Stenberg 1999 attention acts as a means of focusing limited mental resources on the information and cognitive processes that

are most salient at a given moment. Attention is a mental process that requires metnal resources to direct and focus mental processes. These mental resources are limited, the more attention one task requires, the less available for performing others.

Focused attention – ability to respond to specific visual, auditory or tactile stimuli in a discrete manner. Sustained attention: ability to maintain a consistent behavioural reponse during continuous and repetitive activity. Divided attention – pating attention to more than one thing at one time. This ability is limited, which has an impact on how much we can process at one Selective attnetion – focusing on specific objects and filtering out others. The ability to attend to one source of information while ignoring or exluding ongoing messages around us. Attentional shifts from one target to another can be achieved. Overtly- overt movements of head and or eyes. Covertly – internal shift of attention, in conditions where there is no time for eye movements In contrast to visual attetion, auditory information is received simultaneously. Need to focus on information and ignore information that is not important – listen selectively. Auditory attention filters information Cockatail party effect – ability to listen selectively to one conversation during a party while ignoring the nose going on around you. Imagine you are talking to some people are at a party. Suddenly someone says your name in another part of the room. You are able to immediately detect this, and switch your attention to that part of the room Early selective attention : filter is bottleneck that prevents ststem exceeding capacity by blocking some input. Filter based on physical characteristics of signal : location of sources, pitch, loudness and speed. Only filtered material is analysed for meaning. Sensory register – selective filter – detection device – STM – repsonse

Selection for action rather than selection for attention Sensory inputs are processed completely and analysed in terms of current importants. impulsive and hyeractive. those messages were attentuated. including the analysis of the physical characteristics of the message. Some inputs are attenuated (or backgrounded) Some aspects of meaning (i. She claimed that all imcoming messages receive some amount of low level analysis. . having difficulties finishing and organising events or engaging in tedious activities or requiring sustainged mental effort. Sensory register – attentuation control – limited capacity – detection device – STM Treisman rejected the early slection notion embodied in Broadbent’s theory. the auditory mechanism acts as a selective filter. regardless of how many competing channels or messages are coming in.e. Inattention has chronic problems with sustained attention. based on the characteristics such as loudness or pitch 2. This filter can be tuned. Hyperactivity/impulsivity results in poor self-monitored behaviour. they are weakened in their importance to ongoing processing.In broadbent’s view. cannot wait or sit still and is impatient and have difficulties delaying responses. inattentive type. Important inputs are consciously perceived Hemineglect A disruption or decreased ability to look at something in the (often) left field of vision and pay attention to it. Thus. Late selection theory Deutsche and Deutsche 1963 Reject assumption that limited capactiy processor needs a filter. or switched to any one of the messages. poor concerntration and attentin to detail. attenuation theory treisman 1960 input porcessing in terms of physical and linguistic properties and meaning. words that have high subjective importance) are easilty attended to in attenuated messagesz. always fidgeting and restless. And there are combinations or two or more types as well/ It seems that ADHD have problems with reponse inhibition. When the unattended message yield no useful or important information. hemineglect is a disorder of attention in which one half of the perceptual world is neglected to some degree and cannot be attended to as completely or accurately as normal ADHD There are three types of ADHD.

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