Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

.......................................................................................... Civil Lines .....3.................... 44 9.......................... Khewra Salt Mines ........2............ 56 9....................2........2.......... near Kachari Chowk...... 46 9....................................................................................................................................... Cinemas & Theatres ........................ Federal Government Schools & Colleges ................................... 61 10...........1. ............................................................................ 60 10......... 64 10.................. 55 9.............................. Liaqat National Bagh ............2...........4. 49 9.................................................................3................................ 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ..... 62 10............................................................................................................................4............................................................ 58 10.......... 51 9..................................... 60 10..................1.......................................................... Private Schools and colleges .............................................................................2......2..............................................2......................... Medical Colleges ............................ The Mall Saddar ...................10........ Field Hockey ... 60 10....................2.....5..9.............................................................................. SERVICES ................................. KABBADI...................... Utility Services .........................................1...... 57 9............................ 44 9...........7................2....................................................................... Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .........................................6.......................................1.........5.................3.................3......5......... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi ........................ 54 9............. PTCL ..... 44 9..................................................................................................... 41 8.... Darul Aman ..... Army Hockey Stadium ....................................................3........... POLICE STATIONS......7............. 56 9..............................5................................ Forts ........................................................................................ Hassan Abdal.................................. 43 9.............................................................................. 60 10.............................................1................ 46 9................................... 49 9... 61 10........................................................... Sports venues and stadiums ............ 46 9.................................................Emergency Reporting Centre ..................3................... 58 9....................1................................................................................2............................4. The Salt Range ..........................................................................................................1........ Taxila Museum........1.........................2.............................. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad . 48 9...................................... Edhi Foundation .2.......................................4........................................3...................................... Romi Park...................................... 53 9............ Peshawar Road ............... 63 10........... 52 9. 42 8...................5...... 45 9.... 57 9................... 51 9......... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) .........................3.. 42 8............. Other Places Worth A Visit............... Rescue 15 .................................................................... 50 9............Glorious Rawalpindi 8........3......................................................... SPORTS & RECREATION ........... 57 9... 54 9.................................................................4........ Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ..........5...6...............................................................................2................................................1....................................................1.................. 63 10...........1.............................1...................................... 45 9.......................... SOS Village ... 51 9.........................................3. Jinnah Park..................................................................1.... Rawalpindi Club. Temple of Katas ........................3................................ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .............. 57 9......................................6.........................1................................................................ 51 9.... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).......................................7............................................................................ Government Schools & Colleges ...........................................................1.................................. 63 10............ Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ......... Rawalpindi Public Park ....1.......8...2....................... Kallar Kahar ............................ 42 8...................... Cricket ..........6........4......................... SOME OTHER STADIUMS . The Raja Bazaar .................... 56 9......................... IESCO .... Rawalpindi Golf Course ............................................................1.........................3..........................1........1. 65 Company Profile .........1.........4........ Punjab.............. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district.................................... .1........................1...........2..................................................... 62 10....................................... Ayub National Park .....1.................4.....2.....................3....4..........1........................... Murree and the Galis ......................1. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .................................

...................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ......3..............3. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** . Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .. 72 11....................................... 76 12.......6.............. 82 12...............2. Sub Way ........9........10...............................................2..... 79 12...................................................................3.......... 72 11............................11..................... WATER RESERVOIR ....... WASA ........2... Lai Nullah ...............................................................................................................4...................2............2...................1........2......................1...............................................................................2...................................................................................................... Purana Qilla ................... Famous Restaurants................................................8...................................4... 104 13......................................................................................................................... Lasania Restaurant city ..................................................................................... 105 13..........2........................ 76 12.................................International .......................1.......................2............... Akbar International *** .......................................................................................................................................................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ............................. 79 12......................................2........ Roads In Rawalpindi City ...1......................... Ancient Rawalpindi ................................................................................5................................................................................................................................................................. Lal Haveli ..................................................................................3......................... 78 12......................... Jawa Dam ........ 90 12.......................................................................................................................................12.............................2.1.....9................................5........................ 95 12. RING ROAD .....5............. Misriot Dam .... Public Transportation ..................(Rawalpindi) ......................... INSIDE RAWALPINDI ....... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .. 77 12........... Museums ................................... 98 12.................................1..................................2..................................................................................7. Islamabad International Airport Road ...................2.........................3...7............................... 67 10................ 73 11..........................................1.................. Famous Markets/ Bazaars ........4............ FAMOUS FAST FOODS ........................... 75 12.......................................8....................................................................... 80 12........................... Famous Chowk.................................. 80 12...................................... 66 10........4.................4.......................... Famous Historical Places ............................................................................ The Mall ............... Political Structure ................................. 100 12.... 75 12....................................... 102 13....................2..........6.................................. 71 11...................... 84 12...... 99 12................ 81 12............................................................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 10............................ 79 12. 70 10......................... 75 12......................... 96 12....1......................2................................. 78 12............. KFC ....................................................... Flashman’s Hotel....... La Rosh Hotel. 81 12...3........................................... 104 13..2...............................1......2........... 81 12............................ MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ........... RAWAL LAKE..... 93 12........................................................... Railway Stations ........................................................................................................................... Hotel Civic ............................... POST OFFICE ..... 78 12.......... FAMOUS Hotels ......... Airport ....................... 68 10..................................................2......................1.................... 68 10.................................................1.. Shalimar Hotel ****.......................14..................................... Highways ..................................................................................................13...................................................................................................4............................................... 80 12........................ 74 12.......................................................................... Lai Expressway ...................................................................................................... Libraries and Museums .......................International .........3..

