Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

................ 44 9. Darul Aman ................2........................................ The Mall Saddar ... 62 10................................................ Rawalpindi Club.....................5....... 54 9...............1....... 51 9........................................................................... 56 9............1........ Temple of Katas ........... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district...................1............. Field Hockey .................................................5................................... Government Schools & Colleges .......................................... 57 9....2.............. 52 9.... 57 9....... 46 9......... 42 8......................... Murree and the Galis .................. 61 10..........................................................................3......2.....................................3....... SPORTS & RECREATION ...................................3...... Cinemas & Theatres .... Federal Government Schools & Colleges .............. 56 9................................................. The Salt Range .........................................4..............................2................... 55 9........................ 57 9............... 58 10... Forts ...................... 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ... PTCL ........ Hassan Abdal.... 60 10....................................................................... The Raja Bazaar ..3.... 53 9..1..............................5.....1................................................................................... Rawalpindi Golf Course ........................................................1...............................................................2........ Private Schools and colleges ...................... Khewra Salt Mines ..1...................................................................................................................... Army Hockey Stadium .......................................................... near Kachari Chowk....................... 54 9...... RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ........................ Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad . 50 9... Rawalpindi Public Park ............................................................................. SERVICES ........................... 62 10.............................2..........................................4.. 60 10..6......... Edhi Foundation .....................................1..7........3.... 42 8.... Taxila Museum......3.................... Other Places Worth A Visit......... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ................ 58 9........................1................................................................ Sports venues and stadiums ... 51 9... Kallar Kahar ...................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi ...3....1...............................................................3..............8........1.....2.................................................................... ............. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) ...............2........ IESCO ............................. Civil Lines ............................................... 51 9..................2................... Jinnah Park..............................4.................................6.................................... 49 9..5.4.................................... 64 10.........2..................... 63 10.........................4........................................................ Punjab............................ Romi Park.....1........................... Cricket .......2............................................5.............................4............................1................................................................................................. 56 9...................................................................3.............................2...................1.1..................................................................... Utility Services ................................................................................. 63 10...3...................................6............................... 41 8....................................................4..............7.... 42 8....................................1.......2.....2.................................................................................................................. Ayub National Park ................................................................................................................................................ 49 9....5....................3..................................................................................... Rescue 15 ..........................1......................................... 51 9.1............ Medical Colleges ....................... 63 10.................................................. SOS Village ..........................................................Glorious Rawalpindi 8.. 45 9..................................... 45 9.................1................................................... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .. 60 10....1.......................1..............................1. 46 9..... Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3.........4..............2.............................4.................................. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium . 44 9.......Emergency Reporting Centre .. KABBADI.. Liaqat National Bagh ............ 65 Company Profile .........1..........1....................... SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES ..7.............................. 61 10................................................. 46 9..........9...... Peshawar Road ................................6..............................1.......... 57 9......................10.. 60 10............ Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ............ 48 9...... 44 9............................................... 43 9........2....................................... POLICE STATIONS................................................3................................ ................

........................................................7..........................................................................................................................1. 73 11.......................................12........................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi .............2....... 105 13....... 102 13.....................................................................................................................1.... 75 12........ Roads In Rawalpindi City ...................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS .Glorious Rawalpindi 10................................. POST OFFICE ........................... 68 10....................................................................................................10.............. 78 12................... 99 12............2.................... 84 12...................... La Rosh Hotel........................................................................................ 70 10....................................... 77 12...............4.. Misriot Dam ............... 76 12........ Jawa Dam ................2.................. The Mall ............ 82 12...... 100 12............8............................... Lai Nullah ...............................2.............4................4......................................................................................................................................................................................... Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History .... 79 12..................................................................7..............3......................................................................................................... 80 12...................................... 72 11................2............9.......... 71 11........... Lai Expressway ............1..................................4..14................................... 90 12............... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ...... INSIDE RAWALPINDI .......................2...............3........................ Libraries and Museums .....1................................................. Famous Historical Places ..................... 78 12................. 78 12... Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi ................................................ Museums .....................................3........ Sub Way ............................................................................................................ Akbar International *** ................................................................................................... 93 12............................................. 96 12......................6..............2...................................................... Islamabad International Airport Road ................................................5.......................................................................................................(Rawalpindi) .............................................. 72 11.................................... 80 12.................................................................2......... 66 10.............................................. RING ROAD ...3..................... WASA . 79 12............................... 95 12......................... Famous Chowk........................................... Famous Restaurants...............................................1...2..... 104 13........................................ Famous Markets/ Bazaars .......2............................. Lasania Restaurant city .....................................................................4...13..............................................................................1.................... FAMOUS Hotels ......................................... Airport ..............................................................3................................... 67 10.9...................................................................... FAMOUS FAST FOODS ..... 80 12..............................International ................ Purana Qilla ......... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ..................... 74 12.............2......................1......... 75 12..........................................1.......................2................................................... Flashman’s Hotel.......................................3.................. Ancient Rawalpindi ..... Railway Stations ........................................1..................2.............................................................. 81 12................... 81 12............. 75 12....... 68 10..................6.2.................................1.................................................................. Highways ...... Lal Haveli ......... Hotel Civic ........................................5. 79 12................5............International ............................11........................................................................... Shalimar Hotel ****..........................................................................................................................2........................1. 104 13......................................... 76 12......................................................8................. 81 12....... Political Structure ............................ RAWAL LAKE............................................................................... KFC .....2...................................2................ 98 12...................4............... WATER RESERVOIR ......................... Public Transportation ...3.....2...

