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INTRODUCTION TO CLASS 5AB – 11AB QUR’AN:

Teaching a child to read Arabic is a blessing and an honour, as you


are equipping them with the ability to read the Holy Qur’an. HADITH
about everything in existence prays for the forgiveness of the
person who teaches the Qur’an, even the fish in the sea. With this
weighty task in front of us, it is important to keep in mind that all
success is from Allah.

We are now introducing recitation of Qur’an for all the Students, in


the hope of bringing all our Students to one level of recitation.

For those Students who are in the process of learning how to recite
Qur’an, a separate Qur’an Manual will also be given.

For those Students who are already reciting Qur’an, some rules
included in this Manual will be taught to them to improve their
recitation further.

All Students will do the Tafsir part of the syllabus and attempt the
Qur’an Coursework which is at the beginning of this Manual.

Recite the Holy Qur’an and Memorise it. Allah (swt) will not
punish the heart in which the Qur’an has been placed.
(Imam Ja’far As Sadiq (A))

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.1 www.madressa.net


QUR’AN SYLLABUS CLASS 10 (13 YEARS OLD)

LESSON: TOPIC

LESSON 1: THE RESPECT OF THE HOLY QUR’AN AND


THE AKHLAQ OF ITS RECITATION

LESSON 2: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLY QUR’AN

LESSON 3: DIVISIONS IN THE HOLY QUR’AN

LESSON 4: TAFSIR OF SURATU QADR

LESSON 5: TAFSIR OF SURATUL INSHIRAH

LESSON 6: TAFSIR OF SURATUL SHAMS

LEVEL 5: FURTHER RULES FOR CHILDREN WHO CAN RECITE QUR’AN:

- PUNCTUATION
- QALQALA
- RULES OF LAAM
- RULES OF NOON AND MEEM MUSHADDADAH
- WAJIB SAJDAHS IN THE QUR’AN
- ARABIC NUMBERS

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.2 www.madressa.net


LESSON 1: THE RESPECT OF THE HOLY QUR’AN AND THE AKHLAQ OF ITS
RECITATION
The Holy Qur'an is a book containing the words of Allah. It should be treated with the
respect it deserves. This respect should also extend to any book, such as this manual,
wherein there are verses of the Holy Qur’an.

In this lesson we will learn how to respect the Holy Qur’an and how to recite it.
1. The words of the Holy Qur'an should only be touched after doing
Wudhu. Allah says: None should touch it except the purified.(al-Wáqi`áh, 56:79)

2. Always begin the recitation with Ta`awwudh. Allah says:


When you recite the Qur’an, seek refuge in Allah from Shaitan, the accursed
(an-Nahl, 16:98)

Ta`awwudh means to recite øÁæÎêUìj»A øÆBòñæÎìr»A äÅê¿ êÉé}¼»BøI ågæÌå§òA


Which means, “I seek refuge in Allah, from Shaitan, the accursed.

3. After Ta`awwudh, recite ãÈ×ãcáäoÂB ãÌÇåcáäoÂB ãÐÃÂB ãÈåtãQ which means,


“I begin in the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful”.

4. Even if you know the verses by heart, it is better to recite while looking at the words,
as this increases the rewards many times.

5. It is Mustahab to recite the Holy Qur'an with your head covered and while facing the
Qiblah.

Cover the head Face Qiblah

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6. The Holy Qur’an should be recited without rushing, in a clear manner.
Allah says:

ý4þ æÚ×ãWåoáW áÉDåoâ»åÂB ãÄãäWánáÑ


And recite the Qur’an in a regulated tone. (Al-Muzzammil, 73:4)

7. When the Qur’an is being recited, listen attentively and do not eat or talk.
Allah says:
And when the Qur’an is recited, listen to it with (full) attention, so that you may
be blessed with mercy. (Al-A`raf, 7:204)

8. Do not leave the Holy Qur'an open and unattended or in a place where it may be
disrespected. Recite from it regularly and do not leave it unread on the shelf.
Allah says:
And the Prophet (S) shall say, “O my Lord! Verily my people abandoned this
Qur’an.” (Al-Furqan, 25:30)

10. Worn-out pages of the Holy Qur'an or paper with verses of the
Holy Qur'an must not be thrown in the bin, Instead they should be
Re-cycled or buried.

