Glorious Rawalpindi

Table of Contents
1. 2. HISTORY...................................................................................................................................... 1 GEOGRAPHY .............................................................................................................................. 3 2.1. Location................................................................................................................................. 3 2.2. General Details ...................................................................................................................... 4 2.3. Climate .................................................................................................................................. 5 3. RELIGION .................................................................................................................................... 6 3.1. Islamic Religious Festivals ................................................................................................... 6 3.2. Christians............................................................................................................................... 7 3.3. Sikhism .................................................................................................................................. 8 3.4. Hinduism ............................................................................................................................... 8 4. CULTURE .................................................................................................................................... 9 4.1. National Days Celebrations ................................................................................................... 9 4.1.1. Pakistan Day.................................................................................................................. 9 4.1.2. Independence Day ......................................................................................................... 9 4.1.3. Defense Day .................................................................................................................. 9 4.2. Dress .................................................................................................................................... 10 4.3. Food And Health ................................................................................................................. 10 4.4. Wedding Customs And Traditions ...................................................................................... 10 4.4.1. Mienu .......................................................................................................................... 10 4.4.2. MEHNDI .................................................................................................................... 11 4.4.3. BARRAT..................................................................................................................... 12 4.4.4. VALIMA ..................................................................................................................... 12 4.5. Superstitious /Beliefs........................................................................................................... 13 5. ECONOMY................................................................................................................................. 14 5.1. Back Ground Of Occupations ............................................................................................. 15 5.2. Initialization Of Trading Classes......................................................................................... 15 5.3. Industries And Manufacturers ............................................................................................. 16 5.4. Popular Industries ................................................................................................................ 17 5.4.1. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region ..................................................... 17 5.4.2. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi ................................................................................ 19 5.5. Back Ground Of Gas Works ............................................................................................... 21 5.6. Oil Wells ............................................................................................................................. 21 6. TRADE & BUSINESS ............................................................................................................... 22 6.1. Initial Days Of Trade........................................................................................................... 22 6.2. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development ....................................................................... 23 6.2.1. Description of Existing Industry ................................................................................. 23 6.3. Potentials Of Trade And Business ...................................................................................... 24 6.3.1. Agriculture .................................................................................................................. 25 6.3.2. Livestock ..................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.3. Forests ......................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.4. Minerals ....................................................................................................................... 25 6.3.5. Industry........................................................................................................................ 25 6.3.6. Consumer Goods Industries ........................................................................................ 26 6.3.7. Fish Farming ............................................................................................................... 26 6.3.8. Disciplined and trained work force ............................................................................. 26 6.3.9. Willing work force seeking employment .................................................................... 26 6.4. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi............................................................... 26 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry i

Glorious Rawalpindi 6.4.1. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ................................................................................. 27 6.4.2. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector ......................................................................... 27 6.4.3. Service Sector:............................................................................................................. 28 6.4.4. Infrastructure Sector: ................................................................................................... 28 6.4.5. Social Sector................................................................................................................ 28 6.4.6. Others .......................................................................................................................... 28 6.5. Leading Industries in different sectors: ............................................................................... 29 6.5.1. Bakery Products .......................................................................................................... 29 6.5.2. Beverage ...................................................................................................................... 29 6.5.3. Cement Products ......................................................................................................... 30 6.5.4. Ceramics Products ....................................................................................................... 30 6.5.5. Chip/Straw Board ........................................................................................................ 30 6.5.6. Diapers Plant ............................................................................................................... 30 6.5.7. Domestic Hardware ..................................................................................................... 30 6.5.8. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals ............................................................................................ 30 6.5.9. Flour Mills ................................................................................................................... 31 6.5.10. Food Products .............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.11. Industrial/Burn Gases .................................................................................................. 32 6.5.12. LPG Cylinders ............................................................................................................. 32 6.5.13. Plastic Products ........................................................................................................... 32 6.5.14. Poultry Feeds ............................................................................................................... 32 6.5.15. Refinery ....................................................................................................................... 33 6.5.16. Textile Composite ....................................................................................................... 33 6.5.17. Textile Spinning .......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.18. Tyre and Tubes ............................................................................................................ 33 6.5.19. Unani Medicines ......................................................................................................... 33 6.5.20. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving ............................................................................. 33 7. HEALTH SECTOR..................................................................................................................... 33 7.1. Rular Health Centres (RHC) ............................................................................................... 34 7.2. Basic Health Units (BHU) .................................................................................................. 34 7.3. Govt. Rural Dispensaries (GRD) ........................................................................................ 34 7.4. MCH Centres....................................................................................................................... 34 7.5. Government Hospitals ......................................................................................................... 34 7.6. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................................ 35 7.7. Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi ............................................................................... 35 7.8. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas ....................................................................................... 36 7.9. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics ............................................................................................. 36 8. EDUCATION.............................................................................................................................. 37 8.1. Universities.......................................................................................................................... 37 8.1.1. University of Arid Agriculture, Rawalpindi ............................................................... 37 8.1.2. Fatima Jinnah University for Women, Rawalpindi ..................................................... 37 8.1.3. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) ................................... 38 8.2. Colleges ............................................................................................................................... 38 8.2.1. Govt. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) ...................................................... 38 8.2.2. Govt. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) ........................................................ 38 8.2.3. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) ............................................................. 39 8.2.4. MC. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. ............................................................................... 40 8.2.5. MC. Primary Schools Rawalpindi............................................................................... 40 8.2.6. MC. High School Rawalpindi ..................................................................................... 41 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry ii

........... Ayub National Park ........................1...................7.................................4.................. Forts .2.....................................................3..................................................... Romi Park.............................................. 65 Company Profile ..3................... SPORTS & RECREATION .............. 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iii ................................. 55 9..10.... Taxila Museum....................4...................... 51 9....1..................................1........1....................................................................................................................9.....................4.................... Other Places Worth A Visit..................................................................... 58 10....................1......................... 61 10....................................................................1.............................. 48 9..............................................................................2... Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district....................6..................................................................................................................... 53 9.........2...................................................... Popular Sports In Rawalpindi .............3..........................................................................................1.......................... The Raja Bazaar ..............1..................................6...........2........................1........................ SOS Village ................... 51 9........................2..................................6.......................................................................... 50 9.................. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL)........ Edhi Foundation ................................... 60 10..............................1..................... .................2.. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi ....................................... 49 9.................. ............................... 58 9....... 44 9..................................... 62 10............... 45 9........... 51 9..................................................... 64 10.. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium .... The Mall Saddar ....2................................................................ 54 9.................................................................. PTCL ................. 60 10..... 56 9............ 44 9. Jinnah Park............... Medical Colleges ..................4................................... Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad ..............3.............. 46 9.................4.. 44 9..............................3....................4....................6..........................................................2........................... Murree and the Galis .....................5..............................................................................................3............................ Rawalpindi Golf Course ...... 56 9............................................................. 41 8................ SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES .... SOME OTHER STADIUMS ....................................................... Rawalpindi Public Park .................................................................2. 42 8.................7.......... 43 9...................2... KABBADI...... 57 9.................... 63 10..........1........... POLICE STATIONS.............................. Sports venues and stadiums .. 49 9...........1.........................5............. Liaqat National Bagh .......................3................ 57 9...... Cinemas & Theatres .......................................................5............5...3..................... 60 10............................7.......... The Salt Range .1...............................8........................................................................................................5...........................................................................................1..4.........5... Hassan Abdal...............Glorious Rawalpindi 8..........1...................1.......1............ 51 9..........3.............. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) ...................................... 46 9..........................1..................4........ Private Schools and colleges ........................................1................................... Peshawar Road ......1.... Temple of Katas ....1...............2................ 57 9...................................... 63 10....................................... Rawalpindi Club......................3..........................................................................................1.......... Kallar Kahar ........... 57 9.... Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi .......................... 63 10.............. Federal Government Schools & Colleges ....................................................................................................... 61 10............................Emergency Reporting Centre ....................................... SERVICES .............................................3...... 45 9.............................................. Government Schools & Colleges .. 60 10........................1................... 42 8........3....................... 62 10........................................... Utility Services ............................................. Khewra Salt Mines ...............1............................................................................1........................................................... 52 9.............................. Army Hockey Stadium .................. 42 8...2...............2................................4........................................... IESCO ........ 46 9........... Punjab...................3.............. Rescue 15 .2...... Darul Aman . Field Hockey ............................................. Cricket ...........................2.................................. 56 9........................ Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) .................. Civil Lines ......................2................... near Kachari Chowk................................................................... 54 9.............................

............. 75 12.............1..9. Purana Qilla ..................4.......................................1.............................. FAMOUS FAST FOODS ................... Famous Chowk..5............................2......... 100 12..............................International ............. 81 12....... Famous Markets/ Bazaars ......................................2............. 82 12.........................................................................................................................................1................... Pearl Continental Hotel ***** ...................................3........................... 76 12........ RAWAL LAKE...... 66 10...........................1................................ Lasania Restaurant city .........13..... Flashman’s Hotel.. Akbar International *** ..3..........1..... Libraries and Museums ............................................................... 67 10...................... 78 12...................................................................................................................... Railway Stations ....... KFC ...................................................................................................... POST OFFICE ...................... 79 12..................... Misriot Dam ...1................... 105 13........2............................... 75 12......14.............. 99 12......................2..................................................1................... 71 11........................6.. Public Transportation ........................................................................ Islamabad International Airport Road .....5.........................2............................ Lai Expressway ........................................... 81 12.................... 80 12.................................................................................... Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi ................................ Famous Restaurants................................... 80 12........................ Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi .................................. 74 12......1...........2............................................................................................3................................................................................................................ 93 12.........5.......................3.................. RING ROAD ..............................................4................................................................................................................2.............. 96 12..................................... 73 11...............................2.............................8................. WATER RESERVOIR ...... Museums .................... Airport ................ Famous Historical Places ................................................. Political Structure ....................................................................................... Lai Nullah ............................2....... Sub Way ..........3..........9...............................4........................... 78 12.............................. 70 10.(Rawalpindi) ............. 102 13................................... FAMOUS Hotels ........................................................1...............10......................................... Jawa Dam ...... Lal Haveli .........2..11.................................................................................7......................................................2....................................................................... 104 13............................................................ Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History ........................................................................................................................... 68 10..............................4....... 104 13................................................................................. 77 12...........................................................................................................2..... 76 12......................12.....................Glorious Rawalpindi 10........................................... The Mall .......................... MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS ................ 72 11.................7...................1................2..................................2.............................. 68 10....... Roads In Rawalpindi City ................ 95 12..................... 105 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry iv ................................. La Rosh Hotel.......6...................................... 75 12.. Highways ...................... WASA ......................................1.....International .................................3.................................8.......................................................... 79 12.... INSIDE RAWALPINDI .......................... Shalimar Hotel ****........2.............................. Hotel Civic .....................2.................................................................. 72 11....................................................................................................................... 84 12.......... 79 12.................................................................................................. 81 12.. 90 12.................. 98 12.................2....4................................ 80 12........................ 78 12............................................3......................................... Ancient Rawalpindi .................................4.................2...

Glorious Rawalpindi PREFACE The Research and Development Department of the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce & Industry has produced a comprehensive book based upon the potentials of investments pertaining to Rawalpindi Division. Saiqa Jaffery Research & Development Officer The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry v . communication net works. the area of its concern.e. health. The present study can be helpful in preparing feasibility reports for various industries and thus can be a useful guide in the pre investment exercises for any venture. This study contains information on population. infrastructure. education and the existing industries. i.

The Rawals a jogi tribe. When Jhanda Khan. the martial people of the area against the British domination. also known as Pindi. The railway was brought to Rawalpindi in 1866. Jhelum. Pind Daden Khan and Chakwal to settle in Rawalpindi. but the British did realize that if they want to rule. founded a new town nearby. In 1849. at the site of an old town known as ‘Fatehpur Baori’ he named it ‘Rawalpindi’. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 1 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. The material remains found at the site prove the existence of a Buddhist establishment contemporary to Taxila and the Vedic civilization (Hindu culture). they now comprise Rawalpindi district was known by the name of Amanda which during Mughal period was known as Sindh-Sagar. HISTORY Rawalpindi. Although they did not succeed. Rawalpindi had little importance when a Sikh Chief Malik Sing took its control after a bloody. has a long history spread over several millennia. a Ghakkar Chief . In the process of consolidation a cantonment was established at Rawalpindi and the Divisional Headquarters shifted from Jhelum to Rawalpindi. they must conciliate the martial people of the area. founded a village namely ‘Rawal’ at the site where we have the Rawal Dam today. the largest urban centre of Northern Punjab and the twin city of Federal Capital Islamabad is the fifth among the big cities of the country. Rawalpindi City. The name ‘Rawalpindi’ means the abode of Rawals.e. At the time of Alexander’s invasion. Rawalpindi emerged as a fiscal district during Sikh rule. The offer was responded positively and the town of Rawalpindi started growing day by day. battle with Gakhars. Municipal Committees was constituted in 1867. Archaeologists believe that a distinct culture flourished on this plateau as far back as 3000 years. However. Sardar Malik Singh invited the traders and businessmen of neighboring areas i. until 1765. During the struggle for freedom in 1857. In Tuzk-e-Jehangiri there is a mention of Rawalpindi with its brief history. the area of Rawalpindi came under the British rule and pace of development accelerated.

Many Government buildings were set on fire. the Afghan war and martial law. When Pakistan resolution was passed in 1940 the Muslims of the district supported it whole heartedly. before Pakistan came into existence. he was welcomed rousingly. and it serves the city along with the capital.Municipal Committee as upgraded to Rawalpindi Municipal Corporation in 1975 which is providing a number of educational and Health facilities and other civic amenities to the public.e. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 2 . Nala Lai which is famous for its floods runs in the middle of the city and divides it into two parts i. Rawalpindi city became the interim Capital of Pakistan in 1959. Rawalpindi Municipal Committee was established in 1886. Nala Lai. It carries the sewerage and waste of the city. When Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah visited Rawalpindi in 1944. water is stored by building dams. The famous Murree Road has been a hot spot for various political and social events. the post Jalianwala Bagh massacres disturbances. Rawalpindi saw the assassination of the first elected Prime Minister of Pakistan. Liaquat Ali Khan. In addition to this another reservoir Rawal Dam is located in the limits of the federal Government. the Pakistan flag was unfurled by the Commander–in-Chief of Pakistan Army. During the Khalafat movement Rawalpindi was the base of the hijrat movement. there was a good deal of agitation in the district. In the post Jalianwala Bagh disturbances. Cantonment and city.Glorious Rawalpindi After the first Great War Rawalpindi saw distributed condition following the wake of Khalafat movement. In a simple ceremony at Rawalpindi. in Liaquat Garden. The city is home to many industries and factories. The city comprises Municipal Corporation and the cantonment. The Municipal Committee introduced water supply system in 1926 whereas sewer system was laid in 1953.e. famous for its floods. Two major rivers nearby Rawalpindi i. On Jhelum River at Mangla a big reservoir has been constructed. In the wake of the government’s decision to shift Federal Capital from Karachi to the newly selected site adjacent to Rawalpindi city named as Islamabad. Telegraphic wires between Rawalpindi and Murree were cut. It shares borders with the federal capital Islamabad. There was a communal disturbance in 1947. With the inception of Local Body System in 1885 during British rule. In 1951. Islamabad International Airport is actually in Rawalpindi. Today Rawalpindi is the headquarters of the Pakistani Army. It was at the Rawalpindi that on 8th of August 1910 a treaty of peace was signed between Afghanistan and India as a consequence of the end of the Afghan war. History describes Nala Lai water as pure enough for drinking but now it has become polluted with the waste water from all sources including factories and houses. Indus and Jhelum but due to low precipitation.

by Abbotabad District of NWFP on the North. It is located in Punjab on a distance of 275 km north east of Lahore. Location It lies between 33°. RAWALPINDI MILE STONE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 3 . It is the military headquarters of the Pakistan Armed Forces and also served as the nation's capital while Islamabad was being constructed in the 1960s. 2.38’ and 73°. Rawalpindi is one of the most important city of Rawalpindi Division. Geographically it is located in the Potohar Plateau at 500 meters above the sea level. in the province of Punjab. Jhelum and Attock Districts which lay in close vicinity to each other.1.04’ 34°. Rawalpindi Division comprises of Rawalpindi. District Rawalpindi is bounded by the Jammu and Kashmir State across the river Jhelum on the East.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. by Attock and Haripur Districts on the West and by Jhelum and Chakwal Districts on the South. GEOGRAPHY Rawalpindi is a city in the Potohar Plateau near Pakistan's capital city of Islamabad.37’ East longitudes. Chakwal.01’ North latitudes and 72°.