i. the area of its concern. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture.e. This study contains information on population. education and the existing industries. communication net works. infrastructure. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . health.Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 . the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi City. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. a Ghakkar Chief . the martial people of the area against the British domination. In 1849. also known as Pindi. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). until 1765.e. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. has a long history spread over several millennia. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. However. The Rawals a jogi tribe. HISTORY Rawalpindi. founded a new town nearby. Jhelum. battle with Gakhars.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. When Jhanda Khan.

In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. and it serves the city along with the capital. Liaquat Ali Khan. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. in Liaquat Garden. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation. Many Government buildings were set on fire.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut.e. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. the Afghan war and martial law. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953. famous for its floods. The city is home to many industries and factories.e. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. before Pakistan came into existence. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Cantonment and city. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. Nala Lai. water is stored by building dams. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. In 1951. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. he was welcomed rousingly. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944.

04’ 34°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi.1. Location It lies between 33°.37’ East longitudes. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other. Chakwal. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East. It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.01’ North latitudes and 72°. in the province of Punjab. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore.38’ and 73°. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad. 2.

Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan. 051 Time zone.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. PST (UTC+5) No.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.300. of Towns.6.033333 Altitude. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. 73. 500 meters AMSL 5.286 km² Calling code. 70. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3.550 (2007) Literacy rate.6. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 .2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils. 73. Estimate. General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.059. 8 Population.000 (1998) 3. Area.059. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore. 2.

temp is 17. comprising Potoharis.3. From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter.The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter. The coldest month is Jan. Muhajirs. The average rain fall is 1142 ml. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. In summer.06 Degree Centigrade per month . and Pakhtuns.6 Degree Centigrade. The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.7 C and Min 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. when the mean max. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . The weather is highly unpredictable. Punjabis.

Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" . In the evening of 29th Ramadan. On Eid day. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. On this day. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. one for distribution among the poor. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts.a ritual in which everyone shares. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. There are many mosques throughout the city. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar). The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. The roads. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. No sooner it is sited. modesty and good behaviour.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan.1. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace.a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 . Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim. More than men. In addition to the two Eids. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). 3. women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. others being truthfulness. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna".

The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . railways and the police force.Paul Church. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. Music and dancing are also common. education. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Rawalpindi. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity. The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Bhangra. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Summi. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. tent pegging and Bini.2. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City. St. 3. There are two Churches in Saddar. Chaunji Trap. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. wrestling. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan.

Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. historical and political ties to the country. There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also. but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . and to the historical region of Punjab. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place.3.4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . Hinduism After the Partition of India.

its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. Later in 1971. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country.2. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. when Pakistan. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.3. Islamabad.1. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. CULTURE 4. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. On 23rd March. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital. 4. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.1. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. 4. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. red or velvet. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1. 1940. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat.1.1.

bangles. 4.2. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . family and invited guests wear yellow garments. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.3. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. 4. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. Due to good weather condition in the district. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. sweet and ornaments etc. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. After the religious formalities.1. Khaki or grey. From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. the bride’s parents feast the party. Tea is popular all over the district. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. the other name of mienu.4. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. To mold into the colors of ubton.4. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. 4. health of population is generally better. The usual ornaments like ear rings. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar.

This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand.4.

4.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people.3. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery.4. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place.4. especially women. 4. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. All the guests.

Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif. Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. Besides.5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies.

Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. and leather goods. about 1. hosiery. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. a brewery. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. maize. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. potato. pottery. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. Air conditiong. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. steel re-rolling. bajra. beverages and fruit preservation. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. and vegetables are the major products of the city. industrial gas processing. Metallurgy. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . iron mills. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. Auto knitting and commerce etc. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture. apples. and factories making tents. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. sewing machines etc. cigarettes. medium and small industrial units.021 power looms. textiles. pharmaceutical.000 persons i. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. The progress has been mostly in the private sector. railroad yards. sawmills. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. furniture. pears. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. Drafting. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab.6% of district population is directly employed in large.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. marble processing. citrus.000b spindles and 1. apricots. glass products.000 spindles. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. Welding.e. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills.

gold threads. 5. will go to far from their homes for such work. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. They also deal largely in hides. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Brahmans. Like the men of the tribe.1. Janjuas. The chief families of Gakkhar. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural. Kohlis and a few others.2. so-called. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. gold seals and such like. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. towns of the district. chiefly silk goods. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. is misleading. These only form a small percentage of the total population. except ploughing. by courtesy. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . do not require detailed notice. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta.

and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). Chauntra. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. 20. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Pindigheb. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. embroidered shoes. neighboring villages. costing from Rs. known as phur. Reed matting. The lohars of Manianda.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. Pihras. Baking-plates are also made here. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Phulkaris are made in many places. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. from Re: 1 to Rs. 6. phulaa. or khair wood. and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. costing from Re. saddles are the principal articles made. or low chairs.3. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta. tehsil Rawapindi. known as abri. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. Leather manufacturers have diminished. 8. the spinning wheels. Fatehjang. 10 for the set of 4. according to size. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. which are sold in Rawalpindi. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. and are made of Shisham. 40. and Hazro. The chairs cost from Re. 1 to Rs. 1 to Rs. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. tehsil Pindigheb. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Kuri-Dolal. and at Makhad. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. make padlocks of iron. tehsil Kahutta.5 to Rs. where wood is plentiful. and Salgraon. chappris. especially in tehsil Kahuta. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 .

at Fatehjang. 5. rough in execution but fairly good in color. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. have been procured. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving. both lie on the Indus bank. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country. Here. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb.4.1.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. or earthen-jars. Popular Industries 5. as there is said to have once been. Lockwood Kipling. Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. Mr. as else where. especially of it is exported across the Indus. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance.4. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district.

ustaad and unskilled workers. Rawalpindi. brush finishing. phool. which are also in small quantities. all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. acid finishing. bush hammering. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. patti and other handicrafts. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . I-9/1 and I-9/3. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. sand blasting. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. tiles. honed finishing etc. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. Most of the labor has education level below primary. handling & storing. Sangjani. cutting & sizing. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Karachi and Lahore. Major processes include loading/unloading.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region. flower vases and fountains.

6. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. 1.000-300.000 cubic ft.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. Hardly. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. 7. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi.2. 4. 5. 9. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. 8. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. 160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood.4. 3. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 2. 10. It is below 50%.

original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market. lampshades. Therefore. side tables and stools. and selling innovative products. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. The establishments in the city need showcases. Even couches. sofas. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. as well as residential areas. shelves. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. so that must be kept in mind. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. since all kinds of furniture. etc. You can sell wood or metal furniture. lockers. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. from office to lounge furniture. Once your furniture business gets off. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. A Report by Ms. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Your marketing strategies must be good. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. and you should take care to build good customer relations. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. consoles are in demand. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. lamps stands. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. By stocking the best quality goods. are in huge demand in the City.000 people. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. Be sure to include photographs. hotels and restaurants. schools. Polish affects the quality of the material.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments.

50 feet. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives.600 gallons per annum. 1 is 100n feet deep. 3.000 gallons per year. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. In 1887-89. 60 feet. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. 5. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water. Rs.200 gallons last year. 4. No.16 per hundred gallons. The petroleum now costs Rs. The oil is used in its raw state. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. the churches. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. three miles from Fatehjang. 2. and Kalabagh on the Indus. transmitted light. when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. The borings are 35 feet from each other. etc. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. leaving the oil above. No. 80 feet. The total oil collected is about 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. The petroleum costs. No. The oil is collected as it. petroleum and wood. Five borings have been made. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. 5. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. Fatehjang. 100 feet. Kalabagh oil…. It is made from mustard oil.Glorious Rawalpindi 5.. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. No.5. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. No. This is thrown into a cistern. 4 inches in diameter each. 28 ditto.6. in the Bannu district.

country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. pattus. from Kashmir. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. Peshawar. thick cloths. for seed. timber. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. and Gujrat. Jallundur and Meerut. and Peshawar. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. and that of inferior quality in this district. rice being little grown. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. Jallundur. fruits from Kashmir. timber. hardware from Amritsar. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. rice from neighboring districts. metals. Sialkot. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Ghee is brought in from Punch. & c. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. was exported to Kashmir. Silk from Amritsar. Shahjahanpur.1.. however. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. described above. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. Wazirabad. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. Hazro and Makhad. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. chiefly. charas. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. ra and the sea-ports. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. gur from Sialkot. Yarkand and Ladakh. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. Kashmir and Sawat. fruits. Delhi and Gujranwala. Peshawar. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. Peshawar. it is believed. from Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. chiefly deodar. are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. dyes. refined Sugar from Bombay. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. are exported to some small extent. Ghee. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. leather from Kashmir. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it.

4. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . beverages and fruit preservation. 23. Heavy Foundry and Forge. sewing machines etc. industrial gases. textiles. 6. steel re-rolling.2. a brewery. 20. 18. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. 9. 17. hosiery. and leather goods. cigarettes. Petroleum Refinery. 19. 16. 7. marble processing. sawmills. 10.2.1. 24. 15. Heavy Mechanical Complex. No. and factories making tents. cigarettes. Heavy Rebuild Factory. railroad yards. glass products. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. furniture. pottery. poultry feed. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector. pharmaceuticals. mineral processing. flour mills. 2. Sr.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. 22. distillery. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory. 8. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. iron mills. 13. glass products. 12. 1. cotton and woolen Textiles. cement. 5. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 3. 14. 21.

be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. 32. skilled labour.C. 39. 47. 35.3.C. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc. Therefore. linkage between the industrial units. 42.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. 27. however. 29. i) ii) iii) iv) 28. 40. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 26. i) ii) 45. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors.C. 37. if lacking is manageable. 36. 41. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment. 34. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 31. 44. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. local/national/international demand. 43. 46.V. 30. 33. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 38. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R.

Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production.1. 6.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. dolomite bentonite. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials.3% of national GDP.5.3. poultry/cattle feed. 6. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. gypsum.2. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. woolen. cotton. employs 48.3. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. maize. In this area there is good scope for furniture. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. leather garments. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. semi processed and processed agricultural products. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.3. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. It contributes 24% to the GDP. its major crops and fruit are wheat.3. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries. jawar.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.4.3. cigarettes. footwear. ground nut. cement. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. Pharmaceuticals. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock. there also exist good prospects for tannery.3. glass. rock salt. veneer board. 6. 6.5 billion for the year 2001-02. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. guava and apple. meat/poultry processing units. Oil refinery. leather Products. Minerals Fire clay. It accounts for 38. which accounted 11.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials. Silica sand. etc. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. In addition.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Soda ash.

Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. pharmaceutical.7. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. confectionery. electrical accessories.9. suitable for wide spread fish farming. cosmetics. steel furniture. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. has now emerged as a potential investment area. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Attock Refinery. sports wear etc. sanitary fitting. household appliances. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network.3. PVC pipes. fashion apparel. Besides. rubberized/mechanical toys.8. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region.3. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. 6. 6. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. Steel. ready made garments for men and women. POF etc. glass hollow-ware. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets.3.6. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . electric cables. There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. children wear. wires etc. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment. machine made carpets. 6. glass ample.4. 6. 6. woolen knitwear. Heavy Foundry and Forge.3.

under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.4. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 .2. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. Therefore. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. 6. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. 6. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.1. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. Currency and Mint. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment.4. The inhabitants. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. it is a best suited area for industrial investment.

Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.4. including the development of Industrial Zones.4. 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. of tourism. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices.3 million. Hospitals. machinery & equipment. Social Sector Activities: Education.4. not manufactured locally.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.15 million.3 million. 6.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6. 28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production. Technical/Vocational Training. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed.3. Medical and Diagnostic Services.5.6.4. Plant. Human Resource Development (HRD). hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax.

card pay phone services etc. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. not manufactured locally. voicemail services. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. Details of machinery are Plant.2. Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. 5. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Beverage 6. Plant. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. Plant.5. audio-fax services. machinery and equipment.5. imported by the manufacturing industries. 3. imported by tourism. Murree Brewery Company LTD. 2.e. machinery and equipment.1.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. hotels and tourism related projects.) LTD Bakery. 4. Classic Capital (Pvt. not manufactured locally. Ltd. 6. machinery & equipment.5.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT. not manufactured locally. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries. Bakery Products 1. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 .

Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . 12. Peshawar Road 6.5.8.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd.5.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . IPRAM International. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6. Chip/Straw Board 9. Road Morgah 6. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. W. Diapers Plant 10. NEOMEDIX . Cement Products 7. Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Adyala Road 17. 16.5.4. Old G. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13. Domestic Hardware 11. . Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6.5. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Capital Plywood Industry.3. 15. Industrial Zone Rawat 18.5.Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . 14.6. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers.T.7. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5. Ceramics Products 8.5.

Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Seham Road 37. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Naswari Bazar 24. Khyber Flour Mills. Westridge 32. Industrial area Rawat 26. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Flour Mills 23. Ratta Road 34. Habib Flour & General Mills.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills.Rawat 35. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Railway Workshop Road 31. Olive Laboratories . Al Karim Flour Mills. Rawat 27.9. Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Railway Workshop Road 25. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Kallar Road Rawat 30.5. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40. Adyala Road 21. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Peshawar Road 41. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Khurram Flour & General Mills. Westridge 38. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Ratta Road 29. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Westridge 36. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd.