education and the existing industries.e. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . i. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. infrastructure. health. This study contains information on population. communication net works. the area of its concern.

Glorious Rawalpindi 1. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. Jhelum. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. In 1849. When Jhanda Khan. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. until 1765. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. battle with Gakhars. a Ghakkar Chief . The Rawals a jogi tribe. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. founded a new town nearby. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. Although they did not succeed. also known as Pindi. HISTORY Rawalpindi. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. During the struggle for freedom in 1857.e. However. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. has a long history spread over several millennia. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. Rawalpindi City. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). the martial people of the area against the British domination.

there was a good deal of agitation in the district. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. the Afghan war and martial law. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. in Liaquat Garden. before Pakistan came into existence. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. Many Government buildings were set on fire. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. In 1951. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. famous for its floods. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. water is stored by building dams. and it serves the city along with the capital. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army.e. The city is home to many industries and factories. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. Nala Lai. he was welcomed rousingly. Liaquat Ali Khan. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. Cantonment and city.e. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. There was a communal disturbance in 1947.

38’ and 73°.01’ North latitudes and 72°.04’ 34°. in the province of Punjab. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. Location It lies between 33°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.1.37’ East longitudes. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Chakwal. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. 2. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 .

286 km² Calling code. 051 Time zone.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.059.550 (2007) Literacy rate.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.000 (1998) 3.300. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . 70. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. Estimate. 2. Area. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.059.2.033333 Altitude. of Towns.6. 500 meters AMSL 5. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. PST (UTC+5) No. 73. 8 Population. 73.6. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.

and Pakhtuns. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.6 Degree Centigrade.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. temp is 17. Punjabis. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere. The weather is highly unpredictable.7 C and Min 2. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. when the mean max. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. comprising Potoharis. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. The coldest month is Jan.06 Degree Centigrade per month . SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . In summer.3. Muhajirs. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free.

More than men. On this day.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. one for distribution among the poor. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. In addition to the two Eids. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Here too the poor are not forgotten.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). modesty and good behaviour.a ritual in which everyone shares. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . The roads. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. others being truthfulness. 3. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. There are many mosques throughout the city. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.1. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. No sooner it is sited. On Eid day. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives.

There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Chaunji Trap.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered.2. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . 3. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. wrestling. tent pegging and Bini. There are two Churches in Saddar. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Bhangra. Music and dancing are also common. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. Summi. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Young people prefer Kabaddi. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. St.Paul Church. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. Rawalpindi. education. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. railways and the police force.

Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. and to the historical region of Punjab. historical and political ties to the country.3. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. Hinduism After the Partition of India.4. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi.

where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.1. 4. 4.1. when Pakistan. Later in 1971. 4. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan.3. CULTURE 4. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .2. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination.1. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. red or velvet. Islamabad. 1940.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. On 23rd March. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan.1. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.

The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. The usual ornaments like ear rings.3.4. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). 4. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families.2. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. bangles.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement.1. family and invited guests wear yellow garments. the bride’s parents feast the party. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. 4. Tea is popular all over the district. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Khaki or grey. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. To mold into the colors of ubton. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. the other name of mienu. 4. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 .4. sweet and ornaments etc. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. health of population is generally better. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. After the religious formalities. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Due to good weather condition in the district. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai.

Glorious Rawalpindi 4. This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2.4. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.

On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. especially women. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 .Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4. All the guests. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. 4. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past.4.3. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.

The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Besides. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.5. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 .