286 km² Calling code. It is the administrative seat of the Rawalpindi District. Estimate. of Towns. The population of Rawalpindi is approximately 3. 170 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 4 . General Details Rawalpindi is located in the Punjab province.300. 70. PST (UTC+5) No. Rawalpindi is the fourth populous city in rank among cities of Pakistan.033333 Altitude.2.5% (January 2006) Union Councils.6. 73. Area. 2.059.033333 Coordinates: 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33.550 ( 2007) Coordinates 33°36′00″N 73°02′00″E / 33. 8 Population.Glorious Rawalpindi 2.000 (1998) 3. 73.6. 275 km (171 miles) to the north-west of Lahore.550 (2007) Literacy rate. 051 Time zone.059. 500 meters AMSL 5.

The highest temp reached in June when the temp may touch the 45 Degree Centigrade. when the mean max.3.6 Degree Centigrade. The average annual rainfall is 36 inches. comprising Potoharis. The weather is highly unpredictable.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. the maximum temperature can sometimes soar up to 52°C. The coldest month is Jan. SUN SET AT RAWAL LAKE The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 5 . From Feb to May the Temp rises at the rate of 5. while it may drop to a minimum of -5°C in the winter. Climate Rawalpindi is chaotic but relatively dust-free. and Pakhtuns. Punjabis. The average rain fall is 1142 ml.06 Degree Centigrade per month . The monsoons set in July in the rain showers cools the atmosphere.7 C and Min 2. In summer. The temperature ranges between 5 to 45 degrees and this vast range of forty degrees is responsible for making the climate healthy and bracing. Muhajirs. temp is 17. The population is ethnically and linguistically heterogeneous. Rawalpindi city has hot summer and moderate cold winter.

No sooner it is sited. Before going for the exclusive morning prayers. Girls flock the stalls to get their hands beautiful decorated with "henna". the 12th of Rabi-al-Awwal (3rd month of Islamic calendar) is celebrated as the birthday of the prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him) with religious zeal and fervour. all men and women alike flock on the rooftops to witness the new moon. modesty and good behaviour. Birth of the child is welcomed and Azan is recited in the ears of new born. Here too the poor are not forgotten. Thankfulness is one of the four qualities of a Muslim.a ritual in which everyone shares. In the evening of 29th Ramadan. shops and other buildings are skillfully decorated with buntings and lights to express love and devotion to the Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon Him). women folk prepare delicious sweet dishes to celebrate the beginning of the day. The most famous Mosques are Jamia Mosque. Eid ul Fitr is the day of rejoicing and thanksgiving to Allah for giving the strength to the believers to fast for 29-30 days during the holy month of Ramadan. This day is celebrated in the memory of the sacrifice made by the prophet Abraham (Abraham) wherein he offered the life of his son Prophet Ismail to fulfill the decree of the Allah. Islamic Religious Festivals Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Azha are the two major religious festivities celebrated throughout the country among its Muslim populace. a euphoria sets in and everyone rushes to market places to make the last day shopping. There are many mosques throughout the city. More than men. women and children (specially girls) enjoy the festivities of the day by wearing colourful specially made-forthe-occasion clothes. In addition to the two Eids. The Aqiqa ceremony is held when the head of child is The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 6 .a sum of money as per the status and financial position of the head . On this day. After the prayers children gather around the head of the family to receive "Eidi" .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. The roads. second for the relatives and third for self and own family. Eid ul Azha is celebrated on 10th day of the Zil Hajj (the 12th Islamic month). others being truthfulness. This certainly isn't the Islam Allah and His Prophet wanted. The meat of the sacrificed goat/sheep/lamb is divided into three parts. On Eid day. RELIGION The majority of the people of Rawalpindi are Muslims. 3. Special conferences are held to project the peacefulness of the religion of Islam and the way the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) desired it to be followed. one for distribution among the poor. The cultural activities are different in cities than in village life. all people who can afford sacrifice a sheep or a goat in the name of Allah as was done by prophet Abraham. The day is celebrated at the end of the Ramadan on the first of Shawal (the 10th month of Islamic calendar).1. A lot of fairs are organized for children while the elders call on to the relatives. How sad it is that a faction of Muslim hardliners have given a new and ugly dimension to this peaceful religion by terrorizing the world. Raja Bazaar Mosque and Eid Gah Mosque which attract thousands of visitors daily. each head of the family is to give "fitrana" (alms) equal to 2 1/2 kilo of wheat in respect of each member of his family to the poor and needy so that they could also share the joy and happiness of the day. Islam continues to be a religion of peaceful co-existence despite what some radicals are trying to portray it otherwise.

The elder folk usually pay a visit to the village choupal while they sit around Huqqa Gossip about the day’s occurrences. Bhangra. These Churches remain very busy in days of Christmas and Easter. Joseph's Hospice Anglican Church in Pindi St. Christians Christians are the biggest minority group in Rawalpindi. The Mall Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 7 . 3. Chaunji Trap. They are also playing a growing role in the civil service and defense services.Glorious Rawalpindi shaved and goat or sheep is slaughtered. wrestling. Following are the Non Muslim groups in Rawalpindi City.2. St. they have traditionally made an outstanding contribution in health.Paul Church. tent pegging and Bini. they are distributed throughout the Pakistan. Most of population in Rawalpindi is mainly Muslim. Summi. Young people prefer Kabaddi. Changan and tip-cat (Guli Danda). education. There are small non-Muslim religious groups in Rawalpindi. There are two Churches in Saddar. Rawalpindi. railways and the police force. Music and dancing are also common. The common games in villages are Chhun Chhuan. Luddi Jhummar and Giddi in the fairs and festivals are offered. Although Pakistani Christians have not restricted themselves to any one area of activity.

historical and political ties to the country. Hinduism After the Partition of India. RAWALPINDI soojan singh’s haveli Rawalpindi 3. A large number of foreigners Sikhs from all-around of world visit their Holy Place. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 8 . but has nonetheless played a major role in its culture and politics as well as the history of its regions.4. OLD SIKH TEMPLE AT COLLEGE ROAD . There is small number of hindus resident of Rawalpindi also.3. Sikhism Sikhism is a very small minority religion in the Rawalpindi but has many cultural.Glorious Rawalpindi 3. Hindus had a much smaller numerical presence in the newly created state of Pakistan. The most Historical place of Sikhs PANJA SB at Hassanabdal is just 47 Km far away from Rawalpindi. and to the historical region of Punjab.

4.3. Defense Day The 6th of September is a golden chapter in the history of Pakistan. attacked and dismembered Pakistan in a humiliating defeat. Lahore and passed the historical Pakistan resolution that the Muslims of subcontinent wanted to create an independent homeland. where they could live in accordance with their religious and cultural values.1. taking advantage of the civil war in East Pakistan.Glorious Rawalpindi 4.2. Islamabad. Similarly the people of the Rawalpindi also celebrate these memorable days with great passion and remember those days which gave them new name and identity. This is the month of revolutions of all colors. This is always being the sign and passion of the patriotic nations. 1940. Pakistani nation has also celebrated its national days with great proud and determination. On 23rd March.1. its military and people stood united in 1965 in defense of Pakistan. 4. when Pakistan. The day is a national holiday in Pakistan.1. Pakistan Day March has been the month of resolutions and change for the Pakistanis. National Days Celebrations Living nations always remember those days which played remarkable role for the survival of their country. The day is celebrated all over the country with flag raising ceremonies. red or velvet. Independence Day Pakistan's independence day (also known as Yom-e-Istiqlal is observed on 14 August. tributes to the national heroes and fireworks taking place in the capital.1. All India Muslim League held its annual session at Minto Park. CULTURE 4. Later in 1971. the day on which Pakistan became independent from British rule within then what was known as the British Raj in 1947. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 9 .1. 4.

Yellow color symbolizes the day of ubton. The usual ornaments like ear rings. Bread is generally backed in Tandoor. necklaces are worn by the women on festive occasions or marriages. Relatives and family friends offer gifts to the parents of bride and bride groom. 4.2. Marriage ceremony is observed in some fashion all over the district. Female wear colored Shalwar and Long shirt and a dopatta/chaddar (head cover). From this day on Bride is proscribed from groom's eyes till the day of marriage. Most of the people lives in villages and breathe in fresh air and they have better health than urban people. family and invited guests wear yellow garments.1. 4. Dress Male usually wear Shalwar. Food And Health Wheat and Maize are the staple food grains while Bajara is also used to a lesser extent.4. Mienu Mienu is the very first ceremony of Pakistani Wedding after the engagement. Wedding Customs And Traditions Marriage is generally started by a betrothals ceremony in which women folk along with some male members of the bride groom’s family go to the house of girl’s parents with suitable gifts in the form of clothes. the other name of mienu. in the hilly region a long coat is worn in winter while in the plains generally carry a blanket. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 10 . 4. the bride’s parents feast the party. Starting of this day is with the recitation of Quran. Meat and vegetables are also eaten by well to do families. health of population is generally better. Due to good weather condition in the district. sweet and ornaments etc. After the religious formalities. The Chaddar is a multipurpose dress. Relatives and friends and members of Bradari (tribe) are invited in the marriages. To mold into the colors of ubton.3. The color of the men’s dress is generally white. Khaki or grey. The friends and family sits in circle with their percussion equipments (Dholak and Duff) and sings through out the evening.4. For ludi (Typical Pothor Dance) invited Dholchi with Shenai. Tea is popular all over the district. Kameez (Shirt) and Chaddar (Cloth sheet). bangles.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Both sides celebrate this occasion at their own expense separately. family and friends bring the bride/groom for the ceremony.

Sometimes it is spread over 2 days one day over at the groom's place to put Henna on groom's hand and the second day over at the bride's house to put Henna on her hand. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 11 . This is the event where you put Henna(Mehndi) on the bride and groom's hands. This event is very colorful and full of traditional songs and dances.2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. MEHNDI This ceremony takes place on the night before the wedding day.4.

3. are also dressed in bright colored dresses and jewellery. Bughi was used by the Mughals in their rule as there was no other source of transportation instead of horses. The bride doesn't come out until after the Nikah.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Baghi is very popular on wedding occasions now once again as in the past. Four or two horses pull the cart of Baghi and Dulha and Dulhan sits in it and goes towards their destination. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 12 . On this day the reception is arranged by the Bride's parents.4. On this day the Nikah or the official signing of paperwork in the presence of a Imam (Islamic Priest) takes place. The Bride wears a specially made and heavily embroided outfit for this special occasion along with loads of jewellery. especially women. 4. BARRAT This is the day that opens a new chapter in the life of two people. This reception is given by the Groom's side of the family.4. VALIMA The Valima reception takes place on the day after the Wedding.4. All the guests.

Darbar Shah Chan Chirag . there are many shrines of respected saints in different parts of the Rawalpindi district where people come to pay homage from all over the country. Besides. Majority of the people especially in the rural areas offer prayers regularly and observe fast during Ramzan. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 13 . Darbar Shah DI Taliayan. Influence of Peerisam is quite strong.5. The most famous of these shrines are those of Pir Mohammad Qasim in Mohra Sharif and Mian Fazal Rabbani of Kalyam Awan and Malik Siraj of Pothar. Dewal Sharif and Mohra Sharif are visited by large number of devotees at the annual Urs of these saints. a large number of people also go at Eid Gah Sharief for their prayers.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Superstitious /Beliefs Most of the people in the district are Muslims. The people generally have a conservative out look on life and are particular in the observance of religious ceremonies. Shah Chan Chiragh was the elder brother of Bari Imam of Islamabad. DAR BAR SHAH CHAN CHIRAGH This is the burial place of the patron saint of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Shrines of the Pir of Golara Sharif.

000b spindles and 1. This proved to be a significant milestone in the history of the city and the city gradually became a trade hub due to its location between the Punjab and Kashmir. It is a railroad junction and an important industrial and commercial center. and vegetables are the major products of the city.e. The Technical/Vocational Training Institute operating in the district turn out about 1974. sewing machines etc. pears. After the weakening of Mughal dynasty in India. According to the general survey of industry conducted by Directorate of Industries and Mineral Development Punjab. steel re-rolling. The progress has been mostly in the private sector.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. medium and small industrial units. which is located near Naseer Abad and is equipped with 50. Drafting. Wattan Woolen Mills: Next is Wattan Woolen and Hosiery Mills fitted 10. There are at present 939 industrial units operating in the district. Air conditiong. ECONOMY Rawalpindi is one of the important cities of Pakistan. sawmills. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. Apparently there is no shortage of skilled manpower. marble processing. maize. Auto knitting and commerce etc. The main industry of the city includes an oil refinery. hosiery. a brewery. The existing industrial units provide employment to about 35. walnuts are grown in Rawalpindi. about 1. Majority of the Rawalpindi population is associated with the agriculture.6% of district population is directly employed in large. potato. citrus.000 persons i. Rawalpindi also produces a variety of fruits including groundnuts. the city produces two types of crops Rabi and Kharif and Wheat. Welding. glass products. bajra. Technicians/Artisans annually trained in various fields of engineering. apples. During the Raj days it became biggest cantonment in Sub-continent. pharmaceutical.000 spindles.021 power looms. Kohinoor Textile Mills: Kohinoor Mills is the largest unit in the district. industrial gas processing. apricots. beverages and fruit preservation. Rahat Woolen Mills established in 1954 is one of the oldest and most prominent mill in Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 14 . cigarettes. pottery. Metallurgy. Many people from the federal capital especially from the low income classes came to Rawalpindi for shopping as it offers greater opportunities in terms of saving as compared to the Islamabad. Due to the location of the Army headquarters various organizations specializing in military hardware are based here. This district is not famous for industrial goods like other districts. textiles. furniture. and factories making tents. railroad yards. Sikhs grabbed the power and they settled the area in 1765 and invited the nearby traders to Rawalpindi. and leather goods. iron mills.

do not require detailed notice. those of the families of zamindars in all parts of the district whose assistance is not required in cultivating the family lands. by courtesy. The Zamindars in the villages near Murree will in a few days earn enough as coolies on the road to pay their land revenue for the year. Like the men of the tribe. These only form a small percentage of the total population. and a little more than four-sevenths agricultural.1. Whenever remunerative labour is to be obtained not far from their own Homes. Johdras and Ghebas do not do so. very much no doubt to the advantage of the neighboring villages. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 15 . the rates of daily labour in that tehsil being always artificially kept far above the natural wages of labour. Kohlis and a few others. in fact there are no tribes which can be so described. will go to far from their homes for such work. There are very few tribes which do not till their own lands nowadays. towns of the district. Back Ground Of Occupations The rural population is essentially agricultural or dependent upon the results of agriculture. except ploughing. and are most of them or less dependent on the outrun from agricultural operations. but the humbler members of all tribes till their own fields. The women of other tribes help in most agricultural operations. but will flock to it if it be available within moderate distance. The Parachas of Malah-Tola and Makhad are very enterprising traders. The chief families of Gakkhar. The ordinary non-agricultural inhabitants of the village of the district are: Joluha (weaver) Teli (oil-man) Kashmiri (usually spinners) Mochis (leather workers) Lohar (blacksmith) Tarkhan (carpenter) Mirasi (musician) Musalli (sweeper) Sunar (goldsmith) With Khatris. A great many persons eke oat their incomes which they derive from land usually in kind daily labour of various kinds. Initialization Of Trading Classes The trading classes who are almost entirely confined to the city of Rawalpindi and the.2. so-called. and Sayads never cultivate themselves if they can avoid it. the Malliar women are the most industrious and do most field-work. going to Kabul and Bukhara for their commodities. 5. They also deal largely in hides. gold seals and such like. is misleading. Janjuas. Brahmans. Sayad women never work in the fields and Gakkhars or Janjua women rarely. and taking them again even as far as to Bombay and Calcutta.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. gold threads. and a return which shows the rural population as a little less than three-sevenths nonagricultural. chiefly silk goods.