Tops Food & Beverages .10. Plastic Products 52. Pirwadhai 46. JI Interprises. Food Products 45. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.5.5.5. National Park Road 6. Bangash Colony. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.13. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant .14. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co. Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. LPG Cylinders 51. Kashmir Road 6. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. Rawat 43. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6.11. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.) Ltd. Fine Plastic Works. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50.5.12.5. Poultry Feeds 53. Rawat Flour Mills.

Glorious Rawalpindi 6. D.5.20. Textile Composite 56. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6..19. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co. Peshawar Road 7. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .M.5. Refinery 55.5.Textile Mills Ltd.15. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6. Unani Medicines 59.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.5. Westridge 6. Adamjee Street 6. Textile Spinning 57.16. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6..18. (Pvt) Ltd.5. Tyre and Tubes 58.17.

Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 5. 7. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 7. 7. 3. 2. 6. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. 8. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay.4. 10. Government Hospitals 1. 4. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 . MCH Centres 1. 2. 9. 3. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi.2. 2. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. Govt.1.3. Rawalpindi. Dhok Ali Akber. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. This region is full of Health facilities.5.

Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.7. 7. Military Hospital Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi. Combined Military Hospital 7.6. 3. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.

Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Rawalpindi 16. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. Rawalpindi 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . 5. 7. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 6.A. Rawalpindi 11. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 15. 10. Near Hydri Chowk. Satellite Town. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7. Satellite Town. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rawalpindi. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk.425 7th Road. BH Building. 3.P. 1. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Saidpur Road. 7. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt 13. Satellite Town. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Rawalpindi Cantt. Rawalpindi. 2. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Bazar Road. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Batool Hospital H-241. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. 4.9. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. Dr.I. 17. Said pur Road. Shahid Dental Clinic R. 5551237 8. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21. Shakoors V. Dr. 3. Rawalpindi. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. Rawalpindi 14. 2. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. 3. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi.8. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. Off Murree Road.

Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College.1. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities.1. its daughters. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. The building has an architectural splendor.1. The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. University of Arid Agriculture. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general.2. As it stands. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 .1.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Universities 8. Muhammed became her legal guardian. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . ARID UNIVERSITY 8. After their father's death (1901). Fatima Jinnah University for Women. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. 8. This gift to the nation. It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994.

Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991. Govt. Town.3. 2. Rawalpindi 2. No. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. 3. Govt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women.2.2. Name of the Institution Govt. No. 4. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Rawalpindi. Name of the Institution Govt. Located near the CMH. Govt.1. Gorden College. Govt. 5. Hashmat Ali Isl. Colleges 8.1. College for women St.2. Govt. Rawalpindi 8. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. 1. Rawalpindi. 1. College. College St. Rawalpindi. College Asghar Mall.2. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi. Govt. Town.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.

Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. town. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. 10. 7. Jinnah Institute of Information St. 21. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. 19. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. 4. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. Rawalpindi. 22. Town. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Rwp. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences. College of Advance Technology. Rawalpindi. National Science College Murree Road. Educator College. Rawalpindi. 20. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. Civil College of Commerce St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. 33. Rawalpindi. Rahimabad airport Road. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Town. town. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. town. Town. Leaders College of Commerce. 30. town. 29. 2. 34. Rawalpindi.2. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. Rawalpindi. 3. Town. 13. St. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. 18. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. 24. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi 16. Rawalpindi. 35. 25. Punjab College of Information Technology. 12. Kashmir Road. Town. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. St. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. St. St. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. Rawalpindi. Sadiqabad. 6. Rawalpindi. 15. Rawalpindi College of Commerce.3. 11. Leader College 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 31. Saddar. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 17. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. Rawalpindi. Al-Falah College for women St. 23. 9. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. 8. 32. Rawalpindi. Universal College. 1. 26. OPF-girls Secondary School St. 14. Town. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi. 5. Rawalpindi. Town. 27.