References
Holy Qur’an, Tafsir of S V Mir Ahmed Ali
The Science of Reciting the Qur’an, M Surty, Pages 30-34

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.4 www.madressa.net


LESSON 2: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE HOLY QUR’AN
Allah sent 124,000 Prophets for the guidance of mankind. To some of these Prophets,
he gave a set of rules and instructions that the prophets left behind in the form of
books.
The Divine Books were:

ZABUR to
TAWRAT to
Prophet Dawood (A)
Prophet Musa (A)

INJIL to QUR’AN to
Prophet Isa (A) Prophet Muhammad (S)

According to many traditions, the revelation of the Holy Qur’an began on the 23rd night
of the month of Ramadhan (Laylatul Qadr). They began when the Prophet (S) was 40
years old and continued for the next 23 years.
The Holy Qur’an broadly contains:

1. Ahkam: These are verses about the Furu’-e-Din from which the
Mujtahidín prepare the various Fatwas to do with Salaat, Sawm,
Haj etc.

2. Tareekh: These are the verses that narrate the history of people
who lived before our Holy Prophet (S).

3. `Aqa’id: These are verses that explain the Belief in the Unity of Allah, the Prophet
(S) and the Day of Judgement.
TAWHEED ADAALAT N ABUWWAT IMAAMAT QIYAAMAT

4. Akhlaq: The verses outline the moral behaviour


that Muslims are required to observe.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.5 www.madressa.net


The Holy Qur’an therefore contains guidance that teaches a man about:

- His duties to himself i.e. how to lead a successful life in this world and the
hereafter.
- How to act with other people i.e. how to contribute as an individual towards the
betterment of society.
- His duty to his Creator i.e. how to worship Allah.

Merits of Recital of the Holy Qur’an


There are many Ahadith (sayings) of the Holy Prophet (S) and our Aimmah (A) on the
reward and blessing of reciting the Holy Qur’an. Only some are quoted here:

The Prophet (S) has said, “The most excellent amongst you is the one who learns the
Qur’an and teaches it to others.”

“The more Qur’an is recited in a home, the greater the good for it. The lives of the
people in the house are made easier. When the angels view this house from the
heavens they see it shining in the same way as stars seen from the earth.”
“The heart gathers rust just like iron; remove this rust by reciting the Qur’an.”

Imam `Ali (A) has said,

“Whosoever recites 100 verses daily from the Book (Holy Qur’an) in the order it is in,
Alláh writes for him the reward equal to all the good actions of every one on this earth.”

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.6 www.madressa.net


LESSON 3: DIVISIONS IN THE HOLY QUR’AN
The text of the Holy Qur'an has been divided in various ways. These are:
1. Ayah pl. Ayat ( PBÍA , ÒÍA)
In `Arabic, Ayah means sign, and in the Holy Qur’an, it means a verse. Thus, each and
every verse of the Holy Qur'an is a sign of Allah. There are various numbers given for
the total Ayat in the Holy Qur'an. Syed Akhtar Rizvi mentions 6236 in his book “Qur’an
and Hadith”.
2. Súrah pl. Suwar (iÌm , ÑiÌm)
In `Arabic, Surah means an enclosure and in the Holy Qur'an, it means a chapter.
There are 114 Suwar in the Holy Qur'an. The longest of them is al-Baqarah with 286
Ayat, and the shortest is al-Kauthar with only 4 Ayat.
3. Manzil pl. Manázil ( ¾kBÄ¿ , ¾lÄ¿)
In `Arabic, Manzil means a phase. The Holy Qur'an has been divided into seven
Manázil, for convenience of recitation. So a person wishing to recite the entire Qur’an
in one week may do so by reciting one Manzil a day. Each such position in the Holy
Qur'an is marked by the word Manzil.
4. Juz’ pl. Ajza’( ÕAlUA , ÕlU)
The Muslims have divided the Holy Qur'an into 30 equal parts (Juz’ in `Arabic or Pára
in Urdu). This division is just for convenience. So a person who wishes to recite the
whole Qur’an in one month (as in the month of Ramadhan) may do so by reciting one
Juz’ every day. In the Holy Qur'an, the beginning of the Juz` is usually marked by a
blacked line.
5. Rub`, Nisf, Thalathah ( ÒQÝQA , ±và , ©Ii )
Each Juz’ is divided into quarters, again for the convenience of recitation into Rub`
(quarter), Nisf (half) and Thalathah (three-quarter, shortened to three).
6. Ruku`, pl. Rukuat ( PB§Ì·i , ªÌ·i )
These are like paragraphs or sections, containing 7-12 Ayat. For example, al-Fatihah
(1st Surah) has 7 Ayat, grouped in one Ruku`, while al-Baqarah (2nd Surah) has 286
Ayat, grouped into 40 Rukuat.
The place of Ruku` is denoted by the letter ª. The letter has three numbers, one at the
top, one in its middle and one below it.

