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Voith Turbo

Voith Turbo Fluid Couplings


with Constant Fill
Voith – Our Company.
Voith is the reliable partner for essential industries. We set standards
around the world in our markets for paper, energy, mobility and service.
With annual sales over € 4 billion and more than 37,000 employees in
nearly 300 locations worldwide, Voith is one of the large family-owned
companies in Europe.

Paper Energy Mobility Service

Markets We Are Shaping the Future

Our equipment, components and services allow People at Voith have written and re-written tech­
us to make a major contribution towards our nical history with their ideas and developments.
customers’ success. The global demand for Today, our products set standards around the
paper, energy, mobility and services will continue world. Our engineers will continue to shape the
to grow in the coming years. We will be there to future actively in our markets, for the benefi t of
watch these markets of the future develop, and our customers and the long-term success of our
will play our part in shaping them. company.

Customers

Everything we do is centered around the needs


of our customers. Our global presence and Quality, reliability and sound­
proximity to our customers allow us to create a ness are the key concepts of
working relationship based on confi dence and our identity.
trust. We want to draw on our engineering skills, These are expressed in:
our inno vative strength and our solidity in order Voith – Engineered reliability.
to be a reliable partner for generations to come.

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Voith Turbo Fluid Couplings –
proven a million times

As an expert for difficult tasks in power transmission Voith Turbo


meets the steadily increasing requirements in practice and con­
vinces through innovative performance.
Constant-fill Voith fluid couplings are used with electric motors
in a wide range of applications, especially when highest powers,
economy and reliability are required.

The Voith fluid coupling with its in­ n smoothest acceleration of the
herent hydrodynamic advantages largest masses
has proved itself by millions of sales n suitable for economically priced

worldwide: squirrel cage motors


n load free start-up and run-up of

the motor
n no motor modification required

n torque limitation during start-up

n effective shock-dampening

n overload protection for motor and

driven machine
n load compensation for multi-

motor drives.

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Applications:

Material Handling and Mining – Chemical


Conveying Open-pit and Underground Industry

n Belt conveyors n Armoured face conveyors n Centrifuges

n Bucket wheel elevators n Stage loaders n Pumps

n Chain conveyors n Belt conveyors n Fans

n Stackers and reclaimers n Tunnelling machines n Mixers

n Port loading facilities n Bucket wheel excavators

n Pumps

n Crushers

Mineral Processing Machines n Mills

n Crushers

n Shredders

n Mills

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Foettinger’s concept –
Design and function

The Voith Turbo Coupling is a hydrodynamic coupling based on


Foettinger’s Principle. Its main components are two bladed wheels –
a pump wheel and a turbine wheel – as well as an outer shell. Both
wheels are positioned relative to each other. Power transmission is
achieved with minimal mechanical wear and there is no mechanical
contact between the power-transmitting components.

The coupling operates on a con­


stant quantity of operating fluid,
usually mineral oil. On demand,
design for water is available.

The torque transmitted by the drive


motor is converted into kinetic en­
ergy of the operating fluid in the
pump wheel to which the motor is
con­nected. In the turbine wheel, this
kinetic energy is converted back
into mechanical energy. Three
operating modes are defined:

Standstill Start-up Nominal Operation

Standstill Nominal operation


The entire operating fluid in the wheel and sets the latter in motion. The low speed difference between
coupling is at rest. The torque development is deter­ pump and turbine wheel (the so-
mined by the characteristic curve of called nominal slip) leads to the flow
Start-up the coupling, while the start-up condition in the coupling becoming
With increasing speed, the oper­ characteristics are influenced by an stationary. Only the torque required
ating fluid in the working circuit is appropriate arrangement of com­ by the driven machine is transmit­
accelerated via the pump wheel. pensating chambers (delay cham­ ted.
The circulatory flow created in this ber, annular chamber).
way is supported by the turbine

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A suitable coupling
for any drive

Essential design factors for a fluid

1000
1200
1500
1800

3000
3600
750
900
coupling are the power and motor 4000 5000
3200 4000
speed. Having established the nom­ 2000 3000
1600 2000
inal power and speed required, the 1200 1500
diagram on the right enables deter­ 800 1000
600
mination of the appropriate size of 400
50 D