C. Inflorescence College of modern .C. Rawalpindi. 53.. Rwalpindi. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rwalpindi. Ojiri Camp.C. M. 56.C. 8. 10. M. 1.C. Rawalpindi. town. Islamic International Commerce College. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Shamsabad. M. Rawalpindi Cantt. town. 49. Rawalpindi. Capital College Murree Road. 3. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Leadership College for Boys St. BPS Fauji Colony M. 4. 1.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. M.2. Morgah Rawalpindi. 48. 8.4.5. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). Rawalpindi. GMS Qasimabad. Rawalpindi. 9. Margalla Institute 6th Road. Rawalpindi. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. 52. BPS Dhok Hasoo M. 54. BPS New Malpur M. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. Rawalpindi.C. M. 2. 51. 7. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. St. 42. 40.C. 13. 39.C. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. M. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. town. Rwalpindi. BPS Dhok Paracha M. Leadership College for Girls St. Town. Town. 41. 3. 5.C. 2. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. 8. BMS Amarpura.C. 45. M. 11. BPS Chamanzar. BPS Bangash Colony M.2. Town. BPS Qasim abad. Town. Rawalpindi. 38. College of Commerce Saddar. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Rawalpindi. 6. BPS Muslim Town M. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi.C. Indus College of Commerce. 43. MC.C. St. 46. MC. GMS Amarpura.C. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M. 12.C. BPS Muslim Town.C. 50. 55. BPS Faiz abad M.C. 4. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M.C.C. M. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. GMS Waris Khan. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. 15. Rawalpindi. 44. 14. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 47. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 16.C.C.

C. 9. (RMGTC). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt.C. M. Institute of Commerce (W). Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre.(ABAD).) PIA Colony Misrial Road. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. GHS Satellite Town M. 3. Rawalpindi (Cantt. 3. GHS Ratta Amral M. Govt.C. Institute of Commerce. BHS Satellite Town M. Scheme No. Rawalpindi Govt. 6. Rawalpindi Govt. 2. BPS Affandi Colony 8. Dhamial. MC. 7.3. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. 4. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk. M.Glorious Rawalpindi 17.PIA College Rawalpindi City. M. College of Commerce. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. 5. High School Rawalpindi M. 1. GHS Talab Pukhta 8. BHS Millat Colony M. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Kartarpura. BPS Ratta 18. Rawalpindi Govt. 5. Techincal Training Institute (W).C. 4. Rawalpindi. GHS Teli Mohallah M. BHS Ratta Amral M. 8.C.C.C. BHS Moti Baza M. Govt. Rawalpindi Cantt.C.C.C. 7. Govt. 6. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2.2 Satellite Town.2. Vocational Training Institute (W). Vocational Training Institute (W). Dhoke Syedan. 8.6. Govt.C.

The Mall F. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 7. 3. 6.G. Harley Street F.6.5. 5. Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. Ordinance Road. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. Quaid-e-Azam College. Govt. 2. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 6.4. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Chaklala III 8. 3. 2. 4. The Mall 1. 4.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. F.G (C.G Sir Syed College for Boys. Government Schools & Colleges 1.G. Private Schools and colleges 1. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4. 5. 2. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. Sir Syed College.

RawalPindi (an affiliated 2. Rawalpindi Medical College.7. Medical Colleges 1. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 3.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 4.

crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. It covers an area of about 2. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan. lush lawns. founded in 1885. Meander through the bazaars.) Road. The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. 300 acres. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. play land. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. covers 2. the Rawalpindi Golf Club.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars. It has a lake with boating facility.1. lake with boating facility. Situated near the Ayub National Park. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. fountains and flower beds.300 acres and has a play area.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. It has a playground. 9.T. The Ayub National Park. an aquarium. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . These are the best way to see the city. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids. From being a nine-hole course. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. today this is a facility of 27 holes.1. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.

Some tigers. The first prime minister of Pakistan. Other areas of the park are used for walking. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad. As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating.1. One should try out during a visit here.2. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. was assassinated here in 1950. 9.3. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. cheetahs. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 . lawns. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. is of historical interest due to its political processions. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park.1. bears. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. lions. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. The Park was opened in 1991. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. fountains and flower beds. It has a play area for children. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. 2007 at same venue. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset.

Since independence. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). a little bit of England. where most people congregate. has expanded rapidly. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer.6. churches. on the Karakoram Highway. Between the two runs The Mall.4. In summer it is cool . schools. Jinnah Park. near Kachari Chowk. or riding in the new chair-lifts.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. complete with The Mall for promenading. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876. Peshawar Road 9. the best time to go in April-May and September-October.even chilly in the evening . since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.and rain is common. especially at weekends.400 feet). clubs and cafes. Murree remained. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . when the honor was transferred to Simla. Civil Lines 9. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. at 2. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad.5.1.1. however. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.240 meters (7. Numerous roads leave. Murree is lovely all year round. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Romi Park. Its cold pine forests. Murree and the Galis Murree. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. parks. In winter. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. At the southwest end is Pindi Point.1.

Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. both rides cost about Rs. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . Patriata 25 km from Murree. Natural springs abound on the slopes. Ayubia Khairagali. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor).). Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. The golf course here is open only to members. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. hiking places and picnic spots. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. which like a ski-lift. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. which is the highest point in the range. Ayubia has a chair lift. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. Changlagali. In addition to riding trails. The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m. A restaurant has also been established. The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. It is 30 km from Murree. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree.