5 to Rs. 40. embroidered shoes. The stone of the Kashmiri hill. or low chairs. Iron vessels of large size (karah) are made at Makhad. Country cloth of various kinds is made throughout the district. Silk-work of various kinds is done by the women of the Attock tehsil especially. Fatehjang. Baking-plates are also made here. tehsil Kahutta. 8. according to size. blankets are manufactured in considerable quantities in tehsil Kahuta.3. and are made of Shisham. Saddles are made in Rawalpindi and also in Bisandot (tehsil Kahuta). and spinning-wheels are also made by the same class in considerable quantities. is made in some villages in Attock tehsil. and Hazro. 20. and in smaller quantities in Makhad Soap of a common country kind is made at Rawalpindi. and Salgraon. which are sold in Rawalpindi. where wood is plentiful. make padlocks of iron. Leather manufacturers have diminished. Kuri-Dolal. and in parts of Pindigheb and Fatehjang engage in the manufacture of these articles. 1 to Rs. known as phur. phulaa. costing from Re. Industries And Manufacturers A large number of lacquered legs for bed-steads (charpais) are made by the tarkhans of Akhias and Kamlial in tehsil Pidigheb. the spinning wheels. other wooden articles are also constructed for sale in many of the villages. Reed matting. Pindigheb. tehsil Pindigheb. chappris. is worked into cups and other shapes in Pind Trer and Kawa. Snuff is manufactured in Hazro to considerable extent. 10 for the set of 4. and stirrups are made at this village and in several places in Fatehjang and at Hassan Abdal. known as abri. The lohars of Manianda. and sandals (kheri) are made at Kot. tehsil Rawapindi. 1 to Rs. and at Makhad. Chauntra. Pihras. The chairs cost from Re. Peshawar and elsewhere in considerable numbers.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. Pindigheb and Fatehjang. 6. those of Hazro and Rawalpindi being the best. from Re: 1 to Rs. especially in tehsil Kahuta. These fetch from annas 12 to Rs. or khair wood. costing from Rs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 16 . neighboring villages. saddles are the principal articles made. Phulkaris are made in many places.

Oil is manufactured in many of the villages of the district. or earthen-jars. rough in execution but fairly good in color. Marble Industry In Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region History Marble Industry has an imperative presence in the Rawalpindi/Islamabad Region. The stone was sourced from NWFP in aaloo shape (blasted) and was converted into slabs and tiles.Glorious Rawalpindi There is now no considerable manufacture of Kuzas. as else where. at Fatehjang. From a village near Hassan Abdal some good cotton cloth prints (arbas). both lie on the Indus bank. have been procured. The market expanded and entrepreneurs form Islamabad/Rawalpindi invested heavily in this industry. Lockwood Kipling. it must be imagined there is a total absence of industries. Here. Popular Industries 5. has kindly furnished the following note on some of the industries of the district: “There seems to be no special manufacture of any kind in this district. After strengthening linkages it was then incorporated as a company with limited liability under Companies Ordinance (XLVII of 1984) in October 1987. Principal of the Lahore school of Art. Boats are built for use on the Indus at Attock and Pindigheb. Islamabad being the capital city was also giving good margins to industry and therefore growth in the investment as well as number of units increased in manifolds. cluster members initiated and implemented the idea of organizing and promoting this industry.4. which were then forwarded to various cities all over the country.4. The Phulkaris of the Hazro and Rawalpindi towns deserved notice in the production of the district. especially of it is exported across the Indus. the cotton weaver’s complaint that their trde suffers from European competitions and it is said they are turning to wool weaving. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 17 . Richly carved Chaukats for doors and windows are occasionally made as in other parts of Punjab. First investment came in 1960s when two industries one in I-9 Islamabad and one in Rawalpindi Cantt started their operations as full processors. as there is said to have once been. But while the district cannot be said to do a regular export trade in any special branch.” Boats are occasionally built at Attock and Makhad. The cluster took a monumental step in 1979 and an Association for all marble industry of Pakistan was being formed. It is very doubtful if the weavers have as yet to any extent given up their old trade in favor of wool weaving.1. Mr. Initially it comprised of members only from this cluster and was not registered under the ordinance. The local consumption was a big factor for this heavy investment in those days as a new city was been constructed. The cluster became the largest market for processed building stone in the country and to keep itself strengthened and market leader. 5.

all gang saw operators (large units) and (H. flower vases and fountains. brush finishing. which are also in small quantities. Present Situation Of Cluster: There are about 180-220 enterprises related to Marble industry in this region. The geographical spread of the units can be sketched as 40% each are operating in the areas of I-9 Markaz. honed finishing etc. The cluster is not manufacturing value-added products other than fireplaces.V) horizontal and vertical cutters (medium units) are procuring raw stone. and other areas of Rawalpindi city. sand blasting. phool. but are only used by 1-2 exporters. handling & storing. bush hammering. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 18 . tiles. ustaad and unskilled workers. Sangjani. cutting & sizing. I-9/1 and I-9/3. Rawalpindi. Most of the labor has education level below primary. There are many types of finishing that includes polishing. and finishing/polishing of marble blocks into slabs. patti and other handicrafts. More than 2000 labor is associated with this industry working as supervisor. There is only one genuine handicraft manufacturer and exporter in the whole region.Glorious Rawalpindi The association comprising of 8 founding members (all from Islamabad/Rawalpindi region) started its operations as a registered association in Islamabad and expanded its outreach with incorporating 4 zonal offices situating in Peshawar. As far as segregation by size and operation is concerned. Major processes include loading/unloading. acid finishing. and Rawalpindi Cantt while 20% are spread over Tarnol. Karachi and Lahore.

160 million calculating on the basis of 400 rupees per cubic foot on an average type of wood. 10. In Rawalpindi different areas are the hub of the furniture there names are mentioned below. Besides this around 100 million of manmade material is also used. Estimated growth figure is around 10%. Main Cluster Areas As it is mentioned above furniture industry consider as the one of the major industry in Rawalpindi. None of the unit has the capability to produce goods at mass level. Hardly. 3. It is below 50%. 6. Sufficient gap exists and it is increasing day by day with the increase in the population of the country. Furniture Industry in Rawalpindi Total Production of Furniture in the region: The estimated annual wood consumption is around 150.000-300. 7.4.2. 2. Capacity Utilization Capacity utilization of the existing unit is not sufficient even to meet the demand of the domestic market. Shamsabad Faizabad Kurry Road (Sadiq Abad) Kurry Road (Sultan Da Khoo) Khana Road Chakala Road Hazara Colony Mohan purrah Anayat Bazar Saddar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 19 . Even the medium sized units take minimum 3-4 months for an order. 5.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The average cost of this wood is around Rs. 8. 1. 9.000 cubic ft. 4. any source available to gather the anticipated growth rate.

consoles are in demand. hotels and restaurants. it is a good idea to look into the business opportunities offered by the furniture manufacturing business in Rawalpindi. • Website: Have a website where you can put up an online catalogue of the furniture you retail. Even couches. lamps stands. that are manufactured by many big and small furniture-manufacturing units. as well as residential areas. You can consult books and attend workshops to get an idea of what the customer wants. You can sell anything from chairs to sofas. Here are some things to consider when starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi. • Design: The design of the furniture you retail depends on where the furniture will be used. Starting a Furniture Business in Rawalpindi: While Rawalpindi offers many opportunities to start a furniture business. shelves. sofas. Therefore. since all kinds of furniture. Do you want to sell office or home furniture? • Price: Decide on the price for selling your furniture. you need to provide good customer relation services to attract clientele. you also need to be creative and stock the kind of furniture that appeals to the eye and is comfortable as well. and selling innovative products. The establishments in the city need showcases.000 people. Furnishers in Rawalpindi equip homes. Secretary R&D-RCCI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 20 . A Report by Ms. The furniture businesses in Rawalpindi employ more than 25. schools. Your marketing strategies must be good. and you should take care to build good customer relations. Once your furniture business gets off. from office to lounge furniture. • Creativity: The Furniture Business needs good. side tables and stools. etc. • Variety: Have a large variety of furniture in your showroom. By stocking the best quality goods. you can make your furniture business a huge success in Rawalpindi. Be sure to include photographs. lockers. original ideas to survive the fiercely competitive market.Glorious Rawalpindi Furniture Business Opportunities in Rawalpindi Rawalpindi has many business and educational establishments. Polish affects the quality of the material. You can sell wood or metal furniture. • Material: Choose what kind of material goes into the furniture you retail. You can retail furniture for general or high-end markets. The Furniture retailers have great business opportunities here. so that must be kept in mind. lampshades. Afsheen Siab Kayani Asst. are in huge demand in the City.

3 and by making another boring 800 feet deep. The petroleum costs. Oil Wells Borings for petroleum were first made in 1870. 20 per one hundred gallons delivered at the Rawalpindi gas-works.5. leaving the oil above. an attempt to increase the output of oil was made by deepening boring No. and is not distilled nor purified in any way. 60 feet. Five borings have been made. the churches.. etc. Rs. No.200 gallons last year. sufficient to light one jet for 90 hours. For the first eight years the average outturn of oil was about 30 maunds per diem. 4 inches in diameter each. One gallon yields 260 cubic feet of gas. The total outrun of petroleum from Fatehjang was about 1.6.000 gallons per year. trickles with water from fissures of rocks in a deep ravine. 2. and the outturn from the wells is now about 1. The oil is collected as it. In the rains the oil which comes up in the borings is very much mixed with water. 5. delivered at Rawalpindi:Fatehjang oil…. from bottom of which the heavier water is drawn off. transmitted light. No. 80 feet. 50 feet. There are now no borings at Kalabagh. No. This is thrown into a cistern. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 21 . when a well was sunk at Sadkal at the foot of the southern slope of the Kala Chitta hills. The borings are 35 feet from each other. The oil is used in its raw state.600 gallons per annum. 4. petroleum and wood. and Kalabagh on the Indus. in the Bannu district. This includes the cost of maintaining the borings in working order. The petroleum now costs Rs. but since 1878 the quantity of oil obtained from the wells has gradually decreased. 28 ditto. Its color is dark green by reflected light and a bright golden yellow by. 1 is 100n feet deep. 100 feet. It is made from mustard oil. 5. Back Ground Of Gas Works The Rawalpindi Gas-works were erected by Government in 1868. The area taken up for the works is 4 acres 2 roods 4poles. and the oil is drawn out in small dipping tubes with ropes and brings up about 2 pins of mixed oil and water.16 per hundred gallons. but the operations did not lead to any appreciable difference in the quantity of oil obtained annually. The Petroleum is procured from two locatives. Fatehjang. The total oil collected is about 1. No. No.Glorious Rawalpindi 5. The gas is used for lighting all the European barracks. Kalabagh oil…. In 1887-89. 30 miles from Rawalpindi. three miles from Fatehjang. 3.

was exported to Kashmir. ra and the sea-ports. There is also a certain amount of trade carried on by the boats on the Indus River. which is probably shorter than the route through the Kashmir valley.. and in years of good harvests and favorable prices. rice being little grown. does not as a rule go beyond Srinagar. Initial Days Of Trade The trade of the district used to centre in Rawalpindi. and Peshawar. TRADE & BUSINESS 6. fruits from Kashmir. Yarkand and Ladakh. raw cotton and indigo from Multan. gur from Sialkot. in 1886 also a considerable quantity of wheat. but Gujar Khan now absorbs a very large part of it. and a good deal of snuff is sent away from Hazro raid the Lawrence pur station on the North-Western Railway. timber. however. chiefly. Sialkot. Women’s pajamas made at Hazro and elsewhere. and cotton piece-goods and Lahori salt. Except on the district is nowhere carried on by means of wheeled traffic. In old days the imports are piece-goods from Calcutta and Amritsar. & c. from Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Peshawar. Delhi and Gujranwala. hardware from Amritsar. Fire-wood is also brought in from Khairabad. Jallundur. with Kabul mostly by means of camels. described above. chiefly deodar. Trade with all districts on the line of railway is carried on by that means. The Kashmir trade is registered at Murree and at Lachman ferry on the Jhelum river. fruit and vegetables from Lahore and Gujranwala. and unrefined sugar are noticeable among the exports. Ghee is brought in from Punch. dyes. for seed. and Gujrat. this is chiefly a trade in food grains. timber. Peshawar. Hazro and Makhad. from Kashmir. charas. Shahjahanpur. pattus. the exports of wheat from Gujar Khan are very considerable. but the great exports of the district are food grains and oilseeds. are exported to some small extent. The ordinary manufacturers of the district. refined Sugar from Bombay. Kashmir and Sawat. metals. The trade of the Rawalpindi district with Kashmir. Jallundur and Meerut. Trade across the frontier is carried on by beasts of burden. Traders seem to prefer the Kulu toute. country cloths froth Amritsar and Ludhiana. Kashmir and Hazara and other districts of the Punjab. it is believed. With Kashmir the trade used to be carried on by mules donkeys and bullocks. thick cloths. Salt comes from Jhelum and Kalabagh. and that of inferior quality in this district. fruits. Hoshiarpur and Jallundur. leather from Kashmir. but during the past years enormous strings of camels were employed to carry salt and wheat into the valley. Peshawar. rice from neighboring districts. Silk from Amritsar. Wazirabad. Ghee.1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 22 . are exported in considerable quantities to Peshawar and across the frontier. Wool blankets and hides are also exported to some extent. drugs and medicines and rice deserve mention among the imports.

13. 9. poultry feed. 14.1. Heavy Foundry and Forge. No. Industry Arms and Ammunition Brewery/Distillery Cotton Textile (Spinning & Weaving) Cement Chipboard Cigarettes Casting and Forging Cement Products Chemicals Fruit and Vegetable Processing i) Fruit Juices ii) Squashes iii) Food Products Fruit & Food Preservation Fire Bricks Flour Milling Glass Products Glass Sheets Gas Appliances Gypsum Heavy Industrial Machinery & Parts Hosiery Goods Industrial Gases i) Oxygen Gas ii) Dissolved Acetylene Insecticides/Pesticides Light Engineering Lime Klin Liquified Petroleum Gases 23 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . textiles. 17. glass products. sawmills. flour mills. 12. 7. Major Industrial units comprise of Ordinance Factory.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. and leather goods. cigarettes. 2. sewing machines etc. cement. 6. Rawalpindi industrial base is diverse and also includes flour mills. 23. Heavy Rebuild Factory. 22. 5. 21. Description of Existing Industry There are cottage/small/medium/large scale industrial units operating in the Division with Public sector and private sector.2. 15. marble processing. Existing Pattern Of Industrial Development 6. 10. glass products. hosiery. Sr. iron mills. cotton and woolen Textiles. industrial gases. beverages and fruit preservation. distillery. 1. cigarettes. pottery. 24. Petroleum Refinery. mineral processing. steel re-rolling. pharmaceuticals. 16. furniture. 19.2. railroad yards. 4. 8. and factories making tents. Some Defense oriented industries are also operating in the Division. 3. Heavy Mechanical Complex. 18. 20. a brewery.

