 AD. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. terracotta. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen.T. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. including stone. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. iron and semiprecious stones. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. 9. the museum. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. The Raja Bazaar commences from here. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. At the outset. are located around the Taxila Museum. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. stucco. cane baskets and furniture.1. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. Buddhist.1. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. Potohar shoes and Chappals. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry.9. The Sarafa bazaar. There are 4000 objects displayed. which is the first stop for any tourist. This is a place where you go by choice. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G.

by the Department of Archaeology.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Government of Pakistan.10.e. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . left of G.T. Gen. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. by his colleagues. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G.1. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. and the modern capital of Pakistan. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. Taxila. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. line the canals through which cool waters once. Guru Nanak. that is. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. This place offers scenic walks. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.5 acres. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. on their way to Kashmir.T. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Tapering cypress trees. 9. gently flowing stream. Road. Ferishta and Jehangir. The resort has a restaurant. Road. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass.T. loved by the Mughals. Today. Islamabad.Twice a year. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. i. Road.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. From the clubhouse. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Road. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. and the course itself. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs.T. at the foot of Margalla. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. It is situated at I. one on the top of the hill and other below it. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. a small town has developed. G. T.1. Sports venues and stadiums 9. home to several thousand people. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. After several phases of development. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. it is now a 27-hole course. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . on the G. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Road Rawalpindi. 9. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. a minister of emperor Akbar.3. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors.3. was also built during this period. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. with spring water falling within it.

Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe.3.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.000. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. 9. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Islamabad. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams.

Army Hockey Stadium 9.4. The Mall Saddar 9. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.5. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Rawalpindi Club.3.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Community Awareness &Training. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. explosions. Rescue 15 .1. crime reporting. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. 10. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. however personal visits are also allowed.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. Response and Prevention. identification of vehicles for registration etc. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. Therefore. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone.1. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 .2. buildings collapse.1. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. which is an achievement even internationally. SERVICES 10. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. rescue.

Endurance. 9. 4. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 5.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. 6. 8. 11. 2. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 14. 10. 13. 7. perseverance. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.4. 12. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.1.1. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. patience.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 3. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . struggle.

Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.1. love and understanding. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10.5. The children are given security. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible.6. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Old People and Disabled. support.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Children.

7.028 consumers comprising Commercial.118 million rupees during July-September. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. both for itself and other organizations. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services.280 HM3 worth 31. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. Fertilizer." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. designing and construction of pipelines.1. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). but the emphasis is on achievement.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.081 HM3 worth 107. SNGPL has 2.1. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family.2. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Domestic.581. Here. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Power & Cement Sectors. Urdu. 2006. to be sure. now Companies Ordinance 1984.733.study together up until fifth grade. not on Islamic political causes. boys and girls . detail of some among them is following.127.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). 10. Distribution system consists of 46.2.897. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. 7.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.nearly 700 of whom are orphans .7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.008. “The basic aim is that this orphan. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.” 10. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. Sales to these consumers were 39. General Industry. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. this poor child. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.46/-.

IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad.2. Chakwal. Saadi Road 10. Rawalpindi Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. SNGPL.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Attock.

Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth.000 and 5. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.3.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .8 million V-fone customers.2.7 million customers. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.

Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of No. Pirwadahi Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . 1 5. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6.4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Total No.2. Water Works No. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. Committee Chowk 4.

Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 6. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division.5.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. POST OFFICE GPO . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 2. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. 4. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 3. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. 5.

Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.2. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.2. In addition to freight. both national and international.6. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.7. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. rail and road. 1. the principal carrier in Pakistan. Rawalpindi 10. with many domestic and international flights every day. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . 2. has numerous routes. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.8. which were completed in the 1990s. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. which connects Pakistan to China. Road) or.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. more recently. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 .2. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Motorway Interchange. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.T. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Rawalpindi. the world's highest international road.

auto-rickshaws. Due to lack of planning of roads.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. For inter-city travel. ranging from yellow taxis. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. mini-buses. yellow cabs. and which operate constantly throughout the day.9.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.

which will result in reduction of accidents rate. provision of efficient drainage system. installations of traffic signals. construction of footpaths.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club.45 Km of main road with 1. relocation of structures. traffic signs. 3. median. 5. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. channelization of junctions. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. pavement marking. 4. Rawalpindi. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes.Glorious Rawalpindi 11.1. 2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . Objectives 1. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. pedestrian over head bridges.