It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. glass products. textiles. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. apricots. maize. Air conditiong.000 persons i. cigarettes. steel re-rolling. marble processing. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. beverages and fruit preservation. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . bajra. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. and leather goods. and vegetables are the major products of the city. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10.021 power looms. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. pottery. pears. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. about 1. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. pharmaceutical. and factories making tents. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. a brewery. citrus. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. furniture. sawmills. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. sewing machines etc. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Drafting. industrial gas processing. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat.000 spindles.000b spindles and 1. hosiery.e. Metallurgy.6% of district population is directly employed in large. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. iron mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. Welding. Auto knitting and commerce etc. potato. medium and small industrial units. apples. railroad yards. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.

The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. These only form a small percentage of the total population. They also deal largely in hides. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. is misleading. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. gold seals and such like. Like the men of the tribe. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year.1. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. by courtesy. except ploughing.2. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. towns of the district. Janjuas. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. will go to far from their homes for such work. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. so-called. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . 5. Kohlis and a few others. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. gold threads. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. chiefly silk goods. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta. Brahmans. do not require detailed notice. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. The chief families of Gakkhar. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.

the spinning wheels. make padlocks of iron. where wood is plentiful. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. Pihras. tehsil Kahutta. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . Reed matting. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. and are made of Shisham. and Hazro. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Fatehjang. Chauntra. embroidered shoes. 10 for the set of 4. 8. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. Phulkaris are made in many places. or khair wood. 1 to Rs. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. known as abri. and at Makhad. costing from Re. tehsil Rawapindi. costing from Rs. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. The chairs cost from Re.5 to Rs. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. 40.3. known as phur. The lohars of Manianda. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. Leather manufacturers have diminished. according to size. tehsil Pindigheb.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. and Salgraon. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Baking-plates are also made here. neighboring villages. especially in tehsil Kahuta. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Pindigheb. 1 to Rs. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. from Re: 1 to Rs. phulaa. Kuri-Dolal. chappris. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. which are sold in Rawalpindi. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. saddles are the principal articles made. 6. or low chairs. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. 20.

The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. 5. or earthen-jars. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving.1. Mr. have been procured. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. at Fatehjang. Lockwood Kipling. Here. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. both lie on the Indus bank. as there is said to have once been. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987.4. Popular Industries 5. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district.4. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. as else where. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. especially of it is exported across the Indus. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region.

sand blasting. Most of the labor has education level below primary. acid finishing. which are also in small quantities. phool. honed finishing etc. Rawalpindi. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Major processes include loading/unloading. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . but are only used by 1-2 exporters. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. cutting & sizing. flower vases and fountains. I-9/1 and I-9/3. Karachi and Lahore. patti and other handicrafts. brush finishing.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. and other areas of Rawalpindi city.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. tiles. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. bush hammering. Sangjani. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. ustaad and unskilled workers. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. handling & storing.

2. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. 4. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. 9. It is below 50%. 8. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 7. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order.4. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . 6. Hardly. 10. 3.000-300.000 cubic ft. 5. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 2.

lampshades.000 people. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. and selling innovative products. sofas. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. A Report by Ms. Therefore. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. Once your furniture business gets off. from office to lounge furniture. schools. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. The establishments in the city need showcases. so that must be kept in mind. Even couches.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. lockers. Polish affects the quality of the material. consoles are in demand. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. You can sell wood or metal furniture. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. side tables and stools. are in huge demand in the City. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. hotels and restaurants. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Be sure to include photographs. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. By stocking the best quality goods. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Your marketing strategies must be good. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. etc. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . as well as residential areas. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. lamps stands. shelves. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. since all kinds of furniture. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi.

but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. 80 feet. No. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. and Kalabagh on the Indus. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. etc. No. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 5. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 2. The oil is used in its raw state. Five borings have been made. The petroleum costs. in the Bannu district. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 4 inches in diameter each. 5. 3. In 1887-89. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. 1 is 100n feet deep. It is made from mustard oil. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. Fatehjang. 50 feet. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. The oil is collected as it. This is thrown into a cistern. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. petroleum and wood. three miles from Fatehjang. The borings are 35 feet from each other. leaving the oil above. the churches. No. Rs. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. No.16 per hundred gallons. No. The petroleum now costs Rs. 28 ditto.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. 4.6.000 gallons per year.5. The total oil collected is about 1. Kalabagh oil…. transmitted light. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. 100 feet. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 60 feet. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off.600 gallons per annum.200 gallons last year. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order.

are exported to some small extent. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Ghee.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. hardware from Amritsar. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir.. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Jallundur. pattus. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. from Kashmir. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. Peshawar. Jallundur and Meerut. metals. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. and Gujrat. for seed. leather from Kashmir. Peshawar. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Peshawar. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. rice from neighboring districts. Delhi and Gujranwala. and Peshawar. was exported to Kashmir. it is believed. gur from Sialkot. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. chiefly. Ghee is brought in from Punch. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Wazirabad. timber. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. rice being little grown. Yarkand and Ladakh. Kashmir and Sawat. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. ra and the sea-ports. & c. Silk from Amritsar. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Sialkot. fruits. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. fruits from Kashmir. Shahjahanpur. however. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. chiefly deodar. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. from Kashmir.1. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. thick cloths. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. Hazro and Makhad. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. described above. charas. dyes. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. refined Sugar from Bombay. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. timber. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. and that of inferior quality in this district. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports.