39. 31. Therefore. 34. 46. local/national/international demand. 37. 26. 41. 47. 36. Pharmaceuticals Poultry Feed Paint and Varnish Pumps all sorts P. Pipes and Jellies Specialized Textiles Steel Re-Rolling Stone Crushing Sewing Machines Soda Ash Synthetic Resins (FORMALDEHYDE) Sanitary Wares-Ceramics Tyre Retreading Textile Machinery and Parts Spindles Rings Tannery Vegetable Ghee/Cooking Oil Woolen Textile (Spinning & Weaving) 6. yet the entire success depends upon investors/entrepreneurs and the capabilities of the personnel having the managerial control because any of these factors.V. 29. however. Footwear Petroleum Oil Refinery Plastic Shoes Rexene Cloth and Products R. linkage between the industrial units.Glorious Rawalpindi 25. if lacking is manageable. i) ii) iii) iv) 28.C. future industrial potential of district Rawalpindi is as under: It would. 35. 42. 43. 33. 27. it is advisable that detailed feasibility of industrial projects must be carried out before making final decision for investment.C. Mineral Processes Marble Tiles and Slabs Pharmaceutical Tablets Liquid /Syrups Capsules Misc.3.C. 40. Potentials Of Trade And Business Keeping in view of the availability of raw materials. 44. 38. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 24 . 30. 32. be kept in mind that though the above mentioned factors facilitate the success of any industrial unit. skilled labour. i) ii) 45.

Glorious Rawalpindi 6. It contributes 24% to the GDP.3. dolomite bentonite. Oil refinery. leather Products.1. cigarettes. there are some important industries such as Heavy Mechanical Complex. veneer board. 6. cotton.3. jawar. Agriculture Agriculture sector is the lifeline of Pakistan's economy. Soda ash. In addition. In this area there is good scope for furniture. footwear. gypsum. glass. semi processed and processed agricultural products. meat/poultry processing units. Livestock sector had achieved 4 -5 % growth during the last decade. its major crops and fruit are wheat. Its role in the rural economy may well be realized from the fact that 5-7 million rural families are involved in raising livestock.5. Its net foreign exchange earnings were to the tune of Rs: 51. 6.2. Livestock Livestock plays a vital role in the country economy. Minerals Fire clay.3. rock salt.5 billion for the year 2001-02.3. flush doors/windows and even wood-pulp for paper industry. These rural household have 2-3 cattle/buffalo and 4-6 sheep/goat and 6-8 birds per family deriving 25-30% of their income from it. guava and apple. Pharmaceuticals. there also exist good prospects for tannery. etc. 6. textile and various engineering goods manufacturing industries.4% of the agricultural value added and 9. cement. Rawalpindi Division is relatively poor in agriculture production. employs 48.3. Forests The Rawalpindi region is quite rich in forest resources.4% of the overall export earnings of the country. leather garments.3. It accounts for 38. limestone are the major mineral available in this area and as such it offers excellent opportunities to setup industries based on these raw materials. egg yolk powder and poultry farm equipment. Silica sand. In view of existing industrial base there are The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 25 . 6. woolen. Industry In the division of Rawalpindi.4 percent of the labor force and contributes to 70% of the foreign exchange earnings through export of raw materials.3% of national GDP.4. the dairy farms and cattle/sheep/goat fattening farms can be good income generating sources for the farmers. ground nut. which accounted 11. As Division of Rawalpindi is poor in agriculture production. poultry/cattle feed. maize.

4. glass hollow-ware. has now emerged as a potential investment area. PVC pipes. Heavy Foundry and Forge. sanitary fitting. With the cheap land and labor coupled with availability of numerous raw materials and attractive incentives. Steel. 6. Fish Farming Region’s major natural resource is its fair rain fall and perennial springs and rivulets. 6. POF etc. machine made carpets.7. there also exists scope of petro-chemical products. fashion apparel. rubberized/mechanical toys. Potentials For Foreign Investment In Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Region. which is as a result of unavailability of technical institutions leaves them jobless. Disciplined and trained work force There is a strong availability of large no’s of local ex-service men disciplined and trained workforce for industrial and development projects. This region is quite rich in all types of infrastructural facilities. Willing work force seeking employment Large jobless population of extremely hardworking force both male and female seeking employment. steel furniture. this region has now gained the status of a zone for all sort of industrial investment.6. This can be proven very profitable source for farmers creating additional rural employment opportunities. ready made garments for men and women. suitable for wide spread fish farming.3. which was in the past neglected for major investments in the industrial sector. Attock Refinery.3. children wear.3. electric cables. woolen knitwear.Glorious Rawalpindi good potentials of setting up down-stream industries and vendering units for Heavy Mechanical Complex. sports wear etc. 6. cosmetics. It is situated on the main highway and railroad connecting the rest of the country with excellent network. 6. confectionery.8. besides extensive land erosion and rain harvesting program can create hundreds of water reservoirs and ponds.9. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 26 . There is a great potential in these people and these are willing to work but lack of technical training. glass ample. 6. pharmaceutical.3. Consumer Goods Industries In view of requirements of twin cities of Rawalpindi/Islamabad. household appliances. wires etc. electrical accessories. there exists good prospects for biscuits. Besides.

2. Most of these deposits are unexploited. Registration of Company with Security Exchange Commission is of Pakistan under the Companies Ordinance. Following are the foreign policies for different sectors for investors in Pakistan. Non-Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign Investment 100% equity on repatriable basis is allowed in the service.4. Manufacturing/Industrial Sector Foreign investors are permitted to hold 100% of the equity of industrial projects without any permission of the Government and no Government sanction is required for setting up any industry in terms of field of activity.1. This region is quite rich in huge deposits of multifarious types of minerals. this region offers high potentials to foreign investors. Local partners are easily available who are always looking for foreign collaborators with capital and technology. • Alcoholic beverages or liquors No NOC from provincial Government is required for locating the project anywhere in the country except in areas that are notified as negative areas. are returning back bringing with them wealth of technical skills and managerial know how. the Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry have also established an Industrial Estate in Rawalpindi in which thousands of industrial plots have been developed with all the modern infrastructures. who had migrated to other industrial areas of the country as well as abroad for jobs. Infrastructure Social and Agriculture sectors subject to conditions indicated against each. it is a best suited area for industrial investment. This industrial Estate has already attracted quite a number of investors from foreign countries. location and size except for the following: • Arms & Ammunitions • High explosives • Radioactive substances • Security printing. 1984 is required under intimation to the State Bank of Pakistan. Currency and Mint. These mineral deposits have large potentials not only for the industrial activities but also for exports to foreign markets. Therefore. the investors would not find any dearth in the skilled work force. Taking the advantages of the potentials for industrialization in this area. under-exploited or not so for used as raw material in industries.Glorious Rawalpindi Climatically. 6. 6. Since the Government of Pakistan gives great importance to the foreign investment. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 27 . The inhabitants.4.

28 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . 6. including the development of Industrial Zones. not manufactured locally.4. Technical/Vocational Training. machinery & equipment. Social Sector Activities: Education. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. 6.4. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0. of tourism.4. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis.15 million. Others Tourism: Tourism has been given the status of Industry in accordance with Ministry of Industries and Production.3 million. hotels and tourism related projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. Medical and Diagnostic Services.6. Service Sector: Activities FDI in service sector is allowed in any activity subject to condition of prior permission/NOC or license from the concerned agencies and subject to provisions of respective sect oral polices. The amount of foreign equity investment in the company/project shall be at least US$ 0.4.4.3 million. Infrastructure Sector: Activities Infrastructure projects.3. Plant.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Conditions 100% foreign equity is allowed. Human Resource Development (HRD). Hospitals.5. Conditions 100% foreign equity allowed on repatriable basis. 6.

5. card pay phone services etc. Plant. Details of machinery are Plant. not manufactured locally. 6. Bakery Products 1.1. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. audio-fax services. Information technology: Computer Software and information Technology (IT) have been declared as industry. National Park Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 29 . Local and foreign companies involved in real estate projects will not market these projects unless the title of the property is transferred in the name of a locally incorporated company and the “Commencement of Business” certificate is issued by the Security Exchange Commission of Pakistan to the firm. of housing & construction industry are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. 3. machinery and equipment of Information Technology projects are importable at custom duty of 5% and zero rated sales tax. not manufactured locally.Glorious Rawalpindi Detail of Machinery are plant. voicemail services. hotels and tourism related projects. Classic Capital (Pvt. Beverage 6. E-mail/internet/electronic information services. 2.) LTD Bakery. Ltd. Plant. Industrial area Peshawar Road Subhan Food Industries. machinery and equipment.Mehrabad Colony Peshawar Road Waqar Food products PVT.5. machinery & equipment. Leading Industries in different sectors: 6. Details of machinery are: Telecommunication i.5. in excess of five percent customs duty livable. 4. not manufactured locally.e.2. imported by tourism. 5. if not manufactured locally and as certified through Central Board of Revenue by the Facilitation Committee of Board of Investment Islamabad. Housing and Construction: The Housing and Construction has also been declared as industry. imported by the manufacturing industries. machinery and equipment. Dhok Mustaqeem Peshawar Road West End Bakery Nishter Street Saddar 6. Murree Brewery Company LTD. Dhok Kala Khan Shamsabad Continental Baking Industries.

Haider Road Saddar Ambrosia Pharmaceuticals . Chip/Straw Board 9. Dhok Safoo Pirwadhai 6. 12.5. Drugs & Pharmaceuticals 13.6.7.5. Diapers Plant 10. 16. Adyala Road 17. Industrial Zone Rawat 18. Westridge Fireclay Industries.5.3.5. W. . Road Morgah 6. Peshawar Road Honig Pharmaceuticals. IPRAM International. Capital Plywood Industry. Snappies Baby Diapers Plant . Laboratories (PVT) Ltd. Cement Products 7. Peshawar Road 6. Industrial Zone Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 30 . 15.5. Westridge Rawalpindi 6. Ceramics Products 8.Industrial Area Rawat Biosynth Pharma (PVT) Ltd . Javedan Precasting (Ptv) Ltd. Azam Industries Dhok Dalal Nawaz Brothers. Old G.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. NEOMEDIX .8. 14.T. Domestic Hardware 11.5.4.5. Kaller Syedan Rawat Road 6.

Naseer Flour Mills Ratta Road 39. Peshawar Road 41. Flour Mills 23. Al-Khizria Roller Flour Mills. Olive Laboratories . National Industrial Zone Rawat 22. Jan & Jan Flour & General Mills. Dhok Elahi Bukhsh 28. National Industrial Zone Rawat 20. Classic Flour & General Mills Rawat 33. Pak Roller Flour & General Mills. Ratta Road 34. Habib Flour & General Mills.5. Railway Workshop Road 31.9. Rawat 27. Naswari Bazar 24. Webros Pharmaceuticals. Punjab Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd. Westridge 36. Kallar Road Rawat 30.Rawat 35. Industrial area Rawat 26.Glorious Rawalpindi 19. Al-Qamar Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Khyber Flour Mills. Ratta Road 29. Shaigan Pharmaceuticals (PVT) Ltd. Al Madina Flour and General Mills. Al Hameed Flour & General Mills. Railway Workshop Road 25. Industrial Area Rawat 6. Westridge Factory Area The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 31 . Seham Road 37. Al-Majahid Flour Mills. Al-Wahab Flour & General Mills. Al-Harmain Flour Mills. Adyala Road 21. Kohsar Al-Hilal Flour Mills (PVT) Ltd. Unimar Pharmaceuticals . Khurram Flour & General Mills. Al-Noor Flour & General Mills. Westridge 32. Westridge 38. Al Karim Flour Mills. New Al-Hilal Flour Mills Westridge 40.

5. New Crecent Carbonic Gas Co.14. LPG Cylinders 51. Farmer Market (Pvt) Ltd 47. JI Interprises.10.12. Food Products 45. Industrial/Burn Gases 49.) Ltd. Fine Plastic Works.5.Glorious Rawalpindi 42. Kashmir Road 6.5. Aga khan Health Services Iodized Salt Plant . Fauji Cereals Dhamial Road 48.5. Pirwadhai 46. Poultry Feeds 53.11.13. VIP Flour Mills (Pvt) Ltd Rawat 6. Zafar ul Haq Road 6. SB Feed Industries (Pvt. Fauji Metals new Lalazar 6. Rawat Flour Mills. National Park Road 6. Foundation Gas Filling Plant Morgah 50. Plastic Products 52. Tops Food & Beverages . Rawat The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 32 . Rawat 43. Bangash Colony. United Kashmir Flour Mills (Pvt) Rawat 44.5. Industrial Estate Rawat 54.

M. Peshawar Road 7. Attock Refinery Limited Morgah Refinery 6. Loan Tyre & Rubber Co.5. Textile Composite 56.5.18. Westridge 6.Glorious Rawalpindi 6. Kohinoor Textile Mills Ltd Peshawer Road Rawalpindi 6. Refinery 55. Tyre and Tubes 58.19. Textile Spinning 57.Textile Mills Ltd. Adamjee Street 6. D. Rahat Woolen Mills (Pvt) Ltd.17.20. HEALTH SECTOR 33 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .15.16.5..5. Unani Medicines 59.5. New Dehli Dawakhana Ghazni Road 6.5. Woolen Textile Spinning/Weaving 60.. (Pvt) Ltd.

Rural Dispensaries (GRD) Shakrial Rawalpindi 7. Holy Family Hospital saidpur Road. Rawalpindi. Chandani Chowk The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 34 .3. 2. Govt. This region is full of Health facilities. 2. 7. Social Security Hospital Rawalpindi. 3. Detail of some prominent institutes of both sectors is following. 8. Rawalpindi Kamalabad Rawalpindi Jhawery Rawalpindi Satellite Town Rawalpindi Teli Mohallah Rawalpindi Khurram Colony Taji Jhanugi Krishanpura Rawalpindi Rammabad Shakrial Rawalpindi 7.2. 4.4. MCH Centres 1. Bagga Sheikhan Tehsil Rawalpindi. 3. 6.5. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi General Hospital(RGH). 5. 10. 3.Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi gets the remarkable development in the field of Health in last decay. 7. Dhok Ali Akber. 2. Khayaban e Sirsyed Tehsil Rawalpindi 7. Chountra Tehsil Rawalpindi. Rural Health Centres (RHC) 1. 7. Basic Health Units (BHU) BHU Rehmat Abad. 9. Government Hospitals 1.1.

AFIC ( Armed Forces Institute Of Cardiology) 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 4. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 35 . Major Private Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1. Fawara Chowk Rawalpindi.7. 3. District Headquarters Hospital (DHQ). 7. Combined Military Hospital 7.6. Military Hospital Rawalpindi. Hearts International 192-A The Mall. Army Hospitals in Rawalpindi 1.

Rawalpindi. Maryam Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi 20.I. Eye Surgeons Rawalpindi 23.8. Near Hydri Chowk. Dr. 10. Valley Clinic Rawalpindi 21.Glorious Rawalpindi 2. Aziz Nursing Home Saidpur Road. REDO Eye Hopital Behind Naz Cinema. 5551237 8. Hamdard dawakhana Ajmal Dawakhana Rahmania Dawakhana 7.P. Satellite Town. Riaz Ahmed Murree Road. Rawalpindi 11. Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital Jhelum Road. Following are few most well known homeopathic Doctors. Bazar Road. Rawalpindi Cantt 13.9. Satellite Town. Rawalpindi. Riaz Bajwa Trust 122 Sabzazar Iqbal-o-Khurshid Bajwa House. Shakoors V. Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi 12. Batool Hospital H-241. 4. Amin Mediacl Center Hydri Chowk. Rawalpindi 16. 7. Anwer Hospital Rawalpindi 22. Rawalpindi Cantt. Bilal Hospital 38-A Satellite Town Rawalpindi 051-4438001 9. 6. 3. Allao-ud-Din near Satellite town College Al-Falah Homoeo Clinic 6-A. Dr.A. Satellite Town. Fazal Eye Clinic Near Kali Tanki Mosque. 3. Off Murree Road. Rawalpindi 14. Rawalpindi. Said pur Road.425 7th Road. Safder Clinic 31-B Commercial Center. 1. 3. Commercial Market Rawal Pindi 18. Jinnah Memorial Hospital Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 36 . Shahid Dental Clinic R. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 15. Committee chowk Rawalpindi. Talat Nursing Home Kamalabad Road-Rawalpindi 19. Attock Hospital Private Ltd Morgah. 17. Fatima Clinic 993-B. Rahat Clinic Near Hydri Chowk. Opposite Shell Petrol Pump. Satellite Town. 5. 2. 7. Marie Adel Aid Leprosy Center Northern Regional Office PD. BH Building. Rawalpindi. Munna Bhai Hospital Westridge 1. Homeopathic Doctors/Clinics Bohr Bazar is very well known for homeopathic clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Satellite Town Rawalpindi. In Bohr Bazar there are many Homeopathic Clinics/Doctors and Unani Dawakhanas. Unani Dispensaries/ Dawakhanas 1. 2.