Detailed Traffic Engg. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 .Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment.2. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc.T. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. OD travel pattern. land use plan. 1. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. 2. of Punjab / RDA. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. growth of income. future land uses pattern. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway.00 million. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. land values & ownership pattern. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan.

b. Unluckily however. unbalanced land use transport interaction. f. c.3. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi.000 Cusecs 35. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. industrial. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. commercial. e. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. d. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. enchroachments. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property.5 m 21. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. health and educational activity for northern Punjab.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . non standardized infrastructure support. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. The Lai Nullah.

the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. Until 1923.1. Famous Historical Places 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. according to the old timers. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. At that time. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.1. And. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. After independence. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. a famous dancing girl. it was home to Budhana Bibi. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission.2.the glory of the cantonment .with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. better known as The Mall . it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. In 1920 in the pre-partition days.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 .3.1. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. Sarafa Bazaar. 12. Lal Haveli In old times. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.

There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. cut brick corbellings. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . bay windows and doors. Pakpattan or Lahore. dense housing. Like Multan. the old quarters of the city. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.4. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. better known as the Purana Qilla.

Modern. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites.2.1.2. 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities.2.

2.4. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2. Flashman’s Hotel 12.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.3. Rawalpindi. 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Rawalpindi.1. Rawalpindi. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3. Famous Restaurants 12.2.3.

Rawalpindi.4. Saddar.2. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.International Near KFC. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar.1.International . Murree Road.4.4.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Murree Road. KFC . Rawalpindi. 12. Sub Way .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. Bank Road 8. 4. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Haider Road 12. Canning Road 10. Peshawar Road 9. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . 2. 6.5. Police Station Road 11. 3.

Harding Road 14. College Road 15. 17.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . 18. Tipu Road 16.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture.7. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. houses and narrow streets. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades. There are many old buildings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

off the Mall.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .

adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9.

10.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1.

28. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 5. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 29. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 13. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 6. 23. 22. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 30. 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 19. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 12. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. 26. Bank Rawalpindi. 27. 17. 14. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 4. 25. 32. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . Rawalpindi. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 21. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Industrial Deve. 7. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. 16. 11. Saudi Pak Comm. 24. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 8. 10. 9. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12.

on April 10. many thousands more were injured. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq.13. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. But that was the extent of it. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Rawlapindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Soon. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. 19 years ago. that it was Ojhri. Many. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . Over 5000 people were killed. It was clear. Theories abound. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. That it was an ammunition dump. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad.

On July 23. 2001.23 Billion. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

8 sq. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Margalla and Murree hills.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. which generates 84. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. Live storage is 43. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. The total storage capacity is 47. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. WATER RESERVOIR 13. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. fishing and boating. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.1. km.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole.000 acre feet (11763 MG).

Jawa dam which operational in 1997. in general. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. However. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. the outflow has been less than the inflow. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow.777 MCM. outflow is 0. Therefore. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000.3. the flow was relatively high in June to August. Since its inception. 13. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. However. However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. due to monsoon. after 2000.783 MCM.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 .Glorious Rawalpindi 13.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. whereas. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.687 MCM. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

e. k. i. 1998 City Report. n. Rawalpindi Post Office. i. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 .com Virtualglobetrottiong.rawalpindi. t. l.absoluteastronomy. a. p.com pakistanpeadia.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. r. p. m. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.pk travel. h.geocities. EDO Health. b.gov. j. l. Rawalpindi. m. r.com www. b. g. d. d. Govt.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. h. o. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Rawalpindi Cities.blogspot.mapsofworld.com Books & Etc. c. f. S. q. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. g. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. o. Punjab Railway Station. e. k. s. q. c. f. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi.com Nrb www. j. n. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries.

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