The number at the top signifies the number that this Ruku` is in the Surah.
The number in the middle signifies the number of Ayat between the last Ruku`
and the present one.
The number at the bottom signifies the number that this Ruku` is in the Juz’.
So, in this example from Súrah al-Baqarah,
This is the 23rd Ruku` in the Surah,
there are 6 Ayat between Ruku` number 22 and 23, and this is the
7th Ruku’ in this Juz’
and this is the 7th Ruku` in this Juz’.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.7 www.madressa.net


LESSON 4: SURAH AL QADR

INTRODUCTION

This Surah was revealed in Makka. It has five verses. It is Surah number 97 in the
Holy Qur’an.

The word “al-Qadr” means “Glorious” or “Highest Ranking”. Two main topics are
discussed; the revelation of the Holy Qur’an and the Night of Qadr.

With regard to the revelation of the Holy Qur’an, from other verses, we see that there
were four stages to the Holy Qur’an’s existence.

The first stage was in “Lawh-al-Mahfuz” or the “Preserved Tablet”.


This is mentioned in Suratul Buruj, 85:21,22.

This was where the wisdom of the Holy Qur’an was known only to Allah.

In the second stage it was revealed in its entirety into the heart of the Holy Prophet
(S), and he had a complete knowledge of it spiritually.
This is mentioned in Suratush Shu`ara, 26:193,194.

The third stage of the Holy Qur’an’s existence was when it was revealed in its full
chapter by chapter form to the Holy Prophet (S).
This is referred to in the first verse of Suratul Qadr.

The fourth stage was when the Holy Qur’an was revealed verse by verse, as and
when a situation demanded it. When a verse was brought by the Angel Jibrail (A), the
Holy Prophet (S) would then recite it to the Muslims and explain its meaning.

The second topic covered in this Surah is that of Laylatul Qadr, or the Night of Qadr.
Some scholars have translated “Qadr” as “determination of destiny”.

In the night of Qadr, whatever everyone is to receive that year is decided. This is why
the Holy Prophet (S) has directed the believers to stay awake the whole night in
prayer, seeking forgiveness for one’s sins and asking for one’s desires.

On this night the question of sustenance, life and death of every individual is decided.
It is a night on which Allah invites everyone to seek His pardon and mercy.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.8 www.madressa.net


Text and Translation

ãÈ×ãcáäoÂB ãÌÇåcáäoÂB ãÐÃÂB ãÈåtãQ


In the Name of Allah the Beneficent, the Merciful.

ý1þ ãnåká»åÂB ãUáÃå×á Ø㶠âÍCáËåÂáqÊáF CáäÊãH


Verily, We sent it (the Holy Qur’an) down in the Night of Qadr!

ý2þ ãnåká»åÂB âUáÃå×á CáÆ á½BánåjáF CáÆáÑ


And what can make you know what the Night of Qadr is?

ý3þ èoåÏáw ã¸åÂáF åÌãäÆ çoå×ág ãnåká»åÂB âUáÃå×áÂ


The Night of Qadr is better than a thousand months!

ý4þ èoåÆáF ãäÄâ¾ ÌãäÆ ÈãÏãäQán ãÉålãIãQ CáÏ×㶠âbÑâäoÂBáÑ âUá¿ãMáÚáÇåÂB âÁáäqáËáW
The Angels and the Spirit descend therein by the permission of their Lord, with
(decrees) of all affairs

ý5þ ãoå`á∙åÂB ã°áÃå§áÆ ÔáäXác áØãÎ çÅáÚás


Peace! (In the whole night) Till the breaking of the dawn.

Tafsir
Ayah 1: The Holy Qur’an was revealed in its full
chapter by chapter form to the Holy Prophet (S) on
this night. He then related it to the people in
sections as and when instructed by Allah through
Jibra`il (A).
Ayah 2: This challenge is
a hint that the merits and
blessings of this night cannot fully be understood and
appreciated by man.
Ayah 3: The “thousand nights” refers to a timeless concept.
It means that a moment of enlightenment gained in this night
under Allah’s special guidance is better than a thousand months spent in ignorance.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.9 www.madressa.net


Ayah 4: This describes the constant traffic of
angels and Jibra`il (A) coming down to the
earth throughout the night, offering Allah’s
Blessings to the believers who are awake,
worshipping Him.
The word “Amr” meaning the “affairs affecting
the creation” raises the question as to who is
the recipient of these decrees. It is our belief
that these are brought to “Sahibul Amr”, Imam
Muhammad al-Mahdi (A). This verse proves that the Hujjat
(Proof) of Allah always exists on earth. Imam Muhammad al-Baqir
(A) has said:
“Argue against those who deny the continuity of the Divine
Appointment on earth, with this Surah”
Ayah 5: This verse indicates that the peace due to the special
mercy of Allah on this night continues all the way till the next day.

