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Rizwan Alam

Period 5
1. Case studies
A.Discuss one advantage of th three above.
B. Discuss a disadvantage of the three above.
C. (hardest part) For each method listed above, explain a key characteristic of
the basic approach you could use to reach a scientific conclusion about
relationship between taking vitamin J and improving memory. You need not design a
complete study.

An Advantage of Case Studies is that they provide in depth, detailed information

about the case, person, or the functional unit of person, which is being studied.
An advantage of correlation is that they are rapid to describe a relationship
between two variables. They are the best tool for the researchers, because they
are fast, collect a lot of data, save time and probably the biggest benefit would
be that this method doesn’t cost a lot of money. An Advantage of the experiment
method is that they manipulates one or more factor and observe the effect of a
person’s behavior and mind. They have high internal validity, or increased
confidence that the IV influences the DV.

A disadvantage of Case studies is the possibility of being led to the wrong

direction, all they do is give us an idea or form another theory, but its mistaken
judgments can take us to false conclusions. A disadvantage of the Correlation
method is that they cannot be used as a source to describe cause and effect of
relationships or the direction of the casual influence. A disadvantage to
experiments is that there is a slightly possibility statistical bias.
When selecting a case for a case study, researchers often use information-oriented
sampling, as opposed to random sampling because an average case may not have the
essential information. Three approaches or methods, can be taken to find out the
effects of Vitamin J on memory.
Case Study:
A study of one person or a functional unit such as family, organization, etc may
be done i.e. giving tasks to test the efficiency of the memory of the person
taking or consuming vitamin J. However a different approach might be taken; and an
intensive examination such as an interview of records or information related to
the person or unit being studied.

This study often used to show relationship between Vitamin J and memory. Vitamin J
being the Independent variable while memory being dependent on the amount of
Vitamin J consumed. The correlation of scatter plot shows that Vitamin J helps in
memory and efficiency of neurons. A survey might be done to achieve data of People
using Vitamin J and their memory compared to the people not consuming the Vitamin
J. A measurement of vitamin J and memory without manipulation of Vitamin J might
be taken too.

This study evaluates the effects of vitamin J (daily for 3 months) on memory in
certain healthy group of young people. Effects were compared with 38 controls who
received placebo and were matched for age, plasma pyridoxal-5-phosphate (PLP)
concentration and intelligence score and memory.
Random assignment of participants to conditions.
Administration of Vitamin J or the manipulation of the vitamin J variable.
An experiment done with a control and matching the experiment with the control one
for example matching participants that took Vitamin J in their diet to the ones
who didn’t not, or changing environmental conditions for the group might be a key
factor to it.