Optimizing GSM cell configurations reduces network interference to just 1%
Tilt optimization using Actix Radioplan 5. Optimization here is generally limited to changing the frequency plan and fixing quality issues. Benchmarking the results
For GSM networks.Actix Case Study Radioplan GSM
Reducing CAPEX investment and OPEX spend
Automatic cell planning has for the past couple of years revolutionized the way in which UMTS planning and optimization is performed.6
0. But as one major North American operator discovered.8
0. Standard prediction model
Figure 2. results have been impressive and savvy wireless operators now benefit from a reduction in both CAPEX investment and OPEX spend.
Once the site audit was verified and the drive test conducted. attention turned to pathloss tuning. an efficient strategy to minimize cell interference is essential to maintain the high quality service their customers demand. To be used in the path-loss tuning exercise 3. This included making sure that the planning tool database was up-to-date with the right information relating to each site’s configuration 2.43 -5.4
0. however.14 16.06 29.2
0. The study included the following steps: 1. To get an accurate view of the network. it is a different story. Their solution? Automatic cell planning combined with automatic frequency planning. Having engaged with Actix on a previous project.27 5. Then. when demand for high-speed data services (such as GPRS and EDGE) gathers momentum.50 9.4
Figure 1.74 13. the standard prediction model and the tuned pathloss model from Actix Radioplan were compared. Site audit.2
0. the operator’s optimization manager asked Actix to make a full study of one of their main markets – one which included 47 sites – to see what improvements could be made. site information and the planning database’s pathloss files were imported into the Actix Radioplan’s pathloss tuning application. pathloss tuning was simply a case of adjusting the pathloss sector-by-sector based on the signal levels from the drive test. Pathloss tuning using Actix Radioplan 4.17 -11. having imported the drive test data from the same area.17 -1.97 20. Drive test of the area.32 29.78 7.
0 -15. Not surprisingly.6
0. Tuned pathloss model
Coverage with tuned pathloss model
www. Nevertheless. the standard prediction model appeared somewhat conservative with what looked like cell coverage designed for a denser network.9dB. The downside of this was that interference conditions within the network were worse than expected:
Figure 5.Actix Case Study Radioplan GSM
The result for the standard prediction model was a mean error of 4. the mean error dropped to 2.
When comparing the differences in the predicted coverage between both models.3dB – a significant improvement. Interference (C/I) with standard prediction model
Figure 5.8dB and a standard deviation of 7. either by making manual changes or by automatic cell planning.1dB and standard deviation 4. Coverage with standard prediction model
Figure 4. After pathloss tuning. Interference (C/I) with tuned pathloss model
This indicated that the network was experiencing more interference than was currently known from the planning department. the coverage area of the tuned pathloss model was also better than had been anticipated:
Figure 3. overall interference could be easily improved.
and on the ability of the Actix Radioplan solution to detect mismatches between the planned and actual network configuration. allowing the optimization process to commence form a better initial starting point. Interference (C/I) after ACP
This improvement depends on the tuned pathloss matrices used in the optimization. the results would be less impressive. Coverage before ACP
Figure 7. allowing the optimization process to commence form a better initial starting point. the operator’s optimization manager decided to reduce the network’s interference using the Actix Radioplan automatic cell planning (ACP) application. the results would be less impressive.com
.actix. Coverage after ACP
Figure 8. Interference (C/I) before ACP
Figure 9. This activity involved electrical tilts and mechanical tilts at various sites. and on the ability of the Actix Radioplan solution to detect mismatches between the planned and actual network configuration.
www.Actix Case Study Radioplan GSM
Automatic cell planning
Won over by the fast. The results are shown below:
Figure 6. accurate and robust results of Actix Radioplan’s tuned pathloss application. This improvement depends on the tuned pathloss matrices used in the optimization. Without pathloss tuning and automatic mismatch detection. Without pathloss tuning and automatic mismatche detection.
Generally. which has been neglected in the traditional approach. “The Actix Radioplan platform quickly gave my engineers precise and realistic predictions for cell coverage and interference.Actix Case Study Radioplan GSM
The results can also be viewed in tabular form via Actix Radioplan’s user interface.actix. the Actix Radioplan ACP enabled this wireless operator to achieve the optimum network configuration. so there is a broad understanding of how to achieve good coverage.
Coverage Before After
>84dB 96% 98%
>70dB 53% 54%
Interference (C/I) Before After
>12dB 86% 99%
>16dB 68% 95%
As the above plots illustrate. automatic cell planning and frequency planning can be used to efficiently support network optimization. because there was typically more than enough spectrum.
Automated planning tools yield outstanding results
With ever tighter budgets and fewer resources. Results were far better than we could have ever imagined – we have more or less removed all interference in the network. often with astounding results. moving the area of C/I < 12dB down from 14% to just 1%. especially in case of spectrum rebanding. While pathloss tuning using Actix Radioplan ensures an accurate picture of the coverage and interference conditions in the network. Operators have been planning and running GSM network for 15 years now.”
www. As this operator’s optimization manager commented. as expected. The really new thing about Actix’ focus is reducing cell overlap. Optimizing cell overlap becomes more and more critical. This enabled them to focus on key optimization tasks to enhance the network. interference levels were dramatically enhanced using Actix Radioplan’s ACP – invariably leading to a much higher quality network. However.com
. cell coverage improved only slightly beyond the initial tuned pathloss optimization. That’s quite an achievement. in GSM coverage optimisation is not the goal.
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