Glorious Rawalpindi 6. mineral processing. 5. 8. 9. 3. steel re-rolling. cigarettes. cotton and woolen Textiles. industrial gases. 23. 12. sawmills. pottery. sewing machines etc. 22. 2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 16. and leather goods. No. railroad yards. distillery. 18. 1. 19. marble processing.2. 4. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. cement. 15. 17. 20.2. iron mills. 13. Petroleum Refinery. textiles. 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . and factories making tents. Heavy Rebuild Factory. glass products. 7. cigarettes. 6. 21. Heavy Foundry and Forge. pharmaceuticals. Sr. hosiery. beverages and fruit preservation. glass products. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Heavy Mechanical Complex.1. furniture. flour mills. 14. poultry feed. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 24. a brewery.

linkage between the industrial units. 43. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 31. 41. Therefore. local/national/international demand. 35.C.V. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. 46. 30.C. 47. 40. 27. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. 38. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 44. 37. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. if lacking is manageable. skilled labour. 36. 34. however. 29.3. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 39. i) ii) 45.C. 32. 33. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors. 26. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 42.

4% of the overall export earnings of the country. jawar. Oil refinery. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.3. footwear. glass. In this area there is good scope for furniture. rock salt.2. 6. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. employs 48. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. its major crops and fruit are wheat.3.3.3. dolomite bentonite. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. there also exist good prospects for tannery. 6. Minerals Fire clay. veneer board. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . Silica sand. woolen. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.3% of national GDP. meat/poultry processing units.5. gypsum. etc. guava and apple. It accounts for 38. poultry/cattle feed. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. cement. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. which accounted 11. Pharmaceuticals. maize. Soda ash.1. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. In addition.3. 6. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3. cigarettes.4. leather Products.5 billion for the year 2001-02. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. ground nut. leather garments. cotton.

Heavy Foundry and Forge.3. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. PVC pipes. cosmetics. woolen knitwear. sports wear etc. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. children wear. glass hollow-ware. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. fashion apparel. 6. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. wires etc. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. suitable for wide spread fish farming. electrical accessories. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. 6.3. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. machine made carpets.3. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. sanitary fitting. confectionery. there exists good prospects for biscuits. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless.6.8.7.4. POF etc. glass ample. Attock Refinery.3. Steel. electric cables. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. 6. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. pharmaceutical. 6. rubberized/mechanical toys.9. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. has now emerged as a potential investment area. ready made garments for men and women. steel furniture. 6. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . household appliances. Besides.

the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Currency and Mint.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan.4. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Most of these deposits are unexploited. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. 6. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Therefore. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.4.1. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. The inhabitants. 6.

6. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.3 million. machinery & equipment. 6.3. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Hospitals. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3 million. Plant. Medical and Diagnostic Services. including the development of Industrial Zones. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Human Resource Development (HRD). Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.4. 6.4. Technical/Vocational Training.15 million. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .5. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.4.4. not manufactured locally.4. Social Sector Activities: Education. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. of tourism.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.

e. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. E-mail/internet/electronic information services.5. machinery and equipment. Bakery Products 1.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. not manufactured locally. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i.) LTD Bakery. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. machinery & equipment. Classic Capital (Pvt. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries.5. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Details of machinery are Plant.2. Plant. 3. 5. 2.5.1.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. imported by tourism. hotels and tourism related projects. audio-fax services. card pay phone services etc. Murree Brewery Company LTD. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. 6. 4. not manufactured locally. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. not manufactured locally. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. machinery and equipment. voicemail services. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Plant. Ltd. imported by the manufacturing industries. Beverage 6.

Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant .6.5. Ceramics Products 8. 15. Domestic Hardware 11. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 .7.5. Westridge Fireclay Industries. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Cement Products 7. IPRAM International.T. 14. Capital Plywood Industry. W.5. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. 12. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. . Chip/Straw Board 9.8. NEOMEDIX . Old G.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Road Morgah 6.5. Diapers Plant 10. 16.4.3. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Adyala Road 17. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.5. Peshawar Road 6.5.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.

