135 views

Original Title: Flow Calculations

Uploaded by ulamusukh

Flow Calculations

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Types of Ship and Port Material Handling Equipment & Technology
- pdh engineer fire sprinkler system
- Plumbing Engg.services Design Guide 1
- plumbing Design Manual
- NEC Motor Load Tables
- Underground_Pipe_Stress_Check.XLS
- Basics of Fire Sprinkler Design Ascet Meeting 2-5
- Hydraulics
- Pipe Data
- Recommended Make-Up Torque Tables2
- 10. Hydraulic Turbine and Associated Equipment
- HD-API610
- M-VTP -Vertical Turbine Pump
- Steel Book
- Load Check for shoe welded support.xls
- Well Data.xls
- 36. Torque and Drag Calculations
- Materials for Construction for Process Equipment and Piping Systems- Selection and in-service Performance
- Eot Crane-data Sheets
- Plate Girder

You are on page 1of 3

To work out the flow rate of water from a nozzle we need to work out the volume in a given period

of time. To do this we work out the area of the nozzle and then multiply it by the velocity of the

water coming from the nozzle to give us volume per unit of time.

So nozzle flow rate is just area of the outlet multiplied by velocity of the water. (Freeman formula)

A = area of nozzle outlet

V = velocity of fluid

Our nozzle in this case will be square not round. The outlet will be 1m x 1m, this makes the area of

the nozzle 1m² The water coming out of the nozzle is travelling at a velocity of 1 metre per second

or 1m/s. This means that after 1 second of water flow we will have a block of water come out of the

nozzle 1m x 1m x 1m this is equal to 1 cubic metre or 1m³ of water.

1m³ of water = 1000 litres therefore we can say the nozzle is flowing 1000L/sec

In the above example we were told that the water velocity was 1 m/sec. There is not a simple gauge

for measuring velocity of water so we have to calculate velocity using head calculation or from

stagnation pressure which we measure using a pitot tube.

We can use Bernoulli's Equation to calculate velocity of a fluid from head. Head is the distance

from outlet to top of water.

g = Gravity 9.81 m/sec² or 32.2 feet per sec

h = head metres or feet

V = 2 9.81 h

= 19.62h

= 4.43 h

Example: A tank of water holds 10000L and has an outlet 1m from the bottom of the tank. The tank

is full and is 4m high. What will be the velocity of the water coming out of the outlet?

Head = 4m – 1m = 3m

V =4.43 h

V =4.43 3

= 4.43 x 1.732

= 7.67 m/ s

We will still use the same Bernoulli's Equation V = 2gh but we need to convert our pressure

reading (P) to head (h)

P=gh

so pressure in kPa is equal to gravity x head, we now add this into Bernoulli's Equation to make

things simpler.

V = 2P

2

A=r 2 or A=d x 0.7854 A = area

r = radius

d = diameter

For our purposes we will use the second option as it is easer to use diameter of the nozzle.

A=d 2 x 0.7854 D = 19mm but we need to enter the measurement in metres 0.019m

A=0.0192 x 0.7854

A=0.000283529m 2

We will later adjust the freeman formula so we can enter diameter in mm rather than meters.

Freeman Formula – putting it all together

A = area of nozzle outlet (metres²) A=d 2 x 0.7854

V = velocity of fluid (metres per second) V = 2P

1m³ = 1000 litres

Q= AV

2

Q=d x 0.7854 x 2P x 1000 (the 1000 on the end converts volume m³ to litres)

= d 2 x 1110 x P

2

d x 1110 x P

= we divide the above formula by 1000 so we can enter

1000

diameter in millimetres instead of metres

2

Q=d x 0.00111 x P if you prefer L/min multiply by 60

Q=d 2 x 0.0666 x P

Example: A 19mm nozzle is delivering water onto a fire. The nozzle pressure is 700 kPa. What is

the flow rate of water being delivered.

