Empirical Formula Determination


Objective and Equipment :
Objective: The objective of this lab is to experimentally determine the empirical formula of Magnesium Oxide. Equipment:

y Ring Stand y Iron ring y Crucible and Crucible lid y Bunsen Burner y Magnesium Ribbon y Crucible tongs y Safety glasses y Clay triangle y Lab apron

Procedure: 1. Setup ring stand with five inch ring and clay triangle.
2. Measure mass of crucible and lid without magnesium. 3. Obtain desired amount of Magnesium, a crucible with a lid and crucible tongs. 4. Weigh the crucible, crucible lid and the obtained magnesium and record respective weights. 5. Heat the crucible with the magnesium ribbon in the crucible without the lid. 6. Continue to heat until magnesium ignites. 7. Shut burner off and let the Magnesium-Oxygen compound cool. 8. Record results.

Data Analysis:
Mass (grams) Crucible and lid Crucible, lid and Mg before Crucible, lid and Mg after 21.89 g 22.35 g 22.56 g

1) Determine the mass of Mg used, mass of crucible, lid, and Mg-mass of empty crucible and lid. 22.35 21.89 = 0.46g Mg 2) Calculate the moles of Mg used. 0.46g Mg × 1mol/24.35gm Mg = 0.20 mol/24.3050gm Mg = 0.189 mol Mg

3) Determine the mass of MgxOy formed. Mass of crucible, lid + combustion product empty crucible and lid. 22.35g 21.89g = 0.46g MgxOy 4) Dtermine the mass of Oxygen that combined with the magnesium.

Crucible, lid + MgxOy Crucible, lid, Mg = mass of Oxygen (Grams) 22.55 22.35g = 0.21g O 5) Determine the number of moles of Oxygen atoms that were used.

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