1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 37 . The mandate of the university is to form an organized scientific infrastructure for teaching and research for the development of dry land regions of the country. thus minimizing the income gap between the rich and poor. 8. After their father's death (1901).1. Muhammed Ali Jinnah. This gift to the nation.2. Rawalpindi which was later upgraded to the level of the University in 1994. Universities 8. EDUCATION With the Grace of God Rawalpindi Division is the Unique City in our Country due to Educational Facilities. it is a symbol of the commitment of the nation to women's Education.1967) was the sister of Pakistan's first governor-general. and their families has been conceived and presented in an outstanding academic as well as architectural environment. University of Arid Agriculture.1. ARID UNIVERSITY 8. Rawalpindi Established Barani Agricultural College. Detail of some most prominent Institutions is as follows. Fatima Jinnah University for Women.Glorious Rawalpindi 8.1. its daughters. As it stands. Rawalpindi Fatima Jinnah Women University is named in commemoration of the contributions made by "Madr-e-Millat" Fatima Jinnah (Madr-e-Millat (Mother of the Nation) (1893 . It is housed in a building which was the old presidency and it is through this University that our heritage has been beautifully interlinked with the education of women for next millennium. The building has an architectural splendor. Education up to Graduate level is no more difficult for the citizens of Rawalpindi due to the large number of Government as well private institutions. Muhammed became her legal guardian.

Hashmat Ali Isl. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 38 . National University of Science and Technology’s headquarter is in Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. College. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi 8. College Asghar Mall.1. Intermediate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr.2. No. Rawalpindi 2. Govt.2. 1. The National University of Science and Technology (NUST) NUST was founded in 1991.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. 2. No. Rawalpindi.1. Govt. Rawalpindi. Colleges 8. Govt.2.2. 3. College for women St. Khadija Ummar Girls Inter College. Name of the Institution Govt. Rawalpindi (an affiliated college of NUST) 8. Post Graduate Colleges (Male and Female) Sr. Rawalpindi. 4. Town. Town. Govt. Gorden College. Located near the CMH. College St. 5. NUST has been one of the most famous places to study. Govt. Rawalpindi. Govt. Viqar un Nisa College for women. College Of Electrical & Mechanical Engineering. Govt.3. 1.

Rawalpindi. town. Saddar. Rawalpindi Raess-ul-Ahrar College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Punjab College of Commerce Peshawer road. 15. Town. OPF-girls Secondary School St. Rawalpindi. 2. Rawalpindi 36. Rawalpindi. 24. Infoneyes College of Information Technology St. Rawalpindi. 10. Al-Falah College for women St. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 33. 28. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. St. St. Rawalpindi. Ilqa Post Graduate Girls College. Rawalpindi. 30. Town. Private registered Colleges (Male & Female) Rawalpindi College for Girls. Rawalpindi College of Commerce. Civil College of Commerce St. Islamic International Commerce College Saidpur Road. Punjab College of Information Technology. College of Advance Technology. 21. Rawalpindi. Cantt College of Commerce Westridge. Rawalpindi College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 1. Punjab College of Excellence in Commerce . Jinnah Institute of Information St. 11. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. 12. 27. Rawalpindi. Town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. St. Leader College 6th Road. Saddar. 31. 23. National Science College Murree Road. 13. Universal College. 8.3. Fatima Jinnah College for girls St. Khawarizmi Institute of Science and Technology St. town. 3. 34. Town. Rawalpindi. 32. Rawalpindi. 6. Khatoon-e-Pakistan College for Women Peshawer Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 39 . Town. Hashmi College of Commerce Tulsa Road. 22. Kashmir Road. St. 9. Town. Town. 29. Rawalpindi. Islamabad college of Management and Computer Abid Majeed Road. town. Rawalpindi. Sadiqabad. 7. St. 5. 35. Rawal College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 4. Rawalpindi. Sir Syed Science College Tipu Road. Fauji Foundation College for Girls Lalazar. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Civil Line. town. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.2. town. Rawalpindi Cantt College of Commerce Peshawer Road. 17. Leaders College of Commerce. 14. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. Rawal College of Commerce. Rawalpindi. Punjab Law College. 19. Rawalpindi. 26. Rawalpindi. CIT College Majeed Plaza Bank Road. Rahimabad airport Road. 18. NICON College of Computer and ManagementSciences.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi 16. St. Rwp. 25. Rawalpindi. Educator College. 20.

Rawalpindi. 11. Town. BPS Workshapi Mohallah M. 56. BPS Dhok Hukamdad M.C.C. 3. GMS Amarpura. College of Commerce Saddar. Town. Khyber Institute of Professional Skills St. Rawalpindi College for Boys. Rawalpindi Model College of Commerce. 6.C. 2. BPS Bangash Colony M. M. 49.C. 15.C. BPS Dhok Paracha M. 41. 53. Rawalpindi. M.2. M.C. Margalla Institute 6th Road. M. Rawalpindi. Standard Commerce College Chandni Chowk. Islamabad College of Management & Commerce Quid-i-Azam Rawalpindi. 39. BMS Amarpura. 8. Rwalpindi. Shamsabad. 3. 14.Glorious Rawalpindi 37. 50. 8. Capital College Murree Road. 10. 54.2. 38. GMS Qasimabad.C. GMS Waris Khan. BPS Faiz abad M. Morgah Rawalpindi. 44.C. M. BPS Muslim Town M. 4. Rwalpindi. Town. BPS Fauji Colony M. MC. 12. Middle Schools Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi Cantt.C.C. St. town.5. 13.C. 55. town. BPS Dhok Paracha 40 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .4. BPS Chamanzar.C. 1. Rawalpindi. GPS Khayaban-e-Sirsyed. Leadership College for Boys St. Rawalpindi College of Commerce for Girls St. M. Rawalpindi. 45. 48. Rwalpindi. 8.. Rawalpindi. 43.C. Rawalpindi.C. Jinnah Islamia College of Commerce St. 9. Rawalpindi. 7. St. Rawalpindi.C. MC.C. Punjab College of information technology. BPS Arya Mohallah M. Leadership College for Girls St. Rawalpindi. 40. BPS Qasim abad. BPS Dhok Hasoo M.C.C. M. M. Pakistan Advance College of Excellence. 4. 52. 16. Islamic International Commerce College. Town. 42. 51. town. 5. Jinnah Institute of Informatics. 46.C. Primary Schools Rawalpindi M. Inflorescence College of modern . Indus College of Commerce.C. 1. BPS Muslim Town. Ojiri Camp. BPS Kashmiri Bazar M. BPS New Malpur M. Main Peshawer Road Police College Saihala. Modern College of Computer Studies(MCCS). 2. Rawalpindi. 47. Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi.

Vocational Training Institute (W). Dhamial.6.C.2.C.C. M. M. Rawalpindi. 8. Kartarpura. 4. Vocational Training Institute (W). GHS Talab Pukhta 8. Rawalpindi 393-A Chur Harpal Ghazi Colony Rawalpindi. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . College of Commerce. GHS Satellite Town M. 6. Govt. Rawalpindi (Cantt.C. Nazir Plaza Rawalpindi 41 2. BHS Satellite Town M. Scheme No. Govt. Govt.3. Rawalpindi Saidpur Road. Rawalpindi Tipu Road Behind Moti Mahal Cinema Rawalpindi Govt. Rawalpindi Govt. Govt.C. Rawalpindi Govt. 9. Institute of Commerce.C.C. MC. BPS Chitian Hattian 19. Techincal Training Institute (W). 2. 6.PIA College Rawalpindi City.) PIA Colony Misrial Road.C. Vocational Training Institute (W). 5. Institute of Commerce (W). BHS Ratta Amral M.C. Rawalpindi Govt.C. 3. Rawalpindi Cantt. 1. 8. Rawalpindi City Wood Working Service Centre. Technical Education and Vocational Training Authority Rawalpindi 1. BHS Moti Baza M. (RMGTC). BPS Ratta 18. 5. 7. 4. 3.(ABAD). M. GHS Teli Mohallah M. Dhoke Syedan. 7.C. BPS Affandi Colony 8. High School Rawalpindi M. Allahabad Westridge III Near Ashiana Chowk.Glorious Rawalpindi 17. GHS Ratta Amral M. BHS Millat Colony M.2 Satellite Town. Vocational Training Institute (W).

7. 4. 4. The Mall F.4.G. Liaquat Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 42 . 6.G Sir Syed College for Boys.G (C.B) College for Women Fauji Foundation College for Boys F. Sir Syed College. Muslim Higher Secondary School # 1. St Mary's Academy and St Mary's Cambridge School the oldest and most renowned Missionary Schools for boys Bahria Foundation College Peshawar Rd Presentation Convent High School Army Public School and College (APSAC). Chaklala The City School (Murree Road) 8. 5. 3.G Sir Syed College for Boys. 4. 6. F.6. Harley Street F. Ordinance Road.G. 2. 2. Private Schools and colleges 1. Govt. Quaid-e-Azam College. Federal Government Schools & Colleges F. 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Said Pur Road Government Islamia High School No. 3. 5. The Mall Fauji Foundation Model School. The Mall 1. Government Schools & Colleges 1. Lalazar Beacon-House Schools System PAF Intermediate College. Chaklala III 8.5.

Glorious Rawalpindi 8. Rawalpindi Medical College. Medical Colleges 1. 4. Army Medical College (founded in 1977) Islamic International Medical College (IIMC) Foundation University Medical College (FUMC) The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 43 . 3.7. RawalPindi (an affiliated 2.

Situated near the Ayub National Park. The Raja Bazaar in the old city and Saddar Bazaar are the important destinations. Ayub National Park is regularly frequented by locals to spend the evening during weekends to spend some hours of entertainment with family and kids.Glorious Rawalpindi 9. It has a playground. SPORTS & RECREATION 9. 300 acres. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi have delighted visitors and vacationers down the years. It covers an area of about 2. crosses the railway tracks and heads to the east end on its way to Islamabad. Meander through the bazaars. Rawalpindi Attractions like the city markets comprise two main roads: the Grand Trunk Road running east to west is known as The Mall when it crosses the cantonment. Ayub National Park Ayub National Park is located beyond the old Presidency on Grand Trunk (G. but you should familiarize yourself with the geography before setting out. beyond the old Presidency on Jhelum Road. covers 2. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include the bazaars.T.1. an aquarium.300 acres and has a play area. These are the best way to see the city. today this is a facility of 27 holes. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 44 . The Rawalpindi Golf Course is one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi.1. the Murree Road to the north of The Mall. The Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions take in archaeological as well as historical destinations. founded in 1885. 9. Rawalpindi Tourism also includes the parks. the golf course was completed in 1926 by one of the oldest gold clubs of Pakistan.1. Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi include a list of names that acquaint the traveler with the unique culture and heritage of the city. fountains and flower beds. Rawalpindi lies on the Grand Trunk Road between Peshawar and Lahore against the background of the Margalla Hills on the Potwar Plateau. From being a nine-hole course. It has a lake with boating facility. The Rawalpindi Public Park on Murree Road near Shamsabad was opened in 1991. a garden restaurant and an aquarium. a gardenrestaurant and an open air theater. play land. lush lawns. The Ayub National Park. the Rawalpindi Golf Club. lake with boating facility.) Road. at the same time retaining its traditional flavor.

As you move to the inner areas of the park there is a lake with facilities for boating. One should try out during a visit here. It has a play area for children. cheetahs. 2007 at same venue. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 45 .1. The 1996 World Cup cricket matches were held on this cricket ground. A nominal fee has been fixed to enter the park and it is open from the early morning hour till the sunset. Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. bears. A cricket stadium was built in 1992 opposite the Public Park. Ayub National Park is one important area of tourist attractions in Rawalpindi.3.Glorious Rawalpindi Ayub National Park is situated in Rawalpindi in Paistan. was assassinated here in 1950. To add to the fun are the sights of some of the wild animals in their natural habitat. There is a remote controlled boating section where young people as well as kids glide their boats with control in their hands. 9. 9.1. It is one of the oldest points as well as the largest in the historical Rawalpindi city that twines with the capital Islamabad. lions. Visitors with family and kids have great fun out here enjoying the rides and skating in the skating ring. First Lady Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto also assassinated at 27th Dec. Other areas of the park are used for walking. fountains and flower beds. Within the Ayub National Park is a small area that is named as Jungle Kingdom where there are various fun rides for kids. Some tigers. is of historical interest due to its political processions. This is one of the popular sites for recreation and entertainment. This is one of the most interesting aspects in the park. Liaqat National Bagh Sometimes known as Liaqat Bagh and formerly Municipal Park.2. peacock and other animal and birds are visible in the zoo that is there within the Ayub National Park. lawns. The first prime minister of Pakistan. The Park was opened in 1991. Rawalpindi Public Park Rawalpindi Public Park (well known as Nawaz Sharif Park) is located on Murree Road near Shamsabad.

at 2. with views across the valley of the Jhelum River into Azad Kashmir.even chilly in the evening . when the honor was transferred to Simla. Peshawar Road 9. In summer it is cool .Glorious Rawalpindi 9. make it the first choice for a day's outing from the capital.4. Its cold pine forests.1. But it is extremely popular with Punjabis escaping the heat of the plains in summer. near Kachari Chowk. the best time to go in April-May and September-October. Between the two runs The Mall. where most people congregate. schools. one from The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 46 . Murree has once again become the summer retreat of the governor of Punjab and. a little bit of England. To beat the crowds and still enjoy the walks. Jinnah Park. Since independence. Murree spreads along the top of a ridge for about five kilometres (three miles). however. Promenading and shopping are Murree's main amusements. Founded as a hill station by the British in 1851. since Islamabad became the capital of Pakistan in 1962. Murree remained. At the north-east end is Kashmir Point.400 feet). Civil Lines 9. amidst magnificent mountain scenery. has expanded rapidly. looking back towards Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The Galis are a string of hill resorts along the ridge between Murree and Abbottabad. In winter. especially at weekends. Numerous roads leave. churches. is only an hour's drive north-east of Islamabad.1. The Mall and either follow the contours of the ridge or descend to the principal road. Murree and the Galis Murree. Romi Park. complete with The Mall for promenading. at the centre of which is the main shopping area.6. or riding in the new chair-lifts. At the southwest end is Pindi Point. clubs and cafes.5.and rain is common. on the Karakoram Highway. parks. so is too crowded for comfort from late May to early September.1. Murree was the summer headquarters of the government of Punjab until 1876.240 meters (7. the snow is piled high along the sides of the streets. Murree is lovely all year round.

The bracing air of the surrounding mountains is as pure as fresh spring water. Patriata 25 km from Murree. Ayubia is 26 km from Murree. the other to the top of Patriata hill (on the road to Karor). The first stage is by chair lift up to Patriata Bazaar. Changlagali It is 16 km from Murree at an altitude of 2559 m.Glorious Rawalpindi Bansara Gali (below Murree) to Pindi Point. From here visitors transfer to cable car gondolas for the ride up to Patriata Ride. From near the Pearl Continental hotel you can take one of the many delightful paved walks through the woods. Changlagali. It is 30 km from Murree. Dungagali Dungagali is a picturesque small resort situated on the slopes of the Mukshpuri hill (2376 m.). Natural springs abound on the slopes. The golf course here is open only to members. Khairagali It is 16 km from Murree at an elevation of 2346 m and commands a panoramic view on either side of the ridge. Further plans include development of a wildlife park at the mid-station. Ayubia has a chair lift. It commands a charming view of a series of wooded spurs projecting towards the river Jhelum on the western side. There is chairlift and cable car system which takes visitors up to Patriata Ridge in two stages from Gulehra Gali. The TDCP has developed a new tourist resort at Patriata. takes you up to the summit of the nearby range for a panoramic view of the forested hills. both rides cost about Rs. which like a ski-lift. The Galis (Streets) Nathiagali Perhaps the most sought out is the beautiful Nathiagali perched 2501 meters high about 32 km away from Murree. which is the highest point in the range. 50 and take half an hour with a change from open chair-lift to the enclosed bubble in the middle. A restaurant has also been established. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 47 . hiking places and picnic spots. In addition to riding trails. Bhurban Bhurban is a minor resort eight kilometers (five miles) from Murree on the road leading north-east to Kohala and the Jhelum Valley. From Dungagali one can climb the 2813 m peak of Mukhshpuri. Ayubia Khairagali. these four mini resorts spread over an area of 26 km have been developed into a resort complex called Ayubia. There is a rest house located in the most picturesque surroundings.