Merits of reciting Suratul Qadr:

The Holy Prophet (S) has said that one who recites this Surah is regarded by Allah as though
he fasted the month of Ramadhan and spent Laylatul Qadr worshipping his Creator.
Imam Ja`far as-Sadiq (A) has said that whoever recites this Surah in one of the obligatory
prayers will be addressed: "O servant of Allah! Your past sins have been forgiven, so resume
your good deeds!"
And he has also said, "Whoever recites it audibly will be like one raising his sword in
defence of Islam, and if he recites it silently will be regarded as though he died a martyr for
the cause of Islam, and if someone recites it ten times, a thousand of his sins will be
forgiven."
It is recommended to recite this Surah ten times at the graveside of a freshly buried Muslim,
to greatly ease his anxiety.

References
Holy Qur’an, Tafsir of S V Mir Ahmed Ali
Ramadhan, Ahkam and Philosophy, Yasin T. al Jibouri
Article, “Understanding Surah al Qadr”, Federation Samachar, Rajab 1417.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.10 www.madressa.net


LESSON 5: SURAH AL INSHIRAH
INTRODUCTION
This Surah was revealed in Makka. It has eight verses. It is Surah number 94 in the
Holy Qur’an. “Inshirah” means “Expansion”, and refers to the word “Nashrah” used in
the first verse.

Text and Translation

ãÈ×ãcáäoÂB ãÌÇåcáäoÂB ãÐÃÂB ãÈåtãQ


In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

ý1þ á½ánåká{ áÀá åbáoåxáÊ åÈáÂáF


1. Have We not expanded for you (O Muhammad) your heart,

ý2þ á½ánåpãÑ áÀËá® CáËåˉá¢áÑáÑ


2. And taken off from you your burden,

ý3þ á½áoåÏ᪠á¤á»ÊáF ÕãmáäÂB


3. Which weighed down your back,

ý4þ á½áoå¾ãl áÀá CáËåˉá¶ánáÑ


4. And exalted your fame?

ý5þ BæoåtâÖ ãoåtâˉåÂB á°áÆ áäÉãIá¶


5. Verily, with every difficulty there is ease,

ý6þ BæoåtâÖ ãoåtâˉåÂB á°áÆ áäÉãH


6. Verily, with every difficulty there is ease,

ý7þ åSá|ÊCᶠáYå²áoᶠBálãIá¶


7. So when you have completed (the duties of your ministry), then establish (your
successor),

ý8þ åSá²ånCᶠáÀãäQán ÔáÂãHáÑ


8. And to your Lord, return.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.11 www.madressa.net


Tafsir
Ayah 1: The term “expanded your breast (or
heart)” is an expression used in the Holy Qur’an
to mean increasing the capacity of the person to
receive knowledge and guidance from Allah. The
Prophet (S) was specially blessed by Allah to
understand and carry out His commands.

Ayat 2, 3: The burden is the great responsibility of spreading


the message of Islam that the Prophet (S) worked so hard for.
The Prophet (S) had prayed for a helper and Allah had
appointed Imam `Alí (A) to help him to lighten the burden.

Ayah 4: The fame of the Holy Prophet (S) was secured for all time when Allah made
Salawat on him Wajib in every Salaat and in the Adhan.
Ayat 5, 6: After declaring his Prophethood, the life of the
Prophet (S) had been filled with struggle and difficulty. At
times it seemed that Islam and the Muslims would not
survive. He had faced all these trials with patience. Here,
Allah assures him that after hardship there would be ease.
The verse is repeated to emphasise the promise of Allah that
the mission of the Prophet (S) would be successful and the
whole of `Arabia would come under the fold of Islam.

Ayah 7: This important verse is a command to the Prophet


(S) to inform the people of his successor. Now that his
mission was coming to an end, the Prophet (S) would
soon depart this world. One important task that remained
was to nominate his successor. He appointed Imam `Alí
(A) at Ghadir Khum on 18th Dhul Hijjah in 10 AH.

Ayah 8: An invitation from Allah to the Prophet (S) to retire from this world of his own
will and return to Him.
Merits of Reciting Surah al Inshirah

The Prophet (S) has said that whoever recites it will be given a reward as though he had met
the Prophet (S) grieved, and had removed the cause of his grief.

