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Workshop 7

Projectile Impacting
Pre-stressed Container

ANSYS AUTODYN Update

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-1 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Workshop Goal and Procedure Training Manual

Goal:
Model a projectile
impacting a pre-stressed
container

Procedure:
Pre-stress a container in
Static Structural (ANSYS)

Link to Explicit Dynamics


(ANSYS) and set up
impact problem

Transfer the setup to


AUTODYN

Run the pre-stressed


analysis in AUTODYN

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-2 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 1 – Start Workbench Training Manual

Start ANSYS Workbench and follow the sequenced steps using the
abbreviations shown below:
– DC = Double Click with Left Mouse Button

– SC = Single Click with Left Mouse Button

– RMB = Right Mouse Button Selection

– D&D = Drag and Drop = Hold Left Mouse Button down on item while dragging it
to new location and then release it (i.e., Copy or Move)

Throughout these Workshops, the procedures shown are not always the
only way to accomplish the desired tasks, so feel free to investigate other
methods via the documentation when outside of this course
• The workshops consistently use RMB in the Outline tree to access options
whenever possible
• Often these options can also be accessed through the “Context” Toolbar

• Sometimes these options can also be accessed using RMB in the View area

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-3 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 2 – Initiate a Static Structural (ANSYS) Project Training Manual

2.a Create a Static Structural (ANSYS) Project

SC

DC

2.b Select MKS for the Project Units and request Native Applications
in Workbench have their values Displayed in the Project Units
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009
© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-4 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 3 – Import the Geometry Training Manual

3.a Import the geometry database pre-stress_impact.agdb as shown below

SC
RMB

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-5 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 4 – Edit the Model in Mechanical Training Manual

4.a Edit the model in Workbench Mechanical

RMB SC

4.b Select the MKS Units system


– Recall that Mechanical is not native in Workbench,
so the Units here may not match the Project Units

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-6 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 5 – Generate the Mesh Training Manual

5.d Generate the mesh

RMB

5.a Select Mesh

5.b Select Explicit


for the Physical
Preference

5.c Enter an
Element Size of
“2.5e-3” meters

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-7 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 6 – Define a Symmetry Plane Training Manual

6.a Insert a Symmetry Object RMB

6.b Insert a Symmetry Region

6.c Select the 11 faces shown


and then select Apply

6.d Select Z Axis as the


Symmetry Normal
RMB
Select 11
faces

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-8 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 7 – Apply an Internal Pressure Training Manual

7.a Insert a Pressure RMB


Boundary

7.b Select the 3 faces


internal faces shown
and then select Apply

7.c Enter 1.0e6 Pa for the


Magnitude of the Select
pressure 3 faces

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-9 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 8 – Apply Fixed Supports to Container Training Manual

8.a Insert a Fixed RMB


Support

8.b Select the 2 faces


shown and then select
Apply

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-10 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 9 – Apply a Fixed Support to the Projectile Training Manual

9.a Insert a Fixed RMB


Support

9.b Select the face


shown and then
select Apply

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-11 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 10 – Define a Result Object Training Manual

10.a Insert an
Equivalent (von-
Mises) Stress RMB
Result object

10.b Apply the


Geometry
Selection to All
bodies

10.c Save the Project


from the Project
Page with the
name “pre-
stress_impact”

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-12 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 11 – Solve to obtain Static Pre-stressing Training Manual

11.a Solve the static 11.b View the pre- 11.c Displacements
problem stressed solution are magnified by
default. Change
the magnification
as desired
RMB

SC

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-13 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 12 – Link to Explicit Dynamics (ANSYS) Training Manual

12.a From the


Project Page drag
and drop an
Explicit Dynamics D&D
(ANSYS) Analysis
System onto the
Model cell of the
Static Structural
(ANSYS) System
\

12.b Notice that


Engineering Data,
Geometry and
Model (Mesh)
have been linked

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-14 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 13 – Review the Mechanical Project Training Manual

13.a Return to ANSYS Mechanical and you


will see that the project now has an
Explicit Dynamics branch in addition to
the Static Structural branch
\

13.b Notice also, that a default Body


Interaction has automatically been added
to the project, defining Frictionless
contact between All Bodies. This is
exactly what is required to compute the
impact of the projectile on the container

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-15 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 14 – Copy the BCs to Explicit Dynamics Training Manual

14.a Select the Pressure and Fixed Support


boundary conditions in the Static
Structural branch (use <control>) and
drag and drop them onto the Explicit
Dynamics branch. (They are copied into
the Explicit Dynamics branch)
\

D&D
14.b Do not copy Fix Support 2 as this is
not required for the Explicit Dynamics
Solve (the next steps assigns a velocity
to the projectile instead)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-16 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 15 – Assign a Velocity to the Projectile Training Manual

15.a Create a
Velocity Initial
Condition
\

15.b Select the


Projectile body
and then select
Apply

15.c Choose
Define by
Components

15.d Enter “-10.0”


m/s for the
Y Component
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009
© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-17 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 16 – Define the Analysis Settings Training Manual

SC
16.a Select Analysis Settings in the tree

16.b Set the End Time to 4.0e-4 seconds in


the Details View

16.c Set the Hourglass Damping to Flanagan


Belytschko

16.d Keep the remaining default settings

16.e Save the model on the Workbench


Project page

At this point, in order to apply the pre-stressing to


the Dynamic analysis, the model must be
transferred to AUTODYN for solution
ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009
© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-18 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 17 – Create (Link to) an AUTODYN Project Training Manual

17.a From the


Project Page drag
and drop an
AUTODYN
Component
System onto the
Setup cell of the
Explicit Dynamics D&D
(ANSYS) System
\

17.b Open the RMB


AUTODYN project,
importing the
model set up in SC
the Explicit
Dynamics project

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-19 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 18 – Pre-stress the Container Training Manual

18.a Select Init. Cond.


On Navigation Bar

18.b Check Activate

18.c Browse to the


results file “file.rst” for
the static structural
18.d Return to the Project
system (containing the Page and Save the Project
pre-stress solution)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-20 Inventory #002665
Workshop 7. Projectile Impacting Pre-stressed Container
Step 19 – Run the Pre-stressed Analysis Training Manual

19.a Select The calculation takes approximately 10 minutes


Run to start to run to completion (about 10,000 cycles)
the solve

19.b Once the


calculation is
running,
Select Stop at
any time to
stop the
calculation
(you can then
press Run
again to
continue the
calculation)

ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary February 27, 2009


© 2009 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS 7-21 Inventory #002665