500
50

the coupling. 315 400


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250 300
200
11

86 0
0

160 200
10

Different conditions require different 110


0
75

75 100
0

starting procedures (characteristic


65

55
48 2
56

curve) for the coupling. Important 37


Input power P1 [kW]

50

Input power P1 [HP]


42 7

30 40
36 2

criteria in this respect are the mass 22 30


27 6

18.5
27 4 D

moment of inertia, torque limitation 20


11 15
20 4
20 6 D

and frequency of start-ups. 7.5 10


5.5
15 6
15 4 D

4 5
3 4
4

2.2 3
1.5 2
1.1
0.75 1

Example: 0.37 0.5


Rated power: 55 kW
300 400 600 800 1000 1500 2000 3000 4000
Input speed: 1500 rpm
Input speed n1 [rpm]
Coupling size: 422

In the table beside different


Characteristic curves
types of couplings’ starting
Motor run-up Run-up Torque/ TL = const. behaviour can be compared.
NT/TN T/TN T/TNT/TN T/TN driven machine T/TNT/TN T/TTNM TM TM Time behaviour J = const.
2 2 2 2 2 2
TK TK TK Type T
1.6 1.6 1.6TK TK TK Type TV
TM TM TM 1.4 1.4 1.4 Type TVV
Torque

Torque

Torque

1 1 1 1 1 1 TL TL TL Type TVVS

TK TK TK
TM: motor torque
TL: load torque
0 0 0 TK: coupling torque
Speed Speed Time
5 s5 s 5 s 40 s40 s 40 s TN: rated torque
J: moment of inertia

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The basic type –
Fluid coupling type T and DT

ø d2
ød1
I2

øD
A
L

Size Type A D L d1 max. d2 max. l2 max. Weight1)


[mm] [kg]
Type T 154 T 80 190 143 32 28 60 4
154 DT 102 190 165 32 28 80 5
206 T 97 248 183 42 42 80 10
206 DT 137 248 223 42 42 114 13.4
274 T 135 328 294 75 55 90 32
274 DT 175 328 334 75 55 125 37
366 T 198 424 357 75 65 120 52
422 T 218 470 391 90 80 135 78
487 T 246 556 436 100 90 155 110
562 T 269 634 490 120 110 170 170
650 T 317 740 591 140 120 200 259
750 T 366 846 529 140 135 240 356
866 T 421 978 610 160 150 265 567
Type DT
1000 T 441 1118 651 180 160 280 850
1150 T 505 1295 715 180 180 320 1165
1150 DT 830 1295 1040 180 170 350 1806

Weight with connecting coupling and max. oil filling.


1)

Turbo Coupling Type T is the basic sate for any slight installation in­ The coupling Type DT has two
ver­sion of constant-fill couplings, accuracies, a flexible connecting coaxial work circuits operating in
con­sist­ing of pump wheel, turbine coupling is used to join the coupling parallel. By means of a double
wheel and outer shell. and input shaft. circuit the output of the same size
A further range has been created by Use of this type of fluid coupling is coupling is effectively doubled.
the addition of other parts to this recommended when vibration
basic type. damping and overload protection Applications:
The fluid coupling is normally are required for motor and driven n Bucket-wheel excavators
mounted on the machine shaft or machine; they may also be used for n Bucket-wheel elevators
gearbox shaft to be driven (outer simpler transmission systems in the n Mixing, kneading and stirring

wheel drive). In order to compen­ lower performance range. machines

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Smoother start up –
Fluid coupling type TV and TVV L
A

ø d2
ø d1
l2

D
A
L

Size Type A D L d1 max. d2 max. l2 max. Weight1)