5. Westridge 32. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33.9. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Westridge 36. Industrial area Rawat 26. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Adyala Road 21. Ratta Road 34.Rawat 35. Al Karim Flour Mills. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Olive Laboratories . Industrial Area Rawat 6. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Ratta Road 29. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Rawat 27. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Peshawar Road 41. Naswari Bazar 24. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Flour Mills 23. Khyber Flour Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Railway Workshop Road 31.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Seham Road 37. Westridge 38. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Kallar Road Rawat 30. Habib Flour & General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22.

LPG Cylinders 51.5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54. Kashmir Road 6.12. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .5. Poultry Feeds 53. Rawat Flour Mills. Zafar ul Haq Road 6.5.5. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Pirwadhai 46.10. JI Interprises. Industrial/Burn Gases 49. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.5. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Fine Plastic Works. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Bangash Colony. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. National Park Road 6. Plastic Products 52.14.) Ltd. Rawat 43.11. Tops Food & Beverages . Food Products 45.13.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 .

New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.. Adamjee Street 6.19.5.18.5.15.5. Peshawar Road 7. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6.16.. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .5. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Westridge 6. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5.Textile Mills Ltd. (Pvt) Ltd.17. Textile Composite 56. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Tyre and Tubes 58.Glorious Rawalpindi 6.20. Refinery 55. D.M. Unani Medicines 59. Textile Spinning 57.5.

Government Hospitals 1. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 10.5.1. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 2. 5. Dhok Ali Akber. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1.3. 4. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 2. 3. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 3. 2. MCH Centres 1. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . Rawalpindi. 7.2. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. 7. 6. This region is full of Health facilities.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 8. 9. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 7. Govt. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road.4. 3.

Hearts International 192-A The Mall. 3. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 7. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Combined Military Hospital 7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.7.6.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.

Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi 12. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Satellite Town. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. 7. 3. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Satellite Town. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Shakoors V.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. 2. Rawalpindi 11. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22.P.A. Near Hydri Chowk. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. 5. 6. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center.9. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road.I. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Off Murree Road. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 15. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. BH Building. Rawalpindi. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 4. Rawalpindi 14. Dr. Rawalpindi Cantt. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 3. Satellite Town. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. 7. 1. 2. Bazar Road. Saidpur Road.425 7th Road. 5551237 8. Satellite Town. Batool Hospital H-241. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 10. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 .8. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Rawalpindi. Said pur Road. 17. Dr.

The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.2.1. University of Arid Agriculture. This gift to the nation. its daughters. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. Universities 8. The building has an architectural splendor. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 .Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Muhammed became her legal guardian. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor.1.1. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. Muhammed Ali Jinnah.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Fatima Jinnah University for Women. After their father's death (1901). Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 .1. 8. As it stands.

2.2. No. Viqar un Nisa College for women. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. College St. Govt. Hashmat Ali Isl. No. Rawalpindi. Located near the CMH. Name of the Institution Govt. College Asghar Mall.3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 8.1. 1. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Govt. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. 5. Govt.2. College. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 2. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Govt. College for women St. Govt. Name of the Institution Govt.2. Govt. National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Rawalpindi. 3. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . Rawalpindi. Govt. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Town.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4. Colleges 8. 2. Gorden College. Town. 1.

Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Educator College. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Town. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 1. Rawalpindi. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. 34. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. 25. Saddar. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 32. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 31. 22. 6. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. College of Advance Technology.3. 27. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Civil College of Commerce St. 18. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Town. 7. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. 35. town. St. 3. 20. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Town. Sadiqabad. 9. St. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Town. Town. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Punjab College of Information Technology. Rawalpindi. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 21. Rawalpindi 16. Town. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 29. Rawalpindi. town. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. 17. Universal College. Rahimabad airport Road. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 13. St. Rawalpindi. National Science College Murree Road. 5. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. St. 28. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. Rawal College of Commerce. 8. 12. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . 19. 30. Town. 26. 23. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi 36. Leaders College of Commerce. 33. Rwp. Kashmir Road. Leader College 6th Road. 10. 2. St. St. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Rawalpindi. 11. 24. 14. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. 15. 4. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi.

11. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi. 53. 44. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi.. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. Rawalpindi. Shamsabad. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. BPS Chamanzar. BPS Qasim abad. 12.C. 50. BMS Amarpura. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C. 45. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 51.C. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . BPS Faiz abad M. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 2. Rwalpindi. Rawalpindi. BPS Arya Mohallah M. 56. M. 6.C. 52. Town.C. M.2. St.C. 47.4. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 8. 4. Inflorescence College of modern . Leadership College for Girls St. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. 3. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 2. M. Indus College of Commerce. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. GMS Amarpura. 55. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Town. 14. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rwalpindi. 38. 8. MC. 3.C. Leadership College for Boys St. M.C. 54. 1. BPS Fauji Colony M. Rawalpindi. M.C. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. M. M.C. College of Commerce Saddar. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS).5.C. 43. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. 1. Rawalpindi. 46. Rawalpindi. Punjab College of information technology. 42.C. Rawalpindi. MC. Islamic International Commerce College.2. 16. town.C. Morgah Rawalpindi. BPS New Malpur M. M. 8.C. 15. 39.C. 4. 41. Capital College Murree Road.C.C. BPS Muslim Town M. town. GMS Waris Khan. Town.C.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. Rawalpindi Cantt.C. 7. Ojiri Camp. 49. GMS Qasimabad. Rawalpindi. St. 48. 10. BPS Bangash Colony M. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. BPS Muslim Town. 40. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. town. 9.C. 13. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Town. 5.

Govt. Dhoke Syedan. Govt.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.PIA College Rawalpindi City. Institute of Commerce (W). 4.C.C. (RMGTC).C. BHS Ratta Amral M. 8. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. 6. High School Rawalpindi M. 7. 1. College of Commerce. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Kartarpura. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi (Cantt. GHS Ratta Amral M. GHS Satellite Town M. 5.C.(ABAD). M. Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. Scheme No.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. 8. BPS Affandi Colony 8.C. Dhamial.3. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .C. Vocational Training Institute (W). Techincal Training Institute (W). Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. 2. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1.6. BPS Chitian Hattian 19.2 Satellite Town. Govt. Vocational Training Institute (W). MC. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. 4.2. GHS Teli Mohallah M. 5. M.C. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Govt.C. 9.C. BHS Moti Baza M.C. BHS Millat Colony M.C. M. Rawalpindi Govt. 3. 7. BPS Ratta 18. 3. BHS Satellite Town M. Vocational Training Institute (W). Institute of Commerce. Rawalpindi Govt.

3. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 2.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G. Chaklala III 8. Ordinance Road. 5. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Govt. Sir Syed College. 3. 6. Harley Street F. Quaid-e-Azam College.G. Private Schools and colleges 1. 4.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 2. The Mall 1.G (C.4.6. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. Government Schools & Colleges 1. 4. 5. F.5. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. The Mall F. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 4. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. 7. 2.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Medical College. Medical Colleges 1. 3. 4. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.7.

1. founded in 1885. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Meander through the bazaars. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.) Road. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. today this is a facility of 27 holes. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. fountains and flower beds. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. From being a nine-hole course. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor. lake with boating facility. These are the best way to see the city. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Ayub National Park. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. It has a playground. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 .1.T. It has a lake with boating facility. 300 acres. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. It covers an area of about 2. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. lush lawns. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. covers 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. an aquarium. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. play land. a garden restaurant and an aquarium.1. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. 9.300 acres and has a play area. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . is of historical interest due to its political processions. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. One should try out during a visit here. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Other areas of the park are used for walking.2. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. lions. 9. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. was assassinated here in 1950. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. It has a play area for children. The first prime minister of Pakistan. fountains and flower beds. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. 9. cheetahs. bears. The Park was opened in 1991. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. lawns.3.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids.1.1. 2007 at same venue. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. Some tigers. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands.

6. parks. In summer it is cool . At the southwest end is Pindi Point. at the centre of which is the main shopping area. when the honor was transferred to Simla. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.5.1. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). has expanded rapidly. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. churches. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 .400 feet). make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital. Murree and the Galis Murree. Numerous roads leave. Civil Lines 9. schools. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. however.1. Between the two runs The Mall. Peshawar Road 9.4. or riding in the new chair-lifts. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. at 2. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.1. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. clubs and cafes. especially at weekends. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad. Since independence. where most people congregate. Murree remained. a little bit of England. on the Karakoram Highway.even chilly in the evening . In winter. Jinnah Park. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. near Kachari Chowk. complete with The Mall for promenading. Murree is lovely all year round. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. amidst magnificent mountain scenery.240 meters (7. Romi Park. Its cold pine forests.and rain is common.

From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. hiking places and picnic spots. A restaurant has also been established. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Natural springs abound on the slopes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. In addition to riding trails. Changlagali. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m.). The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The golf course here is open only to members. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. both rides cost about Rs. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Ayubia has a chair lift. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings. It is 30 km from Murree. Patriata 25 km from Murree. which like a ski-lift. which is the highest point in the range. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. Ayubia Khairagali. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar.

