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I.

Introduction / Objective This part of the project will enhance the capability of a GPS receiver to detect a shock and take appropriate action based upon the intensity of the shock. Many people die from accidents due to losing their consciousness and cannot send SOS signal to local emergency facilities. We believe that adding this extra capability to existing GPS receiver can save people lives and will have wide range of commercial usage too. This will be done in following stages:
•Sensor

part which will detect a shock and generate a SOS signal •Depending upon the intensity of the signal, system decides whether it's a accident or not and sends a accident signal to a transmitter •Transmitter then use GPS system to find the current location and sends this information to local authority like 911 •System will also have a reset button, in case person doesn’t want to send the signal to local authorities. There will be a delay timer. If the reset button in not pressed within 60 sec, SOS signal will be sent out. Flow Chart:

Benefits People’s lives can be saved when they are in an accident and are helpless to call the proper authorities.  This device will be user friendly.

 It will give the consumer a piece of mind while they are using the product.  Our product will be marketable throughout the globe because it has many applications, for example, it can be used on cars, helmets, motorcycles, in the deserts, jungles, and many such areas.  Aside from being used on cars and helmets this product can be produced to a miniature size so if one is in a remote area and is about to get mugged they can use our product to their advantage by pressing a button and notifying the police. .Block diagram

• Hardware Description Sensor: The job of sensor is to detect and send signal to comparator. It will be located on the top of the GPS surface. Comparator: Sensor will send the impact signal which is analogue in nature to comparator which will amplifiers to convert the analogue signal to digital. Vr Vin = Reference voltage = Input signal

If Vin > Vr Output will be a logic ‘1’ If Vin < Vr Output will be a logic ‘0’

Emergency Signal Generator (ESG): Depending on the level of the impact detected by a sensor, appropriate LED will be lit. If the impact is strong RED LED will light up. We will use LED display to see the level of the impact:  Green – Level 1  Yellow – level 2  Red – Level 3 MOSFET: MOSFETS transistor will be used to build a reset switch which will help control the signal to automatically going to the local emergency facilities when a real emergency is not really present. GPS system: The main purpose of the GPS system will be to read the location information of the accident from satellites and send that to emergency facilities.

Transmitter Circuit: The job of transmitter is to obtain signal from the ESG and the location information from GPS system. The controller in the transmitter circuit will encode the information and send a signal to the receiver which in return will inform the authorities of the location in an eight digit coordinate system. Receiver Circuit: Receiver circuit’s job is receive the signal from the transmitter and direct it to the controller. The controller in the receiver will encode all the signal information and output commands to show our precious customers location and an SOS message on LCD panel.

• Performance requirement • Our device will be able to locate an accident within meters of the crash site. • Our device can be used in various packaging depending on the application it is used for. For example, a miniature device can be developed for helmets; whereas, larger ones will be used for cars and other such larger vehicles.

• Our device comes with a reset switch that can disengage the signal to the transmitter in case there is not really an emergency and the facilities are not required at the site of the accident. This reset switch should be pressed within sixty seconds of the crash or the transmitter will indeed send a signal to the emergency authorities. • Special Circuits • We will not require any additional special circuit for our project, should the need for such a circuit is need our group will inform both the Professor and the TA before implementing the circuit. III. Verification • Testing Procedures • Once our product has been completely developed, we are going to test it by giving a small shock with immediate tapping around the sensor with a stick or other such object. If the device is working perfectly correct a signal should be detected by the sensor. As a result, the sensor will go through the procedure described in the algorithm and will ultimately send a correct signal to the LCD display or to a cellular phone whichever is more convenient for testing. • Secondly, we will attach our product to a bicycle and take it up hill. Soon after one of our team members will release the bicycle and the bicycle should be going down hill. Once the bicycle is struck by an impact another member of our group will be at a distance from the crash site and will observe whether the LCD receiver obtains the correct information. For example, the location of the crash site and the SOS signal. • Tolerance Analysis

• In our project, it is very crucial for the device to be strong since the device is based on impacts. If the device is broken by small impacts, it will be good for nothing. Therefore, it is important for us to decide how durable it should be before we start making it. However, it will cost more and will be more difficult if we build the device stronger since we have to compromise with price and durability. We will increase the durability if we have more time. The minimum durability we are considering now for the device is a certain shock that a bicycle can get when it falls down from about 6 feet height. The distance between the transmitter and receiver is also an important part of this analysis. • Our main idea in terms of the tolerance analysis is that the product should be strong enough to with stand an impact but also have a good sense of whether the impact is an accident or not. The tolerance level we are assuming to achieve is about ten percent. This means, that if a strong enough hit is made ninety percent of the time the signal should be detected.