Glorious Rawalpindi Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a popular name among the Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. There are 21 medicinal herbs here belonging to 19 families which are used by the local inhabitants. Murree Wildlife Park The Murree Wildlife Park.7. In addition to riding trails. hill pigeon and sparrow hawk. better known as the Murree National Park. Asiatic leopard. golden eagle. This Chairlift was the first such recreation facility in Pakistan and still remains a major attraction for the domestic tourists. The Rawalpindi Kashmir Point is the place from where the Kashmir peaks can be viewed from a convenient vantage point and that is why this point is called Kashmir Point. The Murree Wildlife Park is a National Park in the North West Frontier Province of Pakistan. you will find that the surface is clean. Khanspur and Ghora Dhaka in Galyat. The Pindi Point is another attraction located near the Kashmir Point. 9. hiking places. The Raja Bazaar The Raja Bazaar is one of the well liked Tourist Attractions in Rawalpindi. situated on the summit of a hill. Khaira Gali. a sub category of the Montane Forests. is perhaps one of the best representative quarters of the Himalayan Moist Temperate Forest. flying squirrel and hill fox. is dotted with a number of bazaars or markets. For this. The Murree National Park has been developed as a resort complex by combining four mini resorts of Changla Gali. The Murree Wildlife Park Rawalpindi provides tourists superb scenery of the huge subtropical pine forest casing the hills and providing shelter. Location of Kashmir Point Kashmir Point is a spot on Mall Road. Kashmir Point is an enjoyable locale. An ethno botany program is being carried out in the Murree Wildlife Park area to demonstrate the sustainable and ecological usage of plant resources as a means for conserving biodiversity. Travelers find this spectacular spot extremely conducive for gathering a pleasant experience. there is a chairlift service in the central place of Ghora Dhaka in Ayubia that takes the tourists to a nearby apex for a view of the forested hills. known as the twin of Pakistan’s capital. It will also aid in the improvement of appropriate strategies to reduce the dependence. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 48 . The animals include the Asiatic black bear. There are several areas of tourist interest near the Murree Wildlife Park such as picnic spots and motels. This will involve the establishment of levels and patterns of local dependence on the park’s resources. The Murree Wildlife Park harbors species like the vulture. The city of Rawalpindi. once you reach the summit. Islamabad.1. It is a small natural park located 26 kms from the picturesque hill station of Murree. you have to go up from the Rawalpindi General Post Office about 1 km. Scenery from here is extremely beautiful. The best time of the year to plan your visit is between the months of May and November.

This is a place where you go by choice. is an ideal place to visit and get an idea about the archaeological significance of the place. at The Raja Bazaar. 48 km from Rawalpindi.T. Hassan Abdal Hassan Abdal is a beautiful. There are 4000 objects displayed.Glorious Rawalpindi like The Raja Bazaar. Raja bazaar and Kashmiri bazaar. vicery of India in 1918. is a haunt of pick pockets and policemen. cane baskets and furniture. 9. Here. It is famous for remains of Gandhara art. the museum. However. The sheer variety of businesses will impress you. a display of artefacts detailing the daily life of the inhabitants of ancient Taxila. and a useful model of the whole valley showing all the archaeological sites. Taxila Museum is located 35 km from Islamabad on the Grand Trunk Road to Peshawar. the Raja Bazaar is in fact a business souk where you can glimpse thousands of people running from here to there. are located around the Taxila Museum. quiet place and a convenient halting point of G. hindu and Jain cults are well represented through these objects discovered from three ancient cities and more than two dozen buddhist stupas and monasteries and Greek temples. walking sticks. which is the first stop for any tourist. stucco. you will not be able to figure out what to do at this amazing place. Mainly the display consists of objects from the period 600 B. At the outset. The Raja Bazaar commences from here.9. The bazaars of the Old City are famous for quaint old shops in Moti bazaar. terracotta. The Sarafa bazaar. The bazaars of Rawalpindi are known to specialize in Kashmiri silver. Taxila Museum Construction of Taxila museum started in 1918. As it turns out. You need to get used to the pulsating rhythm of The Raja Bazaar to understand the place better. one of the other market places of Rawalpindi. silver. The government of Pakistan constructed the northern gallery in 1998. 9. Potohar shoes and Chappals. The Raja Bazaar Rawalpindi is situated right next to the Rawalpindi Cantonment. dating back 600 BCE to 500 CE. Buddhist. you can find every thing which a common man can use. including stone. is famous for brass and copperware and beaten gold and silver jewelry. handicrafts such as inlaid sheesham and walnut furniture. Most of the sites at Taxila. Sir John Marshall who was going to be retired from the post of Director General of Archaeological survey of India in 1928.C to 500 AD. shawls and jackets. embroidered and woolen kurtas and household linen. It is This town has a particular association with The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 49 . could not complete its original plan. but come out by sheer luck. The museum houses one of the best collections of Gandhara art in Pakistan.1.8. Saddar bazaar. so the place is ideal for purchasing gift items and accessories. gold. Construction was concluded in 1928 and the museum was opened for public by Sir Habibullah then the ministry for Education. iron and semiprecious stones. its foundation stone laid by Lord Chemsford. and hand woven Kashmiri and Bokhara carpets.1. Taxila Museum is one of the best and most wellmaintained museums of Pakistan. The Raja Bazaar in Rawalpindi however. Road enroute to Peshawar or Abbottabad. All the sites at Taxila cannot be visited in a day. Rawalpindi has long been a major market for exports from neighboring places such as Indian Kashmir and the North West Frontier Province.

T. line the canals through which cool waters once.e. Wah Gardens Once a major campsite of Mughal rulers. There is an obelisk right on the top of the Pass. Taxila. left of G. and the modern capital of Pakistan. built in 1890 in memory of Brig. Places Around Rawalpindi & Islamabad Margalla Pass The small pass is located 26 km west of Islamabad on G.T. Today.Twice a year.1. It has a Sikh Gurdwara (temple) known as Panja Sahib having a sacred rock with the hand print of their religious leader. Government of Pakistan. Flowed between elegant romantic and cascading into large reflecting basins. waterfall and the surrounding hillside are a perfect attraction. gently flowing stream. Guru Nanak. Gen. This road was first built by the Persians in 516 BC and later developed by the Afghan King Sher Shah Suri in 1540s. Tapering cypress trees. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 50 .5 acres. that is. by his colleagues. Road. The Children's Park and playground are spread over an area of 12. The gardens are being restored to their original beauty. Chattar This resort nestles at the base of Murree hills at a distance of 15 km on Islamabad-Murree road. Sikh pilgrims visit this Gurdwara from all over the world. loved by the Mughals. This place offers scenic walks. Ferishta and Jehangir. Margalla is mentioned by historians and emperors like Alberuni. Wah Gardens are located 12 km west of Taxila on G. i. The gardens were developed with magnificent trees and weather channels by successive Mughal emperors. John Nicholson (died on 23 September 1857) of British army. An inscription on the western side of this stone pavement shows that it was again repaired in 1672 AD. Two other historical buildings of Mughal era (Muqbara Hakeeman and so-called tomb of Lala Rukh) are located just opposite the Gurdwara. Road.T. Road. 9. The resort has a restaurant. it is a pass between the ancient capital of Gandhara. by the Department of Archaeology. It was mentioned by Emperor Jehangir in his memoirs and frequently visited by successive Mughal Kings.10. It remained a holy place for various religious groups through the ages. barbecue and two air-conditioned tourist cottages. Islamabad. A small part of the ancient Shahi (Royal) Road can be seen just across the pass. on their way to Kashmir.Glorious Rawalpindi Mughals and Sikhs.

Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2. Other Places Worth A Visit

9.2.1. The Salt Range
The Salt Range runs from Jhelum river in the east and west to Kalabagh on the Indus River. Most of the Salt Range is composed of the salt deposits left behind when the sea that extended over the Potohar Plateau evaporated 800 million years ago. Fossils of prehistoric animals have been discovered in the Salt Range, especially near a village called Bari Amir Khatoon, 40 km from Chakwal. There are many places of historical and archaeological interest in the Salt Range. Salt Range remained part of a powerful Hindu Kingdom of Kashmir in 10th century AD. Most of the forts and temples concentrated in the Salt Range date from that period.

9.2.2.

Khewra Salt Mines

The main center of mining is Khewra in the Salt Range where the world's largest salt mines are located. Khewra salt mines are 154 kms away from Rawalpindi. The route is Mandra-DydyalChakwal-Choha Saidan Shah-Khewra. A longer route is through Kallar Kahar-Katas. The nearest hotel accommodation is a TDCP resort at Kallar Kahar. For permits to visit the mines you may contact their office in Islamabad at Plot No. 13, H-9 (Manager Salt, Tel: 448407-8, 448413) through PTDC Tourist Information Centers at Rawalpindi or Islamabad, at least 4 days in advance.

9.2.3.

Kallar Kahar

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range at the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar. TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant over-looking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities.

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Glorious Rawalpindi 9.2.4. Temple of Katas

The Hindu Temple Complex at Katas is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and Malot are valuable pieces of architecture and history. Most of the temples, located some 40 km from the modern city of Chakwal in the Potohar region of northern Punjab in Pakistan, were built during the reign of Hindu kings. These several temples were built around 900 years ago or more, although the earliest of the Katasraj temples dates back to the latter half of the 6th century A.D. Scholars believe that most of the temples were actually constructed when the Shahi kingdom, driven from Afghanistan when their ethnic cousin Mahmud of Ghanavi came to power, fled to the region and set up base there. The temple was abandoned by local Hindus when they migrated to East Punjab in 1947. It has always been the site of holy pilgrimage for people of various faiths. Even nowadays, worshippers from all faiths perform pilgrimages to the temple every year and bathe in the sacred pool around which Katasraj is built.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.2.5. Rawat Fort

Forts

Rawat Fort is located 17 km east of Rawalpindi, on the Grand Trunk (G.T. Road) leading to Lahore. Gakkhars, a fiercely independent tribe of the Potohar Plateau, built the fort in early 16th century. The grave of a Gakkhar Chief, Sultan Sarang Khan is located inside the fort. He died in 1546 AD fighting against the forces of Sher Shah Suri. One needs to climb the broken steps inside the tomb to get a panoramic view of the plateau and the Mankiala Stupa. Pharwala Fort

This fort is about 40 km from Rawalpindi beyond Lehtrar road. It was built in 15th century by a Gakkhar ruler, Sultan Kai Gohar, on the ruins of a 10th century Hindi Shahi Fort. Emperor Babar conquered the fort in 1519 AD. Later, in 1825, Gakkars were expelled by Sikhs from this fort. Though the fort is in a crumbling state, it is still an attraction for castle lovers. The fort being situated in a prohibited area is only open for Pakistani visitors. Rohtas Fort

Rohtas Fort is 109 km from Rawalpindi. It is located about 6 km southwest of Dina Town. Going from Rawalpindi/Islamabad, you have to turn right from G.T. Road to a narrow road just before Dina Police Station and then go left until you find the city bed of Kahan River. The fort is visible from this point. However, you have to cross the river to reach it. The fort is one of the most impressive historical monuments in Pakistan. It was built by Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri, between 1540 and 1547 AD. It served as a huge fortified base for military operations against Gakkhars by Sher Shah Suri. It was later used by Mughal emperor Akbar and Sikhs. Within the huge terraced rampart walls with robust bastions and twelve gates are located a fortress, palaces and ancillary buildings. The Rawalpindi Rohtas Fort dominates the Ghaan gorge, which was the only viable route from the mountainous nation north of the salt range to the southern plains. The plan of the Rohtas Fort is adapted to the terrain, defended by a number of ravines as well as the Ghaan River, which breaks through the eastern spur of the Tilla range. The fort is surrounded by a massive wall and 12 gates. The most striking feature is the wall strengthened with 68 bastions. Besides providing strength, these bastions add to the elegance and grandeur of the fort. The terraces of the wall are interlinked by stairs and the topmost terrace is Merion shaped. The height of the fortification wall of the Rohtas Fort is between 30 and 40 feet and a considerable number of galleries have been provided within the thickness of the wall for the soldiers and were used as storage space. The wall is built of sand stone rubble masonry, lime mortar and granular brick grit. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 53

The remains of Giri fort are perched on the hilltop.3. From the clubhouse. one on the top of the hill and other below it. Rawalpindi Golf Course in Rawalpindi has an elegant clubhouse that throws a lovely natural panorama of the Faisal Mosque and the beautifully manicured lawns.3. at the foot of Margalla. Attock Fort It is situated about 101 km west of Islamabad on the left bank of Indus River. the oldest golf clubs in Pakistan which was started in 1885. Road. a small town has developed. with spring water falling within it. The fort was built in 5th century by the Buddhist monks. The serene surrounding of the course draws tourists to spend their day in style amidst the lush green surrounding. It is approached through a rough torrent bed near two villages named Khurram Gujar and Khurram Paracha. Giri Fort The glen of Giri is located 8 km northeast of Taxila. there is a panoramic view of Faisal Mosque. It is situated at I. it is now a 27-hole course. This leaves open the possibility of establishing townships here in the future. and the course itself.T. Rawalpindi Golf Course Situated near Ayub National Park.Glorious Rawalpindi Within the Rohtas Fort. The fort was completed in 1583 AD under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi. Major golf tournaments are regularly held here. son of Sultan Mahmud of Gazni. It has tie ups with the Rawalpindi Tourism bureau and some hotels in Rawalpindi do bring their guest for some recreational purpose. one of the oldest golf clubs of Pakistan. Sports venues and stadiums 9. on the G. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 54 . was completed in 1926 by Rawalpindi Golf Club. Rawalpindi Golf course dates back to the year 1926 and is one of the oldest golf courses in Pakistan. home to several thousand people. The sprawling course is a 18hole Course that hosts all major golf tournaments organized by the national golfing authority. There are more than12 mosques and 10 schools within the premises of the fort. There are remains of two monasteries and stupas. T. The facility was initially developed as a nine-hole course. It is managed and maintained by Rawalpindi Golf Club.1. The Mughal caravan sarai outside the fort. was also built during this period. Road Rawalpindi. the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Later it was used by Sultan Masud. The facilities at Rawalpindi Golf course a training program for the beginners and practice arrangement for the amateurs. G. There is a restaurant that serves food and beverages to the visitors. Rawalpindi is one of the treasures of Pakistan and is used for many national golf tournaments. 9. After several phases of development. a minister of emperor Akbar.

2. Since then it has been hosting a lot of matches both international and domestic.3. Since then it features regularly in the cricket itinerary whenever a foreign team tours Pakistan. A feather in the cap of the picturesque stadium was added in the year 2001 when the flood light was installed to host day-night matches. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium has become an important tourist sites during the Rawalpindi Tour. Australia played Pakistan under floodlights which has made one of the floodlit stadiums of the world. During the course of time the capacity was increased to 20. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 55 . It became a hot spot during the 1995-96 Cricket World Cup Tournament. floodlights and an indoor fitness center which is equipped with all latest international equipments where the sportsmen work their heart out to keep fit and fine. The authorities have planned to extend it by 9-hole. This is in fact the 14th test Match ground in Pakistan. 9. The Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium was unveiled in the year 1993 during the Zimbabwe Tour. Islamabad. The stadium also houses cafeterias for the joggers to have some light snacks and beverages after their practice session.000. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium in Rawalpindi is located on the edge of the city 3 miles away from the Capital city. It was selected as the venue for the 2nd Test Match between Pakistan and the touring Zimbabwe side.Glorious Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Golf Course has a great potential for organizing international golf tournaments. The cricket lovers do travel out to the Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium to have a glimpse of the stadium. The facilities at the stadium include practice pitches. Golf is played here all the year round and European players do come down her during the winter months when its snow in Europe. Tourist can also visit them and have a feel of the lovely surrounding. Having been established in 1992 with a capacity to hold 15.000 cricket loving enthusiast watch their national cricketing heroes face the rival teams. Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium Rawalpindi Cricket Stadium is the most revered name among the cricket loving tourists.