2 2

Q=d x 0.00111 x P Q=d x 0.0666 x P

- Types of Ship and Port Material Handling Equipment & TechnologyUploaded byKaren Shui
- pdh engineer fire sprinkler systemUploaded byjomy_pj8106
- Plumbing Engg.services Design Guide 1Uploaded byMirza Abbas
- plumbing Design ManualUploaded byLaisattrooklai Phisit
- NEC Motor Load TablesUploaded bymaxima10
- Underground_Pipe_Stress_Check.XLSUploaded bySharon Lambert
- Basics of Fire Sprinkler Design Ascet Meeting 2-5Uploaded byRaoof
- HydraulicsUploaded bysharafudheen_s
- Pipe DataUploaded byPawan Kumar Gangwar
- Recommended Make-Up Torque Tables2Uploaded bydeath engineer
- 10. Hydraulic Turbine and Associated EquipmentUploaded bypavankumar001
- HD-API610Uploaded byVenkat Rangan
- M-VTP -Vertical Turbine PumpUploaded byJackSparrow86
- Steel BookUploaded byriz2010
- Load Check for shoe welded support.xlsUploaded byscrbdgharavi
- Well Data.xlsUploaded byscrbdgharavi
- 36. Torque and Drag CalculationsUploaded byStalin Chugchilán
- Materials for Construction for Process Equipment and Piping Systems- Selection and in-service PerformanceUploaded byZoebair
- Eot Crane-data SheetsUploaded byadymenon
- Plate GirderUploaded byGoutam Mandal
- 141150697 Vertical PumpsUploaded byGerman Toledo
- Hvac Take Off SheetsUploaded byajaybhatt9
- Pump Selection Flow ChartUploaded byvandelfin
- Pipeextp-Asme Ug 28Uploaded byalvinchuan
- CS PIPE DATA PKK1Uploaded byAmrit Singh Kalsi
- Nozzle Load T1011 12Uploaded bykoyahassan
- Bearing Units Dimension TableUploaded byEsteban Valencia Ramírez
- Double Girder EOT Crane DetailsUploaded bySambhav Poddar
- Design of ShaftsUploaded byAshish Keshkamat

- 15513.pdfUploaded byprasoon
- OHT General - CopyUploaded byankkeshmundra1
- Chapter OneUploaded byAbera Mamo
- BMT EquationUploaded byaakaash00710
- 20120424 Gen Advanced Webinar Pushover AnalysisUploaded byRodny Thomson
- CHE145.Gomez,Terrado PPTUploaded byRicky Jay
- 8119 Theory of Plates [Structural Engineering]Uploaded byGggddd
- ps1soln.pdfUploaded byFatih Tokgöz
- Rotary Encoder Training MaterialUploaded byLuckyboybk FC
- Tugas Kel 1 MS2230 Sem II 15-16Uploaded byjerry
- Thulasi-CV Piping & Welding.Uploaded byBALA
- Basic Instrumentation(Rajesh)Uploaded byvishnunair27
- Gears PresentationUploaded byAnsal Ahammed
- MASS TRANSFERUploaded byMoslem Danesh
- FMCPRA2 LAB REPORT.pdfUploaded byNzeza Carine
- D 1037 - 99 _RDEWMZC_Uploaded bynhieldaza
- Thesis FulltextUploaded byfm202
- THERMAL ANALYSIS AND MODELING OF A SWIMMING POOL HEATING SYSTEMUploaded bythermosol5416
- Chapter 5 SolutionUploaded byËmêrson Sîntuj
- BPV IX-10-34Uploaded byyutwelding
- ErtigaCNGManual.pdfUploaded byHarshal Dhanawade
- 0BD 2 FORDUploaded byFernando Jordan Barreto
- MAN_D2066 ENGINE BENCHMARKUploaded byddi11
- Study of Gears and Four Bars MechanismUploaded byBarry John
- Selection and Analysis of the Landing Gear for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Sae Aero Design SeriesUploaded byIAEME Publication
- Bosch DishwasherUploaded byRobert McMakin Jr
- AV6Uploaded byArmo Morales
- Solutionmanual17!19!150303094031 Conversion Gate01Uploaded bybittu kumar
- VW Golf 4 Exhaust system components, removing and installingUploaded byNP
- Mig Co2 WeldingUploaded byAsad Bin Ala Qatari