[mm] [kg]
Type TV 274 TV 172 328 331 75 55 90 32
274 TVV 204 328 315 65 55 90 33
274 DTV 244 328 355 65 55 125 38
366 TV 225 424 384 75 65 120 56
366 TVV 296 424 455 75 65 120 58
422 TV 257 470 430 90 80 135 80
422 TVV 335 470 508 90 80 135 83
487 TV 297 556 487 100 90 155 111
487 TVV 382 556 572 100 90 155 119
562 TV 333 634 554 120 110 170 172
562 TVV 428 634 649 120 110 170 182
650 TV 384 740 658 140 120 200 259
650 TVV 494 740 768 140 120 200 274
750 TV 440 846 603 140 135 240 364
750 TVV 567 846 730 140 135 240 386
866 TV 493 978 682 160 150 265 570
866 TVV 641 978 830 160 150 265 595
Type TVV 1000 TV 547 1118 757 180 160 280 870
1000 TVV 686 1118 896 180 160 280 905
1150 TV 670 1295 880 180 180 320 1242
1150 TVV 883 1295 1093 180 180 320 1334

Weight with connecting coupling and max. oil filling.


1)

The TV version features a ”delay-fill chamber into the working circuit In certain cases, the function of the
chamber“ which is flange-connected which smoothly accelerates the delay chamber can be additionally
to the outer wheel of the coupling. driven machine up to its operating improved through centrifugally con­
At stand-still, a proportion of the speed. trolled valves (type TVF) or through
working fluid lies in this chamber, Furthermore, if the application so hydrodynamic refill (type TVY).
thus reducing the volume in the de­mands, the delay-fill chamber
working circuit. Hence on motor can be further enlarged (type TVV), Applications:
start-up, a reduced coupling torque thus enhancing its effects and fur­ n Beltconveyors
is transmitted, whilst simultaneously ther reducing the coupling torque on n Centrifuges, decanters
providing an unloaded motor start. motor start, as well as resulting in n Tube mills

After the motor has run up, the even longer and smoother start-up n High-inertia machines

working fluid flows from the delay-fill of the driven machine. n Crushers

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The innovative one –
Fluid coupling type TVVS
l2

ø d1

ø d2
D
A
L

Size Type A D L d1 max. d2 max. l2 max. Weight1)


[mm] [kg]
Type TVVS 422 TVVS 335 470 508 90 80 135 87
487 TVVS 382 556 572 100 90 155 126
562 TVVS 428 660 649 120 110 170 192
650 TVVS 494 761 768 140 120 200 291
750 TVVS 567 877 730 140 135 240 404
866 TVVS 641 1017 830 160 150 265 645

Weight with connecting coupling and max. oil filling.


1)

The TVVS is a further Voith devel­ In comparison with couplings with­ application by adjustable nozzle
opment in cooperating an annular- out annular chamber, filling of the screws diameters.
chamber shell in addition to the en­ working circuit of a TVVS coupling This new con­cept for couplings was
larged delay chamber. is considerably reduced, which, in designed originally for conveyor belt
The additional chamber in the coup­ turn, lessens the torque transmitted drives. Through the gradual build up
ling shell enables further reduction during motor run-up. of torque an automatic adaptation to
of the starting torque. During the ini­ The increase in torque then follows belt load conditions is achieved.
tial rotations of the start-up proced­ ­a gradual emptying of the fluid from
ure, centrifugal forces normally the delay chamber into the working Applications:
cause the outer chamber of the circuit. n Belt conveyors
coupling to be completely filled with The starting procedure can be n High-inertia machines
operating fluid from the working adapted to the requirements of the
circuit. 9
For pulley drives –
Fluid coupling type TRI and TVRI B
A

ø dt

ød

D
A

Size Type A D B max. dt min. d max. Weight1)


[mm] [kg]
Type TRI 206 TRI 97 248 70 116 42 9
206 DTRI 137 248 70 116 42 12
274 TRI 137 328 100 150 55 25
274 TVRI 172 328 100 150 55 26
274 DTRI 175 328 135 165 60 33
274 DTVRI 242 328 135 165 60 38
366 TRI 198 424 145 160 65 47
366 TVRI 225 424 145 160 65 51
422 TRI 205 470 160 182 70 74
422 TVRI 258 470 160 182 70 76
487 TRI 246 556 201 233 90 110
487 TVRI 297 556 201 233 90 112
562 TRI 269 634 294 265 100 173
Type TVRI
562 TVRI 333 634 294 265 100 175
650 TRI 317 740 – 423 105 256
650 TVRI 384 740 – 423 105 261

Weight with max. oil filling without pulley.