Rawalpindi Club.3. Army Hockey Stadium 9.5. SOME OTHER STADIUMS a) KRL Cricket Stadium b) Army Football Stadium c) Municipal Football Stadium.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 9.3.3. Satellite Town d) Race course ground Race course ground The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 56 . The Mall Saddar 9.4.

Glorious Rawalpindi

9.4. Popular Sports In Rawalpindi

9.4.1.

KABBADI

Pakistan Kabaddi Federation (PKF) organized Kabbaddi matches in Pakistan. It is a very popular and widely played sport. Matches between Pakistan and their rivals India can be very intense. Kabaddi is Cultural game of Rawalpini. It is also being played in Rural areas with great interest. 9.4.2. Cricket

Cricket has a huge following and based on attendance figures at games, is the most popular sport in the Rawalpindi. Pakistan has produced many multi-talented players who have been among the best batsmen and bowlers in the world.. Pakistan has won a lot of international cricket events, including the World Cup in 1992, besides finishing as runners up in 1999 World Cup and 2007 World Twenty20. Pakistan's cricket teams take part in domestic competitions such as the ABN-AMRO Cup, the ABN- AMRO Patron'sTrophy, ABN-AMRO Twenty-20 Cup Twenty-20 Cup. In Pindi Cricket stadium many International and domestics matches played .

9.4.3.

Field Hockey

Field hockey is the national sport of Pakistan. The Pakistan Hockey Federation (PHF) is the national governing body of field hockey in Pakistan. The Pakistan men's team has won three gold medals at the Olympics and lifted the Hockey World Cup four times. It has also won the most number of Asian gold medals and is the only Asian team to have won the prestigious Champions Trophy. It has been consistently ranked amongst the top. Hockey matches played at Rawalpindi Hockey Stadium at Mall Road Rawalpindi.

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Glorious Rawalpindi

9.5. Wildlife potential in Rawalpindi district, Punjab. A study was conducted to investigate the wildlife potential including the population status, habitat preference, distribution pattern and overall diversity of wildlife species in Rawalpindi district, Punjab, Pakistan. Socioeconomic surveys were also conducted to identify incentives for active involvement of local community in management activities and evaluate the awareness of the local community about the importance of wildlife. Eleven species were studied for their habitat preference: Lophura leucomelana hamiltoni, Francolinus francolinus, Accipiter gentilis, Muntiacus muntjac, Martes flavigula, Macaca mulatta, Eupetaurus cinereus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes, Panthera pardus and Hystrix indica. The species were less determined in habitat selection but were widely distributed throughout the habitat range. Sixtytwo people were interviewed in two socioeconomic surveys. All of the local people interviewed were aware of the types of wildlife in the area. 53.6% of the respondents view that hunting is limited, 43.4% said no hunting and 3% practiced unlimited hunting. 90% of the people surveyed are willing to cooperate in wildlife conservation measures, 31.5% recommended a complete ban on hunting and 40% recommended protection from fire during the burning season. 9.6. Cinemas & Theatres Following are Cinema houses working in Rawalpindi City:
Plaza Cinema, The Mall Ciros Cinema, Saddar Gulistan, Committee Chowk

Shabistan, Committee Chowk

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Glorious Rawalpindi Other famous Cinema House at Rawalpindi are as follows; • • • • • • • Odean Cinema PAF Cinema Cinepax Cinema Novalty Cinema Novelty Cinema Khurshid Cinema Moti Mahal Cinema

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• • The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 60 . fires and disasters was putting the lives and properties of citizens at risk.2.1. RESCUE 1122 ( Punjab Emergency Services) The limited capacity to deal with emergencies like road traffic accidents. The usual and most convenient method of contacting Rescue 15 is through telephone. The universal number for calling the centre is 15 which is also the reason for their nomenclature. identification of vehicles for registration etc. crime reporting.1. Response and Prevention. the leading cause of deaths) amongst young able bread-winners.Emergency Reporting Centre Rescue 15 is an initiative of the Punjab Police to provide emergency response to the people in distress or victims of a crime. The Service Ambulances and trained rescue paramedics was able to provide an average response time of 7 minutes in a city. the Government of Punjab has introduced a system for Emergency Preparedness. buildings collapse. Emergencies and Disasters whom earlier people were afraid to help due to medico-legal reasons. Fire and Disaster preparedness and response. emergency medical treatment and safe transportation to helpless victims of Accidents. 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.1. Development of Safer Communities through proactive approach towards Emergency Management. which is an achievement even internationally. The Service started as an Emergency Ambulance Service has been a great success by providing efficient and effective response. rescue. Based on the success of this trained emergency service its role has been expanded to include Rescue. Objectives of RESCUE 1122 Establishment of a system for Emergency Preparedness. Therefore. • To have positive socio-economic impact on society by reducing disabilities and deaths due to injuries ( mostly resulting from road traffic accidents. SOCIAL AND EMERGENCY SERVICES 10. They rather inform the concerned police station or the nearest police patrol for this purpose. SERVICES 10. The centre staff does not respond to the emergencies themselves. Rescue 15 . Response and Prevention through legislation and Punjab Emergency Service (Rescue 1122) has been established for proper management of emergencies. Community Awareness &Training.1. Gradually they have also been equipped to provide other police related services including legal advice. explosions. however personal visits are also allowed.

sympathy and compassion along with sacrifice of his personal comforts. 3. are the important elements on which rests the philosophy of Abdul Sattar Edhi. 5.1.1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. struggle.4. which is controlled by Abdul Sattar Edhi . 11. POLICE STATIONS Major Police Stations of Rawalpindi are as follows: 1. 8. 6. patience. it has main office at Murree Road Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 61 . Police station City Gunj Mandi Pirwadhai Waris Khan Banni New Town Saadiq Abad Cantt Westridge R. anxious to comfort and console the anguished souls. Endurance. Edhi Foundation is providing so many social services here in Rawalpindi. Edhi Foundation Edhi Foundation is one of the dynamic NGOs with branches spread through out the Country. 2. 12. perseverance. who is a mobile institution ready to respond. 4. 7. 10. 14.A Bazar Civil Lines Airport Saddar Beroni Women Police Station 10. 13.3. 9.

This is achieved by the formation of 'families' which are as natural as possible. support. Old People and Disabled. Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 62 .6. Children. SOS Village SOS Children's Villages are institutions established to give orphaned or abandoned children a new start in life by providing a substitute for the family they have lost. Ladies are working at Darul Aman 10. Empowerment of Women & Gender Equality.5.1. love and understanding. The children are given security. The main Campus of SOS is near AyubNational Park at Jhelum Road .1.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Darul Aman Basic Objective of Darul Aman is to provide Social Protection Services. Special Initiatives for Destitute Women.

“The basic aim is that this orphan. The curriculum includes Islamic studies. SNGPL was incorporated as a private limited Company in 1963 and converted into a public limited company in January 1964 under the Companies Act 1913.081 HM3 worth 107. to be sure.1.897. both for itself and other organizations.008. detail of some among them is following.2.118 million rupees during July-September.964 KM of pipeline (as at June 2006). This madrassah's library is full of books in both English and the national language. he should not become a beggar or a burden to his family. It has also expanded its activities to undertake the planning. and then continue their studies separately until grade 10. The distribution activities covering 831 main towns along with adjoining villages in Punjab & NWFP are organized through 8 regional offices.291 million rupees with Company's earning per share at Rs. Distribution system consists of 46. designing and construction of pipelines. and is listed on all the three Stock Exchanges of the Country. but the emphasis is on achievement. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 63 .581. from "Gone with the Wind" to "How to Build a Hydropower Dam. The Company has over 43 years of experience in operation and maintenance of high-pressure gas transmission and distribution systems. Sales to these consumers were 39.127.7. Whosoever is a lady person should not be left behind. Utility Services Rawalpindi is enjoying all the basic Utility services. SNGPL operates in a region of the nation that has a rapidly growing demand for natural gas and power generation due to significant industrial development.46/-.” 10.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Domestic.733.280 HM3 worth 31. now Companies Ordinance 1984. 7. SNGPL transmission system extends from Sui in Balochistan to Peshawar in North West Frontier Province (NWFP) comprising over 6195 KM of Transmission System (Main lines & Loop lines). SNGPL has 2. 2006." The chemistry lab would not look out of place at any American public school. Here. Anjuman Faiz -UL -Islam(Apna Ghar) One of the better-funded madrassahs is the Anjuman Faizul Islam in Rawalpindi. Annual gas sale for year 2005-2006 was 161. not on Islamic political causes. 10.study together up until fifth grade.7 million consumers in North Central Pakistan through an extensive network in Punjab and NWFP. boys and girls .1. Fertilizer.028 consumers comprising Commercial. General Industry. Urdu. SNGPL is the largest integrated gas company serving more than 2. this poor child. Power & Cement Sectors. Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited (SNGPL).nearly 700 of whom are orphans .2.

Chakwal.2. Jhelum and Federal Capital Islamabad. Rawalpindi Cantt.2.Glorious Rawalpindi Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi: 250. SNGPL Satellite Town Rawalpindi 2.000 Approximately Service Centers: 1. IESCO Islamabad Electric Supply Company looks after the electricity distribution network in the administrative districts of Rawalpindi. IESCO Consumer Detail of Rawalpindi: Domestic Commercial Industrial Bulk Rwp Circle S/T Div City Div Cantt Div Westridge Div Tariqabad City Circle TOTAL 349945 77672 65911 44741 54741 56505 355255 1004770 38691 20754 30493 13187 9278 7121 86654 206178 2759 424 825 466 371 193 2479 7517 132 14 16 88 64 84 274 672 Tube Street Others Total Well Light 2140 130 64 30 42 62 382 2850 59 32 26 140 26 19 260 562 048 0 5 2 1 0 9 393774 99026 97340 58654 64523 63984 445313 65 1222614 64 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry . SNGPL. Attock. Saadi Road 10.

The company maintains a leading position in Pakistan as an infrastructure provider to other telecom operators and corporate customers of the country. PTCL is the largest telecommunications provider in Pakistan.000 and 5. In Rawalpindi city following exchanges are working Cantt Exchange working lines more than Chaklala exchange Westridge exchange S/town exchange City Exchange Following offices are located in Rawalpindi DE Cantt DE City DE S/Twon DE Westridge Director Revenue Director Development Customar Service Centre 20000 10000 lines 22000 lines 29.Glorious Rawalpindi 10.7 million customers.2. It has the potential to be an instrumental agent in Pakistan’s economic growth. On the Long Distance and International infrastructure side. the capacity of two SEA-ME-WE submarine cables is being expanded to meet the increasing demand of International traffic.8 million V-fone customers.628 lines 14000 lines Internet Service Providers: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Brain Net Comsats Cyber Net Excel Net Pakistan Online Paknet – Online Activatio Raabta Online PTCL Wateen 65 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .3. Company Profile PTCL With employee strength of 65. PTCL has laid an Optical Fiber Access Network in the major metropolitan centers of Pakistan and local loop services have started to be modernized and upgraded from copper to an optical network. PTCL also continues to be the largest CDMA operator in the country with 0.

Total No. of Sewerage Complaint Centers = 3 Total No.4. Pirwadahi Total No. Committee Chowk 4. Liaquat Bagh (Main Office) 2. Khayban-e-Sirsyed 3. of Water Supply Complaint Centers = 5 Address of Complaint Center 1. of No. 1 5.2. As the leader in providing water and sanitation services. of Sewerage Cleaning Teams: Total Number of Consumers in Rawalpindi City: 14 10 Million The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 66 .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Water Works No. WASA is recognized as an effective instrument of change through adopting state-of-the-art technologies for improving the quality of its services to the general public. WASA Introduction: The Water and Sanitation Agency (WASA) is committed to provide drinking water of Unquestionable quality in sufficient quantity and to treat the sewage generated to the required parameters. Shamsabad (Over Head Reservoir) 6.

• Provide an efficient automated platform to support a major increase in the volumes of Express Mail and Express Money Order traffic. 3. 5. 4. • Provide PPO management with information relating to the quality of service for Express Mail being provided by PPO to its customers. 6.2. Aziz Mohammad Road Post Office Urdu Bazar Post Office & Its Night Post Office Peer Waddhi Post Office 67 The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry .Glorious Rawalpindi 10. currently GPO has implemented an Express Mail Track & Trace System. • Improve overall operations and increase productivity. Post Offices in Rawalpindi 1. Rawalpindi GPO & Its Night Post Office Rawalpindi Satellite Town Post Office & Its Night Post Office Islamabad International Airport Post Office & Its Night Post Office Dr. POST OFFICE GPO . and Inquiry & Reporting System (EMTTS). 2. Objectives Main objectives of the (EMTTS) project are: • Improve the quality of service to customers. Sadder Rawalpindi Pakistan Post Office is performing deliberately its postal services for the citizens of Rawalpindi Division. in 11 major cities of Pakistan including Rawalpindi Division.5.

In addition to freight. with many domestic and international flights every day. 1. rail and road. Rawalpindi 10. the principal carrier in Pakistan.2. Railway Station Rawalpindi Cantt Railway Station Chaklala. has numerous routes.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. The Islamabad International Airport is actually located in Rawalpindi than Islamabad and is used by over 25 airlines. Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 68 . both national and international. Islamabad International Airport is located in Rawalpindi and used by the most of the world airlines and domestic air traffic.7. Pakistan Railways provides passenger rail service throughout the day.2. with train coaches that have air-conditioning in first-class. Construction on the new Rawalpindi/Islamabad international airport has now been started near the town of Tarnaul approx 10 miles from both cities. 2.6. Airport Rawalpindi is well connected with the other areas of Pakistan through air. Railway Stations There is also an Islamabad/Rawalpindi central railway station that allows travel to every major city in Pakistan.

Glorious Rawalpindi View of Islamabad International Air port The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 69 .

which is a major summer attraction for Rawalpindi residents.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Motorway Interchange. Rawalpindi is on the ancient Grand Trunk Road (also known as G. the world's highest international road. Rawalpindi. Road) or. This road runs West-East through the city and continues to the Hill Station of Murree. which were completed in the 1990s. which connects Pakistan to China.8. more recently. Highways The main route running through Rawalpindi is the Murree Road. N-5 which links Rawalpindi to nearly every major city in northern Pakistan. The city is also served by two nearby six-lane Motorways. M2 (Lahore-Islamabad) and M1 (Islamabad-Peshawar). Somewhat further away is the famous Karakoram Highway. from Lahore in the Punjab to Peshawar in the NWFP. Murree Road is one of the busiest roads in the Punjab Province of Pakistan.T.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 70 .

mess of traffic is found even on small roads. For inter-city travel. • DAEWOO EXPRESS The Daewoo Bus Company runs many of the buses with very modern air-conditioned buses. The Daewoo bus stop in Rawalpindi is situated near the Peer Wadhai Morr. • SAWAN ADDA This is also one of the largest and popular point for transportation. mini-buses.2. and which operate constantly throughout the day. yellow cabs. which ease travel during the high summer temperatures.Glorious Rawalpindi 10. Due to lack of planning of roads. • PEER WADHI ADDA Peer wadhai adda is one of the most popular and oldest transport point in Rawalpindi city.9. auto-rickshaws. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 71 . Public Transportation Public transport for travel within Rawalpindi is diverse. auto-rickshaws and even tongas (horse-drawn carriages). air-conditioned and non air-conditioned buses and coaches are regularly available to many destinations in Pakistan. ranging from yellow taxis.

