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Interview Questions for SAP Basis

What is private mode? When does user switch to user mode? Private mode is a mode where the heap data is getting exclusively allocated by the user and is no more shared across the system. This happens when your extended memory is exhausted. What is osp$ mean? What if user is given with this authorisation? OPS$ is the mechanism the <SID>adm users uses to connect to the database . Why do you use DDIC user not SAP* for Support Packs and SPam? Do _NOT_ use neither DDIC nor SAP* for applying support packages. Copy DDIC to a separate user and use that user to apply them. Can you kill a Job? Yes - SM37 - select - kill If you have a long running Job, how do you analyse? Use transaction SE30. How to uncar car/sar files in a single shot? on Unix: $ for i in *.SAR; do SAPCAR -xvf $i; done When we should use Transactional RFC ? A "transactional RFC" means, that either both parties agree that the data was correctly transfered - or not. There is no "half data transfer". What is the use of Trusted system. I know that there is no need of UID and PWD to communicate with partner system. In what situation it is good to go for Trusted system ? E. g. if you have an R/3 system and a BW system and don't want to maintain passwords. Same goes for CRM and a lot of other systems/applications. Let me know if my understanding below is correct: 1) By default the RFC destination is synchronous 2) Asynchronous RFC is used incase if the system initiated the RFC call no need to wait for the response before it proceeds to something else.

Yes - that's right. But keep in mind, that it's not only a technical issue whether to switch to asynchronous. The application must also be able to handle that correctly. Which table contains the details related to Q defined in SPAM? Is there a way to revert back the Q defined? If yes, How? There is a "delete" button when you define the queue. If you already started the import it's no more possible since the system will become inconsistent. What is a developer key? and how to generate a developer key? The developer key is a combination of you installation number, your license key (that you get from http://service.sap.com/licensekey) and the user name. You need this for each person that will make changes (Dictionary or programs) in the system. What is XI3.0 ? EXPLAIN XI = Exchange Infrastructure - Part of Netweaver 2004. SAP Exchange Infrastructure (SAP XI) is SAP's enterprise application integration (EAI) software, a component of the NetWeaver product group used to facilitate the exchange of information among a company's internal software and systems and those of external parties. Like other NetWeaver components, SAP XI is compatible with software products of other companies. SAP calls XI an integration broker because it mediates between entities with varying requirements in terms of connectivity, format, and protocols. According to SAP, XI reduces integration costs by providing a common repository for interfaces. The central component of SAP XI is the SAP Integration Server, which facilitates interaction between diverse operating systems and applications across internal and external networked computer systems. How to see when were the optimizer stats last time run? We are using win2k, oracle 9, sapr346c. Assumed DB=Oracle Select any table lets take MARA here but you should do the same for MSEG and few others to see whether the dates match or not.Run the following command on the command prompt:select last_analyzed from dba_tables where table_name like '%MARA%'; This gives you a straight answer .Else you can always fish around in DB14 for seeing when the optimzer stats were updated.

What are SAP Notes? Where do I can find them? How to use it? OSS is the online service system provided by SAP for support activities, like sometimes some issues which we can't resolve, then we have to send it to SAP, it is only sent through OSS and then SAP will login to our servers for doing the R&D of the issue. SAP notes are the update information in SAP, frequently released by SAP. It is SAP's method of Online Support System. OSS notes are online documents published by SAP in their web site http://service.sap.com, aimed to take care of the following: - Product errors - Product modifications - Product upgrades - FAQs - Consulting notes - Customizing notes etc. The notes contain, among other things, program corrections, methods for table/field additions, deletions /corrections, customization changes etc. Once in a year or so, SAP comes out with upgrades which will include many of the notes issues between the provious upgrade and once being issues. Certain notes (which are limited to code correction) can be implemented in a simple way using transaction SNOTE. Other notes which include customization changes , field/table corrections need to be implemented manually. If you have the access you can view from http://service.sap.com OSS notes are the corrections and suggestions given by SAP for standard objects(Like programs, Function modules). Oss notes provide either information or corrections to the customer. Some notes contain critical information about the component and have to be used in addition to the component guides that are delivered to the customer. Some other notes provide corrections to the code as a fix before a support package is released. The subsequent SPs contain the corrections that were delivered through notes before. Hence it is important to check the current SP level of your system and the SP level with which the corrections come before applying the notes.

Some notes provide just manual corrections (in which case the procedure to make the manual corrections also need to be specified in the notes) and other provide automatic corrections (which are applied through TA SNOTE). The notes can be searched or downloaded at http://service.sap.com/notes

Apply OSS Notes On My SAP R/3 System
How to apply OSS notes to my R/3 system? In order to fix one of the problem in R/3 system, SAP will asked you to download an OSS notes which is a ".car" file. To work with a CAR File do the following at OS Level: Get into OS as <sapsid>adm Copy the .CAR file to a Temporary Directory. Uncompress the file with SAPCAR Copy the the data file generated in the data transport directory ( ej: = /usr/Sap/trans/data). Copy the the cofile file generated in the cofiles transport directory ( = ej: /usr/Sap/trans/cofiles). Run transaction STMS Upload the support package with SPAM transaction and the support package will show "New support packages". ********** Examples of CAR command :1) UNIX only: Log on as user <sapsid>adm. cd /usr/sap/trans CAR -xvf tmp/<ARCHIVE_NAME>.CAR -V 2) Windows NT only:

Log on as user <SAPSID>ADM. cd \USR\SAP\TRANS CAR -xvf TMP\<ARCHIVE_NAME>.CAR This Will create two(2) FILES After you run SPAM you MUST run STMS and check the transport queues ********** As per 315963 note you can direct made the changes in the program or you can apply the support pack. a) If you want to apply correction then first you need to register the object in SAP, so that you will get the Access key and then you can make the changes. b) If you want to import the support pack then you need to down load from SAP marketplace. and this is in CAR file. and then you need extract the same using CAR utility. ex: CAR -xvf abc.car or you can directly apply the patch from SAPGUI, login to 000 client and then you can load the patch from Presentation server. Also check what is your current basis patch level? For example if you want to apply patch 07 and you are having 05 then you need to apply 06 and then apply 07. ********** Things to take note of:It would definitely be better to apply the latest spam/saint spam manager, tp, R3trans and possibly a new kernel patch. This is not a simple task to complete on the fly. By applying SAP support packs, you may run into problems with SPDD and SPAU adjustments. Also include the fact that the support packages may break one of your transactions. You may want to test this in your sandbox environment, if you have one, before tackling it. In most situation when you apply support packages, it can takes about 3 weeks to fully test the support packages before you can apply them to the production system.

Do test your "golden" transactions to make sure that they are not broken. If you are not familiar with SPDD and/or SPAU adjustments than do not attempt to load support packages. You may be better off just to modify the SAP object in question via OSS note.

What is the tcode to compare 2 roles in order to find out the duplicate transaction code? For role comparison both the roles must be in the same system, in same client. Transaction code SUIM -> Comparison-> Roles If the roles are in different system, then transport the role into one of the system and do comparison. If no transport connection defined then, you can use the upload and download option in the PFCG. Steps for Role Comparing: 1. Run the t-code SUIM 2. Go To Comparison and select the option of roles 3. Click on Across systems option it will give option to select the sys name under Remote Comparison there enter the SYS ID between which system you want to do comparison and put the role name in compare role section then execute it will give you the result. 4. If there are any difference between then the t-codes it will be in red color otherwise in yellow? How do I use SUIM to compare Roles which are different Clients of the same system? The RFC destinations are client independent but the login details provided in the RFC destination are client dependent right? So all you need is to define to RFC destinations (looping) pointing to the same system. In one of the RFC destinations, you can provide the user ID details of the source system client while in the other, you can provide the details of the target client. So now all you have to do is goto SUIM --> Comparisons--> Cross systems and provide the RFC destination details and the role names.

or Go to PFCG --> In menu click on utilities --> Click on role comparison tool or use t-code PFCG_CMP Give the role name and select the comparison destination give destination and execute.

What are user groups and how can we use them?
Your auditer asked you to implement user groups in SAP, but you have no idea what are user group. Transaction SUGR - have a look. Purpose for example is to give certain system admin rights to unlock / change password only to a given user group. You assign user group to an user id via SU01. User group can be used for different reasons and in different way. In the latest versions of SAP, actually two types of usergroup exist, the authorization user group and the general user groups. Naturally the main reason of user groups is to categorize user into a common denominator. The authorization user group is used in conjunction with S_USER_GROUP authorization object. It allows to create security management authorization by user group. e.g. you can have a local security administrator only able to manage users in his groups, Help-Desk to reset password for all users except users in group SUPER, etc... The general user group can be used in conjunction with SUIM and SU10, to select all the users in a specific group. User can only be member of one authorization user group but several general user group. One of the Primary uses of user groups is to sort users into logical groups. This allows users to be categorised in a method that is not dependent on roles/AG's/Responsibilities/Profiles etc. User Groups also allow segregation of user maintenance, this is especially useful in a large organisation as you can control who your user admin team can maintain - an example would be giving a team leader the authority to change passwords for users in their team.

The most important factor identified is that the lack of user groups is an indication that there may be problems with the user build process. This is very "fuzzy" but is a bit of a warning flag. The Auditors job is to provide assurance that SAP is set up and administered in a way that minimises risks to the financial data produced. If the only thing they have picked up on is the lack of usergroups then you will be fine. If you are in any doubt whatsoever ASK THE AUDITOR. They would have produced a report listing why they feel there is a risk by not having User Groups implemented. If you feel that the risk is mitigated by other measures then let them know. It works best as a 2 way process and both parties can learn something.

Find out the SAP license key for Unix
login as sap admin At the unix prompt type :saplicense -get The unix server will display :saplicense: CUSTOMER KEY = X0123456789

SAP Database Startup and Shutdown
Startup - Login as '<sid>adm' - To interrupt Open Windows 'Shift Control-C' - Unix > startsap all (this will startup the SAP and database system) Note :startsap R3 - will startup SAP only startsap DB - will startup database only SAP Startup Profile resides in /sapmnt/<SID>/profile/<SID>_DVEBMGS00

Shutdown - Check if there are any users or processes executing in the SAP System (use transaction code SM50 and SM04 - delete their session before shutdown) - Login as '<sid>adm' - To interrupt Open Windows 'Shift Control-C' - Unix > stopsap all (this will shutdown the SAP and database system) Note :stopsap R3 - will shutdown SAP only stopsap DB - will shutdown database only