1)

The V‑belt or flat belt pulley which TRI couplings can be installed both Applications:
is mounted to the bearing cover as start-up device and overload pro­ n Centrifuges, decanters
allows various transmission ratios to tection. Type TVRI with additional n Fans

be accommo­dated. If required, the delay chamber is recommended if a n Mixers

pulley may be easily changed. particularly smooth start-up is re­ n Crushers

TRI and TVRI type fluid couplings quired.


are normally installed on the motor
shaft in an overhung position. The
belt force is supported by a bearing
in the bearing cover on the coupling
hub.

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Monitoring devices and accessories

MTS BTS
Mechanical thermal switch Non-contact thermal switch

As protection against overheating, Monitoring of coupling temperatures


fusible plugs are a standard feature. takes place without any contact.
In order to avoid loss of operating After activation of the switch, no re­
fluid through thermal overload, a placement of the element is re­
mechanical thermal switch (MTS) quired. It is ready for use as soon
can be added. On achieving the re­ as the coupling has cooled down.
sponse temperature, the element The signal can be used either as an
activates a pin which then operates alarm or to switch off the motor.
a switch. Depending on the type of
circuit, the signal can be used either
as an alarm or to switch off the
motor.
The circuit element has to be re­
placed after activation.

Mounting and removal device Sight glass

Required for professional, safe in­ By fitting a sight glass, the fluid
stallation and removal. level in the coupling can be easily
As well as the mechanical tool, a checked without opening the
hydraulic removal tool is available. coupling.

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For special applications –
Additional types

In order to provide solutions for an ever greater variety of


applications, our engineers and technicians have developed
additional types of constant-fill couplings.

Fluid coupling with Fluid coupling with Fluid coupling with


multi-disc coupling (GPK) solid shaft and primary brake flange
coupling flange

The design of motor and drive unit The coupling is fitted rigid to the For use with a braking system, the
is becoming more and more com­ motor shaft over a primary coupling fluid coupling can be equipped with
pact without affecting the actual flange. The weight of the coupling is an additional brake flange to which
performance of the drive. This con­ thus carried by the motor shaft and a brake-drum or brake-disc can be
sequently leads to smaller diam­ the load on the driven shaft is re­ mounted.
eters of motor and gearbox shafts lieved.
which then suffer from reduced load
capacity. For such cases the weight An elastic connecting coupling is re­
oft the turbo coupling is distributed quired between the solid shaft on
to both the driving and the driven the output side and the driven shaft.
shaft via two discpack couplings.
The reduced load on shaft and By using a specially designed flex­
bearings contributes significantly to ible connecting coupling it is pos­
an extended service life of bearings. sible to fit or dismantle the coupling
radially without moving motor or
gears.

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Pulley-type coupling without Fluid coupling with Fluid coupling with
bearing cover – Type TRI/TVRI overhung pulley installation – water as operating medium –
Type TR Type TWV...

This type is ideally suited for par­ In this simplified version of the pul­ Voith Fluid coupling – designed for
ticularly small pulley diameters. ley coupling, the pulley is fitted to operating fluid water – can be used
the coupling shell in an unsupported in such cases, where mineral oil is
The pulley with integral bearing is version. restricted of savety and ecological
flanged directly to the coupling reasons.
shell. Fluid coupling type TR is an eco­
nomical solution for applications in Especially in underground coal
Replacement of the belt pulley is the lower power range. mining the water type couplings are
suggested to be done at the Voith preferred.
factory.
Higher power transmissions on
account of this medium is also
given.

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Voith Turbo GmbH & Co. KG
Startup Components
Voithstr. 1
74564 Crailsheim, Germany
Tel. +49 7951 32-409
Fax +49 7951 32-480
startup.components@voith.com
www.voithturbo.com/startup-components

cr128en, SSvG-aik, 02.2008, 0. Dimensions and illustrations without obligation. Subject to modifications.