Glorious Rawalpindi 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 72 .00 Km of service roads at Airport Road includes improvement of pavement. pedestrian over head bridges. 5. channelization of junctions. installations of traffic signals. Islamabad International Airport Road Widening and Remodeling of Roads and Intersections of Islamabad International Airport Road from Jinnah Park Chowk to Flying Club. To improve Traffic circulation and accessibility from Airport to the southeast part of the city. pavement marking. as already achieved in case of Murree Road and Rawal Road in Rawalpindi. traffic signs. Rawalpindi. Safety of Pedestrian cyclists will be enhanced by providing wider footpaths and cycling lanes. 3. 2. MEGA DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS 11. relocation of structures. Vehicle operating cost and journey time will reduce. provision of efficient drainage system. road lights and construction of Flyover Bridge over Railway Track at Rahimabad Rawalpindi. median. Reduction in accident due to channelization of traffic at intersections. 4.45 Km of main road with 1. which will result in reduction of accidents rate. construction of footpaths. Objectives 1.1. Traffic safety will improve by adopting high standard of geometric design. Brief Description of the Project The project covers 5.

Scope of the project Following are the major tasks of the project to be under taken in the study: Task-I: Feasibility. based on requirements as predicted in the Master Plan. expected traffic after the linkage of land commitment etc.Glorious Rawalpindi Future Projects 11. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 73 . of Punjab / RDA. Surveys in the context of Transportation Plan / Guided Development Plan Task-II: Finalization of Alignment. rough cost estimate or other related documents / ancillary services as required by Govt. Task-III Economic Evaluation. Ring Road General Description The proposed Ring Road – II encircles Rawalpindi City on south-west side originating near ISeries of Islamabad and terminating at Rawat Junction (Suparco) at G.T.00 million. future land uses pattern. 2. Selection / verification of Route and its Engg. as per cross section based on requirement of future land use pattern as included in Rawalpindi Master Plan. economic evaluation / BOT feasibility plan with TOR for system of roll over programme for the future investment in transportation and road infrastructure. The length of this urban expressway is 42 km approximately and total cost is 20. 1. land use plan. Documenting the Route Alignment with reference to Land Acquisition Plan. OD travel pattern. This will be followed by Acquisition Plan. growth of income. Detailed Traffic Engg. land values & ownership pattern. Preliminary design and Rough Cost Estimate etc. Road up to Pirwadhai and New Islamabad Airport after crossing Motorway and Islamabad Highway. BOT feasibility and infrastructure investment plan through roll over programme.2.

health and educational activity for northern Punjab. The Nullah Lai then flows through the centre of Rawalpindi and is confluent with the Soan River at 18 Km downstream from Rawalpindi. and sewerage and solid waste disposal in the Nullah. b. enchroachments. d. industrial. The tributaries of the Lai Nullah originated from the Margalla Hills.3.000 Cusecs 35. as it was particularly the interim capital in place of Islamabad during those years.5 m 21. e. non standardized infrastructure support. Top width Bottom width Average depth Flow capacity at Kattarian Bridge Chaklala Bridge ROW 47 to 70 m 24 to 46 m 7. the urban facilities which were already insufficient for the people of Rawalpindi were not reinforced. The present state of Nullah Lai is as under: a. Lai Expressway Rawalpindi is the premier city adjoining the national capital Islamabad and is center of administrative. flow through the city of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. Islamabad is at the Margalla foot hills. bisects the central part of Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi was left to grow unattended. Lai Nullah was desisted and widened to improve discharge to cater 25 year flood but to cater for 100 years flood discharge channel needs more widening/deepening. The project envisages construction of road astride bank of Lai Nullah while catering for optimum/required flow capacity.Glorious Rawalpindi 11. During the unusual/devastating rainfall and flood of July 2001 which caused unprecedented damage to human life and property. The total catchments area of Nullah Lai is 238square Km. where as the surroundings of Nullah Lai can be defined as mixed land uses. c. unbalanced land use transport interaction. f. The first 20 years of creation of Islamabad triggered a large scale economy activity in Rawalpindi. Unluckily however. it was decided to improve/widen/remodel the Nullah Lai for mitigation of flood.000 Cusecs 56 to 79 m The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 74 . commercial. The Lai Nullah. having a length of about 19 Km in Rawalpindi Metropolitan area.

Lai Nullah The Lai Nullah flows zigzagging through the city. pungency of the flowing water has made the life of those living beside the nullah miserable. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 75 .1. At that time. Now it has been reduced to a carrier of sewage of the twin cities. according to the old timers. Famous Historical Places 12. And. Heavy amounts of industrial wastes combined with the domestic refuse are deposited in Lai. the water of the Lai was crystal clear and considered fit for human consumption or performing ablutions. Until 1923.1. INSIDE RAWALPINDI 12. An early edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica describes the Lai Nullah as a river. The presence of two factors had made the Lai water highly polluted and rendered it unsafe even for agricultural use in the suburbs of the city.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.1. the city drains were not allowed to be discharged into the Lai as all the nullahs were supposed to flow toward depression on the other side of the Arya Mohalla running along the Murree Road.

2. the statue was shifted from The Mall to the British High Commission. it was home to Budhana Bibi. The Mall Rawalpindi's Thandi Sarak.with its row upon row of the senior Cypresses and seasonal flower beds. 12. was formally inaugurated in 1910 with the beautifully sculpted statue of Queen Victoria standing majestically at the convergence point of the Murree Road on The Mall in close vicinity of the flashman's. a famous dancing girl. better known as The Mall . In 1920 in the pre-partition days. Both in the older quarters of the city and cantonment.1. Rawalpindi had developed a unique architectural style.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. it was considered fashionable to have wooden balconies with intricately designed motifs. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 76 . The statue was chiseled in the United Kingdom in 1906. After independence.the glory of the cantonment . Bohar Bazaar and Moti Bazaar. Lal Haveli In old times.3. It is located in the neighbor hood of the Purana Qilla. Sarafa Bazaar.1.

Homes have also retained their essential trait despite renovations to make them comfortable for modern living and their division for growing population. cut brick corbellings. Like Multan. intricate woodwork on Jharokas.4. have a series of alleys with some of them being so narrow that they barely leave enough space for two people to walk side by side at the same time. dense housing. Purana Qilla Enter the old part of the city and you will find yourself in archetypal form of an ancient town crooked and narrow streets.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. better known as the Purana Qilla. the old quarters of the city.1. At least there is one street through which only one person can walk. There is still a chance of seeing specimen of solid old masonry in construction of some of the old buildings. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 77 . bay windows and doors. It is the entire urban fabric of the place that is historic. Pakpattan or Lahore.

Pearl Continental Hotel ***** Pearl Continental Hotel the only deluxe hotel in Rawalpindi area. Modern. FAMOUS Hotels There is a wide range of accommodation.2. an impressive & centrally air-conditioned 4-star hotel houses 100 luxuriously refurnished rooms and suites. One of the largest chain of hotels within Pakistan.2. This hotel is situated a 5 minutes drive from the airport and in the close proximity to the downtown shopping centers. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 78 .2. tastefully appointed and equipped with all modern facilities. 12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. well equipped Hotels in Rawalpindi 12. Shalimar Hotel **** Shalimar.2.1.

Hotel Civic The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 79 .3.2. 12. Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. The Hotel offers all the basic facilities.5. Flashman’s Hotel 12. Akbar International *** Located on Liaquat road.2.4.2.

La Rosh Hotel Committee Chowk. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 80 . Rawalpindi.3. 12. Lasania Restaurant city Located on Murree Road Saddar.2.3.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.3. Famous Restaurants 12. Rawalpindi.1.

12.1. Saddar.2. KFC .4.(Rawalpindi) Adamjee Road. FAMOUS FAST FOODS 12.International .International Near KFC.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.4. Saddar. Rawalpindi. Murree Road. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 81 . Sub Way . Murree Road.4. Rawalpindi.

3. Police Station Road 11.5. 2. Airport Road Murree Road Murree Road(Under pass) 7. Bank Road 8. Haider Road 12. Railway Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 82 .Glorious Rawalpindi 1. Peshawar Road 9. Roads In Rawalpindi City Adamjee Road Liaquat Road Adiala Road Mall Road 5. 6. Canning Road 10. 4. 12.

18. Jhelum Road Tulsa Road Kashmir Road The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 83 .Glorious Rawalpindi 13. College Road 15. Tipu Road 16. 17. Harding Road 14.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12.6. Famous Markets/ Bazaars Nankari Bazar Panorama Centre Rabi Centre The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 84 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Raja Bazaar Sabzi Mandi Urdu Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 85 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Mohsin Sons Imperial Market Gulf Market Fashion ka Ghar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 86 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Commercial Market Motchi Bazar China Market Bara Market The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 87 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Posh Chen One The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 88 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Moti Bazar The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 89 .

There are many old buildings.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. There is need to save these buildings as these are our culture. houses and narrow streets. These exactly elaborate the culture of past decades.7. Ancient Rawalpindi Rawalpindi is an ancient city. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 90 .

Glorious Rawalpindi Statue of Queen Victoria on Mall The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 91 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Mall Lockhart Monument The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 92 .

off the Mall. Libraries and Museums Cantonment Library Cantt. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 93 .Glorious Rawalpindi Bridge on the Soan River 12.8. Library is located adjacent to the Rawalpindi Cantonment Board office.

adjacent to Liaquat Bagh.Glorious Rawalpindi Municipal Library Municipal Library is located on the Murree Road. It has over 30.000 books which are updated at regular interval. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 94 .

Museums PAK ARMY MUSEUM RAWALPINDI Iftikhar Khan Janjua Road . The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 95 . Rawalpindi.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.9.

Banking Institutions in Rawalpindi Bank Alfalah Limited Rawalpindi 2.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.10. Habib Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 1. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 96 .

Standard Chartered Bank Pak Rawalpindi United Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 18. Soneri Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Albarka Islamic Bank Rawalpindi. 24. 10. 25. National Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. The Bank of Punjab. 29. 11. 21. 17. Rawalpindi. 8. PICIC Commercial Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Saudi Pak Comm. MCB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 6. Faysal Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 14. Bank Rawalpindi. State Bank of Pakistan Rawalpindi. My Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 16. Punjab Provincial Co Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 31. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi. Rawalpindi. 28. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 97 .Glorious Rawalpindi 3. ABN Amro Bank (Pak) Limited Rawalpindi. 27. 32. Bank Al Habib Limited Rawalpindi. KASB Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 22. Citi Bank N A. Askari Commercial Bank (Islamic) Rawalpindi. 13. 26. 15. Meezan Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 20. 9. 30. 19. Zarai Taraqiati Bank Ltd. 4. 23. First women Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 12. Industrial Deve. SME Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Allied Bank Limited Rawalpindi. NIB Bank Limited Rawalpindi Atlas Bank Limited Rawalpindi. Bank of Pakistan Habib Metropolitan Bank Rawalpindi. 5. Bank Alfalah Islamic Rawalpindi Dubai Islamic Bank Pak Rawalpindi. Askari Bank Limited Rawalpindi. 7.

Glorious Rawalpindi 12. Famous Chowk Ammar Chowk Chandni Chowk Flashman Square The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 98 .11.

Beautiful Mosque of Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 99 .12.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Over 5000 people were killed. to the death of then President General Mohammad Zia ul Haq. blew up and unleashed an inferno that sent all sorts of rockets all over Rawalpindi and into neighboring Islamabad. that it was Ojhri. but it remains unclear exactly what happened? Who did what? How? Why? The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 100 . 19 years ago. That it was an ammunition dump. It also let to a sequence of events that led to the ouster of then Prime Minister Mohammed Khan Junejo and. Great Mourning Days in the Rawalpindi’s History Ojri Camp Nineteen years ago. the politics also began becoming clear and before long Mohammed Khan Junejo was booted out. on April 10. Soon. depending on which conspiracy theorist you believe. Many. 1988 the military ammunition depot at Ojhri Camp. on the 10th April 1988 Ojhrii dump in Rawalpindi was blown up.13. now. Hundreds upon hundreds of missiles rained down on Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Theories abound. Everyone knew that this was related to the Afghanistan operation and ISI controlled the location. many thousands more were injured.Glorious Rawalpindi 12. But that was the extent of it. It was clear. This was a deliberate act of destruction. Rawlapindi.

The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3000 houses. The great havoc of 2001 also became a cause for the great loss of 65 human lives. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 101 . On July 23. 2001. innumerable cattle and property worth Rs.23 Billion. an unprecedented rainfall of 620 mm occurred over Islamabad and Rawalpindi in a span of about 10 hours.Glorious Rawalpindi Flood 2001 The floods generated by Nala Lai have remained a great source of damage to life and property in Rawalpindi city.

Political Structure Political structure of the city is as follows: The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 102 .14.Glorious Rawalpindi 12.

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 103 .

Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Most obvious benefit of the resources is the provision of water supplies for Rawalpindi A View of Rawal Dam The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 104 .1.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic. Live storage is 43. which generates 84. Rawal dam is constructed on Kurrang river and has a catchments area of 106 sq miles.500 acre feet (12994 MG). There are four major streams and 43 small streams contributing to its storage. Proper management of this resource is important if full benefits are to be gained and maintained for the future. Margalla and Murree hills. Highest flood level is 1752 feet. The Rawal Lake is the main source of water supply for Rawalpindi city and cantonment. km.000 acre feet (11763 MG). RAWAL LAKE This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8. fishing and boating. The total storage capacity is 47.000 acre feet of water in an average rainfall year. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake.8 sq. Rawal Lake and its catchments area are key resources for Rawalpindi and for the region as a whole. WATER RESERVOIR 13.

after 2000.783 MCM. Therefore. Since its inception. in general. outflow is 0.777 MCM. 13.783 MCM at cropping intensity of 100%. However. However. the flow was relatively high in June to August.Glorious Rawalpindi 13. the dam received almost constant inflow till 2000. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot.687 MCM. the available irrigation supply from the dam is almost equal the designed irrigation requirement of 0. Because this dam is built on a perennial stream. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities.3. Misriot Dam Misriot dam is located 12 km southwest of Rawalpindi. Except for the year 1998 and 2002. the inflow decreased gradually most probably due to decreased in rainfall.2. The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 105 . it received regular and constant flow throughout the year. due to monsoon. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks. whereas. Jawa dam which operational in 1997. the available water is sufficient to irrigate the designed area. the outflow has been less than the inflow. Jawa Dam This dam was designed to irrigate 800 acres of land with irrigation requirement of 0. In this case the discharge is more than the inflow. However. The total average annual inflow to dam is 0.

Glorious Rawalpindi SATELLITE PICTURE OF RAWALPINDI Source: Google The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 106 .

Glorious Rawalpindi MAPS OF RAWALPINDI The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 107 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 108 .

Glorious Rawalpindi The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 109 .

pk travel. Rawalpindi EDO Education.com Books & Etc. q. Rawalpindi Cities. Rawalpindi. m.com pakistanpeadia.com www. c. k. p. q.com Nrb www. g. o. n. e. m. a. h.com HEC PTCL IESCO SNGPL WASA EDHI Foundation Darul aman Pak Army Museum. Wikipedia Encyclopedia. Population & Housing Censes 1998 State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) WASA SMEDA The Rawalpindi Chamber of Commerce and Industry 110 . k. r. Rawalpindi Post Office. i. encyclopedia Pindiplus Worldisround Pindionline www. Punjab Railway Station. t.absoluteastronomy. i. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi-City. S. f. j. d. d.blogspot. Govt. n. h.Glorious Rawalpindi References: WEB a. s. of Pakistan Rawalpindi Potentials and Prospects (RCCI) Directorate of Industries. l. p.gov. 1998 City Report. c.rawalpindi. l. f.mapsofworld.com Virtualglobetrottiong. j. o. Engines of Growth (PIDE) Quid-e-Azam University Statistics Division. b. e. Rawalpindi Rawalpindi Development Authority TEVTA Rawalpindi Development authority (RDA) Rescue 1122 Municipal Library Army Museum District Census Report of Rawalpindi. g. b. r.geocities. EDO Health.

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