Animal Communication

Most animals including people use "body language" as well as sound and smell in order to communicate with one another. Here are some of the ways animals express themselves. Many animals communicate by smell: they release pheromones (airborne chemicals) to send messages to others. Pheromones play an important part in reproduction and other social behavior. They are used by many animals, including insects, wolves, deer, and even humans! Communication is so important that even the amoeba communicates with other amoebas by chemical discharge. By doing this, one amoeba attracts others to it for reproduction. Bees perform a specific dance when they have found nectar. Chimpanzees greet each other by touching hands. Dogs stretch their front legs out in front of them and lower their bodies when they want to play. Elephants show affection by entwining their trunks. Giraffes press their necks together when they are attracted to each other. Gorillas stick out their tongues to show anger. Kangaroos thump their hind legs to warn others of danger. Whales leap out of the water repeatedly to send messages to other whales. Swans entangle their long necks both to fight and to court. Horses rub noses as a sign of affection. These forms of communication are affected and influenced by the genetic make up of a species, their own environment, and their experiences. Communication abilities in most animals can be further developed depending upon their environment. For example, animals living in a circus have a larger set of communication skills than those living in most homes, because they are exposed to an environment that offers new opportunities for both learning and training on a continual basis. Language is defined as highly elaborated signaling, and it·s also the key to understand and be understood. Human beings start to acquire language from the moment they are born. We can say that language and communication are the heart of the human experience whether communication is face to face, in writing, in signs, in body language etc. When spoken language is compared with other forms of communication, we can affirm that only humans are able to use real language to communicate. Animals for sure are capable to generate a multitude of sounds, which could be construed as though it was imitating human language. However, animals can·t actually speak. That·s why sign language is most often used in communication with animals. but in this case too some scientists think that animals are just mimicking their trainers without having any idea of what they are ´sayingµ.