In addition to riding trails. flying squirrel and hill fox. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. a sub category of the Montane Forests. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Khaira Gali. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter.Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. golden eagle. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. hiking places. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. The animals include the Asiatic black bear. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November. 9.1. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. For this. once you reach the summit. situated on the summit of a hill. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. better known as the Murree National Park. The city of Rawalpindi. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. you will find that the surface is clean. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. Islamabad.7. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park. Asiatic leopard.

at The Raja Bazaar. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. However. The Sarafa bazaar. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. 9. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. This is a place where you go by choice. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. The Raja Bazaar commences from here.8. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets. Buddhist. Here. stucco. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you.1. There are 4000 objects displayed. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. walking sticks. shawls and jackets. terracotta. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. As it turns out. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . which is the first stop for any tourist. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE.1. vicery of India in 1918. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. gold. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928. At the outset. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. Most of the sites at Taxila.9. Saddar bazaar. including stone. could not complete its original plan. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. 9.C to 500 AD. you can find every thing which a common man can use. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. are located around the Taxila Museum. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. silver. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. the museum. 48 km from Rawalpindi.T. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. cane baskets and furniture. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. iron and semiprecious stones. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. but come out by sheer luck. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford.

5 acres. Government of Pakistan. by the Department of Archaeology. The resort has a restaurant. Road. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 . Islamabad. This place offers scenic walks.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. Today. Road. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages.T.1. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Road. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. Tapering cypress trees. that is. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. and the modern capital of Pakistan. Gen. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers.10. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. gently flowing stream. on their way to Kashmir.T. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. by his colleagues. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. left of G.T. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G. loved by the Mughals. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. Taxila. 9. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. Guru Nanak. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins.Twice a year. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. Ferishta and Jehangir. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. line the canals through which cool waters once. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s.e. i.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

with spring water falling within it. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors.3. at the foot of Margalla. Road. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. on the G. G. The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. was also built during this period. a minister of emperor Akbar. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River.3. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. it is now a 27-hole course. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni.T. home to several thousand people. Road Rawalpindi. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course.1. a small town has developed. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. 9. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. T. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. From the clubhouse. It is situated at I. was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. After several phases of development. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. Sports venues and stadiums 9. and the course itself. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. one on the top of the hill and other below it.

Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side.000. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists. 9. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Islamabad. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20.3. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.

3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . Rawalpindi Club.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. The Mall Saddar 9.3.3.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.4. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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Glorious Rawalpindi 10. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. buildings collapse. crime reporting.1. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. which is an achievement even internationally. SERVICES 10. identification of vehicles for registration etc. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners. explosions.1. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. Community Awareness &Training. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. however personal visits are also allowed. 10. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Therefore. Response and Prevention. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city.2. Rescue 15 . The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. • • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves.1. rescue. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness.1. fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.

POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 12.1.1. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . Endurance.4. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. perseverance. 7. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 11. 3. 5.3. 14. 6. struggle. patience. Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. 4. 13. 2. 8. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . 9. 10. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10.

The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road . support.6. Old People and Disabled.1. The children are given security. This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 .1. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services.5. love and understanding. Children. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.

The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). both for itself and other organizations.008. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. but the emphasis is on achievement.2. Distribution system consists of 46. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL). Domestic. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.081 HM3 worth 107.” 10. now Companies Ordinance 1984.897.118 million rupees during July-September. boys and girls . SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.280 HM3 worth 31.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.733.nearly 700 of whom are orphans . detail of some among them is following.2.127.7. General Industry. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. SNGPL has 2.028 consumers comprising Commercial. Fertilizer.1. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. 10. to be sure. 7. “The basic aim is that this orphan. The curriculum includes Islamic studies." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school.581.1. Here. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. Sales to these consumers were 39. 2006. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. Urdu. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning.study together up until fifth grade. this poor child. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .46/-. Power & Cement Sectors. designing and construction of pipelines. not on Islamic political causes.

SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2. Rawalpindi Cantt. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. SNGPL.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. Chakwal. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250.2.2. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. Attock. Saadi Road 10.

8 million V-fone customers.7 million customers. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .000 and 5.3.2. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country.

Committee Chowk 4. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.2. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1.4. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. Pirwadahi Total No. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. Total No. of No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 . WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Water Works No. 1 5.

Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. 3. POST OFFICE GPO . 2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 5.2. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division. and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). • Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. 4.5. 6. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System.

7. Rawalpindi 10. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala.2.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. rail and road. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic. the principal carrier in Pakistan. 2. with many domestic and international flights every day. has numerous routes. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan. 1. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. both national and international. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . Pakistan International Airlines (PIA).6. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. In addition to freight.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 . Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.T. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. more recently.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.2. which connects Pakistan to China. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents. Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. the world's highest international road. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Rawalpindi. which were completed in the 1990s.8. Motorway Interchange. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. Road) or.

9. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. For inter-city travel. Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse.2. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). auto-rickshaws. air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. mini-buses. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures. and which operate constantly throughout the day. Due to lack of planning of roads. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . ranging from yellow taxis. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. mess of traffic is found even on small roads. yellow cabs.

relocation of structures. construction of footpaths. Rawalpindi. median.1. 4.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. provision of efficient drainage system. 2. channelization of junctions. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. pavement marking.00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design.45 Km of main road with 1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. Objectives 1. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 . road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. pedestrian over head bridges. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. traffic signs. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. 5. installations of traffic signals. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. 3.

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . Detailed Traffic Engg.00 million.T.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. growth of income. OD travel pattern. 1. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. future land uses pattern. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. land use plan. of Punjab / RDA. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway.2. 2. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. land values & ownership pattern. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan.

The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. b. health and educational activity for northern Punjab. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. unbalanced land use transport interaction. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative.000 Cusecs 35. f. e. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. The Lai Nullah. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. commercial. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Unluckily however. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area. d. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. c. enchroachments.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years. industrial. non standardized infrastructure support.3.5 m 21. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced.

And. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 . the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. Famous Historical Places 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai.1. Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. Until 1923. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. At that time. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. according to the old timers.1.

It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. it was home to Budhana Bibi.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. better known as The Mall .1. 12.1. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak. Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. Lal Haveli In old times. Sarafa Bazaar. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment. After independence. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. a famous dancing girl.3.the glory of the cantonment . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs.

At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets. cut brick corbellings.4. better known as the Purana Qilla. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . the old quarters of the city. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.1. dense housing. bay windows and doors. Like Multan.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. Pakpattan or Lahore. Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic.

FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2. 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. Modern. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers.2. Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area.2.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2.

Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.2. 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.5.3. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.4. Flashman’s Hotel 12.2. Rawalpindi.

12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk.2.1. Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Famous Restaurants 12. Rawalpindi.3. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.3.3.

4.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Saddar.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. Murree Road.4. Sub Way .Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Rawalpindi. Murree Road.4. Rawalpindi.International Near KFC. 12. KFC . Saddar.International .2. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.

3. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 . Bank Road 8. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. 6. 4. Police Station Road 11. Canning Road 10.5. 12. Peshawar Road 9. Haider Road 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 2.

Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 . College Road 15.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. Tipu Road 16. 18. Harding Road 14. 17.

Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .6.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. There are many old buildings. houses and narrow streets. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 . Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt.Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12. off the Mall.8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road.000 books which are updated at regular interval. adjacent to Liaquat Bagh. It has over 30. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 .9. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road .

The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 . 1. Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.10.

Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. 6. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 24. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 9. 17. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 25. 32. Bank Rawalpindi. 21. 8. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. 4. Rawalpindi. 31. 15. 26. Rawalpindi. 20. 13.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The Bank of Punjab. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. 7. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Citi Bank N A. 19. 23. 10. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 29. 14. Saudi Pak Comm. 16. 12. Industrial Deve. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. 28. 30. 27. 5. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 . First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 11. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.11. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.

This was a deliberate act of destruction. 19 years ago. many thousands more were injured. Soon. But that was the extent of it. It was clear. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. That it was an ammunition dump. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. Many. now. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. Rawlapindi. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. that it was Ojhri.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. Theories abound. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. on April 10.13. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up. Over 5000 people were killed.

Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. On July 23. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.23 Billion. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs. 2001. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 .

14. Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Glorious Rawalpindi 13.8 sq. km.000 acre feet (11763 MG).1. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles. Live storage is 43. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. fishing and boating.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. which generates 84. There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 . RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.500 acre feet (12994 MG). Margalla and Murree hills. WATER RESERVOIR 13. The total storage capacity is 47. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future.

the flow was relatively high in June to August. due to monsoon.2. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. after 2000. 13. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. However. it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. whereas. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000.783 MCM. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi.687 MCM. outflow is 0. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. Since its inception. in general.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the outflow has been less than the inflow. However. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0. Therefore. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. Except for the year 1998 and 2002.3. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream.777 MCM. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

n. r. d. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. 1998 City Report. Punjab Railway Station. o. i. j.com www. l.geocities.com Nrb www. g. EDO Health. k.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. n. l. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. k. q. Rawalpindi EDO Education. p.com Books & Etc.absoluteastronomy. t. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. h.blogspot. i. m. c. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. b. s. Govt.pk travel. f. e. e. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. o. d.com Virtualglobetrottiong. a.gov. m. S.mapsofworld. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . r. g. Rawalpindi.rawalpindi. j. Rawalpindi Post Office. q. b. Rawalpindi Cities. c. p.com pakistanpeadia. f. h.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a.

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