References
Holy Qur’an, Tafsir of S V Mir Ahmed Ali
Ramadhan, Ahkam and Philosophy, Yasin T. al Jibouri

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.12 www.madressa.net


LESSON 6: SURATUSH SHAMS
INTRODUCTION
This Surah was revealed in Makka. It has fifteen verses. It is Surah number 91 in the
Holy Qur’an. The name of the Surah derives from the word “Shams” (Sun) which
appears in the first verse.
Text and Translation

ãÈ×ãcáäoÂB ãÌÇåcáäoÂB ãÐÃÂB ãÈåtãQ


In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

ý1þ CáÎCádâ¢áÑ ãuåÇáäxÂBáÑ


1. By the sun and its radiance,

ý2þ CáÎáÚáW BálãH ãoáÇá»åÂBáÑ


2. By the moon when it follows (the sun),

ý3þ CáÎáäÚá_ BálãH ãnCáÏáäËÂBáÑ


3. By the day when it reveals its (the sun’s) radiance,

ý4þ CáÎCáxå³áÖ BálãH ãÄå×áäÃÂBáÑ


4. By the night when it enshrouds it,

ý5þ CáÎCáËáQ CáÆáÑ ACáÇáätÂBáÑ


5. By the heaven and that (power) which built it,

ý6þ CáÎCádᦠCáÆáÑ ã¡ånáåÛBáÑ


6. By the earth and that (power) which spread it out,

ý7þ CáÎBáäÒás CáÆáÑ èuå∙áÊáÑ


7. By the soul and that (power) which perfected it,

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ý8þ CáÎBáÒå»áWáÑ CáÎánÒâ`ⶠCáÏáÇáÏåÂáGá¶
8. And inspired it (with the faculty of knowing) what is evil and what is good.

ý9þ CáÎCáä¾áp ÌáÆ áeáÃå¶áF åkáº


9. Verily, he succeeds who purifies it,

ý10þ CáÎCáäsáj ÌáÆ áPCág åkáºáÑ


10. Verily, he fails who corrupts it.

ý11þ CáÎBáÒå³á§ãQ âjÒâÇá[ åYáQáämá¾


11. The (people of) Thamud belied (the truth) in their rebellious transgression

ý12þ CáÎCá»åwáF á]áˉáRÊB ãlãH


12. When the worst wretch among them rose up (to slay the she-camel).

ý13þ CáÎCá×å»âsáÑ ãÐáäÃÂB áUáºCáÊ ãÐáäÃÂB âÁÒâsán åÈâÏá áÁCá»á¶


13. Then the messenger of Allah (Salih) said to them: “This is Allah’s she-camel, let
her drink.”

ý14þ CáÎBáäÒátᶠåÈãÏãRÊámãQ ÈâÏâäQán åÈãÏå×áÃá® áÅákåÆákᶠCáÎÑâoá»áˉᶠâÍÒâQáämá¿á¶


14. But they belied him and hamstrung her. So their Lord completely destroyed them
for their sins, and levelled them all.

ý15þ CáÎCáRå»â® âμCáháÖ áÙáÑ


15. And He does not fear the consequences.

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.14 www.madressa.net


Tafsir
Ayat 1-6: Allah swears by His mighty
creations in order to emphasis the verses
to follow. The verses describe the blazing
day giving way to the cool night, the peace
of which makes man reflect on the day’s
activities. The stars light up the heavens.

Ayat 7-10: These verses give us some detail about the mysterious nature of the soul.
Allah has given the soul the power of judging good from evil - man is free to purify it
and succeed, or pollute it and fail in the goal of life.
Ayat 11-15: These verses describe the people of Thamud, to whom Allah sent
Prophet Salih (A). They had demanded that a she-camel be brought out of the side of
a mountain as proof of Salih’s (A) truthfulness. When the miracle was brought, they
continued in their defiance, and killed the animal. For their arrogance and obstinacy,
they were destroyed by Allah.

Merits of Reciting Surah ash Shams

1. The Holy Prophet (S) said that whoever recites it will be regarded as having offered
charity with everything under the sun and the moon.

2. Imam Ja`far as Sadiq (A) has said that in if a person is in the habit of reciting this
Surah often, and also recites al-Layl, adh Dhuha, and al-Inshirah, every part of his body
will testify in his favour on the Day of Judgement, including his hair, skin, flesh, blood,
and veins.

References

Holy Qur’an, Tafsir of S V Mir Ahmed Ali


Ramadhan, Ahkam and Philosophy, Yasin T. al Jibouri

Qur’an 2010 Page 10.15 www.madressa.net