The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. situated on the summit of a hill. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. flying squirrel and hill fox.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. Khaira Gali. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. hiking places. golden eagle. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . a sub category of the Montane Forests. Islamabad. The city of Rawalpindi. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. you will find that the surface is clean. For this. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. better known as the Murree National Park. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful.7. Asiatic leopard. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. In addition to riding trails.1. 9. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. once you reach the summit.

is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. There are 4000 objects displayed.1.8. iron and semiprecious stones. could not complete its original plan. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. Buddhist.1. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. walking sticks. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. This is a place where you go by choice. Saddar bazaar. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. terracotta. At the outset. vicery of India in 1918. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. including stone. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. shawls and jackets. Potohar shoes and Chappals. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. you can find every thing which a common man can use. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment.C to 500 AD. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. gold. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. cane baskets and furniture. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . The Sarafa bazaar. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. As it turns out. However. 48 km from Rawalpindi. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. stucco. at The Raja Bazaar. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. the museum. silver.T.9. but come out by sheer luck. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Here. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. Most of the sites at Taxila. are located around the Taxila Museum. 9. which is the first stop for any tourist. 9. The Raja Bazaar commences from here.

Government of Pakistan. Road.T. The resort has a restaurant. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. i. Road. by his colleagues. left of G. loved by the Mughals. that is. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. 9. Tapering cypress trees.5 acres. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Islamabad. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. and the modern capital of Pakistan. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. Guru Nanak. Road.e. Today. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. by the Department of Archaeology. Taxila. built in 1890 in memory of Brig.1. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. line the canals through which cool waters once. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 .10.T. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. Gen. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. This place offers scenic walks. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Ferishta and Jehangir.T. on their way to Kashmir. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. gently flowing stream. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army.Twice a year. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

From the clubhouse. home to several thousand people. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. at the foot of Margalla. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. with spring water falling within it. Road. Sports venues and stadiums 9. and the course itself. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop.1.T. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. it is now a 27-hole course. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 .Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. a small town has developed. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. a minister of emperor Akbar. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. After several phases of development. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. Road Rawalpindi. G. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. on the G. 9.3. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. It is situated at I. Later it was used by Sultan Masud.3. was also built during this period. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. T. one on the top of the hill and other below it.

3.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. 9. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour.2. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.000. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. Islamabad. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour.

Rawalpindi Club. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . The Mall Saddar 9.4.3.3.5. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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rescue. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. Therefore. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. which is an achievement even internationally. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.1. identification of vehicles for registration etc. Response and Prevention. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response.2. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Community Awareness &Training.1. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. crime reporting. SERVICES 10. Rescue 15 . explosions. 10. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. buildings collapse. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. however personal visits are also allowed. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10.1. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies.

struggle.4. 14. 10. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. who is a mobile institution ready to respond.1. perseverance. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 6. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 7. 4. 12. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. patience. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 2. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 13. 11. 5. 3.3. Endurance. 8. 9. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi .

The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. The children are given security. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women. support. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Old People and Disabled.1.5. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 . This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Children. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.6.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. love and understanding. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.

Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. designing and construction of pipelines. boys and girls .008. to be sure.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006).081 HM3 worth 107. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10.127. 7. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. General Industry.118 million rupees during July-September.897.Glorious Rawalpindi 10." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. Domestic. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161.” 10.7.028 consumers comprising Commercial. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Distribution system consists of 46. this poor child. Urdu.280 HM3 worth 31. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 . he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. both for itself and other organizations. not on Islamic political causes. Fertilizer. “The basic aim is that this orphan.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . but the emphasis is on achievement. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.study together up until fifth grade. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Here. The curriculum includes Islamic studies.46/-. 10. Power & Cement Sectors.581.2. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).2.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.1. SNGPL has 2. now Companies Ordinance 1984.1.733. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. detail of some among them is following. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development. Sales to these consumers were 39. 2006.

2. Saadi Road 10. Attock. SNGPL. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Chakwal. Rawalpindi Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .000 Approximately Service Centers: 1.2.

PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.8 million V-fone customers.2. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side.3.000 and 5.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.7 million customers. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.

WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. of No. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . Pirwadahi Total No. Committee Chowk 4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. 1 5. Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.4. Water Works No. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters.2. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.

Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 3.5.2. • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. POST OFFICE GPO .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 4. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 6. 2. 5.

Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. has numerous routes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. 1. with many domestic and international flights every day.2.7. rail and road.2. Rawalpindi 10. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.6. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. 2. In addition to freight.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the principal carrier in Pakistan. both national and international.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. Motorway Interchange.8. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Rawalpindi. Road) or. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. more recently. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. which were completed in the 1990s. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways.T. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar).Glorious Rawalpindi 10. the world's highest international road. which connects Pakistan to China. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree.

9. ranging from yellow taxis. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). yellow cabs. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. and which operate constantly throughout the day. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. Due to lack of planning of roads. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. For inter-city travel. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. mini-buses. mess of traffic is found even on small roads.

Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Objectives 1. provision of efficient drainage system. installations of traffic signals. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. pedestrian over head bridges. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 2. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. pavement marking.45 Km of main road with 1. Rawalpindi. median. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. channelization of junctions. 3. construction of footpaths. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. 4.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. relocation of structures. traffic signs. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 5. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11.1.

2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. growth of income. Task-III Economic Evaluation.00 million. 1. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility.T. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. land use plan. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Detailed Traffic Engg. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. of Punjab / RDA. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. future land uses pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. land values & ownership pattern. OD travel pattern.2. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg.

The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended.000 Cusecs 35. enchroachments. Unluckily however. commercial. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. industrial.5 m 21. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. d. c. The Lai Nullah. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. f. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. e. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity. b. non standardized infrastructure support. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. unbalanced land use transport interaction.3. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7.

And. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. At that time. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12.1. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.1. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Famous Historical Places 12. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. according to the old timers. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. Until 1923. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. Sarafa Bazaar.the glory of the cantonment . it was home to Budhana Bibi.1. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style. a famous dancing girl.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as The Mall . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906.3.1. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. 12. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Lal Haveli In old times.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. After independence.2.

dense housing.1. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. Like Multan. cut brick corbellings. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Pakpattan or Lahore. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . intricate woodwork on Jharokas. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.4. bay windows and doors.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. the old quarters of the city. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. better known as the Purana Qilla.

2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2.2. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation. 12.2. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Modern.1. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.

5.4. Rawalpindi. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2. 12.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.2.2.

3. Famous Restaurants 12.3. Rawalpindi. 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.2. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Rawalpindi.1.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Saddar. Murree Road.4. Rawalpindi. Sub Way .4. 12. Murree Road.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar. KFC . FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.1.International Near KFC.4.International .

3. Police Station Road 11. 6. Haider Road 12. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .5. 12. Bank Road 8.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Canning Road 10. Peshawar Road 9. 4. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 2.

Tipu Road 16. Harding Road 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. 17. College Road 15. 18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There are many old buildings. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 . These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7. houses and narrow streets.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. off the Mall. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .

It has over 30.000 books which are updated at regular interval.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 . adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.

9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . Rawalpindi.

10. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.

14. Rawalpindi. 6. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 15. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. 27. 8. 32. Industrial Deve. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 29. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. 13. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 26. 16. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7. 18. 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . 22. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 11. 31. 24. 23. 4. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 17. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 19. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 9. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 12. 10. Citi Bank N A. 30. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 21. 5. Bank Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .

This was a deliberate act of destruction. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. 19 years ago. on April 10. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. But that was the extent of it. Soon. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. that it was Ojhri. Rawlapindi. It was clear. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Over 5000 people were killed. That it was an ammunition dump. many thousands more were injured. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Many. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad.13. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Theories abound. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 .

The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . 2001. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.23 Billion.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.

14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

km.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Live storage is 43. The total storage capacity is 47. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 .000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.8 sq.1. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Margalla and Murree hills.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.000 acre feet (11763 MG). There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. WATER RESERVOIR 13. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. fishing and boating. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. which generates 84.

Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. outflow is 0. after 2000. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. the outflow has been less than the inflow. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.2. Therefore. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. in general. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. Since its inception. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . 13.687 MCM.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. However. However. due to monsoon.3. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall. whereas. the flow was relatively high in June to August. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. However. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0.777 MCM.783 MCM. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

o.com Nrb www. k. m.com pakistanpeadia. c. o. j. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. i. Punjab Railway Station. p. k. Rawalpindi EDO Education. Govt.blogspot. d. h. m. Rawalpindi. f.geocities. f. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. r. g. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City.absoluteastronomy. n. e.gov. e. b. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division.com Books & Etc. n.com Virtualglobetrottiong. b.mapsofworld. s. S. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. l. EDO Health. l. h. Rawalpindi Post Office.com www. i. c. g.pk travel. a. p. Rawalpindi Cities. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . r.rawalpindi. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. q. 1998 City Report.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. q.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. j. d. t.

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