Abbreviations 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

ADR – American Depository Receipts GDR – Global Depository Receipts GAAP – Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ECB – European Central Bank ADB – Asian Development Bank NYSE – New York Stock Exchange NASDAQ – National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system 8. EMU – European Monetary Union 9. MNC – Multi National Corporations 10. IBM – International Business Machines 11. CEO – Chief Executive Officer 12. GM – General Motors 13. GATT – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 14. WTO – World Trade Agreement 15. NAFTA – North American Free Trade Agreement 16. EU – the European Union 17. UNCTAD – United Nations Conference on Trade and Development 18. GE – General Electric 19. IMS – International Monetary System 20. BWS – Bretton Woods System 21. SDR – Special Drawing Rights 22. EMS – European Monetary System 23. ECU –European Currency Unit 24. ERM – Exchange Rate Mechanism 25. ESCB – European System of Central Banks 26. GDP – Gross Domestic Product 27. OCA – Optimum Currency Areas 28. IMF – International Monetary Fund 29. LTCM – Long Term Capital Management 30. OECD – Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development 31. BOP – Balance of Payments 32. CA – Current Account, Capital Account 33. ORA – Other Reserve Accounts 34. FDI – Foreign Direct Investment 35. BOPI – Balance of Payment Identity 36. BKA – Balance on the Capital Account 37. BCA – Balance on the Current Account 38. BRA – Balance on the Reserve Account 39. NPV – Net Present Value 40. IRR – Internal Rate of Return 41. SOX – Sarbanes – Oxley Act 42. FX – Foreign Exchange 43. OTC – Over –The – Counter

IRB – Internal Rating Based Approach 72. FRNs – Floating Rate Notes 82. ITM – In the money 61.44. SMA – Short term Moving Average 56. LOP – Law of One Price 50. BSH – Balance Sheet Hedge 69. EMH – Efficient Market Hypothesis 54. PBOT . FASB – Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement 68. DCB – Dual Currency Bonds 85. EMBI – Emerging Market Government Bond Index 87. S&P – Standard & Poor’s 86. ZCB – Zero Coupon Bonds 83. TIBOR – Tokyo “ 75. LDC – Least Developed Countries or Less Developed Countries 80. CATS – Computer Assisted Trading System . CME – Chicago Mercantile Exchange 59. SIBOR – Singapore “ 74. ECHO – Exchange Clearing House Limited 47. IRP – Interest Rate Parity 49. RWH – Random Walk Hypothesis 55. EBS – Electronic Broking Services 48. ERB – Equity Related Bonds 84. CTA – Cumulative Translation Adjustment 67. Euro MTN – Euro Medium Term Notes 81. RER – Real Exchange Rates 52. EURIBOR – Europe “ 76. OTM – Out of the money 62. MTM – Marked to Market 58. AMEX – American Stock Exchange 88. MMH – Money Market Hedge 65. PPP – Purchasing Power Parity 51. FEP – Forward Expectations Parity 53. FMH – Forward Market Hedge 64. IBF – International Banking Facilities 71. TSE – Toronto Stock Exchange 89. ATM – At the money 63. LMA – Long term Moving Average 57. OMH – Options Market Hedge 66. CHIPS – Clearing House Interbank Payments System 46. SWIFT – Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunications 45. NCD – Negotiable Certificate of Deposits 77. FRA – Forward Rate Agreement 78. IDC – International Debt Crisis 79.Philadelphia Board of Trade 60. LIBOR – London Interbank Offered Rate 73. OBC – Offshore Banking Centre 70.

EAFE – European. ETF – Exchange Traded Funds 105. DB – Deutsche Bank . COC – Cost of Capital 106. WEBS – World Equity Benchmark Shares 104. MNS – Multilateral Netting System 113. GRS – Global Registered Shares 94. APV – Adjusted Present Value 111. ADS – American Depository Shares 93. CCIRS – Cross Currency Interest Rate Swap 97. B/L – Bill of Lading 115. Insurance. MSCI – Morgan Stanley Capital International 91. LSE – London Stock Exchange 109. OIP – Optimal International Portfolios 101.90. WA COC –Weighted Average Cost of Capital 107. CFC – Controlled Foreign Corporation 120. CIF – Cost. VAT – Value Added Tax 119. SHP – Sharpe Performance Measure 102. CCD – Centralized Cash Depository 114. IRS – Interest Rate Swap 95. FOB – Free on Board 99. BNS – Bilateral Netting System 112. SCIRS – Single Currency Interest Rate Swap 96. Far East 92. Freight 100. IAPM – International Asset Pricing Model 110. CPE – Centrally Planned Economies 117. B/A – Banker’s Acceptance 116. AIC – All in Cost 98. EXIM Bank – Export Import Bank 118. CECF – Close Ended Country Fund 103. Australisia. CAPM – Capital Asset Pricing Model 108.

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